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Receptive relaxation Pyloric pump Haustration Mass movement Gastrocolic reflex Enterogastric reflex Primary peristalsis Segmentation Retropulsion

Secretin Upper esophageal sphincters Motilin Lower esophageal sphincters Gastrin Sphincter of ODDI Cholecytokinin Ileocecal sphincter Vasoactive intestinal peptide External anal sphincter GIP Ileocecal valve Chyme

1. This hormone is responsible for the receptive relaxation of the fundus of the stomach. GIP 2. This refers to the mixing motility of the small intestines. Segmentation 3. This refers o the strong constrictive ring in the antrum of stomach together with upward streaming of the gastric contents. Retropulsion 4. Murky, milky pasty consistency of food admixed with gastric secretions. Chyme 5. Secreted by G cells from the antrum of the stomach. Gastrin 6. Referred to as the natures antacid. Secretin 7. Fails to relax during swallowing in a person with achalasia. Lower esophageal sphincters 8. When the stomach is distended with food, this reflex causes increase colonic motility to promote mass movement. Gastrocolic reflex 9. Refers to wave of distension of stomach and duodenum preceding the esophageal peristalsis. Receptive relaxation 10. This structure prevents backflow of fecal materials from the cecum to the small intestines. Ileocecal valve MULTIPLE CHOICE: 11. Which statement refers to meissners plexus? a. Are located in the submucosa b. Regulate GI motility c. The outer plexus d. Also called Auerbachs plexus 12. The following are factors that stimulate GIT muscles causing depolarization, EXCEPT: a. Stretching of the muscles b. Involve acetylcholine c. Parasympathetic stimulation d. Involve Norepinephrine 13. Condition that decrease GIT circulation?

Presence of kinins Parasympathetic stimulation Active nutrient absorption & digestion Circulatory shock 14. The GIT movement that chops, churns and shears food: a. Mixing b. Propulsive c. Peristalsis d. Mass movement 15. NOT TRUE statement regarding gastric motility: a. Gastric contraction begin in the midportion of stomach and travel toward the pylorus b. Major mixing activity occurs in the fundus c. Fats are emptied later the other gastric contents d. Liquids are emptied faster than the other gastric contents. 16. Which promote gastric emptying: a. Hypertonic solution in the duodenum b. Presence of CCK c. Duodenal pH <3.5 d. Presence of food in the stomach 17. The following statement are TRUE regarding migrating myoelectric complex EXCEPT: a. Housekeeper of the small intestine b. Inhibits migrating of colonic bacteria into the ileum c. Cleans non-digestible residues from the small intestine d. Mediated by Secretin 18. NOT a function/s of the colon: a. Absorption of mineral and nutrient b. Storage of fecal matter c. Absorption of water d. Absorption of electrolytes 19. Slow wave electrical activity of the GIT: a. Involves the sodium-calcium channels b. The basic electrical rhythm of the GIT c. Are true action potential d. Causes membrane depolarization to -30 milivolts 20. About gastrointestinal muscles, EXCEPT: a. Function as a syncytium b. Are multi-unit smooth muscle c. Contracts as one d. Bundle of muscle are joined by gap junctions.

a. b. c. d.