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Web Services Developers Guide

VERSION 6.0.1

webMethods, Inc. 3930 Pender Drive Fairfax, VA 22030 USA 703.460.2500 http://www.webmethods.com

webMethods Administrator, webMethods Broker, webMethods Developer, webMethods Installer, webMethods Integration Server, webMethods Mainframe, webMethods Manager, webMethods Modeler, webMethods Monitor, webMethods Workflow, webMethods Trading Networks, and the webMethods logo are trademarks of webMethods, Inc. webMethods is a registered trademark of webMethods, Inc. Acrobat, Adobe, and Reader are registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated. Amdocs and ClarifyCRM are registered trademarks of Amdocs Ltd. Ariba is a registered trademark of Ariba Inc. Baan is a registered trademark of Baan Development NV. BEA is a registered trademark, and WebLogic Platform and WebLogic Server are trademarks of BEA Systems, Inc. BMC Software and PATROL are registered trademarks of BMC Software, Inc. BroadVision is a registered trademark of BroadVision, Inc. Chem eStandards and CIDX are trademarks of Chemical Industry Data Exchange. Unicenter is a registered trademark of Computer Associates International, Inc. Kenan and Arbor are registered trademarks of CSG Systems, Incorporated. SNAP-IX is a registered trademark, and Data Connection is a trademark of Data Connection Ltd. DataDirect, DataDirect Connect, and SequeLink are registered trademarks of DataDirect Technologies. D&B and D-U-N-S are registered trademarks of D&B, Inc. Entrust is a registered trademark of Entrust. Hewlett-Packard, HP, HPUX, and OpenView are trademarks of Hewlett-Packard Company. i2 is a registered trademark of i2 Technologies, Inc. AIX, AS/400, CICS, DB2, IBM, Infoprint, Informix, MQSeries, OS/390, OS/400, RACF, RS/6000, SQL/400, S/390, System/390, VTAM, and WebSphere are registered trademarks; and Communications System for Windows NT, IMS, MVS, SQL/DS, Universal Database, and z/OS are trademarks of IBM Corporation. JBoss and JBoss Group are trademarks of Marc Fleury under operation by JBoss Group, LLC. J.D. Edwards and OneWorld are registered trademarks, and WorldSoftware is a trademark of J.D. Edwards. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds and others. X Window System is a trademark of Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Merant is a registered trademark of Merant, Inc. MetaSolv is a registered trademark of Metasolv Software, Inc. ActiveX, Microsoft, Outlook, Visual Basic, Windows, and Windows NT are registered trademarks; and SQL Server is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation. Netscape is a registered trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation. New Atlanta and ServletExec are trademarks of New Atlanta Communications, LLC. CORBA is a registered trademark of Object Management Group, Inc. UNIX is a registered trademark of Open Group. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation. PeopleSoft and Vantive are registered trademarks, and PeopleSoft Pure Internet Architecture is a trademark of PeopleSoft, Inc. Infranet and Portal are trademarks of Portal Software, Inc. RosettaNet is a trademark of RosettaNet, a non-profit organization. SAP and R/3 are trademarks or registered trademarks of SAP AG. Siebel is a trademark of Siebel Systems, Inc. EJB, Enterprise JavaBeans, Java, JavaServer Pages, JDBC, JSP, J2EE, Solaris, SPARC, SPARCStation, Sun, Sun Microsystems, and SunSoft are trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc. SWIFT and SWIFTNet are trademarks of S.W.I.F.T. SCRL. Sybase is a registered trademark of Sybase, Inc. UCCnet is a trademark of UCCnet. Verisign is a registered trademark of Verisign. VERITAS, VERITAS SOFTWARE, and VERITAS Cluster Server are trademarks of VERITAS Software. W3C is a registered trademark of World Wide Web Consortium. All other marks are the property of their respective owners.

Copyright 2003 by webMethods, Inc. All rights reserved, including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form. webM-IS-WS-20030320

Contents

Contents
Chapter 1. About this Book . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Welcome! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Typographical Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Program Code Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Related Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Viewing this Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Printing this Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5
6 6 6 7 8 9 9

Chapter 2. Concepts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
What Is a Web Service? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Using webMethods Software to Invoke Web Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Using webMethods Software to Create Web Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . What Is a WSDL Document? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Information Required to Generate a WSDL Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . About Namespaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . XML Namespaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Integration Server Namespaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

11
12 12 12 13 14 15 15 15

Chapter 3. Creating and Running a Web Service Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Creating a Web Service Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supporting Elements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Example Web Service Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Testing a Web Service Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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20 21 21 23

Chapter 4. Generating a WSDL Document that Uses the SOAP RPC Protocol . . . . . . . .
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service Requirements When Using the Default SOAP RPC Processor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Input and Output Signature Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Generating the WSDL Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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26 26 27 30

Chapter 5. Generating a WSDL Document that Uses the SOAP Message Protocol . . . .

33

Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Service Requirements When Using the Default SOAP Processor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

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Input and Output Signature Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Input Signature Requirements When Using the Default SOAP Processor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Output Signature Requirements When Using the SOAP Default Processor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Generating the WSDL Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

35 35 36 39

Chapter 6. Generating a WSDL Document that Uses the HTTP POST or GET Protocol . . 45
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Service Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Input and Output Signature Requirements .......................................... Text/XML Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . URL Encoded Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Generating the WSDL Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 46 47 47 50 53

Appendix A. WSDL Documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59


Basic Elements in WSDL Documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The Address Element . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . WSDL Namespace Declaration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sample WSDL Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 61 61 63

Appendix B. Web Service-Related Errors and Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65


Message Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Web Service-Related Errors and Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Messages Received When Generating a WSDL Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Messages Received When Creating a Web Service Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 67 67 71

Index. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81

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About this Book


Welcome! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Related Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Viewing this Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Printing this Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

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Welcome!
This guide is for users who want to create Web services and incorporate Web services into the solutions they develop. This guide explains how to generate WSDL documents for webMethods Web services and use webMethods software to call Web services located on remote servers.

