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Code for Sustainable Homes

Technical Guide November 2010

www.communities.gov.uk

Code for Sustainable Homes


Technical Guide November 2010

November 2010 Department for Communities and Local Government

Copyright in the contents, the cover, the design and the typographical arrangement rests with the Crown. This document/publication is value added. If you wish to re-use this material, please email: psi@nationalarchives.gsi.gov.uk

Department for Communities and Local Government Eland House Bressenden Place London SW1E 5DU Telephone: 0303 444 0000 Website: www.communities.gov.uk Crown Copyright, 2010 Copyright in the typographical arrangement rests with the Crown. This publication, excluding logos, may be reproduced free of charge in any format or medium for research, private study or for internal circulation within an organisation. This is subject to it being reproduced accurately and not used in a misleading context. The material must be acknowledged as Crown copyright and the title of the publication specified. E-mail: licensing@opsi.gov.uk If you require this publication in an alternative format please email alternativeformats@communities.gsi.gov.uk Communities and Local Government Publications Tel: 0300 123 1124 Fax: 0300 123 1125 Email: product@communities.gsi.gov.uk Online via: www.communities.gov.uk November 2010 ISBN 978 1 85946 331 4

Acknowledgements | 3

Acknowledgements
The Code for Sustainable Homes Technical Guidance has been drafted by the BREEAM Centre at the Building Research Establishment (BRE) under contract to the Department for Communities and Local Government.

Contents | 5

Contents
Acknowledgements Preface 1 Purpose of the Technical Guide 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2 Summary of the assessment system Weightings, credits and percentage points Calculating an assessment score Total percentage points score and resulting Code level 3 7 9 9 12 15 16 18 18 18 25 25 25 26 27 28 29 30 32 32 40 46 50 54 58 63 72 77 82 82 87

Obtaining a Code rating The Process 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 Registering a site (before detailed designs are finished) Performing Code assessments Evidence Requirements Using the Schedule of Evidence Required Roles and Responsibilities Definitions of Terminology Used in the Evidence Requirements Tables Assessment Routes Certifying Code for Sustainable Homes assessments

Keeping This Guide up to Date

Organisations delivering the Code for Sustainable Homes Category 1: Energy and Carbon Dioxide Emissions Dwelling Emission Rate Fabric Energy Efficiency Energy Display Devices Drying Space Energy Labelled White Goods External Lighting Low and Zero Carbon Technologies Cycle Storage Home Office Category 2: Water Indoor Water Use External Water Use

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Category 3: Materials Environmental Impact of Materials Responsible Sourcing of Materials Basic Building Elements Responsible Sourcing of Materials Finishing Elements Category 4: Surface Water Run-off Management of Surface Water Run-off from Developments Flood Risk Category 5: Waste Storage of Non-recyclable Waste and Recyclable Household Waste Construction Site Waste Management Composting Category 6: Pollution Global Warming Potential (GWP) of Insulants NOx Emissions Category 7: Health & Well-being Daylighting Sound Insulation Private Space Lifetime Homes Category 8: Management Home User Guide Considerate Constructors Scheme Construction Site Impacts Security Category 9: Ecology Ecological Value of Site Ecological Enhancement Protection of Ecological Features Change in Ecological Value of Site Building Footprint Annex 1: Acronyms Annex 2: References Annex 3: Sources of further information

92 92 97 113 124 124 143 150 150 162 169 175 175 182 192 192 199 204 208 213 213 219 224 231 234 234 240 245 250 261 266 270 283

Preface | 7

Preface
The Code for Sustainable Homes (the Code) is an environmental assessment method for rating and certifying the performance of new homes. It is a national standard for use in the design and construction of new homes with a view to encouraging continuous improvement in sustainable home building. It was launched in December 2006 with the publication of Code for Sustainable Homes: A step-change in sustainable home building practice (Communities and Local Government, 2006) and became operational in April 2007. Where Building Regulations apply, compliance is necessary at all times. The implementation of the Code is managed by BRE Global (formerly BRE Certification Ltd) under contract to Communities and Local Government under arrangements based on the EcoHomes operating systems. BRE Global is the main licence holder. Under the terms of its agreement with Communities and Local Government, BRE Global issues licences to both assessors and other Code service providers. BRE Global provides training, licensing and registration of Code assessors to standards ISO 17024 and EN 45011, within a UKAS accredited competent persons certification scheme. Code service providers are licensed organisations offering all or part of the range of Code services, including assessor training; registration and monitoring; quality assurance of assessments; certification; investigation and resolution of complaints; and maintenance of records (BRE Global, 2007). At the time of publishing, Stroma Certification Ltd and Robust Details Limited are the other organisations licensed to provide Code services. Further information about Code service providers can be found at www.communities.gov.uk/thecode. The Code for Sustainable Homes covers nine categories of sustainable design: Energy and CO2 Emissions Water Materials Surface Water Run-off Waste Pollution Heath and Well-being Management Ecology. Each category includes a number of environmental issues, see table 1.1. Each issue is a source of environmental impact which can be assessed against a performance target and awarded one or more credits. Performance targets are more demanding than the minimum standard needed to satisfy Building Regulations or

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other legislation. They represent good or best practice, are technically feasible, and can be delivered by the building industry. In addition to meeting mandatory standards, achievement of the requirements in each design category scores a number of percentage points. This establishes the Code level or rating for the dwelling. The Code certificate illustrates the rating achieved with a row of stars. A blue star is awarded for each level achieved. Where an assessment has taken place and no rating is achieved, the certificate states that zero stars have been awarded.

Figure 1.1: Final Code Certificate

Front

Back

Purpose of the Technical Guide | 9

1 Purpose of the Technical Guide


The purpose of this technical guide is to enable Code service providers and licensed assessors to deliver environmental assessments of new dwellings on the basis of the Code scheme requirements. The guide includes a list of issues associated with the building process which are known to impact on the environment, and for which performance measures to reduce their impacts can be objectively assessed, evaluated and delivered in a practical and cost-effective way by the construction industry. Results of the Code assessment are recorded on a certificate assigned to the dwelling. The process of gaining a Code assessment rating and certificate is described in Section 2. The guide includes a comprehensive list of definitions and reference material for everyone involved in the process. The system of evaluating environmental performance in the Code is both transparent and open to scrutiny. A Technical Group consisting of industry representatives, sustainability specialists and Government representatives advise on the content of the guidance and any necessary updates. Significant future changes will be subject to consultation. This technical guide includes: Part One The Code for Sustainable Homes assessment procedure The scoring system. Part Two The environmental issues to be assessed Performance requirements and their evaluation Evidence required to confirm performance evaluation Calculation algorithms, checklists and other tools used in the assessment method.

1.1 Summary of the assessment system


The Code for Sustainable Homes is an environmental assessment rating method for new homes which assesses environmental performance in a two-stage process (design stage and post construction stage) using objective criteria and verification. The results of the Code assessment are recorded on a certificate assigned to the dwelling.

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The report Code for Sustainable Homes: A step-change in sustainable home building practice (Communities and Local Government, 2006) defined a set of nine categories of environmental impact, see Table 1.1.
Table 1.1: Summary of Environmental Categories and Issues Categories Energy and CO2 Emissions Issue Dwelling emission rate (M) Fabric energy efficiency (M) Energy display devices Drying space Energy labelled white goods External lighting Low and zero carbon technologies Cycle storage Home office Water Indoor water use (M) External water use Materials Environmental impact of materials (M) Responsible sourcing of materials basic building elements Responsible sourcing of materials finishing elements Surface Water Run-off Management of surface water run-off from developments (M) Flood risk Waste Storage of non-recyclable waste and recyclable household waste (M) Construction site waste management Composting Pollution Global warming potential (GWP) of insulants NOX emissions Health and Well-being Daylighting Sound insulation Private space Lifetime Homes (M) Management Home user guide Considerate Constructors Scheme Construction site impacts Security Ecology Ecological value of site Ecological enhancement Protection of ecological features Change in ecological value of site Building footprint (M) denotes issues with mandatory elements.

Purpose of the Technical Guide | 11

The Code assigns one or more performance requirements (assessment criteria) to all of the environmental issues. When each performance requirement is achieved, a credit is awarded (except the three mandatory requirements with no associated credits). The total number of credits available to a category is the sum of credits available for all the issues within it. Mandatory minimum performance standards are set for some issues. For three of these, a single mandatory requirement is set which must be met, whatever Code level rating is sought. Credits are not awarded for these issues. Confirmation that the performance requirements are met for all three is a minimum entry requirement for achieving a Level 1 rating. The three uncredited issues are: Environmental impact of materials Management of surface water run-off from developments Storage of non-recyclable waste and recyclable household waste If the mandatory minimum performance standard is met for the three un-credited issues, four further mandatory issues need to be considered. These are agreed to be such important issues that separate Government policies are being pursued to mitigate their effects. For two of these, credits are awarded for increasing levels of achievement recognised within the Code. The two issues with increasing mandatory minimum standards are: Dwelling emission rate Indoor water use. The final two issues with mandatory requirements are Fabric Energy Efficiency and Lifetime Homes. To achieve an overall Code rating of level 5 it is necessary to achieve at lease 7 credits in Ene 2. To achieve an overall Code rating of level 6 it is necessary to achieve at least 7 credits in Ene 2 and 3 credits in Hea 4 Lifetime Homes. Tables 1.2 and 1.3 below illustrate how, for the creditable mandatory issues, the minimum mandatory standards increase with increasing rating levels. For CO2 emissions there are increased mandatory minimum standards for each increase in Code level.

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Table 1.2: Code Levels for Mandatory Minimum Standards in CO2 Emissions (Ene 1) Code Level Level 1 (H) Level 2 (HH) Level 3 (HHH) Level 4 (HHHH) Level 5 (HHHHH) Level 6 (HHHHHH) Minimum Percentage Improvement in Dwelling Emission Rate over Target Emission Rate 0% (Compliance with Part L 2010 only is required) 0% (Compliance with Part L 2010 only is required) 0% (Compliance with Part L 2010 only is required) 25% 100% Net Zero C02 Emissions

For indoor water use there are increased mandatory standards at Code Levels 1, 3 and 5.
Table 1.3: Code Levels for Mandatory Maximum Standards in Indoor Water Consumption Code Level Level 1 (H) Level 2 (HH) Level 3 (HHH) Level 4 (HHHH) Level 5 (HHHHH) Level 6 (HHHHHH) Maximum Indoor Water Consumption in Litres per Person per Day 120 120 105 105 80 80

Further credits are available on a free-choice or tradable basis from other issues so that the developer may choose how to add performance credits (converted through weighting to percentage points) to achieve the rating for which they are aiming. The environmental impact categories within the Code are not of equal importance. Their relative value is conveyed by applying a consensus-based environmental weighting factor (see details below) to the sum of all the raw credit scores in a category, resulting in a score expressed as percentage points. The points for each category add up to 100, see table 1.4.

1.2 Weightings, credits and percentage points


Table 1.4 shows how weightings are applied across all Code categories of environmental impact to adjust the relative values of credits within different categories. Within each category, credits are awarded for achieving specified degrees of performance. The weighting factors show the contribution made by each category to the total performance recognised and rewarded by the Code. The total available contribution is expressed as 100 per cent. The weighting of each category is expressed as a fraction of this, such that the sum of all the category contributions equals 100 per cent.

Purpose of the Technical Guide | 13

As an example, the 31 credits available for energy and CO2 emissions contribute 36.4 per cent of the total available performance. Similarly, the four credits available for pollution contribute 2.8 per cent of the total available performance. By dividing the weighting factor by the number of credits for each category, we arrive at an approximate weighted value for each credit. For instance, within the energy and CO2 emissions category, 36.4 per cent contribution to the total, divided by the 31 credits available, means that each credit in this category is worth roughly 1.17 percentage points. Similarly, for the Pollution category, 2.8 per cent contribution to the total, divided by the four credits available, means that each credit in this category is worth roughly 0.70 percentage points. It is important to note that weightings apply at the category level and not to individual credits to avoid rounding errors. For instance, for the Energy and CO2 Emissions category, 36.4 per cent weighted contribution divided by 31 credits equals 1.1741935 expressed to seven decimal places, but 1.17 when expressed to two decimal places. It is also important to note that achieving high performance in one category of environmental impact can sometimes result in a lower level of performance for another. For instance, if biomass is used to meet heating demand, credits will be available for performance in respect of energy supplied from a renewable source, but credits cannot be awarded for low NOX emissions. It is therefore impossible to achieve a total percentage points score of 100.
Table 1.4: Total Credits Available, Weighting Factors and Points Categories of Environmental Impact Category 1 Energy and CO2 Emissions Category 2 Water Category 3 Materials Category 4 Surface Water Run-off Category 5 Waste Category 6 Pollution Category 7 Health and Well-being Category 8 Management Category 9 Ecology Total Total Credits in each Category 31 6 24 4 8 4 12 9 9 Weighting Factor (% points contribution) 36.4% 9.0% 7.2% 2.2% 6.4% 2.8% 14.0% 10.0% 12.0% 100.0% Approximate Weighted Value of each Credit 1.17 1.50 0.30 0.55 0.80 0.70 1.17 1.11 1.33

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Table 1.5 summarises the environmental impact categories, issues, credits and weighting factors.
Table 1.5: Summary of Environmental Impact Categories, Issues, Credits and Weighting Code Categories Energy and CO2 Emissions Dwelling emission rate Fabric energy efficiency Energy display devices Drying space Energy labelled white goods External lighting Low and zero carbon technologies Cycle storage Home office Category Total Water Indoor water use External water use Category Total Materials Environmental impact of materials Responsible sourcing of materials basic building elements Responsible sourcing of materials finishing elements Category Total Surface Water Run-off Management of surface water run-off from developments Flood risk Category Total Waste Storage of non-recyclable waste and recyclable household waste Construction site waste management Composting Category Total Pollution Global warming potential (GWP) of insulants NOx emissions Category Total Health & Well-being Daylighting Sound insulation Private space 3 4 1 continued 1 3 4 2.80 4 3 1 8 6.40 2 2 4 2.20 15 6 3 24 7.20 5 1 6 9.00 10 9 2 1 2 2 2 2 1 31 36.40 Available Credits Category Weighting Factor

Purpose of the Technical Guide | 15

Table 1.5: Summary of Environmental Impact Categories, Issues, Credits and Weighting Code Categories Lifetime Homes Category Total Management Home user guide Considerate Constructors Scheme Construction site impacts Security Category Total Ecology Ecological value of site Ecological enhancement Protection of ecological features Change in ecological value of site Building footprint Category Total Total 1 1 1 4 2 9 107 12.00 100.00 3 2 2 2 9 10.00 Available Credits 4 12 14.00 Category Weighting Factor

1.3 Calculating an assessment score


The assessment process should proceed in a logical order through the environmental impact categories and issues, summarised in figure 1.3 below: It should begin with a check that the three mandatory issues for which no credits are awarded have been achieved. The mandatory requirements for CO2 emissions, fabric energy efficiency, internal water use and Lifetime homes should be checked and confirmed at the minimum values required to meet the Code level sought. The remaining tradable credits should be checked and confirmed so that they also, contribute to the required Code level. If any of the standards for the three non-creditable issues are not met, then a zero rating will result, regardless of the other credits achieved, including the creditable mandatory issues. If all the non-creditable mandatory standards are met, but one or other of the creditable mandatory issues fails to reach the minimum required to achieve a higher level, the rating will be determined by the lowest mandatory level met.

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1.4 Total percentage points score and resulting Code level


Figure 1.3 illustrates the calculation method to obtain the total percentage points score. For each category, the number of credits achieved is divided by the total available and multiplied by the category weighting factor to derive the percentage points score. This number should be rounded down to two decimal places before the next step. The rounded percentage points scores for each category are then summed to arrive at the total percentage points score for the dwelling. The total percentage points score must be rounded down to the nearest whole number.
Figure 1.3: Scoring System for the Code for Sustainable Homes

Mandatory Standards

Waste Materials Water Surface Run-off Energy and CO2 Emissions Water Lifetime Homes (Level 6 only)

Energy and CO2 Emissions Waste Materials Surface Water Run-off Pollution Health and Wellbeing Management Ecology Credits per category total Water TradableCredits Multiply by weighting factor

Total percentage points score

Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 5 Level 6

Categories Energy and CO2 Emissions Water Materials Surface Water Run-off Materials Waste Health and Wellbeing Management Ecology For each category identify credits awarded as a fraction of the total available Multiply by weightings factor for each category Sum all the percentage points scores for all the categories: Total percentage points Score

Purpose of the Technical Guide | 17

The Code level is then derived from the total percentage points according to table 1.6. Each Code level is represented on the certificate by an equivalent number of stars from 1 to 6.
Table 1.6: Relationship Between Total Percentage Points Score and Code Level Total Percentage Points Score (equal to or greater than) 36 Points 48 Points 57 Points 68 Points 84 Points 90 Points Code Levels Level 1 (H) Level 2 (HH) Level 3 (HHH) Level 4 (HHHH) Level 5 (HHHHH) Level 6 (HHHHHH)

The report submission tool (available for assessors from the Code service provider) must be used to determine an accurate score for an assessment.

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2 Obtaining a Code rating The Process


2.1 Registering a site (before detailed designs are finished)
1. The client for the assessment chooses a service provider for the Code from the register at www.communities.gov.uk/thecode. The service provider will offer a register of licensed and trained Code assessors from which the client can choose and appoint an assessor. 2. The appointed Code assessor registers the development formally with the service provider as early as possible. This registration is valid for a maximum of five years between expiry of the Technical Guide version at registration and submission of the design stage report. So far, there is no time limit on the delivery of the associated post construction stage or final certificates for the development. This enables the version of the Code to be set such that even if the Code is updated the version used can remain the same across the site. 3. It is only possible to register developments/dwellings against the current version of the Code for Sustainable Homes. The only exception is where there is a documented contractual or legal requirement to meet a specific level of the Code against a previous version. Documentary evidence would need to be provided to the Code service provider in order to have this exception approved prior to assessment taking place. Sites already registered under a previous version can be re-registered under the current version of the Code. 4. Once a site is registered by the assessor on the service provider database, it is given a unique registration number.

2.2 Performing Code assessments


Code assessments are normally carried out in two stages: Design stage (DS), leading to an interim certificate Post construction stage (PCS), leading to a final certificate. The assessment process for these two stages is very similar. Evidence is collated and used as the basis for the assessor to determine how many credits are to be awarded for each issue. A summary report is submitted to the Code service provider for quality assurance and certification.

Obtaining a Code rating The Process | 19

Figure 2.1: The Code Assessment Process

CSH Service provider Training & Licensing Client with development site

Licensed Assessors

Choose a CSH service provider and assessor

Register site with CSH service provider under current CSH version

Optional

Assessor advises on design process to gain required CSH levels

DS evidence gathered

TO PCS

DS report submitted to CSH service provider for DS certification

CSH service provider performs QA checks on DS report Areas where DS assessment failed are corrected

QA Fail

QA Pass/Fail QA Pass CSH service provider issues DS CSH certificate to each dwelling assessed

On to PCS process

Onto PCS

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Figure 2.1 (Cont.) The Code Assessment Process

From direct PCS registration

From DS Certification

PCS assessment evidence gathered

PCS report submitted to CSH service provider for PCS certification

CSH service provider performs QA checks on PCS report Areas where PCS assessment failed are corrected

QA Fail

QA pass/fail

CSH service provider issues final PCS certificates for each dwelling assessed

More dwellings to assess

All dwellings certified?

CSH assessment complete

The licensed organisation has responsibility for the assessment and the Code assessor has responsibility for producing the report. It is possible for different licensed organisations to undertake the DS and PCS assessments for a particular site. Code assessors are required to make DS assessment evidence available to the post construction assessor where this is the case. Licensed organisations are required to keep full supporting documentation of all assessments carried out. Assessors are required to retain this information for a period of 10 years from submission of the report. Each licensed organisation is required to establish and maintain internal quality management procedures relating to record-keeping.

Obtaining a Code rating The Process | 21

2.2.1

Design stage assessment The aim of the design stage assessment is: To assess the design specifications (i.e. before construction begins) for each individual dwelling to determine the design stage or interim rating To award (subject to quality assurance) a design stage or interim certificate. The DS assessment is carried out on the detailed design of each dwelling in the period up to the issue of tender documents, sometimes referred to as RIBA Stages AG. A Code assessment requires a more detailed specification than Building Regulations compliance because the Code covers many more aspects of the performance of the dwelling. For instance, specification details of all the sanitary fittings are required to calculate the score for the Code indoor water issue. The assessor will also be able to calculate, at this initial design stage assessment, any site-related credits. Therefore, details of final landscaping and ecological enhancement measures will also need to be known. The assessor should work closely with the design team to: Demonstrate that the performance requirements set for each of the three non-creditable mandatory issues of environmental impact are met for each dwelling. Demonstrate that the performance requirements set for each of the credited mandatory issues of environmental impact (dwelling emission rate, fabric energy efficiency, indoor water use and Lifetime Homes) are met for the desired rating for each dwelling. Choose the remaining tradable issues which are required to achieve the desired overall rating. Evaluate the performance of each dwelling against the requirements set for each of the chosen issues to confirm that the required standards are met for the desired overall rating. Assemble and check the evidence required for the developer, design team and other consultants to show the intended performance will be met. When the assessor is satisfied with the performance under the Code, they shall submit the assessment report to the service provider for quality assurance and to receive design stage or interim Code certification. The report must contain references to documentary evidence describing how performance requirements are met, creating a clear audit trail linking the rating awarded to the evidence used to justify it. The service provider may issue a standard report format for the assessor to complete.

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2.2.2

Post construction stage assessment The aim of the PCS assessment is to assess each individual dwelling as built to determine the final score and Code level for the dwelling. If a DS assessment has been undertaken, this can be used as the starting point for the PCS assessment. The PCS assessment is carried out to confirm that dwellings are either built to the DS specifications or, if there are variations from the DS, that they are documented, reassessed, and a new score and Code level calculated for each dwelling that is affected. The assessor organisation should carry out an appropriate level of checking to be satisfied that commitments made have been achieved. If there has been no prior DS assessment, then the full assessment shall be completed against the as-built dwelling(s). Licensed organisations are required to set up robust and auditable post construction stage assessment procedures. These are to include: An appropriate number of site visits for each development site (at least once per site). The appropriate number of site visits is dependent on the particular situation. It is the assessors responsibility to determine the necessary number of site visits required to satisfy themselves that the assessment properly reflects the dwelling Every different specification for each issue shall be reviewed and evidence recorded to confirm that it complies with the requirements for PCS assessment Where dwellings of identical construction type are planned to be released in phases, the assessment evidence must show that the same specifications have been incorporated into dwellings completed following the initial release. If there are variances to the specification in subsequent releases, the assessor shall reassess the dwellings based on the new specifications. The number of PCS assessment reports is likely to be based on the phased completion of dwellings within a development. The number of PCS assessment reports submitted to cover a particular development is entirely at the discretion of the assessor (and developer). For a large or phased development, there are some issues that will not be complete when a post construction stage assessment for the first dwelling(s) is submitted to the service provider. For example, these could include some ecology credits or community-based facilities. It is possible to certify the first dwellings without certain issues being complete. The details of these exceptions are contained within the relevant issues, but are also highlighted in table 2.1 below. This is not intended to be a comprehensive list; its purpose is to provide guidance to assessors on the type of exceptions that are acceptable.

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Table 2.1: Post Construction Stage Assessment Exceptions Categories Energy and CO2 Emissions Issues Ene 1: Dwelling emission rate Exception Centralised energy supply infrastructure on multi-phase developments may not be commissioned in the first phase but should be operational before more than 60 per cent of the dwellings are completed/certified. This requirement is variable where there is an alternative statutory requirement in place for the system to be operational at a different stage. For community heating systems; the infrastructure to allow a future connection must be provided to each dwelling for credits to be awarded, regardless of the percentage of total dwellings completed. Note: Where exemption from SDLT Regulations is sought in addition to a Code rating, these exceptions do not apply. Ene 4: Drying space Ene 5: Energy labelled white goods Ene 6: External lighting Ene 7: Low and zero carbon technologies Provision of external drying fittings or footings for later parts of the development, as this would form part of the externals and be one of the last finishes. White goods may not be fitted owing to security risk until just prior to handover to new residents. Orders must be in place. External light fittings may be in place but may not have bulbs until handover. This is acceptable. Centralised energy supply infrastructure on multi-phase developments may not be commissioned in the first phase but should be operational before more than 60 per cent of the dwellings are completed/certified. This requirement is variable where there is an alternative statutory requirement in place for the system to be operational at a different stage. For community heating systems; the infrastructure to allow a future connection must be provided to each dwelling for credits to be awarded, regardless of the percentage of total dwellings completed. Note: Where exemption from SDLT Regulations is sought in addition to a Code rating, these exceptions do not apply. Ene 8: Cycle storage Some cycle storage may not be in place in later stages of the development as this would form part of the externals and be the last of the finishes installed. Communal grey water or rainwater systems may not be installed yet but should be operational before more than 60 per cent of the dwellings are completed/certified. Communal rainwater collection systems may not be installed yet but should be operational before more than 60 per cent of the dwellings are completed/certified. (Water butts should be installed although they are often left until just before completion.) continued

Water

Wat 1: Indoor water use Wat 2: External water use

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Table 2.1: Post Construction Stage Assessment Exceptions Categories Surface Water Run-off Issues Sur 1: Management of surface water run-off from developments Exception Specific infiltration measures, such as soakaways and permeable paving, may not be fully installed when initial phases are released, but evidence of the devices to be used and any relevant calculations need to be available. They need to be operational before more than 60 per cent of the dwellings are completed/ certified. All of the flood protection measures should be planned and a programme for their construction finalised which indicates that they will be operational before more than 60 per cent of the dwellings are completed/certified. Local authority collection schemes, kitchen waste collection schemes and private recycling schemes will need to be operational within one year of the completion date of this dwelling. A communal/community composting service will need to be operational within 18 months of completion. Centralised energy supply infrastructure on multi-phase developments may not be commissioned in the first phase but should be operational before more than 60 per cent of the dwellings are completed/certified. This requirement is variable where there is an alternative statutory requirement in place for the system to be operational at a different stage. For community heating systems; the infrastructure to allow a future connection must be provided to each dwelling for credits to be awarded, regardless of the percentage of total dwellings completed. Ecology Eco 1: Ecological value of site Eco 2: Ecological enhancement It will not be possible to check that all features outside of the construction zone have been undisturbed until construction is completed. Features are often not in place until the whole site is complete or until the appropriate planting season. A design and programme are required; demonstrating that all such enhancement works will be completed normally within a single annual cycle from the completion of construction works on the sites final dwellings. It will not be possible to confirm that the credit has been achieved for an individual plot being assessed until the entire development site has been assessed to confirm all features have been protected. The assessor should check that features relating to areas of the site where construction has been completed have been protected. For areas where construction is not yet complete, it should be checked that protection measures are in place to protect features during construction works as detailed at design stage. Planting is often delayed until the whole site is complete. A design and programme are required; demonstrating that all such enhancement works will be completed normally within a single annual cycle from the completion of construction works on the sites final dwellings.

Sur 2: Flood risk

Waste

Was 1: Storage of non-recyclable waste and recyclable household waste Was 3: Composting

Pollution

Pol 2: NOx emissions

Eco 3: Protection of ecological features

Eco 4: Change in ecological value of site

Obtaining a Code rating The Process | 25

2.3 Evidence Requirements


The information within this section will clarify how the evidence requirements tables should be used, the roles and responsibilities of individuals involved and the definitions of the terminology used within the tables. Clarification of the routes to certification has also been provided to emphasise the importance of the design stage assessment.

2.4 Using the Schedule of Evidence Required


The Schedule of Evidence Required lists the basic information that is needed to demonstrate compliance for certification. They are not exhaustive lists of every document necessary to conduct the assessment or calculate performance. Assessors will need to consider what information to request during the assessment to enable them to fulfil the requirement for an audit trail.

2.5 Roles and Responsibilities


2.5.1 Role of the Code Assessor The role of the Code assessor is to undertake credit score calculations and verify the validity and authenticity of evidence provided. The assessor will also carry out calculations which are pertinent only to the Code assessment, where these are not undertaken by a professional under an appropriate regulatory requirement, competent persons scheme or specialist requirement. At the post construction stage, the assessor is required to carry out sufficient site inspections to audit the as-built evidence. At least one visit will be required for all sites. Each specification employed to meet the criteria at the design stage and/or post construction stage must be reviewed or assessed as appropriate, and detailed documentary evidence recorded, to confirm that it complies with the requirements for post construction assessment given in the Technical Guidance manual. The Code assessor is at all times responsible for the content and scoring within the assessment report. It may be that assessors have competencies in other disciplines and as such are employed to undertake additional tasks that feed into the Code assessment, but these fall outside their role as an assessor. 2.5.2 Role of the Code Service Provider The Code service provider operates the UKAS Accredited Product Scheme for the Code to ensure that assessors are technically competent, accurate and professional when carrying out assessment services on behalf of their clients. The service provider will audit assessment services for quality assurance (QA) purposes. The QA process is in place to help protect the credibility of both

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the Code scheme and the assessor, as well as to safeguard the interests of developers and their customers. Through a process of random checking, the QA audit will provide a reasonable degree of confidence that assessment reports correctly reflect the requirements of the scheme, so allowing a certificate to be issued. The QA process will not seek to check every aspect of a Code assessment. 2.5.3 Role of the Developer The developer is responsible for providing accurate evidence as required by the assessor to carry out their assessment. At post construction stage, the developer must confirm which dwellings are built to the same specification as those types inspected by the assessor on site. At post construction stage, written confirmation from the developer must be in the form of a letter on company headed paper and must be signed by a senior individual who is deemed responsible for the development by the board of directors or equivalent senior management group of that developer. The letter must refer to specific criteria within the issues and explain how the criteria or design stage commitment have been satisfied. The letter must be explicit in terms of the assessment and the site under development, and must confirm which dwellings are built to the same specification as those types inspected by the assessor on site.

2.6 Definitions of Terminology Used in the Evidence Requirements Tables


2.6.1 Definition of Developer This is an organisation or individual(s) with the responsibility for delivering the dwelling being assessed. 2.6.2 Definition of Detailed Documentary Evidence Detailed documentary evidence may be any written documentation confirming compliance. Across the assessment, evidence will include a mix of letters, the site inspection report, and specification text or drawings as appropriate. The assessor must satisfy themselves that the evidence is robust and traceable. A letter of intent from the developer is not acceptable where the requirement is for detailed documentary evidence. 2.6.3 Site inspection report Assessors may ask others to complete the site inspection on their behalf, in which case the assessor will be responsible for ensuring that their representative is competent and able to carry out the task. A Site Inspection Report Template is available from the Code service provider to assist site inspectors during their visit and to clarify the detail

Obtaining a Code rating The Process | 27

that must be provided in the report. The report must include sufficient information to create an audit trail that justifies the conclusions reached, particularly where the site report is the only evidence supplied at post construction stage. A simple statement confirming compliance will not be sufficient. Photographs may be useful as supporting evidence in a report, though it is unlikely that a photograph on its own will demonstrate compliance. The report template allows the assessor to reference photographs should they choose to provide them. As many issues as possible should be checked during the site inspection. However, it is unlikely that all issues will be checked during one site visit. Different specifications of the dwelling will be completed at different times, so the site inspection will need to be planned during discussion with the client to identify the most appropriate time. At least one site visit must be carried out for every assessment. 2.6.4 Written Confirmation from the Developer At post construction stage, written confirmation from the developer must be in the form of a letter on company headed paper and must be signed by a senior individual who is deemed responsible for the development by the board of directors or equivalent senior management group of that developer. The letter must refer to specific criteria within the issues and explain how the criteria or design stage commitment have been satisfied. The letter must be explicit in terms of the assessment and the site under development.

2.7 Assessment Routes


There are two routes to certification: 1. Complete both the design stage (DS) assessment and the post construction stage (PCS) assessment. An interim certificate will be issued, followed by the final certificate. 2. Complete the post construction stage (PCS) assessment only. Only the final certificate will be issued. QA audits will cover both the DS and PCS. Assessors must be aware of the pros and cons of the routes to certification and advise their clients accordingly. Completing both the DS and PCS should be the preferred route to assessment as it offers two significant benefits. Firstly, where DS assessments have been carried out and the requirements have been fulfilled, completion and QA of the subsequent PCS assessment report should take less time. This is of significant benefit to the client who is likely to need the final certificate as soon as the dwellings are complete. Secondly, completing the DS assessment will help to identify opportunities for redesign in order to maximise the number of credits achieved. It is much

28 | Code for Sustainable Homes

easier to alter designs at the DS than at the PCS when some of the dwellings may already have been built. Any pre-assessment estimate of the rating a dwelling may achieve should be informed by a licensed Code assessor who understands the full details of the process where this is used to inform business, funding or contractual decisions.

2.8 Certifying Code for Sustainable Homes assessments


All requests for certification (both design stage or interim, and post construction stage or final) are logged on the service provider database under the site registration number. Certificates are issued on behalf of Communities and Local Government. BRE Globals UKAS Accredited Competent Persons Scheme requires that suitable procedures are in place for all service providers to monitor the quality of reports. Currently, this involves: A basic administrative check on every report submitted for certification A technical audit of assessments and assessors on a regular basis.

Keeping This Guide up to Date | 29

3 Keeping This Guide up to Date


This technical guide will be updated at intervals if standards change or are introduced, or if technologies or processes change. The Communities and Local Government website will always contain the latest version at www.communities.gov.uk/thecode

30 | Code for Sustainable Homes

Organisations delivering the Code for Sustainable Homes


The Code for Sustainable Homes service provision is managed by BRE Global under contract to Communities and Local Government. Under these arrangements, all Code assessments are carried out under licence by a wide range of organisations. The role of BRE Global is to ensure that Communities and Local Governments requirements are met through the provision of: Assessor training Registration and monitoring Quality assurance of assessments Certification Investigation and resolution of complaints Maintenance of records. BRE Globals operating systems are accredited by UKAS under BS EN 45011 (General Requirements for Bodies Operating Product Certification Systems) and ISO 17024 (General Requirements for Bodies Operating Certification of Persons) to ensure independence, competence, impartiality and confidentiality with transparency in records, complaints procedures, documentation and maintenance of certification. BRE Global currently does not carry out assessments and provides clear separation between the roles of training and assessor qualifications to avoid potential conflicts of interest. Under the terms of its agreement with Communities and Local Government, BRE Global will licence: Independent assessors to conduct assessments to the requirements of the Code for Sustainable Homes, and; Other organisations to provide training and certification service provision. For further information see: http://www.breeam.org/filelibrary/CSH_Guidance_Notes_for_Prospective_ Service_Providers.pdf This document sets out the basic requirements for organisations wishing to carry out these activities. Any organisation wishing to offer these services would have to operate to the same high standards that BRE Global is required to reach under its contract with Communities and Local Government, and with mechanisms that clearly demonstrate the avoidance of conflicts of interest.

Organisations delivering the Code for Sustainable Homes | 31

There are two options for organisations wishing to offer some or all of these services: A sub-licence agreement to provide an independent certification service covering assessor training and testing; assessor registration; quality assurance, technical support and certification of assessments, or; A sub-contract agreement for partial services working within the parameters of BRE Globals existing accredited services. BRE Global will maintain a central database in which all the assessed dwellings will be registered, regardless of the organisation providing the Code assessment. This will allow statistics to be reported to Communities and Local Government. Sub-licensees will be supplied with the necessary formatting and access rights to lodge their registrations. Where necessary, interfaces with databases in other organisations can be developed. A fee will be charged at BRE Globals commercial rates for time spent on this activity. Code assessors must be members of an organisation that pays fees covering: Management of the system A free telephone helpline Regular updates Access to a private extranet Certification of the assessment.

32 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Category1:EnergyandCarbon DioxideEmissions
Issue ID Ene1
Ene

Description DwellingEmissionRate

No. of Credits Available 10

Mandatory Elements Yes

Aim
TolimitCO2emissionsarisingfromtheoperationofadwellinganditsservicesinline withcurrentpolicyonthefuturedirectionofregulations.

AssessmentCriteria
Criteria % Improvement 2010 DER/TER*1 8% 16% 25% 36% 47% 59% 72% 85% 100% Zero Net CO2 Emissions Default Cases None
*1

Credits*2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Mandatory Requirements

Level 4

Level 5 Level 6

erformancerequirementsareequivalenttothoseinpreviousschemeversionsbutarenowmeasuredusingthe P ADL1A2010TERasthebaseline. ptoninecreditsareawardedonaslidingscale.Thescaleisbasedonincrementsof0.1credits,distributed U equallybetweenthebenchmarksdefinedinthistable.

*2

Note:Adefinitionofazerocarbonhomeisomittedfromthisdocumentasitwill bedefinedbyfuturelegislation.Therequirementsofthisissuewillbeupdatedto alignwiththislegislationonceitisset.

Ene1:DwellingEmissionRate | 33

InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage Detaileddocumentaryevidence confirmingtheTER,DERandpercentage improvementofDERoverTERbasedon designstageSAP outputs* OR Whereapplicable: Acopyofcalculationsasdetailedin theassessmentmethodologybasedon designstageSAPoutputs* AND Post Construction Stage Detaileddocumentaryevidence confirmingtheTER,DERandpercentage improvementofDERoverTERbasedon AsBuiltSAPoutputs* OR Whereapplicable: Acopyofrevised/finalcalculationsas detailedintheassessmentmethodology basedonasbuiltSAPoutputs

ConfirmationofFEEperformancewhere SAPsection16allowanceshavebeen ConfirmationofFEEperformancewhere includedinthecalculation SAPsection16allowanceshavebeen includedinthecalculation *Datedoutputswithaccredited energy assessornameandregistrationnumber, *Datedoutputswithaccredited energy assessmentstatus,plotnumberand assessornameandregistrationnumber, developmentaddress. assessmentstatus,plotnumberand developmentaddress. Ifnotproducedbyanaccredited energyassessoradditionalverificationis Ifnotproducedbyanaccredited requiredasdetailedintheassessment energyassessoradditionalverificationis methodology. requiredasdetailedintheassessment methodology.

Definitions
Accredited Energy Assessor Apersonregisteredwithanaccreditedenergyassessmentschemeprovider.The schemeproviderwillbelicensedbyCommunitiesandLocalGovernmenttoaccredit competentpersonstoassesstheCO2emissionratesofdomesticbuildingsforthe purposesofdemonstratingcompliancewithBuilding Regulations. Additional Allowable Electricity Generation Site-wideelectricitygenerationfromthefollowingtechnologiesnotincludedinthe DERcalculation: Windgenerators

Ene

34 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Photovoltaicpanels Hydro-electricgenerators, Theseinstallationscanbelocatedon/off-siteprovidedthattheconnection arrangementsmeettherequirementsdefinedinAppendixMofSAP. AdditionalallowableelectricitycanbeutilisedtoreducedwellingCO2emissions andachievethemandatoryEne1requirementssetatallCodelevels.Foradditional allowableelectricitytobeincludedintheEne1calculation,thedwelling(s)mustat leastmeettheminimumFEEstandardrequiredtoachieve5credits. CO2emissionsreductionsfromadditionalallowableelectricitymustbecalculatedin accordancewiththemethodologydefinedintableCat1.1. (AD L1A) Approved Document L1A TheBuildingRegulationsforEnglandandWalesApprovedDocumentL1A: ConservationofFuelandPowerinNewDwellings(2010Edition). Building Control Body Thisisthebodyresponsibleforensuringthatconstructionworksareaccordingto planandcompliantwithapplicablerequirementsthroughperiodicinspection. Building Regulations BuildingRegulationsapplyinEnglandandWalesandpromote: Standardsformostaspectsofabuildingsconstruction,includingstructure,fire safety,soundinsulation,drainage,ventilationandelectricalsafety Energyefficiency Theneedsofallpeople,includingthosewithdisabilities,inaccessingand movingaroundbuildings. (DER) Dwelling Emission Rate TheDERistheestimatedCO2emissionsperm2peryear(KgCO2/m2/year)forthe dwellingasdesigned.Itaccountsforenergyusedinheating,fixedcooling,hotwater andlighting. Energy Averaging Whereabuildingcontainsmultipledwellings,itisacceptabletoassessthisissue basedontheaverageenergyperformanceofalldwellingswithinthebuilding.The areaweightedaverageDERandTERandmustbecalculatedinaccordancewiththe blockaveragingmethodologydefinedinclauses4.6and4.14ofAD L1A. (EPC) Energy Performance Certificate ThisisacertificatethatconfirmstheenergyratingofthedwellingfromAtoG, whereAisthemostefficientandGistheleastefficient.Thebettertherating,the

Ene

Ene1:DwellingEmissionRate | 35

moreenergyefficientthedwellingis,andthelowerthefuelbillsarelikelytobe.The energyperformanceofthebuildingisshownasacarbondioxide(CO2)basedindex. EPCsaregeneratedusingapprovedsoftwarebyaccreditedenergyassessors. WhereenergyaveragingiscarriedoutforthepurposesofaCodeassessment, itispossibletousebetterfabricandsystemsperformanceinsomedwellingsto offsetworseperformanceinothers.ThisisnotpossibleforthepurposesoftheEPC calculationandassuchCodeenergyperformancemaydifferfromthatindicatedon theEPC. Whereenergyaveraginghasbeenused,performanceagainsttherequirementsof thisissueisnotindicativeofindividualdwellingperformanceorrunningcosts. (FEE) Fabric Energy Efficiency Energydemandforspaceheatingandcoolingexpressedinkilowatt-hoursofenergy demandpersquaremetreperyear(kWh/m2/year). FabricenergyefficiencyiscalculatedaccordingtotheconditionsdefinedinSection 11ofSAP. SeeEne2. Net CO2 Emissions TheannualdwellingCO2emissions(KgCO2/m2/year)fromspaceheatingandcooling, waterheating,ventilationandlighting,andthoseassociatedwithappliancesand cooking. ToachieveCodelevel6,netCO2emissionsmustbezerowhencalculatedaccording tothemethodologydefinedintableCat1.1. Residual CO2 Emissions Offset from Biofuel CHP WherecommunitybiofuelCHPsystemsarespecifieditispossibleforSAPtocalculate negativetotalCO2emissionsassociatedwiththesystem.Forthepurposesofthe DERcalculationSAPdoesnotaccountforthenegativefigure.Instead,itdefaultstoa valueofzeroandthebenefitisomitted. ResidualCO2emissionsoffsetsfrombiofuelCHPcanbeutilisedtoreducedwelling CO2emissionsandachievethemandatoryEne1requirementssetatallCodelevels. FortheoffsettobeincludedintheEne1calculation,thedwelling(s)mustatleast meettheminimumFEEstandardrequiredtoachieve5credits. CO2emissionsoffsetsfrombiofuelCHPmustbecalculatedaccordingtothe methodologydefinedintableCat1.1. SAP Output (design & as built stage) ThisisadatedoutputfromaccreditedSAPsoftwareproducedbyanaccredited energy assessor.Theoutputmustsummarisethedatanecessarytodetermine performanceagainsttherequirementsofthisissueandincludethenameand
Ene

36 | CodeforSustainableHomes

registrationnumberoftheaccreditedenergyassessor,theassessmentstatus,plot numberanddevelopmentaddress.ItisnotnecessarytoproduceindividualSAP outputsforidenticaldwellingsforthepurposesofaCodeassessment. Theoutputwillbebasedoneitherdesignstageinformationoronthedwellingas constructed.DesignstageoutputsmustbeusedwhenassessingdesignstageCode performanceandasbuiltoutputsforpostconstructionCodeassessments. WhereSAPoutputsarenotproducedbyanaccreditedenergyassessortheymustbe verifiedbyeitheranaccreditedenergyassessororamemberofthebuilding control bodyresponsibleforassessingthedwellingforcompliancewithPartLoftheBuilding Regulations. ForthepurposesofassessingthisissuetheapplicableSAPoutputsare: SAPDERWorksheet ADL1ABuildingRegulationsComplianceChecklist (SAP) Standard Assessment Procedure for Energy Rating of Dwellings TheGovernmentsapprovedmethodologyforassessingtheenergyperformanceof newdwellings.ThecurrentversionisSAP2009version9.90,datedMarch2010,rev October2010.Theprocedureaccountsforenergyusedin: Spaceheatingandcooling Hotwaterprovision Fixedlighting. Theindicatorsofenergyperformanceareenergyconsumptionperunitfloorarea, energycostrating(SAPrating),environmentalimpactratingbasedonCO2emissions (EIrating)anddwellingCO2emissionrate(DER).Theyareusedintheproductionof energyperformancecertificates(EPCs)andtodemonstratecompliancewithADL1A andtheCodeforSustainableHomes. TocontributetoreducingCO2emissionsascalculatedbySAP,heatandpowermust begeneratedeitheronorinthehome,onthedevelopmentorthroughotherlocal communityarrangements(includingdistrictheatandpower). Stamp Duty Land Tax (Zero Carbon Homes Relief) Regulations 2007 Regulationsdefiningtheconditionstobemetforadwellingtoachieveexemption fromtheapplicabilityofStampDutyLandTax(S.I.2007No.3437). TheconditionsimposedbytheregulationsdonotapplytodwellingsseekingaCode ratingalone.Forthisreason,Codelevel6dwellingswillnotnecessarilybeexempt fromStampDutyLandTax.WhereStampDutyLandTaxexemptionissoughtin additiontoaCoderating,theadditionalconditionsdefinedintheregulationsmust alsobemet.

Ene

Ene1:DwellingEmissionRate | 37

(TER) Target Emission Rate ThetargetemissionrateisthemaximumallowableCO2emissionsperm2(KgCO2/ m2/year)arisingfromenergyusedinheating,cooling,hotwaterandlightingwhich woulddemonstratecompliancewithCriterion1ofADL1A. TheTERiscalculatedusingtheSAPmethodologyaccordingtotherequirements definedinADL1A.

AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Mandatoryrequirementsaremetandcreditsareawardedwherethe performancerequirements(setoutintheassessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage ConfirmthattheSAPoutputforeachdwellingbeingassessedmeetsthecriteriaset outinthedefinitionssection. ForCodeLevels15: CalculatethepercentageimprovementinDERoverTERforeachdwellingbeing assessed. ForCodeLevel6: Calculatenet CO2 emissions. Inallcaseswhereadditionalallowableelectricityorresidualemissionsoffsetsfrom biofuelCHPareincludedinthecalculationensuretheminimumFEEperformance requirementhasbeenachievedinaccordancewiththecriteriasetoutinthe definitionssection. Inthecaseofabuildingcontainingmultipledwellings,itisacceptabletoaward creditsbasedontheaveragepercentageimprovementofDERoverTERforall dwellings.Energy averagingmustbecalculatedinaccordancewiththecriteriasetout inthedefinitionssection. Post Construction Stage Either: Confirmthatnochangeshavebeenmadetothedesignduringconstruction thatimpactonenergyperformance. Or,wherechangeshavebeenmadeduringconstruction: Asfordesignstage,butbasedonasbuiltSAPoutputs.

Ene

38 | CodeforSustainableHomes

CalculationProcedures
ForCodeLevels15thepercentageimprovementinDERoverTERmustbecalculated accordingtothemethodologydefinedintableCat1.1. ForCodelevel6,netCO2emissionsmustbecalculatedaccordingtothe methodologydefinedintableCat1.1.
Table Cat 1.1: Dwelling Emission Rate
Ene

Value Required Levels 15 (1) DER

Data Source Guidance (See note [1])

Unit Required

Value

SAPWorksheet: [SAP box 273forsystemsassessed undersection a] [SAP box 384forsystemsassessed undersection b] OR ADL1ABuildingRegulations ComplianceChecklist ADL1ABuildingRegulations ComplianceChecklist SAPSection16: [SAP box ZC7]

+/KgCO2/m2/yr

(2) (3)

TER CO2emissionsoffset fromadditional allowable electricity generation Seenotes[3]and[4]

+KgCO2/m2/yr KgCO2/m2/yr

(4)

Residual CO2 emissions offset from biofuel CHP Seenotes[3]and[4]

SAPSection16: [SAP box ZC5]

KgCO2/m2/yr

(5)

TotalCO2emissionsoffset fromSAPSection16 allowances DERaccountingforSAP Section16allowances %improvementDER/TER Seenote[5]

Valueatstep(3) +Valueatstep(4)

KgCO2/m2/yr

(6) (7)

Valueatstep (1) +Valueatstep(5) 100(1(Valueatstep(6) Valueat step(2)))

+/KgCO2/m2/yr +%

Level 6 Only (8) NetCO2emissions Seenotes[2]and[4] SAPSection16: [SAP box ZC8] +/KgCO2/m2/yr

NotestotableCat1.1:
[1] ThedatasourcesinthiscalculationcorrespondwithSAPandareintendedas supplementaryguidancetoassistinidentifyingthevaluesrequired.Itisthe responsibilityoftheassessortoensurethatthecorrectvalueisidentifiedand enteredintothecalculationasthedatasourcemayvarydependantonthe typeofaccreditedSAPsoftwareusedtoassessenergyperformance.

Ene1:DwellingEmissionRate | 39

[2] Section16ofSAPextendsthecalculationtoaccountforCO2emissions fromappliancesandcookingandtoallowforsite-wideelectricitygenerating technologies.FollowtheproceduresetoutinSection16ofSAP2009to calculateNetCO2emissionsforthedwelling. ToachievethemandatoryEne1requirementatCodelevel6,nospecific conditionsareimposedthatprecludetheuseofSection16ofSAPto calculatenetCO2emissionsapartfromthosedetailedinnote[3].However, itshouldbenotedthattoachieveanoverallratingofCodelevel6the dwelling(s)mustalsomeettheminimumFEEperformancerequirementatthe 7creditbenchmark.

[3] TheallowancesincludedinSection16ofSAPforsite-wideelectricity generatingtechnologiesandCO2emissionsoffsetsfrombiofuelCHP systemscanbeappliedtoachievethemandatoryEne1requirementsset atallCodelevels.Fortheassociatedemissionsoffsetstobeincludedinthe Ene1calculation,thedwelling(s)mustmeettheminimumFEEperformance requirementatthe5creditbenchmark. Fordetailsofacceptabletechnologies,configurations,outputcalculations andofhowtoapportiontheoutputtoindividualdwellings,referto AppendixMandSection16ofSAP.

[4] Wherecentralisedenergysupplyinfrastructureisinplacethatservicesother users(e.g.mixedusedevelopments)theoutputmustbeallocatedbetween allusersinrelationtotheirproportionalnetfloorarea. [5] Thecalculatedpercentagereductionmustroundedto1decimalplace e.g.94.8750%becomes94.9%.Thisfigureisthenusedtodetermine thenumberofcreditsandmandatorylevelachievedforCodelevel1 5dwellings,inlinewiththeperformancerequirementsdefinedinthe assessmentcriteriatable.

ChecklistsandTables
None.

CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
GreentariffscannotbeusedtooffsetCO2emissions.Theydonotguarantee increasedrenewablecapacityinlinewiththeincreaseddemandarisingfromnew developmentandarealsonotlegallybindingonoccupiers.

SpecialCases
None.

Ene

40 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Issue ID Ene2

Description FabricEnergyEfficiency

No. of Credits Available 9

Mandatory Elements Yes

Aim
Toimprovefabricenergyefficiencyperformancethusfuture-proofingreductionsin CO2forthelifeofthedwelling.
Ene

AssessmentCriteria
Criteria Dwelling Type*1 Apartment Blocks, Mid-Terrace End Terrace, SemiDetached & Detached Credits*2 3 4 5*3 6 7 8 9 Levels 5 & 6 Mandatory Levels

Fabric Energy Efficiency kWh/m2/year 48 45 43 41 39 35 32 Default Cases None


*1

60 55 52 49 46 42 38

odeterminetheapplicableperformancescalethedwellingtypeunderassessmentmustbeaccuratelydefined T accordingtotheguidanceatwww.zerocarbonhub.org reditsareawardedonaslidingscale.Thescaleisbasedonincrementsof0.1credits,distributedequally C betweenthebenchmarksdefinedinthistable. hisisthelevelbeingconsideredforPartLoftheBuildingRegulationsin2013onwhichapublicconsultationis T expectedinlate2011/early2012.

