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Concepts

Multilines are composed of 1 to 16 parallel lines, called elements. When you draw a multiline, you can use the STANDARD style, which has two elements, or specify a style that you created previously. You can also change the justification and scale of the multiline before you draw it. Multiline justification determines which side of the cursor that the multiline is drawn, or whether it is centered on the cursor. Multiline scale controls the overall width of the multiline using the current units. Multiline scale does not affect linetype scale. If you change the multiline scale, you might need to make equivalent changes to the linetype scale to prevent dots or dashes from being disproportionately sized. Create Multiline Styles You can create named styles for multilines to control the number of elements and the properties of each element. The properties of multilines include The total number of elements and position of each element The offset distance for each element from the middle of the multiline The color and linetype of each element The visibility of the lines, called joints, that appear at each vertex The type of end caps that are used The background fill color of the multiline

You can add up to 16 elements to a multiline style. Elements with a positive offset appear on one side of the middle of the multiline; elements with a negative offset appear on the other side of the middle of the multiline.

To draw a multiline

To draw a multiline 1. Click Draw menu Multiline. 2. At the Command prompt, enter st to select a style. 3. To list available styles, enter the style name or enter ?. 4. To justify the multiline, enter j and select top, zero, or bottom justification.

5. To change the scale of the multiline, enter s and enter a new scale. Now draw the multiline. 6. Specify the starting point. 7. Specify a second point. 8. Specify additional points, or press ENTER. If you specify three or more points, you can enter c to close the multiline.
Command entry: MLINE

To create a multiline style 1. Click Format menu Multiline Style. 2. In the Multiline Style dialog box, click New. 3. In the Create New Multiline Style dialog box, enter a name for the multiline style and select a multiline style from which to start. Click Continue. 4. In the New Multiline Style dialog box, select the parameters for the multiline style. You can also enter a description. Descriptions are optional and can be up to 255 characters, including spaces. 5. Click OK. 6. In the Multiline Style dialog box, click Save to save the multiline style to a file (the default is acad.mln). You can save multiline styles to the same file. If you create more than one multiline style, save the current style before creating a new one or you lose the changes to the first style.
Commands MLINE MLSTYLE OFFSET System Variables CMLSTYLE Utilities No entries. Command Modifiers No entries. Sets the multiline style that governs the appearance of the multiline Creates multiple parallel lines Creates, modifies, and manages multiline styles Creates concentric circles, parallel lines, and parallel curves

Multiline objects are composed of 1 to 16 parallel lines, called elements. To modify multilines or their elements, you can use common editing commands, a multiline editing command, and multiline styles. Special multiline editing features are available with the MLEDITcommand including the following: Add or delete a vertex Control the visibility of corner joints Control the style of intersection with other multilines Open or close gaps in a multiline object

Add and Delete Multiline Vertices You can add or delete any vertex in a multiline.

Edit Multiline Intersections If you have two multilines in a drawing, you can control the way they intersect. Multilines can intersect in a cross or a T shape, and the crosses or T shapes can be closed, open, or merged.

Edit Multiline Styles You can use MLSTYLE to edit multiline styles to change the properties of multiline elements or the end caps and background fill of subsequently created multilines. Multiline styles control the number of line elements in a multiline and the color, linetype, lineweight, and offset of each element. You can also modify the display of joints, end caps, and background fill. Multiline styles have the following limitations: You cannot edit the element and multiline properties of the STANDARD multiline style or any multiline style already used in the drawing. To edit an existing multiline style, you must do so before you draw any multilines in that style.

Note If you use MLSTYLE to create a multiline style without saving it, and then select another style or create a new style, the first MLSTYLE properties are lost. To maintain the properties, save each multiline style to an MLN file before creating a new one.

Use Common Editing Commands on Multilines You can use most of the common editing commands on multilines except BREAK CHAMFER FILLET LENGTHEN OFFSET

To perform these operations, first use EXPLODE to replace the multiline object with separate line objects. Note If you trim or extend a multiline object, only the first boundary object encountered determines the shape of the end of the multiline. A multiline cannot have a complex boundary at its endpoint.