Conventions
Typographical Conventions
This document uses the following typographical conventions: Convention Procedures are designated by a blue box in the left column. Procedures are presented as a series of numbered steps. Terms that identify elements, options, selections, and commands on the screen are shown in bold. Storage locations for services on the Integration Server are shown in a narrow font using the convention folder.subfolder:service. Characters that you must type exactly are shown in a typewriter font. Variable information that you must change (based on your specific situation or environment) is shown in italics. Input and output variables for a service are shown in italics. Messages that the system displays on the console are shown in a typewriter font. Keyboard keys are shown in uppercase. Example To create a flow service 1 On the File menu, click New.

The Service field on the Properties tab specifies the name of the requested service. pub.client:smtp sets a MIME-type e-mail message.

Type: *Administrators*

Log on to the proxy server with:


USER proxy_user PASS proxy_password

A service in the flow takes a document list called LineItems. The server returns the following error to the user:
Server has reached client limit.

Press ENTER; then press TAB.

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Convention Keys that you must press simultaneously are joined with the + symbol. Directory paths are shown with the \ directory delimiter unless the subject is UNIX specific. In these cases, the / is used. If you are working in a UNIX environment, substitute a / for the \ shown in the procedures in this book. Information that you must read before beginning a procedure or that alerts you to negative consequences of certain actions is presented using this notation. Notes that provide related, but noncritical, information are presented using this notation.

Example Press CTRL+ALT+M.

webMethods6\IntegrationServer\config

Important! If the folder is not already open in the Navigation Panel, open it before you start the following procedure. Note: When you start the product, you are prompted to log on to a webMethods Integration Server. Tip! You can also use CTRL+C to copy an object.

Helpful information (such as shortcuts and alternatives) is presented using this notation.

Program Code Conventions


For programming code and command syntax, this document uses the following typographical conventions: Convention Keywords and values that you must type exactly as printed are shown in typewriter font. Variable values or parameters that you must supply are shown in italics. Keywords or values that are optional are enclosed in [ ]. Do not type the [ ] symbols in your own code. Example
%CoSymbol%

%VarName%

%loop LoopVar [null=NullValue]%

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Related Documentation
The following documents are companions to this guide. Some documents are in PDF format and others are in HTML. Refer to this book... Introduction to Integration with webMethods For... An overview of the webMethods Integration Platform and how you use it to integrate business processes across applications, information systems, people, and companies. You will find this book at: webMethods6\doc\IntroToIntegration.pdf webMethods Developer Users Guide Information about using webMethods Developer to create and test services and client applications. This book is for developers. You will find this book at: webMethods6\Developer\doc\ISDeveloperGuide.pdf webMethods Integration Server Administrators Guide Information about using the Integration Server Administrator to configure, monitor, and control the webMethods Integration Server. This book is for server administrators. You will find this book at: webMethods6\IntegrationServer\doc\ISAdministratorsGuide.pdf webMethods Built-In Services Reference Guide Descriptions of services that are installed on your Integration Server. This book for is for developers. You will find this book at: webMethods6\Developer\doc\ISBuiltInServicesGuide.pdf webMethods Integration Server Java API Reference Descriptions of the Java classes you use to create services. This reference is for developers who build services using Java. You will find this book at: webMethods6\IntegrationServer\doc\api\Java\index.html

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Viewing this Document

Refer to this book... webMethods Developer Online Help

For... Information about the controls in the webMethods Developer application windows and step-by-step procedures describing how to perform tasks with the webMethods Developer. You can access the online reference by clicking Help in an application window or dialog box.

webMethods Integration Server Administrators Online Help

Information about the controls in the webMethods Integration Server Administrator screens and step-by-step procedures describing how to perform tasks with the Integration Server Administrator. You can access the online reference by clicking the Help link on an Integration Server Administrator screen.

Viewing this Document


To view this document, which is in PDF format, you must have Acrobat Reader 4.0 or later installed on your system. If you have an earlier version of Acrobat Reader, you will receive the following error message when you open this document and Acrobat Reader will not display the images in this document:
Could not find the ColorSpace named Cs8.

If you do not have this software or you do not have the correct version, you can download a free copy from: http://www.adobe.com/supportservice/custsupport/download.html.

Printing this Guide


To produce a hard copy of this guide, print this document from Acrobat Reader.

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Concepts
What Is a Web Service? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Using webMethods Software to Invoke Web Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Using webMethods Software to Create Web Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 What Is a WSDL Document? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Information Required to Generate a WSDL Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

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What Is a Web Service?


Web services are building blocks for creating open, distributed systems. A Web service is a collection of functions that are packaged as a single unit and published to a network for use by other software programs. For example, you could create a Web service that checks a customers credit or tracks delivery of a package. If you want to provide higher-level functionality, such as a complete order management system, you could create a Web service that contains other Web services that each perform an order management function.

Using webMethods Software to Invoke Web Services


You can use webMethods Integration Server and webMethods Developer to invoke Web services located on remote servers. To do so, you generate a Web service connector from the WSDL document for the remote Web service, then run the connector. A Web service connector is a flow service that has an input and output signature that corresponds to the input and output messages from the WSDL document from which it was created.

