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19-2137; Rev 5; 7/10

SOT23, Low-Noise, Low-Distortion, Wide-Band, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps


General Description
The MAX4475MAX4478/MAX4488/MAX4489 wideband, low-noise, low-distortion operational amplifiers offer rail-to-rail outputs and single-supply operation down to 2.7V. They draw 2.2mA of quiescent supply current per amplifier while featuring ultra-low distortion (0.0002% THD+N), as well as low input voltage-noise density (4.5nV/Hz) and low input current-noise density (0.5fA/Hz). These features make the devices an ideal choice for applications that require low distortion and/or low noise. For power conservation, the MAX4475/MAX4488 offer a low-power shutdown mode that reduces supply current to 0.01A and places the amplifiers outputs into a highimpedance state. These amplifiers have outputs which swing rail-to-rail and their input common-mode voltage range includes ground. The MAX4475MAX4478 are unity-gain stable with a gain-bandwidth product of 10MHz. The MAX4488/4489 are internally compensated for gains of +5V/V or greater with a gain-bandwidth product of 42MHz. The single MAX4475/MAX4476/ MAX4488 are available in space-saving, 6-pin SOT23 and TDFN packages. o o o o o o o o o

Features
Low Input Voltage-Noise Density: 4.5nV/Hz Low Input Current-Noise Density: 0.5fA/Hz Low Distortion: 0.0002% THD+N (1k load) Single-Supply Operation from +2.7V to +5.5V Input Common-Mode Voltage Range Includes Ground Rail-to-Rail Output Swings with a 1k Load 10MHz GBW Product, Unity-Gain Stable (MAX4475MAX4478) 42MHz GBW Product, Stable with AV +5V/V (MAX4488/MAX4489) Excellent DC Characteristics VOS = 70V IBIAS = 1pA Large-Signal Voltage Gain = 120dB Low-Power Shutdown Mode: Reduces Supply Current to 0.01A Places Output in High-Impedance State Available in Space-Saving SOT23, TDFN, MAX, and TSSOP Packages

MAX4475MAX4478/MAX4488/MAX4489

Applications
ADC Buffers DAC Output Amplifiers Low-Noise Microphone/Preamplifiers Digital Scales Strain Gauges/Sensor Amplifiers Medical Instrumentation
MAX is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.

Ordering Information
PART MAX4475AUT+T MAX4475AUA+ MAX4475ASA+ MAX4475ATT+T TEMP RANGE -40C to +125C -40C to +125C -40C to +125C -40C to +125C PINPACKAGE 6 SOT23 8 MAX 8 SO 6 TDFN-EP* TOP MARK AAZV +ADD

Typical Operating Characteristic


INPUT VOLTAGE-NOISE DENSITY vs. FREQUENCY
VIN EQUIVALENT INPUT NOISE VOLTAGE (nV/Hz)
MAX4475 toc20

25

MAX4475AUT/V+T -40C to +125C 6 SOT23 +ACQQ +Denotes a lead(Pb)-free/RoHS-compliant package. *EP = Exposed pad (connect to VSS). /V denotes an automotive qualified part. T = Tape and reel. Ordering Information continued at end of data sheet. Pin Configurations and Typical Operating Circuit appear at end of data sheet.

20

Selector Guide
PART MAX4475 MAX4476 MAX4477 MAX4478 GAIN BW (MHz) 10 10 10 10 42 42 STABLE GAIN (V/V) 1 1 1 1 5 5 NO. OF AMPS 1 1 2 4 1 2 SHDN Yes Yes

15

10

0 10 100 1k FREQUENCY (Hz) 10k 100k

MAX4488 MAX4489

________________________________________________________________ Maxim Integrated Products

For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim Direct at 1-888-629-4642, or visit Maxims website at www.maxim-ic.com.

SOT23, Low-Noise, Low-Distortion, Wide-Band, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps MAX4475MAX4478/MAX4488/MAX4489


ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Power-Supply Voltage (VDD to VSS) ......................-0.3V to +6.0V Analog Input Voltage (IN_+, IN_-)....(VSS - 0.3V) to (VDD + 0.3V) SHDN Input Voltage....................................(VSS - 0.3V) to +6.0V Output Short-Circuit Duration to Either Supply ..........Continuous Continuous Input Current (IN+, IN-) .................................10mA Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70C) 6-Pin SOT23 (derate 9.1mW/C above +70C)...........727mW 6-Pin TDFN (derate 18.2mW/C above 70C) ...........1454mW 8-Pin MAX (derate 4.5mW/C above +70C) ............362mW 8-Pin SO (derate 5.88mW/C above +70C)...............471mW 14-Pin SO (derate 8.33mW/C above +70C)..............667mW 14-Pin TSSOP (derate 9.1mW/C above +70C) .........727mW Operating Temperature Range .........................-40C to +125C Junction Temperature ......................................................+150C Storage Temperature Range .............................-65C to +150C Lead Temperature (soldering, 10s) .................................+300C Soldering Temperature (reflow) SOT23, MAX, TSSOP, TDFN, and 8-Pin SO...............+260C 14-Pin SO .....................................................................+240C

Stresses beyond those listed under Absolute Maximum Ratings may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.

DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(VDD = +5V, VSS = 0V, VCM = 0V, VOUT = VDD/2, RL tied to VDD/2, SHDN = VDD, TA = -40C to +125C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA = +25C.) (Notes 1, 2)
PARAMETER Supply Voltage Range Quiescent Supply Current Per Amplifier Input Offset Voltage Input Offset Voltage Tempco Input Bias Current Input Offset Current Differential Input Resistance Input Common-Mode Voltage Range SYMBOL VDD ID (Note 3) Normal mode VDD = 3V VDD = 5V CONDITIONS MIN 2.7 2.2 2.5 0.01 70 0.3 (Note 4) (Note 4) Guaranteed by CMRR Test (VSS - 0.2V) VCM (VDD 1.6V) (VSS - 0.1V) VCM (VDD 1.7V) VDD = 2.7 to 5.5V RL = 10k to VDD/2; VOUT = 100mV to (VDD - 125mV) Large-Signal Voltage Gain AVOL RL = 1k to VDD/2; VOUT = 200mV to (VDD - 250mV) RL = 500 to VDD/2; VOUT = 350mV to (VDD - 500mV) TA = +25C TA = -40C to +125C TA = +25C -0.2 -0.1 90 115 dB TA = -40C to +125C 90 90 90 85 85 120 120 110 110 dB dB 1 1 1000 VDD - 1.6 VDD - 1.7 4.4 1.0 350 750 6 150 150 TYP MAX 5.5 UNITS V mA A V V/C pA pA G V

Shutdown mode (SHDN = VSS) (Note 2) VOS TCVOS IB IOS RIN VCM TA = +25C TA = -40C to +125C

Common-Mode Rejection Ratio

CMRR

Power-Supply Rejection Ratio

PSRR

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SOT23, Low-Noise, Low-Distortion, Wide-Band, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps


DC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
(VDD = +5V, VSS = 0V, VCM = 0V, VOUT = VDD/2, RL tied to VDD/2, SHDN = VDD, TA = -40C to +125C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA = +25C.) (Notes 1, 2)
PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS |VIN+ - VIN-| 10mV, RL = 10k to VDD/2 Output Voltage Swing VOUT |VIN+ - VIN-| 10mV, RL = 1k to VDD/2 |VIN+ - VIN-| 10mV, RL = 500 to VDD/2 Output Short-Circuit Current Output Leakage Current SHDN Logic Low SHDN Logic High SHDN Input Current Input Capacitance CIN ISC ILEAK VIL VIH SHDN = VSS to VDD 0.7 x VDD 0.01 10 1 Shutdown mode (SHDN = VSS), VOUT = VSS to VDD VDD - VOH VOL - VSS VDD - VOH VOL - VSS VDD - VOH VOL - VSS MIN TYP 10 10 80 50 100 80 48 0.001 1.0 0.3 x VDD MAX 45 40 200 150 300 250 mA A V V A pF mV UNITS

MAX4475MAX4478/MAX4488/MAX4489

AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(VDD = +5V, VSS = 0V, VCM = 0V, VOUT = VDD/2, RL tied to VDD/2, SHDN = VDD, TA = +25C.)
PARAMETER Gain-Bandwidth Product Slew Rate Full-Power Bandwidth (Note 5) Peak-to-Peak Input Noise Voltage en(P-P) SYMBOL GBWP SR CONDITIONS MAX4475MAX4478 MAX4488/MAX4489 MAX4475MAX4478 MAX4488/MAX4489 MAX4475MAX4478 MAX4488/MAX4489 f = 0.1Hz to 10Hz f = 10Hz Input Voltage-Noise Density Input Current-Noise Density en in f = 1kHz f = 30kHz f = 1kHz VOUT = 2VP-P, AV = +1V/V (MAX4475MAX4478), RL = 10k to GND VOUT = 2VP-P, AV = +1V/V (MAX4475MAX4478), RL = 1k to GND VOUT = 2VP-P, AV = +5V/V (MAX4488/MAX4489), RL = 10k to GND f = 1kHz f = 20kHz f = 1kHz f = 20kHz f = 1kHz f = 20kHz AV = +1V/V AV = +5V/V AV = +1V/V AV = +5V/V AV = +1V/V AV = +5V/V MIN TYP 10 42 3 10 0.4 1.25 260 21 4.5 3.5 0.5 0.0002 0.0007 0.0002 0.001 0.0004 0.0006 % fA/Hz nV/Hz MAX UNITS MHz V/s MHz nVP-P

Total Harmonic Distortion Plus Noise (Note 6)

THD + N

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SOT23, Low-Noise, Low-Distortion, Wide-Band, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps MAX4475MAX4478/MAX4488/MAX4489