*2

*3

Ene2:FabricEnergyEfficiency | 41

InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage Detaileddocumentaryevidence confirmingfabricenergyefficiency basedonDesignStageSAP outputs OR Whereapplicable: Acopyofcalculationsasdetailedin theassessmentmethodologybasedon designstageSAPoutputs *Datedoutputswithaccredited energy assessornameandregistrationnumber, assessmentstatus,plotnumberand developmentaddress. Ifnotproducedbyanaccredited energyassessoradditionalverificationis requiredasdetailedintheassessment methodology. Post Construction Stage Detaileddocumentaryevidence confirmingfabricenergyefficiency basedonasbuiltSAP2009outputs OR Whereapplicable: Acopyofcalculationsasdetailedinthe assessmentmethodologybasedonas builtSAPoutputs *Datedoutputswithaccredited energy assessornameandregistrationnumber, assessmentstatus,plotnumberand developmentaddress. Ifnotproducedbyanaccredited energyassessoradditionalverificationis requiredasdetailedintheassessment methodology.
Ene

Definitions
Accredited energy assessor Apersonregisteredwithanaccreditedenergyassessmentschemeprovider.The schemeproviderwillbelicensedbyCommunitiesandLocalGovernmenttoaccredit competentpersonstoassesstheCO2emissionratesofdomesticbuildingsforthe purposesofdemonstratingcompliancewithBuilding Regulations. (AD L1A) Approved Document L1A TheBuildingRegulationsforEnglandandWalesApprovedDocumentL1A: ConservationofFuelandPowerinNewDwellings(2010Edition). Building Control Body Thisisthebodyresponsibleforensuringconstructionworksareaccordingtoplan andcompliantwithapplicablerequirementsthroughperiodicinspection Building Regulations BuildingRegulationsapplyinEnglandandWalesandpromote:

42 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Standardsformostaspectsofabuildingsconstruction,includingstructure,fire safety,soundinsulation,drainage,ventilationandelectricalsafety Energyefficiency Theneedsofallpeople,includingthosewithdisabilities,inaccessingand movingaroundbuildings. Dwelling Type ThetypeofdwellingunderassessmentdeterminestheapplicableFEEandcredit scale.Todefinethedwellingtypeunderassessmentrefertowww.zerocarbonhub.org TheFEEscaleof48kWh/m2/yearto32kWh/m2/yearisapplicableto: Apartmentblocks* Mid-terracehouses/bungalows** * ForsomeapartmentblockstheFEEscaleof60kWh/m2/yearto38kWh/m2/ yearapplies.Todefinethedwellingtypeunderassessmentreferto: www.zerocarbonhub.org ** orsteppedandstaggeredterracedhouses/bungalowsandhouseswithan F internalgarageordrivethrough,refertospecialcases. TheFEEscaleof60kWh/m2/yearto38kWh/m2/yearisapplicableto: Endterracehouses/bungalows Semi-detachedhouses/bungalows Detachedhouses/bungalows. Energy averaging Forallapartmentblocks,itisacceptabletoassessthisissuebasedonthearea weightedaverageFEEperformanceofalldwellingswithinthebuilding.The areaweightedaverageFEEperformancemustbecalculatedinaccordancewith methodologydefinedinclause4.6ofAD L1A. Useofenergyaveragingtoassessperformanceagainstthisissueisatthediscretion ofthedeveloperandassessor. (EPC) Energy Performance Certificate ThisisacertificatethatconfirmstheenergyratingofthedwellingfromAtoG, whereAisthemostefficientandGistheleastefficient.Thebettertherating,the moreenergyefficientthedwellingis,andthelowerthefuelbillsarelikelytobe.The energyperformanceofthebuildingisshownasacarbondioxide(CO2)basedindex. EPCsaregeneratedusingapprovedsoftwarebyaccreditedenergyassessors. WhereenergyaveragingiscarriedoutforthepurposesofaCodeassessment, itispossibletousebetterfabricandsystemsperformanceinsomedwellingsto offsetworseperformanceinothers.ThisisnotpossibleforthepurposesoftheEPC
Ene

Ene2:FabricEnergyEfficiency | 43

calculationandassuchCodeenergyperformancemaydifferfromthatindicatedon theEPC. Whereenergyaveraginghasbeenused,performanceagainsttherequirementsof thisissueisnotindicativeofindividualdwellingperformanceorrunningcosts. (FEE) Fabric Energy Efficiency Energydemandforspaceheatingandcoolingexpressedinkilowatt-hoursofenergy demandpersquaremetreperyear(kWh/m2/year). FabricenergyefficiencyiscalculatedaccordingtotheconditionsdefinedinSection 11ofSAP.TheoutputsfromFEEcalculationsshouldberoundedto1decimalplace priortodeterminingthenumberofcreditstoaward. SAP Output (design & as built stage) ThisisadatedoutputfromaccreditedSAPsoftwareproducedbyanaccredited energy assessor.Theoutputmustsummarisethedatanecessarytodetermine performanceagainsttherequirementsofthisissueandincludethenameand registrationnumberoftheaccreditedenergyassessor,theassessmentstatus,plot numberanddevelopmentaddress.ItisnotnecessarytoproduceindividualSAP outputsforidenticaldwellingsforthepurposesofaCodeassessment. Theoutputwillbebasedoneitherdesignstageinformationoronthedwellingas constructed.DesignstageoutputsmustbeusedwhenassessingdesignstageCode performanceandasbuiltoutputsforpostconstructionCodeassessments. WhereSAPoutputsarenotproducedbyanaccreditedenergyassessortheymustbe verifiedbyeitheranaccreditedenergyassessororamemberofthebuilding control bodyresponsibleforassessingthedwellingforcompliancewithPartLoftheBuilding Regulations. ForthepurposesofassessingthisissuetheapplicableSAPoutputsare: SAPDERWorksheet (SAP) Standard Assessment Procedure for Energy Rating of Dwellings TheGovernmentsapprovedmethodologyforassessingtheenergyperformanceof newdwellings.ThecurrentversionisSAP2009version9.90,datedMarch2010,rev October2010.Theprocedureaccountsforenergyusedin: Spaceheatingandcooling Hotwaterprovision Fixedlighting. Theindicatorsofenergyperformanceareenergyconsumptionperunitfloorarea, energycostrating(SAPrating),environmentalimpactratingbasedonCO2emissions (EIrating)anddwellingCO2emissionrate(DER).Theyareusedintheproductionof
Ene

44 | CodeforSustainableHomes

energyperformancecertificates(EPCs)andtodemonstratecompliancewithAD L1A andtheCodeforSustainableHomes. TocontributetoreducingCO2emissionsascalculatedbySAP,heatandpowermust begeneratedeitheronorinthehome,onthedevelopmentorthroughotherlocal communityarrangements(includingdistrictheatandpower).

AssessmentMethodology
Ene

Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Mandatoryrequirementsaremetandcreditsareawardedwherethe performancerequirements(setoutintheassessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage Confirmthedwelling type andFEEscaletoapplytothedwellingbeingassessed ConfirmthattheSAPoutputforthedwellingbeingassessedmeetsthecriteriaset outinthedefinitionssection. IdentifytheFEEperformanceofthedwellingunderassessment. Forallapartmentblocks,itisacceptabletoawardcreditsbasedontheareaweighted averageFEEforalldwellingsinthebuilding.Energy averagingmustbecalculatedin accordancewiththecriteriasetoutinthedefinitionssection. Post Construction Stage Either: Confirmthatnochangeshavebeenmadetothedesignduringconstruction thatimpactonFEEperformance. Or,wherechangeshavebeenmadeduringconstruction: Asfordesignstage,butbasedonasbuiltSAPoutputs.

CalculationProcedures
None.

ChecklistsandTables
None.

Ene2:FabricEnergyEfficiency | 45

CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
None.

SpecialCases
Terracesofhouses/bungalowsareoftensteppedorstaggeredtoaccountforfactors suchassitetopographyorlocalplanningrequirements.Wherethisisthecase,the sidewallsofmidterracedwellingsbecomepartiallyexposed,increasingheatlossand energydemand. Astheareaofexposedsidewallincreases,theenergyperformancecharacteristics ofamid-terracedwellingbecomemoreakintothoseofanendterracedwelling. Toaccountforthis,andtomaintainthelogicbehindseparateFEEtargetsformid andendterracedwellings,thestandardmidterraceFEEperformancerequirements i.e.thosedefinedintheassessmentcriteriatable,canbereducedforsteppedor staggeredmidterracedwellings/bungalowsandhouseswithaninternalgarageor drivethrough. Wherethesedwellingtypesareunderassessment,thefollowingformulacanbe appliedtoadjustthestandardmidterraceFEEperformancerequirementssetateach creditlevel;thisincludesthemandatoryCodelevel5and6requirements: RevisedFEEPerformanceBenchmark=BMT+(2(BETBMT)R) Where: BMT=Standardmid-terraceFEEperformancebenchmark BET=Correspondingstandardendterraceperformancebenchmark R=Ratioofexposed/semiexposedsidewalltototalwallarea Note:Thisformulaisonlyapplicablewhere0<R<0.5.WhereR0.5standardend terraceperformancebenchmarksapply. TocalculateR: ExposedSideWallAream2+Semi-exposedsidewallAream2 R = TotalSideWallAream2 Rshouldberoundedto2decimalplaces. Forguidanceondeterminingtheexposedsidewallandsemi-exposedsidewallarea refertowww.zerocarbonhub.org
Ene

46 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Issue ID Ene3

Description EnergyDisplayDevices

No. of Credits Available 2

Mandatory Elements No

Aim
Topromotethespecificationofequipmenttodisplayenergyconsumptiondata,thus empoweringdwellingoccupantstoreduceenergyuse.
Ene

AssessmentCriteria
Criteria WherecurrentelectricityORprimary heating fuelconsumptiondataaredisplayedto occupantsbyacorrectly specified energy display device. WherecurrentelectricityANDprimaryheatingfuelconsumptiondataaredisplayedto occupantsbyacorrectlyspecifiedenergydisplaydevice. Default Cases Whereelectricityistheprimaryheatingfuelandcurrentelectricityconsumptiondataare displayedtooccupantsbyacorrectlyspecifiedenergydisplaydevice. 2 Credits 1 2

Ene3:EnergyDisplayDevices | 47

InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage Detaileddocumentaryevidence confirming: Thatthecorrectlyspecifiedenergy displaydeviceisdedicatedtothe dwelling AND Theconsumptiondatadisplayedbythe correctlyspecifiedenergydisplaydevice Wheredetaileddocumentaryevidence cannotbeproducedatthisstage: Aspecificationcanbeallowedas evidenceofintenttomeetspecific requirements OR Aletterofinstructiontoacontractor/ supplieroraformalletterfrom thedevelopergivingthespecific undertakingcanbeallowed Post Construction Stage Forpostconstructionstageonly assessments,providedetailed documentaryevidence(aslistedforthe designstage)representingthedwellings asbuilt OR Providewrittenconfirmationfromthe developerthattheenergydisplaydevice hasbeeninstalledasspecifiedinthe designstagedetaileddocumentary evidence OR Whereonlyaspecification/letterof instructionisprovidedatthedesign stage,providedetaileddocumentary evidence(aslistedforthedesignstage) representingthedwellingsasbuilt OR Wheredifferentfromthedesign stage,providedetaileddocumentary evidence(aslistedforthedesignstage) representingthedwellingsasbuilt OR Provideasite inspection report confirmingcompliance

Definitions
Correctly Specified Energy Display Device Thisisasystemcomprisingaself-chargingsensor(s)fixedtotheincomingmains supply/supplies,tomeasureandtransmitenergyconsumptiondatatoavisual displayunit.Asaminimumthevisualdisplayunitmustbecapableofdisplayingthe followinginformation: Localtime

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48 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Currentmainsenergyconsumption(kilowattsandkilowatthours) Currentemissions(g/kgCO2) Currenttariff Currentcost(inpoundsandpence).Forpre-paymentcustomersthisshouldbe realtimedataandforcreditpayingcustomerscostshouldbedisplayedona monthlybasis Displayaccurateaccountbalanceinformation(amountincreditordebit) Visualpresentationofdata(i.e.non-numeric)toallowconsumerstoeasily identifyhighandlowlevelofusage Historicalconsumptiondatasothatconsumerscancomparetheircurrent andprevioususageinameaningfulway.Thisshouldincludecumulative consumptiondatainanyofthefollowingformsday/week/month/billingperiod. Primary Heating Fuel Thefuelusedtoprovidethemajorityofheattothedwellingunderassessment. Site Inspection Report ThisisareportpreparedbytheCodeassessorduringapostconstructionstage assessmentandissuedasevidencewiththeassessment.
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AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Creditsareawardedwheretheperformancerequirements(setoutinthe assessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage Confirmwhetheracorrectlyspecifiedenergydisplaydevicehasbeenprovided. Confirmwhetherthespecifieddevicedisplayselectricityconsumptiondataand/ orprimaryheatingfuelconsumptiondata. Post Construction Stage Either: Confirmthatnochangeshavebeenmadetothedesignduringconstruction thatimpactontheenergydisplaydevicespecification. Or,wherechangeshavebeenmadeduringconstruction: Asforthedesignstage,butbasedonasbuiltinformation.

Ene3:EnergyDisplayDevices | 49

CalculationProcedures
None.

ChecklistsandTables
None.
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CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
None.

SpecialCases
None.

50 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Issue ID Ene4

Description DryingSpace

No. of Credits Available 1

Mandatory Elements No

Aim
Topromoteareducedenergymeansofdryingclothes.
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AssessmentCriteria
Criteria Wherespaceandequipmentareprovidedfordryingclothes: or12bedroomdwellings,thedryingequipmentmustbecapableofholding4m+of F dryingline or3+bedroomdwellings,thedryingequipmentmustbecapableofholding6m+ofdrying F line Thedrying space(internalorexternal)mustbesecure Default Cases None Credits 1

Ene4:DryingSpace | 51

InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage Forinternaldryingspace,detailed documentaryevidenceconfirming: Thelocationofdryingfixings Details/locationofventilation provided Thelengthofdryingline Detailsofthelockprovided(for communaldryingspaceonly) Forexternaldryingspace,detailed documentaryevidenceconfirming: Thelocationoffixings/footingsor posts Thelengthofdryingline Detailsofthelockprovided(for communaldryingspaceonly) Wheredetaileddocumentaryevidence cannotbeproducedatthisstage: Aspecificationcanbeallowedas evidenceofintenttomeetspecific requirements OR Aletterofinstructiontoacontractor/ supplieroraformalletterfrom thedevelopergivingthespecific undertaking Post Construction Stage Forpostconstructionstageonly assessments,providedetailed documentaryevidence(aslistedforthe designstage)representingthedwellings asbuilt OR Writtenconfirmationfromthe developerthatthefittingshavebeen installedasspecifiedinthedesignstage detaileddocumentaryevidence OR Whereonlyaspecification/letterof instructionisprovidedatthedesign stage,providedetaileddocumentary evidence(aslistedforthedesignstage) representingthedwellingsasbuilt OR Wheredifferentfromthedesign stage,providedetaileddocumentary evidence(aslistedforthedesignstage) representingthedwellingsasbuilt OR Asite inspection reportconfirming compliance

Definitions
(AD F) Approved Document F1 TheBuildingRegulationsforEnglandandWalesApprovedDocumentF1:Meansof Ventilation(2010Edition).

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52 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Drying space Aheatedspacewithcontrolledintermittentextractventilation.Extractventilation mustachieveaminimumextractrateof30l/sandbecontrolledaccordingtothe requirementsforintermittentextractventilationdefinedinADF. OR Anunheatedoutbuildingmayalsobeacceptable,wherecalculationsbyan appropriatememberoftheCharteredInstitutionofBuildingServicesEngineers (CIBSE),orequivalentprofessional,confirmsthatventilationisadequatetoallow dryinginnormalclimaticconditionsandtopreventcondensation/mouldgrowth. OR Anexternalsecurespacewithaccessrestrictedtooccupantsofthedwelling(s).The spaceshouldbeaccesseddirectlyfromanexternaldoor. Anyfixings/fittingsmustbeapermanentfeatureoftheroomorspace. Secure entrance lock ApermanentmorticedeadlockormorticesashlockthatconformstoBS3621:2007. Secure space Thisisanenclosedspaceaccessibleonlytotheresidentsofanindividualdwelling. Fordwellingswithcommunaldryingspace,thisisanenclosedspacewithasecure entrancelock,accessibleonlytotheresidentsofthedwellings. Site Inspection Report AreportpreparedbytheCodeassessorduringapostconstructionstageassessment andprovidedasevidencewiththeassessment.

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AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Creditsareawardedwheretheperformancerequirements(setoutinthe assessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage Confirmwhetherinternalorexternaldryingspacewillbeprovidedandwhether itisofadequateandsecureprovision. Confirmwhetheradequatedryingequipmentwillbeprovidedandthatitis locatedappropriately.

Ene4:DryingSpace | 53

Post Construction Stage Either: Confirmthatnochangeshavebeenmadetothedwellingdesignduring constructionthatimpactonthespecificationofdryingfacilities. Or,wherechangeshavebeenmadeduringconstruction: Asforthedesignstage,butbasedonas-builtinformation.


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CalculationProcedures
None.

ChecklistsandTables
None.

CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
Internaldryingspacesarenotallowedinlivingrooms,kitchens,diningrooms,main hallsorbedrooms.

SpecialCases
None.

54 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Issue ID Ene5

Description EnergyLabelledWhiteGoods

No. of Credits Available 2

Mandatory Elements No

Aim
Topromotetheprovisionorpurchaseofenergyefficientwhitegoods,thusreducing theCO2emissionsfromapplianceuseinthedwelling.
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AssessmentCriteria
Criteria WherethefollowingappliancesareprovidedandhaveanA+ratingundertheEU Energy Efficiency Labelling Scheme: Fridgesandfreezersorfridge-freezers WherethefollowingappliancesareprovidedandhaveanAratingundertheEUEnergy EfficiencyLabellingScheme: Washingmachinesanddishwashers AND EITHER umbledryersorwasherdryershaveaBrating(whereawasherdryerisprovided,itisnot T necessarytoalsoprovideawashingmachine) OR U Energy Efficiency Labelling Scheme Informationisprovidedtoeachdwellinginplaceofa E tumbledryerorawasherdryer WherenowhitegoodsareprovidedbutEUEnergyEfficiencyLabellingSchemeInformationis providedtoeachdwelling Note:Toobtainthiscredit,anywhitegoodsavailabletopurchasefromthedevelopermustbe compliantwiththeabovecriteria. Default Cases None 1 1 Credits 1

Ene5:EnergyLabelledWhiteGoods | 55

InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage Ifanywhitegoodsaretobeprovided, detaileddocumentaryevidence confirming: Post Construction Stage

Forpostconstructionstageonly assessments,providedetailed documentaryevidence(aslistedforthe designstage)representingthedwellings Theappliancestobeprovidedwiththeir asbuilt applicableratingsundertheEUEnergy EfficiencyLabellingScheme OR Wherewasherdryersortumbledryers willnotbeprovidedandthesecond creditissought,providedetailed documentaryevidenceasfollows: AcopyoftheEUEnergyEfficiency LabellingSchemeInformation AND Writtenconfirmationfromthe developerthattheappliances/fittings havebeeninstalledasspecifiedinthe designstagedetaileddocumentary evidence OR

Whereonlyaletterofinstructionis providedatthedesignstage,provide Confirmationthattheinformation detaileddocumentaryevidence(aslisted willbeprovidedtoalldwellings forthedesignstage)representingthe Ifnowhitegoodsareprovided,detailed dwellingsasbuilt documentaryevidenceasfollows: OR Acopyoftheinformationthatwillbe providedontheEUEnergyEfficiency Wheredifferentfromthedesign stage,providedetaileddocumentary LabellingScheme evidence(aslistedforthedesignstage) representingthedwellingsasbuilt AND Confirmationthattheinformation willbeprovidedtoalldwellings AND Confirmationthatallappliances availableforpurchasewiththe dwellingarecompliantwiththe assessmentcriteria Wheredetailscannotbeproducedat thisstage: Aformalletterfromthedeveloper givingthespecificundertaking

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56 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Definitions
EU Energy Efficiency Labelling Scheme TheEUenergylabelratesproductsfromA(themostefficient)toG(theleast efficient).Forrefrigeration,thescalenowextendstoA++.Itisalegalrequirement forthelabeltobeshownonallrefrigerationandlaundryappliances,dishwashers, electricovensandlightbulbpackagingatpointofsale. EU Energy Efficiency Labelling Scheme information AninformationleafletexplainingtheEUEnergyEfficiencyLabellingSchemeandthe benefitsofpurchasingapplianceswithhigherratings.
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AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Creditsareawardedwheretheperformancerequirements(setoutinthe assessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage ConfirmtheEUEnergyEfficiencyLabellingSchemeratingforspecified appliancescoveredbytheassessmentcriteria. Whereappliancesarenotbeingprovided,confirmthatEUEnergyEfficiency LabellingSchemeInformationwillbeprovided. Post Construction Stage Either: Confirmthatnochangeshavebeenmadetothedwellingdesignduring constructionthatimpactontheappliancesspecification. Or,wherechangeshavebeenmadeduringconstruction: Asforthedesignstage,butbasedonas-builtinformation.

CalculationProcedures
None.

ChecklistsandTables
None.

Ene5:EnergyLabelledWhiteGoods | 57

CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
None.

SpecialCases
Whereappliancesincludedintheassessmentcriteriaforthisissuearenotcovered bytheEUEnergyEfficiencyLabellingScheme(e.g.gas-poweredtumbledryers), recognitionundertheEnergySavingTrustsEnergySavingRecommendedscheme (http://www.energysavingtrust.org.uk/business/Business/Energy-Saving-TrustRecommended)isdeemedtodemonstratecompliance.Evidenceshouldbeprovided confirmingthatthemakeandmodeloftheappliancemeetstherequirementsof theschemeandispermittedtodisplaytheEnergySavingRecommendedlogo.The evidencemustbedatedtoshowthattheendorsementiscurrent.
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58 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Issue ID Ene6

Description ExternalLighting

No. of Credits Available 2

Mandatory Elements No

Aim
Topromotetheprovisionofenergyefficientexternallighting,thusreducingCO2 emissionsassociatedwiththedwelling.
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AssessmentCriteria
Criteria Space Lighting Whereallexternalspace lighting,includinglightingincommonareas,isprovidedbydedicated energy efficient fittingswithappropriatecontrol systems. Note:Statutory safety lightingisnotcoveredbythisrequirement Security Lighting Whereallsecurity lightingisdesignedforenergyefficiencyandisadequatelycontrolledsuch that: Allburglarsecuritylightshave: Amaximumwattageof150W AND Movement detecting control devices (PIR) AND Daylight cut-off sensors Allothersecurity lighting: Isprovidedbydedicated energy efficient fittings AND Isfittedwithdaylight cut-off sensorsORatime switch Default Cases Ifnosecuritylightingisinstalled,thesecuritylightingcreditcanbeawardedbydefault, providedalloftherequirementsrelatedtothespecificationofspacelightinghavebeenmet. Duallampluminaireswithbothspaceandsecuritylampscanbeawardedbothcredits providedtheymeettheabovecriteriaforenergyefficiency 1 1 1 Credits

Ene6:ExternalLighting | 59

InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage Relevantdrawingsclearlyshowingthe locationofallexternallightfittings AND Detaileddocumentaryevidence confirming: Post Construction Stage Forpostconstructionstageonly assessments,providedrawingsand detaileddocumentaryevidence(aslisted forthedesignstage)representingthe dwellingsasbuilt OR

Thetypesoflightfittingandefficacy, Writtenconfirmationfromthe inlumenspercircuitwatt,forall developerthattheexternallightfittings lamps havebeeninstalledasspecifiedin drawingsandthedesignstagedetailed Thecontrolsystemsapplicableto documentaryevidence eachlightfittingorgroupoffittings Wheredetailedinformationisnot availableatthisstage: Aletterofinstructiontoacontractor/ supplieroraformalletterfrom thedevelopergivingthespecific undertaking OR Whereonlyaletterofinstructionis providedatthedesignstage,provide calculationsanddetaileddocumentary evidence(aslistedforthedesignstage) representingthedwellingsasbuilt OR Wheredifferentfromthedesignstage, providereviseddrawingsanddetailed documentaryevidence(aslistedforthe designstage)representingthedwellings asbuilt OR Asite inspection reportconfirming compliance

Definitions
Control systems Amethodforcontrollingtheexternallightingtoensurethatitwillnotoperate unnecessarily,e.g.duringdaylighthoursorwhenaspaceisunoccupied.Control systemsthatcanbeconsideredarepassiveinfrared(PIR),dusktodawndaylight sensorsandtimeswitches.

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60 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Daylight sensors (dusk to dawn) Atypeofsensorthatdetectsdaylightandswitcheslightingonatduskandoffat dawn. Dedicated energy efficient light fittings Fittingsthatcomprisethelamp,base,controlgearandanappropriatehousing, reflector,shadeordiffuser.Thefittingmustbededicatedinthatitmustbecapable ofonlyacceptinglampshavingaluminousefficacygreaterthan40lumenspercircuit watt.Alightfittingmaycontainoneormorelamps. Tubularfluorescentandcompactfluorescentlightfittingswouldtypicallymeetthis requirement.LightfittingsforGLStungstenlampswithbayonetcaporEdisonscrew bases,ortungstenhalogenlampswouldnotcomply. Dual-level lighting Artificiallighting,specifiedwithappropriatecontrolsystems,whichoperatesat differentlevelsofilluminancetoprovideanadequatemaintainedleveloflightingto internalspaces. Dual-levellightingmustbespecifiedtoreducelevelsofilluminancewhenspacesare lesslikelytobeoccupied,inaccordancewiththeminimummaintainedilluminance levelsdefinedinCIBSELG9:1997LightingforCommunalResidentialBuildings. Movement detecting control devices (PIR) Atypeofmotiondetectorthatusesinfraredradiationtodetectmovementand switcheslightingon. Pin-based compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) Atypeoffluorescentlampthatplugsintoasmalldedicatedlightingfixture.CFLs havealongerratedlifeanduselesselectricitythanconventionalincandescentlight bulbs.Conventionalbayonetorscrew(Edison)CFLfittingsarenotacceptableunder theCode. Security lighting Securitylightingisprovidedtoprotectproperty.Therearetwotypesofsecurity lightingcommonlyusedindwellingshighwattageintruderlightsthatareoperated viaPIRsensorswhichonlyswitchonforashorttime,andlowwattagelightingthatis controlledbytimeswitchesanddaylightsensors. Site Inspection Report AreportpreparedbytheCodeassessorduringapostconstructionstageassessment andprovidedasevidencewiththeassessment.

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Ene6:ExternalLighting | 61

Space lighting Thenormallightingrequiredtoilluminateaspacewheninuse.Itcanbeusedoutside theentrancetothehome,inoutbuildingssuchasgaragesandcyclestores,andfor externalspacessuchaspaths,patios,decks,porches,stepsandverandas. Spacelightingmustbedesignedwithappropriatecontrolsystemstoensureitis switchedoffduringdaylighthours. Statutory safety lighting Safetylightingisusuallyprovidedinmulti-residentialbuildingssuchasblocksofflats toilluminatestairwellsandexitrouteswhenthemainlightingsystemfails.Itsdesign isspecifiedbyregulation(BS5266)andisthereforeoutsidethescopeoftheCode. Time switch Aswitchwithanin-builtclockwhichwillallowlightingtobeswitchedonandoffat programmedtimes. Tubular fluorescent and compact fluorescent lamp (TFL/CFL) Atypeoffluorescentlampthatisnamedafteritsshape.Theselampshavetheirown rangeofdedicatedfittings,andhavealongerratedlifeanduselesselectricitythan conventionalincandescentlightbulbs.
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AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Creditsareawardedwheretheperformancerequirements(setoutinthe assessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage Confirmwhethertheexternalspaceandsecuritylightingspecificationmeets therequirementssetoutintheassessmentcriteria. Forhouses,fittingsservingthefollowingareasshouldbeincludedinthe assessment:externaldoor,frontporch,steps/pathways,patio,garage,garden, carportsandanyotheroutbuildings. Forflats,fittingsservingthefollowingareasshouldbeincludedinthe assessment:externalstepsandpathways,mainexternalentrancesandall communalinternalspaces. Post Construction Stage Either: Confirmthatnochangeshavebeenmadetothedwellingdesignduring constructionthatimpactontheexternalspaceandsecuritylighting specification.

62 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Or,wherechangeshavebeenmadeduringconstruction: Asforthedesignstage,butbasedonas-builtinformation.

CalculationProcedures
None.
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ChecklistsandTables
None.

CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
Creditscannotbeawardedbydefaultifnospacelightingisinstalled,evenincases whereallsecuritylightingrequirementsaremet.

SpecialCases
Onaprivatelymanagedsite,externallightingmanagedbyaLocalAuthoritymaybe excludedfromthisissue. Whereasiteisredevelopedandexistingexternallightingremains,thelightingthat isretainedhastocomplywiththerequirementsoftheissue.Replacementofthe fittingsmaybenecessary. Anyfittingthatconsumeslessthan5Wmaybeexcludedfromtherequirementsset outinthisissue.Thisistoallowforthespecificationofinnovativelightsources,such asLEDs. Wherepermanentspacelightingisrequiredforsafetyreasons,orforthepurposeof meetingotherapplicabledesignstandards(normallyininternalcommunalcorridors orstairwellsthatreceivenodaylight),dual-level lightingisacceptable.

Ene7:LowandZeroCarbonTechnologies | 63

Issue ID Ene7

Description LowandZeroCarbonTechnologies

No. of Credits Available 2

Mandatory Elements No

Aim
TolimitCO2emissionsandrunningcostsarisingfromtheoperationofadwellingand itsservicesbyencouragingthespecificationoflowandzerocarbonenergysourcesto supplyasignificantproportionofenergydemand.
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AssessmentCriteria
Criteria Whereenergyissuppliedbylow or zero carbon technologies AND Thereisa10%reductioninCO2emissionsasaresult OR Thereisa15%reductioninCO2emissionsasaresult Default Cases None 2 1 Credits

64 | CodeforSustainableHomes

InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage Acopyofcalculationsasdetailedin theassessmentmethodologybasedon designstageSAP outputs
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Post Construction Stage Acopyofcalculationsasdetailedinthe assessmentmethodologybasedonas builtSAPoutputs AND Detaileddocumentaryevidence confirmingthatthespecifiedlowor zerocarbontechnologies: Meetanyadditionalrequirements definedinDirective2009/28/ECas applicable. Andare: CertifiedundertheMicrogeneration CertificationScheme* OR CertifiedundertheCHPQA standard* *Asapplicable.

AND Detaileddocumentaryevidence confirmingthatthespecifiedlowor zerocarbontechnologies: Meetanyadditionalrequirements definedinDirective2009/28/ECas applicable. Andare: CertifiedundertheMicrogeneration CertificationScheme* OR CertifiedundertheCHPQA standard* *Asapplicable.

Definitions
Accredited energy assessor Apersonregisteredwithanaccreditedenergyassessmentschemeprovider.The schemeproviderwillbelicensedbyCommunitiesandLocalGovernmenttoaccredit competentpersonstoassesstheCO2emissionratesofdomesticbuildingsforthe purposesofdemonstratingcompliancewithBuilding Regulations. Accredited External Renewables Thesearerenewableenergyinstallationslocatedoffsitewhich: AreRenewableEnergyGuaranteeofOrigin(REGO)certified. Createnewinstalledgenerationcapacitydesignedtomeetthedemandofthe dwelling. AreadditionaltocapacityalreadyrequiredundertheRenewablesObligation.

Ene7:LowandZeroCarbonTechnologies | 65

Actual Case CO2 Emissions CO2emissionsfromthedwelling(KgCO2/m2/year)accountingfortheinputfrom specified/installedlowandzerocarbontechnologies. Thestandardcasedwellingmodelmustbeusedasthebasisforthecalculationof actualcaseemissions.However,whereeligibleloworzerocarbontechnologiesare specifiedinthedwellingtheycanreplacethestandardsystemsassumptionsfrom tableCat1.2forthepurposesoftheactualcasecalculation. ActualcaseCO2emissionsmustbecalculatedinaccordancewiththemethodology definedintableCat1.3. (AD L1A) Approved Document L1A TheBuildingRegulationsforEnglandandWalesApprovedDocumentL1A: ConservationofFuelandPowerinNewDwellings(2010Edition). Building Control Body Thebodyresponsibleforensuringthatconstructionworksareaccordingtoplanand compliantwithapplicablerequirementsthroughperiodicinspection. Building Regulations BuildingRegulationsapplyinEnglandandWalesandpromote: Standardsformostaspectsofabuildingsconstruction,includingstructure,fire safety,soundinsulation,drainage,ventilationandelectricalsafety Energyefficiency Theneedsofallpeople,includingthosewithdisabilities,inaccessingand movingaroundbuildings. Direct Supply Thecarbonbenefitofenergygeneratedbyloworzerocarbontechnologiescanonly beallocatedtodwellingsthataredirectlysuppliedbytheinstallationviadedicated supplies. Whereelectricityisgeneratedwhichissurplustotheinstantaneousdemandof thedwelling(s),itmaybefedbacktotheNationalGrid.Thecarbonbenefitof anyelectricityfedbacktothegridcanbeallocatedasifitwereconsumedinthe dwelling(s)whenassessingperformanceagainsttherequirementsofthisissue. ForcommunalPVarraysinbuildingswithmultipledwellings,theobligationsofthis definitionaresatisfiedwheretherequirementsofAppendixMofSAParemet. Low and Zero Carbon Technologies Technologieseligibletocontributetoachievingtherequirementsofthisissuemust produceenergyfromrenewablesourcesandmeetallotherancillaryrequirementsas definedbyDirective2009/28/ECoftheEuropeanParliamentandoftheCouncilof
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66 | CodeforSustainableHomes

23April2009onthepromotionoftheuseofenergyfromrenewablesourcesand amendingandsubsequentlyrepealingDirectives2001/77/ECand2003/30/EC. Thefollowingrequirementsmustalsobemet: Wherenotprovidedbyaccreditedexternalrenewablestheremustbeadirect supplyofenergyproducedtothedwellingunderassessment. WherecoveredbytheMicrogeneration Certification Scheme (MCS), technologiesunder50kWeor300kWthmustbecertified.
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CombinedHeatandPower(CHP)schemesabove50kWemustbecertified undertheCHPQAstandard. AlltechnologiesmustbeaccountedforbySAP. CHPschemesfuelledbymainsgasareeligibletocontributetoperformanceagainst thisissue.Wheretheseschemesareabove50kWetheymustbecertifiedunderthe CHPQA. (MCS) Microgeneration Certification Scheme TheMicrogenerationCertificationScheme(MCS)isanindependentschemethat certifiesmicrogenerationproductsandinstallersinaccordancewithconsistent standards.Itisdesignedtoevaluatemicrogenerationproductsandinstallers againstrobustcriteria,andprovidesconsumerswithanindependentindicationof thereliabilityofproducts,assurancethattheinstallationwillbecarriedouttothe appropriatestandardandarouteforcomplaintsshouldtherebeanyissues. TheMCSisaUnitedKingdomAccreditationService(UKAS)accreditedcertification schemecoveringallmicrogenerationproductsandservices.Ithassupportfromthe DepartmentofEnergyandClimateChange(DECC),industryandnon-governmental groupsasaprimemethodformakingasubstantialcontributiontocuttingtheUKs dependencyonfossilfuelsandcarbondioxideemissions. SAP output (design & as built stage) ThisisadatedoutputfromaccreditedSAPsoftwareproducedbyanaccredited energy assessor.Theoutputmustsummarisethedatanecessarytodetermine performanceagainsttherequirementsofthisissueandincludethenameand registrationnumberoftheaccreditedenergyassessor,theassessmentstatus,plot numberanddevelopmentaddress.ItisnotnecessarytoproduceindividualSAP outputsforidenticaldwellingsforthepurposesofaCodeassessment. Theoutputwillbebasedoneitherdesignstageinformationoronthedwellingas constructed.Designstageoutputsarenormallyusedwhenassessingdesignstage CodeperformanceandasbuiltoutputsforpostconstructionCodeassessments. However,forthepurposesofassessmentagainsttherequirementsofthisissuedraft SAPoutputsareacceptable. WhereSAPOutputsarenotproducedbyanaccreditedenergyassessortheymustbe verifiedbyeitheranaccreditedenergyassessororamemberofthebuilding control

Ene7:LowandZeroCarbonTechnologies | 67

bodyresponsibleforassessingthedwellingforcompliancewithPartLoftheBuilding Regulations. ForthepurposesofassessingthisissuetheapplicableSAPoutputsare: SAPDERworksheet (SAP) Standard Assessment Procedure for Energy Rating of Dwellings TheGovernmentsapprovedmethodologyforassessingtheenergyperformanceof newdwellings.ThecurrentversionisSAP2009version9.90,datedMarch2010,rev October2010.Theprocedureaccountsforenergyusedin: Spaceheatingandcooling Hotwaterprovision Fixedlighting. Theindicatorsofenergyperformanceareenergyconsumptionperunitfloorarea, energycostrating(SAPrating),environmentalimpactratingbasedonCO2emissions (EIrating)anddwellingCO2emissionrate(DER).Theyareusedintheproductionof energyperformancecertificates(EPCs)andtodemonstratecompliancewithAD L1A andtheCodeforSustainableHomes. TocontributetoreducingCO2emissionsascalculatedbySAP,heatandpowermust begeneratedeitheronorinthehome,onthedevelopmentorthroughotherlocal communityarrangements(includingdistrictheatandpower). Standard Case CO2 Emissions CO2emissionsfromthedwelling(KgCO2/m2/year)assumingastandardsystems specification,basedontheDomesticBuildingServicesComplianceGuide2010 Edition. StandardcaseCO2emissionscreatethebaselineagainstwhichthecontribution oflowandzerocarbontechnologiesismeasured.Theyrepresentthecommon scenariowhereagasboilerisinstalledandensurealevelplayingfieldtoallowafair comparisonofthecontributionoflowandzerocarbontechnologies,regardlessof thecarbonintensityoftheactualheatingfuelspecified. TheassumptionstobeincludedinthecalculationofstandardcaseCO2emissionsare includedintableCat1.2. StandardcaseCO2emissionsmustbecalculatedinaccordancewiththemethodology definedintableCat1.3.
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68 | CodeforSustainableHomes

AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Creditsareawardedwheretheperformancerequirements(setoutinthe assessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage ConfirmthattheSAPoutputforeachdwellingbeingassessedmeetsthecriteriaset outinthedefinitionssection. Calculatethestandard case CO2 emissions. Calculatetheactual case CO2 emissions. CalculatethereductioninactualcaseCO2emissionscomparedtostandardcaseCO2 emissions. Post Construction Stage Either: Confirmthatnochangeshavebeenmadetothedwellingdesignduring constructionthatimpactonthelowandzerocarbontechnologiesspecification. Or,wherechangeshavebeenmadeduringconstruction: Asfordesignstage,butbasedonasbuiltSAPoutputs.

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CalculationProcedures
1. Standard Case CO2 Emissions: StandardcaseCO2emissionsmustbecalculatedaccordingtothemethodology definedintableCat1.3. ThespecificationassumptionsincludedintableCat1.2mustreplacethoseofthe actualdwellinginthecalculationofstandardcaseCO2emissions. WhereelementsorsystemsarenotlistedintableCat1.2theyshouldbeincludedin thecalculationofstandardcaseCO2emissionsasspecified/constructed.

Ene7:LowandZeroCarbonTechnologies | 69

Table Cat 1.2: Standard CO2 Emissions Calculation - Specification Assumptions Element or System [1] [2] Mainheatingfuel(spaceandwater) Mainheatingsystem(andsecondmainheating systemwherespecified) Value Mainsgas Boilerandradiators Fullypumpedcirculation Waterpumpinheatedspace
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[2a]

Boiler

SEDBUK(2009)88% Room-sealed FannedFlue On/offburnercontrol

[2b]

Heatingsystemcontrols

Programmer Roomthermostats TRVs Boilerinterlock

[3] [3a] [4]

Secondaryheatingfuel(where secondary heating is specified) Secondaryheatingsystem(where secondary heating is specified) Hotwatersystem

Electricity Panel,convectororradiantheaters Storedhotwater,heatedbyboileronly Separatetimecontrolforspaceandwaterheating

[4a] [4b]

Hotwaterstorage Primarywaterheatinglosses

150litrecylinderinsulatedwith35mmoffactory appliedfoam Primarypipeworkinsulated Cylindertemperaturecontrolledbythermostat

[4c] [5]

TechnologiescoveredbyAppendixHofSAP TechnologiescoveredbyAppendixMofSAP

Nonespecified Nonespecified

2. Actual Case CO2 Emissions: ActualcaseCO2emissionsmustbecalculatedaccordingtothemethodologydefined intableCat1.3. Thestandardcasedwellingmodelmustbeusedasthebasisforthecalculationof actualcaseemissions.However,whereeligibleloworzerocarbontechnologiesare specifiedinthedwellingtheycanreplacethestandardsystemsassumptionsfrom tableCat1.2forthepurposesoftheactualcaseemissionscalculation. ThereductioninCO2emissionsasaresultofthespecificationoflowandzerocarbon technologiesmustbecalculatedaccordingtothemethodologydefinedintable Cat1.3.

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Table Cat 1.3: Reduction in CO2 Emissions Value Required (1) StandardCaseCO2emissions Seenotes[2]and[4] (2)
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Data Source Guidance (See note [1]) SAPSection16: [SAP box ZC8] SAPSection16: [SAP box ZC8] 100 (1(Valueatstep(2) Valueatstep(1)))

Unit Required +KgCO2/m2/yr

Value

ActualCaseCO2emissions Seenotes[2],[3]and[4]

+/KgCO2/m2/yr

(3)

ReductioninCO2emissions Seenote[5]

+/%

NotestotableCat1.3:
[1] ThedatasourcesinthiscalculationcorrespondwithSAPandareintendedas supplementaryguidancetoassistinidentifyingthevaluesrequired.Itisthe responsibilityoftheassessortoensurethatthecorrectvalueisidentifiedand enteredintothecalculation,asthedatasourcemayvarydependantonthe typeofaccreditedSAPsoftwareusedtoassessenergyperformance. [2] Section16ofSAPextendsthecalculationtoaccountforCO2emissions fromappliancesandcookingandtoallowforsite-wideelectricitygenerating technologies.FollowtheproceduresetoutinSection16ofSAP2009to calculatestandardcaseCO2emissionsandactualcaseCO2emissionsfor thedwellingunderassessment.Therearenospecificconditionsimposed thatprecludetheuseofsection16ofSAPtocalculatestandardoractual emissions. [3] InthecalculationofactualcaseCO2emissions,therearenospecific conditionsthatprecludeconsiderationoftheallowancesincludedinSection 16ofSAPforsite-wideelectricitygeneratingtechnologiesandCO2emissions offsetsfrombiofuelCHPsystems.Fordetailsofacceptabletechnologies, configurations,outputcalculationsandofhowtoapportiontheoutputto individualdwellings,refertoAppendixMandSection16ofSAP. [4] Wherecentralisedenergysupplyinfrastructureisinplacethatservicesother users(e.g.mixedusedevelopments)theoutputmustbeallocatedbetween allusersinrelationtotheirproportionalnetfloorarea. [5] Thecalculatedpercentagereductionmustbetruncated(notroundeddown) toanintegerpercentagee.g.9.8750%becomes9%.Thisfigureisthenused todeterminethenumberofcreditsachieved,inlinewiththeperformance requirementsdefinedintheassessmentcriteriatable.

Ene7:LowandZeroCarbonTechnologies | 71

ChecklistsandTables
None.

CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
EnergysuppliedfromremotesourcesthroughtheNationalGridisnoteligibleto contributetowardsachievingtherequirementssetoutinthisissue.Thisincludes electricityprocuredthroughgreentariffs.
Ene

SpecialCases
None.

72 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Issue ID Ene8

Description CycleStorage

No. of Credits Available 2

Mandatory Elements No

Aim
Topromotethewideruseofbicyclesastransportbyprovidingadequateand securecyclestoragefacilities,thusreducingtheneedforshortcarjourneysandthe associatedCO2emissions.
Ene

AssessmentCriteria
Criteria Whereindividualorcommunalcyclestorageisprovided,thatisadequately sized, secureand convenient,forthefollowingnumberofcycles: Studiosor1bedroomdwellingsstoragefor1cycleforeverytwodwellings 2and3bedroomdwellings-storagefor1cycleperdwelling 4bedroomsandabove-storagefor2cyclesperdwelling OR Studiosor1bedroomdwellingsstoragefor1cycleperdwelling 2and3bedroomdwellingsstoragefor2cyclesperdwelling 4bedroomsandabovestoragefor4cyclesperdwelling Note:Therequirementsforsecurecyclestoragearemetwherecompliancewithclause35of SecuredbyDesign(SBD)NewHomes2010isachieved. Default Cases None 2 Credits 1

Ene8:CycleStorage | 73

InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage Post Construction Stage

Thenumberofbedroomsandthe correspondingnumberofcycle storagespacesperdwelling Location,typeandsizeofstorage Convenientaccesstocyclestorage Anysecuritymeasures Detailsoftheproprietarysystem(if applicable) Howtherequirementsofclause35 ofSecuredbyDesignNewHomes 2010willbemet(ifapplicable) Wheredetailedinformationisnot availableatthisstage: Aletterofinstructiontoacontractor/ supplieroraformalletterfrom thedevelopergivingthespecific undertaking

OR Writtenconfirmationfromthe developerthatthecyclestoragefacilities havebeeninstalledasspecifiedinthe designstagedetaileddocumentary evidence OR Whereonlyaletterofinstructionis providedatthedesignstage,provide detaileddocumentaryevidence(aslisted forthedesignstage)representingthe dwellingsasbuilt OR Wheredifferentfromthedesign stage,providedetaileddocumentary evidence(aslistedforthedesignstage) representingthedwellingsasbuilt OR Asite inspection reportconfirming compliance

Definitions
Adequately Sized Cycle Storage Theminimumstoragearearequiredtostorecyclesonthefloor,definedbythe New Metric Handbook,whichincludesspacetoallowthecyclestobemoved independently.

Ene

Detaileddocumentaryevidence showing:

Forpostconstructionstageonly assessments,providedetailed documentaryevidence(aslistedforthe designstage)representingthedwellings asbuilt

74 | CodeforSustainableHomes

1cycle:2mlong0.75mwide 2cycles:2mlong1.5mwide 4cycles:2mlong2.5mwide OR Whereaproprietarystorageorhangingsystemisprovided,thespacerequirements areflexiblebutthesystemmustalloweachcycletoberemovedindependentlyand meetallothercriteria.


Ene

Wherecyclestorageisprovidedinashed,aminimumof1m2isrequiredforgarden tools(inadditiontotheabovedimensions).Theshedmustbesetonaconcrete foundationandsecurefixingneedstobeprovided. Wherecyclestorageisprovidedinagarage,adequatespacemustbeprovidedto storeboththebicycle(s)andthecar(s)atthesametime. Fordoublegarages,itmustbeassumedthateachgaragespaceisoccupiedbyacar. Storageareasabovemustbeaddedtothetypicalminimumgaragesizesbelow: 2.4m4.9mforasinglegarage 5m5.2mforadoublegarage Convenient Cycle Storage Easyanddirectaccessfrom/tothedwelling(s)andfrom/tothecyclestoretoapublic rightofway. Accessfromthestoretoapublicrightofwaythroughthedwellingisnotacceptable, e.g.wherecyclesarestoredinashedinthebackgardenofamid-terracedhomeand thereisnodirectaccessfromthegardentoapublicrightofway. Communalcyclestore(s)mustbelocatedwithin100mofthefrontdoororthemain entrancetoablockofflats. If,forstrategicreasonsoutsidethecontrolofthedeveloper,thestorecannotbe locatedwithintherequireddistance,exceptionstotherulemaybeallowed.Full detailsmustbeprovidedandtheCodeserviceproviderconsultedpriortoawarding credits. Lightingincommunalcyclestoresmustcomplywiththerequirementsforspace lightingdefinedinEne6ExternalLighting. Cycle storage Cyclesmaybestoredinanyofthefollowing: Garageorshed Externalorinternalcommunalcyclestore Proprietarysystem.

Ene8:CycleStorage | 75

Secure entrance lock ApermanentmorticedeadlockormorticesashlockthatconformstoBS3621:2007 canbeusedwherethedoorisatleast44mmthickandislockedtothedoorframe. AlternativelyasoldsecureSilverStandardpadlockwithahaspandstaplethatare coachboltedthroughthestructureisdeemedcompliant. Wherecommunalcyclestoragewillbeprovidedwithinablockofflats,theentrance mustbeasecuredoorsetandmeettherequirementsofclauses21.2to21.6and 21.8to21.13oftheSecuredbyDesignNewHomes2010document.Notethatthis roomshouldhavenowindows. Secure fixing AgroundanchorcertificatedtoSoldSecureSilverStandard. Whereacommunalcyclestorewillbeused,astandmustbeprovidedtosupport thebike,andasecuregroundanchorpointforeachcyclespace(certificatedtoSold SecureSilverStandard).Alternativelyasecure standcanbeprovided. Secure Stand Astandwhichallowsbothwheelandframetobelockedandmust,asaminimum, beofgalvanisedsteelbarconstruction(withaminimumthicknessof3mm)andhave aminimumfoundationdepthof300mmwithaweldedanchorT-barsetinconcrete topreventitbeingeasilyremovedfromtheground. Secure storage Afullyenclosedstructurewithasecure entrance lockand/orsecure fixingsorsecure standsdependingonthesituationandsolution. Inindividualdwellings: Forsolidenclosedstructures:secureentrancelockorsecurefixing(s) Fornon-solidstructures:secureentrancelockandsecurefixing(s) Blocksofflatsandmulti-dwellingswithcommunalstorageareas: Communalhallsandsolidenclosedstructures:secureentrancelockandsecure fixing(s)forallcycles Fornon-solidstructures:secureentrancelockandsecurefixing(s) Whereanexternalcontainerspecificallydesignedforthesecurestorageofcycleswill beprovided,itmustbecertifiedtoLPS1175SR1. Site Inspection Report ThisisareportpreparedbytheCodeassessorduringapostconstructionstage assessmentandprovidedasevidencewiththeassessment.

Ene

76 | CodeforSustainableHomes

AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Creditsareawardedwheretheperformancerequirements(setoutinthe assessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage Confirmwhethercyclestorageistobeprovided. Confirmwhetheranyproposedcyclestorageisadequatelysized,has convenientaccessandissecure. Post Construction Stage Either: Confirmthatnochangeshavebeenmadetothedesignduringconstruction thatimpactonthecyclestoragespecification. Or,wherechangeshavebeenmadeduringconstruction: Asforthedesignstage,butbasedonas-builtinformation.
Ene

CalculationProcedures
None.

ChecklistsandTables
None.

CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
Wherecyclesaretobestoredinsidethedwelling,creditscannotbeachieved(unless withinaporchincludingadequatestoragespaceasdefinedabove). Provisionbythedeveloperofafoldingcycletobestoredinthedwellingdoesnot meettherequirementsofthisissueorwarrantareductionintheadequatesize requirements.

SpecialCases
None.

Ene9:HomeOffice | 77

Issue ID Ene9

Description HomeOffice

No. of Credits Available 1

Mandatory Elements No

Aim
Topromoteworkingfromhomebyprovidingoccupantswiththenecessaryspace andservicesthusreducingtheneedtocommute.
Ene

AssessmentCriteria
Criteria Wheresufficient spaceandserviceshavebeenprovidedwhichallowoccupantstosetupa homeofficeinasuitable room. Thespacededicatedforuseasahomeofficemusthaveadequate ventilationandachievean average daylight factorof1.5%. Default Cases None Credits 1

78 | CodeforSustainableHomes

InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage Detaileddocumentaryevidence showing: Locationofandsufficientspacefor thehomeoffice Locationandnumberofsockets Locationoftelephonepoints Thatadequateventilationwillbe provided Thatanaveragedaylightfactorofat least1.5%isachieved Confirmationofoneofthefollowing: ableconnection c hatbroadbandisavailableat t thesitelevel(notforindividual dwellings),i.e.aletterfromthe developerconfirmingthatthey havecheckedthatbroadbandis available wotelephonepoints(ordouble t telephonepoint) Wheredetailedinformationisnot availableatthisstage: Aletterofinstructiontoacontractor/ supplieroraformalletterfrom thedevelopergivingthespecific undertaking
Ene

Post Construction Review Stage Forpostconstructionstageonly assessments,providedetailed documentaryevidence(aslistedforthe designstage)representingthedwellings asbuilt OR Writtenconfirmationfromthe developerthatthehomeofficeand relatedserviceshavebeenprovidedas specifiedinthedesignstagedetailed documentaryevidence OR Whereonlyaletterofinstructionis providedatthedesignstage,provide detaileddocumentaryevidence(aslisted forthedesignstage)representingthe dwellingsasbuilt OR Wheredifferentfromthedesign stage,providedetaileddocumentary evidence(aslistedforthedesignstage) representingthedwellingsasbuilt OR Asite inspection reportconfirming compliance

Definitions
Adequate ventilation Inallcasestheroommusthaveanopenablewindoworalternativeventilatione.g. passivestack.Wheretheroomhasawindow,theminimumopenablecasement mustbe0.5m2.Aroomwithonlyanexternaldoordoesnotmeettheminimum requirementsforadequateventilation.

Ene9:HomeOffice | 79

Average daylight factor Theaveragedaylightfactoristheaverageindoorilluminance(fromdaylight)onthe workingplanewithinaroom,expressedasapercentageofthesimultaneousoutdoor illuminanceonahorizontalplaneunderanunobstructedCIEstandardovercastsky. Theaveragedaylightfactorcanbecalculatedusingthefollowingequation: DF = Where: W=totalglazedareaofwindowsorrooflights A=totalareaofalltheroomsurfaces(ceiling,floor,wallsandwindows) R=area-weightedaveragereflectanceoftheroomsurfaces M=acorrectionfactorfordirt T=glasstransmissionfactor u=angleofvisiblesky Guidevaluesforatypicaldwellingwithlight-colouredwallsareasfollows(formore accuratevalues,refertoCIBSELightingGuide10): R M T u = = = = 0.5 1.0(verticalglazingthatcanbecleanedeasily) 0.8(slopingglazing) 0.7(horizontalglazing) 0.7(doubleglazing) 0.6(doubleglazingwithlowemissivitycoating) 0.6(tripleglazing) 65(verticalglazing) MWuT A(1 R2)
Ene

Itisadvisedthatthisdefaultfigurefortheangleofvisibleskyisusedwithcaution; themethodologydetailedintheangleofvisibleskydefinitionmustbepreferredfor moreaccuracy. Sufficient services Thefollowingservicesmustbeprovidedinthesuitableroomintendedasahome office: Twodoublepowersockets

80 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Twotelephonepoints(ordoubletelephonepoint),oronetelephonepoint wherecableorbroadbandisavailable. Awindow(Note:Theroomchosentobethenominatedhomeofficemusthave adaylightfactorofatleast1.5%) Adequateventilation. Sufficient space Thisisdefinedastheminimumsize(1.8mwalllength)toallowadesk,chairand filingcabinetorbookshelftobeinstalled,withspacetomovearoundthefrontand sideofthedesk,usethechairappropriatelyandoperatethefilingcabinetsafely (the1.8mwallsizerequirementcan,insomecircumstances,bealteredifdrawings canprovethatadeskcanbefittedinanyothertypeofarrangement,i.e.alcoveor similar,fulfillingalltheabovecriteria). Suitable room Fordwellingswiththreeormorebedrooms,asuitableroomisaroomotherthanthe kitchen,livingroom,masterbedroomorbathroom. Fordwellingswithoneortwobedroomsorstudiohomes,asuitableroomisthe livingroom,oneofthebedroomsoranyothersuitableareainthehomesuchasa largehallordiningarea(providedtheminimumservicerequirementsdefinedabove aremet). Inallcases,theroommustbelargeenoughtoallowtheintendeduseofthatroom, e.g.ifahomeofficeistobesetupinthemainbedroom,thatroomalsoneedstobe abletofitinadoublebedandothernecessaryfurnishing. Site Inspection Report ThisisareportpreparedbytheCodeassessorduringapostconstructionstage assessmentandprovidedasevidencewiththeassessment.
Ene

AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Creditsareawardedwheretheperformancerequirements(setoutinthe assessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage Confirmwhethersufficientspaceforahomeofficeistobeprovidedina suitableroom. Confirmwhetherthelocationfortheproposedhomeofficehasadequate ventilationandisspecifiedwithsufficientservices. Confirmthatthespacededicatedforuseasahomeofficeachievesadaylight factorofatleast1.5%.

Ene9:HomeOffice | 81

Post Construction Stage Either: Confirmthatnochangeshavebeenmadetothedesignduringconstruction thatimpactonthehomeofficespecification. Or,wherechangeshavebeenmadeduringconstruction: Asforthedesignstage,butbasedonas-builtinformation.


Ene

CalculationProcedures
None.

ChecklistsandTables
None.

CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
None.

SpecialCases
None.