Using webMethods Software to Create Web Services


You can use Integration Server and Developer to turn any service in any Integration Server package into a Web service. Integration Server provides an environment for executing services efficiently and securely. It receives and decodes requests from clients, calls the requested services, and encodes and returns the output to the clients. Integration Server also provides an extensive library of built-in services. Developer is the integrated development environment (IDE) that you use to create services on Integration Server. Integration Servers service-oriented architecture makes it ideal for use in integration scenarios because it separates implementation from presentation. When a client application wants to invoke a Web service, the client need know only the services name, inputs, and outputs. The client does not need to know how the service is implemented (for example, in Java or C) or what kind of back-end system it accesses. Similarly, the Web service implementation (that is, the back-end business logic) does not need to know what kind of client invoked it. A client can use HTTP/HTTPS, FTP, or SMTP to invoke the same service. You do not need to have multiple versions of the same service because the webMethods content handler layer takes care of all marshalling and unmarshalling between the protocol layer and the implementation layer.

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What Is a WSDL Document?

Integration Servers service-oriented architecture


transports content handlers XML HTTP/S SOAP RPC FTP SOAP MSG SMTP EDI

webMethods invoke handler example service types Flow Java COM C/C++

With webMethods software, you can create Web services using programming languages such as Java, C/C++, or COM. You can also create Web services from existing back-end systems, without producing custom code or reconfiguring the back-end systems, using webMethods adapters.

What Is a WSDL Document?


A Web Services Description Language (WSDL) document is an XML document that describes Web services that are accessible over a network. The WSDL document for a Web service contains all the information a Web service consumer needs to send data to the Web service, invoke the Web service, and receive data from the Web service. A Web service provider can: Create the WSDL document and supporting files for a service. Upload the WSDL document and files to a publicly accessible server. Use a Web services registry to publish a URL that identifies the location of the WSDL document. Note: A Web service provider can also distribute a WSDL document and supporting files to Web service consumers directly. Web service consumers can: Browse the registry and locate the service. Use the URL to download the WSDL document. The WSDL document for a Web service describes the following: Logic the Web service performs. Location of the Web service.

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Method to use to access the Web service, including the protocol that the Web service consumer must use to invoke the Web service and receive a response. Input parameters that the Web service consumer must supply to the Web service and the output parameters that the Web service returns.

Information Required to Generate a WSDL Document


When you generate a WSDL document for a Web service, you provide the following information: Information Web service location Protocol Description Production Integration Server on which the Web service will reside. Protocol that Web service consumers must use to communicate with the Web service. You can specify the SOAP RPC, SOAP message (document), HTTP POST, or HTTP GET protocol. Request transport mechanism that Web service consumers must use to invoke the Web service. You can specify HTTP or HTTPS, depending on the port you are using. Input parameters the Web service requires and output parameters the Web service produces. The service for which you generate a WSDL document, and the input and output parameters that compose the services signature, must meet certain requirements. These requirements differ depending on the protocol you select for Web service consumers to communicate with the Web service. For more information about these requirements, see the individual chapters that describe how to generate WSDL documents for each type of protocol. Target namespace Namespace to which elements, attributes, and type definitions in the generated WSDL document will belong.

Transport

Service signature

The subsystem of Integration Server that generates WSDL documents is called the WSDL generator. The WSDL generator creates a WSDL document using the information you provide along with information from the service.

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About Namespaces
Namespaces are collections of names (for example, the names of XML Schema elements, Integration Server document types, or Integration Server services). A namespace name is associated with each collection to provide context for the named entities within the collection. This helps prevent conflicts when the scope of a named entity extends beyond its current context. The following sections describe XML namespaces and namespace use within the Integration Server.

XML Namespaces
By the World Wide Web Consortium (http://www.w3.org) definition, an XML namespace is a collection of names identified by a URI reference. XML namespaces help avoid naming conflicts by differentiating between element types or attributes with the same name in an XML document. As long as these like-named element types or attributes reside in different namespaces, they are considered different entities. You can define a prefix to represent an XML namespace URI. Prefixes provide a way to shorten the reference to the XML namespace URI. In the following XML Schema example, the prefix address represents the XML namespace URI http://www.example.com:
xmlns:address="http://www.example.com"

You can use this prefix elsewhere in the XML document, in conjunction with an element's local name attribute, to represent the full URI with which the prefix is associated. For example:
<address:street>123 Main Street</address:street>

The name of an element type or attribute is referred to as its local name. When an element type or attribute is associated with a namespace, its name (whether prefaced by a prefix or not) is also known as an XML namespace qualified name (QName).

Integration Server Namespaces


All webMethods entities that you save on an Integration Server, including services and document types, have a unique name. This unique name has two parts: the name of the entity (its local name) and the folder path in which it resides (its Integration Server namespace name). For example, a service called myService that resides in the folder structure topFolder\childFolder is represented in the Integration Server as topFolder.childFolder:myService, where topFolder.childFolder is the service's folder name and myService is the service's element name. An Integration Server namespace (folder path) cannot contain two different components with the same local name.