AC ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
(VDD = +5V, VSS = 0V, VCM = 0V, VOUT = VDD/2, RL tied to VDD/2, SHDN = VDD, TA = +25C.)
PARAMETER Total Harmonic Distortion Plus Noise (Note 6) Capacitive-Load Stability Gain Margin Phase Margin Settling Time Delay Time to Shutdown Enable Delay Time from Shutdown Power-Up Delay Time tSH tEN VOUT = 2.5V, VOUT settles to 0.1% VDD = 0 to 5V step, VOUT stable to 0.1% GM M MAX4475MAX4478, AV = +1V/V MAX4488/MAX4489, AV = +5V/V To 0.01%, VOUT = 2V step SYMBOL CONDITIONS VOUT = 2VP-P, AV = +5V/V (MAX4488/MAX4489), RL = 1k to GND No sustained oscillations f = 1kHz f = 20kHz MIN TYP 0.0005 % 0.008 200 12 70 80 2 1.5 10 13 pF dB degrees s s s s MAX UNITS

THD + N

Note 1: Note 2: Note 3: Note 4: Note 5:

All devices are 100% tested at TA = +25C. Limits over temperature are guaranteed by design. SHDN is available on the MAX4475/MAX4488 only. Guaranteed by the PSRR test. Guaranteed by design. Full-power bandwidth for unity-gain stable devices (MAX4475MAX4478) is measured in a closed-loop gain of +2V/V to accommodate the input voltage range, VOUT = 4VP-P. Note 6: Lowpass-filter bandwidth is 22kHz for f = 1kHz and 80kHz for f = 20kHz. Noise floor of test equipment = 10nV/Hz.

Typical Operating Characteristics


(VDD = +5V, VSS = 0V, VCM = 0V, VOUT = VDD/2, RL tied to VDD/2, input noise floor of test equipment =10nV/Hz for all distortion measurements, TA = +25C, unless otherwise noted.)
INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE DISTRIBUTION
MAX4475-8 toc1

OFFSET VOLTAGE vs. TEMPERATURE


MAX4475 toc02

INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE vs. INPUT COMMON-MODE VOLTAGE


MAX4475 toc03

18 16 PERCENTAGE OF UNITS (%) 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 VOS (V)

250 200 INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE (V) 150 100 50 0 -50 -100 -150 -200 -250 -50

VCOM = 0V

50

INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE (V)

40

30

20 VDD = 3V 10 0 VDD = 5V

-25

25

50

75

100

125

-0.5

0.5

1.5

2.5

3.5

4.5

TEMPERATURE (C)

INPUT COMMON-MODE VOLTAGE (V)

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SOT23, Low-Noise, Low-Distortion, Wide-Band, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps


Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)
(VDD = +5V, VSS = 0V, VCM = 0V, VOUT = VDD/2, RL tied to VDD/2, input noise floor of test equipment =10nV/Hz for all distortion measurements, TA = +25C, unless otherwise noted.)
OUTPUT VOLTAGE vs. OUTPUT LOAD CURRENT
MAX4475 toc04

MAX4475MAX4478/MAX4488/MAX4489

OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWING (VOH) vs. TEMPERATURE


MAX4475 toc05

OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWING (VOL) vs. TEMPERATURE


MAX4475 toc06

0.25 VDD = 3V OR 5V VDIFF = 10mV 0.20 OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)

70 60 50

70 60 50 VOL (mV) 40 30 20 RL = 1k 10 0 RL = 10k -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100

0.15 VDD - VOH 0.10 VOL 0.05

VDD - VOH (mV)

40 30 20 10 RL = 1k

RL = 10k -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125

0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 OUTPUT LOAD CURRENT (mA)

0 TEMPERATURE (C)

125

TEMPERATURE (C)

LARGE-SIGNAL VOLTAGE GAIN vs. OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWING


MAX4475 toc07

LARGE-SIGNAL VOLTAGE GAIN vs. OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWING


MAX4475 toc08

LARGE-SIGNAL VOLTAGE GAIN vs. OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWING


120 110 RL = 2k RL = 200k RL = 20k
MAX4475 toc09

130 120 110 100 AV (dB) RL = 2k RL = 20k RL = 200k

130 120 110 RL = 20k RL = 200k 100 AV (dB)

130

100 AV (dB) RL = 2k 90 80 70 VDD = 3V RL REFERENCED TO VDD 0 50 100 150 200 250 60 50 0 50 100 150 200 250 VOUT SWING FROM EITHER SUPPLY (mV) VOUT SWING FROM EITHER SUPPLY (mV) VDD = 5V RL REFERENCED TO GND

90 80 70 60 50 0 50 100 150 200 250 VOUT SWING FROM EITHER SUPPLY (mV) VDD = 3V RL REFERENCED TO GND

90 80 70 60 50

LARGE-SIGNAL VOLTAGE GAIN vs. OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWING


