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AS 1004.

1—1998
ISO 8512-1:1990

Australian Standard™
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Surface plates for metrology

Part 1: Cast iron


[ISO title: Surface plates, Part 1: Cast iron]
This Australian Standard was prepared by Committee ME/27, Engineering
Tolerance Systems, Metrology, Surface Quality. It was approved on behalf of the
Council of Standards Australia on 17 April 1998 and published on 5 June 1998.

The following interests are represented on Committee ME/27:


The CMM Group
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CSIRO, Division of Telecommunications and Industrial Physics


Engineering Employers Association, S.A.
Institution of Engineers Australia
Metal Trades Industry Association of Australia
National Association of Testing Authorities Australia
Society of Manufacturing Engineers
University of Queensland
Queensland University of Technology
University of Wollongong

Review of Australian Standards. To keep abreast of progress in industry, Australian Standards are
subject to periodic review and are kept up to date by the issue of amendments or new editions as
necessary. It is important therefore that Standards users ensure that they are in possession of the latest
edition, and any amendments thereto.
Full details of all Australian Standards and related publications will be found in the Standards Australia
Catalogue of Publications; this information is supplemented each month by the magazine ‘The
Australian Standard’, which subscribing members receive, and which gives details of new publications,
new editions and amendments, and of withdrawn Standards.
Suggestions for improvements to Australian Standards, addressed to the head office of Standards
Australia, are welcomed. Notification of any inaccuracy or ambiguity found in an Australian Standard
should be made without delay in order that the matter may be investigated and appropriate action taken.

This Standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 97313.


AS 1004.1—1998

Australian Standard™
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Surface plates for metrology

Part 1: Cast iron

Originated as part of AS 1004 — 1971.


AS 1004 — 1971 withdrawn 1997.
Revised and redesignated in part as AS 1004.1 — 1998.

Published by Standards Australia


(Standards Association of Australia)
1 The Crescent, Homebush, NSW 2140
ISBN 0 7337 1958 9
ii

PREFACE

This Standard was prepared by the Standards Australia Committee ME/27, Engineering Tolerance
Systems, Metrology, Surface Quality, to supersede, in part, AS 1004 — 1971, Surface plates.
The objective of this Standard is to provide manufacturers and users with the requirements for cast
iron surface plates suitable for general use.
Surface plates provide the user with a plane or datum surface for many practical purposes. They are
made of cast iron or granite and for convenience of presentation there are two parts in this series of
standards for surface plates, each complete in itself, dealing with cast iron and granite surface plates
respectively.
The choice between cast iron and granite surface plates depends on the conditions of use. Some
general information about care and use, testing, and moderation in loading of plates is given in
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Annexes A, B and C.
In addition to the guidance given in Annexes A, B and C the following recommendations are given:
(a) A surface plate should be located so that it can be worked on from all sides.
(b) Preferably, the sensitivity of the measuring instrument used for checking the flatness of an
0 grade plate should be equal to or less than 0.2 second of arc (1 µm/m).
(c) In some circumstances it may not be possible to check the flatness of a surface plate to within
the border zone specified.
This Standard is identical with and has been reproduced from ISO 8512-1:1990, Surface plates,
Part 1: Cast iron.
The term ‘informative’ has been used in this Standard to define the application of the annex to
which it applies. An ‘informative’ annex is only for information and guidance.
As this Standard is reproduced from an International Standard, the following applies:
(i) Its number appears on the cover and title page while the International Standard number
appears only on the cover.
(ii) In the source text ‘this International Standard’ should read ‘this Australian Standard’.
(iii) A full point substitute for a comma when referring to a decimal marker.

© Copyright STANDARDS AUSTRALIA


Users of Standards are reminded that copyright subsists in all Standards Australia publications and software. Except where the
Copyright Act allows and except where provided for below no publications or software produced by Standards Australia may be
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exclusively in-house by purchasers of the Standard without payment of a royalty or advice to Standards Australia.
Standards Australia will also permit the inclusion of its copyright material in computer software programs for no royalty
payment provided such programs are used exclusively in-house by the creators of the programs.
Care should be taken to ensure that material used is from the current edition of the Standard and that it is updated whenever the
Standard is amended or revised. The number and date of the Standard should therefore be clearly identified.
The use of material in print form or in computer software programs to be used commercially, with or without payment, or in
commercial contracts is subject to the payment of a royalty. This policy may be varied by Standards Australia at any time.
iii

CONTENTS
Page

1 SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
2 NORMATIVE REFERENCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
3 DEFINITION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
4 NOMENCLATURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
5 MATERIAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
6 STRESS RELIEF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
7 PREFERRED SIZES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
8 RIGIDITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
9 FINISH OF THE WORKING SURFACE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
10 GENERAL FEATURES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
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11 ACCURACY — FLATNESS TOLERANCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4


12 MARKING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
ANNEXES
A USE AND CARE OF CAST IRON SURFACE PLATES . . . . .................. 5
B TESTING OF SURFACE PLATES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .................. 6
C RESISTANCE TO DEFLECTION OF CAST IRON SURFACE
PLATES UNDER LOAD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
D BASES OF TOLERANCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
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iv

NOTES
1

AUSTRALIAN STANDARD

Surface plates for metrology

Part 1:
Cast iron
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1 Scope planes between which the working surface can


just be obtained.
This part of ISO 8512 specifies requirements for
rectangular or square cast iron surface plates
ranging from 160 mm × 100 mm to 2 500 mm × 4 Nomenclature
1 600 mm, as preferred sizes, in four grades of
accuracy 0, 1, 2 and 3. For the purposes of this part of ISO 8512, the
nomenclature shown in figure 1 applies.
This part of ISO 8512 applies to new cast iron
surface plates, cast iron surface plates in use, and
those reconditioned according to their grade. 5 Material

Good quality, close-grained, plain cast iron or


2 Normative reference alloy cast iron at least equal to grade 250 of
ISO 185 shall be used; the material shall be
The following standard contains provisions which, sound and free from blow holes and porous
through reference in this text, constitute provisions patches. Minor defects in working surfaces of
of this part of ISO 8512. At the time of publication, grades 2 and 3 only may be repaired by plugging
the edition indicated was valid. All standards are with material of composition, similar to that of the
subject to revision, and parties to agreements plate.
based on this part of ISO 8512 are encouraged to
investigate the possibility of applying the most
recent edition of the standard indicated below. 6 Stress relief
Members of IEC and ISO maintain registers of
currently valid International Standards. After being cast and rough machined, all plates
grades 0 and 1 and of size up to and including
ISO 185:1988, Grey cast iron — Classification. 400 mm × 250 mm shall be given a suitable
treatment to relieve internal stresses before being
finished. It is strongly recommended that larger
3 Definition plates of all grades be stress-relieved by similar
means; however, where facilities for this purpose
For the purposes of this part of ISO 8512, the are not available, such plates may be stabilized by
following definition applies. natural ageing by agreement with the purchaser.

The manufacturer shall, on request, supply the


deviation from flatness of the working surface: purchaser with a statement of the stress-relieving
The minimum distance separating two parallel process which the plate has received.

COPYRIGHT
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AS 1004.1-1998, Surface plates for metrology Cast


iron
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