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A DISSERTATION REPORT ON

OPTIMIZATION & PERFORMANCE TESTING OF PARABOLIC COMMUNITY SOLAR COOKER

BY

Kumar Prince (PRN-08070121415) Sarvjeet Singh (PRN-08070121421) Sanket Vidhate (PRN-08070121453) Utkarsh karnwal (PRN-08070121430)
UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF

PROF. A.B. AUTI

SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE AWARD FOR THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING OF

SYMBIOSIS INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SYMBIOSIS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY PUNE-412115


[2008-2012]

SYMBIOSIS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that the dissertation entitled OPTIMIZATION & PERFORMANCE TESTING OF PARABOLIC COMMUNITY SOLAR COOKER, submitted by KUMAR PRINCE (415), SARVJEET SINGH (421), SANKET VIDHATE (453), UTKARSH KARNWAL(431),is record of bonafied work carried out by him,under my guidance, in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of the Degree of Bachelor of Technology in Mechanical Engineering from Symbiosis International University. Date: Place: SIT, Pune.

Prof.A.R.CHAVAN (Head of Department) Dept. of Mechanical Engineering Symbiosis Institute of Technology Pune-412115

Prof.A.B.AUTI (Guide) Dept. of Mechanical Engineering Symbiosis Institute of Technology Pune-412115

Dr.T.P.Singh (Director) Symbiosis Institute of Technology, Pune-412115

SYMBIOSIS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY


CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that the dissertation entitled DESIGN, MANUFACTURING

&PERFORMANCE TESTING OF PARABOLIC COMMUNITY SOLAR COOKER, submitted by KUMAR PRINCE (415), SARVJEET SINGH(421), SANKET VIDHATE(453), UTKARSH KARNWAL(430),is record of bonafied work carried out by him under my guidance in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of the Degree of Bachelor of Technology in Mechanical Engineering from Symbiosis International University.

Date: Place:

(EXAMINER)

(EXAMINER)

ACKNOLEGEMENT

With immense pleasure I express my deep sense of gratitude and vote of thank for few persons for helping me through this thesis and degree. First of all, I have great pleasure to express my great sense of gratitude and indebtedness to my college guide Prof. Abhijeet. B. Auti, Mechanical Engineering Department for his valuable and timely guidance during the entire course of project without which it would not have been possible to reach the stage I have at this moment.

I would like to thank our Director Dr T.P.Singh and Prof A.R.Chavan Head Of Department Mechanical Engineering for their support.

I also thank Dr. Akshay Malhotra (Deputy Director), Prof. Vishwash Purohit (Head Of Physics Department), Ms. Kavita Sahasrabudhe (Registrar) and all the staff members of Mechanical Engineering Workshop Department of Symbiosis Institute of Technology for offering help in the completion of this project work.

Lastly, I express my sincere thanks to my friends and those known and unknowns for their constant cooperation.

KUMAR PRINCE
PRN-08070121415

SARVJEET SINGH
PRN-08070121421

SANKET VIDHATE
PRN-09070121453

UTKARSH KARNWAL
PRN-08070121430

B.Tech. (Mechanical) Department of Mechanical Engineering Symbiosis Institute of Technology, Pune.

List of Tables
Table no. Table 3.1 Table3.2 Table 3.3 Table 3.4 Table 3.5 Table 3.6 Table 3.7 Table 3.8 Table 3.9 Table 3.10 Table 3.11 Table 3.12 Table 3.13 Table 3.14 Table 3.15 Table 6.1 Table 6.2 Table 6.3 Table 6.4 Title Miro 2 Miro 27 Miro3 Miro 4 2XXX 5XXX 6XXX 7XXX Mirror Bright Diffuse matt Hammered tone Combination of all four materials Wavelengths of different rays in sunlight Reflectivity Vs cost Table Calculations of Various values of y Observation table for testing of 8 kg water (old) Observation table for testing of 8 kg water (new) Observation table for testing of 8 kg water (With absorber) Variations of water temperature with time (Old vs New vs Black Absorber) Variations of oil temperature with time (Old) Variations of oil temperature with time (New) Variations of oil temperature with time (with absorber) Variations of oil temperature with time (Old vs New vs Black Absorber) Observation table for evaporation of 3.5kg of water Observation table for cooking of rice Energy savings potential and payback period calculations Page no 36 36 36 37 38 38 38 39 40 40 40 41 47 48 51 75 76 77 78

