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Th ành c

B

--- ---

Th ành c B --- --- Nguy BÀI GI TH ÀNH C 1

Nguy

BÀI GI

TH ÀNH C

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Th ành c

1. M à hi á tr

thông d

2. Yêu c à th ành.

3. N S - à l ình hi

-

- -100)

- i

- Vibration)

- C h (Infrared)

- C

C

C

C

C

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1.1. C

Proximity Sensor
Proximity Sensor

SSttrruuccttuurree::

Detect Head

Sensor S S t t r r u u c c t t u u r

LED: Indicator

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u u i i p p m m e e n n t t C C

Oscillator

Trigger

Switching

 

Amplifier

V CC

Output

GND

Inductive proximity sensors are widely used in various applications to detect

metal devices. They consist of an oscillator, trigger, and switching amplifier. If a

metal object enters the electromagnetic field of the oscillator coil, eddy currents are

induced in this coil which change the amplitude of oscillation, which causes the trigger

stage to trip and the semiconductor output stage to switch.

Circuit Explanation

semiconductor output stage to switch. Circuit Explanation When no metallic object approach to the detecting head:

When no metallic object approach to the detecting head:

Vo = High Vo22 = Low Q1 OFF Buzzer OFF

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When a metallic object approach to the detecting head:

Vo = LOW Vo22 = High Q1 ON Buzzer ON

Experiment Procedure:

1. Insert proximity sensor to 3 pin module socket.

2. Power on the module

3. Use different type of object to approach to the detecting head and observe the result.

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1.2. C

Temperature (PT100) Sensor
Temperature (PT100) Sensor

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Stainless-steel protection tube (Platinum wired wound inside)

B’ B=B’ A B
B’
B=B’
A
B

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B’ Voltage Out
B’
Voltage Out

A

PT-100 is one form of the RTD (Resistance Temperature Detector). It is made of

the platinum wire and has the resistance of 100 ohm at 00C. The resistance vs.

temperature characteristic of PT-100 can be expressed as:

RT = 100 (1+0.00392T)

If constant current I of 2.55mA flow through PT-100

VB’ = I x RT = (255+T)mV

Circuit Explanation:

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Th ành c • VR2 is used to control the constant current source to 2.25mV •

• VR2 is used to control the constant current source to 2.25mV

• U1 is non-inverting amplifier V16= (2550+10T) mV

• U1 is non-inverting amplifier V16= (2550+10T) mV • U2 is differential amplifier • U3 is
• U1 is non-inverting amplifier V16= (2550+10T) mV • U2 is differential amplifier • U3 is

• U2 is differential amplifier

• U3 is voltage follower Adjust VR14 to control Vf1 (offset of U2)

• So if Vf1 = 2550mV Vo27 = 100T mV Conversion Ratio = 100mV / 0C

Experiment Procedure:

In this exercise, you need to prepare a thermometer (mercury) for calibration.

1. Using thermometer to record the current room temperature (T). ?

2. Connect 2 lead wires (white) to B and B’, and lead wire (red) to A.

3. Power on the module.

4. Adjust VR2 until VB’ = (255+T)mV ?

5. Adjust VR14 until Vo27 is equal to T/10 V (Calibration complete) ?

6. Put both PT-100 and the mercury thermometer inside hot water.

7. What is the value shown on the mercury thermometer? ?

8. What is the output voltage of Vo27? ?

9. Put both PT-100 and the mercury thermometer inside cold water.

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10. What is the value shown on the mercury thermometer? ? 11. What is the output voltage of Vo27? ? 12. What’s the difference between AD590 and PT100 temperature sensor? ?

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1.3. C

Rotation Angle Sensor
Rotation Angle Sensor

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Plastic Housing Knob CCW
Plastic Housing
Knob
CCW

Output (sliding connection)

CW

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Output (sliding connection) CW S S y y m m b b o o l l
Output (sliding connection) CW S S y y m m b b o o l l

Vout

Excitation

Voltage

CW S S y y m m b b o o l l : : Vout

Sometimes called potentiometers, voltage dividers or variable resistors, the

precision potentiometric position transducers are widely used in measuring linear

distance, angles or rotations in production equipment. It is a three terminal resistor

where the position of the sliding connection is user adjustable via a knob. The sensor

used in this experiment is a multi-turn potentiometer (10 turns) with an attached reel of

wire turning against a spring.

Circuit Explanation:

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Th ành c • U1 (Buffer Amplifier) provides a precision reference voltage at Vf1. • U2

• U1 (Buffer Amplifier) provides a precision reference voltage at Vf1.

• U2 (Buffer Amplifier) transfers the voltage from U2pin3 to U2pin6.

• U4 (Buffer Amplifier) provides fix voltage (adjusted by VR7) at U4pin6 to control the current flow through feedback loop to obtain a stable output at

Vo31.

Experiment Procedure:

1. Power on the module

2. Adjust variable resistor VR7 to center

3. Rotate the potentiometer from most CCW to most CW position. How many turns is built in the potentiometer? ?

4. How many degrees you have rotate in step 2? ?

5. Fix the potentiometer at 36000 Adjust the variable resistor VR2 until Vo31 is equal to 3.600V.

6. Rotate the potentiometer in CCW direction for 5 turns. Adjust the variable resistor VR7 until Vo31 is equal to 1.800V.

7. Measure and record the output voltage Vo31 for each following turn values. 1/2/3/4/5/6/7/8/9/10 turns ?

for initial position.