82 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Category2:Water
Issue ID Wat1 Description Indoorwateruse No. of Credits Available 5 Mandatory Elements Yes

Aim
Toreducetheconsumptionofpotable waterinthehomefromallsources,including boreholewellwater,throughtheuseofwaterefficientfittings,appliancesandwater recyclingsystems.
Wat

AssessmentCriteria
Criteria Water consumption (litres/person/day) 120l/p/day 110l/p/day 105l/p/day 90l/p/day 80l/p/day Default Cases None Credits 1 2 3 4 5 Levels5and6 Levels3and4 Mandatory Levels Levels1and2

Wat1:IndoorWaterUse | 83

InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage CompletedWater Efficiency Calculator for New Dwellingsinternalpotable wateruseforeachdwellingwhichhasa differentspecification AND Detaileddocumentaryevidence showing: Location,detailsandtypeof appliances/fittingsthatusewaterin thedwellingincludinganyspecific water reduction equipmentwiththe capacity/flowrateofequipment. Location,sizeanddetailsofany rainwaterandgreywatercollection systemsprovidedforuseinthe dwelling Post Construction Stage Forpostconstructionstageonly assessments,provideWaterEfficiency CalculatorforNewDwellingsand detaileddocumentaryevidence(as listedfordesignstage)representingthe dwellingsasbuilt
Wat

OR Writtenconfirmationfromthe developerthattheappliances/fittings havebeeninstalledasspecifiedinthe designstagedetaileddocumentary evidence OR

Whereonlyaletterofinstructionis providedwithcalculationsatdesign stageproviderevisedcalculationsand Wheredetaileddocumentaryevidenceis detaileddocumentaryevidence(as listedfordesignstage)representingthe notavailableatthisstage; dwellingsasbuilt CompletedWaterEfficiencyCalculator OR forNewDwellingsinternalpotable wateruseforeachdwellingwhichhasa Wheredifferentfromdesignstage, differentspecification providerevisedWaterEfficiency CalculatorforNewDwellingsand AND detaileddocumentaryevidence(as listedfordesignstage)representingthe Aletterofinstructiontoacontractor/ dwellingsasbuilt supplieroraformalletterfromthe developergivingaspecificundertaking, providingsufficientinformationtoallow thewatercalculationstobecompleted

Definitions
Delayed inlet valves DelayedinletvalvespreventwaterenteringtheWCcisternuntilithascompletely emptied,enablingaprecisevolumeofwatertobedischargedindependentofwater pressure.

84 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Flow restrictors Flowrestrictorscontainprecision-madeholesorfilterstorestrictwaterflowand reducetheoutletflowandpressure.Theyaretypicallyfittedwithintheconsoleofthe taporshowerheads,inpipeworkoratthemainsinlettothedwelling. Grey-water recycling Theappropriatecollection,treatmentandstorageofusedshower,bathandtap waterforuseinsteadofpotablewaterinWCsand/orwashingmachines.Grey-water recyclingsystemsnormallycollectusedshower,bathandtapwaterandrecycleitfor toiletflushing. Ion exchange water softeners
Wat

Ionexchangewatersoftenersremovetheagentscausinghardwaterbypassing waterfromthemainsthrougharesin.Theresinmustberegeneratedregularly. Regenerationmayoccureitheratsettimeintervals,orwhenagivenvolumeofwater haspassedthroughtheresin.Thewaterconsumedduringregenerationdependson thehardnessofthewater(thisvariesgeographically)andtheefficiencyofthewater softener. Low flush WCs LowflushWCsarespecificallydesignedtoreducethevolumeofwaterconsumed duringflushing.Therearevarioussystemsthatcanbespecifiedtoachievea reductioninflushvolume,suchaslowsingleflushcisterns,delayedactionwaterinlet valves,anddual-flushcisternswhichprovideapartflushforliquidsandafullflush forsolids.SuchsystemsmustbematchedtosuitableWCpansandmustpassthe dischargeperformancerequirementsofBSEN997:2003forClass2WCsuites. Mains potable water Drinkingqualitywatertakenfromaconnectiontothemainswatersupply. Potable water Drinkingqualitywaterthatistakenfromaconnectiontothemainswatersupplyin thedwelling,whichmaybefromthepublicwatersupplyoraprivatesupplysuchas fromgroundwaterviaaborehole. Rainwater recycling Theappropriatecollectionandstorageofrainfromhardoutdoorsurfacesfor useinsteadofpotablewaterinWCsand/orwashingmachines.Insomecases, rainwatercouldalsobeusedtocontributetowardsWat2forirrigationandpossibly largewater-consumingfittingssuchashottubsorswimmingpools.Insuchcases, referenceshouldbemadetotherelevantdefinitionforsufficientsize,assetoutin Wat2.

Wat1:IndoorWaterUse | 85

Water Efficiency Calculator for New Dwellings TheWaterEfficiencyCalculatorforNewDwellingsistheGovernmentsnational calculationmethodfortheassessmentofwaterefficiencyinnewdwellingsinsupport ofBuildingRegulationsPartG2009andtheCodeforSustainableHomes,May2009 andsubsequentversions.Thecalculatorassessesthecontributionthateachinternal waterfitting(microcomponent)hasonthewaterconsumptionofthewholehouse, measuredinlitresperpersonperdaybasedonresearchintotypicalwateruse. Water reduction equipment Fittingssuchasflowrestrictorsmaybefittedintapsandshowersanddelayedinlet valvesmaybefittedinWCs.
Wat

AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Mandatoryrequirementsaremetandcreditsareawardedwherethe performancerequirements(setoutintheassessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage Calculatethewaterconsumptionforeachdwellingusingthemethodologyset outintheWaterEfficiencyCalculatorforNewDwellings. Inallcases,ariskassessmentofmicrobialcontamination(i.e.Legionella)must becarriedoutonthehotandcoldwatersystems.Actionmustbetakento avoidanyrisksofcontamination(e.g.throughlocationandlabellingofpipes). Thisisparticularlyimportantwhererainwaterandgreywateraretobeused.The riskassessmentandactiontakenshouldbeinaccordancewithguidancefrom HSEACoPand/orCIBSETM13.Whiletheseguidancedocumentsrefertonondomesticsituations,similarprinciplesapplytodomesticuse. Ifwaterisextractedlocallyfromaborehole,itshouldbetreatedaspotable waterfromthemainssupplybecauseusingwaterfromaboreholewellwillnot reducetheburdenondrainageandtreatmentsystems. Swimmingpoolsorotherlargewaterconsumingfeatures(wherethewateris replacedoveragreatertimeinterval),whetherinternalorexternal,areassessed inthefollowingissue,Wat2.Aninternalhottubshouldbeassessedasabath. Whereaninstantaneouswaterheaterisspecified/intended,problemsmayoccur whenlowflowratetapsarefittedassuchsystemsvaryintheirtriggerflow rates.Insuchcases,confirmationshouldbesoughtthatthespecifiedfittings arecompatible. Post Construction Stage Confirmwhichspecificationsandevidenceprovidedatthedesignstagearestill valid. Assessallthenewspecificationsandevidenceprovidedatthepostconstruction stage.

86 | CodeforSustainableHomes

CalculationProcedures
ThecalculationproceduresmustbecarriedoutinlinewiththeWaterEfficiency CalculatorforNewDwellings: www.communities.gov.uk/publications/planningandbuilding/watercalculator

ChecklistsandTables
None.

CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
Thecreditwillnotbeawardedwhererequirementsforprovisionofbetterthan typicalpracticewhitegoodshaveonlybeensetwithintenancyagreements.Itis unlikelysucharequirementwouldbeenforced. TheCoderecognisesonlyfixedfittingsandfixturessuchaslow-flushWCs andflow restrictors.DevicesthatcanberetrofittedtoWCs,suchascistern displacementandflushingreduction,arenotrecognisedbytheCode.Such devicesmayprovidereducedwateruseinexistingdwellings,butcanbeeasily removed.

Wat

SpecialCases
None.

Wat2:ExternalWaterUse | 87

Issue ID Wat2

Description ExternalWaterUse

No. of Credits Available 1

Mandatory Elements No

Aim
Topromotetherecyclingofrainwaterandreducetheamountofmainspotable waterusedforexternalwateruses.

Criteria Whereacorrectly specifiedandsufficient sized system to collect rainwaterforexternal/internal irrigation/usehasbeenprovidedtoadwellingwithagarden,patioorcommunalgardenspace (examplesofsuchsystemsincluderainwater buttsandcentral rainwater collection systems) Default Cases Ifnoindividualorcommunalgardenspacesarespecifiedorifonlybalconiesareprovided,the creditcanbeawardedbydefault

Credits 1

Wat

AssessmentCriteria

88 | CodeforSustainableHomes

InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage Detaileddocumentaryevidencestating type,sizeandlocationofanyrainwater collectionsystems Post Construction stage

Forpostconstructionstageonly assessments,providedetailed documentaryevidence(aslistedfor designstage)representingthedwellings Wheredetaileddocumentaryevidenceis asbuilt notavailable; OR Aletterofinstructiontoacontractor /supplieroraformalletterfromthe Writtenconfirmationfromthe developergivingaspecificundertaking developerthattherainwatercollection systemhasbeeninstalledasspecifiedin thedesignstagedetaileddocumentary evidence OR Whereonlyaletterofinstruction isprovidedatdesignstageprovide detaileddocumentaryevidence(as listedfordesignstage)representingthe dwellingsasbuilt OR Wheredifferentfromdesignstage, providedetaileddocumentaryevidence (aslistedfordesignstage)representing thedwellingsasbuilt OR Site Inspection Reportconfirming compliance

Wat

Definitions
Central rainwater collection system Asystemwhichwillcollectandstorerainwaterforuseacrossthedevelopment.This couldbealargestoragetankorotherformofsurfacewatersystem. Correctly specified Thespecificationoftherainwatercollectormustmeetthefollowingcriteria:

Wat2:ExternalWaterUse | 89

Noopenaccessatthetopofthecollector(achild-prooflidisallowed) Provisionofataporotherarrangementfordrawingoffwater Connectiontotherainwaterdownpipeswithanautomaticoverflowintothe conventionalrainwaterdrainagesystem Ameansofdetachingtherainwaterdownpipeandaccessprovisiontoenable theinteriortobecleaned Wherethecollectionsystemistobesitedoutside,andnotburied,itmustbe stableandadequatelysupported;thematerialusedforthecontainershallbe durableandopaquetosunlight Wherethesystemispartofarainwatercollectionsystemprovidinginternal water,waterforexternalusemaybeprovidedinaseparatetanktowater requiredforinternaluse.Thiscouldbeanoverflowpipeleadingfromthemain tanktoacorrectlyspecifiedwaterbuttforexternalwateruse. Garden Anareawhereirrigationisrequiredwhichisnormallyanexternalspacebutmaybe aninternalatrium.Thismaybeaprivateorcommunalspace. Rainwater butt Alargecaskorbarrelwhichissetuponendtocollectandstorerainwaterfor externalirrigation/watering. Site Inspection Report ThisisareportpreparedbytheCodeassessorduringapostconstructionstage assessmentandprovidedasevidencewiththeassessment. Sufficient size Storagevolumerequirementsforhomeswithindividualgardens,patiosandterraces: Terracesandpatios100litresminimum 12bedroomhomewithprivategarden150litresminimum 3+bedroomhomewithprivategarden200litresminimum Theabovevolumerequirementscanbehalvedifthereisnoplantingprovidedand thewholeoftheexternalspaceiscoveredbyahardsurface. Forhouseswithfrontandreargardens,arainwatercollectorisrequiredonlyinthe main(i.e.larger)gardenbutmustmeetthecapacityrequirementsabove. Sizerequirementsforcommunalgardens: 1litre/m2oflandallocatedtothedwellingwithaminimumof200litresper communalgarden.Wherethecommunalgardenisallocatedtomorethansix dwellings,amaximumof30litresperdwellingcanbeapplied.Theallocated

Wat

90 | CodeforSustainableHomes

landcanbeplanted(includinggrass)orleftasunplantedsoil,andcanbesplit intoplotsorcommunallymaintained Whereplantingrequiringlittlewaterhasbeenspecified(followingthe recommendationsfromasuitablyqualifiedecologist,seeEco1and2),the aboverequirementscanbehalvedsubjecttowrittenconfirmationfromthe suitablyqualifiedecologiststatingthatthisisacceptable. WheretherainwatercollectionsystemisprovidinginternaldemandforWat1and alsoforirrigationtoachievecreditunderthisissue,thesystemcanonlyqualifyfor externalusewhere: TheWaterEfficiencyCalculatorforNewDwellingsindicatesthatthedemand ofinternalfittingstobesuppliedwithrainwaterhasbeenmetandwherean excessvolumeofwaterisbeingcollectedtomeetexternalwateruseof5litres perpersonperday*(inlinewiththeexternalwaterconsumptionassignedin theWaterEfficiencyCalculatorforNewDwellingsforcompliancewithBuilding RegulationsPartG). *Wheregardensarecoveredentirelybyhardlandscaping,theaboverequirementcan behalved. Whereaswimmingpoolorotherlargewater-consumingfeatureispresent,thismust beprovidedwith100percentrainwaterorgreywater.Thewatermustcomplywith appropriateEUbathingwaterstandards. System to collect rainwater Equipmenttocollectandstorerainfromhardsurfaces(typicallyroofs)toreplacethe useofpotablemainswaterforexternalirrigation/watering.

Wat

AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Creditsareawardedwheretheperformancerequirements(setoutinthe assessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage Checkthatthespecificationsandcapacityofstoragecomplywiththe assessmentcriteria. Post Construction Stage Confirmwhichspecificationsandevidenceprovidedatthedesignstagearestill valid. Assessallthenewspecificationsandevidenceprovidedatthepostconstruction Stage.

Wat2:ExternalWaterUse | 91

CalculationProcedures
Whererainwateriscollectedforirrigationforindividualgardens,thesize requirementsarecalculatedbasedonthenumberofbedroomsasdefined aboveinthedefinitionofsufficientsize.Oncethishasbeendetermined,it shouldthenbeconfirmedwhetherthegardenprovidedismadeupentirelyof hardspacesorisprovidedasaterraceorpatio.Thesizerequiredmaythenbe adjustedandthisshouldbeincompliancewiththedefinitionofsufficientsize definedabove. Whererainwateriscollectedforirrigationincommunalgardens,thesize requirementsarebasedonthesizeofthecommunalgardensprovidedinm2, asdetailedinthedefinitionofsufficientsize.Thesizerequirementscanbe adjustedwherethegardencompriseshardlandscapingorwheretheplanting requiresminimalwater,asdefinedinthedefinitionofsufficientsize. Whererainwateriscollectedforbothinternalandexternaluse,theWater EfficiencyCalculatorforNewDwellingsmustbeusedtodeterminewhether sufficientvolumehasbeencollectedforexternaluse.Sufficientvolumetomeet therequirementsofthisissuecanbedemonstratedwherethedemandof internalfittings,whicharetouserainwater,ismetandwheretheexcesswater collectedforexternaluseisofsufficientvolume(asdefinedinthedefinitionof sufficientsize).

ChecklistsandTables
None.

CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
Pools,hottubsorotherlargewater-usingfeatureswhicharefedbymainswaterwill automaticallymeanthatcreditscannotbeawardedforthisissue.Thisruleapplies whetheritisaninternalorexternalfeature,withtheexceptionofinternalhottubs whichshouldbeassessedasabathunderthepreviousissue,Wat1.Wheresuch waterfeaturesarepresent,creditscanbeawardedonlywheretheyuseappropriately treatedwaterfrom100%rainwateror100%greywaterandallothercriteriaforthis issuearemet.

SpecialCases
None.

Wat

92 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Category3:Materials
Issue ID Mat1 Description EnvironmentalImpactofMaterials No. of Credits Available 15 Mandatory Elements Yes

Aim
Tospecifymaterialswithlowerenvironmentalimpactsovertheirlife-cycle.

AssessmentCriteria
Mat

Criteria Whereatleastthreeofthefollowingfivekeyelementsofthebuilding envelopeachievearatingofA+toDinthe2008versionofThe Green Guide: Roof Externalwalls Internalwalls(includingseparatingwalls) Upperandgroundfloors(includingseparatingfloors) Windows WheretheCode Mat 1 Calculator Toolisusedtoassessthenumberofcredits awardedforthefivekeyelementsdescribedabove Default Cases None

Credits

Mandatory Levels AllLevels

115

Mat1:EnvironmentalImpactofMaterials | 93

InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage Post Construction Stage

CompletedCodeMat1CalculatorTool, Forpostconstructionstageonly showingbuildingelementsatthedesign assessments,provide; stagewiththerelevantGreen Guide TheCodeMat1CalculatorTool, element numbers showingbuildingelementsasbuilt AND withtherelevantGreenGuide elementnumbers Referencesstatingthedesignor Referencesstatingthesourceofdata specificationdocumentationusedto usedtocompletethetool completethetool OR Writtenconfirmationfromthe developerthatthebuildingenvelope hasbeenconstructedasspecifiedinthe Mat1CalculatorToolandreferences providedatdesignstage OR Wheredifferentfromdesignstage, provide; TherevisedCodeMat1Calculator Tool,showingbuildingelementsas builtwiththerelevantGreenGuide elementnumbers Revisedreferencesstatingthesource ofdatausedtocompletethetool
Mat

Definitions
Building envelope ForthepurposeofissueMat1,thebuildingenvelopeisdefinedastheoverall superstructureoftheparticularbuilding.Eachbuildingenvelopemaycontainsingle ormultipledwellings. Wheremultipledwellingsarecontainedwithinasingleenvelope,GreenGuide specificationsdonotneedtobeappliedtotheindividualdwellings.Inthiscase, thepercentagesofallindividualGreenGuidespecificationsthroughouttheentire buildingmustbeincluded,evenwheresignificantlydifferingconstructionmethods areusedfordifferentpartsofthebuilding.

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Thesamespecificationmayalsobeappliedinthecasewherethereareseveral identicalbuildingswithidenticalbuildingenvelopes.Inthiscase,thereisnoneedto assesstheidenticalbuildingsseparately.Forthebuildingenvelopestobeidentical, theymustbeofthesamesizeandsharethesamepercentagesofelementswiththe sameGreenGuidespecifications. Code Mat 1 Calculator Tool Aspreadsheet-basedtooldesignedtosimplifyassessmentofthisissue,availableto assessorsfromtheCodeserviceprovider. Green Guide Element Number AuniqueBREGlobalreferencenumbergiventoaGreenGuideratingforany particularbuildingelementtypespecification.BothstandardGreenGuideratings andthosecalculatedusingtheOnlineGreenGuideCalculatorwillhaveanelement number. Online Green Guide Calculator Tool BREGlobalhavecreatedtheGreenGuideCalculatortooltoenableBREEAM andCodeassessorstoquicklyandefficientlygenerateGreenGuideratingsfora significantproportionofspecificationsnotlistedintheGreenGuideOnline.The GreenGuideCalculatordatabaseisbasedonthecomponentscurrentlyusedto createspecificationswithintheGreenGuideOnline.Thesecomponentscanbe selectedandcombinedtogenerateinstantGreenGuideratingsforamultitudeof differentspecifications. ToaccesstheGreenGuideCalculator,youmustbealicensedBREEAM/EcoHomes/ Codeassessor. The Green Guide to Specification TheGreenGuidetoSpecificationisaneasytousecomprehensivereferencewebsite andelectronictool,providingguidanceforspecifiers,designersandtheirclients ontherelativeenvironmentalimpactsforarangeofdifferentbuildingelemental specifications.TheratingswithintheGuidearebasedonLifeCycleAssessment,using theEnvironmentalProfileMethodology. TheGreenGuidecategorisesratingsbybuildingtypeandelement.Whenusingthe GreenGuideonline,(www.thegreenguide.co.uk),themainpageaskstheuserto selectabuildingtype.Toobtaintheappropriateratingsfortheassessedbuilding elements,selectthecorrespondingbuildingtypeforthisscheme.
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AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Mandatoryrequirementsaremetandcreditsareawardedwherethe performancerequirements(setoutintheassessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet.

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Design Stage ConfirmthatatleastthreemandatorybuildingelementshaveachievedaGreen GuideratingofA+toDforeachbuildingenvelope.Themandatoryrequirement appliesto100%oftheareaforeachelement. WhereanexactmatchtoaspecificationcannotbefoundintheGreenGuide,it isnecessarytofindasimilarspecification. Forspecificationsthataddressafunctionwhichisnottypicalfortheelement, e.g.security,severeexposure,unusualloadingorstructuralconditions,referto theCodeServiceProvider.Ifindoubt,orifnosimilarspecificationisavailable, theassessorshouldcontacttheCodeserviceproviderforabespokerating. Wherecreditsaresought,performancemustbecalculatedusingthemethod describedinthecalculationprocedures. Post Construction Stage Verifythattheevidenceprovidedatthedesignstageisstillvalidandthatno changeshaveoccurredduringconstruction.Wherechangeshaveoccurred,the assessorshouldreassesstheissueassetoutfordesignstage.
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CalculationProcedures
Design Stage CreditsareawardedonthebasisoftheratingintheGreenGuideasfollows:
Green Guide Rating A+Rating ARating BRating CRating DRating ERating Credits 3 2 1 0.5 0.25 0

Wherethereismorethanonespecificationforanelement(e.g.morethanone typeofexternalwall),Mat1performanceiscalculatedbasedontheareaweighted GreenGuideratingofeachspecification.Forthepurposeofthisissue,anydoors withalargeexpanseofglazing,suchaspatiodoors,shouldbeassessedaswindows. Similarly,glazedareasofconservatoriesandrooflightsshouldbeassessedas windows. TheCodeMat1CalculatorToolallowsuptofourdifferentspecificationtypesper element. WherethereisaclosematchtoaspecificationintheGreenGuide,enterdetailsof thespecificationanditsassociatedGreenGuideratingintheappropriatecolumns.

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WhereaspecificationdoesnothaveacloseGreenGuidematch,theassessorshould contacttheCodeserviceproviderforabespokeratingorusetheOnline Green Guide Calculatortogeneratearating.Adescriptionofthespecificationandthebespoke ratingmustthenbeenteredintotheCodeMat1CalculatorToolandanotemadein theassessmentreporttoindicatethesourceofthebespokerating. Calculateandenterthepercentageareaofeachspecificationtypeforeachelement inthePercentagecolumn.TheGreenGuideratingforeachassessedelementmust alsobeenteredintotheCodeMat1CalculatorTool.Thetotalcreditsawardedwill thenbecalculatedautomatically. Post Construction Stage Confirmthatthefinalbuildingconstructionmatchesthatspecifiedatdesignstage. Whereanydesignchangeshaveoccurred,reassesstheelement. Ensurethatthedocumentaryevidenceprovidedmeetstherequirementsasstatedin thepost-constructionsectionofInformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance.
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ChecklistsandTables
None.

CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
None.

SpecialCases
Formixedusedevelopments,contacttheCodeServiceProviderforadviceonhowto proceed.Thefollowingprincipleswillformthebasisofguidancegiven: Wheredwellingsarelocatedovernon-domesticaccommodation(e.g.retail spaceorcarparking),thelowestresidentialfloorshouldbeassessedasthe groundfloorusingtheupperfloorratingsintheGreenGuide. Iftheexternalwalls,internalwallsand/orwindowsarelocatedovernondomesticaccommodation,onlythosethatrelatetothedwellingsneedtobe includedintheassessment. Wherenon-domesticaccommodationislocatedbetweenthedwellingsandthe roof,theroofmustbeassessedasitisprotectingthedwellingsbelow.Ifthe roofisdirectlyaboveacommercialuseproperty(e.g.arestaurantoroffice), theequivalentcommercialratingfortheroofmustbeusedasopposedtothe ratingsfordomesticroofs.Roofareastopartsofthebuildingnotcontaining dwellingscanbeomittedfromtheassessment.

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Issue ID Mat2

Description ResponsibleSourcingofMaterials BasicBuildingElements

No. of Credits Available 6

Mandatory Elements No

Aim
Topromotethespecificationofresponsiblysourcedmaterialsforthebasicbuilding elements.

AssessmentCriteria
Criteria Where80%oftheassessed materialsinthefollowingBuilding Elementsareresponsibly sourced: a) Frame b) Groundfloor c) Upperfloors(includingseparatingfloors) d) Roof e) Externalwalls f) Internalwalls(includingseparatingwalls) g) Foundation/substructure(excludingsub-basematerials) h) Staircase Additionally,100%ofanytimberintheseelementsmustbelegallysourced Default Cases None Note:Thesecriteriaareassessedatthebuildingenvelopelevel. *1SeetableCat3.3forcreditrewardsstructure Credits 16*1
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InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage CompletedCode Mat 2 Calculator Tool, showingbuildingelementsatthedesign stage AND Detaileddocumentaryevidencestating thematerialsspecifiedineachelement Post Construction Stage Forpostconstructionstageonly assessments,provideCodeMat 2CalculatorToolanddetailed documentaryevidence(aslisted fordesignstage)representingthe dwellingsasbuilt OR Writtenconfirmationfromthe developerthatthematerialsspecified intheCodeMat2CalculatorTooland thedetaileddocumentaryevidence providedatdesignstagehavebeen usedasspecified OR Ifdifferentfromdesignstage,provide revisedCodeMat2CalculatorTool anddetaileddocumentaryevidence(as listedfordesignstage)representing thedwellingsasbuilt Wherematerialsarere-usedthefollowing Wherematerialswerere-usedthe evidencewillberequired: followingevidencewillberequired: Documentation*statingspecificmaterials Documentation*demonstratingwhich tobere-used particularmaterialshavebeenre-used *Supplierinformationoraletterfromthe *Areceiptorletterfromthesupplier, developerisacceptable whichincludesmaterialquantities,is acceptable Wherematerialsarerecycledthe followingevidencewillberequired: Documentationstatingspecificrecycled materials AND Wherematerialsarerecycledthe followingevidencewillberequired: Documentationstatingtheparticular recycledmaterialsusedinthe development

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AND Aletterofintenttousesupplierswhocan provideanEMScertificate(orequivalent) Documentaryevidenceconfirmingthe fortherecyclingprocess keyprocessiscertifiedbyEMS

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Wherecertifiedmaterialswillbeused followingevidencewillberequired: Aletterofintentfromthedeveloperor otherdetaileddocumentaryevidence confirmingtheproductshallbesourced fromsupplierscapableofproviding certificationtothelevelrequiredforthe particulartierclaimed. OR Acopyoftherelevantcertificate(s)as appropriate; Acopyofthetimberschemecertificate (includingCoC) BES6001certificate(orcompliant sectorstandardcertificate) EMAScertificate ISO14001certificate. Forsmallcompanies,(seeDefinitions) confirmationthatthecompanyEMSis structuredincompliancewith BS85552003(orequivalent)andthe EMShascompletedphaseauditsone tofourasoutlinedinBS8555.Thiscan befoundincompanydocumentation demonstratingtheprocessandtypical outputsfromphasefourauditssuch asanEMSmanual/paperworkand guidancetostaff.Whereindependent certificationexiststodemonstrate thesephases,itcanbeusedas evidence Green Dragon Environmental Standard 2006 (Safon Amgylcheddol Y Ddraig Werdd )completeduptoandincluding Level4.Confirmationistakenfroma GreenDragonStandardcertificatestating thecompanysachievementofLevel4. AscompanysachievingLevel4will normallyberequiredtoundertakeannual audits,thiscertificationshouldbedated within1yearatthepointofthelast purchasemadefromthecompany.

Wherecertifiedmaterialswereused thefollowingevidencewillberequired (whereapplicable): Allrelevantcertificates

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Forsmallercompanieswithlow environmentalimpacts,arenewaldateof within2yearsisacceptable. Whereanynon-certifiedtimberisused, writtenconfirmationfromthesupplier/s confirmingthat: Alltimberwillcomefromalegal source Alltimberspeciesandsourcestobe usedinthedevelopmentarenotlisted onanyoftheCITESappendicesfor endangeredorthreatenedspecies (AppendixI,II,orIII*). *OrinthecaseofAppendixIIIofthe
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Whereanynon-certifiedtimberisused, writtenconfirmationfromthe supplier(s) confirmingthat: Alltimbercomesfromalegal source. Alltimberspeciesandsourcesused inthedevelopmentarenotlisted onanyoftheCITESappendicesfor endangeredorthreatenedspecies (AppendixI,II,orIII*). *OrinthecaseofAppendixIIIofthe CITESlist,ithasnotbeensourcedfrom thecountryseekingtoprotectthis speciesaslistedinAppendixIII. Whereanynon-certifiedtimberis used,writtenconfirmationfromthe supplier/sconfirmingthat: Alltimbercomesfromalegalsource Alltimberspeciesandsourcesused inthedevelopmentarenotlisted onanyoftheCITESappendicesfor endangeredorthreatenedspecies (AppendixI,II,orIII) OrinthecaseofAppendixIIIofthe CITESlist,ithasnotbeensourced fromthecountryseekingtoprotect thisspeciesaslistedinAppendixIII.

CITESlist,itwillnotbesourcedfromthe countryseekingtoprotectthisspeciesas listedinAppendixIII.

Definitions
Assessed materials Thefollowingmaterialsareassessedinthecalculationofpoints: Brick(includingclaytilesandotherceramics)

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Resin-basedcomposite materials(includingGRPandpolymericrender,but excludingcompositewhichincorporatestimber) Concrete(includinginsituandpre-castconcrete,blocks,tiles,mortars, cementitiousrenders,etc) Glass Plasticsandrubbers(includingEPDM,TPO,PVC,VET,roofingmembranesand polymericrender) Metals(steel,aluminiumetc) Dressedorbuildingstoneincludingslate Timber,woodpanelproductsandwood-basedcomposites(includingcement bondedparticleboard,laminatedveneeredlumber,glulam) Plasterboardandplaster Bituminousmaterials,suchasroofingmembranesandasphalt Productswithrecycledcontent. Note:Insulationmaterials,fixings,adhesivesandadditivesareexcludedfromthe assessment.Foranyothermaterialswhichdonotfitintotheassessedmaterialsor theexclusions,pleaserefertotheCodeserviceproviderwhowillidentifytherelevant key processesandsupplychainprocessorprocesses. Basic building elements Basicbuildingelementsaredefinedasfollows: a) Frame b)Groundfloor c) Upperfloors(includingseparatingfloors) d)Roof(structureandcladding,includinganyloftboarding) e) Externalwalls(includingexternalcladding) f) Internalwalls(includinginternalpartitionsandseparatingwalls) g)Foundation/substructure h)Staircase(includesthetread,risersandstringers). BES 6001:2008 Framework Standard for Responsible Sourcing of Construction Products BES6001:2008isaBREGlobalstandardthatprovidesaframeworkforthe assessmentofresponsiblesourcingschemesandprovidesaroutetocertificationof constructionproducts. Theframeworkcomprisesanumberofcriteriasettingoutthecriteriaofan organisationinmanagingthesupplyofconstructionproductsinaccordancewitha setofagreedprinciplesofsustainability.Tocomplywiththestandard,aproductmust
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Othermineral-basedmaterials,includingfibrecementandcalciumsilicate

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meetanumberofmandatorycriteria,whereaproductdemonstratescompliance beyondthemandatorylevels,higherlevelsofperformancecanbeachieved.The standardsperformanceratingsrangefromPasstoGood,VeryGoodandExcellent, Thedevelopmentofthisstandardandsubsequentcertificationschemeswill,it isenvisaged,provideconstructionproducts,notwhollycoveredundercurrent recognisedstandards,ameansfordemonstratingtheirresponsibilitysourced credentials.Inturnthiswillallowclients,developersanddesignteamstospecify responsiblysourcedconstructionproductswithgreaterassuranceandprovidea meansofdemonstratingcompliancewiththeassessmentcriteriaforthisBREEAM issue. ToviewalistofproductsapprovedtoBES6001:2008pleasevisit www.greenbooklive.com/page.jsp?id=169 ForfurtherinformationaboutBES6001:2008,includingacopyofthestandarditself visit:www.greenbooklive.com/page.jsp?id=153
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Chain of custody (CoC) Thisisaprocessusedtomaintainanddocumentthechronologicalhistoryofthe evidence/pathforproductsfromforeststoconsumers.Woodmustbetrackedfrom thecertifiedforesttothefinishedproduct.Allthesteps,fromthetransportation ofwoodfromtheforesttoasawmilluntilitreachesthecustomer,mustmaintain adequateinventorycontrolsystemsthatallowforseparationandidentificationofthe certifiedproduct.Chainofcustodycertificationensuresthatafacilityhasprocedures inplacetotrackwoodfromcertifiedforestsandavoidconfusionwithnon-certified wood.Chainofcustodyisestablishedandauditedaccordingtotherulesofrelevant forestcertificationsystems. CITES TheConventiononInternationalTradeinEndangeredSpeciesofWildFaunaand Flora. Code Mat 2 Calculator Tool Aspreadsheet-basedtooldesignedtosimplifyassessmentofthisissue,availableto assessorsfromtheCodeserviceprovider. Composite materials Compositematerialcanbedefinedasanengineeredmaterialmadefromtwoor moreconstituentmaterialswithsignificantlydifferentphysicalorchemicalproperties, andwhichremainseparateanddistinctonamacroscopiclevelwithinthefinished structure.Resin-basedcomposites(suchasGRPandpolymericrender)andtimber composites(suchaschipboard/particleboard,MDF,OSB,plywood,hardboard, laminatedveneeredlumber,glulamandcementbondedparticleboard)arerequired tobeassessedforresponsiblesourcingwithintheCodeforSustainableHomes.

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CPET CentralPointofExpertiseonTimber. CSA CanadianStandardsAssociation. EMS Environmentalmanagementsystem. EMAS Eco-ManagementandAuditScheme. EPDM Ethylenepropylenedienemonomer. Frame Theframeisanyofthemainstructuralelementsthatarenotincludedinthe roof,externalwallsandfloors.Forexample,timberormetalstudworkwithina plasterboardpartitionwouldbeincludedwithintheinternalwalls,andtimberjoists wouldbeincludedwithinthefloorconstruction. Whereaconcreteorsteelframeisused,thiswouldbetreatedastheframeasit wouldnotbeintegraltotheinternalwallsforexample. Green Dragon Environmental Standard (Safon Amgylcheddol Y Ddraig Werdd) AsteppedstandardusedtoaccreditcompliancewiththeGreenDragon environmentalmanagementscheme.DependingonthecontentoftheEMSbeing assessed,alevelof1,2,3,4or5maybeachieved.Atlevel4andabove,theGreen DragonEnvironmentalStandardcanbeusedasevidenceofacompliantEMSfor smallcompaniesbeingconsideredundertheMat2andMat3issues. Green Guide Element Number SeeMat1 Key processes Thesearethefinalmajoraspectsofprocessingthatarecarriedout.Theremaybe asingleprocessormultipleprocessesrequiringassessment,dependingontheend product.Therequirementsforeachoftheassessedmaterialsaredetailedintable Cat3.2:EMSRequirements.
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Legally sourced timber ThedefinitionoflegallysourcedtimberfollowstheUKGovernmentsdefinitionof legallysourcedtimber,accordingtotheCPET2ndEditionreportonUKGovernment timberprocurementpolicy.Thereportstatesthatlegaltimberandwoodderived productsarethosewhichoriginatefromaforestwherethefollowingcriteriaaremet: 1.Theforestowner/managerholdslegaluserightstotheforest 2.Thereiscompliancebyboththeforestmanagementorganisationandany contractorswithlocalandnationallegalcriteriaincludingthoserelevantto: a. Forestmanagement b.Environment c. LabourandWelfare d.Healthandsafety e. Otherpartiestenureanduserights 3.Allrelevantroyaltiesandtaxesarepaid 4.ThereiscompliancewiththecriteriaofCITES Relevantdocumentationdemonstratingtheabovemustbeprovidedormade availableonrequestsubjecttotheavailabilityofsuchmaterialsinthecountry concerned.Certificationagainstanyofthetimbercertificationschemesidentifiedin tiers1,2and4demonstratesthattimberhasbeenlegallysourced. MDF Mediumdensityfibreboard. MTCC MalaysianTimberCertificationCouncil. OSB Orientedstrandboard. PEFC ProgrammefortheEndorsementofForestCertificationSchemes. Post-consumer waste stream Wastematerialgeneratedbyhouseholdsorbycommercial,industrialandinstitutional facilitiesintheirroleasend-usersoftheproduct,whichcannolongerbeusedforits intendedpurpose.Thisincludesreturnsofmaterialfromthedistributionchain.
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Pre-consumer waste stream Wastematerialgeneratedduringmanufacturingprocesses.Excludedisreutilisation ofmaterialssuchasrework,regrindorscrapgeneratedinaprocessandcapableof beingreclaimedwithinthesameprocessthatgeneratedit. PVC Polyvinylchloride. Recycled material Materialsdivertedfromthepre-consumerand/orpost-consumerwastestreamsthat requiresignificantprocessingbeforetheycanbeusedagain.Forfurtherinformation refertocalculating and declaring recycled content in construction products,Rulesof ThumbGuide(WRAP,2008). Responsible sourcing
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Thisisdemonstratedthroughauditablethird-partycertificationschemes. Re-used materials Materialsdivertedfromthewastestreamandusedagainwithoutfurtherprocessing, orwithminorprocessingthatdoesnotalterthenatureofthematerial(e.g.cleaning, cutting,fixingtoothermaterials). SFI SustainableForestryInitiative. SGS SocitGnraledeSurveillance.ThisisaSwiss-basedprivatemonitoringcompany. Small company Acompanyisdefinedassmallifitsatisfiesatleasttwoofthefollowingcriteria: a. Aturnoverofnotmorethan5.6million b.Abalancesheettotalofnotmorethan2.8million c. 50employeesorfewer. ThisisbasedonthedefinitionstatedintheCompaniesActof1985. Supply Chain EMS Thiscoversallthemajoraspectsofprocessingandextractioninvolvedinthesupply chainfortheendproduct.Note:Recycled materialsarenotrequiredtodemonstrate asupplychainEMS.IfEMScertificationisprovidedforthekeyprocessesforrecycled materials,thisisassumedbydefault.

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TFT TheForestTrust. Tier levels Thetierlevelsaregradedonascaletoreflecttherigourofthecertificationscheme usedtodemonstrateresponsiblesourcing,formingthebasisforawardingpoints(all asdetailedintableCat3.1). TPO Thermoplasticolefin. Verified VerifiedisaschemeproducedbySmartWood. VET (Mat 2 and 3) Vinylethyleneterpolymer.

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AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Creditsareawardedwheretheperformancerequirements(setoutinthe assessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage Whereaconstructionmake-upisnotspecifiedwithintheCodeMat2 CalculatorTool,confirmtheconstructiondetailsofelementsusingthe specificationanddrawings,orsimilar(seeInformationRequiredtoDemonstrate Compliance).Obtainabreakdownofvolumesand/orpercentagesofmaterials foreachelementpresent. Obtaintherelevantconfirmationoftiercertificationforall*materials,fromall sources/suppliers. *Thefollowingexclusionsapply: MaterialgroupsnotincludedinthelistinDefinitions(e.g.insulationmaterials, fixings,adhesives,additives). Materialsthataccountforlessthan10%byvolumeofanelementmayalsobe excluded(e.g.screws).However,ifcertificationhasbeenprovidedformaterials inthiscategory,itmaybebeneficialtoincludetheminthecalculation(e.g.ifa materialtypeaccountingfor9%isplacedinahighertierthanothermaterials usedtomakeuptheelement).

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Assignatierleveltoeachmaterialbasedonthelevelofcertificationprovided (seetable:Cat3.1:TierLevels,andComplianceandInformationRequiredto DemonstrateCompliance). Followthecalculationproceduresoutlinedbelow.Itisrecommendedthatthe CodeMat2CalculatorToolisusedtoassessthenumberofpointsandcredits tobeawarded. Ensurethatalltimberislegally sourcedandnoneofthespeciestobeusedis identifiedontheCITESlist. Notes: 1.Foranyothermaterialswhichdonotfitintotheassessedmaterialsorthe exclusion,pleasereferbacktotheCodeserviceproviderwhowillidentifythe relevantkeyprocessesandsupplychainprocess(es). 2.MDF,chipboard,OSBandcementbondedparticleboardareallconsideredas timberandthereforemustbeassessedastimbermaterial. 3.Whereamixofvirginandrecycledtimberisused,onlythevirgintimberneeds tobeassessed.Creditscanthenbeawardedbasedonthecertificationschemes itisunder. 4.Slateisclassedasstoneandisthereforeconsideredasanassessedmaterial. Post Construction Stage Confirmthatthefinalbuildingconstructionmatchesthatspecifiedatdesign stage.Whereanydesignchangeshaveoccurred,reassessthecertificationtier foreachelementaccordingtothemethodologysetoutfordesignstage.
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CalculationProcedures
PointsandcreditsforthisissueshouldbecalculatedusingtheCodeMat2Calculator Tool.Thetoolwillcalculatethetotalnumberofpointsawardedtoeachelement takingintoaccountthescenariosmentionedabove.Itwillalsostatetheassociated numberofcredits. Elementsshouldbeenteredaspresentornotpresentandthetoolwillcalculatethe rangeofpointsrequiredtoachieveanumberofcreditsinaccordancewithtable: Cat3.3.A minimum of five elements must be assessed.Thisistheminimum numberofelementsassumedbythecalculatortool.Wherefewerareindicated, thecalculatorwillawardzerocreditsandflaganerrormessage,asitdoesatother stagesifthereisnon-compliancewithanyofthecriteria. Aminimumof80%ofeachmaterialassessedmustcomplywithtiers1to4 (excludingmaterialsnotassessed). If80%ofanassessedelementiscompliantwithasingletier,thefullscoreavailable forthattierwillapply.

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If80%ofanelementiscompliantoveranumberoftiers,thecalculatorwillfirst reviewthepercentagecompliantwiththehighesttierandapportionascoreto that.Iflessthan80%iscompliant,itwillreviewthepercentageoftheelementin thenexthighesttierandapportionascoretothat.Thiswillcontinueuntilthe80% requirementhasbeenmet. Consequently,itmaybebeneficialtoincludeevensmallpercentagesofmaterialsthat areinthehighertiersifthemajorityoftherestoftheelementwouldotherwisebe allocatedtoalowertierlevel.

ChecklistsandTables
Table: Cat 3.1 Tier Levels Tier Level
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Issue Assessed

Points Available per Element 3

Evidence / Measure Assessed Certification Scheme

Examples of Compliant Schemes

Legality&Responsible Sourcing

FSC,CSA,SFIwithCoC,PEFC,Reused Materials,Schemescompliantwith BES6001:200861(orsimilar)Excellent* andVeryGood*PerformanceRatings (Note;theEMSrequiredtoachieve theseratingsmustbeindependently certified**) SchemescompliantwithBES6001:2008 (orsimilar)GoodPerformanceRating (Note:theEMSrequiredtoachieve thisratingmustbeindependently certified**). SchemescompliantwithBES6001:2008 (orsimilar)PassPerformanceRating (Note:theEMSrequiredtoachievethis ratingmustbeindependentlycertified). Timber:MTCC***,Verified****,SGS, TFT Othermaterials:CertifiedEMSforthe Key ProcessandSupply Chain RecycledmaterialswithcertifiedEMSfor theKey Process

2a

Legality&Responsible Sourcing

2.5

Certification Scheme

2b

Legality&Responsible Sourcing

Certification Scheme

Legality&Responsible Sourcing

1.5

Certification Scheme/EMS

Legality&Responsible Sourcing

Certification Scheme/EMS

CertifiedEMSfortheKey Process

Mat2:ResponsibleSourcingofMaterialsBasicBuildingElements | 109

NotestotableCat3.1:
Whereanytimberisused,itmustbelegallysourced.Whereevidencecannotbe providedtodemonstratelegalsourcingforanyelement,nopointscanbeawarded fortheResponsibleSourcingIssue. Wherecementandaggregate,ordrymixconcretearemixedonsite,(i.e.not concretepreviouslycertifiedasprecastconcreteproductsorwetreadymix concrete),certificationmustcoverthemanufactureofthecementastheprimary process,andtheextractionoftheaggregateandlimestoneusedtomakethecement asthesupplychainprocess. *PerformanceratingsforschemescompliantwithBES6001:2008(orsimilar)canonly beusedtodemonstratecompliancewiththeassessmentcriteriaforthisissuewhere certificationcoversthekeyprocessandsupplychainprocessesforthematerialbeing assessed. **InBES6001:2008toachieveaPass,levelamust,asaminimum,beachieved forclauses3.3.1,3.3.2and3.3.3.Underclause3.3.2levelarequiresadocumented EMSsystemfollowingtheprinciplesofISO14001,butnotformalcertification.To achievehigherratingssuchasGood,VeryGoodandExcellentaminimumnumber ofpointsfromacombinationofclauses3.3.1,3.3.2and3.3.3mustbeachieved.Itis possiblethereforetogetaGoodorVerygoodratingbyonlycomplyingwithlevel aforclause3.3.2andlevelscanddfortheothertwoclauseswithoutnecessarily havinginplaceaformalindependentlycertifiedEMS(asrequiredabove).In conductingBES6001assessment,iftheassessorconfirmsfullcompliancewithclause 3.3.2levelatherequirementforanindependentlycertifiedEMShasbeenmet. ***PEFCInternationalhasrecentlyendorsedtheMalaysianMTCSscheme,asa resultanyMTCCtimbercertifiedagainstthenewPEFCendorsedschemedocuments canbeclassifiedastier1forthepurposesoftheBREEAMassessment.ThePEFC endorsementonlycoverscertificatesissuedagainstthelatestMTCCscheme documents,itmustbestressedthereforethatanyholdersofcertificationsagainst thepreviousMTCCschemedocuments,includingtheforestmanagementstandard MC&I2001oranypartsthereof,areNOTPEFCendorsedandthistimbermuststillbe classifiedasTier3. WhenseekingthehighertierlevelforMTCCcertifiedtimbertheassessorwillneedto verifytheaboveviathescopeofthesupplierscertificate. ForfurtherinformationandguidancepleasevisitthePEFCwebsite:http://www.pefc. org/internet/html/members_schemes/4_1120_59/5_1246_320/5_1123_1887.htm ***VerifiedisthenameofaschemeproducedbySmartWood.
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Table: Cat 3.2 Environmental Management System (EMS) Requirements Material Brick(includingclaytilesand otherceramics) Resin-basedcompositematerials (includingGRPandpolymeric render,butexcludingcomposite usingtimber) Key Process Productmanufacture Compositeproductmanufacture Supply Chain Processes Clayextraction lassfibreproduction(orother G principalreinforcementmaterial ifused) olymerproduction(orother P principalmatrixmaterialifused) Readymixedconcreteplant Cementproduction ggregateextractionand A production Concreteproductmanufacture Cementproduction ggregateextractionand A production

Insituconcrete(includingready mixandcementitiousmortarsand renders) Precastconcreteandother concreteproducts(including blocks,cladding,precastflooring, concreteorcementitiousroof tiles) Glass

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Glassproduction

Sandextraction odaashproductionor S extraction

Plasticsandrubbers(including polymericrenders,EPDM,TPO, PVCandVETroofingmembranes) Metals(steel,aluminium,etc)

Plastic/rubberproduct manufacture Metalproductmanufacturee.g. claddingproduction,steelsection production

Mainpolymerproduction

Metalproduction: teel:electricarcfurnaceorbasic S oxygenfurnaceprocess luminium:ingotproduction A opper:ingotorcathode C production

Dressedorbuildingstone (includingslate) Plasterboardandplaster

Stoneproductmanufacture Plasterboardorplaster manufacture

Stoneextraction Gypsumextraction yntheticgypsum(fromflue S gasdesulphurisation)bydefault (recycledcontent) Timberfromcertifiedsources

Virgintimberandtimberproducts suchaslaminatedveneered lumber,glulam,etc Cementbondedparticleboard

Timberfromcertifiedsources

Keysupplychainprocessforthe productionofcementbonded particleboardandtheassociated timbercertification(s)arerequired. Woodpanelproducts,including thosewithrecycledcontent,can onlyusethetimbercertification route

Cementproduction Timberfromcertifiedsources

Woodpanelproductssuchas orientedstrandboard,plywood, chipboard/particleboard,etc)

continued

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Table: Cat 3.2 Environmental Management System (EMS) Requirements Material Bituminousmaterials,suchas roofingmembranesandasphalt Key Process Productmanufacture Supply Chain Processes Bitumenproduction ggregateextractionand A production Productmanufacture Cementproduction Limeproduction thermineralextractionand O production Productswith100%recycled content Productswithlowerpercentageof recycledcontent Productmanufacture Productmanufacture Recycledinputbydefault upplychainprocess(es)forany S virginmaterialintherelevant producttypeabove Recycledinputbydefault Anyotherproduct Keyprocessislikelytobeproduct manufacture N/A Oneortwomaininputswith significantproductionorextraction impactsshouldbeidentified N/A
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Othermineral-basedmaterials, includingfibrecementand calciumsilicate

Excludedproducts: insulationmaterials,fixings, adhesives,additives

Table: Cat 3.3 Credit Structure Number of Elements Credits Available 6 Range of Points 8 7 6 5 18 15.75 13.5 11.25 12 10.25 9 7.5 9 7.87 6.75 5.625 6 5.25 4.5 3.75 4 3 2

CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
Timber and Environmental Management Schemes (EMS) Whereanenvironmentalmanagementschemeisusedtoassessproductsmadefrom recycledtimber,100%ofthetimbercontentmustberecycledorsourcedfromone oftherecognisedtimbercertificationschemesintable:Cat3.1.Atimberproduct with50%recycledtimberand50%legallysourcedtimberwillnotcomplywiththe criteriaandwillnotbeawardedanypoints. UsinganEMSfornewtimberdoesnotdemonstratetimbercertificationand thereforedoesnotqualifyforpoints.

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Astatementofintentfromaproductmanufacturerand/orsupplierdoesnotmeet therequirementsforthisissue.

SpecialCases
Ifanelementismadeupprimarilyofamaterialnotspecifiedinthisissue(e.g.straw bales),pleasecontacttheCodeserviceproviderforguidanceonhowtoproceed. Formixedusebuildings,pleaserefertospecialcasesinissueMat1.

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Issue ID Mat3

Description ResponsibleSourcingofMaterials FinishingElements

No. of Credits Available 3

Mandatory Elements No

Aim
Topromotethespecificationofresponsiblysourcedmaterialsforthefinishing elements.

AssessmentCriteria
Criteria Where80%oftheassessed materialsinthefollowingFinishing Elementsareresponsibly sourced: a) Staircase b) Windows c) External&internaldoors d) Skirting e) Panelling f) Furniture g) Fascias h) Anyothersignificantuse Additionally,100%ofanytimberintheseelementsmustbelegally sourced Default Cases None Credits 13
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InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage Post Construction Stage

CompletedCodeMat3CalculatorTool, Forpostconstructionstageonly showingbuildingelementsatthedesign assessments,provideCodeMat stage 3CalculatorToolanddetailed documentaryevidence(aslistedfor AND designstage)representingthedwellings asbuilt Detaileddocumentaryevidencestating thematerialsspecifiedineachelement OR Writtenconfirmationfromthe developerthatthematerialsspecifiedin theCodeMat3CalculatorToolandthe detaileddocumentaryevidenceprovided atdesignstagehavebeenusedas specified OR Wheredifferentfromdesignstage, providerevisedCodeMat3Calculator Toolanddetaileddocumentaryevidence (aslistedfordesignstage)representing thedwellingsasbuilt Wherematerialsarere-usedthe followingevidencewillberequired: Documentation*statingspecific materialstobere-used *Supplierinformationoraletterfrom thedeveloperisacceptable Wherematerialsarerecycledthe followingevidencewillberequired: Documentationstatingspecificrecycled materials AND Aletterofintenttousesupplierswho canprovideanEMScertificate(or equivalent)fortherecyclingprocess Wherematerialswerere-usedthe followingevidencewillberequired: Documentation*demonstratingwhich particularmaterialshavebeenre-used *Areceiptorletterfromthesupplier, whichincludesmaterialquantities,is acceptable Wherematerialswererecycledthe followingevidencewillberequired: Documentationstatingtheparticular recycledmaterialsusedinthe development AND Documentaryevidenceconfirmingthe keyprocessiscertifiedbyEMS

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Wherecertifiedmaterialswillbeused followingevidencewillberequired: Aletterofintentfromthedeveloperor otherdetaileddocumentaryevidence confirmingtheproductshallbesourced fromsupplierscapableofproviding certificationtothelevelrequiredforthe particulartierclaimed. OR Acopyoftherelevantcertificate(s)as appropriate; Acopyofthetimberscheme certificate(includingCoC) BES6001certificate(orcompliant sectorstandardcertificate) EMAScertificate ISO14001certificate. Forsmallcompanies,(seeRelevant Definitions)confirmationthatthe companyEMSisstructuredin compliancewithBS85552003 (orequivalent)andtheEMShas completedphaseauditsonetofour asoutlinedinBS8555.Thiscanbe foundincompanydocumentation demonstratingtheprocessand typicaloutputsfromphasefour auditssuchasanEMSmanual/ paperworkandguidancetostaff. Whereindependentcertification existstodemonstratethesephases,it canbeusedasevidence Green Dragon Environmental Standard 2006 (Safon Amgylcheddol Y Ddraig Werdd )completedupto andincludingLevel4.Confirmationis takenfromaGreenDragonStandard certificatestatingthecompanys achievementofLevel4.Ascompanys achievingLevel4willnormallybe requiredtoundertakeannualaudits, thiscertificationshouldbedatedwithin

Wherecertifiedmaterialswereused thefollowingevidencewillberequired (whereapplicable): Allrelevantcertificates

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1yearatthepointofthelastpurchase madefromthecompany.Forsmaller companieswithlowenvironmental impacts,arenewaldateofwithin2 yearsisacceptable. Whereanynon-certifiedtimberisused, Whereanynon-certifiedtimberisused, writtenconfirmationfromthesupplier/s writtenconfirmationfromthesupplier(s) confirmingthat: Alltimberwillcomefromalegal source confirmingthat:

Alltimbercomesfromalegalsource. Alltimberspeciesandsourcesto Alltimberspeciesandsourcesused beusedinthedevelopmentarenot inthedevelopmentarenotlisted listedonanyoftheCITESappendices onanyoftheCITESappendicesfor forendangeredorthreatenedspecies endangeredorthreatenedspecies (AppendixI,II,orIII*). (AppendixI,II,orIII*). *OrinthecaseofAppendixIIIofthe *OrinthecaseofAppendixIIIofthe CITESlist,itwillnotbesourcedfromthe CITESlist,ithasnotbeensourcedfrom countryseekingtoprotectthisspecies thecountryseekingtoprotectthis aslistedinAppendixIII. speciesaslistedinAppendixIII. Whereanynon-certifiedtimberisused, writtenconfirmationfromthesupplier/s confirmingthat: Alltimbercomesfromalegalsource Alltimberspeciesandsourcesused inthedevelopmentarenotlisted onanyoftheCITESappendicesfor endangeredorthreatenedspecies (AppendixI,II,orIII) OrinthecaseofAppendixIIIofthe CITESlist,ithasnotbeensourced fromthecountryseekingtoprotect thisspeciesaslistedinAppendixIII.

