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HYDRA-MATIC 6 Speed RWD

TECHNICIAN'S GUIDE

PREFACE
The Hydra-matic 6 Speed RWD Technicians Guide is intended for automotive technicians that are familiar with the operation of an automatic transaxle or transmission. Technicians or other persons not having automatic transaxle or transmission know-how may find this publication somewhat technically complex if additional instruction is not provided. Since the intent of this book is to explain the fundamental mechanical, hydraulic and electrical operating principles, technical terms used herein are specific to the transmission industry. However, words commonly associated with the specific transaxle or transmission function have been defined in a Glossary rather than within the text of this book. The Hydra-matic 6 Speed RWD Technicians Guide is also intended to assist technicians during the service, diagnosis and repair of this transmission. However, this book is not intended to be a substitute for other General Motors service publications that are normally used on the job. Since there is a wide range of repair procedures and technical specifications specific to certain vehicles and transmission models, the proper service publication must be referred to when servicing the Hydramatic 6 Speed RWD transmission.

COPYRIGHT 2005 POWERTRAIN GROUP General Motors Corporation ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

All information contained in this book is based on the latest data available at the time of publication approval. The right is reserved to make product or publication changes, at any time, without notice. No part of any GM Powertrain publication may be reproduced, stored in any retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, including but not limited to electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Powertrain Group of General Motors Corporation. This includes all text, illustrations, tables and charts.

6 Speed RWD

HYDRA-MATIC

CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................... 3 HOW TO USE THIS BOOK ......................................................................................... 4 UNDERSTANDING THE GRAPHICS .......................................................................... 6 TRANSMISSION CUTAWAY VIEW (FOLDOUT) ........................................................ 8 GENERAL DESCRIPTION ......................................................................................... 9 PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION ................................................................................ 9A MAJOR MECHANICAL COMPONENTS (FOLDOUT) .................................... 10 RANGE REFERENCE CHART ........................................................................ 11 TORQUE CONVERTER ................................................................................... 12 APPLY COMPONENTS ................................................................................... 17 PLANETARY GEARSETS ............................................................................... 25 HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS ....................................................... 28 ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS ........................................................................ 39 POWER FLOW .......................................................................................................... 49 COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUITS ....................................................................... 75 LUBRICATION POINTS .......................................................................................... 100 BUSHING AND BEARING LOCATIONS ................................................................ 101 SEAL LOCATIONS ................................................................................................. 102 ILLUSTRATED PARTS LIST .................................................................................. 103 BASIC SPECIFICATIONS ...................................................................................... 118 PRODUCT DESIGNATION SYSTEM ...................................................................... 119 GLOSSARY ............................................................................................................ 120 ABBREVIATIONS ................................................................................................... 122 INDEX ..................................................................................................................... 123

INTRODUCTION
The Hydra-matic 6 Speed RWD Technicians Guide is another Powertrain publication from the Technicians Guide series of books. The purpose of this publication, as is the case with other Technicians Guides, is to provide complete information on the theoretical operating characteristics of this transmission. Operational theories of the mechanical, hydraulic and electrical components are presented in a sequential and functional order to better explain their operation as part of the system. In the first section of this book entitled Principles of Operation, detailed explanations of the major components and their functions are presented. In every situation possible, text describes component operation during the apply and release cycle as well as situations where it has no effect at all. The descriptive text is then supported by numerous graphic illustrations to further emphasize the operational theories presented. The second major section entitled Power Flow, blends the information presented in the Principles of Operation section into the complete transmission assembly. The transfer of torque from the engine through the transmission is graphically displayed on a full page while a narrative description is provided on a facing half page. The opposite side of the half page contains the narrative description of the hydraulic fluid as it applies components or shifts valves in the system. Facing this partial page is a hydraulic schematic that shows the position of valves, ball check valves, etc., as they function in a specific gear range. The third major section of this book displays the Complete Hydraulic Circuit for specific gear ranges. Fold-out pages containing fluid flow schematics and two dimensional illustrations of major components graphically display hydraulic circuits. This information is extremely useful when tracing fluid circuits for learning or diagnosis purposes. The Appendix section of this book provides additional transmission information regarding lubrication circuits, seal locations, illustrated parts lists and more. Although this information is available in current model year Service Manuals, its inclusion provides for a quick reference guide that is useful to the technician. Production of the Hydra-matic 6 Speed RWD Technicians Guide was made possible through the combined efforts of many staff areas within the General Motors Powertrain Division. As a result, the Hydra-matic 6 Speed RWD Technicians Guide was written to provide the user with the most current, concise and usable information available regarding this product.

HOW TO USE THIS BOOK


First time users of this book may find the page layout a little unusual or perhaps confusing. However, with a minimal amount of exposure to this format its usefulness becomes more obvious. If you are unfamiliar with this publication, the following guidelines are helpful in understanding the functional intent for the various page layouts: Read the following section, Understanding the Graphics to know how the graphic illustrations are used, particularly as they relate to the mechanical power flow and hydraulic controls (see Understanding the Graphics page 6). Unfold the cutaway illustration of the Hydramatic 6 Speed RWD (page 8) and refer to it as you progress through each major section. This cutaway provides a quick reference of component location inside the transmission assembly and their relationship to other components. The Principles of Operation section (beginning on page 9A) presents information regarding the major apply components and hydraulic control components used in this transmission. This section describes how specific components work and interfaces with the sections that follow. The Power Flow section (beginning on page 49) presents the mechanical and hydraulic functions corresponding to specific gear ranges. This section builds on the information presented in the Principles of Operation section by showing specific fluid circuits that enable the mechanical components to operate. The mechanical power flow is graphically displayed on a full size page and is followed by a half page of descriptive text. The opposite side of the half page contains the narrative description of the hydraulic fluid as it applies components or moves valves in the system. Facing this partial page is a hydraulic schematic which shows the position of valves, ball check valves, etc., as they function in a specific gear range. Also, located at the bottom of each half page is a reference to the Complete Hydraulic Circuit section that follows. The Complete Hydraulic Circuits section (beginning on page 75) details the entire hydraulic system. This is accomplished by using a fold-out circuit schematic with a facing page two dimensional fold-out drawing of each component. The circuit schematics and component drawings display only the fluid passages for that specific operating range. Finally, the Appendix section contains a schematic of the lubrication flow through the transmission, disassembled view parts lists and transmission specifications. This information has been included to provide the user with convenient reference information published in the appropriate vehicle Service Manuals. Since component parts lists and specifications may change over time, this information should be verified with Service Manual information.

HOW TO USE THIS BOOK

LARGE CUTAWAY VIEW OF TRANSMISSION (FOLDOUT)

HALF PAGE TEXT FOR EASY REFERENCE TO BOTH PAGES

RANGE REFERENCE CHART

RK ) PA nning
(P) Park l the e oi r in th leve fromwing: ctor sure follo sele pres the gthe line to 8): Re ) 1-2-3-4 Withtion, rected lve(21essure CLUTCH posip is di lator Va ne prion (li iss pum re Regu tputnsmmp ou
su mp tra pu Preses pu to the hen mand ulat rdingents. Wthe de m fro accoirem ceeds, fluidr requut ex sure lato outp e presre regu of lin essu pr the

(En

gin

eR

6 Speed RWD
1 POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1) 2 POWERFLOW TERMINATED

PARK
(Engine Running)
4 LOW AND REVERSE CLUTCH APPLIED* OUTPUT SHAFT ASSEMBLY (70) HELD 3 VEHICLE HELD STATIONARY (NO POWER TRANSMITTED TO OR FROM DIFFERENTIAL ASSEMBLY)

PARK
(Engine Running)
3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY

CBR CBR 1

DRIVE

LINE
CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY

LINE

1
ACT FD LIM

3a
N.C.

REVERSE

LINE

TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)

DRIVE

EX

ACT FD LIM

ON

SOL 1 ACT FD LIM

SOL 1

SOL 1

SOL 1

#2

2b
PS5 COMP FD LINE
38

DRIVE 1-6
ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

DRIVE

EX EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD

39

EX

37

DRIVE EX

CBR1/C456 CL REG VALVE

ACT FD LIM

EX

35 REV CL 1234 CL DFLT FD

EX

LINE

3d

3c
CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

CSV2 ENABLE
22

TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)

PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE

DRIVE BRAKE DRV B EX

LINE

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (52)


DECREASE

COMP FD

LINE

LINE
2A
CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

ACT FD LIM PCS 26 CL

EX

42

43

26 CL/1234 CL FD CBR

49

REVERSE 456 CL FD

REVERSE

CONV FD

2a

1234 CL DFLT 1234 CL DFLT FD

CBR1/CBR FD

PARK PAWL (502) OUTPUT CARRIER INTERNAL REAR GEAR (497)

26

30

LINE

EX BACKFILL

CBR CBR 1

TORQUE CONVERTER (WITH FLUID PUMP) HOUSING ASSEMBLY (2)

EX

ACT FD LIM

CBR1/456 CL FD LINE

CBR1/456 CL FD DRIVE CBR1/CBR FD

CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

LINE EX
EXHAUST BACKFILL PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

LINE

N.H. ON

CBR1/CBR FD

4-5-6 CLUTCH (w/OUTPUT CARRIER SHAFT AND DAMPENER) HUB ASSEMBLY (58)

LINE

PCS CBR1/456 CL

PCS TCC

31

SOL 1

N.L. OFF

DRIVE 1-6 CSV2 LATCH

456 CL BOOST VALVE

EX

EX BF 26 CL

PCS 26 CL ACT FD LIM PCS LINE

26 CL

44

2-6 GAIN

PS3 EX

ISOLATOR

PCS LINE

COMP FD

OUTPUT CARRIER INTERNAL FRONT GEAR (495)

35 REV CL FDBK

LOW AND REV CLUTCH APPLIED*

OUTPUT SHAFT ASSEMBLY (70) HELD

PS1
N.C.

1
5

PS1 EX BF

SOL 1

51

456 CL

CBR

CSV3 ENABLE

4a
LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

35 REV CL EX

DRIVE

LINE

EX

35R FD ACT FD LIM

PCS 35 REV CL

EX BF

N.H.

REG APPLY

REG APPLY

PCS 35 REV CL

N.H. OFF

PS4 EX

OUTPUT CARRIER FRONT SUN GEAR (487) STATOR ROLLER CLUTCH PRESSURE PLATE ASSEMBLY CONVERTER STATOR ASSEMBLY CONVERTER PUMP ASSEMBLY 1-2-3-4 AND 3-5 MANUAL SHAFT REVERSE CLUTCH DETENT LEVER ASSEMBLY ASSEMBLY (51) (505) MANUAL SHIFT SHAFT (508) CONTROL VALVE INPUT AND ASSEMBLY OUTPUT SPEED (21) SENSOR ASSEMBLY (303) PARK PAWL 2-6 AND ACTUATOR 3-5 REVERSE ASSEMBLY CLUTCH HUB (503) ASSEMBLY (64) 1-2-3-4 CLUTCH HUB ASSEMBLY (61)

INPUT SUN GEAR (53)

PARK PAWL (502) ENGAGED PARK PAWLCO M ACTUATOR P LE ASSEMBLY TE (503) HY 4-5-6 (w/TURBINE SHAFT) CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (56)

ACT FD LIM
C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

1234 CL EX

SOL 1

ACT FD LIM
SHTL
36 35

1-2-3-4 CL REGULATOR VALVE


34 33 50

EX BACKFILL 1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL PCS 1234 CL

1234 CL FD

1234 CL FDBK
14

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE

EX

COMP FD

13

56

DR PA AULI GE C 86 CIR CU

ACT FD LIM
C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

COMP FD

COMP FD

PCS 1234 CL LINE LINE

N.L. OFF

IT

* APPLIED BUT CARRYING NO LOAD

Figure 6

56

Figure 52

Figure 53

LINE

EX

SOL 1

48

47

46

EX

EX

FLUID FLOW SCHEMATIC (FOLDOUT)


RK g) PA nnin u eR gin (En

PARK

(Engine Running)

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH

CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY (459) 4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (431-443)


COMP FD 456 CL LUBE COMP FD 456 CL LUBE PCS 35 REV CL 26 CL 26 CL PCS 35 REV CL PCS CBR1/456 CL
49

26 CL CBR CBR 1

TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)


TCC APPLY

2-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (450-457)

52 55 6 52 5

55 52 2 5 4 4 2 2 3 51 56 52 52
2a 3

55 52 2 5 4 5 51 51 51 6 5 7 1 2 10 52 49 2 49 2 49 2 52 8 2 38 9 14 11 26 34
1 2

52 55 6 52
2

LUBE

5
7

FRONT

LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (461-470)

55 52

(P) Park l the e oi r in th leve fromwing: ctor sure follo sele pres the gthe line ed to 8): Re ) Withtion, rect lve(21essure posip is di lator Va ne prion (li pum Regu tput miss
ns p sure mp ou tra pum Preses pu to the hen mand ulat rdingents. Wthe de m fro accoirem ceeds, fluidr requut ex sure lato outp e presre regu of lin essu pr the

PARK

LUBE

CASE (7) UPPER CONTROL VALVE BODY (304)

51

1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL

7 7

6 5 7

COOLER

PS4
1234 CLUTCH BOOST VALVE 35R CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH REGULATOR VALVE SHTL

3-5 REV CLU REGULATOR VALVE

PCS 26 CL
2-6 GAIN

456 CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

10 56

PCS CBR1/456 CL
CBR1/C456 CLU REG VALVE

TCC RELEASE

PCS 1234 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL FDBK EX 1234 CL DFLT PS4 COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL PCS 1234 CL LUBE

EX

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL

EX BF EX EX BF

456 CL EX BF
2-6 CLUTCH REG

EXH
EXHAUST BACKFILL EXH PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

EX

EX CBR 1 CBR LUBE

8 9

EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD

COOLER FEED

26 CL

CBR1 FDBK

EX 35 REV FD PCS 35 REV CL 35 REV CL FDBK

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM

TCC APPLY

1234 CL

1234 CL FD PS4 EX 1234 CL FDBK EX BF EX BF EX BF

26 CL/1234 CL FD EX BF

26 CL

26 CL

EX

PS1 EX

LINE DRIVE 1-6 PS5 EX

LUBE

COOLER FEED

26 CL

PS3 EX

PS3 EX BF EX BF EX BF EX BF 35 REV CL EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD DRIVE 1-6 PS1


ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

PS3 PCS 35 REV CL CBR1 FDBK

LUBE
CASE (7)

PS1
26 CL/1234 CL FD 456 CL EX BF EX BF EX BF
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (LOCATED IN PUMP)

456 CL 35 REV FD 1234 CL 35 REV CL FDBK 35 REV CL FDBK 35R SPL


#6
25a 25b

456 CL 456 CL
#3

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

LINE

456 CL PS5

TORQUE CONVERTER HOUSING (204) (Fluid Pump Cover Side)

LINE
#4

#1

#5

PCS 35 REV CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL PS3 PS1 LINE CBR1/456 CL FD EX CBR 1 CBR LUBE

CONV FD LIMIT

15b

25d

12a

FLUID PRESSURE TEST PLUG (40)


6

#7
37a 53a 53b

35 REV CL
26b 27a 15a 51b 51a 26a 25c 14b 14a 14c

37d

43a

35a

43b

12g

12h

21e

54a

21d

21b

21a

34d

34b

18a

34a

34e

34g

19a

19b

44b

44a

44c

34f

12i

34i

44e

44d

37b

37e

34h

19c

27b

EX

39c

DRIVE 1-6

GASKET

EX

32b

46b

44f

34j

2e

SPACER PLATE (305)

50

45

33

32

43

25

46

23

42

20

12

38

2d

34l

EXH

36a

12b

21c

34c

34k

37

41

46a

37c

FRONT LUBE

12c

32a

GASKET

39b

DRV B

CONVERTER FEED LIMIT


29

DRIVE 1-6

CONV FD
TCC CONTROL VALVE

39a

LUBE COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL DFLT PS4 EX BF

LINE
2

35

LOWER CONTROL VALVE BODY (307)

456 CL CSV3 ENABLE DRV B REVERSE 456 CL

456 CL
45a

9 34

2 10

48
45b

LUBE

EX BF EX BF

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

50h 50g 50f 50e 50d

40
13a 13d 13e 30a 9a 9b

38

PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE

LINE
3

35 CL REV FD CBR REVERSE 35 CL REV FD EX DRV B PCS 35 REV CL REVERSE 1234 CL DFLT 1234 CL DFLT FD 456 CL FD CSV2 LATCH PS5 ACT FD LIM CBR EX
48a

PCS 1234 CL

REG APPLY

47
50c

EX

COMP FD LINE EX

50b

PCS TCC
11e

34 26
50a 11d 11a 11b

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE

39
48b

FRONT

2a

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3

31
13b

FRONT

LINE DECREASE EXH LINE

DRIVE 1-6

COMP FD

52 51

EX

13
2a

14
11c

PCS CBR1/456 CL

ISOLATOR

FLUID PUMP COVER (219)

9
38e 38d 38f 38c

SOL 1 35 REV CL EX PCS TCC DRIVE 1-6 DRIVE 1-6


CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

DRIVE BRAKE CSV2 ENABLE CBR1/CBR FD SOL 1 CBR1/456 CL FD

24 11

39 12

FRONT

FRONT

26 52

17 #2 49 12

40 14

52 2 52 52 52 52 52 52 2 17 13 52 18 19 34 52 42 25 9 24 34 40

52 49

FRONT

13c 16a #2

50

25

51

24 52 52 27 2 34 24 52 52

22
17a 31c 31b

31a

EX

51c 29e 29d 29c 28b 29b

EX

EX

EX

PCS LINE
5

SHTL TCC REGULATOR VALVE

CBR 1

REG APP

REVERSE

SOL 1

COMP FD

EX

EX

38b 38a

LINE

PS1

10
17c 17b 17d 10a

R N D

35 CL REV FD

DRIVE

DRIVE CBR1/CBR FD

CSV2 LATCH PCS 26 CL

ISOLATOR VALVE

21
28a 29a 47b

SOL 1 SOL 1 REG APPLY PS4 REG APPLY LINE 1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL PCS LINE PCS TCC PS1

44
47a 42a 41a 2c

MANUAL VALVE

EX

LUBE 456 CL SUCTION 35 REV CL COMP FD 1234 CL PCS LINE

40a 10b 10c

11
2b 24a 24b 24c 24d 49a 24e

1234 CL DFLT ACT FD LIM

PS3 PS1 LINE PCS 35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM 35 CL REV FD
54b

PS3 LINE

12f 12e 12d

36

51
30b

PS4

PS3

PS5

LINE

LINE

PCS 26 CL

PRESSURES INTAKE & DECREASE (SUCTION) CONVERTER & LUBE LINE PCS LINE SOLENOID SIGNAL ACTUATOR COMPENSATOR

ACT FD LIM

PCS LINE

PCS TCC

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

SOL 1

FLUID PAN (29)

SOL 2

FILTER PLATE ASSEMBLY (311)

PRESSURE SWITCH 4 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

FLUID FILTER ASSEMBLY (26)

PRESSURE SWITCH 1 NORMALLY CLOSED

PRESSURE SWITCH 3 NORMALLY CLOSED

PRESSURE SWITCH 5 NORMALLY CLOSED

CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY (314)

SHIFT SOL 1

N.L.

ON

LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

SHIFT SOL 2

N.H.

N.L. OFF

N.L. OFF

N.L.

ON

C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

N.H. OFF

CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

(36) TRA ENTS (40) NSMIS ( ) TRA (203 NSMIS SION FLU (213) CHECK VA SION FLU ID LEVEL (214) TRANSMIS LVE RETAI ID PRESS HOLE PLU (230) BRASS OR SION FLU NER AN URETES G D T TRA (232) NSMIS IFICE IN ID PUMP BALL AS PLUG SER SEM (233) ORIFICE SION VEN T SCREEN BLY SLE (306) ORIFICE EVE T ASSEMB ASSEMBLY CONT CUP PLU LY (#1 ROL G (308) , 2, 3, VALVE BO TCC 4, DY (312) PWM 5, 6, 7, 8, BALL PRESS SOLEN 9, 10, CHECK 11, VA FILTERURE CONTOID VALVE 12 LVE ASSE ROL FILTER 86 MBLY SOLEN AS B OID VA SEMB LVE LY
CBR

COMP

ON

LINE

N.L. OFF

N.H. ON

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304) (Case Side)

86

Figure 82

HALF PAGE TEXT AND LEGEND

Figure 1

CONVERTER TURBINE ASSEMBLY

TORQUE CONVERTER FLUID PUMP HOUSING ASSEMBLY (2)

INPUT SUN GEAR (53)

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH

INPUT 2-6 3-5 REVERSE CARRIER CLUTCH CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (52)

4-5-6 (w/TURBINE SHAFT) CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (56)

CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY (67)

LO AND REVERSE CLUTCH

LO CLUTCH SPRAG ASSEMBLY (467)

OUTPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (68)

OUTPUT CARRIER REAR SUN GEAR (489)

OUTPUT SHAFT ASSEMBLY (70)

4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY


1234 CLUTCH 35 REV CLUTCH COMP FEED 456 CLUTCH

2-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY


26 CLUTCH

LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY

D N R

MANUAL VALVE

SHIFT SOL 1

REVERSE

1-2-3-4 AND 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (51)

TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

CBR1 FDBK
12

456 CL

4d

21

2-6 CLUTCH REG


41

EX

N.L. OFF

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3


20

456 CL

N.C.
SHIFT SOL 2

35 CL REV FD

35 CL REV FD

#3

4c
SOL 2 SOL 2 SOL 2

ON

SOL 2

ACT FD LIM

4b

3b
45

PCS TCC

TCC REGULATOR VALVE SHTL


3-5 REV CL REGULATOR VALVE
11 10

PAGE NUMBER FOR REFERENCE TO FLUID FLOW SCHEMATIC

57

FLUID FLOW THROUGH COMPONENTS (FOLDOUT)

(Engine Running)

52

55

52 7 34

52 52

3 7 51

51

52

11

6 5 11 34 26 14

52 26 11 14 2 46 30 9 29

38

2 52 52 10 52 52

52 10 52 52 1 49 10 2

38

38

34 2 10 14 11 26 49 1

1-2-3-4 & 3-5 REV CL SUPPORT (219) (Pump Side)


52

FLUID PUMP COVER (219) (Torque Converter Housing Side)

FLUID PUMP COVER (219) (Case Side)

NOTE: INDICATES BOLT HOLES NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE UPPER VALVE BODY SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST. EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN.
CASE (7) (Upper Valve Body Side)

14 11

26 49 49

26 11 52 52 49 39 52 24 17 27 27 51 26

14 17 10 38

2 34 52

9 38

9 51 52 51 51 34

52

10 11 14 38 21

2 52 51 52 51 52 12 51 52

51

2 51 52 11 38 10 38 2 51 51 52 10 52 11 52 21 39 52 14 26 51 52 49 51 39 52 52 52 38 27 52 17 10 17 34 51 12 39 12 50 25 52 38 15 52 40 41 52 52 37 52 39 37 38 34 52 37 9 18 34 44 12 12 12 29 45 52 45 18 45 24

9a 38f 34e
9

10

2a 11a 11b 11c 14c 51a 49a 26b 27a 39b


14

17c 10a

38e 38d 10b 21b

39c
29

51 10c 11 17b 2b 24b 17a

38c
11

51

50

24c 34d

51b

17d 27b 12i

26a 40a

35

36

24d 24e 11d


26 34

39a 12h 11e/50a 50b 50c

14b
33

25d 12g

52 51 51 #6

50 52 50 37 12 51 41 14 15 51 38 34 46 50 44 42 15 25 52

45 52 37 45

15 16 38 52 19 34 24 51 46 19 16 13 2 52 52 52 14 21 52 52 2 52 12

51 40 41 #3 38 12 42 2 39

51 52 13 52 52 52

45

15b 15a 41a

37e 37d

47

45b
48

13c 38b 19a 34b 13b 16a


41

51

37c 45a 50d


44 40

18a 34a

25c 25b/44f
32 38a 25a/44e 34i 44d

44

50 51 47

50 47

13a 2c

46b

43

42a

52 52 12 20 52 20 52 52 52 51 51 52 #5 12 12 52 #4 51 52 47 48 12 52 43 12 51 12 34

13 52 52 34 14 23 51 20 21 51 28

16

19 46 19

#7 29 9 30 46 50 34 53 46 12 52 51 52 52 50 52 51 52 30

44 9 52 29 52 30 29 34 52 31 51 44 53 21 32 13 2 32 52 12 52 35 52 31 52 34 24 14 52 52 21 52 29 31 34 13 52 2

34j 50
23

46a 19b 9b 19c 34f 20 14a 24a 28b/29b


21

37a/53a 44c 44b 12f


42

47b 34h 50e


42

37b/53b 50f

18

45 12 34

51

24 54 28 30 51 34 33

29e

12e 12d

21a 52

34k 28a/29a 31c

29d 30b/54b 30a 29c 31b 54a 21d 36a 21c 21e 32a 43b 2e
31

34c 51

31 52 54 21 36 44

52 47 50 48 12b 43a 52 52 52 2 34l 35a 51 12a


12

34g 31a 44a

50g 47a 48b 50h


39 38

51

51

51 52

48

51 #1 51

43 31 51 48 51 50 2 21 51

2 52

31 33 13 51 22 20 34 35

13d

51 22 43 13 12

32

32b 13e
37

51c

48a

12c

2d

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304) (Spacer Plate Side)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307) (Control Solenoid Valve Assembly Side)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307) (Spacer Plate Side)

CONTROL VALVE BODY SPACER PLATE ASSEMBLY (305) (Upper Valve Body Side)

Figure 83

FOLDOUT 87

COMPLETE ILLUSTRATED PARTS LIST

UNDERSTANDING THE GRAPHICS


FLUID PUMP COVER ASSEMBLY (219)

TORQUE CONVERTER HOUSING (203) TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)

TRANSMISSION CASE ASSEMBLY (7)

CONTROL VALVE ASSEMBLY (21)

FLUID FILTER ASSEMBLY (26) FLUID PAN ASSEMBLY (29)

Figure 2

The flow of transmission fluid starts in the bottom pan and is drawn through the filter, and into the oil pump assembly. This is a basic concept of fluid flow that can be understood by reviewing the illustrations provided in Figure 2. However, fluid may pass between the control valve body, spacer plate, case and other components many times before reaching a valve or applying a clutch. For this reason, the graphics are designed to show the exact location where fluid passes through a component and into other passages for specific gear range operation. To provide a better understanding of fluid flow in the Hydra-matic 6 Speed RWD transmission, the components involved with hydraulic control and fluid flow are illustrated in three major formats. Figure 3 provides an example of these formats which are: 1. A three dimensional line drawing of the component for easier part identification. 2. A two dimensional line drawing of the component to indicate fluid passages and orifices.
6

3. A graphic schematic representation that displays valves, ball check valves, orifices and so forth, required for the proper function of the transmission in a specific gear range. In the schematic drawings, fluid circuits are represented by straight lines and orifices are represented by indentations in a circuit. All circuits are labeled and color coded to provide reference points between the schematic drawing and the two dimensional line drawing of the components. Figure 4 (page 7B) provides an illustration of a typical valve, and valve train components. A brief description of valve operation is also provided to support the illustration. Figure 5 (page 7B) provides a color coded chart that references different fluid pressures used to operate the hydraulic control systems. A brief description of how fluid pressures affect valve operation is also provided.

UNDERSTANDING THE GRAPHICS


PARK
(Engine Running)
1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)
TCC APPLY COMP FD 456 CL LUBE
CASE (7) UPPER CONTROL VALVE BODY (304)

LOWER VALVE BODY SIDE


CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY (459) 4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (431-443)
COMP FD 456 CL LUBE PCS 35 REV CL 26 CL 26 CL
PCS 35 REV CL
49

26 CL CBR CBR 1

2-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (450-457)

LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (461-470)


LUBE

LUBE

1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL

COOLER

PS4
1234 CLUTCH BOOSTVALVE 35R CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL


2-6 GAIN

456 CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH REGULATOR VALVE SHTL

3-5 REV CLU REGULATOR VALVE

PCS CBR1/456 CL
CBR1/C456 CLU REG VALVE

TCC RELEASE

PCS 1234 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL FDBK EX


1234 CL DFLT PS4 COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL PCS 1234 CL LUBE

EX

COOLER FEED

26 CL

CBR 1 CBR

2-6 CLUTCH REG

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM

EX

TCC APPLY

1234 CL

COOLER FEED

1234 CL FDBK EX BF EX BF EX BF

26 CL

PS3 EX

PS3 EX BF EX BF EX BF EX BF 35 REV CL EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD DRIVE 1-6 PS1


ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

PS3 PCS 35 REV CL CBR1 FDBK

LUBE
CASE (7)

PS1
26 CL/1234 CL FD 456 CL
EX BF EX BF EX BF
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (LOCATED IN PUMP)

456 CL
35 REV FD 1234 CL

456 CL 35 REV CL FDBK 35R SPL 456 CL


#3

ACT FD LIM

35 REV CL FDBK
#6
25a 25b

ACT FD LIM

LINE
#4

LINE

456 CL
PS5

#1

#5

37d

43a

35a

26b

27a

15a

51b

43b

32a

12g

12h

21e

54a

21d

21b

21a

34d

34b

18a

34a

34e

34g

19a

19b

51a

26a

44b

44a

14b

14a

14c

44c

34f

12i

34i

44e

44d

37b

37e

34h

19c

27b

15b

25d

12a

EX

39c

DRIVE 1-6

GASKET

EX

32b

46b

44f

34j

2e

SPACER PLATE (305)

50

45

33

32

43

25

46

23

42

20

12

38

2d

34l

EXH

36a

12b

21c

34c

34k

37

41

46a

25c

37c

FRONT LUBE

37a 53a

12c

53b

GASKET

PCS 35 REV CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL PS3 PS1 LINE CBR1/456 CL FD EX CBR 1 CBR LUBE

CONV FD LIMIT

FLUID PRESSURE TEST PLUG (40)

#7

35 REV CL

39b

DRV B

CONVERTER FEED LIMIT


29

DRIVE 1-6

CONV FD
TCC CONTROL VALVE

39a

LUBE COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL DFLT PS4 EX BF

LINE
2

35

LOWER CONTROL VALVE BODY (307)

456 CL CSV3 ENABLE DRV B REVERSE 456 CL

456 CL
45a

48
45b

LUBE

EX BF EX BF

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

50h 50g 50f 50e 50d

40
13a 13d 13e 30a 9a 9b 48a

PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE

LINE
3

35 CL REV FD CBR
REVERSE 35 CL REV FD EX DRV B 1234 CL DFLT 1234 CL DFLT FD 456 CL FD PCS 35 REV CL REVERSE CSV2 LATCH PS5 ACT FD LIM CBR EX

47
50c

PCS 1234 CL

REG APPLY

EX

COMP FD LINE EX

PCS TCC
11e

34
50b

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE

39
48b

LINE DECREASE EXH


LINE

26
50a 11d 11a 11b

DRIVE 1-6

COMP FD

2a

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3

31
13b 13c

13
2a

14
11c

9
38e 38d 38f 38c 38b 38a

ISOLATOR

EX

PCS TCC

DRIVE 1-6

DRIVE 1-6
CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

PCS CBR1/456 CL

FLUID PUMP COVER (219)

SOL 1 35 REV CL

DRIVE BRAKE CSV2 ENABLE CBR1/CBR FD SOL 1 CBR1/456 CL FD

16a

#2

22
17a 31c 31b 31a

EX

51c 29e 29d 29c 28b 29b

EX

EX

REG APP

EX

EX

COMP FD

REVERSE

SOL 1

LINE

35 CL REV FD

ISOLATOR VALVE

17c 17b 17d 10a

21
28a 29a 47b

SOL 1 SOL 1 REG APPLY PS4 REG APPLY LINE 1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL PCS LINE PCS TCC
PS1

CBR1/CBR FD PCS 26 CL PS3 PS1 LINE PCS 35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM 35 CL REV FD

MANUAL VALVE

44
47a 42a 41a

10b 10c

LUBE 456 CL
SUCTION

EX

40a

LINE

PS3
CBR

11

35 REV CL COMP FD 1234 CL PCS LINE

2b 24a 24b 24c 24d 49a 24e

2c

LINE

1234 CL DFLT ACT FD LIM

12f 12e 12d

36

51
54b 30b

PS4

PS3

PRESSURES INTAKE & DECREASE (SUCTION) CONVERTER & LUBE LINE PCS LINE SOLENOID SIGNAL ACTUATOR COMPENSATOR

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY (314)

SHIFT SOL 1

N.L.

ON

LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

ACT FD LIM

SOL 1

FLUID PAN (29)

SOL 2

FILTER PLATE ASSEMBLY (311)

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE SWITCH 4 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE SWITCH 1 NORMALLY CLOSED

PRESSURE SWITCH 3 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

PCS TCC

PCS 26 CL

PCS LINE

FLUID FILTER ASSEMBLY (26)

PRESSURE SWITCH 5 NORMALLY CLOSED

TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

SHIFT SOL 2

N.H.

N.L. OFF

N.L. OFF

N.L.

ON

C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

N.H. OFF

CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

N.L. OFF

N.H. ON

PS5

LINE

LINE

PS1

10

R N D

DRIVE

EX

PCS LINE

SHTL TCC REGULATOR VALVE

CBR 1

EX

DRIVE

CSV2 LATCH

GRAPHIC SCHEMATIC REPRESENTATION

TORQUE CONVERTER HOUSING (203)

FLUID PUMP COVER ASSEMBLY (219)

CASE ASSEMBLY (7)

THREE DIMENSIONAL FLUID PUMP COVER SIDE

THREE DIMENSIONAL CONVERTER HOUSING SIDE

THREE DIMENSIONAL UPPER VALVE BODY SIDE

TWO DIMENSIONAL

TWO DIMENSIONAL

TWO DIMENSIONAL

Figure 3

FOLDOUT 7

THREE DIMENSIONAL TWO DIMENSIONAL UPPER VALVE BODY SIDE

1234 CL FD PS4 EX

26 CL

26 CL

PS1 EX

26 CL/1234 CL FD EX BF

35 REV FD PCS 35 REV CL 35 REV CL FDBK

CBR1 FDBK

EX

EXHAUST BACKFILL EXH PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

CBR1/456 CL FD

EX BF

LINE DRIVE 1-6 PS5 EX

LUBE

LUBE

EX EX BF

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL

EX BF

456 CL

EXH

EX

EX

EX BF

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307)

THREE DIMENSIONAL

TWO DIMENSIONAL LOWER VALVE BODY SIDE

CONTROL VALVE BODY SPACER PLATE ASSEMBLY (305)

THREE DIMENSIONAL TWO DIMENSIONAL VALVE BODY SIDE

CONTROL SOLENOID (W/BODY AND TCM) VALVE ASSEMBLY (314)

THREE DIMENSIONAL

TWO DIMENSIONAL

FOLDOUT 7A

UNDERSTANDING THE GRAPHICS


TYPICAL VALVE

SPACER PLATE VALVE BODY

RESTRICTING ORIFICE

BALL CHECK VALVE VALVE BORE PLUG RETAINING PIN

SPRING

RETAINING PIN VALVE

SPRING

BORE PLUG

SIGNAL FLUID

SIGNAL FLUID

EX WITH SIGNAL FLUID PRESSURE EQUAL TO OR LESS THAN SPRING AND SPRING ASSIST FLUID PRESSURE THE VALVE REMAINS IN CLOSED POSITION.

EX WITH SIGNAL FLUID PRESSURE GREATER THAN SPRING AND SPRING ASSIST FLUID PRESSURE THE VALVE MOVES OVER.

Figure 4

FLUID PRESSURES
INTAKE & INCREASE (SUCTION) CONVERTER & LUBE MAINLINE PCS LINE SOLENOID SIGNAL COMPENSATOR ACTUATOR

EXHAUST DIRECTION OF FLOW

WITH EQUAL SURFACE AREAS ON EACH END OF THE VALVE, BUT FLUID PRESSURE "A" BEING GREATER THAN FLUID PRESSURE "B", THE VALVE WILL MOVE TO THE RIGHT.

Figure 5

SPACER PLATE

APPLY FLUID

SPACER PLATE

EXHAUST FROM THE APPLY COMPONENT UNSEATS THE BALL CHECK VALVE, THEREFORE CREATING A QUICK RELEASE.

TO APPLY COMPONENT

SPRING ASSIST FLUID

APPLY FLUID

SPRING ASSIST FLUID

APPLY FLUID SEATS THE BALL CHECK VALVE FORCING FLUID THROUGH AN ORIFICE IN THE SPACER PLATE, WHICH CREATES A SLOWER APPLY.

WITH THE SAME FLUID PRESSURE ACTING ON BOTH SURFACE "A" AND SURFACE "B" THE VALVE WILL MOVE TO THE LEFT. THIS IS DUE TO THE LARGER SURFACE AREA OF "A" THAN "B".

7B

6 Speed RWD
TORQUE CONVERTER FLUID PUMP HOUSING ASSEMBLY (2) INPUT SUN GEAR (53) 1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 2-6 INPUT 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH CARRIER CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (52) 4-5-6 (w/TURBINE SHAFT) CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (56) CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY (67) LO AND REVERSE CLUTCH LO CLUTCH SPRAG ASSEMBLY (467) OUTPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (68) OUTPUT CARRIER REAR SUN GEAR (489) OUTPUT SHAFT ASSEMBLY (70)

CONVERTER TURBINE ASSEMBLY TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)

4-5-6 CLUTCH (w/OUTPUT CARRIER SHAFT AND DAMPENER) HUB ASSEMBLY (58) PARK PAWL (502) OUTPUT CARRIER INTERNAL REAR GEAR (497)

OUTPUT CARRIER INTERNAL FRONT GEAR (495)

OUTPUT CARRIER FRONT SUN GEAR (487)

STATOR ROLLER CLUTCH

PRESSURE PLATE ASSEMBLY

CONVERTER STATOR ASSEMBLY

CONVERTER PUMP ASSEMBLY

1-2-3-4 AND 3-5 MANUAL SHAFT REVERSE CLUTCH DETENT LEVER ASSEMBLY ASSEMBLY (51) (505)

MANUAL SHIFT SHAFT (508)

INPUT AND CONTROL VALVE OUTPUT SPEED ASSEMBLY SENSOR ASSEMBLY (21) (303)

PARK PAWL 2-6 AND ACTUATOR 3-5 REVERSE ASSEMBLY CLUTCH HUB (503) ASSEMBLY (64)

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH HUB ASSEMBLY (61)

Figure 6

Figure 7

HYDRA-MATIC 6 Speed RWD CROSS SECTIONAL DRAWING


A cross sectional line drawing is typically the standard method for illustrating either an individual mechanical component or a complete transmission assembly. However, unless a person is familiar with all the individual components of the transmission, distinguishing components may be difficult in this type of drawing. For this reason, a three dimensional perspective illustration (shown on page 8) is the primary drawing used throughout this book. The purpose for this type of illustration is to provide a more detailed graphic representation of each component and to show their relationship to other components within the transmission assembly. It is also useful for
8A

understanding the cross sectional line drawing by comparing the same components from the three dimensional perspective illustration. In this regard it becomes an excellent teaching instrument. Additionally, all the illustrations contained in this book use a color scheme that is consistent throughout this book. In other words, regardless of the type of illustration or drawing, all components have an assigned color and that color is used whenever that component is illustrated. This consistency not only helps to provide for easy component identification but it also enhances the graphic and color continuity between sections.

GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The Hydra-matic 6 Speed RWD is a fully automatic, six speed, rear-wheel drive, electronically-controlled transmission that features clutch to clutch shifting. It consists primarily of a four-element torque converter, two planetary gear sets, friction and mechanical clutches and a hydraulic pressurization and control system. The four-element torque converter contains a pump, a turbine, a pressure plate splined to the turbine, and a stator assembly. The torque converter acts as a fluid coupling to smoothly transmit power from the engine to the transmission. It also hydraulically provides additional torque multiplication when required. The pressure plate, when applied, provides a mechanical direct drive coupling of the engine to the transmission. The planetary gear sets provide the six forward gear ratios and reverse. Changing gear ratios is fully automatic and is accomplished through the use of a Transmission Control Module (TCM) located within the transmission. The TCM receives and monitors various electronic sensor inputs and uses this information to shift the transmission at the optimum time. The TCM commands shift solenoids and variable bleed pressure control solenoids within the transmission to control shift timing. The TCM controls shift feel through the pressure control solenoid. The TCM also controls the apply and release of the torque converter clutch which allows the engine to deliver the maximum fuel efficiency without sacrificing vehicle performance. The hydraulic system primarily consists of a vane type pump, two control valve bodies, converter housing and case. The pump maintains the working pressures needed to stroke the clutch pistons that apply or release the friction components. These friction components (when applied or released) support the automatic shifting qualities of the transmission. The friction components used in this transmission consist of five multiple disc clutches. The multiple disc clutches combine with one mechanical sprag clutch, to deliver seven different gear ratios through the gearsets. The gearsets then transfer torque through the output shaft. gested traffic and hilly terrain. It has the same starting ratio (1st gear) as Drive range but prevents the transmission from shifting above 3rd gear. Thus, Manual 3rd can be used to retain 3rd gear for acceleration and engine braking as desired. Manual 3rd can be selected at any vehicle speed but will downshift into third gear only if vehicle speed is low enough not to over-rev the engine (calibrated in TCM). 2 - Manual 2nd adds more performance for congested traffic and hilly terrain. It has the same starting ratio (1st gear) as Drive range but prevents the transmission from shifting above 2nd gear. Thus, Manual 2nd can be used to retain 2nd gear for acceleration and engine braking as desired. Manual 2nd can be selected at any vehicle speed but will downshift into 2nd gear only if vehicle speed is low enough not to over-rev the engine (calibrated in TCM). 1 - Manual 1st has the same starting ratio (first gear) as Drive range but prevents the transmission from shifting above 1st gear. Thus, Manual 1st can be used to retain 1st gear for heavy towing (creeper gear) and engine braking as desired. Manual 1st can be selected at any vehicle speed but will downshift into 1st gear only if vehicle speed is low enough not to over-rev the engine (calibrated in TCM).

Possible Variations
Figure 9

EXPLANATION OF GEAR RANGES


position should be selected to restart the engine while the vehicle is moving.
P

R + M/S Figure 8

N D

D Drive range should be used for all normal driving conditions for maximum efficiency and fuel economy. Drive range allows the transmission to operate in each of the six forward gear ratios. Downshifts to a lower gear, or higher gear ratio are available for safe passing by depressing the accelerator or by manually selecting a lower gear with the shift selector.

MANUAL SHIFT GEAR RANGES Some vehicles are equipped with a shift quadrant that allow manual range selection. For example, manual range and or manual range 2 or 1 (figure 9) can be used for conditions where it may be desirable to control the selection of gear ratios. These conditions include towing a trailer and driving on hilly terrain. These ranges are also helpful for engine braking when descending slight grades. Upshifts and downshifts are the same as in Drive range 1st, 2nd, and 3rd gears, except that the transmission will not shift above 3rd gear unless the transmission is in a undesirable RPM range, in which case it will shift into 4th gear. 1st, 2nd or 3rd manual range can be selected at any vehicle speed but will downshift into the selected gear only if vehicle speed is low enough not to over-rev the engine (calibrated in TCM). 3 - Manual 3rd adds more performance for con-

The transmission shift quadrants vary by model. There may be four to seven different positions shown on the shift quadrant (Figure 8 & 9). The following are a couple examples. P Park position enables the engine to be started while preventing the vehicle from rolling either forward or backward. For safety reasons, the vehicles parking brake should be used in addition to the transmission Park position. Since the output shaft is mechanically locked to the case through the parking pawl and rear internal gear, Park position should not be selected until the vehicle has come to a complete stop. R Reverse enables the vehicle to be operated in a rearward direction. N Neutral position enables the engine to start and operate without driving the vehicle. If necessary, this

DRIVER SHIFT CONTROL GEAR RANGES Some vehicles are equipped with a Driver Shift Control (DSC) version of the selector system (Figure 8). This configuration allows the driver to manually shift between forward gears.
D In the Drive position, the transmission will automatically upshift from first to 6th, and downshift from sixth to first, according to the normal shift pattern programmed in the TCM. M/S In the M/S (Manual or Sport) position, the transmission will either automatically upshift from 1st to 6th, and downshift from 6th to 1st, according to the Sport shift pattern programmed in the TCM or, the driver may activate the manual function by moving the selector lever towards + or - to cause an upshift or downshift. The transmission will shift up or down depending on the request that is made by moving the selector.

PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION
An automatic transmission is the mechanical component of a vehicle that transfers power (torque) from the engine to the wheels. It accomplishes this task by providing a number of forward gear ratios that automatically change as the speed of the vehicle increases. The reason for changing forward gear ratios is to provide the performance and economy expected from vehicles manufactured today. On the performance end, a gear ratio that develops a lot of torque (through torque multiplication) is required in order to initially start a vehicle moving. Once the vehicle is in motion, less torque is required in order to maintain the vehicle at a certain speed. When the vehicle has reached a desired speed, economy becomes the important factor and the transmission will shift into overdrive. At this point output speed is greater than input speed, and, input torque is greater than output torque. Another important function of the automatic transmission is to allow the engine to be started and run without transferring torque to the wheels. This situation occurs whenever Park (P) or Neutral (N) range has been selected. Also, operating the vehicle in a rearward direction is possible whenever Reverse (R) range has been selected (accomplished by the gear sets). The variety of gear ranges in an automatic transmission are made possible through the interaction of numerous mechanically, hydraulically and electronically controlled components inside the transmission. At the appropriate time and sequence, these components are either applied or released and operate the gear set at a gear ratio consistent with the drivers needs. The following pages describe the theoretical operation of the mechanical, hydraulic and electrical components found in the Hydramatic 6 Speed RWD transmission. When an understanding of these operating principles has been attained, diagnosis of these transmission systems is made easier.
9A

FOLDOUT 9

MAJOR MECHANICAL COMPONENTS


TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)
SLOT SPLINED TO PUMP ROTOR

TORQUE CONVERTER (WITH FLUID PUMP) HOUSING ASSEMBLY (2) 1-2-3-4 CLUTCH HUB ASSEMBLY (61)
SPLINED TO THE INPUT SUN GEAR

SPLINED TOGETHER

4-5-6 (w/TURBINE SHAFT) CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (56)

4-5-6 CLUTCH (w/OUTPUT CARRIER SHAFT AND DAMPENER) HUB ASSEMBLY (58)
SPLINED TO THE OUTPUT CARRIER REAR SUN GEAR

1-2-3-4 AND 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (51)

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (52)

SPLINED TOGETHER SPLINED TO THE OUTPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY

OUTPUT SHAFT ASSEMBLY (70)

SPLINED TOGETHER SPLINED TO THE 4-5-6 CLUTCH HUB ASSEMBLY

SPLINED TO THE FLUID PUMP ASSEMBLY

INPUT SUN GEAR (53) LO CLUTCH SPRAG ASSEMBLY (467)

2-6 CLUTCH 2-6 AND 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH HUB ASSEMBLY (64)

LOW AND REVERSE CLUTCH

SPLINED TO THE 2-6 AND 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH HUB ASSEMBLY

OUTPUT CARRIER REAR SUN GEAR (489)

SPLINED TO THE 1-2-3-4 CLUTCH HUB ASSEMBLY

OUTPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (68)

OUTPUT CARRIER FRONT SUN GEAR (487)


SPLINED TO THE OUTPUT CARRIER FRONT SUN GEAR

CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY (67)

10

Figure 10

COLOR LEGEND
MAJOR MECHANICAL COMPONENTS The foldout graphic on page 10 contains a disassembled drawing of the major components used in the Hydra-matic 6 Speed RWD transmission. This drawing, along with the cross sectional illustrations on page 8 and 8A, show the major mechanical components and their relationship to each other as a complete assembly. Therefore, color has been used throughout this book to help identify parts that are splined together, rotating at engine speed, held stationary, and so forth. Color differentiation is particularly helpful when using the Power Flow section for understanding the transmission operation. The color legend below provides the general guidelines that were followed in assigning specific colors to the major components. However, due to the complexity of this transmission, some colors (such as grey) were used for artistic purposes rather than based on the specific function or location of that component. Components held stationary in the case or splined to the case. Examples: the Torque Converter Housing with Fluid Pump Assembly (2), and the Center Support Assembly (67). Components that rotate at engine speed. Examples: the Torque Converter Assembly (1), the Fluid Pump Rotor, and the Fluid Pump Vanes. Components that rotate at turbine speed. Examples: the Converter Turbine, the 4-5-6 (w/ Turbine Shaft) Clutch Assembly (56). Components such as the Stator in the Torque Converter Clutch Assembly (1). Components such as the Output Carrier Assembly (68). Components such as the 1-2-3-4 and 3-5 Reverse Clutch Assembly (51). Components such as the 1-2-3-4 Clutch Hub Assembly (61). Components such as the 2-6 and 3-5 Reverse Clutch Hub Assembly (64). Components such as the Low Clutch Sprag Outer Race. Components that rotate at transmission output speed such as the Output Shaft Assembly (70). All bearings and bushings. All seals

COLOR LEGEND
APPLY COMPONENTS The Range Reference Chart on page 11, provides another valuable source of information for explaining the overall function of the Hydra-matic 6 Speed RWD transmission. This chart highlights the major apply components that function in a selected gear range, and the specific gear operation within that gear range. Included as part of this chart is the same color reference to each major component that was previously discussed. If a component is active in a specific gear range, a word describing its activity will be listed in the column below that component. The row where the activity occurs corresponds to the appropriate transmission range and gear operation. An abbreviated version of this chart can also be found at the top of the half page of text located in the Power Flow section. This provides for a quick reference when reviewing the mechanical power flow information contained in that section.

10A

10B

RANGE REFERENCE CHART


HYDRA-MATIC 6L80 GEAR RATIOS 1ST 2ND 3RD 4.027 2.364 1.532 4TH 5TH 6TH REVERSE 1.152 0.852 0.667 3.064

RANGE

GEAR

SHIFT SOL 1 ON ON ON ON OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF

SHIFT SOL 2 ON OFF ON ON ON ON ON ON ON ON

1-2-3-4 CL PC SOL 5 N.L. OFF OFF OFF ON ON ON ON ON OFF OFF

2-6 CL PC SOL 4 N.L. OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF ON OFF OFF OFF ON

3-5 REV CL PC SOL 2 N.H. OFF ON OFF OFF OFF OFF ON OFF ON OFF

LOW REV 4-5-6 CL PC SOL 3 N.H. ON ON ON ON OFF OFF OFF ON ON ON

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH

3-5 REV. CLUTCH

4-5-6 CLUTCH

2-6 CLUTCH

LOW & REV. CLUTCH APPLIED*

LOW CLUTCH SPRAG

PARK REV NEU

P R N 1st Braking 1st 2nd 3rd

APPLIED

APPLIED APPLIED*

APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED

APPLIED

HOLDING HOLDING

D
4th 5th 6th

NOTE: FOR SHIFT SOLENOIDS 1 AND 2, "ON" = SOLENOID ENERGIZED (PRESSURIZED), "OFF" = SOLENOID DE-ENERGIZED (NO PRESSURE). NOTE: FOR PRESSURE CONTROL (PC) SOLENOIDS, "ON" = PRESSURIZED, "OFF" = NO PRESSURE.

* = APPLIED WITH NO LOAD.

Figure 11

11

TORQUE CONVERTER
THRUST BEARING ASSEMBLY (D ) THRUST BEARING ASSEMBLY (D)

DAMPER ASSEMBLY (C) CONVERTER HOUSING COVER ASSEMBLY (A) PRESSURE PLATE ASSEMBLY (B) TURBINE ASSEMBLY (E) STATOR ASSEMBLY (F) CONVERTER PUMP ASSEMBLY (G)

TORQUE CONVERTER:

The torque converter (1) is the primary component for transmittal of power between the engine and the transmission. It is bolted to the engine flywheel (also known as the flexplate) so that it will rotate at engine speed. Some of the major functions of the torque converter are: to provide for a smooth conversion of torque from the engine to the mechanical components of the transmission. to multiply torque from the engine that enables the vehicle to achieve additional performance when required. to mechanically operate the transmission fluid pump through the converter hub. to provide a mechanical link, or direct drive, from the engine to the transmission through the use of a torque converter clutch (TCC). The torque converter assembly is made up of the following five main sub-assemblies: a converter housing cover assembly (A) which is welded to the converter pump assembly (G). a converter pump assembly (G) which is the driving member. a turbine assembly (E) which is the driven or output member. a stator assembly (F) which is the reaction member located between the converter pump and turbine assemblies. a pressure plate assembly (B) splined to the turbine assembly to enable direct mechanical drive when appropriate.
CONVERTER PUMP ASSEMBLY AND TURBINE ASSEMBLY

G A

F B CONVERTER HUB STATOR SHAFT (3)

4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY D (56) (TURBINE SHAFT)

When the engine is running the converter pump assembly acts as a centrifugal pump by picking up fluid at its center and discharging it at its rim between the blades (see Figure 13). The force of this fluid then hits the turbine blades and causes the turbine to rotate. As the engine and converter pump increase in RPM, so does the turbine.
PRESSURE PLATE, DAMPER AND CONVERTER HOUSING ASSEMBLIES

Torque converter failure could cause loss of drive

and or loss of power. To reduce torsional shock during the apply of the pressure plate to the converter cover, a spring loaded damper assembly (C) is used. The pressure plate is attached to the pivoting mechanism of the damper assembly which allows the pressure plate to rotate independently of the damper assembly up to approximately 45 degrees. During engagement, the springs in the damper assembly cushion the pressure plate engagement and also reduce irregular torque pulses from the engine or road surface. Figure 12

The pressure plate is splined to the turbine hub and applies (engages) with the converter cover to provide a mechanical coupling of the engine to the transmission. When the pressure plate assembly is applied, the amount of slippage that occurs through a fluid coupling is reduced (but not necessarily eliminated), thereby providing a more efficient transfer of engine torque to the drive wheels.

12

TORQUE CONVERTER
FLUID FLOW

STATOR ASSEMBLY (F) TURBINE ASSEMBLY (E) CONVERTER PUMP ASSEMBLY (G)

Figure 13 Stator roller clutch failure


Roller clutch freewheeling in both directions can cause poor acceleration at low speed. Roller clutch locking up in both directions can cause poor acceleration at high speed. Overheated fluid.

STATOR ASSEMBLY
STATOR

CONVERTER MULTIPLYING

STATOR HELD FLUID FLOW REDIRECTED

The stator assembly is located between the pump assembly and turbine assembly, and is mounted on a one-way roller clutch. This oneway roller clutch allows the stator to rotate in one direction and prevents (holds) the stator from rotating in the other direction. The function of the stator is to redirect fluid returning from the turbine in order to assist the engine in turning the converter pump assembly. At low vehicle speeds, when greater torque is needed, fluid from the turbine hits the front side of the stator blades (the converter is multiplying torque). At this time, the one-way roller clutch prevents the stator from rotating in the same direction as the fluid flow, thereby redirecting fluid to assist the engine in turning the converter pump. In this mode, fluid leaving the converter pump has more force to turn the turbine assembly and multiply engine torque. As vehicle speed increases and less torque is required, centrifugal force acting on the fluid changes the direction of the fluid leaving the turbine such that it hits the back side of the stator blades (converter at coupling speed). When this occurs, the roller clutch overruns and allows the stator to rotate freely. Fluid is no longer being redirected to the converter pump and engine torque is not being multiplied.

FLUID FLOW FROM TURBINE

CONVERTER AT COUPLING SPEED STATOR ROTATES FREELY

Figure 14

13

TORQUE CONVERTER
TCC RELEASE TCC APPLY

When the torque converter clutch is released, fluid is fed into the torque converter by the pump into the release fluid passage. The release fluid passage is located between the stator shaft and the turbine shaft (56). Fluid travels between the shafts and enters the release side of the pressure plate at the end of the turbine shaft. The pressure plate is forced away from the converter cover and allows the torque converter turbine to rotate at speeds other than engine speed. The release fluid then flows between the friction element on the pressure plate and the converter cover to enter the apply side of the torque converter. The fluid then exits the torque converter through the apply passage, which is located between the torque converter clutch hub and the stator shaft, and enters the pump.
No TCC apply can be caused by: Electrical connectors, wiring harness or solenoid damaged Torque converter internal damage TCC control valve and spring worn, damaged or sticking Turbine shaft O-ring seal cut or damaged TCC regulator apply valve worn, damaged or sticking

When the TCM determines that the vehicle is at the proper speed for the torque converter clutch to apply, it sends a signal to the TCC pressure control (PC) solenoid valve. The TCC PC solenoid valve then regulates line fluid from the pump into the regulated apply passage. The regulated apply fluid then feeds the apply fluid passage and applies the torque converter. The apply passage is located between the converter hub and the stator shaft. The fluid flows between the shafts, then passes into the torque converter on the apply side of the pressure plate assembly. Release fluid is then routed out of the torque converter between the turbine shaft and the stator shaft. Apply fluid pressure forces the pressure plate against the torque converter cover to provide a mechanical link between the engine and the turbine. The TCC may apply in 1st (without engine braking) 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th gear (depending on the shift conditions), but should not apply until the transmission fluid and engine coolant temperatures have reached a minimum value (calibrated in TCM).

RELEASE FLUID

4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (56) (TURBINE SHAFT) APPLY FLUID

APPLY FLUID

4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (56) (TURBINE SHAFT) RELEASE FLUID

RELEASE FLUID

APPLY FLUID

PRESSURE PLATE

TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)

PRESSURE PLATE

TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)

TCC RELEASE

TCC APPLY
Figure 15

14

TORQUE CONVERTER
TCC HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT - RELEASE TCC HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT - APPLY

The TCC PC solenoid is OFF, which allows actuator feed limit fluid to exhaust through the solenoid. Without fluid pressure in the PC TCC circuit, the TCC regulator valve and the TCC control valve will remain in the released position.

The TCC PC solenoid is commanded ON, and the PCS TCC circuit becomes pressurized. PCS TCC fluid pressure moves the TCC regulator valve and the TCC control vale to the apply position. Drive 1 fluid passes through the TCC regulator valve and becomes regulated apply fluid. The regulated apply fluid passage travels to the TCC control valve, and is routed through the valve into the TCC apply circuit. At the same time, TCC release fluid is routed to an exhaust passage at the TCC control valve. The torque converter clutch will now apply and be held until conditions change to determine TCC release.

TCC APPLY

TCC APPLY

TCC RELEASE

TCC APPLY

TCC RELEASE COOLER FEED


CONV FD LIMIT

CONV FD LIMIT

EX

EX

CONVERTER FEED LIMIT


TCC CONTROL VALVE

CONVERTER FEED LIMIT


TCC CONTROL VALVE

CONV FEED FROM PRESSURE REGULATOR

REG APPLY

CONV FEED FROM PRESSURE REGULATOR

REG APPLY

ACT FD LIM

PCS TCC

ACT FD LIM

PCS TCC

PCS TCC
PCS TCC

DRIVE 1-6

DRIVE 1-6

SHTL TCC REGULATOR VALVE

SHTL

TCC REGULATOR VALVE

SOL 1

SOL 1

EX

EX

TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

REG APP

TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

EX

REG APP

N.L. OFF

TCC RELEASE
Figure 16

N.L.

ON

TCC APPLY

EX

COOLER FEED

TCC APPLY

15

NOTES

16

APPLY COMPONENTS
The Apply Components section is designed to explain the function of the hydraulic and mechanical holding devices used in the Hydra-matic 6 Speed RWD transmission. Some of these apply components, such as clutches, are hydraulically applied and released in order to provide automatic gear range shifting. Other components, such as a sprag clutch, often react to a hydraulically applied component by mechanically holding or releasing another member of the transmission. This interaction between the hydraulically and mechanically applied components is then explained in detail and supported with a graphic illustration. In addition, this section shows the routing of fluid pressure to the individual components and their internal functions when it applies or releases. The sequence in which the components in this section have been discussed coincides with their physical arrangement inside the transmission. This order closely parallels the disassembly sequence used in the Hydra-matic 6 Speed RWD Unit Repair Section of the appropriate Service Manual. It also correlates with the components shown on the Range Reference Charts that are used throughout the Power Flow section of this book. The correlation of information between the sections of this book helps the user more clearly understand the hydraulic and mechanical operating principles for this transmission.

MATING OR RELATED COMPONENTS

BRIEF DESCRIPTION

APPLY COMPONENTS - 4-5-6 CLUTCH

APPLY COMPONENTS - 4-5-6 CLUTCH DAMPENER

4-5-6 (W/TURBINE SHAFT) CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (56)

4-5-6 CLUTCH:

The 4-5-6 clutch assembly is located in the 4-5-6 (w/turbine shaft) housing assembly (441), which is splined to the torque converter turbine assembly. The external teeth on the 4-5-6 clutch plates (434) are splined to the 4-5-6 clutch housing while the internal teeth on the 4-5-6 clutch plate assemblies (433) are splined to the 4-5-6 clutch (w/output carrier shaft and dampener) hub assembly (58). The 4-5-6 clutch is applied when the transmission is in 4th, 5th, or 6th gear ranges, to transfer engine torque to the output carrier assembly (68).
4-5-6 CLUTCH APPLY:

4-5-6 CLUTCH RELEASE:

To release the 4-5-6 clutch, 4-5-6 clutch fluid exhausts from the piston, through the turbine shaft and into the fluid pump cover (219). Spring force from the 4-5-6 clutch spring (438), and compensator feed fluid, moves the piston away from the clutch
442 441 439 438 437 436

4-5-6 CLUTCH PISTON ASSEMBLY (439)

4-5-6 CLUTCH (WAVED) PLATE (435)

To apply the 4-5-6 clutch, 4-5-6 clutch COMPENSATOR FEED fluid is fed through the fluid pump FLUID cover (219), through the turbine shaft, and behind the piston assembly (439). 4-5-6 clutch fluid pressure moves the piston to compress the spring (438). As fluid pressure increases, the piston compresses the clutch plates until they are held against the backing plate (432). Also included in the assembly is a 4-5-6 clutch (waved) plate (435) that TURBINE helps cushion the apply of the 4-5SHAFT FLUID 6 clutch. Behind the piston is a piston SEAL RING 4-5-6 CLUTCH dam assembly (437), which acts as the (442) APPLY back side of the compensator fluid cavity. FLUID When fully applied, the clutch plates (434), clutch plate assemblies (433), and 4-5-6 clutch (waved) plate (435) are locked together, thereby holding the housing assembly and the hub assembly (58) together. Since the output carrier (490) is splined to the hub assembly, this forces the 4-5-6 clutch and the output carrier to rotate at the same speed as the torque converter turbine assembly.

