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MATHEMATICS

MATHEMATICS IIT-JEE 2012 PAPER - 1 PART - III : MATHEMATICS Section I : Single CorrectAnswer

IIT-JEE 2012

PAPER - 1

PART - III : MATHEMATICS

Section I : Single CorrectAnswer Type

This section contains 10 multiple choice questions. Each question has four choices (A), (B), (C) and

(D) out of which ONLY ONE is correct.

41.

The point P is the intersection of the straight line joining the points Q(2,3,5) and R(1, ñ1, 4) with the plane

5x ñ 4y ñ z = 1. If S is the foot of the perpendicular drawn from the point T(2, 1,4) to QR, then the length of

the line segment PS is

 
 

1

 

(A)

2
2

(B)

2
2

(C) 2

(D) 2

2
2

Sol.

Ans. (A)

 

Equation of QR is

x ñ 2

y ñ 3

z ñ 5

 

=

=

1

4

1

Let P (2 + , 3 + 4, 5 + )

10 + 5ñ 12 ñ 16ñ 5 ñ= 1

ñ 7 ñ 12= 1

ñ2

3

1

  =

then P

4

3

13

3

,
3

,

Let

S = (2 + µ, 3 + 4µ, 5 + µ)

TS

TS .

 

à

à

à

=

(µ)

i

(4µ

2) j

(µ

1) k

à

 

(

i

4 à j

k) à

= 0

 

µ + 16µ + 8 + µ + 1 = 0

1

µ = ñ 2
µ =
ñ
2
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42.

Sol.

MATHEMATICS  3 9    , 1,  S = 2 2 
MATHEMATICS
 3
9 
, 1,
S =
2
2 
2
2
1
 4
3 
4
   13
9 
1
4
1
1
4
9
PS =
ñ
3
2
ñ
=
=
=
=
9
3
2
36
9
36
18
9
18
2
2
sec
x
The integral 
dx equals (for some arbitrary constant K)
9 / 2
(sec x
 tanx)
ñ1
1
1
2
(sec x
tanx)
(A)
+ K
11/ 2
(sec x
tanx)
11
7
1
1
1
2
(sec x
tanx)
(B)
+ K
11/ 2
(sec x
tanx)
11
7
ñ1
1
1
2
(sec x
tanx)
(C)
+ K
11/ 2
11
7
(sec x
 tanx)
1
1
1
2
(sec x
tanx)
(D)
+ K
11/ 2
(sec x
 tanx)
11
7
Ans
(C)
Put
secx + tanx = t

(secx tanx + sec 2 x) dx = dt

secx . t dx = dt

1

secx ñ tanx = t

1 t  t secx = 2  1   sec x.dt 1 
1
t 
t
secx =
2
1 
sec x.dt
1  t 
t
dt
9/ 2
= 
t
.t
9/2
2
t.t
1
1
1
 
 
dt
9/2
t 13/ 2
= 2
 t
1 
2
2
= ñ
 k
7 / 2
11/ 2
2
 7t
11t
 
2
1
t
1
ñ
 k
= 11/ 2
t
7 11
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MATHEMATICS

43. Let z be a complex number such that the imaginary part of z is non zero and a = z 2 + z + 1 is real. Then a

cannot take the value

(A)

ñ1

43. Ans

Here

(B)

(D)

z 2 + z + 1 ñ a = 0

1

3

44.

ñ 1 4a ñ 3  z = 2 3 Here a  otherwise z
ñ 1
4a ñ 3
 z =
2
3
Here
a 
otherwise z will be purely real.
4
  x 2
cos
,
x
0
, x

R
x
Let f(x) =
, then f is
0,
x
0

(C)

1

2

(D)

3

4

(A)

differentiable both at x = 0 and at x = 2

(B)

differentiable at x = 0 but not differentiable at x = 2

(C)

not differentiable at x = 0 but differentiable at x = 2

(D)

differentiable neither at x = 0 nor at x = 2

Sol.