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Definitions
Assessed materials Thefollowingmaterialsareassessedinthecalculationofpoints: Brick(includingclaytilesandotherceramics)

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Resin-basedcomposite materials(includingGRPandpolymericrender,but excludingcompositewhichincorporatestimber) Concrete(includinginsituandpre-castconcrete,blocks,tiles,mortars, cementitiousrenders,etc) Glass Plasticsandrubbers(includingEPDM,TPO,PVC,VET,roofingmembranesand polymericrender) Metals(steel,aluminiumetc) Dressedorbuildingstoneincludingslate Timber,woodpanelproductsandwood-basedcomposites(includingcement bondedparticleboard,laminatedveneeredlumber,glulam) Plasterboardandplaster Bituminousmaterials,suchasroofingmembranesandasphalt Productswithrecycledcontent. Note:Insulationmaterials,fixings,adhesivesandadditivesareexcludedfromthe assessment.Foranyothermaterialswhichdonotfitintotheassessedmaterialsor theexclusions,pleaserefertotheCodeserviceproviderwhowillidentifytherelevant key processesandsupplychainprocessorprocesses. BES 6001:2008 Framework Standard for Responsible Sourcing of Construction Products BES6001:2008isaBREGlobalstandardthatprovidesaframeworkforthe assessmentofresponsiblesourcingschemesandprovidesaroutetocertificationof constructionproducts. Theframeworkcomprisesanumberofcriteriasettingoutthecriteriaofan organisationinmanagingthesupplyofconstructionproductsinaccordancewitha setofagreedprinciplesofsustainability.Tocomplywiththestandard,aproductmust meetanumberofmandatorycriteria,whereaproductdemonstratescompliance beyondthemandatorylevels,higherlevelsofperformancecanbeachieved.The standardsperformanceratingsrangefromPasstoGood,VeryGoodandExcellent, Thedevelopmentofthisstandardandsubsequentcertificationschemeswill,it isenvisaged,provideconstructionproducts,notwhollycoveredundercurrent recognisedstandards,ameansfordemonstratingtheirresponsibilitysourced credentials.Inturnthiswillallowclients,developersanddesignteamstospecify responsiblysourcedconstructionproductswithgreaterassuranceandprovidea meansofdemonstratingcompliancewiththeassessmentcriteriaforthisBREEAM issue. ToviewalistofproductsapprovedtoBES6001:2008pleasevisit www.greenbooklive.com/page.jsp?id=169
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Othermineral-basedmaterials,includingfibrecementandcalciumsilicate

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ForfurtherinformationaboutBES6001:2008,includingacopyofthestandarditself visit:www.greenbooklive.com/page.jsp?id=153 Chain of custody (CoC) Thisisaprocessusedtomaintainanddocumentthechronologicalhistoryofthe evidence/pathforproductsfromforeststoconsumers.Woodmustbetrackedfrom thecertifiedforesttothefinishedproduct.Allthesteps,fromthetransportation ofwoodfromtheforesttoasawmilluntilitreachesthecustomer,mustmaintain adequateinventorycontrolsystemsthatallowforseparationandidentificationofthe certifiedproduct.Chainofcustodycertificationensuresthatafacilityhasprocedures inplacetotrackwoodfromcertifiedforestsandavoidconfusionwithnon-certified wood.Chainofcustodyisestablishedandauditedaccordingtotherulesofrelevant forestcertificationsystems. CITES TheConventiononInternationalTradeinEndangeredSpeciesofWildFaunaand Flora. Composite materials Compositematerialcanbedefinedasanengineeredmaterialmadefromtwoor moreconstituentmaterialswithsignificantlydifferentphysicalorchemicalproperties, andwhichremainseparateanddistinctonamacroscopiclevelwithinthefinished structure.Resin-basedcomposites(suchasGRPandpolymericrender)andtimber composites(suchaschipboard/particleboard,MDF,OSB,plywood,hardboard, laminatedveneeredlumber,glulamandcementbondedparticleboard)arerequired tobeassessedforresponsiblesourcingwithintheCodeforSustainableHomes. CPET CentralPointofExpertiseonTimber. CSA CanadianStandardsAssociation. EMS Environmentalmanagementsystem. EMAS Eco-ManagementandAuditScheme. EPDM Ethylenepropylenedienemonomer.
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Finishing elements Forthepurposeofthisissue,theassessedfinishingelementsaredefinedbelow: a) Stair(includinghandrails,balustrades,banisters,otherguarding/rails,excluding staircase) b)Window(includingsub-frames,boards,sills) c) Externalandinternaldoor(includingsub-frames,frames,linings,door) d)Skirting(includingarchitrave,skirtingboardandrails) e) Panelling(includinganyothertrim) f) Furniture(includingfittedkitchen,bedroomandbathroomunits) g)Fascias(soffitboards,bargeboards,gutterboards,others) h)Anyothersignificantuse. FSC ForestStewardshipCouncil. Green Dragon Environmental Standard (Safon Amgylcheddol Y Ddraig Werdd) AsteppedstandardusedtoaccreditcompliancewiththeGreenDragon environmentalmanagementscheme.DependingonthecontentoftheEMSbeing assessed,alevelof1,2,3,4or5maybeachieved.Atlevel4andabove,theGreen DragonEnvironmentalStandardcanbeusedasevidenceofacompliantEMSfor smallcompaniesbeingconsideredundertheMat2andMat3issues. Green Guide Element Number SeeMat1 Key processes Thesearethefinalmajoraspectsofprocessingthatarecarriedout.Theremaybe asingleprocessormultipleprocessesrequiringassessment,dependingontheend product.Therequirementsforeachoftheassessedmaterialsaredetailedintable Cat3.2:EMSRequirements. Legally sourced timber ThedefinitionoflegallysourcedtimberfollowstheUKGovernmentsdefinitionof legallysourcedtimber,accordingtotheCPET2ndEditionreportonUKGovernment timberprocurementpolicy.Thereportstatesthatlegaltimberandwoodderived productsarethosewhichoriginatefromaforestwherethefollowingcriteria aremet: 1.Theforestowner/managerholdslegaluserightstotheforest
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2.Thereiscompliancebyboththeforestmanagementorganisationandany contractorswithlocalandnationallegalcriteriaincludingthoserelevantto: a. Forestmanagement b.Environment c. LabourandWelfare d.Healthandsafety e. Otherpartiestenureanduserights 3.Allrelevantroyaltiesandtaxesarepaid 4.ThereiscompliancewiththecriteriaofCITES Relevantdocumentationdemonstratingtheabovemustbeprovidedormade availableonrequestsubjecttotheavailabilityofsuchmaterialsinthecountry concerned.Certificationagainstanyofthetimbercertificationschemesidentifiedin tiers1,2and4demonstratesthattimberhasbeenlegallysourced.
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MDF Mediumdensityfibreboard. MTCC MalaysianTimberCertificationCouncil. OSB Orientedstrandboard. PEFC ProgrammefortheEndorsementofForestCertificationSchemes. Post-consumer waste stream Wastematerialgeneratedbyhouseholdsorbycommercial,industrialandinstitutional facilitiesintheirroleasend-usersoftheproduct,whichcannolongerbeusedforits intendedpurpose.Thisincludesreturnsofmaterialfromthedistributionchain. Pre-consumer waste stream Wastematerialgeneratedduringmanufacturingprocesses.Excludedisreutilisation ofmaterialssuchasrework,regrindorscrapgeneratedinaprocessandcapableof beingreclaimedwithinthesameprocessthatgeneratedit. PVC Polyvinylchloride.

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Recycled material Materialsdivertedfromthepre-consumerand/orpost-consumerwastestreamsthat requiresignificantprocessingbeforetheycanbeusedagain.Forfurtherinformation pleaseseeCalculating and declaring recycled content in construction products,Rules ofThumbGuide(WRAP,2008).

AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Creditsareawardedwheretheperformancerequirements(setoutinthe assessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage Whereaconstructionmake-upisnotspecifiedwithintheCodeMat3 CalculatorTool,confirmtheconstructiondetailsofelementsusingthe specificationanddrawings,orsimilar(seeInformationRequiredtoDemonstrate Compliance).Obtainabreakdownofvolumesand/orpercentagesofmaterials foreachelementpresent. Obtaintherelevantconfirmationoftiercertificationfordesignstage(see InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance)forall*materials,fromall sources/suppliers. *Thefollowingexclusionsapply: MaterialgroupsnotincludedinthelistinDefinitions(e.g.insulationmaterials, fixings,adhesives,additives). Materialsthataccountforlessthan10%byvolumeofanelementmayalsobe excluded(e.g.screws).However,ifcertificationhasbeenprovidedformaterials inthiscategory,itmaybebeneficialtoincludetheminthecalculation(e.g.ifa materialtypeaccountingfor9%isplacedinahighertierthanothermaterials usedtomakeuptheelement). Assignatierleveltoeachmaterialbasedonthelevelofcertificationprovided (seetableCat3.1:TierLevels,andComplianceandInformationRequiredto DemonstrateCompliance). Followthecalculationproceduresoutlinedbelow.Ensurethatalltimberis legallysourcedandnoneofthespeciestobeusedisidentifiedontheCITESlist. Notes: 1.Foranyothermaterialswhichdonotfitintotheassessedmaterialsorthe exclusion,pleasereferbacktotheCodeserviceproviderwhowillidentifythe relevantkeyprocessesandsupplychainprocess(es). 2.MDF,chipboard,OSBandcementbondedparticleboardareallconsideredas timberandthereforemustbeassessedastimbermaterial.

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3.Whereamixofvirginandrecycledtimberisused,onlythevirgintimberneeds tobeassessed.Creditscanthenbeawardedbasedonthecertificationschemes itisunder. 4.Slateisclassedasstoneandisthereforeconsideredasanassessedmaterial. Post Construction Stage Confirmthatthefinalbuildingconstructionmatchesthatspecifiedatdesign stage.Whereanydesignchangeshaveoccurred,reassessthecertificationtier foreachelementaccordingtothemethodologysetoutabove.

CalculationProcedures
CreditsforthisissueshouldbecalculatedusingtheCodeMat3CalculatorTool.The toolwillcalculatethetotalnumberofpointsawardedtoeachelementtakinginto accountthescenariosmentionedabove.Itwillalsostatetheassociatednumberof credits.Acopyofthetoolshouldbeincludedwiththeassessmentreport. Elementsshouldbeenteredaspresentornotpresentandthetoolwillcalculatethe rangeofpointsrequiredtoachieveanumberofcreditsinaccordancewithtableCat 3.3.Thecalculatorisprogrammedtoflaguperrormessagesatstageswherethereis non-compliancewiththecriteria,whichshouldassistwithassessingthisissue. Aminimumof80%ofeachmaterialassessedmustcomplywithtiers1to4 (excludingmaterialsnotassessed). If80%ofanassessedelementiscompliantwithasingletier,thefullscoreavailable forthattierwillapply. If80%ofanelementiscompliantoveranumberiftiers,thecalculatorwillfirst reviewthepercentagecompliantwiththehighesttierandapportionascoreto that.Iflessthan80%iscompliant,itwillreviewthepercentageoftheelementin thenexthighesttierandapportionascoretothat.Thiswillcontinueuntilthe80% requirementhasbeenmet. Consequently,itmaybebeneficialtoincludeevensmallpercentagesofmaterialsthat areinthehighertiersifthemajorityoftherestoftheelementwouldotherwisebe allocatedalowertierlevel.

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ChecklistsandTables
RefertoMat2forTierLevelsandEMSrequirements.
Table Cat 3.4: Credit Structure Credits Available 3 No. of Elements Present 8 7 6 5 Points Range =18 15.75 13.5 11.25 12 10.25 9 7.5 6 5.25 4.5 3.75 2 1

CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
Timber and EMS Schemes WhereanEMSschemeisusedtoassessproductsmadefromrecycledtimber,100% ofthetimbercontentmustberecycledorsourcedfromoneoftherecognisedtimber certificationschemesintableCat3.1.Atimberproductwith50%recycledtimber and50%legallysourcedtimberwillnotcomplywiththecriteriaandwillnotbe awardedanypoints. UsinganEMSschemefornewtimberdoesnotdemonstratetimbercertificationand thereforedoesnotqualifyforanypoints. Astatementofintentfromaproductmanufacturerand/orsupplierdoesnotmeet therequirementsforthisissue.

SpecialCases
Ifanelementbeingconsideredismadeupprimarilyofamaterialnotspecifiedinthis issue,pleasecontacttheCodeserviceproviderforfurtherguidance. FormixedusebuildingsrefertospecialcasesinMat1.

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Category4: urfaceWaterRun-off S
Issue ID Sur1 Description ManagementofSurfaceWater Run-offfromDevelopments No. of Credits Available 2 Mandatory Elements Yes

Aim
Todesignsurfacewaterdrainageforhousingdevelopmentswhichavoid,reduceand delaythedischargeofrainfallrun-offtowatercourses and public sewersusingSuDS techniques.Thiswillprotectreceivingwatersfrompollutionandminimisetheriskof floodingandotherenvironmentaldamageinwatercourses. Note:ThissectionwillberevisedwhentheNationalStandardsforSustainable Drainageandassociatedregulationscomeintoforce.
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AssessmentCriteria*12
Criteria Credits Hydraulic Control Criteria TheSuDS Management Trainshouldbeusedasaguidetoachievethefollowing: 1) Peak Rate of Run-off Ifthereisnoincreaseintheman-madeimpermeableareaasaresultofthenew development,thenthepeakrateofrun-offcriteriondoesnotapply. Wherethereisanincreaseinimpermeablearea,ensurethatthepeakrateofrunoffoverthedevelopmentlifetime,allowingforclimatechange,willbenogreater forthedevelopedsitethanitwasforthepre-developmentsite.Thisshouldcomply atthe1year1and100year2returnperiodevents(seeCalculationProcedures). Wherethepre-developmentpeakrateofrun-offforthesitewouldresultin arequirementforthepost-developmentflowrate(referredtoasthelimiting discharge)tobelessthan5l/satadischarge point,aflowrateofupto5l/smaybe usedwhererequiredtoreducetheriskofblockage. Note: If as a result of the new development, there is an increase in the volume of run-off discharged for the 100 year 6 hour event and section 2A cannot be met (see section 2 below), these run-off rates do not apply. None Mandatory Elements AllLevels

continued

* SupplementaryguidancewillbepublishedbytheWelshAssemblyGovernmenttoreflectplanningpolicyandpracticein Wales.TheguidancewhichwillnotmateriallyaffecttheaimsandobjectivesoftheSurfaceWaterRunOffrequirements oftheCode,willbebasedonTechnicalAdviceNote15(TAN15)whichsupplementsPlanningPolicyWales,andsurface managementtechniquescurrentlyinforceinWales. 1 Thiscanalsobereferredtoasthe1in1,1:1or100%probabilityofaneventoccurringinanyyear. 2 Thiscanalsobereferredtoasthe1in100,1:100or1%probabilityofaneventoccurringinanyyear.

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Criteria Credits 2) Volume of Run-off Ifthereisnoincreaseintheman-madeimpermeableareaasaresultofthenew development,thenthevolumeofrun-offcriteriadoesnotapply. Ifthedevelopedsitewouldotherwisedischarge,overthedevelopmentlifetime allowingforclimatechange,agreatervolumeofrainwaterrun-offthanthepredevelopmentsiteforthe100year6hourevent,(seeCalculationProcedures)then criterionAapplies.IfAcannotbesatisfiedthenBapplies. A:Ensurethatthepostdevelopmentvolumeofrun-off,allowingforclimate changeoverthedevelopmentlifetime,isnogreaterthanitwouldhavebeen beforethedevelopment. Theadditionalpredictedvolumeofrun-offforthe100year6houreventmust bepreventedfromleavingthesitebyusinginfiltrationorotherSuDS techniques (seeDefinitions). OR B:IfAcannotbesatisfied(fulljustificationmustbeprovided)thenreducethe postdevelopmentpeakrateofrun-offtothelimitingdischarge. Thelimitingdischargeisthepre-developmentflowrateequivalenttothe1-year peakflowrate,meanannualfloodflowrate(Qbar)or2l/s/ha,whicheveristhe highestflowrate. Forthe1-yearpeakflowratethe1yearreturnperiodeventcriterioninsection 1above,applies.Forallothereventsuptothe100yearreturnperiodevent, thepeakrateofrun-offforthedevelopedsitemustnotexceedthelimiting discharge. Wherethelimitingdischargeflowratewouldrequireaflowrateoflessthan5 l/satadischargepoint,aflowrateofupto5l/smaybeusedwhererequiredto reducetheriskofblockage. Note: Criterion B generally results in more storage than compliance with criterion A. 3)Designingforlocaldrainagesystemfailure. Demonstratethatthefloodingofpropertywouldnotoccurintheeventoflocal drainagesystemfailure(causedeitherbyextremerainfalloralackofmaintenance). Note: Where the run-off is being discharged into an existing drainage system, the responsible body may stipulate a more stringent set of hydraulic flow rate criterion which will therefore take precedence. Water Quality Criteria 1. Onecreditcanbeawardedbyensuringthereisnodischargefromthe developedsiteforrainfalldepthsupto5mm(seeCalculationProcedures). 2. Onecreditcanbeawardedbyensuringthat: Therun-offfromallhardsurfacesshallreceiveanappropriatelevel of treatmentinaccordancewithTheSuDSManualtominimisetheriskof pollution. Note: The SuDS Manual best practice recommendations should be followed where there is a risk to groundwater from infiltration (for example contaminated land, developments with high risk of pollution incidents) Default Cases: Themandatorycriteriacanbedeemedtobemetbydefaultifthesitedischargesrainwaterdirectlytoatidal estuaryorthesea.Creditscannotbeawardedunlesstherelevantwaterqualitycriteriaaremet. 1 1 Mandatory Elements

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InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage MandatoryElements: Statementfromtheappropriately qualified professionalconfirmingthattheyare qualifiedinlinewiththeCodedefinition. AND Theappropriatelyqualifiedprofessionals reportcontainingallinformationnecessary todemonstratecompliancewiththepeak rateofrun-offandvolumeofrun-off requirements.Thereportshouldinclude: Areasofpermeableandimpermeable surfacesonthesitepre-and post-development Wheretheimpermeableareahasincreased postdevelopmentthereportshouldalso include: Detailsofthepermeabilitycharacteristics ofthesitepre-andpost-development (e.g.infiltrationtestsetcwhere appropriate) Peakratesofrun-off(l/s)calculations forthe1yearand100yearevents,pre- andpost-development,includingan allowanceforclimatechangeoverthe developmentlifetime Detaileddocumentaryevidenceshowing themethodsusedtoreducethepeak rateofrun-offtopre-developmentrates Thepre-developmentvolumeofrun-off (m3)forthe100year6hourevent Theadditionalvolumeofrun-off(m3) forthe100year6houreventcaused bythedevelopmentwithoutmitigation measures Theadditionalvolumeofrun-off(m ) withtheproposedmitigation
3

Post Construction Stage MandatoryElements: Writtenconfirmationfromthe developerorappropriately qualified professionalthatthesolutions designedhavebeenimplemented asspecifiedinthedesignstage evidence OR Wheredifferentfromthedesign stage,providetheevidenceas listedforthedesignstagebut representingthedevelopmentas built OR Forpostconstructionstageonly assessments,provideevidence aslistedforthedesignstagebut representingthedevelopmentas built Evidencemustbeprovidedat postconstructiontoconfirmthat maintenanceresponsibilitieshave beendefinedforanySuDSsolutions installed. For information: Where SuDS have been implemented, the location and brief explanation of their purpose should be included in the Home User Guide (in Code Category 8: Man 1) where supplied. Wheremorethanfiveyears havepassedsincetheFloodRisk Assessmentwascarriedout: Confirmationthatthebasisof theFloodRiskAssessmenthas notchanged.

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Informationtodemonstratethatthe hierarchicalapproachtoreducing theadditionalvolumeofrun-offwas followed Informationonthecalculationmethods used,aswellassummaryresults AND AFlood Risk Assessmentconfirmingtherisk offloodingfromallsources of flooding(this maybecontainedwithintheappropriately qualifiedprofessionalsreport) AND Drawingsshowingthepre-development drainageforthesite(naturalorconstructed) AND Drawingsshowingtheproposeddrainage solution,systemfailurefloodflowroutes, potentialfloodpondinglevelsandground floorlevels AND Confirmationfromtheappropriately qualifiedprofessionalthatlocaldrainage systemfailurewouldnotcauseanincrease intheriskoffloodingwithindwellings eitheronoroffsite Wherecreditsaresought: Theappropriatelyqualifiedprofessionals reportdetailingthedesignspecifications, calculationsanddrawingstosupportthe awardingofthecredit(s) Wherecreditsaresought: Writtenconfirmationfromthe developerorappropriatelyqualified professionalthatthesolutions designedhavebeenimplemented asspecifiedinthedesignstage evidence OR Wheredifferentfromthedesign stage,providetheevidenceas listedforthedesignstagebut representingthedevelopmentas built
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OR Forpostconstructionstageonly assessments,provideevidence aslistedforthedesignstagebut representingthedevelopmentas built

Definitions
Annual flood probability Theestimatedprobabilityofafloodofgivenmagnitudeoccurringorbeingexceeded inanyyear.Expressedasa1inxyearevent.Thisistheequivalentto1-in-x,1:xorx% chanceofafloodeventoccurringinanyoneyear. Annual flow rate probability Theestimatedprobabilityofaflowrateofgivenmagnitudeoccurringorbeing exceededinanyyear.Expressedasa1inxyearevent.Thisistheequivalentto1-in-x, 1:xorx%chanceoftheflowratebeingexceededinanyoneyear. Appropriately qualified professional Aprofessionalorteamofprofessionalswiththeskillsandexperiencetochampion theuseofSuDSwithintheoveralldesignofthedevelopmentatanearlystage. Theprofessionalorteamofprofessionalsmustbecapableofunderstandingthesites particularsurfacewatermanagementneedsandopportunities.Inaddition,they musthaveknowledgeandexperienceinusingSuDS-basedsolutionstoinfluencethe holisticdesignofadevelopmentsdrainagesystemandprovidetherobusthydraulic designcalculationsreferredtoinkeyguidancedocumentssuchasThe SuDS manual (CIRIAC697,2007)andPreliminary rainfall runoff management for developments (EA/DEFRA,2007). Suitableprofessionalsmaybefoundinavarietyofdisciplines,suchasengineering, landscapedesignorhydrologyoracombination. GeotechnicaladvisersorspecialistsmayberequiredforSuDStechniquesthatallow infiltration. Brownfield site Landwhichisorwasoccupiedbyapermanentstructure,includingthecurtilageof thedevelopedlandandanyassociatedhardsurfaces. Catchment Theareacontributingsurfacewaterflowtoadrainagepointorapointona watercourse.Itcanbedividedintosub-catchments.

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Control devices Anydrainagestructureorunitdesignedtocontroltherunoffofstormwater. ExamplesofSuDScontroldevicesarecheckdamswithinswalesandbasins,and combinedweir/orificecontrolsforponds.Examplesoftraditionalcontroldevicesare throttlesconstructedwithpipesandvortexcontrols.Thecontroldevicesmustbe capableofregularinspectionandmaintenance,andthesystemshouldbefail-safe sothatupstreamfloodingdoesnotresultfromblockageorothermalfunction.For guidanceoncontroldevices,refertoThe SuDS manual(CIRIAC697,2007)andother bestpracticeguidelines. Discharge point Thepointofdischargeintowatercoursesandsewers(seedefinitionofWatercourses andsewers) Flood probability Theestimatedprobabilityofafloodofgivenmagnitudeoccurringorbeingexceeded inanyspecifiedtimeperiod.Forexample,the100-yearfloodhasa1-in-100or1% chanceofoccurringinanygivenyear. Flood risk Anexpressionofthecombinationoffloodprobabilityandthemagnitudeofthe potentialconsequencesoftheflood. Flood Risk Assessment (FRA) Astudytoassesstheriskofasitefloodingandtheimpactthatanychangesor developmentonthesitewillhaveonfloodriskonthesiteandelsewhere.Aflood riskassessmentmustbepreparedaccordingtogoodpracticeguidanceasoutlined inPPS25Development and Flood Risk: Practice Guide(availablefromwww. communities.gov.uk).Fordevelopmentsoflessthan1ha(10,000m),thelevelof detailrequiredinanacceptableFRA(forSur1)willdependonthesizeanddensity ofbuild.Thiswillrangefromabriefreportforsmall,low-densitydevelopments,to amoredetailedassessmentforahigh-densitydevelopmentof200010,000m.For example,forverysmalldevelopments(2000mandless),anacceptableFRAcouldbe abriefreportcarriedoutbythecontractorsengineerconfirmingtheriskofflooding fromallsources of flooding,includinginformationobtainedfromtheEnvironment Agency,watercompany/sewerageundertaker,otherrelevantstatutoryauthorities, siteinvestigationandlocalknowledge. Flood risk management hierarchy Thehierarchyoffloodriskmanagementmeasuresandtheroleoftheplanning processinreducingfloodrisk(seePPS25asapplicable).
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Flood storage Thetemporarystorageofexcessrun-offorriverflowinponds,basins,reservoirsor onafloodplainduringaflood. Greenfield land Landthathasnotbeenpreviouslydeveloped. Greenfield run-off rate Therateofrun-offthatwouldoccurfromthesiteinitsundevelopedstate. Impermeable surfaces Oftenreferredtoasimperviousorhardsurfaces,thesearesurfaceswhichdonot allowwatertopassintotheground. Infiltration techniques Techniqueswhichallowthepassageofwaterintotheground.Techniquesused purelyforinfiltrationpurposeswouldtypicallyinvolvesoakawaysorperviouspaving. OtherSuDStechniques,suchasswalesandfilterstrips,willalsoachievealevel ofinfiltrationbut,unlikesoakaways,theyalsonormallyfunctionasaconveyance mechanismfortransportingrun-off. Level of Treatment Whenusedinthecontextofone,twoorthreelevelsoftreatmentforsurfacewater, treatmentlevelshouldberegardedasthenumberofSuDScomponentsinseries throughwhichrun-offpassesfromtheoriginatingsurfaceonwhichrainfallfelltothe sitedischargepoint. WhereaSuDScomponenthasmorethanonetreatmentprocess,itmightbe consideredtoprovidemorethanoneleveloftreatment.Inthesecircumstances adviceshouldbesoughtfromtheCodeserviceprovider. Limiting discharge Thelimitingdischargeisbaseduponthecalculatedpre-developmentflowrateata dischargepoint,butmaybeincreasedto5l/s. Peak rate of run-off ReferredtoasQp[m/sec],thisisthehighestrateofflowfromadefinedcatchment areaassumingthatrainfallisuniformlydistributedoverthedrainagearea, consideringtheentiredrainageareaasasingleunitandestimationofflowatthe mostdownstreampointonly. Pervious paving Alsoreferredtoasporousandpermeablepaving.PerviouspavementsareSuDS structuresandprovideapavementsuitableforpedestrianand/orvehiculartraffic,

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whileallowingrainwatertoinfiltratethroughthesurfaceandintotheunderlying layers.Thewatermaybetemporarilystoredbeforeinfiltrationintotheground,re-use ordischargetoawatercourseorotherdrainagesystem(seeCIRIAC697The SuDS manualforadditionalinformation). Thedesignoftheperviouspavementwilldependonitsdrainedarea,climateand localgeologicalandhydrologicalconditions. Forexample,ablockpavedsurfaceonapermeablesub-baseonpermeableground, willstorethewatertemporarilyandallowittoseepintothesoil. Forlesspermeablesoils,morestoragevolumemaybeneededtocompensatefor reducedinfiltrationrates.Forverylowpermeabilityareas(e.g.lessthan1106m/s) watermaybedischargedtoaconveyancesystem,withtheperviouspavingproviding attenuationandwatertreatment. Pre-development Thesitesconditionimmediatelybeforeprojectcommencement,i.e.brownfieldor greenfield. Probability of flooding Low (Zone 1) Probabilityofriverandseaflooding,butdoesnottakeintoaccountothersourcesof floodingordefences.ThesearedefinedinPPS25. Lowannualprobabilityoffloodingisanareawherethechanceofbothriverandsea floodingeachyearis<0.1%(1in1000)orless. Probability of flooding Medium (Zone 2) Anareawherethechanceofriverfloodinginanyyearis1%(1in100)orlessbut greaterthan0.1%(1in1000),andthechanceoffloodingfromtheseais0.5% 0.1%(between1in200and1in1000). Probability of flooding High (Zone 3a) Anareawherethechanceofriverfloodinginanyyearis>1%(1in100)andthe chanceoffloodingfromtheseais>0.5%(1in200)orgreater. Probability of flooding Functional flood plan (zone 3b) Thelandwherewaterflowsorisstoredintimesofflood. Qbar Anestimationofthemeanannualfloodflowratefromacatchment(seeReport IH124Flood estimations for small catchments). Rainfall intensity Depthofrainfallinginaperiodoftime,e.g.mm/hour,sometimesgiveninl/s/m2.
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Rainwater discharge Rainwaterdischargeistherainwaterwhichflowsfromthedevelopmentsiteto watercoursesandsewers.Itisalsoreferredtoasrun-off. Relevant statutory body InEnglandandWalesthiswillinmostcasesbetheEnvironmentAgency,andfor NorthernIrelandwillbetheRiversAgency. Run-off rate Therateofflowofwaterfromasurface. Sewerage undertaker ThisisaBodywithstatutoryresponsibilityforthedisposaloffoulwastewaterand alsosurfacewaterfromroofsandhardsurfaces. Sewers for Adoption Aguideagreedbetweensewerageundertakersanddevelopers(throughtheHome BuildersFederation)specifyingthestandardstowhichprivatesewersmustbe constructedtofacilitateadoption. Soakaway Undergroundstructuredesignedtopermitinfiltrationintopermeable/slightly permeableground.Theycanbegroupedandlinkedtogethertodrainlargeareas includinghighways. Sources of flooding and flood risk StreamsandRivers:Floodingthatcantakeplacefromflowsthatarenotcontained withinthechannelduetohighlevelsofrainfallinthecatchment. CoastalorEstuarine:Floodingthatcanoccurfromtheseaduetoaparticularlyhigh tideorsurge,orcombinationofboth. Groundwater:Wherethewatertablerisestosuchaheightwherefloodingoccurs. Mostcommoninlow-lyingareasunderlainbypermeableground(aquifers),usually duetoextendedperiodsofwetweather. Sewersandhighwaydrains:Combined,foulorsurfacewatersewersandhighway drainsthataretemporarilyover-loadedduetoexcessiverainfallorduetoblockage. Surfacewater:Thenetrainfallfallingonasurface(onoroffthesite)whichactsas runoffwhichhasnotinfiltratedintothegroundorenteredintoadrainagesystem. Infrastructurefailure:canals,reservoirs,industrialprocesses,burstwatermains, blockedsewersorfailedpumpingstations.

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SuDS AsdefinedintheSuDSmanual,sustainabledrainagesystemsareanapproachto surfacewatermanagementthatcombinesasequenceofmanagementpracticesand controlstructuresdesignedtodrainsurfacewaterinamoresustainablefashionthan someconventionaltechniques. Thesesystemsinfiltrate,store,conveyandpartiallytreatsurfacewaterrunoff,which minimisesenvironmentalimpactandmaximisesenvironmentalopportunities.SuDS shouldaimtomaximisetheuseofon-the-surfacetechniquesforoperationaland maintenancereasons. SuDS Management Train Anapproachtodrainagedesignthatcombinesasequenceofappropriatesurface waterdrainagestructuresusingSuDSsystemsformanagementoftherunofftotreat theflow,reducerunoffvolumeandrestraintherunoffrateinordertominimise mansimpactontheenvironment.Additionalbenefitsassociatedwithoperation andmaintenance,ecologyandamenityareaspectswhichareconsideredwhen designingamanagementsystem.Themanagementtrainincorporatesahierarchyof techniques: 1.Sourcecontrol.ExamplesofSuDStechniquesinclude: Soakaways Porous/perviouspaving Roofwaterdirectedtogarden(ratherthanpipeddrains) Rainwaterre-use/harvesting Greenroofs Othersurfaceinfiltration,attenuationandconveyancetechniquesthatdeal withrun-offatsource. 2.Site/localcontrol.ExamplesofSuDStechniquesinclude: Swales Pond Infiltrationbasins DetentionBasin Largersoakaways Pervious(porousorpermeable)paving. 3.Regionalcontrol.Examplesoftechniquesinclude: Balancingponds Wetlands Largedetentionbasin
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SuDS techniques Oneormorecomponentsbuilttomanagesurfacewaterrun-offtopreventflooding andpollution,including: Wetponds Infiltrationbasins Detentionbasins Swales Reedbeds Pervious(porousorpermeable)paving Soakaways Rainwaterharvesting Filterstrips Filterdrainsandtrencheswithorwithoutperforatedpipes Greenroofs UndergroundAttenuationstorage. FormoreinformationrefertoThe SuDS manual(CIRIAC697,2007) Surface water run-off Rainfallthatflowsoffthecatchment. Tidal estuary Asemi-enclosedcoastalbodyofwaterwhichhasafreeconnectionwiththeopen seaandwithinwhichseawaterismeasurablydilutedwithfreshwaterderivedfrom landdrainage. Tidalrivers(i.e.wherenomeasurableseawatercontentispresentduringnormaltidal movements)cannotbeincludedaspartoftheestuary. Treatment Improvingthequalityofwaterbyphysical,chemicaland/orbiologicalmeans. Volume of run-off Thevolumeofrun-offthatisgeneratedbyrainfalloccurringonthesite.Thisis typicallymeasuredincubicmetres. Additionalpredictedvolumeofrun-offisthedifferencebetweenthevolumesofrunoffpre-andpost-development,usuallycalculatedforaspecificrainfallevent.
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Watercourses and sewers Atermthatincludesrivers,streams,ditches,drains,cuts,culverts,dykes,sluices, sewersandpassagesthroughwhichwaterflows.

AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Mandatoryrequirementsaremetandcreditsareawardedwherethe performancerequirements(setoutintheassessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage OwingtothenatureofIssueSur1,itiscriticalinallcasesthatcompliancewith thecriteriaisclearlydemonstratedatthisstage. Theassessorisnotrequiredtoperformanycalculations.Thesemustbe provided,withallthenecessarysupportinginformation,bytheappropriately qualifiedprofessional. Mandatoryrequirements:
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Checkthatanappropriatelyqualifiedprofessionalhasbeenappointed CheckthatanappropriateFloodRiskAssessment(FRA)hasbeencarriedout Checkthatallowanceshavebeenmadeforclimatechangeoverthelifetimeof thedevelopmentinallpost-developmentcalculations Wheretheimpermeableareadrainingtowatercoursesorsewershasincreased, checkthattheappropriatelyqualifiedprofessionalsreportcontainsthe following: Peakrateofrun-offcalculations: Calculationsforthe1yearand100yearreturnperiodsforbothpre-and post-development,includinganallowanceforclimatechangeforthepost- developmentstate. Checkthatthecalculationmethodologyusedcomplieswiththerequirements intheCalculationProcedures. Volumeofrun-offcalculations: Theadditionalvolumeofrun-offforthe100year6houreventincludingan allowanceforclimatechangeforthepost-developmentstate.Theadditional volumewithandwithoutmitigationmeasuresshouldbeprovided. Checkthattheappropriatelyqualifiedprofessionalsreportdemonstrates thatthehierarchyspecifiedhasbeenfollowedandtheadditionalvolume ofrun-offiszeroinlinewithcriterionAor,ifthiscannotbesatisfied,then evidencetodemonstratecriterionBhasbeenmetandfulljustificationhas beenprovided. Checkthattherouteofwaterovergroundintheeventofalocaldrainage systemfailure(systemfailurefloodflowroutes),forwhateverreasonhave

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beendemonstrated,andthepossibleconsequenceshavebeenevaluated, ensuringthatthereisnoincreasedriskoffloodingtopropertieseitheronor offsite. Note:Sitedrainagedesignshoulddrainusinggravitybasedsystemsin preferencetothosewhichrequiretheuseofpumpingstations. Credits: Wherecreditsaresought,checkthatthereportcontainstheinformation neededtoallowthecredit(s)tobeawarded. Post Construction Stage Ifadesignstageassessmentwascarriedout,theappropriatelyqualified professionalshouldconfirmthatthedesignstagesolutionshavebeen implementedor,ifdesignshavechanged,evidenceshouldbesuppliedshowing theas-builtdesignandconstruction. Ifadesignstageassessmentwasnotcarriedout,followtheAssessment Methodologyguidanceforthedesignstagetodocumentthepostconstruction evidencerepresentingthedevelopmentasbuilt. CheckthetimeelapsedsincetheFRAwascarriedout.Wherethisissignificant, forexample,morethanfiveyears(orlessifmajorsurfacewaterregulation changeshaveoccurredduringthisperiod),oritdoesnotincludeanallowance forclimatechange,asktheappropriatelyqualifiedprofessionaltoconfirmthat thedesignbasisofthesurfacewatersystemisstillvalid. Confirmthatthemaintenanceresponsibilitieshavebeendefinedforany SuDScomponentspresent,includingallnecessarycontroldevices,andthat maintenanceregimeshavebeenputinplace.
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CalculationProcedures
Assessors are not required to carry out calculations. The information below is for the appropriately qualified professional to use when completing calculations. It will also be helpful to guide assessors when checking that sufficient evidence has been provided to demonstrate compliance. Keypublicationsthatshouldbereferredtoforguidanceinclude: The SuDS Manual,CIRIAC697(2007)UsefulLink: http://www.ciria.org.uk/suds/publications.htm Preliminary rainfall run-off management for developments,W5-074/A/TR/1 RevisionD,EA/DEFRA(September2005)UsefulLink:http://www.defra.gov. uk/environment/flooding/documents/research/sc030219.pdf Development and Flood Risk,PlanningPolicyStatement25.Communities andLocalGovernment(2006asrevised2010),alongwiththelatest versionofthepracticeguide.UsefulLink:http://www.communities.gov.uk/ documents/planningandbuilding/pdf/planningpolicystatement25.pdf

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Peak rate of run-off: Thepeakrateofrun-offcalculationsmustbecarriedoutasfollows: Climatechange Anallowanceforclimatechangemustbemadeforallsitesinaccordancewith currentbestplanningguidance.Theclimatechangeallowancemustbeadded tothepost-developmentrun-offrateandvolumecalculationsonly.Information regardingthepercentageallowancecanbefoundinPPS25asapplicable. Greenfieldsitesoflessthan50ha Thecalculationofgreenfieldrun-offratesmustbeinaccordancewithIHReport 124,Flood estimation for small catchments(MarshallandBayliss,1994).The pro-ratamethodonthesizeofcatchmentdetailedinTable4.2inThe SuDS Manual,CIRIAC697(2007)mustbefollowed. Greenfieldsitesof50hato200ha Thecalculationofgreenfieldrun-offratesmustbeinaccordancewithIHReport 124,Flood estimation for small catchments(MarshallandBayliss,1994).FEH canbeusedforthesesitesasanalternative,wherethereisapreferencetodo so,butonlyifthecatchmentisconsideredtobesuitableforitsapplication. Thecalculationofgreenfieldrun-offratesmustbeinaccordancewiththe Flood Estimation Handbook(CentreforEcology&Hydrology,1999)andany subsequentupdates.WheretheFlood Estimation Handbookisnotconsidered appropriateforthedevelopmentIHReport124canbeused. Brownfield sites Thecalculationofbrownfieldrun-offratesshouldbeasfollows: a) Iftheexistingdrainageisknownthenitshouldbemodelledusingbest practicesimulationmodelling,todeterminethe1yearand100yearpeak flowratesatdischargepoints(withoutallowingsurchargeofthesystem abovecoverlevelstodrivegreaterflowratesthroughthedischargepoints). b)Ifthesystemisnotknown,thentheBrownfieldrun-offshouldbecalculated usingthegreenfieldrun-offmodelsdescribedabovebutwithaSoilType5. Limitingdischargerate Thelimitingdischargeforeachdischargepointshouldbecalculatedastheflow ratesfromthepre-developedsite,asdetailedinthecalculationprocedures above.Thecalculationshouldincludethetotalflowratefromthetotalareaof sitefeedingintothedischargepoint(thisshouldincludebothCodeandnonCodepartsofthedevelopment,ifapplicable).Thedischargepointisdefinedas thepointofdischargeintothewatercourse/sewers(includingrivers,streams, ditches,drains,cuts,culverts,dykes,sluices,publicsewersandpassages throughwhichwaterflows,seeDefinitions).Wherethiscalculationresultsina peakflowrateoflessthan5l/s,thelimitingdischargeratemaybeincreasedup toalevelofnomorethan5l/satthepointofdischargefromthesitetoreduce theriskofblockage.
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Forexample,iftheflowrateforthe1yearand100yeareventswere4l/sand7 l/srespectively,thenthelimitingdischargeswouldbe5l/sand7l/s.Similarly,if itwascalculatedtobe2l/sand4l/s,thenamaximumof5l/slimitingdischarge ratecouldbeappliedtobothdischargepoints. Sitesshouldnotbesubdividedtoenablehigheroveralllimitingdischargerates tobeclaimed.Itis,however,recognisedthatsomesitesmayrequiremorethan onedischargepointasaresultofthelocaltopographyorexistingsurrounding drainageinfrastructure,andinsuchcasesthelimitingdischargeflowratemay beincreasedtoalevelnomorethan5l/sateachdischargepoint.Theassessor shouldseekevidencethatthenumberofdischargepointsisnecessarydue totopographyand/orinfrastructurelimitations.Evidencemaybeintheform ofatopographicalmapandanexplanationfromtheappropriatelyqualified professionalastowhymultipledischargepointsarerequired,statingthatitis notfeasibletohavefewerdischargepoints. 100-yearpeakrateevent:Excessvolumeofrun-off Thestorageofexcessflowsfromthe100-yeareventdoesnotnecessarilyhave tobecontainedwithinthedrainagesystemorSuDSfeatures(thefeatures designedsolelyforthepurposeofdrainage).Whereappropriate,storageof someorallofthisvolumecanbeachievedusingtemporarysurfacefloodingof areassuchasaplayingfield.Specificconsiderationshouldbegiventooverland flowrouteing.Overlandfloodflowsandtemporarystorageoffloodwateron thesurfacemustnotbesofrequentastounreasonablyinconvenienceresidents andotherusers. Volume of run-off: Thevolumeofrun-offcalculationsmustbecarriedoutasfollows: Calculationmethodology RefertoChapter4,Section4.5.5ofThe SuDS Manual(CIRIAC697,2007) forguidanceoncalculatingtheadditionalvolumeofrun-offcausedbythe development. Allowanceforclimatechange Anallowanceforclimatechangemustbemadeinaccordancewithcurrent planningguidance.Theclimatechangeallowancemustbeaddedtothepostdevelopmentrun-offcalculationonly.Informationregardingthepercentage allowancecanbefoundinPPS25asapplicable. CriterionAorB Ifthedevelopmentcausesanadditionalvolumeofrun-off,meetingcriterionA mustbepreferredtoB.IfcriterionAcannotbemet,theappropriatelyqualified professionalmustprovideevidencewithintheirreporttojustifythereason(s); criterionBmustbemetthroughtheuseofappropriateSuDStechniques. 5l/sflowrate WherecriterionBismet,thelimitingdischargerateatthedischargepoint(s) maybeincreasedto5l/s,asdescribedinthecalculationproceduresabove.

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Designing for system failure: Theconsequencesofsystemfailurecausedbyextremerainfall,lackofmaintenance, blockageorothercauses,shouldbeconsidered/evaluatedfully. CIRIApublicationC635(2006)Designing for exceedence in urban drainage good practiceshouldbereferredtoforguidance. Water Quality Credits: Whereonecreditissoughtforpreventingdischargefromthesiteforrainfall depthsupto5mm ArangeofSuDStechniquescanbeusedtopreventdischargefromthesitefor rainfalldepthsofupto5mm,however,end-of-pipesolutions,suchasponds andbasins,willonlybedeemedtocomplywheretheprincipalrun-offcontrol topreventdischargefromthefirst5mmofarainfallevent,isachievedusing sourcecontrolandsitecontrolmethods. Greenroofscanbedeemedtocomplywiththisrequirementfortherainthat fallsontotheirsurface.Howeverevidenceisstillrequiredtodemonstratethat the5mmrainfallfromallotherhardsurfacesonsiteisbeingdealtwith,to allowthiscredittobeawarded. Wheretreatmentlevelsareintroducedtogainacredit,section3.3andchapter 5ofThe SuDS Manual(CIRIAC697,2007)shouldbereferredtoforguidance. Therun-offfromhardsurfacesmustreceivetreatmentbeforebeingdischarged fromthesite. General guidance: Usingcomputersoftware Reputablecomputerdrainagesoftwarecanbeusedtodemonstratecompliance. However,wherehydrographtablesareprovidedasoutput,therelevant calculationsshouldbehighlighted. Rainwaterharvesting BS8515Rainwater harvesting systems: Code of Practice,AnnexAshouldbe followedwhererainwaterharvestingsystemsareusedforstormwatercontrol. Toensureflood riskisnotincreasediftherainwaterharvestingsystemis,for somereason,notutilised,theexceedanceflowroutecapacityprovidedin accordancewithCIRIAreportC635shouldignorethebeneficialeffectofthe rainwaterharvestingsystem. AssessingmixedCodeandnon-Codedwellingdevelopments WhereCodedwellingsaredispersedthroughoutalargerdevelopmentofnonCodedwellings,thereareanumberofoptionsforassessmentunderSur1. 1.Individualdwellings(aspartofalargersite)canonlybeassessed independentlywheretherun-offisbeingdealtwithonadwellingby
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dwellingbasis(i.e.eachdwellinghasitsowndedicatedsub-catchmentthat servesonlythatdwelling). 2.WhereassessinggroupsofCodedwellingswithinalargerdevelopment,the drainageassessmentmustincorporatethelocalsub-catchmentservingallof thosedwellings. 3.Whereassessingtherun-offfrombothCodeandnon-Codedwellings(or Codeandnon-domesticbuildings)theassessmentmusttakeintoaccount thedrainagefromthelocalsub-catchmentservingallthosedwellings/ buildings. Notethatproportioningcannotbeusedtocalculatethepercentageofrunoffdischargingintothelocalsub-catchmentresultingfromjusttheCode dwellings. 4.Alternativelythewholedevelopmentcanbeassessedforcompliance. Whicheverapproachistakentodemonstratecompliance,itmustbe consistentwhencompletingboththerateofrun-offandvolumeofrun-off calculations. Notethespecialcaseregardinghighwaysandimpermeableareaswhen assessingasite. Contaminatedsites Drainagedesignsforsitesmusttakeintoaccountlegislationrelatingto contaminatedsites,suchastheWaterResourcesAct1991,theEnvironmental ProtectionAct1990,theGroundwaterDirective(2006/118/EC)and,more recently,theGroundwater(EnglandandWales)Regulations2009.Where thesiteriskassessmentconfirmsthatinfiltrationSuDStechniquesarenot appropriate,SuDStechniquesthatdonotallowinfiltration,suchasswales linedwithanimpermeablemembrane,canbeused.Itmaybethecasethat onlysomeareasofthesitearecontaminatedandthereforeinfiltrationSuDS techniquescanbeusedelsewhereonthesite.Theremayalsobearequirement toremediatethecontaminatedsoils,creatingopportunitiesfortheuseof infiltrationSuDSpost-remediation.
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CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
Neitherthemandatoryelementnorcreditscanbeawardedwheretheassessed developmenthasproceededagainsttherecommendationoftheEnvironmentAgency regardingsurfacewaterdrainage.

SpecialCases
Minimumflowrate/maximumstoragerequirementsetbysewerageundertaker(or otherstatutorybody)

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Wherethestatutoryauthorityhaveexercisedtheirstatutorypowersandhaveset specificminimumflowrate/maximumstoragerequirementsthatarelessonerous thanthespecificSur1criterion,thestatutoryrequirementswilltakeprecedentover thespecificCodecriterion.Allothercriteriawillstillbeapplicable.Evidenceshould beprovidedtoconfirmthatthisisthecaseandshouldbeformaldocumentation fromthestatutoryauthority.Thisshouldincludeevidencesuchasplanningapprovals/ conditionsand/orcorrespondencefromastatutorybodysettingoutspecific requirements,i.e.sewerageundertaker,EnvironmentAgencyetc.TheFloodRisk Assessmentmaycontainsomeoftheevidencerequiredtodemonstratecompliance. Note: Where the statutory authority has approved a design on the basis of a minimum discharge rate identified through a FRA, compliance with this minimum standard, will be deemed to meet the mandatory peak rate of run-off requirement, where supported by the documentary evidence. In all other cases, the approval of a specific design feature or the setting of a non-compliant discharge rate will not be sufficient to demonstrate compliance. Maximum flow rate set by sewerage undertaker (or other statutory body) Ifamaximumflowrateissetthatcanbedischarged,thepeakrateofrun-off requirementwithintheCodewillstillapplyunlessthemaximumflowratesetismore rigorous(lowerrate)thantheCode,inwhichcasecompliancewiththeSewerage Undertakersrequirementswillapply. Highways and impermeable areas Wherenewnon-adoptablehighwaysarebuilt,includingthosefordevelopmentswith amixtureofCodeandnon-Codedwellings,allofthenewimpermeablesurfaces mustbeincludedincalculationstodemonstratecompliancewiththepeakrateof run-offandvolumeofrun-offcriteria. WhereCodedwellingsarebuiltbesideexistinghighwaysorwhereadoptable highwaysarebuilt,theimpermeableareaofthehighwaydoesnotneedtobe includedinthecalculations. Derelict sites Ifthesitehasbeenderelictforoverfiveyears,theappropriatelyqualifiedprofessional mustassessthepreviousdrainagenetworkandmakereasonableassumptionsto establishprobableflowratesandvolumes.TheWallingfordProcedureModified RationalMethodshouldbeused.Tocompletethecalculations,asitevisitpriorto developmentwillberequiredunlessaccuratedataalreadyexistfromaprevious survey.Theresultantprofessionalreportcanthenbeusedtodeterminethepredevelopmentvolumesandratesofrun-off.Withoutthisprofessionalinput,the sitemustbedeemedgreenfieldpre-development,assumingSoilType5forthe calculationofthepre-developmentsiterun-off. No change or reduction in impermeable area Whereaman-madeimpermeablesurfacedrainingtothewatercourseandsewers hasdecreasedorremainedunchangedpost-development,thepeakrateofrun-off

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andvolumeofrun-offrequirementswillbemetbydefaultandrun-offcalculations willnotberequired.Instead,drawingsclearlyshowingtheman-madeimpermeable surfacesofthesitedrainingtothewatercourseandsewersshouldbeprovidedfor thepre-andpost-developmentscenarios.Figuresmustalsobegiven(ideallyonthe drawingsaswell)toshowacomparisonbetweentheareasofdrainedman-made impermeablesurfacespre-andpost-development. Sites with existing infrastructure/planning approval SomesitesmaynotbeinapositiontomeettherequirementssetoutintheCode owingtoexistingorapprovedinfrastructurestrategiesthatpre-datetherequirement foraCoderating. a) Forsiteswhereplanningapproval(coveringthedetaileddrainagestrategyfor thesite)hasbeengrantedpriortotheCoderequirementbeingsetforthe development,themandatoryelementofSur1canbemetbydefault.Nocredits forwaterqualitycanbeawardedifthemandatoryelementismetusingthis method.Evidencerequirements1,2and3aslistedbelow. b)Forsiteswheretheassesseddwellingsaredirectlyconnectedtoexisting infrastructurewhichpre-datestheCoderequirementforthesite,the mandatoryelementofSur1canbemetbydefault.Nocreditsforwaterquality canbeawardedifthemandatoryelementismetusingthismethod.Evidence requirements3and4aslistedbelow. Note: The phrase directly connected to existing infrastructure should be interpreted as individual dwellings being directly connected to the existing sewer without any significant shared installation (this Special Case is predominantly only relevant for single dwellings). It does not cover instances where an entire site or new shared system is being connected into the existing main sewer. It should be a simple connection from a dwelling into an existing manhole/sewer rather than a new network being created. Evidencereferredtoina)andb)aboveisasfollows: 1.Planningapprovals/conditions. 2.HCAgrantapprovalsorplanningconditionswhichdemonstratethedatethe Coderequirementwasenforced. 3.Plansshowingcoverageofexistingandapproveddrainagedesignsandthe connectionstothem 4.FloodRiskAssessmentthismaycontainsomeoftheevidencerequired initems1to3aboveandtherefore,ifcompletedinaccordancewiththe CalculationProcedures,mayalsobeprovidedforanyoftheabovescenariosin supportofanyoftheaboveevidence.

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Issue ID Sur2

Description FloodRisk

No. of Credits Available 2

Mandatory Elements No

Aim
Topromotehousingdevelopmentinlowflood riskareas,ortotakemeasuresto reducetheimpactoffloodingonhousesbuiltinareaswithamediumorhighriskof flooding.

AssessmentCriteria*
Criteria EITHER TwocreditsareavailablefordevelopmentssituatedinZone1low annual probability of flooding(asdefinedinPPS25Development and Flood Risk)andwherethesite-specificFlood Risk Assessment (FRA)indicatesthatthereislowriskoffloodingfromallsources. OR OnecreditisavailablefordevelopmentssituatedinZones2and3amediumandhigh annual probability of floodingwherethefinishedgroundfloorlevelofallhabitablepartsofdwellings andaccessroutestothegroundlevelandthesite,areplacedatleast600mmabovethe design flood leveloftheflood zone. TheFloodRiskAssessmentaccompanyingtheplanningapplicationmustdemonstrateto thesatisfactionofthelocalplanningauthorityandstatutorybodythatthedevelopmentis appropriatelyfloodresilientandresistant,includingsafeaccessandescaperouteswhere required,andthatanyresidual riskcanbesafelymanaged. Default Cases None 1 2 Credits

* SupplementaryguidancewillbepublishedbytheWelshAssemblyGovernmenttoreflectplanningpolicyandpracticein Wales.TheguidancewhichwillnotmateriallyaffecttheaimsandobjectivesoftheSurfaceWaterRunOffrequirements oftheCode,willbebasedonTechnicalAdviceNote15(TAN15)whichsupplementsPlanningPolicyWales,andsurface managementtechniquescurrentlyinforceinWales.

