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HAZMAT

1. .
1.1. 74

.
, 1912 ,
1500 .
2
(SOLAS),
, , ,
.
, - 1- , -14 ,
1933 ,
-29. 1948
, .
,

, .
,
,
. ,
,
.
,
1959
Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative
Organization (IMCO) IMO.
48, 1965
1960. 60,

(IMDG Code). 1982 IMCO IMO (International Maritime
Organization).
,
( ), I 1974
1980 .

1.2.
VII 74 ,
7 ,
IMDG .
IMDG ,
, :
( Code).
IMDG.
,
(IBC Code),
1 1986 .

.. - 1 -

HAZMAT
,
(BCH Code),
1 1986 .
,
(IGC Code),
1 1986 .
, (Gas
Code),
1976 1986 .
, (EGC),
1976 .

1.3. 73/78

,
.
Torrey Canyon 1967 ,
,

(OILPOL 54/62) .
1973 ,
, 5 .
1978 IMO MARPOL 73/78,
,
.
73/78 6 ,

:

I
II
III
IV
V
VI



,

,




.
1983
1987
1992
1998
1988

VII 74, III 73/78


,
,
IMDG . ,
74 (Dangerous goods),
.. - 2 -

HAZMAT
73/78 ( Harmful substances),
, ,
.
, III ,
, IMDG

, , ,
, ,
, ,
. , ,
,
, , .
,
IMDG , ,
, .

1.3.
, 74 73/78
,
.
,
. ,
:
Assembly

Council

Marine Safety Committee


(MSC)
Dangerous Goods,
Solid Cargoes and
Containers SubCommittee
(DSC)

Marine Environment Protection


Committee
(MEPC)

Facilitation Committee
(FAL)

Bulk Liquids and


Gasses SubCommittee
(BLG)

Fire Protection SubCommittee


(FP)

IMDG
, (MSC),
, (DSC),
, IMDG ,
, .
.
,
.. - 3 -

HAZMAT
MSC .
, ,
.
,
,
.
1953
,
. 1954 .
,
.

, .
22 ,
.
( 50 )
,
.
, :




.
- 2
, (11-) 1999.

IMDG ,

IMDG ,
.

2.
2.1.
(IMDG) -
. ,
1956
56,

.
1965 , ( 2
) , .
(1997 ) 29, 1998 (Amendment 29-98)
1- 1999 .
,

. ,
. ,
.. - 4 -

HAZMAT
. 2001
30, 4.
.
1. :
, ,


,

,

.
2. :
.
, .
,
, .
3. :

( )
(,
).
,
, ,
,
.


.

2.2. .
,
, ,
.
,
.
, 6
.

2-.
,
, .
,
. ,

.. - 5 -

HAZMAT
. ,
, ERATA LIST,

(, Dangerous Goods Bulletin
).

,
.

,

,
1 .
6 , (
). , ,
, ,
, . ,
, ,
.
2001 IMDG,
.
, ,
,
2 .
,
, ,
.

2.3.
()
,
, : 130 - , 51
( 1996 ).
80% .
, ,
,
( CFR 49, ..).
, IMDG,
( ),
.
4- .

.. - 6 -

HAZMAT
2.4.
1-
, ,
.
1- :
( )
,


.
, .
27
, :
,
, , , ,
,
,
,
,
.

, II-IV.
, .
0000, 0229.
, Amdt.28-96 ,
(Amendment) 28 1996 .

2.5. I .
I 0500 0539,
,
.

2.6. (General Index)


GENERAL INDEX
Substance or Article
CORROSIVE LIQUID, OXIDIZING,
N.O.S.
CORROSIVE LIQUID, SELFHEATING, N.O.S.
CORROSIVE LIQUID, TOXIC,
N.O.S.

IMDG
Code
Page
8153

UN
No

Class

Packa-ging
Group

Subsidiary risk
(Label)

Ems
No.

MFAG
table No

3093

I/II

Oxidizing agent

8-03

760,*

8147-2

3301

I / II

8-02

760,*

8149

2922

I /II/III

Spontaneously
combustible
Toxic

8-15

760,*

1- 2 ( ),
,
10000 , ,
,
.. - 7 -

HAZMAT
(, FLAMMABLE LIQUID,).
, , , FLARES,AERIAL, AERIAL
FLARES.

,
(.). ,
-, orto-, p- para- .. , ,
, , beta-ACETALDEHYDE OXIME,
, .

2.7. (UN Numbers)


- , ,
, .
10500. , ,
.
2 :
3 , 0 9, ,
.
UN No.

.0

120

121

122

3141-1, 32721,3377-1
3-05
311
3245
3-07
330

.1

.2

3234, 3348,
3-06
305

3375
3-07
311

3133
3-02
320

3354
3-06
305
3247
3-07
235

, 3-
, 4- 2-4
, ,
(EmS)
(MFAG). ,
, .
, :
. ,
.

2.8. 2-4 .
2-, 3- 4- ,
, ,
. 2- 1-3, 3- 4 5, 4- 6 9-.
.. - 8 -

HAZMAT

, ,
, .
,
. :
.
(Properties) (Observations),

.

:

,
, ,
, ,
, , ,
.
.

3. .
, , 2
:
-, ,
, - .
-, ( )
.
,
, .

3.1.
9 ,
, .
, ,
(Secondary) (Subsidiary) .
(Divisions),
.
.
:
.. - 9 -

HAZMAT
1. .
2. :
2.1.
2.2. ,
2.3.
3.
4.
4.1.
4.2. ,
4.3. ,
5. ( ) ( )
5.1.
5.2.
6.
6.1.
6.2.
7.
8. ( ) .
9. .
, IMDG ,
, .
, .
,
. ,
,
. 3, 6.1..
, ,
, , 6,1,
3. .
( 5.2.4.5.2.6. ), .
,

,
.(4.1 6.1 ; 6.1)

, ,
.

.. - 10 -

HAZMAT
4.2 4.3

3
3
3
4.1
4.1
4.2
4.2
4.3
4.3
4.3

I
II
III
II**
III**
II
III
I
II
III

4.2
4.2

4.3
4.3
4.3
4.3

6.1.1


3
3
6.1
6.1
6.1
6.1
6.1
6.1
6.1
6.1

6.1.1.

3
3
6.1
6.1
6.1
6.1
6.1
4.3
4.3
6.1

6.1

6.1

8.1

8.1

II

III

3
3
6.1
4.1
6.1
4.2
6.1
4.3
4.3
6.1

3
3
3*
4.1
4.1
4.2
4.2
4.3
4.3
4.3

3
8
8
8
8
4.3
8
8

8
8
8
8
4.3
8
8

II III
(
) ( ), ,
3 (
).
,
3 3 :
3.1.
3.2.
3.3.

3.2.
, ,
, . ,
, (PG Packaging
Group) .
Packing Group, IMDG Packaging Group
3 :
PG I -
PG II -
PG III -
,
.
, PGI,
, , PGII
,
, , , PGIII
.
.. - 11 -

HAZMAT
.

