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3 rd Land Administration Forum For The Asia And Pacific Region – Re-Engineering The Cadastre To Support e-Government

Tehran, Iran 24-26 May 2009

To Support e-Government Tehran, Iran 24-26 May 2009 “CADASTRAL REFORM IN MALAYSIA TO SUPPORT SPATIALLY

“CADASTRAL REFORM IN MALAYSIA TO SUPPORT SPATIALLY ENABLED GOVERNMENT”

Hasan Jamil

Department of Survey and Mapping Malaysia

hasan@juwpkl.gov.my

LOCATION OF MALAYSIA

LOCATION OF MALAYSIA

MALAYSIA

MALAYSIA
MALAYSIA : GEOGRAPHICAL CONTEXT Covers an area of about 329,758 sq. km. Consists of 11

MALAYSIA : GEOGRAPHICAL CONTEXT

Covers an area of about 329,758 sq. km. Consists of 11 states in Peninsular Malaysia, 2 states in the island of Borneo (Sabah and Sarawak) and 3 Federal Territories ( Kuala Lumpur, Putrajaya and Labuan) Lies close to the equator between latitudes 1º and 7º North and Longitudes 100º and 119º East. A multi-racial country with a population of approximately 24.9 million.

7º North and Longitudes 100º and 119º East. A multi-racial country with a population of approximately
7º North and Longitudes 100º and 119º East. A multi-racial country with a population of approximately
7º North and Longitudes 100º and 119º East. A multi-racial country with a population of approximately

MALAYSIA: ADMINISTRATIVE SYSTEM

MALAYSIA: ADMINISTRATIVE SYSTEM Federal Government State Government Local Authorities

Federal Government State Government

Local Authorities

COMPUTERISED INFORMATION SYSTEM Year Computerised Information Systems 1970 Sabah Land Data Bank 1973 Sarawak Land
COMPUTERISED INFORMATION
SYSTEM
Year
Computerised Information Systems
1970
Sabah Land Data Bank
1973
Sarawak Land and Survey
1983
Quit Rent System Peninsular Malaysia
1985
Computer Assisted Land Survey System
1986
National Forestry Information System
1988
Computer Assisted Mapping System
1989
Property Assessment System
1991
Valuation Information System
1993
Land Use Information System
1993
Demographic Information System
1993
Coastal Erosion Monitoring System
1993
Forest Information System Sabah
1994
Penang GIS (PEGIS)
1994
Public Works System (SUTRA)
1995
Computerised Land Registration System
1999
Cadastral Data Management System (CDMS)
1999
National Property Information Centre (NAPIC)

Establishment of Computerised Information Systems by some Government Agencies

e-GOVERNMENT

Started since the initiation of Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC) by the Malaysian government in 1996
Started since the initiation of Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC)
by the Malaysian government in 1996
Seeks to improve government operation and delivery services.
Introduction of new policies and regulations such as

Communications and Multimedia Act 1998 [Act 588] and [Act 589]

Digital Signature Act 1997

Computer Crimes Act 1997

Copyright Amendment Act 1997

Personal Data Protection Act 2004

e-GOVERNMENT PROJECTS

e-GOVERNMENT PROJECTS 7 pilot projects of the Elec tronic Government Flagship Application: Project Monitoring Systems

7 pilot projects of the Electronic Government Flagship Application:

Project Monitoring Systems (PMS) – G2G (government to

G2G

government) Human Resource Management Information System (HRMIS) –

Generic Office Environment (GOE) - G2G

Electronic Procurement (EP) – G2B (government to business)

Electronic Services (e-Services) – G2C (government to citizen)

Electronic Labor Exchange (ELX) – G2C

E-Syariah – G2C

MY GOVERNMENT PORTAL
MY GOVERNMENT PORTAL

MyGovernment Portal www.gov.my acts as the

one-stop source of Malaysian government information and services for the citizens.

