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Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and “H” Type Wood Poles.

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OHL-03-099

Issue 1

1 FOREWORD

This document supersedes and replaces all of Energy Networks previous 11kV and 33kV bare wire overhead line specifications including:-

OHL-03-006 Issue 1 – L10 (Aug 1994) OHL-03-007 Issue 1 – L15 (Apr 1996) OHL-03-008 Issue 1 – L20 (Feb 1996) OHL-03-018 Issue 1 – L25 (May 1996) OHL-03-019 Issue 1 – L27 (Mar 1996) OHL-03-025 Issue 1 – Genu 3 (D) (Jun 1973) OHL-03-083 Issue 1 – L33 (Aug 2002) OHL-03-090 Issue 2 – L35 (Aug 2005) OHL-03-093 Issue 1 – L36 (Aug 2005) 72/0850/16 Issue 1 Manweb 33kVOverhead Line Design (Oct 1994)

2 SCOPE

Specification for 11kV and 33kV overhead power lines of unearthed construction employing AAAC Conductors, supported on single and “H” type wood pole supports.

3 ISSUE RECORD

This is a controlled document.

All copies printed via the Intranet or photocopied will be deemed uncontrolled.

Issue Date

Issue No

Author

Amendment Details

May 2007

1

L Campbell

Initial Issue

4 ISSUE AUTHORITY

Author

Owner

Issue Authority

L Campbell Senior Project Engineer

A Graham

C Woodman Engineering Services Manager

Policy and Standards Section Head

 

……………………………

5 REVIEW

This Specification will be subject to review following implementation and in any case no later than three years after publication.

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and “H” Type Wood Poles.

Uncontrolled Copy

OHL-03-099

Issue 1

6

CONTENTS

1

FOREWORD

1

2

SCOPE

1

3

ISSUE

RECORD

1

4

ISSUE AUTHORITY

 

1

5

REVIEW

1

6

CONTENTS

2

7

DEFINITIONS

 

17

8

REFERENCES

19

9

INTRODUCTION

22

10

DESIGN DATA

23

10.1

Design Basis

23

10.2

Conductors

23

10.3

Crossarms

23

10.4

Supports

24

10.5

Stays

24

11

MATERIALS

 

24

12

TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS FOR THE ERECTION OF LINES

25

12.1

Structure Type and Capabilities

25

12.2

Wood Poles

25

12.2.1 Section, Section Angle and Terminal Supports

25

12.2.2 Supports

26

12.3

Pole Strut Loadings

27

12.4

Windspan and Foundation Requirements

27

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and “H” Type Wood Poles.

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OHL-03-099

Issue 1

12.5 Failure Containment Requirements 29

12.6 Steelwork and Bolts 30

12.7 Stays 31

12.8 Line Conductors

32

12.8.1 Line jumpers

32

12.8.2 Down Dropper Jumpers

32

12.9 Insulators and Conductor Fittings 33

12.10 Span Lengths 34

12.11 Section Lengths 34

12.12 Conductor Design/Erection Sags and Tensions

35

12.13 Conductor Spacing and Clearances

36

12.13.1 Minimum Height of Line Conductors

36

12.13.2 Summary of Statutory Ground Clearances

36

12.13.3 Clearances to Obstacles

37

12.13.4 Clearances to other Power Lines

37

12.13.5 Railway and Canal Crossings

37

12.13.6 Telecommunications Crossings

37

12.13.7 Road / Motorway Crossings

37

12.14 Safety Signs and Number Plates

38

12.15 Anti-climbing Devices 38

12.16 Bonding and Earthing

39

12.16.1

Neutral Earths

40

12.17 11kV Transformers

40

12.18 Switchgear

41

12.19 Air Break Switch Disconnectors 41

12.20 HV Cable Terminations 42

12.21 Surge Arresters 43

43

Appendices

12.22 Insulated Shrouding

44

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and “H” Type Wood Poles.

Uncontrolled Copy

OHL-03-099

Issue 1

Appendix 1 11KV Non Severe Weather Area 50mm 2 AAAC “Hazel” Conductor (L10)

45

Table 1- Support Types and Duties Table for 50mm 2 “HAZEL” AAAC

46

Table 2- Conductor Design Table for 50mm² “HAZEL” AAAC

47

Table 3- Conductor Pre-Tension Table for 50mm 2 “HAZEL” AAAC

48

Table 4- Conductor Erection Table for 50mm 2 “HAZEL” AAAC

48

Table 5-Maximum Angle of Deviation for Single Poles for 50mm 2 “HAZEL” AAAC

49

Table 6-Maximum Angle of Deviation for “H” Poles for 50mm 2 “HAZEL” AAAC

49

Table 7-Strut Load in Single Poles with One or Two Stays (kgf) for 50mm 2 “HAZEL” AAAC

50

Table 8-Strut Load in “H” Poles with Two or Three Stays (kgf) for 50mm 2 “HAZEL” AAAC

 

51

Table 9- Strut Load in Single Pole Double Terminal Structures with Four Stays (kgf) for 50mm 2 “HAZEL” AAAC

52

Table 10-Strut Loading in Single Pole Construction Terminals (kgf) for 50mm 2 “HAZEL” AAAC

52

Table 11-Stayed Pole Strut Capabilities for 50mm 2 “HAZEL” AAAC

53

Table 12-Pole Sizing for Single Pole Intermediate and Section Poles for 50mm 2 “HAZEL” AAAC

54

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and “H” Type Wood Poles.

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OHL-03-099

Issue 1

Appendix 2 11kV Severe Weather Area.100mm 2 AAAC “Oak” Conductor (L27)

55

Table 1- Support Types and Duties Table for 100mm 2 “OAK” AAAC (Severe Weather Area)

 

56

Table 2- Conductor Design Table for 100mm² “OAK” AAAC (Severe Weather Area)

57

Table 3- Conductor Pre-Tension Table for 100mm 2 “OAK” AAAC (Severe Weather Area)58

Table 4- Conductor Erection Table for 100mm 2 “OAK” AAAC (Severe Weather Area)

58

Table 5-Maximum Angle of Deviation for Single Poles for 100mm 2 “OAK” AAAC (Severe Weather Area)

59

Table 6-Maximum Angle of Deviation for “H” Poles for 100mm2 “OAK” AAAC (Severe Weather Area)

59

Table 7- Strut Load in Single Poles with One or Two Stays (kgf) for 100mm 2 “OAK” AAAC

(Severe Weather Area)

60

Table 8- Strut Load in “H” Poles with Three Stays (kgf) for 100mm 2 “OAK” AAAC (Severe

Weather Area)

61

Table 8- Strut Load in “H” Poles with Three Stays (kgf) for 100mm 2 “OAK” AAAC (Severe

Weather Area) (Cont)

62

Table 9– Strut Loading in Single Pole Construction Terminals (kgf) FOR 100mm 2 “OAK” AAAC (Severe Weather Area)

62

Table 10-Stayed Pole Strut Capabilities for 100mm 2 “OAK” AAAC (Severe Weather Area)

63

Table 10–Stayed Pole Strut Capabilities for 100mm 2 “OAK” AAAC (Severe Weather Area)

(cont.)

64

Table 11- Pole Sizing for Single Pole Intermediate and Section Poles for 100mm 2 “OAK” AAAC

65

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and “H” Type Wood Poles.

