36 views

Uploaded by Ehab Odeh Wahhab

- Case Study in Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Lecture Notes, Study Material and Important Questions, Answers
- Simple Switching Transient
- circuite Syllabus 2010
- Electric Circuits Notes
- Transient Phenomena of the RLC Circuit
- 20080924_Circuit Review_4_RLC Circuit Analysis [Compatibility Mode]4 (1)
- 70334810BF68344CE04400144FEB5F70
- 115
- Circuit Analysis Fall-2011
- EV101_sen_lab_003_May14
- Demos
- EECE 211L Experiment - All
- RC Transient Circuits
- AC Circuits
- Integrated BTech_MTech Syllabus Wef 2012-13 Admitted Batch (1)
- Linear Wave Shaping
- RC RL RLC 3.0.pdf
- Circuit Theory
- Circuit Theory - Lecture Notes, Study Materials and Important questions answers
- APPLICATIONS

You are on page 1of 8

- The use of computer controlled equipment is also introduced here. Theory - Introduction and test circuits: Inductors and capacitors have the ability to store energy. It is important to determine the voltages and currents that arise in circuits composed by resistors. And either inductors or capacitors. The description of the voltages and currents in this type of circuits is done in terms of differential equations of first order. - Natural Response: The currents and voltages that arise when the energy stored in an inductor or capacitor is suddenly released to the resistors in the circuit are called the natural response of the circuit. The behavior of these currents and voltages depends only on the nature of the circuit, and not on external sources. 1. Natural response of an RL circuit In an RL circuit, the natural response is described in terms of the voltages and current at the terminals of the resistor when the external source of power stops delivering energy to the circuit. The expressions for the current and voltage across the resistor are: So, , .

Where I0 is the initial current through the inductor before the power source goes off and the inductor starts releasing energy to the circuit. The symbol represents the time constant of the circuit. The natural response of an RL circuit is calculated by: - Finding the initial current I0 through the inductor - Finding the time constant of the circuit - Generate i(t). 2. Natural response of an RC circuit The natural response of an RC circuit is analogous to that of an RL circuit. The expressions for the current and voltage across the resistor are; So, , . Where V0 is the initial voltage across the (fully charged) capacitor before the power source is switched off, the capacitor starts releasing energy to the circuit. The natural response of an RC circuit is calculated by:

- Finding the initial voltage V0 across the capacitor - Finding the time constant of the circuit - Generating V(t) - Parallel RLC circuit: The current in the circuit consisting of a resistor, a capacitor and an inductor connected in parallel is given by: Where is given by:

1 2RC

1

LC

The resonant radian frequency in (rad/sec), given by: o Damping Overdamped 2 > 2 . Underdamped 2 < 2 Critically damped 2 = 2 Natural response equations St S i (t ) A e 1 A e 2t 1 2

2 s o 1,2

i (t ) e t [ B cos t + B sin t ] w w 2 2 1 2 d d 0 d

i (t ) e t [ A t +A ] 1 2

A1,A2 are constants determined b the initial condition

Equipment and instruments - Digital Multimeter (DMM). - The Function Generator (FG). - The Cathode Ray Oscilloscope (CRO). - Various components.

1- Assemble the circuit in the previous figure with the component values. By using Ohmmeter measure the internal resistance of the Inductor. 2- Take measurement to find the experimental values for the components, the current flowing through the inductor and the voltage across each element. b. Transient RL circuit:

1- Assemble the circuit in the previous figure with the component values. Measure the internal resistance of the inductor. 2- Set the FG to supply a square wave with 6VPK-PK amplitude and 10 KHz frequency. Add 3V DC offset. Check the amplitude of the signal after the connection to the circuit. 3- Connect CH1 and CH2 as illustrated on the graph, notice that there is a small resistance R2 connected in series with the inductor. This is because the

Oscilloscope can measure voltage only, therefore its necessary to measure scaled version of ic(t). Divide the voltage by R to obtain the current in the circuit, So CH2 represented iL(t). 4- Observe the waveform of voltage and current, and plot them on a graph paper. 5- Calculate the time constant for this circuit and compare with the voltage and current at t= , and t=3. 2. RC circuits: a. DC RC circuit