MALAYSIAN SDI

Formed

in

1997,

then

known

as

NaLIS

(National

Infrastructure for Land Information System)

Purpose :

Infrastructure for Land Information System) Purpose : To promote and facilitate sharing, exchange, dissemination

To promote and facilitate sharing, exchange, dissemination and use of geospatial information among Land Related Agencies

To avoid duplication of effort in collection and management of geospatial information

To ensure accuracy, timeliness, correctness and consistency of geospatial information

Restructuring in 2002; subsequently named MyGDI

MyGDI MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE

MyGDI MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE NATIONAL LAND COUNCIL DEPT.OF STANDARD SIRIM TC 2 NATIONAL MAPPING & SPATIAL DATA

NATIONAL LAND COUNCIL

MyGDI MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE NATIONAL LAND COUNCIL DEPT.OF STANDARD SIRIM TC 2 NATIONAL MAPPING & SPATIAL DATA

DEPT.OF

STANDARD

SIRIM

STRUCTURE NATIONAL LAND COUNCIL DEPT.OF STANDARD SIRIM TC 2 NATIONAL MAPPING & SPATIAL DATA COMM. MyGDI

TC 2

NATIONAL MAPPING & SPATIAL DATA COMM.
NATIONAL
MAPPING &
SPATIAL DATA
COMM.
SIRIM TC 2 NATIONAL MAPPING & SPATIAL DATA COMM. MyGDI NATIONAL COORDINATING COMMITTEE MyGDI PLANNING &
MyGDI NATIONAL COORDINATING COMMITTEE
MyGDI NATIONAL COORDINATING COMMITTEE
SPATIAL DATA COMM. MyGDI NATIONAL COORDINATING COMMITTEE MyGDI PLANNING & IMPLEMENTATION COMMITTEE TECHNICAL
MyGDI PLANNING & IMPLEMENTATION COMMITTEE
MyGDI PLANNING & IMPLEMENTATION
COMMITTEE
COMMITTEE MyGDI PLANNING & IMPLEMENTATION COMMITTEE TECHNICAL STANDARD COMM. TECHNICAL CLEARINGHOUSE COMM.
TECHNICAL STANDARD COMM.
TECHNICAL
STANDARD COMM.
& IMPLEMENTATION COMMITTEE TECHNICAL STANDARD COMM. TECHNICAL CLEARINGHOUSE COMM. MaCGDI – MyGDI MaCGDI –
& IMPLEMENTATION COMMITTEE TECHNICAL STANDARD COMM. TECHNICAL CLEARINGHOUSE COMM. MaCGDI – MyGDI MaCGDI –
& IMPLEMENTATION COMMITTEE TECHNICAL STANDARD COMM. TECHNICAL CLEARINGHOUSE COMM. MaCGDI – MyGDI MaCGDI –
TECHNICAL CLEARINGHOUSE COMM.
TECHNICAL
CLEARINGHOUSE
COMM.
TECHNICAL STANDARD COMM. TECHNICAL CLEARINGHOUSE COMM. MaCGDI – MyGDI MaCGDI – Malaysian Centre for Geospatial

MaCGDI

STANDARD COMM. TECHNICAL CLEARINGHOUSE COMM. MaCGDI – MyGDI MaCGDI – Malaysian Centre for Geospatial Data

MyGDI

MaCGDI – Malaysian Centre for Geospatial Data Infrastructure

SIRIM

Malaysian Geospatial Data Infrastructure

- Standards Research Institute of Malaysia

MyGDI FRAMEWORK DATA

MyGDI FRAMEWORK DATA 12 category of spatial data developed to form the framework data for MyGDI

12 category of spatial data developed to form the framework data for MyGDI

Cadastral

Geodetic Control

DGLM

STANDARDS

STANDARDS Development of Malaysian Metadata Standard Template developed Consistent metadata management tool based on

Development of Malaysian Metadata Standard Template developed Consistent metadata management tool based on ISO/TC 211 standard Can be used for all data categories Documented and provided to all data providers Free metadata publishing and searching through MyGDI

Development of Malaysian Standard Feature & Attribute Codes

(MS1759)

Took into consideration the need to use a standard code for features & their attributes in spatial databases. Documented and published in 2004

Unique Parcel Identifier Standardised Street Addresses

MALAYSIAN CADASTRAL SYSTEM
MALAYSIAN CADASTRAL SYSTEM

Historical Outline:

The Torrens system was introduced into the Federated Malay States (FMS) between the years 1879 and 1890.

Finds presence for expression in:

The National Land Code, 1965 (NLC) in Peninsular Malaysia. The Sabah Land Ordinance, in the state of Sabah. The Sarawak Land Code, in the state of Sarawak.

MALAYSIAN CADASTRAL SYSTEM (cont.)