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InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage FordevelopmentssituatedinZone1: Post Construction Stage Writtenconfirmationfromthe developerthattheevidencesubmitted atthedesignstagehasnotchanged

AFloodRiskAssessment(prepared accordingtogoodpracticeguidance asoutlinedinPPS25Development OR and Flood Risk)whichshowsthat thereisalowriskoffloodingfromall Wheredifferentfromthedesignstage, provideevidence(aslistedforthe sources. designstage)representingthedwellings Formedium(Zone2)orhigh(Zone3a) asbuilt floodriskareas: OR AFloodRiskAssessment(prepared accordingtogoodpracticeguidance Whenatpostconstructionstage asoutlinedinPPS25Development assessmentonly,provideevidence(as and Flood Risk)whichshowsthereis listedforthedesignstage)representing amediumorhighriskofflooding thedwellingsasbuilt. AND Siteplansindicatingthedesignflood level,therangeofgroundlevels ofthedwellings,carparkingareas andsiteaccess(lowesttohighest), showingthatthecriteria(finished floorlevelsofallhabitableroomsand accessroutesbeingatleast600mm abovethedesignfloodlevel)aremet, alongwithanynotesexplainingthe functionofanyareaslyingbelowthe designfloodlevel AND Confirmationfromthelocalplanning authoritythatthedevelopment complieswithPPS25andis appropriatelyfloodresilientand resistant,andhasmanagedany residualrisksafely.

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Wherethesiteisundertheprotection offlooddefencesandthefloodrisk categoryofthesiteisreduced:

Wheremorethanfiveyearshavepassed sincetheFloodRiskAssessmentwas carriedout:

Writtenconfirmationfromthe Confirmationthatthebasisofthe EnvironmentAgencyofthereduction FloodRiskAssessmenthasnot infloodriskcategory*. changed. *Note:Therearemanydefences, ownedbythirdparties,which,owing totheirlocation,actasadefenceby default,e.g.motorwayandrailway embankments,walls.Confirmation isrequiredthatthesedefenceswill remaininplaceforthelifetimeofthe developmentifasignificantriskis predicted.

Definitions
Design flood level Themaximumestimatedwaterlevelduringthedesignstormevent.Asitesdesign floodlevelcanbedeterminedthroughknownhistoricaldataormodelledforthe specificsite. Flood probability Theestimatedprobabilityofafloodofgivenmagnitudeoccurringorbeingexceeded inanyspecifiedtimeperiod.Forexample,the100-yearfloodhasa1%chanceof occurringinanygivenyear. Flood protection measures Thiscoverstherangeoffloodprotectionmeasureswhichcanbeemployedtoprotect individualdwellingsanddevelopmentsfromtheeffectsofflooding. Flood resilient construction Buildingsthataredesignedtoreducetheconsequencesoffloodingandfacilitate recoveryfromtheeffectsoffloodingsoonerthanconventionalbuildings. Flood resistant construction Buildingsthatpreventtheentryofwaterorminimisetheamountofwaterthatmay enterabuildingwherethereisfloodingoutside.
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Flood Risk Assessment (FRA) Astudytoassesstheriskofasitefloodingandtheimpactthatanychangesor developmentonthesitewillhaveonfloodriskonthesiteandelsewhere.Aflood riskassessmentmustbepreparedaccordingtogoodpracticeguidanceasoutlined inPPS25Development and Flood Risk: Practice Guide(availablefromwww. communities.gov.uk). Fordevelopmentsoflessthan1ha(10,000m),thelevelofdetailrequiredinan acceptableFRA(forSur1)willdependonthesizeanddensityofbuild.Thiswill rangefromabriefreportforsmall,low-densitydevelopments,toamoredetailed assessmentforahigh-densitydevelopmentof200010,000m.Forexample,for verysmalldevelopments(2000mandless),anacceptableFRAcouldbeabrief reportcarriedoutbythecontractorsengineerconfirmingtheriskoffloodingfrom allsources of flooding,includinginformationobtainedfromtheEnvironmentAgency, watercompany/sewerageundertaker,otherrelevantstatutoryauthorities,site investigationandlocalknowledge. Flood zones PPS25 Thesezonesrelatetofloodingfromtheseaandriversonlyanddonottakeinto accountflooddefences.ThesearedefinedinPPS25. Zone1:Lowannualprobabilityofflooding Zone2:Mediumannualprobabilityofflooding Zone3a:Highannualprobabilityofflooding Zone3b:Functionalfloodplain(wherewaterisstoredintimesofflood) Functional flood plain (Zone 3b) Thislandiswherewaterflowsorisstoredintimesofflood. High annual probability of flooding (Zone 3a) Anareawherethechanceofriverfloodinginanyyearis>1%(1in100)andthe chanceoffloodingfromtheseais>0.5%(1in200)orgreater. Low annual probability of flooding (Zone 1) Anareawherethechanceofbothriverandseafloodingeachyearis<0.1%(1in 1000)orless. Medium annual probability of flooding (Zone 2) Anareawherethechanceofriverfloodinginanyyearis1%(1in100)orlessbut greaterthan0.1%(1in1000),andthechanceoffloodingfromtheseais0.5% 0.1%(between1in200and1in1000).
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Residual risk Theriskwhichremainsafterallriskavoidance,reductionandmitigationmeasures havebeenimplemented. Sources of flooding and flood risk StreamsandRivers:Floodingthatcantakeplacefromflowsthatarenotcontained withinthechannelduetohighlevelsofrainfallinthecatchment. CoastalorEstuarine:Floodingthatcanoccurfromtheseaduetoaparticularlyhigh tideorsurge,orcombinationofboth. Groundwater:Wherethewatertablerisestosuchaheightwherefloodingoccurs. Mostcommoninlow-lyingareasunderlainbypermeablerock(aquifers),usuallydue toextendedperiodsofwetweather. Sewersandhighwaydrains:Combined,foulorsurfacewatersewersandhighway drainsthataretemporarilyover-loadedduetoexcessiverainfallorduetoblockage. Surfacewater:Thenetrainfallfallingonasurface(onoroffthesite)whichactsas runoffwhichhasnotinfiltratedintothegroundorenteredintoadrainagesystem. Infrastructurefailure:Canals,reservoirs,industrialprocesses,burstwatermains, blockedsewersorfailedpumpingstations.
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AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Creditsareawardedwheretheperformancerequirements(setoutinthe assessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage TheassessorshouldconfirmthataFloodRiskAssessmenthasbeencarriedout. Thisisnecessarytoensurethatothersources of flooding(otherthanriverand sea)arealsoalowrisk.Forsmalldevelopmentsinlowfloodriskareas,thiswill bearelativelybriefreport. IfthedevelopmentisinZone1andtheFloodRiskAssessmentshowslowrisk overall,twocreditscanbeawarded.Itshouldbenotedthatthefloodmap accessiblefromtheEnvironmentAgencywebsitegivesonlyaroughestimation offloodriskandisnotusedforplanningsubmission.AFloodRiskAssessment requirescontactwiththelocalplanningauthoritytodiscussthesite,andbenefit fromtheinformationavailable. IfthedevelopmentisinZone2or3a,theassessorshouldcheckthattheFlood RiskAssessmentsubmittedwiththeplanningapplicationhasdemonstrated totherelevantauthoritiesthatthedevelopmentisappropriatelydesigned,as detailedinthecriteria.Iftheevidenceshowsthatthefinishedfloorlevelsand

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allaccessroutescomplywiththecriteriaandanyresidualriskscanbesafely managed,onecreditcanbeawarded. Post Construction Stage FordevelopmentsinZone1,theassessorshouldsimplycheckthattheFlood RiskAssessmentsubmittedatthedesignstage(or,ifnodesignstagereport wascompleted,theFloodRiskAssessmentusedtogainplanningconsent)still representsanaccurateassessmentoffloodrisk.Whilstthiscanbeassumed inmostcases,somesitescantake10yearstobuildoutandduringthistime manyfactorscanchange.Wherethetimelapsesincetheoriginalreportismore thanfiveyears,ordoesnotincludeanallowanceforclimatechange,askthe consultanttoconfirmthatthebasisonwhichthedesignwascompletedhas notchanged. FordevelopmentsinZones2and3a,theassessorshouldchecktheFloodRisk Assessmentasaboveandensurethattheas-builtplansconfirmthecorrect levelsofthefloorsandaccessroutesabovethedesignfloodlevels. Whereapplicable,checkthatthespecifiedflood protection measureshavebeen designedandbuiltaccordingtotheconsultantsrecommendations.

CalculationProcedures
None.

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CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
Creditscannotbeawardedwheretheassesseddevelopmenthasproceededagainst therecommendationoftheEnvironmentAgencyonthebasisthattheflooding implicationsaretoogreat. Creditswillalsobewithheldifflooddefenceschemesconsideredforthisissuewould reducetheperformanceoffunctional flood plainselsewhere.

SpecialCases
Asitesfloodriskmaybedowngradedtoalowerfloodriskcategoryasaresultof flooddefenceinstallations.Thismayoccurinthefollowingcircumstances: [1] Wherepermanentnewflooddefencesareplanned*tominimisetheriskof floodingtothesiteanditslocality. OR *Mentionedinformalplanningdocumentswithbudgetsallocated.

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[2] Wherethedevelopmentislocatedonasitebenefitingfromexisting maintainedflooddefences. Inthesecircumstances,floodriskwillbedowngradedfrommediumtolowfloodrisk, asdefinedinPPS25,andtwocreditscanbeawarded.Thefollowingevidencewillbe neededtodemonstratecompliance: a) Confirmationfromtheflooddefenceagency(e.g.EnvironmentAgency)that thefloodrisklevelforthesitewillbereducedtolessthan0.1%probabilityof floodinginanyoneyear. AND b)Confirmationfromtheflooddefenceagencythatthereareplanstomaintain thedefencesforthelifetimeofthedevelopment.(Forprivateflooddefences, evidencemustbeprovidedthatthereisacontractualagreementtocoverthe maintenanceofthedefencesforthelifetimeofthedevelopment.) AND c) TheFloodRiskAssessmentclearlydemonstratesthattheresidualriskshave beenidentifiedandwillbemanagedappropriately. Wheresitesaredowngradedfromhightomediumfloodriskasaresultofflood defences,theycanonlyachieveamaximumofonecredit.Toawardthatcredit,the criteriamustbemetasspecifiedinthecriteriatable.
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Category5:Waste
Issue ID Was1 Description StorageofNon-recyclableWasteand RecyclableHouseholdWaste No. of Credits Available 4 Mandatory Elements Yes

Aim
Toprovideadequateinternalandexternalstoragespacefornon-recyclablewasteand recyclablehouseholdwaste.

AssessmentCriteria
Criteria Storage of household waste Anadequate external spaceshouldbeallocatedforwastestorageandsizedto accommodatecontainersaccordingtothelargestofthefollowingtwovolumes:
Was

Credits None

Mandatory Elements AllLevels

heminimumvolumerecommendedbyBritishStandard5906(BritishStandards T Institution,2005)basedonamaximumcollectionfrequencyofonceperweek. Thisvolumeis100litresforasinglebedroomdwelling,withafurther70litresfor eachadditionalbedroom. hetotalvolumeoftheexternalwastecontainersprovidedbytheLocal T Authority. Storagespacemustprovideinclusive access and usability(ChecklistIDP).Containers mustnotbestacked. Storage of recyclable household waste Dedicatedinternalstorageforrecyclablehouseholdwastecanbecreditedwhere thereisno(orinsufficient)dedicatedexternalstoragecapacityforrecyclable material,noLocal Authority collection schemeandwherethefollowingcriteriaare met: Atleastthreeinternalstoragebins: alllocatedinanadequate internal space withaminimumtotalcapacityof60litres. Storage of recyclable household waste Acombinationofinternalstoragecapacityprovidedinanadequateinternalspace, witheither: aLocalAuthoritycollectionscheme,or noLocalAuthoritycollectionschemebutadequateexternalstoragecapacity. continued 4 2

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Criteria Local Authority collection scheme InadditiontoaLocalAuthoritycollectionscheme(withacollectionfrequencyofat leastfortnightly),atleastoneofthefollowingrequirementsmustbemet: ecyclablehouseholdwasteissortedaftercollectionandasinglebinofatleast R 30litresisprovidedinanadequateinternalspace. aterialsaresortedbeforecollectionandatleastthreeseparatebinsare M providedwithatotalcapacityof30litres.Eachbinmusthaveacapacityofat least7litresandbelocatedinanadequateinternalspace. nautomated waste collection systemwhichcollectsatleastthreedifferent A typesofrecyclablewaste. No Local Authority collection scheme but adequate external storage capacity Forhousesandflatstheremustbeatleastthreeidentifiablydifferentinternal storagebinsforrecyclablewastelocatedinanadequateinternalspace: withaminimumtotalcapacityof30litres withaminimumindividualcapacityofatleast7litres. AND For houses,anadequateexternalspacemustbeprovidedforstoringatleastthree externalbinsforrecyclablewaste: withaminimumtotalcapacityof180litres withaminimumindividualcapacityof40litres.

Credits

Mandatory Elements

belocatedinanadequateexternalspace besizedaccordingtothefrequency of collection,basedonguidancefromthe recyclingschemeoperator storeatleastthreetypesofrecyclablewasteinidentifiablydifferentbins. Default Cases None

InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage Mandatoryelement: Providetable:Cat5.1Supplementary InformationSheetforWas1and ChecklistIDP Post Construction Stage Mandatoryelement: Forpostconstructionstageonly assessments,providetable:Cat5.1 SupplementaryInformationSheetfor Was1andChecklistIDP(aslistedfor designstage)representingthedwellings asbuilt

Was

For flats,aprivate recycling scheme operatormustbeappointedtomaintainbins andcollectrecyclablewasteregularly.Recyclingcontainersmust:

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OR Writtenconfirmationfromthe developerthatthedwellinghasbeen constructedinaccordancewiththe evidenceprovidedatdesignstageand thattheservicesoutlinedatdesign stagewillbeprovided Where2creditsaresought: Detaileddocumentaryevidencestating: thelocationofinternalstorage thenumber,typesandsizesof internalstorage Where4creditsaresought: Detaileddocumentaryevidencestating: thelocationofinternalandexternal storage thenumber,typesandsizesof internalandexternalstorage AND Aletter,leaflet,websiteorother publishedinformationfromtheLocal Authority/wasteschemeprovider* describing; thetypesofwastecollected thefrequencyofcollection iftherewillbepreorpostcollection sorting *Inthecaseofanautomatedcollection system,thewasteschemeoperatorwill onlyneedtoconfirmthetypesofwaste collectedandiftherewillbepreorpost collectionsorting Site Inspection Reportconfirming compliance
Was

Where2or4creditsaresought: Forpostconstructionstageonly assessments,providedetailed documentaryevidence(aslistedfor designstage)representingthedwellings asbuilt OR Writtenconfirmationfromthe developerthatthedwellinghasbeen constructedinaccordancewiththe evidenceprovidedatdesignstageand thattheservicesoutlinedatdesign stagewillbeprovided OR Wheredifferentfromdesignstage, providedetaileddocumentaryevidence (aslistedfordesignstage)representing thedwellingsasbuilt OR

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Definitions
Adequate external space Thisreferstotheoutdoorspacesuppliedforstoringnon-recyclablewasteand recyclablematerials.Allbinsmustbelocatedonlevelhard-standingandbeaccessed byaninclusiveroute(ChecklistIDP)fromtheclosestexternaldoortothedwelling/ blockofflats: Forflats:externalrecyclingbinsmustbecovered. Fordwellingsotherthanflats:externalrecyclingbins,ifnotprovidedbythe localauthority,mustbecovered Adequate internal space Thisreferstotheindoorspacesuppliedforstoringnon-recyclablewasteand recyclablematerials.Internalrecyclingbinsmustbelocatedinadedicatednonobstructiveposition.Thismustbeinacupboardinthekitchen,closetothenonrecyclablewastebin,orlocatedadjacent(within10m)tothekitcheninautilityroom orconnectedgarage.Free-standingrecyclingbinsthatareplaceddirectlyonthefloor orinacupboarddonotcomply. Automated waste collection system Somecompaniesnowofferafullyautomatedundergroundsystemforthecollection, sortingandtransportationofwaste.Itallowsforwasteseparationatsource,for differenttypesofwasteandfrommultiplelocations,withenhancedhygieneand occupationalhealthandsafetystandards.Italsoreducesthetransportofwasteby refusevehicles,reducingnuisanceandassociatedCO2emissions. Covered bins Therequirementforbinstoragetobecoveredcanbesatisfiedeitherbyprovidingan enclosedstructure(fourwalls,doorandaroof)inwhichthebinswouldbeplacedif theydonothavelidsORbyprovidingbinswithlids. Frequency of collection Thespacerequiredforstorageofnon-recyclablehouseholdwasteisdeterminedby thecalculationmethodologyincludedinBS5906:2005.Thiscalculationisbasedona onceweeklycollectionfrequency. Forrecyclablewaste,thefrequencyofcollectionisdependentonthevolumeand natureofthematerialbeingcollected.Consequently,itisimportantforthedesigner tocontactthelocalauthorityatanearlystageregardingthespacerequiredtostore recyclablewaste. Inclusive access and usability ThepurposeoftheCodeisnottodeliverpurpose-designedwheelchairhousingbut ratherinclusivegeneralneedshousingthatcatersforthewidestpossiblesegmentof

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thepopulation(includingolderpeople),andwhichcaneasilybeadaptedtomeetthe needsofwheelchairusers.Theprinciplesofinclusivedesignareembeddedwithin theWas1,Was3,Hea3andHea4issuesoftheCode.Theyaimtopreventbarriers thatcreateundueeffortandseparationandenableeveryonetoparticipateequally, confidentlyandindependentlyineverydayactivitiessuchastakingoutrubbishand spendingtimeoutside. Local authority collection scheme Localauthoritiesareresponsibleforregularcollectionofwastefromdwellings. Thisincludesthecollectionofresidualwaste(wastenotintendedforrecyclingor composting)and,inmanycases,recyclablehouseholdwaste. Private recycling scheme operator Aprivaterecyclingschemeoperatorcanbeappointedtocollectrecyclablematerials wherealocalauthoritycollectionschemeisnotinoperationorwherealandlord/ occupierelectstogoprivate,e.g.insomeapartments.Thiscanbeaschemethat eithercollectsfrombinsorusesautomatedvacuumpipeslinkedtoanautomated wastecollectionsystemmanagedbyaprivateoperator. Recyclable materials Forthepurposeofthisissue,thespaceneedstobecompatiblewiththerangeof recyclablecollectionprovidedbythelocalauthority;atleastthreeofthefollowing recyclablewastematerialsmustbecollected:
Was

Paper Cardboard Glass Plastics Metals(tinsandcans) Textiles(clothesandshoes). Site Inspection Report ThisisareportpreparedbytheCodeassessorduringapostconstructionstage assessmentandprovidedasevidencetosupporttheassessment.

AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyanddefinitionsinthis section.Creditsareawardedwheretheperformancerequirements(setoutinthe assessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet.

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Design Stage CalculateexternalspacevolumerequirementsasperBS5906:2005andthe volumeofexternalcontainers(forrecyclableandnon-recyclablewaste)provided bytheLocalAuthority. Checkthatexternalspacehasbeensizedtoholdthelargeroftheprevious twovolumessothatcontainerswillnotbestackedanditcomplieswiththe definitionofadequateexternalspace. Checkthatthespaceprovidesinclusiveaccessandusabilitybymeetingthe applicablerequirementsofChecklistIDP. Checktheminimumcapacityrequiredforinternalandexternalwasterecycling storagebasedontheassessmentcriteria. Checkthetypesofrecyclablewaste,frequencyandlevelofseparationin operationforthelocality,nowandinthemediumterm. Checkthataletter,leafletorotherpublishedinformationabouttherecycling schemeisprovided. Post Construction Stage Confirmwhichspecificationsandevidenceprovidedatthedesignstagearestill valid. Assessallthenewspecificationsandevidenceprovidedatthepostconstruction stage.
Was

CalculationProcedures
None.

ChecklistsandTables
Calculatethestorageofnon-recyclablewaste,whichshouldbeatleasttheminimum recommendedbyBritishStandardBS5906.ALocalAuthorityrecyclingscheme offeringcontainersequaltoorgreaterthanthispreviouscapacitywouldmeetthe requirement,providingadequateexternalspaceisallocatedtoaccommodatethem. IftheLocalAuthorityprovideslesscapacity,orifnoLocalAuthorityschemeexists, thedeveloperwillneedtoensureanddemonstratethattheminimumrecommended capacityismet.

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Table: Cat 5.1: Supplementary Information Sheet for Was 1 Storage of Non-recyclable Waste and Storage of Recyclable Household Waste Developmentname:

Dwellingreference:

NUMBEROFBEDROOMS:

MINIMUMREQUIREMENTSOFBS5906:2005(accordingtoassessmentcriteria):

Calculation:

TOTALVOLUME:

LOCALAUTHORITYPROVISIONorother(accordingtoassessmentcriteria):

REFUSE

DIMENSIONS:

VOLUME:

RECYCLING1

DIMENSIONS:

VOLUME:

RECYCLING2
Was

DIMENSIONS:

VOLUME:

RECYCLING3

DIMENSIONS:

VOLUME:

RECYCLING4

DIMENSIONS:

VOLUME:

TOTALVOLUME:

SPACEPROVIDED:

Demonstrate(throughtheuseofdrawings)howthespaceallowedforwastestoragehasbeensizedto accommodatethemaximumrequirementsofeitherthevolumeofstorageprovidedbytheLocalAuthorityor theminimumfromBS5906.

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Checklist IDP - Inclusive design principles necessary to provide access and usability to amenities recognised under Was 1, Was 3 and Hea 3 Inclusive access and usability requirement Specifications and dimensions to meet requirement Applicability Typology Issue Tick

ThefollowingguidelinesaredrawnfromBS8300:2009,BS5709:2006,BS1703:2005,Approved DocumentsPartMandH 1)Thedistanceof theinclusiveaccess route,takenasthe routebetweenthe closestexternal entrancedoorand theexternalamenity (thewastestorage space,composting facilityorprivate spaceforwhich mandatoryelements orcreditsarebeing awarded),mustbe kepttoaminimum andbelevelor gentlysloping.Inall cases,theinclusive accessroutetowards thewastestorage/ compostingfacility/ privatespacemust befromtheclosest externalentrance doorandbedirect andtheshortest possible. Pathwaysmakingupanypartofthe inclusiveaccessroutemustpreferablybe level(nogradientexceeding1:60and/ ornocrossfallexceeding1:40)orgently sloping.Wheretopographypreventsthis,a gentlyslopingpathwaymustbeprovided. Maximumgradientspermitteddependent onthedistancearegivenbelow: 1:12onanindividualslopeupto2metres; 1:13onanindividualslopeupto3metres; 1:14onanindividualslopeupto4metres; 1:15onanindividualslopeupto5metres; 1:16onanindividualslopeupto6metres; 1:17onanindividualslopeupto7metres; 1:18onanindividualslopeupto8metres; 1:19onanindividualslopeupto9metres; 1:20onanindividualslopeof10metres, ormorethan10m* *Providingtherearetop,bottomand intermediatelandingsofnotlessthan 1.2mexcludingtheswingofdoorsand gatesforeach10metrelengthofslope. Stepsspecifiedinaccordancewith section6ofApprovedDocumentPart Mareonlyacceptableonanalternative/ secondaryroute,thissecondaryroute beinginadditiontotheinclusiveaccess routeprovidedtotheamenity.Whereany partoftheinclusiveaccessrouteisgently sloping(withmaximumgradientsasset outabove),asecondarysteppedapproach inaccordancewithsection6ofApproved DocumentMmustalsobeprovided. Note:Alldwellings,regardlessofsite topography,mustmeetthisrequirement. Allowanceisgivenforwalk-upand basementflatsbelow. 2)Theinclusive accessroutefrom theclosestexternal entrancedoormust notexceed: a)50mwalking distancetothe privatespace. Asaprincipalaim,bothprivatespaceand compostingfacilitiesmustbeascloseto thedwellingorblockaspossible.Please notethattocomplywithPartHofthe BuildingRegulations,storageareasfor wastecontainersandchutesshouldbe sitedsothatthedistancehouseholdersare requiredtocarryrefusedoesnotusually Allformsofdwelling asabove. Hea3 Allformsofdwelling Fordwellingswith individualentrance doors,aninclusive accessroutemust beprovidedfrom theclosestentrance doortoeachamenity (regardlessofwhether thisisaprincipalor secondaryentrance). Forblocksofdwellings withcommunal entrances,this requirementappliesto theclosestcommunal entrancedoortoeach amenity(regardless ofwhetherthisisa principalorsecondary entrance).Forwalkuporbasement flatswithindividual externalentrances,this requirementapplies fromtheclosest externalentrance dooroftheflattothe amenity,regardless ofwhetherthe entranceisprincipal orsecondary.Inthis situation,externalstairs arepermittedprovided theycomplywith criterion8. Was1, Was3, Hea3

continued

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Checklist IDP - Inclusive design principles necessary to provide access and usability to amenities recognised under Was 1, Was 3 and Hea 3 Inclusive access and usability requirement b)30mwalking distanceto compostingfacilities. 3)Anypathways makinguppartof theinclusiveaccess routemustbe madeofasuitable surface.Those withinthecurtilage ofanindividual dwellingmusthave aminimumwidthof 900mm.Communal pathsmusthavea minimumwidthof 1200mm. 4)Wastecontainers mustbesitedona suitablesurface. 5)Theremustbe spaceforturninga wheelchairatthe amenity. 6)Theclosest externalentrance doortotheamenity must: a)Havelevelaccess overthethreshold. a)Ifraised,thethresholdmustbeno higherthan15mmandistohaveasfew upstandsandslopesaspracticable;any upstandinexcessof5mminheightisto bechamfered. b)Fordetailsofhowtomeasuretheclear openingwidthofdoorspleaseseeFigure 11ofBS8300:2009. Specifications and dimensions to meet requirement Applicability Typology exceed30m.ItisnottheroleoftheCode assessortoconfirmthis. Suitablesurfacesmustbefirm,slipresistantandreasonablysmooth,andmust contrastvisuallyagainstadjacentsurfaces. Surfacesinaccordancewithsection6of ApprovedDocumentPartMcanachieve thisrequirement. Allformsofdwelling. Was1, Was3, Hea3 Issue Tick

Asabove.

Allformsofdwelling.

Was1

Aturningcircleof1500mmdiameteror a1700mmx1400mmellipseisrequired. Thisareamustbemadeofasurfacein accordancewithcriterion3above.

Allformsofdwelling.

Was1, Was3, Hea3 Was1, Was3, Hea3

Was

Allformsofdwelling. Fordwellingswith individualentrance doors,thisrequirement appliestotheclosest entrancedoortoeach facility.Forblocks ofdwellingswith communalentrances, thisrequirement appliestotheclosest communalentrance doortoeachamenity.

b)Haveaclear openingwidthof atleast800mm (includingbalcony androofterrace entrances).The minimumclear openingwidthofany communalentrances alongtheinclusive accessroutemustbe atleast875mm.

continued

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Checklist IDP - Inclusive design principles necessary to provide access and usability to amenities recognised under Was 1, Was 3 and Hea 3 Inclusive access and usability requirement c)Beequipped withdooropening furniturespecified inaccordancewith section6.4ofBS 8300:2009. 7)Gatespositioned alongtheinclusive accessroutemust: a)Havelevelaccess overthethreshold. b)Haveaclear openingwidthofat least900mm. a)As6aabove. b)As6babove.Gatesmustnotbespring loadedandmustbeoperablefromboth sides. Note:Gatesspecifiedinaccordancewith SecuredbyDesignwillachieverequirement 7bbydefault. 8)Anyexternalstairs thatformpartof theinclusiveaccess routefromwalk-up/ basementflatstothe amenitymustprovide easyaccess. Asteppedapproachinaccordancewith section6ofApprovedDocumentPartM mustbeprovided.TheADsetsoutthe followingrequirementsforastaircase: 1.Hasflightswhoseunobstructedwidths areatleast900mm; 2.Theriseofaflightbetweenlandingsis notmorethan1.8m; 3.Hasatopandbottomand,ifnecessary tocomplywiththeAD,intermediate landings,eachofwhoselengthsisnotless than900mm; 4.Hasstepswithsuitabletreadnosing profiles(seeDiagram27ofApproved DocumentPartM)andtheriseofeach stepisuniformandbetween75mmand 150mm; 5.Thegoingofeachstepisnotlessthan 280mm,whichfortaperedtreads,must bemeasuredatapoint270mmfromthe insideorthetread;and 6.Wheretheflightcomprisesthreeor morerisers,thereisasuitablecontinuous handrailonatleastonesideoftheflight. Asuitablehandrailshouldhaveagrippable profile;bebetween850mmand1000 mmabovethepitchlineoftheflight; andextend300mmbeyondthetopand bottomnosings. continued Walk-uporbasement flats(providing accommodationabove orbelowtheground floorofthebuilding andwithanindividual externalentrance accessedbyexternal steps). Was1, Was3, Hea3
Was

Specifications and dimensions to meet requirement

Applicability Typology Issue

Tick

c)Itmustbepossibletooperatealldoor openingfurniturewithonehand,without theneedtograsportwist.Dooropening furnitureusedinconjunctionwithlocks andlatchesmusthavealeveraction. Allformsofdwelling. Was1, Was3, Hea3

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Checklist IDP - Inclusive design principles necessary to provide access and usability to amenities recognised under Was 1, Was 3 and Hea 3 Inclusive access and usability requirement 9)Communal wastestorageand compostingfacilities mustbeprovided with: a)Signsand informationspecified inaccordancewith section9.2ofBS 8300:2009. a)Visualsignsmustbeprovidedatthe communalwastestorageandcomposting facilitygivinginstructionsonhowtouse thefacility(identifyingdifferentwaste types,collectiontimesetc).Signsmust comprisesimplewords,clearlyseparated fromoneanother,inshortsentences.A sansseriftypefacewithanxheightofat least15mmto25mm(lowercaseletter height)tocapitalheightmustbeused. Anysymbolsorpictogramsusedonvisual signsmustbeatleast100mminoverall height.Letters,symbolsandpictograms mustcontrastvisuallywiththesignboard. Signboardsmustcontrastvisuallywiththeir backgrounds. b)Artificiallightingsystemsshould bedesignedtomaintainalevelof illuminationthatissuitableforblindand partiallysightedpeopleandiscompatible withelectronicandradiofrequency installations.Whereartificiallightingis provided,itshouldusehighfrequency electronicballaststoavoidanyperception offlicker.Spacelightingmustmeetthe requirementsoftheEne6Issue(capable ofonlyacceptinglampshavingaluminous efficacygreaterthan40lumenspercircuit Wattandcontrolledbypushbuttontime switches/PIRsensorsorequivalent). Anyswitches,socketsorservicecontrols situatedalongtheinclusiveaccessroute orattheamenitymustbelocatedsothat theyareeasilyreachableandbetween450 mmand1200mmfromthefloor. Hoppersmustbefixedataheightof750 mm,measuredfromfloorleveltothe loweredgeoftheinletopening. Allformsofdwelling. Specifications and dimensions to meet requirement Applicability Typology Allformsofdwelling communalbinstores/ compostingfacilities only. Issue Was1, Was3 Tick

b)Lightingspecified inaccordancewith section9.4ofBS 8300:2009with adequatelycontrolled dedicatedenergy efficientfittings.

Was

10)Switches,sockets andservicecontrols mustbeataheight usablebyall. 11)Refusehoppers** mustbelocatedata heightusablebyall.

Allformsofdwelling.

**Afittingintowhichrefuseisplacedandfromwhichitpasses intoachuteordirectlyintoarefusecontainer.Thefittingconsists ofafixedframeandhoodunitandahingedorpivotedcombined doorandreceivingunit,asdefinedinBritishStandard1703(British StandardsInstitution,2005).

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CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
Binstoresshouldbepositionedsothatalevelorgentlyslopingaccessroute,meeting criteria1ofChecklistIDP,canbeprovidedfromtheclosestexternalentrancedoor ofthedwelling.Locationshouldbeconsideredbeforetheplotlayoutisfinalisedto ensurelevelscanbemanagedtoachievethis.Anexemptionforsteeplyslopingsites cannotbeappliedasitcanbefortheHea4:LifetimeHomesIssue. WhereCreditsintheSecurityIssuearesought,attentionshouldalsobegiventothe requirementsofSecuredbyDesignwhenlocatingthebinstore.

SpecialCases
CreditscanbeawardedfordevelopmentsinareasnotyetcoveredbyaLocal Authorityrecyclablewastecollectionscheme,orwithcollectioncoverageofonly tworecyclable materials.InthesecircumstancesawrittenstatementfromtheLocal Authoritymustbeprovidedstatingwhenthecollectionwillcommence(thisdate mustbewithinoneyearofthecompletiondateofthedwelling),and/orcoverall threerequiredrecyclablematerials. IfnoLocalAuthoritycollectionschemeexistsorwheretheLocalAuthoritydoesnot limittheamountofwastecollectedweekly,thedeveloperwillneedtoensureand demonstratethatthestoragespaceissizedtoaccommodatetheminimumvolume calculatedaccordingtothemethodologyincludedinBS5906:2005.
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Issue ID Was2

Description ConstructionSiteWasteManagement

No. of Credits Available 3

Mandatory Elements No

Aim
Topromoteresourceefficiencyviatheeffectiveandappropriatemanagementof constructionsitewaste.

AssessmentCriteria
Criteria Minimising Construction Waste WherethereisacompliantSiteWasteManagementPlan(SWMP)thatcontains: a. Targetbenchmarksforresourceefficiency,i.e.m ofwasteper100m ortonnesofwaste per100m2setinaccordancewithbest practice b. Proceduresandcommitmentstominimizenon-hazardousconstructionwasteatdesign stage.Specifywasteminimisationactionsrelatingtoatleast3wastegroupsandsupport thembyappropriatemonitoringofwaste. c. Proceduresforminimisinghazardouswaste d. Monitoring,measuringandreportingofhazardousandnon-hazardoussitewaste productionaccordingtothedefinedwastegroups(accordingtothewastestreams generatedbythescopeoftheworks) Diverting Waste from Landfill WherethereisacompliantSiteWasteManagementPlan(SWMP)includingproceduresand commitmentstosortanddivertwastefromlandfill,througheither; a. Re-useonsite(insituorfornewapplications) b. Re-useonothersites c. Salvage/reclaimforre-use d. Returntothesupplierviaatake-backscheme e. Recoveryandrecyclingusinganapprovedwastemanagementcontractor f. Compost accordingtothedefinedwaste groups(inlinewiththewastestreamsgeneratedbythescope oftheworks). AND Oneofthefollowinghasbeenachieved: Whereatleast50%byweightorbyvolumeofnon-hazardousconstructionwaste generatedbytheprojecthasbeendivertedfromlandfill. OR Whereatleast85%byweightorbyvolumeofnon-hazardousconstructionwaste generatedbytheprojecthasbeendivertedfromlandfill. 3 2
Was
3 2

Credits

Was2:ConstructionSiteWasteManagement | 163

InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage AcopyofthecompliantSWMP containingtheappropriatebenchmarks, commitmentsandproceduresfor wasteminimisationanddiversionfrom landfillinlinewiththecriteriaandwith ChecklistsWas2a,Was2bandWas2c OR Confirmationfromthedeveloper thattheSWMPincludes/willinclude benchmarks,proceduresand commitmentsforminimisingand divertingwastefromlandfillinlinewith thecriteriaandwithChecklistsWas2a, Was2bandWas2c Post Construction Stage Forpostconstructionstageonly assessments,confirmationthatthe SWMPimplementedmeetsthecriteria OR Confirmationfromthedeveloperthat nodetailsspecifiedintheSWMPhave changedfromtheevidenceprovidedat thedesignstage OR Wheredifferentfromthedesignstage, provideconfirmationfromthedeveloper thattheSWMPimplementedcoversall thecriteria

Best practice TheSWMPshouldincludeprocedures,commitmentsforwasteminimisationand diversionfromlandfill,aswellassettingtargetbenchmarksforresourceefficiencyin accordancewithguidancefrom: DEFRA(DepartmentforEnvironment,FoodandRuralAffairs) BRE(BuildingResearchEstablishment) Envirowise WRAP(Waste&ResourcesActionProgramme) Environmentalperformanceindicatorsand/orkeyperformanceindicators(KPI) fromEnvirowiseorConstructingExcellence. Environmental performance indicators (EPIs) Whenoperatedaspartofameasuring-to-manageprogramme,environmental performanceindicatorsallowcompaniestotrackhowwelltheyaredoingand toidentifyopportunitiesto:savemoneyandincreaseprofits;useresourcesmore efficiently;minimisewaste(rawmaterials,product,energy,water,packaging,etc); andpreventpollution.Formoreinformationseehttp://envirowise.wrap.org.uk

Was

Definitions

164 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Site waste management plans regulations PowerswereincludedintheCleanNeighbourhoodsandEnvironmentAct2005for regulationsrequiringaSWMPforworksinvolvingconstructionordemolitionwaste. Theregulations,whichcameintoforceinApril2008,meanthatanyconstruction projectinEnglandcostingover300,000willrequireanSWMP.See www.environment-agency.gov.uk/businessandwww.defra.gov.uk. SMARTWaste Thisisasoftwaretoolforpreparing,implementingandreviewingaSWMP.Thistool includesanintegratedwastemeasurementtool(SMARTStartwhichisalignedto definedwastegroups).SMARTWastewillmanageallaspectsofcreatingSWMPsand measuringwastegeneratedonprojects.Thisislinkedtoonlinewastemeasurement, industrywastebenchmarksandarecyclingsitelocatortool(BREMAP).Formore informationseewww.smartwaste.co.uk. Target benchmarks for waste minimisation Thesecanbesetbyusingbestpracticeandshouldbereviewedthroughoutthe constructionprocessaspartofimplementinganSWMP.Resultsarereportedinthe SWMPoncompletion.SpecificquantitativetargetsarenotsetwithinthisTechnical Guide.Itistheresponsibilityoftheclientand/ortheprincipalcontractor(asdefined bytheSWMPregulations2008)toensurethatappropriatetargetsaresetforthesite. Waste groups InaSWMP,detailsoftheamountofwasteproduced,reduced,re-used,recycledor otherwiserecoveredonoroffsiteneedtobemonitoredandreportedaccordingto thefollowinglist(seealsoChecklist2d): Bricks(170102*) Concrete(170101*) Insulation(170604*) Packaging(15018*) Timber(170201*) Electricalandelectronicequipment(1602*) Canteen/office/adhoc Asphaltandtar(1703*) Tilesandceramics(170103*) Inert(1705*) Metals(1704*) Gypsum(170802*) Plastics(170203*) Floorcoverings(soft)
Was

Was2:ConstructionSiteWasteManagement | 165

Soils(1705*) Hazardous Architecturalfeatures Other/Mixed** *FromtheEuropeanWasteCatalogue,codesforwastetype **Effortsshouldbemadetocategorisewasteintotheabovecategorieswherever possible Waste hierarchy Thisisageneralguidetotherelativeenvironmentalbenefitsofdifferentwaste managementoptions.Itisrepresentedbyaninvertedpyramidfromtoptobottom: wasteprevention,re-useofmaterial,recycling/composting,recovery,anddisposal (seeEnglandsWasteStrategy2007atwww.defra.gov.uk)

AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyanddefinitionsinthis section.Creditsareawardedwheretheperformancerequirements(setoutinthe assessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet.
Was

Design Stage UseChecklistWas2atoconfirmthecriteriatominimiseconstructionwaste. UseChecklistWas2btoidentifyallwastegroupstobemonitored. UseChecklistWas2ctoconfirmthecriteriatodivertwastefromlandfill. Confirmthepercentageofnon-hazardouswastegeneratedbytheprojectthat willbedivertedfromlandfill. Post Construction Stage VerifythatiftheSWMPwasrevisedduringtheconstructionphase,anytarget deviationsfromtheoriginalSWMPhavebeenrecorded. Confirmthepercentageofnon-hazardouswastegeneratedbytheprojectthat hasbeendivertedfromlandfill.

CalculationProcedures
None.

166 | CodeforSustainableHomes

ChecklistsandTables
Checklist Was 2a: Minimising Construction Waste Generated on Site Criteria Evidence Demonstrating how Criteria will be Met Reference Tick

1)Confirmationthattargetbenchmarksaresettoreduce wastegeneratedonsite.Theseshouldbereportedaspartof theSWMPimplementationandoncompletion. Wasteminimisationtargetsduringtheconstructionprocess canbesetusingbestpractice. 2)Setproceduresandcommitmentstominimizenonhazardousconstructionwasteatdesignstage.Specifywaste minimisationactionsrelatingtoatleast3wastegroupsand supportthembyappropriatemonitoringofwaste. 3)Proceduresforminimisinghazardouswaste.

Checklist Was 2b: Waste Groups Actions identified to monitor, reduce, sort and divert from landfill site construction waste (fill in where applicable, i.e. waste groups arising on housing project) Codes: (European Waste Catalogue) Key Group Examples All that Apply Materials to be Monitored Bricks Concrete Bricks Pipes,kerbstones,paving slabs,concreterubble, precastandinsitu Glassfibre,mineralwool, foamedplastic Pallets,cardboard,cable drums,wrappingbands, polythenesheets Softwood,hardwood, boardproductssuchas plywood,chipboard, mediumdensityfibreboard (MDF) Electricalandelectronic TVs,fridges,airconditioningunits,lamp equipment continued As Specified in SWMP Materials to be Reduced Materials to be Diverted from Landfill

Was

170102 170101

170604 15018

Insulation Packaging

170201

Timber

1602

Electricaland electronic equipment

Was2:ConstructionSiteWasteManagement | 167

Checklist Was 2b: Waste Groups Actions identified to monitor, reduce, sort and divert from landfill site construction waste (fill in where applicable, i.e. waste groups arising on housing project) Codes: (European Waste Catalogue) Key Group Examples All that Apply Materials to be Monitored Canteen/office 1703 170103 1705 1704 170802 Asphaltandtar Tilesand ceramics Inert Metals Gypsum Officewaste,canteen waste,vegetation Bitumen,coaltars,asphalt Ceramictiles,clayroof tiles,ceramicsanitaryware Mixedrubble/excavation material,glass Radiators,cables,wires, bars,sheet Plasterboard,render, plaster,cement,fibre cementsheets,mortar Pipes,cladding,frames, non-packagingsheet
Was

As Specified in SWMP Materials to be Reduced Materials to be Diverted from Landfill

170203

Plastics Floorcoverings (soft)

Carpets,vinylflooring Soils,clays,sand,gravel, naturalstone DefinedinEnvironment Agencytechnicalguidance (seewww.environmentagency.gov.uk/subjects/ waste) Rooftiles,reclaimed bricks,fireplaces Trytocategorisewaste intotheabovecategories whereverpossible.

1705

Soils Hazardous

Architectural features Other/Mixed

168 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Checklist Was 2c: Diverting from Landfill Construction Waste Generated on Site Criteria Evidence Demonstrating how Criteria will be Met Reference Tick

1)Proceduresandcommitmentstosortanddivertwastefrom landfill,either; a. Re-useonsite(insituorfornewapplications) b. Re-useonothersites c. Salvage/reclaimforre-use d. Returntothesupplierviaatake-backscheme e. Recoveryandrecyclingusinganapprovedwaste managementcontractor f. Compost accordingtothedefinedwastegroups(accordingtothe wastestreamsgeneratedbythescopeoftheworks). 2)Confirmationofthepercentageofnon-hazardous constructionwastegeneratedbytheprojectthathasbeen divertedfromlandfill.

CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
Wherethecreditforminimisingwastehasnotbeenachieved,thecreditsfor diversionfromlandfillcannotbeawarded. SinceApril2008,anyconstructionprojectinEnglandcostingover300,000requires aSWMP.Toachieveanyoftheconstructionsitewastemanagementcredits,the assesseddevelopment,regardlessofvalueorlocality,musthaveaSWMPcompliant withregulationsandbestpractice. Hazardouswasteshouldbesegregatedonsitetoavoidcontaminatingnonhazardouswastestreams.Thisisstandardpracticeandthereforenocreditsfor diversionfromlandfillwillbeawardedforsegregatinghazardouswaste.
Was

SpecialCases
Wherespaceonsiteistoolimitedforwastematerialsegregation,alicensedexternal contractormaybeusedtoseparateandprocessrecyclablematerialsoffsiteor thematerialscanbereturnedtothesupplierviaatake-backscheme.Inthiscase, sufficientdocumentaryevidencemustbeproducedwhichdemonstratesthatmaterial segregationiscarriedouttothecorrectstandardsandthatmaterialsarere-used/ recycledasappropriate.

Was3:Composting | 169

Issue ID Was3

Description Composting

No. of Credits Available 1

Mandatory Elements No

Aim
Topromotetheprovisionofcompostfacilitiestoreducetheamountofhousehold wastesendtolandfill.

AssessmentCriteria
Criteria Individualhome composting facilities. OR localcommunal or community composting service,whichtheLocalAuthorityrunsor A wherethereisamanagementplaninplace. OR LocalAuthoritygreen/kitchen waste collection system(thiscanincludeanautomated A wastecollectionsystem). Allfacilitiesmustalso:
Was

Credits 1

beinadedicatedposition provideinclusive access and usability(ChecklistIDP) haveasupportinginformation leafletprovidedtoeachdwelling. Default Cases None

170 | CodeforSustainableHomes

InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage Detaileddocumentaryevidencestating: thelocationandsizeofinternaland externalstorage thataninformationleafletwillbe supplied distanceofstoragefromdwelling AND CompletedChecklistIDP Forcommunal/community composting schemes,detaileddocumentary evidencestating; distanceofstoragefromdwelling managementarrangements locationandsizeofstorage
Was

Post Construction Stage Forpostconstructionstageonly assessments,providedetailed documentaryevidence(aslistedfor designstage)representingthedwellings as-built OR Confirmationthatthedesignstage compostingsolutionhasbeen implementeddemonstratedby: Aletterfromthedeveloper confirmingthatthecomposting facilityspecifiedatdesignstagehas beenprovided OR Whereonlyaletterofinstruction isprovidedatdesignstageprovide detaileddocumentaryevidence(as listedfordesignstage)representingthe dwellingsas-built OR Wheredifferentfromdesignstage, providedetaileddocumentaryevidence (aslistedfordesignstage)representing thedwellingsas-built OR Site Inspection Reportconfirming compliance

detailsoftheschemeincluding openingtimesandaccessrestrictions confirmationthataninformation leafletwillbesupplied AND CompletedChecklistIDP

Whereapplicable,detaileddocumentary Acopyofthecompostinginformation evidencestating: leaflet DetailsoftheLocalAuthoritykitchen/ gardenwastecollectionscheme Detailsoftheautomatedwaste collectionsystem

Was3:Composting | 171

Wheredetaileddocumentaryevidenceis notavailableatthisstage; Aletterofinstructiontoacontractor/ supplier,aformalletterfrom thedevelopergivingthespecific undertakingorthemanufacturers information,foralltheaboverequired details.

Definitions
Communal/community composting Communalorcommunitycompostingiswhereagroupofpeopleshareacomposting system.Therawmaterialsareprovidedbyallwhotakepartinthescheme,andthe compostisthenusedinthecommunity,eitherbyindividualsintheirowngardens,or foruseonlargerprojectswithinthelocalenvironment.Thedistancebetweenthesite entranceandthecommunal/communitycontainersmustnotusuallyexceed30m. Composting Compostingisanaturalprocesswhichconvertsorganicwasteintoanearth-likemass bymeansofbacteriaandmicro-organisms.Thecompostingprocessisalsosupported bylarvae,woodlice,beetles,wormsandothersuchcreatures. Facilities Allfacilitiesmustbeinadedicatedposition,meettherequirementsofChecklist IDPandhaveaninformationleafletthatisdeliveredtoeachdwelling.External compostingfacilitiesandstorageneedtobelocatedwithinamaximumdistanceof 30mfromtheentrancedoorofthedwellingand/orthebuilding(ifablockofflats). Therequirementsare: Spaceforakitchenwastecontainerinthehomeandforanexteriorcomposter accessedbyaninclusiveroutemustbeprovidedforhomecomposting. Spaceforacontainerinthehomeandforanexteriorcomposteraccessedbyan inclusiveroutemustbeprovidedforcommunity/communalcomposting. Spaceforacontainerinthehomeandexternalstoragespaceaccessedbyan inclusiveroute,withalocalgreen/kitchenwastecollectionschemeinoperation mustbeprovidedforgreen/kitchenwastecollectionscheme. Theinternalkitchenwastecontainerspaceshouldbelargeenoughtoholdatleasta 7-litrecontainer. Inallcases,thecompostingsolution/schememustachievefullcompliancewith theAnimalBy-productsRegulations(2005).Ifapplicable,thecompostingsolution/ schememustberegisteredwiththeEnvironmentAgency(EA),inEnglandand

Was

172 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Walesandhaveeitherawastemanagementlicence,anenvironmentalpermitoran exemptionfromtheEA. Home composting facilities Homecompostingfacilitiesmustconsistofanexternalcompostingcontainer, specificallydesignedforcomposting,sitedaccordingtothemanufacturers instructionsandaccessedbyrouteinaccordancewiththerequirementofChecklist IDP.Suchcontainersmustnotbesitedincloseproximitytowindows,doorsor ventilationintakesforhabitableareaswithinthedwellingorsurroundingdwellings. Inclusive access and usability ThepurposeoftheCodeisnottodeliverpurpose-designedwheelchairhousingbut ratherinclusivegeneralneedshousingthatcatersforthewidestpossiblesegmentof thepopulation(includingolderpeople),andwhichcaneasilybeadaptedtomeetthe needsofwheelchairusers.Theprinciplesofinclusivedesignareembeddedwithin theWas1,Was3,Hea3andHea4issuesoftheCode.Theyaimtopreventbarriers thatcreateundueeffortandseparationandenableeveryonetoparticipateequally, confidentlyandindependentlyineverydayactivitiessuchastakingoutrubbishand spendingtimeoutside. Information leaflet Theleafletmustprovideinformationon: Howcompostingworksandwhyitisimportant Thematerialsthatcanbecomposted(e.g.rawvegetablepeelingsandfruit, shreddedpaper,teabagsetc) AND Wherehomecompostingfacilitiesareprovided,troubleshootinginformation (e.g.whattodoifthecompostgetstoodryortoowet) AND Detailsoftheoperationandmanagementplanforcommunalschemes Whereagreen/kitchenwastecollectionschemeisinoperation,theinformation leafletprovidedbythelocalauthorityissufficienttomeettheinformation leafletcriteria. Kitchen waste collection scheme Akitchenwastecollectionschemerunbythelocalauthorityisanacceptable alternativetocommunal/communitycompostingfacilities.Manylocalauthorities nowofferkitchenwastecollectionschemesinadditiontogardenwastecollection schemes.
Was

Was3:Composting | 173

Site Inspection Report ThisisareportpreparedbytheCodeassessorduringapostconstructionstage assessmentandprovidedasevidencewiththeassessment.

AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyanddefinitionsinthis section.Creditsareawardedwheretheperformancerequirements(setoutinthe assessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage Confirmtheprovisionofahomecomposterandinternalspaceforacontainer, communal/communitycompostingserviceorLocalAuthoritykitchen/garden collectionserviceasappropriate. Confirmthatthecompostingfacilitiesaresuitablefornormaldomestic green/garden,foodandothercompostablehouseholdwasteandcoverboth kitchenandgardenwaste(seeCommonCasesofNon-Complianceforfurther information). Checkthatthefacilityoffersinclusiveaccessandusabilitybymeetingthe applicablerequirementsofChecklistIDP. Checkthatthesizeofthefacilityiscompliant. Checkthatdetailsofcommunal/communitycompostingandLocalAuthority collectionschemesareprovided(whereapplicable):management,opening times,accessrestrictions,frequency,etc. Note:Itisacceptableforthebintobebesideotherrecyclingbinsinacommunal collectionsiteprovidingitisclearlyidentifiableasbeingconnectedtoalicensed communitycompostingscheme. Post Construction Stage Confirmwhichspecificationsandevidenceprovidedatthedesignstagearestill valid. Assessallthenewspecificationsandevidenceprovidedatthepostconstruction stage.
Was

Checkthataninformationleafletwillbesupplied.

CalculationProcedures
None.

174 | CodeforSustainableHomes

ChecklistsandTables
ChecklistIDPmustbeusedtoassessinclusiveaccessandusability.

CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
Creditscanbeawardedonlywherethecollectionschemecollectsfromalldwellings seekingthiscredit. Whereadwellingisservicedbyakitchenwastecollectionservice,hasagardenofits ownandnoindividualcompostingfacilitiesinthegarden,creditscannotbeawarded.

SpecialCases
Existingandproposedcommunityschemesareacceptableunderthisissueproviding theycomplywithallthespecificationsinthetechnicalguide. WhereCreditsintheSecurityIssuearesought,attentionshouldalsobegiventothe requirementsofSecuredbyDesignwhenlocatingtheexternalcompostingfacility.

Was

Pol1:GlobalWarmingPotential(GWP)ofInsulants | 175

Category6:Pollution
Issue ID Pol1 Description GlobalWarmingPotential(GWP)of Insulants No. of Credits Available 1 Mandatory Elements No

Aim
TopromotethereductionofemissionsofgaseswithhighGWPassociatedwiththe manufacture,installation,useanddisposaloffoamedthermalandacousticinsulating materials.

AssessmentCriteria
Criteria Creditsareawardedwhereallinsulatingmaterialsintheelementsofthedwellinglistedbelow onlyusesubstancesthathaveaGWP<5(inmanufactureANDinstallation): Roofs:includingloftaccess Walls:internalandexternalincludinglintelsandallacousticinsulation Floors:includinggroundandupperfloors Hotwatercylinder:pipeinsulationandotherthermalstores
Pol

Credits 1

Coldwaterstoragetanks:whereprovided Externaldoors Default Cases None

176 | CodeforSustainableHomes

InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage CompletedChecklistPol1showingthe proposedinsulationmaterials(ornone) foreachelementandwhethertheyare foamedusingblowing agentsorare unfoamed(fromtableCat6.1) Post Construction Stage Forpostconstructionstageonly assessments,completedChecklistPol 1showingtheproposedinsulation materials(ornone)foreachelement andwhethertheyarefoamedusing blowingagentsorareunfoamed(from tableCat6.1) OR Writtenconfirmationfromthe developerthatallinsulantsareas specifiedatdesignstage OR Wheredifferentfromdesignstage, completedChecklistPol1showingthe proposedinsulationmaterials(ornone) foreachelementandwhethertheyare foamedusingblowingagentsorare unfoamed(fromtableCat6.1)

Pol

Definitions
Blowing agents Anymaterialusedtoproduceacellularstructureineitheraplasticorotherfoam insulationusedineithermanufactureorinstallation. Deemed to satisfy TheblowingagentslistedintableCat6.2aredeemedtosatisfythiscreditsincetheir GWPisknowntobesufficientlylowtojustifythis.Allarecurrentlybelievedtohavea GWPoflessthan5. Global Warming Potential (GWP) GlobalWarmingPotentialisdefinedasthepotentialforglobalwarmingthata chemicalhasrelativeto1unitofcarbondioxide,theprimarygreenhousegas.In determiningtheGWPoftheblowingagent,theIntergovernmentalPanelonClimate Change(IPCC)methodologyusinga100-yearIntegratedTimeHorizon(ITH)mustbe applied.