Ans

(I) for derivability at x = 0

(B)

L.H.D.

= f '(0 ñ )

=

 

=

=

RHD

f '(0 + )

=

 

=

f(0 ñ h) ñ f(0) im h0  ñ h    2 h
f(0 ñ h) ñ f(0)
im
h0
 ñ h
 
2
h
.
cos ñ
h
ñ 0
im
h0

ñ h

im cos   ñ h . = 0 h0 h f(0  h) ñ
im
cos 
 ñ h .
= 0
h0
h
f(0  h) ñ f(0)
im
h0
 h
2
h
.
cos   
h
ñ 0
im
= 0
h0
h

So f(x) is derivable at x = 0

(ii) check for derivability at x = 2

RHD = f '(2 + )

=

im

f(2 h) ñ f(2)

h0

h

= im

h0

(2

2

h) .

cos  

2

h

ñ 0

h

0  (2  2 h) . cos    2   h 
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=

=

=

im

h0

im

h0

im

h0

(2

h) .cos  

2

2

h

(2

h

h) .sin   

2

2

2

h

ñ


(2

h

h) .sin

2

h

2(2

h)

2(2

h)

h

.

2(2

h)

LHD

= (2) 2 .

2(2)

=

=

im

f(2 ñ h) ñ f(2)

h0

ñ h

= im

h0

= im

h0

= im

h0

= im

h0

= im

h0

2

(2 ñ h) .

cos  

2 ñ h

ñ 0

 

ñ h

(2 ñ h) . ñ cos

2

2 ñ h

 

  ñ 0

 
 

ñ h

 

(2 ñ h)

2

cos  

2 ñ h

 

h

(2 ñ h) .sin  

2

2

ñ

 

2 ñ h

2

(2 ñ h) .sin

h

ñ

 

h

2(2 ñ h)

ñ

ñ

h

 

 

.

2(2 ñ h)

   

2(2 ñ h)

= ñ

So f(x) is not derivable at x = 2

MATHEMATICS

. 2(2 ñ h)      2(2 ñ h)  = ñ  So f(x)
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MATHEMATICS

45. The total number of ways in which 5 balls of different colours can be distributed among 3 persons so that

each person gets at least one ball is

Sol.

(A)75

Ans

(B)

(B) 150

(C) 210

(D) 243

 

B 1

B 2

B 3

Case-1:

1

1

3

Case-2:

2

2

1

46.

Sol.

Ways of distribution

5!

=

1! 1! 3! 2!

= 150

. 3! +

If

lim

x

x

2

 

x

1

x

1

ax

(A)

(C)

Ans

a = 1, b = 4

a = 2, b = ñ3 (B)

im

x



x

2

 

x

1

x

1

ñ ax ñ b

b

= 4

= 4, then

im

x

x

2

(1ñ a)

x(1ñ a ñ b)

(1ñ b)

x

1

= 4

Limit is finite

It

exists when

1 ñ a = 0

a = 1

then

im

x



1ñ a ñ b

x

1ñ b

x

1

1

1 ñ a ñ b = 4

= 4

b = ñ 4

5!

2 ! 2 ! 1! 2!

.3!

(B) a = 1, b = ñ4

(D) a = 2, b = 3

47. The function f : [0, 3] [1, 29], defined by f(x) = 2x 3 ñ 15x 2 + 36x + 1, is

(A)

one-one and onto

(C)

one-one but not onto

Sol.

Ans

F : [0, 3] [1, 29]

f(x) = 2x 3 ñ 15x 2 + 36 x + 1

f(x) = 6x 2 ñ 30 x +

(B)

36

(B) onto but not one-one

(D) neither one-one nor onto

(B) 36 (B) onto but not one-one (D) neither one-one nor onto = 6(x 2 ñ

=

6(x 2 ñ 5x + 6)

=

6(x ñ 2) (x ñ 3)

in

given domain function has local maxima, it is many-one

Now at

x = 0

x = 2

f(0) = 1

f(2) = 16 ñ 60 + 72 + 1 = 29

domain function has local maxima, it is many-one Now at x = 0 x = 2
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x = 3

f(3) = 54 ñ 135 + 108 + 1

= 163 ñ 135 = 28

Has range = [1, 29]

Hence given function is onto

MATHEMATICS

48. The locus of the mid-point of the chord of contact of tangents drawn from points lying on the straight line

Sol.

