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CLASS PERIOD 12

.......my dues, time after time; Ive come .my sentence, but committed no crime. And bad mistakes, ..a few. Ive taken ..my share of sand kicked in my face, But .through. Ive paid CHORUS Ive done We are the champions, my friends. And well keep on fighting to the end. Youve brought We are the champions (x2) No time for losers cos Ive made We are the champions of the world. Ive had .my bows and my curtain calls. .......me fame and everything that goes with it; I thank you all, But .no bed of roses, no pleasure cruise. I consider it a challenge Before the whole human race And I ain't gonna lose. (Repeat Chorus x3)

its been

WE ARE THE CHAMPIONS

Which tense is used in these sentences?


Ive paid my dues. Ive done my sentence. And bad mistakes, Ive made a few. Ive had my share of sand kicked in my face. Ive come through. Ive taken my bows. Youve brought me fame. Its been no bed of roses.

PRESENT PERFECT

The present continuous tense

Grammar: Language Focus 1 Present Perfect

1. When do we use the tense? 2. How can we form the tense?


Positive: Negative: Questions:

POSITIVE & NEGATIVE FORM

3. What are the common time expressions going with the tense?

PRESENT PERFECT
Subject I/ We/ You/ They She/ He/ It I Aux. verb have has have Main verb Extra information

Present Perfect How to use?


The present perfect tense links the past with the present.

PP
told him about the contract.

I/ We/ You/ They have not She/ He/ It has We Have Has have not I/We/You/They She/ He/ It

PP
PAST

PRESENT FUTURE

launched

any new products.

PP ?
sent the letter yet?

Have you

Present perfect tense is used to talk about: 1. actions or situations that began in the past and continue in the present. They have lived in Thai Nguyen for ten years.
PRESENT

2. General life experiences


Weve been to Australia three times.
PRESENT

?
PAST FUTURE

? ?
FUTURE

PAST

We are not interested in when but in the action itself

3. An event in the past that has a result in the present.

They have bought a new car. (The result is they have a new car to use now.)
PRESENT

Present Perfect Been to vs. Gone to


"She's gone to New York." = She's in New York at the moment.

PAST

FUTURE

Ive been to New York."


bought the car drive the car

= I went to New York recently, but I am back again now.

Past participle form of verbs


1. work worked play played remove removed plan - planned control controlled carry carried give given write - written

Spelling rules of a past participle


1. Basic rules: Verbs + ed work worked play played +d remove removed

2. improve improved 3. stop stopped 4. refer referred 5. study studied 6. do done sell sold

2. Verbs ending in e improve improved

3. One syllable verbs ending in 1 vowel + 1 consonant (except x, w), double the final consonant + ed stop stopped plan planned bow bowed

* Exceptions: fix fixed

Spelling rules of a past participle


4. Two syllable verbs ending in 1 vowel + 1 consonant and the second syllable is stressed Double the final consonant + ed refer referred control - controlled y + ied

Choose the correct answer


Present perfect tense is used to talk about: 1. actions or situations that A. happened and finished in the past B. began in the past and continue in the present 2. ..life experiences A. General B. Particular

5. Verbs ending in a consonant + y study studied

carry carried

6. See list of irregular verbs (p.161) do done sell sold give given spend - spent

3. An event in the past that has a result in the.. A. past B. present

Task 1: Complete the sentences with the present perfect tense +

2.Find the past participle form of the following verbs.

Verb have sent I/you/we/they ___ an email. He/she ___ has A. have B. is C. has D. are I/you/we/they havent got ____ any text messages. He/she ____ hasnt A. havent B. isnt C. hasnt D. arent

Past participle

Verb

Past participle

a. lose b. forget c. phone d. pay e. check f. leave

lost forgotten phoned paid checked left

g. receive h. use i. buy j. take k. keep l. have

received used bought taken kept had

SPEAKING
Task 3: Complete the following sentences with the present perfect tense of the verbs in brackets
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. have lost I (lose) my mobile phone. has forgotten He..(forgot) to post this letter. has phoned She.. (phone) three times today. I..(send) her my business card. have sent They (not start) working on their new project. havent started have interviewed We ..(interview) two candidates. havent spoken I (not speak) to her this week. hasnt called He ...(not call) me today. Look at the information. Talk about what Sue and Harry have/havent done.
Sue Harry

PAIR WORK Work in pairs to ask answer about these activities


3. They havent been 1. SueThey have been to hang-gliding. 4. Sue hasnt flown in a France 7. They havent a famous played 8. 6. Sue hasnt driven has. has visited any helicopter met Louvre Harry 2. Sue hasbut eaten oysters. 5. Theybut Harry hasnt. baseball. but Harry has. person have sport car but Harry hasnt. Museum

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

be to France. visit Louvre museum. be hang-gliding. fly in a helicopter. eat oysters. drive a sport car. play baseball. meet a famous person.

X X X X

X X X X

Harry

HOMEWORK
Study the present perfect tense. Do the exercises in your workbooks. Prepare for the next lesson.