MALAYSIAN CADASTRAL SYSTEM (cont.) Malaysian cadastral system has essentially two basic components: 1. Land

Malaysian cadastral system has essentially two basic components:

1. Land Registration: Administered by the State Land Offices and coordinated by Department of Lands and Mines.

Textual aspect - the land register furnishes all necessary information, the basic ones being the name of the proprietor and the actual land alienated - through a description of its area and location, and the survey plan showing the limits. Other information include those on owner's rights, encumbrances, express conditions, caveats and prohibitory orders, if any.

MALAYSIAN CADASTRAL SYSTEM (cont.)

MALAYSIAN CADASTRAL SYSTEM (cont.) 2. Cadastral Survey: Responsibility of Department of Survey and Mapping Malaysia

2.

Cadastral Survey: Responsibility of Department of Survey and Mapping Malaysia (DSMM), a federal agency and supported by Licensed Land Surveyors

(Note: The cadastral survey in the state of Sabah and Sarawak are administered by the respective Department of Lands and Surveys which are state entities.)

Spatial aspect - the country's cadastral parcel fabric can be conveniently viewed from the cadastral map produced and maintained by DSMM. With the exception of land parcels on qualified titles (awaiting surveys and finalisation of boundaries) the map depict all land parcels (i.e. surveyed) together with their unique lot numbers or identifiers, as well as the certified plan numbers for ease of reference and search.

PURPOSE OF CADASTRAL SYSTEM
PURPOSE OF CADASTRAL SYSTEM

To provide security and simplicity to all dealings on land. The title is conclusive proof that the person mentioned therein is the owner of the land described therein. Valid titles require an accurate description of boundaries and as such cadastral survey plays an important role in the system.

LAND TITLES
LAND TITLES

Two type of land titles are issued:

Qualified titles – (Titles issued prior to survey to speed up land development)

Final titles

- (Titles issued after accurately surveyed and boundary

marks emplaced).

CADASTRAL SURVEY
CADASTRAL SURVEY

Accurate field survey with emplacement of boundary marks. Certified Plan Drawn Unique Parcel Identifier (lot number) Standard Sheet - Cadastral Map

Sample of Standard Sheet

Sample of Standard Sheet

Sample of Old Certified Plan

Sample of Old Certified Plan

CADASTRAL REFORMS
CADASTRAL REFORMS

o

Computerisation

Computer Assisted Land Survey System (CALS)

CALS Johor in 1985 CALS Pahang in 1990 CALS for other States in 1995

Creation of Digital Cadastral Database (1997-2002)

Sample of Digital Certified Plan

Sample of Digital Certified Plan

Sample of Digital Cadastral Map

Sample of Digital Cadastral Map

CADASTRAL REFORMS (cont.)

CADASTRAL REFORMS (cont.) o Feasibility study on Coordinated Cadastral Systems (CCS) – 1996 o Pilot study

o

Feasibility study on Coordinated Cadastral Systems (CCS) – 1996

o

Pilot study in the state of Melaka

CCS

1. 1996 INITIAL PILOT STUDY IN THE STATE OF MELAKA - test on the use
1.
1996
INITIAL PILOT STUDY IN THE STATE OF MELAKA - test on the use of an adjustment
technique and GPS for Cadastral Controls.
FEASIBILITY STUDY ON COORDINATED CADASTRAL SYSTEM FOR PENINSULAR
MALAYSIA.
1997
MODULE A
The Adjustment of Large Cadastral Network using RSO
2.
to
2000
MODULE B
On The Use of A Global Geocentric Datum
MODULE C
Legal Traceability, Standards, Specifications for GPS Surveys.
STUDIES TOWARDS THE DEVELOPMENT OF IMPLEMENTATION PLAN OF
COORDINATED CADASTRAL SYSTEM FOR PENINSULAR MALAYSIA
MODULE A
Definition & Realisation of A Geocentric Datum for Malaysia
2000
3.
to
MODULE B
Methodology for Development of Digital Coordinated Cadastral DB
2002
MODULE C
Integrating the Digital Coordinated Cadastral Data with Mapping
(CAMS) Data.
MODULE D
Institutional Issues: Legal & Organisational Issues.