20

plates. This disengages the 4-5-6 clutch plates (434), and clutch plate assemblies (433), from the backing plate (432) and disconnects the 4-5-6 (w/turbine shaft) housing assembly (441) from the hub assembly (58), thus the output carrier will not be driven at torque converter turbine speed. The clutch apply cavity is kept full of fluid by the clutch exhaust backfill circuit. Compensator feed fluid is fed into the cavity behind the piston to counteract the centrifugal pressure forces created by the fluid within the apply cavity. The compensator feed fluid assists the clutch return spring to keep the piston in the released position when commanded off.
If the 4-5-6 clutch apply fluid does not completely exhaust from behind the piston, there could be a partial apply, or drag, of the 4-5-6 clutch plates. If the 4-5-6 clutch is inoperative, there will be no 4th, 5th or 6th gears available.

4-5-6 CLUTCH (W/OUTPUT CARRIER SHAFT AND DAMPENER) HUB ASSEMBLY (58) 4-5-6 CLUTCH (W/OUTPUT CARRIER SHAFT) HUB ASSEMBLY (475) 4-5-6 CLUTCH DAMPENER (476)

4-5-6 4-5-6 4-5-6 4-5-6 (W/TURBINE SHAFT) CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH HOUSING SPRING PISTON PLATE ASSEMBLY (438) DAM (434) (441) ASSEMBLY (437)

4-5-6 CLUTCH BACKING PLATE (432)

4-5-6 CLUTCH DAMPENER:

4-5-6 CLUTCH PISTON DAM RETAINING RING (436)

The 4-5-6 clutch dampener (476) is located inside the 4-5-6 clutch (w/output carrier shaft) hub assembly (475). The dampener apply plate (477) and the dampener retaining ring (478) are also housed in the hub assembly (475). The 4-5-6 clutch dampener is designed to dissipate or minimize unwanted clutch vibration as well as to eliminate or reduce the noise that may be associated with it. A paper friction material is bonded to both sides of the dampener, and contacts the 4-5-6 clutch hub (475) and the dampener apply plate (477). When the 4-5-6 clutch is applied or released, the possible vibration and noise related to these actions are transferred to the dampener through the bonded friction material. The vibration and noise is then absorbed or dissipated by the dampener. The dampener is in contact with lubrication fluid, but does not require any apply fluid force.

Wear of the dampener friction material may result in a vibration noise during a 4-5-6 clutch apply or release.
BONDED FRICTION MATERIAL

4-5-6 CLUTCH DAMPENER APPLY RING (477) 4-5-6 CLUTCH DAMPENER RETAINING RING (478)

4-5-6 4-5-6 CLUTCH CLUTCH PLATE BACKING ASSEMBLY PLATE (433) RETAINING RING (431)

475

476

477

478

435

434

433

432

431

Figure 20

Figure 21

21

CUTAWAY VIEW

DISASSEMBLED VIEW

Figure 17

17

APPLY COMPONENTS - 1-2-3-4 CLUTCH


1-2-3-4 AND 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH HOUSING ASSEMBLY (427)

disengages the 1-2-3-4 clutch plates (409), and clutch plate assemblies (408) from the backing plate (407) and disconnects the housing assembly (427) from the hub (61). The clutch apply cavity is kept full of fluid by the clutch exhaust backfill circuit. Compensator feed fluid is fed into the cavity behind the piston to counteract the centrifugal pressure forces created by the fluid within the apply cavity. The compensator feed fluid assists the clutch return spring to keep the piston in the released position when commanded off.
If the 1-2-3-4 apply fluid does not completely exhaust from behind the piston, there could be a partial apply, or drag, of the 1-2-3-4 clutch plates. If the 1-2-3-4 clutch is inoperative, there will be no 1st, 2nd, 3rd or 4th gears available.
1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 1-2-3-4 PISTON CLUTCH DAM PISTON RETAINING DAM RING ASSEMBLY (411) (412)

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH:

The 1-2-3-4 clutch assembly is located in the 1-2-3-4 and 3-5 reverse clutch housing assembly (427), and rides on the fluid pump cover hub. The external teeth on the 1-2-3-4 clutch plates (409) are splined to the housing assembly while the internal teeth on the 1-2-3-4 clutch plate assemblies (408) are splined to the 1-2-3-4 clutch hub (61). The 1-2-3-4 clutch is applied when the transmission is in 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th gears.
1-2-3-4 CLUTCH APPLY:

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH PISTON (414) 1-2-3-4 CLUTCH PISTON SEAL (416) 1-2-3-4 CLUTCH PISTON HOUSING RETAINING RING (415)

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH (WAVED) PLATE (410)

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH SPRING (413)

To apply the 1-2-3-4 clutch, 1-2-3-4 clutch apply fluid is fed through the fluid pump cover (219) and into the inner hub of the 1-2-3-4 and 3-5 reverse clutch housing assembly (427). Feed holes in the inner hub allow 1-2-3-4 clutch apply fluid to enter the housing between the 1-2-3-4 clutch piston (414) and the 1-2-3-4 clutch piston housing (417). 1-2-3-4 clutch fluid pressure moves the piston to compress the 1-2-3-4 clutch spring (413). As fluid pressure increases, the piston compresses the clutch plates until they are held against the 1-2-3-4 clutch backing plate (407). Also included in the assembly is a 1-2-34 clutch (waved) plate (410) that helps cushion the apply of the 1-2-3-4 clutch. When fully applied, the 1-2-3-4 clutch plates (409), clutch plate assemblies (408) and clutch (waved) plate (410) are locked together, thereby holding the housing assembly (427) and the hub (61) together. This forces the hub to rotate at the same speed as the housing assembly (427).
1-2-3-4 CLUTCH RELEASE:

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH APPLY FLUID

COMPENSATOR FEED FLUID

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH PISTON HOUSING SEAL (424) 1-2-3-4 CLUTCH PISTON HOUSING SEAL (425) 1-2-3-4 CLUTCH PISTON 1-2-3-4 1-2-3-4 INNER SEAL CLUTCH CLUTCH PLATE (423) (409) PISTON HOUSING (417)

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH BACKING PLATE (407)

To release the 1-2-3-4 clutch, 1-2-3-4 clutch fluid exhausts from the piston, through the inner hub of the housing assembly and into the fluid pump cover (219). Spring force from the 1-2-3-4 clutch spring (413), and compensator feed fluid moves the piston away from the clutch plates. This

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH PLATE ASSEMBLY (408)

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH BACKING PLATE RETAINING RING (429)

425

424

423

417

416

415

414

413

412

411

410

409

408

407

429

18

Figure 18

APPLY COMPONENTS - 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH


1-2-3-4 AND 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH HOUSING ASSEMBLY (427)

The clutch apply cavity is kept full of fluid by the clutch exhaust backfill circuit. Compensator feed fluid is fed into the cavity behind the piston to counteract the centrifugal pressure forces created by the fluid within the apply cavity. The compensator feed fluid assists the clutch return spring to keep the piston in the released position when commanded off.
If the 3-5 reverse clutch apply fluid does not completely exhaust from behind the piston, there could be a partial apply, or drag, of the 3-5 reverse clutch. If the 3-5 reverse clutch is inoperative, there will be no 3rd, 5th, or reverse gears available.

3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH:

The 3-5 reverse clutch assembly is located in the 1-2-3-4 and 3-5 reverse clutch housing assembly (427). The external teeth on the 3-5 reverse clutch plates (403) are splined to the housing assembly while the internal teeth on the 3-5 reverse clutch plate assemblies (402) are splined to the 2-6 and 3-5 reverse clutch hub assembly (64). The 3-5 reverse clutch is applied when the transmission is in 3rd, 5th or reverse gear.
3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH APPLY:

3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH PISTON OUTER 3-5 REVERSE SEAL (422) CLUTCH PISTON (421)

3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH SPRING (420)

3-5 3-5 REVERSE REVERSE CLUTCH CLUTCH PLATE PLATE (403) ASSEMBLY (402)

3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH BACKING PLATE (401)

To apply the 3-5 reverse clutch, 3-5 reverse clutch apply fluid is fed through the fluid pump cover (219) and behind the 3-5 reverse clutch piston (421). 3-5 reverse clutch fluid pressure forces the piston against the 3-5 reverse clutch apply ring (405) and the 3-5 reverse clutch spring (420). As fluid pressure increases, the piston compresses the clutch plates together until they are held against the 3-5 reverse COMPENSATOR FEED clutch backing plate (401). Also included FLUID in the assembly is a 3-5 reverse clutch (waved) plate (404) that helps cushion the apply of the 3-5 reverse clutch. When fully applied, the 3-5 reverse clutch plates (403), clutch plate assemblies (402) and clutch (waved) plate (404) are locked together, thereby holding the housing assembly (427) and the hub (64) together. This forces the hub to rotate at the same speed as the housing assembly (427).
3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH RELEASE:

3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH APPLY FLUID 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH BACKING PLATE RETAINING RING (400)

To release the 3-5 reverse clutch, 3-5 reverse clutch apply fluid exhausts through the 3-5 reverse clutch apply fluid circuit, allowing pressure at the 3-5 reverse clutch piston (421) to decrease. Spring force from the 3-5 reverse clutch spring (420), and compensator feed fluid move the 3-5 reverse clutch apply ring (405) away from the clutch pack. This disengages the 3-5 reverse clutch plates (403), clutch plate assemblies (402) from the backing plate (401) and disconnects the housing assembly (427) from the hub (64).
422 421 418 419 420 405

3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH PISTON INNER SEAL (419)

3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH PISTON DAM SEAL (418)

3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH APPLY RING (405)

3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH (WAVED) PLATE (404)

404

403 402

401

400

Figure 19

19

APPLY COMPONENTS - 4-5-6 CLUTCH


plates. This disengages the 4-5-6 clutch plates (434), and clutch plate assemblies (433), from the backing plate (432) and disconnects the 4-5-6 (w/turbine shaft) housing assembly (441) from the hub assembly (58), thus the output carrier will not be driven at torque converter turbine speed. The clutch apply cavity is kept full of fluid by the clutch exhaust backfill circuit. Compensator feed fluid is fed into the cavity behind the piston to counteract the centrifugal pressure forces created by the fluid within the apply cavity. The compensator feed fluid assists the clutch return spring to keep the piston in the released position when commanded off.
4-5-6 (W/TURBINE SHAFT) CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (56)

If the 4-5-6 clutch apply fluid does not completely exhaust from behind the piston, there could be a partial apply, or drag, of the 4-5-6 clutch plates. If the 4-5-6 clutch is inoperative, there will be no 4th, 5th or 6th gears available.

4-5-6 CLUTCH:

The 4-5-6 clutch assembly is located in the 4-5-6 (w/turbine shaft) housing assembly (441), which is splined to the torque converter turbine assembly. The external teeth on the 4-5-6 clutch plates (434) are splined to the 4-5-6 clutch housing while the internal teeth on the 4-5-6 clutch plate assemblies (433) are splined to the 4-5-6 clutch (w/output carrier shaft and dampener) hub assembly (58). The 4-5-6 clutch is applied when the transmission is in 4th, 5th, or 6th gear ranges, to transfer engine torque to the output carrier assembly (68).
4-5-6 CLUTCH APPLY:

4-5-6 4-5-6 4-5-6 4-5-6 (W/TURBINE SHAFT) CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH HOUSING SPRING PISTON PLATE ASSEMBLY (438) DAM (434) (441) ASSEMBLY (437)

4-5-6 CLUTCH BACKING PLATE (432)

To apply the 4-5-6 clutch, 4-5-6 clutch COMPENSATOR fluid is fed through the fluid pump FEED FLUID cover (219), through the turbine shaft, and behind the piston assembly (439). 4-5-6 clutch fluid pressure moves the piston to compress the spring (438). As fluid pressure increases, the piston compresses the clutch plates until they are held against the backing plate (432). Also included in the assembly is a 4-5-6 clutch (waved) plate (435) that TURBINE helps cushion the apply of the 4-5-6 SHAFT FLUID clutch. Behind the piston is a piston 4-5-6 SEAL RING dam assembly (437), which acts as the back CLUTCH (442) APPLY side of the compensator fluid cavity. When FLUID fully applied, the clutch plates (434), clutch plate assemblies (433), and 4-5-6 clutch (waved) plate (435) are locked together, thereby holding the housing assembly and the hub assembly (58) together. Since the output carrier (490) is splined to the hub assembly, this forces the 4-5-6 clutch and the output carrier to rotate at the same speed as the torque converter turbine assembly.
4-5-6 CLUTCH RELEASE:

4-5-6 CLUTCH PISTON DAM RETAINING RING (436)

To release the 4-5-6 clutch, 4-5-6 clutch fluid exhausts from the piston, through the turbine shaft and into the fluid pump cover (219). Spring force from the 4-5-6 clutch spring (438), and compensator feed fluid, moves the piston away from the clutch
442 441 439 438 437 436

4-5-6 CLUTCH PISTON ASSEMBLY (439)

4-5-6 CLUTCH (WAVED) PLATE (435)

4-5-6 4-5-6 CLUTCH CLUTCH PLATE BACKING ASSEMBLY PLATE (433) RETAINING RING (431)

435

434

433

432

431

20

Figure 20

APPLY COMPONENTS - 4-5-6 CLUTCH DAMPENER

4-5-6 CLUTCH (W/OUTPUT CARRIER SHAFT AND DAMPENER) HUB ASSEMBLY (58)

4-5-6 CLUTCH (W/OUTPUT CARRIER SHAFT) HUB ASSEMBLY (475)

4-5-6 CLUTCH DAMPENER (476)

4-5-6 CLUTCH DAMPENER:

The 4-5-6 clutch dampener (476) is located inside the 4-5-6 clutch (w/output carrier shaft) hub assembly (475). The dampener apply plate (477) and the dampener retaining ring (478) are also housed in the hub assembly (475). The 4-5-6 clutch dampener is designed to dissipate or minimize unwanted clutch vibration as well as to eliminate or reduce the noise that may be associated with it. A paper friction material is bonded to both sides of the dampener, and contacts the 4-5-6 clutch hub (475) and the dampener apply plate (477). When the 4-5-6 clutch is applied or released, the possible vibration and noise related to these actions are transferred to the dampener through the bonded friction material. The vibration and noise is then absorbed or dissipated by the dampener. The dampener is in contact with lubrication fluid, but does not require any apply fluid force.

4-5-6 CLUTCH DAMPENER APPLY RING (477)

Wear of the dampener friction material may result in a vibration noise during a 4-5-6 clutch apply or release.
BONDED FRICTION MATERIAL

4-5-6 CLUTCH DAMPENER RETAINING RING (478)

475

476

477

478

Figure 21

21

APPLY COMPONENTS - 2-6 CLUTCH


2-6 CLUTCH RELEASE:
CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY (459)

To release the 2-6 clutch, 2-6 clutch fluid exhausts through the center support assembly and into the transmission case, allowing pressure at the 2-6 clutch piston assembly (457) to decrease. In the absence of fluid pressure, spring force from the 2-6 clutch spring (456) moves the piston assembly (457) away from the clutch pack. This disengages the 2-6 clutch plates (452) and clutch plate assemblies (453) from the backing plate (451), thereby allowing the 2-6 and 3-5 reverse clutch (w/output carrier outer sun gear shaft) hub assembly (64) to rotate freely.
If the 2-6 apply fluid does not fully exhaust, the 2-6 clutch could partially apply or drag. If the 2-6 clutch is inoperative, there will be no 2nd or 6th gears.

2-6 CLUTCH:

The 2-6 clutch assembly is located in the center support assembly (459). The center support assembly is splined to the transmission case, and secured by a large retaining ring (66). The external teeth on the 2-6 clutch plates (453) are splined to the center support assembly while the internal teeth on the 2-6 clutch plate assemblies (452) are splined to the 2-6 and 3-5 reverse clutch (w/output carrier outer sun gear shaft) hub assembly (64). The 2-6 clutch is applied only when the transmission is in 2nd or 6th gear.
2-6 CLUTCH APPLY:

2-6 CLUTCH BACKING PLATE RETAINING RING (450)

2-6 CLUTCH PLATE (453)

2-6 CLUTCH SPRING RETAINING RING (455)

2-6 2-6 2-6 CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH PISTON SPRING AIR ASSEMBLY (456) BLEED (457) (Orifice Cup Plug)

To apply the 2-6 clutch, 2-6 clutch fluid is fed through the transmission case into the center support assembly (459). A feed hole in the center support allows fluid to enter behind the 2-6 clutch piston assembly (457). 2-6 clutch fluid pressure moves the piston to compress the 2-6 clutch spring (456). As fluid pressure increases, the 2-6 clutch (waved) plate (454) compresses the clutch plates together until they are held against the backing plate (451). When fully applied, the 2-6 clutch (waved) plate (454), clutch plates (452) and the 2-6 clutch plate assemblies (453) are locked together, thereby holding the center support assembly (459) and the 2-6 and 3-5 reverse clutch (w/output carrier outer sun gear shaft) hub assembly (64) together. The output carrier front sun gear (487) is splined to the end of the 2-6 hub shaft and thus held stationary.

2-6 CLUTCH BACKING PLATE (451)

2-6 2-6 2-6 CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH (WAVED) APPLY PLATE FLUID ASSEMBLY PLATE (454) (452)

450

451

452

453

454

455

456

457

22

Figure 22

APPLY COMPONENTS - LOW and REVERSE CLUTCH


CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY (459)

If the low and reverse clutch apply fluid does not fully exhaust, the low and reverse clutch could partially apply or drag.

LOW AND LOW AND LOW AND LOW AND LOW AND LOW AND REVERSE REVERSE REVERSE REVERSE REVERSE REVERSE CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH AIR CLUTCH CLUTCH LOW AND REVERSE CLUTCH: PLATE SPRING PISTON BLEED WAVED PLATE The low and reverse clutch assembly is located in the center ASSEMBLY (469) ASSEMBLY (Orifice Cup PLATE (464) support assembly (459). The center support is splined to the (463) (470) Plug) (465)

transmission case, and secured by a large retaining ring (66). The external teeth on the low and reverse clutch plates (464) are splined to the center support assembly while the internal teeth on the low and reverse clutch plate assemblies (463) are splined to the low clutch sprag assembly (467). The low and reverse clutch is applied only when the transmission is in 1st or reverse gears.
LOW AND REVERSE CLUTCH APPLY:

To apply the low and reverse clutch, low and reverse clutch fluid is fed through the transmission case into the center support assembly (459). A feed hole in the center support allows fluid to enter behind the low and reverse clutch piston assembly (470). Low and reverse clutch fluid pressure moves the piston to compress the low and reverse clutch spring (469). As fluid pressure increases, the low and reverse clutch (waved) plate (465) compresses the clutch plates together until they are held against the backing plate (462). When fully applied, the low and reverse clutch (waved) plate (465), clutch plates (464) and clutch plate assemblies (463) are locked together, thereby holding the low clutch sprag assembly outer race. The output carrier assembly (68) is splined to the low clutch sprag assembly outer race. Therefore, when the low and reverse clutch is applied, the output carrier will be held stationary.
LOW AND REVERSE CLUTCH RELEASE:

LOW CLUTCH SPRAG ASSEMBLY (467)

LOW CLUTCH SPRAG SEAL (468)

To release the low and reverse clutch, low and reverse clutch fluid exhausts through the center support assembly and into the transmission case, allowing pressure at the low and reverse clutch piston assembly (470) to decrease. In the absence of fluid pressure, spring force from the low and reverse clutch spring (469) moves the piston (470) away from the clutch pack. This disengages the low and reverse clutch plates (464) and clutch plate assemblies (463) from the backing plate (462), thereby allowing the low clutch sprag assembly outer race and the output carrier (490) to rotate freely.

LOW AND REVERSE CLUTCH SPRING RETAINING RING (466)

REVERSE FLUID

LOW AND LOW AND REVERSE REVERSE REVERSE CLUTCH CLUTCH LOW BACKING BACKING FLUID PLATE PLATE RETAINING (462) RING (461)

470

469

468

467

466

465

464

463

462

461

Figure 23

23

APPLY COMPONENTS - LOW CLUTCH SPRAG


LOW CLUTCH SPRAG ASSEMBLY (467)

greater than the distance between the inner and outer race, causing the sprags to lock against the low clutch sprag outer race (A).
LOW CLUTCH SPRAG RELEASED:

The low clutch sprag releases when the sprags pivot toward their short diagonals. The length of the short diagonals (2) is less than the distance between the inner and outer race, allowing the outer race to overrun the sprags.
A damaged low clutch sprag can cause no 1st gear (unless low and reverse clutch is applied).

LOW CLUTCH SPRAG:

A bound up sprag can cause tie up in 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th gears,
LOW CLUTCH SPRAG ASSEMBLY (D) LOW CLUTCH SPRAG OUTER RACE (A) LOW CLUTCH SPRAG RETAINING RING (G)

The low clutch sprag assembly (467) is located between the low and reverse clutch assembly and the center support hub. The inner race (B) of the sprag assembly is splined to the center support, and the outer race (A) is splined to the internal teeth of the low and reverse clutch plate assemblies (463), and to the output carrier assembly (68). The low clutch sprag is a type of one-way clutch that prevents the output carrier assembly (68) from rotating in the direction opposite of engine rotation. The low clutch sprag is holding when the transmission is in 1st gear and 1st gear braking. However, when the throttle is released in 1st gear, the low clutch sprag will overrun and allow the vehicle to coast, until engine braking is required.
LOW CLUTCH SPRAG HOLDING:

In first gear, power flow attempts to drive the output carrier in the direction opposite of engine rotation and pivots the sprags toward their long diagonals. The length of the long diagonals (1) is
CLUTCH SPRAG HOLDING OUTER RACE
HELD

STATIONARY

LOW CLUTCH SPRAG INNER RACE (B) SPRAG IS VIEWED FROM THIS DIRECTION

LOW CLUTCH SPRAG OUTER RACE (A)

OUTER RACE OVERRUNNING CLUTCH SPRAG

STATIONARY

LOW CLUTCH SPRAG INNER RACE (B)

LOW CLUTCH SPRAG OUTER RACE (A) OVERRUNNING

LOW CLUTCH SPRAG INNER RACE (B)

LOW CLUTCH SPRAG END BEARING (C)

LOW CLUTCH SPRAG RETAINER PLATE (F)

24

Figure 24

PLANETARY GEARSETS
PLANETARY GEARSETS

Planetary gearsets are commonly used in automatic transmissions as the primary method of multiplying the torque, or twisting force, of the engine (reduction). Planetary gearsets are also used to reverse the direction of rotation, function as a coupling for direct drive, and provide an overdrive gear ratio. Planetary gearsets are so named because of their physical arrangement. All planetary gearsets contain at least three main components: a sun gear at the center of the gearset, a carrier assembly with planet pinion gears that rotate around the sun gear and, an internal (ring) gear that encompasses the entire gearset. The gears are designed such that several gear teeth are always in contact, or mesh, at the same time. This design distributes the energy forces over several gear teeth for greater strength and eliminates potential clash that is a common occurrence in manual transmissions when gear teeth go in and out of mesh. Another benefit of planetary gearsets is that shafts are generally used for input and output components and can be arranged on the same axis, thus providing a very compact unit. The Hydra-matic 6 Speed RWD transmission uses two planetary gearsets, an input and output. Figures 25, 26 and 27 show the gearsets and their respective components. These figures also graphically explain how the planetary gearsets are used to achieve each of the transmission's six forward gear ratios and Reverse.
Input Planetary Gearset

in one planetary carrier (68), two sun gears output carrier front (487) and output carrier rear (489), and two internal gears output internal front (495) and output internal rear (497). The front pinion gears and the rear outer pinion gears share a long pinion shaft, and the rear inner pinion gears use a short pinion shaft. The front sun gear is in constant mesh with the output carrier front pinion gears. The rear sun gear is in constant mesh with the output carrier rear inner pinion gears. The output carrier rear outer pinion gears are in constant mesh with both the output carrier rear inner pinion gears, and the rear internal gear (497). The front pinion gears are in constant mesh with the output carrier internal front gear (495). Also, the output carrier internal gears are splined into the output shaft, which acts as a part of the output planetary gearset.
Torque

When engine torque is transferred through a gearset, the output torque from the gearset can either increase, decrease, or remain the same. The output torque achieved depends on: which member of the gearset provides the input torque, which member of the gearset (if any) is held stationary, and, which member of the gearset provides the output torque. If output torque is greater than input torque, the gearset is operating in reduction (1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th and Reverse gears). If output torque is less than input torque, then the gearset is operating in overdrive (5th and 6th gear).
Torque vs. Speed

The input planetary gearset is comprised of a sun gear (53), a

planetary carrier (52) and an internal gear (part of the 4-5-6 clutch housing and turbine shaft assembly). The input planetary gearset is used in all ranges, except 6th gear.
Output Planetary Gearset

The output planetary gearset is a dual pinion compound gearset that resembles a combination of two gearsets. This gearset consists of three sets of pinion gears, one front and two rear, (inner and outer)

One transmission operating condition directly affected by input and output torque through a gearset is the relationship of torque with output speed. As the transmission shifts from 1st to 2nd through 6th gear, the overall output torque to the wheels decreases as the speed of the vehicle increases (when input speed and input torque are held constant). Higher output torque is needed at low vehicle speed (1st, 2nd and 3rd gears) to provide the power to move the vehicle from a standstill. However, once the vehicle is moving and the speed of the vehicle increases (4th, 5th and 6th gears), less output torque is required to maintain that speed. This provides for a more efficient operation of the powertrain.

INPUT INTERNAL GEAR

OUTPUT CARRIER INTERNAL FRONT GEAR (495) OUTPUT CARRIER FRONT PINION GEAR OUTPUT CARRIER FRONT SUN GEAR (487)

OUTPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (68)

OUTPUT CARRIER INTERNAL REAR GEAR (497) OUTPUT CARRIER REAR SUN GEAR (489) OUTPUT CARRIER REAR INNER PINION GEAR

INPUT SUN GEAR (53) INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (52)

OUTPUT CARRIER REAR OUTER PINION GEAR OUTPUT PLANETARY GEARSET

INPUT PLANETARY GEARSET

Figure 25

25

PLANETARY GEARSETS

OUTPUT PLANETARY GEARSET COMPONENTS

OUTPUT CARRIER FRONT SUN GEAR (487)

OUTPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (68)

OUTPUT CARRIER INTERNAL FRONT GEAR (495)

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (52)

INPUT INTERNAL GEAR

INPUT SUN GEAR (53)

4-5-6 (w/ TURBINE SHAFT) CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (56)

OUTPUT CARRIER REAR SUN GEAR (489)

OUTPUT CARRIER INTERNAL REAR GEAR (497)

INPUT PLANETARY GEARSET COMPONENTS

Figure 26
REDUCTION:

Increasing the output torque is known as operating in reduction because there is a decrease in the speed of the output member proportional to the increase in the output torque. Therefore, with a constant input speed, the output torque increases when the transmission is in a lower gear, or higher gear ratio. Reduction occurs in 1st through 4th gears and Reverse. Each of these ranges use the input planetary gearset for an initial reduction step before powerflow continues to the output planetary gearset, where the final output ratio is achieved. The input planetary gearset functions the same in each range. The input internal gear, which is splined and staked into the 4-5-6 (w/ turbine shaft) clutch assembly (56), is driving, the input sun gear (53) is held (splined to the pump hub), and the input carrier (52) is driven. The input carrier is splined to the 1-2-3-4 and 3-5 reverse clutch assembly (51), which is turning in reduction from the input carrier pinions walking around the stationary sun gear.
OVERDRIVE:

gether through differential speed connections to achieve the correct 4th or 5th gear ratio. In 6th gear, powerflow does not travel through the input planetary gearset. Powerflow travels through the output planetary gearset, where the output carrier is driving, the front output sun gear is held and the output carrier pinion gears walk around the stationary sun gear and drive the output front internal gear in a ratio of 0.667:1.
REVERSE:

Overdrive enables the output speed of the transmission to be greater than the input speed. This mode of operation allows the vehicle to maintain a given road speed with reduced engine speed to improve fuel economy. In Overdrive, the output speed increases while the output torque decreases proportionally. Overdrive occurs in 5th and 6th gears. In 4th and 5th gears powerflow travels through the input gearset, and continues to the output gearset. Without a member of the output gearset being held (grounded), the two planetary gearsets act to-

A planetary gearset reverses the direction of powerflow rotation when the carrier assembly is held stationary and power is applied to the sun gear. This causes the pinion gears to act as idler gears and drive the internal gear in the opposite direction. Once again, powerflow travels through the input planetary carrier for an initial reduction of 1.532:1, then continues to the output carrier. The output front sun gear is driving, the output carrier is held stationary, and the pinion gears are forced to walk around the stationary sun gear. The pinion gears drive the output front internal gear in the opposite direction of engine rotation. Reverse has a ratio reduction of 3.064:1. Gear ratios are based on the 6L80 application. See page 11 for the complete list of ratios. Refer to the powerflow section on page 49 for a complete description of clutch combinations used to hold and/or drive the planetary gearsets for each gear range.
Gearset failure can cause noise and loss of drive.

26

PLANETARY GEARSETS
REDUCTION REVERSE
DRIVING DRIVEN DRIVING DRIVING HELD

REDUCTION FIRST GEAR

REDUCTION SECOND GEAR

DRIVING DRIVEN DRIVEN

REDUCTION SECOND GEAR

REDUCTION THIRD GEAR


DRIVING HELD DRIVEN DRIVEN

INPUT PLANETARY GEARSET


HELD

DRIVING

REDUCTION THIRD GEAR

DRIVEN DRIVEN DRIVING DRIVEN

DRIVEN

Pinions do not rotate. Sun gears, internal gears and carrier rotate at the same speed.

DRIVING

REDUCTION FOURTH GEAR

Carrier rotates faster than output speed.

OVERDRIVE FIFTH GEAR


HELD DRIVING

OVERDRIVE SIXTH GEAR

DRIVEN DRIVEN DRIVING DRIVING DRIVING DRIVING DRIVEN

Figure 27

27

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS


The previous sections of this book were used to describe some of the mechanical component operations of the Hydra-matic 6 Speed RWD transmission. In the Hydraulic Control Components section a detailed description of individual components used in the hydraulic system will be presented. These hydraulic control components apply and release the clutch packs to provide automatic shifting of the transmission.

TORQUE CONVERTER (W/FLUID PUMP) HOUSING ASSEMBLY (2)

CONTROL SOLENOID (W/BODY AND TCM) VALVE ASSEMBLY (314) COMPONENT DESCRIPTION LOCATED IN ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS SECTION

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307)

28

Figure 28

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS


TORQUE CONVERTER HOUSING (203)

FLUID PUMP ASSEMBLY


SLIDE PIVOT PIN (215) VANE (216) PUMP COVER ASSEMBLY (219)

SLIDE FLUID SEAL RING VANE ROTOR (209) RING GUIDE (207) (208)

SLIDE O-RING SEAL (210)

SLIDE (212)

SLIDE OUTER SPRING (211)

VANE RING SLIDE (207) SLIDE SEAL SEAL SUPPORT (213) (214)

ROTOR (217)

FLUID PUMP ASSEMBLY


PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (LOCATED IN PUMP)

LINE
2

SLIDE PIVOT PIN (215)

The fluid pump assembly contains a variable displacement, vane type pump, located in the torque converter housing (203). When the engine is cranking, the torque converter pump hub, which is keyed to the fluid pump rotor (217), turns the rotor at cranking speed. As the fluid pump rotor and the fluid pump vanes (216) begin to rotate, the volume of fluid between the vanes is at its maximum, creating a vacuum at the pump intake port. The vacuum allows atmospheric pressure, acting on the fluid in the bottom pan, to prime the pump quickly and pressurize the hydraulic system when the engine is running. Fluid from the transmission bottom pan (29) is drawn through the fluid filter assembly (26) and into the fluid pump intake (suction) fluid circuit. This fluid is then forced to rotate around the fluid pump slide (212) to the pump outlet port where the clearance between the fluid pump slide and the fluid pump rotor decreases. Decreasing the volume pressurizes the fluid and forces the fluid into the line pressure fluid circuit. This fluid is directed to the pressure regulator valve and becomes the main supply of fluid to the various components and hydraulic circuits in the transmission. The events described above occur when the pump is operating at maximum output. Since most normal driving conditions do not require maximum output, the pressure regulator valve will move far enough against spring force to allow pressurized fluid to enter the decrease fluid circuit. Decrease pressure is applied to the backside of the fluid pump slide, and moves the slide against pump slide spring (211) pressure to lower the output of the pump. The result is a control of the pumps delivery rate of fluid to the hydraulic system.

SLIDE (212)

DECREASE

VANE (216)
LINE

ROTOR (217) VANE RING (207) SLIDE OUTER SPRING (211)


FLUID PAN (29)

Pump Related Diagnostic Tips


FLUID FILTER ASSEMBLY (26)

Transmission Overheating Loss of drive High or low line pressure Slipping clutch or harsh apply

Figure 29

29

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS


PRESSURE REGULATION
The main components that control line pressure are the line pressure control (PC) solenoid and the pressure regulator valve. The fluid pressure required to apply the clutches varies in relation to throttle position and engine torque. At the pressure regulator valve, line pressure is regulated in response to the following: - Fluid pressure routed from the line PC Solenoid (This fluid pressure is proportional to engine torque see page 46). PC solenoid line fluid pressure moves the isolator valve (236) against the pressure regulator valve inner spring (235) which acts against the pressure regulator valve (233). - Pressure regulator valve outer spring (234) force. The pressure regulator valve routes line pressure into both the converter feed and the decrease fluid circuits. Converter feed fluid is routed through the converter feed limit valve (220) and the TCC control valve (227) to the torque converter release, and the cooler fluid circuits. Decrease fluid pressure moves the fluid pump slide against the force of the pump slide outer spring (211).
Pressure Regulation

The line PC solenoid regulates fluid pressure as a function of engine torque (minimum signal pressure at low torque, maximum signal pressure at high torque). Line pressure, acting on the end of the pressure regulator valve, moves the valve against spring force and PC solenoid line fluid pressure to a point where line pressure enters both the converter feed and the decrease fluid circuits. Decrease fluid pressure moves the pump slide (212) against spring force and toward the center of the pump cavity. This decreases eccentricity between the pump slide and the rotor which, as a consequence, decreases the pump output capacity. Decrease pressure and the position of the pump slide constantly varies depending on driving conditions and the amount of fluid pressure and volume needed to operate the transmission.

Pressure Regulator Related Diagnostic Tips


A stuck or damaged pressure regulator valve could cause: High or low line pressure Slipping clutches or harsh apply Transmission overheating Low or no cooler/lube flow

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (LOCATED IN PUMP)

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (LOCATED IN PUMP)

LINE
2 212 2

LINE
212

CONV FD

CONV FD

PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE

PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE

LINE
3

LINE
3

LINE
2a

LINE DECREASE EXH


FLUID PUMP SLIDE AND ROTOR

2a

DECREASE EXH

ISOLATOR ISOLATOR

SUCTION

PCS LINE
PCS LINE ACT FD LIM
5

PCS LINE
ACT FD LIM
5

ISOLATOR VALVE

ISOLATOR VALVE

LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

N.H.

N.H.

MINIMUM PUMP OUTPUT

MAXIMUM PUMP OUTPUT

30

Figure 30

PCS LINE

SUCTION

FLUID PUMP SLIDE AND ROTOR

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS


VALVES LOCATED IN THE FLUID PUMP COVER ASSEMBLY
PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE TRAIN (233-237) Pressure Regulator Valve (233) Torque Converter Clutch (TCC) Control Valve (227)

Regulates line pressure in relation to vehicle operating conditions (see page 30 on Pressure Regulation). The pressure regulator valve is biased by PCS line fluid pressure acting on the isolator valve, and inner spring (235), pressure regulator valve outer spring (234) force and line pressure routed to the end of the valve. Line pressure is routed through the valve and into both the converter feed and decrease fluid circuits. A stuck pressure regulator valve could cause high or low fluid pressure.
Isolator Valve (236)

Controlled by the TCC pressure control (PC) solenoid state, the TCC control valve directs converter feed limit fluid pressure to the release side of the converter clutch and into the cooler fluid circuit when in the release position. The TCC control valve directs regulated apply fluid to the apply side of the converter clutch and converter feed limit fluid directly to the cooler, when in the applied position. The valve is held in the release position (as shown) by spring force when the TCC PC solenoid is OFF. With the TCC PC solenoid ON, PCS TCC fluid pressure increases and moves the valve into the apply position against spring force.
If stuck, missing or binding, the TCC control valve or spring may cause:

PCS line fluid pressure moves the isolator valve against the pressure regulator valve inner spring (235). The pressure regulator valve inner spring then transfers the force from PCS line fluid pressure to the pressure regulator valve. Therefore, line pressure increases as PCS line fluid pressure increases, which is proportional to throttle position and engine torque.
Pressure Relief Ball Valve (225)

Incorrect TCC apply or release Inadequate lubrication and cooling


Converter Feed Limit Valve (220):

The pressure relief ball valve (225) and spring (224) prevent line pressure from exceeding limits that may damage components within the transmission. Line fluid pressure moves the ball against spring force and exhausts until line pressure decreases sufficiently. A pressure relief ball not seated or damaged could cause high or low fluid pressure.

When the TCC is released, converter feed fluid passes through the converter feed limit valve, moving the valve against spring force which limits the pressure of the fluid being directed to the converter. This limited fluid then enters the converter feed limit fluid circuit. It is then directed through the TCC control valve and into the release side of the converter preventing overheating. When the TCC applies, converter feed limit fluid is directed to the TCC control valve and then into the cooler feed circuit.
If stuck, missing or binding, the converter feed limit valve or spring may cause:

Incorrect TCC apply or release. Inadequate lube and cooling. Converter over-pressurization.
FLUID PUMP ASSEMBLY

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (LOCATED IN PUMP)

CONV FD LIMIT

EXH
FRONT LUBE

TCC REL

CONV FD LIMIT

TCC CONTROL VALVE

CONVERTER FEED LIMIT LINE

COOLER FD TCC APPLY REG APP

PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE

LINE

PCS TCC

LINE DECREASE

EXH
LINE

ISOLATOR

PCS LINE

SUCTION

LINE

Figure 31

31

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS


VALVES LOCATED IN THE LOWER CONTROL VALVE BODY
Clutch Select Valve 2 (352): Torque Converter Clutch (TCC) Regulator Valve (355):

Responds to orificed CSV2 enable fluid pressure and force from the clutch select valve 2 spring (353). In Park, Reverse, Neutral and Drive 1st (Engine Braking) the clutch select valve 2 is applied (moved against spring force) to allow CBR1/456 clutch feed fluid to be routed through the valve and then to the CBR1 clutch feed circuit and clutch select valve 3 (352). In Drive 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th ranges CSV2 latch fluid pressure and clutch select valve 2 spring force moves the valve to a released position. With the valve in this position, Drive fluid from the manual valve can pass through the valve and enter the Drive 1-6 fluid circuit and fluid from the CBR1/456 clutch feed circuit is directed to the 456 clutch feed circuit.
Clutch Select Valve 3 (352):

The TCC regulator valve is controlled by PCS TCC fluid pressure on one side of the valve and spring force from the TCC regulator apply valve spring (347) at the other end. When the TCC PC solenoid is energized and PCS TCC fluid pressure is present, the valve regulates Drive 1-6 fluid pressure into the regulated apply fluid passage to the TCC control valve (227) located in the pump. This fluid is then directed to the torque converter to apply the TCC. The TCC regulator apply valve can also be applied by Solenoid 2 fluid acting on the TCC regulator shuttle valve (338). This is done to enable a diagnostic to be run to determine if the TCC control valve is in the correct position. TCC regulator valve stuck in the release position would cause no TCC/slip or soft apply. TCC regulator valve stuck in the apply position would cause harsh TCC apply.
Manual Valve (354):

Responds to orificed CSV3 enable fluid pressure and force from the clutch select valve 3 spring (353). In Reverse gear range only, the clutch select valve 3 is released to allow reverse fluid pressure to pass through the valve and enter the 3-5 clutch reverse feed fluid circuit. Also, CBR1/CBR feed fluid passes through the valve and enters the CBR fluid circuit. When CSV3 enable fluid pressure applies the valve, CBR fluid exhausts and 456 clutch feed fluid passes through the valve to enter the 456 clutch fluid circuit in Drive 4th, 5th or 6th gear ranges.
Compensator Feed Regulator Valve (356):

The manual valve is fed by line pressure from the fluid pump assembly and is mechanically linked to the gear selector lever and the transmission manual shift shaft position switch. When a gear range is selected, the manual valve directs line pressure into the various circuits by opening and closing feed passages. The circuits that are fed or exhausted by the manual valve are Reverse, and Drive.
Stuck, misaligned or damaged, the manual valve and linkage could cause:

Line pressure at the compensator feed regulator valve is routed through the valve and into the compensator feed fluid circuit. Compensator feed fluid is routed to the end of the valve, and spring force acting on the other end of the valve, regulate compensator feed fluid pressure. Compensator feed fluid is then routed to the compensators of the 1-2-3-4 clutch, 3-5 reverse clutch and the 4-5-6 clutch assemblies.

No reverse No Drive Stuck in drive or reverse

32

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS


VALVES LOCATED IN THE LOWER CONTROL VALVE BODY

COMP FD

TCC REGULATOR VALVE

LINE EXH
COMPENSATOR FEED REGULATOR VALVE

SHTL

EXH

PCS TCC

SOL 1

EXH REG APPLY


REG APPLY

DRIVE 1-6

EXH

LINE

MANUAL VALVE
LINE DRIVE DRIVE

EXH

REVERSE

DRIVE

CSV2 ENABLE 35 REV CL EXH DRIVE EXH 1234 CL DFLT FD 1234 CL DFLT
CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

CSV3 ENABLE 456 CL

EXH 456 CL FD REVERSE EXH DRV B DRIVE BRAKE REVERSE

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3

EXH DRIVE

DRIVE 1-6

CSV2 LATCH

CBRI/456 CL FD

1234 CL DFLT DRV B

456 CL CBR 35 CL REV FD

456 CL

CBR 35 CL REV FD

CBR1/CBR FD

Figure 32

33

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS


VALVES LOCATED IN THE UPPER CONTROL VALVE BODY
Actuator Feed Limit Valve (325): 3-5 Reverse Clutch Boost Valve (329):

The pressure control solenoids and the shift solenoids cannot support more than a given fluid pressure. In order not to overpressurize the solenoids, the actuator feed limit valve regulates line fluid pressure into the actuator feed limit fluid circuit. When pressure exceeds a given pressure, the valve limits flow into the circuit, keeping pressure below the given value. Force from the actuator feed limit valve spring (324) and orificed actuator feed limit fluid pressure acting on the end of the valve regulate line pressure as it passes through the valve and enters the feed limit circuit. Actuator feed limit pressures will normally equal line pressure when line pressure is below the calibrated limiting values. Stuck in the released position would cause high actuator feed fluid pressure resulting in harsh shift conditions and damaged components. Stuck in the applied position would cause low actuator feed fluid pressure resulting in no/slipping shift conditions.
CBR1/C456 Clutch Regulator Valve (327):

PCS 3-5 reverse clutch fluid pressure acts on a differential area moving the 3-5 clutch boost valve against the 3-5 clutch boost valve spring (330). 3-5 reverse clutch fluid passes through the valve and enters the 3-5 reverse clutch feedback circuit. As PCS 3-5 reverse clutch fluid pressure is increased to a given value, the 3-5 reverse clutch boost valve opens the 3-5 reverse clutch feedback circuit to exhaust. This results in the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve moving to the full feed position sending full 3-5 clutch reverse feed pressure (full line pressure) to the clutch.
3-5 Reverse Clutch Regulator Valve (336):

The CBR1/C456 clutch regulator valve responds to orificed PCS CBR1/456 clutch fluid pressure acting on one end of the valve and biased by spring force and CBR1 feedback fluid pressure on the other end of the valve. When applied it regulates orificed line pressure as it passes through the valve and enters the CBR1/456 clutch feed fluid circuit during Park, Reverse, Neutral, 1st (Engine Braking), 4th, 5th and 6th gear ranges. In Drive 1st, 2nd and 3rd gear ranges, the valve is in the released position to allow CBR1 feedback fluid and CBR1/ 456 clutch fluid to be open to exhaust backfill. Also, when in the released or regulating position, drive 1-6 fluid passes through the valve and enters the PS5 fluid circuit. PS5 fluid is then routed to pressure switch 5 and opens the switch.
4-5-6 Boost Valve (329):

Responds to orificed PCS 3-5 reverse clutch fluid pressure acting on one end of the valve and it is biased by 3-5 reverse clutch spring force and orificed 3-5 reverse clutch feedback fluid pressure on the other end of the valve. When applied, it regulates orificed 3-5 reverse clutch feed fluid pressure as it passes through the valve and enters the 3-5 reverse clutch fluid circuit during Drive 3rd, 5th and reverse gear ranges. When in the released position, it allows 3-5 reverse clutch fluid to exhaust through the valve into the exhaust backfill fluid circuit. Also, when in the released or regulating position, actuator feed limit fluid passes through the valve and enters the PS1 fluid circuit. PS1 fluid is then routed to pressure switch 1 and opens the switch.
1-2-3-4 Clutch Regulator Valve (337):

PCS CBR1/456 clutch fluid pressure acts on a differential area moving the 4-5-6 clutch boost valve against the 4-5-6 clutch boost valve spring (330). CBR1/456 clutch feed fluid passes through the valve and enters the CBR1 feedback circuit. As PCS CBR1/456 clutch fluid pressure is increased to a given value, the 4-5-6 clutch boost valve opens the CBR1 feedback circuit to exhaust. This results in the CBR1/456 clutch regulator valve moving to the full feed position sending full line pressure to the clutch.
2-6 Clutch Regulator Valve (334) and 2-6 Clutch Regulator Gain Valve (335):

Responds to orificed PCS 1-2-3-4 clutch fluid pressure acting on one end of the valve and it is biased by 1-2-3-4 clutch regulator valve spring (326) force and orificed 1-2-3-4 clutch feedback fluid pressure on the other end of the valve. When applied, it regulates orificed 1-2-3-4 clutch feed fluid pressure as it passes through the valve and enters the 1-2-3-4 clutch fluid circuit during Drive 1st (engine braking), 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th gear ranges. When in the released position, it allows 1-2-3-4 clutch fluid to exhaust through the valve into the exhaust backfill fluid circuit. Also, when in the released or regulating position, 1-2-3-4 clutch feed fluid passes through the valve and enters the PS4 fluid circuit. PS4 fluid is then routed to pressure switch 4 and opens the switch.
1-2-3-4 Clutch Shuttle Valve (338):

Responds to orificed PCS 2-6 clutch fluid pressure acting on the 2-6 clutch regulator valve gain valve at one end of the valve and it is biased by spring force and orificed 2-6 clutch fluid pressure on the other end of the valve. It regulates orificed 2-6 clutch/1234 clutch feed fluid pressure as it passes through the valve and enters the 2-6 clutch fluid circuit during Drive 2nd and 6th gear ranges. In 6th gear, 456 clutch fluid pressure acts on the 2-6 clutch regulator gain valve to lower the PCS pressure to the valve output pressure ratio. This allows for better control of the 5-6 shift. When in the released position it allows 2-6 clutch fluid to exhaust through the valve into the exhaust backfill fluid circuit. Also, when in the released or regulating position, 2-6 clutch/1234 clutch feed fluid passes through the valve and enters the PS3 fluid circuit. PS3 fluid is then routed to pressure switch 3 and opens the switch.

Responds to orificed 1-2-3-4 clutch default fluid pressure acting on the end of the valve to force the 1-2-3-4 clutch regulator valve to move to the applied position against spring force and 12-3-4 clutch feedback fluid pressure. In the event of an electrical, TCM or other failure which puts the transmission in default mode, orificed 1-2-3-4 clutch default fluid pressure would move the shuttle valve and 1-2-3-4 clutch regulator valve to the apply position. If this event occurs, the transmission would operate in Drive 3rd or 5th gear, dependent on when the failure occurs. The transmission will also operate in Park, Reverse and Neutral.
1-2-3-4 Clutch Boost Valve (329):

PCS 1-2-3-4 clutch fluid pressure acts on a differential area moving the 1-2-3-4 clutch boost valve against the 1-2-3-4 clutch boost valve spring (330). 1-2-3-4 clutch fluid passes through the valve and enters the 1-2-3-4 clutch feedback circuit. As PCS 1-2-3-4 clutch fluid pressure is increased to a given value, the 1-2-3-4 clutch boost valve opens the 1-2-3-4 clutch feedback circuit to exhaust. This results in the 1-2-3-4 clutch regulator valve moving to the full feed position, sending full 12-3-4 clutch feed pressure (full line pressure) to the clutch.

34

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS


VALVES LOCATED IN THE UPPER CONTROL VALVE BODY
35 REV CLU 1234 CL

1234 CL BOOST VALVE


PCS 1234 CL

SHTL

1-2-3-4 CL REGULATOR VALVE

EXH

EXH BF 1234 CL

EXH PS4 EXH

1234 CL DFLT

1234 CL FDBK 1234 CL FD

PS4 PS1 ACT FD LIM


3-5 REV CL REGULATOR VALVE

EXH EXH BF

EXH

35 REV CLU

PCS 35 REV CL

35 CL REV FD

35R CL BOOST VALVE

35 REV CL FDBK 456 CL 26 CL/1234 CL FD


2-6 CLUTCH REG

EXH

456 CL 26 CL/1234 CL FD

EXH BF 26 CL

PS3 EXH

26 CL

PCS 26 CL

EXHAUST BACKFILL PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

EXH

ACT FD LIM
PS3 LINE
ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

EXH BF

456 CL BOOST VALVE

PCS CBRI/456 CL

CBRI/456 CL FD

EXH
CBRI FDBK

CBRI/C456 CL REG VALVE

EXH EXH BF

LINE DRIVE 1-6 PS5 EXH

26 CL

LINE

Figure 33

35

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS


BALL CHECK VALVES LOCATION AND FUNCTION
#1 DRIVE 1-6/DRIVE BRAKING: #6 2-6 CLUTCH/1-2-3-4 CLUTCH FEED:

Located in the upper control valve body, this "ball shuttle valve" style check ball allows drive braking fluid, in a Drive 1st gear engine braking condition, to enter the 2-6 clutch/1234 clutch feed fluid circuit to apply the 1-2-3-4 clutch. When the transmission is operating in Drive 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th or 6th gear ranges, drive 1-6 fluid seats the ball check valve against the drive braking passage and enters the 2-6 clutch/1234 clutch fluid feed circuit to apply the 1-2-3-4 clutch.
#2 SOLENOID 1/REVERSE:

Located in the upper control valve body, this "ball shuttle valve" style check ball is seated against the reverse fluid passage while the transmission is operating in Park, Neutral and Drive 1st (Engine Braking). With the ball check valve in this position, solenoid 1 fluid enters the CSV2 enable fluid circuit to apply the clutch select valve 2. When the transmission is operating in Reverse, the ball check valve seats against the solenoid 1 fluid passage to allow reverse fluid to enter the CSV2 enable fluid circuit and hold the clutch select valve 2 in the applied position.
#3 SOLENOID 2/4-5-6 CLUTCH:

Located in the upper control valve body, this "one way orifice control" style check ball is used to differentiate the flow rate of fluid between applying and releasing the 1-2-3-4 clutch. 26 clutch/ 1234 clutch feed fluid pressure opens the ball check valve while the transmission is operating in Drive 1st (engine braking), 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th or 6th gear ranges. With the ball check valve in this position, 26 clutch/1234 clutch feed fluid flows freely into the 1234 clutch feed fluid passage. When Park, Reverse or Neutral gear is selected after the transmission was operating in Drive, exhausting 1234 clutch feed fluid seats the ball check valve and fluid is forced through orifice #32. This allows for a controlled exhaust of 1234 clutch feed fluid.
#7 3-5 REVERSE SUPPLY/3-5 REVERSE FEED:

Located in the upper control valve body, this "ball shuttle valve" style check ball is seated against the 456 clutch passage while the transmission is operating in Park, Reverse, Neutral, Drive 1st, 2nd and 3rd gear ranges. With the ball check valve in this position, solenoid 2 fluid enters the CSV3 enable fluid circuit to apply the clutch select valve 3. When the transmission is operating in Drive 4th, 5th or 6th gear ranges, the ball check valve seats against the solenoid 2 fluid passage to allow 456 clutch fluid to enter the CSV3 enable fluid circuit and hold the clutch select valve 2 in the applied position.
#4 PS5/4-5-6 CLUTCH:

Located in the upper control valve body, this "one way orifice control" style check ball is used to differentiate the flow rate of fluid between applying and releasing the 3-5 reverse clutch. 35 reverse supply fluid pressure seats the ball check valve against the 35 reverse feed passage while the transmission is operating in Reverse, Drive 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th or 6th gear ranges. With the ball check valve in this position, 35 reverse supply fluid is forced through orifice #25 before entering the 35 reverse feed fluid passage. The orifice helps control the apply rate of the 3-5 clutch when the transmission shifts into Reverse, 3rd and 5th gears. When Park or Neutral gear is selected after the transmission was operating in Drive, or Reverse, exhausting 35 reverse feed fluid unseats the ball check valve. This allows for a faster exhaust of 35 reverse feed fluid and a quick release of the 3-5 reverse clutch.

Located in the upper control valve body, this "ball shuttle valve" style check ball is seated against the 456 clutch passage by PS5 fluid while the transmission is operating in Drive 1st, 2nd and 3rd gear ranges. With the ball check valve in this position, PS5 fluid enters the CSV2 latch fluid circuit to hold the clutch select valve 2 in the released position. When the transmission is operating in Drive 4th, 5th or 6th gear ranges, 456 clutch fluid pressure seats the ball check valve against the PS5 fluid passage to allow 456 clutch fluid to enter the CSV2 latch fluid circuit to hold the clutch select valve 2 in the released position.
#5 DRIVE 1-6/3-5 REVERSE SUPPLY:

Located in the upper control valve body, this "ball shuttle valve" style check ball is seated against the Drive 1-6 fluid passage by 35 reverse feed fluid while the transmission is operating in Reverse. With the ball check valve in this position, 35 reverse feed fluid enters the 35 reverse supply circuit and is routed to the #7 ball check valve. When the transmission is operating in Drive 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th or 6th gear ranges, Drive 1-6 clutch fluid pressure seats the ball check valve against the 35 reverse feed passage to allow Drive 1-6 clutch fluid to enter the 35 reverse supply fluid circuit.

36

HYDRAULIC CONTROL COMPONENTS


BALL CHECK VALVES LOCATION AND FUNCTION

#4
35R SPL
43a 35a 34l

54a

21d

456 CLUTCH

PS5

CSV2 LATCH

18a

19

#5

456 CLUTCH

#3

CSV2 ENABLE

26 49 11 52 52 49 39

14 17 10 38

2 34 52 10 2

9 38

11 27 51 26 14 38 27 50 26 52 25 40 51 24 52 52 27 17 14 34 24 52 15 16 38 52 19 34 24 46 50 44 42 51 46 19 16 21

52

52

1234 CLUTCH FEED

SOL 2

DRIVE 1-6

DRIVE 1-6 35 CL REV FEED

34a
13b 13c

52 24 39 12

17

52

REVERSE

#6
25a

FRONT

24 11

CSV2 ENABLE
#2

16a

#2

22

2 52

33
25d

25c

SOL 1

17a

32
44e 44f

26 CLU/1234 CL FD

50 52 52 50 45 52 37 37 12 41 14 15 51 38 34 15 25 52 50 47

51

#6

45

14 21 13

52 52 2 52 2 52 52 52

#3

35 REVERSE FD

#7
50 34 53 46 12 52 52 51 52 50 30

44 9 52 29 52 30 29 34 52 52 31 51 44 53 21 32 51 48 51 50 31 43 2 21 51 32 52 12 52 13 2 35 52 31 52 34 24 14 52 52 34 13 52 21 52 29 31 51 52 48 12 12 2 52 2
44a

#1

35 R SUPPLY

26 CLUTCH/1234 CL FEED DRIVE B

#7
53b

36a

21e

25
37a 37b

37c

34

DRIVE 1-6

#1

#5

#4

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304)

Figure 34

37

ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS NOTES

38

ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
The Hydra-matic 6 Speed RWD transmission incorporates electronic controls that utilize the transmission control module (TCM) to control shift points (through shift solenoids and pressure control solenoids), torque converter clutch (TCC) apply and release [through the torque converter clutch pressure control (TCC PC) solenoid] and line pressure [through the pressure control (PC) solenoid]. In the 6 Speed RWD transmission, the TCM and all of the shift solenoids, PC solenoids, TFT sensor and fluid pressure switches are contained in one unit, the control solenoid (w/body and TCM) valve assembly (314). Electrical signals from various sensors provide information to the TCM about vehicle speed, throttle position, engine coolant temperature, transmission fluid temperature, gear range selector position, engine speed, converter turbine speed, engine load braking and operating mode. The TCM uses this information to determine the precise moment to upshift or downshift, apply or release the TCC, and what fluid pressure is needed to apply the clutches. This type of control provides consistent and precise shift points and shift quality based on the operating conditions of the vehicle. Adaptive shift control technology enables the TCM to continually monitor and compare shift performance to the "optimum" shift, and make adjustments to the factory settings to continually deliver excellent shift quality. If for any reason the entire electronic control system of the transmission, or one of the electrical components within the control solenoid (w body and TCM) valve assembly becomes disabled, the transmission will default to protection mode. If the transmission is in 1st, 2nd or 3rd gear during an electrical failure, the transmission will default to 3rd gear. If the transmission is in 4th, 5th or 6th gear during an electrical failure, the transmission will default to 5th gear.

TCM

SERIAL DATA

DLC

ECM

CAN BUS

BCM

INPUTS
INFORMATION SENSORS
A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. THROTTLE POSITION (TP) SENSOR MANIFOLD ABSOLUTE PRESSURE (MAP) SENSOR ENGINE SPEED SENSOR MANIFOLD AIR TEMPERATURE (MAT) SENSOR ENGINE COOLANT TEMPERATURE (ECT) SENSOR TRANSMISSION FLUID TEMPERATURE (TFT) SENSOR TRANSMISSION MANUAL SHIFT SHAFT POSITION SWITCH ASSEMBLY TRANSMISSION INPUT SPEED SENSOR (A/T ISS) TRANSMISSION FLUID PRESSURE SWITCHES TRANSMISSION OUTPUT SPEED SENSOR (A/T OSS) ACCELERATOR PEDAL POSITION (APP) SENSOR BRAKE SWITCH DRIVER SHIFT CONTROL (DSC) SWITCHES OPERATING MODE SELECTION SWITCHES

OUTPUTS
ELECTRONIC CONTROLLERS
TRANSMISSION CONTROL MODULE (TCM) ENGINE CONTROL MODULE (ECM) BODY CONTROL MODULE (BCM) ELECTRONIC BRAKE AND TRACTION CONTROL MODULE (EBTCM) (NOT SHOWN) DIAGNOSTIC LINK CONNECTOR (DLC)

ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED TRANSMISSION COMPONENTS


LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5 TORQUE CONVERTER CLUTCH (TCC) PRESSURE CONTROL (PC) SOLENOID SHIFT SOLENOID (SS) 1 SHIFT SOLENOID (SS) 2

Figure 35

39

ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS

SLIDING ACTUATOR

TRANSMISSION MANUAL SHIFT SHAFT POSITION SWITCH ASSEMBLY (308)

TRANSMISSION MANUAL SHIFT SHAFT POSITION SWITCH ASSEMBLY (308):

Manual Shift Shaft Position Switch Logic

The transmission manual shift shaft position switch assembly (308), sometimes referred to as an Internal Mode Switch (IMS), is a sliding contact switch that connects to the manual valve located inside the control valve lower body assembly. The four inputs to the TCM from the position switch assembly indicate which transmission gear range is selected. The state of each input is available for display on the scan tool. The four input parameters represented are Signal A, Signal B, Signal C, and Signal P (Parity). A fifth input, signal N (P/N Start), does not input the TCM but rather goes directly to the ECM to determine a Park/Neutral state and allow engine start. Routing Signal N to the ECM will allow the engine to be started with a dead TCM. Signal N is not a signal used by the TCM for manual shift shaft position switch logic.

If the TCM detects an improper signal from the transmission manual shift position shaft switch assembly, a DTC will be activated.

Gear Selector Position Signal A Signal B Signal C Signal P Park LOW HI HI LOW Park/Reverse LOW LOW HI LOW Reverse LOW LOW HI HI Reverse/Neutral HI LOW HI HI Neutral HI LOW HI LOW Neutral/Drive 6 HI LOW LOW LOW Drive 6 HI LOW LOW HI Drive 6/Drive 4 LOW LOW LOW HI Drive 4 LOW LOW LOW LOW Drive 4/Drive 3 LOW HI LOW LOW Drive 3 LOW HI LOW HI Drive 3/Drive 2 HI HI LOW HI Drive 2 HI HI LOW LOW Open HI HI HI HI Invalid HI HI HI LOW Invalid LOW HI HI HI HI = Ignition Voltage LOW = 0 Volts

40

Figure 36

ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
TRANSMISSION SPEED SENSORS Automatic Transmission Input (Shaft) Speed (A/T ISS) Sensor:

The input speed sensor (ISS) is a hall-effect type sensor. The ISS mounts to the control valve upper body assembly and connects to the control solenoid (w/body and TCM) valve assembly through a wire harness and connector. The sensor faces the 1-23-4 and 3-5-R clutch housing and is triggered by splines on the housing outside diameter. The sensor receives 8.39.3 volts on the ISS/OSS supply voltage circuit from the TCM. As the 1-23-4 and 3-5-R clutch housing rotates, the sensor produces a signal frequency based on the spline profile and speed of the 12-3-4 and 3-5-R clutch housing. This signal is transmitted through the ISS signal circuit to the TCM. The TCM uses the ISS signal to determine line pressure, transmission shift timing, torque converter clutch (TCC) slip speed and gear ratio.

1-2-3-4 AND 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (51)

HALL-EFFECT SENSOR W/MAGNETIC PICKUP

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR

OUTPUT SPEED SENSOR

INPUT SPEED SENSOR

INPUT SPEED SENSOR

If the TCM detects an improper signal from the transmission input or output speed sensors, a DTC will be activated.

Automatic Transmission Output Speed (A/T OSS) Sensor:


OUTPUT SHAFT ASSEMBLY (70) HALL-EFFECT SENSOR W/MAGNETIC PICKUP

The output speed sensor (OSS) is also a hall-effect type sensor. The OSS mounts to the control valve upper body assembly and connects to the control solenoid (w/body and TCM) valve assembly through a wire harness and connector. The sensor faces the output shaft and is triggered by slots cut into the housing. The sensor receives 8.39.3 volts on the ISS/OSS supply voltage circuit from the TCM. As the output shaft rotates, the sensor produces a signal frequency based on the machined slots and speed of the output shaft. This signal is transmitted through the OSS signal circuit to the TCM. The TCM uses the OSS signal to determine line pressure, transmission shift timing, vehicle speed and gear ratio.