, . ,
+61 +35,
PG I 3, ( ),
, 10 2-
, PG I 8 (
).
( 1,2,5.2, 6.2 7)
, ,
. , ,
1 5.2, ,
, PG II, ,

.
( )
IMDG .
.

Substance or Article
SODIUM METHYLATE SOLUTION
In alcohols
-dittoSODIUM MONOCHLOROACETATE
SODIUM MONOXIDE

IMDG
Code
Page
3280

UN
No

Class

Packaging
Group

Subsidiary
risk (Label)

Ems
No.

MFAG
table No

1289

3.2

II

Corrosive

3-04

306,705

3381

1289

3.3

III

Corrosive

3-04

306,705

See 6255

2659

6.1

III

6.1-04

540

8226

1825

II

8-06

705

3.3.
, ,
IMDG .

.

.
IMDG.
,
Substance or Article,
() .
, IMDG Code
Page see,
. , see
, . Substance or Article
, ,
,
.
.. - 12 -

HAZMAT
.
,
. .
Substance or Article
METHNE AND HYDROGEN,
MIXTURES, COMPRESSED
METHNESULPHONYL CHLORIDE
METHANETHIOLP
METHANOL
Metasulfocarb

IMDG
UN
Subsidiary
Ems
Packaging
Code
Class
Group
No
risk (Label)
No.
Page
see HYDROGEN AND METHANE MIXTURES,COMPRESSED

MFAG
table No

6188

3246

6.1

Corrosive

6.1-02

700

See 2160

1064

2(2.3)

2-06

375

3251

1230

3.2

II

Flammable
gas
Toxic

3-06

306

see CARBAMATE PESTICIDE

, METHANOL
1230.
, METHANETHIOL
IMDG 2160 , 1064
METHYL MERCAPTAN ( . . ), ,
.
Metasulfocarb , ,
,
, ,
.
, ,
.
,
, IMDG.

. :
,
( , BARIUM COMPOUNDS N.O.S.),
, (, FLAMMABLE
LIQUID, TOXIC, N.O.S.). ,
N.O.S. (not otherwise specified ), ,
,
.
, ,
,

. , ,
, ,
FLAMMABLE LIQUID N.O.S..
, 2
, FLAMMABLE LIQUID, TOXIC,
N.O.S., TOXIC LIQUID, FLAMMABLE,
N.O.S.. ,
( . 5.2.4. 5.2.6.
).
.. - 13 -

HAZMAT
CLASS 2 - Gases
METHYL MERCAPTAN

UN No
1064

Formula
CH2SH

Explosive limits
4% to 22%

METHANETHIOL
Properties
MARINE POLLUTANT

Label of class

2.3
Subsidiary risk label
of class

2.1
MARINE POLLUTATL mark

Liquefied, flammable, poisonous gas with a foul odour


Heavier than air (1.7)
Boiling point: 6oC
Observation
Packing
For packing specification see section 2 of the introduction to this
class
For tanks see section 13 of the General Introduction
Stowage
Category D
Clear of living quarters

Packing, Stowage, Segregation & Marine Pollution Aspects


See also General Introduction and introduction to the class

IMDG CODE PAGE 2160

, , ,
PGII 3- ,
FLAMMABLE LIQUID, TOXIC, N.O.S. UN1992,
- .

, N.O.S.
2- , . ,
FLAMMABLE LIQUID, TOXIC, N.O.S.(contains methanol and phenol)
,
. ,
. ,
contains
,
,
. , ,
7.1.13 .

.. - 14 -

HAZMAT
3.4.
, ,
, , .
.
3- . ,
, .
diethyl ether ( ) ,
,
. ,
97% ,
, ..,
, 3.1, PG I, UN1155, .
, ,
.
, .
, .
, ,
3.1, PG I,
,
, .
, , ,

, mixture
solution, . . ,
,
, UN1155.
,

. ,
3.3, PG III,
, , , .
,
ETHERS, N.O.S. (contains diethyl ether), UN3271.
,

.

3.5.

, .
,
. ,
, , ,
.
, , 10% 1%
,
.. - 15 -

HAZMAT
. ,
, ().
, ,
, .
ENVIRONMENTALYY HAZARDOUS
SUBSTANCE, SOLID, N.O.S., UN3082 ENVIRONMENTALYY HAZARDOUS
SUBSTANCE, LIQUID, N.O.S., UN3082 , 9 .
CLASS 9 Miscellaneous dangerous substances & articles
ENVIRONMENTALYY HAZARDOUS
SUBSTANCE, LIQUID, N.O.S.

UN No
3082

Formula

Properties
MARINE POLLUTANT
Applicable only to products containing 10 % or
more of substances identified with P or 1% or
more of substances identified with PP in the
General Index to this Code
, ,
10% 1%
, ,
.
ENVIRONMENTALYY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, SOLID, N.O.S.,
ENVIRONMENTALYY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, LIQUID, N.O.S.,
9, .

4. .
,
, ,
, .
,
, .
, ,
.
: ,
, .
, , , , ..
, ,

. (,
, ) .

4.1. , .
.. - 16 -

HAZMAT
,
, .
, , , ,
, .

( 1 +1).
, , ,
, ,
1,
.
,

.
.


.
( ),
.
,
.
100 (),
2 :
, ,
, .
:

, ,
,

, , ,
,

, , ,

, , ,
.

.. - 17 -

HAZMAT
4.2. .

.
1/12 ,
12 ..., 1,66 1024 .
...
(Ar).

1/12 .
, Ar () = 15,9994, Ar (H) = 1,0079

, ,
. , 2 :
Mr (2) = 2 1,0079 + 1 15,9994 = 18,0153.

4.3. .
, ,
, .
() ,
(, , )
0,012 (12 ) 12.
, 1
, 6,02 1023.
( NA, 1/).
1811 ,

. ,
( -)
( -), , :
, ,
.
(
1013 0)
, .
, , :
,
, , ,
.
:
1 .
1 ,
22,4 .
.. - 18 -

HAZMAT
( / /).

1013 t = 0 C
22,4135 0,0006 /.
( t=+15 = 1013 ) 1
23,6451 ,
t=+20 = 1013 1 24,214 .

,
, .
, .
,
.

4.4. .
(
)
.
.
35
30

25

20

15
10

5
0

, ,
, . :
,
,




. ,
.. - 19 -

HAZMAT
,
.
, ,
, , , , ... ,
,
:
,
,
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,
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.
,
.
, .

. ,

.

4.5. .
3- . ,
,
.
1. -
.
, ..
. ,
, .
( )
, , , , , .

, , ,
.
2. - ,
, , .
.
,
.
, ,
, ,
.
3.
.
.
. .

.. - 20 -

HAZMAT
4.6. .
,
,
.

4.7.
,
,
.
( )
,
,

,
(Melting Point)
, , ,
, (Solidifying).
.
.

.
( ).

4.8. .
, ,
, . ,
. ,
, .
,
( )
, , .
.

.

, .

4.9. .