MAX4475 toc10

LARGE-SIGNAL VOLTAGE GAIN vs. TEMPERATURE


MAX4475 toc11

SUPPLY CURRENT vs. TEMPERATURE


PER AMPLIFIER 2.5 SUPPLY CURRENT (mA) 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5
MAX4475 toc12

130 120 110 RL = 20k 100 AV (dB) 90 80 70 60 50 0 50 100 150 200 VDD = 5V RL REFERENCED TO VDD RL = 2k RL = 200k

140 130 120 110 AVOL (dB) 100 90 80 70 60 50 VOUT = 150mV TO 4.75V RL = 10k RL = 100k

3.0

0 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 -50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 TEMPERATURE (C) TEMPERATURE (C)

250

VOUT SWING FROM EITHER SUPPLY (mV)

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SOT23, Low-Noise, Low-Distortion, Wide-Band, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps MAX4475MAX4478/MAX4488/MAX4489


Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)
(VDD = +5V, VSS = 0V, VCM = 0V, VOUT = VDD/2, RL tied to VDD/2, input noise floor of test equipment =10nV/Hz for all distortion measurements, TA = +25C, unless otherwise noted.)
SUPPLY CURRENT vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE
MAX4475 toc13

SUPPLY CURRENT vs. OUTPUT VOLTAGE


MAX4475 toc14

INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE


15 INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE (V) 10 5 0 -5 -10 -15 -20
MAX4475 toc15

3.0 PER AMPLIFIER 2.5 SUPPLY CURRENT (mA) 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0

3.0 2.5 SUPPLY CURRENT (mA) 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0 VDD = 5V

20

VDD = 3V

5.5

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

5.5

SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)

OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)

SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)

MAX4475MAX4478 GAIN AND PHASE vs. FREQUENCY


60 50 40 30 GAIN (dB) 20 10 0 -10 -20 -30 -40 100 1k 10k 100k 1M 10M INPUT FREQUENCY (Hz) PHASE GAIN
MAX4475 toc16

MAX4488/MAX4489 GAIN AND PHASE vs. FREQUENCY


180 144 108 72 PHASE (degrees) GAIN (dB) 36 0 -36 -72 -108 -144 -180 100M 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 -10 -20 -30 -40 100 1k 10k 100k 1M 10M INPUT FREQUENCY (Hz) VDD = 3V OR 5V RL = 50k CL = 20pF AV = +1000V/V GAIN
MAX4475 toc17

VDD = 3V OR 5V RL = 50k CL = 20pF AV = +1000V/V

180 144 108 72 36 0 -36 -72 PHASE (degrees)

PHASE

-108 -144 -180 100M

MAX4475MAX4478 POWER-SUPPLY REJECTION RATIO vs. FREQUENCY


0 VDD = 3V OR 5V -10 -20 -30 -40 -50 -60 -70 -80 -90 -100 -110 -120 -130 0.001 0.1
MAX4475 toc18

OUTPUT IMPEDANCE vs. FREQUENCY


MAX4475 toc19

1000

OUTPUT IMPEDANCE ()

100

PSRR (dB)

10 AV = +5 1 AV = +1 0.1 0.01

10

1000

100,000

10

100 FREQUENCY (Hz)

1k

10k

FREQUENCY (kHz)

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SOT23, Low-Noise, Low-Distortion, Wide-Band, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps


Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)
(VDD = +5V, VSS = 0V, VCM = 0V, VOUT = VDD/2, RL tied to VDD/2, input noise floor of test equipment =10nV/Hz for all distortion measurements, TA = +25C, unless otherwise noted.)
INPUT VOLTAGE-NOISE DENSITY vs. FREQUENCY
VIN EQUIVALENT INPUT NOISE VOLTAGE (nV/Hz)
MAX4475 toc20

MAX4475MAX4478/MAX4488/MAX4489

0.1Hz TO 10HzP-P NOISE


VDD = 3V OR 5V VP-P NOISE = 260nVP-P

AV = +1 RL = 100k

20

1 THD + N (%)

15 200nV/div 10

0.1

0.01 fO = 20kHz, FILTER BW = 80kHz

0.001 fO = 3kHz, FILTER BW = 30kHz 0.0001 10 100 1k FREQUENCY (Hz) 10k 100k 1s/div 0 1 2 3 4 OUTPUT VOLTAGE (VP-P)

MAX4475 toc23

AV = +5 RL = 100k

MAX4475 toc24

1 0.1 THD + N (%) 0.01 0.001 0.0001 0.00001 0 1 2 3 OUTPUT VOLTAGE (VP-P) VDD = 3V, fO = 3kHz FILTER BW = 30kHz VDD = +3V, fO = 20kHz FILTER BW = 80kHz

FILTER BW = 80kHz VOUT = 2VP-P AV = +1 RL = 1k

THD + N (%)