Uncontrolled Copy

OHL-03-099

Issue 1

Appendix 3 33kV Non Severe Weather Area 150mm 2 AAAC “ASH” Conductor (L27)

66

Table 1- Support Types and Duties Table for 150mm 2 “ASH”AAAC (Non Severe Weather Area)

67

Table 2- Conductor Design Table for 150mm² “ASH” AAAC (Non Severe Weather Area) .68

Table 3- Conductor Pre-Tension Table for 150mm 2 “ASH”AAAC (Non Severe Weather Area)

69

Table 4- Conductor Erection Table for 150mm 2 “ASH”AAAC (Non Severe Weather Area)69

Table 5-Maximum Angle of Deviation for Single Poles for 150mm 2 “ASH”AAAC (Non Severe Weather Area)

70

Table 6-Maximum Angle of Deviation for “H” Poles for 150mm 2 “ASH” AAAC (Non Severe

Weather Area)

70

Table 7-Strut Load in Single Poles with One or Two Stays (kgf) for 150mm 2 “ASH”AAAC (Non Severe Weather Area)

71

Table 8-Strut Load in “H” Poles with Three Stays (kgf) for 150mm 2 “ASH”AAAC (Non Severe Weather Area)

72

Table-9 Strut Load in “H” Pole Structures with Four Stays (kgf) for 150mm 2 “ASH”AAAC

(Non Severe Weather Area)

73

Table 10– Strut Loading in Single Pole Construction Terminals (kgf) for 150mm 2 “ASH”AAAC (Non Severe Weather Area)

74

Table 11-Stayed Pole Strut Capabilities for 150mm 2 “ASH”AAAC (Non Severe Weather Area)

75

Table 11– Stayed Pole Strut Capabilities for 150mm 2 “ASH”AAAC (Non Severe Weather

Area)

(cont.)

76

Table 12-Pole Sizing for Single Pole Intermediate and Section Poles for 150mm 2 “ASH”AAAC (Non Severe Weather Area)

77

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and “H” Type Wood Poles.

Uncontrolled Copy

OHL-03-099

Issue 1

Appendix 4 33kV Non Severe Weather Area.200mm 2 AAAC “POPLAR” Conductor (L33)78

Table 1- Support Types and Duties Table for 200mm 2 “POPLAR”AAAC (Non Severe Weather Area)

79

Table 2- Conductor Design Table for 200mm² “POPLAR”AAAC (Non Severe Weather Area)

80

Table 3- Conductor Pre-Tension Table for 200mm 2 “POPLAR”AAAC (Non Severe Weather

Area)

81

Table 4- Conductor Erection Table for 200mm 2 “POPLAR”AAAC (Non Severe Weather Area)

81

Table 5-Maximum Angle of Deviation for Single Poles for 200mm 2 “POPLAR”AAAC (Non

Severe Weather Area)

82

Table 6-Maximum Angle of Deviation for “H” Poles for 200mm 2 “POPLAR”AAAC (Non Severe Weather Area)

82

Table 7-Strut Load in Single Poles with One or Two Stays (kgf) for 200mm 2 “POPLAR”AAAC (Non Severe Weather Area)

83

Table 8-Strut Load in “H” Poles with Three Stays (kgf) for 200mm 2 “POPLAR”AAAC (Non

Severe Weather Area)

84

Table-9 Strut load in “H” Poles with Four Stays (kgf) for 200mm 2 “POPLAR”AAAC (Non

Severe Weather Area)

85

Table 10– Strut Loading in Single Pole Construction Terminals (kgf) for 200mm 2 “POPLAR”AAAC (Non Severe Weather Area)

85

Table 11-Stayed Pole Strut Capabilities for 200mm 2 “POPLAR”AAAC (Non Severe Weather Area)

86

Table 11– Stayed Pole Strut Capabilities for 200mm 2 “POPLAR”AAAC (Non Severe Weather Area) (cont.)

87

Table 12-Pole Sizing for Intermediate and Section Poles for 200mm 2 “POPLAR”AAAC (Non

Severe Weather Area)

88

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and “H” Type Wood Poles.

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OHL-03-099

Issue 1

Appendix 5 33kV Severe Weather Area 200mm 2 AAAC “POPLAR” Conductor (L33)

89

Table 1- Support Types and Duties Table for 200mm 2 “POPLAR”AAAC (Severe Weather Area)

90

Table 2- Conductor Design Table for 200mm² “POPLAR” AAAC (Severe Weather Area) .91

Table 3- Conductor Pre-Tension Table for 200mm 2 “POPLAR”AAAC (Severe Weather Area)

92

Table 4- Conductor Erection Table for 200mm 2 “POPLAR”AAAC (Severe Weather Area)92

Table 5-Maximum Angle of Deviation for Single Poles for 200mm 2 “POPLAR”AAAC (Severe Weather Area)

93

Table 6-Maximum Angle of Deviation for “H” Poles for 200mm 2 “POPLAR”AAAC (Severe

Weather Area)

93

Table 7-Strut Load in Single Poles with One or Two Stays (kgf) for 200mm 2 “POPLAR”AAAC (Severe Weather Area)

94

Table 8-Strut Load in “H” Poles with Three Stays (kgf) for 200mm 2 “POPLAR”AAAC (Severe Weather Area)

95

Table 9-Strut Load in “H” Poles with Four Stays (kgf) for 200mm 2 “POPLAR”AAAC (Severe Weather Area)

96

Table 10–Strut Loading in Single Pole Construction Terminals (kgf) for 200mm 2 “POPLAR”AAAC (Severe Weather Area)

96

Table 11-Stayed Pole Strut Capabilities for 200mm 2 “POPLAR” AAAC (Severe Weather Area)

97

Table 11–Stayed Pole Strut Capabilities for 200mm 2 “POPLAR”AAAC (Severe Weather

Area)

(cont.)

98

Table 12-Pole Sizing for Single Pole Intermediate and Section Poles for 200mm 2 “POPLAR”AAAC (Severe Weather Area)

99

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and “H” Type Wood Poles.

Uncontrolled Copy

OHL-03-099

Issue 1

Appendix 6 33kV Severe Weather Area 300mm 2 AAAC “UPAS” Conductor (L35)

100

Table 1- Support Types and Duties Table for 300mm 2 “UPAS”AAAC (Severe Weather Area)

101

Table 2- Conductor Design Table for 300mm² “UPAS”AAAC (Severe Weather Area)

102

Table 3- Conductor Pre-Tension Table for 300mm 2 “UPAS”AAAC (Severe Weather Area)

 

103

Table 4- Conductor Erection Table for 300mm 2 “UPAS”AAAC (Severe Weather Area)

103

Table 5-Maximum Angle of Deviation for Single Poles for 300mm 2 “UPAS”AAAC (Severe

Weather Area)

104

Table 6-Maximum Angle of Deviation for “H” Poles for 300mm 2 “UPAS”AAAC (Severe Weather Area)

104

Table 7-Strut Load in Single Poles with One or Two Stays (kgf) for 300mm 2 “UPAS”AAAC

(Severe Weather Area)

105

Table 8-Strut Load in “H” Poles with Three Stays (kgf) for 300mm 2 “UPAS”AAAC (Severe

Weather Area)

106

Table 10–Strut Loading in Single Pole Construction Terminals (kgf) for 300mm 2 “UPAS”AAAC (Severe Weather Area)

107

Table 11-Stayed Pole Strut Capabilities for 300mm 2 “UPAS”AAAC (Severe Weather Area)

108

Table 11–Stayed Pole Strut Capabilities for 300mm 2 “UPAS”AAAC (Severe Weather Area)

(cont.)

109

Table 12- Pole Sizing for Intermediate and section Poles for 300mm 2 “UPAS”AAAC (Severe

Weather Area)

110

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and “H” Type Wood Poles.

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OHL-03-099

Issue 1

Appendix 7 Installation requirements for Conductors incorporating Optical Fibres

 

111

13

INTRODUCTION

111

13.1

General

111

 

13.1.1 Optical Phase Conductors

111

13.1.2 Crossarms, Supports and Stays

111

13.2

Materials 112

 

13.2.1 Optical Phase Conductors (OPPC)

112

13.2.2 Vibration Damper

112

13.2.3 Suspension Components

112

13.2.4 UPAS Equivalent OPPC Tension String Components

113

13.2.5 POPLAR Equivalent OPPC Tension String Components 114

 

13.3

Optical Splice Enclosures

115

13.3.1

Electrical Connections

115

13.4

Earthing 116

 

13.5

Optical Fibre Cable Connections

116

Poplar Equivalent Optical Conductor (Non Severe Weather Area) (L34)

 

118

Table 1 200mm 2 AAAC “Poplar” Equivalent OPPC Conductor (Non Severe Weather Area)

 

118

Table 2 Conductor Design Table for 200mm² “POPLAR Equivalent OPPC” AAAC (Non Severe Weather Area)

119

Table 3- Conductor Pre-Tension Table for 200mm² “POPLAR Equivalent OPPC” AAAC

(Non Severe Weather Area)

120

Table 4- Conductor Erection Table for 200mm² “POPLAR Equivalent OPPC” AAAC (Non

Severe Weather Area)

120

Poplar Equivalent Optical Conductor (Severe Weather Area) (L34)

121

Table 1 200mm 2 AAAC “Poplar” Equivalent OPPC Conductor (Severe Weather Area)

121

Table 2- Conductor Design Table for 200mm² “POPLAR Equivalent OPPC” AAAC (Severe

Weather Area)

122

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and “H” Type Wood Poles.