Ml style
To delete a vertex from a multiline 1. Click Modify menu Object Multiline. 2. In the Multiline Edit Tools dialog box, select Delete Vertex. 3. In the drawing, specify the vertex to delete. Press ENTER.
Command entry: MLEDIT

To create a closed cross intersection 1. Click Modify menu Object Multiline. 2. In the Multiline Edit Tools dialog box, select Closed Cross. 3. Select the multiline for the foreground. 4. Select the multiline for the background. The intersection is modified. You can continue selecting intersecting multilines to modify, or press ENTER to end the command. Press ENTER again to redisplay the Multiline Edit Tools dialog box. To edit a multiline style 1. Click Format menu Multiline Style. 2. In the Multiline Styles dialog box, select the style name from the list. Click Modify. 3. Click Element Properties. 4. In the Modify Multiline Styles dialog box, change the settings as needed. 5. Click OK. 6. In the Multiline Styles dialog box, click Save to save the changes to the style in the MLN file. 7. Click OK.
Command entry: MLSTYLE

Commands MLEDIT Edits multiline intersections, breaks, and vertices Creates, modifies, and manages multiline styles

MLSTYLE

System Variables No entries. Utilities No entries. Command Modifiers No entries.

Topics in this section: multilines


Multiline Style Dialog Box Create New Multiline Style Dialog Box New, Modify Multiline Style Dialog Boxes Load Multiline Styles Dialog Box

Multiline Style Dialog Box

Creates, modifies, saves, and loads multiline styles. The multiline style controls the number of elements and the properties of each element. MLSTYLE also controls the background color and the end caps of each multiline.
Current Multiline Style

Displays the name of the current multiline style to be used for subsequently created multilines.
Styles

Displays a list of multiline styles that are loaded in the drawing. The list of multiline styles can include externally referenced multiline styles that is, multiline styles that exist in an externally referenced drawing (xref). Externally referenced multiline style names use the same syntax as other externally dependent nongraphical objects. See Overview of Referenced Drawings (Xrefs) in the User's Guide.
Description

Displays the description of the selected multiline style.


Preview Of

Displays the name and an image of the selected multiline style.


Set Current

Sets the current multiline style for subsequently created multilines. Select a name

from the Styles list and choose Set Current. Note You cannot make a multiline style from an xref the current style.
New

Displays the Create New Multiline Style dialog box, in which you can create a new multiline style.
Modify

Displays the Modify Multiline Style dialog box, in which you can modify a selected multiline style. You cannot modify the default STANDARD multiline style. Note You cannot edit the element and multiline properties of the STANDARD multiline style or any multiline style that is being used in the drawing. To edit an existing multiline style, you must do so before you draw any multilines that use the style.
Rename

Renames the currently selected multiline style. You cannot rename the STANDARD multiline style.
Delete

Removes the currently selected multiline style from the Styles list. It does not delete the style from the MLN file. You cannot delete the STANDARD multiline style, the current multiline style, or a multiline style that is in use.
Load

Displays the Load Multiline Styles dialog box, in which you can load multiline styles from a specified MLN file.
Save

Saves or copies a multiline style to a multiline library (MLN) file. If you specify an MLN file that already exists, the new style definition is added to the file and existing definitions are not erased. The default file name is acad.mln.

Create New Multiline Style Dialog Box

Format menu: Multiline Style Command entry: mlstyle

Names the new multiline style and specifies the multiline style from which to start the new one.
New Style Name

Names a new multiline style. The element and multiline properties are unavailable until you enter a new name and click Continue.
Start With

Determines the multiline style from which to start the new one. To save time, choose a multiline style that is similar to the one that you want to create.
Continue

Displays the New Multiline Style dialog box


New, Modify Multiline Style Dialog Boxes

Format menu: Multiline Style

Command entry: mlstyle

Sets the properties and elements for a new multiline style, or changes them for an existing multiline style.
Description

Adds a description to a multiline style. You can enter up to 255 characters, including spaces. Caps Controls the start and end caps of the multiline.
Line

Displays a line segment across each end of the multiline.

Outer Arc

Displays an arc between the outermost elements of the multiline.

Inner Arcs

Displays an arc between pairs of inner elements. If there's an odd number of elements, the center line is unconnected. For example, if there are six elements, inner arcs connect elements 2 and 5 and elements 3 and 4. If there are seven elements, inner arcs connect elements 2 and 6 and elements 3 and 5. Element 4 is left unconnected.