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Specifying Universal Names for Integration Server Services When an Integration Server service is used as a SOAP Web service, the Integration Server identifies the service using a unique public identifier called a universal name. Similar in structure to a QName in an XML namespace, a universal name consists of a namespace name and a local name. These names are determined as follows: The namespace name is specified as a URI and can consist of any combination of characters that form a valid absolute URI (for example, http://www.gsx.com/gl/journals). The local name follows the same construction rules as NCNames in XML Schema (that is, it must conform to the naming conventions specified in http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-xml-names/#NT-NCName). For more information about what makes up a valid URI and how to construct local names, see the SOAP Developers Guide. Note: The universal name should conform to the XML QName naming conventions specified in http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-xml-names/#NT-QName. Universal names can be explicit or implicit. An explicit universal name is a universal name that you specifically assign to a service by completing the Namespace name and Local name fields on the service's Settings tab in Developer. For more information about specifying an explicit universal name, see the webMethods Developer Users Guide. An implicit universal name is automatically derived from the name of the service itself. The implicit name acts as the universal name when a service does not have an explicit universal name. The server derives an implicit name as follows: The namespace name is the literal string http://localhost followed by the fully qualified name of the folder in which the service resides on the Integration Server. The local name is the unqualified name of the service. Associating Integration Server Fields with XML Namespaces Although it is not always necessary to do so, you can associate the name of an Integration Server field (such as an IS document variable) with an XML namespace. When you do so, the local name is the name of the field and the XML namespace name is the URI that identifies the namespace. You can also include a prefix as part of the name. Note: The WSDL generator defines prefixes in WSDL documents to represent specific namespaces that identify a bindings protocol. For more information about these prefixes and their associated namespaces, see Appendix A, WSDL Documents.

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Information Required to Generate a WSDL Document

In Developer, you assign XML namespaces and prefixes to Integration Server fields as follows: To assign an XML namespace to an Integration Server field, complete the XML Namespace field on the General tab of the fields Properties dialog box. To assign a prefix to an Integration Server field, precede the field name with the prefix followed by a colon (for example, prefix:variableName). Note: In most cases, if you use a prefix you must also supply an XML namespace. For more information, see the chapters in this guide for generating WSDL documents for each type of protocol.

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Creating and Running a Web Service Connector


Creating a Web Service Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Testing a Web Service Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

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Creating a Web Service Connector


Because a Web service connector is a flow service, you lock, test, debug, and call the connector using same procedures you would use to lock, test, debug, and call a flow service. Note: The Web Service Connector wizard requires you to specify a WSDL document that resides either on the Internet or on your local file system. If you do not have a WSDL document and you would like to use Developer to create one, see the chapters in this guide for generating WSDL documents that use the SOAP RPC, SOAP Message, HTTP POST, or HTTP GET protocols.

To create a Web service connector 1 2 3 4 Click on the main toolbar. Developer opens the New wizard.

Click Web Service Connector, then click Next. The wizard displays the New Web Service Connector panel. Identify the folder in which you want to store the connector by clicking the folder in the Folder box, then click Next. The wizard displays the next panel. In the Choose a .wsd or .wsdl file box, do one of the following: If you want to create a Web service connector from a WSDL document that resides on the Internet, enter the URL for the document. The URL must begin with http:// or https://. Note: If the Web site on which the document resides is password protected, you must download the WSDL document to your local file system, then create the Web service connector. If you want to create a Web service connector from a WSDL document that resides on your local file system, click to navigate to and select the document.

Click Finish. Developer validates the WSDL document you selected, creates the connector and supporting Integration Server elements, and saves the connector and the elements to the folder you specified. For information about the IS elements that Developer generates, see Supporting Elements on page 21.

Note: If Developer cannot create or cannot completely generate a Web service connector from the WSDL document because the WSDL document is invalid or is missing WSDL elements, Developer displays error messages or warning messages. For more information about errors that can occur when generating connectors, see Appendix B, Web ServiceRelated Errors and Warnings.

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Supporting Elements
When Developer creates a Web service connector from a WSDL document, it also creates supporting IS elements. Each of the IS elements that Developer creates corresponds to an element in the WSDL document. The following table identifies the IS elements that Developer might create when it generates a Web service connector. This IS element... Folder Web service connector docType folder IS document type Corresponds to this WSDL element... Each unique <portType> element in the WSDL document. The subfolder name corresponds to the portType name. Each unique <operation> element in a <portType> element. The Web service connector name corresponds to the operation name. All of the IS document types generated from the messages in the WSDL document. Each <message> element in the WSDL document. The IS document type name corresponds to the message name. When creating the IS document type for the input message, Developer inserts the _port and auth variables into the IS document type. The Web service connector uses the _port variable as the switch value in the BRANCH on '/_port' step to determine which network address and binding to use to invoke the Web service. Integration Server uses the auth variable to authenticate the user name and password the Web service connector is using to call the Web service. IS schema Each target namespace to which the element declarations, attribute declarations, and type definitions that define the message parts (input and output signature) belong.

Example Web Service Connector


The following Web service connector was generated from a WSDL document that describes a Web service that authorizes a credit card. The WSDL document specified: An input message named AuthorizeCreditCardInput that specified the inputs Name, CreditCardType, CreditCardNumber, and ExpirationDate. An output message named AuthorizeCreditCardOutput that specified the output isAuthorized. A <binding> element that specified SOAP RPC as the protocol.

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A <service> element that contained one <port> named AuthorizeCreditCardPortType. A single <operation> element named AuthorizeCreditCard. On the Input/Output tab for the Web service connector, note that the Web service connector uses references to the input and output IS document types to define the service signature.
Input/Output tab for a Web service connector

Developer creates these elements from the WSDL document.

The IS document type generated from the input message is used to declare the input signature. The IS document type generated from the output message is used to declare the output signature.

Developer inserts flow steps into the Web service connector by following an internal template for inserting input data into the service request, sending the request, processing the response, and adding service output values to the pipeline. The template that Developer follows depends on the protocol specified in the WSDL document. The following illustration shows the Web service connector generated for the Web service that performs credit card authorization.