Pol1:GlobalWarmingPotential(GWP)ofInsulants | 177

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) TheIntergovernmentalPanelonClimateChange(IPCC)wasestablishedbythe UnitedNationsEnvironmentProgramme(UNEP)andtheWorldMeteorological Organization(WMO)in1988toassessthescientific,technicalandsocio-economic informationrelevantfortheunderstandingofhumaninducedclimatechange,its potentialimpactsandoptionsformitigationandadaptation.TheIPCChascompleted threefullassessmentreports,guidelinesandmethodologies,specialreportsand technicalpapers.FormoreinformationontheIPCC,itsactivitiesandpublicationssee www.ipcc-wg2.org

AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Creditsareawardedwheretheperformancerequirements(setoutinthe assessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage CompleteChecklisttable:Cat6.1Pol1forallelements. Checkdrawingsandspecificationclausesforallmaterialsidentified. Forfoamedmaterials,orpropellantsusedtosprayorinjectinsulation,provide manufacturer/installersdocumentationconfirmingthattheirproductuses eitherblowingagentsdeemed to satisfytherequirementfromtableCat6.2in isolationorablowingagentorblendofblowingagentswhichcanbeshownto haveaGWPoflessthan5. Post Construction Stage Confirmwhichspecificationsandevidenceprovidedatthedesignstagearestill valid. Assessallthenewspecificationsandevidenceprovidedatthepostconstruction stage.
Pol

CalculationProcedures
None.

178 | CodeforSustainableHomes

ChecklistsandTables
Table: Cat 6.1: Foamed and Non-foamed Insulating Materials Foamed Insulation Expandedpolystyrene Extrudedpolystyrene Polyurethane(PU)insulation Cellularglassorfoamedglass Nitrilerubberorelastomericinsulation Phenolicinsulation Polyisocyanuratefoam Icynenefoam Tripolymerfoam Foamedpolyethylene Non-foamed Insulation Mineralwoolorfibre Glasswoolorfibre Cork Celluloseinsulation Woodfibreboard Wool Flax Recyclednewspaperandjute Straworstrawboard

Table: Cat 6.2: Blowing agents deemed to satisfy the issue requirements and/or believed to have a GWP of less than 5 Air Carbondioxide(CO2) Pentane(iso-pentane,cyclopentane,n-pentane) Isobutene
Pol

Checklist Pol 1: GWP of Insulants Manufacturer Product Name GWP (if foamed) Name of Blowing Agent Used (where installed using a propellant) GWP of Blowing Agent (if present) Reference to Literature Confirming GWP (if foamed or installed using a propellant)

Element

Proposed Insulation Materials

Unfoamed [U]/ Foamed [F]/ Installed Using Propellants [P]

Roofs

RoofType1

RoofType2

LoftAccess

Walls

ExternalWalls

InternalWalls

Doors

Lintels

Thermaland AcousticInsulation continued

Pol1:GlobalWarmingPotential(GWP)ofInsulants | 179

Pol

Checklist Pol 1: GWP of Insulants Manufacturer Product Name GWP (if foamed) Name of Blowing Agent Used (where installed using a propellant) GWP of Blowing Agent (if present) Reference to Literature Confirming GWP (if foamed or installed using a propellant)

180 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Element

Proposed Insulation Materials

Unfoamed [U]/ Foamed [F]/ Installed Using Propellants [P]

Floors

GroundFloor

UpperFloors

Basement

Foundations

Thermal Stores

HotWaterCylinder

ColdWaterStorage Tanks

PipeInsulation

OtherThermal Stores

Note:Themanufacturingprocessofinsulatingmaterialschangesregularly.Becauseofthis,thisdocumentdoesnotincludeacompletelistofinsulatingmaterialsthatcomplyand manufacturersshouldbeapproachedforup-to-dateinformationontheirproducts.

Pol

Pol1:GlobalWarmingPotential(GWP)ofInsulants | 181

CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
Whereanyinsulationmaterialcontainssubstanceswhicharecontrolledunderthe MontrealProtocolorwherethereleaseofsuchsubstancesformsasignificantpart ofthemanufacturingprocess,thiscreditshouldbewithheld.Suchsubstances areprohibitedwithintheEUandsotheycouldonlybecontainedinproducts manufacturedoutsidetheEU.

SpecialCases
None.

Pol

182 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Issue ID Pol2

Description NOXEmissions

No. of Credits Available 3

Mandatory Elements No

Aim
Topromotethereductionofnitrogenoxide(NOX)emissionsintotheatmosphere.

AssessmentCriteria
Criteria Dry NOX Level (mg/kWh) 100 70 40 Default Cases Whereallspaceheatingandhotwaterenergyrequirementsarefullymetbysystemswhichdo notproduceNOXemissions. 3 Boiler Class (BS EN 297: 1994) 4 5 Credits 1 2 3

Note: 1.Nocreditsmaybeawardedforopenfluespaceand/orwaterheatingsystems.
Pol

Pol2:NOxEmissions | 183

InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage Detaileddocumentaryevidence describing: Theprimaryandanysecondary heatingsystemsandfluetype Dry NOXlevelsand/orboiler class oftheprimaryandanysecondary heatingsystems WhereNOXaveragingisrequireddue tomultipleheatingsystemswithinthe dwelling: Copyofcalculationsasdetailedinthe methodologybasedondesignstage SAP outputs Post Construction Stage Forpostconstructionstageonly assessments,providedetailed documentaryevidence(aslistedfor designstage)representingthedwellings asbuilt OR Writtenconfirmationfromthe developerthatheatingsystemshave beeninstalledasspecifiedinthedesign stagedetaileddocumentaryevidence OR

Whereonlyaletterofinstruction isprovidedatdesignstageprovide Wheredetaileddocumentaryevidenceis detaileddocumentaryevidenceand notavailableatthisstage; NOXaveragingcalculations(aslistedfor designstagebutbasedonasbuiltSAP Aletterofinstructiontoacontractor/ outputs)representingthedwellingsas supplieroraformalletterfromthe built developertotheCodeassessorgiving thespecificundertaking OR Wheredifferentfromdesignstage, providedetaileddocumentaryevidence (aslistedforDesignStage)representing thedwellingsasbuilt OR Site inspection reportconfirming compliance
Pol

Definitions
Accredited energy assessor Apersonregisteredwithanaccreditedenergyassessmentschemeprovider.The schemeproviderwillbelicensedbyCommunitiesandLocalGovernmenttoaccredit competentpersonstoassesstheCO2emissionratesofdomesticbuildingsforthe purposesofdemonstratingcompliancewithBuilding Regulations.

184 | CodeforSustainableHomes

(AD L1A) Approved Document L1A TheBuildingRegulationsforEnglandandWalesApprovedDocumentL1A: ConservationofFuelandPowerinNewDwellings(2010Edition). Boiler class AnindicationofaboilersNOXemissions.Boilersareclassifiedonascaleof1to5, with1indicatinghighNOXemissionsthroughtorelativelylowNOXemissionsfora class5. Boiler class (BS EN 297: 1994) TherelevantBritishStandardthatdefinesandclassifiesboilersbasedontheirNOX emissions.Appliestoboilersfittedwithatmosphericburnersofnominalheatinput notexceeding70kW. Building Control Body Thebodyresponsibleforensuringthatconstructionworksareaccordingtoplanand compliantwithapplicablerequirementsthroughperiodicinspection. Building Regulations BuildingRegulationsapplyinEnglandandWalesandpromote: Standardsformostaspectsofabuildingsconstruction,includingstructure,fire safety,soundinsulation,drainage,ventilationandelectricalsafety Energyefficiency Theneedsofallpeople,includingthosewithdisabilities,inaccessingand movingaroundbuildings. Dry NOX TheNOXemissions(mg/kWh)resultingfromthecombustionofafuelatzeropercent excessoxygenlevels.Ifelectricityissourcedfromthenationalgrid,theassociateDry NOxemissionsareapproximately1200mg/kWh. SAP Output (design & as built stage) ThisisadatedoutputfromaccreditedSAPsoftwareproducedbyanaccredited energy assessor.Theoutputmustsummarisethedatanecessarytodetermine performanceagainsttherequirementsofthisissueandincludethenameand registrationnumberoftheaccreditedenergyassessor,theassessmentstatus,plot numberanddevelopmentaddress.ItisnotnecessarytoproduceindividualSAP outputsforidenticaldwellingsforthepurposesofaCodeassessment. Theoutputwillbebasedoneitherdesignstageinformationoronthedwellingas constructed.Designstageoutputsarenormallyusedwhenassessingdesignstage CodeperformanceandasbuiltoutputsforpostconstructionCodeassessments.

Pol

Pol2:NOxEmissions | 185

WhereSAPoutputsarenotproducedbyanaccreditedenergyassessortheymustbe verifiedbyeitheranaccreditedenergyassessororamemberofthebuilding control bodyresponsibleforassessingthedwellingforcompliancewithPartLoftheBuilding Regulations. ForthepurposesofassessingthisissuetheapplicableSAPoutputsare: SAPDERworksheet (SAP) Standard Assessment Procedure for Energy Rating of Dwellings TheGovernmentsapprovedmethodologyforassessingtheenergyperformanceof newdwellings.ThecurrentversionisSAP2009version9.90,datedMarch2010, revisionOctober2010.Theprocedureaccountsforenergyusedin: Spaceheatingandcooling Hotwaterprovision Fixedlighting. Theindicatorsofenergyperformanceareenergyconsumptionperunitfloorarea, energycostrating(SAPrating),environmentalimpactratingbasedonCO2emissions (EIrating)anddwellingCO2emissionrate(DER).Theyareusedintheproductionof EnergyPerformanceCertificates(EPCs)andtodemonstratecompliancewithAD L1A andtheCodeforSustainableHomes. TocontributetoreducingCO2emissionsascalculatedbySAP,heatandpowermust begeneratedeitheronorinthehome,onthedevelopmentorthroughotherlocal communityarrangements(includingdistrictheatandpower). Site inspection report ThisisareportpreparedbytheCodeassessorduringapostconstructionstage assessmentandprovidedasevidencewiththeassessment.
Pol

AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Creditsareawardedwheretheperformancerequirements(setoutinthe assessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage DeterminethespecificationandNOXemissionsofallheatingsystemsinthe dwelling.Ifasecondaryspaceand/orwaterheatingsystemsupplieslessthan 8%ofthedwellingscombinedspaceheatingandhotwaterdemand,itcanbe omittedfromtheassessment. ConfirmthatNOxemissionsareestimatedundernormaloperatingconditions i.e.dryNOXinmg/kWh.Ifmainselectricitymeetssomeoralloftheheating demand,assumeaNOxemissionrateof1200mg/kWhsupplied.

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IfthefiguresarenotstatedindryNOXand/orinmg/kWhasrequired,apply anynecessaryconversion/correctionfactorstotheNOXfigure(s)statedforthe heatingsystem(s).(SeeSectionsA&BinCalculationProceduresbelowfor guidance.) Whereapplicable,calculatetheaverageNOXemissionsusingthemethodology detailedinSectionCofCalculationProcedures. Post Construction Stage Confirmwhichspecificationsandevidenceprovidedatthedesignstagearestill valid. Assessallthenewspecificationsandevidenceprovidedatthepostconstruction stage. Wheretheheatingsystemhasnotbeencommissionedatthetimeofthepost constructionstageassessment,acontractualcommitmentmustbeinplaceto ensurethattheheatingsystemwillbeservicingthedwellingeitherbeforemore than60%ofdwellingsonthedevelopmentarecertifiedorwithin18monthsof thedwellingscompletion.

CalculationProcedures
A: Conversion Factors ManufacturersshouldsupplydryNOXemissionsdatainmg/kWh.Wherethisisnot possibletheassessorshouldusethefollowingconversionfactorstoconvertfigures inmg/m3,ppmorwetNOX(derivedusingdatafromBSEN297:1994).Itshouldbe notedthattheseconversionfactorsassumeworst-caseefficienciesandarelikelyto giveahighestimate.Thiscouldhavetheeffectofloweringthenumberofcredits achieved. 1.Figuresinmg/m3shouldbemultipliedby0.857inordertoshowemissionsin mg/kWh.Aconversionmayalsobenecessaryfordatanotcalculatedat0% excessoxygen(seeBbelow). 2.Figuresinpartspermillion(ppm)shouldbemultipliedby1.76inorderto showemissionsinmg/kWh.Aconversionmayalsobenecessaryfordatanot calculatedat0%excessoxygen(seeBbelow). 3.Figuresinmg/MJshouldbemultipliedby3.6inordertoshowemissionsin mg/kWh(1kWh=3.6MJ).Aconversionmayalsobenecessaryfordatanot calculatedat0%excessoxygen(seeBbelow). TheassessmentcriteriaarebasedondryNOXvaluesalmostallmanufacturersquote emissionsindryNOX.HoweverifwetNOXfiguresaresupplied,theseshouldbe convertedtodryNOX.ThiscanbedonebymultiplyingwetNOXfiguresby1.75. B: Excess Oxygen Correction IfaNOXemissionrateisquotedbythemanufacturerinmg/m3orppm,thenitshould beestablishedatwhat%oxygenthisemissionwasmade.

Pol

Pol2:NOxEmissions | 187

Thegreatertheamountofexcessoxygeninthefluegasesatthetimeof measurement,themoredilutedtheNOX.Itisthereforeimportanttoconvertany emissionratebackto0%excessoxygen.Forthepurposeofthisassessment,use thefollowingconversionfactorsforthemostfrequentlyusedratessuppliedby manufacturers:


% excess O2 3% 6% 15% Conversion (c) 1.17 1.40 3.54

Conversionfactorc=20.9/(20.9x) Wherex=%excessO2(NOTexcessair)and20.9isthepercentageofO2intheair. C: Calculating the average NOx emissions for dwellings with more than one heating/hot water system Whereheatandhotwaterisprovidedbymorethanonesysteminadwelling(i.e. thereismorethanonemainheatingsystemand/orasecondarysystem)itmay benecessarytocalculatethetotalNOXemissionsforthesystemscombined.For thepurposesofthisassessment,thisisonlynecessarywhenthesecondarysystem satisfiesmorethan8%ofthedwellingscombinedtotalspaceheatingandhot waterdemand.Whereanyheatingsystemsupplieslessthan8%ofthecombined spaceandwaterheatingdemanditcanbeomittedfromtheassessment.However, includingalowNOXheatingsystemthatsupplieslessthan8%ofthecombined demandcanlowertheaverageNOXfigure.Wherethisisthecaseinclusionofthe secondarysystemisatthediscretionofthedeveloperandassessor.Theprocedureto calculateaveragedryNOXlevelsisdetailedintables:Cat6.1and6.2. D: Calculation method for Combined Heat and Power (CHP) systems WhereCHPsystemsarespecified,itisonlynecessarytoconsidertheheatrelated NOXemissionsfortheassessmentofthisissue. NOXemissionsareallocatedtoheatandelectricityinlinewiththerespectivepower outputs.ANOxemissionrateequivalenttothecurrentrateforgridelectricity shouldbeassumedfortheelectricaloutput(i.e.1200mg/kWhsupplied)andthe remainingNOXshouldbeallocatedtoheatoutput.Onlytheheat-relatedcomponent isthencomparedtotheassessmentcriteria.Thefollowingformulamustbeusedto determinethis: X=(AB)/C Where: X=NOXemissionsperunitofheatsupplied(mg/kWh) A=NOXemissionsperunitofelectricitygenerated(mg/kWh)

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Note:ThisistheNOXemittedbytheCHPsystemperunitofelectricitygeneratedand shouldbeobtainedfromthesupplier.Wheredataisprovidedindifferentunitsorat alevelofexcessoxygenabovezeroitmustbecorrectedusingthefactorsabove. B=NOXemissionsperunitofelectricitysuppliedfromthegrid(mg/kWh). Note:thisshouldbeassumedtobe1200mg/kWhsupplied C=HeattoElectricityRatiooftheCHPscheme TheabovemethodologydeterminesthenetNOXemissionsfromCHPgenerated electricitycomparedtocentralgenerationofelectricityandallocatesthisamountto theheatproduction.WhereXiscalculatedtobenegativeitshouldbeassumedtobe zero. WheretheCHPsystemoperatesinconjunctionwithotherheatsources,the calculationmethodologyoutlinedintableCat6.2mustbeusedandsteps[2]and[4] repeatedasappropriate.
Table Cat 6.1 Calculation of average NOX emissions Systems assessed under Section A of SAP System and Data Source Guidance [See note 1] Energy demand (kWh/year) (A) (1a) Spaceheatingfuel(mainheatingsystem1) [SAP box 211] (2a)
Pol

NOx emission rate (mg/kWh) (B)

NOx Emissions (mg/yr) (A) (B) = (C)

Spaceheatingfuel(mainheatingsystem2) [SAP box 213]

(3a)

Spaceheatingfuel(secondary) [SAP box 215]

(4a)

Energygeneratingtechnologies [ SAP boxes 233 to 235]

(5a)

Energysavingtechnologies [( SAP boxes 236a to n) ( SAP boxes 237a to n)] (n=alleligibletechnologies) [Seenote[2]]

(6a)

Waterheatingfuel [ SAP boxes 621 to 12] OR [SAP box 62 303a or b 305a 306 as applicable] ForDHWonlycommunityschemes continued

Pol2:NOxEmissions | 189

Table Cat 6.1 Calculation of average NOX emissions Systems assessed under Section A of SAP System and Data Source Guidance [See note 1] Energy demand (kWh/year) (A) (7a) SolarDHWinput [ SAP boxes 631 to 12] Totals (8a) TotalAnnualNOxEmissions(mg/yr) [ Value at step (1a)(C) to Value at (7a)(C) = (8a)] (9a) TotalAnnualEnergyDemand(kWh/yr) [ Value at (1a)(A) to Value at (7a)(A) = (9a)] (10a) AverageNOxEmissions(mg/kWh) [Value at (8a) Value at (9a) = (10a)] Note:IfthevaluedisplayedinanyoftherequiredSAPboxesisnegative,consideritpositivewhenenteringinto tableCat6.1e.g.if250isdisplayed,enter250 NOx emission rate (mg/kWh) (B) NOx Emissions (mg/yr) (A) (B) = (C)

Table Cat 6.2 Calculation of average NOX emissions for a dwelling Systems assessed under Section B of SAP System and Data Source Guidance [See note 1] Energy demand (kWh/year) (A) (1b) SpaceheatfromCHP [SAP box 307a] (2b) SpaceheatfromheatsourceN (N=2,3,4or5) [SAP box 307b, 307d, 307d or 307e as applicable] (3b) Energygeneratingtechnologies [ SAP boxes 333 to 334] (4b) Energysavingtechnologies [( SAP boxes 336a to n) ( SAP boxes 337a to n)] (n=alleligibletechnologies) [Seenote[2]] (5b) WaterheatfromCHP [SAP box 310a] continued NOx emission rate (mg/ kWh) (B) NOx Emissions (mg/yr) (A) (B) = (C)
Pol

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Table Cat 6.2 Calculation of average NOX emissions for a dwelling Systems assessed under Section B of SAP System and Data Source Guidance [See note 1] Energy demand (kWh/year) (A) (6b) Waterheatfromheatsourcen (n=2,3,4or5) [SAP box 310b, 310c, 310d or 310e as applicable] (7b) SolarDHWinput [ SAP boxes 631 to12] Totals (8b) TotalAnnualNOxEmissions(mg/yr) [ Value at step (1b)(C) to Value at (7b)(C) = (8b)] (9b) TotalAnnualEnergyDemand(kWh/yr) [ Value at (1b)(A) to Value at (7b)(A) = (9b)] (10b) AverageNOxEmissions(mg/kWh) [Value at (8b) Value at (9b) = (10b)] Note:IfthevaluedisplayedinanyoftherequiredSAPboxesisnegative,consideritpositivewhenenteringinto tableCat6.2e.g.if250isdisplayed,enter250 NOx emission rate (mg/ kWh) (B) NOx Emissions (mg/yr) (A) (B) = (C)

NotestotablesCat6.1and6.2:
Pol

[1] ThedatasourcesinthiscalculationcorrespondwithSAPandareintendedas supplementaryguidancetoassistinidentifyingeachvaluerequired.Itisthe responsibilityoftheassessortoensurethatthecorrectvalueisidentifiedand enteredintothecalculation,asthedatasourcemayvarydependantonthe typeofaccreditedSAPsoftwareused. [2] Wherenotaccountedforonamonthlybasis,energysavingsfromSAP AppendixQtechnologiesareaccountedforinSAPbox236forsectionA assessmentsandbox336forsectionBassessments.Theseoutputboxesare repeatedforeachAppendixQtechnologyspecified.Tocalculatetheannual savingsfromAppendixQtechnologiesitisnecessarytosumtheenergy savingsfromeachsystemspecified.

Pol2:NOxEmissions | 191

ChecklistsandTables
None.

CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
None.

SpecialCases
None.

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192 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Category7:Health&Well-being
Issue ID Hea1 Description Daylighting No. of Credits Available 3 Mandatory Elements No

Aim
Topromotegooddaylightingandtherebyimprovequalityoflifeandreducetheneed forenergytolightthehome.

AssessmentCriteria
Criteria KitchensmustachieveaminimumAverage Daylight Factorofatleast2% Alllivingrooms,diningroomsandstudies(includinganyroomdesignatedasahomeoffice underEne9HomeOffice)mustachieveaminimumAverageDaylightFactorofatleast1.5% 80%oftheworking planeineachkitchen,livingroom,diningroomandstudy(includingany roomdesignatedasahomeofficeunderEne9HomeOffice)mustreceivedirectlightfrom thesky Default Cases None Credits 1 1 1

Hea

Hea1:Daylighting | 193

InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage Copyofcalculationsasdetailedinthe methodologytodemonstrate: Post Construction Stage Forpostconstructionstageonly assessments,calculationsandadditional evidence(aslistedfordesignstage) representingthedwellingsasbuiltor on-sitemeasurementsasbelow

Averagedaylightfactorusingthe formuladescribedinthedefinitions section(methoddescribedinLittlefair (1998)assetoutinBS82062)or OR computersimulationorscalemodel Aletterfromthedeveloperconfirming measurements thatthedwellingshavebeenbuiltas Positionoftheno-sky lineand detailedatdesignstage percentageofareaoftheworking planethatreceivesdirectlightfrom OR thesky Wheredifferentfromdesignstage, Confirmationfromthedeveloperthat calculationsverifiedbythedeveloperfor thecalculationsaccuratelyreflectthe alldwellingsasbuilt dwellingasdesigned. OR On-sitemeasurements(methodology detailedinBREIP23/93)inthe sameroomsassessedatdesign stage(requiredwhenscalemodel measurementswerecarriedoutat designstage)

Angle of visible sky Theangleofvisibleskyuistheanglesubtended,intheverticalplanenormaltothe window,bythevisibleskyfromthecentreofthewindow. Where: Hwistheheightofthewindow Twisthethicknessofthewall Disthedistancefromthewindowtotheobstruction Histheheightoftheobstructionabovethemid-heightofthewindow And: u = 90ab

Hea

Definitions

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With: tana = H D Tw Hw

tanb =

Average daylight factor Theaveragedaylightfactoristheaverageindoorilluminance(fromdaylight)onthe workingplanewithinaroom,expressedasapercentageofthesimultaneousoutdoor illuminanceonahorizontalplaneunderanunobstructedCIEstandardovercastsky. Theaveragedaylightfactorcanbecalculatedusingthefollowingequation: Where: W=totalglazedareaofwindowsorrooflights A=totalareaofalltheroomsurfaces(ceiling,floor,wallsandwindows) R=area-weightedaveragereflectanceoftheroomsurfaces M=acorrectionfactorfordirt T=glasstransmissionfactor u=angle of visible sky Guidevaluesforatypicaldwellingwithlight-colouredwallsareasfollows(formore accuratevalues,refertoCIBSELightingGuide10): R M T u
Hea

DF =

MWuT A(1R2)

= = = =

0.5 1.0(verticalglazingthatcanbecleanedeasily) 0.8(slopingglazing) 0.7(horizontalglazing) 0.7(doubleglazing) 0.6(doubleglazingwithlowemissivitycoating) 0.6(tripleglazing) 65(verticalglazing)

Itisadvisedthatthisdefaultfigurefortheangleofvisibleskyisusedwithcaution; themethodologydetailedintheangleofvisibleskydefinitionmustbepreferredfor moreaccuracy.

Hea1:Daylighting | 195

Commission Internationale de lEclairage (CIE) CommissionInternationaledelEclairage(CIE)istheinternationalstandardsbodyfor lighting. Daylight factor Thedaylightfactoristheratiobetweentheilluminance(fromdaylight)ataspecific pointontheworkingplanewithinaroom,expressedasapercentageofthe illuminancereceivedonanoutdoorunobstructedhorizontalplane.Thisisbasedon anassumedovercastsky,approximatedbytheCIEstandardovercastsky. No-sky line Theno-skylinedividesthoseareasoftheworkingplanewhichcanreceivedirectlight fromthesky,fromthosewhichcannot.Itisimportantasitindicateshowgoodthe distributionofdaylightisinaroom.Areasbeyondtheno-skylinewillgenerallylook gloomy. Asanapproximation,obstructionsthatareparalleltothewindowcanbeconsidered infinite.Thenosky-linewillthenbeparalleltothewindowatadistancedfromthe windowwall,whichcanbecalculatedasfollows: Where: h=heightofthewindowheadabovetheworkingplane y=heightoftheobstructionabovethewindowhead x=distancefromthewindowtotheobstruction Ifdisgreaterthantheroomdepth,thennopartoftheroomliesbeyondthisno-sky line. Whereresultsusingthismethodologydonotcomplywiththerequirements,more accuratecalculationscanbecarriedout,asdetailedintheCalculationProceduresof theissue. Reasonableness check Areasonablenesscheckiscarriedoutondaylightfactorandno-skylinecalculations. Checksmustbeperformedononeroomperdwelling,in10percentofdwellings, uptoamaximumof10dwellingsperdevelopment.Differentfloorsandorientations arechecked,andcalculationinputdetails,suchasroomdimensions,windowtype, sizesandlocationsandsitelayout,mustbeconsistentwiththespecificationandthe drawings.
Hea

d =

xh y

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Working plane Theworkingplaneisanotionalsurface,typicallyataboutdeskortableheight,at whichdaylightfactorortheno-skylineiscalculatedorplotted.Forthecalculations requiredundertheHea1issue,itisat0.85mabovethefloor.

AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Creditsareawardedwheretheperformancerequirements(setoutinthe assessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage ConfirmtheAverageDaylightFactorandNo-SkyLine. Carryoutareasonablenesscheckonaveragedaylightfactorandno-skyline calculationsprovidedbythedeveloper/designteam.Checkthecalculationsare signedoffbythedeveloperoramemberofthedesignteam. Carryoutaninternalreasonablenesscheckoncalculationsperformedbythe appointedassessor.Checkthatthesehavebeensignedoffbythedeveloperor amemberofthedesignteam. Post Construction Stage Confirmwhichspecificationsandevidenceprovidedatthedesignstagearestill valid. Assessallthenewspecificationsandevidenceprovidedatthepostconstruction stage. Checkthattheaveragedaylightfactorandno-skylinecalculationinputdetails, suchasroomdimensions,windowtype,sizesandlocations,andsitelayoutare correctbysiteinspection.
Hea

Whereanychangeshaveoccurred,seekrevisedcalculationsandchecktheseas describedabove.Checkthefinalspecificationanddrawings.

CalculationProcedures
Itisrecommendedthatcalculationsaresuppliedbyadaylightingexpert: 1.Calculationproceduresfordaylight factorandtypicalvaluesaredetailedin Littlefair(1998): TheDFformulacanbeusedtomodeldaylightingconditionsinanysimple rectangularroomwithacontinuousexternalobstructionornone.ForL-shaped rooms,itisacceptabletodividetheroomintotwosectionsandcalculatetheDF foreachsectionbasedonlyonthewindowspresentinthatsection.TheDFof bothsectionscanthenbeaveragedtogiveafinalresult.

Hea1:Daylighting | 197

Whereexternalobstructionsareofcomplexgeometryandcannotbe approximatedbyacontinuousobject,itisadvisabletousethemethodologyin Littlefair(1998).Individualtreescanbeignored. Morecomplexroomgeometriescanbemodelledusingcomputersimulation software,physicalscalemodellingoradvancedmanualcalculations.TheCode doesnotspecifycompliantcomputersoftware;thedaylightingexpertmust selectwhichismostappropriate. Wheretherearetwotypesofroomwhichformpartofthesamelargespace, forexample,anopen-plankitchen-diningroom,calculateasoneroomasthere isnosolidpartitionpresenttoblockthedistributionofthedaylight.Creditswill thenbeawardedonthebasisoftheDFofthewholespace.Forexample,ifthe spaceisusedasakitchen,alivingroomandadiningroom,thesameDFwillbe usedwhenassessingalltheseareasagainstthelevelssetoutabove. Whentwoormorewindowsinaroomfacedifferentobstructions(e.g.vertical windowsandrooflights)ordifferintransmittance,theDFshouldbefound separatelyforeachwindow,andtheresultssummed. 2.Plottingoftheno-skylineorestimatingthepercentageoftheworkingplane thatreceivesdirectlightfromtheskycanbedoneusingthemethodologyin Annex3.Itmustbeunderstoodthatthismethodologywillunderestimatethe actualpercentageoftheworkingplanethatreceivesdirectlightfromthesky becauseobstructionsareunlikelytobeinfinite.Whereobstructionsarenot horizontal,paralleltothewindoworconsideredinfinite,refertoLittlefair(1998) foramoreaccuratemethodology. 3.Itisacceptablethatdaylightingcalculationsarecarriedoutinselecteddwellings (orrooms)whenthereasoningbehindtheirselectionclearlydemonstrates thattheroomsinthedwellingsforwhichthecalculationsarenotprovidedwill performbetterthanthosebackedupbythecalculations. 4.Seekingexpertadviceisrecommendedtocarryoutdaylightingcalculations asmentionedabove.However,assessorsarenotprohibitedfromperforming calculationsthemselves.Itisuptotheassessoranddesignteamtojudge whethertheassessorhassufficientexpertiseperformthisfunction.Any calculationsprovidedbytheassessorshouldbesignedoffbythedeveloperora memberofthedesignteambeforebeingsubmittedasevidence.TheTechnical Guideisintendedonlytoprovidetheinformationnecessarytoperforma reasonablenesscheckoncalculationsprovidedbyacompetentdaylighting expertfurtherguidanceonhowtocompletecalculationscanbefoundinBS 8206-2:2008LightingforbuildingsPart2:Codeofpracticefordaylighting.

ChecklistsandTables
None.

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CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
None.

SpecialCases
Sun pipes:Asageneralrule,sunpipesshouldbetreatedasrooflights,i.e.ifthere arenoobstructionsuseauof180.Thereareawiderangeoflightpipesonthe marketwithdifferentreflectiveliningsandsomeincludelenses/mirrorsetc.Ifno transmissionfactorisstated,useT=0.5fora1mlengthpipeandT=0.25fora2m lengthpipe.

Hea

Hea2:SoundInsulation | 199

Issue ID Hea2

Description SoundInsulation

No. of Credits Available 4

Mandatory Elements No

Aim
Topromotetheprovisionofimprovedsoundinsulationtoreducethelikelihoodof noisecomplaintsfromneighbours.

AssessmentCriteria
Criteria Where: airbornesoundinsulationvaluesareatleast3dBhigher impactsoundinsulationvaluesareatleast3dBlower OR airbornesoundinsulationvaluesareatleast5dBhigher impactsoundinsulationvaluesareatleast5dBlower OR airbornesoundinsulationvaluesareatleast8dBhigher impactsoundinsulationvaluesareatleast8dBlower thantheperformancestandardssetoutintheBuildingRegulationsapprovedforEnglandand Wales,Approved Document E(2003Edition,withamendments2004). ThiscanbedemonstratedthroughEITHER Aprogrammeofpre-completiontestingbasedontheNormalprogrammeoftestingdescribed inApprovedDocumentE,foreverygrouporsub-groupofhousesorflats,demonstratingthat theabovestandardorstandardsareachieved. OR Useofconstructionsforallrelevantbuildingelementsthathavebeenassessedandapproved asRobust DetailsbyRobustDetailsLimited(RDL)andfoundtoachievetheperformance standardsstatedabove.AllrelevantdwellingsmustberegisteredwithRDL. Default cases Detacheddwellings Attacheddwellingswhereseparatingwallsorfloorsoccuronlybetweennon-habitablerooms 4 3
Hea

Credits

Note:thesecriteriaapplyonlytowalls,floorsandstaircasesthatperformadwellingtodwellingseparating function.Internalpartitionsarebeyondthescopeofthisissue.

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InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage Wherepre-completiontestingwillbe carriedout; Aletterfromthedeveloperconfirming theintentto: Meettherelevantsoundinsulation performancelevels UseaCompliant Test Bodyto completetesting WhereRobustDetailswillbeused; ConfirmationthattheRobustDetails chosenwillachievetherequired performancestandardsforsound insulation(asapplicable) Confirmationthattherelevantplots areregisteredwithRDL(thePurchase Statement) Post Construction Stage Wherepre-completiontestinghasbeen carriedout: Copiesofthesoundinsulation fieldtestresultsand/oraletterof confirmationthattherequiredsound insulationperformancestandardsas detailedintheassessmentcriteria havebeenachieved. Evidencethatthetestshavebeen carriedoutbyaCompliantTestBody WhereRobustDetailshavebeenused: CompletedRobustDetailsLtd ComplianceCertificatesigned bythedeveloperforallrelevant constructionsrelatingtotheplots beingassessed

Definitions
Approved Document E (AD E)
Hea

TheBuildingRegulationsforEnglandandWalesApprovedDocumentE:Resistanceto thePassageofSound,2003editionincorporating2004amendments. Compliant test body ThoseorganisationsorindividualshavingUKASaccreditationoraccreditedbya EuropeanequivalentofUKAS,aswellasorganisationsorindividualsregisteredwith theAssociationofNoiseConsultants(ANC)RegistrationScheme. Groups and sub-groups AsdefinedintheBuildingRegulationsforEnglandandWalesApprovedDocumentE: ResistancetothePassageofSound,Section1(paragraphs1.111.17).Thebuilding controlbodyshouldidentifyspecificplots,groupsandsub-groupstobetested.

Hea2:SoundInsulation | 201

Robust details Robustdetails(RDs)areconstructionsolutionsthatprovideanalternativetoprecompletionsoundinsulationtestingasamethodofcomplyingwithRequirement E1ofApprovedDocumentE(2003Edition)oftheBuildingRegulations(England andWales).RobustdetailsmustbeapprovedbyRobustDetailsLtd(RDL)andall developmentsitesmustberegisteredwithRDLandbuiltinaccordancewiththe RDspecification.Togiveareasonablelevelofassurancethatthesedetailswill achievetherequiredminimumstandards,RDLcarriesoutrandominspections duringconstructionandrandomsoundinsulationtestsafterconstruction.Arobust detailisdeemedtobeapprovedforCodecreditsonlywhenitachievesaspecified performancelevelwhenassessedbyRDLaccordingtothefollowingcriteria: 1.Maturerobustdetail(publishedforover12monthsandatleast100testresults) regularassessmentbasedonthe90thpercentileofresultsfromthelast100 sitetests. 2.Lowuserobustdetail(publishedforover12monthsbutfewerthan100test results)initialassessmentbasedonthefirst30testsneededtoqualifyforthe robustdetailsschemeandthesitetestsavailable,andreviewedregularlyas newtestresultsbecomeavailable,untilitbecomesamaturerobustdetailoris rejected. 3.Newrobustdetail(publishedforlessthan12monthsandfewerthan100test results)initialassessmentbasedonthefirst30testsneededtoqualifyfor therobustdetailsscheme,andreviewedregularlyasnewtestresultsbecome available,untilitbecomesamaturerobustdetailorisrejected. ItshouldbenotedthatnotallRDswillnecessarilyachievetheperformancelevels requiredforCodecredits.Ifindoubt,checkthelistofcurrentlyapproveddetailswith RDLdirectly(08702408210;www.robustdetails.com).

AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Creditsareawardedwheretheperformancerequirements(setoutinthe assessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage Forcompliancethroughsoundinsulationtesting: Confirmthereisacleardistinctionbetweenanygroupsandsub-groupsonthe development,andthatthereisacommitmentmadetoconductaprogramme ofpre-completiontesting,assetoutinADE.Thebuildingcontrolbodyshould identifyspecificplots,groupsandsub-groupstobetested.Inaddition,confirm thatthereisacommitmenttoconductremediationworkshouldanytestfail. ConfirmthattheCompliantTestBodythatwillcarryoutpre-completiontesting isaccreditedbyUKAS(oraEuropeanequivalent)oriscoveredbyadeemedto satisfyscheme.MembersoftheAssociationofNoiseConsultants(ANC)that
Hea

202 | CodeforSustainableHomes

areregisteredbyANCtoperformpre-completiontestingmeetthiscriterion (note:notallANCmembersareregisteredtoperformprecompletiontesting). IfaCompliantTestBodyhasyettobeappointed,acommitmenttoemployone thatfulfilsoneofthecriteriawillbesufficient.Listsofacousticconsultantsby geographicallocationcanbefoundat:www.ioa.org.ukandwww.associationof-noise-consultants.co.uk. Confirmthatevidenceofthepotentialfortheconstructiontomeettherelevant performancestandardshasbeenprovided(e.g.adesignstatementfroman acousticconsultantwithappropriateexperienceinbuildingacoustics). Forcomplianceusingrobustdetails: Confirmthattherobustdetail(s)specifiedcanachievethesoundinsulation levelsrequiredforthenumberofcreditssought(seetableCat7.1:Credit SummaryImprovementonApprovedDocumentEunderChecklistsand Tablesbelow).ThisinformationisavailableontheRobustDetailswebsite (www.robustdetails.com). Post Construction Stage Confirmwhichspecificationsandevidenceprovidedatthedesignstagearestill valid. Assessallthenewspecificationsandevidenceprovidedatthepost-construction stage. Verifythatspecificpost-constructionstageevidenceprovideddemonstratesthat alltheassessmentcriteriahavebeenmet.

CalculationProcedures
None.
Hea

ChecklistsandTables
Acommitmenttoachievesoundinsulationvaluesthatarebetterthanthe performancestandardsforsoundinsulationinApprovedDocumentE(2003Edition withamendments2004)bythestatedamountintable:Cat7.1.
Table: Cat 7.1: Credit Summary Improvement on Approved Document E Credits Improvement on Approved Document E (dB) Airborne Sound DnT,w + Ctr 1 3 4 +3 +5 +8 Impact Sound LnT,w 3 5 8

Hea2:SoundInsulation | 203

Thenumberofcreditsawardedtoadwellingisdeterminedbythelowestperforming separatingwallorfloor,regardlessofwhethertheassessmentisbasedonprecompletiontesting,theuseofrobustdetails,oramixtureofboth. Thedwellingsinagrouporsub-groupthathavebeentestedareawardedcredits appropriatetotheirmeasuredperformance.Otherdwellingsinthegrouporsubgroupthatwerenottestedareawardedthesamenumberofcreditsasthelowest performingseparatingwallsorfloorsinthesamegrouporsub-groupthatwas tested. Forthepurposesofthetwoparagraphsabove,theperformanceofthelowest performingseparatingwallorfloormustbeclearlyidentifiedbytheCompliantTest Body.

CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
None.

SpecialCases
Itisconsideredgoodacousticdesignnottohavehabitableroomsononesideofa separatingwallorfloorandnon-habitableroomsontheotherside. Iftherearenohabitableroomswithseparatingwallsorfloorsnotestingisneeded and3creditscanbeawardedbydefault,toallowforthesmallamountofsound nuisancethatcanoccurinsuchcases. Wherethereareinsufficientsuitableseparatingwallsorfloorsinadevelopmentto carryoutthenumberoftestsspecifiedinADE,alloftheavailablesuitableseparating wallsorfloorsmustbetestedaccordingtotherequirementsoftheBuildingControl body.Creditswillthenbeawardedasappropriate. Theperformancerequirementssetoutintable1aofADEareappropriateforthe walls,floorsandstairsthatseparatespacesusedfornormaldomesticpurposes.A higherstandardofsoundinsulationmayberequiredbetweenspacesusedfornormal domesticpurposesandcommunalornon-domesticpurposes.Inthesesituations, theappropriatelevelofsoundinsulationwillbesetbythebuildingcontrolbody orotherappropriateparty;Hea2creditscanthenbeachievedbyexceedingthese requirements,asdetailedintheassessmentcriteriatable.
Hea

204 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Issue ID Hea3

Description PrivateSpace

No. of Credits Available 1

Mandatory Elements No

Aim
Toimprovequalityoflifebypromotingtheprovisionofaninclusiveoutdoorspace whichisatleastpartiallyprivate.

AssessmentCriteria
Criteria Whereoutdoor space(privateorsemi-private)hasbeenprovidedthatis: Ofaminimum sizethatallowsalloccupantstousethespace. Providedwithinclusive access and usability(ChecklistIDP). Accessible only to occupants of designated dwellings. Default Cases None Credits 1

Hea

Hea3:PrivateSpace | 205

InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage Detaileddocumentaryevidence confirming: Thenumberofbedroomsservedby theoutdoorspace Thattheoutdoorspacemeetsthe minimumsizerequirements AND CompletedChecklistIDP Whereasharedoutdoorspaceis provided,detaileddocumentary evidencedemonstrating: Post Construction Stage Forpostconstructionstageonly assessments,providedetailed documentaryevidence(aslistedfor designstage)representingthedwellings asbuilt OR Writtenconfirmationfromthe developerthatthedwellingshavebeen constructedasspecifiedinthedesign stagedetaileddocumentaryevidence OR

Whereonlyaletterofinstruction Theprivatespaceisaccessibleonlyto isprovidedatdesignstageprovide detaileddocumentaryevidence(as occupantsofdesignateddwellings listedfordesignstage)representingthe Wheredetaileddocumentaryevidenceis dwellingsasbuilt notavailableatthisstage; OR Aletterofinstructiontoacontractor/ supplieroraformalletterfromthe Wheredifferentfromdesignstage, developertotheassessorgivinga providedetaileddocumentaryevidence specificundertaking (aslistedfordesignstage)representing thedwellingsasbuilt OR Site Inspection Reportconfirming compliance
Hea

Definitions
Accessible only to occupants of designated dwellings Thespacemustbedesignedinawaythatmakesitclearthatthespaceistobeused onlybyoccupantsofdesignateddwelling(s).Thiscouldbeachievedbyusingthe buildingsthemselves,orfencing,plantingorotherbarriertosealoffthespace.

206 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Inclusive access and usability ThepurposeoftheCodeisnottodeliverpurpose-designedwheelchairhousingbut ratherinclusivegeneralneedshousingthatcatersforthewidestpossiblesegmentof thepopulation(includingolderpeople),andwhichcaneasilybeadaptedtomeetthe needsofwheelchairusers.Theprinciplesofinclusivedesignareembeddedwithin theWas1,Was3,Hea3andHea4issuesoftheCode.Theyaimtopreventbarriers thatcreateundueeffortandseparationandenableeveryonetoparticipateequally, confidentlyandindependentlyineverydayactivitiessuchastakingoutrubbishand spendingtimeoutside. Minimum size for outdoor space Minimumspacerequirements: Privatespace:1.5m2perbedroom Sharedspace:minimum1m2perbedroom. Outdoor space Anoutdoorspacecouldbe: Aprivategarden Acommunalgardenorcourtyard Balconies Roofterraces Patios Site Inspection Report ThisisareportpreparedbytheCodeassessorduringapostconstructionstage assessmentandprovidedasevidencewiththeassessment.
Hea

AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Creditsareawardedwheretheperformancerequirements(setoutinthe assessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage Measuretheareaoftheoutdoorspaceandcheckitisofasufficientsizeforthe numberofbedrooms. Checkthatthefacilityoffersinclusiveaccessandusabilitybymeetingthe applicablerequirementsofChecklistIDP. Whereasharedspaceisprovided,checkthefeaturesmakeclearthatthespace isprivateandonlytobeusedbyoccupantsofdesignateddwelling(s).

Hea3:PrivateSpace | 207

Post Construction Stage Confirmwhichspecificationsandevidenceprovidedatthedesignstagearestill valid. Assessallthenewspecificationsandevidenceprovidedatthepostconstruction stage.

CalculationProcedures
None.

ChecklistsandTables
UseChecklistIDPtoassessinclusiveaccessandusability.

CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
Julietbalconiesgenerallydonotcomplywiththecriteria,astheyarenormallytoo small. Conservatoriesandotherenclosedareasdonotcomplywiththecriteria. Wintergardenswillcomplywiththecriteriaonlyifatleastonesidecanbefully openedtotheexterior(usinge.g.shutters,slidingwalls,orwingorterracedoors). Withoutthisfeature,wintergardensareregardedasaconservatoryanddonot complywiththecriteria.

SpecialCases
Balconiesmustmeetcriterion6ofChecklistIDPonly.Roofterracesorbalconiesover habitablerooms,whichrequireastepuptoincreaseslabthickness(e.g.forthermal insulationtotheaccommodationbelow),areexemptfromrequirement6a.
Hea

208 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Issue ID Hea4

Description LifetimeHomes

No. of Credits Available 4

Mandatory Elements Yes (Forlevel6)

Aim
Topromotetheconstructionofhomesthatareaccessibleandeasilyadaptableto meetthechangingneedsofcurrentandfutureoccupants.

AssessmentCriteria
Criteria WhereallprinciplesofLifetime Homes,applicabletothedwellingbeing assessed,havebeencompliedwith. OR WhereanexemptionfromLifetimeHomescriteria2and/or3isapplied toselectedpathwayssubjecttoasteeplyslopingplotgradient,butall otherprinciplesofLifetimeHomes,applicabletothedwellingbeing assessed,havebeencompliedwith. Default Cases None 3 Credits 4 Mandatory Levels Level6

Hea

Hea4:LifetimeHomes | 209

InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage Confirmationfromthedeveloperthat all16oftheLifetimeHomesdesign criteriaaremet OR WhereanexemptionfromLifetime Homescriteria2and/or3issought: Post Construction Stage ForPostConstructionStageonly assessments,evidenceaslistedfor DesignStagebutbasedonthedwelling asbuilt. OR

Wheredifferentfromdesignstage writtenconfirmationthatthedwellings Confirmationfromthedeveloperthat asbuiltmeetall16oftheLifetime allotherdesigncriteriaaremet Homesdesigncriteria(asidefrom criteria2and/or3whereanexemption AND isapplied) Detaileddocumentaryevidence demonstratingaccessroutessubject tosteeplyslopinggradientsatpre developmentandcompletion Whereanexemptionfromcriteria2 and/or3issought Detaileddocumentaryevidence describingthealternativeaccessroute asbuilt OR Site Inspection Reportconfirmingthat analternativeaccessroutemeeting therequirementsoftheexemption frameworkhasbeenprovided
Hea

Definitions
Inclusive access and usability ThepurposeoftheCodeisnottodeliverpurpose-designedwheelchairhousingbut ratherinclusivegeneralneedshousingthatcatersforthewidestpossiblesegmentof thepopulation(includingolderpeople),andwhichcaneasilybeadaptedtomeetthe needsofwheelchairusers.Theprinciplesofinclusivedesignareembeddedwithin theWas1,Was3,Hea3andHea4issuesoftheCode.Theyaimtopreventbarriers thatcreateundueeffortandseparationandenableeveryonetoparticipateequally, confidentlyandindependentlyineverydayactivitiessuchastakingoutrubbishand spendingtimeoutside.

210 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Lifetime Homes LifetimeHomeswasdevelopedbytheHabintegHousingAssociation,theHelen HamlynFoundationandtheJosephRowntreeFoundationintheearly1990s.The schemeinvolvestheincorporationof16designfeaturesthattogethercreatea flexibleblueprintforaccessibleandadaptablehousinginanysetting. Site Inspection Report ThisisareportpreparedbytheCodeassessorduringapostconstructionstage assessmentandprovidedasevidencewiththeassessment.

AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Mandatoryrequirementsaremetandcreditsareawardedwherethe performancerequirements(setoutintheassessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage Confirmthatthedeveloper/designerhascompletedtheLifetimeHomes checklist.Fourcreditsareawardedwherethedeveloper/designerconfirmsthat all16criteriahavebeenmetbythedwellingasdesigned. Obtaincomparativeplansfromthedeveloper/designertodemonstratethat anexemptionfrommeetingLifetimeHomescriteria2and/or3(assetoutin SpecialCases)canbeappliedatsteeplyslopingplots.Threecreditsareawarded wherethedeveloper/designerconfirmsthatallothercriteriahavebeenmetby thedwellingasdesigned. Whereissuesariseregardingtheapplicabilityofcriteria(otherthan2and3) tospecificdevelopments,guidancemustbesoughtfromHabintegHousing AssociationwhichownsandmanagestheLifetimeHomesstandardaswellas thechecklistpublishedintheCodeTechnicalGuidance.Formoreinformation visit:www.lifetimehomes.org.uk. Post Construction Stage Confirmthatthedeveloper/designerhascompletedaLifetimeHomeschecklist forthedwellingasbuilt. VerifythattheLifetimesHomescriteriaareachievedbythedwellingasbuilt, eitherbyasiteinspectionorasbuiltdrawings. Ifnotprovidedatthedesignstage,obtaincomparativeplansfromthe developer/designertodemonstratethatanexemptionfrommeetingLifetime Homescriteria2and/or3(assetoutinSpecialCases)canbeappliedto steeplyslopingplots.Verifythroughsiteinspectionorasbuiltdrawingsthatan alternativeaccessroutemeetingtherequirementsoftheexemptionframework hasbeenprovided.

Hea

Hea4:LifetimeHomes | 211

CalculationProcedures
None.

ChecklistsandTables
TheLifetimeHomeschecklistmustbeusedbythedeveloper/designertodemonstrate whethertheassessmentcriteriahavebeenmet.Additionalusefulguidancecanbe foundat:www.lifetimehomes.org.uk/codeassessors

CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
None.

SpecialCases
Fordwellingsonplotswithtopographyexceeding1:15,anexemptionfrommeeting criteria2and/orcriteria3ofLifetimeHomescanbeapplied,whererequestedbythe developer.SubjecttoallotherLifetimesHomescriteriaapplicabletothedwelling beingachieved,thisexemptionwillallowforthreecreditsandthemandatory elementofHea4tobeawarded.[Whereanexemptionisappliedtoeithercriterion, undernocircumstancesshallthedwellingbemarketedorclassifiedasmeetingthe LifetimeHomesstandardandneithermusttheLifetimeHomeslogobeusedinany advertising/promotionalmaterial.] Plotgradientsmustbemeasuredbetweentwopointsaccordingtothetablebelow:
LTH criterion 2 Start Carparkingspacesordrop-off points(subjecttocriterion1of LifetimeHomes) Finish
Hea

Thefinishedfloorlevelat: a. heprincipalorsecondaryentrancedoorstoan T individualdwelling(whereafootpathlinkexists) b. hemaincommunalentrancedoortoablockof T dwellings c. nthecaseofbasementparking,theentrancedoor I totheliftcore

Thestartofallfootpathapproach routesleadingtothedwelling, takenfromtheplotboundary

Allindividualorcommunalentranceswhereafootpath linktotheplotboundaryexists.

Anypathwaysidentifiedinthetableabove,thataresubjecttoapre-developmentor finishedplotgradientoflessthan1:15,willneedtomeetthefullrequirementsofthe relevantLifetimeHomescriterionforcreditstobeawarded.Anexemptionwouldnot applyinthesecases.

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Whereonlycertainsectionsoftheroutehavegradientsexceeding1:15butthe wholeplotgradientislessthan1:15,anexemptioncannotbeapplied.Designers mustmanagetheexistinggradientsothatalevelorgentlyslopingrouteisachieved (i.e.thegradientsmustcomplywithcriterion3). Forthisexemptiontoapply,gradientsmustexceed1:15owingtopre-development topographyandnotduetore-gradingcarriedoutatanystageintheproject. Exemptionscannotbegrantedwhere;asaresultofearthmovementundertaken throughouttheproject,pre-developmentgradientsarereducedsothatfinishedlevels givegradientsshallowerthan1:15. Exemptionsareconsideredonadwelling-by-dwellingbasis. Evidencerequiredtodemonstratecompliancewiththisexemptionincludesthe following: Comparativeplansthatadequatelydemonstrategradientsforthesiteatpredevelopmentandcompletion. lansmustbedrawntoanidentifiedscaleandgivelevels(atbothproject P stages) lansmusthighlightallroutessubjecttoLifetimeHomescriteria2and3with P plotgradientsexceeding1:15(atbothprojectstages) Whereanexemptionisapproved,asteppedrouteaccordingtoSection6of ApprovedDocumentPartMmaybeprovidedinplaceofagentlyslopingpathway. ApprovedDocumentPartMsetsoutthefollowingrequirementsforastaircase (section6.17): 1.Hasflightswhoseunobstructedwidthsareatleast900mm; 2.Theriseofaflightbetweenlandingsisnotmorethan1.8m; 3.Hasatopandbottomand,ifnecessarytocomplywiththeAD,intermediate landings,eachofwhoselengthsisnotlessthan900mm; 4.Hasstepswithsuitabletreadnosingprofiles(seeDiagram27oftheAD)andthe riseofeachstepisuniformandbetween75mmand150mm; 5.Thegoingofeachstepisnotlessthan280mm,whichfortaperedtreads,must bemeasuredatapoint270mmfromtheinsideorthetread;and 6.Wheretheflightcomprisesthreeormorerisers,thereisasuitablecontinuous handrailonatleastonesideoftheflight.Asuitablehandrailshouldhavea grippableprofile;bebetween850mmand1000mmabovethepitchlineof theflight;andextend300mmbeyondthetopandbottomnosings.
Hea

Man1:HomeUseGuide | 213

Category8:Management
Issue ID Man1 Description HomeUserGuide No. of Credits Available 3 Mandatory Elements No

Aim
Topromotetheprovisionofguidanceenablingoccupantstounderstandandoperate theirhomeefficientlyandmakethebestuseoflocalfacilities.