OUTPUT SPEED SENSOR

Figure 37

41

ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
Control Solenoid (w Body and TCM) Valve Assembly (314)
FILTER PLATE ASSEMBLY (311)

SHIFT SOLENOID 1

SHIFT SOLENOID 2

TRANSMISSION FLUID TEMPERATURE SENSOR LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

LEAD FRAME 16 PIN CONNECTOR

PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4 TFP SWITCH 4 TFP SWITCH 1 TFP SWITCH 3 TFP SWITCH 5 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5 TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

The control solenoid (w/body and TCM) valve assembly bolts directly to the lower and upper valve body assemblies inside the transmission. The solenoid valve assembly utilizes a lead frame system to connect the components to the TCM. There are no wires used for these components. The solenoid valve assembly connects to the engine harness 16-way connector via a pass-thru sleeve. All fluid passages to the switches and solenoids are protected from debris by a serviceable filter plate assembly

(311). In addition to the components shown above, there are two temperature sensors located inside the TCM that are not shown, the TCM Temperature Sensor and the Power Up Temperature Sensor. The above components are diagnosed separately, but are serviced as an assembly.

RESISTOR

Automatic Transmission Fluid Temperature (TFT) Sensor:

The TFT sensor is part of the control solenoid (w/body and TCM) valve assembly and is not serviced separately. The TFT sensor is a resistor, or thermistor, which changes value based on temperature. The sensor has a negative-temperature coefficient. This means that as the temperature increases, the resistance decreases, and as the temperature decreases, the resistance increases. The TCM supplies a voltage reference signal to the sensor and measures the voltage drop in the circuit. When the transmission fluid is cold, the sensor resistance is high and the TCM detects high signal voltage. As the fluid temperature warms to a normal operating temperature, the resistance becomes less and the signal voltage decreases. The TCM uses this information to maintain shift quality and torque converter clutch apply quality over operating temperature range.

CONTROL SOLENOID (W/BODY AND TCM) VALVE ASSEMBLY (314)

If the TCM detects an improper signal from the TFT sensor, a DTC will be activated.

42

Figure 38

ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
TRANSMISSION FLUID PRESSURE SWITCH 1, 3, 4 AND 5

SEAL DIAPHRAGM PISTON TFP SWITCH 4 TFP SWITCH 1 TFP SWITCH 3 DISK TFP SWITCH 5 LOWER CONTACT UPPER CONTACT

Body Upper Contact

Seal Diaphragm

+
Disk Piston Lower Contact Ground

The transmission fluid pressure switches located in the control solenoid valve assembly are normally-closed. When closed, these switches allow electric current to flow through the switch.
Fluid Pressure Switch Operation:

NO PRESSURE

Body Upper Contact

Fluid

Seal Diaphragm

The fluid pressure switches are normally closed (contacts touching) when no fluid pressure is present, thereby allowing electrical current to flow through the switch. When fluid pressure is routed to the switch, the fluid pressure moves the diaphragm, piston and disk such that the circuit opens (no current flow). TFP switch 1 sends a signal to the TCM to indicate the state of the 3-5 and reverse clutch regulator valve. TFP switch 3 sends a signal to the TCM to indicate the state of the 2-6 clutch regulator valve.

+
Disk Lower Piston Contact PRESSURIZED Ground

TFP switch 4 sends a signal to the TCM to indicate the state of the 1-2-3-4 clutch regulator valve. TFP switch 5 sends a signal to the TCM to indicate the state of the CBR1 / 4-5-6 clutch regulator valve. The transmission fluid pressure switches are part of the control solenoid (w/body and TCM) valve assembly and are not serviced separately.

Fluid Pressure Switch Logic

Gear Selector Position Switch 1 Switch 3 Switch 4 Switch 5 Park 1 0 0 0 Reverse 0 0 0 0 Neutral 1 0 0 0 Drive 1 Engine Braking 1 1 0 0 Drive 1 1 1 0 1 Drive 2 1 0 0 1 Drive 3 0 1 0 1 Drive 4 1 1 0 0 Drive 5 0 1 1 0 Drive 6 1 0 1 0 1 = Pressurized 0 = Exhausted

Figure 39

43

ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
SHIFT SOLENOIDS

The Hydra-matic 6 Speed RWD uses two electromagnetic shift solenoids (1 and 2) to control the two clutch select valves 2 and 3. The shift solenoids are part of the control solenoid (w/body and TCM) valve assembly and are not serviced separately. The shift solenoids are identical, normally-closed, 3-port, ON/ OFF type solenoids controlled by the TCM. These shift solenoid work in combination with the pressure control solenoids to control the various shift and clutch regulator valves. The TCM uses numerous inputs (as shown in Figure 35) to determine which solenoid state combination the transmission should be in. The following table shows the solenoid state combination required for each gear range: Gear Park Reverse Neutral Drive 1 Engine Braking Drive 1 Drive 2 Drive 3 Drive 4 Drive 5 Drive 6 SS 1 ON ON ON ON OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF SS 2 ON OFF ON ON ON ON ON ON ON ON

PLUNGER AND METERING BALL ASSEMBLY SUPPLY PRESSURE (ACTUATOR FEED LIMIT)

COIL ASSEMBLY

CONNECTOR

CONTROL PRESSURE

EXHAUST

SPRING

HOUSING

NORMALLY-CLOSED ON/OFF SOLENOID

Shift Solenoid (SS) 2:

When the TCM provides a path to ground for the electrical circuit to energize (turn ON) the solenoid, current flows through the coil assembly in the solenoid and creates a magnetic field. The magnetic field moves the plunger and metering ball assembly to the right (with respect to the illustration) against the exhaust seat, thereby blocking the exhaust passage and creating signal fluid pressure. The shift solenoids are de-energized (turned OFF) when the TCM opens the path to ground for the solenoids electrical circuit. With the solenoid OFF, solenoid spring force moves the plunger and metering ball assembly away from the exhaust seat and against the feed seat. This blocks actuator feed limit fluid from entering the signal fluid circuit and allows any existing signal fluid pressure to flow past the metering ball and exhaust out of the solenoid as shown in the illustration.
Shift Solenoid (SS) 1:

Actuator feed limit fluid feeds the shift solenoid 2 fluid circuit to control the clutch select valve 3. When the SS 2 valve is energized (ON), actuator feed limit fluid is allowed to pass through the solenoid, thereby creating solenoid 2 fluid pressure (see example). Solenoid 2 fluid pressure acts against the clutch select valve 3 spring force to move the valve to the apply position. When the SS 2 is de-energized (OFF), actuator feed limit fluid is blocked from feeding the solenoid 2 fluid circuit, and any existing solenoid 2 fluid pressure exhausts through the solenoid.

REVERSE SOL 1
35 REV CL 1234 CL DFLT 1234 CL DFLT FD CSV2 ENABLE
22 20

#2

DRIVE

Actuator feed limit fluid feeds the shift solenoid 1 fluid circuit to control the clutch select valve 2. When the SS 1 is energized (ON), actuator feed limit fluid is allowed to pass through the solenoid, thereby creating solenoid 1 fluid pressure (see example). Solenoid 1 fluid pressure acts against the clutch select valve 2 spring force to move the valve to the apply position. When the SS 1 is de-energized (OFF), actuator feed limit fluid is blocked from feeding the solenoid 1 fluid circuit, and any existing solenoid 1 fluid pressure exhausts through the solenoid.

SHIFT SOL 1

ACT FD LIM

OFF

SOL 1

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

DRIVE 1-6 CSV2 LATCH CBR1/456 CL FD CBR1/CBR FD


DRIVE BRAKE DRV B EX CBR1/CBR FD
21

EX

REVERSE 456 CL FD

REVERSE

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3

35 CL REV FD
N.C.
SHIFT SOL 2

456 CL

ACT FD LIM

CBR 35 CL REV FD

CSV3 ENABLE

456 CL

EX

DRIVE EX

N.C.

EX

EX

#3
SOL 2 SOL 2

ON

44

Figure 40

ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
Torque Converter Clutch Pressure Control (TCC PC) Solenoid:

The TCC PC solenoid is a normally-low, precision electronic pressure regulator used to control the apply and release of the converter clutch based on current flow through its coil windings. The TCC PC solenoid is located in the control solenoid (w/body and TCM) valve assembly and is not serviced separately. The TCC PC solenoid regulates actuator feed limit fluid pressure to the TCC regulator valve located in the lower valve body and provides a signal pressure to shift the TCC control valve, located in the pump, to the apply position. When the TCM determines to apply the TCC, the TCC PC solenoid is commanded to specific pressures, dependent on vehicle operating conditions, resulting in a smooth apply or release of the TCC. The solenoids ability to ramp the TCC apply and release pressures results in a smoother TCC operation. When vehicle operating conditions are appropriate to apply the TCC, the TCM increases the current flow to allow the TCC PC solenoid to direct PCS TCC fluid pressure to move the TCC control valve to the apply position and move the TCC regulator valve to the regulating position to regulate fluid pressure proportional to TCC PC solenoid pressure. Release pressure is directed to exhaust, and regulated apply fluid is directed to the apply side of the converter pressure plate/damper assembly. The TCM then increases the pressure to control a slippage of 2080 RPM between the pressure plate/damper assembly and the converter cover. This provides for improved dampening of engine vibrations and allows the TCC to apply at low engine speeds in 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th gear. The TCC PC solenoid is commanded to maximum pressure to fully apply the pressure plate/damper assembly. Release of the TCC is achieved by decreasing TCC PC solenoid pressure to a level low enough to allow spring force to move the TCC control valve and the TCC regulator valve to the release position. TCC apply fluid is then directed to the cooler and converter feed limit fluid is directed into the release circuit, to the release side of the pressure plate/damper assembly. This fluid then flows into the apply side of the pressure plate/damper assembly and out of the converter through the apply circuit to the TCC control valve.

CONTROL PRESSURE SUPPLY PRESSURE (ACTUATOR FEED LIMIT) EXHAUST

COIL ASSEMBLY

HOUSING

CLOSED END FEATURE

O-RING

VARIABLE RESTRICTION CONNECTOR

NORMALLY-LOW PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

There are also some operating conditions that may prevent or enable TCC apply such as: engine temperature, transmission temperature, brake switch activation. The TCC PC solenoid is the only electronic control component of the TCC apply and release system. Other components are hydraulic control or regulating valves. The illustration below shows the valves and the TCC PC solenoid that comprise the TCC control system. (For more information on TCC system operation see page 14 & 15).

If the TCM detects that the TCC system is stuck ON or stuck OFF, a DTC will be activated.

ACT FD LIM
ACT FD LIM
CONV FD LIMIT
TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

PCS TCC DRIVE 1-6


9

N.L.

ON

EXH

PCS TCC

SHTL
10

TCC REGULATOR VALVE

EX REG APP

EX

COOLER FD TCC APPLY

TCC CONTROL VALVE

REG APP PCS TCC

REG APP

SOL 1

TCC REL

11

Figure 41

45

ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
Line Pressure Control (PC) Solenoid:

The line pressure control (PC) solenoid is part of the control solenoid (w/body and TCM) valve assembly and is not serviced separately. The line PC solenoid is a precision electronic pressure regulator that controls transmission line pressure based on current flow through its coil windings. The TCM varies current to the normally-high line PC solenoid from approximately 0.1 amp for maximum line pressure, to 1.0 amps for minimum line pressure. As current flow is increased, the magnetic field produced by the coil moves the solenoids variable restriction further away from the exhaust port. Opening the exhaust port decreases the output fluid pressure regulated by the PC solenoid, which ultimately decreases line pressure. As current flow is decreased, the reduced magnetic field produced by the coil moves the solenoid's variable restriction closer to the exhaust port, increasing the output fluid pressure regulated by the PC solenoid valve, which ultimately increases line pressure. The TCM controls the line PC solenoid based on various inputs, including throttle position, transmission fluid temperature and gear state. The current flow to the line PC solenoid is primarily affected by throttle position (engine torque), and is also inversely proportional to throttle position (engine torque). In other words, as the throttle position (engine torque) increases, the current flow is decreased by the TCM, which increases the pressure output of the line PC solenoid.

CONTROL PRESSURE SUPPLY PRESSURE (ACTUATOR FEED LIMIT) EXHAUST

COIL ASSEMBLY

HOUSING

CLOSED END FEATURE

O-RING

VARIABLE RESTRICTION

SPRING CONNECTOR

NORMALLY-HIGH PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

If the TCM detects a pressure control solenoid valve electrical malfunction, a DTC will be activated.

PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE

LINE
3

CONV FD
2

LINE
2A

PCS LINE

DECREASE

EX
ACT FD LIM

ISOLATOR

ACT FD LIM PCS LINE


5
LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

PCS LINE

N.H.

46

Figure 42

ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
Clutch Pressure Control (PC) Solenoids 2, 3, 4 & 5:

The clutch pressure control (PC) solenoids 2 and 3 are normally-high PC solenoids and are identical to the line PC solenoid (page 46). The clutch PC solenoids 4 and 5 are normallylow and are the same as the TCC PC solenoid (page 45). The clutch PC solenoid 2 controls fluid flow to the 3-5 and reverse clutch regulator and 3-5 and reverse clutch boost valves. When commanded, the PC solenoid controls the flow of exhaust fluid out of the solenoid to maintain a specific commanded control pressure. This allows the TCM to control the apply and release of the 3-5 and reverse clutch. The clutch PC solenoid 3 controls fluid flow to the 4-5-6 clutch regulator and 4-5-6 clutch boost valves. When commanded, the PC solenoid controls the flow of exhaust fluid out of the solenoid to maintain a specific commanded control pressure. This allows the TCM to control the apply and release of the 4-5-6 clutch. The clutch PC solenoid 4 controls fluid flow to the 2-6 clutch regulator valve. When commanded, the PC solenoid controls the flow of exhaust fluid out of the solenoid to maintain a specific commanded control pressure. This allows the TCM to control the apply and release of the 2-6 clutch. The clutch PC solenoid 5 controls fluid flow to the 1-2-3-4 clutch regulator and 1-2-3-4 clutch boost valves. When commanded, the PC solenoid controls the flow of exhaust fluid out of the solenoid to maintain a specific commanded control pressure. This allows the TCM to control the apply and release of the 1-2-3-4 clutch.
Clutch Pressure Control (PC) Solenoid Logic

CONTROL PRESSURE SUPPLY PRESSURE (ACTUATOR FEED LIMIT) EXHAUST

COIL ASSEMBLY

HOUSING

CONNECTOR CLOSED END FEATURE

O-RING

VARIABLE RESTRICTION

NORMALLY-LOW PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID CONTROL PRESSURE SUPPLY PRESSURE (ACTUATOR FEED LIMIT) EXHAUST

COIL ASSEMBLY

HOUSING

CONNECTOR CLOSED END FEATURE O-RING VARIABLE RESTRICTION SPRING

NORMALLY-HIGH PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

PC Sol 5 PC Sol 4 PC Sol 2 PC Sol 3 Gear N.L. N.L N.H. N.H. Park OFF OFF OFF ON Reverse OFF OFF ON ON Neutral OFF OFF OFF ON Drive 1 Engine Braking ON OFF OFF ON Drive 1 ON OFF OFF OFF Drive 2 ON ON OFF OFF Drive 3 ON OFF ON OFF Drive 4 ON OFF OFF ON Drive 5 OFF OFF ON ON Drive 6 OFF ON OFF ON
Transmission Adapt Function:

38

CBR1/C456 CL REG VALVE

EX EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD

EX 35R FD ACT FD LIM EX EX EX

ACT FD LIM
CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

PS5

LINE DRIVE 1-6

39

37

PCS CBR1/456 CL

N.H. ON

CBR1 FDBK

31

456 CL BOOST VALVE

CBR1/456 CL FD

35R CL BOOST VALVE


40

PCS 1234 CL

456 CL
42 43

ACT FD LIM

1234 CL

SHTL
36 35

1-2-3-4 CL REGULATOR VALVE

PS4 EX

26 CL/1234 CL FD

34

33

50

ACT FD LIM
CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

2-6 CLUTCH REG

EX BACKFILL
41
C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

1234 CL FD 1234 CL DFLT

EX BF 26 CL

PCS 26 CL

26 CL

44

2-6 GAIN

PS3 EX

PCS 1234 CL

N.L. OFF

26 CL

N.L. OFF

1234 CL FDBK

EX

Programming within the TCM also allows for automatic adjustments in shift pressure that are based on the changing characteristics of the transmission components. As the apply components within the transmission wear or change over time, shift time (the time required to apply a clutch) increases or decreases. In order to compensate for these changes, the TCM adjusts the pressure commands to the various PC solenoids, to maintain the originally calibrated shift timing. The automatic adjusting process is referred to as adaptive learning and it is used to ensure consistent shift feel plus increase transmission durability. The TCM monitors the A/T ISS and the A/T OSS during commanded shifts to determine if a shift is occurring too fast (harsh) or too slow (soft) and adjusts the corresponding PC solenoid signal to maintain the set shift feel.

PCS 35 REV CL

35 REV CL FDBK PS1 35 REV CL

3-5 REV CL REGULATOR VALVE

ACT FD LIM

EX
48 47 46

C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

N.H. OFF

ACT FD LIM
29

1234 CL BOOST VALVE

1234 CL EX

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

EX BF

Figure 43

47

ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
COMPONENTS EXTERNAL TO THE TRANSMISSION Throttle Position (TP) Sensor: The ECM monitors the variable voltage signal from the TP sensor to calculate throttle position (angle). These input signals are then transmitted over the CAN bus to the TCM, in addition to other vehicle and transmission sensor inputs, in order to determine the appropriate line pressure, shift pattern and TCC apply and release for the transmission. In general, with greater throttle angle, upshift speeds and line pressure both increase. Brake Switch: This parameter displays the state of the brake switch circuit input. This information is transmitted to the TCM where it is used as a factor to determine the apply or release state of the TCC. The scan tool will display Applied when the brake pedal is depressed and Released when the brake pedal is released.

Engine Speed Sensor: Monitored by the ECM through the ignition module, information from this sensor is transmitted over the CAN bus to the TCM and used to help determine shift patterns and TCC apply and release.

Driver Shift Control (DSC) Switches: These switches are located either on the steering wheel or on a secondary gate within the console shift lever mechanism. The TCM uses the switch inputs to provide manual shift control to the driver. When a switch is depressed, the TCM opens a path to ground causing the transmission to shift up or down.

Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor: The MAP sensor measures changes relative to intake manifold pressure which results from changes in engine load and speed. These changes are converted to a voltage output which is monitored by the ECM and transmitted over the CAN bus to the TCM in order to adjust line pressure and shift timing.

Operating Mode Selection Switches: Depending on the customer/ application, vehicles may be equipped with switches allowing the driver to select various automatic operating modes (Economy, Performance, Winter), or manual mode (Driver Shift Control) to allow manual shifting by bumping the selector lever up and down.

Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor: The ECM monitors the variable resistance signal from this sensor to determine engine coolant temperature. When the engine is cold, resistance is high, and when the engine is hot, resistance through the sensor is low. The ECM then transmits this information over the CAN bus to the TCM where it is used to prevent the TCC from applying when engine temperature is below approximately 20C (68F) (calibratable).

Diagnostic Link Connector (DLC): The DLC is a multi-terminal connector that is located under the vehicle dashboard. The DLC is connected by serial data wires to the various control modules located throughout the vehicle. The DLC can be used to diagnose conditions in the vehicle's electrical system, TCM or PCM, and various transmission components. Refer to the appropriate Service Manual for specific electrical diagnosis information.

Manifold Air Temperature (MAT) Sensor: The ECM monitors the variable resistance signal from the MAT sensor to determine manifold air temperature. When the air is cold, resistance is high, and when the air is hot, resistance through the sensor is low. The ECM then transmits this information over the CAN bus to the TCM where it is used as a factor to determine TCC apply.

Controller Area Network (CAN) Bus: The CAN bus consists of two wires that connect the various vehicle control modules together, allowing them to exchange information about vehicle conditions.

Note: These are typical inputs to the controllers. The combination and usage of these inputs may vary depending on model and application.

Accelerator Pedal Position (APP) Sensor: The APP sensor is monitored by the ECM in order to determine accelerator pedal position. The ECM uses this signal to open and close the throttle in response to the driver's commands. It also signals the TCM when the accelerator pedal is fully depressed, allowing forced downshifts and maximum performance.

48

POWER FLOW
This section of the book describes how torque from the engine is transferred through the Hydra-matic 6 Speed RWD transmission allowing the vehicle to move either in a forward or reverse direction. The information that follows details the specific mechanical operation, electrical, hydraulic and apply components that are required to achieve a gear operating range. The full size, left hand pages throughout this section contain drawings of the mechanical components used in a specific range and gear. Facing this full page is a half page insert containing a color coded range reference chart at the top. This chart is one of the key items used to understand the mechanical operation of the transmission in each range and gear. The text below this chart provides a detailed explanation of what is occurring mechanically in that range and gear. The full size, right hand pages contain a simplified version of the Complete Hydraulic Circuit that is involved for that range and gear. Facing this full page is a half page insert containing text and a detailed explanation of what is occurring hydraulically in that range and gear. A page number located at the bottom of the half page of text provides a ready reference to the complete Hydraulic Circuits section of this book if more detailed information is desired. It is the intent of this section to provide an overall simplified explanation of the mechanical, hydraulic and electrical operation of the Hydra-matic 6 Speed RWD transmission. If the operating principle of a clutch, or valve is unclear, refer to the previous sections of this book for individual component descriptions.

PARK
(Engine Running)
1 POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1) 2 POWERFLOW TERMINATED 4 LOW AND REVERSE CLUTCH APPLIED* OUTPUT SHAFT ASSEMBLY (70) HELD 3 VEHICLE HELD STATIONARY (NO POWER TRANSMITTED TO OR FROM DIFFERENTIAL ASSEMBLY)

) k (P Par he oil in t the ver om g: r leure fr llowin o lect ess e fo e se e pr o th Reg- 1-2-3-4 h th lin d t 18): ) Witsition, irecte alve(2ressure CLUTCH po p is d lator V(line pion u t iss pum re Regoutpuansmmp
ssu mp tr pu Pretes pu to the hen emand ulaordingents. Wthe dfrom accuirem ceeds, fluidr q t ex sure lato re u s u outp e pre re reg n u of lipress the

(En

e gin

RK g) PA nnin Ru

PARK
(Engine Running)
3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY

4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY


1234 CLUTCH 35 REV CLUTCH COMP FEED 456 CLUTCH

2-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY


26 CLUTCH

LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY

CBR CBR 1

DRIVE

DRIVE

LINE
CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY

LINE

1
ACT FD LIM

3a
N.C.

REVERSE

LINE

EX

ACT FD LIM

ON

SOL 1

SOL 1

SOL 1

SOL 1

ACT FD LIM

#2

2b
PS5 COMP FD LINE
38

DRIVE 1-6
ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

DRIVE

EX EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD

39
TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

EX

37

DRIVE EX

CBR1/C456 CL REG VALVE

ACT FD LIM

EX

35 REV CL 1234 CL DFLT FD

EX

LINE

3d

3c
CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

CSV2 ENABLE
22

LINE

PCS CBR1/456 CL

PCS TCC ACT FD LIM

31

SOL 1

N.L. OFF

DRIVE 1-6

EX

TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)

26

30

PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE

DRIVE BRAKE DRV B EX

LINE

LINE

ACT FD LIM

LINE

2A

DECREASE

EX BF 26 CL

PCS 26 CL

26 CL

44

2-6 GAIN

PS3 EX

EX

N.L. OFF

CBR

CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

EX

42

43

26 CL/1234 CL FD

49

REVERSE 456 CL FD

REVERSE

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (52)

COMP FD

CONV FD

2a
PCS 26 CL

1234 CL DFLT 1234 CL DFLT FD

LINE

EX BACKFILL

CBR CBR 1

TORQUE CONVERTER (WITH FLUID PUMP) HOUSING ASSEMBLY (2)

CBR1/456 CL FD LINE

CBR1/456 CL FD DRIVE CBR1/CBR FD

CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

LINE
EXHAUST BACKFILL PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

LINE

N.H. ON

CBR1/CBR FD

CBR1/CBR FD

456 CL BOOST VALVE

CSV2 LATCH

EX

EX

ACT FD LIM

SHIFT SOL 2

35 REV CL FDBK

LOW AND REV CLUTCH APPLIED*

ON

SOL 2

EX BF

OUTPUT SHAFT ASSEMBLY (70) HELD

ISOLATOR

PS1
N.C.

1
5

PS1

SOL 1

51

456 CL

CBR

CSV3 ENABLE

PCS LINE

COMP FD

4a
LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

35 REV CL

DRIVE

EX

LINE

EX

35R FD ACT FD LIM

INPUT SUN GEAR (53)

4-5-6 (w/TURBINE SHAFT) CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (56)

50 B

PA AUL GE IC 86 CIR C

COMP FD

ACT FD LIM

UIT

C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

COMP FD

COMP FD

PCS 1234 CL LINE LINE

N.L. OFF

* APPLIED BUT CARRYING NO LOAD

50

Figure 45

Figure 46

LINE

PCS 1234 CL

PCS 1234 CL

14

13

EX

CO PARK MP PAWL LE ACTUATOR TE HY ASSEMBLY DR (503)

PCS 35 REV CL

N.H. OFF

PS4 EX

36

35

34

33

50

EX BACKFILL 1234 CL DFLT

1234 CL FD

1234 CL FDBK

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE

EX

C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

ACT FD LIM
SHTL

1-2-3-4 CL REGULATOR VALVE

EX

PARK PAWL (502) ENGAGED

PCS 35 REV CL

EX BF

N.H.

REG APPLY

REG APPLY

ACT FD LIM

1234 CL

SOL 1

SOL 1

48

47

46

EX

EX

D N R

MANUAL VALVE

SHIFT SOL 1

REVERSE

1-2-3-4 AND 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (51)

CBR1 FDBK
12

456 CL

4d

21

2-6 CLUTCH REG


41

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3


20

PCS LINE

456 CL

N.C.

35 CL REV FD

35 CL REV FD

#3

4c
SOL 2 SOL 2 SOL 2

ACT FD LIM

4b

3b
45

PCS TCC

TCC REGULATOR VALVE SHTL


3-5 REV CL REGULATOR VALVE
11 10

51

Figure 44

49

MECHANICAL POWERFLOW FROM THE TORQUE CONVERTER TO THE TURBINE SHAFT 2a


1 POWER FROM THE ENGINE

(Engine Running)

2 POWER TO DRIVE FLUID PUMP

FLUID PUMP ROTOR (217) DRIVEN

MECHANICAL POWERFLOW FROM THE TORQUE CONVERTER TO THE TURBINE SHAFT


(Engine Running) The mechanical power flow in the Hydra-matic transmission begins at the point of connection between the torque converter and the engine flywheel. When the engine is running, the torque converter cover (pump) is forced to rotate at engine speed. As the torque converter rotates it multiplies engine torque and transmits it to the turbine shaft (56). The turbine shaft provides the primary link to the mechanical operation of the transmission. The Hydra-matic 6 Speed RWD automatic transmission requires a constant supply of pressurized fluid to cool and lubricate all of the components throughout the unit. It also requires a holding force to be applied to the clutches during the various gear range operations. The torque converter (w/ fluid pump) housing assembly (2) and the control valve body assembly (21) provide for the pressurization and distribution of fluid throughout the transmission.
1 Power from the Engine

Torque from the engine is transferred to the transmission through the engine flywheel which is bolted to the engine crankshaft.
2 Power to Drive the Fluid Pump

The fluid pump rotor (217) is keyed to the torque converter hub. Therefore, the fluid pump rotor also rotates at engine speed.
3 Fluid Coupling Drives the Turbine

Transmission fluid inside the torque converter (1) creates a fluid coupling which in turn drives the torque converter turbine.
3 FLUID COUPLING DRIVES THE TURBINE

4 Turbine Shaft Driven

As the torque converter turbine rotates, the turbine shaft (56), which is splined to the torque converter turbine, is also forced to rotate at turbine speed.

4 TURBINE SHAFT DRIVEN

TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)

SPLINED TO TORQUE CONVERTER STATOR ASSEMBLY

NOTE: To minimize the amount of repetitive text, the remaining mechanical power flow descriptions will begin with the turbine shaft (56). The transfer of torque from the engine through the torque converter to the turbine shaft is identical in all gear ranges except when the torque converter clutch is applied (see pages 14 and 15 for complete explanation of torque converter apply.

SPLINED TO TORQUE CONVERTER TURBINE ASSEMBLY

4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (TURBINE SHAFT) (56)

KEYED TO FLUID PUMP ROTOR

TORQUE CONVERTER (WITH FLUID PUMP) HOUSING ASSEMBLY (2)

50

Figure 45

50A

HYDRAULIC POWERFLOW COMMON FUNCTIONS FOR ALL RANGES


(Engine Running)
1 PRESSURE REGULATION 1a Pressure Regulator Valve:

COMMON HYDRAULIC FUNCTIONS FOR ALL RANGES


3 TORQUE
CONVERTER

1 PRESSURE
REGULATION

3c
Regulates pump output (line pressure) in response to pressure control solenoid line fluid acting on the pressure regulator isolator valve, spring force and line pressure acting on the end of the valve. Line pressure is directed to the pressure relief valve, manual valve, actuator feed limit valve, CBR1/ C456 clutch regulator valve and the compensator feed regulator valve. Line pressure is also routed through the pressure regulator valve and into the converter feed fluid circuit. Converter feed fluid is routed to the converter feed limit valve.
1b Actuator Feed Limit Valve:

LINE

LINE

ACT FD LIM

1b
N.C.
SHIFT SOL 1

ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY

ACT FD LIM

12

3a
CONV FD LIMIT
6

1c Line Pressure Control Solenoid:

CONV FD LIMIT

LINE
PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE

ACT FD LIM
CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

Controlled by the TCM, the line pressure control solenoid regulates actuator feed limit fluid pressure into the pressure control solenoid line (PCS line) fluid circuit.
2. CLUTCH COMPENSATORS: 2a Compensator Feed Regulator Valve:

1a
CONV FD
2

LINE
3

N.H. ON

LINE
2A
CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

ACT FD LIM PCS 26 CL

CONV FD LIMIT

Line pressure at the compensator feed regulator valve is routed through the valve and into the compensator feed fluid circuit. Compensator feed fluid routed to the end of the valve and spring force acting on the other end of the valve regulate compensator feed fluid pressure. Compensator feed fluid is then routed to the compensators of the 1-2-3-4 clutch, 3-5 Reverse clutch and 4-5-6- clutch assemblies.
3. TORQUE CONVERTER (RELEASED POSITION ONLY) 3a Converter Feed Limit Valve:

DECREASE

TCC APPLY COOLER FEED TCC RELEASE

EX

FRONT LUBE

N.L. OFF

LINE

ISOLATOR

PCS LINE

N.C.
SHIFT SOL 2

EX TCC REL

TCC CONTROL VALVE

Converter feed fluid is routed through the valve and into the converter feed limit circuit. Spring force and converter feed fluid at the valve limits converter feed limit pressure to a specific maximum pressure as it is routed to the torque converter clutch control valve.
3b Torque Converter Clutch (TCC) control valve:

ON

SOL 2

COOLER FD TCC APPLY

3b
REG APP PCS TCC

1c

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM
ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM PCS 34 REV CL ACT FD LIM PCS 1234 CL

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (LOCATED IN PUMP)

PCS LINE

LINE

Spring force holds the valve in the released position allowing converter feed limit fluid to enter the TCC release fluid circuit.
3c Torque Converter:

LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

N.H.

TCC release fluid is routed to the torque converter, keeping a constant flow of fluid through the converter to keep it cool. Fluid leaves the torque converter through the TCC apply circuit and passes through the TCC control valve into the cooler feed circuit. Cooler feed fluid is routed through the cooler and into the lube fluid circuit to provide lubrication throughout the transmission.

2 COMPENSATION
LINE

2a
EX
C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

N.H. OFF

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE

FLUID PUMP

COMP FD

14

13

LINE

EX

COMP FD

SUCTION
FILTER SUMP
C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

N.L. OFF

50B

PCS LINE
ACT FD LIM

PCS CBR1/456 CL

Line pressure at the actuator feed limit valve passes through the valve and into the actuator feed limit circuit where pressure is limited to a maximum specific value. Actuator feed limit fluid is then routed to shift solenoid 1, TCC pressure control solenoid, CBR1/C456 pressure control solenoid, CB26 pressure control solenoid, shift solenoid 2, line pressure control solenoid, C35R pressure control solenoid, C1234 pressure control solenoid and 3-5 clutch regulator valve.

TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

ACT FD LIM

ON

SOL 1

LINE

ACT FD LIM
PCS TCC PCS TCC

N.L. OFF

TCC APPLY TCC RELEASE

Figure 46

51

PARK
1 POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1)

PARK
(Engine Running)
OUTPUT SHAFT ASSEMBLY (70) HELD 3 VEHICLE HELD STATIONARY (NO POWER TRANSMITTED TO OR FROM DIFFERENTIAL ASSEMBLY)

(Engine Running)
2 POWERFLOW TERMINATED 4 LOW AND REVERSE CLUTCH APPLIED*

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH

3-5 REV. 4-5-6 2-6 CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH

LOW & REV. CLUTCH APPLIED*

LOW CLUTCH SPRAG

* Applied with no load

The manual shift shaft (508) and the manual valve (354) are in the Park position. The park pawl actuator assembly (503) engages the park pawl (502) with the lugs on the output shaft assembly (70). The output shaft assembly (70) is held stationary, preventing the vehicle from moving.
1 Power from Torque Converter

TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)

TORQUE CONVERTER (WITH FLUID PUMP) HOUSING ASSEMBLY (2)

INPUT SUN GEAR (53) PARK PAWL ACTUATOR ASSEMBLY (503) 4-5-6 (w/TURBINE SHAFT) CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (56)

52

The power flows through the turbine shaft into the 4-5-6 clutch housing which contains the input internal gear. The input internal gear drives the input carrier pinion gears which rotate around the stationary input sun gear (53), thus driving the input carrier assembly (52) in reduction. The input carrier is splined to the 1-2-3-4 and 3-5 reverse clutch assembly (51), which is rotating in the same direction as the turbine shaft but in reduction.
2 Powerflow Terminated

1-2-3-4 AND 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (51)

The 1-2-3-4 and 3-5 reverse clutch assembly and the 4-5-6 clutch assembly rotate freely. Without any clutches applied, powerflow is terminated.
3 Vehicle Held Stationary

With the park pawl engaged, the vehicle cannot move forward or backward.
4 Low and Reverse Clutch Applied/Preparation for a Shift

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (52)

The low and reverse clutch is applied in Park in preparation for a shift into either 1st or reverse. This aids shift timing as only one clutch will need to be applied to achieve either range. The 6 Speed RWD is designed to have two components applied for each gear range, except drive range 1st gear without engine braking. Also, in each forward range, the design includes that only one component will need to be applied as another component releases.

LOW AND REV CLUTCH APPLIED*

OUTPUT SHAFT ASSEMBLY (70) HELD

NOTE: The vehicle should be completely stopped before selecting Park range or internal damage to the transmission could occur. Also, the manual linkage must be adjusted properly so the indicator quadrants in the vehicle correspond with the manual shaft detent lever (505) in the transmission. If not adjusted properly, an internal leak between fluid passages at the manual valve may cause a clutch to slip or cause the transmission to not hold in park. Refer to the appropriate General Motors Service Manual for the proper manual linkage adjustment procedures.
PARK PAWL (502) ENGAGED

* APPLIED BUT CARRYING NO LOAD

Figure 47

52A

PARK
(Engine Running)
SHIFT SHIFT 1-2-3-4 CL 2-6 CL 3-5 REV CL 4-5-6 CL LOW LOW 1-2-3-4 3-5 REV 4-5-6 2-6 SOL SOL PC PC PC PC & REV CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH 1 2 SOL 5 N.L. SOL 4 N.L. SOL 2 N.H. SOL 3 N.H. CLUTCH SPRAG
ON ON OFF OFF OFF ON APPLIED*

PARK
(Engine Running)
1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY

*APPLIED WITH NO LOAD

FLUID PRESSURE DIRECTED IN PREPARATION FOR A SHIFT 1 Manual Valve:

4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY


1234 CLUTCH 35 REV CLUTCH COMP FEED 456 CLUTCH

2-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY


26 CLUTCH

LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY

Mechanically controlled by the gear selector lever, the manual valve is in the Park (P) position and prevents line pressure from the pressure regulator valve from entering the reverse and drive circuits.
2a CBR1/C456 Pressure Control (PC) Solenoid 3:

D N R

MANUAL VALVE

The CBR1/C456 PCS is energized (HIGH) allowing actuator feed limit fluid to enter the PCS CBR1/C456 CL fluid circuit. PCS CBR1/C456 CL fluid is then routed through orifice #31 to the 4-5-6 clutch boost valve and through orifice #39 to the CBR1/ C456 clutch regulator valve.
2b CBR1/C456 Clutch Regulator Valve:

CBR CBR 1

DRIVE

DRIVE

LINE
CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY

LINE

1
ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

ON

SOL 1
ACT FD LIM

SOL 1

SOL 1

SOL 1

#2

2b
PS5 COMP FD LINE
38

DRIVE 1-6
ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

DRIVE

3a Shift Solenoid 1:

LINE

SOL 1

PCS CBR1/456 CL

PCS TCC ACT FD LIM

31

DRIVE 1-6
CBR1/CBR FD

EX

3b TCC Regulator Valve and Shuttle Valve:

456 CL BOOST VALVE

CSV2 LATCH CBR1/456 CL FD LINE CBR1/456 CL FD DRIVE CBR1/CBR FD

Solenoid 1 fluid is routed to the TCC regulator valve and shuttle valve and moves the valve against TCC regulator valve spring force.
3c #2 Ball Check Valve:
LINE
PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE

CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

LINE
EX
EXHAUST BACKFILL PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
30

COMP FD

DRIVE BRAKE DRV B EX

LINE

LINE

3d Clutch Select Valve 2:

LINE
2A
CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

ACT FD LIM PCS 26 CL

EX

42

43

26 CL/1234 CL FD
CBR

49

REVERSE 456 CL FD

REVERSE

CONV FD

2a

1234 CL DFLT 1234 CL DFLT FD

CBR1/CBR FD

Solenoid 1 fluid seats the #2 ball check valve against the reverse fluid passage and fluid is forced through orifice #22 into the CSV2 enable fluid circuit. CSV2 enable fluid is routed to the clutch select valve 2 and moves the valve against clutch select valve 2 spring force. This allows CBR1/456 CL FD fluid to pass through the valve and enter the CBR1/CBR FD circuit. CBR1/CBR FD fluid is then routed: to clutch select valve 3, into the CBR1 fluid circuit and, through orifice #49 where it enters the CBR fluid circuit and an exhaust passage at the clutch select valve 3 (this fluid is intended to keep the low and reverse clutch full of fluid but not pressurized). CBR1 fluid is then routed to the low & reverse clutch assembly in preparation for a shift into low or reverse gear.
4a Shift Solenoid 2:
DECREASE

26

LINE

EX BACKFILL

CBR CBR 1

N.H. ON

1234 CL DFLT FD

Shift solenoid 1 is energized (ON) allowing actuator feed limit fluid to enter the solenoid 1 circuit. Solenoid 1 fluid is routed to the #2 ball check valve and through orifice #10 to the TCC regulator valve and shuttle valve (SHTL).

EX EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD

39
TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

EX

37

DRIVE EX

CBR1/C456 CL REG VALVE

ACT FD LIM

EX

35 REV CL

EX

LINE

3d

3c
CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

CSV2 ENABLE
22

PCS CBR1/C456 CL fluid at the CBR1/C4-5-6 clutch regulator valve moves the valve against CBR1/C4-5-6 clutch regulator spring force and CBR1/FDBK fluid. This allows line pressure to pass through the valve and enter the CBR1/456CL FD circuit. CBR1/456CL FD is then routed to Clutch Select Valve 2.

3a
N.C.
SHIFT SOL 1

REVERSE

LINE

EX

REVERSE

CBR1 FDBK
12

N.L. OFF

EX

456 CL

4d

21

2-6 CLUTCH REG

EX BF 26 CL

PCS 26 CL
ACT FD LIM

26 CL

44

2-6 GAIN

PS3 EX

EX

N.L. OFF

41

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3


20

ISOLATOR

PS1
N.C.

1
5

PS1
EX BF

SOL 1

51

456 CL

CBR

CSV3 ENABLE

PCS LINE

456 CL

N.C.
SHIFT SOL 2

35 CL REV FD

35 CL REV FD

#3

4c
SOL 2
35 REV CL FDBK

ON

SOL 2

SOL 2

SOL 2

LINE

EX

35R FD ACT FD LIM

4b 3-5 Reverse Clutch Regulator Valve:

PCS 35 REV CL

EX BF

N.H.

COMP FD

4d Clutch Select Valve #3:

ACT FD LIM
C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

COMP FD

COMP FD

CSV3 enable fluid moves the clutch select valve 3 against clutch select valve 3 spring force. CBR fluid at the clutch select valve 3 passes through the valve and exhausts. Note: Refer to Shift Solenoid and Pressure Control Solenoid information on pages 44 & 47 for a description solenoid operation.

PCS 1234 CL LINE LINE

N.L. OFF

52B

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 76

LINE

Solenoid 2 fluid seats the #3 ball check valve against 456 CL fluid passage and fluid is forced through orifice #20 into the CSV3 enable fluid circuit. CSV3 enable fluid is then routed to the clutch select valve 3.

PCS 35 REV CL

N.H. OFF

PS4 EX

36

35

34

33

50

EX BACKFILL 1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL PCS 1234 CL

1234 CL FD

1234 CL FDBK
14

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE


13

EX

4c #3 Ball Check Valve:

C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

ACT FD LIM
SHTL

1-2-3-4 CL REGULATOR VALVE

EX

Actuator feed limit fluid is routed through the valve and into the PS1 fluid passage. PS1 fluid is then sent to the normally closed #1 pressure switch and opens the switch.

REG APPLY

REG APPLY

ACT FD LIM

1234 CL

SOL 1

EX

SOL 1

48

47

46

EX

EX

Shift solenoid 2 is energized (ON) allowing actuator feed limit fluid to enter the solenoid 2 fluid circuit and is then routed to the #3 ball check valve.

PCS LINE

COMP FD

4a
LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

35 REV CL
EX

DRIVE

ACT FD LIM

4b

3b
45

PCS TCC

TCC REGULATOR VALVE SHTL


3-5 REV CL REGULATOR VALVE
11 10

Figure 48

53

REVERSE
1 POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1) 2a INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (52) DRIVEN 2 INPUT INTERNAL GEAR DRIVING 3 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH APPLIED 5 LOW AND REVERSE CLUTCH APPLIED 6 OUTPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (68) HELD 7 OUTPUT CARRIER INTERNAL FRONT GEAR (495) DRIVEN 4 OUTPUT CARRIER FRONT SUN GEAR (487) DRIVING

REVERSE
1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REV. 4-5-6 2-6 CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH APPLIED LOW & REV. CLUTCH APPLIED LOW CLUTCH SPRAG

POWER TO DIFFERENTIAL ASSEMBLY

In Reverse (R), torque from the engine is multiplied through the torque converter and transmission gearsets to the vehicles drive shaft and rear axle. The planetary gearset operates in reduction and also reverses the direction of input torque for a reverse gear ratio of approximately 3.064:1. The manual shift shaft (508) and the manual valve (354) are in the Reverse position.
1 Power from Torque Converter

INPUT INTERNAL GEAR DRIVING 1-2-3-4 AND 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (51) 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH APPLIED INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (52) DRIVEN

4-5-6 (w/TURBINE SHAFT) CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (56)

INPUT SUN GEAR (53) HELD

CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY (67)

LOW AND REVERSE CLUTCH APPLIED

OUTPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (68) HELD

OUTPUT CARRIER FRONT SUN GEAR (487) DRIVING

54

Figure 49

The turbine shaft with the 4-5-6 clutch assembly (56) is driven by the converter turbine.
2/2a Input Internal Gear Driving/ 2a Input Carrier Driven

The power flows through the turbine shaft into the 4-5-6 clutch housing which contains the input internal gear. The input internal gear drives the input carrier pinion gears which rotate around the stationary input sun gear (53) thus driving the input carrier assembly (52) in reduction. The input carrier is splined to the 1-2-3-4 and 3-5 reverse clutch assembly (51), which is rotating in the same direction as the turbine shaft but in reduction.
2-6 AND 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH HUB ASSEMBLY (64)

3-5 Reverse Clutch Applied

The 3-5 reverse clutch plates (402-403) are applied and hold the 2-6 and 3-5 reverse clutch hub assembly (64), which drives the output carrier front sun gear (487).
4 Output Carrier Front Sun Gear Driving

Engine torque is transferred from the 1-2-3-4 and 3-5 reverse clutch housing, through the output carrier front sun gear and to the front pinion gears. The pinion gears are in mesh with and drive the output carrier front internal gear (495).
5 Low and Reverse Clutch Applied

The low and reverse clutch is applied and holds the low clutch sprag assembly (467) outer race which is splined to the output carrier assembly (68).
6 Output Carrier Assembly Held

With the low and reverse clutch holding the output carrier assembly, the front pinion gears drive the output carrier internal front gear in a reverse direction.
7 Output Carrier Internal Front Gear Driven

The output carrier internal front gear is splined to the output shaft assembly (70), thus the output shaft is also driven in a reverse direction.

OUTPUT SHAFT ASSEMBLY (70) DRIVEN

When the throttle is released in Reverse, power from the vehicle (output shaft) drives through the output carrier and input carrier faster than engine speed is driving the turbine shaft. The engine then works as a brake, slowing the transmission down to input speed. This is referred to as engine braking.

54A

REVERSE
SHIFT SHIFT 1-2-3-4 CL 2-6 CL 3-5 REV CL 4-5-6 CL LOW LOW 1-2-3-4 3-5 REV 4-5-6 2-6 SOL SOL PC PC PC PC & REV CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH 1 2 SOL 5 N.L. SOL 4 N.L. SOL 2 N.H. SOL 3 N.H. CLUTCH SPRAG
ON OFF OFF OFF ON ON APPLIED APPLIED

REVERSE
1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY 4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY

When the gear selector lever is moved to the Reverse (R) position (from the Park position) the normally high C35R pressure control solenoid 2 is commanded ON and the following changes occur in the transmissions hydraulic and electrical systems:
1 FLUID PRESSURE DIRECTED IN PREPARATION FOR A SHIFT 1a Manual Valve: With the manual valve in the reverse position, line pressure is directed into the reverse fluid circuit to the #2 ball check valve and clutch select valve 3. 1b #2 Ball Check Valve: Reverse fluid seats the #2 ball check valve against the solenoid 1 fluid passage and fluid is forced through orifice #22 into the CSV2 enable circuit. 1c Clutch Select Valve 2: CSV2 enable fluid, present at the valve from Park position, continues to hold the clutch select valve 2 against clutch select valve 2 spring force. 2 LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH APPLIES 2a Clutch Select Valve 3: Reverse fluid from the manual valve is routed to clutch select valve 3 to combine with clutch select valve 3 spring force to keep the valve in the off position. This allows reverse fluid to pass through the valve and enter the 3-5 clutch reverse feed circuit. 3-5 clutch reverse feed fluid from the clutch select valve 3 is also routed to #5 ball check valve. CBR1/CBR FD fluid is also directed through the clutch select valve 3 to the low and reverse clutch assembly. 2b Low & Reverse Clutch: CBR & CBR1 fluid pressures are routed to both the inner and outer areas of the low and reverse clutch piston to hold the piston against spring force and hold the low and reverse clutch plates. The clutch was already applied in Park, but is applied with more holding capacity in Reverse (both piston areas are pressurized). 2c #5 Ball Check Valve: 3-5 clutch reverse feed fluid seats #5 ball check valve against the drive 1-6 circuit allowing 3-5 clutch reverse feed fluid to enter the 3-5 reverse supply circuit. 3-5 reverse supply fluid is then routed to #7 ball check valve and through orifice #25 where is enters the 3-5 reverse feed circuit. 3-5 reverse feed passes through orifice #46 and then is routed to the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve. 3 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH APPLIES 3a C35R Pressure Control Solenoid 2: The C35R Pressure Control Solenoid 2 is energized (HIGH) allowing actuator feed limit fluid to enter the PCS 3-5 reverse clutch circuit. PCS 3-5 reverse clutch fluid is then routed through orifice #48 to the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve and through orifice #40 to the 3-5 reverse boost valve. 3b 3-5 Reverse Clutch Regulator Valve: PCS 3-5 reverse clutch fluid moves the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve against 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve spring force and 35 reverse clutch feedback fluid. This allows 3-5 reverse feed to pass through the valve and enter the 3-5 reverse clutch circuit. 3-5 reverse clutch fluid is then routed to the 3-5 reverse clutch and the 3-5 reverse boost valve. PS1 fluid from pressure switch 1 exhausts through the valve allowing the switch to close. 3c 3-5 Reverse Boost Valve: PCS 3-5 reverse clutch fluid pressure acts on a differential area moving the 3-5 reverse clutch boost valve against the 3-5 reverse clutch boost valve spring. 3-5 reverse clutch fluid passes through the valve and enters the 3-5 reverse clutch feedback circuit. As PCS 3-5 reverse clutch fluid pressure is increased to a given value, the 3-5 reverse clutch boost valve opens the 3-5 reverse clutch feedback circuit to exhaust. This results in the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve moving to the full feed position sending full 3-5 clutch reverse feed pressure (full line pressure) to the clutch. 3d 3-5 Reverse Clutch: 3-5 reverse clutch fluid enters the 1-2-3-4 & reverse clutch housing to move the piston against spring force and compensator feed fluid to apply the 3-5 reverse clutch plates.

3d
1234 CLUTCH 35 REV CLUTCH COMP FEED
CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY

2-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY


26 CLUTCH

2b
LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY

1a
M D N R P
MANUAL VALVE

COMP FD

REVERSE
SOL 1

DRIVE

DRIVE

LINE

35 REV CLUTCH LINE LINE ACT FD LIM SOL 1 SOL 1 DRIVE 1-6

N.C.
SHIFT SOL 1

EX

456 CLUTCH

1b
#2

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

COMP FD

LINE

38

PS5

ON

SOL 1

35 REV CLUTCH

CBR CBR 1

CBR1/C456 CL REG VALVE

EX EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD

EX

ACT FD LIM

LINE

CBR1 FDBK

35 REV CL

DRIVE

456 CL BOOST VALVE

12

DRIVE EX

31

REVERSE

EX

EX

35 REV CL 1234 CL DFLT FD


20

1c
CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

N.L. OFF

PCS CBR1/456 CL

PCS TCC

CBR1/456 CL FD LINE LINE

CBR1/456 CL FD DRIVE BRAKE

EX

26

30

35 REV CL

CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

LINE

ACT FD LIM

EXHAUST BACKFILL PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

EX BACKFILL 456 CL

CBR1/CBR FD
49

N.H. ON

456 CL FD

CBR1/CBR FD

DRIVE 1-6

CSV2 LATCH

EX

TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

PCS TCC

EX

COMP FD

42

43

DRIVE BRAKE DRV B EX

26 CL/1234 CL FD

2-6 CLUTCH REG

EX BF 26 CL

PS3 EX

ACT FD LIM
CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

PCS 26 CL

26 CL

2-6 GAIN

CBR

EX

44

SOL 1

41

REVERSE 456 CL FD

REVERSE

2a

21

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3

PCS 26 CL

N.L. OFF

3c
1234 CL DFLT

ACT FD LIM

35R CL BOOST VALVE

EX

DRIVE 1-6

2c
#5
51

456 CL

EX BF

1234 CL DFLT FD

CBR1/CBR FD

40

CSV3 ENABLE

PS1
N.C.

35 REV CL FDBK PS1 PCS 35 REV CL 35 REV CL

CBR

1
N.C.
SHIFT SOL 2

35 CL REV FD

456 CL

CSV2 ENABLE
22

PCS CBR1/456 CL

ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

39

37

SOL 1

#3
SOL 2

OFF

SOL 2

SOL 2

EX

45

3-5 REV CL REGULATOR VALVE

35R FD ACT FD LIM

PCS LINE

EX BF

ACT FD LIM

48

47

46

3b
25

35R SPL

PCS TCC

EX

DRIVE 1-6
9

#7

SOL 1

LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

TCC REGULATOR VALVE SHTL

EX

EX

N.H.

11

10

ACT FD LIM

3a
C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

REG APPLY

REG APPLY

ACT FD LIM

1234 CL

N.H.

ON

COMP FD

LINE

SHTL
36 35

1-2-3-4 CL REGULATOR VALVE

EX

PS4 EX

34

33

1234 CL FD EX BACKFILL

1234 CL FDBK

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE

EX

50

COMP FD

ACT FD LIM
C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

PCS 1234 CL

PCS 1234 CL

PCS 1234 CL

N.L. OFF

COMP FD

COMP FD

LINE

LINE

54B

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 78

LINE

1234 CL DFLT

14

13

EX

SOL 1

Figure 50

55

NEUTRAL
(Engine Running)
1 POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1) 2 POWERFLOW TERMINATED 3 LOW AND REVERSE CLUTCH APPLIED* NO POWER TRANSMITTED TO DIFFERENTIAL ASSEMBLY

NEUTRAL
(Engine Running)
1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REV. 4-5-6 2-6 CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH LOW & REV. CLUTCH APPLIED* * Applied with no load LOW CLUTCH SPRAG

When the gear selector lever is placed in the Neutral (N) position, mechanical power flow is identical to Park (P) range, except that the park lock actuator assembly (503) is disengaged. The park pawl spring (501) releases the park pawl (502) from the lugs on the output shaft assembly (70). With the park pawl disengaged, the output shaft is free to rotate allowing the vehicle to roll. The manual shift shaft (508) and the manual valve (354) are in the Neutral position.
1 Power from Torque Converter

TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)

INPUT SUN GEAR (53) PARK PAWL ACTUATOR ASSEMBLY (503) 4-5-6 (w/TURBINE SHAFT) CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (56)

56

TORQUE CONVERTER (WITH FLUID PUMP) HOUSING ASSEMBLY (2)

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (52) 1-2-3-4 AND 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (51) LOW AND REVERSE CLUTCH APPLIED* OUTPUT SHAFT ASSEMBLY (70) PARK PAWL (502) DISENGAGED * APPLIED BUT CARRYING NO LOAD

The turbine shaft with 4-5-6 clutch assembly (56) is driven by the converter turbine.
2 Powerflow Terminated

Without any clutches applied, or sprag clutches holding, the turbine shaft with 4-5-6 clutch assembly (56) rotates freely and powerflow is terminated.
3 Low and Reverse Clutch Applied/Preparation for a Shift

The low and reverse clutch is applied in Neutral in preparation for a shift into either 1st or reverse. This aids shift timing as only one clutch will need to be applied to achieve either range. The 6 Speed RWD is designed to have two components applied for each gear range, except drive range 1st without engine braking. Also, in each forward range, the design includes that only one component will need to be applied as another component releases.

Neutral range may be selected for starting the engine when the vehicle is standing still or moving.

Figure 51

56A

NEUTRAL
(Engine Running)
SHIFT SHIFT 1-2-3-4 CL 2-6 CL 3-5 REV CL 4-5-6 CL LOW LOW 1-2-3-4 3-5 REV 4-5-6 2-6 SOL SOL PC PC PC PC & REV CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH 1 2 SOL 5 N.L. SOL 4 N.L. SOL 2 N.H. SOL 3 N.H. CLUTCH SPRAG

NEUTRAL
(Engine Running)
1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY 4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY
APPLIED*

ON/

ON

OFF

OFF

OFF

ON

*APPLIED WITH NO LOAD

CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY

REVERSE

DRIVE

DRIVE

LINE

When the gear selector is moved to the Neutral (N) position, the hydraulic and electrical system operation is identical to Park (P) range. However, if Neutral is selected after the vehicle was operating in Reverse (R), the normally high C35R pressure control solenoid 2 is commanded OFF and the following changes would occur in the hydraulic system:
1 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH RELEASES: 1a Manual Valve:

1d
1234 CLUTCH 35 REV CLUTCH COMP FEED COMP FD

2-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY


26 CLUTCH

LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY

1a
M D N R P
MANUAL VALVE

1234 CLUTCH 35 REV CLUTCH LINE LINE ACT FD LIM PS5 SOL 1 DRIVE 1-6
38

35 REV CLUTCH 1234 CLUTCH

EX EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD

ACT FD LIM

LINE

3-5 reverse boost valve spring force moves the valve to allow 3-5 reverse clutch feedback fluid from the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve to enter the 3-5 reverse clutch circuit and exhaust.
1d 3-5 Reverse Clutch Regulator Valve:

PCS TCC

CBR1/456 CL FD LINE LINE

CBR1/456 CL FD DRIVE BRAKE

EX

3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve spring force moves the valve to allow 3-5 reverse clutch fluid from the 3-5 reverse clutch and clutch select valve 2 to pass through the valve and enter the exhaust backfill fluid circuit. 3-5 reverse clutch fluid then enters the exhaust backfill fluid circuit and is routed through orifice #30 to the exhaust backfill pressure relief valve where excess pressure is exhausted.
1e 3-5 Reverse Clutch:

26

30

35 REV CL 1234 CL

CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

LINE

ACT FD LIM

EXHAUST BACKFILL PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

EX BACKFILL 456 CL

CBR1/CBR FD
49

N.H. ON

456 CL FD

CBR1/CBR FD

2-6 CLUTCH REG

SOL 1

REVERSE 456 CL FD

REVERSE

42

43

26 CL/1234 CL FD

1f
CBR

DRIVE BRAKE DRV B EX

PCS 26 CL

CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

26 CL

44

PS3 EX

ACT FD LIM PCS 26 CL

EX BF 26 CL

41

2-6 GAIN

21

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3


20

3-5 reverse clutch spring force combined with a force from the compensator moves the 3-5 reverse clutch piston to release the 3-5 reverse clutch plates and force 3-5 reverse clutch fluid to exhaust from the 1-2-3-4 and 3-5 reverse clutch housing. 3-5 reverse clutch fluid is then routed to the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve allowing the 3-5 reverse clutch to release.
1f Clutch Select Valve 3:

N.L. OFF

1c
ACT FD LIM
35R CL BOOST VALVE

1234 CL DFLT 456 CL

EX

DRIVE 1-6

EX BF

1234 CL DFLT FD

EX

CBR1/CBR FD

COMP FD

40

CSV3 ENABLE

1234 CL DFLT FD

DRIVE 1-6

1c 3-5 Reverse Clutch Boost Valve:

N.L. OFF

PCS CBR1/456 CL

CSV2 LATCH

EX

The C35R pressure control solenoid 2 is commanded OFF allowing PCS 3-5 reverse clutch fluid from the 3-5 reverse clutch boost valve and 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve to exhaust.

35 REV CL

DRIVE

456 CL BOOST VALVE

12

DRIVE EX

31

REVERSE

EX

EX

35 REV CL
9 10

1b C35R Pressure Control Solenoid 2:

CBR1 FDBK

CSV2 ENABLE
22

PCS CBR1/456 CL

EX

ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

The manual valve is moved to the Neutral position and blocks line pressure from entering the reverse and drive fluid circuits. The reverse fluid from the #2 ball check valve and clutch select valve 3 is opened to an exhaust passage at the manual valve.

N.C.
SHIFT SOL 1

PS5 SOL 1

SOL 1

EX

456 CLUTCH

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

COMP FD

LINE

PS5

ON

SOL 1

#2
CBR CBR 1 SOL 1

CBR1/C456 CL REG VALVE

EX

39

37

TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

PCS TCC

PS1
N.C. N.C.
SHIFT SOL 2

35 REV CL FDBK PS1 PCS 35 REV CL 35 REV CL

CBR

#5

51

35 CL REV FD

456 CL

#3

SOL 1

When reverse fluid exhausts through the manual valve, CSV3 enable fluid moves the valve against clutch select valve 3 spring force. 3-5 reverse feed fluid is routed around #7 ball check valve and into the 3-5 reverse supply circuit. 3-5 reverse supply fluid is routed around #5 ball check valve and into the 3-5 clutch reverse feed circuit and exhausts at the clutch select valve 3.

ON

SOL 2

SOL 2

SOL 2

EX

45

3-5 REV CL REGULATOR VALVE

35R FD ACT FD LIM

PCS LINE

EX BF

ACT FD LIM

48

47

46

35R SPL

PCS TCC

EX

DRIVE 1-6

1234 CL

1e
PCS 35 REV CL ACT FD LIM

#7

25

LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

TCC REGULATOR VALVE SHTL

EX

EX

N.H.

11

1b
C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

PCS 35 REV CL

REG APPLY

REG APPLY

ACT FD LIM

1234 CL

1234 CL

EX

N.H. OFF

COMP FD

LINE

SHTL
36 35

1-2-3-4 CL REGULATOR VALVE

PS4 EX

34

33

50

1234 CL BOOST VALVE

PCS 1234 CL

1234 CL FDBK

EX BACKFILL 1234 CL DFLT ACT FD LIM


C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

EX

29

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE

EX

1234 CL FD

1234 CL

COMP FD

14

13

PCS 1234 CL

PCS 1234 CL

PCS 1234 CL 1234 CL FDBK

N.L. OFF

COMP FD

COMP FD

LINE

LINE

56B

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 78

LINE

EX

SOL 1

Figure 52

57

DRIVE RANGE 1ST GEAR


(Engine Braking)
POWER TO TORQUE CONVERTER (1) 8 1-2-3-4 CLUTCH APPLIED 9 INPUT INTERNAL GEAR DRIVEN 4 LOW CLUTCH SPRAG ASSEMBLY (467) HOLDING 3 LOW AND REVERSE CLUTCH APPLIED* 5 OUTPUT CARRIER REAR OUTER PINION GEAR DRIVEN 2 OUTPUT CARRIER INTERNAL REAR GEAR (497) DRIVING 7 OUTPUT CARRIER REAR SUN GEAR (489) DRIVEN

DRIVE RANGE 1ST GEAR (Engine Braking)


1-2-3-4 CLUTCH APPLIED 3-5 REV. 4-5-6 2-6 CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH LOW & REV. CLUTCH APPLIED* LOW CLUTCH SPRAG HOLDING

1 POWER FROM DIFFERENTIAL ASSEMBLY

In Drive Range (D) 1st gear, torque from the engine is multiplied through the torque converter and transmission gearsets to the vehicles drive shaft. The planetary gears operate in reduction to achieve a 1st gear starting ratio of approximately 4.027:1. When the throttle is released in Drive Range 1st Gear before the 1-2 shift has occurred (depending on vehicle speed), power from the vehicle wheels attempts to drive the transmission components faster than engine torque is driving them. Because the low and reverse clutch is applied and holds the output carrier assembly stationary, the low clutch sprag assembly (467) is prevented from overrunning and engine braking slows the vehicle. Note: The powerflow for 1st gear (Engine Braking) shown in figure 53 describes 1st gear conditions during deceleration (zero or minimum throttle conditions) and how engine compression braking is achieved. Transfer of engine torque during acceleration is identical to 1st gear as described on pages 60 and 60B.