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OHL-03-099

Issue 1

Table 3- Conductor Pre-Tension Table for 200mm² “POPLAR Equivalent OPPC” AAAC

(Severe Weather Area)

123

Table 4- Conductor Erection Table for 200mm² “POPLAR Equivalent OPPC” AAAC (Severe

Weather Area)

123

UPAS Equivalent optical conductor (Severe Weather Area) (L36)

124

Table 1 300mm 2 AAAC “UPAS” Equivalent OPPC Conductor (Severe Weather Area)

124

Table 2 Conductor Design Table for 300mm² “UPAS Equivalent OPPC” AAAC (Severe Weather Area)

125

Table 3- Conductor Pre-Tension Table for 300mm 2 “UPAS Equivalent OPPC”AAAC (Severe Weather Area)

126

Table 4- Conductor Erection Table for 300mm 2 “UPAS Equivalent OPPC”AAAC (Severe

Weather Area)

126

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and “H” Type Wood Poles.

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OHL-03-099

Issue 1

Appendix 8 Installation Requirements for Horse OPGW

 

127

14

General

127

14.1.1 Optical Ground Wire

127

14.1.2 Supports and Stays

127

14.2

Materials 128

 

14.2.1 Optical Ground Wire (OPGW)

128

14.2.2 Vibration Damper

128

14.2.3 Suspension Components

128

14.2.4 Horse Equivalent Tension String Components 129

 

14.2.5 Connection to Splice Enclosures

130

14.3

Conductor Design/Erection Sags and Tensions

130

14.4

Location of OPGW Attachment Points on Structures

131

14.4.1 Straight Section, Intermediate and Pin Angle Structures

131

14.4.2 Angle Section and Terminal Structures

131

14.5

Bonding and Earthing of OPGW and Components

131

“Horse” Equivalent OPGW Conductor (80m basic span)

 

132

Table 1 70mm 2 AACSR “Horse” Equivalent OPGW Conductor (80m basic span)

132

Table 2 Conductor Design table for 70mm² “HORSE Equivalent OPGW” AACSR (80m Basic Span)

133

Table 3 Conductor Erection Table for 70mm² “HORSE Equivalent OPGW” AACSR (80m

Basic Span)

134

“Horse” EQUIVALENT OPGW Conductor (100m basic span)

135

Table 1 70mm 2 ACSR “Horse” Equivalent OPGW Conductor (100m basic span)

135

Table 2 Conductor Design Table for 70mm² “HORSE Equivalent OPGW” AACSR (100m

Basic Span)

136

Table 3 Conductor Erection Table for 70mm² “HORSE Equivalent OPGW” AACSR (100m

Basic Span)

137

“Horse” Equivalent OPGW Conductor (120m basic span)

138

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and “H” Type Wood Poles.

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OHL-03-099

Issue 1

Table 1 70mm 2 AACSR “Horse” Equivalent OPGW Conductor (120m basic span)

138

Table 2 Conductor Design Table for 70mm² “HORSE Equivalent OPGW” AACSR (120m

Basic Span)

139

Table 3 Conductor Erection Table for 70mm² “HORSE Equivalent OPGW” AACSR (120m

Basic Span)

140

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and “H” Type Wood Poles.

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OHL-03-099

Issue 1

Drawings and Component Listings

141

Figure 1 11Kv Single Pole Member Drilling, Scarfing and Marking

144

Figure 2 11Kv H Pole Member Drilling, Scarfing and Marking

145

Figure 3 33Kv Light Construction Single Pole Member Drilling, Scarfing and Marking

146

Figure 4 33Kv Light Construction H Pole Member Drilling, Scarfing and Marking

147

Figure 5 33Kv Heavy Construction Single Pole Member Drilling, Scarfing and Marking

148

Figure 6 33Kv Heavy Construction H Pole Member Drilling, Scarfing and Marking

149

Figure 7 Delta H Pole Drilling Scarfing and Marking

150

Figure 8 Single Pole Intermediate or Pin Angle (Drawing SP2147473)

151

Figure 9 Single Pole Intermediate or Pin Angle (Drawing SP4018552)

153

Figure 10 “H” Pole Intermediate Long Span (Drawing SP4019155)

155

Figure 11 Single Pole Straight Line or Angle Section (Drawing SP2147476)

157

Figure 12 Single Pole Straight Line or Angle Section (Drawing SP4018548)

159

Figure 13 “H” Pole Straight Line or Angle Section (Drawing SP4019003)

161

Figure 14 Long Span “H” Pole Straight Line or Angle Section (Drawing SP2147486)

163

Figure 15 Delta “H” Pole Section or Section Angle (Drawing SP2059611)

165

Figure 16 Delta Long Span “H” Pole Section or Section Angle (Drawing SP2059372)

167

Figure 17 Single Pole Terminal (Drawing SP2147474)

169

Figure 18 “H” Pole Terminal (Drawing 2147485)

171

Figure 19 Single Pole Double Terminal (Drawing SP4000578)

173

Figure 20 General Arrangement Intermediate Crossarm (Drawing SP4018402)

175

Figure 21 General Arrangement Section Crossarm (Drawing SP4018433)

176

Figure 22 General Arrangement Terminal Crossarm (Drawing SP4018401)

177

Figure 23 General Arrangement Long Span Crossarm (Drawing SP4017663)

178

Figure 24 General Arrangement Crossarm Strut (Drawing SP4017649)

179

Figure 25 General Arrangement Long Crossarm Strut (Drawing SP4017635)

180

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and “H” Type Wood Poles.

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OHL-03-099

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Figure 26 General Arrangement Long Span Delta Crossarm Strut (Drawing SP2143987)

181

Figure 27 General Arrangement Terminal Strap (Drawing SP4017664)

182

Figure 28 General Arrangement Section Strap (Drawing SP4017666)

183

Figure 29 General Arrangement Insulator Bracket (Drawing SP4018449)

184

Figure 30 General Arrangement Insulator Plate (Drawing SP4017637)

185

Figure 31 General Arrangement Foundation Brace Steelwork “H” Pole 1830mm Centres (Drawing 4017651)

186

Figure 32 General Arrangement Foundation Brace Steelwork “H” Pole 2500mm Centres (Drawing SP4017652)

187

Figure 33 General Arrangement Stay and Foundation Blocks (Drawing SP4019020)

188

Figure 34 General Arrangement Wood Brace Block Type 1 “H” Pole 1830mm Centres (Drawing SP4019036)

189

Figure 35 General Arrangement Wood Brace Block Type 2 “H” Pole 2500mm Centres (Drawing SP4019037)

190

Figure 36 General Arrangement “H” Pole Carryover Support Steelwork (Drawing SP4008885)

191

Figure 37 General Arrangement “H” Pole Cable Cleat / Coffin Support Steelwork (Drawing SP2143955)

192

Figure 38 General Arrangement “H” Pole Crucifix Support Steelwork (Drawing SP2143957)

193

Figure 39 General Arrangement Single Pole Fuse Steelwork (Drawing SP2059590)

194

Figure 40 General Arrangement Single Pole Fuse Outrigger Steelwork (Drawing SP2143963)

195

Figure 41 General Arrangement “H” Pole Fuse Steelwork (Drawing SP2143487)

196

Figure 42 General Arrangement Surge Arrester Support Steelwork (Drawing SP2143956)

197

Figure 43 General Arrangement Delta “H” Section Strap (Drawing SP2146143)

198

Figure 44 General Arrangement Terminal Bracing Strap (Drawing SP4015138)

199

Figure 45 General Arrangement Terminal Bracing Strap (Drawing SP4020576)

200

Figure 46 General Arrangement Long Section Strap For Long Span Delta “H” Pole (Drawing SP4019183)

201

Figure 47 General Arrangement Heavy Construction Stay Attachment Plates (Drawing SP4009774)

202

Figure 48 General Arrangement Heavy Construction Stay Attachment (Drawing SP4009862)

203

Figure 49 General Arrangement Transformer Platform Steelwork for a Single Pole (Drawing SP4020579)

204

Figure 50 General Assembly Transformer Platform Steelwork for a Single Pole (Drawing SP4020581)

205

Figure 51 General Arrangement Transformer Platform Steelwork for an “H” Pole (Drawing SP4020578)

206

Figure 52 General Assembly Transformer Platform Steelwork for an “H” Pole (Drawing SP4020580)

207

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and “H” Type Wood Poles.