AssessmentCriteria
Criteria ProvisionofaHome User Guide,compiledinaccordancewithChecklistMan1,Part1, togetherwithconfirmationthattheguideisavailableinalternative formats. Wheretheguideincludesadditionalinformationrelatingtothesiteanditssurroundingsandis compiledinaccordancewithChecklistMan1,Part2. Default Cases None Credits 2 1

Man

214 | CodeforSustainableHomes

InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage Whereahomeuserguidewillbe suppliedcoveringoperationalissues only: Confirmationintheformofa letterfromthedeveloperorinthe specificationthattheguidewillbe: Suppliedtoalldwellingswithinthe development Bedevelopedtotherequired standards(asaminimumincluding alistofcontentsshowingthatthe guidewillcoveralloftheissues requiredinChecklistMan1Part1) Whereahomeuserguidecovering operationalissuesandissuesrelating tothesiteandsurroundingswillbe supplied: Asaboveandincludinginformation coveredinChecklistMan1Part2 Post Construction Stage Theprovisionof: Asamplecopyofthehomeuser guidecoveringalltheissuesrequired inChecklistMan1Part1orParts1 and2 AND Confirmationthatthehomeuser guidehasbeensuppliedtoall home(s) NOTE:Wherehomeuserguidesare tobeprovidedontheinternetor CDoccupantsmustbegivenaletter regardingthehomeuserguideand ahardcopyofthehomeuserguide contentspage

Definitions
Alternative formats for a home user guide Thehomeuserguidemustbeprovidedinanappropriateformatforusers.Thismight includetranslationintoforeignlanguages,Braille,largeprintoraudiocassette/CD.
Man

Home user guide Aguidetooccupantsofthedwellingthatcontainsnecessarydetailsaboutthe everydayuseofthehomeinaformthatiseasyforuserstounderstand. Volatile organic compound (VOC) VOCsareemissionsfromfurnishingsandsomestructuralmaterialswhichmayhave adeleteriouseffectonoccupants.VOCsarecommonlyfoundinthesolventsofglues andnon-water-basedpaintsandvarnishes,andinsomepreservativetreatments.

Man1:HomeUseGuide | 215

AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Creditsareawardedwheretheperformancerequirements(setoutinthe assessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage Confirmwhetherthehomeuserguidehasbeencompiledinaccordancewith ChecklistMan1,Part1. Confirmwhetherthehomeuserguideincludesadditionalinformation regardingthesiteandsurroundingsinaccordancewithChecklistMan1,Part2. Confirmwhetherthehomeuserguidewillbeprovidedtoalldwellingsandthat thereisaprocessinplacetomaketheguideavailableinalternativeformats. Post Construction Stage Confirmthatahomeuserguidehasbeenprovidedandthecontentshavebeen compiledinaccordancewithChecklistMan1,Parts1and/or2. Confirmthatthehomeuserguidewillbeprovidedtoalldwellingsorthata hardcopyofthecontentspagewillbeprovidedtoalldwellingswherethe guideisbeingprovidedinanalternativemedium,e.g.viatheinternetoronCD.

CalculationProcedures
None.

ChecklistsandTables
Checklist Man 1 Home User Guide Part 1 Operational Issues The list below indicates the type of information that should be included a.Environmental strategy/design andfeatures etailsofanyspecificenvironmental/energydesignstrategy/features D includinganoverviewofthereasonsfortheiruse(e.g.environmental andeconomicsavingsandrestrictionsonmakingalterations)andhow theyshouldbestbeoperated(wheretheyarenotpassivefeaturessuch asinsulationandSUDS).Strategies/featurescouldincludepassivesolar design,superinsulation,energyefficienttimberwindows,heatrecovery systems,solarhotwatersystems,photovoltaics,passiveventsortheuse ofcertifiedtimberorSUDSwithintheboundaryofindividualproperties. (EachdwellingwillinanycasebeissuedwithacopyoftheCode Certificate.) nformationasdescribedintheBuildingRegulationsADL1A(Schedule1 I requirementc)i.e.Sufficientinformationaboutthebuilding,thefixed buildingservices(thisshouldincludethingsliketheimplicationofcovering continued
Man

YES/NO

b.Energy

216 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Checklist Man 1 Home User Guide Part 1 Operational Issues The list below indicates the type of information that should be included eatingoutletswithbagsetcandotherhazards)andtheirmaintenance h requirementssothatthebuildingcanbeoperatedinsuchamannerasto usenomorefuelandpowerthanisreasonableinthecircumstances wayofcomplyingwouldbetoaprovidesuitablesetofoperatingand A maintenanceinstructionsaimedatachievingeconomyintheuseoffuel andpowerinawaythathouseholderscanunderstand.Theinstructions shouldbedirectlyrelatedtotheparticularsystem/sinstalledinthe dwelling heinstructionsshouldexplaintotheoccupierhowtooperatethe T system(s)efficiently.Theseshouldinclude:themakingofseasonal adjustmentstocontrolsettingsandwhatroutinemaintenanceisneeded toenableoperatingefficiencytobemaintainedatareasonablelevel throughtheservicelive/softhesystem/s etailsofanyrenewablesystem/sandhowit/theyoperate/s D etailsoflow-energylightfittings,theiruseandtheirbenefits,e.g.how D muchenergytheysavecomparedtotraditionallightfittingsandwhatthis canmeanintermsofreducedenergybills nformationshouldalsobeprovidedexplaininglampefficacyandthe I benefitsofpurchasinghighefficacylamps. etailsoftheEUlabellingschemeforwhitegoods D eneralinformationonenergyefficiency G c.WaterUse etailsofwater-savingmeasuresandtips D xternalwateruseandefficiency,e.g.theuseofwaterbuttsorother E typeofrainwaterrecyclingsystems d.Recycling& Waste nformationabouttheLocalAuthoritycollectionscheme(ifapplicable) I fthehomeisnotcoveredbyaLocalAuthoritycollectionscheme,details I andlocationofcommunalrecyclingbins/skips/facilities nformationonthelocationanduseofanyrecyclingbins I nformationonthelocationanduseofanycompostbins I nformationonWRAPwhichcanofferguidanceonrecyclingand I sustainablewastedisposal e.SustainableDIY
Man

YES/NO

nvironmentalrecommendationsforconsiderationinanyhome E improvementworks,suchastheuseoflowVOCproductsorthe purchaseofcertifiedtimber nformationonsmokedetector/s I ncludereferences/linkstootherinformationincludingwebsites, I publicationsandorganisationsprovidinginformationonhowtorun thehomeefficientlyandinthebestenvironmentallysoundway.Asa minimum,thisshouldincludelinksto: heEnergySavingTrustgoodpracticeguidance(www. T energysavingtrust.org.uk) heLocalAuthority T hecompanyresponsiblefortheconstructionoftheproperty T continued

f.Emergency Information g.Links, References &Further Information

Man1:HomeUseGuide | 217

Checklist Man 1 Home User Guide Part 1 Operational Issues The list below indicates the type of information that should be included hecompanyresponsibleforthemanagementofthehome(where T applicable) nallinstancesbothanaddress/telephonecontactnumberandaweblink I willneedtobeprovided h.Provisionof Information inAlternative Formats ncludedetailsoftheprocedureforobtainingacopyoftheguidein I alternativeformats,includingforeignlanguages,Braille,largeprintor audiocassette/CD.Itshouldincludethecontactdetailsoftheperson/ organisationresponsibleforproducingtheguide

YES/NO

Part 2 Site and Surroundings The list below indicates the type of information that should be included a.Recycling& Waste nformationonwhattodowithwastenotcoveredbythestandardweekly I LocalAuthoritycollectionschemeforexamplefridges/freezers,computer equipment,batteriesandotherpotentiallyhazardousequipment.Insome areastheLocalAuthoritywillcollecttheseitems.Ifthisisthecasedetails andinformationofsuchacollectionshouldbeprovided nformationandlocationoflocalrecyclingfacilitiesandwastetips I b.Sustainable (Urban)Drainage Systems(SUDS) c.Public Transport etailsofSUDSwithinthesiteboundaryincludinganoverviewofthe D reasonsandbenefitsbehindtheiruse(e.g.preventionoflocalised flooding)andadviceonmaintenanceandoperation etailsoflocalpublictransportfacilitiesincludingmapsandtimetables D andthelocationofnearbybusstopsand/ortrain/tubestations etailsofcyclestorageandcyclepathsintheareaincluding,ifavailable, D cyclepathnetworkmapsforthewholetown/localarea etailsofcarparkingandinformationonavailableparkandride,car D sharingschemesand/orcarpools/carhireinthearea etailsonhowtogettolocalamenitiesintheareabypublictransportor D cycling d.Local amenities helocationoffoodshops,postboxes,postalfacilities,bank/cashpoints, T pharmacies,schools,medicalcentres,leisurecentres,communitycentres, placesofworship,publichouses,childrensplayareas,outdooropen accesspublicareas therlocalamenitiessuchasplacesofinterest/culturalvalue,areasof O beauty/wildlife/conservation/allotmentsetc. e.Responsible Purchasing ncludeinformationaboutthepurchasingof: I owenergy/lowwaterwhitegoods L lectricalequipment,includinglightfittingsandbulbs E imberproductsfromsustainablesources T rganicfoodprocurement/foodgrowing/localproduce/localfood O provision,e.g.farmersmarkets,organicboxschemesetc f.Emergency Information ontactdetailsforemergencyservicesincluding: C ocationoflocalminorinjuriesclinicsandA&Edepartments L ocationofnearestpolice/firestation L continued
Man

218 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Checklist Man 1 Home User Guide Part 1 Operational Issues The list below indicates the type of information that should be included g.Links, References &Further Information. hisshouldincludereferences/linkstootherinformationincluding T websites,publicationsandorganisationsprovidinginformationonhow toreducetheenvironmentalimpactintermsoftransport,theuseoflocal amenities,responsiblepurchasingetc.Suchlinks/referencesmayinclude linksto: ustrans(forcyclenetworks,www.sustrans.org.uk) S helocalauthority(includinginformationaboutrecyclingandwaste T tips) ocaltransportproviders(e.g.busortraincompanies) L ocalamenities L nallinstancesbothanaddress/telephonecontactnumberandaweblink I willneedtobeprovided Developer Confirmation ByenteringaYESagainstthecriteriaabove,Iconfirmthatalldwellingsofthisspecificationtype ontheENTER SITE NAMEsitemeetthestatedcriteria. Signature: Date: PrintName:

YES/NO

CommonCasesofNon-compliance
None.

SpecialCases
ItisacceptableforahomeuserguidetobeprovidedontheinternetorCD.Where thisisthecase,alloccupants: Mustbegivenahardcopyofthehomeuserguidecontentspageandaletter explainingthebenefitsofusingtheguide. AND Mustbegivenacontactnumberandtheaddressofwheretheycanobtaina hardcopyofthehomeuserguide,iftheyrequestthis.Thesecontactdetails mustremaincurrentforatleast12monthsfromhandover. Asystemmustbeinplacetoprovideahardcopyofthehomeuserguideto occupantsonrequest.
Man

Man2:ConsiderateConstructorsScheme | 219

Issue ID Man2

Description ConsiderateConstructorsScheme

No. of Credits Available 2

Mandatory Elements No

Aim
Topromotetheenvironmentallyandsociallyconsiderate,andaccountable managementofconstructionsites.

AssessmentCriteria
Criteria Wherethereisacommitmenttomeetbest practiceunderanationallyorlocallyrecognised certificationschemesuchastheConsiderate Constructors Scheme Wherethereisacommitmenttogosignificantly beyond best practiceunderanationallyor locallyrecognisedcertificationschemesuchastheConsiderateConstructorsScheme Default Cases None Credits 1 2

Man

220 | CodeforSustainableHomes

InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage ForConsiderateConstructorsScheme: Post Construction Stage ForConsiderateConstructorsScheme:

Specificationclauseorother AcopyoftheConsiderate confirmationofcommitmentfromthe ConstructorsCertificate contractorordevelopertocomplywith AND theConsiderateConstructorsScheme andachieveformalcertificationunder theschemewitheitherapassscoreora ThefinalConsiderateConstructors Monitorsreporthighlightingthe scoreof32pointsandabove totalscoreandthesub-scoresineach section AND Confirmationthatregistrationwith theConsiderateConstructorScheme hastakenplacenolaterthanthe commencementoftheconstruction phase NOTE:Wheredevelopmentsarephased andtheConsiderateConstructor Certificateisnotyetavailablethe intermediatereportcoveringthe developedsitecompletedbythe ConsiderateConstructorsMonitorwill beaccepted.Wherenoinspectionhas yettakenplacedetailsofregistration andacommitmentfromthecontractor ordevelopertoachieveeitherapass scoreorascoreof32pointsandabove willbeaccepteduntilsuchtimeasthe firstinspectiontakesplace. Foranalternativescheme: Acopyofthealternativeschemes CertificateofComplianceorequivalent documentaryevidence(froman independentthirdpartyassessor) confirmingthatallthemandatory elementsitemsplus50%or80%(as applicable)oftheoptionalitemshave beenachieved

Foranalternative locally or nationally recognised scheme: Theindependentschemeassessormust completeChecklistMan2(October 2010)andprovidetheassessorwitha copyasevidence NOTE:TheAssessormustseek confirmationfromtheCodeService Providerthatanalternativeschemeis acceptablepriortoformalsubmissionof anassessment

Man

Man2:ConsiderateConstructorsScheme | 221

Definitions
Alternative locally or nationally recognised schemes Analternativeschememaydemonstratecompliancebyfulfillingthecriteriastatedin ChecklistMan2(Oct2010)forotherlocallyandnationallyrecognisedschemes.Any suchschememustbeapprovedbytheCodeserviceproviderpriortoassessment.This canbeachievedbysubmittingacompletedChecklistMan2(Oct2010)Compliance withanAlternativeScheme. Best practice Achievingascoreofatleast3ineverysection,andatotalscorebetween24and 31.5,oftheConsiderateConstructorsSchemesCodeofConsideratePractice indicatesthatasiteisbeingmanagedinaccordancewithbestpractice. Alternativeschemesdemonstratethiswhere,inadditiontomeetingallthe mandatoryrequirements,50percentoftheoptionalitemsinChecklistMan2(Oct 10)CompliancewithanAlternativeScheme,areaddressed. Considerate Constructors Scheme (CCS) TheConsiderateConstructorsSchemeisaUKcertificationschemethatencourages theconsideratemanagementofconstructionsites.Theschemeisoperatedbythe ConstructionConfederationandpointsareawardedinincrementsof0.5overthe followingeightsections: Considerate EnvironmentallyAware SiteCleanliness GoodNeighbour Respectful Safe Responsible Accountable.
Man

Toachievecertificationunderthisscheme,ascoreofatleast24isrequired. Alternative locally or nationally recognised schemes Analternativeschememaydemonstratecompliancebyfulfillingthecriteriastatedin ChecklistMan2(Oct2010)forotherlocallyandnationallyrecognisedschemes.Any suchschememustbeapprovedbytheCodeserviceproviderpriortoassessment.This canbeachievedbysubmittingacompletedChecklistMan2(Oct2010)Compliance withanAlternativeScheme.

222 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Significantly beyond best practice Achievingascoreofatleast4ineverysection,andatotalscoreofbetween32and 40oftheConsiderateConstructorsSchemesCodeofConsideratePracticeindicates thatasiteisbeingmanagedsignificantlybeyondbestpractice. Alternativeschemesdemonstratethiswhere,inadditiontomeetingallthe mandatoryrequirements,80percentoftheoptionalitemsinChecklistMan2(Oct 10)CompliancewithanAlternativeScheme,areaddressed.

AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Creditsareawardedwheretheperformancerequirements(setoutinthe assessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage WherethesiteisbeingassessedusingtheConsiderateConstructorsScheme, confirmthecontractorscommitmentassetoutintheassessmentcriteria. Wherethesiteisbeingassessedusinganalternativescheme,thedetailsofthat schemeshouldbecheckedtoconfirmthatitcoversequivalentitems.Thisis donebycompletingChecklistMan2CompliancewithanAlternativeScheme (availablefromtheCodeServiceProvider).Thechecklistsetsoutanumber ofmandatoryitemsandawiderrangeofissuesequivalenttothoseinthe ConsiderateContractorsScheme.Inadditiontothemandatoryissues: Foronecredit,50%oftheseissuesmustbeachievedtodemonstrate compliancewithbestpracticestandards. Fortwocredits,80%oftheseissuesmustbeachievedtodemonstrategoing significantlybeyondbestpracticestandards. Post Construction Stage WherethesitehasbeenassessedusingtheConsiderateConstructorsScheme, confirmthatcertificationhastakenplaceandthefinalscoreonthemonitors report. Wherethesitehasbeenassessedusinganalternativescheme,confirmthatall themandatoryitemsand50%(or80%)oftheoptionalitems(asapplicable) havebeenachieved.ConfirmcompliancewithChecklistMan2Compliance withanAlternativeSchemeusinginformationprovidedbythethird-party certifierofthealternativescheme.

Man

CalculationProcedures
None.

Man2:ConsiderateConstructorsScheme | 223

ChecklistsandTables
Checklist Man 2 Compliance with an Alternative SchemeisavailablefromtheCode serviceprovideronrequest.

CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
None.

SpecialCases
None.

Man

224 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Issue ID Man3

Description ConstructionSiteImpacts

No. of Credits Available 2

Mandatory Elements No

Aim
Topromoteconstructionsitesmanagedinamannerthatmitigatesenvironmental impacts.

AssessmentCriteria
Criteria Wherethereareproceduresthatcovertwoormoreofthefollowingitems: Monitor,reportandsettargetsforCO2productionorenergyusearisingfromsiteactivities MonitorandreportCO2orenergyusearisingfromcommercialtransporttoandfromsite Monitor,reportandsettargetsforwaterconsumptionfromsiteactivities Adoptbestpracticepoliciesinrespectofair(dust)pollutionarisingfromsiteactivities doptbestpracticepoliciesinrespectofwater(groundandsurface)pollutionoccurringon A thesite 80%ofsitetimberisreclaimed,re-usedorresponsiblysourced OR Wherethereareproceduresthatcoverfourormoreoftheitemslistedabove. Default Cases None 2 Credits 1

Man

Man3:ConstructionSiteImpacts | 225

InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage CompletedcopyofChecklist Man3(signedanddated) detailingtheproceduresthat willbeemployedtominimise constructionsiteimpacts. Post Construction Stage Documentaryevidencedemonstratingthatthe proceduresdetailedinChecklistMan3*have beenachieved.Thiscantaketheformof: Measurement/consumptionrecords Targetrecords Graphscomparingconsumptionwithtargets Deliveryrecords Siteproceduresforminimisingair/dustand waterpollution CoCcertificatesfortimber/purchaseorders confirmingre-used/reclaimedtimber/letter fromthedeveloperconfirmingthematerialson sitethatwerere-used *ChecklistMan3canbecompletedonasite widebasiswithmonthlyreviews.

Definitions
Key performance indicators (KPI) KeyperformanceindicatorsgeneratedbyConstructingExcellencefortheconstruction industry.Seewww.kpizone.com

AssessmentMethodology
Man

Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Creditsareawardedwheretheperformancerequirements(setoutinthe assessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage Confirmwhetherthedeveloperiscommittedtoachievinganyofthe requirementssetoutinChecklistMan3ConstructionSiteImpactsunder ChecklistsandTables. Post Construction Stage Confirmwhichcommitmentsandevidenceprovidedatthedesignstagearestill valid. Assessallthenewevidenceprovidedatthepostconstructionstage.

226 | CodeforSustainableHomes

CalculationProcedures
None.

ChecklistsandTables
Checklist Man 3: Construction Site Impacts Criteria Evidence Demonstrating how Criteria will be Met Reference Tick

a. Commitment to monitor, report and set targets for CO2 production or energy use arising from site activities 1) onfirmthatmonthlymeasurementsofenergyuse C willberecordedanddisplayedonsite. 2) etanddisplayappropriatetarget*levelsofenergy S consumption(targetscouldbeannual,monthlyor projecttargets). 3) saminimum,monitoringmustincludechecking A themetersanddisplayingsomeformofgraphical analysisinthesiteofficetoshowconsumptionover theprojectdurationandhowactualconsumption comparestothetargetsset. 4) hedesign/sitemanagementteamistonominatean T individualwhowillberesponsibleforthemonitoring andcollectionofdata. *TargetsforenergyconsumptionduringtheconstructionprocessshouldbesetusingUKConstruction IndustryKPIs.Thesedocumentsdonotspecifytargetsbutfacilitateprojectsinsettingappropriatetargets(see Referencessectionofmaincreditforfurtherdetails). Note:TheCodedoesnotrequiretargetstobemetbutisencouragingtheprocessofsetting,monitoringand reportingagainsttargets. b. Commitment to monitor and report CO2 or energy use arising from commercial transport to and from the site 1) onfirmthatasitemonitoringsystemwillbeinplace C tomonitorandrecorddeliveries*.Thesystemwill needtorecord: Thenumberofdeliveries. Themodeoftransport. Thekilometres/milestravelledforalldeliveries. herethedeliveryisspecificallyforthesite,a W figureoftotaldistancetravelledshouldbeused, i.e.aroundtrip(fromthepointoforigin,tothe siteandbacktothepointoforigin). herethedeliverytothesiteispartofamultiple W deliveryroute,therecordedfigureshouldbethe distancetravelledtothesite(fromtheprevious delivery)plusthedistancetothenextdeliveryor return. continued
Man

Man3:ConstructionSiteImpacts | 227

Checklist Man 3: Construction Site Impacts Criteria Thisinformationcanthenbeusedtoestimateatotal figureforkgofCO2fortheproject.TheCodedoes notrequirethisinformationtobeconvertedtoCO2 buttheinformationmustbemadeavailabletothe seniorprojectandsitemanagementstaff/suppliersto establishbenchmarksandaidfuturedecision-making towardsimprovingsiteandtransportefficiency.Ifthe projectteamwishestoconvertthisinformationinto CO2emissions,therearetablesprovidedattheend ofthischecklist,whichcanbeused. 2) fthedesignteamorcontractorconfirmsthat I theprojectisaimingtoachievethemeasuresin Construction Site Transport measures for traffic movements and distances(publishedApril2003, seereferences)thenthisaspecthasbeenachieved automatically.Theinformationobtainedforthis itemcanalsobeusedtosatisfytheUKConstruction IndustryKPIsontransport. 3) hedesign/sitemanagementteamistonominatean T individualwhowillberesponsibleforthemonitoring andcollectionofdata. *PleaseseeTables 8.18.4belowonmonitoringsitetransportCO2 c. Commitment to monitor, report and set targets for water consumption arising from site activities 1) emonstratecompliancebythedesign/site D managementteamconfirming,inwriting,that monthlymeasurementsofwaterconsumptionwillbe recordedanddisplayedonsite. 2) etanddisplayappropriatetarget*levelsofwater S consumption(targetscouldbeannual,monthlyor projecttargets). 3) saminimum,monitoringmustincludechecking A themetersanddisplayingsomeformofgraphical analysisinthesiteofficetoshowconsumptionover theprojectdurationandhowactualconsumption comparestotargetsset. 4) hedesign/sitemanagementteamistonominatean T individualwhowillberesponsibleforthemonitoring andcollectionofdata. *TargetsforwaterconsumptionduringtheconstructionprocessshouldbesetusingUKConstruction IndustryKPIs.Thesedocumentsdonotspecifytargetsbutfacilitateprojectsinsettingappropriatetargets(see References and Further Informationfordetails). Note:TheCodedoesnotrequiretargetstobemetbutisencouragingtheprocessofsetting,monitoringand reportingagainsttargets. continued Evidence Demonstrating how Criteria will be Met Reference Tick

Man

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Checklist Man 3: Construction Site Impacts Criteria Evidence Demonstrating how Criteria will be Met Reference Tick

d. Commitment to adopt best practice policies in respect of air (dust) pollution arising from site activities 1) onfirmthesitesprocedurestominimiseair(dust) C pollution.Thesecaninclude: Dustsheets roposalstoregularlydampdownthesiteindry P weather Coverstoskipsetc. 2) hesiteteammustindicatehowthisinformationis T disseminatedtositeoperatives. Note:FurtherinformationcanbeobtainedfromDTI/BREpublicationsControl of Dust from Construction and Demolition ActivitiesandPollution Control GuideParts15whichprovidegoodpracticeguidelineson construction-relatedpollution(seeReferences and Further Informationfordetails). e. Commitment to adopt best practice policies in respect of water (ground and surface) pollution occurring on the site 1) onfirmthesitesprocedurestominimisewater C pollutionfollowingbestpracticeguidelinesoutlinedin thefollowingEnvironmentAgencydocuments: PG1Generalguidetothepreventionof P pollution. PG5Worksin,nearorliabletoaffect P watercourses. PG6Workingatdemolitionandconstruction P sites. 2) hesiteteammustindicatehowthisinformationis T disseminatedtositeoperatives. f. 80% of site timber is reclaimed, re-used or responsibly sourced 1) 0%oftimberusedduringconstruction,including 8 formwork,sitehoardingsandothertemporary sitetimberusedforthepurposeoffacilitating construction,istobeprocuredfromsustainably managedsources,independentlycertifiedbyone ofthetoptwolevelsassetoutintheResponsible SourcingofMaterialsIssues(Mat2andMat3)inthe Materialssectionofthisdocument.Alltimberused duringconstructionmustbelegallysourced. Re-usedtimberfromoffsitecanbecountedas equivalent,butre-usableformworkcompliesonlyif itmeetstheabovecriterion. Thiscreditcanbeawardedwhereallthetimberused isreclaimedtimber. Signed: Date:

Man

Man3:ConstructionSiteImpacts | 229

Table: Cat 8.1: Standard Road Transport Fuel Conversion Factors Fuel Used Petrol Diesel Compressednaturalgas(CNG) Liquidpetroleumgas(LPG) Units Litres Litres kg Litres Total Units Used x x x x x kg CO2 per Unit 2.315 2.630 2.728 1.495 Total kg CO2

Source:UKGreenhouseGasInventoryfor2006(producedforDefrabyAEAEnergy&Environment),DigestofUK EnergyStatistics(DTI)andCarbonfactorsforfuels(UKPIA,2004) Table: Cat 8.2: Standard Road Transport Fuel Conversion Factors Size of Car Smallpetrolcar,upto1.4litre engine Mediumpetrolcar,from1.4to 2.0litres Largepetrolcarabove2.0litres Units Miles km Miles km Miles km Averagepetrolcar Miles km Total Units Travelled x x x x x x x x x kg CO2 per Unit 0.291 0.181 0.344 0.214 0.476 0.296 0.333 0.207 Total kg CO2

Source:RevisedfactorsdevelopedbyAEAEnergy&EnvironmentandagreedwiththeDepartmentforTransport (2008) Table: Cat 8.3: Standard Road Transport Fuel Conversion Factors Size of Car Smalldieselcar,upto1.7litre engine Mediumdieselcar,from1.7to 2.0litres Largedieselcarabove2.0litres Units Miles km Miles km Miles km Averagedieselcar Miles km Total Units Travelled x x x x x x x x x kg CO2 per Unit 0.244 0.151 0.303 0.188 0.415 0.258 0.319 0.198
Man

Total kg CO2

Source:RevisedfactorsdevelopedbyAEAEnergy&EnvironmentandagreedwiththeDepartmentforTransport (2008)

230 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Table: Cat 8.4: Van/Light Commercial Vehicle Road Freight Mileage Conversion Factors Type of Van Gross Vehicle Weight (tonnes) upto1.25t Units Total Units Travelled x kg CO2 per Unit 0.360 0.224 0.438 0.272 0.438 0.272 Total kg CO2

Petrol

Miles km

x x x x x x

Diesel

upto3.5t

Miles km

LPGorCNG

upto3.5t

Miles km

Source:FactorsdevelopedbyAEAEnergy&EnvironmentandagreedwiththeDepartmentforTransport(2008) Table: Cat 8.5: Diesel HGV Road Freight Mileage Conversion Factors (based on UK average load) Type of Lorry Gross Vehicle Weight (tonnes) >3.57.5t Units Total Units Travelled x kg CO2 per Unit 0.906 0.563 1.202 0.747 1.559 0.969 1.315 0.817 1.495 0.929 Total kg CO2

Rigid

Miles km

x x x x x x x x x x

Rigid

>7.517t

Miles km

Rigid

>17t

Miles km

Articulated

>3.533t

Miles km

Articulated

>33t

Miles km

Source:RevisedfactorsdevelopedbyAEAEnergy&EnvironmentandagreedwiththeDepartmentforTransport (2008)

Man

CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
None.

SpecialCases
None.

Man4:Security | 231

Issue ID Man4

Description Security

No. of Credits Available 2

Mandatory Elements No

Aim
Topromotethedesignofdevelopmentswherepeoplefeelsafeandsecure-where crimeanddisorder,orthefearofcrime,doesnotunderminequalityoflifeor communitycohesion.

AssessmentCriteria
Criteria AnArchitecturalLiaisonOfficer(ALO)orCrimePreventionDesignAdvisor(CPDA)from thelocalpoliceforceisconsultedatthedesignstageandtheirrecommendationsare incorporatedintothedesignofthedwelling. AND Section 2 Physical Security from Secured by Design New Homesiscompliedwith (Secured by Designcertificationisnotrequired). Default Cases None Credits 2

Man

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InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage Detaileddocumentary evidenceshowing: ThatanALO/CPDA hasbeenconsulted withtoensurethatthe requirementsofSection 2PhysicalSecurityfrom SecuredbyDesignNew Homesaremet Acommitmenttofollow theadviceprovidedbythe ALO/CPDA Post Construction Stage Detaileddocumentaryevidenceshowing: Confirmationfromthedeveloperthatallofthe recommendationsprovidedbytheALO/CPDA havebeenincorporatedinthedesignandthat thesitemeetsthestandardsrequiredinSection2 PhysicalSecurityfromSecuredbyDesignNew Homes AssessorSiteInspectionReport OR As-Builtdrawingsshowingsecurityfeatures WhereaSecuredbyDesigncertificatecan beprovided,thiswillbedeemedtosatisfythe requirementsandnootherevidencewillbe required

Definitions
(ALO) Architectural Liaison Officer ThisisthesameastheCrimePreventionDesignAdvisor(seedefinitionbelow) andisthetitlegiventothesameroleinsomepoliceforces.Takenfrom www.securedbydesign.com (CPDA) Crime Prevention Design Advisor TheCrimePreventionDesignAdvisor(CPDA)isaspecialistcrimepreventionofficer, trainedattheHomeOfficeCrimeReductionCollege,whodealswithcrimeriskand designingoutcrimeadviceforthebuiltenvironment.Inadditiontophysicalsecurity measurestheofficerwillconsiderdefensiblespace,access,crimeandmovement generatorsallofwhichcancontributetoareductionincrimeanddisorder.Taken fromwww.securedbydesign.com (SBD) Secured by Design Thisisapoliceinitiativetoencouragethebuildingindustrytoadoptcrimeprevention measuresinthedesignofdevelopmentstoassistinreducingtheopportunityfor,and fearof,crime,creatingasaferandmoresecureenvironment.SecuredbyDesignis ownedbytheAssociationofChiefPoliceOfficers(ACPO),andhasthesupportofthe HomeOfficeCrimeReduction&CommunitySafetyGroupandthePlanningSection oftheDepartmentforCommunitiesandLocalGovernment.

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Man4:Security | 233

Section 2 Physical Security from Secured by Design New Homes Tobeawarded,aSecuredbyDesignaward,theALO/CPDAmustbesatisfiedthat thecriteriaofbothSection1TheDevelopmentLayout&Design,andSection2 PhysicalSecurityaremet.TherequirementsofSection1arebeyondtheremitofthe Codeandforthisissue,onlytherequirementsofSection2mustbemet. Site Inspection Report AreportpreparedbytheCodeassessorduringapostconstructionstageassessment andprovidedasevidencewiththeassessment.

AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Creditsareawardedwheretheperformancerequirements(setoutinthe assessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage CheckthatanALO/CPDAhasbeenappointedandthatthedeveloperconfirms theiradvicewillbefollowed. Post Construction Stage CheckthatthereisconfirmationfromtheALO/CPDAthatalldwellingscomply withSection2ofSecuredbyDesign(i.e.thedevelopmentisSBD-part compliant),orthedevelopmenthasbeenawardedanSBDcertificatewhich indicatescompliancewithbothSections1and2ofSecuredbyDesign.

CalculationProcedures
None.

ChecklistsandTables
None.
Man

CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
None.

SpecialCases
None.

234 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Category9:Ecology
Issue ID Eco1 Description EcologicalValueofSite No. of Credits Available 1 Mandatory Elements No

Aim
Topromotedevelopmentonlandthatalreadyhasalimitedvaluetowildlife,and discouragethedevelopmentofecologicallyvaluablesites.

AssessmentCriteria
Criteria Wherethedevelopment siteisconfirmedaslandofinherentlylow ecological value EITHER Bymeetingthecriteriaforlowecologicalvalue(usingChecklistEco1LandofLowEcological ValueunderChecklistsandTablesbelow) OR Bybeingconfirmedbyasuitably qualified ecologist OR Whereanindependentecologicalreportofthesite,preparedbyasuitablyqualifiedecologist, confirmsthattheconstruction zoneisofloworinsignificantecologicalvalue AND Anylandofecologicalvalueoutsidetheconstructionzonebutwithinthedevelopmentsitewill remainundisturbedbytheconstructionworks. Default Cases None Credits 1

Eco

Eco1:EcologicalValueofSite | 235

InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage WhereusingChecklistEco1,provision of: Sitevisitreportfromthedesignteam/ assessorconfirmingdetailsadequate tomeetChecklistEco1basedon plansofthesiteandsurrounding areapriortothecommencementof constructionworks/siteclearance Whereasuitablyqualifiedecologistis appointed; Acopyofareportorletterfromthe ecologisthighlightingtheinformation requiredassetoutintheCodefor SustainableHomesEcologyReport Template AND Detaileddocumentaryevidence identifyingtheconstructionzoneand howanyareasofecologicalvalue outsidetheconstructionzonewill remainundisturbedinaccordancewith theecologistsrecommendations. Whereasuitablyqualifiedecologistis appointed; Evidencetobeprovidedasatdesign stage AND Detaileddocumentaryevidence confirmingthatanylandofecological valueoutsidetheconstructionzonehas beenandwillcontinuetobeadequately protectedduringconstructionworks Post Construction Stage WhereusingChecklistEco1evidenceto beprovidedasatdesignstage

Definitions
Construction zone Theconstructionzoneincludesanylandusedforbuildings,hard-standing, landscaping,siteaccessorwhereconstructionworkiscarriedout(orlandisbeing disturbedinanyotherway),plusa3mboundaryineitherdirectionaroundthese areas.Italsoincludesanyareasusedfortemporarysitestorageandbuildings.Ifitis notknownexactlywherebuildings,hard-standing,siteaccessandtemporarystorage andbuildingswillbelocated,itmustbeassumedthattheconstructionzoneisthe developmentsite. Contaminated land Asitecanbedefinedascontaminatedlandwherethelevelofsitecontamination preventsdevelopmentunlessdecontaminationiscarriedout.

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236 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Contaminationincludesanysolid,liquidorgaseousmaterialinoronthegroundto becoveredbythebuilding,andwhichisapollutantorcouldbecometoxic,corrosive, explosive,flammableorradioactiveandthereforelikelytobeadangertohealthand safetyortheenvironment.Thisalsoincludesnon-nativeinvasiveplantspeciesas definedbelow. Wheretheonlydecontaminationrequiredisfortheremovalofasbestoswithinan existingbuildingfabrictobedemolished,thiscannotbeclassifiedascontaminated land.Whereasbestosisfoundtobepresentintheground,thiswillbeclassedas contaminationforthepurposesofthisissue. Development site Thedevelopmentsiteisthewholesiteuptoandincludingtheboundary. Ecological features EcologicalfeaturesaredefinedinChecklistEco1LandofLowEcologicalValue,and includetrees,hedges,ponds,streams,rivers,marshes,wetlands,meadows,speciesrichgrassland,heathlandandheather. Low ecological value LanddefinedashavinglowecologicalvalueusingChecklistEco1ordefinedbya suitablyqualifiedecologistashavingloworinsignificantecologicalvalue. Non-native invasive species Thesearenon-indigenousspecies(e.g.plantsoranimals)thatadverselyaffectthe habitatstheyinvadeeconomically,environmentallyorecologically.Forthepurposes oftheCode,thiscurrentlyincludesonlyJapaneseKnotweedandGiantHogweed. Furtherinformationontheircontrolanddisposalandhowthisfitsintothelegislative frameworkrelatingtosuchspeciescanbeobtainedfromDEFRA. Suitably qualified ecologist Asuitablyqualifiedecologistisdefinedasanindividualwho: Holdsadegreeorequivalentqualification(e.g.N/SVQLevel5)inecologyora relatedsubject Isapractisingecologist,withaminimumofthreeyearsrelevantexperience (withinthelastfiveyears).Suchexperiencemustclearlydemonstrateapractical understandingoffactorsaffectingecologyinrelationtoconstructionand thebuiltenvironment,includingactinginanadvisorycapacitytoprovide recommendationsforecologicalprotection,enhancementandmitigation measures.Examplesofrelevantexperienceareecologicalimpactassessments, Phase1and2habitatsurveys,andhabitatrestoration Iscoveredbyaprofessionalcodeofconductandsubjecttopeerreview. Peerreviewisdefinedastheprocessemployedbyaprofessionalbodytodemonstrate thatpotentialorcurrentfullmembersmaintainthestandardofknowledgeand

Eco

Eco1:EcologicalValueofSite | 237

experiencerequiredtoensurecompliancewithacodeofconductandprofessional ethics. Fullmembersofthefollowingorganisationswhomeettheaboverequirementsare deemedtobesuitablyqualifiedecologists: AssociationofWildlifeTrustConsultancies(AWTC) CharteredInstitutionofWaterandEnvironmentalManagement(CIWEM) InstituteofEcologyandEnvironmentalManagement(IEEM) InstituteofEnvironmentalManagementandAssessment(IEMA) LandscapeInstitute(LI). Verified ecological report Averifiedecologicalreportisareportcarriedoutbyanecologistwhodoesnotfully meettherequirementsofasuitablyqualifiedecologist.Forthereporttocomply,asa minimumasuitablyqualifiedecologistmusthavereadandreviewedthereportand confirmedinwritingthatit: Representssoundindustrypractice Reportsandrecommendscorrectly,truthfullyandobjectively Isappropriategiventhelocalsiteconditionsandscopeofworksproposed Avoidsinvalid,biasedandexaggeratedstatements Additionally,writtenconfirmationfromthethird-partyverifierthattheycomply withthedefinitionofasuitablyqualifiedecologist.

AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Creditsareawardedwheretheperformancerequirements(setoutinthe assessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage ForChecklistEco1LandofLowEcologicalValue,verifythattheanswertoall questionsinSection1isNoandthatYeshasbeenansweredtoatleastone questioninSection2. Whereasuitablyqualifiedecologisthasbeenappointed,confirmthatthe ecologistsreportverifiesthattheconstructionzoneisofloworinsignificant valueandthatanylandofecologicalvalueoutsidetheconstructionzonewill remainundisturbedbytheconstructionworks. Confirmthattheecologistmeetsthedefinitionofasuitablyqualifiedecologist, asdefinedabove.Iftheecologistdoesnotmeettherequirements,confirmthat thereportisaverified ecological report.
Eco

238 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Post Construction Stage Wheretheconstructionzonewasoflowecologicalvalue,ensurethatthearea designatedastheconstructionzonehasnotchangedfromthedesignstage. Whereanylandofecologicalvaluewaspresentoutsidetheconstructionzone butwithinthedevelopmentsite,ensurethatthishasremainedundisturbedby theconstructionworks.

CalculationProcedures
None

ChecklistsandTables
Checklist Eco 1: Land of Low Ecological Value General information:Forthedevelopmenttobedefinedaslandoflowecologicalvalue,theassessormust answerNOtoallofthequestionsinSection1andYEStoanyofthequestionsinSection2. Section 1:Ecological featuresofthesite Instruction:Criteria1.11.5canbeusedtodeterminethepresenceofexistingecologicalfeaturesacrossthe site.IfYESisrecordedagainstanyquestioninSection1thenthesitecannotbedefinedashavinglandoflow ecologicalvalueandthecreditcannotbeawarded.IfNOisrecordedagainstallthequestionsinSection1then proceedtoSection2. 1.1 Doesthesitecontainanytreesorhedgesabove1mhighorwithatrunk diametergreaterthan100mm? Arethereanyponds,streamsorriverson,orrunningthrough,thesite? Isthereanymarshorotherwetlandpresentonthesite? Arethereanymeadowsorspecies-richgrasslandpresentonthesite? Isthereanyheathland,consistingofheatherand/orscrubpresentonthesite? YES NO

1.2

YES

NO

1.3

YES

NO

1.4

YES

NO

Eco

1.5

YES

NO

continued

Eco1:EcologicalValueofSite | 239

Checklist Eco 1: Land of Low Ecological Value Section 2:Typeofland Instruction:InadditiontoansweringNOtoallthequestionsinSection1,ifYESisrecordedagainstoneor moreofthequestionsinSection2,thedevelopmentsitecanbedefinedashavinglandoflowecologicalvalue andthecreditcanbeawarded.(TheassessorMUSTcheckthattheseagreewiththesitedrawings.) 2.1 Doesthedevelopmentsiteconsistoflandwhichisentirelywithinthefloorplan(s) ofexistingbuilding(s)orbuilding(s)demolishedwithinthepasttwoyears? Doesthedevelopmentsiteconsistoflandwhichisentirelycoveredbyother constructionssuchassportinghardsurfaces,carparkingorsuchconstructions whichhavebeendemolishedwithinthepasttwoyears? Doesthedevelopmentsiteconsistoflandwhichiscontaminatedbyindustrialor otherwastetotheextentthatitwouldneeddecontaminationbeforebuilding commences? Doesthedevelopmentsiteconsistoflandwhichisamixtureofexistingbuildings, hardsurfacesand/orcontaminated land? Does80%ofthelandwithinthedevelopmentsitecomplywithstatements2.1, 2.2or2.3andtheremaining20%ofthebuildingsgroundareaextendintoland whichhasbeeneitherusedforsingle-croparablefarmingforatleastfiveyears, ORconsistsofregularlycutlawnsandsportsfields. YES NO

2.2

YES

NO

2.3

YES

NO

2.4

YES

NO

2.5

YES

NO

CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
Asitethatconsistsofbuildings,hardsurfaces,carparkingorothersuchconstruction whichhasbeenderelictformorethantwoyearscannotachievethecreditunlessit canbeverifiedbyasuitably qualified ecologistthatthesiteisofloworinsignificant ecologicalvalue.

SpecialCases
Areasofhighecologicalimportancecanbeomittedfromtheconstructionzoneif thesuitably qualified ecologistissatisfiedthattheywillnotbedisturbedbyactions onsite.Confirmationfromtheecologistisrequiredinwriting,includingdetailsof thefeaturesandtheirlocations.Atthepostconstructionstage,theecologistmust confirmthattheseareaswerenotaffectedbysiteactivities.

Eco

240 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Issue ID Eco2

Description EcologicalEnhancement

No. of Credits Available 1

Mandatory Elements No

Aim
Toenhancetheecologicalvalueofasite.

AssessmentCriteria
Criteria Whereasuitably qualified ecologisthasbeenappointedtorecommendappropriateecological featuresthatwillpositivelyenhancetheecologyofthesite. AND Wherethedeveloperadoptsallkeyrecommendationsand30%ofadditional recommendations. Default Cases None Credits 1

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Eco2:EcologicalEnhancement | 241

InformationrequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage Acopyoftheecologistsreport highlightingtheinformationrequiredas setoutinCodeforSustainableHomes EcologyReportTemplate AND Detaileddocumentaryevidencestating: Howthekeyrecommendationsand 30%ofadditionalrecommendations willbeincorporatedintothedesign Theplantingscheduleofanyspecies tobeincorporatedfromsuitably qualifiedecologistsrecommendations Post Construction Stage Forpostconstructionstageonly assessments,provideevidence(aslisted fordesignstage)representingthe dwellingsasbuiltandconfirmationthat theecologistsrecommendationswere implemented,byprovidingplansor otherdetaileddocumentaryevidence OR Confirmationfromtheecologistthat whatwasagreedatdesignstagewas implemented,byprovidingplansor otherdetaileddocumentaryevidence OR Wheredifferentfromdesignstage, provideecologistsreportanddetailed documentaryevidence(aslistedfor designstage)representingthedwellings asbuilt

Definitions
Development site Thedevelopmentsiteisthewholesiteuptoandincludingtheboundary. Recommendations Recommendationsaredefinedasmeasuresadoptedtoenhancetheecologyofthe site,whichmayinclude: Theplantingofnativespecies Theadoptionofhorticulturalgoodpractice(e.g.noorlowuseofresidual pesticides) Theinstallationofbird,batand/orinsectboxesatappropriatelocationsonthe site Developmentofafullbiodiversitymanagementplanincludingavoiding clearance/worksatkeytimesoftheyear(e.g.breedingseason)
Eco

242 | CodeforSustainableHomes

Theproperintegration,designandmaintenanceofSUDSandgreenroofs, communityorchardsetc. Onlynativefloralspeciesorthosewithaknownattractionorbenefittolocalwildlife canbeconsideredforthepurposeofenhancingtheecologicalvalueofthesite. RIBA Outline Plan of Work TheRoyalInstituteofBritishArchitectspublishesanOutlinePlanofWork(Royal InstituteofBritishArchitects,1991)whichdescribestheUKtraditionalapproach totheprojectdeliveryprocessin12well-definedsteps,labelledAtoM.TheRIBA processbeginsattheprojectinception(A),whereageneraloutlineofrequirements andaplanofactionareproducedbyanarchitectandthecommissioningclient,and itendsatfeedback(M)followingthecompletionandhandoverofthebuildingtothe client. Suitably qualified ecologist Asuitablyqualifiedecologistisdefinedasanindividualwho: Holdsadegreeorequivalentqualification(e.g.N/SVQLevel5)inecologyora relatedsubject Isapractisingecologist,withaminimumofthreeyearsrelevantexperience (withinthelastfiveyears).Suchexperiencemustclearlydemonstrateapractical understandingoffactorsaffectingecologyinrelationtoconstructionand thebuiltenvironment,includingactinginanadvisorycapacitytoprovide recommendationsforecologicalprotection,enhancementandmitigation measures.Examplesofrelevantexperienceareecologicalimpactassessments, Phase1and2habitatsurveys,andhabitatrestoration Iscoveredbyaprofessionalcodeofconductandsubjecttopeerreview. Peerreviewisdefinedastheprocessemployedbyaprofessionalbodytodemonstrate thatpotentialorcurrentfullmembersmaintainthestandardofknowledgeand experiencerequiredtoensurecompliancewithacodeofconductandprofessional ethics. Fullmembersofthefollowingorganisationswhomeettheaboverequirementsare deemedtobesuitablyqualifiedecologists: AssociationofWildlifeTrustConsultancies(AWTC) CharteredInstitutionofWaterandEnvironmentalManagement(CIWEM) InstituteofEcologyandEnvironmentalManagement(IEEM) InstituteofEnvironmentalManagementandAssessment(IEMA) LandscapeInstitute(LI).
Eco

Eco2:EcologicalEnhancement | 243

AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Creditsareawardedwheretheperformancerequirements(setoutinthe assessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage Theassessormustconfirmthatasuitablyqualifiedecologisthasbeenappointed toprovideareportdetailingkeyandadditionalrecommendationsforenhancing thesitesecologyandthat: a) ThereporthasbeenpreparedusingtheCodeforSustainableHomes EcologyReportTemplate,anditisrecommendedthatthisiscarriedoutat StageBaccordingtotheRIBA Outline Plan of Work b)Theecologistmeetsalltherequirementsstatedinthedefinitionofasuitably qualifiedecologist. c) ThesuitablyqualifiedecologisthasconfirmedthatallUKandEUlawsin respectofprotectedspecieshavebeencompliedwithandthatanykeyand additionalrecommendationsarebeyondtherequirementsofsuchlaws. d)Theecologistmadeasitevisitpriortothecommencementofinitialsite preparationworks. e) Theecologistsrecommendationsarebasedontheexistingsiteecology, determinedfromthesitevisit. f) Thesitevisitwasmadeatappropriatetimesofyearwhenplantandanimal specieswereevident. Iftherehasbeennositevisitpriortoinitialsitepreparation,thisisonly acceptablewherethecreditforEco1EcologicalValueofSitehasbeen achieved,andevidenceprovidedtoachieveEco1hasbeenpassedonto theecologistasthebasisfortheecologicalreport.Thisevidencemustbein accordancewiththeInformationRequiredtoDemonstrateComplianceas detailedinEco1. Post Construction Stage Confirmwhichspecificationsandevidenceprovidedatthedesignstagearestill valid. Assessallthenewspecificationsandevidenceprovidedatthepostconstruction stage. Verifythatthepostconstructionstageevidenceprovideddemonstratesthatall theassessmentcriteriahavebeenmet. Wherethewholesitehasnotyetbeenbuiltout,theassessormustconfirmthat thereiseitheracontractinplaceoraletterconfirmingwhenfinalsitewide issuessuchasplantingwillbecomplete.
Eco

244 | CodeforSustainableHomes

CalculationProcedures
None.

ChecklistsandTables
None.

CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
Thecreditcannotbeachievedwherethedeveloper/clienthasconfirmeda commitmenttocomplywithallcurrentEUandUKlegislationrelatingtoprotected speciesandhabitatsapplicabletothedevelopment sitebutnoecological enhancementisproposed. Whereenhancementhasbeenmadetoanunconnectedarea(s)outsidethesite boundaryandnoenhancementhasbeenmadewithintheboundary,thecredit cannotbeawarded. Toachievethecredit,featuresdesignedtoenhancetheecologyofthesitemustbe recommendedbyasuitablyqualifiedecologist.

SpecialCases
None.

Eco

Eco3:ProtectionofEcologicalFeatures | 245

Issue ID Eco3

Description ProtectionofEcologicalFeatures

No. of Credits Available 1

Mandatory Elements No

Aim
Topromotetheprotectionofexistingecologicalfeaturesfromsubstantialdamage duringtheclearingofthesiteandthecompletionofconstructionworks.

AssessmentCriteria
Criteria Whereallexistingfeaturesofecologicalvalueonthedevelopment sitepotentiallyaffectedby theworksaremaintainedandadequatelyprotectedduringsiteclearance,preparationand constructionworks. Default Cases Thecreditcanbeawardedbydefaultwherethesitehasbeenclassifiedashavinglow ecological valueinaccordancewithSection1ofChecklistEco1,Ecological featuresofthesite, ANDnofeaturesofecologicalvaluehavebeenidentified. Ifasuitably qualified ecologisthasconfirmedafeaturecanberemovedbecauseofits insignificantecologicalvalueorwhereanarboriculturalisthasconfirmedafeaturecanbe removedowingtopoorhealth/condition(e.g.diseasedtreeswhichrequirefellingforhealth andsafetyand/orconservationreasons),thecreditcanbeachievedprovidedallotherfeatures areadequatelyprotectedinaccordancewiththeecologistsrecommendations. Credits 1

Eco

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InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage Detaileddocumentaryevidence* confirmingecologicalfeaturespresent andhowtheywillbeprotected *Wherecompliancewiththecriteria isdemonstratedbytherelevant documentssubmittedtothePlanning Authoritywhichgainedplanning approval,thesecanbeusedasevidence Whereecologicalfeaturesarebeing removedforhealthandsafetyand/or conservationreasons; Writtenevidencefromanappropriate statutorybody/arboriculturalist confirmingtherequirementtoremove anyfeatures Whereecologicalfeaturesarebeing removedandareoflowecological value; Acopyoftheecologistsreport highlightingtheinformationrequired assetoutintheCodeforSustainable HomesEcologyReportTemplate WhereusingChecklistEco1,to demonstratethattherearenofeatures toprotectprovisionof: Sitevisitreportfromthedesignteam/ assessorconfirmingdetailsadequate tomeetChecklistEco1basedon plansofthesiteandsurrounding areapriortothecommencementof constructionworks/siteclearance Post Construction Stage Detaileddocumentaryevidence confirmingthatanyecologicalfeatures withinthedevelopmentsitehavebeen andwillcontinuetobeadequately protectedduringconstructionworks

Whereecologicalfeaturesarebeing removedforhealthandsafetyand/or conservationreasons; Detaileddocumentaryevidenceto demonstratethatonlythosefeatures agreedbyappropriatestatutorybody/ arboriculturalistwereremoved. Whereecologicalfeatureshavebeen removed; Confirmationfromtheecologistthat allfeaturesremovedwereidentifiedat designstageasbeingoflowecological value. WhereusingChecklistEco1evidenceto beprovidedasatdesignstage

Eco

Definitions
Development site Thedevelopmentsiteisthewholesiteuptoandincludingtheboundary.