1-2-3-4 AND 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (51)

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH APPLIED

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (52) DRIVING

INPUT SUN GEAR (53) HELD

LOW AND LOW CLUTCH REVERSE SPRAG CLUTCH ASSEMBLY APPLIED (467) HOLDING

CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY (67)

58

INPUT INTERNAL GEAR DRIVEN REAR SUN GEAR (489) DRIVEN

The manual shift shaft (508) and the manual valve (354) are in the Drive position.
1
6 OUTPUT CARRIER REAR INNER PINION GEARS DRIVEN

Power From the Differential Assembly

Power flow is transferred back through the transmission from the output shaft to the 4-5-6 (w/turbine shaft) clutch assembly. Each component functions and rotates the same as in acceleration.
2 Output Carrier Internal Rear Gear Driving

Power from the output shaft travels through the output carrier internal rear gear to drive the output carrier rear outer pinion gear.
3 Low and Reverse Clutch Applied

4-5-6 (w/TURBINE SHAFT) CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (56)

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH HUB ASSEMBLY (61)

The low and reverse clutch, which is located within the center support assembly (67), is applied and holds the low clutch sprag outer race. This assists the low clutch sprag in holding the output carrier assembly (68) stationary. The low and reverse clutch will release before the 1-2 shift occurs. The transmission will have engine braking available up to a calibrated point before the 1-2 shift.
4 Low Clutch Sprag Assembly Holding

The power transferred to the output carrier assembly (68) by the output rear outer pinion gears attempts to rotate the carrier, but the carrier is held stationary by the low clutch sprag assembly (467).
5 Output Carrier Rear Outer Pinion Gears Driven

With the output carrier held, the output carrier rear outer pinions which are driven by the internal gear, drive the output inner pinions.
OUTPUT CARRIER INTERNAL REAR GEAR (497) DRIVING

6
OUTPUT SHAFT ASSEMBLY (70)

Output Carrier Rear Inner Pinion Gears Driven

The output carrier rear inner pinion gears are driven by the outer pinions and in turn, drive the output carrier rear sun gear (489).
7 Output Carrier Rear Sun Gear Driven

OUTPUT CARRIER REAR OUTER PINION OUTPUT GEAR CARRIER DRIVEN ASSEMBLY (68) HELD

The output carrier rear sun gear (489) is splined to the 1-2-3-4 clutch hub assembly (61), continuing power flow back through the transmission to the 1-2-3-4 clutch assembly.
8 1-2-3-4 Clutch Applied

The 1-2-3-4 clutch is applied and power from the 1-2-3-4 clutch hub assembly (61), which is splined to the output carrier rear sun gear (489), continues on to the input carrier assembly (52). The input carrier assembly is splined to the 1-2-3-4 and 3-5 reverse clutch assembly (51).
9 Input Internal Gear Driven

OUTPUT CARRIER REAR INNER PINION GEAR DRIVEN

The input internal gear is located in the turbine shaft with 4-5-6 clutch assembly (56). The input internal gear is driven by the input carrier pinion gears which rotate around the stationary input sun gear (53). As vehicle speed increases, less torque multiplication is needed for maximum efficiency. Therefore, it is desirable to shift the transmission to a lower gear ratio, or 2nd gear. NOTE: Just before the 1-2 shift, the low and reverse clutch will release and the vehicle will be allowed to coast brake instead of having engine braking. The release of the low and reverse clutch at this time enables a smooth 1-2 shift as only one component will need to apply to achieve 2nd gear.

*APPLIED BEFORE THE FIRST 1-2 SHIFT HAS OCCURED.

Figure 53

58A

DRIVE RANGE 1ST GEAR


(Engine Braking)
SHIFT SHIFT 1-2-3-4 CL 2-6 CL 3-5 REV CL 4-5-6 CL LOW LOW 1-2-3-4 3-5 REV 4-5-6 2-6 SOL SOL PC PC PC PC & REV CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH 1 2 SOL 5 N.L. SOL 4 N.L. SOL 2 N.H. SOL 3 N.H. CLUTCH SPRAG
ON ON ON OFF OFF ON APPLIED APPLIED HOLDING

DRIVE RANGE - 1ST GEAR


(Engine Braking)
1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY 4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY

REVERSE

DRIVE

DRIVE

LINE

CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY

1234 CLUTCH LINE LINE ACT FD LIM SOL 1 SOL 1 DRIVE 1-6

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

COMP FD

1234 CLUTCH

EX EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD

ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

ACT FD LIM

LINE

Drive fluid at the clutch select valve 2 passes through the valve and enters the drive brake circuit. Drive brake fluid is then routed to the clutch select valve 3.
1c Clutch Select Valve 3:

DRIVE

456 CL BOOST VALVE

12

DRIVE EX

31

EX

EX

35 REV CL 1234 CL DFLT FD


20

1b Clutch Select Valve 2:

CBR1 FDBK

CSV2 ENABLE
22

The manual valve is moved to the Drive (D) position and allows line fluid pressure to enter the drive fluid circuit. Drive fluid is then routed to the clutch select valve 2.

LINE

38

PS5

ON

CBR CBR 1

CBR1/C456 CL REG VALVE

EX

39

37

SOL 1

PCS CBR1/456 CL

1b

EX

N.L. OFF

PCS CBR1/456 CL

CBR1/456 CL FD LINE LINE

CBR1/456 CL FD

2-6 CLUTCH REG

SOL 1

REVERSE 456 CL FD

REVERSE

42

43

26 CL/1234 CL FD

DRIVE BRAKE DRV B EX

1e #6 Ball Check Valve:

PCS 26 CL

ACT FD LIM

35 CL REV FD

EX BF

CSV3 ENABLE

2 1-2-3-4 CLUTCH APPLIES 2a C1234 Pressure Control Solenoid 5:

PS1
N.C. N.C.
SHIFT SOL 2

35 REV CL FDBK PS1 PCS 35 REV CL 35 REV CL

CBR
51

35 CL REV FD

456 CL

CB26/C1234 feed fluid seats the #6 ball check valve against the 1234 clutch feed passage forcing CB26/C1234 feed fluid through orifice #32 before entering the 1234 clutch feed circuit. 1234 clutch feed fluid is routed through orifice #33 and then to the 1-2-3-4 clutch regulator valve.

CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

26 CL

44

PS3 EX

ACT FD LIM PCS 26 CL


N.C.

EX BF 26 CL

41

CBR

2-6 GAIN

21

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3

26 CL PS3 1234 CL DFLT 456 CL

N.L. OFF

3
PS3

1234 CL DFLT FD

EX

CBR1/CBR FD

Drive B fluid seats the #1 ball check valve against drive 1-6 fluid to force drive B fluid into the CB26/C1234 feed passage. CB26/C1234 feed fluid is routed to the #6 ball check valve, through orifice #43 and, to the 2-6 clutch regulator valve. CB26/C1234 feed fluid passes through the 2-6 clutch regulator valve and enters the PS3 fluid circuit. PS3 fluid is then routed to the normally closed pressure switch 3 and opens the switch.

EX

1d #1 Ball Check Valve:


CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

1d
EXHAUST BACKFILL PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

LINE

ACT FD LIM

1234 CL

26

30

EX BACKFILL

CBR1/CBR FD
49

N.H. ON

#1

DRIVE 1-6

456 CL

1c

COMP FD

456 CL FD

CBR1/CBR FD

Drive brake fluid at the clutch select valve 3 passes through the valve and enters the Drive B fluid circuit. Drive B fluid is then routed to #1 ball check valve.

PCS TCC

DRIVE 1-6

CSV2 LATCH

EX

TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

REVERSE

1 FLUID PRESSURE IS DIRECTED TO THE 1-2-3-4 CLUTCH AND THE LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH TO PROVIDE ENGINE BRAKING 1a Manual Valve:

N.C.
SHIFT SOL 1

SOL 1

EX

When the gear selector lever is moved to the Drive (D) range from the Neutral (N) position, the transmission will provide engine braking. In this operating range, the normally-low C1234 pressure control solenoid 5 is commanded ON and in the engine braking mode the following changes occur within the hydraulic circuits:

2-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY


26 CLUTCH

2d
1234 CLUTCH 35 REV CLUTCH COMP FEED COMP FD

LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY

1a
M D N R P

MANUAL VALVE

456 CLUTCH

SOL 1

#2

35R FD ACT FD LIM

PCS LINE

EX BF

The C1234 Pressure Control Solenoid 5 is commanded ON allowing actuator feed limit fluid to enter the PCS1234 clutch fluid circuit. PCS1234 clutch fluid is then routed through orifice #35 to the 1-2-3-4 clutch regulator valve. PCS1234 clutch fluid is also routed through orifice #29 and then to the 1-2-3-4 clutch boost valve.
2b 1-2-3-4 Clutch Regulator Valve:

#3

ON

SOL 2

SOL 2

SOL 2

EX

45

3-5 REV CL REGULATOR VALVE

PCS TCC

ACT FD LIM

48

47

46

EX

DRIVE 1-6

26 CL/1234 CL FD

PCS1234 clutch fluid moves the 1-2-3-4 clutch regulator valve against 1-2-3-4 clutch regulator valve spring force to allow 1234 clutch feed fluid to pass through the valve and enter the 1234 clutch fluid circuit. 1234 clutch fluid is then routed to the 1234 clutch boost valve and the 1-2-3-4 clutch.
2c 1-2-3-4 Clutch Boost Valve:

1234 CL

SOL 1

LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

TCC REGULATOR VALVE SHTL

EX

EX

N.H.

11

10

ACT FD LIM

REG APPLY

REG APPLY

2b
N.H. OFF

PCS1234 clutch fluid pressure acts on a differential area moving the 1234 clutch boost valve against the 1234 clutch boost valve spring. 1234 clutch fluid passes through the valve and enters the 1234 clutch feedback circuit. As PCS 1234 clutch fluid pressure is increased to a given value, the 1234 clutch boost valve opens the 1234 clutch feedback circuit to exhaust. This results in the 1234 clutch regulator valve moving to the full feed position sending full 26 CL/1234 CL feed pressure (full line pressure) to the clutch.
2d 1-2-3-4 Clutch:

#6
PS4 EX
32 50 33

COMP FD

LINE

SHTL
36 35

1-2-3-4 CL REGULATOR VALVE


34

2c 1e

1234 CL BOOST VALVE

2a
ACT FD LIM
C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

PCS 1234 CL

1234 CL FDBK

EX BACKFILL 1234 CL DFLT

EX

29

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE

EX

1234 CL FD

1234 CL

C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

ACT FD LIM

1234 CL

1234 CL

EX

COMP FD

14

13

PCS 1234 CL

PCS 1234 CL 1234 CL FDBK COMP FD LINE COMP FD LINE

N.L.

ON

1234 clutch fluid enters the 1234 clutch housing to move the piston against spring force and compensator feed fluid to apply the 1-2-3-4 clutch plates.
COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 82

58B

LINE

EX

SOL 1

Figure 54

59

DRIVE RANGE 1ST GEAR


1 POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1) 3 1-2-3-4 CLUTCH APPLIED 2 INPUT INTERNAL GEAR DRIVING 8 LOW CLUTCH SPRAG ASSEMBLY (467) HOLDING 7 LOW AND REVERSE CLUTCH RELEASED 6 OUTPUT CARRIER REAR OUTER PINION GEAR DRIVING 9 OUTPUT CARRIER INTERNAL REAR GEAR (497) DRIVEN 4 OUTPUT CARRIER REAR SUN GEAR (489) DRIVING

DRIVE RANGE 1ST GEAR


1-2-3-4 CLUTCH APPLIED 3-5 REV. 4-5-6 2-6 CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH LOW & REV. CLUTCH LOW CLUTCH SPRAG HOLDING

In Drive Range (D) 1st gear, torque from the engine is multiplied through the torque converter and transmission gearsets to the vehicles drive shaft. The planetary gears operate in reduction to achieve a 1st gear starting ratio of approximately 4.027:1.

1-2-3-4 AND 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (51)

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH APPLIED

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (52) DRIVEN

INPUT INTERNAL GEAR DRIVING INPUT SUN GEAR (53) HELD

4-5-6 (w/TURBINE SHAFT) CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (56)

LOW AND LOW CLUTCH REVERSE SPRAG CLUTCH ASSEMBLY RELEASED (467) HOLDING

OUTPUT CARRIER REAR OUTER PINION OUTPUT GEAR CARRIER DRIVING ASSEMBLY (68) HELD

OUTPUT CARRIER INTERNAL REAR GEAR (497) DRIVEN

CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY (67)

REAR SUN GEAR (489) DRIVING

OUTPUT CARRIER REAR INNER PINION GEAR DRIVING

60

Figure 55

POWER TO DIFFERENTIAL ASSEMBLY

The manual shift shaft (508) and the manual valve (354) are in the Drive position.
1 Power from Torque Converter

The turbine shaft with 4-5-6 clutch assembly (56) is driven by the converter turbine.
2 Input Internal Gear Driving

The input internal gear is located in the turbine shaft with 45-6 clutch assembly (56). The input internal gear drives the input carrier pinion gears which rotate around the stationary input sun gear (53), thus driving the input carrier assembly (52) in reduction. The input carrier is splined to the 1-2-3-4 and 3-5 reverse clutch assembly (51), which is rotating in the same direction as the turbine shaft but in reduction.
3 1-2-3-4 Clutch Applied

5 OUTPUT CARRIER REAR INNER PINION GEAR DRIVING

The 1-2-3-4 clutch is applied and holds the 1-2-3-4 clutch hub assembly (61), which is splined to the output carrier rear sun gear (489).
4 Output Carrier Rear Sun Gear Driving

The output carrier rear sun gear (489) is splined to the 1-23-4 clutch hub assembly (61) and rotates at the same speed and the same direction as the 1-2-3-4 and 3-5 reverse clutch assembly (51).
5 Output Carrier Rear Inner Pinion Gears Driving

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH HUB ASSEMBLY (61)

The output carrier rear sun gear drives the inner pinion gears of the rear carrier assembly in the opposite direction of the sun gear.
6 Output Carrier Rear Outer Pinion Gears Driving

The rear inner planetary pinion gears drive the outer pinion gears in the opposite direction, which is the same direction as the 1-2-3-4 and 3-5 reverse clutch assembly. The outer pinion gears are in mesh with the output rear inner pinion gears and the output internal rear gear.
7 Low and Reverse Clutch Released

The low and reverse clutch releases before the 1-2 shift occurs which will allow the low clutch sprag outer race to rotate freely.
8 Low Clutch Sprag Assembly Holding

OUTPUT SHAFT ASSEMBLY (70)

The power transferred to the output carrier assembly (68) by the output rear outer pinion gears attempts to rotate the carrier, but the carrier is held stationary by the low clutch sprag assembly (467). When the throttle is released, however, the low clutch sprag will overrun which allows the vehicle to coast, at least briefly until the TCM determines engine braking is required. At that time, the low and reverse clutch will apply and hold the low clutch sprag outer race.
9 Output Carrier Internal Rear Gear Driven

With the output carrier assembly (68) held, the output carrier outer pinion gears drive the internal rear gear (497) to achieve the 1st gear starting ratio of approximately 4.027:1 When the throttle is released in Drive Range 1st Gear, power from the vehicle wheels attempts to drive the transmission components faster than engine torque is driving them. Because the low and reverse clutch is released, the low clutch sprag assembly (467) will overrun and the vehicle is able to coast. This occurs only briefly, until engine braking or 2nd gear is achieved. As vehicle speed increases, less torque multiplication is needed for maximum efficiency. Therefore, it is desirable to shift the transmission to a lower gear ratio, or 2nd gear.

60A

DRIVE RANGE 1ST GEAR


SHIFT SHIFT 1-2-3-4 CL 2-6 CL 3-5 REV CL 4-5-6 CL LOW LOW 1-2-3-4 3-5 REV 4-5-6 2-6 SOL SOL PC PC PC PC & REV CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH 1 2 SOL 5 N.L. SOL 4 N.L. SOL 2 N.H. SOL 3 N.H. CLUTCH SPRAG
OFF ON ON OFF OFF OFF APPLIED HOLDING

DRIVE RANGE - 1ST GEAR


1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY 4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY
1234 CLUTCH 35 REV CLUTCH COMP FEED
CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY

REVERSE

DRIVE

DRIVE

As the vehicle speed increases, the transmission control module (TCM) receives input signals from the automatic transmission input and output speed sensors, throttle position sensor and other vehicle sensors to determine the precise moment to deenergize or turn off shift solenoid 1 and command OFF the normally-high CBR1/C456 pressure control solenoid 3.
1 LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH RELEASES

2-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY


26 CLUTCH

LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY


CBR 1 CBR

1h
M D N R P

COMP FD 456 CLUTCH 1234 CLUTCH

MANUAL VALVE

LINE

PS5
N.C. N.C.

LINE PS5 SOL 1


ACT FD LIM COMP FD

1a Shift Solenoid 1:

5
SOL 1
ACT FD LIM

LINE ACT FD LIM SOL 1 DRIVE 1-6


1234 CLUTCH CBR CBR 1 SOL 1 PS5

SHIFT SOL 1

SOL 1
REVERSE 35 REV CL 1234 CL DFLT FD
20

EX

EX EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD

CBR1 FDBK

DRIVE

PCS CBR1/456 CL

LINE
EX 456 CL

LINE

1c CBR1/C456 Pressure Control Solenoid 3:

The CBR1/C456 pressure control solenoid 3 is commanded OFF allowing PCS CBR1/C456 fluid from the CBR1/C456 clutch regulator valve and 456 clutch boost valve to exhaust.
1d CBR1/C456 Clutch Regulator Valve:

CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

26

30

1234 CL DRIVE 1-6

LINE

ACT FD LIM

EXHAUST BACKFILL PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

DRIVE 1-6 CBR1/CBR FD


49

EX BACKFILL

N.H. OFF

#1
1234 CL DFLT FD

CBR1/C456 clutch regulator valve spring force moves the valve to exhaust the CBR1/456 clutch feed circuit and allow drive 1-6 fluid to enter the PS5 fluid circuit. PS5 fluid is then routed to the normally-closed pressure switch 5 and opens the switch. PS5 fluid is also routed to the #4 ball check valve and flows into the CSV2 latch fluid circuit.
1e #4 Ball Check Valve:

SOL 1 DRIVE 1-6

2-6 CLUTCH REG

REVERSE 456 CL FD

REVERSE

42

43

26 CL/1234 CL FD

DRIVE BRAKE DRV B EX

PCS 26 CL

CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

26 CL

44

PS3 EX

ACT FD LIM PCS 26 CL


N.C.

EX BF 26 CL

41

CBR

EX

2-6 GAIN

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3

N.L. OFF

3
PS3
ACT FD LIM
35R CL BOOST VALVE

1234 CL DFLT

1f
#5
35 REV CL
51

456 CL
CSV3 ENABLE 456 CL

EX BF

EX

PS5 fluid pressure seats the #4 ball check valve against the 456 clutch fluid circuit. PS5 fluid is then directed into the CSV2 latch fluid circuit and routed to the clutch select valve 2. CSV2 latch fluid combines with clutch select valve 2 spring force and holds the valve in this position during all six forward gear ranges.
1f #5 Ball Check Valve:

40

35 REV CL

PS1
N.C. N.C.
SHIFT SOL 2

PCS 35 REV CL

35 REV CL FDBK PS1

EX

CBR

35 CL REV FD

35 CL REV FD

CBR1/CBR FD

456 CL
COMP FD

456 CL FD

1c

CBR1/456 CL FD

CBR1/456 CL FD

CBR1/CBR FD

CSV2 enable fluid is exhausted from the clutch select valve 2 and clutch select valve 2 spring force moves the valve to the released position. With clutch select valve 2 in the released position, drive fluid from the manual valve passes through the valve and enters the drive 1-6 fluid circuit. Drive 1-6 fluid then feeds all clutch regulator valves and the TCC regulator valve.

456 CL BOOST VALVE

12

DRIVE EX

1b Clutch Select Valve 2:


TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

31

EX

EX

CSV2 ENABLE
22

1a

EX

1e

ACT FD LIM

LINE

PCS CBR1/456 CL

ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

When shift solenoid 1 is turned OFF, CSV2 enable fluid from the clutch select valve 2 passes by the #2 ball check valve and enters the solenoid 1 fluid circuit. Solenoid 1 fluid from the #2 ball check valve and TCC regulator valve is then routed to the solenoid where it exhausts.

LINE

1d
39

38

CBR1/C456 CL REG VALVE

PS5

OFF

#2

EX

37

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

N.L. OFF

CSV2 LATCH PCS TCC

EX

#4

DRIVE 1-6

1b

21

#3

ON

SOL 2

SOL 2
45

SOL 2

3-5 REV CL REGULATOR VALVE

26 CL/1234 CL FD

PCS 35 REV CL

35R supply fluid seats the #7 ball check valve against the 35R feed fluid passage to force 35R supply fluid through orifice #25 before entering the 35R feed circuit. 35R feed fluid is then routed to the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve.
1h Low and Reverse Clutch:

ACT FD LIM

1g
1234 CL
EX

REG APPLY

REG APPLY

PCS 1234 CL

1234 CL FDBK

Low and reverse clutch spring force moves the low and reverse clutch piston which forces CBR and CBR1 fluid out of the center support. CBR fluid is routed to the clutch select valve 3 where it exhausts. CBR1 fluid is routed to the clutch select valve 2 where it exhausts. The low and reverse clutch is in the released position.

N.H. OFF

#6
PS4 EX
32 50 33

COMP FD

LINE

SHTL
36 35

1-2-3-4 CL REGULATOR VALVE


34

1234 CL BOOST VALVE

EX BACKFILL 1234 CL DFLT ACT FD LIM


C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

EX

29

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE

EX

1234 CL FD

1234 CL

C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

ACT FD LIM

1234 CL

COMP FD

14

13

PCS 1234 CL

PCS 1234 CL 1234 CL FDBK COMP FD COMP FD

N.L.

ON

LINE

LINE

60B

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 84

LINE

EX

SOL 1

1g #7 Ball Check Valve:

1234 CL

SOL 1

Drive 1-6 fluid pressure seats the #5 ball check valve against the 35 clutch reverse feed fluid passage. Drive 1-6 fluid is then directed into the 35R supply fluid circuit which is routed to the #7 ball check valve and orifice #25.

35R FD ACT FD LIM

PCS LINE

EX BF

ACT FD LIM

48

47

46

35R SPL

PCS TCC

EX

PCS 35 REV CL

DRIVE 1-6
9

#7

25

LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

TCC REGULATOR VALVE SHTL

EX

EX

N.H.

11

10

Figure 56

61

DRIVE RANGE 2ND GEAR


1 POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1) 3 1-2-3-4 CLUTCH APPLIED 2 INPUT INTERNAL GEAR DRIVING 6 2-6 CLUTCH APPLIED 8 OUTPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY DRIVEN 7 OUTPUT CARRIER FRONT SUN GEAR (487) HELD 9 OUTPUT CARRIER INTERNAL FRONT GEAR (495) DRIVEN 4 OUTPUT CARRIER REAR SUN GEAR (489) DRIVING

DRIVE RANGE 2ND GEAR


1-2-3-4 CLUTCH APPLIED 3-5 REV. 4-5-6 2-6 CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH APPLIED LOW & REV. CLUTCH LOW CLUTCH SPRAG

POWER TO DIFFERENTIAL ASSEMBLY

As vehicle speed increases, input signals from the transmission speed sensors (input and output), throttle position (TP) sensor, and other vehicle sensors are sent to the transmission control module (TCM). The TCM processes this information to determine the precise moment to shift the transmission. In 2nd gear, the planetary gearset continues to operate in reduction at a gear ratio of approximately 2.364:1.
1 Power from Torque Converter

1-2-3-4 AND 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (51)

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH APPLIED

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (52) DRIVEN

INPUT INTERNAL GEAR DRIVING INPUT SUN GEAR (53) HELD

4-5-6 (w/TURBINE SHAFT) CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (56)

OUTPUT CARRIER INTERNAL FRONT GEAR (495) DRIVEN LOW CLUTCH SPRAG ASSEMBLY (467)

2-6 AND 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH HUB ASSEMBLY (64) HELD

2-6 CLUTCH APPLIED

CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY (67)

OUTPUT CARRIER FRONT SUN GEAR (487) HELD

REAR SUN GEAR (489) DRIVING

OUTPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (68) DRIVEN

OUTPUT CARRIER REAR INNER PINION GEARS DRIVING

62

Figure 57

5 OUTPUT CARRIER REAR INNER PINION GEARS DRIVING 1-2-3-4 CLUTCH HUB ASSEMBLY (61) OUTPUT SHAFT ASSEMBLY (70)

The turbine shaft with 4-5-6 clutch assembly (56) is driven by the converter turbine.
2 Input Internal Gear Driving

The input internal gear is located in the turbine shaft with 45-6 clutch assembly (56). The input internal gear drives the input carrier pinion gears which rotate around the stationary input sun gear (53) thus driving the input carrier assembly (52) in reduction. The input carrier is splined to the 1-2-3-4 and 3-5 reverse clutch assembly (51), which is rotating in the same direction as the turbine shaft but in reduction.
3 1-2-3-4 Clutch Applied

The 1-2-3-4 clutch is applied and holds the 1-2-3-4 clutch hub assembly (61), which is splined to the output carrier rear sun gear (489).
4 Output Carrier Rear Sun Gear Driving

The output carrier rear sun gear (489) is splined to the 1-23-4 clutch hub assembly (61) and rotates at the same speed and the same direction as the 1-2-3-4 and 3-5 reverse clutch assembly.
5 Output Carrier Rear Inner Pinion Gears Driving

The output carrier rear sun gear drives the inner pinion gears of the rear carrier assembly in the opposite direction of the sun gear.
6 2-6 Clutch Applied

The 2-6 clutch, which is located within the center support assembly (67), is applied and holds the 2-6 and 3-5 reverse clutch hub assembly (64).
7 Output Carrier Front Sun Gear Held

The 2-6 and 3-5 reverse clutch hub assembly (64) is splined to the output carrier front sun gear (487), therefore the output carrier front sun gear is held.
8 Output Carrier Assembly Driven

The output carrier rear inner pinion gears drive the output carrier rear outer pinion gears which drive the output carrier. The output carrier drives the output front pinion gears around the stationary output carrier front sun gear. The front pinion gears drive the output carrier internal front gear (495).
9 Output Carrier Internal Front Gear Driven

The front pinion gears drive the internal front gear to achieve the 2nd gear ratio of approximately 2.364:1

When the throttle is released in 2nd gear, the vehicle is allowed to coast brake. Because the low clutch sprag is not used in driving the vehicle during acceleration, there are no elements to overrun to allow the vehicle to coast freely. Therefore, engine compression slows the vehicle when the throttle is released. As vehicle speed increases, less torque multiplication is needed to move the vehicle efficiently. Therefore, it is desirable to shift the transmission to a lower gear ratio, or 3rd gear.

62A

DRIVE RANGE 2ND GEAR


SHIFT SHIFT 1-2-3-4 CL 2-6 CL 3-5 REV CL 4-5-6 CL LOW LOW 1-2-3-4 3-5 REV 4-5-6 2-6 SOL SOL PC PC PC PC & REV CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH 1 2 SOL 5 N.L. SOL 4 N.L. SOL 2 N.H. SOL 3 N.H. CLUTCH SPRAG
OFF ON ON ON OFF OFF APPLIED APPLIED

DRIVE RANGE - 2ND GEAR


1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY

COMP FEED

COMP FD 456 CLUTCH 1234 CLUTCH

CBR 1 CBR

As the vehicle speed increases, the transmission control module (TCM) receives input signals from the automatic transmission input and output speed sensors, the throttle position sensor and other vehicle sensors to determine the precise moment to command ON the normally-low pressure control solenoid 4.
1 2ND CLUTCH APPLIES 1a CB26 Pressure Control Solenoid 4:
CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY

4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY


1234 CLUTCH 35 REV CLUTCH

2-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY


26 CLUTCH

LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY

D N R

1d

MANUAL VALVE

REVERSE

DRIVE

DRIVE

LINE

PS5
N.C. N.C.
SHIFT SOL 1

LINE PS5

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

COMP FD

LINE

1234 CLUTCH

26 CLUTCH

CBR1/C456 CL REG VALVE

EX EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD

EX

ACT FD LIM

LINE

N.L. OFF

CSV2 LATCH

EX

The 2-6 clutch regulator gain valve allows the gain (valve input to output pressure magnification factor) of the 26 clutch regulator valve to be different for a 1-2 shift verses a 5-6 shift. For a 1-2 shift, PCS 26 clutch fluid pressure acts on a differential area resulting in the "high gain" pressure output.
1c 2-6 Clutch Regulator Valve:

CBR1 FDBK

PCS CBR1/456 CL

DRIVE

12

DRIVE EX

EX

EX

35 REV CL 1234 CL DFLT FD


20

CSV2 ENABLE
22

1b 2-6 Clutch Regulator Gain Valve:

PCS CBR1/456 CL

ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

39

37

PS5

The CB26 pressure control solenoid 4 is commanded ON, allowing actuator feed limit fluid to enter the PCS 2-6 clutch fluid circuit. PCS 26 clutch fluid is then routed through orifice #44 to the 2-6 clutch regulator gain valve.

5
SOL 1

LINE ACT FD LIM

38

PS5

OFF

DRIVE 1-6

TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

PCS TCC PCS TCC

#4
456 CL

EX CBR1/CBR FD DRIVE 1-6


21

PCS 26 clutch fluid moves the 2-6 clutch regulator / gain valve assembly against the 2-6 clutch regulator valve spring force to allow 26 clutch/1234 clutch feed fluid to pass through the valve. 26 clutch/1234 clutch feed fluid is routed into the 26 clutch fluid circuit where it passes through orifice #41 and then to the spring end of the 2-6 clutch regulator valve, and to the 2-6 clutch within the center support.
1d 2-6 Clutch:

CBR1/456 CL FD LINE DRIVE BRAKE

PCS CBR1/456 CL

LINE

EX

EXHAUST BACKFILL PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

EX BACKFILL 456 CL

26 CL

CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

26

30

1c
26 CL/1234 CL FD

1234 CL DRIVE 1-6

LINE

ACT FD LIM

DRIVE 1-6

N.H. OFF

#1
DRV B

456 CL FD

COMP FD

26 clutch fluid from the 2-6 clutch regulator valve is routed through the center support and to the 2-6 clutch piston assembly. 26 clutch fluid pressure moves the piston against 2-6 clutch spring force to apply the 2-6 clutch plates.

DRIVE 1-6

2-6 CLUTCH REG

REVERSE 456 CL FD

REVERSE

42

43

DRIVE BRAKE DRV B EX

1a
ACT FD LIM
CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

EX BF 26 CL

PCS 26 CL

26 CL

44

2-6 GAIN

PS3 EX

41

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3

N.L. ON N.C.

1b
1234 CL DFLT

ACT FD LIM

3
PS3 PS1
N.C. N.C.
SHIFT SOL 2

456 CL

EX BF

35 REV CL

1234 CL DFLT FD CSV3 ENABLE

EX

CBR1/CBR FD

35 REV CL FDBK PS1 35 REV CL

CBR

#5
35 CL REV FD 35 CL REV FD 35 CL REV FD

456 CL

#3

ON

SOL 2

SOL 2

SOL 2

EX

45

3-5 REV CL REGULATOR VALVE

35R FD ACT FD LIM

PCS LINE

EX BF

ACT FD LIM

48

47

46

35R SPL

PCS TCC

EX

26 CL/1234 CL FD

PCS 35 REV CL

DRIVE 1-6
9

#7

25

1234 CL

LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

TCC REGULATOR VALVE SHTL

EX

EX

N.H.

11

10

ACT FD LIM

PCS 35 REV CL

REG APPLY

REG APPLY

N.H. OFF

#6
PS4 EX
32 50 33

COMP FD

LINE

SHTL
36 35

1-2-3-4 CL REGULATOR VALVE


34

1234 CL BOOST VALVE

PCS 1234 CL

1234 CL FDBK

EX

29

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE

COMP FD

1234 CL DFLT ACT FD LIM


C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

EX

EX BACKFILL

1234 CL FD

1234 CL

C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

ACT FD LIM

1234 CL

1234 CL

EX

14

13

PCS 1234 CL

PCS 1234 CL 1234 CL FDBK COMP FD COMP FD

N.L.

ON

LINE

LINE

62B

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 86

LINE

EX

SOL 1

Figure 58

63

DRIVE RANGE 3RD GEAR


1 POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1) 3 1-2-3-4 CLUTCH APPLIED 6 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH APPLIED 2 INPUT INTERNAL GEAR DRIVING 8a OUTPUT CARRIER INTERNAL FRONT GEAR (495) DRIVEN 7 OUTPUT CARRIER FRONT SUN GEAR (487) DRIVING 8 OUTPUT CARRIER INTERNAL REAR GEAR (497) DRIVEN 5 OUTPUT CARRIER REAR OUTER PINION GEARS DRIVING 4 OUTPUT CARRIER REAR SUN GEAR (489) DRIVING POWER TO DIFFERENTIAL ASSEMBLY

DRIVE RANGE 3RD GEAR


1-2-3-4 CLUTCH APPLIED 3-5 REV. 4-5-6 2-6 CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH APPLIED LOW & REV. CLUTCH LOW CLUTCH SPRAG

As vehicle speed continues to increase, input signals from the transmission speed sensors (input and output), throttle position (TP) sensor, and other vehicle sensors are sent to the TCM. The TCM uses this information to determine the precise moment to shift the transmission into 3rd gear. In 3rd gear, the planetary gearset continues to operate in reduction at a gear ratio of approximately 1.532:1.
1 Power from Torque Converter

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH APPLIED 1-2-3-4 AND 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (51)

3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH APPLIED

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (52) DRIVEN

INPUT SUN GEAR (53) HELD

INPUT INTERNAL GEAR DRIVING

4-5-6 (w/TURBINE SHAFT) CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (56)

LOW CLUTCH SPRAG ASSEMBLY (467) 2-6 AND 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH HUB ASSEMBLY (64)

OUTPUT CARRIER REAR OUTER PINION GEARS DRIVING

OUTPUT CARRIER INTERNAL REAR GEAR (497) DRIVEN

OUTPUT CARRIER FRONT SUN GEAR (487) DRIVING

OUTPUT CARRIER REAR SUN GEAR (489) DRIVING

OUTPUT CARRIER REAR INNER PINION GEARS DRIVING

64

Figure 59

The turbine shaft with 4-5-6 clutch assembly (56) is driven by the converter turbine.
2 Input Internal Gear Driving

5a OUTPUT CARRIER REAR INNER PINION GEARS DRIVING 1-2-3-4 CLUTCH HUB ASSEMBLY (61)

The input internal gear is located in the turbine shaft with 45-6 clutch assembly (56). The input internal gear drives the input carrier pinion gears which rotate around the stationary input sun gear (53), thus driving the input carrier assembly (52) in reduction. The input carrier is splined to the 1-2-3-4 and 3-5 reverse clutch assembly (51), which is rotating in the same direction as the turbine shaft but in reduction.
3 1-2-3-4 Clutch Applied

The 1-2-3-4 clutch is applied and holds the 1-2-3-4 clutch hub assembly (61), which is splined to the output carrier rear sun gear (489).
4 Output Carrier Rear Sun Gear Driving

The output carrier rear sun gear (489) is splined to the 1-23-4 clutch hub assembly (61) and rotates at the same speed and the same direction as the 1-2-3-4 and 3-5 reverse clutch assembly.
5/5a Output Carrier Rear Pinion Gears Driving

The output carrier rear sun gear drives the inner pinion gears of the rear carrier assembly in the opposite direction of the sun gear.
6 3-5 Reverse Clutch Applied

The 3-5 reverse clutch, which is located within the 1-2-3-4 and 3-5 reverse clutch assembly (51) is applied and holds the 2-6 and 3-5 reverse clutch hub assembly (64).
7 Output Carrier Front Sun Gear Driving

OUTPUT SHAFT ASSEMBLY (70)

The 2-6 and 3-5 reverse clutch hub assembly (64) is splined to the output carrier front sun gear. Therefore, the sun gear is rotating at the same speed as the 1-2-3-4 and 3-5 reverse clutch assembly and drives the output carrier front pinion gears.
8/8a Output Carrier Internal Gears Driven

With input power from the output carrier front sun gear and rear sun gear, the output carrier internal gears will be driven in a gear ratio of approximately 1.532:1

OUTPUT CARRIER INTERNAL FRONT GEAR (495) DRIVEN

When the throttle is released in 3rd gear, the vehicle is allowed to coast brake. Because the low clutch sprag is not used in driving the vehicle during acceleration, there are no elements to overrun to allow the vehicle to coast freely. Therefore, engine compression slows the vehicle when the throttle is released until the transmission downshifts into 2nd gear. As vehicle speed increases, less torque multiplication is required to move the vehicle efficiently. Therefore, it is desirable to shift the transmission to a lower gear ratio, or 4th gear.

64A

DRIVE RANGE 3RD GEAR


SHIFT SHIFT 1-2-3-4 CL 2-6 CL 3-5 REV CL 4-5-6 CL LOW LOW 1-2-3-4 3-5 REV 4-5-6 2-6 SOL SOL PC PC PC PC & REV CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH 1 2 SOL 5 N.L. SOL 4 N.L. SOL 2 N.H. SOL 3 N.H. CLUTCH SPRAG
OFF ON ON OFF ON OFF APPLIED APPLIED

DRIVE RANGE - 3RD GEAR


1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH

2c
4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY 2-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY
26 CLUTCH

CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY

COMP FEED
CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY

COMP FD 456 CLUTCH 1234 CLUTCH 35 REV CLUTCH

CBR 1 CBR

As the vehicle speed increases, the transmission control module (TCM) receives input signals from the automatic transmission input and output speed sensors, the throttle position sensor and other vehicle sensors to determine the precise moment to command OFF the normally-low CB26 pressure control solenoid 4. At the same time the C35R pressure control solenoid 2 is also commanded ON to regulate 3-5 clutch apply.
1 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH APPLIES 1a C35R Pressure Control Solenoid 2: The C35R pressure control solenoid 2 is commanded ON allowing actuator feed fluid to enter the PCS 35 reverse clutch fluid circuit. PCS 35 reverse clutch fluid is routed through orifice #48 and then to the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve. PCS 35 reverse clutch fluid is also routed through orifice #40 and then to the 3-5 reverse clutch boost valve. 1b 3-5 Reverse Clutch Boost Valve: PCS 35 reverse clutch fluid pressure acts on a differential area moving the 3-5 reverse clutch boost valve against the 35 reverse clutch boost valve spring. 35 reverse clutch fluid passes through the valve and enters the 35 reverse clutch feedback circuit. As PCS 35 reverse clutch fluid pressure is increased to a given value, the 3-5 reverse clutch boost valve opens the 35 reverse clutch feedback circuit to exhaust. This results in the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve moving to the full feed position sending full 35 reverse clutch feed pressure (full line pressure) to the clutch. 1c 3-5 Reverse Clutch Regulator Valve: PCS 35 reverse clutch fluid moves the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve against 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve spring force and 35 reverse clutch feedback fluid. This allows 35 reverse feed to pass through the valve and enter the 3-5 reverse clutch circuit. 35 reverse clutch fluid is then routed to the 3-5 reverse clutch, the 3-5 reverse boost valve and the clutch select valve 2. When the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve is in this position, PS1 fluid from the pressure switch 1 exhausts through the valve allowing the switch to close. 1d 3-5 Reverse Clutch: 35 reverse clutch fluid enters the 1-2-3-4 & 3-5 reverse clutch housing to move the piston against spring force combined with force from the compensator to apply the 3-5 reverse clutch plates. 2 2-6 CLUTCH RELEASES 2a CB26 Pressure Control Solenoid 4: The CB26 pressure control solenoid 4 is commanded OFF allowing PCS 26 clutch fluid from the 2-6 clutch regulator valve to exhaust. 26 clutch/1234 clutch feed fluid at the 2-6 clutch regulator valve passes through the valve and enters the PS3 fluid circuit. PS3 fluid is then routed to pressure switch 3 and opens the normally-closed switch. 2b 2-6 Clutch Regulator Valve: 2-6 clutch regulator valve spring force moves the valve to allow 26 clutch fluid from the 2-6 clutch to pass through the valve and enter the exhaust backfill fluid circuit. 2c 2-6 Clutch: 2-6 clutch spring force moves the 2-6 clutch piston to release the 2-6 clutch plates and forces 26 clutch fluid to exhaust from the center support. 26 clutch fluid is routed through the 2-6 clutch regulator valve where it enters the exhaust backfill fluid circuit and is routed through orifice #30 to the exhaust backfill pressure relief valve where excess pressure is exhausted.

1d
1234 CLUTCH 35 REV CLUTCH

LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY

D N R

MANUAL VALVE

REVERSE

DRIVE

DRIVE

LINE

PS5
N.C. N.C.
SHIFT SOL 1

LINE PS5

5
ACT FD LIM
SOL 1

LINE ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

COMP FD

LINE

38

PS5

OFF

DRIVE 1-6

35 REV CLUTCH 1234 CLUTCH

26 CLUTCH

CBR1/C456 CL REG VALVE

EX EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD

ACT FD LIM

LINE

CBR1 FDBK

DRIVE

456 CL BOOST VALVE

12

DRIVE EX

31

35 REV CL

EX

EX

35 REV CL 1234 CL DFLT FD


20

CSV2 ENABLE
22

PCS CBR1/456 CL

EX

ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

39

37

PS5 456 CLUTCH

EX

N.L. OFF

PCS TCC CBR1/456 CL FD CBR1/456 CL FD LINE DRIVE BRAKE

PCS CBR1/456 CL

LINE

EX

EX BACKFILL 456 CL

N.H. OFF

2b
43

26 CL

456 CL

CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

26

30

35 REV CL 1234 CL DRIVE 1-6

LINE

ACT FD LIM

EXHAUST BACKFILL PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

DRIVE 1-6

#1
DRV B

23

456 CL FD

CBR1/CBR FD

DRIVE 1-6
21

CSV2 LATCH

EX

TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

PCS TCC

#4

EX

COMP FD

DRIVE 1-6

2-6 CLUTCH REG

REVERSE 456 CL FD

REVERSE

42

26 CL/1234 CL FD

DRIVE BRAKE DRV B EX

2a
ACT FD LIM
CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

EX BF 26 CL

PCS 26 CL

26 CL

44

2-6 GAIN

PS3 EX

41

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3

N.L. OFF

N.C.

3
PS3

PS3

1b
35R CL BOOST VALVE

1234 CL DFLT 456 CL

ACT FD LIM

EX BF

EX

1234 CL DFLT FD CSV3 ENABLE

40

PS1
N.C. N.C.
SHIFT SOL 2

35 REV CL FDBK PS1 PCS 35 REV CL 35 REV CL

CBR

#5
35 CL REV FD 35 CL REV FD

456 CL

35 CL REV FD

EX

CBR1/CBR FD

#3

ON

SOL 2

SOL 2

SOL 2

EX

45

3-5 REV CL REGULATOR VALVE

35R FD ACT FD LIM

PCS LINE

EX BF

ACT FD LIM

48

47

46

1c
#7
25

35R SPL

PCS TCC

EX

DRIVE 1-6

26 CL/1234 CL FD

1234 CL

LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

TCC REGULATOR VALVE SHTL

EX

EX

N.H.

11

10

ACT FD LIM

1a
ACT FD LIM 1234 CL 1234 CL

REG APPLY

REG APPLY

N.H.

ON

#6
PS4 EX
32 50 33

COMP FD

LINE

SHTL
36 35

1-2-3-4 CL REGULATOR VALVE


34

1234 CL BOOST VALVE

1234 CL FDBK

PCS 1234 CL

EX BACKFILL 1234 CL DFLT ACT FD LIM


C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

EX

29

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE

EX

1234 CL FD

1234 CL

C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

EX

COMP FD

14

13

PCS 1234 CL

PCS 1234 CL 1234 CL FDBK COMP FD COMP FD

N.L.

ON

LINE

LINE

64B

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 88

LINE

EX

SOL 1

Figure 60

65

DRIVE RANGE 4TH GEAR


1 POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1)

DRIVE RANGE 4TH GEAR


(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)
5a OUTPUT CARRIER REAR OUTER PINION GEARS DRIVEN

(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)


3 1-2-3-4 CLUTCH APPLIED 2 INPUT INTERNAL GEAR DRIVING 6 4-5-6 CLUTCH APPLIED 7 OUTPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (68) DRIVING 8 OUTPUT CARRIER INTERNAL REAR GEAR (497) DRIVEN

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH APPLIED


4 OUTPUT CARRIER REAR SUN GEAR (489) DRIVING

3-5 REV. 4-5-6 2-6 CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH APPLIED

LOW & REV. CLUTCH

LOW CLUTCH SPRAG

1-2-3-4 AND 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (51)

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH APPLIED

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (52) DRIVEN

INPUT INTERNAL GEAR DRIVING INPUT SUN GEAR (53) HELD

4-5-6 CLUTCH APPLIED

4-5-6 CLUTCH (w/OUTPUT CARRIER SHAFT AND DAMPENER) HUB ASSEMBLY (58)

4-5-6 (w/TURBINE SHAFT) CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (56)

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH HUB ASSEMBLY (61)

OUTPUT CARRIER REAR OUTER OUTPUT PINION CARRIER GEARS ASSEMBLY DRIVEN (68) DRIVING

OUTPUT CARRIER INTERNAL REAR GEAR (497) DRIVEN

OUTPUT CARRIER REAR SUN GEAR (489) DRIVING

OUTPUT CARRIER REAR INNER PINION GEARS DRIVING

66

Figure 61

POWER TO DIFFERENTIAL ASSEMBLY

As vehicle speed increases further, input signals from the transmission speed sensors (input and output), throttle position (TP) sensor, and other vehicle sensors are sent to the TCM. The TCM uses this information to determine the precise moment to shift the transmission into 4th gear. In 4th gear the planetary gearsets continue to operate in reduction at a gear ratio of approximately 1.152:1.
1 Power from Torque Converter

The turbine shaft with 4-5-6 clutch assembly (56) is driven by the converter turbine.
2 Input Internal Gear Driving

5 OUTPUT CARRIER REAR INNER PINION GEARS DRIVING

The input internal gear is located in the turbine shaft with 45-6 clutch assembly (56). The input internal gear drives the input carrier pinion gears which rotate around the stationary input sun gear (53), thus driving the input carrier assembly (52) in reduction. The input carrier is splined to the 1-2-3-4 and 3-5 reverse clutch assembly (51), which is rotating in the same direction as the turbine shaft but in reduction.
3 1-2-3-4 Clutch Applied

The 1-2-3-4 clutch is applied and holds the 1-2-3-4 clutch hub assembly (61), which is splined to the output carrier rear sun gear (489).
4 Output Carrier Rear Sun Gear Driving

The output carrier rear sun gear (489) is splined to the 1-23-4 clutch hub assembly (61) and rotates at the same speed and the same direction as the 1-2-3-4 and 3-5 reverse clutch assembly.
5/5a Output Carrier Rear Pinion Gears Driving

The output carrier rear sun gear drives the inner planetary pinion gears of the rear carrier assembly in the opposite direction of the sun gear.
6 4-5-6 Clutch Applied

The 4-5-6 clutch is located within the 4-5-6 (w/turbine shaft) clutch assembly (56). When applied, the clutch plates engage the 4-5-6 clutch (w/ output carrier shaft and dampener) hub assembly (58), which is now rotating at turbine speed.
7
OUTPUT SHAFT ASSEMBLY (70)

Output Carrier Assembly Driving

The 4-5-6 clutch (w/ output carrier shaft and dampener) hub assembly (58) is splined to the output carrier assembly (68). The output carrier is now driving at turbine speed.
8 Output Carrier Internal Rear Gear Driven

With the output carrier rear sun gear driving and the output carrier driving, the rear inner pinion gears drive the rear outer pinion gears, which in turn drive the output carrier internal rear gear with a 4th gear ratio of approximately 1.152:1.

When the throttle is released in 4th gear, the vehicle is allowed to coast brake. Because the low clutch sprag assembly is not used in driving the vehicle during acceleration, there are no elements to overrun to allow the vehicle to coast freely. Therefore, engine compression slows the vehicle when the throttle is released until the transmission downshifts into 3rd gear. As vehicle speed increases, less torque multiplication is required to operate the engine efficiently. Therefore, it is desirable to shift to an overdrive gear ratio, or 5th gear.

66A

DRIVE RANGE 4TH GEAR


(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)
SHIFT SHIFT 1-2-3-4 CL 2-6 CL 3-5 REV CL 4-5-6 CL LOW LOW 1-2-3-4 3-5 REV 4-5-6 2-6 SOL SOL PC PC PC PC & REV CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH 1 2 SOL 5 N.L. SOL 4 N.L. SOL 2 N.H. SOL 3 N.H. CLUTCH SPRAG

DRIVE RANGE - 4TH GEAR


(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)
1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH

OFF

ON

ON

OFF

OFF

ON

APPLIED

APPLIED

REVERSE

DRIVE

DRIVE

LINE

1 4-5-6 CLUTCH APPLIES 1a CBR1/C456 Pressure Control Solenoid 3:

CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY

1234 CLUTCH 35 REV CLUTCH PS5


N.C.

LINE PS5

35 REV CLUTCH 1234 CLUTCH

CBR1/C456 CL REG VALVE

EX EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD

ACT FD LIM

LINE

CBR1/456 clutch feed fluid passes through the clutch select valve 2 and enters the 456 clutch feed circuit. 456 clutch feed fluid is routed to the clutch select valve 3 where it passes through the valve and enters the 456 clutch fluid circuit. 456 clutch fluid is routed to the 4-5-6 clutch, the 2-6 clutch regulator gain valve and to the #3 ball check valve. 456 clutch fluid seats the #3 ball check valve against solenoid 2 fluid passage and directed into the CSV3 enable fluid circuit where it is routed through orifice #20 and to clutch select valve 3.
1e 4-5-6 Clutch:

DRIVE 1-6

PCS TCC

1d Clutch Select Valve 2:


ACT FD LIM
CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

2-6 CLUTCH REG

REVERSE 456 CL FD

REVERSE

42

43

26 CL/1234 CL FD

DRIVE BRAKE DRV B EX

EX BF 26 CL

PCS 26 CL

26 CL

44

PS3 EX

41

2-6 GAIN

21

PCS 26 CL
N.C.

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3


20

N.L. OFF

3
PS3

PS3

2b
35R CL BOOST VALVE

1234 CL DFLT 456 CL

ACT FD LIM

EX BF

EX

1234 CL DFLT FD

EX

CBR1/CBR FD

COMP FD

PCS CBR1/456 clutch fluid pressure acts on a differential area moving the CBR1/456 clutch boost valve against the CBR1/456 clutch boost valve spring. CBR1/456 clutch fluid passes through the valve and enters the CBR1/456 clutch feedback circuit. As PCS CBR1/456 clutch fluid pressure is increased to a given value, the CBR1/456 clutch boost valve opens the CBR1/456 clutch feedback circuit to exhaust. This results in the CBR1/456 clutch regulator valve moving to the full feed position, sending full line pressure to the clutch.

REG APPLY to tcc cont valve

CBR1/456 CL FD LINE LINE

CBR1/456 CL FD DRIVE BRAKE

CBR1/CBR FD

1c
EX

1234 CL DFLT FD

DRIVE 1-6

1c 4-5-6 Clutch Boost Valve:

N.L.

ON

PCS CBR1/456 CL

CSV2 LATCH

EX

PCS CBR1/456 clutch fluid moves the CBR1/C456 clutch regulator valve against CBR1/C456 clutch regulator valve spring force to allow line fluid to pass through the valve an enter the CBR1/456 clutch feed circuit. CBR1/456 clutch feed is then routed to the 4-5-6 clutch boost valve and clutch select valve 2.

CBR1 FDBK

DRIVE

EX

PS5

456 CL BOOST VALVE


TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

12

DRIVE EX

31

35 REV CL

EX

EX

35 REV CL CSV3 ENABLE


9

CSV2 ENABLE
22

1b CBR1/C456 Clutch Regulator Valve:

PCS CBR1/456 CL

ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

39

37

456 CLUTCH

EX

The CBR1/C456 pressure control solenoid 3 is commanded ON allowing actuator feed fluid to enter the PCS CBR1/456 clutch fluid circuit. PCS CBR1/456 clutch fluid is routed through orifice #39 to the CBR1/C456 clutch regulator valve and, through orifice #31 to the CBR1/C456 clutch boost valve.

N.C.
SHIFT SOL 1

5
SOL 1

LINE ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

COMP FD

LINE

38

PS5

OFF

SOL 1

1b

DRIVE 1-6

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

PCS TCC

#4

EX

As the vehicle speed increases, the transmission control module (TCM) receives input signals from the automatic transmission input and output speed sensors, the throttle position sensor and other vehicle sensors to determine the precise moment to command OFF the normally-high C35R pressure control solenoid 2. At the same time the normally-low CBR1/ C456 pressure control solenoid 3 is commanded ON to regulate 4-5-6 clutch apply.

1e 2d
1234 CLUTCH 35 REV CLUTCH COMP FEED COMP FD 456 CLUTCH
MANUAL VALVE

4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY


M D N R P

EX BACKFILL 456 CL

456 CL

CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

26

30

35 REV CL 1234 CL DRIVE 1-6

LINE

ACT FD LIM

EXHAUST BACKFILL PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

DRIVE 1-6

N.H. ON

#1
DRV B

23

40

PS1
N.C. N.C.
SHIFT SOL 2

35 REV CL FDBK PS1 PCS 35 REV CL 35 REV CL

CBR

#5
35 CL REV FD 35 CL REV FD

456 CL

35 CL REV FD

456 CL FD

1a

1d

#3

456 clutch fluid enters the 4-5-6 clutch housing to move the piston against spring force, combined with force from the compensator to apply the 4-5-6 clutch plates.
2 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH RELEASES 2a C35R Pressure Control Solenoid 2:

ON

SOL 2

SOL 2

SOL 2

EX

45

3-5 REV CL REGULATOR VALVE

35R FD ACT FD LIM

PCS LINE

EX BF

ACT FD LIM

48

47

46

35R SPL

PCS TCC

PCS TCC

EX

#7

25

1234 CL

LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

26 CL/1234 CL FD

ACT FD LIM

2b 3-5 Reverse Clutch Boost Valve:

EX

3-5 reverse boost valve spring force moves the valve to allow 35 reverse clutch feed back fluid from the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve to enter the 35 reverse clutch fluid circuit and exhaust.
2c 3-5 Reverse Clutch Regulator Valve:

2a
ACT FD LIM

REG APPLY

REG APPLY

REG APPLY

1234 CL

1234 CL

N.H. OFF

REG APPLY

#6
PS4 EX
32 50 33

1234 CL FDBK

REG APPLY to tcc cont valve

COMP FD

2d 3-5 Reverse Clutch:

PCS 1234 CL

PCS 1234 CL 1234 CL FDBK COMP FD COMP FD

N.L.

ON

3-5 reverse clutch spring force combined with force from the compensator move the 3-5 reverse clutch piston to release the 3-5 clutch plates and forces 35 reverse clutch fluid to exhaust from 12-3-4 and 3-5 reverse clutch housing. 35 reverse clutch fluid is then routed to the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve and exhausted.

LINE

LINE

66B

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 90

LINE

3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve spring force moves the valve to allow 35 reverse clutch fluid from the 3-5 reverse clutch to pass through the valve and enter the exhaust backfill fluid circuit. 35 reverse clutch fluid then enters the exhaust backfill fluid circuit and is routed through orifice #30 to the exhaust backfill pressure relief valve where excess pressure is exhausted.

COMP FD

LINE

SHTL
36 35

1-2-3-4 CL REGULATOR VALVE


34

1234 CL BOOST VALVE

PCS 1234 CL

EX BACKFILL 1234 CL DFLT ACT FD LIM


C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

EX

29

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE


13

EX

1234 CL FD

1234 CL

C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

14

EX

SOL 1

The C35R pressure control solenoid 2 is commanded OFF, allowing PCS 35 reverse clutch fluid from the 3-5 reverse clutch boost valve and the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve to exhaust through the solenoid.

DRIVE 1-6

2c

TCC REGULATOR VALVE

SHTL
10

EX

EX

N.H.

11

Figure 62

67

DRIVE RANGE 5TH GEAR


(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)
1 POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1) 2 INPUT INTERNAL GEAR DRIVING 3 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH APPLIED 5 4-5-6 CLUTCH APPLIED 6 OUTPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (68) DRIVING 7 OUTPUT CARRIER INTERNAL FRONT GEAR (495) DRIVEN 4 OUTPUT CARRIER FRONT SUN GEAR (487) DRIVING POWER TO DIFFERENTIAL ASSEMBLY

DRIVE RANGE 5TH GEAR


(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)
1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REV. 4-5-6 2-6 CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH APPLIED APPLIED LOW & REV. CLUTCH LOW CLUTCH SPRAG

To maximize engine performance and fuel economy, a 5th gear is used to achieve an approximate ratio of 0.852:1 through the transmission gearset to the vehicle drive shaft. This allows the vehicle to maintain a given road speed with less engine output speed.
1 Power from Torque Converter

1-2-3-4 AND 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (51)

3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH APPLIED

INPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (52) DRIVEN

INPUT INTERNAL GEAR DRIVING INPUT SUN GEAR (53) HELD

4-5-6 CLUTCH APPLIED

4-5-6 CLUTCH (w/OUTPUT CARRIER SHAFT AND DAMPENER) HUB ASSEMBLY (58)

4-5-6 (w/TURBINE SHAFT) CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (56)

2-6 AND 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH HUB ASSEMBLY (64) DRIVING OUTPUT CARRIER INTERNAL FRONT GEAR (495) DRIVEN OUTPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (68) DRIVING

OUTPUT CARRIER FRONT SUN GEAR (487) DRIVING

68

Figure 63

The turbine shaft with 4-5-6 clutch assembly (56) is driven by the converter turbine.
2 Input Internal Gear Driving

The input internal gear is located in the turbine shaft with 45-6 clutch assembly (56). The input internal gear drives the input carrier pinion gears which rotate around the stationary input sun gear (53), thus driving the input carrier assembly (52) in reduction. The input carrier is splined to the 1-2-3-4 and 3-5 reverse clutch assembly (51), which is rotating in the same direction as the turbine shaft but in reduction.
3 3-5 Reverse Clutch Applied

The 3-5 reverse clutch is located in the 1-2-3-4 and 3-5 reverse clutch assembly (51). The 3-5 reverse clutch plates are splined to the 2-6 and 3-5 reverse clutch hub assembly (64) which now rotates at the same speed as the 1-2-3-4 and 3-5 reverse clutch assembly.
4 Output Carrier Front Sun Gear Driving

The 2-6 and 3-5 reverse clutch hub assembly (64) is splined to the output carrier front sun gear (487). The output carrier front sun gear is driving the output carrier front pinion gears.
5 4-5-6 Clutch Applied

The 4-5-6 clutch is located within the 4-5-6 (w/turbine shaft) clutch assembly (56). When applied, the clutch plates engage the 4-5-6 clutch (w/ output carrier shaft and dampener) hub assembly (58), which is now rotating at turbine speed.
6 Output Carrier Assembly Driving

The 4-5-6 clutch (w/ output carrier shaft and dampener) hub assembly (58) is splined to the output carrier assembly (68). The output carrier is now driving at turbine speed.
7 Output Carrier Internal Front Gear Driven

OUTPUT SHAFT ASSEMBLY (70)

With the output carrier front sun gear driving and the output carrier driving, the output carrier front pinion gears and the output carrier react as one unit to drive the output carrier internal front gear with a 5th gear overdrive ratio of approximately 0.852:1.

When the throttle is released in 5th Gear, the vehicle is allowed to coast brake. Because the low clutch sprag assembly is not used in driving the vehicle during acceleration, there are no elements to overrun to allow the vehicle to coast freely. Therefore, engine compression slows the vehicle when the throttle is released until the transmission downshifts into 4th gear.

68A

DRIVE RANGE 5TH GEAR


(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)
SHIFT SHIFT 1-2-3-4 CL 2-6 CL 3-5 REV CL 4-5-6 CL LOW LOW 1-2-3-4 3-5 REV 4-5-6 2-6 SOL SOL PC PC PC PC & REV CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH 1 2 SOL 5 N.L. SOL 4 N.L. SOL 2 N.H. SOL 3 N.H. CLUTCH SPRAG

DRIVE RANGE - 5TH GEAR


(Torque Converter Clutch Applied) 2d
1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH

OFF

ON

OFF

OFF

ON

ON

APPLIED APPLIED

As the vehicle speed increases, the transmission control module (TCM) receives input signals from the automatic transmission input and output speed sensors, the throttle position sensor and other vehicle sensors to determine the precise moment to command ON the normally-high C35R pressure control solenoid 2. At the same time the normally-low C1234 pressure control solenoid 5 is commanded OFF.
1 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH APPLIES 1a C35R Pressure Control Solenoid 2:
CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY

1e
1234 CLUTCH 35 REV CLUTCH COMP FEED COMP FD

4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY


M D N R P

MANUAL VALVE

REVERSE

DRIVE

DRIVE

LINE

35 REV CLUTCH 1234 CLUTCH

CBR1/C456 CL REG VALVE

EX EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD

ACT FD LIM

LINE

EX

PCS 35 reverse clutch fluid pressure acts on a differential area moving the PCS 3-5 reverse clutch boost valve against the 3-5 reverse clutch boost valve spring. 35 reverse clutch fluid passes through the valve and enters the 35 reverse clutch feedback circuit. As PCS 35 reverse clutch fluid pressure is increased to a given value, the 3-5 reverse clutch boost valve opens the 35 reverse clutch feedback circuit to exhaust. This results in the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve moving to the full feed position sending full 35 reverse clutch feed pressure (full line pressure) to the clutch.
1c 3-5 Reverse Clutch Regulator Valve:

CBR1 FDBK

DRIVE

EX

PS5

456 CL BOOST VALVE


TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

12

DRIVE EX

31

35 REV CL

EX

EX

35 REV CL 1234 CL DFLT FD


20

CSV2 ENABLE
22

1b 3-5 Reverse Clutch Boost Valve:

PCS CBR1/456 CL

ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

39

37

456 CLUTCH

EX

The C35R pressure control solenoid 2 is commanded ON, allowing actuator feed fluid to enter the PCS 35 reverse clutch fluid circuit. PCS 35 reverse clutch fluid is routed through orifice #48 and then to the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve. PCS 35 reverse clutch fluid is also routed through orifice #40 and then to the 3-5 reverse clutch boost valve.

1234 CLUTCH 35 REV CLUTCH LINE LINE ACT FD LIM

N.C.
SHIFT SOL 1

SOL 1

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

COMP FD

LINE

38

PS5

OFF

SOL 1

DRIVE 1-6

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

PCS TCC

N.L.