ELEMENTS OF CCS

GPS Compatible
GPS Compatible

GDM2000

Cadastral Control Infrastructure (CCI)

DCDB

COORDINATES

Cadastral Survey Practice

(CCI) DCDB COORDINATES Cadastral Survey Practice Easy integration of Datasets Contains a Complete Cadastral
(CCI) DCDB COORDINATES Cadastral Survey Practice Easy integration of Datasets Contains a Complete Cadastral

Easy integration of Datasets

Contains a Complete Cadastral Map

Layered of Data Content

Has a Unique Parcel Identifier

Design According to Appropriate Data Modeling Technique

Design According to Appropriate Data Modeling Technique Legal (Contributory) Evidence of Boundaries Unique Single
Design According to Appropriate Data Modeling Technique Legal (Contributory) Evidence of Boundaries Unique Single

Legal (Contributory) Evidence of Boundaries

Unique Single Set of Survey Accurate Coordinates

Control Based on Highest Geodetic Order

Control Network of Adequate Density

Geodetic Order Control Network of Adequate Density Use Least Square Ad justment Technique Employ “

Use Least Square Adjustment Technique

Employ “ Whole-to-Part” Concept

CADASTRAL REFORMS (cont.)
CADASTRAL REFORMS (cont.)

o Use of Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS)

Upgrade geodetic network Malaysia Active GPS Network (MASS) Use of Geocentric Datum (GDM 2000) Real Time Kinematic Network (RTK Net) Use of GPS in Cadastral Survey

MALAYSIA ACTIVE GPS NETWORK
MALAYSIA ACTIVE GPS NETWORK

REAL TIME KINEMATIC NETWORK (RTK Net)

REAL TIME KINEMATIC NETWORK (RTK Net)
REAL TIME KINEMATIC NETWORK (RTK Net)
CADASTRAL REFORMS (cont.)
CADASTRAL REFORMS (cont.)

o Field to Finish Concept - 2002

Automation of District Office System

- District Office Management System

Automation of Field Operation

- Total Station System

Automation of Office Operation – upgrading

- Cadastral Data Management System

- Digital Signature - 2006

Total Station System

Total Station System

District Office Management System

District Office Management System

Cadastral Data Management System

Cadastral Data Management System

CADASTRAL REFORMS (cont.)
CADASTRAL REFORMS (cont.)

o ‘e-cadastre’ Project - 2008

Coordinated Cadastral System (CCS) Virtual Survey System

‘e-cadastre’ PROJECT
‘e-cadastre’ PROJECT

Create Cadastral Control Infrastructure (CCI) Creation of a complete National Digital Cadastral Database (NDCDB). Web base integration between field and office using 3G / Internet. GLMS (GIS Layer Management Systems). Creating database for strata. Using GPS to collecting data (RTK Net). Coordinate system using Cassini GDM 2000

CADASTRALCADASTRAL CONTROLCONTROL INFRASUCTUREINFRASUCTURE

State State Number Number Of Of CCI CCI PerlisPerlis 203203 KedahKedah 1,6941,694 PP PinangPinang 934934
State State
Number Number Of Of
CCI CCI
PerlisPerlis
203203
KedahKedah
1,6941,694
PP PinangPinang
934934
PerakPerak
3,9413,941
SelangorSelangor
4,3244,324
WPKWPKLL
1,0711,071
NN SembilanSembilan
1,6081,608
JohJohoorr
4,2214,221
PahangPahang
3,1453,145
TerengganuTerengganu 1,8101,810
KelantanKelantan
2,0482,048
TotalTotal
24,99924,999
500 m for WPKL and
2.5 km for other states

Cadastral Control Infrastructure

(CCI)

Cadastral Control Infrastructure (CCI)
Cadastral Control Infrastructure (CCI)
Cadastral Control Infrastructure (CCI)
APPLICATION MODULES e-cadastre ePU DRP DesktopDesktop • ePU • ePA, ePA(B) JUPEM2U eGLMS • ePA(S),
APPLICATION MODULES
e-cadastre
ePU
DRP
DesktopDesktop
• ePU
ePA, ePA(B)
JUPEM2U
eGLMS
ePA(S),
GISGIS
WebWeb
• eJalan
ePA(W), eB1
• eLodgement
• eTownKg
• eKadasOnLine
eB4, ePA(M)
GISGIS
• eAdminBdy
ePetakadas
eTSM
CSRS
FieldField
• eHidrografi
eTSM
• eBangunan
eFEE
• eSIM
eCRM
• eWarta
• eFee
• eBorang
eSPID
• eCRM
• Ecadasonline
• eGrid
• eKiosk
eSSM
• eReporting
NDCDBNDCDB
• eSSM
• eMonitoring
Database
SUM
eNotification
PDUSSM PDUSSM
• SUM LSA
• eNotification
GLMSGLMS
StrataStrata GISGIS Strata • Strata •Strata Data Entry LS
StrataStrata
GISGIS
Strata
• Strata
•Strata Data Entry
LS
NonNon GISGIS eMedmAS ePKI • PKI eSigning •eMedmas • PKI eVerifier eSupport • PKI 2D
NonNon GISGIS
eMedmAS
ePKI
• PKI eSigning
•eMedmas
• PKI eVerifier
eSupport
• PKI 2D Barcode
• eAnotation
• eSupport
SPAK
eReporting
• SPAK
• eReporting
• Kalibrasi EDM/GPS
SPPK
Security
• SPPK
• Watchguard
• Fortigate