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OHL-03-099

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Figure 53 General Arrangement Single Pole Bog Shoe (Drawing SP2146665)

208

Figure 54 General Arrangement “H” Pole Bog Shoe (Drawing SP

209

Figure 55 General Arrangement Bog Shoe Strut (Drawing SP2146662)

210

Figure 56 General Arrangement 30 0 Angle Bracket

211

Figure 57 General Arrangement Wind Stay Attachment

212

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and “H” Type Wood Poles.

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7

DEFINITIONS

For the purpose of this Specification the following definitions apply:

AAAC :

All Aluminium Alloy Conductor.

Approvals Engineer: Energy Networks representative appointed by the Engineering Services Manager with authority for Energy Networks approvals.

Approved:

Equipment approved in accordance with Energy Networks’ Equipment Approvals Procedure, and which is considered suitable for installation on The Company’s networks.

Auxiliary Equipment: Equipment other than that forming part of the line design which may be placed on supports such as transformers, fuse gear etc.

Average Span:

The arithmetic average of a number of spans in a line or section of line.

Basic Span:

The span length adopted for sag/tension calculations.

Conductor Creep:

Permanent long term elongation of the conductor.

Conductor Downpull:

The vertical loading imposed by the conductors corresponding to a gradient measured between adjacent pole tops.

Construction Terminal:

A support at which the line may be terminated temporarily on one side of the Crossarm only on tension insulator sets.

Crossarm Assembly:

A descriptive term used to include all pole top Crossarm components and fixings.

Energy Networks:

SP SP Power Systems Ltd, operator of network assets on behalf of the company.

Engineer:

Energy Networks’ nominated representative having authority over technical matters contained in this specification.

Intermediate Support:

A support in a straight run of line on which the conductors are supported on pin or post Insulators.

Maximum Conductor Weight (MCW):

The likely maximum vertical component of applied conductor load.

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Maximum Span:

The maximum permitted length of any span.

Maximum Working Tension (MWT): The conductor tension assessed at -5.6ºC with wind and ice loading, which may be limited by vibration considerations.

Non Severe Weather Environment

As defined in Energy Networks Document OHL-01-008 Construction Policy for Distribution Overhead Lines

OPGW:

Optical Ground Wire

OPPC:

Optical Phase Conductor

Over tensioning:

Excess tension applied above normal tension at time of erection to compensate for conductor creep.

Recommended Span:

The average span length in any section to which the line should be planned.

Sag:

The vertical distance, under any system of conductor loading, between the conductor and a straight line joining adjacent supporting points, measured at mid-span.

Section Angle Support:

A support at which a line deviates and the conductors are made off on either side of the Crossarm on tension insulators.

Section Support:

A support in a straight run of line on which the conductors are made off on either side of the Crossarm on tension insulators.

Severe Weather Environment

As defined in Energy Networks Document OHL-01-008 Construction Policy for Distribution Overhead Lines

Span:

The horizontal distance between adjacent supports. Individual spans will normally be within 20% of the basic span.

The Company:

Refers to SP Distribution Limited, SP Transmission Limited and SP Manweb plc.

Uplift

When a line profile indicates a conductor attachment point is below the -5.6ºC curve when strung between two adjacent supports.

Wind Loading Span:

Half the sum of the spans adjacent to the support.

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8

REFERENCES

When designing or constructing overhead lines in accordance with this specification it is essential that the appropriate persons be in possession of the latest versions of the following documents.

Statutory Legislation

ESQCR

Electricity Safety, Quality and Continuity Regulations 2002 SI 2665

NRSWA

The New Road and Street Works Act 1991

British Standards (BS)

BS 144 BS 183 BS EN ISO 898-1

Specification for coal tar creosotes for wood preservation. Specification for General Purpose Galvanised Steel Wire Strand Mechanical properties of fasteners made of carbon steel and alloy steel,

Bolts, Screws and Studs. Hot dip galvanised coatings on fabricated iron and steel articles Fixings for Sheet, Roof and Wall Coverings Wood poles for overhead lines (Power and Telecom’s. lines). Insulator and conductor fittings for overhead power lines. Steel Wire for General Fencing Purposes Structural Use of Steelwork in building. – Code of Practice Mechanical Properties of Fasteners – Bolts, Screws and Studs Non-ferrous metallic coatings on steel wire - Part 2: Zinc or zinc alloy coatings on steel wire. Overhead Lines-Requirements and Tests for Fittings.

BS EN ISO 1461 BS 1494-1 BS 1990 Part 1 BS 3288 BS 4102 BS 5950 Part 1 BS EN 20898-1 BS EN 10244-2

BS EN 61284

Continued on next page….

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Energy Networks Documents

EPS-01-004

Policy for Signing and Guarding of Electrical Networks Apparatus.

OHL-14-005

Wood Pole Overhead line Clearances.

OHL-03-095

Specification for Overhead Line Conductor.

OHL-03-096

Specification for Overhead Line Conductor Incorporating Optical Fibres.

DOC-00-313

Wood Pole Overhead Line Manual.

OHL-18-017

Termination of 11kV Cables on Single Poles.

OHL-18-018

Termination of 11kV Cables on “H” Poles.

OHL-18-019

Termination of 33kV Cables on a Crucifix.

OHL-18-022

Erection of Optical Phase Conductors.

OHL-21-003

Power Installed Screw Anchors (Sheer Pine Method).

OHL-21-004

Power Installed Screw Anchors (Torque Method).

OHL-21-016

Rock Anchors.

OHL-22-003

Transformer Erection Single Bolt Fixing.

OHL-22-004

Transformer Erection Single Pole Platform.

OHL-22-005

Transformer Erection H Pole (2 Tirfor Method).

OHL-22-010

Installation of Ai r Break Switch Disconnector.

OHL-22-012

Installation of Novexia Auguste Switch.

OHL-22-013

Installation of Pole Mounted Auto Reclosers.

OHL-22-023

Installation of 15kV Trisec Air Break Sectionalisers.

OHL-22-026

Installation of 11kV Fuse Mounts on Single Poles.

OHL-22-027

Installation of 11kV Fuse Mounts With Outrigger Brackets.

OHL-22-028

Installation of 11kV Fuse Mounts on Spur Poles.

OHL-22-029

Installation of 11kV Fuse Mounts on “H” Poles.

OHL-22-030

Transformer Erection H Pole (1 Tirfor Method).

OHL-23-001

Labelling of Wood Pole Apparatus in SP Distribution Ltd

OHL-23-002

Network Area & SP Transmission Ltd Network Area. Labelling of Wood Pole Apparatus in SP Manweb plc

OHL-25-002

Network Area. LV Neutral Earths.

OHL-25-007

Overhead Line Equipment Earth Systems.

Continued on next page….

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Electricity Association Technical Specifications (ENATS)

ENATS 43-8

Overhead Line Clearances

ENATS 43-40

Specification for Single Circuit Overhead Lines on Wood Poles for use at

ENATS 43-88

High Voltage Up To and including 33kV. Selection and treatment of wood poles and associated timber

ENATS 43-90

for overhead lines. Anti-Climbing Devices and Safety Signs for HV Lines up to and including

400kV.