. ,
,
. , ,
, .

.. - 21 -

HAZMAT
,
( ).
,
,
.
,
, .
,
,
,
.
.
,
l, .
.( )
(/).
.
,

( , ),
(, ).
,
, .

,

, .

,
, .
.
,
.

4.10.

.
,
, .
(
, ,
).
.
.
.
.
:
(Redwood) 1 2.
, 50
.. - 22 -

HAZMAT
. 1 , 2
.
( Saybolt) ,
, , 60 .

, ,
.
()
. 1 = 0,1 , 1
= 1
()
() .

/,
10-4 /, . 1 = 10-6 /.

.

4.11. .

:
;
.

4.12. .

,

. ,

.
, , , ,
, , ..
, , ,
, ,
, ,
.
.
,
.

t,

.. - 23 -

HAZMAT

,
, , .
,
c ,
.

,
, .


.

,
, ,
.

.
, ,
, ,
, (), r
(/)

, .

4.13. .
,
,
.
,
.. - 24 -

HAZMAT
, ,
, .
.
,
, .
,
,
.
,
.
,
. (p)
(n) ( ) (T):
p= nkT
k 1,38 10-23 /
(t C + 273,15)

, ,
.

4.14.
( )
, ,
, ,
.

, ,
, ,
.
()

.
( )
. , ,
, .
,
.

4.15. .
.. - 25 -

HAZMAT
()
.
.
, + 37,8 (100 F)
.
.

4.16. .
,
, ,
. , ,
, ,
,
.
, ,
.
,
,
b

b+gh
b ;
h ;
;
g .
, , .

, . .
= b + ( g h),
, ,
, .
. ,
281 65 ,
, , 40
0,0738 . 5000
513 , 82.
.. - 26 -

HAZMAT
, , ,
1 ,
, r (/).
,
,
.

Q = r m, ().
4.17. .
.
, .
.
(Specific Gravity) -

. ,
(Relative Density),
.
, ,
, .
RD SG ,
. ,
. ,
, :
15/15
15,6/15,6
15/4
20/20
20/4
25/20
50/20
60/60F
, ,
(Density),
- ,
. +20 , +15
60 F. /, /, /3, /3 , D
.
: (Liter Weight),
LW( /).

4.18.

, .
.. - 27 -

HAZMAT
, ,
.
.

.
, .
, .
.
,
,
. .
,
,
.
, ,
, ,
.

:

n
100
%

:
21%
79 % . .
:
= 1 . 21 % ,
:
0,21 = 0,21 , 0,79 .
. -
. ,
.
:
(20 1013 ,
= 24,1 )
:
2 32 /, N2
28 /. (D) :
DO2 =

32
= 1,33/
24,1

D
=

Cn

100%
.. - 28 -

DN2 =

28
= 1,16/
24,1

HAZMAT
Dn- , Cn
.
D o2 20% + DN2 80%
D
=
= 1,19/
100%

( ).
( 0 1 ) 14,
1. .
,
.
:
( Mr = 92 /)
+20 , 1000 ,
870 /, 20 29 .
:
:
Vol%=

Pt
29
100
%=
100%
= 2,9%
1013
mbar
1013

1013 , 2,9% 29 .
,
:

m=

V
29
Mr =
92= 111;
V
24

V=

m 111
=
= 0,128
3
D 870

4.20. .
, , .
? .
,
, ,
,
.
( ).
.. - 29 -

HAZMAT
() ,
.
.
,
, .
(), .
.

. ,
,
.
,
.
,
:
( 10-9 10-10 )
( 10-6 10-8)
, ( 10-4 10-5)
, ,
, .
.
,
, ,
.
,
, .. .

5. .

. , ,
.. - 30 -

HAZMAT
, , -
. , , ,
, .
,
, , ,
, .
- , -
. ,
.

. ,

,
.
- ,
, .
.

:

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-
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( )
.

,
.
( )
, ,
.
,
( ), .
, , ,
.
.
( , )
.
,
, , ,
..

5.1. .

, .. ,
.
.. - 31 -

HAZMAT
:
.
, ,
.

(2=l)
(3=2)
(2=6)

- (CH2-CHCl)n - (3-2)n - (65-2)n -

,
, ,
.
.
, ,
, .
,

,
, , ,
,
, .
,
, , , .
, ,
.

.

.

5.3. .

.
, , ,
.

.

:
O

RCR1

H2O RCOH

.. - 32 -

+ R1OH

HAZMAT
.
.
- .
.
,
.

5.4. .
.
, .
,
.

, .

5.5.
,
9 .

5.6. . 1.
13
. ?

, , ,
,
,
.
(
- ) .
,
200
, ( DEFLAGRATION).
, ,
,

3000 /,
(DETONATION).
:

.. - 33 -

HAZMAT

. ,

(
),
( , ).
.
, ,
, . ,
. ,
,
.
, 6
( , ,
.)
(). ,
13 .
,
.

,
( )
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, .
(
) ( )

, .
, 1 ,
,
.
, ,
,
,
.
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:
1.1. - ,
( , , , ,
, ).
1.2. ,
, . (
, , , )
1.3. ,
,
(
, ,
, ).
.. - 34 -

HAZMAT
1.4 .- ,
. ,
,
( , ,
) .
1.5. ,
,
1.1. .
,
,
1.1. ( ).
1.6. ,
.
, ,
,
, .
.

. , ,
.

5.7. . 2.
, +50
3 , ,
( +20 1013 ) .
:

(
) , , , .

(
+20 )- , ,

(
)- , .

(
)
( , , ), .
3 :
( ) - 2.1.
( ) 2.2.
( ) 2.3.

( ) 300 .
,
, .
,
, .
.. - 35 -

HAZMAT

:

,
.
, , , , ,
.
, ,
.
, , , - .
, , .. .
, ,

. ,
.
,
. :
, .

5.8. . 3.
,
. , :
;
;
;
.
,
, ,
,
.
( ) ,
,
,
0. ,
.
, .
.
, , ,
.
,
.
()
.
.
.. - 36 -

HAZMAT
,
+ 37,8 .

.

5.9.
,
, .
,
.
, .
, , , .

5.10.

.

,
.
2
: .


+61 .
.
, , .
0.007 .

+61 .
,

. , ,
.

61 ,
.
, , ,
, , ,
.
, , ,

.
, 60,

.

5.11. USCG

.. - 37 -

HAZMAT
US Coast Guard
:
( ) 14 pci;
8.5 pci ,
14 pci;
8.5 pci
80 F ;
D - 80 F , 150
F
- 150 F ;
, , ,
.
USCG B.L.E.V.E. Boiling Liquid Expanded
Vapor Explosion - .

5.12.

, ,
.

. , ,
. ,
,
.
,


.
,
2 . ,
, , ,
.
,
. . ,
,
( 5-6 ) , .

.

5.13. .
- ,

,
.. - 38 -

HAZMAT
5 ,
.
10-15 , .

5.14. .
,

.

5.15. .
,
, .
,
, ..
.
,
,
( ).
,
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,
- , .


