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Soil core sampling All it takes for environmental research

Soil core sampling

All it takes for environmental research

Soil core sampling All it takes for environmental research
Soil core sampling This presentation shows: • Aim and typical research purposes • Working principles

Soil core sampling

This presentation shows:

Aim and typical research purposes

Working principles

Limitations

Main markets

Main products

Benefits

Remarks

Applications

Important related products

A sheet on how you can get even more information !

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– Remarks – Applications • Important related products • A sheet on how you can get
Soil core sampling Aim of the products: • (Near)-undisturbed sampling for – Profile description (layers)

Soil core sampling

Aim of the products:

(Near)-undisturbed sampling for

Profile description (layers)

Physical composition (roots, density, resistance, water and air content)

Chemical composition (agronomical and environmental)

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(roots, density, resistance, water and air content) – Chemical composition (agronomical and environmental) 3
4 Soil core sampling Typical research purposes: • Soil profile description

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Soil core sampling

Typical research purposes:

Soil profile description

4 Soil core sampling Typical research purposes: • Soil profile description
4 Soil core sampling Typical research purposes: • Soil profile description
4 Soil core sampling Typical research purposes: • Soil profile description
Soil core sampling Typical research purposes: • Physical research in the lab 5

Soil core sampling

Typical research purposes:

Physical research in the lab

Soil core sampling Typical research purposes: • Physical research in the lab 5

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Soil core sampling Typical research purposes: • Physical research in the lab 5
Soil core sampling Typical research purposes: • Archaeological research 6

Soil core sampling

Typical research purposes:

Archaeological research

Soil core sampling Typical research purposes: • Archaeological research 6

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Soil core sampling Typical research purposes: • Archaeological research 6
7 Soil core sampling Typical research purposes: • Research on turf / sports field

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Soil core sampling

Typical research purposes:

Research on turf / sports field

7 Soil core sampling Typical research purposes: • Research on turf / sports field
7 Soil core sampling Typical research purposes: • Research on turf / sports field
7 Soil core sampling Typical research purposes: • Research on turf / sports field
Soil core sampling Typical research purposes: • Environmental and agricultural research 8

Soil core sampling

Typical research purposes:

Environmental and agricultural research

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Soil core sampling Typical research purposes: • Environmental and agricultural research 8
Soil core sampling Typical research purposes: • Environmental and agricultural research 8
Soil core sampling Typical research purposes: • Environmental and agricultural research 8
Soil core sampling Main markets: (see PKD for more details) 9 • Soil science •

Soil core sampling

Main markets: (see PKD for more details)

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Soil science

Geotechnical consultancy

Environmental / agricultural consultancy

Sport stadiums / Golf courses / Turf research

Universities (different departments)

Nature conservation

• Sport stadiums / Golf courses / Turf research • Universities (different departments) • Nature conservation
• Sport stadiums / Golf courses / Turf research • Universities (different departments) • Nature conservation
• Sport stadiums / Golf courses / Turf research • Universities (different departments) • Nature conservation
Soil core sampling Main products of this theme 10

Soil core sampling

Main products of this theme

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Soil core sampling Main products of this theme 10
11 Soil core sampling Main products • Gouge augers • Akkerman core sampler / Van

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Soil core sampling

Main products

Gouge augers

Akkerman core sampler / Van der Horst sampler

In-situ soil coring kit for chemical soil research

On site no-loss soil sampler for soil with volatiles

Sample ring kits

soil coring kit for chemical soil research • On site no-loss soil sampler for soil with
soil coring kit for chemical soil research • On site no-loss soil sampler for soil with
soil coring kit for chemical soil research • On site no-loss soil sampler for soil with
soil coring kit for chemical soil research • On site no-loss soil sampler for soil with
Soil core sampling Gouge augers 12

Soil core sampling

Gouge augers

Soil core sampling Gouge augers 12

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Soil core sampling Gouge augers 12
Soil core sampling Working principles: gouge augers • Half round sample tube pushe d or

Soil core sampling

Working principles: gouge augers

Half round sample tube pushed or hammered into the soil

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Soil core sampling Working principles: gouge augers • Half round sample tube pushe d or hammered
Soil core sampling Working principles: gouge augers • Half round sample tube pushe d or hammered
Soil core sampling Working principles: gouge augers • Half round sample tube pushe d or hammered
14 Soil core sampling Benefits • Sets suitable for soft soils or hard soils •

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Soil core sampling

Benefits

Sets suitable for soft soils or hard soils

Non toxic high tensile strength steel

Different dimensions for nice samples

Perfect for rapid soil profiling

Stepwise sampling possible

Push / hammer, twist, pull; that’s it !

