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WATER SUPPLY AND ENVRONMENTAL SANITATION LECTURER: LEVENT YILMAZ YARDIMCI RETM GREVLS: ASSISTANT TAYLAN BACI GRUP

NO: 4 010080054 MEHMET ESAT GRN 010080234 DOAN EVK 010070916 EMMANUEL MUNDELA KABAMUSU

Contents

1. Introduction

2. Data

3. Design criteria and constrains

4. Solution

A. Estimation of the population

B. Design discharge

C. Minimum pipeline diameter

D. Required pipeline diameter and pump

5. Detailed design

6. Conclusion

7. References

1. Introduction
The project consists on a transmission pipeline construction designed to provide water over a distance of 3250m. The pipeline is starting at a point of 2800 m north-1400 m east due to east to another point of location 2900 m north-4700 m east. The origin point is situated at 39,5 m of altitude, however the end point of the pipe is at 38.6 m of altitude.

2. Data
A. Topographic represenation of the transmission line site.

90 6000 80 70 60

5000

Northing (m)

4000 50 3000 40 30 20 1000 10 0

2000

1000

2000 3000 Easting (m)

4000

5000

B. The plot of longitudinal section( horizontal distance(x)-elevatio(z))

60 55 50 45

Elevation, z(m)

40 35 30 25 20 15

500

1000 1500 2000 2500 Distance from source reservoir, x(m)

3000

3500

C. The tabulated data of the longitudinal section (x and z in two columns) along this route for one meter interval. D. The necessary population and unit consumption data to evaluate the designed discharge. L: 92500 Kd: 0,016 t: 50 years Max qday:150 l/ind/day

3. Design criteria and constrains


The necessary design criteria and contrains are listed in the table below.

4. Solution
The population estimation will be conducted assuming a ssaturation limit via the declining growth method. The head losses will be determied using the Darcy-Weisbach equation.

A. Estimation of the population ( ( 79694 B. Discharge Maksqgn= 150 l/ind/day The daily maximum design discharge is used as the transmission line design discharge; Q = 150x10-3x79694/86400 = 0,138 m3/s C. The minim design diameter of the line Qmax =0,138 m3/s Q=Vmax xA Vmax: 2 m/s D = 0,296 m The pipeline diameter should be bigger than 296 mm. D. Design of pipeline dimeter, pomping elevation and hydrolic grade line 1-For transmission of water, the grade line sholdnt intersect with pipeline and the minimum pressure elevation should be 4 m at the point F. ) ) ( ( ) )
( )

1- F NOKTASI N [( [( J=0.0045 ) ) ] ] ( ( ) ) m

D=0,35m = 0,7 PP
p=

V=1,43m/s

1000 0,138 27,46 0,7 75

According to the max pressure head we have to install one pressure release between D and E (Z:47m,X:1933m).

5. AYRINTILI TASARIM
The economic lifetime of the water transmittion line is planned to be 50 years. Population estimation will be conducted assuming as saturation limit via the declining growth method. After that we determined design discharge with considering max velocity and the pipeline diameter is choosen as 350 mm for this diameter hydrolic grade line is 0,045 and the velocity is 1,43 m/s. In order to raise the water from A to B we used a pump which its power is 72.18 BB and pressure head 27 m. After point B we assumed that the water undergoes a gravity flow. However, highest pressure is 45 m and so that we have to install one pressure release between D and E (Z:47m,X:1933m).

6. Conclusion
We try to design a transmission line considering the minimum costs.

7. References
Oral Yac ders notlar Birsen Yaynevi, Hidrolik, Ocak, 2007 Ercan Kahya ders notlar