Table 6.5 Table 6.6 Table 6.7 Table 6.8

79 81 82 84

Table 6.9 Table 6.10 Table6.11

85 86 88

List of Graphs
Graph no. Graph 6.1 Graph 6.2 Title Variation of time vs temp. for 8kg of water Variation of efficiency for evaporation 8kg water Graph 6.3 Variation of efficiency for evaporation 2kg oil Graph 6.4 Variation of time of evaporation of water(old vs new vs black absorber) Graph 6.5 Variation of time of cooking rice (old vs new vs black absorber) 77 75 74 Page no 70 72

FIGURE TABLE
Figure no Figure1.1 Figure 1.2 Figure 1.3 Figure 2.1 Figure 2.2 Figure 2.3 Figure 2.4 Figure 2.5 Figure 2.6 Figure 2.7 Figure 3.1 Figure 3.2 Figure 3.3 Figure 3.4 Figure 3.5 Figure 3.6 Figure 3.7 Figure 3.8 Figure 3.9 Figure 3.10 Figure 3.11 Figure 3.12 Figure 4.1 Figure 4.2 Figure 4.3 Figure 4.4 Figure 4.5 Figure 4.6 Figure 5.1 Figure 5.2 Figure 5.3 Figure. 5.4 Figure 6.1 Figure 6.2 Name of figure Solar radiation on earths surface A view of the system installed at Tirupathi, Andhra Pradesh view of the system installed at Shirdi, Maharashtra Box Cooker Curved Concentrator Cooker Panel cooker Parabolic Dish Collectors with a Mirror Reflectors Parabolic Trough System Schematic of Parabolic Trough Collector Community Steam cooking system Parabolic curve Focusing of solar radiation Location of concentrator Curve for equation Y2 = 4aX Curve for equation x2 = 4 a y Parabolic Shape Testing graph Testing graph Testing graph Testing graph Testing graph Tracking of a Parabola Photographic view of parabolic cooker Assembly of cooker showing major components Grill with Cooker Support Friction Plate Supporting Arm Parabolic Concentrator with aluminium plate Burning of plyboard when place on the Focal Point Dimension of the surface burnt Height of burnt area of plyboard Optimum sized pressure cooker absorbing solar radiations Cooked rice Black absorber placed on the focal point Page no 1 3 4 6 7 7 8 8 8 9 12 13 14 17 17 18 31 32 33 34 36 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 52 53 56 76 77

CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION

1.1 1.2 1.3

SOLAR ENERGY SOLAR ENERGY FOR COOKING APPLICATION OBJECTIVE OF PRESENT STUDY

1 3 7

CHAPTER 2 - LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1 2.2

TYPES OF SOLAR COOKER SCOPE OF THE PRESENT WORK

8 12

CHAPTER 3 - DESIGN OF SOLAR COOKER

14

3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5

SELECTION OF SOLAR COLLECTOR THEORY INVOLVED SHAPE OF SOLAR CONCENTRATOR MATERIAL FOR SOLAR CONCENTRATOR TRACING A PARABOLIC CURVE

14 16 19 21 44

CHAPTER 4 - MANUFACTURING OF A PARABOLIC COOKER

47

4.1

MANUFACTURING OF COMPONENTS

47

CHAPTER 5 DESIGN OF ABSORBER 5.1 ABSORBER DESIGN

55 55

5.2

ANALYSIS OF BLACK COATING

57

CHAPTER 6 PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS

64

6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6

THEORTICAL ANALYSIS ANALYSIS WITH 8 KG OF WATER ANALYSIS WITH 2 KG OF LIQUID PARAFFIN OIL EVAPORATION OF 3.5 KG OF WATER COOKING TEST PAYBACK PERIOD CALCULATION

64 68 72 79 80 83

CHAPTER 7 - SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION

84

CHAPTER 8 - REFERENCES

86

ANNEXURE ANNEXURE-A ANNEXURE-B ANNEXURE-C 86 87 88