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1.4. C

SSttrruuccttuurree::

Vibration Switch
Vibration Switch

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u u r r e e : : Vibration Switch S S y y m m

Housing

Contact:

Switch S S y y m m b b o o l l : : Housing

to spring

Contact

to metal

: : Housing Contact: to spring C o n t a c t to metal The
: : Housing Contact: to spring C o n t a c t to metal The

The vibration switch is normally open with vibration springs. When a vibration

occurred, the switch changes to close state and the switch turns ON.

Circuit Explanation:

springs. When a vibration occurred, the switch changes to close state and the switch turns ON.

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springs. When a vibration occurred, the switch changes to close state and the switch turns ON.

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When vibration switch is OFF :

555 Timer (U2) OFF no output at Vo10 Buzzer OFF

When vibration switch is ON :

555 Timer (U2) ON pulse output at Vo10 Buzzer ON

Experiment Procedure:

1. Power on the module.

2. What is the status of the buzzer?

3. Knock the sensor from side, what is the status of the buzzer?

4. Knock the sensor from top, what is the status of the buzzer?

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1.5. C h

Infrared Sensor
Infrared Sensor
Th ành c 1.5. C h Infrared Sensor Transmitter (Infrared Emitting Diode) Receiver (Photodiode) Transmitter R

Transmitter

(Infrared Emitting Diode)

C h Infrared Sensor Transmitter (Infrared Emitting Diode) Receiver (Photodiode) Transmitter R e c e i

Receiver

(Photodiode)

Transmitter

Receiver

Receiver (Photodiode) Transmitter R e c e i v e r Anode Cathode Infrared emits infrared

Anode

(Photodiode) Transmitter R e c e i v e r Anode Cathode Infrared emits infrared radiation

Cathode

Infrared emits infrared radiation which is focused by a plastic lens into a narrow beam. The emitting beam of an IR LED is generally proportional to the magnitude of the forward current (forward biased). The beam is modulated i.e. switched on and off, to encode the data. The receiver uses a silicon photodiode to convert the infrared radiation to an electric current for further processing.

Circuit Explanation:

Vout_U3 Vout_U2
Vout_U3
Vout_U2

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U2: Inverting amplifier, Gain = ~1000 U3: differential amplifier, Gain = ~ 22 U4: Comparator, If V+ > V- output = 12V || If V->V+ output = -12V

Use VR2 to adjusted the output frequency f of the 555 Timer Q1 switches ON and OFF Infrared TX emits ON and OFF If no object blocks between TX and RX Infrared RX receives ON and OFF weak pulse signal input to U2 strong pulse signal Vpp = 12V, frequency = f) output at Vout_U2 At resonant frequency VLc obtain maximum Vpp signal amplify again though U3 CR1, C5, R13 converts the AC signal into DC signal at U4 pin3 If U4 pin3 > U4 pin2 Vo17 outputs high potential

Experiment Procedure:

1. Power on the module

2. Use oscilloscope to observe the voltage at VLC and adjust the variable resistor VR2 until Vout_U2 obtain the maximum peak-to-peak voltage.

3. Adjust VR3 until U3 pin3 is 0.3V lower than VLC

4. Record the voltage at U4 pin2 and U4 pin3

5. Block an object between the sensor, what is the voltage at U4 pin3?

6. What is the value of Vo17 when nothing block the sensor?

7. What is the value of Vo17 when the sensor is blocked by an object?

8. What is the current frequency of the 555 Timer output?

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1.6. C

Infrared Sensor
Infrared Sensor

Lead

Wires

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CaDmium Sulphide (Orange part)
CaDmium Sulphide
(Orange part)

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(Orange part) S S y y m m b b o o l l : :

CaDmium Sulphide (CDS) cells, sometimes called photoresistors or photoconductive cells, rely on the material's ability to vary its resistance according to the amount of light striking the cell. The more light that strikes the cell, the lower the resistance.

Circuit Explanation:

amount of light striking the cell. The more light that strikes the cell, the lower the

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When light strikes the CDS:

Sensor resistance Vin Q1 (NPN) ON Q2 (PNP) ON Vo23 High LED1 ON When no light strikes the CDS:

Sensor resistance Vin Q1 (NPN) OFF Q2 (PNP) OFF Vo23 LOW LED1 OFF

Experiment Procedure:

1. Power on the module

2. Block the CDS and adjust variable resistor R1 make the LED1 just from the bright to dark.

3. What is the status of the LED1 when the light strikes the CDS? And what is the voltage at Vin?

4. What is the status of the LED1 when the CDS is blocked? And what is the voltage at Vin?

5. Use oscilloscope to observe the voltage at Vin, what is the response time when block and unblock the CDS?

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b b e e d d e e m m o o n n s s

Thumbwheel Switch

m o o n n s s t t r r a a t t e
m o o n n s s t t r r a a t t e
m o o n n s s t t r r a a t t e

Status Display

Single Chip Out Control 2 Out Control 3

EPROM

Status Display Single Chip Out Control 2 Out Control 3 EPROM A/D Converter DC Power  
Status Display Single Chip Out Control 2 Out Control 3 EPROM A/D Converter DC Power  

A/D Converter

Single Chip Out Control 2 Out Control 3 EPROM A/D Converter DC Power   +5V, GND
Single Chip Out Control 2 Out Control 3 EPROM A/D Converter DC Power   +5V, GND
Single Chip Out Control 2 Out Control 3 EPROM A/D Converter DC Power   +5V, GND
Single Chip Out Control 2 Out Control 3 EPROM A/D Converter DC Power   +5V, GND

DC Power

 

+5V, GND

Select / Chip

Potentiometer

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