ENATS 43-91

Stay strands and stay fittings for overhead lines.

ENATS 43-92

Overhead Line Fittings.

ENATS 43-93

Line Insulators.

ENATS 43-95

Steelwork for overhead lines.

ENATS 43-96

Fasteners and washers for wood pole overhead lines.

ENATS 43-119

Designs and Use of Temporary Scaffold Guards

Electricity Networks Association Engineering Recommendations (ER)

ER-P27 Current Rating Guide for High Voltage Overhead Lines Operating In the UK Distribution System. ER-PO5 Protection of Telecommunication Lines from High Voltage Power Lines.

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INTRODUCTION

It is Asset Strategy’s aspiration that all Overhead networks will be suitably storm resilient, lines constructed to this specification will fulfil those requirements providing reliable and economical network performance.

This Specification has been prepared to provide a design of 11kV and 33kV overhead lines suitable for application within the companies licensed areas. They incorporate features of previously proven company specifications, particularly with regard to conductors, maximum working tensions, span lengths and factors of safety.

All overhead lines erected after 31 st January 2003 are required to comply with the Electricity Safety, Quality and Continuity Regulations. Overhead lines designed and constructed in accordance with this Specification are deemed to comply with ESQCR 2002 SI 2665.

Any overhead line or part of an overhead line, not complying with this Specification shall, in each case, be subject to Approval by the Engineering Services Manager or nominated representative.

Approval will normally be sought when the line is being planned.

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DESIGN DATA

10.1

Design Basis

The design basis for this specification mirrors that in ENA TS 43-40, utilising an empirical approach.

10.2 Conductors

The tension of any line conductor at a temperature of -5.6º Celsius and subjected to a design wind and ice loading appropriate to the environment in which the line will be situated, shall ensure that the conductor will have a minimum factor of safety of 2.5 over the rated breaking strength of the conductor.

The basic span length is specific to the conductor and environment in which the line will be situated and will be specified in the relevant appendix.

10.3 Crossarms

The minimum factor of safety on all Crossarm assemblies and associated steelwork is 2.5 in a Non Severe Weather Environment and up to 3.5 in a Severe Weather Environment on the yield stress of the steel.

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10.4 Supports

The strength of supports is derived from formulae contained in BS 1990 part 1.

The stresses created in intermediate supports are bending stresses due to windage on conductors, the loading point being 230mm above pole tops. All “in-line” intermediate and section poles have a minimum factor of safety of 3.5 in all Weather Environments.

The stresses created in stayed supports are crippling stresses due to stay tension, steelwork and vertical conductor loads acting at the pole top. All angle and terminal poles have a minimum factor of safety of 2.5 in a Non Severe Weather Environment and up to 3.5 in a Severe Weather Environment.

Pole top horizontal loading has also to be maintained within specified limits to prevent pole top splitting. Poles shall be of a sufficient diameter to withstand the above-mentioned stresses. Therefore the minimum pole grade allowable in Appendix 1 only shall be “Medium”, all other Appendices require a minimum pole grade of “Stout” to BS 1990 Part 1 for the purpose of this Specification. In addition a minimum pole top diameter is specified in Table 11 of appendix 1 or Table 10 in all other appendices, this pole top diameter may exceed the minimum pole top diameter quoted in BS 1990 Part 1. This more onerous requirement should be taken into account when selecting poles.

For Pinus Sylvestris, the average ultimate extreme fibre stress value used is in all pole calculations is 53.3N/mm².the average modulus of elasticity fibre stress is 10054N/mm².

In all cases, the appropriate pole strength has been calculated using a maximum taper of

11.25mm/m.

10.5 Stays

The minimum factor of safety on stay assemblies is 2.5 in a Non Severe Weather Environment and up to 3.5 in a Severe Weather Environment based on the minimum failing load of the assembly.

11 MATERIALS

Except where otherwise specified all materials used in the construction of lines to this Specification shall comply with current British Standards and ENA Technical Specifications as appropriate. Only Energy Networks Approved materials shall be used.

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12

TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS FOR THE ERECTION OF LINES

12.1

Structure Type and Capabilities

Table 1 of appendices 1 to 6 contained within this specification provides details of the various structure types, limiting span length and angle of deviation detailed under gradient conditions as applicable, together with the appropriate Energy Networks drawing reference numbers. The maximum span lengths indicated take account of conductor clashing and steelwork strength limitations.

Poles, which are subject to Uplift at –5.6ºC, shall be sectioned.

12.2 Wood Poles

Wooden poles shall be of the species Scots Pine (Pinus Sylvestris) and shall be imported from a Nordic Country and grown at latitude greater than 60°00'00"N. Poles shall be creosoted to BS144 using the Rueping empty cell process. In all circumstances poles shall comply with BS 1990 Part 1 and ENATS 43-88 Parts 1 and 2. They shall be supplied drilled and scarfed. Pole blocks shall be fabricated to ENATS 43-91 drawing 439103 Type 2 and drawing 439112 Type 1 & 2 as required.

12.2.1 Section, Section Angle and Terminal Supports

The gradient limitations quoted in Table 1 of appendices 1 to 6 are derived from the conductor vertical load, which can be accommodated by the Crossarms and is expressed as a Downpull gradient, which is measured between adjacent pole tops.

The gradient limitations quoted in Table 1 refer to Downpull gradients on each side of the support and therefore it is acceptable to summate gradients. The gradients limitations quoted in Table 1 are therefore permitted on both sides of the supports. Terminal supports are designed to allow for the appropriate value on one side of the structure only. The Uplift limits on section, section angle and terminal structures shall be taken as being the same as for Downpull detailed in Table 1 of the relevant appendices.

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12.2.2

Supports

For Section and intermediate structures the maximum Downpull shall be no greater than an equivalent
For Section and intermediate structures the maximum Downpull shall be no greater than an
equivalent gradient of 1:10 to the horizontal plane on either side of the structure.
β ≤ 191 0
1:10*
1:10*
For hillside applications, the maximum gradient quoted in Table 1 of appendices 1 to 6
For hillside applications, the maximum gradient quoted in Table 1 of appendices 1 to 6 for
intermediate supports is limited by the method of conductor attachment and is permitted only
where angle α ≥ 166 0 and where angle β ≤ 191 0 where these limitations cannot be satisfied a
section structure should be employed.
0
β ≤
191
α ≥ 166 0
1:4
For Terminal structures the maximum Downpull shall be equivalent to a gradient of 1:5 to the
horizontal plane on one side of the structure only.

Any structure not complying with the requirements set out above shall be subject to approval. Approval will normally be sought when the line is being planned.

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12.3 Pole Strut Loadings

The strut loading imposed on poles due to vertical components of stay and conductor tensions including any auxiliary equipment at specified angles of line deviation and ground slope conditions are specified in the Tables 7, 8 & 9 of appendices 1 to 6.

For all single pole 11kV structures an allowance of 600kg has been included for the attachment of auxiliary equipment.

During construction, section poles may be utilised as temporary terminals.

pole section structure is required for this situation, the pole must be graded such that it is capable of a terminal load condition as detailed in pole strut loading tables of the relevant appendices.

Where a single

Temporary terminal stays will be fitted in accordance with Energy Networks Approved staying methods and placed at the ends of the crossarm and the stay anchors positioned no closer to the pole than two pole lengths, this may require to be increased significantly where conductors in excess of 100mm 2 are employed to limit the loading applied to the pole and crossarm assembly.

12.4 Windspan and Foundation Requirements

Pole foundations shall be designed to withstand the overturning moment due to windage on conductors, poles and insulators. Foundation design shall also take account of the rupturing capacity of the ground. In excavating foundation holes, the minimum amount of soil shall be disturbed in order to take advantage of the load bearing value of the virgin ground as far as possible. Back-filled soil shall be compacted using hand or mechanical compaction methods, not more than 150mm of loose soil shall be returned between each ramming operation.

All structures shall have a minimum of one foundation block fitted at a minimum of 500mm below ground level. Where an angle of deviation exists the top foundation block shall be on the inside of the angle.