ON

PCS CBR1/456 CL

REG APPLY to tcc cont valve

DRIVE 1-6

CSV2 LATCH CBR1/456 CL FD LINE LINE CBR1/456 CL FD DRIVE BRAKE

EX

#4

EX

456 CLUTCH

PCS 35 reverse clutch fluid moves the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve against 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve spring force and 35 reverse clutch feedback fluid. This allows 35 reverse feed to pass through the valve and enter the 35 reverse clutch circuit. 35 reverse clutch fluid is then routed to the 3-5 reverse clutch, the 3-5 reverse boost valve and the clutch select valve 2. When the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve is in this position, PS1 fluid from the pressure switch 1 exhausts through the valve allowing the switch to close.
1d Clutch Select Valve 2:

EX BACKFILL 456 CL

456 CL

CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

26

30

35 REV CL 1234 CL DRIVE 1-6

LINE

ACT FD LIM

EXHAUST BACKFILL PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

DRIVE 1-6

N.H. ON

#1
DRV B

23

456 CL FD

CBR1/CBR FD

1d

DRIVE 1-6

PCS TCC

2-6 CLUTCH REG

REVERSE 456 CL FD

REVERSE

42

43

26 CL/1234 CL FD

DRIVE BRAKE DRV B EX

PCS 26 CL

CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

26 CL

44

PS3 EX

ACT FD LIM PCS 26 CL


N.C.

EX BF 26 CL

41

2-6 GAIN

21

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3

N.L. OFF

3
PS3

PS3

1b
35R CL BOOST VALVE

1234 CL DFLT 456 CL

40

PS1
N.C. N.C.
SHIFT SOL 2

35 REV CL FDBK PS1 PCS 35 REV CL 35 REV CL

CBR

1e 3-5 Reverse Clutch:

#5
35 CL REV FD 35 CL REV FD

456 CL

35 CL REV FD

CSV3 ENABLE

35 reverse clutch fluid passes through the clutch select valve 2 and enters the 1234 clutch default feed fluid circuit. 1234 clutch default feed fluid is then routed to the clutch select valve 3. 35 reverse clutch fluid enters the 1-2-3-4 & 3-5 reverse clutch housing to move the piston against spring force combined with force from the compensator to apply the 3-5 reverse clutch plates.
2 1-2-3-4 CLUTCH RELEASES 2a C1234 Pressure Control Solenoid 5:

ACT FD LIM

EX BF

EX

1234 CL DFLT FD

EX

CBR1/CBR FD

COMP FD

#3

ON

SOL 2

SOL 2

SOL 2

EX

45

3-5 REV CL REGULATOR VALVE

35R FD ACT FD LIM

26 CL/1234 CL FD

The C1234 pressure control solenoid 5 is commanded OFF, allowing PCS 1234 clutch fluid from the 1-2-3-4 clutch regulator valve and 1-2-3-4 clutch boost valve to exhaust.
2b 1-2-3-4 Clutch Regulator Valve:

PCS LINE

EX BF

ACT FD LIM

48

47

46

35R SPL

PCS TCC

PCS TCC

EX

DRIVE 1-6
9

1c
ACT FD LIM

#7

25

1234 CL

LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

TCC REGULATOR VALVE

SHTL
10

EX

1-2-3-4 clutch regulator valve spring force moves the valve to allow 1234 clutch feed fluid from the 1-2-3-4 clutch to pass through the valve and enter the exhaust backfill fluid circuit. 1234 clutch fluid the enters the exhaust backfill fluid circuit and is routed through orifice # 30 to the exhaust backfill pressure relief valve where excess pressure is exhausted. Also, 1234 clutch regulator valve spring force moves the valve to allow 1234 clutch feed fluid to pass through the valve and enter the PS4 fluid circuit. PS4 fluid is then routed to pressure switch 4 and opens the normally-closed switch. 1-2-3-4 clutch boost valve spring force moves the valve to allow 1234 clutch feedback fluid from the 1-2-3-4 clutch regulator valve to enter the 1234 clutch circuit and exhaust.
2d 1-2-3-4 Clutch:
REG APPLY to tcc cont valve

EX

N.H.

11

1a 2b
N.H. ON

REG APPLY

REG APPLY

REG APPLY

REG APPLY

#6
PS4 EX
32 50 33

COMP FD

LINE

SHTL
36 35

1-2-3-4 CL REGULATOR VALVE


34

1234 CL FDBK

2c 1-2-3-4 Clutch Boost Valve:

PCS 1234 CL

EX BACKFILL 1234 CL DFLT ACT FD LIM


C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

EX

29

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE

EX

2a

1234 CL BOOST VALVE

1234 CL FD

1234 CL

C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

ACT FD LIM

1234 CL

1234 CL

2c

EX

COMP FD

14

13

PCS 1234 CL PS4


N.C.

PCS 1234 CL PS4 COMP FD LINE 1234 CL FDBK COMP FD LINE

N.L. OFF

1-2-3-4 clutch spring force combined with force from the compensator moves the 1-2-3-4 clutch piston to release the clutch plates and force 1234 clutch fluid from the 1-2-3-4 and 3-5 reverse clutch housing. 1234 clutch fluid is routed through the 1-2-3-4 clutch regulator valve where it enters the exhaust backfill fluid circuit.

68B

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 92

LINE

EX

SOL 1

Figure 64

69

DRIVE RANGE 6TH GEAR


(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)
1 POWER FROM TORQUE CONVERTER (1) 2 4-5-6 CLUTCH APPLIED 4 2-6 CLUTCH APPLIED 3 OUTPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (68) DRIVING 6 OUTPUT CARRIER INTERNAL FRONT GEAR (495) DRIVEN 5 OUTPUT CARRIER FRONT SUN GEAR (487) HELD

DRIVE RANGE 6TH GEAR


(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)
1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REV. 4-5-6 2-6 CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH APPLIED APPLIED LOW & REV. CLUTCH LOW CLUTCH SPRAG

To maximize engine performance and fuel economy beyond 5th gear calibrations, a 6th gear is used to achieve an approximate ratio of 0.667:1 through the transmission gearset to the vehicle drive shaft.
POWER TO DIFFERENTIAL ASSEMBLY

Power from Torque Converter

The turbine shaft with 4-5-6 clutch assembly (56) is driven by the converter turbine.
2 4-5-6 Clutch Applied

2-6 AND 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH HUB ASSEMBLY (64) HELD

4-5-6 CLUTCH APPLIED

4-5-6 CLUTCH (w/OUTPUT CARRIER SHAFT AND DAMPENER) HUB ASSEMBLY (58)

4-5-6 (w/TURBINE SHAFT) CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (56)

CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY (67)

2-6 CLUTCH APPLIED

OUTPUT CARRIER FRONT SUN GEAR (487) HELD

OUTPUT CARRIER ASSEMBLY (68) DRIVING

70

Figure 65

3 4 5 6
OUTPUT SHAFT ASSEMBLY (70) OUTPUT CARRIER INTERNAL FRONT GEAR (495) DRIVEN

The 4-5-6 clutch is located within the 4-5-6 (w/turbine shaft) clutch assembly (56). When applied, the clutch plates engage the 4-5-6 clutch (w/ output carrier shaft and dampener) hub assembly (58), which is now rotating at turbine speed.
Output Carrier Assembly Driving

The 4-5-6 clutch (w/ output carrier shaft and dampener) hub assembly (58) is splined to the output carrier assembly (68). The output carrier is now driving at turbine speed.
2-6 Clutch Applied

The 2-6 clutch, which is located within the center support assembly (67), is applied and holds the 2-6 and 3-5 reverse clutch hub assembly (64).
Output Carrier Front Sun Gear Held

The 2-6 and 3-5 reverse clutch hub assembly is splined to the output carrier front sun gear (487). Therefore, the output carrier front sun gear is held.
Output Carrier Internal Front Gear Driven

With the output carrier front sun gear held and the output carrier driving, the output carrier front pinion gears walk around the stationary front sun gear and drive the output carrier internal front gear in a 6th gear overdrive ratio of approximately 0.667:1.

When the throttle is released in 6th Gear, the vehicle is allowed to coast brake. Because the low clutch sprag assembly is not used in driving the vehicle during acceleration, there are no elements to overrun to allow the vehicle to coast freely. Therefore, engine compression slows the vehicle when the throttle is released until the transmission downshifts into 5th gear.

70A

DRIVE RANGE 6TH GEAR


(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)
SHIFT SHIFT 1-2-3-4 CL 2-6 CL 3-5 REV CL 4-5-6 CL LOW LOW 1-2-3-4 3-5 REV 4-5-6 2-6 SOL SOL PC PC PC PC & REV CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH 1 2 SOL 5 N.L. SOL 4 N.L. SOL 2 N.H. SOL 3 N.H. CLUTCH SPRAG
OFF ON OFF ON OFF ON APPLIED APPLIED

DRIVE RANGE - 6TH GEAR


(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)
1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH

As the vehicle speed increases, the transmission control module (TCM) receives input signals from the automatic transmission input and output speed sensors, the throttle position sensor and other vehicle sensors to determine the precise moment to command ON the normally-low CB26 pressure control solenoid 4. At the same time the normally-high C35R pressure control solenoid 2 is commanded OFF.
1 2-6 CLUTCH APPLIES 1a CB26 Pressure Control Solenoid 4:

2d
1234 CLUTCH 35 REV CLUTCH COMP FEED
CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY

4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY

2-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY


26 CLUTCH

1d
COMP FD 456 CLUTCH 35 REV CLUTCH
CBR 1 CBR

LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY

D N R

MANUAL VALVE

REVERSE

DRIVE

DRIVE

LINE

LINE
N.C.
SHIFT SOL 1

LINE ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

COMP FD

EX EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD

ACT FD LIM

LINE

CBR1 FDBK

DRIVE

PS5

REG APPLY to tcc cont valve

CBR1/456 CL FD LINE
EX

CBR1/456 CL FD LINE
456 CL FD

1c 2-6 Clutch Regulator Valve:

DRIVE 1-6

PCS TCC

PCS 26 CL

1d 2-6 Clutch:

CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

26 CL

44

PS3 EX

ACT FD LIM

EX BF 26 CL

PCS 26 clutch fluid moves the 2-6 clutch regulator/gain valve assembly against the 2-6 clutch regulator valve spring force to allow 26 clutch/1234 clutch feed fluid to pass through the valve. 26 clutch/1234 clutch feed fluid is routed into the 26 clutch fluid circuit where it passes through orifice #41 and then to the spring end of the 2-6 clutch regulator valve, and to the 2-6 clutch within the center support. 26 clutch fluid from the 2-6 clutch regulator valve is routed through the center support and to the 2-6 clutch piston assembly. 26 clutch fluid pressure moves the piston against 2-6 clutch spring force to apply the 2-6 clutch plates.
2 3-5 CLUTCH RELEASES 2a C35R Pressure Control Solenoid 2:

EX BACKFILL

26 CL

456 CL

26

30

35 REV CL

CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

DRIVE 1-6

LINE

ACT FD LIM

EXHAUST BACKFILL PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

DRIVE 1-6

N.H. ON

#1
DRV B
1234 CL DFLT FD CBR1/CBR FD

1b
COMP FD

23

2-6 CLUTCH REG


41

REVERSE 456 CL FD

REVERSE

42

43

26 CL/1234 CL FD

DRIVE BRAKE DRV B EX

1a

456 CL

EX

CBR1/CBR FD

2-6 GAIN

21

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3


20

N.L. ON N.C.

1c
1234 CL DFLT PS3
ACT FD LIM
35R CL BOOST VALVE
40

3
PS3

35 CL REV FD

CBR 456 CL
CSV3 ENABLE

EX BF

2b
#5
35 CL REV FD

35 CL REV FD

1234 CL DFLT FD

The 2-6 clutch regulator gain valve allows the gain (valve input to output pressure magnification factor) of the 2-6 clutch regulator valve to be different for a 1-2 shift verses a 5-6 shift. For a 5-6 shift PCS 26 clutch fluid pressure passes through the hollow valve and only acts on the 26 regulator valve area, resulting in the "low gain" pressure output.

456 CL BOOST VALVE

12

EX

EX

1b 2-6 Clutch Regulator Gain Valve:


PCS CBR1/456 CL
TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

DRIVE EX

31

35 REV CL

35 REV CL
9

CSV2 ENABLE
22

PCS CBR1/456 CL

EX

ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

The CB26 pressure control solenoid 4 is commanded ON, allowing actuator feed fluid to enter the PCS 26 clutch fluid circuit. PCS 26 fluid is routed through orifice #44 and then to the 2-6 clutch regulator gain valve.

LINE

38

PS5

OFF

SOL 1

DRIVE 1-6
35 REV CLUTCH 26 CLUTCH
CBR1/C456 CL REG VALVE

39

37

456 CLUTCH

EX

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

PCS TCC

N.L.

ON

DRIVE 1-6

CSV2 LATCH

EX

#4

EX

PS1
N.C. N.C.
SHIFT SOL 2

1
PCS 35 REV CL SOL 2 SOL 2
EX

35 REV CL FDBK PS1 35 REV CL

456 CL

EX

#3
SOL 2

35R FD ACT FD LIM

PCS LINE

EX BF

ACT FD LIM

48

47

46

2c
25

35R SPL

EX

The C35R pressure control solenoid 2 is commanded OFF, allowing PCS 35 reverse clutch fluid from the 3-5 reverse clutch boost valve and the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve to exhaust through the solenoid.
2b 3-5 Reverse Clutch Boost Valve:

ON
45

3-5 REV CL REGULATOR VALVE

PCS TCC

DRIVE 1-6
26 CL/1234 CL FD

3-5 reverse boost valve spring force moves the valve to allow 35 reverse clutch feedback fluid from the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve to enter the 35 reverse clutch circuit and exhaust.
2c 3-5 Reverse Clutch Regulator Valve:

#7

LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

TCC REGULATOR VALVE

SHTL
10

EX

EX

N.H.

11

ACT FD LIM

2a
ACT FD LIM

REG APPLY

REG APPLY

REG APPLY

PCS 1234 CL

REG APPLY to tcc cont valve

1234 CL FDBK

3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve spring force moves the valve to allow 35 reverse clutch fluid from the 3-5 reverse clutch to pass through the valve and enter the exhaust backfill fluid circuit. 35 reverse clutch fluid then enters the exhaust backfill fluid circuit and is routed through orifice #30 to the exhaust backfill pressure relief valve where excess pressure is exhausted.
2d 3-5 Reverse Clutch:

1234 CL
EX REG APPLY

N.H. OFF

#6
PS4 EX
32 50 33

COMP FD

LINE

SHTL
36 35

1-2-3-4 CL REGULATOR VALVE


34

1234 CL BOOST VALVE

EX BACKFILL 1234 CL DFLT ACT FD LIM


C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

1234 CL FDBK

EX

29

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE

EX

1234 CL FD

1234 CL

C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

COMP FD

14

13

3-5 reverse clutch spring force combined with force from the compensator move the 3-5 reverse clutch piston to release the 3-5 clutch plates and forces 35 reverse clutch fluid to exhaust from 1-2-3-4 and 3-5 reverse clutch housing. 35 reverse clutch fluid is then routed to the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve where it enters the exhaust backfill circuit.

PCS 1234 CL PS4


N.C.

PCS 1234 CL PS4 COMP FD LINE COMP FD LINE

N.L. OFF

70B

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 94

LINE

EX

SOL 1

Figure 66

71

DRIVE RANGE - 3RD GEAR DEFAULT


1d
1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH

DRIVE RANGE 3RD GEAR DEFAULT


(Torque Converter Clutch Released)
SHIFT SHIFT 1-2-3-4 CL 2-6 CL 3-5 REV CL 4-5-6 CL LOW LOW 1-2-3-4 3-5 REV 4-5-6 2-6 SOL SOL PC PC PC PC & REV CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH 1 2 SOL 5 N.L. SOL 4 N.L. SOL 2 N.H. SOL 3 N.H. CLUTCH SPRAG
OFF OFF OFF OFF ON ON APPLIED APPLIED

(Torque Converter Clutch Released) 2d


4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY 2-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY
26 CLUTCH

CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY

LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY


CBR 1 CBR

D N R

1234 CLUTCH 35 REV CLUTCH COMP FEED


CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY

COMP FD 456 CLUTCH 1234 CLUTCH 35 REV CLUTCH

MANUAL VALVE

REVERSE

DRIVE

DRIVE

LINE

If the transmission is in 1st, 2nd or 3rd gear during a transmission electrical component failure, the transmission will default to 3rd gear. All solenoids will default to their normal state. If the torque converter clutch was applied, it will release. This default action will enable the vehicle to be safely driven to a service center.
1 1-2-3-4 CLUTCH STAYS APPLIED 1a Shift Solenoid 2: Shift solenoid 2 defaults to it's normally-closed state (OFF), and SOL 2 fluid exhausts through the solenoid.

LINE
N.C.
SHIFT SOL 1

LINE ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

COMP FD

LINE

38

PS5

OFF

SOL 1

DRIVE 1-6

35 REV CLUTCH 1234 CLUTCH

26 CLUTCH

CBR1/C456 CL REG VALVE

EX EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD

456 CLUTCH

EX

ACT FD LIM

LINE

CBR1 FDBK

DRIVE

EX

PS5

456 CL BOOST VALVE


TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

12

DRIVE EX

31

35 REV CL

EX

EX

35 REV CL

CSV2 ENABLE

PCS CBR1/456 CL

ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

39

37

22

1b Clutch Select Valve 3: Sol 2 fluid pressure no longer holds the clutch select valve 3 open. When the valve moves back to the closed position, it opens the 1234 clutch default fluid circuit, and 1234 default fluid is routed to the 1-2-3-4 clutch regulator valve. 1c 1-2-3-4 Clutch Regulator Valve: With the absence of PCS 1234 clutch fluid, due to the default state of the C1234 pressure control solenoid 5, the 1-2-3-4 regulator valve would close from spring force. However, the 1234 clutch default fluid enters behind the 1-2-3-4 regulator shuttle valve and keeps the valve in the open position. 1d 1-2-3-4 Clutch: With the 1-2-3-4 clutch regulator valve still held in the open position, the 1-2-3-4 clutch will stay applied.

EX

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

PCS TCC

N.L. OFF

CBR1/456 CL FD PCS TCC

CBR1/456 CL FD LINE DRIVE BRAKE

PCS CBR1/456 CL

LINE

EX

EX BACKFILL 456 CL

26 CL

456 CL

CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

26

30

35 REV CL 1234 CL DRIVE 1-6

LINE

ACT FD LIM

EXHAUST BACKFILL PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

DRIVE 1-6

N.H. ON

#1
DRV B

23

456 CL FD

CBR1/CBR FD

1234 CL DFLT FD

REVERSE 456 CL FD

REVERSE

42

43

26 CL/1234 CL FD

DRIVE BRAKE DRV B EX

CBR1/CBR FD

COMP FD

1234 CL DFLT FD

DRIVE 1-6

CSV2 LATCH

CSV2 LATCH

EX

#4

1b
2 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH APPLIED or APPLIES 2a C35R Pressure Control Solenoid 2: The normal state for the C35R pressure control solenoid 2 is ON, therefore PSC 35 reverse clutch fluid will still be routed to the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve and the 3-5 reverse clutch boost valve. 2b 3-5 Reverse Clutch Regulator Valve: PCS 3-5 reverse clutch fluid moves the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve against 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve spring force and 3-5 reverse clutch feedback fluid. This allows 3-5 reverse feed to pass through the valve and enter the 3-5 reverse clutch circuit. 3-5 reverse clutch fluid is then routed to the 3-5 reverse clutch, the 3-5 reverse boost valve and the clutch select valve 2. When the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve is in this position, PS1 fluid from the pressure switch 1 exhausts through the valve, allowing the switch to close. 2c 3-5 Reverse Clutch Boost Valve: PCS 3-5 reverse clutch fluid pressure acts on a differential area moving the 3-5 reverse clutch boost valve against the 3-5 reverse clutch boost valve spring. 3-5 reverse clutch fluid passes through the valve and enters the 3-5 reverse clutch feedback circuit. As PCS 3-5 reverse clutch fluid pressure is increased to a given value, the 3-5 reverse clutch boost valve opens the 3-5 reverse clutch feedback circuit to exhaust. This results in the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve moving to the full feed position sending full 3-5 reverse clutch feed pressure (full line pressure) to the clutch. 2d 3-5 Reverse Clutch: 3-5 reverse clutch fluid enters the 1-2-3-4 & 3-5 reverse clutch housing to move the piston against spring force combined with force from the compensator to apply the 3-5 reverse clutch plates.
456 CL

DRIVE 1-6

2-6 CLUTCH REG

PCS TCC

PCS 26 CL

CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

26 CL

44

PS3 EX

ACT FD LIM

EX BF 26 CL

41

EX

2-6 GAIN

21

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3


20

N.L. OFF

N.C.

3
PS3

PS3

1234 CL DFLT 456 CL

ACT FD LIM

35R CL BOOST VALVE

EX BF

EX

40

PS1
N.C. N.C.
SHIFT SOL 2

2c
PCS 35 REV CL

35 REV CL FDBK PS1 35 REV CL

35 CL REV FD CBR

#5
35 CL REV FD

CSV3 ENABLE

#3
SOL 2

OFF

SOL 2

EX

45

3-5 REV CL REGULATOR VALVE

PCS LINE

EX BF

1a
LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

ACT FD LIM

48

47

46

35R FD ACT FD LIM

35R SPL

PCS TCC

DRIVE 1-6

26 CL/1234 CL FD

2b
ACT FD LIM

#7

25

TCC REGULATOR VALVE SHTL

1234 CL DFLT

1234 CL

EX

EX

N.H.

11

10

REG APPLY

REG APPLY

1c
N.H. ON

#6
PS4 EX
32 50 33

COMP FD

LINE

SHTL
36 35

1-2-3-4 CL REGULATOR VALVE


34

1234 CL BOOST VALVE

1234 CL FDBK

PCS 1234 CL

2a
ACT FD LIM
C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

EX BACKFILL 1234 CL DFLT

EX

29

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE

EX

1234 CL FD

1234 CL

C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

ACT FD LIM

1234 CL

1234 CL

EX

COMP FD

14

13

PCS 1234 CL 1234 CL FDBK COMP FD COMP FD

N.L. OFF

LINE

LINE

LINE

EX

SOL 1

72

Figure 67

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 96

72A

DRIVE RANGE 5TH GEAR DEFAULT


(Torque Converter Clutch Released)
SHIFT SHIFT 1-2-3-4 CL 2-6 CL 3-5 REV CL 4-5-6 CL LOW LOW 1-2-3-4 3-5 REV 4-5-6 2-6 SOL SOL PC PC PC PC & REV CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH 1 2 SOL 5 N.L. SOL 4 N.L. SOL 2 N.H. SOL 3 N.H. CLUTCH SPRAG
OFF OFF OFF OFF ON ON APPLIED APPLIED

DRIVE RANGE - 5TH GEAR DEFAULT


(Torque Converter Clutch Released)
1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY

1d
4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY
1234 CLUTCH 35 REV CLUTCH COMP FEED
CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY

If the transmission is in 4th, 5th or 6th gear during a transmission electrical component failure, the transmission will default to 5th gear. All solenoids will default to their normal state. If the torque converter clutch was applied, it will release. The transmission will stay in 5th gear default range until the ignition has been turned off or the transmission has been shifted into Reverse. When the vehicle is restarted and shifted back into Drive, the transmission will then operate in the 3rd gear default range. This default action will enable the vehicle to be safely driven to a service center.
1 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH APPLIES 1a C35R Pressure Control Solenoid 2:

2-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY


26 CLUTCH

LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY


CBR 1 CBR
M D N R P

COMP FD
DRIVE DRIVE LINE

MANUAL VALVE

REVERSE

1234 CLUTCH 35 REV CLUTCH LINE LINE ACT FD LIM

N.C.
SHIFT SOL 1

SOL 1
ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

LINE

DRIVE

EX BACKFILL 456 CL
COMP FD

26 CL

456 CL

CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

26

30

35 REV CL 1234 CL DRIVE 1-6

PCS 3-5 reverse clutch fluid pressure acts on a differential area moving the PCS 3-5 reverse clutch boost valve against the 3-5 reverse clutch boost valve spring. 3-5 reverse clutch fluid passes through the valve and enters the 35 reverse clutch feedback circuit. As PCS 35 reverse clutch fluid pressure is increased to a given value, the 3-5 reverse clutch boost valve opens the 35 reverse clutch feedback circuit to exhaust. This results in the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve moving to the full feed position sending full 35 reverse clutch feed pressure (full line pressure) to the clutch.
1c 3-5 Reverse Clutch Regulator Valve:

EX

PS5

456 CL BOOST VALVE


TCC CONTROL VALVE

12

EX

EX

1b 3-5 Reverse Clutch Boost Valve:

TCC REL
TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

DRIVE EX

31

35 REV CL

EX

35 REV CL 1234 CL DFLT FD


20

3a

CBR1 FDBK

22

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

PCS TCC
PCS CBR1/456 CL

N.L. OFF

COOLER FD TCC APPLY

CBR1/456 CL FD LINE
EX

CBR1/456 CL FD LINE DRIVE BRAKE


456 CL FD

PCS TCC

LINE

ACT FD LIM

EXHAUST BACKFILL PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

N.H. ON

#1
DRV B
1234 CL DFLT FD CBR1/CBR FD

23

ACT FD LIM

EX BF

40

1d 3-5 Reverse Clutch:

PS1
N.C. N.C.
SHIFT SOL 2

35 REV CL FDBK PS1 PCS 35 REV CL 35 REV CL

CBR

35 reverse clutch fluid enters the 1-2-3-4 & 3-5 reverse clutch housing to move the piston against spring force combined with force from the compensator to apply the 3-5 reverse clutch plates.
1e Clutch Select Valve 3:

#5
35 CL REV FD

#3

OFF

SOL 2
EX
45

SOL 2
3-5 REV CL REGULATOR VALVE

26 CL/1234 CL FD

1234 CL

Once the clutch select valve 3 is moved to the ON position in 4th gear, it will remain in this position throughout the 5th gear default range, until the ignition has been turned OFF. When the ignition is OFF, fluid will exhaust from the valve, thus when the vehicle is restarted, the transmission will then be in the 3rd gear default range.
2 1-2-3-4 CLUTCH RELEASES or 2-6 CLUTCH RELEASES 2a C1234 Pressure Control Solenoid 5:

35R FD ACT FD LIM

PCS LINE

EX BF

ACT FD LIM

48

47

46

35R SPL

PCS TCC

EX

DRIVE 1-6
9

1c
ACT FD LIM

#7

25

LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

TCC REGULATOR VALVE SHTL

EX

EX

N.H.

11

10

N.H.

ON

#6
PS4 EX
32 50 33

2b 2-6 CB26 Pressure Control Solenoid 4:

COMP FD

LINE

SHTL
36 35

1-2-3-4 CL REGULATOR VALVE


34

PCS 1234 CL

1234 CL FDBK

COMP FD

ACT FD LIM
C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

3 TORQUE CONVERTER CLUTCH RELEASES 3a TCC Pressure Control Solenoid:

14

13

PCS 1234 CL PS4


N.C.

PCS 1234 CL PS4 COMP FD LINE 1234 CL FDBK COMP FD LINE

N.L. OFF

The TCC pressure control solenoid will default to it's normal state, OFF. PCS TCC fluid will exhaust from the TCC control valve, and spring force will shuttle the valve to the off position. TCC apply fluid will then be routed to the cooler, and TCC release fluid will be routed to the torque converter for complete TCC release.

72B

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT Page 98

LINE

EX

If the transmission was in 6th gear when an electrical condition commands a protection mode, the CB26 pressure control solenoid 4 defaults to the OFF position, allowing PCS 26 clutch fluid from the 2-6 clutch regulator valve, and the 2-6 clutch to exhaust.

EX BACKFILL 1234 CL DFLT

EX

29

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE

EX

2a

1234 CL BOOST VALVE

1234 CL FD

1234 CL

If the transmission was in 4th gear when an electrical condition commands a protection mode, the C1234 pressure control solenoid 5 defaults to the OFF position, allowing PCS 1234 clutch fluid from the 1-2-3-4 clutch, the 1-2-3-4 clutch regulator valve and 1-2-3-4 clutch boost valve to exhaust.

1a 2b
C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

REG APPLY

REG APPLY

ACT FD LIM
EX

1234 CL

1234 CL

SOL 1

456 CL

35 CL REV FD

CSV3 ENABLE

PCS 35 reverse clutch fluid moves the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve against 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve spring force and 35 reverse clutch feedback fluid. This allows 35 reverse feed to pass through the valve and enter the 35 reverse clutch circuit. 35 reverse clutch fluid is then routed to the 3-5 reverse clutch, the 3-5 reverse boost valve and the clutch select valve 2. When the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve is in this position, PS1 fluid from the pressure switch 1 exhausts through the valve, allowing the switch to close.

DRIVE 1-6

2-6 CLUTCH REG

PCS TCC

REVERSE 456 CL FD

REVERSE

42

43

26 CL/1234 CL FD

DRIVE BRAKE DRV B EX

2b
ACT FD LIM
CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

CBR1/CBR FD

REG APP

DRIVE 1-6

CSV2 LATCH

EX

#4

1e

EX BF 26 CL

PCS 26 CL

26 CL

44

PS3 EX

41

EX

2-6 GAIN

21

PCS 26 CL
N.C.

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3

N.L. OFF

3
PS3

PS3
35R CL BOOST VALVE

1b
EX

1234 CL DFLT 456 CL

CSV2 ENABLE

PCS CBR1/456 CL

ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

The C35R pressure control solenoid 2 defaults to ON, allowing actuator feed fluid to enter the PCS 35 reverse clutch fluid circuit. PCS 35 reverse clutch fluid is routed through orifice #48 and then to the 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve. PCS 35 reverse clutch fluid is also routed through orifice #40 and then to the 3-5 reverse clutch boost valve.

ACT FD LIM

COMP FD

LINE

38

PS5

OFF

SOL 1

DRIVE 1-6
35 REV CLUTCH 1234 CLUTCH 26 CLUTCH
CBR1/C456 CL REG VALVE

CONV FD LIMIT

EX EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD

39

37

456 CLUTCH

EX

EX

456 CLUTCH

Figure 68

73

OPERATING CONDITIONS
RANGE REFERENCE CHART
1
RANGE GEAR SHIFT SOL 1 ON ON ON ON OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF SHIFT SOL 2 ON OFF ON ON ON ON ON ON ON ON 1-2-3-4 CL PC SOL 5 N.L. OFF OFF OFF ON ON ON ON ON OFF OFF 2-6 CL PC SOL 4 N.L. OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF ON OFF OFF OFF ON 3-5 REV CL PC SOL 2 N.H. OFF ON OFF OFF OFF OFF ON OFF ON OFF LOW REV 4-5-6 CL PC SOL 3 N.H. ON ON ON ON OFF OFF OFF ON ON ON APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED APPLIED 1-2-3-4 CLUTCH

2
3-5 REV. CLUTCH

3
4-5-6 CLUTCH

4
2-6 CLUTCH

5
LOW & REV. CLUTCH APPLIED* APPLIED APPLIED* APPLIED

6
LOW CLUTCH SPRAG

PARK REV NEU

P R N 1st Braking 1st 2nd 3rd

HOLDING HOLDING

D
4th 5th 6th

NOTE: FOR SHIFT SOLENOIDS 1 AND 2, "ON" = SOLENOID ENERGIZED (PRESSURIZED), "OFF" = SOLENOID DE-ENERGIZED (NO PRESSURE). NOTE: FOR PRESSURE CONTROL (PC) SOLENOIDS, "ON" = PRESSURIZED, "OFF" = NO PRESSURE.

* = APPLIED WITH NO LOAD.

EXPECTED OPERATING CONDITION IF COMPONENT IN COLUMN NUMBER IS INOPERATIVE: COLUMN # 1 2 3 4 5 6 CONDITION NO 1ST, 2ND, 3RD OR 4TH GEARS. NO 3RD, 5TH OR REVERSE GEARS. NO 4TH, 5TH OR 6TH GEARS. NO 2ND OR 6TH GEARS. NO REVERSE OR ENGINE BRAKING IN 1ST GEAR. NO 1ST GEAR.

Electrical failure of any shift solenoid or pressure control solenoid will result in a default to the transmission protection mode. If the transmission is in 1st, 2nd or 3rd gear during an electrical failure, the transmission will default to 3rd gear. If the transmission is in 4th, 5th or 6th gear when an electrical failure occurs, the transmission will default to 5th gear.

Mechanical failure within a shift solenoid or pressure control solenoid will again result with the transmission going into a protection mode. Depending on the vehicle speed, transmission range, the component and which position it is stuck in, the transmission will default to the optimum gear to allow safe operation.

Refer to the model specific service manual for specific codes and defaults.

74

Figure 69

COMPLETE HYDRAULIC CIRCUITS


The hydraulic circuitry of the Hydra-matic 6 Speed RWD transmission is better understood when fluid flow can be related to the specific components in which the fluid travels. In the Power Flow section, a simplified hydraulic schematic was given to show what hydraulically occurs in a specific gear range. The purpose was to isolate the hydraulics used in each gear range in order to provide the user with a basic understanding of the hydraulic system. In contrast, this section shows a complete hydraulic schematic with fluid passages active in the appropriate component for each gear range. This is accomplished using two opposing foldout pages that are separated by a half page of supporting information. The left side foldout contains the complete color coded hydraulic circuit used in that gear range along with the relative location of valves, ball check valves and orifices within specific components. A broken line is also used to separate components such as the pump, control valve bodies, channel plate and case to assist the user when following the hydraulic circuits as they pass between them. The half page of information facing this foldout lists possible conditions and component diagnostic tips. Always refer to the appropriate vehicle platform service manual when diagnosing specific concerns. The right side foldout shows a two-dimensional line drawing of the fluid passages within each component. The active fluid passages for each gear range are appropriately colored to correspond with the hydraulic schematic used for that range. The half page of information facing this foldout identifies the various fluid circuits with numbers that correspond to the circuit numbers used on the foldout page. For a more complete understanding of the different hydraulic systems used in a specific gear range, refer to the Hydraulic Control Components section and/or Power Flow section.

PASSAGE A IS LOCATED IN THE FLUID PUMP BODY (LIGHT GREY AREA) PASSAGE B IS LOCATED IN THE LOWER CONTROL VALVE BODY (LIGHT BLUE AREA) PASSAGE C IS LOCATED IN THE UPPER CONTROL VALVE BODY (LIGHT RED AREA) PASSAGE D IS LOCATED ON THE SPACER PLATE (DASHED LINE) PASSAGE E IS LOCATED IN THE CONTROL SOLENOID (W/BODY AND TCM) VALVE ASSEMBLY (YELLOW AREA) PASSAGE F IS LOCATED IN THE CASE (WHITE AREA)

FLUID FLOW SCHEMATIC (FOLDOUT) A


PARK
(Engine Running)

FLUID FLOW THROUGH COMPONENTS (FOLDOUT) C


CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY (459)
26 CL CBR CBR 1

TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)


TCC APPLY COMP FD 456 CL LUBE
CASE (7) UPPER CONTROL VALVE BODY (304)

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH

4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (431-443)


COMP FD 456 CL LUBE

49

2-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (450-457)

52 55 6 52 5

55 52 2 5 4 4 2 2 3 51 56 52 52
2a 3

55 52 2 5 4 5 51 51 51 6 5 7 1 2 10 52 49 2 49 2 49 2 52 8 2 38 9 14 11 26 34
1 2

52 55 6 52
2

LUBE

57
6 6
1

5
7

FRONT

LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (461-470)

57

55 52

(P) Park l the e oi r in th leve fromwing: ctor sure follo gsele pres the the line ed to 218): Re) re Withtion, rect Valve( essu posip is di lator (line prion pum Regu tput miss
ns p sure mp oue tra pum Preses pu to thWhen mand ulat rdingents. the de m fro accoirem ceeds, fluidr requut ex sure lato outp e presre regu of lin essu pr the

e gin (En

RK g) PA nnin Ru

PARK

(Engine Running)

52

55

52 7 34

52 52

LUBE PCS 35 REV CL 26 CL 26 CL

51

1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL PS4


1234 CLUTCH BOOSTVALVE 35R CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

7 7

7 51

5 7 8 10 56

PCS 35 REV CL

COOLER

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL


2-6 GAIN

11

6 5 11 34 26 14

57

51

52

456 CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

52 26 11 14 2 46 30 9 29

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH REGULATOR VALVE SHTL

3-5 REV CLU REGULATOR VALVE

PCS CBR1/456 CL
CBR1/C456 CLU REG VALVE

TCC RELEASE

PCS 1234 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL FDBK EX


1234 CL DFLT PS4 COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL PCS 1234 CL LUBE

EX

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL

EX BF EX EX BF

456 CL
EX BF
2-6 CLUTCH REG

EXH
EXHAUST BACKFILL EXH PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

EX

EX
CBR 1 CBR LUBE

8 9

38

2 52 52 10 52 52

EX BF
CBR1/456 CL FD

COOLER FEED

26 CL

CBR1 FDBK

EX
35 REV FD PCS 35 REV CL 35 REV CL FDBK

26 CL/1234 CL FD EX BF

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM

TCC APPLY

1234 CL

1234 CL FD PS4 EX 1234 CL FDBK EX BF EX BF EX BF

26 CL

26 CL

EX

PS1 EX

LINE DRIVE 1-6 PS5 EX

52 10 52 52 1 49 10 2

38

38

34 2 10 14 11 26 49 1

1-2-3-4 & 3-5 REV CL SUPPORT (219) (Pump Side)


52

LUBE

COOLER FEED

26 CL

PS3 EX

FLUID PUMP COVER (219) (Torque Converter Housing Side)


PS3 PCS 35 REV CL CBR1 FDBK

FLUID PUMP COVER (219) (Case Side)

PS3 EX BF EX BF EX BF EX BF 35 REV CL EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD DRIVE 1-6 PS1


ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

NOTE: INDICATES BOLT HOLES NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE UPPER VALVE BODY SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST.
PCS 35 REV CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL PS3 PS1 LINE CBR1/456 CL FD EX CBR 1 CBR LUBE

LUBE
CASE (7)

PS1
26 CL/1234 CL FD 456 CL
1234 CL EX BF EX BF EX BF

ACT FD LIM

35 REV CL FDBK 35R SPL


#6
25a 25b

456 CL
#3

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (LOCATED IN PUMP)

35 REV FD

456 CL 35 REV CL FDBK

456 CL

LINE
#4

LINE

456 CL
PS5

TORQUE CONVERTER HOUSING (204) (Fluid Pump Cover Side)

#1

#5

CONV FD LIMIT

15b

25d

12a

FLUID PRESSURE TEST PLUG (40)


6

#7
37a 53a 53b

35 REV CL
26b 27a 15a 51b 51a 26a 25c 14b 14a 14c

37d

43a

35a

43b

12g

12h

21e

54a

21d

21b

21a

34d

34b

18a

34a

34e

34g

19a

19b

44b

44a

44c

34f

12i

34i

44e

44d

37b

37e

34h

19c

27b

EX

39c

DRIVE 1-6

GASKET

EX

32b

46b

44f

34j

2e

SPACER PLATE (305)

50

45

33

32

43

25

46

23

42

20

12

38

2d

34l

EXH

36a

12b

21c

34c

34k

37

41

46a

37c

FRONT LUBE

12c

32a

GASKET

EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN.


9 51 52 51 10 49 39 52 51 24 11
J

CASE (7) (Upper Valve Body Side)

39b

DRV B

CONVERTER FEED LIMIT


29

DRIVE 1-6

CONV FD
TCC CONTROL VALVE

39a

LUBE COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL DFLT PS4 EX BF

LINE
2

35

LOWER CONTROL VALVE BODY (307)

456 CL CSV3 ENABLE DRV B REVERSE 456 CL

456 CL
45a

9 34

2 10

14 11

26 49 49

26 11 52 52

14 17 10 38

2 34 52 2

9 38

52 34

48
45b

LUBE

EX BF EX BF

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

50h 50g 50f 50e 50d

40
13a 13d 13e 30a 9a 9b 48a

38

51

PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE

LINE
3

35 CL REV FD CBR
REVERSE 35 CL REV FD EX DRV B PCS 35 REV CL REVERSE 1234 CL DFLT 1234 CL DFLT FD 456 CL FD CSV2 LATCH PS5 ACT FD LIM CBR EX

PCS 1234 CL

REG APPLY

11 27 51 26 14 38 27 50 26 52 25 40 14 34 24 52 37 12 51 41 15 25 15 16 38 52 19 34 24 46 50 44 42 51 46 19 16 51 24 52 52 27 21

47
50c

52 51

EX

COMP FD LINE EX

50b

PCS TCC
11e

34 26
50a 11d 11a 11b

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE

51 52

39
48b

FRONT

2a

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3

31
13b

FRONT

LINE DECREASE EXH


LINE

DRIVE 1-6

COMP FD

52 24 39 12 50 52 50

17

52

51

2 51 52 11 38 10 38 2 51 51 52 10 52 11 52 21 39 52 14 26 51 52 49 51 39 52 52 52 38 27 52 17 10 17 34 24 51 52 40 34 25 52 38 15 52 18 19 34 52 42 52 37 9 18 34 44 12 12 12 29 45 52 45 18 25 52 40 41 52 52 37 52 39 37 38 34 45 49 12 39 12 50 24

9a 38f 34e
9

10

2a 11a 11b 11c 14c 51a 49a 26b 27a 39b


14

17c 10a

38e 38d 10b 21b

39c
29

51 10c

38c
11

51

50

EX

12 17 #2 49 12 51

FRONT

13c

52 52 2 52 52 52 52 52 52 2 17 13

24c 17b 2b 24b 17a


45

51b

17d 27b 12i

26a 40a

35

36

24d 24e 11d


26 34

13
2a

14
11c

9
38e 38d 38f 38c 38b 38a

ISOLATOR

EX

PCS TCC

DRIVE 1-6

DRIVE 1-6
CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

PCS CBR1/456 CL

FLUID PUMP COVER (219)

SOL 1 35 REV CL

DRIVE BRAKE CSV2 ENABLE CBR1/CBR FD SOL 1 CBR1/456 CL FD

11

FRONT

16a

#2

FRONT

22
17a 31c 31b 31a

2 52

34d

39a 12h 11e/50a 50b 50c

14b
33

25d 12g

52 51

EX

51c 29e 29d 29c 28b 29b

45 52 37 #6 45 52 50

51 52 52 2 52 13 2 52 52 52 40 12 41 #3 38 12 42 2 39

51 52 13 52 52 52

15b 15a 41a

37e 37d

47

45b
48

13c 38b 19a 34b 13b 16a


41

EX

EX

EX

PCS LINE
5

SHTL TCC REGULATOR VALVE

CBR 1

51

51
F

37c 45a 50d


44 40

REG APP

COMP FD

REVERSE

SOL 1

EX

EX

14 15 51 38

14 21

18a 34a

25c 25b/44f
32

LINE

35 CL REV FD

ISOLATOR VALVE

17c 17b 17d 10a

21
28a 29a 47b

PS1

10

R N D

DRIVE

DRIVE CBR1/CBR FD

CSV2 LATCH PCS 26 CL

44

SOL 1 SOL 1 REG APPLY PS4 REG APPLY LINE 1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL PCS LINE PCS TCC
PS1

50 47

13a 2c

38a

MANUAL VALVE

44
47a 42a 41a 2c

LUBE 456 CL
SUCTION

EX

40a 10b 10c

11

CBR

35 REV CL COMP FD 1234 CL PCS LINE

2b 24a 24b 24c 24d 49a 24e

1234 CL DFLT ACT FD LIM

PS3 PS1 LINE PCS 35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM 35 CL REV FD
54b

PS3 LINE

12f 12e 12d

36

51
30b

PS4

PS3

PS5

LINE

LINE

PRESSURES INTAKE & DECREASE (SUCTION) CONVERTER & LUBE LINE PCS LINE SOLENOID SIGNAL ACTUATOR COMPENSATOR

PCS 26 CL

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

SOL 1

FLUID PAN (29)

SOL 2

FILTER PLATE ASSEMBLY (311)

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE SWITCH 4 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE SWITCH 1 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

PCS LINE

PCS TCC

FLUID FILTER ASSEMBLY (26)

PRESSURE SWITCH 3 NORMALLY CLOSED

PRESSURE SWITCH 5 NORMALLY CLOSED

CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY (314)

SHIFT SOL 1

N.L.

ON

LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

SHIFT SOL 2

N.H.

N.L. OFF

N.L. OFF

N.L.

ON

C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

N.H. OFF

CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

(36) TR ENTS (40) ANSMI ( ) TR S (203 ANSM SION FLU I (213) CHECK VA SSION FLU ID LEVEL (214) TRANSM LVE RETAI ID PRES HOLE PLU I (230) BRASS ORSSION FLU NER AN SURE TES G D T TR (232) ANSM IFICE IN ID PUMP BALL AS PLUG IS SE (233) ORIFICE SION VE RT SCREEN SEMBLY SLE NT ASSE (306) ORIFICE EVE ASSE MBLY MBLY CONT CUP PLU (#1 ROL G (308) , 2, 3, VALVE BO TCC 4, 5, 6, DY BA (312) PWM 7, 8, LL PRES SOLEN 9, 10, CHEC 11, K VA SU FILTER RE CONT OID VALVE 12 LVE ASSE ROL FILTER 86 MBLY SOLEN AS B OID VA SEMBLY LVE

LINE

COMP

ON

51

47

34

46b 46a

43

42a 9b
20

25a/44e 34i 44d 37a/53a 44c 44b 12f


42

52 52 12 20 52 20 52 52 52 51 51 52 #5 12 12 52 #4 51 52 47 48 12 52 43 12 51 12 34

13 52 52 34 14 23 51 20 21 51 28

16

19 46 19

47b 34h 50e


42

#7 29 9 30 46 50 34 53 46 12 52 51
C

44 30 9 52 29 52 52 51 52 50 52 34 52 31 51 44 53 21 32 13 2 32 52 12 52 35 52 30 29 31 52 34 24 14 52 52 21 52 29 31 34 13 52 2

34j 50
23

19b 19c 34f 14a 24a 28b/29b


21

37b/53b 50f

18

45 12 34

51

52

24 54 28 30 51 34 33

29e

12e 12d

21a 52

34k 28a/29a 31c

29d 30b/54b 30a 29c


51

34c

31 52 54 21 36 44

52 47 50 48 12b 43a 52 52 52 2 34l 35a 51 12a


12

31b 54a 21d

34g 31a 44a 36a 21e 32a 43b 2e

50g 47a 48b


31

51

51

51 52

48

51 51
A

#1

43 31 51 48 51 50 2 21 51

2 52

31 33 13 51 22 20 34 35

13d

51 22 43 13 12

21c 32b 13e 12c 2d


37

50h
39

32

51c

38

48a

N.L. OFF

N.H. ON

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304) (Case Side)

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304) (Spacer Plate Side)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307) (Control Solenoid Valve Assembly Side)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307) (Spacer Plate Side)

CONTROL VALVE BODY SPACER PLATE ASSEMBLY (305) (Upper Valve Body Side)

86

Figure 82

Figure 83

FOLDOUT 87

HALF PAGE TEXT AND LEGEND

COMPLETE ILLUSTRATED PARTS LIST

Figure 70

FOLDOUT 75

PARK

(Engine Running)
1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)
TCC APPLY COMP FD 456 CL LUBE
CASE (7) UPPER CONTROL VALVE BODY (304)

CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY (459) 4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (431-443)


COMP FD 456 CL LUBE PCS 35 REV CL 26 CL 26 CL
49

26 CL CBR CBR 1

2-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (450-457)

LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (461-470)


LUBE

LUBE

1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL PS4


1234 CLUTCH BOOSTVALVE 35R CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

PCS 35 REV CL

COOLER

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL


2-6 GAIN

456 CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH REGULATOR VALVE SHTL

3-5 REV CLU REGULATOR VALVE

PCS CBR1/456 CL
CBR1/C456 CLU REG VALVE

TCC RELEASE

PCS 1234 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL FDBK EX

EX

COOLER FEED

26 CL

CBR 1 CBR

LUBE

2-6 CLUTCH REG

1234 CL DFLT PS4

COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL

PCS 1234 CL

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM

TCC APPLY

1234 CL

1234 CL FD PS4 EX 1234 CL FDBK EX BF EX BF EX BF

EX

COOLER FEED

26 CL

PS3 EX

PS3 EX BF EX BF EX BF EX BF 35 REV CL EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD DRIVE 1-6 PS1


ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

26 CL

26 CL

PS1 EX

26 CL/1234 CL FD EX BF

35 REV FD PCS 35 REV CL 35 REV CL FDBK

CBR1 FDBK

EX

EXHAUST BACKFILL EXH PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

CBR1/456 CL FD

EX BF

LINE DRIVE 1-6 PS5 EX

LUBE

PS3 PCS 35 REV CL CBR1 FDBK

LUBE
CASE (7)

PS1
26 CL/1234 CL FD 456 CL 456 CL 456 CL 456 CL

ACT FD LIM

EX BF EX BF

EX BF

35 REV CL FDBK 35R SPL


#6
25a 25b

456 CL
#3

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (LOCATED IN PUMP)

35 REV FD

1234 CL

35 REV CL FDBK

LINE
#4

#1

#5

37d

43a

35a

26b

27a

15a

51b

43b

12g

12h

21e

54a

21d

21b

21a

34d

34b

18a

34a

34e

34g

19a

19b

51a

26a

44b

44a

14b

14a

14c

44c

34f

12i

34i

44e

44d

37b

37e

34h

19c

27b

15b

25d

12a

EX

39c

DRIVE 1-6

GASKET

EX

39b

DRV B

CONVERTER FEED LIMIT


29

DRIVE 1-6

CONV FD
TCC CONTROL VALVE

39a

LUBE COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL DFLT PS4 EX BF

LINE
2

35

LOWER CONTROL VALVE BODY (307)

456 CL CSV3 ENABLE DRV B REVERSE 456 CL

456 CL
45a

32b

46b

44f

34j

2e

SPACER PLATE (305)

50

45

33

32

43

25

46

23

42

20

12

38

2d

34l

EXH

36a

12b

21c

34c

34k

37

41

46a

25c

37c

FRONT LUBE

37a 53a

12c

32a

53b

GASKET

48
45b

LUBE

EX BF EX BF

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

50h 50g 50f 50e 50d

40
13a 13d 13e 30a 9a 9b 48a

PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE

LINE
3

35 CL REV FD CBR

REVERSE 35 CL REV FD EX DRV B

50c

EX

COMP FD LINE EX

PCS TCC
11e

34
50b

CSV2 LATCH PS5 ACT FD LIM

CBR EX

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE

1234 CL DFLT 1234 CL DFLT FD 456 CL FD

47

PCS 35 REV CL

PCS 1234 CL

REG APPLY

REVERSE

39
48b

LINE DECREASE EXH

26
50a 11d 11a 11b

DRIVE 1-6

COMP FD

2a

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3

31
13b 13c

LINE

13
2a

14
11c

9
38e 38d 38f 38c

ISOLATOR

EX

PCS TCC

DRIVE 1-6

DRIVE 1-6
CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

PCS CBR1/456 CL

FLUID PUMP COVER (219)

SOL 1 35 REV CL

DRIVE BRAKE CSV2 ENABLE CBR1/CBR FD SOL 1 CBR1/456 CL FD

16a

#2

22
17a 31c 31b 31a

EX

51c 29e 29d 29c 28b 29b

EX

EX

REG APP

38a

EX

EX

COMP FD

SOL 1

38b

REVERSE

LINE

35 CL REV FD

ISOLATOR VALVE

17c 17b 17d 10a

21
28a 29a 47b

SOL 1 SOL 1 REG APPLY PS4 REG APPLY LINE 1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL PCS LINE PCS TCC

CBR1/CBR FD PCS 26 CL PS3 PS1 LINE PCS 35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM 35 CL REV FD

MANUAL VALVE

44
47a 42a 41a

LUBE 456 CL

10b 10c

EX

40a

LINE

PS3

SUCTION

11

2b 24a 24b 24c 24d 49a 24e

COMP FD 1234 CL PCS LINE

1234 CL DFLT ACT FD LIM

12f 12e 12d

36

51
54b 30b

PS1

PS4

PS3

PRESSURES INTAKE & DECREASE (SUCTION) CONVERTER & LUBE LINE PCS LINE SOLENOID SIGNAL ACTUATOR COMPENSATOR

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY (314)

SHIFT SOL 1

N.L.

ON

LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

ACT FD LIM

SOL 1

FLUID PAN (29)

SOL 2

FILTER PLATE ASSEMBLY (311)

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE SWITCH 4 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE SWITCH 1 NORMALLY CLOSED

PRESSURE SWITCH 3 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

PCS TCC

PCS 26 CL

PCS LINE

FLUID FILTER ASSEMBLY (26)

PRESSURE SWITCH 5 NORMALLY CLOSED

TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

SHIFT SOL 2

N.H.

N.L. OFF

N.L. OFF

N.L.

ON

C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

N.H. OFF

CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

N.L. OFF

N.H. ON

76

Figure 71

PS5

LINE

LINE

CBR

35 REV CL

2c

LINE

PS1

10

R N D

DRIVE

EX

PCS LINE

SHTL TCC REGULATOR VALVE

CBR 1

DRIVE

CSV2 LATCH

EX

PCS 35 REV CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL PS3 PS1 LINE CBR1/456 CL FD EX CBR 1 CBR LUBE

CONV FD LIMIT

FLUID PRESSURE TEST PLUG (40)

#7

35 REV CL

LINE

PS5

LUBE

EX EX BF

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL

EX BF

456 CL

EXH

EX

EX

EX BF

PARK
(Engine Running)
The following conditions and component problems could happen in any gear range, and are only some of the possibilities recommended to diagnose hydraulic problems. Always refer to the appropriate vehicle platform service manual when diagnosing specific concerns.

HIGH LINE PRESSURE

Pressure Regulator Valve (233), or Isolator Valve (236)


- Stuck, damaged

Pump Slide (212)


- Stuck

Line Pressure Control Solenoid


- Loose connector - Commanded/failed LOW (ON)
LOW LINE PRESSURE

Pressure Regulator Valve (233), Pressure Regulator Valve Outer Spring (234), Pressure Regulator Valve Inner Spring (235) or Isolator Valve (236)
- Stuck, damaged broken

Fluid Pump Cover (219)


- Cross channel leak at converter housing to Cover or cover to case

Fluid Pump Seal (5)


- Damaged

Pump Valve Bores


- Excessive valve clearance due to wear

Upper Control Valve Body (321)


- Cross channel leaks - Cross valve land leaks

Lower Control Valve Body (351)


- Cross channel leaks - Cross valve land leaks

Gasket/Spacer Plate
- Damaged - Missing Line Pressure Control Solenoid - Commanded/failed HIGH (OFF)

Actuator Feed Limit Valve (325), Spring (354) or Retainer (323)


- Stuck, damaged, broken

SHIFT SHIFT 1-2-3-4 CL 2-6 CL 3-5 REV CL 4-5-6 CL LOW LOW 1-2-3-4 3-5 REV 4-5-6 2-6 SOL SOL PC PC PC PC & REV CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH 1 2 SOL 5 N.L. SOL 4 N.L. SOL 2 N.H. SOL 3 N.H. CLUTCH SPRAG
ON ON OFF OFF OFF ON APPLIED*

*APPLIED WITH NO LOAD

76A

PARK
(Engine Running) PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 SUCTION LINE DECREASE CONVERTER FEED CONVERTER FEED LIMIT TCC RELEASE TCC APPLY COOLER FEED CENTER LUBE REGULATOR APPLY COMPENSATOR FEED ACTUATOR FEED LIMIT REVERSE 35 REVERSE CLUTCH 35 REVERSE CLUTCH FEEDBACK CSV2 ENABLE SOLENOID 1 SOLENOID 2 CSV3 ENABLE DRIVE DRIVE 1-6 DRIVE BRAKE 1234 CLUTCH DEFAULT FEED 1234 CLUTCH DEFAULT 1234 CLUTCH FEED 1234 CLUTCH 1234 CLUTCH FEEDBACK CBR1/CBR FEED CBR1 CBR CBR1/456 CLUTCH FEED CBR1 FEEDBACK 456 CLUTCH FEED 456 CLUTCH CSV2 LATCH DRIVE B 35 REVERSE FEED PCS TCC PCS 1234 CLUTCH PCS 4 PCS 1 PCS 3 PCS 5 26 CLUTCH/1234 CLUTCH FEED PCS 35 REVERSE CLUTCH 26 CLUTCH PCS 26 CLUTCH PCS CBR1/456 CLUTCH PCS LINE EXHAUST BACKFILL EXHAUST VOID 35 REVERSE SUPPLY 35 REVERSE CLUTCH FEED VENT TORQUE CONV SEAL DRAINBACK FRONT LUBE

76B

PARK

(Engine Running)

55 57 52 55 6 52 5 5 4 51 2 6 5 56 7 8 56 8 9 52 52 10 9 52 52 49 52 10 52 52 1 49 10 2 52 9 38 38 9 34 2 10 14 11 26 49 1 52 38 2 10 52 2 49 49 2 2 5 3 51 52 52 10
2a

52 55 52 52 55 6 5 4 2 2 3 51 1 57 7 7 2 8 2 38 9 14 11 26 2 11 14 46 30 9 29 34 11 4 5 51 51 51 6 5
7 1

55 52 2
3

55 52 2
2

52

57 6 6
1

5 51 7

FRONT

52 7 34

52 52

6 5 11 34 26 14

52

52 26

1-2-3-4 & 3-5 REV CL SUPPORT (219) (Pump Side)

FLUID PUMP COVER (219) (Torque Converter Housing Side)

FLUID PUMP COVER (219) (Case Side)

NOTE: INDICATES BOLT HOLES NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE UPPER VALVE BODY SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST. EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN.
9a 38f 34e
9 10

TORQUE CONVERTER HOUSING (204) (Fluid Pump Cover Side)

CASE (7) (Upper Valve Body Side)

2a 11a 11b 11c 14c 51a 49a 26b 27a 39b


14

9 34

2 10

14 11

26 49 49

26 11 52 52 49 39 52 51 24 11 52 24 39 12 52 50 52 52 50 50 17 27 26 25 40 51 27 51 26

14 17 10 38

2 34 52 10 2

9 38

17c 10a 52 34

52

38

38e 38d 10b

11 14 38 21

52

21b 38c

39c
29

51 52

52

FRONT

10c

11

FRONT

50

FRONT

14 34 24 52 52

#2

2b 24b 17a

34d

11d
26 34

FRONT

14b
33

25d 12g

11e/50a 50b 50c 37e


47

2 52 52 52 52 52 52 2 17 13 9

24 34

40 25

49

12 50 49 12

51

45 52 37 #6 45 52 50

37

12

51 41 15 25

15 16 38 52 19 34 24 13 2 16 52 52 52 14 21 52 52 2 52

45

15b 15a 41a

45b
48

51 52 13 52 52 52 2 52 52 20 52 20 52 52 52 52 34

52 38 15 52 18 19 34 52

52 40 41 52 52 37 52 39 37 38 34 52 37 9 18 34 44 12 12 12 45 52 52 31 52 47 50 48 32 52 52 52 2 51 52 51 47 48 12 43 52 12 51 45 18 12 50 18 45 12 41 39 38 50 47 12 42 40

51

13c 38b #3 19a 34b 13b 16a


41

51

51

37d 45a

37c
40

14 15 51 38

18a 34a

25c 25b/44f
32 38a 25a/44e 34i 44d

13a 2c

25

50d
44

44

51

47

34

46 50 44

42

51

46 19

46b

43

42a

#7 29 9 30 46 50 34 53 46 12 52 51 52 52 51 52 50 52 30

44 9 52 29 52 30 29 34 52 31 51 44 53 21 32 13 2 32 52 12 52 35 52 31 52 34 24 14 52 52 21 52 29 31 34 13 52 2

34j
23

46a 19b 9b 19c 34f 20 14a 24a 28b/29b 29e

37a/53a 44c 44b 12f


42

47b 34h 50e


42

42

13 52 52 34 14 23 51 20 21 51 28

16

19 46 19

37b/53b 50f

12e 12d

34 #5 12 12 2 52 #4

51

51

51 52

48

51 51

#1

43 31 51 48 51 50 2 21 51

29d 30b/54b 30a 21 29c 34k 28a/29a 34g 34c 51 50g 31a 47a 31b 31c 21d 48b 12a 44a 54a 13d 12 36a 31 50h 21c 21e 12b 32b 32a 43a 39 51c 43b 34l 37 13e 38 48a 35a 2e 12c 2d 21a

24 54 28 30 51 34 33

29

45 12 51

51 51

12

31 33 13 51 22 20 34 35

52 54 21 36 44

51 22 43 13 12

52

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304) (Case Side)

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304) (Spacer Plate Side)

CONTROL VALVE BODY SPACER PLATE ASSEMBLY (305) (Upper Valve Body Side)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307) (Spacer Plate Side)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307) (Control Solenoid Valve Assembly Side)

Figure 72

FOLDOUT 77

FRONT

24 52 52 27

17b

40a

12i

39a 12h

24e

52 52

52

12

39

11

17

51

24c

51b

17d 27b

26a

35

36

24d

2 51 52 11 38 10 38 2 51 51 52 10 52 11 52 21 39 52 14 26 51 52 49 51 39 52 52 52 38 27 52 17 10 17 34 51 24

51

51

51

51 51 12

51

51

REVERSE
1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)
TCC APPLY COMP FD 456 CL LUBE
CASE (7) UPPER CONTROL VALVE BODY (304)

CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY (459) 4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (431-443)


COMP FD 456 CL LUBE PCS 35 REV CL 26 CL 26 CL
49

26 CL CBR CBR 1

2-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (450-457)

LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (461-470)


LUBE

LUBE

1234 CL DFLT PS4


1234 CLUTCH BOOSTVALVE 35R CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

PCS 35 REV CL

COOLER

PCS 1234 CL

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL


2-6 GAIN

456 CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH REGULATOR VALVE SHTL

PCS CBR1/456 CL
CBR1/C456 CLU REG VALVE

3-5 REV CLU REGULATOR VALVE

TCC RELEASE

PCS 1234 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL FDBK EX

EX

COOLER FEED

26 CL

CBR 1 CBR

LUBE

2-6 CLUTCH REG

1234 CL DFLT PS4

COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL

PCS 1234 CL

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM

TCC APPLY

1234 CL

1234 CL FD PS4 EX 1234 CL FDBK EX BF EX BF EX BF

EX

COOLER FEED

26 CL

PS3 EX

PS3 EX BF EX BF EX BF EX BF 35 REV CL EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD DRIVE 1-6 PS1


ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

26 CL

26 CL

PS1 EX

26 CL/1234 CL FD EX BF

35 REV FD PCS 35 REV CL 35 REV CL FDBK

CBR1 FDBK

EX

EXHAUST BACKFILL EXH PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

CBR1/456 CL FD

EX BF

LINE DRIVE 1-6 PS5 EX

LUBE

PS3 PCS 35 REV CL CBR1 FDBK

LUBE
CASE (7)

PS1
26 CL/1234 CL FD 456 CL 456 CL 456 CL 456 CL

ACT FD LIM

EX BF EX BF

EX BF

35 REV CL FDBK 35R SPL


#6
25a 25b

456 CL
#3

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (LOCATED IN PUMP)

35 REV FD

1234 CL

35 REV CL FDBK

LINE
#4

#1

#5

37d

43a

35a

26b

27a

15a

51b

43b

32a

12g

12h

21e

54a

21d

21b

21a

34d

34b

18a

34a

34e

34g

19a

19b

51a

26a

44b

44a

14b

14a

14c

44c

34f

12i

34i

37a

44e

44d

37b

37e

34h

19c

27b

15b

25d

12a

EX

39c

DRIVE 1-6

GASKET

EX

39b

DRV B

CONVERTER FEED LIMIT


29

DRIVE 1-6

CONV FD
TCC CONTROL VALVE

39a

LUBE COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL DFLT PS4 EX BF

LINE
2

35

LOWER CONTROL VALVE BODY (307)

456 CL CSV3 ENABLE DRV B REVERSE 456 CL

456 CL
45a

32b

46b

44f

34j

2e

SPACER PLATE (305)

50

45

33

32

43

25

46

23

42

20

12

38

2d

34l

EXH

36a

12b

21c

34c

34k

37

41

46a

25c

37c

FRONT LUBE

12c

53b

GASKET

48
45b

LUBE

EX BF EX BF

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

50h 50g 50f 50e 50d

40
13a 13d 13e 30a 9a 9b 48a

PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE

LINE
3

35 CL REV FD CBR

REVERSE 35 CL REV FD EX DRV B

50c

EX

COMP FD LINE EX

PCS TCC
11e

34
50b

CSV2 LATCH PS5 ACT FD LIM

CBR EX

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE

1234 CL DFLT 1234 CL DFLT FD 456 CL FD

47

PCS 35 REV CL

PCS 1234 CL

REG APPLY

REVERSE

39
48b

LINE DECREASE EXH

26
50a 11d 11a 11b

DRIVE 1-6

COMP FD

2a

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3

31
13b 13c

LINE

13
2a

14
11c

9
38e 38d 38f 38c

ISOLATOR

EX

PCS TCC

DRIVE 1-6

DRIVE 1-6
CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

PCS CBR1/456 CL

FLUID PUMP COVER (219)

SOL 1 35 REV CL

DRIVE BRAKE CSV2 ENABLE CBR1/CBR FD SOL 1 CBR1/456 CL FD

16a

#2

22
17a 31c 31b 31a

EX

51c 29e 29d 29c 28b 29b

EX

EX

REG APP

38a

EX

EX

COMP FD

SOL 1

38b

REVERSE

LINE

35 CL REV FD

ISOLATOR VALVE

17c 17b 17d 10a

21
28a 29a 47b

SOL 1 SOL 1 REG APPLY PS4 REG APPLY LINE 1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL PCS LINE PCS TCC

CBR1/CBR FD PCS 26 CL PS3 PS1 LINE PCS 35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM 35 CL REV FD

MANUAL VALVE

44
47a 42a 41a

LUBE 456 CL

10b 10c

EX

40a

LINE

PS3

SUCTION

11

2b 24a 24b 24c 24d 49a 24e

COMP FD 1234 CL PCS LINE

1234 CL DFLT ACT FD LIM

12f 12e 12d

36

51
54b 30b

PS1

PS4

PS3

PRESSURES INTAKE & DECREASE (SUCTION) CONVERTER & LUBE LINE PCS LINE SOLENOID SIGNAL ACTUATOR COMPENSATOR

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY (314)

SHIFT SOL 1

N.L.