4x ñ 5y = 20 to the circle x 2 + y 2 = 9 is

(A) 20(x 2 + y 2 ) ñ 36x + 45y = 0

(B)

20(x 2 + y 2 ) + 36x ñ 45y = 0

(C)

36(x 2 + y 2 ) ñ 20x + 45y = 0

(D)

36(x 2 + y 2 ) + 20x ñ 45y = 0

Ans

(A)

Circle x 2 + y 2 = 9

line

4x ñ 5y = 20

P

t,

4t ñ 20

5

equation of chord AB whose mid point is M (h, k)

T = S 1

hx + ky = h 2 + k 2

equation of chord of contact AB with respect to P.

T = 0

tx +

4t ñ 20

5

y = 9

(2)

comparing equation (1) and (2)

h

5k

h

2

k

2

t

4t ñ 20

9

on solving

45k = 36h ñ 20h 2 ñ 20k 2

Locus is 20(x 2 +y 2 ) ñ 36 x+ 45y = 0

(1)

2  Locus is 20(x 2 +y 2 ) ñ 36 x+ 45y = 0 (1)

49. Let P = [a ij ] be a 3 3 matrix and let Q = [b ij ], where b ij = 2 i+j a ij for 1 i, j 3. If the determinant of P is 2, then

the determinant of the matrix Q is

(A) 2 10

(B) 2 11

b ij = 2 i+j aij

|P| = 2

4a

8a

11

21

16a

31

8a

16a

32a

12

22

32

(C) 2 12

(D) 2 13

Sol. Ans (D) Given P = [a ij ] 3 3 Q = [b ij
Sol.
Ans
(D)
Given
P = [a ij ] 3 3
Q = [b ij ] 3 3
 a
a
a
11
12
13
a
a
a
P =
21
22
23
a
a
 
a 31
32
33
 
 b
b
b
11
12
13
b
b
b
Q =
21
22
23
b
b
b
 
31
32
33
 

=

16a

32a

64a

13

23

33

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50.

Sol.

 

4a

11

Determinant of Q =

8a

21

16a

31

 

a

11

a

12

=

4 8 16

2a

21

2a

22

 

4a

31

4a

32

 

a

11

=

4 8 16 2 4

a

21

 

a

31

=

2 2 . 2 3 . 2 4 . 2 1 . 2 2 .

2 1

=

2 13

The ellipse E 1 :

x 2

y

2

9

4

8a

16a

32a

12

22

32

a

2a

4a

13

23

33

a

a

a

12

22

32

a

a

a

13

23

33

16a

32a

64a

13

23

33

MATHEMATICS

1

is inscribed in a rectangle R whose sides are parallel to the coordinate axes.

Another ellipse E 2 passing through the point (0, 4) circumscribes the rectangle R ellipse E 2 is

(A) 2 2 Ans (C) Let required ellipse is 2 2 x y E :
(A)
2 2
Ans
(C)
Let required ellipse is
2
2
x
y
E
:
 1
2
2
2
a
b

(B)

2 3
2 3

It passes thorugh (0, 4)

(C)

1

2

(D)

3

4

The eccentricity of the

0 +

16

b

2

= 1

b 2 = 16

It also passes through (±3, ±2)

9 4

a

2

b

2

9

1

a

2

4

= 1

=

1

through ( ±3, ±2) 9 4  a 2 b 2 9 1  a 2

9

3

a

2

4

a 2 = b 2 (1 ñ e 2 )

1 = 1 9 3  a 2 4  a 2 = b 2 (1

12

16

= 1ñ e 2

e 2 = 1 ñ

e =

1

2

12

16

=

4

16

=

1

16

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MATHEMATICS

Section II : Multiple CorrectAnswer(s) Type

This section contains 5 multiple choice questions. Each question has four choices (A), (B), (C) and (D)

out of which ONE or MORE are correct.