Where the quality of backfill material is unsuitable it will be necessary to replace the excavated material with a suitable imported backfill, however an Energy Networks approved soil additive, e.g. Permasoil, may be used to improve the quality of poor soil.

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The Engineer shall inspect holes and, where deemed necessary, additional kicking blocks or bog shoes as detailed in Energy Networks Drawings Reference SP2146665 (Single Pole Bog Shoe) or SP2146682 H Pole Bog Shoe shall be installed.

In addition it may be necessary to install wind stays in accordance with Energy Networks Drawing Reference SP4000336 to exposed sections of line where directed by the Engineer.

All Foundations shall have a minimum factor of safety of 2.5 in a Non Severe Weather Environment and up to 3.5 in a Severe Weather Environment. The values for Windspan capabilities for Unstayed Intermediate and Section structures quoted in Table 11 or 12 as applicable of the appendices have been calculated using a soil bearing capacity of 314 (kN/m²)

Table 10 of appendix 1 and Table 11 of appendices 2 to 6 also detail the planting depths appropriate to the various pole lengths.

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

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12.5 Failure Containment Requirements

All lines shall include supports, designed to contain a cascade failure, separated by not more than 1000m. Supports, which are considered adequate to provide failure containment, are: -

(i)

Any Section Structure. (Minimum Grade Stout as defined in BS 1990)

(ii)

Any H Pole Section Structure.

(iii)

Any section angle structure, which requires to be fitted with twin-splayed, stays, with a stay slope of 45°.

(iv)

Any “H” Pole section angle structure in excess of 30 o fitted with splayed stays with a stay slope of 45°.

(v)

Any “H” Pole section, section angle structure fitted with twin splayed stays with a stay slope of 45 o employed on both sides of the structure in the plane of the line.

(vi)

A Terminal Structure.

Conductor

 

Acceptable Failure Containment Options

 
 

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

 

(v) (vi)

Hazel

√ √

 

Oak

--

√ √

 

Ash

--

√ √

 

Poplar

--

--

√ √

 

Upas

--

--

--

√ √

 

Note:- The following table indicates the minimum requirements to satisfy option (iv) for the various conductor types.

Conductor Type

Angle of deviation on a Single Pole

Hazel

>45 o

Oak

>40 o

Ash

>29 o

Poplar

>15 o

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12.6 Steelwork and Bolts

The steelwork for the structure types included in this Specification has been designed using BS 5950 Part 1 and shall generally conform to the requirements of ENATS 43-95.

All intermediate, section, section angle and terminal supports shall have anti-split bolts fitted above and below the Crossarm steelwork.

Bolts shall generally conform to ENATS 43-96 and BS EN ISO 898-1

Terminal Bracing Straps Drawing reference SP4020576 for L33 construction and Drawing Reference SP4015138 for L35 or L36 construction shall be substituted for item 9 in the “H” Pole Terminal Structure general assembly Drawing reference SP2147485.

M20 High Yield Steel Pole Bolts (Stamped 8.8) are required for all structures for all applications.

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12.7

Stays

Stays shall be Energy Networks Approved and comply with ENATS 43-91, design calculations have been based on galvanised steel stranding of 7/4.00mm, Grade 1150 to BS 183. Stay wires shall generally be made off with helical fittings at the pole top, insulator positions and on the stay rods. Where conductors in excess of 200mm 2 are employed, Stay attachment at pole tops shall be as shown in Energy Networks Drawing ref SP4009862

Thimbles used for making off stay wire to stay rods shall conform to ENATS 43-91. Drawing 439109 Type 1 for 7 /4.00mm stays

Stay blocks shall be cut from sawn timber to produce rectangular sections and shall conform to ENATS 43-91 as shown in Energy Networks Drawing ref SP4010920 for 7/4.00mm stays and shall be creosoted to BS 144 using the Rueping Empty Cell Process.

Stay rods shall be adjustable and in accordance with ENATS 43-91 drawing 439101 Type 2 for 7/4.00mm stays.

Tables 7 and 8 of the appendices detail the maximum angles of deviation allowable for the varying stay slopes relative to a number of stays. Terminal supports shall be stayed in accordance with the requirements for a 60º angle of deviation.

Where two stays are required, they can be installed either splayed or in tandem. When splayed, they shall be a minimum of 3m apart at ground level. When in tandem, the stay blocks shall be in separate holes with at least 3m undisturbed ground between them. Tandem Stays are not permitted when the structure is designated as a failure containment structure as defined in 11.5

All stays are to be installed such that the stay wire is left tight under normal working conditions, with the stay load equally proportioned between the stays where multiple stays are employed.

Stay insulators shall be as detailed with ENATS 43-91 drawing 439101 Type 1 for use at 11kV and for 33kV two Type 2 insulators in an insulator link assembly drawing 439108 shall be used. Insulators shall be inserted in every stay wire in such a position that, with the stay hanging down in a vertical position, the insulator shall be below the lowest bare conductor but in no circumstance less than 3m above ground. On multiple stayed poles, insulators shall be staggered to avoid clashing.

The method of installation of stays is detailed in Energy Networks Document OHL-21-002

Rock stays and their method of installation will be of an Energy Networks Approved type the method of installation is detailed in as detailed in Energy Networks Document OHL-21-016.

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Only Energy Networks Approved power installed screw anchors may be used and may only be installed with the agreement of the Engineer The method of installation is detailed in Energy Networks Document’s OHL-21-003 & OHL-21-004.

12.8 Line Conductors

The line conductors shall conform to Energy Networks Specification for Overhead Line Conductor (OHL-03-095) or (OHL-03-096) as applicable.

The use of PVC covered conductor for line conductor applications is not recommended and reference should be made to the Engineering Services Manager when considering any use of covered conductors.

12.8.1 Line jumpers

Line jumpers on section and tapping poles shall be formed in the same AAAC Conductor as the line conductors. These jumpers shall be directly connected to the line conductor by Energy Networks Approved Compression connectors.

12.8.2 Down Dropper Jumpers

Where there is a requirement to connect an item of 11kV plant or apparatus to the overhead line, the associated connecting jumpers shall be formed in covered copper flexible jumpers. These jumpers shall not be connected to the overhead line conductor directly, a pre fabricated Energy Networks approved wedge type live line bail shall be connected to the overhead line conductor, the flexible jumper shall then be connected to the live line bail using a Energy Networks Approved flexible jumper kit.

The method of installation of down dropper jumpers is detailed in Energy Networks Document OHL-22-006.

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12.9 Insulators and Conductor Fittings

Only Energy Networks Approved polymeric tension insulator sets shall be used at section and terminal positions, these shall comply with ENATS 43-93.

Where the conductors cross sectional area is in excess of 200mm 2 the tension string crossarm attachment components shall comprise of a BS3288 Shackle Ref 28/29 and a BS 3288 Ball End Link Ref 28/30. These components shall be substituted for item 15 of the structure general assembly drawings. All components in the tension string including the tension insulator shall be rated at a minimum value of 125kN. Where required Sag Adjuster Plates BS3288 Ref 28/100 and an additional BS3288 Shackle Ref 28/29 may be installed as shown in Appendix 7 in Energy Networks Drawing Ref SP4022218

For non-tension insulators, only Energy Networks Approved Porcelain Insulators shall be used on intermediate structures, and for conductor support, unless otherwise specified. These shall comply with ENATS 43-93, Drawing Reference 439301 for 11kV and Drawing Reference 439302 for 33kV.

Where the conductor cross sectional area is in excess of 200mm 2 only Energy Networks approved polymeric post type insulators complying with ENATS 43-93 with a separate armour grip suspension clamp top complying with BS EN 61284 shall provide support at intermediate structures. These may also be employed as support insulators at terminal and section structures. These post insulators shall be substituted for items 11 & 12 of the structure general assembly drawings.

At Earthed Poles Energy Networks Approved Polymeric Insulators shall be used for all line insulation applications.

All Insulator and Conductor fittings shall comply with BS 3288.

Arcing horns shall not normally be fitted to tension insulator sets.