0.001

AV = +10, VDD = 3V AV = +10, VDD = 5V FILTER BW = 22kHz RL = 10k TO GND R1 = 5.6k, R2 = 53k VOUT = 2VP-P

THD + N (%)

RL TO VDD/2

RL TO GND RL TO VDD

0.0001 0 5k 10k FREQUENCY (Hz) 15k 20k

0.001 0 5k 10k

15k

20k

FREQUENCY (Hz)

0.1 THD + N (%)

FILTER BW = 80kHz RL = 10k TO GND R1 = 2.43k, R2 = 10k VOUT = 2.75VP-P

MAX4475 toc26

MAX4488/MAX4489 TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION PLUS NOISE vs. FREQUENCY

MAX4475MAX4478 LARGE-SIGNAL PULSE RESPONSE


MAX4475 toc27

MAX4475MAX4478 SMALL-SIGNAL PULSE RESPONSE


MAX4475 toc28

MAX4475 toc25

10

MAX4488/MAX4489 TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION PLUS NOISE vs. OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWING

0.01

MAX4488/MAX4489 TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION PLUS NOISE vs. FREQUENCY

0.01

MAX4475MAX4478 TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION PLUS NOISE vs. FREQUENCY

MAX4475 toc22

25

MAX4475 toc21

10

MAX4475 TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION PLUS NOISE vs. OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWING

0.6V 2.5V

0.01

20mV/div

0.001

AV = +5, VDD = 3V

0.5V

0.5V

AV = +5, VDD = 5V 0.0001 0 5k 10k FREQUENCY (Hz) 15k 20k 1s/div VDD = 3V, RL = 10k, CL = 100pF VIN = 2V 4s/div VDD = 3V, RL = 10k, CL = 100pF VIN = 100mV PULSE

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SOT23, Low-Noise, Low-Distortion, Wide-Band, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps MAX4475MAX4478/MAX4488/MAX4489


Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)
(VDD = +5V, VSS = 0V, VCM = 0V, VOUT = VDD/2, RL tied to VDD/2, input noise floor of test equipment =10nV/Hz for all distortion measurements, TA = +25C, unless otherwise noted.)
MAX4488/MAX4489 LARGE-SIGNAL PULSE RESPONSE
MAX4475 toc29

MAX4488/MAX4489 SMALL-SIGNAL PULSE RESPONSE


MAX4475 toc30

MAX4477/MAX4478/MAX4489 CROSSTALK vs. FREQUENCY


MAX4475 toc31

-20 -30 CROSSTALK (dB) 1.6V VOUT 50mV/div VOUT 200mV/div 1.5V -40 -50 -60 -70 -80 -90

1s/div VDD = 3V, RL = 10k, CL = 50pF VIN = 20mV PULSE, AV = +5V/V

1s/div VDD = 3V, RL = 10k, CL = 50pF VIN = 20mV PULSE, AV = +5V/V

10

100

1000

10k 100k

1M

10M 100M

FREQUENCY (Hz)

Pin Description
PIN MAX4475/ MAX4488 SOT23/TDFN 1 MAX4475/ MAX4488 SO/MAX 6 MAX4476 SOT23/TDFN 1 MAX4477/ MAX4489 SO/MAX 1, 7 MAX4478 SO/TSSOP 1, 7, 8, 14 OUT, OUTA, OUTB, OUTC, OUTD VSS IN+, INA+, INB+, INC+, IND+ IN-, INA-, INB-, INC-, INDVDD Amplifier Output Negative Supply. Connect to ground for singlesupply operation Noninverting Amplifier Input Inverting Amplifier Input Positive Supply Shutdown Input. Connect to VDD for normal operation (amplifier(s) enabled). No Connection. Not internally connected. Exposed Paddle. Connect to VSS. NAME FUNCTION

11

3, 5

3, 5, 10, 12

4 6

2 7

4 6

2, 6 8

2, 6, 9, 13 4

SHDN

EP (TDFN only)

1, 5

5 EP (TDFN only)

N.C. EP

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SOT23, Low-Noise, Low-Distortion, Wide-Band, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps


Detailed Description
The MAX4475MAX4478/MAX4488/MAX4489 singlesupply operational amplifiers feature ultra-low noise and distortion. Their low distortion and low noise make them ideal for use as preamplifiers in wide dynamicrange applications, such as 16-bit analog-to-digital converters (see Typical Operating Circuit). Their highinput impedance and low noise are also useful for signal conditioning of high-impedance sources, such as piezoelectric transducers. These devices have true rail-to-rail ouput operation, drive loads as low as 1k while maintining DC accuracy, and can drive capactive loads up to 200pF without oscillation. The input common-mode voltage range extends from (VDD - 1.6V) to 200mV below the negative rail. The push-pull output stage maintains excellent DC characteristics, while delivering up to 5mA of current. The MAX4475MAX4478 are unity-gain stable, while the MAX4488/MAX4489 have a higher slew rate and are stable for gains 5V/V. The MAX4475/MAX4488 feature a low-power shutdown mode, which reduces the supply current to 0.01A and disables the outputs.
CZ RF RG VOUT