• Perfect for rapid soil profiling • Stepwise sampling possible • Push / hammer, twist, pull;
• Perfect for rapid soil profiling • Stepwise sampling possible • Push / hammer, twist, pull;
• Perfect for rapid soil profiling • Stepwise sampling possible • Push / hammer, twist, pull;
15 Soil core sampling Applications: • Peat research • Agricultural research • Quick profile description

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Soil core sampling

Applications:

Peat research

Agricultural research

Quick profile description

Installation of field measurement equipment

Remarks

Semi undisturbed sample

Bayonet connections not allowed to operate with hammer

Lost of sandy samples below groundwater table

sample • Bayonet connections not allowed to operate with hammer • Lost of sandy samples below
sample • Bayonet connections not allowed to operate with hammer • Lost of sandy samples below
Soil core sampling Percussion drilling 16

Soil core sampling

Percussion drilling

Soil core sampling Percussion drilling 16

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Soil core sampling Percussion drilling 16
Soil core sampling Working principle percussion drilling 17 • Hammering a gouge or a casing

Soil core sampling

Working principle percussion drilling

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Hammering a gouge or a casing with a lost point into the soil by machine

Soil sampling and drilling in harder or stone or debris- rich soils

Percussion drilling sets 04.19.SC/SD/SE/10.100

Soil sampling and drilling in harder or stone or debris- rich soils – Percussion drilling sets
Soil sampling and drilling in harder or stone or debris- rich soils – Percussion drilling sets
Soil sampling and drilling in harder or stone or debris- rich soils – Percussion drilling sets
Soil core sampling Percussion drilling sets 04.19.SC / SD / SE 18 • Benefits –

Soil core sampling

Percussion drilling sets 04.19.SC / SD / SE

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Benefits

Resulting in almost undisturbed 1or 2 mtr long samples

Stepwise working limits friction and drilling time

Various samplers

samples – Stepwise working limits friction and drilling time – Various samplers ­ Open samplers 1

­ Open samplers 1 and 2 m long

samples – Stepwise working limits friction and drilling time – Various samplers ­ Open samplers 1
Soil core sampling Percussion drilling sets 04.19.SC / SD / SE 19 – Various samplers

Soil core sampling

Percussion drilling sets 04.19.SC / SD / SE

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Various samplers

­ Closed sampler with transparent liner

­ Sampling in a thin plastic foil

04.19.SC / SD / SE 19 – Various samplers ­ Closed sampler with transparent liner ­
04.19.SC / SD / SE 19 – Various samplers ­ Closed sampler with transparent liner ­
04.19.SC / SD / SE 19 – Various samplers ­ Closed sampler with transparent liner ­
04.19.SC / SD / SE 19 – Various samplers ­ Closed sampler with transparent liner ­
04.19.SC / SD / SE 19 – Various samplers ­ Closed sampler with transparent liner ­
04.19.SC / SD / SE 19 – Various samplers ­ Closed sampler with transparent liner ­
Soil core sampling Percussion drilling sets 04.19.SC / SD / SE • Remarks – Will

Soil core sampling

Percussion drilling sets 04.19.SC / SD / SE

Remarks

Will not drill through concrete, thick roots, rubber tyres a.s.o.