Energy Networks Approved Tension dead-ends can be either of the compression or helical type depending on the conductor type. These shall meet the requirements of ENATS 43-92.

Full tension mid-span joints shall only be used in exceptional circumstances when agreed by the Engineer and any such joint shall be located at least 1 metre from any conductor dead- end, or conductor fitting. Non-tension joints shall be of the compression type meeting the requirements of ENATS 43-92.

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12.10 Span Lengths

The basic span length adopted by this specification is dependant on the chosen conductor and the environment in which the line will be situated and as such is specified in the appropriate conductor appendices. Individual spans will normally be within ± 20% of the chosen basic span.

The average span length of every kilometre of line (not necessarily between section supports) shall not be greater than the basic span.

In extreme circumstances an occasional Maximum span shall be permitted. In such cases the maximum span length for individual structures is given in Table 1 of appendices 1 to 6.

No more than two adjacent maximum spans shall be permitted as detailed in Table 1 of appendices 1 to 6

Where Long Span “H” Pole Structures are employed, in line stays shall be installed against the long spans to reduce the effect of out of balance tensions on the adjacent spans.

12.11 Section Lengths

Section lengths, defined as the length between two section supports, shall not exceed 1000m.

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

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12.12 Conductor Design/Erection Sags and Tensions

Ordinates for plotting uplift curves are based on conductor design tensions.

Ordinates for plotting ground clearance curves assume the use of new conductor and include an allowance for long-term creep over a period of 25 years.

Conductor design sags / tensions are given in Table 2 of appendices 1 to 6.

Erection sags and tensions are given in Table 4 of appendices 1 to 6 and are based on the conductor design tensions, but have been subject to a 10% over tension to accommodate the long-term stretch of the conductor during the life of the line.

At 15-minute

intervals during this period, the tension or sag shall be adjusted in order to maintain the

correct value.

The conductors shall be pre-tensioned for a minimum time of 60 minutes.

Conductor Pre-Tension sags / tensions are given in Table 3 of appendices 1 to 6.

The erection sags given in Table 4 of appendices 1 to 6 have been calculated from the conductor design tensions.

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

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12.13 Conductor Spacing and Clearances

The mid span conductor phase spacing generally limits the maximum span lengths detailed in Table 1of appendices 1 to 6. The following values have been used to establish the values in Table 1.

The standard conductor spacing is 1.2m on intermediate and terminal supports

The conductor spacing for section angle supports 60 0 is 1.21m.

The conductor spacing for section angle supports 60 0 75 0 is 1.11m.

The conductor spacing for long span “H” section angle supports 30 0 1.93m.

The likely maximum conductor temperature for the purpose of assessing clearances is specific to the chosen conductor and is specified in the relevant appendices.

The minimum electrical clearance between any energised unsupported conductor and an insulator support, steelwork; stay wire (earthed or unearthed) or stay-bonding device shall not be less than 400 mm.

The minimum electrical clearance between energised unsupported conductors shall not be less than 600 mm.

12.13.1 Minimum Height of Line Conductors

The height above ground of any line conductor, or any wire or cable attached to a pole carrying any line conductor, shall not, at its likely maximum temperature be less than the value specified in Energy Networks Document OHL-14-005 at any point. In order to calculate the height above ground of a line conductor, the appropriate sag for the span length and maximum operating temperature must first be selected from Table 2 of the appropriate appendix.

12.13.2 Summary of Statutory Ground Clearances

Road Crossing

Ground Not Over Road

Connecting Jumpers

5.8m

5.2m

4.3m

To ensure compliance with the above Statutory Clearances an additional 450mm shall be allowed on the profile ground clearance at maximum still air sag condition to allow for minor variations in ground level due to farming activities.

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and “H” Type Wood Poles.

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12.13.3 Clearances to Obstacles

With the line conductors at the likely maximum temperature in still air or deflected at any angle up to 45º from the vertical, the minimum clearances detailed in Energy Networks Document OHL-14-005 shall be achieved.

12.13.4 Clearances to other Power Lines

Where power lines cross over or are in proximity to one another, the voltage of the power line with the higher system voltage as detailed in Energy Networks Document OHL-14-005 shall determine clearances.

12.13.5 Railway and Canal Crossings

When an overhead line is erected along, or across, a railway, canal or navigable river it shall comply with such arrangements as may be prescribed, or as may be agreed with the authorities concerned to meet local or special conditions as detailed in Energy Networks Document OHL-14-005.

12.13.6 Telecommunications Crossings

Where an overhead line to this Specification crosses or is in proximity to a

telecommunications line, precautions shall be taken to prevent contact between the two lines as detailed in ER-PO5

.

12.13.7

Road / Motorway Crossings

Where a line to this Specification crosses a motorway or other designated “6.1m high load route” road, the minimum height of the conductors at the likely maximum conductor temperature must be at least 6.9m above the carriageway surface as detailed in Energy Networks Document OHL-14-005. Where it is necessary to employ a “sky cradle” during erection or maintenance works, a clearance of 8.2m must be provided between the line conductor and carriageway surface. Where a “sky cradle” cannot be used, scaffolding should be employed over a motorway. In such instance, a clearance of 14m should be ensured between the line conductor and the surface of a normal 3-lane motorway. Details of the design and use of temporary scaffold guards can be found in ENATS 43-119.

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and “H” Type Wood Poles.

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OHL-03-099

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12.14 Safety Signs and Number Plates

Safety signs shall be fitted to all supports in accordance with Energy Networks policy EPS-

01-004.

All poles shall be labelled in accordance with Energy Networks Documents OHL-23-001 or OHL-23-002 as appropriate.

12.15 Anti-climbing Devices

Anti-climbing devices in accordance with ENATS 43-90 shall be fitted to supports in accordance with Energy Networks policy EPS-01-004.

Anti-climbing devices shall be fitted to all stays.

Out-rigger brackets shall conform to ENATS 43-95 drawing 439516. The minimum quality of barbed wire shall be to BS 4102 Section 4 (galvanised steel) with barbs of 85mm spacing. Similar wire but with the spacing of the barbs set at 50mm is commonly used. In areas where there is the possibility of severe corrosion stainless steel barbed wire is recommended. Wire staples shall comply with BS 1494-1. They shall be of sufficient size to firmly hold the wire in place and be galvanised to BS EN 10244-2.

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and “H” Type Wood Poles.

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OHL-03-099

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12.16 Bonding and Earthing

Steelwork on poles shall NOT be earthed except where transformers, ground-operated switchgear; cable terminations or surge arresters are to be fitted. At such positions all steelwork and other supporting metalwork mounted on the pole above the anti climbing device shall be bonded and earthed in accordance with the requirements specified hereunder, where the pole is not earthed all steelwork above the anti climbing device shall be bonded together. Steelwork below the anti climbing device shall not be bonded or earthed unless ground operated switchgear operating handles are installed below the anti climber.

The Earthing and bonding conductor shall be stranded copper conductors of a minimum cross sectional area of 35mm² for 11kV and 70mm² for 33kV, the Earthing and bonding conductor shall be green/yellow PVC, covered.

The top section of stays shall always be bonded to the adjacent steelwork, regardless of whether the steelwork itself is earthed.

The Earthing conductor shall be connected to one or more Energy Networks Approved earth rods at a minimum depth of 600mm to establish an earth electrode with a maximum resistance value of 40 ohms. The first earth rod shall be positioned as close as possible to the base of the pole.

Where appropriate, deep driving of earth rods can be employed as an alternative to a multi- rod installation.

The Earthing conductor shall be protected from the bottom of the pole to above the anti

climbing device by an insulated 3.0m long cable guard buried in the ground to a depth of 150

mm.

The method of installation of Earthing for switchgear is detailed in Energy Networks Document OHL-25-007.

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and “H” Type Wood Poles.

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OHL-03-099

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12.16.1 Neutral Earths

Where there is a requirement to install a LV Neutral Earth on any structure the method of installation is detailed in Energy Networks Document OHL-25-002. The Neutral Earth Conductor up to the first earth rod shall be shall be 35mm² copper conductor for transformers up to and including 100kVA and 70mm² copper conductor for 200kVA transformers, The neutral earth conductor up to the first earth rod shall be black in colour and PVC covered.

