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"Research" in all fields of human activity means continued search for knowledge and understanding.

It is a process of reasoning based on interactions between theories, methods and findings. Theory and law both are the principles of scientific method.

An explanation for an observation or series of observations that is substantiated by a considerable body of evidence. i (Krimsley, 1995). A scientific theory is a hypothesis that has been repeatedly tested, and not found faulty, usually also having been found somewhat useful. Theories, in turn, may help form new hypotheses or place groups of hypotheses into context.Theory drives the research question, the use of methods, and the interpretation of results. The chain of reasoning depends upon the design which depends on the type of question. In case of description it describes what is happening. In case of causal it tells us is there a systematic effect and in case of process/mechanism it explains why or how does the effect occur. It is an explanation of the phenomenon and is generally accepted because is has empirical evidence. The biggest difference between a law and a theory is that a theory is much more complex and dynamic. A law describes a single action, whereas a theory explains an entire group of related phenomena. And, whereas a law is a postulate that forms the foundation of the scientific method, a theory is the end result of that same process.ii (Matson,1999). The most important thing in scientific principles is theory because without it you cannot gives the explanation of your whole research and it provides the explanation of law that is really important and provide opportunity for others to carry on further research on the basis of previous theories. A scientic theory must 1. Resolve recognized problems. 2. Pose a new set of scientic problems upon which scientists may work. 3. Suggest a "paradigm" or problem solving model to help resolve the new problems.

An empirical generalization; a statement of a biological principle that appears to be without exception at the time it is made, and has become consolidated by repeated successful testing; rule.iii (Lincoln et al., 1990) Law is a statement of fact meant to describe, an action or set of actions. It is generally accepted to be true and universal, and can be expressed in terms of a single mathematical equation. Scientific laws must be simple true and absolute. A scientific law must apply under the same conditions and entail causal relationship between its elements. The law must be confirmed and generally agreed upon through the process of inductive reasoning. The biggest difference between a law and the theory is that a theory is much more complex and dynamic. A law describes a single action, where as theory explains an entire group of related phenomena. A law differs from a scientic theory in that it does not provide an explanation of phenomena rather it is merely a refinement of the results. Theories are abstract and based on concepts, and thats why they are never considered right or wrong. Instead, they are supported or challenged by observations in the world. Sometimes it happen that new theories reject or sometime molds the previous ones but a law can never be molded or rejected the reason behind it is that a law is much more time tested than theory.


Krimsley, V. S. 1995. Introductory Chemistry, 2nd Ed. Brooks/Cole Publishing Co., Pacific Grove. Matson, H. 1999. Scientific laws and theories, Lincoln, R. J., G. A. Boxshall, and P. F. Clark. 1990. A dictionary of ecology, evolution and systematics. Cambridge Univ.