.
,
,

().
, .. 21 %
.
,
.
,
,
, 10,8 %.

:
.. - 39 -

HAZMAT
;
;
;

.
. ,
,
.

5.17. , 4
,
4.1 .
:
, ,
, , .
,
( , ), ,
. .
,
.

. ,
. ,
,
.
.
, ,
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0 2- 10- % .
4.2. .
2 :
. ( )
,
( ).
,
, , ,
, .

.
. ,
,
( , ) ( ).
, .

.. - 40 -

HAZMAT
4.3. , ()
.
,
, , , . (, )
.
, :
Na = H2O NaOH + H2 +

( ).
, , , .

5.18. . 5.
5 2 :
5.1. .
,
,
,
(OXIDIZING).
, , ,
:
4 Fe + 3 O2 2 Fe2O3
, , , ,
, , , , , ,
.., .
,
,
,
.
ate (-), , ,
, , , .. - (per)
, , 2
, , , , .
,
, (Bleach).
5.2. .
,
, .
,
, .
, .
:
.. - 41 -

HAZMAT
H



. ,
.
( , .) ,

. , .
,
,
, .
, ,
, , .
,
, 0,1-0,2 %
.

5.19. . 6.
, 6 2
:
6.1. .
6.2. ,
, ,

.
, ,
.

. ,
, -
.
, , , .

.
,
,
.
,
.
.
.. - 42 -

HAZMAT

, , ..
24 .

,
,
,

.
,
,
.

5.20. .

.

().
,

8 40 .

,
,
.


8
(),

15 .
STEL ( Short Time Exposure Limit)
, 4 , 1
.
15 ,

.
()
.
.
-
,
.
.. - 43 -

HAZMAT
.
,

, .
5.21.

,
:

,
, ,
;
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.
.
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.
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, ,
.

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.

, .

.
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( 50 ) ,

. ,
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) . 50 ,

, ,
,
, .
,
, .

.. - 44 -

HAZMAT
5.25. ( )
,
, , , .
,
- 19.5 % . 16 %
,
. ,

, .

,
( )
.
,

.

.
, ,
.

5.26. (Swallowing).
,
: , , , .
,
,
( )
( ).
.
.
,
,
, , , .

5.27. ( ).
,
. ,
. , ,
. ,
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,
.
,
.
, ,
.
.. - 45 -

HAZMAT
,
.

5.28.
, ,
.
.
, .

, , .
, ,
. , ,
.

5.29. .

,
.
,
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.
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.
() :

( , , )

, , , .
,
,
.
.
, ,
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.

.
,
, .

.. - 46 -

HAZMAT
,
, , ( ), ()
.
, , ( , ),
, , .
.
, ..
.
:
;
;
;
;
;
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.
.

(). , , 300 ,
2% . ,
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..
.

, .
, , .

.
,
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.). ,
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.
.
,
(), .
,
.

.. - 47 -

HAZMAT
,
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.
,
.
,
,
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.

, .

, , .

.
.
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.
.
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.

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.

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.
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, .
, .
, , ,
.
.. - 48 -

HAZMAT

. ,
.
.

:

, , 5,
.
,
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, .
( ),
.

,
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.
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).
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. ,
.
.. - 49 -

HAZMAT
, ,
.
.

, .

, .
,
, ( ).
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.
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.

, .

,
.
:

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.

.

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.

.
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.
,
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.

.
.
.
. , .
.
, .

.. - 50 -

HAZMAT
.
.
,
.
, , .
,
.
, ,
,
( 3- )
.

( )

, .
, , , ,
, 0,97 , + 640 ,
- 7,5 12,5 % .
. 0,02 /.
, ,
. 10-15
.
: , , .

5.30. .
,
. , ,
. ,
, ,
. ,
, , ,
.

. .
, .
,
.
:
1. ;
2. ;
3.
1.
,
.. - 51 -

HAZMAT
.
. ,
, .
2. , .
.

.
,

. .
3.
. -- .
,
12-16 .
2-4
, 12-16 .
4. 2-4 --
, .
.
, . ,
.
.
80-100
. ,
. 5
15 2 .

. ,

.
, , ,
, :
:
;
, , :

, ,
;
-
;
, :

;
, ,
POISON CHEST,
.
.. - 52 -

HAZMAT
, ,
.
-.

,

.
(MFAG).

.

5.31. . 7.
, ,
. .
, ( ,
). .
, 3 1 ( 1), 2 ( 2
) 3 ( 3 ).
, , .
99,9% 1,
0,1 5 2 .
, .
, (60) , U(235) 235.
, , ,
, ,
, .
,
. .
2 : - ,
, - ,
.
-.
, ,
.
.
-235, 238,-239, -241, .
,
, .

.
.
,
,

( , , ).
.
,
0,001 , ,
.. - 53 -

HAZMAT
. ,
, .
, -
.
. ( ).
().
(Bq) ( - ,
.).

,
. ,
70 Bq, .
, ,
(Sv sievert),
. ( 1 Sv = 100 rem roentgen equivalent man).
,
. Sv ( 1 10)
1
.
(RAM) 5
:


(LSA Low Specific Activity), 3
LSA-I, LSA-II, LSA-III.
(SCO - Surface Contaminated Objects)
, .
4-
7.

5.32. . 8.
,
,
, ..
,
,
.

. ,

-
, ,
.
.
, , .
, , .
,
.
, , , ,
, .
.. - 54 -

HAZMAT
,
,
, , .
.

, .
, .
, ,
, , .
:
.

5.33.
, ,
, .
, ,
(HF, HNO3), (H2CO3 , H2SO4) (H3PO4).
(HNO3) (Cl).
:
( ) .
:
Cl -
HS -
HCN-

, .
.
: -, -, -.
:
HClO4 -

HClO3 -
HClO2 -
HlO -
,
-,
-. :
3 -

34
( ) ,
. , ,
.
+ :

.. - 55 -

HAZMAT
HCl H + + Cl -

5.34. ()
,
.

. ,
. :
- ,
Fe(OH)2 (II),
Fe(OH)3 (III)
() .

( ):
NaOH + HCl = NaCl + H2O
,
, .

, .
2 HCl + Zn 2H+ + 2Cl- + Zn H2 + ZnCl 2
, ,
.
,
.
,
-.
Na OH Na+ + OH-

5.35. .
,
, 1 +
.
, 10000 1 +,
4 ( 10000 = 104).

0 14. =7 ,
7 , 7
.
(HClO4)- = 0.1

= 0.3

= 1 3

= 1,8 2,0
.. - 56 -

HAZMAT




( )

= 2,4 3,4
= 4 - 5
= 6.5-8.0
= 7,6 8,0
= 9 11,6
= 14.

A.V. (Acid
Value) ( ),
1 , FFA ( Free Fatty Acid)
.
A.V .
, FFA.