Limited to soils with at least some porosity

Shear stress value of soil cannot be very high

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tyres a.s.o. – Limited to soils with at least some porosity – Shear stress value of
tyres a.s.o. – Limited to soils with at least some porosity – Shear stress value of
Soil core sampling Akkerman & Van der Horst core samplers 21

Soil core sampling

Akkerman

&

Van der Horst core samplers

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Soil core sampling Akkerman & Van der Horst core samplers 21
Soil core sampling Working principles: Akkerman core sampler / Van der Horst sampler • Stainless

Soil core sampling

Working principles: Akkerman core sampler / Van der Horst sampler

Stainless steel sample tube is fixed to a core sampler and hammered into a bore hole with dropping weight or hammer

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Stainless steel sample tube is fixed to a core sampler and hammered into a bore hole
Stainless steel sample tube is fixed to a core sampler and hammered into a bore hole
Stainless steel sample tube is fixed to a core sampler and hammered into a bore hole
Soil core sampling Benefits Akkerman core sampler • Large high impact hammer • Ball valve

Soil core sampling

Benefits Akkerman core sampler

Large high impact hammer

Ball valve system for best sample retrieval

Strong hydraulic extruder

Liners available for tubes with core catchers

Benefits Van der Horst core sampler

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The slimmest system; only 70 mm OD

Can be used in narrow casings

Uses standard large volume stainless tubes

Works with drop hammer or hand hammer

Liners available for tubes with core catchers

vo lume stainless tubes • Works with drop hammer or hand hammer • Liners available for
vo lume stainless tubes • Works with drop hammer or hand hammer • Liners available for
Soil core sampling Applications: • Geotechnical soil research • Civil engineering • Drilling companies •

Soil core sampling

Applications:

Geotechnical soil research

Civil engineering

Drilling companies

Harbours

Remarks

engineering • Drilling companies • Harbours Remarks • Akkerman set needs to operate with hammering weight

Akkerman set needs to operate with hammering weight and winch

Van der Horst can be operate into casing tubes of 75 mm

Samples are suitable for geotechnical and environmental research

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Horst can be operate into casing tubes of 75 mm • Samples are suitable for geotechnical
Soil core sampling AquaLock sampler 25

Soil core sampling

AquaLock sampler

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Soil core sampling AquaLock sampler 25
Soil core sampling Working principle: AquaLock • A piston is blocked by wate r below

Soil core sampling

Working principle: AquaLock

A piston is blocked by water below in the sample tube

Sampler is brought down.

Water pressure is removed and sampler filled.

Water pressure is used to expel the sample

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is brought down. • Water pressure is removed and sampler filled. • Water pressure is used
is brought down. • Water pressure is removed and sampler filled. • Water pressure is used
is brought down. • Water pressure is removed and sampler filled. • Water pressure is used
is brought down. • Water pressure is removed and sampler filled. • Water pressure is used
Soil core sampling Benefits AquaLock • Takes beautiful samples to large depths (50 m) •

Soil core sampling

Benefits AquaLock

Takes beautiful samples to large depths (50 m)

Can be used with Sonic drill rigs

Available in 50 and 70 mm diameters

Can take depth specific samples

Sample lengths up to 4 m

Can work with additional core catcher

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diameters • Can take depth specific samples • Sample lengths up to 4 m • Can
28 Soil core sampli ng Applications: • Environmental research • Geotechnical research • Civil engineering

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Soil core sampling

Applications:

Environmental research

Geotechnical research

Civil engineering

Drilling companies

Harbours (sediment)

Archaeological research

engineering • Drilling companies • Harbours (sediment) • Archaeological research Visit: www.sonicsampdrill.com
engineering • Drilling companies • Harbours (sediment) • Archaeological research Visit: www.sonicsampdrill.com
engineering • Drilling companies • Harbours (sediment) • Archaeological research Visit: www.sonicsampdrill.com
engineering • Drilling companies • Harbours (sediment) • Archaeological research Visit: www.sonicsampdrill.com

Visit: www.sonicsampdrill.com

engineering • Drilling companies • Harbours (sediment) • Archaeological research Visit: www.sonicsampdrill.com
Soil core sampling Core sampling of soil with volatiles 29

Soil core sampling

Core sampling of soil with volatiles

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Soil core sampling Core sampling of soil with volatiles 29
Soil core sampling Core sampling of soil with volatiles 29
Soil core sampling Eijkelkamp supplies two products • In-situ soil corers 225 ml (images left)

Soil core sampling

Eijkelkamp supplies two products

In-situ soil corers 225 ml (images left)

On-site soil corer 16 ml (images right)

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supplies two products • In-situ soil corers 225 ml (images left) • On-site soil corer 16
supplies two products • In-situ soil corers 225 ml (images left) • On-site soil corer 16
supplies two products • In-situ soil corers 225 ml (images left) • On-site soil corer 16
31 Soil core sampling In-situ soil coring kit for chemical soil research (04.16) • Good