51.

Sol.

If y(x) satisfies the differential equation

2     (A) y   4  8 2 2 
2
  
(A) y 
4
8
2
2
  
(C) y 
3
9
Ans
(AD)
dy
ñ y tan x = 2x sec x
dx
y(0) = 0
ñ
 tanxdx
I.F. =
e ñlogsec x
e
=

I.F. = cos x

cos x . y = 2x sec x.coxdx

cos x. y = x 2 + c

c = 0 y = x 2 sec x 2   2  
c
= 0
y
= x 2 sec x
2
 
2
= =
.
2
y 
4 
16
8
2
 
2
y 
=
.
2 
 2
.
4 
2
16
 
2
2
2 
y
=
.2
=
3 
9
9
 
2
y
=
2
.2 
.2.
3
3
2
9
4 
2
2 3

3 9

yñ y tan x = 2x sec x and y(0), then 2 y  
yñ y tan x = 2x sec x and y(0), then
2
y    
(B)

4
18
2
y    
4 
2 
(D)

3
3 3
3
 (B)   4  18 2 y     4  2
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MATHEMATICS

52. A ship is fitted with three engines E 1 , E 2 and E 3 . The engines function independently of each other with

respective probabilities

1

2

,

1

4

1

and 4 . For the ship to be operational at least two of its engines must

function. Let X denote the event that the ship is operational and let X 1 , X 2 and X 3 denotes respectively the

events that the engines E 1 E 2 and E 3 are functioning. Which of the following is (are) true ?

Sol.

(A)

P X

c

1

| x

3

16

 

5

(C)

P[X | X 2 ] = 16

Ans

(BD)

 

1

P(x 1 ) =

2

1

P(x 2 ) =

4

 

1

P(x 3 ) =

4

 

7

(B) P[ Exactly two engines of the ship are functioning | X] = 8

7

(D) P[X | X 1 ] = 16

P(x) = P(E 1 E 2 E 3 ) + P(

E

1

E 2 E 3 ) + P(E 1

E

2

E 3 ) + P(E 1 E 2

 

E

3

)

1

1

1

1

3

1

1

1

3

 

.

.

.

.

.

.

2

4

4

2

 

4

4

2

4

4

 

1

4

 

1 1

1

1

1

1

1

3

1

1

1

3

=

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

2 2

4

4

4

4

2

4

4

2

4

4

 

1

P(x) =

4

(A)

P

1

x x)

P(x

x

=

c

1 c

P(x)

 
 

1

1

1

2

.

4

.

4

1

=

1

4

=

8

P(exactly two x)

P(x)

(B) P(exactly two / x) =

=

=

7

8

1 1 1 2 . 4 . 4 1 = 1 4 = 8 P(exactly two
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(C) P(x / x 2 ) =

P(x

x

2

)

P(x

2

)

=

1

.

2

1

.

4

1

4

1

2

1

.

4

1

.

4

1

2

1

.

4

.

3

4

1

4

=

5

8

(D) P(x / x 1 ) =

P(x

x )

1

P(x )

1

1

.

2

1

.

4

1

4

1

2

3

.

4

1

.

4

1

2

1

.

4

.

3

4

7

=

1

2

=

16

53. Let , [0, 2] be such that

2cos(1 ñ sin) = sin 2

ñ1 < sin< ñ

ñ sin  ) = sin 2  ñ 1 < sin  < ñ 2

2 3 . Then cannot satisfy

tan

2

Sol.