5.36. .
.
38 % ,
.
- .
,
80 %.
- .
.
.
- ,
.
, .
(3) ,
. .
4 %.
(Caustic Soda) ,
50 % ,
, .
.
(Caustic Potash) , .
, , ,
. . 16%.
,
0 14. 0,1, ( Caustic
Soda) 14.

.
.. - 57 -

HAZMAT
5.37. . 9.
,
,
74. ( . VII). 9 , , ,
, ( , .)
,
100 , , ,
240 , , VII ,
III 73/78. ,
( Melting Point) +20
, .
, 1-8
, ,
, 9-
.

6. .
, ,
,
() .
:
.
.

. ,
- , :
.
%
.

()
(% LEL).
% .
.
2- .

. ,
,
VCM
(Long term measuring).
,
,
. ,
, . ,
, ,

.
, - ,
, .
.. - 58 -

HAZMAT
,
.

6.1. .

. ,
,
.

().

6.2. .
,
. C ,
,
10,8%
, .
0 100% .

o m
p
f i l a m

e n s a t o
e n t

S e n s o r
f i l a m
e n

e t e r

V
o l t a g e
c o n t r o l

Z
S

e r o

i t c h

c o

t r o

a t t e r y

. 1. .

. 200320
450. , ,
.
,
. , :

.. - 59 -

HAZMAT
4 + 2 2 + 450 C + 2 + 2 2 + 800
,
.
, .

, .

, -,
,
0.
, ,

. 0 100% .

0-10% .
,
, .
()
(), ,
(
).
,

.
,
.

-.
.
, , ,
, ,
. .
, .

2-3 ,
100% .
2 ,
.
:
, .

, , .


.

( 11%
).

.. - 60 -

HAZMAT
-
, .
.
,
, .
, , .
. ,
. , , ,
.

,
.


1 0 0 %

. 2.

1 0 0 %


0

,



. ,
, , ,
. ,
, .
, VCM, , .
, .
, ,
( 5-10),
.
, .
,
.
1. , .

.. - 61 -

HAZMAT
% (L.E.L)
35 60
20-30
45
0-30
5
10
30

11
22

6.2.
, ,

( , ).
, , ,
.

. ,
.


, , .

. .
()
.
G

a s

G
o

i n

t o

a s
t

e t e c t o

r
A

e c o

l i f i r e

I n f r a - r e d
e m
i t t e B r se a m
c h o p p

S
e r

e a l e d
e t e c t o

- i n
r g a sS

e n

s i t i v

r d

e m

e r

r a n

. 3. ,
.


, , .

. .
()
.

.. - 62 -

HAZMAT
, ,
,
, .
. ,
( 15-20 ). , ,
.

.
( ,
), .
.
,

.
(HCmeter), GASSCOPE, TANKSCOPE.

6.4. .
, ,
( )
.

.
:
;
;
, ;
, , .
, .
,
,
.

6.5. .
( 5),
,
. ,
, ,
, .
, .
,
, 21%.
, ,
.
.

.. - 63 -

HAZMAT

. 5. SERVOMEX.
,
.
, ,
.

6.6. .


( .7).
, ,
,
,
. ,
, .
, , , , ,

.
. 7. .
(. 8),
:
GASTECH 86;
GASTECH 400;
NEOTOX;
DRAGER MULTIWARN ,
.
,
, 0,25 % .
, 1% .
, ,
.
200400 .

.. - 64 -

HAZMAT
6.7. .

, ,
.
.
-
.

,
.

6.8. .
,
. ,
800

.

:





.

,
. ( .10)
,

. 10. .
,
.

, .
, ,
(
- ).
.. - 65 -

HAZMAT
,
, :
1% = 10000 .
()
(),
.

/, /, / /,
/, /.
1013 20 .

6.13. .
,
( ), .
( )
. ,
.
.
, .
(R22) .
, .
.
, ,
. , ,
,
.

. 2.
.
C
-50
-49

,
10 /
0,038
0,43
-3

t, C
-19
-18

,
10 /
1,01
1,10
-3

.. - 66 -

t, C
+12
+13

,
10 /
10,60
11,34
-3

HAZMAT
-48
-47
-46
-45
-44
-43
-42
-41
-40
-39
-38
-37
-36
-35
-34
-33
-32
-31
-30
-29
-28
-27
-26
-25
-24
-23
-22
-21
-20

0,048
0,055
0,061
0,068
0,075
0,084
0,094
0,106
0,119
0,132
0,145
0,162
0,180
0,200
0,220
0,245
0,275
0,305
0,340
0,380
0,420
0,460
0,510
0,560
0,610
0,670
0,750
0,830
0,920

-17
-16
-15
-14
-13
-12
-11
-10
-9
-8
-7
-6
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
+1
+2
+3
+4
+5
+6
+7
+8
+9
+10
+11

1,20
1,30
1,40
1,52
1,66
1,81
1,97
2,15
2,34
2,54
2,75
2,97
3,20
3,46
3,74
4,04
4,38
4,70
5,07
5,46
5,87
6,30
6,75
7,22
7,71
8,22
8,75
9,30
9,92

+14
+15
+16
+17
+18
+19
+20
+21
+22
+23
+24
+25
+26
+27
+28
+29
+30
+31
+32
+33
+34
+35
+36
+37
+38
+39
+40
+45
+50

12,14
13,00
13,88
14,79
15,73
16,70
17,70
18,80
19,90
21,00
22,20
23,50
24,80
26,30
27,80
29,30
31,00
32,80
34,80
36,90
39,10
41,50
43,70
45,90
48,10
50,30
52,50
67,00
83,00

7. ( )
, , ,
, ,
. , ,

. ( )
, ,
. ,
,
, ,
(IBC intermediate bulk container)
. (cargo containment system),
, ,
, , , .,
.
, , ,

.. - 67 -

HAZMAT
7.1..

, .
Packages ( )
, ( , .)
. 400 ,
450 . 2 :
- ,

, , .
-
, ,
, .
Intermediate bulk container (IBC)-
, (
,
). ,

.
3000 3 3.
Tank - . ,
450
,
- .

7.2. .

, .
10 3 I
,
. ( ).

: ,
, .
, - .

. , .


. , ,
, .

. ,
, .
, , 100% ,
-
.
.. - 68 -

HAZMAT
-
.
,
.

.
,
,
.
, , -
.
2,5 5 .
IBC . ,
.

7.3. .
.
,
.
,
. :
1. UN1664 NITROTOLUENES (PG II), 6.1.

, . 6.1. 2
( 1 , 2- ).
, .

NITROTOLUENES
(orto-; meta-; para -)
SOLID or LIQUID

UN No
1664
Properties
MARINE POLLUTANT

Packaging group: II

Yellow solids or liquids

.. - 69 -

Formula
C6H4CH3NO2

HAZMAT
Label of class

6.1
MARINE POLLUTATL mark

Melting points
orto-NITROTOLUENE 4oC (liquid)
meta-NITROTOLUENE; 15oC (liquid)
para-NITROTOLUENE; 52 to 54oC (solid)
Observation
Toxic if swallowed, by skin contact or by irritation

Packing
For liquids see table 1 in the introduction to this class
For solids see table 2 in the introduction to this class
For IBCs see section 26 of the General introduction
For tanks see section 13 of the General introduction

1 ,
. 1 Packaging group II)
, .
I (1-, ) - ,
:
1.
2. ( )
3.
4.
5.
6.
, :
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
L.
M.
P. ( ).
:
, ,
. ( .
ACETONE CYANOHYDRIN, STABILIZED).