SPEKSPEK

eSPEKSPEK SPEK • eSPEK eQC • eQC

eSPEK

eQCSPEK SPEK eSPEK • eSPEK • eQC

eQC

EDM/GPS SPPK Security • SPPK • Watchguard • Fortigate SPEK SPEK eSPEK • eSPEK eQC •

TITLE SURVEY WORKFLOW

Land Office JUPEMJUPEM RTK Net Hardcopy KOMMSKOMMS PU Server Server 33 • Open Survey File
Land Office
JUPEMJUPEM
RTK Net
Hardcopy
KOMMSKOMMS
PU
Server
Server
33
• Open Survey File
11
• Scan Document
Update ePU DB
• Generate ePU
LSLS
• Open Survey File
Update CSRS
44
CRM Squad
creates control
points
• Import PU ASCII
JUPEM2UJUPEM2U
• Generate ePU
22
InternetInternet
Digital PU
Update
Temp
55
NDCDB
88
1010
77
66
99
•Demarcation Survey
•Create JUPEM ASCII
•Data validation
Post B1 Tiff to
Land Office
• Update NDCDB
• QC Server (eQC)
• SUM Server
• CS digital sign PA
• Final validation
• LS Adjustment
• Generate PA and B1
• Accept/Reject
• Initial Check
Accept/Reject
3 2 SUMSUM SUM 1 Server ModuleModule CSRS DB - LSA Validation - Reporting -
3
2
SUMSUM
SUM
1
Server
ModuleModule
CSRS DB
- LSA Validation
- Reporting
- Job Profile
State
LS/JUD Surveyor
State
JUPEM2U eQCeQC ASCII DB Server ASCII Repository - Job Verification - NDCDB Validation 8 -
JUPEM2U
eQCeQC
ASCII DB
Server
ASCII
Repository
- Job Verification
- NDCDB Validation
8
- Reporting (DSM/LLSM)
4
Oracle Update
- Archive
-
JUPEM2U
CSRS
eSPEKeSPEK
NDCDB
Server
Server
6
9
- Temp. NDCDB Layer
-
NDCDB Layer
- Pending for Approval & Updating
- Reporting for CS Signing
State
Approval & Updating - Reporting for CS Signing State JUPEM2U Web Survey Verification if rejected by
JUPEM2U Web
JUPEM2U
Web

Survey Verification if rejected by JUPEM2U

5 JUPEM2U Web LS/JUD 7 JUPEM2U Web CS
5
JUPEM2U
Web
LS/JUD
7
JUPEM2U
Web
CS
‘e-cadastre’ PROJECT
‘e-cadastre’ PROJECT

Still being tested for full implementation

Proposed New Road

Application Of Cadastral Data For Acquisition Of Land

Road Application Of Cadastral Data For Acquisition Of Land Data required : Location of parcels Size

Data required:

Location of parcels Size of parcels Land value Position of road Land owners Etc.

4538

4538

6536

4537

4536

4783

7537

4507 9539 7546 Answers to: 4036 Where to acquire? Size/area of parcel taken up by
4507
9539
7546
Answers to:
4036
Where to acquire?
Size/area of parcel
taken up by road?
How much to acquire?
Compensation ?
Whom to pay?
Lot balance to issue new
title ?
Etc.

State Land

5587

4534

CONCLUSION

CONCLUSION Cadastral data is one of the framework data needed for planning and various analysis. Cadastral

Cadastral data is one of the framework data needed for planning and various analysis. for planning and various analysis.

Cadastral reforms carried out are able to create accurate and complete National Cadastral Database and able to expedite the issuance of final title. and complete National Cadastral Database and able to expedite the issuance of final title.

Complete National Cadastral Database is much needed to ensure accurate planning and analysis for Spatially Enabled Government. ensure accurate planning and analysis for Spatially Enabled Government.

Thank You

Thank You