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IT in education

Arindam Das, Sec-D,

What is IT ?

• Information technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of

America (ITAA), is "the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of
computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer
• IT deals with the use of electronic computers and computer software to convert, store,
protect, process, transmit, and securely retrieve information .
• Now a days Information Technology (IT) is a general term that describes any technology that
helps to produce, manipulate, store, communicate, and/or disseminate information.
Presumably, when speaking of Information Technology (IT) as a whole, it is noted that the use
of computers and information are associated.
Using IT in education sector

Various uses Benefits

• Developing a wide network using • Increasing the reach of quality
concepts like ‘Internet Communication education and improvement in distance
Technology’, ‘Education Collaboration education concept
Network’ • Audio-Visual learning experience
• Virtual classroom concept • Better co-ordination among education
• Development of easily understandable institutes and teachers leading to
models and audio-visual content development and expansion of
• Using networking and applications for knowledge-pool
better and efficient use of resources • Improved special education
and better management • Easy availability of wide variety of
quality educational resources
• Improved teacher training
Indian education scenario..some information
All data presented are of 2004-05

Access to 60
Primary 40
90.00% education Class I-V
85.00% 20
80.00% Access to 0 Class I-
75.00% upper Dropot Rate VII
Percentage of primary 2004-05
population education Source:
60 1:48
40 Math 1:40
30 Language Primary
20 1:33
10 Science
0 Social Science Primary
Class Class V Class Class
Teacher Student
Marks obtained by students Source: SES, MHRD
Source: NCERT
Some uncomfortable truths: Primary Education

About 45% of students in Increasing focus on

About 10% of students in ‘what is thought at Effective delivery of
Govt. Schools in age group
age group 7-14 are out of
7-10 cannot read, 13% in school’ rather than on education is key
age group 11-14 ‘are children in school’

Key points

About 60% of students in Quality and quantity of Evidence shows that

75% of Govt. School teachers, education Computer Assisted
Govt. Schools in age group
students between ages 7-10
11-14 cannot write, 25% in
cannot do simple arithmetic material, resources Learning has improved
age group 11-14 can’t read are very low learning
IT..current usage

• Greycells 18 Media, a JV between ‘TV18’ and education service

company ‘educomp’ launched a 24hr. channel ‘Topper TV ’
, for senior school students.
• The channel has faculty from IITS, IIMS and foreign university.
It is broadcasted using DTH Services. Subscription of students
is between 40,000-90,000 already.
• Everron systems Chennai, has signed an MOU with IIM Indore
for offering management programmers using the VSAT
IT..current usage

• Srinivas Adepalli senior VP, Tata communications wants to launch

educational courses for engineering and management courses
through net using the help from Pune based Tata management training
• Amity university has launched youth TV, to cater to students needs.
• Virtual classrooms like ‘extramarks.com’ and
‘classroomteachers.com’ will touch 8.5 million households by 2010 as
estimated remarked V.K.Arora director (electronic and system
administrator head) of IGNOU.

• It is govt. initiative to connect 60,000 govt. & govt. funded senior

secondary schools on internet and intranet. Though currently it is
operated as a pilot project in 140 schools of 7 districts.
• Program focuses:
 Providing ICT infrastructure
 Training teachers to use ICT infrastructure
 Providing different learning resources which include different
education tools, course curriculum & other learning materials
 Providing course content in regional languages

IT education and computer aided learning Access to Internet
Online library
Academic services
Web broadcast
Sharing library resources
Hardware & Software equipments

Hardware Software
 One Server (P-IV based), 256 MB  MS-Office (full suite) with multi-lingual support
memory, 36 GB Hard Disk  Core CAL
 Network Printer  Visual Studio
 Encarta Reference Suite & Online Deluxe
 10 Multimedia P-IV Personal Computers
 Magic School Bus
with Web Camera
 Web Hosting Software
 29” Flat Screen Color TV  Software Tools (MS VISIO 2002) – to prepare
 5 KVA UPS with 15 minutes power back- proper documentation like
up flowcharts, graphs, organizational planning, etc.
 CBSE/State Govt. approved course curriculum
 Uninterrupted Power Supply (UPS) &
 Education Software Tools
Constant Voltage Transformer