Angle

Specifies the angle of the end caps.

Fill Controls the background fill of the multiline.


Fill Color

Sets the background fill color of the multiline. When you choose Select Color, the Select Color dialog box is displayed. Display Joints Controls the display of the joints at the vertices of each multiline segment. A joint is also known as a miter.

Elements Sets element properties, such as the offset, color, and linetype, of new and existing multiline elements.
Offset Color Ltype

Displays all the elements in the current multiline style. Each element in the style is defined by its offset from the middle of the multiline, its color, and its linetype. Elements are always displayed in descending order of their offsets.
Add

Adds a new element to the multiline style. Not available until color or linetype has been selected for a multiline style other than STANDARD.
Delete

Deletes an element from the multiline style.


Offset

Specifies the offset for each element in the multiline style.

Color

Displays and sets the color for elements in the multiline style. When you choose Select Color, the Select Color dialog box is displayed.
Linetype

Displays and sets the linetype for elements in the multiline style. When you choose Linetype, the Select Linetype Properties dialog box is displayed, which lists loaded linetypes. To load a new linetype, click Load. The Load or Reload Linetypes dialog box is displayed.
Load Multiline Styles Dialog Box
Format menu: Multiline Style Command entry: mlstyle

Loads a multiline style from an MLN file. The default file name is acad.mln. If acad.mln does not exist, or if it exists but cannot be found, click File to specify another file or file location.
File

Displays a standard file selection dialog box in which you can locate and select another multiline library file.
List

Lists the multiline styles available in the current multiline library file. To load another multiline style, select a style from the list and click OK. -------------------------------------------------

Mledit
concept
Multiline objects are composed of 1 to 16 parallel lines, called elements. To modify multilines or their elements, you can use common editing commands, a multiline editing command, and multiline styles. Special multiline editing features are available with the MLEDITcommand including the following: Add or delete a vertex Control the visibility of corner joints

Control the style of intersection with other multilines Open or close gaps in a multiline object

Add and Delete Multiline Vertices You can add or delete any vertex in a multiline.

Edit Multiline Intersections If you have two multilines in a drawing, you can control the way they intersect. Multilines can intersect in a cross or a T shape, and the crosses or T shapes can be closed, open, or merged.

Edit Multiline Styles You can use MLSTYLE to edit multiline styles to change the properties of multiline elements or the end caps and background fill of subsequently created multilines. Multiline styles control the number of line elements in a multiline and the color, linetype, lineweight, and offset of each element. You can also modify the display of joints, end caps, and background fill. Multiline styles have the following limitations: You cannot edit the element and multiline properties of the STANDARD multiline style or any multiline style already used in the drawing. To edit an existing multiline style, you must do so before you draw any multilines in that style.

Note If you use MLSTYLE to create a multiline style without saving it, and then select another style or create a new style, the first MLSTYLE properties are lost. To maintain the properties, save each multiline style to an MLN file before creating a new one. Use Common Editing Commands on Multilines You can use most of the common editing commands on multilines except BREAK CHAMFER FILLET

LENGTHEN OFFSET

To perform these operations, first use EXPLODE to replace the multiline object with separate line objects. Note If you trim or extend a multiline object, only the first boundary object encountered determines the shape of the end of the multiline. A multiline cannot have a complex boundary at its endpoint.

To delete a vertex from a multiline 1. Click Modify menu Object Multiline. 2. In the Multiline Edit Tools dialog box, select Delete Vertex. 3. In the drawing, specify the vertex to delete. Press ENTER.
Command entry: MLEDIT

To create a closed cross intersection 1. Click Modify menu Object Multiline. 2. In the Multiline Edit Tools dialog box, select Closed Cross. 3. Select the multiline for the foreground. 4. Select the multiline for the background. The intersection is modified. You can continue selecting intersecting multilines to modify, or press ENTER to end the command. Press ENTER again to redisplay the Multiline Edit Tools dialog box.

To edit a multiline style 1. Click Format menu Multiline Style. 2. In the Multiline Styles dialog box, select the style name from the list. Click Modify. 3. Click Element Properties. 4. In the Modify Multiline Styles dialog box, change the settings as needed. 5. Click OK. 6. In the Multiline Styles dialog box, click Save to save the changes to the style in the MLN file. 7. Click OK.
------------------------

If you enter -mledit at the Command prompt, MLEDIT displays prompts on the command line. For more information about these command line options, see the Multiline Edit Tools dialog box.

