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HISTORY, PRINCIPLES AND TRENDS OF BIOCLIMATIC ENERGYEFFICIENT ARCHITECTURE


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D. Markov (.. )
Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SPSUACE),
Saint-Petersburg, Russia
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Abstract
This article describes a brief history of bioclimatic energy-efficient architecture, provides
illustrations to help identify this trend in world history of architecture and civilization. The factors
that determine the principles of bioclimatic buildings are given. The examples of buildings and
projects, the most characteristic illustrating the basic principles of bioclimatic architecture are
given. Main ways of bioclimatic architecture, as self-direction, and in other areas of modern
architecture are describes. About the change of the triads of architectural basics at a new stage
of development of modern architecture is told. As part of the architectural change of bases,
bioclimatic architecture occupies a special place, because its main purpose is to be a certain
part of not only global architectural space, but also biological in general. In the whole, it can be
said that in this context, bioclimatic energy-efficient architecture is capable of becoming
dominant direction, indicating the development of architecture for many years.


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Keywords: architecture, history, bioclimatic architecture, green buildings, energy-efficient
buildings, energy conversation
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Conclusions
Years of experience designing and building bioclimatic energy-efficient buildings has shown that
architecture can serve as an important component of environmental restoration in which the
reduction in consumption of biological resources is through the use of human material. It can be
argued that at a new stage of development of architecture classical triad of architectural basics
"solid, useful, beautiful (firmitas, utilitas, venustas)" is changed by a new one - "ecology, energyefficiency, economy", besides the most important factor is the socio-cultural impact of
architecture. Under the new core started bioclimatic architecture occupies a special place due to
the fact that its goal is to be a certain part of not only global architectural space, but also

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biological in general. That is why we can say that this direction of architecture has the potential
to become dominant and determine the development of world architecture for many decades.

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1. James Wines . Green architecture / . Philip Jodidio Berlin : Taschen, 2000.


2. . : .
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, 17-18 2011 . .: , 2011.
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UK, England: Architectural Press. Oxford, Elsevier, 2007. 480 . ISBN 978-0-7506-6903-0.
11. . [. ].

:
http://ecorussia.info/ru/ecopedia/ustoychivaya_arhitektura_kompleksnye_podhody

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12. The Ark / Remistudio | ArchDaily [.
http://www.archdaily.com/103324/the-ark-remistudio/
13. The Scotts Tower UNStudio [.
http://www.unstudio.com/projects/the-scotts-tower
14. Emilio Ambasz & Associates, Inc.
http://www.emilioambaszandassociates.com/

[.

].

].
].

References
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14.
Emilio
Ambasz
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<http://www.emilioambaszandassociates.com/>.

Inc.

Web.

18

Dec.

2011.


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e-mail: denis.markov.arch@gmail.com
DATA ABOUT THE AUTHOR
D. Markov
Post-graduate student, hair Restoration and Reconstruction of an Architectural Heritage,
Saint-Petersburg State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering (SPSUACE),
Saint-Petersburg, Russia
e-mail: denis.markov.arch@gmail.com