Internet access of 128 Kbps through VSAT

VidyaVahini…basic model

 Technology room: One of the

classrooms has been converted into
the Technology Classroom with
facilities like one PC interfaced with
29” Flat Screen Color TV with internet
 Teacher’s training lab: A teacher
training lab, a replica of the installed
infrastructure is created every
district to train teachers

Source: Dept. of education

VidyaVahini…central authority

• The entire project has been implemented by ERNET India, an

Autonomous Scientific society under Department of Information
• ERNET is a nodal network connecting education and research
institutions in the country.
• A Central Portal (www.vidyavahini.ernet.in) has been hosted. The
Portal contains-
Software Software
Education Programming
tools for tools for Language Filtering Course
material tools
teachers students tools software curriculum

• EDUSAT is the first Indian satellite built exclusively to serve the

educational sector.
• EDUSAT or GSAT-3 was launched in September 2004 by the Indian
Space Research Organization
• EDUSAT carries five Ku band transponders providing spot beams, one
Ku band transponder providing a national beam and six extended C
band transponders providing national coverage beams
• A joint-initiative by IIT-Bombay & ISRO was launched on Jan1,2008
using EDUSAT network.

• It started with 13 full-fledged courses on this channel and other

institutes(e.g. other IITs, NITs, etc.) are enabled to receive it.
• Other institutes joining the program will be provided with ground
• In this network, ISRO already set up 45 broadcast & interactive
network covering 20 states including North-Eastern states and
• More than 30,000 classrooms have been equipped with connectivity
through EDUSAT.
A survey…

We decided to do a survey about this topic, the purpose was-

 To gauge the mood of PG students of our institution as they represent
a mix of youths from different states.
 Collect some primary data about perception of students about use of
IT in education.
 The following are the details results of the survey-
Sample size: 30, All PGPBM students of ISB&M
Questionnaire consisted of 10 question
Likert’s scale was used for taking responses, i.e. as follows
Strongly Strongly
Disagree Can’t say Agree
disagree agree

Q1:IT should be included as a Q2:Should certified courses on IT

compulsory subject from school be made compulsory in school and
level? college level?

0% 0%
1% 33%
Strongly agree Strongly agree
Agree Agree
Can't Say Can't Say
Disagree 46% Disagree
Strongly disagree Strongly disagree

Q3:Use of IT enhance learning. Q4:Students find IT courses more


13% 20%
13% 13%
Strongly agree
Agree Strongly agree
Can't Say Agree
Disagree Can't Say
66% 46%
Strongly disagree Disagree
Strongly disagree

Q5:Use of intranet beneficial to Q6:Knowledge of IT beneficial for all

students. round student development.

1% 0% 0%
Strongly agree Strongly agree

53% Agree Agree

33% Can't Say Can't Say
Disagree Disagree
Strongly disagree Strongly disagree

Q7:Virtual classroom concept Q8:IT infrastructure facilitates

should be incorporated in PG research findings.

14% 13%
15% 6%
13% 13% Strongly agree
Strongly agree Agree
Agree Can't Say
26% Can't Say Disagree
40% 60%
Disagree Strongly disagree
Strongly disagree

Q9:IT helps in intra- and inter-level Q10:IT enables quick evaluation and
student interaction and feedback process.

0% 14% 13%
0% 14% 13%
Strongly agree
Strongly agree Agree
Agree Can't Say
Can't Say Disagree
Disagree Strongly disagree
Strongly disagree

Some key problem areas in Indian education system are as follows

 Performance: Only 6% of students continue studies up to collegiate level and most of those
who continue are poor in English, Science and Maths. According to DPEP Baseline survey
extent of repetition in grade I is as high as 30-40% in some states.
 Teacher training: Large number of teachers are under-qualified and many more need
professional training.
 Teacher-Student ratio:
50.00% 1:43 50% HSC or
40.00% less
1:40 40%
30.00% Graduate
None 1:37 Basic 30%
20.00% Single 1:35 SC 20% PG
10.00% Two
1:32 HSC 10%
0.00% Trained
1:29 0%
Ratio Qualification