7.4. .
.. - 70 -

HAZMAT
, , ,
. . ,
, ,
.
, ..
.
:
15 .
-
,
, , .

7.5. .
, ,
, ,
.
, , , .
,
.
, .
:
.
( )
( )
( )
( ).
,
( , ,
..), :
PG I - c 1.8
PG II - 1.2
PG III 0,8
3
() 24 .
,

, .
, :

.
,

.

( )

.. - 71 -

HAZMAT
7.6. .
,
, . :

u
n

1A1/Y1.8/200/98
USA/++AA34700

1
Y
1.8
200

:
:
II III
1.8
200 (0,2 )
( ,
98
,
5 )
USA
, ( )
++AA34700 , .
:

u
n
4
G
X
16
S
98
NL
23897

4 G/X16/S/98
NL/23897

I, II III
( )
:
,
(
)

, ( )
, .

( )

u
n
31
H

31HA1/Y/04 97
NL/VL9099
10800/1200

.. - 72 -

HAZMAT
A
1
Y
04 97
NL
VL9099
10800
1200



II III

, ( )
, .
()

8. .
8.1.
14-
.
, .
,
, ,
,
,
( CTU cargo transport unit).
,
,
14, 1 .
.
( 1- ),
2 :

25, 3
( ).
,
.
,
.
:

, .
:

.
.
:
.
.. - 73 -

HAZMAT
D :
.
.
:

.
.

3- (14-
).

8.2. .
,

, :
.
.
, ,
,
,
.

,
,
.
,
.
,
,
.
,
3- .
.
, ,
, , .

8.3.
.

( ,,C,D,E) ( II-IV) ,
.. - 74 -

HAZMAT

.:
Stowage
Category E
Clear of living quarters
Segregation as for class 3 but away from class 4.1
1-
( ), 5.2 ( ), 7 (
) 3.1 3.2 ( ),
.
.
,
.
, , ,
,
.
:

,
.

,
.

2.
,
.
.

( 6.2 2.3), ( 6.2)
( 8) ( 7) . ,
, 14
.
, N.O.S.
.

8.4. .

. 1.4 (
S), ,
.
.
I .

.. - 75 -

HAZMAT
8.5. .

. ,
, , .
VII 74 , , ,
. ,
, ,
.
,
.
4 :
Away from -
Separated from -
Separated by a complete compartment or hold from - ,
.
Separated longitudinally by an inverting complete compartment or hold from
, , .
,
-. ( 15)
:


-
.
.
,
:

:
, ,
, ,
3 .

.. - 76 -

HAZMAT

:
,
, .

6 .
666

, :
, , ,
, . ,
,

.

12

.. - 77 -

HAZMAT

,
12 .
, ,
.

, , :

. ,
, , 24
, .
,
24 .
24

8.6. .
, ,
( , .).
, , AWAY FROM,
,
,
.

8.7. .
,
, :
.
.. - 78 -

HAZMAT

15- I- .
,
( I-IV), .
, .
.
, , -
,
, , .

Packing
See table 3.4 in the introduction to this class.
For IBCs see section 25 of the General introduction.
For tanks see section 13 of the General introduction.
Stowage
Category B
Packing, Stowage & Segregation
See also General introduction and introduction to this class

, 1- ( ),

, 1-
, 1-
.
4.1 ( ) 5.2
( )
,
.

8.8. .
Class

1.1
1.2
1.5

1.2
1.6

1.4

2.1

2.2

2.3

4.1

4.2

4.3

5.1

5.2

Explosives

1.1, 1.2, 1.5

Explosives

1.3, 1.6

Explosives

1.4

.. - 79 -

HAZMAT
Flammable gases
2.1
Non-toxic, non-flammable gases
2.2
Poison gases
2.3
Flammable liquids
3
Flammable solids (self-reactive and
desensitized explosives)
4.1
Substances liable to spontaneous
combustion
4.2

15
( ,
, ).
, .

.
.
, (
)
, 1, 2, 3, 4 :
1 -
2-
3- .
4 - , .
,
, ,
.

, ,
,
.

8.9. .
,
.
,
. , AWAY FROM,
.
:
ETHYL CHLOROACETATE (UN1181),
6.1, (
3), ALUMINIUM CARBIDE (UN1394), 4.3
( ). ,
.. - 80 -

HAZMAT
15.1 .

,
. ?
, 15.1
, - .
,
(3) 4.3,
1 - .


.
,
.

8.10. .
16 ,
.
8 .
,
,
. ,
,
.

9. .
, , 9-
,
(Dangerous
Goods Note DGN)

9.1.
, ,
:
(proper shipping name PSN),
, ,
, , UN
,
.
.
,
, , ( ).
.

.. - 81 -

HAZMAT
.

9.2. .
,
:
,
, ,
, 61 .
(empty uncleaned)
(residue last contained) , ,
.
( Waste), , ,
.
( ).
1,
4.1
5.2.
7- ,
, ,
.
, .

9.3. .
( 1),
( 4.1), ( - 5.2),
( 6.2) ( 7).
9.7.1. ,
.
,
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9.4. / .
,
, ,
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.
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, :
,
.
.. - 82 -

HAZMAT

, ,
.
, ,
, .

.
, , (
).
.
, ,
.

.

9.5. .
7 .
( ) ,
, ,
,
..

,
.

MULTIMODAL DANGEROUS GOODS FORM


1.Shipper/Consignor/Sender

2. Transport document number


3.Page

of

Pages

4. Shippers reference
5. Freight Forwarders reference

7.Carrier ( to be completed by carrier)

SHIPPERS DECLARATION
I hereby declare that the contents of this consignment are fully and
accurately described below by the shipping name, and are classified,

.. - 83 -

HAZMAT
packaged, marked and labeled/placarded and are in all respects in proper
condition to transport according to the applicable international and
national governmental regulations
8.this shipment is within the limitation prescribed for : ( Delete
non-applicable)

PASSENGER AND
CARGO AIRCRAFT

CARGO AIRCRAFT
ONLY

10.Vessel/Flight no. and date

11.Port/Place of loading

12.Port/Place of destination

13. Destination

14.