CC Creates a closed-cross intersection between two multilines. OC Creates an open-cross intersection between two multilines. Breaks are inserted in all elements of the first multiline and only the outside elements of the second multiline. MC Creates a merged-cross intersection between two multilines. The order in which you select the multilines is not important. CT Creates a closed-tee intersection between two multilines. The first multiline is trimmed or extended to its intersection with the second multiline. OT Creates an open-tee intersection between two multilines. The first multiline is trimmed or extended to its intersection with the second multiline. MT Creates a merged-tee intersection between two multilines.The multiline is trimmed or extended to its intersection with the other multiline. CJ Creates a corner joint between multilines. The multilines are trimmed or extended to their intersection. AV Adds a vertex to a multiline. DV Deletes a vertex from a multiline. CS Creates a visual break in a selected element of a multiline. CA Creates a visual break through the entire multiline. WA

Rejoins multiline segments that have been cut.

Dimlinear
Creates linear dimensions Dimension toolbar:

Dimension menu: Linear

Command entry: dimlinear

Specify first extension line origin or <select object>: Specify a point or press ENTER to select an object to dimension After you specify the extension line origin points or the object to dimension, the following prompt is displayed: Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle/Horizontal/Vertical/Rotated]: Specify a point or enter an option

First Extension Line Origin


Prompts for the origin point of the second extension line after you specify the origin point of the first. Specify second extension line origin: Specify a point (2)

Dimension Line Location


Uses the point you specify to locate the dimension line and determines the direction to draw the extension lines. After you specify the location, the dimension is drawn.

Mtext
Displays the In-Place Text Editor, which you can use to edit the dimension text. To add a prefix or a suffix, enter the prefix or suffix text before or after the generated measurement. Use control codes and Unicode character strings to enter special characters or symbols. See Control Codes and Special Characters. To edit or replace the generated measurement, delete the text, enter the new text, and then click OK. If alternate units are not turned on in the dimension style, you can display them by entering square brackets ([ ]). For more information about formatting dimension text, see Change Existing Objects in the User's Guide. The current dimension style determines the appearance of the generated measurements.

Text
Customizes the dimension text on the command line. The generated dimension measurement is displayed within angle brackets. Enter dimension text <current>: Enter the dimension text, or press ENTER to accept the generated measurement. To include the generated measurement, use angle brackets (< >) to represent the generated measurement. If alternate units are not turned on in the dimension style, you can display alternate units by entering square brackets ([ ]). Dimension text properties are set on the Text tab of the New, Modify, and Override Dimension Style dialog boxes.

Angle
Changes the angle of the dimension text. Specify angle of dimension text: Enter an angle. For example, to rotate the text 90 degrees, enter 90.

Horizontal
Creates horizontal linear dimensions. Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle]: Specify a point or enter an option

Dimension Line Location

Uses the point you specify to locate the dimension line. After you specify the location, the dimension is drawn.
Mtext, Text, Angle

These text editing and formatting options are identical in all dimension commands. See the option descriptions provided earlier in this command.

Vertical
Creates vertical linear dimensions. Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle]: Specify a point or enter an option

Dimension Line Location

Uses the point you specify to locate the dimension line. After you specify the location, the dimention is drawn.
Mtext, Text, Angle

These text editing and formatting options are identical in all dimension commands. See the option descriptions provided earlier in this command.

Rotated
Creates rotated linear dimensions. Specify angle of dimension line <current>: Specify an angle or press ENTER

Object Selection
Automatically determines the origin points of the first and second extension lines after you select an object. Select object to dimension: For polylines and other explodable objects, only the individual line and arc segments are dimensioned. You cannot select objects in a non-uniformly scaled block reference. If you select a line or an arc, the line or arc endpoints are used as the origins of the extension lines. The extension lines are offset from the endpoints by the distance you specify in Offset from Origin in the Lines and Arrows tab of the New, Modify, and Override Dimension Style dialog boxes. See DIMSTYLE. This value is stored in the DIMEXO system variable.