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Web service connector for credit card authorization Web service

This BRANCH step contains a child step for each named port. This BRANCH step contains a child step for each named binding. This SEQUENCE corresponds to a binding for the SOAP RPC protocol.

Note: The $default port corresponds to the first named <port> element in the WSDL document.

Testing a Web Service Connector


You can test a Web service in Developer using the Run command on the Test menu. When you execute a service with the Run command, Developer invokes the service and receives its results. The service executes once, from beginning to end (or until an error condition forces it to stop) on the server on which you have an open session. Before Developer invokes the Web service, it prompts you for input values. You can type the input values into the dialog box provided by Developer or load the values from a file that was saved during an earlier test. Results from the service are returned to Developer and displayed on the Results tab. For more information about testing flow services, see the webMethods Developer Users Guide. To test a Web service connector 1 2 3 In the Navigation Panel, click the Web service connector you want to run. Click . Developer displays the Input for connector dialog box. The dialog box shows the inputs required by the remote Web service. Provide the input values, then click OK. Developer runs the connector, which calls the remote Web service, and displays the results on the Results tab.

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Generating a WSDL Document that Uses the SOAP RPC Protocol


Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Service Requirements When Using the Default SOAP RPC Processor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Input and Output Signature Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Generating the WSDL Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

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Overview
When you specify SOAP RPC as the protocol for Web service consumers to use to communicate with a Web service, the RPC processor will receive SOAP messages that call the service. You can select either the default RPC processor or a registered, custom-built SOAP RPC processor (for example, an access-controlled RPC processor). The processor you select will receive requests for the Web service. The Web service for which you are generating the WSDL document will be a target service of the selected processor. Consequently, the service needs to conform to the target service requirements for the specified processor. If you select a custom SOAP RPC processor, make sure the service for which you are generating the WSDL document conforms to the target service requirements for the custom processor. The following section explains the service requirements if you want to use the default SOAP RPC processor to receive and send SOAP messages for the service. For information about creating custom SOAP RPC processors, see the SOAP Developers Guide.

Service Requirements When Using the Default SOAP RPC Processor


When you use the default SOAP RPC processor to process remote procedure calls, the target service for which you are generating the WSDL document must meet this requirement: If you specify a universal name for the service, you must include both a namespace name and a local name. The namespace name must consist of a valid URI. The local name must conform to the naming conventions specified in http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-xml-names/#NT-NCName. The universal name should conform to the XML QName naming conventions specified in http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-xml-names/#NT-QName. Note: You assign a universal name to a service in Developer by completing the Namespace name and Local name fields on the service's Settings tab. In addition to this requirement, webMethods recommends the following: Check the target services Execute ACL permission to ensure that consumers of the service can invoke it. The RPC WSDL generator represents all document variables as closed complex types in the WSDL (that is, all child variables are declared). To ensure interoperability with other Web service vendors, avoid producing pipeline variables that you do not declare in the output signature.

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Input and Output Signature Requirements


When you specify SOAP RPC as the protocol for accessing a Web service, the WSDL generator creates the input and output messages for the WSDL document from the signature specified on the Input/Output tab of the service. If you want to use the default SOAP RPC processor to process remote procedure calls, the services input and output signature must meet the requirements listed in the table below. The other chapters that describe how to generate WSDL documents also contain this table so you can easily compare requirements across protocols.
Service signature requirements for the SOAP RPC protocol

Case
Field types at the top level

Applies?

Notes

Top-level strings are allowed. Top-level objects and documents are allowed. Top-level string, object, and document lists are allowed. Top-level string tables are allowed.
Field types below the top level

Yes Yes Yes Yes

Strings, objects, and documents are allowed. String, object, and document lists are allowed. String tables are allowed.
Field names

Yes Yes Yes

Field names can contain a prefix without an associated XML namespace. Field names can be associated with an XML namespace without a prefix. Field names must conform to QName lexical rules (that is, the prefix and local name must conform to NCName rules specified in http://www.w3.org/TR/ REC-xml-names/#NT-NCName). String field names can begin with the character @ or be named *body.

Yes Yes No If the names do not conform, the RPC WSDL generator encodes the names according to the rules specified in http://www.w3.org/2000/xp/Group/2/06/LC/so ap12-part2.html#namemap. The WSDL generator encodes the names according to the rules specified in http://www.w3.org/2000/xp/Group/2/06/LC/so ap12-part2.html#namemap.

Yes

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Case Fields of type other than scalar string can have names that begin with the character @ or be named *body.
Duplicate field names

Applies? Yes

Notes The WSDL generator encodes the names according to the rules specified in http://www.w3.org/2000/xp/Group/2/06/LC/so ap12-part2.html#namemap.

Fields at the same level (that is, beneath the same parent field in the input or output of the same signature) can have the same name and Same type and properties. Different type and properties. Yes Yes However, the WSDL generator uses only one fields type and properties for all fields with that name at that level. Because the method used to select the field is not defined, webMethods recommends avoiding this case. The WSDL generator encodes the names according to the rules specified in http://www.w3.org/2000/xp/Group/2/06/LC/so ap12-part2.html#namemap. However, the WSDL generator uses only one fields type and properties for all fields with that name at that level. Because the method used to select the field is not defined, webMethods recommends avoiding this case. Duplicate field names that begin with the character @ can repeat at the same level. Yes The WSDL generator encodes the names according to the rules specified in http://www.w3.org/2000/xp/Group/2/06/LC/so ap12-part2.html#namemap. However, the WSDL generator uses only one fields type and properties for all fields with that name at that level. Because the method used to select the field is not defined, webMethods recommends avoiding this case. Fields at different levels can have the same name and Different or no XML namespace values, even though they may have different type and properties. Yes

More than one field named *body can occur at the same level.