Shipping name

9. Additional handling information

Number and kind of packages, description of goods


o

Gross mass (kg)

Methanol, class 3.2, UN1230, PGII, fp 12 C, (6.1)


3 x 200 litre steel drums

Net mass

Cube (m3)

650 kg

10. Container identification No/

16. Seal number (s)

Container/vehicle
packing
certificate

21.RECEIVING ORGANISATION RECEIPT


Received the above number of packages/containers/trailers in
apparent good order and condition unless stated hereon:
RECEIVING ORAGANOSATION REMARKS

I hereby declare that the goods described


above have been packed/loaded into
container/vehicle identified above in
accordance with the applicable provisions
MUST BE COMPLETED AND
SIGNED FOR ALL
CONTAINERS/VEHICLE LOADS BY
PERSON RESPONSIBLE FOR
PACKING/LOADING

17. Container /vehicle size & type

18.Tare (kg)

19. Total Gross mass

20. name of company

Hauliers name

20.Name of company

Name/status of declarant

Vehicle reg. no.

Name/status of declarant

Place & date

Signature & date

Place & date

Signature of declarant

Drivers signature

Signature of declarant

9.6. .
5.3 VII 74, 4.3.
III 73/78 9 ,
.
:
, .
.
, , .
.

.. - 84 -

HAZMAT
/ .
.
DANGEROUS GOODS MANIFEST

Agents signature__________________

Place and date

Masters name

Ems

Stowage position on board

Shipping agent

Marine pollutant

Flash point in (.c.)

Subsidiary risk(s)

Class

UN number

Port of discharge

Proper shipping name

Port of loading

Numbers & kind of packages

Nos.Mark, number, container ID

Booking No.

Voyage No.

Flag state

Mass (kg) Gross/ Net

IMO No.

Packing group

Ships name

Masters signature _____________________

__________________

Place and Date

_____________________

9.7.
, ,
, .

54 II-2 74, .
4 ,
, .
, ,
, ,
.
, :


,
, ,

.. - 85 -

HAZMAT
, , ,
.
,
.

, -
.
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.
.
.

( , .)

.
, :


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,
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.

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.. - 86 -

HAZMAT
, , ,
.
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.

.

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.


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.

.. - 87 -

HAZMAT
,
, ,
.

9.9. .
,
, ,
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.


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7,5
.

9.10. .

,
.. - 88 -

HAZMAT
, , ,
.
, , ,
, . ,
.
.
7 8
,
.
, 3-
, , ,
, .

9.11. .
,
, , ,
, 2 :
().
, UN

.

METHANOL
UN1230
,
, 5 5 ,
, 0,5 0,5 ,
.

MARINE POLLUTANT
, ,
.
. 100100 (
, 100 ).
.

.. - 89 -

HAZMAT
9.12. .
( cargo transport unit CTU) ,
, , , ,
.
, . ,
,
. ,
.
( )
, , .
,
, , , , , MARINE POLLUTANT
.
, , 4-
MARINE POLLUTANT.
250250 . , ,
,

, ,
250. ,
,
.
,
,
.
, :
2- .
- ( ),
, .
, ,
.
-, 4-
.
UN (
65 )
. UN
120300 10,

. , ,
- .

10. CFR.
7-
, 1990 ,
1974 ,
, .
.. - 90 -

HAZMAT
, 1992 ,
49- ( 49CFR),
,
.
,
.
,
, .
, 49 CFR
, .

, ,
.
,
, :

- , ,
.
.
,
, ,
.
, ,
5 ,
,
.
, USCG, ,
, ,

,
.
, ,
,
, USCG.

,
,
. DOT ( Department of Transportation) USCG (US Coast Guard),
,
.
,
, HAZMAT .

HAZMAT
2 .
49 CFR

.

10.1. 172. .
.. - 91 -

HAZMAT
(Hazard Materials) ,
/
.
Hazard Materials , , ,
, ,
.
Hazard Employee ,
. ,
:
, ;
, , , , ,
, ,
, ;
;
;
, .
,
, , 171.8, 49 CFR.

10.2. .
, , ,
, 172.101.
.
.
1:.
5 ( +, , D, I W).
+ ,
, ,
.

.

.
D ,
,
.
,
.
I ,
.
, .
W
.
172.101 Hazardous Materials Table
.. - 92 -

Location

Other

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

(8A)

(8B)

(8C)

(9A)

(9B)

(10A)

(10B)

Un1990

III

9..

T1

155

203

241

100L

220L

UN1126

T1

150

202

242

5L

60L

Special provisions

(3)

Label Codes

Cargo aircraft only

Butyl alcohol see


Butanols

Passenger/aircraft/rail

1-Bromobutane

Bulk

Benzaldehyde

Nonbulk

Azjtetrazole (dry)

PG

Exemptions

(2)

(10)
Vessel
stowage

Identification Numbers

(1)

Hazardous materials descriptions


& proper shipping name

(9)
Quality
Limitations

Hazard class or Division

Symbols

HAZMAT
(8)
Packaging (173)

Forbidden

40

2: .
.
. , ,
, , .
,
. , Aluminum Aluminium,
Sulfur Sulphur. Inflammable
Flammabl.
,
,

.
Poison, Poisonous Toxic
.
(see), ,
.
-
, ,
,
,

%- .
MONO .
.
, .
,
.. - 93 -

HAZMAT

.
,
,
. , Flammable Liquid n.o.s..
, ,
,
Solution Mixture, ,
.172.101

Hazardous Substance
Cupric chloride
Cupric nitrate
Cupric oxalate

Reportable
quantity
(RQ) (lbs/kg)

TABLE 1 TO APPENDIX A HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES OTHER THAN


RADIONUCLIDES

10 (4,54)
100(45,4)
100(45,4)

3: .

, ,
Forbidden.
, Forbidden 3-
.
, , - ,
173.
4:

.
, . NA,
, ,
. NA9000 ,
,
.
5 : .
5- ,
. 2,7 6.2 .
, D
173.
6: .
,
. .
.. - 94 -

HAZMAT
,
.
7:

, 172.102 .
8: .
3 , 8, 8, 8,
, .
173. 8
. NONE, ,
.
9: .
,
.
. "Consumer Commodity ,
30 .
10: .

( 10) 49 CFR, 176.83.
5
A,B,C,D,E.
,
.
,

25 , 3
1 .
, .
,
,
.
D ,

25 , 3
1 . ,
, .
,

25 , 3
1 . ,
,
.
.. - 95 -

HAZMAT
10 (others)

176.83, 49CFR .

10.3.
,
, , 172. ,
.
.
-, , ,
,
, ,
RQ .
,
.
-, ,
.
, ,
,
,
. (, Page 1 of 5 pages).
- , ,
, G .

10.4. 172.2. .
.
:

. 2.

, , 3- ,
(Combustible Liquid n.o.s.).

, 4- .

,
PG, 5- .
, 2, ,
. ( , 10 , 200. 1
.)

( )
..
.(Barrels, Drums, Cylinders, Boxes...),
CFR.


,
.


, . Flammable Liquid, n.o.s.
(contains Xylene and Benzene), 3, UN 1993, II.
contains containing /
.. - 96 -

HAZMAT
, ,
,
CFR.

, ,
, DOT-E
.

, ,
RESIDUE; LAST CONTAINED..
.

,
Limited Quantity
.