Eco3:ProtectionofEcologicalFeatures | 247

Ecological features EcologicalfeaturesaredefinedinChecklistEco1LandofLowEcologicalValue,and includetrees,hedges,ponds,streams,rivers,marshes,wetlands,meadows,speciesrichgrassland,heathlandandheather. Low ecological value LanddefinedashavinglowecologicalvalueusingChecklistEco1ordefinedbya suitablyqualifiedecologistashavingloworinsignificantecologicalvalue. Protection of natural areas Theprovisionofphysicalbarrierstopreventdamagetoexistingnaturalareas.Natural areasincludemeadows,species-richgrassland,heathlandconsistingofheatherand/ orscrub,marshesandwetlands,ponds,streamsandrivers.Ifsuchareasareremote fromsiteworksorstorage,constructionactivityshouldbepreventedintheirvicinity. Protection of trees and hedges WheretreesandhedgeshavebeenprotectedinaccordancewithBS5837,Trees in relation to construction.Thisstandardrequiresatreeprotectionplantobedeveloped whichinvolveserectingphysicalbarrierstopreventdamagetoexistingtrees,with anexclusionareaaroundthetrees.Italsolooksatdefiningarootprotectionarea andrequiresconsiderationwhencompulsoryworkiscarriedoutwithintheroot protectionarea. Protection of watercourses and wetland areas Theprovisionofphysicalbarriers(e.g.bundsandcut-offditches)andsitedrainage toensurenositerun-offdamagesthelocalwatercourses.Specialistadviceshould beobtainedfromasuitablyqualifiedecologist,NaturalEnglandortheEnvironment AgencywithreferencetoPollutionPreventionGuidelines05. Suitably qualified ecologist Asuitablyqualifiedecologistisdefinedasanindividualwho: Holdsadegreeorequivalentqualification(e.g.N/SVQLevel5)inecologyora relatedsubject Isapractisingecologist,withaminimumofthreeyearsrelevantexperience (withinthelastfiveyears).Suchexperiencemustclearlydemonstrateapractical understandingoffactorsaffectingecologyinrelationtoconstructionand thebuiltenvironment,includingactinginanadvisorycapacitytoprovide recommendationsforecologicalprotection,enhancementandmitigation measures.Examplesofrelevantexperienceareecologicalimpactassessments, Phase1and2habitatsurveys,andhabitatrestoration Iscoveredbyaprofessionalcodeofconductandsubjecttopeerreview. Peerreviewisdefinedastheprocessemployedbyaprofessionalbodytodemonstrate thatpotentialorcurrentfullmembersmaintainthestandardofknowledgeand

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experiencerequiredtoensurecompliancewithacodeofconductandprofessional ethics. Fullmembersofthefollowingorganisationswhomeettheaboverequirementsare deemedtobesuitablyqualifiedecologists: AssociationofWildlifeTrustConsultancies(AWTC) CharteredInstitutionofWaterandEnvironmentalManagement(CIWEM) InstituteofEcologyandEnvironmentalManagement(IEEM) InstituteofEnvironmentalManagementandAssessment(IEMA) LandscapeInstitute(LI). Verified ecological report Averifiedecologicalreportisareportcarriedoutbyanecologistwhodoesnotfully meettherequirementsofasuitablyqualifiedecologist.Forthereporttocomply,asa minimumasuitablyqualifiedecologistmusthavereadandreviewedthereportand confirmedinwritingthatit: Representssoundindustrypractice Reportsandrecommendscorrectly,truthfullyandobjectively Isappropriategiventhelocalsiteconditionsandscopeofworksproposed Avoidsinvalid,biasedandexaggeratedstatements Additionally,writtenconfirmationfromthethird-partyverifierthattheycomply withthedefinitionofasuitablyqualifiedecologist.

AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Creditsareawardedwheretheperformancerequirements(setoutinthe assessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage Confirmthatareporthasbeenpreparedonecologicalfeaturesinaccordance withtheInformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance,togetherwith detailsofecologicalprotectiontobecarriedoutpriortothestartofany preliminaryconstructionorpreparationworks(e.g.siteclearanceortheerection oftemporarysitefacilities). Wheretherearenoecologicalfeaturestoprotectandthecreditisbeing awardedbydefault,theevidenceprovidedmustdemonstratethisandthatthe requirementsofSection1ofChecklistEco1,Ecologicalfeaturesofthesite, havebeenmet. Theassessormustcheckthatthedeveloper/clienthasconfirmedcompliance withallcurrentEUandUKlegislationrelatingtoprotectedspeciesandhabitats

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applicabletothedevelopmentsite.Thisisinadditiontotheprotectionof ecologicalfeaturesassetoutabove. Post Construction Stage Confirmthatanyfeaturesidentifiedatthedesignstagehavebeensuccessfully protected.

CalculationProcedures
None.

ChecklistsandTables
None.

CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
Creditscannotbeawardedfortherelocationofecologicalfeatures. Whereecologicalfeatures(asdefinedabove)havenotbeenprotected,credits cannotbeawarded.Thisappliesevenwherethedeveloper/clienthasconfirmeda commitmenttocomplywithallcurrentEUandUKlegislationrelatingtoprotected speciesandhabitatsapplicabletothedevelopmentsite.

SpecialCases
None.

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Issue ID Eco4

Description ChangeinEcologicalValueofSite

No. of Credits Available 4

Mandatory Elements No

Aim
Tominimisereductionsandpromoteanimprovementinecologicalvalue.

AssessmentCriteria
Criteria Theecologicalvaluebeforeandafterdevelopmentismeasured,andtheoverallchangein speciesperhectareis: Minornegativechange:between9andlessthanorequalto3 Neutral:greaterthan3andlessthanorequalto+3 Minorenhancement:greaterthan3andlessthanorequalto9 Majorenhancement:greaterthan+9 Default Cases None Credits 1 2 3 4

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InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage Copyofthecalculationscompleted bytheassessorandsupportedby thefollowingdetaileddocumentary evidence: Proposedsitelayout Thepre-developmentsite survey,clearlyindicatingnatural andbuiltfeaturesonboth thesiteandlandsurrounding thesitebeforetheproposed development Post Construction Stage Forpostconstructionstageonly assessments,providedetaileddocumentary evidenceandcalculationsasdesignstage OR Writtenconfirmationfromthedeveloper thattheproposedsitelayoutdetailedat designstagehasbeenimplemented OR

Wheredifferentfromdesignstage,provide Landscapeandplotcategories(in detaileddocumentaryevidenceand accordancewiththeAssessment calculationsasdesignstage Methodology)withalistofsite areasprovidedforbothbefore andafterdevelopment Wheretheadviceofanecologist issought,thefollowingdetailed documentaryevidencemustbe provided: Wherepostconstructionstageassessment only,providedetaileddocumentaryevidence asdesignstage AND

CodeforSustainableHomes EcologyReportTemplatecompleted Writtenconfirmationfromthedeveloper thattheecologistsrecommendationshave bytheecologist beenimplemented AND OR Writtenconfirmationfromthe Wheretheadviceofanecologistwas developerconfirminghowthe ecologistsrecommendationswillbe soughtatthedesignstage,thefollowing detaileddocumentaryevidencemustalsobe implementedincludingaplanting provided: schedule. Writtenconfirmationfromthedeveloper thattheecologistsrecommendationshave beenimplemented OR Wheredifferentfromdesignstage,provide detaileddocumentaryevidenceasdesign stage

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Definitions
Arable Landdominatedbycerealsandotherarablecrops,aswellasintensivelymanaged grasslands. Crops/weeds Mostlyhighlydisturbedvegetationofarablefieldsandtheirboundaries;includes cerealandvegetablecrops. Derelict land Theecologicalvalueofderelictsites(table:Cat9.3,ChecklistsandTables)istime dependent;alinearscalehasbeenusedtodetermineintermediatevaluesbetween zeroecologicalvalueat1yearfromdereliction/demolitiontoavalueat30years basedonmarginaluplandfigures.Thispresentsaworstcasefigurewhichcanbe amendedontheadviceofasuitablyqualifiedecologist. Development site Thedevelopmentsiteisthewholesiteuptoandincludingtheboundary. Fertile grass Thebulkofagriculturallyimprovedgrasslands,intensivepastureandsilagecrops, butalsoincludesmownareasofimprovedgrasslandsforrecreationalandamenity purposes,aswellasre-sownroadsideverges. Heath/bog Mostlyheathermoorland,blanketboganduplandheath,butalsolowlandheathand raisedbog. Infertile grass Adiversegroupofsemi-improvedandsemi-naturalgrasslandswhichincludes acidictobasic,wettodrygrasslands,andtallherbvegetationmainlypresentinthe lowlands;oftenfoundonstreamsidesandroadsideverges. Lowland wooded Includeswoodedvegetationofhedgesandbroadleavedwoodsinthelowlands. Marginal upland Areasthatareontheperipheryofuplandandaredominatedbymixturesoflowintensityagriculture,forestryandsemi-naturalvegetation.
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Moorland grass/mosaic Typicallygrazedmoorlandvegetation,includingextensiveuplandacidicandpeaty grasslandthatisspecies-richwithverylocalisedflushes. Pastoral Grasslandsusedforgrazingpurposes. Suitably qualified ecologist Asuitablyqualifiedecologistisdefinedasanindividualwho: Holdsadegreeorequivalentqualification(e.g.N/SVQLevel5)inecologyora relatedsubject Isapractisingecologist,withaminimumofthreeyearsrelevantexperience (withinthelastfiveyears).Suchexperiencemustclearlydemonstrateapractical understandingoffactorsaffectingecologyinrelationtoconstructionand thebuiltenvironment,includingactinginanadvisorycapacitytoprovide recommendationsforecologicalprotection,enhancementandmitigation measures.Examplesofrelevantexperienceareecologicalimpactassessments, Phase1and2habitatsurveys,andhabitatrestoration Iscoveredbyaprofessionalcodeofconductandsubjecttopeerreview. Peerreviewisdefinedastheprocessemployedbyaprofessionalbodytodemonstrate thatpotentialorcurrentfullmembersmaintainthestandardofknowledgeand experiencerequiredtoensurecompliancewithacodeofconductandprofessional ethics. Fullmembersofthefollowingorganisationswhomeettheaboverequirementsare deemedtobesuitablyqualifiedecologists: AssociationofWildlifeTrustConsultancies(AWTC) CharteredInstitutionofWaterandEnvironmentalManagement(CIWEM) InstituteofEcologyandEnvironmentalManagement(IEEM) InstituteofEnvironmentalManagementandAssessment(IEMA) LandscapeInstitute(LI). Tall grassland/herb Typicalvegetationofovergrownlowlandfieldboundaries,streamsides,ditchesand roadsideverges. Upland Landgenerallyaboveaheightsuitableformechanisedfarmingandfrequently dominatedbysemi-naturalvegetation.

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Upland wooded Avariedgroupofacidicvegetationtypesusuallyassociatedwithuplandwoods, includingsemi-naturalwoodland,coniferplantations,bracken,andwoodedstream sides. Urban mosaic Acomplexmixofhabitatslocatedwithincities,townsorvillages,whichinclude buildings,hard-standing,pocketsofdisusedlandandscrub,andareasofmanaged greenspaces,suchasgardens,allotmentsandparkland. Verified ecological report Averifiedecologicalreportisareportcarriedoutbyanecologistwhodoesnotfully meettherequirementsofasuitablyqualifiedecologist.Forthereporttocomply,asa minimumasuitablyqualifiedecologistmusthavereadandreviewedthereportand confirmedinwritingthatit: Representssoundindustrypractice Reportsandrecommendscorrectly,truthfullyandobjectively Isappropriategiventhelocalsiteconditionsandscopeofworksproposed Avoidsinvalid,biasedandexaggeratedstatements Additionally,writtenconfirmationfromthethird-partyverifierthattheycomply withthedefinitionofasuitablyqualifiedecologist. Wildlife garden planting Gardenplantingthatusesnativespeciesandthosethathaveaknownattractionor benefittolocalfauna,basedontheadviceofasuitablyqualifiedecologist.

AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Creditsareawardedwheretheperformancerequirements(setoutinthe assessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage Calculatethechangeinecologicalvalueofthedevelopment sitebycomparing theestimateddiversityofplantspeciesbeforeandafterconstructionusingthe methoddescribedinCalculationProceduresbelow. Post Construction Stage Confirmwhichspecificationsandevidenceprovidedatthedesignstagearestill valid.
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Assessallthenewspecificationsandevidenceprovidedatthepostconstruction stage.

CalculationProcedures
Before Development 1.Selectthemostappropriatelandscapetypefromtable:Cat9.3(Checklists andTables)usingthedescriptionsprovidedinDefinitions.Thiswillbebased onthetypologyofthelandsurroundingthesiteandislikelytobethesame throughoutthedevelopment.However,insomecasesitmaydiffer,suchas whenadisusedsiteisdevelopedaspartofamasterplanforamixed-use development.Typicalofthiswouldbeanewtowndevelopment(e.g.Milton Keynes),orthedevelopmentofaninner-cityderelictsite. 2.SelectalloftheplottypesfromtableCat9.3whichareapplicabletothe developmentsiteandcalculatetheareaofeachofthem.Itisimportantto ensurethattheappropriatevegetationplottypesforthesiteandtheirareasare correctlydefined. Whereareasofgardenplanting(typical)andwildlifegardenplantingare present,thesewillalwaysrecordascoreofzero,unlessasuitably qualified ecologisthasbeenappointedwhowillmakethedistinctionbetweentypical andwildlifegardenplantingspeciesandrecordactualspeciesnumbers. Enterthenameofeachplottype,itsareaandthenumberofspeciesperplot typeintotableCat9.2aFollowthepromptstocalculatethetotalaverage numberofspeciesbeforedevelopment. Alternatively,whereasuitablyqualifiedecologisthasconductedanecological sitesurvey,thehabitattypes,theirareasandnumberofspeciesperhabitattype canbeentereddirectlyintotableCat9.2a. Theecologicalreportdoesnothavetobeproducedbyasuitably qualified ecologist. Where this is the case a verified ecological report can be provided.

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Table: Cat 9.2a : Calculation of the Ecological Value of the Site Before Development Plot Type Area of Plot Type (m2) x x x x x x x x x x (1)TotalSiteArea= SpeciesperPlotTypeBeforeDevelopment: TotalSpeciesAreaofPlotType/TotalSiteArea=(2)/(1)= (2)TotalSpeciesArea= Species No. (from Table 2 or an SQE) Species 3 Area of Plot Type

After Development 1.Repeatsteps12above. 2.Enterthenameofeachplottype,itsareaandnumberofspeciesperplottype (fromtableCat9.3)intotableCat9.2b.Followthepromptstocalculatethe totalaveragenumberofspeciesafterdevelopment. 3.Whereasuitablyqualifiedecologisthasconductedanecologicalsitesurveyand recommendednewhabitattypes/plantingschemes,theirareasandnumberof speciesperhabitattypecanbeentereddirectlyintotableCat9.2b. Wherenewhabitatsaretobecreatedorfloralspeciesaretobeplantedaspart ofalandscapedesign,onlythosespecieswhicharenativeorhaveaknown attractiontolocalwildlifecanbeincludedinthecalculationsbasedonthe adviceandrecommendationsofasuitablyqualifiedecologist.
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Whereextensivegreenroofsaredesignedbyasuitablyqualifiedecologist,add thisareatowildlifegardenplottypeandsubtracttheareafrombuildingplot type. ThespeciesvaluefiguresintableCat9.3areforanexisting,well-established site.Ittakesmanyyearsbeforetheecologicalvalueofaspecificlandscapetype isestablishednaturally.Itisthereforenotpossibletoassumethat,forexample, newlydevelopedurbanparklandhasbetween13.8and17.6speciesjustafter constructionwithouttheexpertknowledgeofasuitablyqualifiedecologist. However,ifthehomesaretobebuiltonexistingurbanparklandwithpartof thesiteleftundisturbed,theecologicalvalueofthatpartofthesitecanbe assumedtobeunchanged.Ifanurbanparklandisbeingcreatedonpartofthe site,thenumberofspeciesonthispartwillneedtobeconfirmedbyasuitably qualifiedecologist(takenfromtheactualnumberofindigenousspeciesbeing planted),ratherthanassumingthatthenewparklandwillimmediatelyhavea speciesvalueof11.6(assumingfertilisersaregoingtobeused).
Table: Cat 9.2b : Calculation of the Ecological Value of the Site After Development Plot Type Area of Plot Type (m2) x x x x x x x x x x (1)TotalSiteArea= SpeciesperPlotTypeBeforeDevelopment: TotalSpeciesAreaofPlotType/TotalSiteArea=(2)/(1)= (2)TotalSpeciesArea= Species No. (from Table 2 or a SQE) Species 3 Area of Plot Type

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4.CalculationoftheChangeinEcologicalValue Theaveragenumberofspeciesforthesitebeforedevelopmentiscalculated bymultiplyingtheareaofthedifferentplottypesandtheequivalentnumber ofspeciesforthoseplottypes(valuestakenfromtableCat9.3orgivenbya suitablyqualifiedecologist),addingthesevaluesandthendividingbythearea ofthewholesite.Thesameprocedureiscarriedoutafterthedevelopment,and thetwovaluesarecomparedtoestablishthechange. SpeciesBeforeDevelopment =


n

S1(AreaPlotTypeNSpeciesPlotTypeN)
n

TotalSiteArea SpeciesAfterDevelopment =

S(AreaPlotTypeNSpeciesPlotTypeN) 1
TotalSiteArea

SpeciesChange=SpeciesAfterDevelopmentSpeciesBeforeDevelopment

ChecklistsandTables
Ecological Value TableCat9.3belowprovidesdefaultvaluesforcalculatingthechangeofecological valueofthesite.ThisinformationisbasedonnationalfiguresfromtheCountryside SurveypreparedfortheDigestofEnvironmentalStatisticsNo20,1998(DEFRA). Theactualnumberofspeciesmaybeusedtoreplaceanyofthefiguresintable Cat9.3below,providedthatasuitablyqualifiedecologisthasbeenappointedand hasreportedactualspeciesvaluesinaccordancewiththecalculationprocedures above.

Eco

Table Cat 9.3 : Average Number of Species per Landscape and Vegetation Plot Type for Existing Habitats

Plot Type Marginal Upland Upland Existing Building/Hard Landscaped Areas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 tbe tbe 0 tbe tbe 0 0 0 13.8 13.8 0 0 17.6 0 6.3 11.6 0 4.6 17.6 0 6.3 15.8 11.5 15.8 0 0 21.1 15.3 21.1 0 0 Urban Mosaic Industrial Derelict Land <1 year Industrial Derelict Land <10 years Industrial Derelict Land <20 years

Landscape Type Industrial Derelict Land 30 years

Arable

Pastoral

CropWeeds 15.3 21.1 13.8 20.4 14.3 0 0 tbe tbe tbe tbe 0 0 20.0 21.0 20.4

5.4

8.3

Tallgrassland/herb

12.7

15.0

Fertilegrassland

11.6

12.7

Infertilegrassland

17.1

17.6

Lowlandwooded

12.9

12.5

Uplandwooded

12.7

Moorlandgrass/mosaic

2.0

Heath/Bog

HardLandscaping

Buildings

GardenPlanting(Typical)

tbe

tbe

WildlifeGardenPlanting

tbe

tbe

insufficientdatatoproducenationalaverages,asnotallvegetationplottypesarefoundinalllandscapetypes.Valuesaredatafrom:DEFRADigestofEnvironmental StatisticsNo.20.HMSO,1998

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tbe:Tobeevaluatedbyasuitablyqualifiedecologistotherwiseassume0

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CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
Wherethecreationofahabitatsuchasgardenplantingorwildlifegardenplanting increasesthesitesecologicalvalue,asuitablyqualifiedecologistmustadviseinterms ofthespeciesrequiredandspeciesperhectaretoachievethecredit.

SpecialCases
None.

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Issue ID Eco5

Description BuildingFootprint

No. of Credits Available 2

Mandatory Elements No

Aim
Topromotethemostefficientuseofabuildingsfootprintbyensuringthatlandand materialuseisoptimisedacrossthedevelopment.

AssessmentCriteria
Criteria Forhouses,wherethenet internal floor area:net internal ground floor arearatioisgreater thanorequalto2.5:1 OR Forblocksofflats,wherethenetinternalfloorarea:netinternalgroundfloorarearatiois greaterthanorequalto3:1 OR Foracombinationofhousesandflats,theratiooftotalnetinternalfloorarea:totalnet internalgroundfloorareaofallhousesandflats(i.e.thesite-widefootprinttofloorarearatio) isgreaterthantheareaweightedaverageofthetwotargetratiosabove(seeCalculation Procedures) Forhouses,wherethenetinternalfloorarea:netinternalgroundfloorarearatioisgreater thanorequalto3:1 OR Forblocksofflats,wherethenetinternalfloorarea:netinternalgroundfloorarearatiois greaterthanorequalto4:1 OR Foracombinationofhousesandflats,theratiooftotalnetinternalfloorarea:totalnet internalgroundfloorareaofallhousesandflats(i.e.thesite-widefootprinttofloorarearatio) isgreaterthantheareaweightedaverageofthetwotargetratiosabove(seeCalculation Procedures) Default Cases None 2 Credits 1

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InformationRequiredtoDemonstrateCompliance
Schedule of Evidence Required Design Stage Calculationofthebuildingfootprint ratio,statingtheNetInternalFloorArea (NIFA)andtheNetInternalGround FloorArea(NIGFA) Post Construction Stage Forpostconstructionstageonly assessmentsincludethecalculationsof thebuildingfootprintratio,statingNIFA andtheNIGFA OR Writtenconfirmationfromthe developerintheformofdetailed documentaryevidenceconfirmingthat thedwellingsandbuildingshavebeen constructedinaccordancewiththe designstagecalculations OR Wheredifferentfromdesignstage, revisedcalculationsofthebuilding footprintratio,statingtheNIFAandthe NIGFA

Definitions
Habitable space Aspacetypicallyoccupiedformorethan30minutesduringthedaywithsafe accessbyapermanentstairwayorothermeansofentrancewhichcomplieswith therequirementsofrelevantnationalBuildingRegulationsandwherethespaceis finishedwithfloor,walls,lightingandelectricsockets. Net internal floor area Theareaofallhabitable spaces,includingtheareatakenupbyhalls,stairwells, cupboards,internalpartitions,habitableloftspacesandbasements.Thisalsoincludes commonareasofblocksofflatsandapartmentbuildings,includingstairwells, circulationspacesandentrancelobbies. Forsemi-detachedorterraceddwellings,thisexcludestheareaofthepartywalls. Forflats,thefloorareaincludesthepartywallsandseparatingwallstocommon areas. Whereresidentialaccommodationisconstructedaboveother occupied spacesuch asshopsoroffices(garagesorcarparkingwouldnotbeincluded),thefloorarea

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ofthesespacescanbeincludedwithinthenetinternalfloorareaofthedwelling providedtheareasaredirectlybeneaththeresidentialspace. Net internal ground floor area Alsoreferredtoasthebuildingfootprint,thisistheareaoflandthatistakenupby thepermanentfoundationsofthedwelling(includinganyotheroutbuildingswith permanentfoundationsthatareassociatedwiththedwelling),withintheexternal wallsofthebuilding. Forthisissue,thisismeasuredasthetotalnetinternalfloorareaofthegroundfloor, excludingtheareatakenupbytheexternalwalls. Inblocksofflats,thisalsoincludestheareatakenupbypartywallsandseparating wallstocommonareas,withtheexceptionofpartywallstoadjoiningbuildings. Forstaggered dwellings,thefootprintareaequalsthetotalnetinternalfloorareaof thefloorwiththelargestplate. Areasthatnormallycounttowardsthefootprintincludeconservatories, garages,permanentouthouses,fullyenclosedpermanentwastestorageareas, communalgaragesorstorageroomsandanyotherpermanentbuildingsused bytheoccupants AreasthatwillNOTnormallycounttowardsthefootprintincludehard landscaping,semi-enclosedexternalspaces,pergolasandcarports Gardenshedswillnotcountunlesstheyarebuiltonapermanentsolid foundationandarefittedoutashabitablespacewithheating,lightingand power Ifadwellingisraisedabovegroundleveloncolumnsorotherstructures,the netinternalgroundfloorareamustbemeasuredfromthelowestfloorofthe dwelling Whereotheroccupiedspaces(e.g.non-domesticspacessuchasretailand officesetc)formthegroundfloororlowerfloorsunderablockofflats,thenet internalgroundfloorareamustbemeasuredasthenetinternalfloorareaof thelowestflooroftheblockofflats. Other occupied space Otheroccupiedspacesincluderetailandofficespacesandothernon-domesticspaces whichareoccupiedformorethan30minutesduringtheday.Garagesorcarparking wouldnotbeincludedinthisdefinition. Staggered dwellings Thesearedwellingsonseverallevelswhichareofunequalfloorarea.Forexample, adwellingwithafirstfloorareagreaterthanthegroundfloorareawhichmay overhangthegroundfloor.
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AssessmentMethodology
Theassessmentcriteriashouldbereadwiththemethodologyandthedefinitionsin thissection.Creditsareawardedwheretheperformancerequirements(setoutinthe assessmentcriteriatable)havebeenmet. Design Stage Assessthisissueonasite-widebasisusingtheratioofcombinednetinternal floorareatofootprintarea.Thisismeasuredasthetotalnetinternalground floorareaofalldwellingsonsite.Individualdwellings(i.e.detached,semidetachedandterraced,notindividualflats)thatarenotsubjecttoaCode assessmentcanbeexcludedfromtheassessmentofthisissue. Verifythattheevidencedemonstratesthatalltheassessmentcriteriahavebeen met. Calculatethefloorarea:footprintratioforeachtypeofdwelling.Notethatany outbuildingssuchaspermanentgaragesandcyclestoresmustbetakeninto accountinthefootprintarea. Post Construction Stage Confirmwhichspecificationsandevidenceprovidedatthedesignstagearestill valid. Assessanynewspecificationsandevidenceprovidedatthepostconstruction stage.

CalculationProcedures
1.Wherethereisamixtureofhousesandflats,tocalculatetheareaweighted targetratioforthesite,usethefollowingformula: For one credit: (TotalNIFAHouses2.5)+(TotalNIFAFlats2.5) AreaWeighted = TargetRatio TotalNIFAofallHousesandFlats For two credits: (TotalNIFAHouses3.2)+(TotalNIFAFlats4.0) AreaWeighted = TargetRatio TotalNIFAofallHousesandFlats
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2.Thesitewideratioshouldthenbecalculatedusingthefollowingformulaand assessedagainsttheabovetargetratio.Creditscanbeawardedwheretheratio calculatedusingthefollowingformulaisgreaterthanthetargetareaweighted ratioasdescribedinpoint1above. SiteWideFootprinttoFloorAreaRatio = Where: NIFA=NetInternalFloorArea NIGFA=NetInternalGroundFloorArea

TotalNIFAofallDwellings TotalNIGFAofallDwellings

ChecklistsandTables
None.

CommonCasesofNon-Compliance
Two-storeydwellingswillnotachievethecreditcriteriaunlessahabitableloft spaceorbasementisprovided,dependingontheprovisionofanyotherpermanent structuressuchasgaragesorouthouseswhichmayimpactonthefootprintarea.

SpecialCases
None.

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Annex1:Acronyms
ACoP ACPO ADL1A ADE ALO ANC AWTC BRE BREEAM BS BSRIA CABE CCS CEH CFL CH4 CIBSE CIE CIRIA CITES CIWEM CO2 CoC Code CPDA CPET CSA CSH
Annex

ApprovedCodeofPractice AssociationofChiefPoliceOfficers ApprovedDocumentL1A ApprovedDocumentE ArchitecturalLiaisonOfficer AssociationofNoiseConsultants AssociationofWildlifeTrustConsultancies BuildingResearchEstablishment BuildingResearchEstablishmentEnvironmentalAssessmentMethod BritishStandard BuildingServicesResearchandInformationAssociation CommissionforArchitectureandtheBuiltEnvironment ConsiderateConstructorsScheme CentreforEcologyandHydrology Compactfluorescentlamp Methane CharteredInstitutionofBuildingServicesEngineers CommissionInternationaledelEclairage(InternationalCommission onIllumination) ConstructionIndustryResearchandInformationAssociation ConventiononInternationalTradeinEndangeredSpeciesofWild FaunaandFlora CharteredInstitutionofWaterandEnvironmentalManagement Carbondioxide Chainofcustody CodeforSustainableHomes CrimePreventionDesignAdvisor CentralPointofExpertiseonTimber CanadianStandardsAssociation CodeforSustainableHomes

Annex1:Acronyms | 267

DECC DEFRA DER DF DfT DIY DS DTI Eco EMAS EMS EN Ene EPC EPDM EPIs ESCO EST EU FEH FRA FSC GLS GRP GWP HCRHea HFCs HIP HMSO HSE ICoPIDP

DepartmentforEnergyandClimateChange DepartmentforEnvironment,FoodandRuralAffairs DwellingEmissionRate Averagedaylightfactor DepartmentforTransport DoItYourself Designstage DepartmentofTradeandIndustry Ecology Eco-ManagementandAuditScheme Environmentalmanagementsystem EuropeanNormalization EnergyandCO2Emissions EnergyPerformanceCertificate Ethylenepropylenedienemonomer Environmentalperformanceindicators Energyservicescompany EnergySavingTrust EuropeanUnion FloodEstimationHandbook Floodriskassessment ForestStewardshipCouncil GeneralLightingServices Glassreinforcedplastic GlobalWarmingPotential HomeConditionReportHealthandWellbeing Hydrofluorocarbons HomeInformationPack HealthandSafetyExecutive InterimCodeofPracticeInclusiveDesignPrinciples
Annex

HerMajestysStationeryOffice

268 | CodeforSustainableHomes

IEEM IEMA IPCC ISO KPI LCA LED LI LZC Man Mat MCS MDF MTCC MVHR NAEI NaFRA NIFANIGFA NOx O2 ODPM OSB PCS PEFC PFCs PIR Pol PPG
Annex

InstituteofEcologyandEnvironmentalManagement InstituteofEnvironmentalManagementandAssessment IntergovernmentalPanelonClimateChange InternationalOrganizationforStandardisation Keyperformanceindicators Lifecycleassessment Lightemittingdiode LandscapeInstitute Loworzerocarbon Management Materials MicrogenerationCertificationScheme Mediumdensityfibreboard MalaysianTimberCertificationCouncil Mechanicalventilationwithheatrecovery NationalAtmosphericEmissionsInventory NationalFloodRiskAssessment NetinternalfloorareaNetinternalgroundfloorarea Nitrogenoxides Oxygen OfficeoftheDeputyPrimeMinister Orientedstrandboard Postconstructionstage ProgrammeofEndorsementofForestCertificationSchemes Perfluorocarbons Passiveinfrared(movementdetectingdevices) Pollution PlanningPolicyGuidance PlanningPolicyStatement Polyurethane Polyvinylchloride

PPS PU PVC

Annex1:Acronyms | 269

QA RDL RIBA SAP SF6 SFI SGS SMP SQE SSSI SUDS Sur SWMP TER TFT TPO UK UKAS UKPIA UNEP VOC Was Wat WMO WRAP

Qualityassurance RobustDetailsLimited RoyalInstituteofBritishArchitects StandardAssessmentProcedure Sulphurhexafluoride SustainableForestryInitiative SocitGnraledeSurveillance Shorelinemanagementplan Suitablyqualifiedecologist SiteofSpecialScientificInterest Sustainabledrainagesystems SurfaceWaterRun-off SiteWasteManagementPlan Targetemissionrate TheForestTrust Thermoplasticolefin UnitedKingdom UnitedKingdomAccreditationService UnitedKingdomPetroleumIndustryAssociation UnitedNationsEnvironmentProgramme Volatileorganiccompound Waste Water WorldMeteorologicalOrganization WasteandResourcesActionProgramme

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DepartmentforCommunitiesandLocalGovernment.Approved Document L1A Conservation of fuel and power (New dwellings).CLG,London,2010.Availablefrom www.planningportal.gov.uk/approveddocuments Ene 2 BRE.The Governments Standard Assessment Procedure for energy rating of dwellings March 2010 Version (SAP 2009, version 9.90, March 2010, revision October 2010). Published on behalf of DECC by BRE, Garston, Watford, 2009. Available from http://www.bre.co.uk/filelibrary/SAP/2009/SAP-2009_9-90.pdf DepartmentforCommunitiesandLocalGovernment.Approved Document L1A Conservation of fuel and power (New dwellings)).CLG,London,2010.Availablefrom www.planningportal.gov.uk/approveddocuments Ene 3 Ene 4 CharteredInstitutionofBuildingServicesEngineers(CIBSE):LowCarbonConsultants andEnergyAssessors,CIBSECertificationLtdwww.cibse.org DepartmentforCommunitiesandLocalGovernment.Approved Document L1A Conservation of fuel and power (New dwellings).CLG,London,2010.Availablefrom www.planningportal.gov.uk/approveddocuments DepartmentforCommunitiesandLocalGovernment.Building Regulations Approved Document F Ventilation (2010)availablefromwww.planningportal.gov.uk/ approveddocuments Ene 5 EnergySavingTrust(EST).Helpsyoufindenergyefficientproductsandprovides informationontheEUenergyefficiencylabellingscheme. www.energysavingtrust.org.uk/cym/Home-improvements-and-products/Homeapplianceswww.energysavingtrust.org.uk/cym/Home-improvements-and-products/ About-Energy-Saving-Recommended-products/Other-energy-labels EnergySavingTrustsEnergySavingRecommendedschemehttp://www. energysavingtrust.org.uk/business/Business/Energy-Saving-Trust-Recommended Ene 6 BritishStandardBS5266: Emergency Lighting.BSI,London,2008. DepartmentforCommunitiesandLocalGovernment.Approved Document L1A Conservation of fuel and power (New dwellings).CLG,London,2010.Availablefrom www.planningportal.gov.uk/approveddocuments DepartmentforCommunitiesandLocalGovernment.Building Regulations Approved Document F Ventilation (2010)availablefromwww.planningportal.gov.uk/ approveddocuments
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CharteredInstitutionofBuildingServicesEngineers(CIBSE).LG9, Lighting for Communal Residential Buildings. CIBSE,London,1997. Ene 7 BRE.The Governments Standard Assessment Procedure for energy rating of dwellings March 2010 Version (SAP 2009, version 9.90, March 2010, revision October 2010). Published on behalf of DECC by BRE, Garston, Watford, 2009. Available from http://www.bre.co.uk/filelibrary/SAP/2009/SAP-2009_9-90.pdf DepartmentforCommunitiesandLocalGovernment.Approved Document L1A Conservation of fuel and power (New dwellings).CLG,London,2010.Availablefrom www.planningportal.gov.uk/approveddocuments DepartmentforCommunitiesandLocalGovernment.Building Regulations Approved Document F Ventilation (2010)availablefromwww.planningportal.gov.uk/ approveddocuments EuropeanParliament.Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and amending and subsequently repealing Directives 2001/77/EC and 2003/30/EC. Availablefromhttp://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:140:0 016:0062:EN:PDF MicrogenerationCertificationScheme(MCS)informationavailablefrom; www.microgenerationcertification.org Ene 8 ArchitecturalPress.New Metric Handbook Planning and Design Data.Architectural Press,Oxford,2007. BritishStandardBS3621:Thief-resistant lock assembly Key egress.BSI,London, 2007. www.soldsecure.com Wat 1 The Water Efficiency Calculator for New Dwellings, Communities and Local Government.September2009.Availablefromhttp://www.communities.gov.uk/ publications/planningandbuilding/watercalculator BritishStandardEN997:WCpansandWCsuiteswithintegraltrap.BSI,London, 2003.
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BritishStandardBSEN12056-3:Gravity drainage inside buildings Roof drainage, layout and calculations.BSI,London,2000.

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BritishStandardBS8515:Rainwater Harvesting Systems Code of Practice. BSI, London,2009. BSRIATechnicalNoteTN7/2001.Availableat https://infonet.bsria.co.uk/bookshop/books/rainwater-and-greywater-in-buildingsproject-report-and-case-studies-tn-72001/?v=302&search=TN+7%2F2001 CIBSETM13:Minimising the risk of Legionnaires disease.2002 CIRIAPublicationC539:Rainwater and Greywater Use in Buildings Best Practice Guidance. 2001 EN200:Sanitary tapware. General technical specifications.2008 EN1112:Sanitary tapware. General technical specifications.2008 HSE.Approved Code of Practice and Guidance L8.1999 TheMeteorologicalOffice(incl.figuresforUKrainfall)http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/ Water efficiency in new homes, an introductory guide for housebuilders.NHBC Foundation,2009 Mat 1 The Green Guide to Specification.Availablefromwww.thegreenguide.org.uk TheGreenGuideCalculatorhttp://www.bre.co.uk/greenguide/calculator/page. jsp?id=2071 Mat 2 and Mat 3 ArenaNetwork&GroundworkWales,2006,Green Dragon Environmental Standard 2006 Requirements.Availablefromwww.greendragonems.com BES6001:2008Issue1Framework Standard for the Responsible Sourcing of Construction Products,BREGlobal,2008. BritishStandardBS8555:Environmental management systems Guide to the phased implementation of an environmental management system including the use of environmental performance evaluation.BSI,London,2003 BriefingSheetsTheUKsFootprint:The UK Timber Industry and its Impact on the Worlds Forest.FriendsoftheEarth,2000 CanadianStandardsAssociation.www.csa.ca CentralPointofExpertiseonTimber(CPET).www.proforest.net/cpet CentralPointofExpertiseonTimber.Evaluation of Category A Evidence Review of forest certification schemes Results.December2006 Certification of Forest Products.BRE,1999
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ConventiononInternationalTradeinEndangeredSpeciesofWildFaunaandFlora (CITES).www.cites.org CompaniesAct1985 EUEco-ManagementandAuditScheme(EMAS).www.emas.org.uk/aboutemas/ mainframe.htm EUForestLawEnforcement,GovernanceandTrade(FLEGT)ActionPlan.http:// europa.eu.int FERNEuropeanNGOcampaigningforforests.www.fern.org ForestStewardshipCouncil(FSC)www.fsc.org/en/ ForestsForeverCampaign.www.forestsforever.org.uk GreenBookLivewww.greenbooklive.com GreenpeaceAncientForestCampaign.www.greenpeace.org.uk InternationalOrganizationforStandardization(ISO),ISO14001.Availableat www.iso14000-iso14001-environmental-management.com ProForest.www.ProForest.net ProgrammefortheEndorsementofForestCertificationSchemes(PEFC).www.pefc. org/ ScottishProcurementPolicyNote(SPPN-09):Procurement of Timber and Timber Products.ScottishProcurementDirectorate,2005 SocitGnraledeSurveillance(SGS)timbertrackingprogramme.www.sgs.com SustainableForestryInitiative(SFI).www.sfiprogram.org The Environment in Your Pocket.DEFRA,London,2001 MalaysianTimberCertificationCouncil(MTCC).www.mtcc.com.my TheForestTrust(TFT).www.tropicalforesttrust.com UKGovernmentTimberProcurementPolicy.Definition of Legal and sustainable for timber procurement.Secondedition.CPET,2006 UKWoodlandAssuranceScheme.www.forestry.gov.uk/ukwas WoodforGood.www.woodforgood.com
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WRAP. Calculating and declaring recycled content in construction products:Rules of Thumb Guide. WRAP, February 2008 WWF. www.panda.org

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TechnicalAdviceNote(TAN)15:DevelopmentandFloodRisk,WelshAssembly Government(2004) TheMetOffice(incl.figuresforUKrainfall)www.metoffice.gov.uk

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TheSUDSManual2007(CIRIAC697)ThisreplacesC522andincludesrevisedand rationalisedelementsofC523andC609 TownandCountryPlanningAct1990 WaterIndustryAct1991 Sur 2 SeeapplicablereferencesinSur1 BSEN752:2008Drainandsewersystemsoutsidebuildings EnvironmentAgencyFloodinformationhttp://www.environment-agency.gov.uk/ subjects/flood/ EnvironmentAgencywebsitewww.environment-agency.gov.uk/ PPS25(PlanningPolicyStatement25),Developmentandfloodrisk,ODPM(2006) TechnicalAdviceNote(TAN)15:DevelopmentandFloodRisk,WelshAssembly Government(2004) Was 1 BritishStandardBS8300:Design of buildings and their approaches to meet the needs of disabled people Code of practice.BSI,London,2009 BritishStandardBS5906:Code of Practice for Storage and On-Site Treatment of Solid Waste from Buildings.BSI,London,2005 BritishStandardsInstitution.Design of accessible housing Lifetime home Code of practice.DraftforDevelopmentDD266.BSI,London,2007 BritishStandardBS5709:Gaps, gates and stiles. Specification.BSI,London,2006 BritishStandardBS1703:Refuse chutes and hoppers specification.BSI,London,2005 BuildingRegulationsPartMandApprovedDocumentMAccess to and use of Buildings(2004Edition).CommunitiesandLocalGovernment,London,2006. Availablefromhttp://www.planningportal.gov.uk/england/government/buildingregs/ technicalguidance/bcapproveddocumentslist/ BREDigest505.Access to Building.BRE,2008 CommissionforArchitectureandtheBuiltEnvironment(CABE).The principles of inclusive design. (They include you.)CABE,2006.Availablefromwww.cabe.org.uk
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CommissionforArchitectureandtheBuiltEnvironment(CABE).Homes for our old age. Independent living by design.CABE,2009.Availablefromwww.cabe.org.uk

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DEFRA(DepartmentforEnvironment,FoodandRuralAffairs).Waste Strategy for England 2007.Availablefromhttp://www.defra.gov.uk/environment/waste/strategy/ incentives/ DepartmentforCommunitiesandLocalGovernment.Approved Document L1A Conservation of fuel and power (New dwellings).CLG,London,2010.Availablefrom www.planningportal.gov.uk/approveddocuments DepartmentforCommunitiesandLocalGovernment.Building Regulations Approved Document F Ventilation (2010)availablefromwww.planningportal.gov.uk/ approveddocuments WRAP:SWMPtemplatesforstandard,goodandbestpractice.Detailsand registrationfordownloadavailablefrom:www.wrap.org.uk/construction WRAP:TherequirementssuiteforsettingSWMPsearlywithinprojects(client summaryandwasteminimisationandmanagementguidancefordeliveringonthe requirements).Availablefromwww.wrap.org.uk/construction Was 3 BritishStandardBS8300:Design of buildings and their approaches to meet the needs of disabled people Code of practice.BSI,London,2001 BritishStandardBS5709: Gaps, gates and stiles. Specification.BSI,London,2006 BritishStandardBS1703.Refuse chutes and hoppers. Specification.BSI,London, 2005 BritishStandardBS5906.Code of Practice for Storage and On-Site Treatment of Solid Waste from Buildings.BSI,London,2005 BuildingRegulationsPartMandApprovedDocumentMAccess to and use of Buildings(2004Edition).CommunitiesandLocalGovernment,London,2006. Availablefromhttp://www.planningportal.gov.uk/england/government/buildingregs/ technicalguidance/bcapproveddocumentslist/ DisabilityDiscriminationAct,1995 TheAnimalBy-ProductsRegulations2005,Regulation(EC)No1774/2002 DEFRAcompostingwebsite.http://www.defra.gov.uk/environment/waste/topics/ compost/index.htm DEFRA.Guidance on the treatment in approved composting or biogas plants of Animal by-Products and catering waste.Version8,September2008.Availablefrom http://www.defra.gov.uk/foodfarm/byproducts/documents/compost_guidance.pdf
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Pol 2 BritishStandardsEN297:1994.A1:1995,A2:1996,A3:1996,A5:1998andA6:2003 Gas-fired central heating boilers,page42,table14,section3.6.2

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JosephRowntreeFoundation.www.jrf.org.uk Lifetime Homes.2010.Availablefromhttp://www.lifetimehomes.org.uk/pages/ revised-design-criteria.html LifetimeHomeStandards.www.lifetimehomes.org.uk/codeassessors Meeting Part M and Designing Lifetime Homes Carroll, C.; Cowans, J.; Darton, D.(eds).Availablefromhttp://www.jrf.org.uk/publications/ meeting-part-m-and-designing-lifetime-homes Man 1 DepartmentforCommunitiesandLocalGovernment.Approved Document L1A Conservation of fuel and power (New dwellings).CLG,London,2010.Availablefrom www.planningportal.gov.uk/approveddocuments DepartmentforCommunitiesandLocalGovernment.Building Regulations Approved Document F Ventilation (2010)availablefromwww.planningportal.gov.uk/ approveddocuments EnergyPerformanceCertificate(EPC).www.communities.gov.uk EnergySavingTrust.www.energysavingtrust.org.uk Info4local.One-stopinformationgatewayforlocalpublicservices. www.info4local.gov.uk Sustrans.www.sustrans.org.uk WRAPTheWasteandResourceActionPlan.www.wrap.org.uk Man 2 ConsiderateConstructorsScheme. www.ccscheme.org.uk ConsiderateContractorScheme.http://www.cityoflondon.gov.uk/Corporation/LGNL_ Services/Business/Business_support_and_advice/considerate_contractor_scheme. htm#gold Rethinking Construction. Available fromwww.constructingexcellence.org.uk/pdf/ rethinking%20construction/rethinking_construction_report.pdf Man 3 Construction Site Transport.,April2003.Measuresfortrafficmovementsand distances,BREandDTI.www.bre.co.uk/pdf/constructiontraffic.pdf
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Control of Dust from Construction and Demolition Activities.BRE,February2003 PollutionControlGuideParts15,BRE,2003 UKConstructionIndustryKeyPerformanceIndicators.www.kpizone.com

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EnvironmentAgency.www.environment-agency.gov.uk Guidelines for Company Reporting on Greenhouse Gas Emissions,Annex6Transport ConversionTables.DEFRA,2002,annexesupdatedJuly2005. NAEI(Netcen,2005)basedondatafromDfTcombinedwithfactorsfromTRLas functionsofaveragespeedofvehiclederivedfromtestdataunderrealworldtesting cycles. National Atmospheric Emissions Inventory for 2003.DevelopedbyNetcen,2005 PollutionPreventionGuidelinePPG1:General guide to the prevention of pollution. EnvironmentAgency.Availablefromwww.environment-agency.gov.uk PollutionPreventionGuidelinePPG5:Works and maintenance in or near water. EnvironmentAgency.Availablefromwww.environment-agency.gov.uk PollutionPreventionGuidelinePPG6:Working at demolition and construction sites. EnvironmentAgency.Availablefromwww.environment-agency.gov.uk/business/ topics/pollution/39083.aspx Sustainability Action Plan(orAchievingSustainabilityinConstruction Procurement);GovernmentConstructionClientsPanel(GCCP),Officeof GovernmentCommerce(OGC).Availablefromwww.ogc.gov.uk/documents/ AchievingSustainabilityConstructionProcurement.pdf Man 4 BS 3621: 2004 Thief resistant lock assemblies - Key egress BS5588Part1:1990Fireprecautionsinthedesign,constructionanduseofbuildings. Codeofpracticeforresidentialbuildings BS7950:1997Specificationforenhancedsecurityperformanceofwindowsfor domesticapplications PAS24:2007Enhancedsecurityperformancerequirementsfordoorassemblies. Singleanddoubleleaf,hingedexternaldoorassembliestodwellings Safer Places The Planning System & Crime Prevention.ODPM.Availablefromwww. communities.gov.uk Secured by Design New Homes 2009Availablefromwww.securedbydesign.com/ pdfs/newHomes2009.pdf SecuredbyDesign.www.securedbydesign.com Eco 1 AssociationofWildlifeTrustConsultancies(AWTC)Pleasecontactthecurrent chairmanoftheAssociationwhowillprovidedetailsofyourlocaladvisor. www.awtc.co.uk/contact.htm

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CharteredInstitutionofWaterandEnvironmentalManagement(CIWEM),15John Street,London,WC1N2EB.Tel:02078313110Fax:02074054967Email:admin@ ciwem.orgwww.ciwem.org InstituteofEnvironmentalManagementandAssessment(IEMA),StNicholasHouse, 70Newport,Lincoln,LN13DP.Tel01522540069.Fax01522540090 E-mailinfo@iema.netwww.iema.net TheInstituteofEcologyandEnvironmentalManagement(IEEM),45SouthgateStreet, Winchester,HampshireSO239EH.www.ieem.co.uk Landscape Institute (LI)TheCharteredInstituteoftheUKforLandscapeArchitects, 33GreatPortlandStreet,W1W8QGhttp://www.landscapeinstitute.org/ Eco 3 PollutionPreventionGuidelinePPG5: Works and maintenance in or near water. EnvironmentAgency.Availablefromwww.environment-agency.gov.uk Eco 4 ConstructionIndustryKeyPerformanceIndicators.www.kpizone.com DepartmentoftheEnvironment,TransportandtheRegions.Digest of Environmental Statistics,No20.DEFRA,1998

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Sustrans,CycleParkingInformationSheetFF37.www.sustrans.org.uk Sustrans,NationalCycleRoutes.www.sustrans.org.uk

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WRAP.Calculating and declaring recycled content in construction products:Rules of Thumb Guide. WRAP,February2008 WWF.www.panda.org Sur 1 BREDigest365Soakawaydesign2007(BRE) BSEN752:2008Drainandsewersystemsoutsidebuildings TheMetOffice(incl.figuresforUKrainfall)www.met-office.gov.uk TheSUDSManual2007(CIRIAC697)ThisreplacesC522andincludesrevisedand rationalisedelementsofC523andC609. Sur 2 ApprovedDocumentHDrainageandwasteDisposalODPM(2002) BRERepairingfloodedbuildings:aninsuranceindustryguidetoinvestigationand repairofflooddamagetohousingandsmallbusinesses BREDigest365,Soakaway design,BuildingResearchEstablishment(2007). BREGoodRepairGuide11,RepairingFloodDamagePart14,CRCLtd,(1997) BSEN12056-3:2000,GravitydrainageinsidebuildingsPart3:Roofdrainage, layoutandcalculation,BritishStandardInstitute(2000) CIRIAFloodrepairstandardsforbuildings,2005 CIRIANewdevelopmentandfloodrisk,2005 DEFRA/EnvironmentAgency.Preliminary rainfall runoff management for developments.FloodandCoastalDefenceR&DProgramme.R&DTechnicalReport W5-074/A/TR/1.ContractorHRWallingford.(2005). Developmentandfloodrisk,guidancefortheconstructionindustry,Lancasteret.al, CIRIA(2004). ODPM.PPS25(PlanningPolicyStatement25),Developmentandfloodrisk Apracticeguide,(2006).Availablefromwww.communities.gov.uk CIRIAStandardsfortherepairofbuildingsfollowingfloods-C632,2005(http:// www.ciria.org/service/bookshop/core/orders/product.aspx?prodid=112) CIRIA-DevelopmentandFloodRisk:GuidancefortheConstructionIndustry-C624 (2004) Was 1 DepartmentforEnvironment,FoodandRuralAffairs(DEFRA).www.defra.gov.uk/ environment/waste

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CommissionforArchitectureandtheBuiltEnvironment(CABE).www.cabe.org.uk RecycleNow.www.recyclenow.com WRAP(WasteandResourcesActionProgramme).www.wrap.org.uk Was 3 CommunityComposting.www.communitycompost.org CommunityRecyclingNetworkUK.www.crn.org.uk(furtherinformationtosetup communitycomposting). CompostInformationSheet2005:Composting and disposing of garden and kitchen waste.Availablefromwww.wasteonline.org.uk Compostingtroubleshooting.www.compostguide.com Project:Growingwithcompost,whichcontainsatechnicalguidancelibraryon differentsubjectsregardingcommunitycomposting,at www.growingwithcompost.org RecycleNow.www.recyclenow.com WasteandResourcesActionProgramme(WRAP).www.wrap.org.uk Pol 1 Guidance on EC Regulation No 2037/2000 on substances that deplete the ozone layer.October2000,DTI.Availablefromhttp://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/ http://www.berr.gov.uk/sectors/sustainability/ods/page29091.html NationalAtmosphericEmissionsInventory,UK Emissions of Air Pollutants 19702006. DEFRA,2008 IPCC/TEAPSpecialReport:Safeguarding the Ozone Layer and the Global Climate System.2005 Pol 2 Nitrogen Dioxide in the United Kingdom.DEFRA,(2004)Summaryreportalso availablehttp://www.defra.gov.uk/environment/quality/air/airquality/publications/ nitrogen-dioxide/nd-summary.pdf Hea 1 BR288.Designing buildings for daylight.JamesBellandBillBurt,1995
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Man 1 CoachInformation/Enquiries.www.nationalexpress.co.uk GeneralTravelInformation.www.traveline.org.uk

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RailInformation/Enquiries.www.nationalrail.co.uk RecycleNow.www.recyclenow.com UKwatercompanies.www.water.org.uk WRAPWasteandResourcesActionProgrammewww.wrap.org.uk Man 2 ConsiderateBuildersScheme.www.westminster.gov.uk/Business/ businessandstreettradinglicences/highways/considerate_builders.cfm ConstructingExcellence.www.constructingexcellence.org.uk Man 3 COPERT II: Computer programme to Calculate Emissions from Road Transport Methodology and Emissions Factors.TechnicalReportNo6,1999. GoodPracticeGuideGPG273:ComputerisedRoutingandSchedulingforEfficient Logistics NERAReportonlorrytrackandenvironmentalcostsAvailableathttp://webarchive. nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/http://www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/roads/environment/nera/ TheCarbonTrust.www.thecarbontrust.co.uk/energy Man 4 BritishStandardsOnline.http://www.bsigroup.com/ BritishStandardBS7950:Specification for enhanced security performance of windows for domestic applications.BSI,London,1997 Guide to Security Standards for Doors and Windows(May2002)preparedwiththe supportofLPCB,SecuredbyDesignandBSIA.Availablefrom www.securedbydesign.com/pdfs/standards_doors_2002.pdf PAS24:2007Enhanced security performance requirements for door assemblies. Single and double leaf, hinged external door assemblies to dwellings. Eco 1 BritishStandardBS5837:Trees in relation to construction. BSI,London,2005. Availablefrom http://www.bsigroup.com/ CIRIAC502:Environmental Good Practice on Site.Availablefromwww.ciria.org.uk CIRIAC567:Working with Wildlife Site Guide.Availablefromwww.ciria.org.uk EnvironmentAgency.www.environment-agency.gov.uk
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The Hedgerows Regulations.London:OfficeofPublicSectorInformation(formerly TheStationeryOffice).London,1997 UKBiodiversityActionPlan.www.ukbap.org.uk Eco 2 Biodiversity By Design.TCPA,2004 BritishStandardBS5837:Trees in relation to construction.BSI,London,2005. Availablefromwww.bsigroup.com CIRIAC502:Environmental good practice on site.Availablefromwww.ciria.org.uk CIRIAC567:Working with wildlife site guide.Availablefromww.ciria.org.uk EnvironmentAgency.www.environment-agency.gov.uk GrantG.,Green Roofs and Facades.BRE,2006 Eco 3 CIRIAC502:Environmental good practice on site.Availablefromwww.ciria.org.uk CIRIAC567:Working with wildlife site guide.CIRIA,2005.Availablefromwww.ciria. org.uk PollutionPreventionGuidelinePPG06:Working at construction and demolition sites. EnvironmentAgency.Availablefromwww.environment-agency.gov.uk UKBiodiversityActionPlan.www.ukbap.org.uk Eco 4 CIRIAC644:Building greener Guidance on the use of green roofs, green walls and complementary features on buildings.CIRIA,2007 CountrysideSurvey2000.www.cs2000.org.uk EnvironmentAgency.www.environment-agency.gov.uk GovernmentPlanningDepartment.www.communities.gov.uk Eco 5 CIRIA.www.ciria.org.uk GovernmentPlanningDepartment.www.communities.gov.uk
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The Code for Sustainable Homes provides a comprehensive measure of the sustainability of new homes, ensuring that sustainable homes deliver real improvements, in key areas such as carbon dioxide emissions and water use. This Technical Guide sets out the requirements for the Code and the process for achieving a Code assessment. It aims to make gaining a Code assessment as simple, transparent and rigorous as possible. It also aims to inspire confidence in Code assessors, home builders, product manufacturers and consumers. This new full-colour 2010 edition follows a recent wide-ranging Government consultation that sought views on updating and streamlining the Code, to take account of changes to Part L of the Building Regulations, and to resolve some problems that had arisen during its use.

The previous version was published under ISBN: 978 1 85946 330 7 Further copies available from:

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