ON

LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

ACT FD LIM

SOL 1

FLUID PAN (29)

SOL 2

FILTER PLATE ASSEMBLY (311)

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE SWITCH 4 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE SWITCH 1 NORMALLY CLOSED

PRESSURE SWITCH 3 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

PCS TCC

PCS 26 CL

PCS LINE

FLUID FILTER ASSEMBLY (26)

PRESSURE SWITCH 5 NORMALLY CLOSED

N.H.

N.L. OFF

TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

SHIFT SOL 2

N.L. OFF

N.L. OFF

C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

N.H.

ON

CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

N.L. OFF

N.H. ON

78

Figure 73

PS5

LINE

LINE

CBR

35 REV CL

2c

LINE

PS1

10

R N D

DRIVE

EX

PCS LINE

SHTL TCC REGULATOR VALVE

CBR 1

DRIVE

CSV2 LATCH

EX

PCS 35 REV CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL PS3 PS1 LINE CBR1/456 CL FD EX CBR 1 CBR LUBE

CONV FD LIMIT

FLUID PRESSURE TEST PLUG (40)

#7
53a

35 REV CL

LINE

PS5

LUBE

EX EX BF

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL

EX BF

456 CL

EXH

EX

EX

EX BF

REVERSE
NO REVERSE OR SLIPS IN REVERSE

C35R Pressure Control Solenoid 2


- Commanded/failed LOW (ON) - Leaking

Center Support (459)


- Broken - Leaking at case

Low and Reverse Clutch Piston (470)


- Leaking - Jammed or cracked

Clutch Select Valve 2 (352), Spring (353) Bore Plug (328) or Retainer (323)
- Stuck - Missing

Clutch Select Valve 3 (352), Spring (353) Bore Plug (328) or Retainer (323)
- Stuck - Missing

#5 Ball Check Valve


- Stuck - Missing

#2 Ball Check Valve


- Stuck - Missing

3-5 Reverse Clutch Piston (421)


- Leaking - Jammed or cracked

3-5 Reverse Clutch Piston Inner Seal (419) or Outer Seal (422)
- Leaking - Missing

SHIFT SHIFT 1-2-3-4 CL 2-6 CL 3-5 REV CL 4-5-6 CL LOW LOW 1-2-3-4 3-5 REV 4-5-6 2-6 SOL SOL PC PC PC PC & REV CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH 1 2 SOL 5 N.L. SOL 4 N.L. SOL 2 N.H. SOL 3 N.H. CLUTCH SPRAG
ON OFF OFF OFF ON ON APPLIED APPLIED

78A

REVERSE
PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 SUCTION LINE DECREASE CONVERTER FEED CONVERTER FEED LIMIT TCC RELEASE TCC APPLY COOLER FEED CENTER LUBE REGULATOR APPLY COMPENSATOR FEED ACTUATOR FEED LIMIT REVERSE 35 REVERSE CLUTCH 35 REVERSE CLUTCH FEEDBACK CSV2 ENABLE SOLENOID 1 SOLENOID 2 CSV3 ENABLE DRIVE DRIVE 1-6 DRIVE BRAKE 1234 CLUTCH DEFAULT FEED 1234 CLUTCH DEFAULT 1234 CLUTCH FEED 1234 CLUTCH 1234 CLUTCH FEEDBACK CBR1/CBR FEED CBR1 CBR CBR1/456 CLUTCH FEED CBR1 FEEDBACK 456 CLUTCH FEED 456 CLUTCH CSV2 LATCH DRIVE B 35 REVERSE FEED PCS TCC PCS 1234 CLUTCH PCS 4 PCS 1 PCS 3 PCS 5 26 CLUTCH/1234 CLUTCH FEED PCS 35 REVERSE CLUTCH 26 CLUTCH PCS 26 CLUTCH PCS CBR1/456 CLUTCH PCS LINE EXHAUST BACKFILL EXHAUST VOID 35 REVERSE SUPPLY 35 REVERSE CLUTCH FEED VENT TORQUE CONV SEAL DRAINBACK FRONT LUBE

78B

REVERSE

55 57 52 55 6 52 5 5 4 51 2 6 5 56 7 8 56 8 9 52 52 10 9 52 52 49 52 10 52 52 1 49 10 2 52 9 38 38 9 34 2 10 14 11 26 49 1 52 38 2 10 52 2 49 49 2 2 5 3 51 52 52 10
2a

52 55 52 52 55 6 5 4 2 2 3 51 1 57 7 7 2 8 2 38 9 14 11 26 34 11 4 5 51 51 51 6 5
7 1

55 52 2
3

55 52 2
2

52

57 6 6
1

5 51 7

FRONT

52 7 34

52 52

6 5 11 34 26 14

52

52 2

26 11 14

46

30

29

1-2-3-4 & 3-5 REV CL SUPPORT (219) (Pump Side)

FLUID PUMP COVER (219) (Torque Converter Housing Side)

FLUID PUMP COVER (219) (Case Side)

NOTE: INDICATES BOLT HOLES NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE UPPER VALVE BODY SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST. EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN.
9 34 14 10 11 26 49 49 11 52 52 49 39 52 51 24 11 52 24 39 12 17 27 24 50 51 25 26 52 40 52 27 52 50 52 52 50 14 34 24 52 37 12 51 41 14 15 51 15 25 52 50 51 47 34 38 46 50 44 42 51 38 52 19 34 24 46 19 #7 29 9 30 46 50 34 53 46 12 52 51 52 52 51 52 50 52 34 52 31 51 44 53 21 32 #1 43 31 51 48 51 50 2 21 51 32 52 12 52 13 2 35 52 30 44 9 52 29 52 30 29 31 52 34 24 14 52 52 21 52 29 31 51 51 51 52 51 51 48 34 13 52 2 16 13 2 52 52 52 15 16 14 21 52 52 2 52 52 17a
45

TORQUE CONVERTER HOUSING (204) (Fluid Pump Cover Side)

CASE (7) (Upper Valve Body Side)

26

14 17 10 38

2 34 52 10 2

9 38

9a 38f 34e
9

10

2a 11a 11b 11c 14c 51a 49a 26b 27a 39b


14

17c 10a 52 34

52

38

38e 38d 10b

11 27 51 26 14 38 21

52

21b 38c

39c
29

51 52

52

FRONT

10c

11

FRONT

50

FRONT

17b 2b 24b 15b 34d 14b

11d
26 34

FRONT

#2

25d
33

11e/50a 50b 50c 37e


47

2 52 52 52 52 52 52 2 17 13 9

24 34

40 25

49

12 50 49 12

12g 13c 38b 15a

51

45 52 37

45b
48

51 52 13 52 52 52 2 52 52 20 52 20 52 52 52 52 34

52 38 15 52 18 19 34 52

52 40 41 52 52 37 52 39 37 38 34 52 9 18 34 44 12 12 12 45 52 52 31 52 47 50 48 32 52 52 52 2 51 52 51 47 48 12 43 52 12 51 37 45 18 12 50 18 45 12 41 39 38 50 12 47 42 40

51

51

51

41a

37d 45a

37c
40

#6

45

#3

13a 2c 13b 16a

19a 34b
41

18a 34a

25c 25b/44f
32 38a 25a/44e 34i 44d

25

50d
44

44

46b

43

42a

34j
23

46a 19b 9b 19c 34f 20 14a 24a 28b/29b 29e

37a/53a 44c 44b 12f


42

47b 34h 50e


42

42

13 52 52 34 14 23 51 20 21 51 28

16

19 46 19

37b/53b 50f

12e 12d

34 #5 12 12 2 52 #4

29d 30b/54b 30a 21 29c 34k 28a/29a 34g 34c 51 50g 31a 47a 31b 31c 21d 48b 12a 44a 54a 13d 12 36a 31 50h 21c 21e 12b 32b 32a 43a 39 51c 43b 34l 37 13e 38 48a 35a 2e 12c 2d 21a

24 54 28 30 51 34 33

29

45 12 51

51 51

12

31 33 13 51 22 20 34 35

52 54 21 36 44

51 22 43 13 12

52

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304) (Case Side)

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304) (Spacer Plate Side)

CONTROL VALVE BODY SPACER PLATE ASSEMBLY (305) (Upper Valve Body Side)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307) (Spacer Plate Side)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307) (Control Solenoid Valve Assembly Side)

Figure 74

FOLDOUT 79

FRONT

40a

12i

39a 12h

24e

52

52

12

39

11

17

51

24c

51b

17d 27b

26a

35

36

24d 52

2 51 52 11 38 10 38 2 51 51 52 10 52 11 52 21 39 52 14 26 51 52 49 51 39 52 52 52 38 27 52 17 10 17 34 51 24

51

51

51

51 51 12

51

51

NEUTRAL

(Engine Running)
1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)
TCC APPLY COMP FD 456 CL LUBE
CASE (7) UPPER CONTROL VALVE BODY (304)

CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY (459) 4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (431-443)


COMP FD 456 CL LUBE PCS 35 REV CL 26 CL 26 CL
49

26 CL CBR CBR 1

2-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (450-457)

LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (461-470)


LUBE

LUBE

1234 CL DFLT PS4


1234 CLUTCH BOOSTVALVE 35R CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

PCS 35 REV CL

COOLER

PCS 1234 CL

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL


2-6 GAIN

456 CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH REGULATOR VALVE SHTL

3-5 REV CLU REGULATOR VALVE

PCS CBR1/456 CL
CBR1/C456 CLU REG VALVE

TCC RELEASE

PCS 1234 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL FDBK EX

EX

COOLER FEED

26 CL

CBR 1 CBR

LUBE

2-6 CLUTCH REG

1234 CL DFLT PS4

COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL

PCS 1234 CL

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM

TCC APPLY

1234 CL

1234 CL FD PS4 EX 1234 CL FDBK EX BF EX BF EX BF

EX

COOLER FEED

26 CL

PS3 EX

PS3 EX BF EX BF EX BF EX BF 35 REV CL EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD DRIVE 1-6 PS1


ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

26 CL

26 CL

PS1 EX

26 CL/1234 CL FD EX BF

35 REV FD PCS 35 REV CL 35 REV CL FDBK

CBR1 FDBK

EX

EXHAUST BACKFILL EXH PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

CBR1/456 CL FD

EX BF

LINE DRIVE 1-6 PS5 EX

LUBE

PS3 PCS 35 REV CL CBR1 FDBK

LUBE
CASE (7)

PS1
26 CL/1234 CL FD 456 CL 456 CL 456 CL 456 CL

ACT FD LIM

EX BF EX BF

EX BF

35 REV CL FDBK 35R SPL


#6
25a 25b

456 CL
#3

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (LOCATED IN PUMP)

35 REV FD

1234 CL

35 REV CL FDBK

LINE
#4

#1

#5

CONV FD LIMIT

43a

35a

26b

27a

15a

51b

43b

12g

12h

21e

54a

21d

21b

21a

34d

34b

18a

34a

34e

34g

19a

19b

51a

26a

44b

44a

14b

14a

14c

44c

34f

12i

34i

44e

44d

37b

37e

34h

19c

27b

15b

25d

12a

EX

39c

DRIVE 1-6

GASKET

EX

39b

DRV B

CONVERTER FEED LIMIT


29

DRIVE 1-6

CONV FD
TCC CONTROL VALVE

39a

LUBE COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL DFLT PS4 EX BF

LINE
2

35

LOWER CONTROL VALVE BODY (307)

456 CL CSV3 ENABLE DRV B REVERSE 456 CL

456 CL
45a

32b

46b

44f

34j

2e

SPACER PLATE (305)

50

45

33

32

43

25

46

23

42

20

12

38

2d

34l

EXH

36a

12b

21c

34c

34k

37

41

46a

25c

FRONT LUBE

37a 53a

12c

37d

37c

32a

53b

GASKET

48
45b

LUBE

EX BF EX BF

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

50h 50g 50f 50e 50d

40
13a 13d 13e 30a 9a 9b 48a

PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE

LINE
3

35 CL REV FD CBR

PCS 1234 CL

REVERSE 35 CL REV FD EX DRV B

50c

EX

COMP FD LINE EX

PCS TCC
11e

34
50b

CSV2 LATCH PS5 ACT FD LIM

CBR EX

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE

1234 CL DFLT 1234 CL DFLT FD 456 CL FD

47

PCS 35 REV CL

REG APPLY

REVERSE

39
48b

COMP FD

LINE DECREASE EXH

26
50a 11d 11a 11b

DRIVE 1-6

2a

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3

31
13b 13c

LINE

13
2a

14
11c

9
38e 38d 38f 38c

ISOLATOR

EX

PCS TCC

DRIVE 1-6

DRIVE 1-6
CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

PCS CBR1/456 CL

FLUID PUMP COVER (219)

SOL 1 35 REV CL

DRIVE BRAKE CSV2 ENABLE CBR1/CBR FD SOL 1 CBR1/456 CL FD

16a

#2

22
17a 31c 31b 31a

EX

51c 29e 29d 29c 28b 29b

EX

EX

REG APP

38a

EX

EX

COMP FD

SOL 1

38b

REVERSE

LINE

35 CL REV FD

ISOLATOR VALVE

17c 17b 17d 10a

21
28a 29a 47b

SOL 1 SOL 1 REG APPLY PS4 REG APPLY LINE 1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL PCS LINE PCS TCC

CBR1/CBR FD PCS 26 CL PS3 PS1 LINE PCS 35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM 35 CL REV FD

MANUAL VALVE

44
47a 42a 41a

LUBE 456 CL

10b 10c

EX

40a

LINE

PS3

SUCTION

11

2b 24a 24b 24c 24d 49a 24e

COMP FD 1234 CL PCS LINE

1234 CL DFLT ACT FD LIM

12f 12e 12d

36

51
54b 30b

PS1

PS4

PS3

PRESSURES INTAKE & DECREASE (SUCTION) CONVERTER & LUBE LINE PCS LINE SOLENOID SIGNAL ACTUATOR COMPENSATOR

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY (314)

SHIFT SOL 1

N.L.

ON

LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

ACT FD LIM

SOL 1

FLUID PAN (29)

SOL 2

FILTER PLATE ASSEMBLY (311)

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE SWITCH 4 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE SWITCH 1 NORMALLY CLOSED

PRESSURE SWITCH 3 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

PCS TCC

PCS 26 CL

PCS LINE

FLUID FILTER ASSEMBLY (26)

PRESSURE SWITCH 5 NORMALLY CLOSED

N.H.

N.L. OFF

TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

SHIFT SOL 2

N.L.

ON

C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

N.L. OFF

N.H. OFF

CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

N.L. OFF

N.H. ON

80

Figure 75

PS5

LINE

LINE

CBR

35 REV CL

2c

LINE

PS1

10

R N D

DRIVE

EX

PCS LINE

SHTL TCC REGULATOR VALVE

CBR 1

DRIVE

CSV2 LATCH

EX

PCS 35 REV CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL PS3 PS1 LINE CBR1/456 CL FD EX CBR 1 CBR LUBE

FLUID PRESSURE TEST PLUG (40)

#7

35 REV CL

LINE

PS5

LUBE

EX EX BF

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL

EX BF

456 CL

EXH

EX

EX

EX BF

NEUTRAL
(Engine Running)
FORWARD MOTION IN NEUTRAL

Manual Valve (354)


- Mis-positioned

Clutch Select Valve 3 (352)


- Stuck

#3 Ball Check Valve


- Stuck - Missing

C35R Pressure Control Solenoid 2


- Commanded/failed LOW (ON) - Leaking

SHIFT SHIFT 1-2-3-4 CL 2-6 CL 3-5 REV CL 4-5-6 CL LOW LOW 1-2-3-4 3-5 REV 4-5-6 2-6 SOL SOL PC PC PC PC & REV CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH 1 2 SOL 5 N.L. SOL 4 N.L. SOL 2 N.H. SOL 3 N.H. CLUTCH SPRAG
ON/ ON OFF OFF OFF ON APPLIED*

*APPLIED WITH NO LOAD

80A

NEUTRAL
(Engine Running) PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 SUCTION LINE DECREASE CONVERTER FEED CONVERTER FEED LIMIT TCC RELEASE TCC APPLY COOLER FEED CENTER LUBE REGULATOR APPLY COMPENSATOR FEED ACTUATOR FEED LIMIT REVERSE 35 REVERSE CLUTCH 35 REVERSE CLUTCH FEEDBACK CSV2 ENABLE SOLENOID 1 SOLENOID 2 CSV3 ENABLE DRIVE DRIVE 1-6 DRIVE BRAKE 1234 CLUTCH DEFAULT FEED 1234 CLUTCH DEFAULT 1234 CLUTCH FEED 1234 CLUTCH 1234 CLUTCH FEEDBACK CBR1/CBR FEED CBR1 CBR CBR1/456 CLUTCH FEED CBR1 FEEDBACK 456 CLUTCH FEED 456 CLUTCH CSV2 LATCH DRIVE B 35 REVERSE FEED PCS TCC PCS 1234 CLUTCH PCS 4 PCS 1 PCS 3 PCS 5 26 CLUTCH/1234 CLUTCH FEED PCS 35 REVERSE CLUTCH 26 CLUTCH PCS 26 CLUTCH PCS CBR1/456 CLUTCH PCS LINE EXHAUST BACKFILL EXHAUST VOID 35 REVERSE SUPPLY 35 REVERSE CLUTCH FEED VENT TORQUE CONV SEAL DRAINBACK FRONT LUBE

80B

NEUTRAL

(Engine Running)

55 57 52 55 6 52 5 5 4 51 2 6 5 56 7 8 56 8 9 52 52 10 9 52 52 49 52 10 52 52 1 49 10 2 52 9 38 38 9 34 2 10 14 11 26 49 1 52 38 2 10 52 2 49 49 2 2 5 3 51 52 52 10
2a

52 55 52 52 55 6 5 4 2 2 3 51 1 57 7 7 2 8 2 38 9 14 11 26 2 11 14 46 30 9 29 34 11 4 5 51 51 51 6 5
7 1

55 52 2
3

55 52 2
2

52

57
1

5 51 7

FRONT

52 7 34

52 52

6 5 11 34 26 14

52

52 26

1-2-3-4 & 3-5 REV CL SUPPORT (219) (Pump Side)

FLUID PUMP COVER (219) (Torque Converter Housing Side)

FLUID PUMP COVER (219) (Case Side)

NOTE: INDICATES BOLT HOLES NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE UPPER VALVE BODY SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST. EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN.
9a 38f 34e
9

TORQUE CONVERTER HOUSING (204) (Fluid Pump Cover Side)

CASE (7) (Upper Valve Body Side)

9 34

2 10

14 11

26 49 49

26 11 52 52 49 39 52 51 24 11 52 24 39 12 17 27 27 51 26

14 17 10 38

2 34 52 10 2

9 38

10

2a 11a 11b 11c 14c 51a 49a 26b 27a 39b


14

17c 10a 52 34

52

38

38e 38d 10b

11 14 38 21

52

21b 38c

39c
29

51 52

52

FRONT

10c

11

FRONT

50

FRONT

52 50 52 52 50

14 34 24 52 52

#2

2b 24b 17a

34d

11d
26 34

FRONT

14b
33

25d 12g

11e/50a 50b 50c 37e


47

2 52 52 52 52 52 52 2 17 13 9

24 34

40 25

49

12 50 49 12

51

45 52 37 #6 45 52 50

37

12

51 41 15 25

15 16 38 52 19 34 24 13 2 16 52 52 52 14 21 52 52 2 52

45

15b 15a 41a

45b
48

51 52 13 52 52 52 2 52 52 20 52 20 52 52 52 52 34

52 38 15 52 18 19 34 52

52 40 41 52 52 37 52 39 37 38 34 52 37 9 18 34 44 12 12 12 45 52 52 31 52 47 50 48 32 52 52 52 2 51 52 51 47 48 12 43 52 12 51 45 18 12 50 18 45 12 41 39 38 50 47 12 42 40

51

13c 38b #3 19a 34b 13b 16a


41

51

51

37d 45a

37c
40

14 15 51 38

18a 34a

25c 25b/44f
32 38a 25a/44e 34i 44d

13a 2c

25

50d
44

44

51

47

34

46 50 44

42

51

46 19

46b 46a

43

42a 9b

37a/53a 44c 44b 12f


42

47b 34h 50e


42

42

13 52 52 34 14 23 51 20 21 51 28

16

#7 29 9 30 46 50 34 53 46 12 52 51 52 52 51 52 50 52 30

44 9 52 29 52 30 29 34 52 31 51 44 53 21 32 13 2 32 52 12 52 35 52 31 52 34 24 14 52 52 21 52 29 31 34 13 52 2

34j
23

19b 19c 34f 20 14a 24a 28b/29b

19 46 19

37b/53b 50f

29e

12e 12d

34 #5 12 12 2 52 #4

51

51

51 52

48

51 51

#1

43 31 51 48 51 50 2 21 51

29d 30b/54b 30a 21 29c 34k 28a/29a 34g 34c 51 50g 31a 47a 31b 31c 21d 48b 12a 44a 54a 13d 12 36a 31 50h 21c 21e 12b 32b 32a 43a 39 51c 43b 34l 37 13e 38 48a 35a 2e 12c 2d 21a

24 54 28 30 51 34 33

29

45 12 51

51 51

12

31 33 13 51 22 20 34 35

52 54 21 36 44

51 22 43 13 12

52

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304) (Case Side)

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304) (Spacer Plate Side)

CONTROL VALVE BODY SPACER PLATE ASSEMBLY (305) (Upper Valve Body Side)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307) (Spacer Plate Side)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307) (Control Solenoid Valve Assembly Side)

Figure 76

FOLDOUT 81

FRONT

24 50 51 25 26 52 40 52 27

17b

40a

12i

39a 12h

24e

52 52

52

12

39

11

17

51

24c

51b

17d 27b

26a

35

36

24d

2 51 52 11 38 10 38 2 51 51 52 10 52 11 52 21 39 52 14 26 51 52 49 51 39 52 52 52 38 27 52 17 10 17 34 51 24

51

51

51

51 51 12

51

51

DRIVE RANGE 1ST GEAR

(Engine Braking)
1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)
TCC APPLY COMP FD 456 CL LUBE
CASE (7) UPPER CONTROL VALVE BODY (304)

CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY (459) 4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (431-443)


COMP FD 456 CL LUBE PCS 35 REV CL 26 CL 26 CL
49

26 CL CBR CBR 1

2-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (450-457)

LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (461-470)


LUBE

LUBE

1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL PS4


1234 CLUTCH BOOSTVALVE 35R CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

PCS 35 REV CL

COOLER

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL


2-6 GAIN

456 CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

3-5 REV CLU REGULATOR VALVE

SHTL

PCS CBR1/456 CL
CBR1/C456 CLU REG VALVE

TCC RELEASE

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH REGULATOR VALVE

PCS 1234 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL FDBK EX

EX

COOLER FEED

26 CL

CBR 1 CBR

LUBE

PCS 1234 CL

1234 CL DFLT PS4

COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM

TCC APPLY

1234 CL

1234 CL FD PS4 EX 1234 CL FDBK EX BF EX BF EX BF

EX

COOLER FEED

26 CL

PS3 EX

PS3 EX BF EX BF EX BF EX BF 35 REV CL EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD DRIVE 1-6 PS1


ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

26 CL

26 CL

PS1 EX

26 CL/1234 CL FD EX BF

35 REV FD PCS 35 REV CL 35 REV CL FDBK

CBR1 FDBK

EX

EXHAUST BACKFILL EXH PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

CBR1/456 CL FD

2-6 CLUTCH REG

EX BF

LINE DRIVE 1-6 PS5 EX

LUBE

PS3 PCS 35 REV CL CBR1 FDBK

LUBE
CASE (7)

PS1
26 CL/1234 CL FD 456 CL 456 CL 456 CL 456 CL

ACT FD LIM

EX BF EX BF

EX BF

35 REV CL FDBK 35R SPL


#6
25b 25a

456 CL
#3

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (LOCATED IN PUMP)

35 REV FD

1234 CL

35 REV CL FDBK

LINE
#4

#1

#5

37d

43a

35a

26b

27a

15a

51b

43b

32a

12g

12h

21e

54a

21d

21b

21a

34d

34b

18a

34a

34e

34g

19a

19b

51a

26a

44b

44a

14b

14a

14c

44c

34f

12i

34i

37a

44e

44d

37b

37e

34h

19c

27b

15b

25d

12a

EX

39c

DRIVE 1-6

GASKET

EX

39b

DRV B

CONVERTER FEED LIMIT


29

DRIVE 1-6

CONV FD
TCC CONTROL VALVE

39a

LUBE COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL DFLT PS4 EX BF

LINE
2

35

LOWER CONTROL VALVE BODY (307)

456 CL CSV3 ENABLE DRV B REVERSE 456 CL

456 CL
45a

32b

46b

44f

34j

2e

SPACER PLATE (305)

50

45

33

32

43

25

46

23

42

20

12

38

2d

34l

EXH

36a

12b

21c

34c

34k

37

41

46a

25c

37c

FRONT LUBE

12c

53b

GASKET

48
45b

LUBE

EX BF EX BF

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

50h 50g 50f 50e 50d

40
13a 13d 13e 30a 9a 9b 48a

PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE

REVERSE 35 CL REV FD EX DRV B

50c

EX

COMP FD LINE EX

PCS TCC
11e

34
50b

CSV2 LATCH PS5 ACT FD LIM

CBR EX

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE

1234 CL DFLT 1234 CL DFLT FD 456 CL FD

47

PCS 35 REV CL

REVERSE

PCS 1234 CL

LINE

35 CL REV FD CBR

REG APPLY

39
48b

COMP FD

LINE DECREASE EXH

26
50a 11d 11a 11b

DRIVE 1-6

2a

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3

31
13b 13c

LINE

13
2a

14
11c

9
38e 38d 38f 38c

ISOLATOR

EX

PCS TCC

DRIVE 1-6

DRIVE 1-6
CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

PCS CBR1/456 CL

FLUID PUMP COVER (219)

SOL 1 35 REV CL

DRIVE BRAKE CSV2 ENABLE CBR1/CBR FD SOL 1 CBR1/456 CL FD

16a

#2

22
17a 31c 31b 31a

EX

51c 29e 29d 29c 28b 29b

EX

EX

REG APP

38a

EX

EX

COMP FD

SOL 1

38b

REVERSE

LINE

35 CL REV FD

ISOLATOR VALVE

17c 17b 17d 10a

21
28a 29a 47b

SOL 1 SOL 1 REG APPLY PS4 REG APPLY LINE 1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL PCS LINE PCS TCC

CBR1/CBR FD PCS 26 CL PS3 PS1 LINE PCS 35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM 35 CL REV FD

MANUAL VALVE

44
47a 42a 41a

LUBE 456 CL

10b 10c

EX

40a

LINE

PS3

SUCTION

11

2b 24a 24b 24c 24d 49a 24e

COMP FD 1234 CL PCS LINE

1234 CL DFLT ACT FD LIM

12f 12e 12d

36

51
54b 30b

PS1

PS4

PS3

PRESSURES INTAKE & DECREASE (SUCTION) CONVERTER & LUBE LINE PCS LINE SOLENOID SIGNAL ACTUATOR COMPENSATOR

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY (314)

SHIFT SOL 1

N.L.

ON

LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

ACT FD LIM

SOL 1

FLUID PAN (29)

SOL 2

FILTER PLATE ASSEMBLY (311)

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE SWITCH 4 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE SWITCH 1 NORMALLY CLOSED

PRESSURE SWITCH 3 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

PCS TCC

PCS 26 CL

PCS LINE

FLUID FILTER ASSEMBLY (26)

PRESSURE SWITCH 5 NORMALLY CLOSED

N.H.

N.L. ON

TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

SHIFT SOL 2

N.L. OFF

N.L.

ON

C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

N.H. OFF

CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

N.L. OFF

N.H. ON

82

Figure 77

PS5

LINE

LINE

CBR

35 REV CL

2c

LINE

PS1

10

R N D

DRIVE

EX

PCS LINE

SHTL TCC REGULATOR VALVE

CBR 1

DRIVE

CSV2 LATCH

EX

PCS 35 REV CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL PS3 PS1 LINE CBR1/456 CL FD EX CBR 1 CBR LUBE

CONV FD LIMIT

FLUID PRESSURE TEST PLUG (40)

#7
53a

35 REV CL

LINE

PS5

LUBE

EX EX BF

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL

EX BF

456 CL

EXH

EX

EX

EX BF

DRIVE RANGE - 1ST GEAR


(Engine Braking)
LOSS OF DRIVE

Fluid Pump (219)


- Seized - Leaking

1-2-3-4 Clutch Piston (414)


- Jammed or cracked - Leaking

1-2-3-4 Clutch Housing (427)


- Passage plugged - Cracked

1-2-3-4 Clutch Piston Inner Seal (423) or Housing Seals (424 & 425)
- Leaking

1-2-3-4 Clutch Regulator Valve (337)


- Stuck

#1 Ball Check Valve


- Stuck - Missing

C1234 Pressure Control Solenoid 5


- Commanded/failed LOW (OFF) - Leaking

Low Clutch Sprag Assembly (467)


- Not holding
LOSS OF ENGINE BRAKING 1ST GEAR

#2 Ball Check Valve


- Stuck - Missing

Clutch Select Valve 2 (352)


- Stuck

#3 Ball Check Valve


- Stuck - Missing

Clutch Select Valve 3 (352)


- Stuck

Low and Reverse Clutch Piston (470)


- Leaking - Jammed or cracked

SHIFT SHIFT 1-2-3-4 CL 2-6 CL 3-5 REV CL 4-5-6 CL LOW LOW 1-2-3-4 3-5 REV 4-5-6 2-6 SOL SOL PC PC PC PC & REV CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH 1 2 SOL 5 N.L. SOL 4 N.L. SOL 2 N.H. SOL 3 N.H. CLUTCH SPRAG
ON ON ON OFF OFF ON APPLIED APPLIED HOLDING

82A

DRIVE RANGE 1ST GEAR


(Engine Braking) PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 SUCTION LINE DECREASE CONVERTER FEED CONVERTER FEED LIMIT TCC RELEASE TCC APPLY COOLER FEED CENTER LUBE REGULATOR APPLY COMPENSATOR FEED ACTUATOR FEED LIMIT REVERSE 35 REVERSE CLUTCH 35 REVERSE CLUTCH FEEDBACK CSV2 ENABLE SOLENOID 1 SOLENOID 2 CSV3 ENABLE DRIVE DRIVE 1-6 DRIVE BRAKE 1234 CLUTCH DEFAULT FEED 1234 CLUTCH DEFAULT 1234 CLUTCH FEED 1234 CLUTCH 1234 CLUTCH FEEDBACK CBR1/CBR FEED CBR1 CBR CBR1/456 CLUTCH FEED CBR1 FEEDBACK 456 CLUTCH FEED 456 CLUTCH CSV2 LATCH DRIVE B 35 REVERSE FEED PCS TCC PCS 1234 CLUTCH PCS 4 PCS 1 PCS 3 PCS 5 26 CLUTCH/1234 CLUTCH FEED PCS 35 REVERSE CLUTCH 26 CLUTCH PCS 26 CLUTCH PCS CBR1/456 CLUTCH PCS LINE EXHAUST BACKFILL EXHAUST VOID 35 REVERSE SUPPLY 35 REVERSE CLUTCH FEED VENT TORQUE CONV SEAL DRAINBACK FRONT LUBE

82B

DRIVE RANGE 1ST GEAR

(Engine Braking)

55 57 52 55 6 52 5 5 4 51 2 6 5 56 7 8 56 8 9 52 52 10 9 52 52 49 52 10 52 52 1 49 10 2 52 9 38 38 9 34 2 10 14 11 26 49 1 52 38 2 10 52 2 49 49 2 2 5 3 51 52 52 10
2a

52 55 52 52 55 6 5 4 2 2 3 51 1 57 7 7 2 8

55 52 2
3

55 52 2 5 51 51 51 6 5
7 1 2

52

57 6 6
1

5 51 7

FRONT

52 7 34

52 52

7 34 11

6 5 11 34 26 14

52

52 2 26 14 11 26 11 14 2 46 30 9 29

38 9

1-2-3-4 & 3-5 REV CL SUPPORT (219) (Pump Side)

FLUID PUMP COVER (219) (Torque Converter Housing Side)

FLUID PUMP COVER (219) (Case Side)

NOTE: INDICATES BOLT HOLES NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE UPPER VALVE BODY SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST. EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN.
9 34 14 11 14 17 38 10 49 49 11 52 52 49 39 52 51 24 11
J

TORQUE CONVERTER HOUSING (204) (Fluid Pump Cover Side)

CASE (7) (Upper Valve Body Side)

26

26

2 10 38 10 34 52 2

9 38

9a 38f 34e
9

10

2a 11a 11b 11c 14c 51a 49a 26b 27a 39b


14

17c 10a 52 34

52

38e 38d 10b

11 27 51 26 14 38 27 50 26 52 25 40 14 34 24 52 37 12 51 41 15 25 15 16 38 52 19 34 24 46 50 44 42 51 46 19 16 51 24 52 52 27 21

52

21b 38c

39c
29

51 52

52 24 39 12 50 52 50

17

52

FRONT

10c

11

FRONT

50

FRONT

17b 2b 24b 17a


45

2 52

#2

34d

11d
26 34

FRONT

14b
33

25d 12g

11e/50a 50b 50c 37e


47

2 52 52 52 52 52 52 2 17 13 9

24 34

40 25

49

12 50 49 12

52 51
G

15b 15a 41a

45 52 37 #6 45 52 50

45b
48

51 52 13 52 52 52 2 52 52 20 52 20 52 52 52 52 34

52 38 15 52 18 19 34 52

52 40 41 37 52 37 25 39 44 38 34 52 37 9 18 34 44 12 12 12 45 52 52 31 52 47 50 48 32 52 52 52 2 51 52 47 48 12 51 43 52 12 51 45 18 12 50 18 38 50 12 47 42 52 52 40 45 12 41 39

51

51

51
F

14 15 51 38

14 21 13

52 52 2 52 2 52 52 52

13c 38b #3 19a 34b 13b 16a


41

37d 45a

37c
40

18a 34a

25c 25b/44f
32 38a 25a/44e 34i 44d

13a 2c

50d
44

51

47

34

46b 46a

43

42a 9b

37a/53a 44c 44b 12f


42

47b 34h 50e


42

42

13 52 52 16 34 14 23 51 20 21 51 28

16 19 46 19

#7 29 9 30 46 50 34 53 46 12 52 51
C

44 30 9 52 29 52 52 51 52 50 52 34 52 31 51 44 53 21 32 13 2 32 52 12 52 35 52 30 29 31 52 34 24 14 52 52 21 52 29 31 34 13 52 2

34j
23

19b 19c 34f 20 14a 24a 28b/29b

37b/53b 50f

29e

12e 12d

52

34 #5 12 12 2 52 #4

51

51

51 52

48

51 51
A

#1

43 31 51 48 51 50 2 21 51

29d 30b/54b 30a 21 29c 34k 28a/29a 34g 34c 51 50g 31a 47a 31b 31c 21d 48b 12a 44a 54a 13d 12 36a 31 50h 21c 21e 12b 32b 32a 43a 39 51c 43b 34l 37 13e 38 48a 35a 2e 12c 2d 21a

24 54 28 30 51 34 33

29

45 12 51

51 51

12

31 33 13 51 22 20 34 35

52 54 21 36 44

51 22 43 13 12

52

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304) (Case Side)

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304) (Spacer Plate Side)

CONTROL VALVE BODY SPACER PLATE ASSEMBLY (305) (Upper Valve Body Side)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307) (Spacer Plate Side)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307) (Control Solenoid Valve Assembly Side)

Figure 78

FOLDOUT 83

FRONT

40a

12i

39a 12h

24e

52

52

12

39

11

17

51

24c

51b

17d 27b

26a

35

36

24d 52

2 51 52 11 38 10 38 2 51 51 52 10 52 11 52 21 39 52 14 26 51 52 49 51 39 52 52 52 38 27 52 17 10 17 34 51 24

51

51

51

51 51 12

51

51

DRIVE RANGE 1ST GEAR


1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)
TCC APPLY COMP FD 456 CL LUBE
CASE (7) UPPER CONTROL VALVE BODY (304)

CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY (459) 4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (431-443)


COMP FD 456 CL LUBE PCS 35 REV CL 26 CL 26 CL
49

26 CL CBR CBR 1

2-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (450-457)

LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (461-470)


LUBE

LUBE

1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL PS4


1234 CLUTCH BOOSTVALVE 35R CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

PCS 35 REV CL

COOLER

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL


2-6 GAIN

456 CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

3-5 REV CLU REGULATOR VALVE

SHTL

PCS CBR1/456 CL
CBR1/C456 CLU REG VALVE

TCC RELEASE

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH REGULATOR VALVE

PCS 1234 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL FDBK EX

EX

COOLER FEED

26 CL

CBR 1 CBR

LUBE

2-6 CLUTCH REG

PCS 1234 CL

1234 CL DFLT PS4

COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM

TCC APPLY

1234 CL

1234 CL FD PS4 EX 1234 CL FDBK EX BF EX BF EX BF

EX

COOLER FEED

26 CL

PS3 EX

PS3 EX BF EX BF EX BF EX BF 35 REV CL EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD DRIVE 1-6 PS1


ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

26 CL

26 CL

PS1 EX

26 CL/1234 CL FD EX BF

35 REV FD PCS 35 REV CL 35 REV CL FDBK

CBR1 FDBK

EX

EXHAUST BACKFILL EXH PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

CBR1/456 CL FD

EX BF

LINE DRIVE 1-6 PS5 EX

LUBE

PS3 PCS 35 REV CL CBR1 FDBK

LUBE
CASE (7)

PS1
26 CL/1234 CL FD 456 CL 456 CL 456 CL 456 CL

ACT FD LIM

EX BF EX BF

EX BF

35 REV CL FDBK 35R SPL


#6
25b 25a

456 CL
#3

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (LOCATED IN PUMP)

35 REV FD

1234 CL

35 REV CL FDBK

LINE
#4

#1

#5

CONV FD LIMIT

37d

43a

35a

26b

27a

15a

51b

43b

32a

12g

12h

21e

54a

21d

21b

21a

34d

34b

18a

34a

34e

34g

19a

19b

51a

26a

44b

44a

14b

14a

14c

44c

34f

12i

34i

37a

44e

44d

37b

37e

34h

19c

27b

15b

25d

12a

EX

39c

DRIVE 1-6

GASKET

EX

39b

DRV B

CONVERTER FEED LIMIT


29

DRIVE 1-6

CONV FD
TCC CONTROL VALVE

39a

LUBE COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL DFLT PS4 EX BF

LINE
2

35

LOWER CONTROL VALVE BODY (307)

456 CL CSV3 ENABLE DRV B REVERSE 456 CL

456 CL
45a

32b

46b

44f

34j

2e

SPACER PLATE (305)

50

45

33

32

43

25

46

23

42

20

12

38

2d

34l

EXH

36a

12b

21c

34c

34k

37

41

46a

25c

37c

FRONT LUBE

12c

53b

GASKET

48
45b

LUBE

EX BF EX BF

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

50h 50g 50f 50e 50d

40
13a 13d 13e 30a 9a 9b 48a

PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE

REVERSE 35 CL REV FD EX DRV B

50c

EX

COMP FD LINE EX

PCS TCC
11e

34
50b

CSV2 LATCH PS5 ACT FD LIM

CBR EX

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE

1234 CL DFLT 1234 CL DFLT FD 456 CL FD

47

PCS 35 REV CL

REVERSE

PCS 1234 CL

LINE

35 CL REV FD CBR

REG APPLY

39
48b

COMP FD

LINE DECREASE EXH

26
50a 11d 11a 11b

DRIVE 1-6

2a

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3

31
13b 13c

LINE

13
2a

14
11c

9
38e 38d 38f 38c

ISOLATOR

EX

PCS TCC

DRIVE 1-6

DRIVE 1-6
CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

PCS CBR1/456 CL

FLUID PUMP COVER (219)

SOL 1 35 REV CL

DRIVE BRAKE CSV2 ENABLE CBR1/CBR FD SOL 1 CBR1/456 CL FD

16a

#2

22
17a 31c 31b 31a

EX

51c 29e 29d 29c 28b 29b

EX

EX

REG APP

38a

EX

EX

COMP FD

SOL 1

38b

REVERSE

LINE

35 CL REV FD

ISOLATOR VALVE

17c 17b 17d 10a

21
28a 29a 47b

SOL 1 SOL 1 REG APPLY PS4 REG APPLY LINE 1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL PCS LINE PCS TCC

CBR1/CBR FD PCS 26 CL PS3 PS1 LINE PCS 35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM 35 CL REV FD

MANUAL VALVE

44
47a 42a 41a

LUBE 456 CL

10b 10c

EX

40a

LINE

PS3

SUCTION

11

2b 24a 24b 24c 24d 49a 24e

COMP FD 1234 CL PCS LINE

1234 CL DFLT ACT FD LIM

12f 12e 12d

36

51
54b 30b

PS1

PS4

PS3

PRESSURES INTAKE & DECREASE (SUCTION) CONVERTER & LUBE LINE PCS LINE SOLENOID SIGNAL ACTUATOR COMPENSATOR

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY (314)

SHIFT SOL 1

N.L.

OFF

LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

ACT FD LIM

SOL 1

FLUID PAN (29)

SOL 2

FILTER PLATE ASSEMBLY (311)

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE SWITCH 4 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE SWITCH 1 NORMALLY CLOSED

PRESSURE SWITCH 3 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

PCS TCC

PCS 26 CL

PCS LINE

FLUID FILTER ASSEMBLY (26)

PRESSURE SWITCH 5 NORMALLY CLOSED

N.H.

N.L.

TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

SHIFT SOL 2

ON

N.L. OFF

N.L.

ON

C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

N.H. OFF

CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

N.L. OFF

N.H. OFF

84

Figure 79

PS5

LINE

LINE

CBR

35 REV CL

2c

LINE

PS1

10

R N D

DRIVE

EX

PCS LINE

SHTL TCC REGULATOR VALVE

CBR 1

DRIVE

CSV2 LATCH

EX

PCS 35 REV CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL PS3 PS1 LINE CBR1/456 CL FD EX CBR 1 CBR LUBE

FLUID PRESSURE TEST PLUG (40)

#7
53a

35 REV CL

LINE

PS5

LUBE

EX EX BF

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL

EX BF

456 CL

EXH

EX

EX

EX BF

DRIVE RANGE 1ST GEAR


LOSS OF DRIVE

CBR1/C456 Pressure Control Solenoid 3


- Commanded/failed HIGH (OFF) - Leaking

Clutch Select Valve 2 (352)


- Stuck

#1 Ball Check Valve


- Stuck - Missing

#4 Ball Check Valve


- Stuck - Missing

#5 Ball Check Valve


- Stuck - Missing

1-2-3-4 Clutch Regulator Valve (337)


- Stuck

1-2-3-4 Clutch Piston (414)


- Jammed or cracked - Leaking

1-2-3-4 Clutch Housing (427)


- Passage plugged - Cracked

1-2-3-4 Clutch Piston Inner Seal (423) or Housing Seals (424 & 425)
- Leaking

SHIFT SHIFT 1-2-3-4 CL 2-6 CL 3-5 REV CL 4-5-6 CL LOW LOW 1-2-3-4 3-5 REV 4-5-6 2-6 SOL SOL PC PC PC PC & REV CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH 1 2 SOL 5 N.L. SOL 4 N.L. SOL 2 N.H. SOL 3 N.H. CLUTCH SPRAG
OFF ON ON OFF OFF OFF APPLIED HOLDING

84A

DRIVE RANGE 1ST GEAR


PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 SUCTION LINE DECREASE CONVERTER FEED CONVERTER FEED LIMIT TCC RELEASE TCC APPLY COOLER FEED CENTER LUBE REGULATOR APPLY COMPENSATOR FEED ACTUATOR FEED LIMIT REVERSE 35 REVERSE CLUTCH 35 REVERSE CLUTCH FEEDBACK CSV2 ENABLE SOLENOID 1 SOLENOID 2 CSV3 ENABLE DRIVE DRIVE 1-6 DRIVE BRAKE 1234 CLUTCH DEFAULT FEED 1234 CLUTCH DEFAULT 1234 CLUTCH FEED 1234 CLUTCH 1234 CLUTCH FEEDBACK CBR1/CBR FEED CBR1 CBR CBR1/456 CLUTCH FEED CBR1 FEEDBACK 456 CLUTCH FEED 456 CLUTCH CSV2 LATCH DRIVE B 35 REVERSE FEED PCS TCC PCS 1234 CLUTCH PCS 4 PCS 1 PCS 3 PCS 5 26 CLUTCH/1234 CLUTCH FEED PCS 35 REVERSE CLUTCH 26 CLUTCH PCS 26 CLUTCH PCS CBR1/456 CLUTCH PCS LINE EXHAUST BACKFILL EXHAUST VOID 35 REVERSE SUPPLY 35 REVERSE CLUTCH FEED VENT TORQUE CONV SEAL DRAINBACK FRONT LUBE

84B

DRIVE RANGE 1ST GEAR

55 57 52 55 6 52 5 5 4 51 2 6 5 56 7 8 56 8 9 52 52 10 9 52 52 49 52 10 52 52 1 49 10 2 52 9 38 38 9 34 2 10 14 11 26 49 1 52 38 2 10 52 2 49 49 2 2 5 3 51 52 52 10
2a

52 55 52 52 55 6 5 4 2 2 3 51 1 57 7 7 2 8

55 52 2
3

55 52 2 5 51 51 51 6 5
7 1 2

52

57 6 6
1

5 51 7

FRONT

52 7 34

52 52

7 34 11

6 5 11 34 26 14

52

52 2 26 14 11 26 11 14 2 46 30 9 29

38 9

1-2-3-4 & 3-5 REV CL SUPPORT (219) (Pump Side)

FLUID PUMP COVER (219) (Torque Converter Housing Side)

FLUID PUMP COVER (219) (Case Side)

NOTE: INDICATES BOLT HOLES NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE UPPER VALVE BODY SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST. EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN.
9 34 14 11 26 49 49 26 11 52 52 49 39 52 51 24 11
J

TORQUE CONVERTER HOUSING (204) (Fluid Pump Cover Side)

CASE (7) (Upper Valve Body Side)

2 10

14 17 10 38

2 34 52 10 2

9 38

9a 38f 34e
9

10

2a 11a 11b 11c 14c 51a 49a 26b 27a 39b


14

17c 10a 52 34

52 17

2 52

51

51

38

38e 38d 10b

11 27 51 26 14 38 27 50 26 52 25 40 14 34 24 52 37 12 51 41 15 25 15 16 38 52 19 34 24 46 50 44 42 51 46 19 16 51 24 52 52 27 21

52

21b 38c

39c
29

51 52

52 24 39 12

17

52

FRONT

10c

11

FRONT

50

FRONT

17b 2b 24b 17a


45

2 52

#2

34d

11d
26 34

FRONT

14b
33

25d 12g

11e/50a 50b 50c 37e


47

2 52 52 52 52 52 52 2 17 13 9

24 34

40 25

49

12 50 49 12

51
G

50 52 52 50 45 52 37 #6 45 52 50 14 15 51 38 34
F

15b 15a 41a

45b
48

51 52 13 52 52 52 2 52 52 20 52 20 52 52 52 52 34

52 38 15 52 18 19 34 52

52 40 41 37 52 37 25 44 38 34 52 37 9 18 34 44 12 12 12 45 52 52 31 52 47 50 48 32 52 52 52 2 51 52 47 48 12 51 43 52 12 51 45 18 12 50 18 38 50 12 47 42 52 52 40 45 12 41 39

51

51

51

14 21 13

52 52 2 52 2 52 52 52

13c 38b #3 19a 34b 13b 16a


41

37d 45a

37c
40

18a 34a

25c 25b/44f
32 38a 25a/44e 34i 44d

13a 2c

50d
44

51

47

46b 46a

43

42a 9b

37a/53a 44c 44b 12f


42

47b 34h 50e


42

42

13 52 52 16 34 14 23 51 20 21 51 28

16

#7 29 9 30 46 50 34 53 46 12 52 51
C

44 30 9 52 29 52 52 51 52 50 34 52 52 31 51 44 53 21 32 13 2 32 52 12 52 35 52 30 29 31 52 34 24 14 52 52 21 52 29 31 34 13 52 2

34j
23

19b 19c 34f 20 14a 24a 28b/29b

19 46 19

37b/53b 50f

29e

12e 12d

52

34 #5 12 12 2 52 #4

51

51

51 52

48

51 51
A

#1

43 31 51 48 51 50 2 21 51

29d 30b/54b 30a 21 29c 34k 28a/29a 34g 34c 51 50g 31a 47a 31b 31c 21d 48b 12a 44a 54a 13d 12 36a 31 50h 21c 21e 12b 32b 32a 43a 39 51c 43b 34l 37 13e 38 48a 35a 2e 12c 2d 21a

24 54 28 30 51 34 33

29

45 12 51

51 51

12

31 33 13 51 22 20 34 35

52 54 21 36 44

51 22 43 13 12

52

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304) (Case Side)

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304) (Spacer Plate Side)

CONTROL VALVE BODY SPACER PLATE ASSEMBLY (305) (Upper Valve Body Side)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307) (Spacer Plate Side)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307) (Control Solenoid Valve Assembly Side)

Figure 80

FOLDOUT 85

FRONT

40a

12i

39a 12h

24e

52

52

12

39

11

17

51

24c

51b

17d 27b

26a

35

36

24d 52

11 38 10 38 2 51 51 52 10 52 11 52 21 39 52 14 26 51 52 49 51 39 52 52 52 38 27 52 17 10 34 51 24

51

51

51 51 12

51

51

DRIVE RANGE 2ND GEAR


1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)
TCC APPLY COMP FD 456 CL LUBE
CASE (7) UPPER CONTROL VALVE BODY (304)

CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY (459) 4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (431-443)


COMP FD 456 CL LUBE PCS 35 REV CL 26 CL 26 CL
49

26 CL CBR CBR 1

2-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (450-457)

LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (461-470)


LUBE

LUBE

1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL PS4


1234 CLUTCH BOOSTVALVE 35R CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

PCS 35 REV CL

COOLER

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL


2-6 GAIN

456 CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

3-5 REV CLU REGULATOR VALVE

SHTL

PCS CBR1/456 CL
CBR1/C456 CLU REG VALVE

TCC RELEASE

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH REGULATOR VALVE

PCS 1234 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL FDBK EX

EX

COOLER FEED

26 CL

CBR 1 CBR

LUBE

2-6 CLUTCH REG

PCS 1234 CL

1234 CL DFLT PS4

COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM

TCC APPLY

1234 CL

1234 CL FD PS4 EX 1234 CL FDBK EX BF EX BF EX BF

EX

COOLER FEED

26 CL

PS3 EX

PS3 EX BF EX BF EX BF EX BF 35 REV CL EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD DRIVE 1-6 PS1


ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

26 CL

26 CL

PS1 EX

26 CL/1234 CL FD EX BF

35 REV FD PCS 35 REV CL 35 REV CL FDBK

CBR1 FDBK

EX

EXHAUST BACKFILL EXH PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

CBR1/456 CL FD

EX BF

LINE DRIVE 1-6 PS5 EX

LUBE

PS3 PCS 35 REV CL CBR1 FDBK

LUBE
CASE (7)

PS1
26 CL/1234 CL FD 456 CL 456 CL 456 CL 456 CL

ACT FD LIM

EX BF EX BF

EX BF

35 REV CL FDBK 35R SPL


#6
25b 25a

456 CL
#3

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (LOCATED IN PUMP)

35 REV FD

1234 CL

35 REV CL FDBK

LINE
#4

#1

#5

37d

43a

35a

26b

27a

15a

51b

43b

32a

12g

12h

21e

54a

21d

21b

21a

34d

34b

18a

34a

34e

34g

19a

19b

51a

26a

44b

44a

14b

14a

14c

44c

34f

12i

34i

37a

44e

44d

37b

37e

34h

19c

27b

15b

25d

12a

EX

39c

DRIVE 1-6

GASKET

EX

39b

DRV B

CONVERTER FEED LIMIT


29

DRIVE 1-6

CONV FD
TCC CONTROL VALVE

39a

LUBE COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL DFLT PS4 EX BF

LINE
2

35

LOWER CONTROL VALVE BODY (307)

456 CL CSV3 ENABLE DRV B REVERSE 456 CL

456 CL
45a

32b

46b

44f

34j

2e

SPACER PLATE (305)

50

45

33

32

43

25

46

23

42

20

12

38

2d

34l

EXH

36a

12b

21c

34c

34k

37

41

46a

25c

37c

FRONT LUBE

12c

53b

GASKET

48
45b

LUBE

EX BF EX BF

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

50h 50g 50f 50e 50d

40
13a 13d 13e 30a 9a 9b 48a

PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE

REVERSE 35 CL REV FD EX DRV B

50c

EX

COMP FD LINE EX

PCS TCC
11e

34
50b

CSV2 LATCH PS5 ACT FD LIM

CBR EX

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE

1234 CL DFLT 1234 CL DFLT FD 456 CL FD

47

PCS 35 REV CL

REVERSE

PCS 1234 CL

LINE

35 CL REV FD CBR

REG APPLY

39
48b

COMP FD

LINE DECREASE EXH

26
50a 11d 11a 11b

DRIVE 1-6

2a

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3

31
13b 13c

LINE

13
2a

14
11c

9
38e 38d 38f 38c

ISOLATOR

EX

PCS TCC

DRIVE 1-6

DRIVE 1-6
CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

PCS CBR1/456 CL

FLUID PUMP COVER (219)

SOL 1 35 REV CL

DRIVE BRAKE CSV2 ENABLE CBR1/CBR FD SOL 1 CBR1/456 CL FD

16a

#2

22
17a 31c 31b 31a

EX

51c 29e 29d 29c 28b 29b

EX

EX

REG APP

38a

EX

EX

COMP FD

SOL 1

38b

REVERSE

LINE

35 CL REV FD

ISOLATOR VALVE

17c 17b 17d 10a

21
28a 29a 47b

SOL 1 SOL 1 REG APPLY PS4 REG APPLY LINE 1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL PCS LINE PCS TCC

CBR1/CBR FD PCS 26 CL PS3 PS1 LINE PCS 35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

MANUAL VALVE

44
47a 42a 41a

LUBE 456 CL

10b 10c

EX

40a

LINE

PS3

SUCTION

11

2b 24a 24b 24c 24d 49a 24e

COMP FD 1234 CL PCS LINE

1234 CL DFLT ACT FD LIM

12f 12e 12d

PS1

36

ACT FD LIM 35 CL REV FD


54b

51
30b

PS4

PS3

PRESSURES INTAKE & DECREASE (SUCTION) CONVERTER & LUBE LINE PCS LINE SOLENOID SIGNAL ACTUATOR COMPENSATOR

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY (314)

SHIFT SOL 1

N.L.

OFF

LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

ACT FD LIM

SOL 1

FLUID PAN (29)

SOL 2

FILTER PLATE ASSEMBLY (311)

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE SWITCH 4 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE SWITCH 1 NORMALLY CLOSED

PRESSURE SWITCH 3 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

PCS TCC

PCS 26 CL

PCS LINE

FLUID FILTER ASSEMBLY (26)

PRESSURE SWITCH 5 NORMALLY CLOSED

N.H.

N.L. ON

TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

SHIFT SOL 2

N.L. OFF

N.L.

ON

C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

N.H. OFF

CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

N.L.