, ,
: Marine Pollutant

,
, Poison- Inhalation Hazard
Zone A, B, C, D

,
,
172.203 ().3., ,
. Alcohols, toxic, n.o.s. Aldehydes, toxic,
n.o.s. Amines, liquid, corrosive, n.o.s. Corrosive liquids n.o.s. ... ,
Corrosive liquid, n.o.s.(Caprylyl chloride), 8, UN1760, II Corrosive liquid,
n.o.s, 8, UN1760, II, .(contains Caprylyl chloride)

,

. , Flammable liquid, Corrosive, n.o.s., 3, un 2924, II,
(contains Methanol, Potassium hydroxide.



. : Hazardous waste, liquid (solid), n.o.s., 9,

n.o.s.
, ,
.
, , ,

.

10.5. . 172.3 172.4.


,
. , 1000
,
. 1000
,
. ,
.. - 97 -

HAZMAT
, ,
.
CFR ,
CFR
. ,
, .
172.300 ,
, ,
.
, :

1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
2.1
2.2
2.3
3 (combustible liquid)
4.1
4.2
4.3
5.1
5.2
6.1 ( Inhalation Hazard)
6.1 ( PGI or PGII)
6.1 (PGIII)
6.2
7
7
7
7 ( empty packages)
8
9

Explosives 1.1
Explosives 1.2
Explosives 1.3
Explosives 1.4
Explosives 1.5
Explosives 1.6
Flammable Gas
Nonflammable Gas
Poison Gas
Flammable Liquid
Flammable Solid
Spontaneously Combustible
Dangerous When Wet
Oxidizer
Organic Peroxide
Poison Inhalation Hazard
Poison
Keep Away From Food
Infection Substance
Radioactive White-I
Radioactive Yellow-II
Radioactive Yellow-III
Empty
Corrosive
Class 9

,
, ,
: WARNING MAY CONTAIN
EXPLOSIVE MIXTURES WITH AIR KEEP IGNITION SOURCES AWAY WHEN
OPENING (CFR49,176.905)

.. - 98 -

HAZMAT
10.6. .
173.
, ,
. 173
.

, .
,
( . )
172.101 7-
Zone A,B,C,D. ,
.
50 (LC50) ( )
. , .
.
Hazadr
zone
A
B
C
D

Inhalation toxicity
LC50 < 200 ppm
200 ppm < LC50 > 1000 ppm
1000 ppm <LC50 > 3000 ppm
3000 ppm <LC50 >50000 ppm

10.7. 176
,
,
176 CFR.


.

11. .
, 3

.
.
.. - 99 -

HAZMAT

.

, .

74.
:
.
.
.
.
.

11.1 .


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30 .
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.

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.. - 100 -

HAZMAT
11.3. .

:
.
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11.4.
.
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.

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.. - 101 -

HAZMAT
.
( 1 200
) .
.
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.

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Alcohol Resistant Foam.
, ,
(AFFF), .
3% 6% .
,
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3 :
.
.
.
150:1 1500:1.
-
,
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.. - 102 -

HAZMAT
3:1 15:1.


.
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Resistant Foam .
, ,
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28% .
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47,5

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.. - 103 -

, %

3,22
4,9

HAZMAT
12 1

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5,2

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28

195,5

42

, ,
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.
.

11.5. .
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.
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.. - 104 -

HAZMAT
11.6. .

. .

20 .
80 .
60 .
,
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.
4 .

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.
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2 4- 200 .
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40-48 .
.
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15-25 /
40-50 /
60-70 /
70-100 /

,
40 .
.
,
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, 7-10 .
, (
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.
.. - 105 -

HAZMAT
,
,
.
.

11.7. .

.
.
.
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11.8. (Hot Works).


" " -
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,
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,
.
,
.
.. - 106 -

HAZMAT

( )
USCG.
,

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(
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.

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.. - 107 -

HAZMAT
. .
2.8.



..

..
.

....
.

/
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..
..
..
, ...
,
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1.
1.1.
? /
..
1.2. ,
?
/
..

2.
2.1.
? /
2.2. ?

2.3. ? /
2.4. ? /
2.5. ?
2.6.
.. - 108 -

/
/

HAZMAT
2.7. ?

2.8. ..


.
.
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.. - 109 -

HAZMAT
...
, , , ,
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11.9.
.
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.
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.. - 110 -

HAZMAT
.
, ..
..

1.
,
.
1.1. / :
/
. /
. /
.. /

1.2./ :
. /
/
.. /
.
1.3. :
.. /
. /
. /
/
.. /
1.4. ? . /
1.5. , ?
.. /

2.
,
2.1.
..

.. - 111 -

HAZMAT
2.2.
:..
2.3.,
:
2.4. :
,
:
.
.

3.
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.

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2.
3.
4.
5.

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/ .
/ , , .
.
.

.. - 112 -

HAZMAT
11.10. .

, .
,
,
.
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11.11.
.
, ,

.
.

, , ..
, ,
,
.

11.12. .

.
.

. , ,
. ,
,
.

11.13. .

.
,
.

( EX).
,
.

11.14. .
.. - 113 -

HAZMAT
, -

.

.
, , , ,
.
.
, ,
.

. Guide to Port
Entry .
, ,
.

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, ,
.
.
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11.15. .

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,
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.. - 114 -

HAZMAT
,
,
, 2


.

12.
( , ,
, .)
.
- , :
;
;
;
, :

;
;
;
;
( VOID SPACES);
;
;
;
(Domestic tanks);

,
.
, ,
.

12.1.
,
,
.
- ,
,
.
,

, ,
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.. - 115 -

HAZMAT
.
, .
:
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;
;
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;
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( , ,
);
,
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12.2.
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,
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.
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.
5 % ,
4
, .
.
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,
.
.
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.. - 116 -

HAZMAT
,
;
;
;
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12.3. .
,

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12.4.
,
:
1. , ,
.
2.

.
3.

.
4.
.
.. - 117 -

HAZMAT
5.
.
6. , .
7.
.
.
8. .
9. , .
,
.

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,
.

12.5.

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,
:
21 %.
1 %
.

, .
,

.

, .
,
, .
, ,
.
,
.

12.6. .
,
, .
DANGER

FOR
ENTRY
.. - 118 -

HAZMAT
DANGER FOR ENTRY.
,
, ,
. . ,
. ,
-, ,
.
, ,
.
.
: SAFE FOR ENTRY
,
,
.
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SAFE

FOR

ENTRY

(
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.
,
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.
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,
, ,
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12.7.
,
,
,
.
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.. - 119 -

HAZMAT
, (
)
!!!

. , , ,
.
2 .

12.8.

,

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.
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- .
,


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,
.
.. - 120 -

HAZMAT

/

__________ ____________
1

:
%
21%
%
< 1%

<
...
.











(, , )



.


2
,
.

.
1


.. - 121 -

HAZMAT

,
,

3
, ,




:



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4
,
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5
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.. - 122 -

HAZMAT
13.
,
( 80 % ) .
- ,
, .. , ...
,
, ,
.

13.1. .
, ,
.
,
,
.

,
.


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.


.

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