 Quality of material: Text books are updated infrequently and contain many
errors. No collaborative feedback mechanism for gathering inputs from
teachers & students
 Data: Though there is some system in place to collect data about primary
education but no such thing present for other levels. So all planning are based
on performance of individual institutes which is difficult and inefficient.
 Lack of support materials: Teachers are not equipped with any supplementary
helps and no system is in place to share resources and ideas.
 No standardized system of evaluation of performance.
 Distribution system of books are inefficient and education is totally dependent
on this conventional material
Probable IT solutions

Helping teachers by enabling a collaborative development of teaching

material and making it accessible to all

Improving quality enabling mass participation in developing and maintaining


Improving operational efficiency by collecting disaggregated data and use of

information-based methods to procure and distribute materials

Tools for sharing instruction material among institutes

Probable IT solutions..contd.

Use supply chain management techniques to improve delivery of materials

Retaining content in electronic form to reduce delay

Constructing and maintaining nationwide registry of facilities and performance statistics for
proper planning & management

For this steps to be taken two basic needs are as follows

1.Data collection and storage mechanism & 2.Data analysis mechanism

Education Collaboration Network

Principle requirements of
distributed and
Capability of
able to Based on open
capitalize on standard for
different level
existing IT encoding and
of IT maturity
infrastructure accessing
and multiple
like content

The basic architecture of the

ECN would be a web services
oriented one, based on open

Components that make ECN

are all commercially available
which enables quick and
affordable implementation
Figure: A physical view of ECN

• Architecture of the system will be ‘Client-Server Architecture’

• Software will be split between computer processes called ‘client task’
and ‘server task’
• Client side will have facilities like ‘offline content access’, ‘content
authoring and collaboration’ depending upon he infrastructural
• Client will be able to send and receive data from one or more server
• System will be independent of any hardware and operating system

1.Thick 1.Windows, Linu 1.PCs, Simputers, 1.Online & offline

Probable operating environment

Client Type

Probable Devices
x High-end access, Creation
2.Thin PDAs, Internet of multimedia
2.Internet enabled content, Collabora
3.Low- Browser appliances tions
memory 3.Internet 2.PCs, Simputers, 2.Web-browser
High-end based
4.Non- Browser, Palm PDAs, Kiosks infrastructure, Li
computing Operating mited
System storage, Simple
devices PDAs, WAP, GPRS
content creation
4. - enabled mobiles
4.Televisions, Tele 3.Content
phones access, Collabora
4.Content access

• All clients together will be able to support different level of IT maturity

• Range will be from high-speed connectivity and high awareness users to limited
connectivity and users with rudimentary IT knowledge
 Servers provide back-end support for different clients
Service s
Enable users to access domain-specific content, Support
all client types

Basic infrastructural services that would be required by

Infrastructure apps( System, lifecycle, workload, storage management
& security)

Handle content
Information organization, lifecycle, storage, distribution, authoring, s
earch and other processes

To support the interaction between clients and servers, presentation services of the
server will support following methods of communication:
Cable Network: Client SOAP: Simple message
services with non- querying and retrieval
computing abilities for with & w/o
simple audio and video attachments

WAP: Mobile access of

HTTP:Request and
information and status

FTP:For transferring
multimedia files
ECN-Architecture->Some key points:

Network topology for ECN will evolve with its spread.

In initial stages server nodes will have to be hosted by state/regional authorities, district
educational centers or urban schools given the current economic and infrastructural condition.

Initially server platforms would run on a ‘Virtualized environment’ enabling them to use storage
and resources already available to ECN

This also bring down the initial expenditure.


Different types of clients allow for users with a wide range of IT facilities & awareness.

Access & collaboration can be achieved using communication technologies ranging from
the internet to the telephone network.

The infrastructure allows both automatic translation of content & distributed translations
by multi-lingual users.

As it builds on existing IT initiatives so the developing cost is low.

Regulation is possible but not mandatory in this approach because ‘network effect’ fairly
small number of individual produce high quality contents.

 References:
• Ministry of Human Resource Development-Data
• Pratham (A NGO)-Data
• NCERT-Data
• Department of education-Govt. of India-VidhyaVahini network & Data
• IBM-For ECN Model
• Angel Broking Consultancy & The Telegraph-Data
• Internet-Other data & information