(A) 0 < <

2

Ans

(ACD)

(B)

2 < <

4

3

As tan(2ñ) > 0, ñ 1 < sin< ñ

2 3 ,  [0, 2  ] 3 ,  [0, 2]

(C)

4 <

3

<

3

2

< <

5

3

cot

3

2

 

2

Now 2cos(1 ñ sin) = sin 2 ( tan /2 + cot /2)cosñ 1

2cos(1 ñ sin) = 2sincosñ 1

2cos+ 1 = 2sin(+ )

As 

3

2

,

5  

3

2cos+ 1 (1, 2)

1 < 2sin(+ ) < 2

1

< sin(+ ) < 1

2

As +  [0, 4]

 + 

 5

6

,

6

or + 

13

6

,

17

6

6 ñ< <

5

6

ñor

13

6

ñ< <



  ñ

3

,

ñ 2      2

3

3

2

,

7  

6

17ñ

6

MATHEMATICS

cosñ 1, tan(2ñ ) > 0 and

(D)

3 < < 2

2

 

3

2

,

5     

 

3

 < 2  2         3  
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54. If S be the area of the region enclosed by y =

Sol.

(A) S

Ans

1

e

(ABD)

(B) S 1

1

e

e

x

2

, y = 0, x = 0, and x = 1. Then

(C) S

1

 

4

1

1

e
e

 

(D) S

MATHEMATICS 1 1  1   1     e  2
MATHEMATICS
1
1
1
1
 
e
2
 

1

I =

0

e

ñx

2

ñx 2 0

e

1

0

ñx

2 1

e

ñx

2

dx

dx

1

x 2 x ñx 2 ñ x

e ñx

2

e ñx

1

I

0

e

ñx

dx



ñ e

ñx

1

0



ñ   1

e

ñ

1

I 1 ñ

1

e

(B) is correct

1

Since If I 1 ñ e

I >

1

e

I <

1

1 1

So Ans. D

+

1

(1 ñ (1 ñ

1

2 )

 I > 1 e I < 1 1 So Ans. D + 1 (1 ñ

(A) is correct

< 1 1 So Ans. D + 1 (1 ñ 1 2 )  (A) is

55. Tangents are drawn to the hyperbola

x 2

9

ñ

y

2

4

1

contacts of the tangents on the hyperbola are

, parallel to the straight line 2x ñ y = 1. The points of

Sol.
Sol.
 9 1 , (A)    2 2 2 Ans (AB)
9
1
,
(A)  
2
2
2
Ans
(AB)

 

 

Slope of tangents = 2

  ñ

(B)

9 1

,ñ 2 2 2
2
2
2

 

 

(C) 3

ñ (B)   9 1 ,ñ 2 2 2     (C) 

3, ñ 2

2
2

(D) ñ 3

3, 22 2 2     (C)  3 3, ñ 2 2 (D) 

2
2

Equation of tangents y = 2x ±

9.4 ñ 4
9.4 ñ 4
2 2     (C)  3 3, ñ 2 2 (D)  ñ
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y = 2x ±

32 = 0 4
32
= 0
4

(i)

Let point of contact be (x 1 , y 1 )

2x ñ y ±

then equation (i) will be identical to the equation xx 1 yy 1 ñ ñ
then equation (i) will be identical to the equation
xx 1
yy
1
ñ
ñ 1 = 0
9
4
x
1 /9
y
1 / 4
ñ1
=
=
2
1
 4
2
 ñ
9 ñ1 
9
1
,
,
 (x 1 , y 1 ) 
and
 
 
 
2
2
2
2
2
2

MATHEMATICS

Section III : IntegerAnswer Type

This section contains 5 questions. The answer to each question is a single digit integer, ranging

from 0 to 9 (both inclusive).

56.

Let S

be the

focus of

the parabola y 2 = 8x and let PQ be the common chord of the circle

x

2 + y 2 ñ 2x ñ 4y = 0 and the given parabola. The area of the triangle PQS is.

Sol.