If you select a circle, the diameter endpoints are used as the origins of the extension line. When the point used to select the circle is close to the north or south quadrant point, a horizontal dimension is drawn. When the point used to select the circle is close to the east or west quadrant point, a vertical dimension is drawn.

Concept
You can create linear dimensions with horizontal, vertical, and aligned dimension lines. These linear dimensions can also be stacked, or they can be created end to end.
Overview of Creating Linear Dimensions Create Horizontal and Vertical Dimensions

You can create dimensions using only the horizontal or vertical components of the locations or objects that you specify.
Create Aligned Dimensions

You can create dimensions that are parallel to the locations or objects that you specify.
Create Baseline and Continued Dimensions

Baseline dimensions are multiple dimensions measured from the same baseline. Continued dimensions are multiple dimensions placed end to end.
Create Rotated Dimensions

In rotated dimensions, the dimension line is placed at an angle to the extension line origins.

Create Dimensions with Oblique Extension Lines

You can create dimensions with extension lines that are not perpendicular to their dimension lines.
To create a horizontal or vertical dimension

To create a horizontal or vertical dimension 1. Click Dimension menu Linear. 2. Press ENTER to select the object to dimension, or specify the first and second extension line origins. 3. Before specifying the dimension line location, you can override the dimension direction and edit the text, the text angle, or the dimension line angle: To rotate the extension lines, enter r (Rotated). Then enter the dimension line angle. To edit the text, enter m (multiline text). In the In-place Text Editor, revise the text. Click OK. Editing within or overwriting the brackets (<>) changes or removes the dimension value calculated by the program. Adding text before or after the brackets appends text before or after the dimension value. To rotate the text, enter a (Angle). Then enter the text angle.

4. Specify the dimension line location.

Dimension toolbar Command entry: DIMLINEAR

To create an aligned dimension

To create an aligned dimension 1. Click Dimension menu Aligned. 2. Press ENTER to select the object to dimension, or specify the first and second extension line origins. 3. Before specifying the dimension line location, you can edit the text or change the text angle. Editing within or overwriting the brackets (<>) changes or removes the dimension value calculated by the program. Adding text before or after the brackets appends text before or after the dimension value. To edit the text using multiline text, enter m (multiline text). In the In-place Text Editor, revise the text. Click OK. To edit the text using single-line text, enter t (Text). Revise the text on the command line and press ENTER . To rotate the text, enter a (Angle). Then enter the text angle.

4. Specify the dimension line location.

Dimension toolbar Command entry: DIMALIGNED

To create a baseline linear dimension

To create a baseline linear dimension 1. Click Dimension menu Baseline. By default, the origin of the last linear dimension created is used as the first extension line for the new baseline dimension. You are prompted for the second dimension line. 2. Use an object snap to select the second extension line origin, or press ENTER to select any dimension as the base dimension. The program automatically places the second dimension line at the distance specified by the Baseline Spacing option in the Dimension Style Manager, Lines tab. 3. Use an object snap to specify the next extension line origin. 4. Continue to select extension line origins as required. 5. Press ENTER twice to end the command.

Dimension toolbar Command entry: DIMBASELINE

To create a continued linear dimension

To create a continued linear dimension 1. Click Dimension menu Continue. The program uses the origin of the second extension line of the existing dimension as the first extension line origin. 2. Use object snaps to specify additional extension line origins. 3. Press ENTER twice to end the command.

Dimension toolbar Command entry: DIMCONTINUE

To create a rotated dimension

To create a rotated dimension 1. Click Dimension menu Linear. 2. Press ENTER to select the object to dimension or specify the first and second extension line origins. 3. To rotate the dimension line, enter r (Rotated). Then enter the dimension line angle. 4. Specify the dimension line location.

Dimension toolbar

Command entry: DIMLINEAR

To make extension lines oblique

To make extension lines oblique 1. Click Dimension menu Oblique. 2. Select the dimension. 3. Enter a value for the angle of obliqueness, or specify two points.