1- Assemble the circuit in the previous figure with the component values. 2- Take measurement to find the values of the resistors, the capacitor and the voltages across them.

b. Transient RC circuit

R1

CH1

1k ohm

4Vp-p 10 KHz

C

10 nF

CH2

DC offest

2V

R2

10 ohm

Common Ground

1- Assemble the circuit in the previous figure with the component values. 2- Set FG to supply a square wave with 4 VPK-PK amplitude And 10 KHz frequency. Add 2V DC offset. Check the amplitude of the signal after the connection to the circuit. 3- Connect CH1 and CH2 as illustrated on the graph, notice that there is a small resistance R2 connected in series with the capacitor. This is because the Oscilloscope can measure voltage only, therefore, its necessary to measure scaled version of ic(t). Divide the voltage by R to obtain the current in the circuit, So CH2 represent ic(t). 4- Observe the waveform of voltage and current, and Plot them on a graph paper. 5- Calculate the time constant for this circuit and compare with the voltage and current at t=, and t= 3.

Data & Calculation 1. Step response of RL Circuits: a. DC RL Circuit. Parameter R1 RL(internal resistance of

inductor)

Unit K mH V mA

%Error 1.66%

L Vs VR1 VL IL

Parameter R1 R2 Rint L

Unit K mH sec

%Error 1% 3.5 % 0% 10 %

iL () = I0(1-e-t/ ) = 63.21 mA , iL(3)=I0(1-e-3) = 95.02 mA VL()=Vs e-t/ = 3.67 V ,VL(3) = Vse-3 = 0.5 V

2. RC circuits: a. DC RC circuit Parameter Unit R1 K R2 C F Vs VR1 V VR2 VC b. Transient RC circuit -The current of the capacitor

Parameter R1 R2 C

Unit K nF Sec

%Error 1% 0% 0% 0%

Conclusion 1) We conclude that each circuit has a natural response & its different due to the circuit elements. 2) There is no pure inductive or capacitive load, without any internal resistance and we should consider it in our calculations. 3) The inductor and the capacitor are none absorbing power elements on the contrary they are elements that storage power, the inductor storages the power on the shape of electromagnetic waves and the capacitor on the shape of charges. 2 4) The values of and 0 determine the form of the natural (or step) response of parallel RLC circuits. 5) Depending on the damping, the solution to the differential equation describing the response of the circuit can be found by applying the appropriate set of equation.

- Case Study in Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Lecture Notes, Study Material and Important Questions, AnswersUploaded byM.V. TV
- Simple Switching TransientUploaded byDrVikas Singh Bhadoria
- circuite Syllabus 2010Uploaded byמוחמד טאהא
- Electric Circuits NotesUploaded byEmadElDinEzzat
- Transient Phenomena of the RLC CircuitUploaded byAnton Toral Tanquintic
- 20080924_Circuit Review_4_RLC Circuit Analysis [Compatibility Mode]4 (1)Uploaded byTayyip Tahiroğlu
- 70334810BF68344CE04400144FEB5F70Uploaded byAnonymous 20Uv9c2
- 115Uploaded bySaddam Hussain
- Circuit Analysis Fall-2011Uploaded byFahad Azim
- EV101_sen_lab_003_May14Uploaded bytkjing
- DemosUploaded byEDOG1486
- EECE 211L Experiment - AllUploaded by741852963aaa
- RC Transient CircuitsUploaded bysushovan bhowmik
- AC CircuitsUploaded byprayog8
- Integrated BTech_MTech Syllabus Wef 2012-13 Admitted Batch (1)Uploaded byBibhakar Saha
- Linear Wave ShapingUploaded byArun Kumar Dhupam
- RC RL RLC 3.0.pdfUploaded bylp_blackout
- Circuit TheoryUploaded byCosmin Bilan
- Circuit Theory - Lecture Notes, Study Materials and Important questions answersUploaded byBrainKart Com
- APPLICATIONSUploaded byGiezel Revis
- Circuit Simulation Lab_manual-1Uploaded byKʀɩsʜŋʌ Kʌŋʌŋ
- EE_101Uploaded byAtif Imam
- 5 Year-Integrated Dual Degree (B.Tech + M.Tech)Uploaded byRaja Prathap Singh
- EE-212 Circuit AnalysisUploaded byfarsun
- First Year Ct-ActualUploaded bydineshpeter
- Circuit TheoryUploaded byjeebala
- eyesj-a4Uploaded byCornelius Gee
- RC RL RLC 1.0Uploaded byjose
- CH20 Induced Voltages and InductanceSolutionsSerway_7th_EditionUploaded byMichael Ricardo Espinoza Sevilla
- EE250Lab7transients_2aUploaded byAdiseshuMidde