ON

N.H. OFF

86

Figure 81

PS5

LINE

LINE

CBR

35 REV CL

2c

LINE

PS1

10

R N D

DRIVE

EX

PCS LINE

SHTL TCC REGULATOR VALVE

CBR 1

DRIVE

CSV2 LATCH

EX

PCS 35 REV CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL PS3 PS1 LINE CBR1/456 CL FD EX CBR 1 CBR LUBE

CONV FD LIMIT

FLUID PRESSURE TEST PLUG (40)

#7
53a

35 REV CL

LINE

PS5

LUBE

EX EX BF

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL

EX BF

456 CL

EXH

EX

EX

EX BF

DRIVE RANGE 2ND GEAR


NO 2ND GEAR

CB26 Pressure Control Solenoid 4


- Commanded/failed LOW (OFF) - Leaking

2-6 Clutch Regulator Valve (334)


- Stuck

Center Support (459)


- Broken - Feed hole plugged

2-6 Clutch Piston (457)


- Leaking - Jammed or cracked

SHIFT SHIFT 1-2-3-4 CL 2-6 CL 3-5 REV CL 4-5-6 CL LOW LOW 1-2-3-4 3-5 REV 4-5-6 2-6 SOL SOL PC PC PC PC & REV CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH 1 2 SOL 5 N.L. SOL 4 N.L. SOL 2 N.H. SOL 3 N.H. CLUTCH SPRAG
OFF ON ON ON OFF OFF APPLIED APPLIED

86A

DRIVE RANGE 2ND GEAR


PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 SUCTION LINE DECREASE CONVERTER FEED CONVERTER FEED LIMIT TCC RELEASE TCC APPLY COOLER FEED CENTER LUBE REGULATOR APPLY COMPENSATOR FEED ACTUATOR FEED LIMIT REVERSE 35 REVERSE CLUTCH 35 REVERSE CLUTCH FEEDBACK CSV2 ENABLE SOLENOID 1 SOLENOID 2 CSV3 ENABLE DRIVE DRIVE 1-6 DRIVE BRAKE 1234 CLUTCH DEFAULT FEED 1234 CLUTCH DEFAULT 1234 CLUTCH FEED 1234 CLUTCH 1234 CLUTCH FEEDBACK CBR1/CBR FEED CBR1 CBR CBR1/456 CLUTCH FEED CBR1 FEEDBACK 456 CLUTCH FEED 456 CLUTCH CSV2 LATCH DRIVE B 35 REVERSE FEED PCS TCC PCS 1234 CLUTCH PCS 4 PCS 1 PCS 3 PCS 5 26 CLUTCH/1234 CLUTCH FEED PCS 35 REVERSE CLUTCH 26 CLUTCH PCS 26 CLUTCH PCS CBR1/456 CLUTCH PCS LINE EXHAUST BACKFILL EXHAUST VOID 35 REVERSE SUPPLY 35 REVERSE CLUTCH FEED VENT TORQUE CONV SEAL DRAINBACK FRONT LUBE

86B

DRIVE RANGE 2ND GEAR

55 57 52 55 6 52 5 5 4 51 2 6 5 56 7 8 56 8 9 52 52 10 9 52 52 49 52 10 52 52 1 49 10 2 52 9 38 38 9 34 2 10 14 11 26 49 1 52 38 2 10 52 2 49 49 2 2 5 3 51 52 52 10
2a

52 55 52 52 55 6 5 4 2 2 3 51 1 57 7 7 2 8 2 38 9 14 11 26 34 11

55 52 2
3

55 52 2 5 51 51 51 6 5
7 1 2

52

57 6 6
1

5 51 7

FRONT

52 7 34

52 52

6 5 11 34 26 14

52

52 2 11 14 46 30 9 29

26

1-2-3-4 & 3-5 REV CL SUPPORT (219) (Pump Side)

FLUID PUMP COVER (219) (Torque Converter Housing Side)

FLUID PUMP COVER (219) (Case Side)

NOTE:
TORQUE CONVERTER HOUSING (204) (Fluid Pump Cover Side)

INDICATES BOLT HOLES

NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE UPPER VALVE BODY SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST. EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN.
CASE (7) (Upper Valve Body Side)

9 34

2 10

14 11

26 49 49

26 11 52 52 49 39 52 51 24 11
J

14 17 10 38

2 34 52 10 2

9 38

9a 38f 34e
9

10

2a 11a 11b 11c 14c 51a 49a 26b 27a 39b


14

17c 10a 52 34

52 17

2 52

51

51

38

38e 38d 10b

11 27 51 26 14 38 27 50 26 52 25 40 14 34 24 52 37 12 51 41 15 25 15 16 38 52 19 34 24 46 50 44 42 51 46 19 16 51 24 52 52 27 21

52

21b 38c

39c
29

51 52

52 24 39 12

17

52

FRONT

10c

11

FRONT

50

FRONT

17b 2b 24b 17a


45

2 52

#2

34d

11d
26 34

FRONT

14b
33

25d 12g

11e/50a 50b 50c 37e


47

2 52 52 52 52 52 52 2 17 13 9

24 34

40 25

49

12 50 49 12

51
G

50 52 52 50 45 52 37 #6 45 52 50 14 15 51 38 34
F

15b 15a 41a

45b
48

51 52 13 52 52 52 2 52 52 20 52 20 52 52 52 52 34

52 38 15 52 18 19 34 52

52 40 41 37 52 37 25 44 38 34 52 37 9 18 34 44 12 12 12 45 52 52 31 52 47 50 48 32 52 52 52 2 51 52 47 48 12 51 43 52 12 51 45 18 12 50 18 38 50 12 47 42 52 52 40 45 12 41 39

51

51

51

14 21 13

52 52 2 52 2 52 52 52

13c 38b #3 19a 34b 13b 16a


41

37d 45a

37c
40

18a 34a

25c 25b/44f
32 38a 25a/44e 34i 44d

13a 2c

50d
44

51

47

46b 46a

43

42a 9b

37a/53a 44c 44b 12f


42

47b 34h 50e


42

42

13 52 52 16 34 14 23 51 20 21 51 28

16

#7 29 9 30 46 50 34 53 46 12 52 51
C

44 30 9 52 29 52 52 51 52 50 34 52 52 31 51 44 53 21 32 13 2 32 52 12 52 35 52 30 29 31 52 34 24 14 52 52 21 52 29 31 34 13 52 2

34j
23

19b 19c 34f 20 14a 24a 28b/29b

19 46 19

37b/53b 50f

29e

12e 12d

52

34 #5 12 12 2 52 #4

51

51

51 52

48

51 51
A

#1

43 31 51 48 51 50 2 21 51

29d 30b/54b 30a 21 29c 34k 28a/29a 34g 34c 51 50g 31a 47a 31b 31c 21d 48b 12a 44a 54a 13d 12 36a 31 50h 21c 21e 12b 32b 32a 43a 39 51c 43b 34l 37 13e 38 48a 35a 2e 12c 2d 21a

24 54 28 30 51 34 33

29

45 12 51

51 51

12

31 33 13 51 22 20 34 35

52 54 21 36 44

51 22 43 13 12

52

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304) (Case Side)

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304) (Spacer Plate Side)

CONTROL VALVE BODY SPACER PLATE ASSEMBLY (305) (Upper Valve Body Side)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307) (Spacer Plate Side)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307) (Control Solenoid Valve Assembly Side)

Figure 82

FOLDOUT 87

FRONT

40a

12i

39a 12h

24e

52

52

12

39

11

17

51

24c

51b

17d 27b

26a

35

36

24d 52

11 38 10 38 2 51 51 52 10 52 11 52 21 39 52 14 26 51 52 49 51 39 52 52 52 38 27 52 17 10 34 51 24

51

51

51 51 12

51

51

DRIVE RANGE 3RD GEAR


1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)
TCC APPLY COMP FD 456 CL LUBE
CASE (7) UPPER CONTROL VALVE BODY (304)

CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY (459) 4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (431-443)


COMP FD 456 CL LUBE PCS 35 REV CL 26 CL 26 CL
49

26 CL CBR CBR 1

2-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (450-457)

LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (461-470)


LUBE

LUBE

1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL PS4


1234 CLUTCH BOOSTVALVE 35R CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

PCS 35 REV CL

COOLER

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL


2-6 GAIN

456 CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

SHTL

PCS CBR1/456 CL
CBR1/C456 CLU REG VALVE

3-5 REV CLU REGULATOR VALVE

TCC RELEASE

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH REGULATOR VALVE

PCS 1234 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL FDBK EX

EX

COOLER FEED

26 CL

CBR 1 CBR

LUBE

PCS 1234 CL

1234 CL DFLT PS4

COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM

TCC APPLY

1234 CL

1234 CL FD PS4 EX 1234 CL FDBK EX BF EX BF EX BF

EX

COOLER FEED

26 CL

PS3 EX

PS3 EX BF EX BF EX BF EX BF 35 REV CL EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD DRIVE 1-6 PS1


ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

26 CL

26 CL

PS1 EX

26 CL/1234 CL FD EX BF

35 REV FD PCS 35 REV CL 35 REV CL FDBK

CBR1 FDBK

EX

EXHAUST BACKFILL EXH PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

CBR1/456 CL FD

2-6 CLUTCH REG

EX BF

LINE DRIVE 1-6 PS5 EX

LUBE

PS3 PCS 35 REV CL CBR1 FDBK

LUBE
CASE (7)

PS1
26 CL/1234 CL FD 456 CL 456 CL 456 CL 456 CL

ACT FD LIM

EX BF EX BF

EX BF

35 REV CL FDBK 35R SPL


#6
25b 25a

456 CL
#3

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (LOCATED IN PUMP)

35 REV FD

1234 CL

35 REV CL FDBK

LINE
#4

#1

#5

CONV FD LIMIT

37d

43a

35a

26b

27a

15a

51b

43b

32a

12g

12h

21e

54a

21d

21b

21a

34d

34b

18a

34a

34e

34g

19a

19b

51a

26a

44b

44a

14b

14a

14c

44c

34f

12i

34i

37a

44e

44d

37b

37e

34h

19c

27b

15b

25d

12a

EX

39c

DRIVE 1-6

GASKET

EX

39b

DRV B

CONVERTER FEED LIMIT


29

DRIVE 1-6

CONV FD
TCC CONTROL VALVE

39a

LUBE COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL DFLT PS4 EX BF

LINE
2

35

LOWER CONTROL VALVE BODY (307)

456 CL CSV3 ENABLE DRV B REVERSE 456 CL

456 CL
45a

32b

46b

44f

34j

2e

SPACER PLATE (305)

50

45

33

32

43

25

46

23

42

20

12

38

2d

34l

EXH

36a

12b

21c

34c

34k

37

41

46a

25c

37c

FRONT LUBE

12c

53b

GASKET

48
45b

LUBE

EX BF EX BF

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

50h 50g 50f 50e 50d

40
13a 13d 13e 30a 9a 9b 48a

PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE

REVERSE 35 CL REV FD EX DRV B

50c

EX

COMP FD LINE EX

PCS TCC
11e

34
50b

CSV2 LATCH PS5 ACT FD LIM

CBR EX

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE

1234 CL DFLT 1234 CL DFLT FD 456 CL FD

47

PCS 35 REV CL

REVERSE

PCS 1234 CL

LINE

35 CL REV FD CBR

REG APPLY

39
48b

COMP FD

LINE DECREASE EXH

26
50a 11d 11a 11b

DRIVE 1-6

2a

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3

31
13b 13c

LINE

13
2a

14
11c

9
38e 38d 38f 38c

ISOLATOR

EX

PCS TCC

DRIVE 1-6

DRIVE 1-6
CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

PCS CBR1/456 CL

FLUID PUMP COVER (219)

SOL 1 35 REV CL

DRIVE BRAKE CSV2 ENABLE CBR1/CBR FD SOL 1 CBR1/456 CL FD

16a

#2

22
17a 31c 31b 31a

EX

51c 29e 29d 29c 28b 29b

EX

EX

REG APP

38a

EX

EX

COMP FD

SOL 1

38b

REVERSE

LINE

35 CL REV FD

ISOLATOR VALVE

17c 17b 17d 10a

21
28a 29a 47b

SOL 1 SOL 1 REG APPLY PS4 REG APPLY LINE 1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL PCS LINE PCS TCC

CBR1/CBR FD PCS 26 CL PS3 PS1 LINE PCS 35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM 35 CL REV FD

MANUAL VALVE

44
47a 42a 41a

LUBE 456 CL

10b 10c

EX

40a

LINE

PS3

SUCTION

11

2b 24a 24b 24c 24d 49a 24e

COMP FD 1234 CL PCS LINE

1234 CL DFLT ACT FD LIM

12f 12e 12d

36

51
54b 30b

PS4

PS1

PS3

PRESSURES INTAKE & DECREASE (SUCTION) CONVERTER & LUBE LINE PCS LINE SOLENOID SIGNAL ACTUATOR COMPENSATOR

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY (314)

SHIFT SOL 1

N.L.

OFF

LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

ACT FD LIM

SOL 1

FLUID PAN (29)

SOL 2

FILTER PLATE ASSEMBLY (311)

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE SWITCH 4 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE SWITCH 1 NORMALLY CLOSED

PRESSURE SWITCH 3 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

PCS TCC

PCS 26 CL

PCS LINE

FLUID FILTER ASSEMBLY (26)

PRESSURE SWITCH 5 NORMALLY CLOSED

N.H.

N.L. ON

TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

SHIFT SOL 2

N.L. OFF

N.L.

ON

C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

N.H. ON

CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

N.L. OFF

N.H. OFF

88

Figure 83

PS5

LINE

LINE

CBR

35 REV CL

2c

LINE

PS1

10

R N D

DRIVE

EX

PCS LINE

SHTL TCC REGULATOR VALVE

CBR 1

DRIVE

CSV2 LATCH

EX

PCS 35 REV CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL PS3 PS1 LINE CBR1/456 CL FD EX CBR 1 CBR LUBE

FLUID PRESSURE TEST PLUG (40)

#7
53a

35 REV CL

LINE

PS5

LUBE

EX EX BF

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL

EX BF

456 CL

EXH

EX

EX

EX BF

DRIVE RANGE 3RD GEAR


NO 3RD GEAR

C35R Pressure Control Solenoid 2


- Commanded/failed LOW (ON) - Leaking

3-5 Reverse Clutch Regulator Valve (336)


- Stuck

3-5 Reverse Clutch Piston (421)


- Leaking - Jammed or cracked

3-5 Reverse Clutch Piston Inner Seal (419) or Outer Seal (422)
- Leaking - Missing

Compensator Feed Regulator Valve (356)


- Stuck

CB26 Pressure Control Solenoid 4


- Commanded/failed HIGH (ON)

SHIFT SHIFT 1-2-3-4 CL 2-6 CL 3-5 REV CL 4-5-6 CL LOW LOW 1-2-3-4 3-5 REV 4-5-6 2-6 SOL SOL PC PC PC PC & REV CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH 1 2 SOL 5 N.L. SOL 4 N.L. SOL 2 N.H. SOL 3 N.H. CLUTCH SPRAG
OFF ON ON OFF ON OFF APPLIED APPLIED

88A

DRIVE RANGE 3RD GEAR


PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 SUCTION LINE DECREASE CONVERTER FEED CONVERTER FEED LIMIT TCC RELEASE TCC APPLY COOLER FEED CENTER LUBE REGULATOR APPLY COMPENSATOR FEED ACTUATOR FEED LIMIT REVERSE 35 REVERSE CLUTCH 35 REVERSE CLUTCH FEEDBACK CSV2 ENABLE SOLENOID 1 SOLENOID 2 CSV3 ENABLE DRIVE DRIVE 1-6 DRIVE BRAKE 1234 CLUTCH DEFAULT FEED 1234 CLUTCH DEFAULT 1234 CLUTCH FEED 1234 CLUTCH 1234 CLUTCH FEEDBACK CBR1/CBR FEED CBR1 CBR CBR1/456 CLUTCH FEED CBR1 FEEDBACK 456 CLUTCH FEED 456 CLUTCH CSV2 LATCH DRIVE B 35 REVERSE FEED PCS TCC PCS 1234 CLUTCH PCS 4 PCS 1 PCS 3 PCS 5 26 CLUTCH/1234 CLUTCH FEED PCS 35 REVERSE CLUTCH 26 CLUTCH PCS 26 CLUTCH PCS CBR1/456 CLUTCH PCS LINE EXHAUST BACKFILL EXHAUST VOID 35 REVERSE SUPPLY 35 REVERSE CLUTCH FEED VENT TORQUE CONV SEAL DRAINBACK FRONT LUBE

88B

DRIVE RANGE 3RD GEAR

55 57 52 55 6 52 5 5 4 51 2 6 5 56 7 8 56 8 9 52 52 10 9 52 52 49 52 10 52 52 1 49 10 2 52 9 38 38 9 34 2 10 14 11 26 49 1 52 38 2 10 52 2 49 49 2 2 5 3 51 52 52 10
2a

52 55 52 52 55 6 5 4 2 2 3 51 1 57 7 7 2 8 2 38 9 14 11 26 34 11

55 52 2
3

55 52 2 5 51 51 51 6 5
7 1 2

52

57 6 6
1

5 51 7

FRONT

52 7 34

52 52

6 5 11 34 26 14

52

52 2

26 11 14

46

30

29

1-2-3-4 & 3-5 REV CL SUPPORT (219) (Pump Side)

FLUID PUMP COVER (219) (Torque Converter Housing Side)

FLUID PUMP COVER (219) (Case Side)

NOTE: INDICATES BOLT HOLES NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE UPPER VALVE BODY SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST. EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN.
9 34 14 11 26 49 49 26 11 52 52 49 39 52 51 24 11
J

TORQUE CONVERTER HOUSING (204) (Fluid Pump Cover Side)

CASE (7) (Upper Valve Body Side)

2 10

14 17 10 38

2 34 52 10 2

9 38

9a 38f 34e
9

10

2a 11a 11b 11c 14c 51a 49a 26b 27a 39b


14

17c 10a 52 34

52

38

38e 38d 10b

11 27 51 26 14 21 38 27 50 26 52 25 40 14 34 24 52 37 12 51 41 15 25 15 16 38 52 19 34 24 46 50 44 42 51 46 19 16 51 24 52 52 27

52

21b 38c

39c
29

51 52

52 24 39 12 50 52 50

17

52

FRONT

10c

11

FRONT

50

FRONT

17b 2b 24b 17a


45

2 52

#2

34d

11d
26 34

FRONT

14b
33

25d 12g

11e/50a 50b 50c 37e


47

2 52 52 52 52 52 52 2 17 13 9

24 34

40 25

49

12 50 49 12

52 51
G

15b 15a 41a

45 52 37 #6 45 52 50

45b
48

51 52 13 52 52 52 2 52 52 20 52 20 52 52 52 52 34

52 38 15 52 18 19 34 52

52 40 41 37 52 39 44 38 34 52 37 9 18 34 44 12 12 12 45 52 52 31 52 47 50 48 32 52 52 52 2 51 52 47 48 12 51 43 52 12 51 45 18 12 50 18 37 38 50 12 47 42 52 52 40 45 12 41 39

51

51

51
F

14 15 51 38

14 21 13

52 52 2 52 2 52 52 52

13c 38b #3 19a 34b 13b 16a


41

37d 45a

37c
40

18a 34a

25c 25b/44f
32 38a 25a/44e 34i 44d

13a 2c

25

50d
44

51

47

34

46b 46a

43

42a 9b

37a/53a 44c 44b 12f


42

47b 34h 50e


42

42

13 52 52 16 34 14 23 51 20 21 51 28

16

#7 29 9 30 46 50 34 53 46 12 52 51
C

44 30 9 52 29 52 52 51 52 50 52 34 52 31 51 44 53 21 32 13 2 32 52 12 52 35 52 30 29 31 52 34 24 14 52 52 21 52 29 31 34 13 52 2

34j
23

19b 19c 34f 20 14a 24a 28b/29b

19 46 19

37b/53b 50f

29e

12e 12d

52

34 #5 12 12 2 52 #4

51

51

51 52

48

51 51
A

#1

43 31 51 48 51 50 2 21 51

29d 30b/54b 30a 21 29c 34k 28a/29a 34g 34c 51 50g 31a 47a 31b 31c 21d 48b 12a 44a 54a 13d 12 36a 31 50h 21c 21e 12b 32b 32a 43a 39 51c 43b 34l 37 13e 38 48a 35a 2e 12c 2d 21a

24 54 28 30 51 34 33

29

45 12 51

51 51

12

31 33 13 51 22 20 34 35

52 54 21 36 44

51 22 43 13 12

52

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304) (Case Side)

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304) (Spacer Plate Side)

CONTROL VALVE BODY SPACER PLATE ASSEMBLY (305) (Upper Valve Body Side)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307) (Spacer Plate Side)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307) (Control Solenoid Valve Assembly Side)

Figure 84

FOLDOUT 89

FRONT

40a

12i

39a 12h

24e

52

52

12

39

11

17

51

24c

51b

17d 27b

26a

35

36

24d 52

2 51 52 11 38 10 38 2 51 51 52 10 52 11 52 21 39 52 14 26 51 52 49 51 39 52 52 52 38 27 52 17 10 17 34 51 24

51

51

51

51 51 12

51

51

DRIVE RANGE 4TH GEAR

(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)


1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)
TCC APPLY COMP FD 456 CL LUBE
CASE (7) UPPER CONTROL VALVE BODY (304)

CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY (459) 4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (431-443)


COMP FD 456 CL LUBE PCS 35 REV CL 26 CL 26 CL
49

26 CL CBR CBR 1

2-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (450-457)

LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (461-470)


LUBE

LUBE

1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL PS4


1234 CLUTCH BOOSTVALVE 35R CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

PCS 35 REV CL

COOLER

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL


2-6 GAIN

456 CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

3-5 REV CLU REGULATOR VALVE

SHTL

PCS CBR1/456 CL
CBR1/C456 CLU REG VALVE

TCC RELEASE

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH REGULATOR VALVE

PCS 1234 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL FDBK EX

EX

COOLER FEED

26 CL

CBR 1 CBR

LUBE

2-6 CLUTCH REG

PCS 1234 CL

1234 CL DFLT PS4

COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM

TCC APPLY

1234 CL

1234 CL FD PS4 EX 1234 CL FDBK EX BF EX BF EX BF

EX

COOLER FEED

26 CL

PS3 EX

PS3 EX BF EX BF EX BF EX BF 35 REV CL EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD DRIVE 1-6 PS1


ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

26 CL

26 CL

PS1 EX

26 CL/1234 CL FD EX BF

35 REV FD PCS 35 REV CL 35 REV CL FDBK

CBR1 FDBK

EX

EXHAUST BACKFILL EXH PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

CBR1/456 CL FD

EX BF

LINE DRIVE 1-6 PS5 EX

LUBE

PS3 PCS 35 REV CL CBR1 FDBK

LUBE
CASE (7)

PS1
26 CL/1234 CL FD 456 CL 456 CL 456 CL 456 CL

ACT FD LIM

EX BF EX BF

EX BF

35 REV CL FDBK 35R SPL


#6
25b 25a

456 CL
#3

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (LOCATED IN PUMP)

35 REV FD

1234 CL

35 REV CL FDBK

LINE
#4

#1

#5

CONV FD LIMIT

37d

43a

35a

26b

27a

15a

51b

43b

12g

12h

21e

54a

21d

21b

21a

34d

34b

18a

34a

34e

34g

19a

19b

51a

26a

44b

44a

14b

14a

14c

44c

34f

12i

34i

37a

44e

44d

37b

37e

34h

19c

27b

15b

25d

12a

EX

39c

DRIVE 1-6

GASKET

EX

39b

DRV B

CONVERTER FEED LIMIT


TCC CONTROL VALVE
29

DRIVE 1-6

CONV FD LINE
2

39a

35

LOWER CONTROL VALVE BODY (307)

456 CL CSV3 ENABLE DRV B REVERSE 456 CL

456 CL
45a

32b

46b

44f

34j

2e

SPACER PLATE (305)

50

45

33

32

43

25

46

23

42

20

12

38

2d

34l

EXH

36a

12b

21c

34c

34k

37

41

46a

25c

37c

FRONT LUBE

12c

32a

53b

GASKET

48
45b

LUBE COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL DFLT PS4 EX BF

LUBE

EX BF EX BF

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

50h 50g 50f 50e 50d

40
13a 13d 13e 30a 9a 9b 48a

PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE

REVERSE 35 CL REV FD EX DRV B

50c

EX

COMP FD LINE EX

PCS TCC LINE DECREASE EXH


11e

34
50b

CSV2 LATCH PS5 ACT FD LIM

CBR EX

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE

1234 CL DFLT 1234 CL DFLT FD 456 CL FD

47

PCS 35 REV CL

REVERSE

PCS 1234 CL

LINE

35 CL REV FD CBR

REG APPLY

39
48b

COMP FD

26
50a 11d 11a 11b

DRIVE 1-6

2a

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3

31
13b 13c

LINE

13
2a

14
11c

9
38e 38d 38f 38c

ISOLATOR

EX

PCS TCC
SHTL

DRIVE 1-6

DRIVE 1-6
CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

PCS CBR1/456 CL

FLUID PUMP COVER (219)

SOL 1 35 REV CL

DRIVE BRAKE CSV2 ENABLE CBR1/CBR FD SOL 1 CBR1/456 CL FD

16a

#2

22
17a 31c 31b 31a

EX

51c 29e 29d 29c 28b 29b

EX

EX

REG APP

38a

EX

EX

COMP FD

SOL 1

38b

REVERSE

LINE

35 CL REV FD

ISOLATOR VALVE

17c 17b 17d 10a

21
28a 29a 47b

SOL 1 SOL 1 REG APPLY PS4 REG APPLY LINE 1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL PCS LINE PCS TCC

CBR1/CBR FD PCS 26 CL PS3 PS1 LINE PCS 35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM 35 CL REV FD

MANUAL VALVE

44
47a 42a 41a

LUBE 456 CL

10b 10c

EX

40a

LINE

PS3

SUCTION

11

2b 24a 24b 24c 24d 49a 24e

COMP FD 1234 CL PCS LINE

1234 CL DFLT ACT FD LIM

12f 12e 12d

36

51
54b 30b

PS1

PS4

PS3

PRESSURES INTAKE & DECREASE (SUCTION) CONVERTER & LUBE LINE PCS LINE SOLENOID SIGNAL ACTUATOR COMPENSATOR

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY (314)

SHIFT SOL 1

N.L.

OFF

LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

ACT FD LIM

SOL 1

FLUID PAN (29)

SOL 2

FILTER PLATE ASSEMBLY (311)

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE SWITCH 4 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE SWITCH 1 NORMALLY CLOSED

PRESSURE SWITCH 3 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

PCS TCC

PCS 26 CL

PCS LINE

FLUID FILTER ASSEMBLY (26)

PRESSURE SWITCH 5 NORMALLY CLOSED

N.H.

N.L.

TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

SHIFT SOL 2

ON

N.L.

ON

N.L.

ON

C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

N.H. OFF

CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

N.L. OFF

N.H. ON

90

Figure 85

PS5

LINE

LINE

CBR

35 REV CL

2c

LINE

PS1

10

R N D

DRIVE

EX

PCS LINE

TCC REGULATOR VALVE

CBR 1

DRIVE

CSV2 LATCH

EX

PCS 35 REV CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL PS3 PS1 LINE CBR1/456 CL FD EX CBR 1 CBR LUBE

FLUID PRESSURE TEST PLUG (40)

#7
53a

35 REV CL

LINE

PS5

LUBE

EX EX BF

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL

EX BF

456 CL

EXH

EX

EX

EX BF

DRIVE RANGE 4TH GEAR


(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)
The torque converter clutch (TCC) applies during 4th gear operation when the transmission control module (TCM) receives the appropriate input signals to energize (turn ON) the Torque Converter Clutch Pressure Control Solenoid. The TCC can apply in 2nd and 3rd gear also.

NO 4TH GEAR

CBR1/C456 Pressure Control Solenoid 3


- Commanded/failed LOW (ON) - Leaking

CBR1/C456 Clutch Regulator Valve (327)


- Stuck

4-5-6 Clutch Piston (439)


- Leaking - Jammed or cracked

Turbine Shaft Fluid Seal Rings (442)


- Leaking - Missing

4-5-6 Clutch Housing Assembly (441)


- Leaking - Cracked
NO TCC APPLY

TCC Pressure Control Solenoid


Commanded/failed LOW (OFF) Stuck OFF Leaking Poor connection

TCC Regulator Apply Valve (355)


- Stuck in OFF position

TCC Control Valve (227)


- Stuck in OFF position

Turbine Shaft Seal (443)


- Damaged - Missing
TCC STUCK ON

TCC Pressure Control Solenoid


- Stuck ON

TCC Regulator Apply Valve (355)


- Stuck ON

SHIFT SHIFT 1-2-3-4 CL 2-6 CL 3-5 REV CL 4-5-6 CL LOW LOW 1-2-3-4 3-5 REV 4-5-6 2-6 SOL SOL PC PC PC PC & REV CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH 1 2 SOL 5 N.L. SOL 4 N.L. SOL 2 N.H. SOL 3 N.H. CLUTCH SPRAG
OFF ON ON OFF OFF ON APPLIED APPLIED

90A

DRIVE RANGE 4TH GEAR


(Torque Converter Clutch Applied) PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 SUCTION LINE DECREASE CONVERTER FEED CONVERTER FEED LIMIT TCC RELEASE TCC APPLY COOLER FEED CENTER LUBE REGULATOR APPLY COMPENSATOR FEED ACTUATOR FEED LIMIT REVERSE 35 REVERSE CLUTCH 35 REVERSE CLUTCH FEEDBACK CSV2 ENABLE SOLENOID 1 SOLENOID 2 CSV3 ENABLE DRIVE DRIVE 1-6 DRIVE BRAKE 1234 CLUTCH DEFAULT FEED 1234 CLUTCH DEFAULT 1234 CLUTCH FEED 1234 CLUTCH 1234 CLUTCH FEEDBACK CBR1/CBR FEED CBR1 CBR CBR1/456 CLUTCH FEED CBR1 FEEDBACK 456 CLUTCH FEED 456 CLUTCH CSV2 LATCH DRIVE B 35 REVERSE FEED PCS TCC PCS 1234 CLUTCH PCS 4 PCS 1 PCS 3 PCS 5 26 CLUTCH/1234 CLUTCH FEED PCS 35 REVERSE CLUTCH 26 CLUTCH PCS 26 CLUTCH PCS CBR1/456 CLUTCH PCS LINE EXHAUST BACKFILL EXHAUST VOID 35 REVERSE SUPPLY 35 REVERSE CLUTCH FEED VENT TORQUE CONV SEAL DRAINBACK FRONT LUBE

90B

DRIVE RANGE 4TH GEAR

(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)

55 57 52 55 6 52 5 5 4 51 2 6 5 56 7 8 56 8 9 52 52 10 9 52 52 49 52 10 52 52 1 49 10 2 52 9 38 38 9 34 2 10 14 11 26 49 1 52 38 2 10 52 2 49 49 2 2 5 3 51 52 52 10
2a

52 55 52 52 55 6 5 4 2 2 3 51 1 57 7 7 2 8 2 38 9 14 11 26 34 11

55 52 2
3

55 52 2 5 51 51 51 6 5
7 1 2

52

57 6 6
1

5 51 7

FRONT

52 7

52 52

6 5 11 34 26 14

52

34 52 2

26 11 14

46

30

29

1-2-3-4 & 3-5 REV CL SUPPORT (219) (Pump Side)

FLUID PUMP COVER (219) (Torque Converter Housing Side)

FLUID PUMP COVER (219) (Case Side)

NOTE: INDICATES BOLT HOLES NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE UPPER VALVE BODY SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST. EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN.
9 26 49 49 11 52 52 49 39 52 51 24 11
J

TORQUE CONVERTER HOUSING (204) (Fluid Pump Cover Side)

CASE (7) (Upper Valve Body Side)

2 34 10

14 11

26

14 17 10 38

2 34 52 10 2

9 38

9a 38f 34e
9

10

2a 11a 11b 11c 14c 51a 49a 26b 27a 39b


14

17c 10a 52 34

52

38

38e 38d 10b

11 27 51 26 14 38 27 50 26 52 25 24 52 40 52 27 17 14 34 24 52 51 51 41 15 25 15 16 38 52 19 34 24 21

52

21b 38c

39c
29

51 52

52 24 39 12 50 52 50

17

52

FRONT

10c

11

FRONT

50

FRONT

17b 2b 24b 17a 15b 34d 14b

11d
26 34

FRONT

2 52

#2

25d
33

11e/50a 50b 50c 37e


47

2 52 52 52 52 52 52 2 17 13 9

24 34

40 25

49

12 50 49 12

52 51
G

12g
45

45 52 37 #6 45 52 50

37

12

45b
48

51 52 13 52 52 52 2 52 52 20 52 20 52 52 52 52 34

52 38 15 52 18 19 34 52

52 40 41 37 52 39 44 38 34 52 37 9 18 34 44 12 12 12 45 52 52 31 52 47 50 48 32 52 52 52 2 51 52 47 48 12 51 43 52 12 51 45 18 12 50 18 37 38 50 12 47 42 52 52 40 45 12 41 39

51

51

51
F

14 15 51

14 21 13

52 52 2 52 2

13c 38b #3 19a 34b 13b 16a


41

15a

41a

37d 45a

37c
40

18a 34a

25c 25b/44f
32 38a 25a/44e 34i 44d

13a 2c

25

50d
44

51

47

34

46 50 44

42

51

46 19

46b 46a

43

16

52 52

52

42a 9b

37a/53a 44c 44b 12f


42

47b 34h 50e


42

42

13 52 52 16 34 14 23 51 20 21 51 28

16

#7 29 9 30 46 50 34 53 46 12 52 51
C

44 30 9 52 29 52 52 51 52 50 52 34 52 31 51 44 53 21 32 13 2 32 52 12 52 35 52 30 29 31 52 34 24 14 52 52 21 52 29 31 34 13 52 2

34j
23

19b 19c 34f 20 14a 24a 28b/29b

19 46 19

37b/53b 50f

29e

12e 12d

52

34 #5 12 12 2 52 #4

51

51

51 52

48

51 51
A

#1

43 31 51 48 51 50 2 21 51

29d 30b/54b 30a 21 29c 34k 28a/29a 34g 34c 51 50g 31a 47a 31b 31c 21d 48b 12a 44a 54a 13d 12 36a 31 50h 21c 21e 12b 32b 32a 43a 39 51c 43b 34l 37 13e 38 48a 35a 2e 12c 2d 21a

24 54 28 30 51 34 33

29

45 12 51

51 51

12

31 33 13 51 22 20 34 35

52 54 21 36 44

51 22 43 13 12

52

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304) (Case Side)

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304) (Spacer Plate Side)

CONTROL VALVE BODY SPACER PLATE ASSEMBLY (305) (Upper Valve Body Side)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307) (Spacer Plate Side)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307) (Control Solenoid Valve Assembly Side)

Figure 86

FOLDOUT 91

FRONT

40a

12i

39a 12h

24e

52

52

12

39

11

17

51

24c

51b

17d 27b

26a

35

36

24d 52

2 51 52 11 38 10 38 2 51 51 52 10 52 11 52 21 39 52 14 26 51 52 49 51 39 52 52 52 38 27 52 17 10 17 34 51 24

51

51

51

51 51 12

51

51

DRIVE RANGE 5TH GEAR

(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)


1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)
TCC APPLY COMP FD 456 CL LUBE
CASE (7) UPPER CONTROL VALVE BODY (304)

CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY (459) 4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (431-443)


COMP FD 456 CL LUBE PCS 35 REV CL 26 CL 26 CL
49

26 CL CBR CBR 1

2-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (450-457)

LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (461-470)


LUBE

LUBE

1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL PS4


1234 CLUTCH BOOSTVALVE 35R CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

PCS 35 REV CL

COOLER

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL


2-6 GAIN

456 CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH REGULATOR VALVE SHTL

PCS CBR1/456 CL
CBR1/C456 CLU REG VALVE

3-5 REV CLU REGULATOR VALVE

TCC RELEASE

PCS 1234 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL FDBK EX

EX

COOLER FEED

26 CL

CBR 1 CBR

LUBE

PCS 1234 CL

1234 CL DFLT PS4

COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM

TCC APPLY

1234 CL

1234 CL FD PS4 EX 1234 CL FDBK EX BF EX BF EX BF

EX

COOLER FEED

26 CL

PS3 EX

PS3 EX BF EX BF EX BF EX BF 35 REV CL EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD DRIVE 1-6 PS1


ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

26 CL

26 CL

PS1 EX

26 CL/1234 CL FD EX BF

35 REV FD PCS 35 REV CL 35 REV CL FDBK

CBR1 FDBK

EX

2-6 CLUTCH REG

EXHAUST BACKFILL EXH PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

CBR1/456 CL FD

EX BF

LINE DRIVE 1-6 PS5 EX

LUBE

PS3 PCS 35 REV CL CBR1 FDBK

LUBE
CASE (7)

PS1
26 CL/1234 CL FD 456 CL 456 CL 456 CL 456 CL

ACT FD LIM

EX BF EX BF

EX BF

35 REV CL FDBK 35R SPL


#6
25b 25a

456 CL
#3

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (LOCATED IN PUMP)

35 REV FD

1234 CL

35 REV CL FDBK

LINE
#4

#1

#5

CONV FD LIMIT

43a

35a

26b

27a

15a

51b

43b

12g

12h

21e

54a

21d

21b

21a

34d

34b

18a

34a

34e

34g

19a

19b

51a

26a

44b

44a

14b

14a

14c

44c

34f

12i

34i

37a

44e

44d

37b

37e

34h

19c

27b

15b

25d

12a

EX

39c

DRIVE 1-6

GASKET

EX

39b

DRV B

CONVERTER FEED LIMIT


TCC CONTROL VALVE
29

DRIVE 1-6

CONV FD LINE
2

39a

35

LOWER CONTROL VALVE BODY (307)

456 CL CSV3 ENABLE DRV B REVERSE 456 CL

456 CL
45a

32b

46b

44f

34j

2e

SPACER PLATE (305)

50

45

33

32

43

25

46

23

42

20

12

38

2d

34l

EXH

36a

12b

21c

34c

34k

37

41

46a

25c

FRONT LUBE

12c

37d

37c

32a

53b

GASKET

48
45b

LUBE COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL DFLT PS4 EX BF

LUBE

EX BF EX BF

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

50h 50g 50f 50e 50d

40
13a 13d 13e 30a 9a 9b 48a

PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE

REVERSE 35 CL REV FD EX DRV B

50c

EX

COMP FD LINE EX

PCS TCC LINE DECREASE EXH


11e

34
50b

CSV2 LATCH PS5 ACT FD LIM

CBR EX

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE

1234 CL DFLT 1234 CL DFLT FD 456 CL FD

47

PCS 35 REV CL

REVERSE

PCS 1234 CL

LINE

35 CL REV FD CBR

REG APPLY

39
48b

COMP FD

26
50a 11d 11a 11b

DRIVE 1-6

2a

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3

31
13b 13c

LINE

13
2a

14
11c

9
38e 38d 38f 38c

ISOLATOR

EX

PCS TCC
SHTL

DRIVE 1-6

DRIVE 1-6
CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

PCS CBR1/456 CL

FLUID PUMP COVER (219)

SOL 1 35 REV CL

DRIVE BRAKE CSV2 ENABLE CBR1/CBR FD SOL 1 CBR1/456 CL FD

16a

#2

22
17a 31c 31b 31a

EX

51c 29e 29d 29c 28b 29b

EX

EX

REG APP

38a

EX

EX

COMP FD

SOL 1

38b

REVERSE

LINE

35 CL REV FD

ISOLATOR VALVE

17c 17b 17d 10a

21
28a 29a 47b

SOL 1 SOL 1 REG APPLY PS4 REG APPLY LINE 1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL PCS LINE PCS TCC

CBR1/CBR FD PCS 26 CL PS3 PS1 LINE PCS 35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM 35 CL REV FD

MANUAL VALVE

44
47a 42a 41a

LUBE 456 CL

10b 10c

EX

40a

LINE

PS3

SUCTION

11

2b 24a 24b 24c 24d 49a 24e

COMP FD 1234 CL PCS LINE

1234 CL DFLT ACT FD LIM

12f 12e 12d

36

51
54b 30b

PS1

PS4

PS3

PRESSURES INTAKE & DECREASE (SUCTION) CONVERTER & LUBE LINE PCS LINE SOLENOID SIGNAL ACTUATOR COMPENSATOR

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY (314)

SHIFT SOL 1

N.L.

OFF

LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

ACT FD LIM

SOL 1

FLUID PAN (29)

SOL 2

FILTER PLATE ASSEMBLY (311)

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE SWITCH 4 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE SWITCH 1 NORMALLY CLOSED

PRESSURE SWITCH 3 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

PCS TCC

PCS 26 CL

PCS LINE

FLUID FILTER ASSEMBLY (26)

PRESSURE SWITCH 5 NORMALLY CLOSED

N.H.

N.L. OFF

TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

SHIFT SOL 2

N.L.

ON

N.L.

ON

C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

N.H.

ON

CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

N.L. OFF

N.H. ON

92

Figure 87

PS5

LINE

LINE

CBR

35 REV CL

2c

LINE

PS1

10

R N D

DRIVE

EX

PCS LINE

TCC REGULATOR VALVE

CBR 1

DRIVE

CSV2 LATCH

EX

PCS 35 REV CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL PS3 PS1 LINE CBR1/456 CL FD EX CBR 1 CBR LUBE

FLUID PRESSURE TEST PLUG (40)

#7
53a

35 REV CL

LINE

PS5

LUBE

EX EX BF

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL

EX BF

456 CL

EXH

EX

EX

EX BF

DRIVE RANGE 5TH GEAR


(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)
NO 5TH GEAR

C35R Pressure Control Solenoid 2


- Commanded/failed LOW (ON) - Leaking

3-5 Reverse Clutch Regulator Valve (336)


- Stuck

3-5 Reverse Clutch Piston (421)


- Leaking - Jammed or cracked

3-5 Reverse Clutch Piston Inner Seal (419) or Outer Seal (422)
- Leaking - Missing

Compensator Feed Regulator Valve (356)


- Stuck

C1234 Pressure Control Solenoid 5


- Commanded/failed HIGH (ON)

SHIFT SHIFT 1-2-3-4 CL 2-6 CL 3-5 REV CL 4-5-6 CL LOW LOW 1-2-3-4 3-5 REV 4-5-6 2-6 SOL SOL PC PC PC PC & REV CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH 1 2 SOL 5 N.L. SOL 4 N.L. SOL 2 N.H. SOL 3 N.H. CLUTCH SPRAG
OFF ON OFF OFF ON ON APPLIED APPLIED

92A

DRIVE RANGE 5TH GEAR


(Torque Converter Clutch Applied) PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 SUCTION LINE DECREASE CONVERTER FEED CONVERTER FEED LIMIT TCC RELEASE TCC APPLY COOLER FEED CENTER LUBE REGULATOR APPLY COMPENSATOR FEED ACTUATOR FEED LIMIT REVERSE 35 REVERSE CLUTCH 35 REVERSE CLUTCH FEEDBACK CSV2 ENABLE SOLENOID 1 SOLENOID 2 CSV3 ENABLE DRIVE DRIVE 1-6 DRIVE BRAKE 1234 CLUTCH DEFAULT FEED 1234 CLUTCH DEFAULT 1234 CLUTCH FEED 1234 CLUTCH 1234 CLUTCH FEEDBACK CBR1/CBR FEED CBR1 CBR CBR1/456 CLUTCH FEED CBR1 FEEDBACK 456 CLUTCH FEED 456 CLUTCH CSV2 LATCH DRIVE B 35 REVERSE FEED PCS TCC PCS 1234 CLUTCH PCS 4 PCS 1 PCS 3 PCS 5 26 CLUTCH/1234 CLUTCH FEED PCS 35 REVERSE CLUTCH 26 CLUTCH PCS 26 CLUTCH PCS CBR1/456 CLUTCH PCS LINE EXHAUST BACKFILL EXHAUST VOID 35 REVERSE SUPPLY 35 REVERSE CLUTCH FEED VENT TORQUE CONV SEAL DRAINBACK FRONT LUBE

92B

DRIVE RANGE 5TH GEAR

(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)

55 57 52 55 6 52 5 5 4 51 2 6 5 56 7 8 56 8 9 52 52 10 9 52 52 49 52 10 52 52 1 49 10 2 52 9 38 38 9 34 2 10 14 11 26 49 1 52 38 2 10 52 2 49 49 2 2 5 3 51 52 52 10
2a

52 55 52 52 55 6 5 4 2 2 3 51 1 57 7 7 2 8 2 38 9 14 11 26 34 11 4 5 51 51 51 6 5
7 1

55 52 2
3

55 52 2
2

52

57 6 6
1

5 51 7

FRONT

52 7

52 52

6 5 11 34 26 14

52

34 52 2

26 11 14

46

30

29

1-2-3-4 & 3-5 REV CL SUPPORT (219) (Pump Side)

FLUID PUMP COVER (219) (Torque Converter Housing Side)

FLUID PUMP COVER (219) (Case Side)

NOTE:
TORQUE CONVERTER HOUSING (204) (Fluid Pump Cover Side)

INDICATES BOLT HOLES

NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE UPPER VALVE BODY SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST. EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN.
CASE (7) (Upper Valve Body Side)

9 34

2 10

14 11

26 49 49

26 11 52 52 49 39 52 51 24 11 52 24 39 12 52 52 50 52 50 37 12 51 41 14 15 51 38 34 46 50 44 42 15 25 52 50 50 17 27 26 25 40 51 27 51 26

14 17 10 38

2 34 52 10 2

9 38

9a 38f 34e
9

10

2a 11a 11b 11c 14c 51a 49a 26b 27a 39b


14

17c 10a 52 34

52

38

38e 38d 10b

11 14 38 21

52

21b 38c

39c
29

51 52

52

FRONT

10c

11

FRONT

50

FRONT

14 34 24 52 15 16 38 52 19 34 24 51 46 19 16 52

#2

2b 24b 17a

34d

11d
26 34

FRONT

14b
33

25d 12g

11e/50a 50b 50c 37e


47

2 52 52 52 52 52 52 2 17 13 9

24 34 40 25

49

12 50 49 12

51

45 52 37

45

15b 15a 41a

45b
48

51 52 13 52 52 52 2 52 52 20 52 20 52 52 52 52 34

52 38 15 52 18 19 34 52 42 25 41

52 52 52 37 52 39 37 38 34 52 9 18 34 44 12 12 12 45 52 52 31 52 47 50 48 32 52 52 52 2 51 52 47 48 12 51 43 52 12 51 37 18 12 50 18 40 45 12 41 39 38 50 12 47 42

51

51

51

#6

45

14 21 13

52 52 2 52 2 52 52 52

13c 38b #3 19a 34b 13b 16a


41

37d 45a

37c
40

18a 34a

25c 25b/44f
32 38a 25a/44e 34i 44d

13a 2c

50d
44

44

51

47

46b 46a

43

42a 9b

37a/53a 44c 44b 12f


42

47b 34h 50e


42

13 52 52 16 34 14 23 51 20 21 51 28

16

#7 29 9 30 46 50 34 53 46 12 52 51 52 52 51 52 50 52 30

44 9 52 29 52 30 29 34 52 31 51 44 53 21 32 13 2 32 52 12 52 35 52 31 52 34 24 14 52 52 21 52 29 31 34 13 52 2

34j
23

19b 19c 34f 20 14a 24a 28b/29b

19 46 19

37b/53b 50f

29e

12e 12d

34 #5 12 12 2 52 #4

51

51

51 52

48

51 51

#1

43 31 51 48 51 50 2 21 51

29d 30b/54b 30a 21 29c 34k 28a/29a 34g 34c 51 50g 31a 47a 31b 31c 21d 48b 12a 44a 54a 13d 12 36a 31 50h 21c 21e 12b 32b 32a 43a 39 51c 43b 34l 37 13e 38 48a 35a 2e 12c 2d 21a

24 54 28 30 51 34 33

29

45 12 51

51 51

12

31 33 13 51 22 20 34 35

52 54 21 36 44

51 22 43 13 12

52

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304) (Case Side)

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304) (Spacer Plate Side)

CONTROL VALVE BODY SPACER PLATE ASSEMBLY (305) (Upper Valve Body Side)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307) (Spacer Plate Side)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307) (Control Solenoid Valve Assembly Side)

Figure 88

FOLDOUT 93

FRONT

24 52 52 27

17b

40a

12i

39a 12h

24e

52

52

12

39

11

17

51

24c

51b

17d 27b

26a

35

36

24d 52

2 51 52 11 38 10 38 2 51 51 52 10 52 11 52 21 39 52 14 26 51 52 49 51 39 52 52 52 38 27 52 17 10 17 34 51 24

51

51

51

51 51 12

51

51

DRIVE RANGE 6TH GEAR

(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)


1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)
TCC APPLY COMP FD 456 CL LUBE
CASE (7) UPPER CONTROL VALVE BODY (304)

CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY (459) 4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (431-443)


COMP FD 456 CL LUBE PCS 35 REV CL 26 CL 26 CL
49

26 CL CBR CBR 1

2-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (450-457)

LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (461-470)


LUBE

LUBE

1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL PS4


1234 CLUTCH BOOSTVALVE 35R CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

PCS 35 REV CL

COOLER

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL


2-6 GAIN

456 CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH REGULATOR VALVE SHTL

3-5 REV CLU REGULATOR VALVE

PCS CBR1/456 CL
CBR1/C456 CLU REG VALVE

TCC RELEASE

PCS 1234 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL FDBK EX

EX

COOLER FEED

26 CL

CBR 1 CBR

LUBE

PCS 1234 CL

1234 CL DFLT PS4

COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM

TCC APPLY

1234 CL

1234 CL FD PS4 EX 1234 CL FDBK EX BF EX BF EX BF

EX

COOLER FEED

26 CL

PS3 EX

PS3 EX BF EX BF EX BF EX BF 35 REV CL EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD DRIVE 1-6 PS1


ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

26 CL

26 CL

PS1 EX

26 CL/1234 CL FD EX BF

35 REV FD PCS 35 REV CL 35 REV CL FDBK

CBR1 FDBK

EX

EXHAUST BACKFILL EXH PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

CBR1/456 CL FD

2-6 CLUTCH REG

EX BF

LINE DRIVE 1-6 PS5 EX

LUBE

PS3 PCS 35 REV CL CBR1 FDBK

LUBE
CASE (7)

PS1
26 CL/1234 CL FD 456 CL 456 CL 456 CL 456 CL

ACT FD LIM

EX BF EX BF

EX BF

35 REV CL FDBK 35R SPL


#6
25b 25a

456 CL
#3

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (LOCATED IN PUMP)

35 REV FD

1234 CL

35 REV CL FDBK

LINE
#4

#1

#5

37d

43a

35a

26b

27a

15a

51b

43b

32a

12g

12h

21e

54a

21d

21b

21a

34d

34b

18a

34a

34e

34g

19a

19b

51a

26a

44b

44a

14b

14a

14c

44c

34f

12i

34i

37a

44e

44d

37b

37e

34h

19c

27b

15b

25d

12a

EX

39c

DRIVE 1-6

GASKET

EX

39b

DRV B

CONVERTER FEED LIMIT


TCC CONTROL VALVE
29

DRIVE 1-6

CONV FD LINE
2

39a

35

LOWER CONTROL VALVE BODY (307)

456 CL CSV3 ENABLE DRV B REVERSE 456 CL

456 CL
45a

32b

46b

44f

34j

2e

SPACER PLATE (305)

50

45

33

32

43

25

46

23

42

20

12

38

2d

34l

EXH

36a

12b

21c

34c

34k

37

41

46a

25c

37c

FRONT LUBE

12c

53b

GASKET

48
45b

LUBE COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL DFLT PS4 EX BF

LUBE

EX BF EX BF

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

50h 50g 50f 50e 50d

40
13a 13d 13e 30a 9a 9b 48a

PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE

REVERSE 35 CL REV FD EX DRV B

50c

EX

COMP FD LINE EX

PCS TCC LINE DECREASE EXH


11e

34
50b

CSV2 LATCH PS5 ACT FD LIM

CBR EX

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE

1234 CL DFLT 1234 CL DFLT FD 456 CL FD

47

PCS 35 REV CL

REVERSE

PCS 1234 CL

LINE

35 CL REV FD CBR

REG APPLY

39
48b

26
50a 11d 11a 11b

DRIVE 1-6

COMP FD

2a

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3

31
13b 13c

LINE

13
2a

14
11c

9
38e 38d 38f 38c

ISOLATOR

EX

PCS TCC
SHTL

DRIVE 1-6

DRIVE 1-6
CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

PCS CBR1/456 CL

FLUID PUMP COVER (219)

SOL 1 35 REV CL

DRIVE BRAKE CSV2 ENABLE CBR1/CBR FD SOL 1 CBR1/456 CL FD

16a

#2

22
17a 31c 31b 31a

EX

51c 29e 29d 29c 28b 29b

EX

EX

REG APP

38a

EX

EX

COMP FD

SOL 1

38b

REVERSE

LINE

35 CL REV FD

ISOLATOR VALVE

17c 17b 17d 10a

21
28a 29a 47b

SOL 1 SOL 1 REG APPLY PS4 REG APPLY LINE 1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL PCS LINE PCS TCC

CBR1/CBR FD PCS 26 CL PS3 PS1 LINE PCS 35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM 35 CL REV FD

MANUAL VALVE

44
47a 42a 41a

LUBE 456 CL

10b 10c

EX

40a

LINE

PS3

SUCTION

11

2b 24a 24b 24c 24d 49a 24e

COMP FD 1234 CL PCS LINE

1234 CL DFLT ACT FD LIM

12f 12e 12d

36

51
54b 30b

PS1

PS4

PS3

PRESSURES INTAKE & DECREASE (SUCTION) CONVERTER & LUBE LINE PCS LINE SOLENOID SIGNAL ACTUATOR COMPENSATOR

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY (314)

SHIFT SOL 1

N.L.

OFF

LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

ACT FD LIM

SOL 1

FLUID PAN (29)

SOL 2

FILTER PLATE ASSEMBLY (311)

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE SWITCH 4 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE SWITCH 1 NORMALLY CLOSED

PRESSURE SWITCH 3 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

PCS TCC

PCS 26 CL

PCS LINE

FLUID FILTER ASSEMBLY (26)

PRESSURE SWITCH 5 NORMALLY CLOSED

N.H.

N.L. OFF

TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

SHIFT SOL 2

N.L.

ON

N.L.

ON

C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

N.H. OFF

CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

N.L.

ON

N.H. ON

94

Figure 89

PS5

LINE

LINE

CBR

35 REV CL

2c

LINE

PS1

10

R N D

DRIVE

EX

PCS LINE

TCC REGULATOR VALVE

CBR 1

DRIVE

CSV2 LATCH

EX

PCS 35 REV CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL PS3 PS1 LINE CBR1/456 CL FD EX CBR 1 CBR LUBE

CONV FD LIMIT

FLUID PRESSURE TEST PLUG (40)

#7
53a

35 REV CL

LINE

PS5

LUBE

EX EX BF

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL

EX BF

456 CL

EXH

EX

EX

EX BF

DRIVE RANGE 6TH GEAR


(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)
NO 6TH GEAR

CB26 Pressure Control Solenoid 4


- Commanded/failed LOW (OFF) - Leaking

2-6 Clutch Regulator Valve (334)


- Stuck

Center Support (459)


- Broken - Feed hole plugged

2-6 Clutch Piston (457)


- Leaking - Jammed or cracked

C35R Pressure Control Solenoid 2


- Commanded/failed HIGH (OFF)

SHIFT SHIFT 1-2-3-4 CL 2-6 CL 3-5 REV CL 4-5-6 CL LOW LOW 1-2-3-4 3-5 REV 4-5-6 2-6 SOL SOL PC PC PC PC & REV CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH 1 2 SOL 5 N.L. SOL 4 N.L. SOL 2 N.H. SOL 3 N.H. CLUTCH SPRAG
OFF ON OFF ON OFF ON APPLIED APPLIED

94A

DRIVE RANGE 6TH GEAR


(Torque Converter Clutch Applied) PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 SUCTION LINE DECREASE CONVERTER FEED CONVERTER FEED LIMIT TCC RELEASE TCC APPLY COOLER FEED CENTER LUBE REGULATOR APPLY COMPENSATOR FEED ACTUATOR FEED LIMIT REVERSE 35 REVERSE CLUTCH 35 REVERSE CLUTCH FEEDBACK CSV2 ENABLE SOLENOID 1 SOLENOID 2 CSV3 ENABLE DRIVE DRIVE 1-6 DRIVE BRAKE 1234 CLUTCH DEFAULT FEED 1234 CLUTCH DEFAULT 1234 CLUTCH FEED 1234 CLUTCH 1234 CLUTCH FEEDBACK CBR1/CBR FEED CBR1 CBR CBR1/456 CLUTCH FEED CBR1 FEEDBACK 456 CLUTCH FEED 456 CLUTCH CSV2 LATCH DRIVE B 35 REVERSE FEED PCS TCC PCS 1234 CLUTCH PCS 4 PCS 1 PCS 3 PCS 5 26 CLUTCH/1234 CLUTCH FEED PCS 35 REVERSE CLUTCH 26 CLUTCH PCS 26 CLUTCH PCS CBR1/456 CLUTCH PCS LINE EXHAUST BACKFILL EXHAUST VOID 35 REVERSE SUPPLY 35 REVERSE CLUTCH FEED VENT TORQUE CONV SEAL DRAINBACK FRONT LUBE

94B

DRIVE RANGE 6TH GEAR

(Torque Converter Clutch Applied)

55 57 52 55 6 52 5 5 4 51 2 6 5 56 7 8 56 8 9 52 52 10 9 52 52 49 52 10 52 52 1 49 10 2 52 9 38 38 9 34 2 10 14 11 26 49 1 52 38 2 10 52 2 49 49 2 2 5 3 51 52 52 10
2a

52 55 52 52 55 6 5 4 2 2 3 51 1 57 7 7 2 8 2 38 9 14 11 26 2 11 14 46 30 9 29 34 11 4 5 51 51 51 6 5
7 1

55 52 2
3

55 52 2
2

52

57 6 6
1

5 51 7

FRONT

52 7 34

52 52

6 5 11 34 26 14

52

52 26

1-2-3-4 & 3-5 REV CL SUPPORT (219) (Pump Side)

FLUID PUMP COVER (219) (Torque Converter Housing Side)

FLUID PUMP COVER (219) (Case Side)

NOTE: INDICATES BOLT HOLES NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE UPPER VALVE BODY SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST. EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN.
9 34 14 10 11 26 49 49 26 11 52 52 49 39 52 51 24 11
J

TORQUE CONVERTER HOUSING (204) (Fluid Pump Cover Side)

CASE (7) (Upper Valve Body Side)

14 17 10 38

2 34 52 10 2

9 38

9a 38f 34e
9

10

2a 11a 11b 11c 14c 51a 49a 26b 27a 39b


14

17c 10a 52 34

52 17

2 52

51

51

38

38e 38d 10b

11 27 51 26 14 38 27 50 26 52 25 40 14 34 24 52 37 12 51 41 15 25 15 16 38 52 19 34 24 46 50 44 42 51 46 19 16 51 24 52 52 27 21

52

21b 38c

39c
29

51 52

52 24 39 12

17

52

FRONT

10c

11

FRONT

50

FRONT

17b 2b 24b 17a


45

2 52

#2

34d

11d
26 34

FRONT

14b
33

25d 12g

11e/50a 50b 50c 37e


47

2 52 52 52 52 52 52 2 17 13 9

24 34

40 25

49

12 50 49 12

51
G

50 52 52 50 45 52 37 #6 45 52 50 14 15 51 38 34
F

15b 15a 41a

45b
48

51 52 13 52 52 52 2 52 52 20 52 20 52 52 52 52 34

52 38 40 15 52 18 19 34 52 42 25 41

52 52 52 37 52 39 37 38 34 52 37 9 18 34 44 12 12 12 45 52 52 31 52 50 48 32 47 52 52 52 2 51 52 47 48 12 51 43 52 12 51 45 18 12 50 18 40 45 12 41 39 38 50 12 47 42

51

51

51

14 21 13

52 52 2 52 2 52 52 52

13c 38b #3 19a 34b 13b 16a


41

37d 45a

37c
40

18a 34a

25c 25b/44f
32 38a 25a/44e 34i 44d

13a 2c

50d
44

44

51

47

46b 46a

43

42a 9b

37a/53a 44c 44b 12f


42

47b 34h 50e


42

13 52 52 16 34 14 23 51 20 21 51 28

16

#7 29 9 30 46 50 34 53 46 12 52 51
C

44 30 9 52 29 52 52 51 52 50 34 52 52 31 51 44 53 21 32 13 2 32 52 12 52 35 52 30 29 31 52 34 24 14 52 52 21 52 29 31 34 13 52 2

34j
23

19b 19c 34f 20 14a 24a 28b/29b

19 46 19

37b/53b 50f

29e

12e 12d

52

34 #5 12 12 2 52 #4

51

51

51 52

48

51 51
A

#1

43 31 51 48 51 50 2 21 51

29d 30b/54b 30a 21 29c 34k 28a/29a 34g 34c 51 50g 31a 47a 31b 31c 21d 48b 12a 44a 54a 13d 12 36a 31 50h 21c 21e 12b 32b 32a 43a 39 51c 43b 34l 37 13e 38 48a 35a 2e 12c 2d 21a

24 54 28 30 51 34 33

29

45 12 51

51 51

12

31 33 13 51 22 20 34 35

52 54 21 36 44

51 22 43 13 12

52

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304) (Case Side)

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304) (Spacer Plate Side)

CONTROL VALVE BODY SPACER PLATE ASSEMBLY (305) (Upper Valve Body Side)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307) (Spacer Plate Side)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307) (Control Solenoid Valve Assembly Side)

Figure 90

FOLDOUT 95

FRONT

40a

12i

39a 12h

24e

52

52

12

39

11

17

51

24c

51b

17d 27b

26a

35

36

24d 52

11 38 10 38 2 51 51 52 10 52 11 52 21 39 52 14 26 51 52 49 51 39 52 52 52 38 27 52 17 10 34 51 24

51

51

51 51 12

51

51

DRIVE RANGE 3RD GEAR DEFAULT

(Torque Converter Clutch Released)


1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY (459) 4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (431-443)
COMP FD 456 CL LUBE
CASE (7) UPPER CONTROL VALVE BODY (304) 49

26 CL CBR CBR 1

TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)


TCC APPLY COMP FD 456 CL LUBE

2-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (450-457)

LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (461-470)


LUBE

LUBE PCS 35 REV CL 26 CL 26 CL

1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL PS4


1234 CLUTCH BOOSTVALVE 35R CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

PCS 35 REV CL

COOLER

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL


2-6 GAIN

456 CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

PCS CBR1/456 CL EX BF
CBR1/C456 CLU REG VALVE

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH REGULATOR VALVE SHTL

3-5 REV CLU REGULATOR VALVE

TCC RELEASE

PCS 1234 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL FDBK EX

EX

COOLER FEED

26 CL

CBR 1 CBR

LUBE

PCS 1234 CL

1234 CL DFLT PS4

COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM

TCC APPLY

1234 CL

1234 CL FD PS4 EX 1234 CL FDBK EX BF EX BF EX BF

EX

COOLER FEED

26 CL

PS3 EX

PS3 EX BF EX BF EX BF EX BF 35 REV CL EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD DRIVE 1-6 PS1


ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

26 CL

26 CL

PS1 EX

26 CL/1234 CL FD EX BF

35 REV FD PCS 35 REV CL 35 REV CL FDBK

CBR1 FDBK

EX

EXHAUST BACKFILL EXH PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

CBR1/456 CL FD

2-6 CLUTCH REG

EX BF

LINE DRIVE 1-6 PS5 EX

LUBE

PS3 PCS 35 REV CL CBR1 FDBK

LUBE
CASE (7)

PS1
26 CL/1234 CL FD 456 CL 456 CL 456 CL 456 CL

ACT FD LIM

EX BF EX BF

EX BF

35 REV CL FDBK 35R SPL


#6
25b 25a

456 CL
#3

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (LOCATED IN PUMP)

35 REV FD

1234 CL

35 REV CL FDBK

LINE
#4

#1

#5

CONV FD LIMIT

37d

43a

35a

15a

26b

27a

51b

43b

32a

12g

12h

21e

54a

21d

21b

21a

34d

34b

18a

34a

34e

34g

19a

19b

51a

26a

44b

44a

14b

14a

14c

44c

34f

12i

34i

37a

44e

44d

37b

37e

34h

19c

27b

15b

25d

12a

EX

39c

DRIVE 1-6

GASKET

EX

39b

DRV B

CONVERTER FEED LIMIT


29

DRIVE 1-6

CONV FD
TCC CONTROL VALVE

39a

LUBE COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL DFLT PS4 EX BF

LINE
2

35

LOWER CONTROL VALVE BODY (307)

456 CL CSV3 ENABLE DRV B REVERSE 456 CL

456 CL
45a

32b

46b

44f

34j

2e

SPACER PLATE (305)

50

45

33

32

43

25

46

23

42

20

12

38

2d

34l

EXH

36a

12b

21c

34c

34k

37

41

46a

25c

37c

FRONT LUBE

12c

53b

GASKET

48
45b

LUBE

EX BF EX BF

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

50h 50g 50f 50e 50d

40
13a 13d 13e 30a 9a 9b 48a

PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE

REVERSE 35 CL REV FD EX DRV B

50c

EX

COMP FD LINE EX

PCS TCC
11e

34
50b

CSV2 LATCH PS5 ACT FD LIM

CBR EX

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE

1234 CL DFLT 1234 CL DFLT FD 456 CL FD

47

PCS 35 REV CL

REVERSE

PCS 1234 CL

LINE

35 CL REV FD CBR

REG APPLY

39
48b

COMP FD

LINE DECREASE EXH

26
50a 11d 11a 11b

DRIVE 1-6

2a

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3

31
13b 13c

LINE

13
2a

14
11c

9
38e 38d 38f 38c

ISOLATOR

EX

PCS TCC

DRIVE 1-6

DRIVE 1-6
CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

PCS CBR1/456 CL

FLUID PUMP COVER (219)

SOL 1 35 REV CL

DRIVE BRAKE CSV2 ENABLE CBR1/CBR FD SOL 1 CBR1/456 CL FD

16a

#2

22
17a 31c 31b 31a

EX

51c 29e 29d 29c 28b 29b

EX

EX

REG APP

38a

EX

EX

COMP FD

SOL 1

38b

REVERSE

LINE

35 CL REV FD

ISOLATOR VALVE

17c 17b 17d 10a

21
28a 29a 47b

SOL 1 SOL 1 REG APPLY PS4 REG APPLY LINE 1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL PCS LINE PCS TCC

CBR1/CBR FD PCS 26 CL PS3 PS1 LINE PCS 35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM 35 CL REV FD

MANUAL VALVE

44
47a 42a 41a

LUBE 456 CL

10b 10c

EX

40a

LINE

PS3

SUCTION

11

2b 24a 24b 24c 24d 49a 24e

COMP FD 1234 CL PCS LINE

1234 CL DFLT ACT FD LIM

12f 12e 12d

36

51
54b 30b

PS4

PS1

PS3

PRESSURES INTAKE & DECREASE (SUCTION) CONVERTER & LUBE LINE PCS LINE SOLENOID SIGNAL ACTUATOR COMPENSATOR

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY (314)

SHIFT SOL 1

N.L.