Ans

(4)

Focus is (a, 0)  (2, 0) P  (0, 0) 0 0 1 1
Focus is (a, 0)  (2, 0)
P  (0, 0)
0
0
1
1
A =
2
0
1
2
2
 1
8
1
=
(2)  we need y coordinate of Q.
2

(2t 2 , 4t) satisfiescircle

4t 4 + 16t 2 ñ 4t 2 ñ 16t = 0

t 3 + 3t ñ 4 = 0

(t ñ 1) (t 2 + t + 4) = 0

t = 1

so Ans. 4

+ 16t 2 ñ 4t 2 ñ 16t = 0 t 3 + 3t ñ 4
+ 16t 2 ñ 4t 2 ñ 16t = 0 t 3 + 3t ñ 4
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MATHEMATICS

57. Let p(x) be a real polynomial of least degree which has a local maximum at x = 1 and a local minimum at

Sol.

x = 3. If p(1) = 6 p(3) = 2 , then p(0) is

Ans

p= (x ñ 1) (x ñ 3) = (x 2 ñ 4x + 3)

p(x) = (x 3 /3 ñ2x 2 + 3x) +

p(1) = 6

(9)

6

= (1/3 ñ 2 + 3) +

6

= (1/3 + 1) +

18 = 4+ 3

p(3) = 2

(i)

2

= (27/3 ñ 2 9 + 9) +

2

=

= 2  = 3

p(x) = 3(x ñ 1) (x ñ 3)

p(0) = 3(ñ1)(ñ3)

= 9

58. Let f : R R be defined as f(x) = |x| + |x 2 ñ 1|. The total number of points at which f attains either a local

Sol.

maximum or a local minimum is

Ans

f(x) = |x| + |x 2 ñ 1|

(5)

f(x) =

x

ñ x ñ x

x

ñ

x ñ x

x

x

2

2

2

2

ñ1

1

1

ñ 1

x

ñ1

ñ1 x

0

x

x

1

0

1

f(x) =

x

2 ñ x ñ 1

2 ñ x

1

1

 

x

ñ

x

2

x

2

x

ñ 1

  ñ x

x

ñ1

x

ñ1

0

x

1

x

 

0

1

ñ 1 x ñ 1 0  x    1   x 

59. The value of

6

log

 


2

3

4 ñ

4 ñ

1

3 2
3
2

4 ñ

1

3 2
3
2

1

3 2
3
2

1

3 2
3
2

Sol.

Ans

Let

(4)

= t3 4 ñ 4 ñ 1 3 2 4 ñ 1 3 2 1 3 2

is

1 4 ñ t = t 3 2
1
4 ñ
t
= t
3
2
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60.

Sol.

1

4 ñ t = t 2  3 2
4 ñ
t = t 2 
3
2

1

t 2 + t ñ 4 = 0  3 + t ñ 12 2
t 2 +
t ñ 4 = 0  3
+ t ñ 12
2 t 2
2
3
2
ñ1
1
4
3
2
12
2
ñ1  17
t
=
=
2
3
2
2
3
2
16 ñ18
t
=
,
6
2
6
2
8
t
=
,
ñ3 and ñ3 is rejected
3
2
2
2

= 0

so 6 + log 3/2

 

1 8 3 2  3 2
1
8
3
2  3
2

 

= 6 + log 3/2

4

9

If a, b

Ans

and

(3)

c

are unit vectors satisfying

 

6 ñ 2a b ñ 2b c ñ 2c a

= 9

a b b c c a



a

3

 

b

c

+ 2 a b

2

0

b c

ñ3

=

2

c a0

 

a b

b c

 

c a

ñ3

2

Since a b

b c

 

c a

a

 

b

c

= 0

a

2a

5(ña)

= | 3a |

=

ñ3

2

 

b

3

c

=

0

| a

= 6 + log 3/2

 

2

 

3

2

 

ñ b

| 2 + | b

ñ c

| 2 + | c

= 6 ñ 2 = 4

ñ a

| 2 = 9,

MATHEMATICS

then |2 a

+

5 b

+ 5 c | is

2 + | c  = 6 ñ 2 = 4  ñ a | 2
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