Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 12

The Struggle for Jamestown

Early Years
Expedition nanced by The Virginia Company, created by Bartholomew Gosnold in 1606 Believed precious metals were to be found here, also hoped to nd new passage to Orient 3 ships (Susan Constant, Discovery, and Godspeed) set sail from London in December, 1606.

Early Years
Takes about 5 months to arrive due to a lack of wind, a stop in Puerto Rico. Late April, Early May 1607: Arrival, Captain Edward Wingeld appointed president of governing council, named James Fort in honor of King James I. Location seemed ideal... thought to be secure from Spanish invasion (a persistent concern) yet close to water.

Early Years
Current trends in popular history have begun to insist that the colony was the singular seed of all good things American. One writer even claims that "the American Dream was born on the banks of the James River." In fact, early Jamestown looks more like a nightmare of folly, hunger, disease, and violence.

Early Years
Of the initial 104 settlers who arrived in April 1607, just thirty-eight were still living nine months later. Swamp lead to serious health issues. Awful conditions for agriculture Survivors were often too weak and apathetic to work. Some had no desire to work to begin with.

John Smith
Soldier of fortune, travelled across Europe briey Appointed to expedition by Gosnold, a friend Longed for power, celebrity Despised social inferiors and resented political superiors

John Smith
Abandons Jamestown Explores local waterways Maps Chesapeake Bay Extorts food at gunpoint from Native villages Retained power only until October 1609, when he was crippled by an accidental gunpowder explosion.

Dark Days
George Percy takes over Colonists are unable to cultivate enough corn in summer, starve during the winter and spring. In the spring of 1609 there were 220 colonists, but only sixty of them survived the winter. In June 1610, the desperate survivors abandoned Jamestown and set off down the river toward England

Progress Amidst Setbacks


King keeps pouring money into colony 1613: The Governor (Dale) assigns 3-acre plots to its "ancient planters" and smaller plots to the settlement's later arrivals. The following year, 1614, John Rolfe began to successfully harvest tobacco. Marries Pocahontas, brief period of peace

Progress Amidst Setbacks


1619: Individual land ownership instituted at rst Virginia General Assembly (House of Burgesses) Surprise attack from Powahatan Confederacy on March 22, 1622. 1624: King James revokes charter, Virginia becomes royal colony, tobacco ourishes.

Later Years
Colony expands, divided into counties Attacked again by Powahatan in 1644 1646: Opchanacanough captured and killed, successor signs treaty with the Powahatan, conning them to reservations.

Demise & Modern Renaissance


Burned during Bacon's Rebellion in 1676 VA legislature moves to Middle Plantation By 1699, Middle Plantation renamed to Williamsburg, Jamestown begins to disappear. Now being excavated on Island of Jamestowne, lead by the Jamestown Rediscovery Archaeological Project

Оценить