Dimension toolbar Command entry: DIMEDIT

Commands DIMEDIT System Variables No entries. Utilities No entries. Command Modifiers No entries. Edits dimension text and extension lines on dimension objects

Creates an aligned linear dimension Dimension toolbar:

Dimension menu: Aligned

Command entry: dimaligned

Specify first extension line origin or <select object>: Specify a point for manual extension lines, or press ENTER for automatic extension lines After you specify either manual or automatic extension lines, the following prompt is displayed: Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle]: Specify a point or enter an option

Extension Line Origin


Specifies the first extension line origin (1). You are prompted to specify the second one. Specify second extension line origin: Specify a point (2)

Object Selection
Automatically determines the origin points of the first and second extension lines after you select an object. Select object to dimension: For polylines and other explodable objects, only the individual line and arc segments are dimensioned. You cannot select objects in a nonuniformly scaled block reference. If you select a line or an arc, its endpoints are used as the origins of the extension lines. The extension lines are offset from the endpoints by the distance specified in Offset from Origin on the Lines and Arrows tab of the New, Modify, and Override Dimension Style dialog boxes (see DIMSTYLE). This value is stored in the DIMEXO system variable.

If you select a circle, the endpoints of its diameter are used as the origins of the extension line. The point used to select the circle defines the origin of the first extension line.

Dimension Line Location


Specifies the placement of the dimension line and determines the direction to draw the extension lines. After you specify the location, the DIMALIGNED command ends.

Mtext
Displays the In-Place Text Editor, which you can use to edit the dimension text. The generated measurement is represented with angle brackets (< >). To add a prefix or a suffix to the generated measurement, enter the prefix or suffix before or after the angle brackets. Use control codes and Unicode character strings to enter special characters or symbols. See Control Codes and Special Characters.

To edit or replace the generated measurement, delete the angle brackets, enter the new dimension text, and then click OK. If alternate units are not turned on in the dimension style, you can display them by entering square brackets ([ ]). For more information about formatting dimension text, see Change Existing Objects in the User's Guide. The current dimension style determines the appearance of the generated measurements.

Text
Customizes the dimension text at the command line. The generated dimension measurement is displayed within angle brackets. Enter dimension text <current>: Enter the dimension text, or press ENTER to accept the generated measurement. To include the generated measurement, use angle brackets (< >) to represent the generated measurement. If alternate units are not turned on in the dimension style, you can display alternate units by entering square brackets ([ ]). Dimension text properties are set on the Text tab of the New, Modify, and Override Dimension Style dialog boxes.

Angle
Changes the angle of the dimension text. Specify angle of dimension text: Enter an angle. For example, to rotate the text 45 degrees, enter 45.

After you specify the angle, the Dimension Line Location prompt is redisplayed.

dimaligned
Concept

You can create dimensions that are parallel to the locations or objects that you specify.

In aligned dimensions, the dimension line is parallel to the extension line origins. The illustration shows two examples of aligned dimensioning. The object is selected (1), and the location of the aligned dimension is specified (2). The extension lines are drawn automatically.

To create an aligned dimension 1. Click Dimension menu Aligned. 2. Press ENTER to select the object to dimension, or specify the first and second extension line origins. 3. Before specifying the dimension line location, you can edit the text or change the text angle. Editing within or overwriting the brackets (<>) changes or removes the dimension value calculated by the program. Adding text before or after the brackets appends text before or after the dimension value. To edit the text using multiline text, enter m (multiline text). In the In-place Text Editor, revise the text. Click OK. To edit the text using single-line text, enter t (Text). Revise the text on the command line and press ENTER . To rotate the text, enter a (Angle). Then enter the text angle.

4. Specify the dimension line location.

Dimension toolbar Command entry: DIMALIGNED

Creates an aligned linear dimension

Dimension toolbar:
Dimension menu: Aligned Command entry: dimaligned

Specify first extension line origin or <select object>: Specify a point for manual extension lines, or press ENTER for automatic extension lines
After you specify either manual or automatic extension lines, the following prompt is displayed:

Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle]: Specify a point or enter an option

Extension Line Origin

Specifies the first extension line origin (1). You are prompted to specify the second one.

Specify second extension line origin: Specify a point (2)

Object Selection

Automatically determines the origin points of the first and second extension lines after you select an object.

Select object to dimension:


For polylines and other explodable objects, only the individual line and arc segments are dimensioned. You cannot select objects in a nonuniformly scaled block reference. If you select a line or an arc, its endpoints are used as the origins of the extension lines. The extension lines are offset from the endpoints by the distance specified in Offset from Origin on the Lines and Arrows tab of the New, Modify, and Override Dimension Style dialog boxes (see DIMSTYLE). This value is stored in the DIMEXO system variable.