12.17 11kV Transformers

Transformers in excess of 25kVA and up to and including 100kVA may be mounted on single poles structures on the ENATS 43-95 Transformer Platform arrangement Drawing Reference SP4020581.

Transformers in excess of 100kVA shall only be mounted on “H” Poles on the ENATS 43-95 Transformer Platform arrangement Drawing Reference SP4020580.

An alternative to an H Pole may be a single pole and lay leg structure. Where a lay leg is the preferred method of installation these poles should be obtained at the required length from the pole supplier, under no circumstances is it acceptable to cut a pole on site to the required length.

At such positions all steelwork and other supporting metalwork mounted on the pole above the anti climbing device shall be bonded and earthed in accordance with the requirements specified in 12.16.

The down dropper jumpers shall be installed in accordance with the requirements specified in

12.8.2.

The methods of installation of Transformers are detailed in Energy Networks Document’s OHL-22-03, OHL-22-04, OHL-22-05, and OHL-22-30.

The Transformer LV Neutral Earth shall be installed in accordance with the requirements specified in 12.16.1.

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and “H” Type Wood Poles.

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12.18 Switchgear

All switchgear with the exception of those of the un-earthed Hook Stick or Long Stick method of operation shall be installed on Earthed poles in accordance with the requirements specified in 12.16. They shall be erected at the pole top below the line conductors.

Surge arresters shall be installed as directed by the Engineer and shall be fitted in accordance with Clause 12.21.

For 11kV applications the down dropper jumpers shall be installed in accordance with the requirements specified in Energy Networks Document OHL-22-006.

The methods of installation of Pole Mounted Switchgear are detailed in Energy Networks Documents OHL-22-012, OHL-22-013, OHL-22-023, OHL-22-026, OHL-22-027, OHL-22-028 and OHL-22-029.

12.19 Air Break Switch Disconnectors

Air Break Switch Disconnectors shall not be installed on Earthed poles. They shall be of an un-earthed hook stick operated type, erected in a horizontal position at the pole top below the line conductors

At such positions all steelwork and other supporting metalwork mounted on the pole above the anti climbing device if fitted shall be bonded in accordance with the requirements specified in 12.16.

For 11kV applications the down dropper jumpers shall be installed in accordance with the requirements specified in Energy Networks Document OHL-22-006.

The method of installation of ABSD is detailed in Energy Networks Document OHL-22-010.

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and “H” Type Wood Poles.

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12.20 HV Cable Terminations

All HV cables shall be terminated on Energy Networks Approved terminations on poles below the conductors in accordance with Energy Networks documents OHL-18-17, OHL-18-18 or OHL-18-19 as appropriate.

The jumpers shall be formed in the same conductor as the line conductors and connected to the main line with Energy Networks Approved compression connectors and terminating in an Energy Networks Approved Bi Metallic connector on the cable termination. All connectors shall satisfy the requirements of ENATS 43-92.

The HV cable shall be secured from 200mm below ground level up to the termination and it shall be protected from the bottom of the pole to above the anti climbing device by an insulated 3.0m long cable guard buried in the ground to a depth of 150 mm. Cognisance should be taken of the requirements of Energy Networks document OHL-025-007 when considering the routing of the cable and associated earthing system.

All metalwork on the pole including the cable termination associated mounting steelwork and metallic cable sheath/screen above the Anti Climbing Device shall be bonded and earthed in accordance with Clause 12.16.

Surge arresters shall normally be incorporated in the cable termination and shall be fitted in accordance with Clause 12.21.

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and “H” Type Wood Poles.

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OHL-03-099

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12.21 Surge Arresters

Energy Networks Approved surge arresters shall be fitted to protect cables and elsewhere, where directed by the Engineer.

Where surge arrestors are to be erected on a pole, whether incorporated in a cable termination or directly mounted on an item of plant, they shall be connected directly in the current path as close to the plant or cable termination lugs as possible. One continuous 70mm² copper conductor which shall be green/yellow PVC covered, shall be installed directly from the apparatus Earthing terminal or the outer surge arrester to the first earth rod which shall be positioned as close as possible to the base of the pole. The metallic cable sheath/screen of underground cables shall be connected to the crucifix star point, which shall then be connected to the surge arrestor earth by a 70mm² copper conductor, which shall also be green/yellow PVC covered.

All other metalwork on the pole including the cable termination associated mounting steelwork above the Anti Climbing Device shall be bonded to the surge arrestor earth by a 35mm² Copper conductor for 11kV and a 70mm² Copper conductor for 33kV applications. The Bonding conductor shall be green/yellow PVC covered in accordance with Clause 12.16. The earth electrode shall have a maximum resistance value of 10 Ohms.

12.22 Insulated Shrouding

Insulated Shrouding shall be fitted to all 11kV plant and equipment as directed by the engineer.

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and “H” Type Wood Poles.

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OHL-03-099

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Appendices

Appendix 1

11KV Non Severe Weather Area 50mm 2 AAAC “Hazel” Conductor (L10)

Appendix 2

11kV Severe Weather Area.100mm 2 AAAC “Oak” Conductor (L27)

Appendix 3

33kV Non Severe Weather Area 150mm 2 AAAC “ASH” Conductor (L27)

Appendix 4

33kV Non Severe Weather Area.200mm 2 AAAC “POPLAR” Conductor (L33)

Appendix 5

33kV Severe Weather Area 200mm 2 AAAC “POPLAR” Conductor (L33)

Appendix 6

33kV Severe Weather Area 300mm 2 AAAC “UPAS” Conductor (L35)

Appendix 7

Installation requirements for Conductors incorporating Optical Fibres (L34 & L36)

Appendix 8

Installation Requirements for Horse OPGW

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Constr uction on Single and “H”

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and “H” Type Wood Poles.

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Appendix 1 11KV Non Severe Weather Area 50mm 2 AAAC “Hazel” Conductor (L10)

Design Parameters

Conductor Code name

 

HAZEL

Greased Conductor Weight (kg/m)

0.1648

Cross Sectional Area of Conductor (mm²)

59.9

Conductor Overall Diameter (mm)

9.9

Coefficient of Linear Expansion (/Degree C)

0.000023

Modulus of Elasticity (kg/mm²)

6016.3257

Rated Breaking Strength of Conductor (kgf)

1800.8

Basic / Recommended Span (m)

100

Wind Pressure on Conductor (N/m²)

380

Radial Ice Thickness (mm)

5

Ice Density (kg/m³)

913

Absolute Maximum Working Tension (MWT) Limit (kgf)

720.3

Temperature at MWT Limit (Degrees C)

-5.6

Maximum "Everyday" Tension (EDT) Limit (kgf)

360.2

Temperature at EDT Limit (Degrees C)

5

Maximum Conductor Tension (MCT) (kgf) @ –5.6 o C

666.2

Maximum Conductor Weight (MCW) (kg/m)

0.378

Maximum Conductor Pressure (MCP) (kg/m)

0.771

Freezing Point Tension (FPT) (kgf) @ 0 o C

396.2

Equipment Weight

600Kg

Design Temperature

Maximum Conductor Temperature For Assessing Ground Clearances

50

o C

Factors of Safety

Unstayed Poles

 

3.5

Pole Foundations

 

2.5

Stayed Poles

 

2.5

Stays

 

2.5

Steelwork

 

2.5

Pin Insulators

 

2.5

Uncontrolled Copy Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and

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Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and “H” Type Wood Poles.

Specification for 11kV And 33kV Overhead Lines of Unearthed Construction on Single and “H” Type Wood

OHL-03-099

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Table 1- Support Types and Duties Table for 50mm 2 “HAZEL” AAAC

Structure Type

 

Max Span Length

Max Gradient

Angle of Line Deviation

Energy Networks Drawing Reference

(m)

   

114

1: 10

 

Intermediate

Single Pole

90

1: 5*

SP2147473

Pin Angle

Single Pole

100

1:10

10°