MAX4475MAX4478/MAX4488/MAX4489

VIN

Figure 1. Adding Feed-Forward Compensation

AV = +2 RF = RG = 100k 100mV 0V VIN 100mV/div

Low Distortion
Many factors can affect the noise and distortion that the device contributes to the input signal. The following guidelines offer valuable information on the impact of design choices on Total Harmonic Distortion (THD). Choosing proper feedback and gain resistor values for a particular application can be a very important factor in reducing THD. In general, the smaller the closedloop gain, the smaller the THD generated, especially when driving heavy resistive loads. The THD of the part normally increases at approximately 20dB per decade, as a function of frequency. Operating the device near or above the full-power bandwidth significantly degrades distortion. Referencing the load to either supply also improves the parts distortion performance, because only one of the MOSFETs of the push-pull output stage drives the output. Referencing the load to midsupply increases the parts distortion for a given load and feedback setting. (See the Total Harmonic Distortion vs. Frequency graph in the Typical Operating Characteristics.) For gains 5V/V, the decompensated devices MAX4488/MAX4489 deliver the best distortion performance, since they have a higher slew rate and provide a higher amount of loop gain for a given closed-loop gain setting. Capacitive loads below 100pF do not significantly affect distortion results. Distortion performance is relatively constant over supply voltages.
VOUT 100mV/div

2s/div

Figure 2a. Pulse Response with No Feed-Forward Compensation

AV = +2 RF = RG = 100k VIN 100mV/div

VOUT 100mV/div

2s/div

Figure 2b. Pulse Response with 10pF Feed-Forward Compensation

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SOT23, Low-Noise, Low-Distortion, Wide-Band, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps MAX4475MAX4478/MAX4488/MAX4489


Low Noise
The amplifiers input-referred noise-voltage density is dominated by flicker noise at lower frequencies, and by thermal noise at higher frequencies. Because the thermal noise contribution is affected by the parallel combination of the feedback resistive network (R F || R G , Figure 1), these resistors should be reduced in cases where the system bandwidth is large and thermal noise is dominant. This noise contribution factor decreases, however, with increasing gain settings. For example, the input noise-voltage density of the circuit with R F = 100k, R G = 11k (A V = +5V/V) is e n = 14nV/Hz, e n can be reduced to 6nV/Hz by choosing RF = 10k, RG = 1.1k (AV = +5V/V), at the expense of greater current consumption and potentially higher distortion. For a gain of 100V/V with RF = 100k, RG = 1.1k, the en is still a low 6nV/Hz.
AV = +1 VDD = +5V RL = 10k

VIN 2V/div

0V

VOUT 2V/div

40s/div

Figure 3. Overdriven Input Showing No Phase Reversal

Using a Feed-Forward Compensation Capacitor, CZ


The amplifiers input capacitance is 10pF. If the resistance seen by the inverting input is large (feedback network), this can introduce a pole within the amplifiers bandwidth resulting in reduced phase margin. Compensate the reduced phase margin by introducing a feed-forward capacitor (CZ) between the inverting input and the output (Figure 1). This effectively cancels the pole from the inverting input of the amplifier. Choose the value of CZ as follows: CZ = 10 x (RF / RG) [pF] In the unity-gain stable MAX4475MAX4478, the use of a proper CZ is most important for AV = +2V/V, and A V = -1V/V. In the decompensated MAX4488/ MAX4489, C Z is most important for A V = +10V/V. Figures 2a and 2b show transient response both with and without CZ. Using a slightly smaller CZ than suggested by the formula above achieves a higher bandwidth at the expense of reduced phase and gain margin. As a general guideline, consider using CZ for cases where RG || R F is greater than 20k (MAX4475MAX4478) or greater than 5k (MAX4488/MAX4489).
20s/div 5V

VOUT 1V/div

0V

Figure 4. Rail-to-Rail Output Operation

Ground-Sensing and Rail-to-Rail Outputs


The common-mode input range of these devices extends below ground, and offers excellent commonmode rejection. These devices are guaranteed not to undergo phase reversal when the input is overdriven (Figure 3). Figure 4 showcases the true rail-to-rail output operation of the amplifier, configured with AV = 5V/V. The output swings to within 8mV of the supplies with a 10k load, making the devices ideal in low-supply voltage applications.

Applications Information
The MAX4475MAX4478/MAX4488/MAX4489 combine good driving capability with ground-sensing input and rail-to-rail output operation. With their low distortion and low noise, they are ideal for use in ADC buffers, medical instrumentation systems and other noise-sensitive applications.

