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Meaning of Open Source Software (OSS)

Open source software (OSS) refers to software that is developed, tested, or improved through public collaboration and distributed with the idea that they must be shared with others, ensuring an open future collaboration. Generally, the softwares source code and other rights are provided under the Open Source Definition or it is located under a public domain. Hence, this authorizes the users to use, change and improve the software and allows them to redistribute the software in it modified or unmodified forms.

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Meaning of Hardware

In the field of computer science, hardware refers to the mechanical, magnetic, electronic, and electrical components that make up a computer system. They are corporeal and tangible.

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Meaning of Software

In the field of software engineering, software refers the intangible and intellectual written programs or procedures or rules and associated documentation pertaining to the operation of a computer system and that are stored in read or write memory.

Software is divided into two categories:

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System software: Consists of the operating system, the firmware, the BIOS, and various utilities software. Application software: Consists of software that does real work for the user.

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Latest Open Source Operating System (OS) The Meaning of Open Source OS

Open Source Operating System (OS) is defined as software that consist of programs and data that runs on computer and manages the computer hardware and provides common services and efficient execution of various application software which is able to be use, change, improve, and redistribute in modified or unmodified form by the user.

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Examples of Open Source OS

Elive Linux

A complete operating system alternative for computers to replace the proprietary, high-cost system. It is built on top of Debian GNU/Linux and customized to meet the needs for a complete operating system while still offering the user eye-candy, with minimal hardware requirements. Elive Linux comes with a full suite of applications both work-wise and multimedia-wise. This OS gives users the ability to make 3D animations, or compose movies in a real-time non-linear video editor from simple videos taken with the video camera. Users can edit and manipulate audio and image files for better quality, effects, or design. Elive Linux is a very stable system with ultra-fast desktop and perfectly secure with no random errors or surprises.

Pros
Stable Inexpensive Flexible Fast Highly customizable Amazing GUI -

Cons
Users need to learn how to install it Users must be highly knowledgeable programming languages to customize it Low games/software/ hardware compatibility Complex in

ReactOS
An advanced free open source operating system providing a ground-up implementation of a Microsoft Windows XP compatible operating system. ReactOS aims to achieve complete binary compatibility with both applications and device drivers meant for NT and XP operating systems, by using a similar architecture and providing a complete and equivalent public interface. ReactOS has and will continue to incorporating features from newer versions and sometimes even define the state of the art in operating system technology.

Pros
Stable Inexpensive Fast Highly compatible with new generation software/hardware Similar functions and GUI as Windows XP

Cons Users need to learn how to install it Users must be highly knowledgeable in programming languages to customize it Simple provided that users know about Windows XP

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The Latest Open Source Application Software Meaning of Open Source Application Software

An Open Source Application Software (commonly known as End-User Programs) is something for which the source code is available for download and anybody can modify it and release subsequent versions of the same provided they mention the version of the source using which they modified. It includes spreadsheet, database programs, word processors etc.

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Examples of Open Source Application Software

Mozilla Firefox
Mozilla Firefox is a popular Open Source web browser used by 30% users worldwide. Codenamed Tumucumaque, the latest Firefox incorporates a faster user interface, web integration, multi touch display and redesigned extension manager. Mozilla Firefox is based on the Gecko 2.0 engine, which adds and improves support for HTML5, CSS3, Web M, and Web GL. Also, it includes a new JavaScript engine (jaeger Monkey) and better XPCOM APIs.

VLC Media Player


VLC Media Player is a free and open source media player that gained popularity over RealPlayer and Windows Media Player recently. Lightweight and wide OS compatibilities, VLC Media Player contains various video and audio codecs that plays from the popular formats such as Audio Video Interleave (AVI), Flash Video (FLV) and M-PEG Audio Layer 3 (MP3) to the less-used and rare formats such as Mattock, Free Lossless Audio Codec (FLAC) and Advanced Audio Coding (AAC).

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The Latest Development in ICT

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Hardware

ATI Sapphire Radeon HD 5970


Sapphire Radeon HD 5970 is the best graphic card available for PC gaming up until this day. This extremely powerful video card has two GPUs on-board and a massive 2GB of on-board memory. Combined with a quality motherboard and processor, users will experience amazing frame rates in the latest games, realistic HD gaming, and picture-perfect Blu-ray and HD DVD movie capability.

NVidia GeForce GTX 480


NVidia GeForce GTX 480 is the fastest single GPU graphic cards in existence. The full Graphics Fermi 100 GPU (GF100) is a marvel of graphical architecture, but some of the 512 small processing (CUDA) cores had to be dropped. The GTX 480 then comes with 480 of these cores, but still manages to give an astounding performance. Able to play almost every game in the world with HD gaming with realistic colour, this single GPU graphic card became the second best graphic card after ATI Sapphire Radeon HD 5970.

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Software

Bit Defender Total Security 2011


Packed with high class security and various utilities, Bit Defender Total Security 2011 was chosen as the best Security Software of the Year by Top Ten Reviews. Several improvements had been made after 1 year of its predecessor; one of most important would be the one step instalment without the needs to reboot the computer, which is advancement for Security Software on Windows. Another new function is the Search Advisor that warns users about unsafe pages displayed in search results, Smart Schedule provides maximum performance with system load analysis so tasks like on-demand scanning are suspended, to free-up resources for other processes, such as a media player or games and Firewall Troubleshoot Wizard guides users and solves most common Problems related to internet, printer or remote office (VPN) connectivity .