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Soil core sampling

In-situ soil coring kit for chemical soil research

(04.16)

Good for in-situ sampling at shallow depths

Ideal for cooling (48 hrs) or freezing (2 weeks)) method

Sample tube 40 mm is pushed and hammered in the soil

Not fit for stony soil

Coring tube sub-sampled in the lab prior to extraction

push ed and hammered in the soil • Not fit for stony soil • Coring tube
push ed and hammered in the soil • Not fit for stony soil • Coring tube
push ed and hammered in the soil • Not fit for stony soil • Coring tube
push ed and hammered in the soil • Not fit for stony soil • Coring tube
Benefits Soil core sampling • Completely prevents loss of volatiles during sampling and storage –

Benefits

Soil core sampling

Completely prevents loss of volatiles during sampling and storage Verified sample conservation quality within Promote European Environmental verification project

No use of chemicals or sample treatment in the field

Tubes and blocks can be reused after cleaning

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project • No use of chemicals or sample treatment in the field • Tubes and blocks
project • No use of chemicals or sample treatment in the field • Tubes and blocks
project • No use of chemicals or sample treatment in the field • Tubes and blocks
project • No use of chemicals or sample treatment in the field • Tubes and blocks
33 Soil core sampling On-site “no-loss” soil coring kit for soil with volatiles (04.10) Applications:

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Soil core sampling

On-site “no-loss” soil coring kit for soil with volatiles (04.10) Applications:

For cooling or freezing storage method

Also for methanol method

According to USA EPA METHOD 5035A, various ISO standards and NEN5743

storage method • Also for methanol method • According to USA EPA METHOD 5035A, various ISO
storage method • Also for methanol method • According to USA EPA METHOD 5035A, various ISO
storage method • Also for methanol method • According to USA EPA METHOD 5035A, various ISO
storage method • Also for methanol method • According to USA EPA METHOD 5035A, various ISO
34 Soil core sampling Basic working principle • Sample is taken above ground from auger

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Soil core sampling

Basic working principle

Sample is taken above ground from auger or corer

By sideways removal the coring ring is scraped off to a remaining soil volume of 16 ml (25-30 gr)

Sample can be field stored in methanol or capped and cooled

off to a remaining soil volume of 16 ml (25-30 gr) • Sample can be field
off to a remaining soil volume of 16 ml (25-30 gr) • Sample can be field
35 Soil core sampling Sample transport Methanol method: • Sample stored and shipped in special

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Soil core sampling

Sample transport Methanol method:

Sample stored and shipped in special small leak proof glass jars

Cooling method:

Sample scraped to 16 ml size Cap with pre- mounted seal Seal, aluminium lined Stickers
Sample
scraped to 16
ml size
Cap with pre-
mounted seal
Seal, aluminium
lined
Stickers

Diffusion proof aluminium lined seals and stainless coring ring assure no loss or sorption of volatiles

In lab sample is uncapped and transferred into the glass jar for extraction

Another (disturbed or undisturbed) sample is used for dry weight determination

into the glass jar for extraction • Another (disturbed or undisturbed) sample is used for dry
into the glass jar for extraction • Another (disturbed or undisturbed) sample is used for dry
into the glass jar for extraction • Another (disturbed or undisturbed) sample is used for dry
Soil core sampling Use for cooling or freezing storage method 1. Auger or gouge is

Soil core sampling

Use for cooling or freezing storage method

1. Auger or gouge is subsampled

 

2. Coring ring pushed out

3. Excess soil is scraped off. Coring ring then holds 16 ml ~25 gr. of soil

4. Rims of ring are cleaned to be capped with diffusion and leak proof caps

5. Sticker is put on PE storage bag cooling

1

2

3

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capped with diffusion and leak proof caps 5. Sticker is put on PE storage bag cooling
capped with diffusion and leak proof caps 5. Sticker is put on PE storage bag cooling
capped with diffusion and leak proof caps 5. Sticker is put on PE storage bag cooling
capped with diffusion and leak proof caps 5. Sticker is put on PE storage bag cooling
capped with diffusion and leak proof caps 5. Sticker is put on PE storage bag cooling
capped with diffusion and leak proof caps 5. Sticker is put on PE storage bag cooling
Soil core sampling Use with methanol method 1. Auger or gouge is subsampled 2. Coring