If you select a circle, the endpoints of its diameter are used as the origins of the extension line. The point used to select the circle defines the origin of the first extension line.

Dimension Line Location

Specifies the placement of the dimension line and determines the direction to draw the extension lines. After you specify the location, the DIMALIGNED command ends.

Mtext

Displays the In-Place Text Editor, which you can use to edit the dimension text. The generated measurement is represented with angle brackets (< >). To add a prefix or a suffix to the generated measurement, enter the prefix or suffix before or after the angle brackets. Use control codes and Unicode character strings to enter special characters or symbols. See Control Codes and Special Characters. To edit or replace the generated measurement, delete the angle brackets, enter the new dimension text, and then click OK. If alternate units are not turned on in the dimension style, you can display them by entering square brackets ([ ]). For more information about formatting dimension text, see Change Existing Objects in the User's Guide. The current dimension style determines the appearance of the generated measurements.

Text

Customizes the dimension text at the command line. The generated dimension measurement is displayed within angle brackets.

Enter dimension text <current>:


Enter the dimension text, or press ENTER to accept the generated measurement. To include the generated measurement, use angle brackets (< >) to represent the generated measurement. If alternate units are not turned on in the dimension style, you can display alternate units by entering square brackets ([ ]). Dimension text properties are set on the Text tab of the New, Modify, and Override Dimension Style dialog boxes.

Angle

Changes the angle of the dimension text.

Specify angle of dimension text:


Enter an angle. For example, to rotate the text 45 degrees, enter 45.

After you specify the angle, the Dimension Line Location prompt is redisplayed.

dimdiameter
Commands

Creates diameter dimensions for circles and arcs Dimension toolbar:

Dimension menu: Diameter

Command entry: dimdiameter

Select arc or circle: DIMDIAMETER measures the diameter of the selected circle or arc and displays the dimension text with a diameter symbol in front of it. Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle]: Specify a point or enter an option

Dimension Line Location


Determines the angle of the dimension line and the location of the dimension text.

Mtext
Displays the In-Place Text Editor, which you can use to edit the dimension text. To add a prefix or a suffix, enter the prefix or suffix text before or after the generated measurement. Use control codes and Unicode character strings to enter special characters or symbols. See Control Codes and Special Characters. To edit or replace the generated measurement, delete the text, enter the new text, and then click OK. If alternate units are not turned on in the dimension style, you can display them by entering square brackets ([]). For more information about formatting dimension text, see Change Existing Objects in the User's Guide. The current dimension style determines the appearance of the dimension text.

Concept
Radial dimensions measure the radii and diameters of arcs and circles with optional centerlines or a center mark. There are two types of radial dimensions:
DIMRADIUS measures the radius of an arc or circle, and displays the dimension text with the letter

R in front of it.
DIMDIAMETER measures the diameter of an arc or circle, and displays the dimension text with the

diameter symbol in front of it. For horizontal dimension text, if the angle of the radial dimension line is greater than 15 degrees from horizontal, a hook line, also called a dogleg or landing, one arrowhead long, is created next to the dimension text. Control Centerlines and Center Marks Depending on your dimension style settings, center marks and lines generate automatically for diameter and radius dimensions. They are created only if the dimension line is placed outside the circle or arc. You can create centerlines and center marks directly with the DIMCENTERcommand.

You can control the size and visibility of centerlines and center marks on the Modify Dimension Style dialog box, Symbols and Arrows tab, under Center Marks. You can also access this setting with the DIMCEN system variable. The size of the centerline is the length of the centerline segment that extends outside the circle or arc. It is also the size of the gap between the center mark and the start of the centerline. The size of the center mark is the distance from the center of the circle or arc to the end of the center mark. Create Jogged Radius Dimensions With DIMJOGGED, you can create jogged radius dimensions, also called foreshortened radius dimensions, when the center of an arc or circle is located off the layout and cannot be displayed in its true location. The origin point of the dimension can be specified at a more convenient location called the center location override.

You can control the default angle of the jog in the Modify Dimension Style dialog box, Symbols and Arrows tab, under Radius Dimension Jog.