Power Supplies and Layout


The MAX4475MAX4478/MAX4488/MAX4489 operate from a single +2.7V to +5.5V power supply or from dual supplies of 1.35V to 2.75V. For single-supply operation, bypass the power supply with a 0.1F ceramic

10

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SOT23, Low-Noise, Low-Distortion, Wide-Band, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps


Typical Application Circuit
+5V +2.5V +5V

MAX4475MAX4478/MAX4488/MAX4489

CS SERIAL INTERFACE SCLK

VDD

7 REF OUT 3

U2 MAX4475AUA
6 0 to +2.5V OUTPUT

U1 MAX5541ESA
DIN DGND

AGND 2 4 8
SHDN

Typical Operating Circuit


5V 470pF 0.1F 3.09k 1% 7.87k 1% 220pF
1/2 MAX4477

220pF 3 8 1 3.83k 1% 13.7k 1% 220pF 2 4 6


1/2 MAX4477

5 7

7.15k 1% 220pF

10.0k 1%

10.0k 1% 10.0k 1% 15.0k 1%

capacitor placed close to the VDD pin. If operating from dual supplies, bypass each supply to ground. Good layout improves performance by decreasing the amount of stray capacitance and noise at the op amps inputs and output. To decrease stray capacitance, minimize PC board trace lengths and resistor leads, and place external components close to the op amps pins.

of error. In addition, the MAX4475 has excellent openloop gain and common-mode rejection, making this an excellent ouput buffer amplifier.

DC-Accurate Lowpass Filter


The MAX4475MAX4478/MAX4488/MAX4489 offer a unique combination of low noise, wide bandwidth, and high gain, making them an excellent choice for active filters up to 1MHz. The Typical Operating Circuit shows the dual MAX4477 configured as a 5th order Chebyschev filter with a cutoff frequency of 100kHz. The circuit is implemented in the Sallen-Key topology, making this a DC-accurate filter.

Typical Application Circuit


The Typical Application Circuit shows the single MAX4475 configured as an output buffer for the MAX5541 16-bit DAC. Because the MAX5541 has an unbuffered voltage output, the input bias current of the op amp used must be less than 6nA to maintain 16-bit accuracy. The MAX4475 has an input bias current of only 150pA (max), virtually eliminating this as a source

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SOT23, Low-Noise, Low-Distortion, Wide-Band, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps MAX4475MAX4478/MAX4488/MAX4489


Pin Configurations
TOP VIEW
N.C. 1 INA- 2 INA+ 3 8 7 SHDN VDD OUT N.C.

TOP VIEW
OUTA 1 INA- 2 INA+ 3 8 7 VDD OUTB INBINB+

MAX4475 MAX4488

6 5

MAX4477 MAX4489

6 5

VSS 4

VSS 4

SO/MAX

SO/MAX
SHDN 5

VDD

TOP VIEW
OUTA 1 INAINA+ 2 3 14 OUTD 13 IND12 IND+

TOP VIEW
OUT 1 6 VDD

TOP VIEW

VSS 2

MAX4475 MAX4488

SHDN

VDD 4 INB+ 5 INB- 6 OUTB 7

MAX4478

11 VSS 10 INC+ 9 8 INCOUTC IN+ 3 4 IN-

MAX4475 MAX4488
*EP

SOT23-6

1 OUT

2 VSS

SO/TSSOP
*EP = EXPOSED PADDLE. N.C. VDD

TDFN

TOP VIEW
OUT 1 6 VDD

TOP VIEW

VSS 2

MAX4476

N.C.

MAX4476
IN+ 3 4 IN*EP

SOT23-6

1 OUT

2 VSS

TDFN
*EP = EXPOSED PADDLE.

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IN+

IN-

IN+

IN4 3

SOT23, Low-Noise, Low-Distortion, Wide-Band, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps


Ordering Information (continued)
PROCESS: BiCMOS
PART MAX4476AUT+T MAX4476ATT+T MAX4477AUA+ MAX4477AUA+ MAX4477ASA+ MAX4478AUD+ MAX4478AUD/V+ MAX4478ASD+ MAX4488AUT+T MAX4488AUA+ MAX4488ASA+ MAX4488ATT+T MAX4489AUA+ TEMP RANGE -40C to +125C -40C to +125C -40C to +125C -40C to +125C -40C to +125C -40C to +125C -40C to +125C -40C to +125C -40C to +125C -40C to +125C -40C to +125C -40C to +125C -40C to +125C PINPACKAGE 6 SOT23 6 TDFN-EP* 8 MAX 8 MAX 8 SO 14 TSSOP 14 TSSOP 14 SO 6 SOT23 8 MAX 8 SO 6 TDFN-EP* 8 MAX TOP MARK AAZX +ADF AAZW +ADE

MAX4475MAX4478/MAX4488/MAX4489

Chip Information

+Denotes a lead(Pb)-free/RoHS-compliant package. *EP = Exposed pad (connect to VSS). /V denotes an automotive qualified part. T = Tape and reel.

