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BY: QURAT-UL-AIN

48
TEXTLE SECTOR OF PAKISTAN

HISTORY/BACKGROUND

Textile Processing Sector has been operative virtually since the very inception of
Pakistan in 1947. With the sudden upsurge of Textile industry in Pakistan during
the fifth and sixth decades when quite a few Textile Spinning and Composite
Units started picking up roots and Power Loom Units sprang up like mushroom in
Pakistan in the unorganized sector, in every nook and corner, whose number
rose to about 0.3 million plus. As out of necessity, a proportionate number of
Processing Units was required for dyeing, bleaching, printing, sunforising,
finishing, packing and packaging of the raw-fabric which was being mass-
produced by the unorganized Power Loom Sector. And this was the occasion
when the entrepreneurs and pioneers of the Processing Sector rose to the
occasion and, remarkably enough, came out with flying colors. Despite their
meager resources, they succeeded not only in making the country self-sufficient
in dress and

apparel, but also in providing quality fabrics to the International Export Market
while their quality was second to none.

The Textile Processing is one of the most value-added and export-oriented sector
of Textile Industries in Pakistan. All Pakistan Textile Processing Mills
Association (APTPMA) was formally affiliated with the Federation of Pakistan

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Chambers of Commerce & Industry (FPCCI). APTPMA with its Head Office in
Faisalabad was registered with Ministry of Commerce on 5th July,

1990 under Trade organization Ordinance. 1961, and started functioning from
July 1991. All

Unregistered organization established for similar purpose merged themselves


into one Association and then the organization opened three regional / Zonal
Offices namely Faisalabad, Karachi, Lahore/Gujranwala. The total number of its
registered Member Units as on 20th September 2000 is 394. The principal object
in the association is to protect and promote the interest of all persons dealing of
processing of textile products in Dyeing, Bleaching and Printing.

OBJECTIVES

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RESERCH PROBLEM:
The main problem which faces from the textile sector of Pakistan is those
economic problems and also the devaluation of rupee b/c of that in the process
of doing export Pakistan takes higher rates as compare to their compotators as
INDIA, CHINA. This is the main reason that international market wants to do
business with INDIA and CHINA the reasons behind that problems are as fallows
1) Government of Pakistan
2) Backwardness of economy
3) Shortage of electricity
4) Lack of machinery
5) Less promotion by state bank of Pakistan
6) Devaluation of Rupee

VARIABLES

1) Labor union.
2) Instability in management.
3) And also other factors which will know after research…
4) Union activity
5) Turnover
6) Pay

RSERCH METHODES:

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LIST OF QUESTIONS:

TEXTLE SECTOR OF PAKISTAN

Q: What is your name?


A: __________________________________________________________________________

Q: What is your occupation?


A: __________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

Q: Which type of production u produces?


A: __________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

Q: Are you facing any problem regarding the production?


A: __________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

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Q: Do you completely satisfy form your technology or either you are in need of latest
technology?
A: __________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

Q: Is the shortage of electricity created any problem?


A:___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

Q: At international level who are the best compotators of TEXTILE SECTOR?


A: __________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

Q: What are the reasons behind the backwardness of TEXTILE SECTOR in


Pakistan?
A:___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

Q: Why the TEXTILE SECTOR of Pakistan is backward than India and China?
A:___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

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_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

Q: Why the international markets prefer to do business with china and India rather than
Pakistan?
A:___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

Q: What are the reasons behind that type of backwardness in TEXTILE SECTOR OF
PAKISTAN?
A:___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________

Q: Who is responsible for that position of TEXTILE SECTOR OF PAKISTAN in


international markets?
A:
Government of Pakistan
Backwardness of economy
Shortage of electricity
Lack of machinery
Less promotion by state bank of Pakistan

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All of these

Q: Which types of step Pakistan should take to improve the textile sector of
Pakistan?
A:_____________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
____

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