Yes

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Case Duplicate XML namespace values and the same type and properties. Duplicate XML namespace values and different type and properties.
Field properties

Applies? Yes Yes

Notes

Document or Document list type fields can be open (that is, contain a check mark in the Allow unspecified fields check box on the Constraints tab of the Variable Properties dialog box). Top-level fields must be associated with an XML namespace. Fields beneath the top level must be associated with an XML namespace. Recursive documents are allowed.

Yes

However, the Integration Server displays a warning and marks the documents as closed.

No No Yes

The Integration Server ignores the XML namespace value if present. The Integration Server ignores the XML namespace value if present. The Integration Server will generate the WDSL document but cannot create a Web service connector from the WSDL document.

Field type constraints

Object constraints are allowed. Strings constrained by older schema types (types defined before the W3C XML 2001 Schema recommendations) are allowed.

Yes Yes

However, the WSDL generator does not represent them in the WSDL document. However, the WSDL generator maps them into 2001 XML Schema types.

Note: By default, a field must exist at run time, can contain a null value, and (for document type fields), cannot contain unspecified fields. If you change a field's default properties, the WSDL generator reflects those changes in the schema section of the WSDL document. However, the message element of a WSDL document cannot define these properties. Therefore, when you use the WSDL document to generate a Web service connector, the Integration Server uses the default properties for all top-level fields.

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Generating the WSDL Document


To create a WSDL document that specifies the SOAP RPC protocol, you do the following: Stage
1 2 3 4

Description Identify the service for which you want to generate a WSDL document. Specify the protocol and transport mechanism for Web service consumers to use to communicate with the Web service. Specify the target namespace for the WSDL document. Generate the WSDL document.

Stage 1

To identify the Web service 1 2 In the Navigation Panel, select the service for which you want to generate a WSDL document. On the Tools menu, click Generate WSDL. Developer opens the Generate WSDL dialog box.
Generate WSDL dialog box

In the Host box, type the numeric IP address or domain name of the host machine on which the Web service will reside at production time. By default, the Host box identifies the Integration Server on which the Web service currently resides; that is, the Integration Server to which you are currently connected.

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You do not need to specify http:// or https:// as part of the host name; the WSDL generator automatically adds http:// or https:// (based on the transport mechanism you specify in the Via Transport box) to the host name when it compiles the network address for the Web service. 4 In the Port box, type the number of the port you want to use to accept requests for the Web service from Web service consumers. By default, the Port box identifies the port you used to connect to the current Integration Server. If you want to use a different port, type the number of that port in the Port box. The port you identify must be able to accept either HTTP requests or HTTPS requests. If you do not require that requests from Web service consumers be sent securely, specify a port that accepts HTTP requests. If you want requests from Web service consumers to be sent securely, specify a port that accepts HTTPS requests.
Stage 2

To specify the protocol 1 2 Under Protocol, click SOAP-RPC. Under Via Transport, click the request transport mechanism that is accepted by the port you specified in the Port box. If the port accepts HTTP requests, click HTTP. If the port accepts HTTPS requests, click HTTPS. From the Directive list, select the directive of the SOAP processor to which you want requests for this service directed. If you want requests for this service routed to the Integration Servers default SOAP RPC processor, click rpc. If you want to use a custom RPC processor that is registered on your Integration Server, select its directive. Note: The Directive list displays all registered SOAP processors on the Integration Server to which you are currently connected. If you plan to move the service to a production Integration Server, make sure the directive you select corresponds to a SOAP processor that is registered on the production server as well. Important! If you specify anything other than the default SOAP RPC processor, be certain that the directive belongs to a SOAP RPC processor. Otherwise, requests for this service will not be processed correctly. For information about creating and registering your own SOAP RPC processor, see the SOAP Developers Guide.

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Stage 3

To specify the target namespace for the WSDL document 1 In the Target Namespace box, specify the target namespace for the WSDL document. By default, the Target Namespace box displays http://host/ as the target namespace, where host is the name of the server you are currently logged on to. If you want to specify a different namespace, type the URI for that namespace in the box. 2 Click OK. Developer displays a dialog box that prompts you for a location and name for the generated WSDL document.

Stage 4

To generate the WSDL document 1 2 3 Under Save in, select the directory in which you want to save the generated WSDL document. In the File name field, specify a name for the WSDL document. By default, Developer assigns the document the name serviceName.wsdl. Click Save. The WSDL generator generates the WSDL document. Developer then displays a message that lists the WSDL document file and the directory in which it stored the file. Click OK. Note: If an error occurs during WSDL generation, Developer displays a message to that effect.

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Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Service Requirements When Using the Default SOAP Processor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Input and Output Signature Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Generating the WSDL Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

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Overview
When you specify SOAP messaging as the protocol for Web service consumers to use to communicate with a Web service, you can select the SOAP processor you want to use to handle messages sent by the Web service consumers. You can select either the default SOAP processor or a registered, custom-built SOAP processor (for example, an accesscontrolled processor). The processor you select will receive, process, and send SOAP messages that call the service. The Web service for which you are generating the WSDL document will be a target service of the selected processor. Consequently, the service needs to conform to the target service requirements for the specified processor. If you select a custom SOAP processor, make sure the service for which you are generating the WSDL document conforms to the target service requirements for the custom processor. The following section explains the service requirements if you want to use the default SOAP processor to receive and send SOAP messages for the service. For information about creating custom SOAP processors, see the SOAP Developers Guide.