Once a jogged radius dimension is created, you can modify the jog and the center location override by Using grips to move the features Changing the locations of the features with the Properties palette Using STRETCH

Note Jogged radius dimensions can be viewed but not edited in versions previous to AutoCAD 2006. Also, if you make dramatic changes to the associated geometry, you may get unpredictable results for the jogged radius dimension.

Text
Customizes the dimension text at the command line. The generated dimension measurement is displayed within angle brackets. Enter dimension text <current>: Enter the dimension text, or press ENTER to accept the generated measurement. To include the generated measurement, use angle brackets (< >) to represent the generated measurement. If alternate units are not turned on in the dimension style, you can display alternate units by entering square brackets ([ ]). Dimension text properties are set on the Text tab of the New, Modify, and Override Dimension Style dialog boxes.

Angle
Changes the angle of the dimension text. Specify angle of dimension text: Enter an angle. For example, to rotate the text 45 degrees, enter 45. After you specify the angle, the Dimension Line Location prompt is redisplayed.
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To create a diameter dimension

To create a diameter dimension

1. Click Dimension menu Diameter. 2. Select the arc or circle to dimension. 3. Enter options as needed: To edit the dimension text content, enter t (Text) or m (multiline text). Editing within or overwriting the brackets (<>) changes or removes the dimension value. Adding text before or after the brackets appends text before or after the dimension value. To change the dimension text angle, enter a (Angle).

4. Specify the leader line location.

Dimension toolbar Command entry: DIMDIAMETER

To create a radius dimension

To create a radius dimension 1. Click Dimension menu Radius. 2. Select an arc, circle, or polyline arc segment. 3. Enter options as needed: To edit the dimension text content, enter t (Text) or m (multiline text). Editing within or overwriting the brackets (<>) changes or removes the dimension value. Adding text before or after the brackets appends text before or after the dimension value. To edit the dimension text angle, enter a (Angle).

4. Specify the leader line location.

Dimension toolbar Command entry: DIMRADIUS

To create a jogged radius dimension

To create a jogged radius dimension 1. Click Dimension menu Jogged. 2. Select an arc, circle, or polyline arc segment. 3. Specify a point for the dimension origin (the center location override). 4. Specify a point for the dimension line angle and the dimension text location. 5. Specify another point for the location of the dimension jog.

Dimension toolbar Command entry: DIMJOGGED

To create centerlines automatically with radial dimensions

To create centerlines automatically with radial dimensions 1. Click Dimension menu Style. 2. In the Dimension Style Manager, select the style you want to change. Click Modify. 3. In the Modify Dimension Style dialog box, Lines tab, under Center Marks, select Line in the Type box. The example area reflects your selection. 4. In the Size box, enter the centerline size.

Dimension or Styles toolbar Command entry: DIMSTYLE

To create centerlines or center marks on an arc or circle

To create centerlines or center marks on an arc or circle 1. Click Dimension menu Style. 2. In the Dimension Style Manager, select the style you want to change. Click Modify. 3. In the Modify Dimension Style dialog box, Lines tab, under Center Marks, select Line in the Type box. The example area reflects your selection. 4. In the Size box, enter the centerline size. 5. Click Dimension menu Center Mark. 6. Select an arc or a circle.

Dimension toolbar Command entry: DIMCENTER

Commands
Commands DIMCENTER DIMDIAMETER DIMJOGGED DIMRADIUS QDIM System Variables Creates the center mark or the centerlines of circles and arcs Creates diameter dimensions for circles and arcs Creates jogged radius dimensions Creates radial dimensions for circles and arcs Quickly creates a dimension

DIMATFIT DIMCEN DIMJOGANG DIMJUST DIMTAD DIMTIH DIMTMOVE DIMTOFL DIMTOH DIMUPT Utilities No entries.

Determines how dimension text and arrows are arranged when space is not sufficient to place both within the extension lines Controls drawing of circle or arc center marks and centerlines by the DIMCENTER, DIMDIAMETER, and DIMRADIUS commands Determines the angle of the transverse segment of the dimension line in a jogged radius dimension Controls the horizontal positioning of dimension text Controls the vertical position of text in relation to the dimension line Controls the position of dimension text inside the extension lines for all dimension types except Ordinate Sets dimension text movement rules Controls whether a dimension line is drawn between the extension lines even when the text is placed outside Controls the position of dimension text outside the extension lines Controls options for user-positioned text