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SOT23, Low-Noise, Low-Distortion, Wide-Band, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps MAX4475MAX4478/MAX4488/MAX4489


Package Information
For the latest package outline information and land patterns, go to www.maxim-ic.com/packages. Note that a +, #, or - in the package code indicates RoHS status only. Package drawings may show a different suffix character, but the drawing pertains to the package regardless of RoHS status. PACKAGE TYPE 6 SOT23 8 MAX 14 TSSOP 8 SO 14 SO 6 TDFN-EP PACKAGE CODE U6F-6 U8-1 U14-2 S8-4 S14-4 T633-2 OUTLINE NO. 21-0058 21-0036 21-0066 21-0041 21-0041 21-0137 LAND PATTERN NO. 90-0175 90-0092 90-0117


90-0058

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SOT23, Low-Noise, Low-Distortion, Wide-Band, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps


Package Information (continued)
For the latest package outline information and land patterns, go to www.maxim-ic.com/packages. Note that a +, #, or - in the package code indicates RoHS status only. Package drawings may show a different suffix character, but the drawing pertains to the package regardless of RoHS status.

MAX4475MAX4478/MAX4488/MAX4489

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SOT23, Low-Noise, Low-Distortion, Wide-Band, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps MAX4475MAX4478/MAX4488/MAX4489


Package Information (continued)
For the latest package outline information and land patterns, go to www.maxim-ic.com/packages. Note that a +, #, or - in the package code indicates RoHS status only. Package drawings may show a different suffix character, but the drawing pertains to the package regardless of RoHS status.

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SOT23, Low-Noise, Low-Distortion, Wide-Band, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps


Package Information (continued)
For the latest package outline information and land patterns, go to www.maxim-ic.com/packages. Note that a +, #, or - in the package code indicates RoHS status only. Package drawings may show a different suffix character, but the drawing pertains to the package regardless of RoHS status.

MAX4475MAX4478/MAX4488/MAX4489

______________________________________________________________________________________

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SOT23, Low-Noise, Low-Distortion, Wide-Band, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps MAX4475MAX4478/MAX4488/MAX4489


Package Information (continued)
For the latest package outline information and land patterns, go to www.maxim-ic.com/packages. Note that a +, #, or - in the package code indicates RoHS status only. Package drawings may show a different suffix character, but the drawing pertains to the package regardless of RoHS status.

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SOT23, Low-Noise, Low-Distortion, Wide-Band, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps


Package Information (continued)
For the latest package outline information and land patterns, go to www.maxim-ic.com/packages. Note that a +, #, or - in the package code indicates RoHS status only. Package drawings may show a different suffix character, but the drawing pertains to the package regardless of RoHS status.

MAX4475MAX4478/MAX4488/MAX4489

______________________________________________________________________________________

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SOT23, Low-Noise, Low-Distortion, Wide-Band, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps MAX4475MAX4478/MAX4488/MAX4489


Package Information (continued)
For the latest package outline information and land patterns, go to www.maxim-ic.com/packages. Note that a +, #, or - in the package code indicates RoHS status only. Package drawings may show a different suffix character, but the drawing pertains to the package regardless of RoHS status.

COMMON DIMENSIONS SYMBOL A D E A1 L k A2 MIN. 0.70 2.90 2.90 0.00 0.20 MAX. 0.80 3.10 3.10 0.05 0.40

PACKAGE VARIATIONS
PKG. CODE T633-2 T833-2 T833-3 T1033-1 T1033MK-1 T1033-2 T1433-1

N 6 8 8 10 10 10 14 14 14

D2 1.500.10 1.500.10 1.500.10 1.500.10 1.500.10 1.500.10 1.700.10 1.700.10 1.700.10

E2 2.300.10 2.300.10 2.300.10 2.300.10 2.300.10 2.300.10 2.300.10 2.300.10 2.300.10

e 0.95 BSC 0.65 BSC 0.65 BSC 0.50 BSC 0.50 BSC 0.50 BSC 0.40 BSC 0.40 BSC 0.40 BSC

JEDEC SPEC MO229 / WEEA MO229 / WEEC MO229 / WEEC MO229 / WEED-3 MO229 / WEED-3 MO229 / WEED-3 ----------

b 0.400.05 0.300.05 0.300.05 0.250.05 0.250.05 0.250.05 0.200.05 0.200.05 0.200.05

[(N/2)-1] x e 1.90 REF 1.95 REF 1.95 REF 2.00 REF 2.00 REF 2.00 REF 2.40 REF 2.40 REF 2.40 REF

0.25 MIN. 0.20 REF.

T1433-2 T1433-3F

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SOT23, Low-Noise, Low-Distortion, Wide-Band, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps


Revision History
REVISION NUMBER 4 5 REVISION DATE 12/09 7/10 DESCRIPTION Added lead-free designations and an automotive part to the Ordering Information and added input current spec in Absolute Maximum Ratings section Added /V designation to the MAX4475 product and soldering temperature PAGES CHANGED 1, 2, 13 1, 2

MAX4475MAX4478/MAX4488/MAX4489

Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. No circuit patent licenses are implied. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time.

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