Service Requirements When Using the Default SOAP Processor


If you want to use the default SOAP processor to handle the SOAP message request and response for the service, the target service for which you are generating the WSDL document must meet these requirements: The service input signature must contain a soapRequestData object and a soapResponseData object, and its output signature must contain a soapResponseData object. You can use pub.soap.utils:requestResponseSpec to specify the inputs and outputs for the service. The service should use the SOAP data-retrieval services, such as pub.soap.utils:getBody, pub.soap.utils:getHeader, pub.soap.utils:getBodyEntries, and pub.soap.utils:getHeaderEntries to extract elements from SOAP message objects. These services return the requested element as an XML node (or an array of XML nodes). To extract data from the returned node, you query it using the pub.xml:queryXMLNode service or convert it to a document using the pub.xml:xmlNodeToDocument service. For more information about these services, see the webMethods Built-In Services Reference Guide. To ensure interoperability with other Web service vendors, you must provide a universal name for the target service. The universal name must include both a namespace name, which must consist of a valid URI, and a local name, which must conform to the naming conventions specified in http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-xmlnames/#NT-NCName. The universal name should conform to the XML QName naming conventions specified in http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-xml-names/#NTQName.

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Note: You assign a universal name to a service in Developer by completing the Namespace name and Local name fields on the service's Settings tab. In addition to these requirements, you should also check the target services Execute ACL permission to ensure that consumers of the service can invoke it. For more information about creating a target service for the default SOAP processor, see the SOAP Developers Guide.

Input and Output Signature Requirements


When you specify SOAP messaging as the protocol for accessing a Web service, you specify an IS document type or XML Schema component to represent the input and output signature of the service. The signature describes the XML documents that the service requires as input and produces as output. The WSDL generator does not create the input and output messages for the WSDL document from the signature specified on the Input/Output tab of the service. This is because target services for the default processor and custom SOAP processors must have a soapRequestData object and a soapResponseData as input and produce a soapResponseData object as output. While this signature requirement is necessary for the processor, it does not provide meaningful signature information for WSDL documents generated for the services used with these processors. In an XML Schema definition, a soapRequestData object and a soapResponseData object would be represented as elements of type anytype. To produce a meaningful, descriptive signature for the WSDL document, you can select an IS document type or an XML schema element declaration to represent the service input and output signature.

Input Signature Requirements When Using the Default SOAP Processor


When you specify the default SOAP processor for handling the SOAP message requests and responses for a service, the IS document type or XML Schema component that you select for the input signature must follow some naming and property requirements. The requirements are a result of the default SOAP processors routing behavior. The default processor routes messages to services by matching the fully expanded QName of the message bodys first element to the universal name of the target service. If the QName of the message bodys first part does not resolve to the universal name of the service, the Integration Server returns an error message stating that the service cannot be found. If you specify the default SOAP processor for handling the SOAP message requests and responses for the service, the IS document type or XML Schema element declaration that describes the input signature must meet the following requirements: The IS document type or XML Schema component must contain at least one field.

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The top-level fields of an IS document type or XML Schema component must be associated with an XML namespace and include an XML namespace prefix. The first top-level fields XML Namespace property must match the Namespace name value of the services explicit universal name and its local name must match the Local name value of the services explicit universal name. Important! To ensure interoperability with other Web service vendors, the Namespace name value of the services explicit universal name must be a valid URI. For example, suppose that the explicit universal name of the service gl.journals:journalEntry has a namespace name of http://www.exprint.com/GL/ and a local name of JournalEntry. The first top-level field of the IS document type that describes the input signature must be named prefix:JournalEntry, where prefix represents the XML namespace URI. Additionally, the value of the XML Namespace property for the JournalEntry field must be http://www.exprint.com/GL/. Note: The WSDL generator treats variables with the same QName as identical variables even if the variables are declared as different types. If a top-level field of the services input and output signature is of type String, the field must be namespace qualified (that is, the Content type box on the Constraints tab of the Properties panel contains a valid URI). See the table on page 37 for additional requirements that apply to IS document types and XML Schema element declarations used to represent the input or output signatures of a WSDL document.

Output Signature Requirements When Using the SOAP Default Processor


If you are using an IS document type or XML Schema element declaration to describe the output signature, the IS document type or XML Schema component must meet the following requirement: If a top-level field of the services input and output signature is of type String, the field must be namespace qualified (that is, the Content type box on the Constraints tab of the Properties panel contains a valid URI). The following table lists additional requirements for developing the services input and output signature and how they apply to the SOAP MSG protocol. The other chapters that describe how to generate WSDL documents also contain this table so you can easily compare requirements across protocols.

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Service signature requirements for the SOAP MSG protocol

Case
Field types at the top level

Applies?

Notes

Top-level strings are allowed. Top-level objects and documents are allowed. Top-level string, object, and document lists are allowed.

Yes Yes No Including a string, object, or document list at the top level will not result in a WSDL generation error. However, top-level lists cannot be represented in a WSDL document.

Top-level string tables are allowed.


Field types below the top level

No

Strings, objects, and documents are allowed. String, object, and document lists are allowed. String tables are allowed.
Field names

Yes Yes No

Field names can contain a prefix without an associated XML namespace. Field names can be associated with an XML namespace without a prefix.

