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Design of Plate Frame Heat Exchanger

Adil Akbar(Me-029) Arsalan Hanif(Me-035) Muhammad Bilal(Me-027) Usama Najeeb(Me-080) Final year Project Batch 2007-2008

Objective
To design a plate frame heat exchanger to achieve the desired heat transfer duty with minimum pressure drop, and to keep the design as close as possible to the actual design.

Milestones Completed

Remaining Milestones

Literature Study

L ite ra tu re S tu d y co n tin u e s . . . . .

Executed Work

Application/Design Specification
Function: To pre-cool milk using water for pasteurization. Warm side Fluid Inlet temp Outlet temp Milk 50C 35.88C Cold side Water 32C 41.38C 0.44bar 4.130kg/s

Max. allowable 0.22bar pressure drop Mass flow rate 3.103kg/s

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Introduction to Thermal Design Procedure


Limited literature is available as design equations and correlations are usually company secret. Design softwares are not easily available. We have used correlations developed by scientists through research work namely Kumar(1984), Talik(1995) and Focke(1985).

Chevron angle for Talik and Focke .

Chevron angle for Kumar .

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Effect of changing chevron angle using Kumar correlation
Angle 30 45 60 U (W / m 2 . K ) 1266.6 1266.6 850.67 No. plates 45 45 67 No. passes 2 2 3 P_tm (bar) 0.2014 P_tw (bar) 0.2831

0.08516 0.1146 0.06418 0.08517

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Graph between chevron angle and overall heat transfer coefficient. Graph between chevron angle and total pressure drop for milk.

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Graph between chevron angle and total pressure drop for water.

Results derived from these graphs is that 45 is optimum angle as overall heat transfer coefficient is maximum and pressure drop is moderate.

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Comparison of Kumar, Talik and Focke correlations.
Correlations U (W/m2.K) 1266.5 1266.5 2478.5 No. plates 45 45 23 No. passes 2 2 1 P_tm (bar) 0.08516 0.03190 0.05609 P_tw (bar) 0.1146 0.09412 0.1152

Kumar(45) Talik(60) Focke(45)

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Kumar and Focke correlations verify that 45 is an optimum chevron angle.

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Effect of varying plate size at chevron angle of 45using Kumar correlation.
Size 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Width(m) 0.15 0.30 0.30 0.40 0.40 0.60 0.60 0.80 0.80 0.80 length(m) 0.7 0.50 0.80 0.80 1.20 1.00 1.40 1.00 1.40 1.60 Port Dia(m) 0.08 0.12 0.12 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.18 0.18 0.18

b=4mm, plate thickness=0.65mm

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Size 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
U (W/m2.K) 1681 1371.3 1280.8 1276 1266.6 1013.2 1416 759.9 1062 929.3 No. plates No. passes

esult of varying plate size


P_tm (bar
1.0220 0.1803 0.1912 0.0853 0.0851 0.0345 0.0241 0.0206 0.0143 0.0164

P_tw (bar)
1.3847 0.2442 0.2583 0.1151 0.1147 0.0466 0.0325 0.0277 0.0193 0.0221

155 133 89 67 45 45 23 45 23 23

7 6 4 3 2 2 1 2 1 1

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We arbitrarily selected size no.5 as a suitable plate size for our calculations.

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Kumar U 45
No. (W/m2.K) plates No. passes

mary Of Thermal Design


P_tm (bar) Plate Width (m) 0.085160.1146 0.4 P_tw (bar) Plate length (m) 1.2 Port Dia (m) 0.15

1266.5 45

The results obtained using Kumars correlation are in accordance to the data obtained from Engro Foods. Also Kumar is the most widely used correlation for plate frame heat exchanger.

Plan to do Remaining Work

Plan to do Remaining Work cont.....

HEAT TRANSFER REGION ASSEMBLY (plates and gaskets)

SUPPORT ASSEMBLY (support brackets, clamping plates, tie rods , tightening bolts and nuts etc)

References
Plate Heat Exchangers (Design Application and Performance) by L. WANG,B. SUNDEN and R. M. MANGLIK Heat Exchangers by Sadik Kakac 2nd Edition CRC Press. Heat Exchangers by Holger Martin CRC Press 1 edition C o m p a ct H e a t E xch a n g e rs b y J E . H E S S E LG R E A V E S I d u stri lH e a t E xch a n g e rs A B a si G u i e 2 nd n a c d Edition by G Walker Introduction to Food Process Engineering By P G Smith.