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САНКТ-ПЕТЕРБУРГСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ

Факультет международных отношений


Кафедры европейскиx исcледований

МАНУРУНГ ХЕНДРА

ВЛИЯНИЕ БАЛКАНСКИX КРИЗИСОВ НА ОТНОШЕНИЕ РОССИИ И


НАТО

Диссертация
на соискание степени магистра
по направлению 032300 “Регионоведение”,
программа европейскиx исcледований

Научный руководитель –
Доктор исторических наук,
Профессор К. К. Худолей

Санкт-Петербург
2002
ВЛИЯНИЕ БАЛКАНСКИX КРИЗИСОВ НА ОТНОШЕНИЕ РОССИИ И
НАТО

ГЛАВА I ВВЕДЕНИЕ
1. 1. Об исторических науки и значении научного познания
1. 2. О предметной
1. 3. Методологической специфике гуманитарных
1. 4. Технических наук

ГЛАВА II СОВРЕМЕННЫЙ МИР И ВНЕШНЯЯ ПОЛИТИКА РОССИЙСКОЙ


ФЕДЕРАЦИИ
2. 1. НАТО и Балканы: доводы в пользу большей интеграции
2. 2. История Вопроса
2. 3. Смена Курса
2. 4. Колебания и Микроменеджмент
2. 5. Предстоящие трудности
2. 6. Региональное Сотрудничество
2. 7. Международные Организации

ГЛАВА III ПРИОРИТЕТЫ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ В РЕШЕНИИ


ГЛОБАЛЬНЫХ ПРОБЛЕМ
3. 1. НАТО и Россия: отрезвляющие мысли и практические предложения
3. 2. Новый Старт
3. 3. Неопределенность
3. 4. Расширение НАТО
3. 5. Противоракетная Оборона
3. 6. Договор об ОВСЕ
3. 7. НАТО и США в Афганистане
3. 8. Формирование нового мироустройства
3. 9. Укрепление международной безопасности
3. 10. Международные экономические отношения
3. 11. Права человека и международные отношения
3. 12. Информационное сопровождение внешнеполитической деятельности

ГЛАВА IV АНАЛИЗ : РЕГИОНАЛЬНЫЕ ПРИОРИТЕТЫ


4. 1. Приоритетным Направлением Внешней Политики России
4. 2. Партнерство Россия-НАТО
4. 3. НАТО на Балканах
4. 4. Как развивалась данная политика?
4. 5. Миротворчество

ГЛАВА V ЗАКЛЮЧИТЕЛЬНЫЕ
5. 1. Первая военная операция в истории НАТО
5. 2. Первая миротворческая операция
5. 3. Деятельность НАТО в Косово

“INFLUENCE OF BALKAN CRISES ON RUSSIAN AND NORTH ATLANTIC


ALLIANCE RELATIONS”

Thesis by
Hendra Manurung
The Saint-Petersburg State University
Master of Arts in Area Studies of European Countries
City of Saint-Petersburg
2002

Abstract

The principle of engagement over indifference is guiding Russia and NATO larger
vision for the future of South-Eastern Europe. A future in which South-Eastern European
ceases to be a source of instability and conflict; a future in which this region enjoys stability
and prosperity, at peace with itself and the rest of Europe. A future in which even Serbia
embraces the values shared across the Euro-Atlantic area, such as democracy, respect for
human rights and rejoins the European family. The international community is approaching
this project in a coordinated and comprehensive way, rather than ad - hoc. Russia and NATO
are finally looking at this area as a region, as South Eastern European. Russia and NATO will
foster democracy and prosperity across the region. They will also foster Euro-Atlantic values
across the region, such as: the values of tolerance, of multiculturalism, of peace, and of
justice. Of course, NATO and Russia are not doing this alone. The European Union and the
OSCE will play leadership roles in this project.

NATO's efforts in the region are based on the same principle that regional cooperation
can contribute significantly to enhanced security. At last year's Washington Summit 1999,
NATO created a consultative forum on security matters on South Eastern Europe. NATO are
also building on the existing mechanisms of the Partnership for Peace (PfP) and the Euro-
Atlantic Partnership Council to give substance to their promise of assistance to Partners in the
region. NATO is also making another long-term investment in European stability, through
their ongoing enlargement process. Through Membership Action Plan, NATO will give
advice, assistance and practical support to countries aspiring to membership. The relationship
between Allies and membership aspirants will become more "interactive", and will work
energetically with them to help them come closer to the Alliances.

Finally, to be successful in South-Eastern Europe, the NATO Allies will continue to


cooperate closely with Russian government. Russian diplomacy was crucial in helping them
to end the Kosovo air campaign last June 1999 on terms acceptable to the international
community. Combined NATO and Russia pressure are now equally acceptable to persuade
both Serbs and Albanians to implement fully UN Security Council Resolution 1244 and to
persuade Milosevic not to start any new adventures in a region that has already known four
wars since 1991. The writer assumes, that NATO and Russian relationships much too
important for European security to ignore each other. The cooperation between the NATO and
Russian forces on the ground in Kosovo has been exemplary since the beginning of Kosovo
Force’s (KFOR's) mission, as it has been also since 1995 in Bosnia. At the same time, the
Russia and NATO Permanent Joint Council has met every month since June 1999 to exchange
and share views on the situation.

This research is an analysis descriptive i.e. a description and analyses on all of


symptoms, and the facts in this relationship between Russia and NATO after Balkan Crises.
The approach method is empirical International Relations approach, i.e. to review and study
phenomenon and empirical facts that related strategic partnership Russia and NATO to move
the peace process in Kosovo. Based on this research and discussion, it is concluded and
suggested that with new quality of cooperation, the writer believes that the better cooperation
between Russia and NATO can now go beyond merely exchanging views towards developing
the common approach and the common set of priorities that will allow both of them to use
their political and diplomatic instruments in the most focussed, consistent way to move the
peace process in Kosovo forward. A stable, democratic and integrating South-Eastern Europe
is after all in the interests of both Russian and NATO.
RUSSIAN FEDERATION

City of the Saint-Petersburg

The Saint-Petersburg State University

SUPPLEMENT
TO THE DIPLOMA
(Official version in English)

No. DIM 0001816

2138
(Registration Number)

June 28, 2002 year


(Date of Issue)

By the decision of the State Attestation Commission

Of June 18, 2002

He / She is awarded the


The degree

MASTER OF ARTS IN AREA STUDIES

(EUROPEAN COUNTRIES)

The State Attestation Commission signed

Rector signed