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REPUBLIC OF CAMEROON Peace Work Fatherland GTHS KUMBO/ ELECT DPT

FIFTH SEQUENCE EXAM Class: F36 Option: Electrotechnology Duration: 03H Coefficient: 3 Written paper

ELECTRICAL MACHINES
No document is allowed except the one given to the candidates by the examiners. PART ONE: TECHNOLOGY 1. Name the two main types of rotors found in the building of induction motors. Which type of rotor is generally used in driving very high power machines? 2. Given four machines: an alternator, an induction motor, a synchronous motor, a dynamo. Select the two machines having identical building principle. 3. Name the test which is conducted in order to determine iron losses and copper losses in a transformer. 4. State the principle of operation of an alternator. 5. Give the function of the yoke in a DC machine. 6. Cite two causes of heat in a transformer.

PART TWO: ELECTROTECHNOLOGY Exercise 1: Bipolar DC shunt motor. A perfectly compensated bipolar DC shunt motor has the following rated characteristics: Supply voltage of the armature: U = 120V; Armature current: I = 100A; Field current: i = 2.3A; Speed: N = 1500rpm; Armature resistance: R = 0.05. The motor is operating under a constant voltage of 120V. The constant losses are Pc = 785W. 1. Calculate the back emf of the motor. 2. Compute: (i) the useful power of the motor. (ii) The useful torque of the motor. (iii) The efficiency of the motor. 3. Find the value the starting rheostat in order to limit the starting current at 2Ir (Ir being the rated current of the motor).

Exercise 2: Static Machine

GTHS KUMBO_Electrical Department_Fifth sequence examApril.2012

On the name plate of a three phase transformer, we have the following indication: Apparent power: 160kVA; Primary: 20kV, triangle coupling; Secondary: 220/380V at full load, star coupling. 1. The current at the secondary is 230A. Calculate the nominal active power for a power factor of 0.8. 2. In those conditions, the maximum efficiency is 0.96. Calculate the copper and the iron losses knowing that those two losses are equal. 3. We now use one of the three windings of the transformer. This winding is like a single phase transformer: A primary winding under 20kV A secondary winding supplying a current of 230A, under a voltage of 220V, in an inductive circuit having a power factor of 0.8. In full load, the voltage drop is 5% of the no load voltage at the secondary. Determine: a. The no load voltage. b. The turns ratio. c. The resistance Rs brought to the secondary knowing that the total copper losses of the three phase transformer are equal to 2523W. d. The reactance Xs brought to the secondary if the voltage drop at the secondary for a winding is 11.6V.

Exercise 3: Three phase asynchronous motor A three phase asynchronous motor with the stator coupled in delta is supplied by a network supply of 380V, 50Hz. Each phase of the stator has a resistance of 0.4. At no load, the motor rotates at 1500rpm and absorb a power of 1150W; the current in a line is 3.2A. A test at a nominal load, under the same voltage of 380V, 50Hz has given the following results: slip g = 4%; Power absorbed Pa = 18.1kW; Line current I = 32A. 1. For the no load test, calculate: a. The stator copper losses when the motor rotates at no load. b. The stator iron losses knowing that the mechanical losses are 510W. 2. For the nominal load test, determine: a. The power factor.
GTHS KUMBO_Electrical Department_Fifth sequence examApril.2012

b. The speed of rotation. c. The frequency of the rotor current. d. The stator copper losses. e. The rotor copper losses. f. The useful power. g. The efficiency of the motor. h. The useful torque.