Intermediate Mode

Expert Mode

Novice Mode Kaspersky PURE 2011


Earning the second place in the Security Software of the Year by Top ten Reviews, Kaspersky PURE never disappoints the users. With full fledged utilities and top notch security, it came with various features including several of which that had been incorporated in the Antivirus and Internet Security version. Kaspersky PURE introduces the sandbox feature which secure an unknown application to run under several level of security. For those with children, Kaspersky PURE's Extended Parental Control helps to limit the time that minors spend on the computer, regulates access to specific programs and the Internet and blocks users attempting to access websites displaying adult content. The IM control feature can be set to block messages containing obscene language or predefined words.

Advance Mode

Basic Mode

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Pervasive Computing

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Meaning of Pervasive Computing

Pervasive Computing or commonly known as Ubiquitous Computing refers to computers contained in commonplace objects such as cars and appliances and implies that people are unaware of their presence. All these devices are integrated into everyday life, either wired or wireless and communicate with each other over wireless networks without any interaction required by the user. The proponents of ubiquitous computing envision a progression in computing functionality from the primacy of desktop computing, with its focus on programming and publishing, to an age of "natural" computing, wherein computers are accepted and utilized in all aspects of work and leisure. Rapid changes in technology, combined with an increasingly mobile society, ensure that the average person is continually challenged to use unfamiliar electrical and mechanical devices. This requires that devices operate in accordance with the intuition of the user, and serving that intuition requires computing power. Ubiquitous computing is, therefore, not a dream in need of pursuit, but a predictable outgrowth of technical solutions to societal trends.

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Examples of Pervasive Computing

Smart House
A smart house is a house that has highly advanced automatic systems for lighting, temperature control, multi-media, security, window and door operations, and many other functions. A smart home appears "intelligent" because its computer systems can monitor so many aspects of daily living. For example, the refrigerator may be able to inventory its contents, suggest menus, recommend healthy alternatives, and order groceries. The smart home systems might even take care of cleaning the cat's litter box and watering the plants. Smart home technology is becoming increasingly sophisticated. Coded signals are sent through the home's wiring to switches and outlets that are programmed to operate appliances and electronic devices in every part of the house. Home automation can be especially useful for elderly and disabled persons who wish to live independently.

Phone Watch
Technology has expanded and became more miniature as they progress. One of the latest gadget would be a phone watch basically a phone embedded into watch like structure that is capable more than to read time. Smart Watch and Phone abbreviated as Wasp was created to fulfil the future of mobile phone that everyone dreamt before, a phone watch. This small gadget with a TFT 1.50 Touch Screen colour 176 x 132 Pixels is advance for a normal watch. It has Bluetooth capabilities, supports audio formats such MIDI, MP3, WAV, supports video formats such as 3GP and MP4, has in-built camera with video recording and still picture taking, and of course a miniature sensitive microphone that is built to allow the most basic function, calling and speaking. Although the screen is small for any video watch, it still has cool and sleek design that can provide a jaw dropping awe from everyone.

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Conclusion

Open Source Software had become a great medium for users to explore the concept of software engineering and programming and provide a great deal of information on freedom to modify in mass media. Pervasive computing on the other hand will help users in various difficulties faced and make our life easier and not complicated. With a simple input command, computers and technology may one day takeover a more sophisticated task like data entry and promoting.

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Reference

Definition of Open Source Software


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open-source_software http://searchenterpriselinux.techtarget.com/definition/open-source-software

Definition of Hardware
http://www.ehow.com/about_4699581_definition-computer-hardware.html http://www.google.com.my/search?hl=en&defl=en&q=define:computer+hardware&sa=X&ei=5bYRTcboCobVrQfLyaGLDA&v ed=0CBkQkAE

Definition of Software
http://www.google.com.my/search?hl=en&defl=en&q=define:software&sa=X&ei=YboRTaGHFM6srAfJkKyRDA&ved=0CBsQ kAE http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/System_software http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Application_software

Open Source OS
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operating_system http://womeninbusiness.about.com/od/seoandinternetterms/g/g-opensource.htm

Examples of Open Source OS


http://downloadpedia.org/Open_Source_Operating_Systems

Open Source Application Software


http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Definition_open_source_application_software

Examples of Open Source Application Software


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mozilla_Firefox http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VLC_media_player

The Latest Development in ICT - Hardware


http://www.build-gaming-computers.com/best-video-cards.html http://www.techradar.com/news/computing-components/graphics-cards/15-best-graphics-cards-in-the-world-today654141?artc_pg=5 http://www.anandtech.com/show/2977/nvidia-s-geforce-gtx-480-and-gtx-470-6-months-late-was-it-worth-the-wait-

The Latest Development in ICT - Software


http://www.ghacks.net/2010/08/19/bitdefender-total-security-2011-review-giveaway/ http://www.buzz99.com/1081/bitdefender-total-security-2011-beta-free-6-months-license/ http://anti-virus-software-review.toptenreviews.com/v2/ http://www.kaspersky.com/news?id=207576038 http://www.pocket-lint.com/review/4801/kaspersky-pure-antivirus-suite-review

Meaning of Pervasive Computing


http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20070617071359AAjn3LW http://computer.yourdictionary.com/pervasive-computing http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/P/pervasive_computing.html

Examples of Pervasive Computing


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Home_automation http://architecture.about.com/od/buildyourhous1/g/smarthouse.htm http://www.lowyat.net/v2/swap-rebel-smart-watch-and-phone.html http://blog.rodger.my/2010/12/09/swap-rebel-it-is-a-watch-and-a-phone-as-well/