OFF

LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

ACT FD LIM

SOL 1

FLUID PAN (29)

SOL 2

FILTER PLATE ASSEMBLY (311)

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE SWITCH 4 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE SWITCH 1 NORMALLY CLOSED

PRESSURE SWITCH 3 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

PCS TCC

PCS 26 CL

PCS LINE

FLUID FILTER ASSEMBLY (26)

PRESSURE SWITCH 5 NORMALLY CLOSED

N.H.

N.L. OFF

TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

SHIFT SOL 2

N.L. OFF

N.L. OFF

C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

N.H. ON

CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

N.L. OFF

N.H. ON

96

Figure 91

PS5

LINE

LINE

CBR

35 REV CL

2c

LINE

PS1

10

R N D

DRIVE

EX

PCS LINE

SHTL TCC REGULATOR VALVE

CBR 1

DRIVE

CSV2 LATCH

EX

PCS 35 REV CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL PS3 PS1 LINE CBR1/456 CL FD EX CBR 1 CBR LUBE

FLUID PRESSURE TEST PLUG (40)

#7
53a

35 REV CL

LINE

PS5

LUBE

EX EX BF

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL

EX BF

456 CL

EXH

EX

EX

DRIVE RANGE 3RD GEAR DEFAULT


(Torque Converter Clutch Released)
NO 3RD GEAR

Shift Solenoid 2
- Stuck ON

C35R Pressure Control Solenoid 2


- Stuck OFF - Leaking

CB26 Pressure Control Solenoid 4


- Stuck ON

3-5 Reverse Clutch Regulator Valve (336)


- Stuck

3-5 Reverse Clutch Piston (421)


- Leaking - Jammed or cracked

3-5 Reverse Clutch Piston Inner Seal (419) or Outer Seal (422)
- Leaking - Missing

Clutch Select Valve 3


- Stuck Open

Compensator Feed Regulator Valve (356)


- Stuck

SHIFT SHIFT 1-2-3-4 CL 2-6 CL 3-5 REV CL 4-5-6 CL LOW LOW 1-2-3-4 3-5 REV 4-5-6 2-6 SOL SOL PC PC PC PC & REV CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH 1 2 SOL 5 N.L. SOL 4 N.L. SOL 2 N.H. SOL 3 N.H. CLUTCH SPRAG
OFF OFF OFF OFF ON ON APPLIED APPLIED

96A

DRIVE RANGE 3RD GEAR DEFAULT


(Torque Converter Clutch Released) PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 SUCTION LINE DECREASE CONVERTER FEED CONVERTER FEED LIMIT TCC RELEASE TCC APPLY COOLER FEED CENTER LUBE REGULATOR APPLY COMPENSATOR FEED ACTUATOR FEED LIMIT REVERSE 35 REVERSE CLUTCH 35 REVERSE CLUTCH FEEDBACK CSV2 ENABLE SOLENOID 1 SOLENOID 2 CSV3 ENABLE DRIVE DRIVE 1-6 DRIVE BRAKE 1234 CLUTCH DEFAULT FEED 1234 CLUTCH DEFAULT 1234 CLUTCH FEED 1234 CLUTCH 1234 CLUTCH FEEDBACK CBR1/CBR FEED CBR1 CBR CBR1/456 CLUTCH FEED CBR1 FEEDBACK 456 CLUTCH FEED 456 CLUTCH CSV2 LATCH DRIVE B 35 REVERSE FEED PCS TCC PCS 1234 CLUTCH PCS 4 PCS 1 PCS 3 PCS 5 26 CLUTCH/1234 CLUTCH FEED PCS 35 REVERSE CLUTCH 26 CLUTCH PCS 26 CLUTCH PCS CBR1/456 CLUTCH PCS LINE EXHAUST BACKFILL EXHAUST VOID 35 REVERSE SUPPLY 35 REVERSE CLUTCH FEED VENT TORQUE CONV SEAL DRAINBACK FRONT LUBE

96B

DRIVE RANGE 3RD GEAR DEFAULT

(Torque Converter Clutch Released)

55 57 52 55 6 52 5 5 4 51 2 6 5 56 7 8 56 8 9 52 52 10 9 52 52 49 52 10 52 52 1 49 10 2 52 9 38 38 9 34 2 10 14 11 26 49 1 52 38 2 10 52 2 49 49 2 2 5 3 51 52 52 10
2a

52 55 52 52 55 6 5 4 2 2 3 51 1 57 7 7 2 8 2 38 9 14 11 26 34 11

55 52 2
3

55 52 2 5 51 51 51 6 5
7 1 2

52

57 6 6
1

5 51 7

FRONT

52 7 34

52 52

6 5 11 34 26 14

52

52 2

26 11 14

46

30

29

1-2-3-4 & 3-5 REV CL SUPPORT (219) (Pump Side)

FLUID PUMP COVER (219) (Torque Converter Housing Side)

FLUID PUMP COVER (219) (Case Side)

NOTE: INDICATES BOLT HOLES NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE UPPER VALVE BODY SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST. EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN.
9 34 14 11 26 49 49 26 11 52 52 49 39 52 51 24 11 52 24 39 12 50 52 50 37 12 51 41 14 15 51 38 34 46 50 44 42 51 15 25 52 50 51 47 38 52 19 34 24 46 19 #7 29 9 30 46 50 34 53 46 12 52 51 52 52 51 52 50 52 34 52 31 51 44 53 21 32 #1 43 31 51 48 51 50 2 21 51 32 52 12 52 13 2 35 52 30 44 9 52 29 52 30 29 31 52 34 24 14 52 52 21 52 29 31 51 51 51 52 51 51 48 34 13 52 2 16 13 2 52 52 52 17 27 24 50 51 25 26 52 40 52 27 52 52 51 14 34 24 52 15 16 14 21 52 52 2 52 52 17a
45

TORQUE CONVERTER HOUSING (204) (Fluid Pump Cover Side)

CASE (7) (Upper Valve Body Side)

2 10

14 17 10 38

2 34 52 10 2

9 38

9a 38f 34e
9

10

2a 11a 11b 11c 14c 51a 49a 26b 27a 39b


14

17c 10a 52 34

52

38

38e 38d 10b

11 27 51 26 14 21 38

52

21b 38c

39c
29

51 52

52

FRONT

10c

11

FRONT

50

FRONT

17b 2b 24b 15b 34d 14b

11d
26 34

FRONT

#2

25d
33

11e/50a 50b 50c 37e


47

2 52 52 52 52 52 52 2 17 13 9

24 34

40 25

49

12 50 49 12

12g 13c 38b 15a

45 52 37

45b
48

51 52 13 52 52 52 2 52 52 20 52 20 52 52 52 52 34

52 38 15 52 18 19 34 52

52 40 41 37 52 39 44 38 34 52 37 9 18 34 44 12 12 12 45 52 52 31 52 47 50 48 32 52 52 52 2 51 52 47 48 12 51 43 52 12 51 45 18 12 50 18 37 38 50 12 47 42 52 52 40 45 12 41 39

51

51

51

41a

37d 45a

37c
40

#6

45

#3

13a 2c 13b 16a

19a 34b
41

18a 34a

25c 25b/44f
32 38a 25a/44e 34i 44d

25

50d
44

46b

43

42a

34j
23

46a 19b 9b 19c 34f 20 14a 24a 28b/29b 29e

37a/53a 44c 44b 12f


42

47b 34h 50e


42

42

13 52 52 16 34 14 23 51 20 21 51 28

16

19 46 19

37b/53b 50f

12e 12d

34 #5 12 12 2 52 #4

29d 30b/54b 30a 21 29c 34k 28a/29a 34g 34c 51 50g 31a 47a 31b 31c 21d 48b 12a 44a 54a 13d 12 36a 31 50h 21c 21e 12b 32b 32a 43a 39 51c 43b 34l 37 13e 38 48a 35a 2e 12c 2d 21a

24 54 28 30 51 34 33

29

45 12 51

51 51

12

31 33 13 51 22 20 34 35

52 54 21 36 44

51 22 43 13 12

52

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304) (Case Side)

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304) (Spacer Plate Side)

CONTROL VALVE BODY SPACER PLATE ASSEMBLY (305) (Upper Valve Body Side)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307) (Spacer Plate Side)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307) (Control Solenoid Valve Assembly Side)

Figure 92

FOLDOUT 97

FRONT

40a

12i

39a 12h

24e

52

52

12

39

11

17

51

24c

51b

17d 27b

26a

35

36

24d 52

2 51 52 11 38 10 38 2 51 51 52 10 52 11 52 21 39 52 14 26 51 52 49 51 39 52 52 52 38 27 52 17 10 17 34 51 24

51

51

51

51 51 12

51

51

DRIVE RANGE 5TH GEAR DEFAULT (Torque Converter Clutch Released)


1-2-3-4 CLUTCH 3-5 REVERSE CLUTCH TORQUE CONVERTER ASSEMBLY (1)
TCC APPLY COMP FD 456 CL LUBE
CASE (7) UPPER CONTROL VALVE BODY (304)

CENTER SUPPORT ASSEMBLY (459) 4-5-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (431-443)


COMP FD 456 CL LUBE PCS 35 REV CL 26 CL 26 CL
49

26 CL CBR CBR 1

2-6 CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (450-457)

LOW & REVERSE CLUTCH ASSEMBLY (461-470)


LUBE

LUBE

1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL PS4


1234 CLUTCH BOOSTVALVE 35R CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

PCS 35 REV CL

COOLER

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL


2-6 GAIN

456 CLUTCH BOOST VALVE

1-2-3-4 CLUTCH REGULATOR VALVE SHTL

PCS CBR1/456 CL
CBR1/C456 CLU REG VALVE

3-5 REV CLU REGULATOR VALVE

TCC RELEASE

PCS 1234 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL FDBK EX

EX

COOLER FEED

26 CL

CBR 1 CBR

LUBE

PCS 1234 CL

1234 CL DFLT PS4

COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM

TCC APPLY

1234 CL

1234 CL FD PS4 EX 1234 CL FDBK EX BF EX BF EX BF

EX

COOLER FEED

26 CL

PS3 EX

PS3 EX BF EX BF EX BF EX BF 35 REV CL EX BF CBR1/456 CL FD DRIVE 1-6 PS1


ACT FEED LIMIT VALVE

26 CL

26 CL

PS1 EX

26 CL/1234 CL FD EX BF

35 REV FD PCS 35 REV CL 35 REV CL FDBK

CBR1 FDBK

EX

2-6 CLUTCH REG

EXHAUST BACKFILL EXH PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

CBR1/456 CL FD

EX BF

LINE DRIVE 1-6 PS5 EX

LUBE

PS3 PCS 35 REV CL CBR1 FDBK

LUBE
CASE (7)

PS1
26 CL/1234 CL FD 456 CL 456 CL 456 CL 456 CL

ACT FD LIM

EX BF EX BF

EX BF

35 REV CL FDBK 35R SPL


#6
25b 25a

456 CL
#3

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (LOCATED IN PUMP)

35 REV FD

1234 CL

35 REV CL FDBK

LINE
#4

#1

#5

CONV FD LIMIT

37d

43a

35a

15a

26b

27a

51b

43b

32a

12g

12h

21e

54a

21d

21b

21a

34d

34b

18a

34a

34e

34g

19a

19b

51a

26a

44b

44a

14b

14a

14c

44c

34f

12i

34i

37a

44e

44d

37b

37e

34h

19c

27b

15b

25d

12a

EX

39c

DRIVE 1-6

GASKET

EX

39b

DRV B

CONVERTER FEED LIMIT


29

DRIVE 1-6

CONV FD

39a

LUBE COMP FD 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL 1234 CL 35 REV CL 456 CL 1234 CL DFLT PS4 EX BF

LINE
2

TCC CONTROL VALVE

35

LOWER CONTROL VALVE BODY (307)

456 CL CSV3 ENABLE DRV B REVERSE 456 CL

456 CL
45a

32b

46b

44f

34j

2e

SPACER PLATE (305)

50

45

33

32

43

25

46

23

42

20

12

38

2d

34l

EXH

36a

12b

21c

34c

34k

37

41

46a

25c

37c

FRONT LUBE

12c

53b

GASKET

48
45b

LUBE

EX BF EX BF

35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

50h 50g 50f 50e 50d

40
13a 13d 13e 30a 9a 9b 48a

PRESSURE REGULATOR VALVE

REVERSE 35 CL REV FD EX DRV B

50c

EX

COMP FD LINE EX

PCS TCC
11e

34
50b

CSV2 LATCH PS5 ACT FD LIM

CBR EX

COMPENSATOR FD REG VALVE

1234 CL DFLT 1234 CL DFLT FD 456 CL FD

47

PCS 35 REV CL

REVERSE

PCS 1234 CL

LINE

35 CL REV FD CBR

REG APPLY

39
48b

COMP FD

LINE DECREASE EXH

26
50a 11d 11a 11b

DRIVE 1-6

2a

CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 3

31
13b 13c

LINE

13
2a

14
11c

9
38e 38d 38f 38c

ISOLATOR

EX

PCS TCC

DRIVE 1-6

DRIVE 1-6
CLUTCH SELECT VALVE 2

PCS CBR1/456 CL

FLUID PUMP COVER (219)

SOL 1 35 REV CL

DRIVE BRAKE CSV2 ENABLE CBR1/CBR FD SOL 1 CBR1/456 CL FD

16a

#2

22
17a 31c 31b 31a

EX

51c 29e 29d 29c 28b 29b

EX

EX

REG APP

38a

EX

EX

COMP FD

SOL 1

38b

REVERSE

LINE

35 CL REV FD

ISOLATOR VALVE

17c 17b 17d 10a

21
28a 29a 47b

SOL 1 SOL 1 REG APPLY PS4 REG APPLY LINE 1234 CL DFLT PCS 1234 CL PCS LINE PCS TCC

CBR1/CBR FD PCS 26 CL PS3 PS1 LINE PCS 35 REV CL ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM 35 CL REV FD

MANUAL VALVE

44
47a 42a 41a

LUBE 456 CL

10b 10c

EX

40a

LINE

PS3

SUCTION

11

2b 24a 24b 24c 24d 49a 24e

COMP FD 1234 CL PCS LINE

1234 CL DFLT ACT FD LIM

12f 12e 12d

36

51
54b 30b

PS1

PS4

PS3

PRESSURES INTAKE & DECREASE (SUCTION) CONVERTER & LUBE LINE PCS LINE SOLENOID SIGNAL ACTUATOR COMPENSATOR

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM ACT FD LIM

CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE ASSEMBLY (314)

SHIFT SOL 1

N.L.

OFF

LINE PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

C1234 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 5

ACT FD LIM

SOL 1

FLUID PAN (29)

SOL 2

FILTER PLATE ASSEMBLY (311)

ACT FD LIM

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE SWITCH 4 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

PRESSURE SWITCH 1 NORMALLY CLOSED

PRESSURE SWITCH 3 NORMALLY CLOSED

ACT FD LIM

PCS TCC

PCS 26 CL

PCS LINE

FLUID FILTER ASSEMBLY (26)

PRESSURE SWITCH 5 NORMALLY CLOSED

N.H.

N.L. OFF

TCC PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID

SHIFT SOL 2

N.L. OFF

N.L. OFF

C35R PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 2

N.H.

ON

CB26 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 4

CBR1/C456 PRESSURE CONTROL SOLENOID 3

N.L. OFF

N.H. ON

98

Figure 93

PS5

LINE

LINE

CBR

35 REV CL

2c

LINE

PS1

10

R N D

DRIVE

EX

PCS LINE

SHTL TCC REGULATOR VALVE

CBR 1

DRIVE

CSV2 LATCH

EX

PCS 35 REV CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL PS3 PS1 LINE CBR1/456 CL FD EX CBR 1 CBR LUBE

FLUID PRESSURE TEST PLUG (40)

#7
53a

35 REV CL

LINE

PS5

LUBE

EX EX BF

PCS CBR1/456 CL PCS 26 CL

EX BF

456 CL

EXH

EX

EX

EX BF

DRIVE RANGE 5TH GEAR DEFAULT


(Torque Converter Clutch Released)
NO 5TH GEAR

C35R Pressure Control Solenoid 2


- Stuck OFF - Leaking

C1234 Pressure Control Solenoid 5


- Stuck ON

3-5 Reverse Clutch Regulator Valve (336)


- Stuck

3-5 Reverse Clutch Piston (421)


- Leaking - Jammed or cracked

3-5 Reverse Clutch Piston Inner Seal (419) or Outer Seal (422)
- Leaking - Missing

Clutch Select Valve 3


- Stuck Closed

Compensator Feed Regulator Valve (356)


- Stuck

SHIFT SHIFT 1-2-3-4 CL 2-6 CL 3-5 REV CL 4-5-6 CL LOW LOW 1-2-3-4 3-5 REV 4-5-6 2-6 SOL SOL PC PC PC PC & REV CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH CLUTCH 1 2 SOL 5 N.L. SOL 4 N.L. SOL 2 N.H. SOL 3 N.H. CLUTCH SPRAG
OFF OFF OFF OFF ON ON APPLIED APPLIED

98A

DRIVE RANGE 5TH GEAR DEFAULT


(Torque Converter Clutch Released) PASSAGES
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 SUCTION LINE DECREASE CONVERTER FEED CONVERTER FEED LIMIT TCC RELEASE TCC APPLY COOLER FEED CENTER LUBE REGULATOR APPLY COMPENSATOR FEED ACTUATOR FEED LIMIT REVERSE 35 REVERSE CLUTCH 35 REVERSE CLUTCH FEEDBACK CSV2 ENABLE SOLENOID 1 SOLENOID 2 CSV3 ENABLE DRIVE DRIVE 1-6 DRIVE BRAKE 1234 CLUTCH DEFAULT FEED 1234 CLUTCH DEFAULT 1234 CLUTCH FEED 1234 CLUTCH 1234 CLUTCH FEEDBACK CBR1/CBR FEED CBR1 CBR CBR1/456 CLUTCH FEED CBR1 FEEDBACK 456 CLUTCH FEED 456 CLUTCH CSV2 LATCH DRIVE B 35 REVERSE FEED PCS TCC PCS 1234 CLUTCH PCS 4 PCS 1 PCS 3 PCS 5 26 CLUTCH/1234 CLUTCH FEED PCS 35 REVERSE CLUTCH 26 CLUTCH PCS 26 CLUTCH PCS CBR1/456 CLUTCH PCS LINE EXHAUST BACKFILL EXHAUST VOID 35 REVERSE SUPPLY 35 REVERSE CLUTCH FEED VENT TORQUE CONV SEAL DRAINBACK FRONT LUBE

98B

DRIVE RANGE 5TH GEAR DEFAULT

(Torque Converter Clutch Released)

55 57 52 55 6 52 5 5 4 51 2 6 5 56 7 8 56 8 9 52 52 10 9 52 52 49 52 10 52 52 1 49 10 2 52 9 38 38 9 34 2 10 14 11 26 49 1 52 38 2 10 52 2 49 49 2 2 5 3 51 52 52 10
2a

52 55 52 52 55 6 5 4 2 2 3 51 1 57 7 7 2 8 2 38 9 14 11 26 34 11 4 5 51 51 51 6 5
7 1

55 52 2
3

55 52 2
2

52

57 6 6
1

5 51 7

FRONT

52 7

52 52

6 5 11 34 26 14

52

34 52 2

26 11 14

46

30

29

1-2-3-4 & 3-5 REV CL SUPPORT (219) (Pump Side)

FLUID PUMP COVER (219) (Torque Converter Housing Side)

FLUID PUMP COVER (219) (Case Side)

NOTE:
TORQUE CONVERTER HOUSING (204) (Fluid Pump Cover Side)

INDICATES BOLT HOLES

NON FUNCTIONAL HOLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FROM COMPONENT DRAWINGS TO SIMPLIFY TRACING FLUID FLOW. DUAL PURPOSE PASSAGES HAVE UPPER VALVE BODY SIDE NUMBERS LISTED FIRST. EXHAUST FLUID NOT SHOWN.
CASE (7) (Upper Valve Body Side)

9 34

2 10

14 11

26 49 49

26 11 52 52 49 39 52 51 24 11 52 24 39 12 50 52 50 37 12 51 41 14 15 51 38 34 46 50 44 42 15 25 52 50 17 27 27 51 26

14 17 10 38

2 34 52 10 2

9 38

9a 38f 34e
9

10

2a 11a 11b 11c 14c 51a 49a 26b 27a 39b


14

17c 10a 52 34

52

38

38e 38d 10b

11 14 38 21

52

21b 38c

39c
29

51 52

52

FRONT

10c

11

FRONT

50

FRONT

52 52 51

14 34 24 52 15 16 38 52 19 34 24 51 46 19 16 52

#2

2b 24b 17a

34d

11d
26 34

FRONT

14b
33

25d 12g

11e/50a 50b 50c 37e


47

2 52 52 52 52 52 52 2 17 13 9

24 34 40 25

49

12 50 49 12

45 52 37

45

15b 15a 41a

45b
48

51 52 13 52 52 52 2 52 52 20 52 20 52 52 52 52 34

52 38 15 52 18 19 34 52 42 25 41

52 52 52 37 52 39 37 38 34 52 9 18 34 44 12 12 12 45 52 52 31 52 47 50 48 32 52 52 52 2 51 52 47 48 12 51 43 52 12 51 37 18 12 50 18 40 45 12 41 39 38 50 12 47 42

51

51

51

#6

45

14 21 13

52 52 2 52 2 52 52 52

13c 38b #3 19a 34b 13b 16a


41

37d 45a

37c
40

18a 34a

25c 25b/44f
32 38a 25a/44e 34i 44d

13a 2c

50d
44

44

51

47

46b

43

42a

#7 29 9 30 46 50 34 53 46 12 52 51 52 52 51 52 50 52 30

44 9 52 29 52 30 29 34 52 31 51 44 53 21 32 13 2 32 52 12 52 35 52 31 52 34 24 14 52 52 21 52 29 31 34 13 52 2

34j
23

46a 19b 9b 19c 34f 20 14a 24a 28b/29b 29e

37a/53a 44c 44b 12f


42

47b 34h 50e


42

13 52 52 16 34 14 23 51 20 21 51 28

16

19 46 19

37b/53b 50f

12e 12d

34 #5 12 12 2 52 #4

51

51

51 52

48

51 51

#1

43 31 51 48 51 50 2 21 51

29d 30b/54b 30a 21 29c 34k 28a/29a 34g 34c 51 50g 31a 47a 31b 31c 21d 48b 12a 44a 54a 13d 12 36a 31 50h 21c 21e 12b 32b 32a 43a 39 51c 43b 34l 37 13e 38 48a 35a 2e 12c 2d 21a

24 54 28 30 51 34 33

29

45 12 51

51 51

12

31 33 13 51 22 20 34 35

52 54 21 36 44

51 22 43 13 12

52

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304) (Case Side)

CONTROL VALVE UPPER BODY ASSEMBLY (304) (Spacer Plate Side)

CONTROL VALVE BODY SPACER PLATE ASSEMBLY (305) (Upper Valve Body Side)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307) (Spacer Plate Side)

CONTROL VALVE LOWER BODY ASSEMBLY (307) (Control Solenoid Valve Assembly Side)

Figure 94

FOLDOUT 99

FRONT

24 50 51 25 26 52 40 52 27

17b

40a

12i

39a 12h

24e

52

52

12

39

11

17

51

24c

51b

17d 27b

26a

35

36

24d 52

2 51 52 11 38 10 38 2 51 51 52 10 52 11 52 21 39 52 14 26 51 52 49 51 39 52 52 52 38 27 52 17 10 17 34 51 24

51

51

51

51 51 12

51

51

LUBRICATION POINTS
COOLER AND LUBRICATION CIRCUITS
COOLER CIRCUIT:


FRONT LUBE FLUID FROM CONVERTER FEED OIL PUMP ASSEMBLY

Line pressure from the fluid pump assembly is directed to the pressure regulator valve (223) located inside the fluid pump cover assembly (219). Line pressure passes through the pressure regulator valve (223) and enters the converter feed fluid circuit. Converter feed fluid is routed to the converter feed limit valve (220) where it passes through the valve into the converter feed limit circuit. Converter feed limit fluid is routed to the TCC control valve (227) where it passes through the valve into the TCC release circuit. Release fluid passes through the fluid pump cover assembly (219) and flows between the stator shaft

(part of the pump cover assembly) and the turbine shaft [part of the 4-5-6 clutch housing assembly (441)]. Release fluid enters a passage in the turbine shaft and flows to the release side of the torque converter clutch pressure plate. Release fluid then passes around the pressure plate and enters the apply side of the converter clutch pressure plate. TCC apply fluid from the torque converter assembly (1) is then routed back to the TCC control valve (227) where it passes through the valve and enters the cooler feed fluid circuit. Cooler feed fluid is routed through the fluid pump cover assembly (219), into the torque converter housing (203) and is sent to the transmission cooler located inside the radiator.
Note: In TCC apply mode, converter feed limit fluid is routed through the TCC control valve (227) into the cooler feed circuit and does not enter the torque converter.

REAR LUBE REAR LUBE (COMP FEED)

Center Lube

CENTER LUBE FROM COOLER

LUBRICATION CIRCUITS: Front Lube

Fluid leaving the transmission cooler enters the center lube circuit at the torque converter housing (203) and is routed to the fluid pump cover assembly (219). Center lube passes through the fluid pump cover and is directed to a passage in the control valve assembly (21) and then to the center support (67). Center lube fluid lubricates the center transmission components. Compensator feed fluid inside the 45-6 (w/turbine shaft) clutch assembly is fed into the 4-5-6 clutch hub assembly center passage where it passes through an orifice to lube the rear case and extension bushings.

Rear Lube

Converter feed limit fluid passes through the pump cover assembly (219) and enters a passage located in the stator shaft. Lube then passes between the stator shaft and turbine shaft and flows throughout the front components of the transmission.

100

Figure 95

Bushing, Bearing and Washer Locations


218 229 428 57 426 440 63 458 460 488 69 498

491

35

206

228

54 55

59

65

60

485

486

62

71

13

13. 35. 54. 55. 57. 59. 60. 62. 63. 65. 69. 71. 206. 218. 228. 229.

Output Shaft Bushing Prop Shaft Front Slip Yoke Bushing Input Sun Gear Thrust Bearing Input Sun Gear Thrust Washer Turbine Shaft Thrust Bearing Assembly 456 Clutch Hub Thrust Bearing Assembly Output Carrier Inner Sun Gear Shaft (Front) Bushing Output Carrier Inner Sun Gear Shaft Bushing 1234 Clutch Hub Thrust Bearing Assembly 26 and 35 Reverse Clutch Hub Thrust Bearing Assembly Output Carrier Thrust Bearing Assembly Output Shaft Thrust Bearing Assembly Torque Converter Bushing Turbine Shaft Front Bushing Turbine Shaft Rear Bushing 1234 and 35 Reverse Clutch Housing Thrust Washer

426. 1234 and 35 Reverse Clutch Housing Rear Bushing 428. 1234 and 35 Reverse Clutch Bearing Assembly 440. Output Carrier Shaft Housing Bushing 458. Output Carrier Outer Sun Gear Shaft (Front) Bushing 460. Output Carrier Outer Sun Gear Shaft Rear Bushing 485. Center Support Roller Bearing Assembly 486. Output Carrier Front Sun Gear Thrust Bearing Assembly 488. Output Carrier Front Sun Gear Rear Thrust Bearing Assembly 491 Output Carrier Rear Sun Gear Thrust Bearing Assembly-Captured 498. Output Carrier Bushing

1555272-A

Figure 96

101

Seal Locations
412 209 210 5 213 230 418 416 442 457 9 10

201 468 14

33 36

443

510 205 27

419 470 18-19 25 422 425 424 423 439 437 20 507

5. 9. 10. 14. 18. 19. 20. 25. 27. 33. 36. 201. 205. 209. 210. 213. 230.

A/Trans Fluid Pump Seal A/Trans Connector Seal A/Trans Connector (O-ring) Seal Output Shaft Seal Assembly A/Trans Fluid Pump Seal Assembly A/Trans Fluid Pump Seal Assembly Center Support Fluid Passage Seal Assembly A/Trans Fluid Filter Seal Assembly A/Trans Fluid Pan Gasket A/Trans Case Extension Seal Prop Shaft Front Slip Yoke Oil Seal Torque Converter Fluid Seal Assembly Trans Fluid Cooler Pipe Fitting Seal A/Trans Fluid Pump Slide Fluid Seal Ring A/Trans Fluid Pump Slide (O-ring) Seal A/Trans Fluid Pump Slide Seal 1234 and 35 Reverse Clutch Fluid Seal Ring

412. 416. 418. 419. 422. 423. 424. 425. 437. 439. 442. 443. 457. 468. 470. 507. 510.

1234 Clutch Piston Dam Assembly 1234 Clutch Piston Seal 35 Reverse Clutch Piston Dam (O-ring) Seal 35 Reverse Clutch Piston Inner Seal 35 Reverse Clutch Piston Outer Seal 1234 Clutch Piston Inner Seal 1234 Clutch Piston Housing Seal 1234 Clutch Piston Housing Seal 456 Clutch Piston Dam Assembly 456 Clutch Piston Assembly Turbine Shaft Fluid Seal Ring Turbine Shaft (O-ring) Seal 26 Clutch Piston Assembly Low Clutch Sprag Seal Low and Reverse Clutch Piston Assembly Manual Shift Shaft Seal Park Pawl Actuator Guide (O-ring) Seal
1555274-A

102

Figure 97

ILLUSTRATED PARTS LIST

103

Case and Associated Parts


16 9 10 11 15

12

17

7 5 2 3 1 34 18 19 20 21 33 36 35 6 13 14

12

25 22 23

24 26

29 27

28

32

4 2

29 30

31

32

1537630-A

104

Figure 98

Case and Associated Parts Legend


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. Torque Converter Assembly Torque Converter (with Fluid Pump) Housing Assembly - Model Dependent Bolt, M10 x 50 mm Torque Converter Housing Access Hole Cover A/Trans Fluid Pump Seal Torque Converter Housing Locator Pin A/Trans Case Assembly Transmission Fluid Fill Tube Plug Assembly Model Dependent A/Trans Connector Seal A/Trans Connector (O-ring) Seal A/Trans Electrical Connector Passage Sleeve A/Trans Case Plug Output Shaft Bushing Output Shaft Seal Assembly A/Trans Case Extension Model Dependent Bolt, M10 x 40 mm A/Trans Case Extension Stud Model Dependent A/Trans Fluid Pump Seal Assembly 19. 20. 21. 22 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. A/Trans Fluid Pump Seal Assembly Center Support Fluid Passage Seal Assembly Control (with Body and Valve) Valve Assembly Bolt, M5 x 73 mm Bolt, M6 x 14.5 mm Manual Shaft Detent Assembly A/Trans Fluid Filter Seal Assembly A/Trans Fluid Filter Assembly A/Trans Fluid Pan Gasket A/Trans Fluid Pan Magnet A/Trans Fluid Pan Assembly Model Dependent Bolt, M6 x 16 mm Trans Oil Level Check Plug Model Dependent Torque Converter Housing Access Hole Cover Model Dependent A/Trans Case Extension Seal Model Dependent A/Trans Case Extension Model Dependent Prop Shaft Front Slip Yoke Bushing Model Dependent Prop Shaft Front Slip Yoke Seal Model Dependent

105

Clutch Assemblies and Associated Parts


58 57 56

55 51 54 52 53

67 66 65 64 62

61 59

63

60

71

70

69 68

70

51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61.

1234 and 35 Reverse Clutch Assembly Input Carrier Assembly Input Sun Gear Input Sun Gear Thrust Bearing Input Sun Gear Thrust Washer 456 (w/ Turbine Shaft) Clutch Assembly Turbine Shaft Thrust Bearing Assembly 456 Clutch (w/ Output Carrier Shaft and Dampener) Hub Assembly 456 Clutch Hub Thrust Bearing Assembly Output Carrier Inner Sun Gear Shaft (Front) Bushing 1234 Clutch (w/ Output Carrier Inner Sun Gear Shaft) Hub Assembly

62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71.

Output Carrier Inner Sun Gear Shaft Bushing 1234 Clutch Hub Thrust Bearing Assembly 26 and 35 Reverse Clutch (w/ Output Carrier Outer Sun Gear Shaft) Hub Assembly 26 and 35 Reverse Clutch Hub Thrust Bearing Assembly Center Support Retaining Ring Center (w/ 26 Low and Reverse Clutch) Support Assembly Output Carrier Assembly Output Carrier Thrust Bearing Assembly Output Shaft Assembly Model Dependent Output Shaft Thrust Bearing Assembly
1537631

106

Figure 99

Torque Converter (w/Fluid Pump) Housing Assembly


203 204 213 204 210 203 202 208 207 206 212 211 209 214

205

201 200 203 222 221 204 220 219 230 228 229 223 224 225 222 226 227

218 216 207

231 233 232

234 235 217 236

200. 201. 202. 203. 204. 205. 206. 207. 208. 209. 210. 211. 212. 213. 214. 215. 216. 217. 218. 219. 220.

Torque Converter Fluid Seal Retaining Ring 215 Torque Converter Fluid Seal Assembly Line Pressure Test Hole Plug Torque Converter Housing Model Dependent A/Trans Vent Pipe Model Dependent Trans Fluid Cooler Pipe Fitting Seal Torque Converter Bushing A/Trans Fluid Pump Vane Ring A/Trans Fluid Pump Rotor Guide A/Trans Fluid Pump Slide Fluid Seal Ring A/Trans Fluid Pump Slide (O-ring) Seal A/Trans Fluid Pump Slide Outer Spring A/Trans Fluid Pump Slide A/Trans Fluid Pump Slide Seal A/Trans Fluid Pump Slide Seal Support A/Trans Fluid Pump Slide Pivot Pin A/Trans Fluid Pump Vane A/Trans Fluid Pump Rotor Turbine Shaft Front Bushing A/Trans Fluid Pump Cover Assembly Converter Feed Limit Valve

223 237

221. 222. 223. 224. 225. 226. 227. 228. 229. 230. 231. 232. 233. 234. 235. 236. 237.

Converter Feed Limit Valve Spring Valve Spring Retainer Pressure Relief Ball Valve Spring Pin Pressure Relief Ball Valve Spring Pressure Relief Ball Valve TCC Control Valve Spring TCC Control Valve Turbine Shaft Rear Bushing 1234 and 35 Reverse Clutch Housing Thrust Washer 1234 and 35 Reverse Clutch Fluid Seal Ring Bolt, M6 x 40 mm A/Trans Fluid Pump Locator Pin Pressure Regulator Valve Pressure Regulator Valve Outer Spring Pressure Regulator Valve Inner Spring Isolator Valve Isolator Valve Sleeve 1537636

Figure 100

107

Control (with Body and Valve) Valve Assembly


316 303 302

302

316 301

304

306

305

301. Bolt, M5 x 36 mm 302. Bolt, M6 x 20 mm 303. A/Trans Input and Output Speed Sensor Assembly 304. Control Valve Upper Body Assembly 305. Control Valve Body Spacer (w/ Gasket) Plate Assembly 306. Control Valve Body Ball Check Valve 307. Control Valve Lower Body Assembly 308. A/Trans Manual Shift Shaft Position Switch Assembly 309. Bolt, M5 x 45 mm 310. Bolt, M5 x 55 mm 311. Filter Plate Assembly 312. Bolt, M5 x 53 mm 314. Control Solenoid (w/ Body and TCM) Valve Assembly 315. A/Trans Manual Shaft Position Switch Wiring Harness Clip 316. A/Trans Input and Output Speed Sensor Wiring Harness Clip

307

308 315 309 311

310

312

314 309

310

1537647

108

Figure 101

Upper Control Valve Body Assembly

313

321

313

322

329 330 337 323 338 328 323 323 323 328 323 323 328 323 328 330 334 335 329 313 330 327 326 336 329 326 326 326 325 324 323

313. 321. 322. 323. 324. 325. 326. 327. 328. 329. 330. 334. 335. 336. 337. 338.

Control Valve Body Locator Pin Control Valve Upper Body Control Valve Body Locator Pin Retainer Actuator Feed Limit Valve Spring Actuator Feed Limit Valve Clutch Regulator Valve Spring 1st/Reverse Band and 456 Clutch Regulator Valve Clutch Regulator Valve Bore Plug Clutch Boost Valve Clutch Boost Valve Spring 26 Clutch Regulator Valve 26 Clutch Regulator Valve Gain Valve 35 Reverse Clutch Regulator Valve 1234 Clutch Regulator Valve Shuttle Valve

1537644

Figure 102

109

Lower Control Valve Body Assembly

328 353 352

323

351 323 353 356 352 357 323 328

323 355 338 328

353

354

323. 328. 338. 351. 352. 353. 354. 355. 356. 357.

Retainer Clutch Regulator Valve Bore Plug Shuttle Valve Control Valve Lower Body Clutch Select Solenoid Valve Clutch Select Solenoid Valve Spring Manual Valve TCC Regulator Apply Valve Clutch Piston Dam Feed Regulator Valve Clutch Piston Dam Feed Regulator Valve Spring

1537645

110

Figure 103

1-2-3-4 and 3-5 Reverse Clutch Assembly


400 401 402 403 403

405

404 429 407 408 402 409 409

410 411 415 416 408 420 421 422 425 427 426 428 424 423 419 417 418 414

412 413

400. 35 Reverse Clutch Backing Plate Retaining Ring 401. 35 Reverse Clutch Backing Plate 402. 35 Reverse Clutch Plate Assembly 403. 35 Reverse Clutch Plate 404. 35 Reverse Clutch (Waved) Plate 405. 35 Reverse Clutch Apply Ring 407. 1234 Clutch Backing Plate 408. 1234 Clutch Plate Assembly 409. 1234 Clutch Plate 410. 1234 Clutch (Waved) Plate 411. 1234 Clutch Piston Dam Retaining Ring 412. 1234 Clutch Piston Dam Assembly 413. 1234 Clutch Spring 414. 1234 Clutch Piston 415. 1234 Clutch Piston Housing Retaining Ring 416. 1234 Clutch Piston Seal

417. 418. 419. 420. 421. 422. 423. 424. 425. 426.

1234 Clutch Piston Housing 35 Reverse Clutch Piston Dam (O-ring) Seal 35 Reverse Clutch Piston Inner Seal 35 Reverse Clutch Spring 35 Reverse Clutch Piston 35 Reverse Clutch Piston Outer Seal 1234 Clutch Piston Inner Seal 1234 Clutch Piston Housing Seal 1234 Clutch Piston Housing Seal 1234 and 35 Reverse Clutch Housing Rear Bushing 427. 1234 and 35 Reverse Clutch Housing Assembly 428. 1234 and 35 Reverse Clutch Bearing Assembly 429. 1234 Clutch Backing Plate Retaining Ring
1537632

Figure 104

111

4-5-6 (with Turbine Shaft) Clutch Assembly


431 432 433 434

434

435

437 433 439 441 440 442 438

436

443

431. 432. 433. 434. 435. 436. 437. 438. 439. 440. 441. 442. 443.

456 Clutch Backing Plate Retaining Ring 456 Clutch Backing Plate 456 Clutch Plate Assembly 456 Clutch Plate 456 Clutch (Waved) Plate 456 Clutch Piston Dam Retaining Ring 456 Clutch Piston Dam Assembly 456 Clutch Spring 456 Clutch Piston Assembly Output Carrier Shaft Housing Bushing 456 (w/ Turbine Shaft) Housing Assembly Turbine Shaft Fluid Seal Ring Turbine Shaft (O-ring) Seal

1537634

112

Figure 105

2-6 Clutch Assembly


454 452

453 452 451 450

453

460 459 458 457 456 455

450. 451. 452. 453. 454. 455. 456. 457. 458.

26 Clutch Backing Plate Retaining Ring 26 Clutch Backing Plate 26 Clutch Plate Assembly 26 Clutch Plate 26 Clutch (Waved) Plate 26 Clutch Spring Retaining Ring 26 Clutch Spring 26 Clutch Piston Assembly Output Carrier Outer Sun Gear Shaft (Front) Bushing 459. Center Support Assembly 460. Output Carrier Outer Sun Gear Shaft Rear Bushing

1537637

Figure 106

113

Low and Reverse Clutch Assembly


462 461

464 463 464 465

463

467 469 470 459 468

466

459. Center Support Assembly 461. Low and Reverse Clutch Backing Plate Retaining Ring 462. Low and Reverse Clutch Backing Plate 463. Low and Reverse Clutch Plate Assembly 464. Low and Reverse Clutch Plate 465. Low and Reverse Clutch (Waved) Plate 466. Low and Reverse Clutch Spring Retaining Ring 467. Low Clutch Sprag Assembly 468. Low Clutch Sprag Seal 469. Low and Reverse Clutch Spring 470. Low and Reverse Clutch Piston Assembly

1537639

114

Figure 107

4-5-6 Clutch Hub Assembly


478 477 476

475

475. 456 Clutch (w/ Output Carrier Shaft) Hub Assembly 476. 456 Clutch Dampener 477. 456 Clutch Dampener Apply Plate 478. 456 Clutch Dampener Retaining Ring

1550019

Figure 108

Output Carrier Assembly


490

491 489 488 487 486 485

485. Center Support Roller Bearing Assembly 486. Output Carrier Front Sun Gear Thrust Bearing Assembly 487. Output Carrier Front Sun Gear 488. Output Carrier Front Sun Gear Rear Thrust Bearing Assembly 489. Output Carrier Rear Sun Gear 490. Output Carrier 491. Output Carrier Rear Sun Gear Thrust Bearing Assembly Captured 1537641
Figure 109

115

Output Shaft Assembly


499 498 497 496 494 495 494

499

494. 495. 496. 497. 498. 499.

Output Output Output Output Output Output

Carrier Internal Gear Retaining Ring Carrier Internal Front Gear Carrier Internal Gear Spacer Carrier Internal Rear Gear Carrier Bushing Shaft Assembly Model Dependent
1537635

Figure 110

116

Park System Components


504

503

505

502

506

501

507 508

509

511

510 500 12

12. 500. 501. 502. 503. 504. 505. 506. 507. 508. 509. 510. 511.

A/Trans Case Plug Park Pawl Shaft Park Pawl Spring Park Pawl Park Pawl Actuator Assembly Manual Shaft Detent Lever Hub Pin Manual Shaft Detent Lever Assembly Manual Shift Shaft Pin Manual Shift Shaft Seal Manual Shift Shaft Park Pawl Actuator Guide Park Pawl Actuator Guide (O-ring) Seal Park Pawl Actuator Guide Pin
1537643

Figure 111

117

BASIC SPECIFICATIONS

HYDRA-MATIC 6 Speed RWD TRANSMISSION


Produced at: Ypsilanti, MI (USA)

HYDRA-MATIC 6L80

Transmission Drive Rear Wheel Drive All Wheel Drive 4-Wheel Drive Transmission Type 6: Six Speed L: Longitudinal Mount 80: Product Series Electronic Controls
Automatic Overdrive with a Torque Converter Clutch Assembly.

Maximum Gross Vehicle Weight 1745 - 2360 kg (3847 - 5203 lb) Transmission Fluid Type Dexron VI Transmission Fluid Capacity (Approximate) 258 mm Converter (Dry): 9.7 L (10.3 qt) 300 mm Converter (Dry): 11.9 L (12.6 qt) Bottom Pan Removal: 6.2L (6.5 qt) Transmission Weight w Torque Converter (Wet) 6L80: 96 - 104 kg (212 - 229 lb) Converter Sizes Available 258 / 300 mm Converter Stall Torque Ratio Range 258 mm Converter 1.7 300 mm Converter 1.9 Converter K Factor Range 258 mm Converter 112 to 146 K 300 mm Converter 101 K
Not all K Factors are applicable across the range of Converter Stall Torque Ratios.

Current Engine Range 4.4 L - 6.0 L Gasoline Control Systems Shift Pattern PC Solenoids & on/off solenoids Shift Quality Pressure Control Solenoid Torque Converter Clutch Pressure Control Solenoid Gear Ratios 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th Rev 6L80 4.027 2.364 1.532 1.152 0.852 0.667 3.064

Pressure Taps Available Line Pressure


Information may vary with application. All information, illustrations and specifications contained in this book are based on the latest product information available at the time of publication. The right is reserved to make changes at any time without notice.

Maximum Engine Torque 6L80: 583 Nm (430 lb ft) Sustained Input Speed 6L80: 6,500 RPM

118

HYDRA-MATIC PRODUCT DESIGNATION SYSTEM


The product designation system used for all Hydra-matic transaxles and transmissions consists of a series of numbers and letters that correspond with the special features incorporated in that product line. The first character is a number that designates the number of forward gear ranges available in that unit. For example: 6 = six forward gear ranges. The second character is a letter that designates how the unit is mounted in the vehicle. When the letter T is used, it designates that the unit is transversely mounted and is used primarily for front wheel drive vehicles. The letter L designates that it is longitudinally mounted in the vehicle and it is used primarily for rear wheel drive vehicles. The letter M designates that the unit is a manual transaxle or transmission but not specific to a front or rear-wheel drive vehicle application. The third and fourth characters consists of a set of numbers, (i.e. 80), that designate the transaxle or transmission Series number. This number signifies the relative torque capacity of the unit. There is no fifth character used on the new transmissions to designate electronic controls, as all the new Hydra-matic transmission incorporate electronic controls. By using this method of classification, the HYDRA-MATIC 6L80 is a 6-speed, longitudinally-mounted, 80 series unit.

HYDRA-MATIC 6L80 HYDRA-MATIC 6 Number of Speeds: 4 5 6 L Type: T - Transverse L - Longitudinal M - Manual 80 Series: Based on Relative Torque Capacity

119

GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS


Adaptive Learning: Programming within the TCM that automatically adjusts hydraulic pressures in order to compensate for changes in the transmission (i.e. component wear). Applied: An apply component that is holding another component to which it is splined or assembled with. Also referred to as engaged. Apply Components: Hydraulically operated clutches, servos, bands, and mechanical one-way roller or sprag clutches that drive or hold members of a planetary gear set. Apply Plate: A steel clutch plate in a clutch pack located next to the (apply) piston. Backing Plate: A steel plate in a clutch pack that is usually the last plate in that clutch assembly (farthest from the clutch piston). Ball Check Valve: A spherical hydraulically controlled component (made of steel or plastic) that either seals or opens fluid circuits. It is also referred to as a check valve or checkball. Brake Switch: An electrical device that provides signals to the Transmission Control Module (TCM) based on the position of the brake pedal. The TCM uses this information to apply or release the torque converter clutch (TCC). Centrifugal Force: A force that is imparted on an object (due to rotation) that increases as that object moves further away from a center/point of rotation. Clutch Pack: An assembly of components generally consisting of clutch plates, an apply plate and a backing plate. Clutch Plate: A hydraulically activated component that has two basic designs: (1) all steel, or (2) a steel core with friction material bonded to one or two sides of the plate. Compensator: A component of the transmission that absorbs hydraulic pressure during the apply of a clutch. Controlled in the circuit with a regulator valve. Component: Any physical part of the transmission. Control Valve Body: A machined metal casting that contains valve trains and other hydraulically controlled components that shift the transmission. Coupling Speed: The speed at which a vehicle is traveling and no longer requires torque multiplication through the torque converter. At this point the stator free wheels to allow fluid leaving the turbine to flow directly to the pump. (See torque converter)
120

De-energize(d): To interrupt the electrical current that flows to an electronically controlled device making it electrically inoperable. Downshift: A change in a gear ratio where input speed and torque increases. Driver Shift Control: A selector system variant which is configured to be shifted only manually, and allows for engine braking in first, second, third and fourth gears. Duty Cycle: In reference to an electronically controlled solenoid, it is the amount of time (expressed as a percentage) that current flows through the solenoid coil. Engine Control Module (ECM): An electronic device that manages the electrical system of the engine. Energize(d): To supply a current to an electronically controlled device enabling it to perform its designed function. Engine Compression Braking: A condition where compression from the engine is used with the transmission to decrease vehicle speed. Braking (slowing of the vehicle) occurs when a lower gear ratio is manually selected by moving the gear selector lever. Exhaust: The release of fluid pressure from a hydraulic circuit. (The words exhausts and exhausting are also used and have the same intended meaning.) Fluid: Generally considered a liquid or gas. In this publication fluid refers primarily to transmission fluid. Fluid Pressure: A pressure (in this textbook usually transmission fluid) that is consistent throughout its circuit. Force: A measurable effort that is exerted on an object (component). Freewheeling: A condition where power is lost through a driving or holding device (i.e. roller or sprag clutches). Friction Material: A heat and wear resistant fibrous material bonded to clutch plates and bands. Gear: A round, toothed device that is used for transmitting torque through other components. Gear Range: A specific speed to torque ratio at which the transmission is operating (i.e. 1st gear, 2nd gear etc.). Gear Ratio: Revolutions of an input gear as compared to the revolutions of an output gear. It can also be expressed as the number of teeth on a gear as compared to the number of teeth on a gear that it is in mesh with. Hydraulic Circuit: A fluid passage which often includes the mechanical components in that circuit designed to perform a specific function.

GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS


Input: A starting point for torque, revolutions or energy into another component of the transmission. Internal Gear: The outermost member of a gear set that has gear teeth in constant mesh with planetary pinion gears of the gear set. Internal Leak: Loss of fluid pressure in a hydraulic circuit. Land (Valve Land): The larger diameters of a spool valve that contact the valve bore or bushing. Line Pressure: The main fluid pressure in a hydraulic system created by the pump and pressure regulator valve. Manual Valve: A spool valve that distributes fluid to various hydraulic circuits and is mechanically linked to the gear selector lever. Orifice: A restricting device (usually a hole in the spacer plate) for controlling pressure build up into another circuit. Overdrive: An operating condition in the gear set allowing output speed to be higher than input speed and output torque to be lower than input torque. Overrunning: The function of a one-way mechanical clutch that allows the clutch to freewheel during certain operating conditions of the transmission. Pinion Gear: A small toothed gear that meshes with a larger gear. Planet Pinion Gears: Pinion gears (housed in a carrier) that are in constant mesh with a circumferential internal gear and centralized sun gear. Planetary Gear Set: An assembly of gears that consists of an internal gear, planet pinion gears with a carrier, and a sun gear. Pressure: A measurable force that is exerted on an area and expressed as kilopascals (kPa) or pounds per square inch (psi). Pressure Control (PC): An electronic signal that continuously cycles the ON and OFF time of a device (such as a solenoid) while varying the amount of ON time. Race (Inner or Outer): A highly polished steel surface that contacts bearings or sprag or roller elements. Reduction (Gear Reduction): An operating condition in the gear set allowing output speed to be lower than input speed and output torque to be higher than input torque.
121

Residual Fluid Pressure: Excess pressure contained within an area after the supply pressure has been terminated. Safety Mode: A condition whereby a component (i.e. engine or transmission) will partially function even if its electrical system is disabled. Solenoid Valve: An electronic device used to control transmission shift patterns or regulate fluid pressure. Spool Valve: A cylindrical hydraulic control device having a variety of land and valley diameters, used to control fluid flow. Sprag Clutch: A mechanical clutch (holding device) consisting of figure eight like elements assembled between inner and outer races. Throttle Position: The travel of the throttle plate that is expressed in percentages and measured by the throttle position (TP) sensor. Torque: A measurable twisting force expressed in terms of Newton-meters (Nm), pounds feet (lbs ft) or pounds inches (lbs in). Torque Converter: A component of an automatic transmission, (attached to the engine flywheel) that transfers torque from the engine to the transmission through a fluid coupling. Transmission Control Module (TCM): An electronic device that manages the electrical system of the transmission. Variable Capacity Pump: The device that provides fluid for operating the hydraulic circuits in the transmission. The amount of fluid supplied varies depending on vehicle operating conditions.

ABBREVIATIONS
AC - Alternating Current A/C - Air Conditioning ACT - Actuator AFL - Actuator Feed Limit ALDL - Assembly Line Diagnostic Link AMP - Amperage ASM - Assembly AT - Automatic Transmission BF - Backfill C - Degrees Celsius CBR1 - Clutch Braking 1st CC - Converter Clutch CL - Clutch COMP - Compensator CONT - Control CONV - Converter CSV - Clutch Select Valve DC - Direct Current D.C. - Duty Cycle DFLT - Default DLC - Diagnostic Link Connector DRAC - Digital Ratio Adaptor Converter DSC - Driver Shift Control DTC - Diagnostic Trouble Code DRV - Drive ECM - Engine Control Module ECT - Engine Coolant Temperature EX - Exhaust F - Degrees Fahrenheit FD - Feed FDBK - Feedback FWD - Forward Hz - Hertz ISS - Input Speed Sensor KM/H - Kilometers per Hour kPa - KiloPascals LIM - Limit MAP - Manifold Absolute Pressure MPH - Miles per Hour V - Volts VSS - Vehicle Speed Sensor 2WD - 2 Wheel Drive 4WD - 4 Wheel Drive N - Neutral NC - Normally Closed N.H. - Normally High N.L. - Normally Low N.m - Newton Meters NO - Normally Open ORF - Orificed ORUN - Overrun OSS - Output Speed Sensor P - Park PC - Pressure Control (solenoid) PCM - Powertrain Control Module PCS - Pressure Control Solenoid PR - Park Reverse (circuit) PRESS REG - Pressure Regulator PS - Pressure Switch PSI - Pounds per Square Inch PWM - Pulse Width Modulated R - Reverse REV - Reverse REG - Regulated RPM - Revolutions per Minute RWD - Rear Wheel Drive SEL - Selective SIG - Signal SOL - Solenoid SS - Shift Solenoid TCC - Torque Converter Clutch TCM - Transmission Control Module TFP - Transmission Fluid Pressure TFT - Transmission Fluid Temperature TP - Throttle Position (sensor) TRANS - Transmission or Transaxle

122

INDEX
A Abbreviations ........................................................................... 122 Actuator Feed Limit Valve ........................................................ 34 Accelerator Pedal Position Sensor ............................................. 48 Apply Components ............................................................... 17-24 1-2-3-4 clutch ................................................................. 18 3-5 and reverse clutch .................................................... 19 4-5-6 clutch .................................................................... 20 4-5-6 clutch dampener .................................................... 21 2-6 clutch ........................................................................ 22 low and reverse clutch .................................................... 23 low clutch sprag ............................................................. 24 B Ball Check Valves Location and Function ........................... 36-37 Basic Specifications ................................................................. 118 Brake Switch ............................................................................. 48 Bushing, Bearing and Washer Locations ................................ 101 C Case and Associated Parts ................................................ 104-105 Center Support Assembly ............................................. 22-23, 106 Clutch Pressure Control Solenoids ............................................ 47 Color Legend ...................................................................... 10A-B Complete Hydraulic Circuits ................................................ 75-99 park ............................................................................ 76-77 reverse ....................................................................... 78-79 neutral ........................................................................ 80-81 drive range 1st gear (engine braking) .................... 82-83 drive range 1st gear ................................................ 84-85 drive range 2nd gear ............................................... 86-87 drive range 3rd gear ............................................... 88-89 drive range 4th gear (TCC applied) ....................... 90-91 overdrive range 5th gear (TCC applied) ................ 92-93 overdrive range 6th gear (TCC applied) ................ 94-95 drive range 3rd gear default ................................... 96-97 drive range 5th gear default ................................... 98-99 lubrication points .......................................................... 100 Contents, Table of ....................................................................... 2 Control Valve Body Lower Assembly ................................. 32-33 Control Valve Body Upper Assembly .................................. 34-35 Controller Area Network (CAN) Bus ........................................ 48 Cooler and Lubrication Circuits .............................................. 100 Cross Sectional Views ........................................................... 8-8A D Dampener - 4-5-6 Clutch ........................................................... 21 Diagnostic Link Connector ........................................................ 48 Driver Shift Control Gear Ranges ............................................... 9 Driver Shift Control Switches ................................................... 48 Fluid Pump Assembly .................................................. 29-31, 107 First (1st) Gear ........................................................... 58-61, 82-85 G General Description ..................................................................... 9 Glossary Of Technical Terms ........................................... 120-121 H How To Use This Book ............................................................ 4-5 Hydra-matic Product Designation System ............................... 119 Hydraulic Control Components ............................................ 28-37 location of major components ........................................ 28 fluid pump assembly ...................................................... 29 pressure regulation ......................................................... 30 valves located in the fluid pump cover assembly .......... 31 valves located in the lower control valve body ......... 32-33 valves located in the upper control valve body ......... 34-35 ball check valves location and function .................... 36-37 E Electrical Components .......................................................... 39-48 component locations ....................................................... 39 transmission manual shift shaft position switch assembly .......................................................... 40 automatic transmission output speed sensor .................. 41 automatic transmission input speed sensor .................... 41 control solenoid (w body and TCM) valve assembly .... 42 transmission fluid temperature sensor ............................ 42 transmission fluid pressure switch ................................. 43 shift solenoid valves ....................................................... 44 TCC PC solenoid valve .................................................. 45 line pressure control solenoid valve ............................... 46 clutch pressure control solenoid valve ........................... 47 components external to the transmission ....................... 48 Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor ......................................... 48 Engine Speed Sensor ................................................................. 48 Explanation of Gear Ranges .................................................. 9-9A F

123

INDEX
I Illustrated Parts List .......................................................... 103-117 case and associated parts ....................................... 104-105 clutch and associated parts ........................................... 106 torque converter (w/fluid pump) housing assembly ..... 107 control (w/body and valve) valve assembly ................. 108 upper control valve body assembly .............................. 109 lower control valve body assembly .............................. 110 1-2-3-4 and 3-5 reverse clutch assembly ..................... 111 4-5-6 (w/turbine shaft) clutch assembly ....................... 112 2-6 clutch assembly ........................................................... 113 low and reverse clutch assembly .................................. 114 4-5-6 clutch hub assembly ............................................ 115 output carrier assembly ................................................ 115 output shaft assembly ................................................... 116 park system components .............................................. 117 Input Speed Sensor .................................................................... 41 Input Sun Gear ...................................................................... 25-27 Input Planetary Gear Set ....................................................... 25-27 Introduction ................................................................................. 3 L Line Pressure Control Solenoid ................................................. 46 Low and Reverse Clutch ........................................................... 23 Low Clutch Sprag ...................................................................... 24 Lubrication Points .................................................................... 100 M Major Mechanical Components ................................................. 10 Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) Sensor .............................. 48 Manifold Air Temperature (MAT) Sensor ................................ 48 Manual Valve ............................................................................ 33 Minimum Pump Output ............................................................. 30 Maximum Pump Output ............................................................ 30 N R Neutral .................................................................... 56-57, 80-81 O Operating Conditions - Range Reference Chart ........................ 74 Output Speed Sensor ................................................................. 41 Output Planetary Gear Set ......................................................... 25 Overdrive .............................................................................. 26-27 Range Reference Charts ...................................................... 11, 74 Reduction ................................................................................... 26 Reverse ............................................................. 26, 54-55, 78-79 S Seal Locations ......................................................................... 102 Second (2nd) Gear .................................................... 62-63, 86-87 Shift Solenoid Valves ................................................................ 44 Shift Solenoid Valve 1 ............................................................... 44 Shift Solenoid Valve 2 ............................................................... 44 Speed Sensors ............................................................................ 41 Stator Assembly ......................................................................... 13 P Park ............................................................................ 52-53, 76-77 Park System Components ........................................................ 117 Planetary Gear Sets ............................................................... 25-27 description ...................................................................... 25 reduction ......................................................................... 26 overdrive ......................................................................... 26 reverse ............................................................................ 26 Power Flow ........................................................................... 49-73 mechanical powerflow from TC to Turbine Shaft ......... 50 common hydraulic functions .......................................... 51 park ............................................................................ 52-53 reverse ....................................................................... 54-55 neutral ........................................................................ 56-57 drive range 1st gear (engine braking) .................... 58-59 drive range 1st gear ................................................ 60-61 drive range 2nd gear ............................................... 62-63 drive range 3rd gear ............................................... 64-65 drive range 4th gear ................................................ 66-67 drive range 5th gear TCC applied .......................... 68-69 drive range 6th, TCC applied ................................. 70-71 drive range 3rd gear default ................................... 72-73 drive range 5th gear default ................................... 74-75 Preface ...................................................................................... 1 Pressure Control Solenoid ........................................ 42, 45, 46-47 Pressure Regulation ................................................................... 30 Pressure Regulator Valve Train ................................................. 31 Pressure Relief Valve ................................................................ 31 Principles of Operation ........................................................ 9A-46 major mechanical components ....................................... 10 color legend ............................................................. 10A-B range reference chart ...................................................... 11 torque converter ......................................................... 12-15 apply components ...................................................... 17-24 planetary gear sets ..................................................... 25-27 hydraulic control components ................................... 28-37 electrical components ................................................ 39-48

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INDEX
T Table of Contents ........................................................................ 2 TCC PC Solenoid Valve ...................................................... 42, 45 Throttle Position (TP) Sensor .................................................... 48 Torque Converter Clutch Control Valve ............................. 31, 45 Torque Converter Clutch Regulator Valve ................................ 33 Transmission Manual Shift Shaft Position Switch Assembly ... 40 Third (3rd) Gear ........................................................ 64-65, 88-89 Torque Converter Clutch ...................................................... 12-15 converter pump and turbine ............................................ 12 pressure plate .................................................................. 12 stator assembly ............................................................... 13 torque converter apply and release ............................ 14-15 Torque Converter Clutch Applied ........................................ 14-15 Torque Converter Clutch Released ....................................... 14-15 Torque .................................................................................... 25 Torque vs. Speed ....................................................................... 25 Transmission Fluid Temperature Sensor ................................... 42 Transmission Adapt Function .................................................... 47 U Understanding The Graphics ................................................. 6-8A V Valves Located In The Lower Control Valve Body ............. 32-33 clutch select valve 2 ....................................................... 32 clutch select valve 3 ....................................................... 32 compensator feed regulator valve ................................. 32 TCC regulator valve ....................................................... 33 manual valve .................................................................. 33 Valves Located In The Upper Control Valve Body ............. 34-35 actuator feed limit valve ................................................. 34 CBR1/C456 clutch regulator valve ................................ 34 4-5-6 boost valve ............................................................ 34 2-6 clutch regulator valve ............................................... 34 2-6 clutch regulator gain valve ....................................... 34 3-5 reverse clutch boost valve ........................................ 34 3-5 reverse clutch regulator valve .................................. 34 1-2-3-4 clutch regulator valve ........................................ 34 1-2-3-4 clutch shuttle valve ............................................ 35 1-2-3-4 clutch boost valve .............................................. 35 Valves Located In The Fluid Pump Cover Assembly ............... 31 pressure regulator valve ................................................. 31 isolator valve .................................................................. 31 pressure relief ball valve ................................................ 31 torque converter clutch control valve ............................. 31 torque converter clutch feed limit valve ......................... 31

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October 2005 GENERAL MOTORS CORPORATION 2M

Litho in U.S.A.