- Techs for 4th Generation Wireless CommunicationUploaded byEhab Odeh Wahhab
- Ch4: Writing Letters, Memoranda, And E-mailUploaded byEhab Odeh Wahhab
- Ch3: Eliminating Intermittent Noise in WritingUploaded byEhab Odeh Wahhab
- Ch7: Tables and GraphicsUploaded byEhab Odeh Wahhab
- Ch5: Writing Common Engineering DocumentsUploaded byEhab Odeh Wahhab
- Ch5: Writing Common Engineering DocumentsUploaded byEhab Odeh Wahhab
- Ch6: Writing an Engineering ReportUploaded byEhab Odeh Wahhab
- eepro-SOFTWAREGUIDEUploaded byA Humberto Serrano
- Ch2: Some Guidelines for Good Engineering WritingUploaded byEhab Odeh Wahhab
- Ch1 Engineers and WritingUploaded byEhab Odeh Wahhab
- Texas Instruments ti89 user manualUploaded byShpat Deda
- ExamUploaded byEhab Odeh Wahhab
- التمديدات الكهربائيةUploaded byEhab Odeh Wahhab
- Antennas and Propagation for Wireless Communication Systems, 2nd EdUploaded bythamtunhi1309

- Introduccion Sensores Ilene Busch-VischniacUploaded byfjmart
- SES HJRproposal EvalUploaded byEric Robert
- consumer behavior solomonUploaded byZakky Azhari
- Application drugtesting for 2014Uploaded byXyzka Alvarez
- PsychrometerUploaded byPauline Mae Araneta
- 5 MANOVA Presentation StatsUploaded byVaibhav Baluni
- Thomas Robert MalthusUploaded byZia Dela Cruz
- Factor Endowment Theory FialUploaded byKarthik Siva
- Dolby Atmos Home Theater Installation GuidelinesUploaded byCourtney Hernandez
- va-9078-01Uploaded bycesarinti
- Italian RSI BriefingUploaded bytomekjar
- eps90v08Uploaded byDavid Luna Molina
- Report of the Discussion .................................................................................................................... Introduction.............................................................................................................................Uploaded bythelightings
- john smith resume - msUploaded byapi-260243521
- Lab 4 Shape From ShadingUploaded byJuvenal Tordocillo
- 9. Reading ComprehensionUploaded byClinton Foster
- Article 153 of Federal ConstitutionUploaded bynur_amanina_7
- Hospitality Industry of IndiaUploaded bysanil_p
- MECH4406 - Assignment 2Uploaded byraf33
- Mini Project on Tata Docomo - Anoop pUploaded byAnoop Puliyassery
- 38-San Luis v. NLRC G.R. No. L-80160 June 26, 1989.pdfUploaded byJopan SJ
- Audit 2 Marks QuestionsUploaded byEric Martinez
- USHA LEXUSUploaded byShikha Sharma
- report for experiment 11Uploaded byapi-354192603
- AS350_Family_(B3e)-04-06082012Uploaded byPavlos Tsitswnis
- TM 1-1510-225-CLUploaded byaivanov3
- Sustainability-08-01227 Refere to BagasseUploaded byFarooq Ameer Jordan Wala
- Lean Operations_ McKinsey on Paper_No3_2013-2Uploaded byLeandro Rennó
- OBE-L1Uploaded byMaribel Bonite Peneyra
- Food Waste LogUploaded byChef Russell Wiseman