Soil core sampling

Use with methanol method

1. Auger or gouge is subsampled

2. Coring ring pushed out.

3. Remaining excess soil is pushed out with plunger

4. Coring ring is placed back and soil is pushed in methanol filled jar (entire ring also fits in jar)

5. Device is field decontaminated with flame

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is pushed in methanol filled jar (entire ring also fits in jar) 5. Device is field

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2

is pushed in methanol filled jar (entire ring also fits in jar) 5. Device is field

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is pushed in methanol filled jar (entire ring also fits in jar) 5. Device is field
is pushed in methanol filled jar (entire ring also fits in jar) 5. Device is field

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is pushed in methanol filled jar (entire ring also fits in jar) 5. Device is field
is pushed in methanol filled jar (entire ring also fits in jar) 5. Device is field
38 Soil core sampling Benefits • Suits also stony soil • Little waste in laboratory

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Soil core sampling

Benefits

Suits also stony soil

Little waste in laboratory

Suits both methods

Aluminium lined absolutely diffusion and leak proof seals

Close fit glass jars with teflon lined seals.

Reusable and durable coring rings which may alternate between lab and user (or disposable with the caps)

seals. • Reusable and durable coring rings which may alternate between lab and user (or disposable
seals. • Reusable and durable coring rings which may alternate between lab and user (or disposable
seals. • Reusable and durable coring rings which may alternate between lab and user (or disposable
seals. • Reusable and durable coring rings which may alternate between lab and user (or disposable
Soil core sampling Sample rings 39

Soil core sampling

Sample rings

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Soil core sampling Sample rings 39
Soil core sampling Sample rings 39
Soil core sampling Working principles of sample ring kits • Sample ring will be filled

Soil core sampling

Working principles of sample ring kits

Sample ring will be filled with soil with help of an open or closed ring holder

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principles of sample ring kits • Sample ring will be filled with soil with help of
principles of sample ring kits • Sample ring will be filled with soil with help of
principles of sample ring kits • Sample ring will be filled with soil with help of
principles of sample ring kits • Sample ring will be filled with soil with help of
41 Soil core sampling Benefits • Minimal disturbance (“undisturbed”) • Rings have a very accurate

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Soil core sampling

Benefits

Minimal disturbance (“undisturbed”)

Rings have a very accurate volume

High quality samples for physical tests

Three available diameters (different dimensions)

Can be hammered; applicable in all soils

Sample ring protected by closed ring holder

Kit allows sampling at surface and at depth

Low maintenance

• Sample ring protected by closed ring holder • Kit allows sampling at surface and at
• Sample ring protected by closed ring holder • Kit allows sampling at surface and at
42 Soil core sampling Applications: • Soil science • Soil physical analyses • Agricultural research

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Soil core sampling

Applications:

42 Soil core sampling Applications: • Soil science • Soil physical analyses • Agricultural research Remarks

Soil science

Soil physical analyses

Agricultural research

Remarks

Rings and holders are made of stainless steel

Rings can be ordered with special numbers

Lost of sandy samples below groundwater table

ma de of stainless steel • Rings can be ordered with special numbers • Lost of
43 Soil core sampling The circle of the need of undisturbed soil sampling

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Soil core sampling

The circle of the need of undisturbed soil sampling

43 Soil core sampling The circle of the need of undisturbed soil sampling
43 Soil core sampling The circle of the need of undisturbed soil sampling
43 Soil core sampling The circle of the need of undisturbed soil sampling
43 Soil core sampling The circle of the need of undisturbed soil sampling
Soil core sampling More information ? Brochures (catalogue and www.eijkelkamp.com ) Complementary information (not

Soil core sampling

More information ? Brochures (catalogue and www.eijkelkamp.com) Complementary information (not for all products) Manuals (almost all products) Product Knowledge D-base (PKD-internet) Product Training: ETC@eijkelkamp.com Additional questions ?! Write info@eijkelkamp.com or ask local distributor !

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Product Training: ETC@eijkelkamp.com Additional questions ?! Write info@eijkelkamp.com or ask local distributor ! 44