No Yes Omitting the prefix will not result in a WSDL generation error. However, the target SOAP message service may have runtime mapping errors when handling namespace qualified messages.

Field names must conform to QName lexical rules (that is, the prefix and local name must conform to NCName rules specified in http://www.w3.org/TR/ REC-xml-names/#NT-NCName). String field names can begin with the character @ or be named *body.

Yes

Yes

Naming a top-level field *body, or beginning the name of a top-level field with the character @, will not result in a WSDL generation error. However, because mixed content models or attributes cannot be represented in a WSDL documents message element, these fields will not appear in a client generated from this WSDL document.

Fields of type other than scalar string can have names that begin with the character @ or be named *body.

No

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Case
Duplicate field names

Applies?

Notes

Fields at the same level (that is, beneath the same parent field in the input or output of the same signature) can have the same name and Same type and properties. Different type and properties. Yes Yes However, the WSDL generator uses only one fields type and properties for all fields with that name at that level. Because the method used to select the field is not defined, webMethods recommends avoiding this case.

More than one field named *body can occur at the same level. Duplicate field names that begin with the character @ can repeat at the same level. Fields at different levels can have the same name and Different or no XML namespace values, even though they may have different type and properties. Duplicate XML namespace values and the same type and properties. Duplicate XML namespace values and different type and properties.

No No

Yes

Yes Yes However, the WSDL generator uses only one fields type and properties for all fields with that name at that level. Because the method used to select the field is not defined, webMethods recommends avoiding this case.

Field properties

Document or Document list type fields can be open (that is, contain a check mark in the Allow unspecified fields check box on the Constraints tab of the Variable Properties dialog box). Top-level fields must be associated with an XML namespace. Fields beneath the top level must be associated with an XML namespace.

Yes

Yes No

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Case Recursive documents are allowed.

Applies? Yes

Notes The Integration Server will generate the WDSL document but cannot create a Web service connector from the WSDL document.

Field type constraints

Object constraints are allowed. Strings constrained by older schema types (types defined before the W3C XML 2001 Schema recommendations) are allowed.

Yes Yes

However, the WSDL generator does not represent them in the WSDL document. However, the WSDL generator maps them into 2001 XML Schema types.

Note: By default, a field must exist at run time, can contain a null value, and (for document type fields), cannot contain unspecified fields. If you change a field's default properties, the WSDL generator reflects those changes in the schema section of the WSDL document. However, the message element of a WSDL document cannot define these properties. Therefore, when you use the WSDL document to generate a Web service connector, the Integration Server uses the default properties for all top-level fields.

Generating the WSDL Document


To create a WSDL document that specifies the SOAP messaging protocol, you do the following: Stage
1 2 3 4 5 6

Description Identify the service for which you want to generate a WSDL document. Specify the protocol and transport mechanism for Web service consumers to use to communicate with the Web service. Specify the input signature for the Web service. Describe the output format of the Web service. Specify the target namespace for the generated WSDL document. Generate the WSDL document.

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Stage 1

To identify the Web service 1 2 In the Navigation Panel, select the service for which you want to generate a WSDL document. On the Tools menu, click Generate WSDL. Developer opens the Generate WSDL dialog box.
Generate WSDL dialog box

In the Host box, type the numeric IP address or domain name of the host machine on which the Web service will reside at production time. By default, the Host box identifies the Integration Server on which the Web service currently resides; that is, the Integration Server to which you are currently connected. You do not need to specify http:// or https:// as part of the host name; the WSDL generator automatically adds http:// or https:// (based on the transport mechanism you specify in the Via Transport box) to the host name when it compiles the network address for the Web service.

In the Port box, type the number of the port you want to use to accept requests for the Web service from Web service consumers. By default, the Port box identifies the port you used to open the current Integration Server. If you want to use a different port, type the number of that port in the Port box. The port you identify must be able to accept either HTTP requests or HTTPS requests. If you do not require that requests from Web service consumers be sent securely, specify a port that accepts HTTP requests. If you want requests from Web service consumers to be sent securely, specify a port that accepts HTTPS requests.

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Stage 2

To specify the protocol 1 Under Protocol, click SOAP-MSG. Developer enables the Directive, Input, and Output boxes. Important! To ensure interoperability with other Web service providers, the Namespace name value of the services explicit universal name must be a valid URI. Use the Settings tab to assign a universal name to a service. 2 Under Via Transport, click the request transport mechanism that is accepted by the port you specified in the Port box. If the port accepts HTTP requests, click HTTP. If the port accepts HTTPS requests, click HTTPS. From the Directive list, select the process directive for the SOAP processor you want to use to receive, process, and send SOAP messages that invoke the target service. If you want to use the default processor, click default. Note: The Directive list displays all registered SOAP processors on the Integration Server to which you are currently connected. If you plan to move the service to a production Integration Server, make sure the directive you select corresponds to a SOAP processor that is registered on the production server as well.

Stage 3

To describe the input signature for the Web service You can describe the input signature for the WSDL document using an IS document type or using an element declaration from an XML Schema. Use one of the following procedures to define the input message for the Web service.

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To describe the input signature using an IS document type 1 Next to the Input box on the Generate WSDL dialog box, click Select Input/Output Constraint dialog box.
Select Input/Output Constraint dialog box

. Developer opens the

2 3

Under Choose Constraint Type, click Document Type. Identify the IS document type you want to use to describe the input signature. You can either type the fully qualified name of the IS document type in the Name box or click the IS document type in the Folder box. Click OK. Developer closes the dialog box and displays the fully qualified name of the IS document type in the Input box on the Generate WSDL dialog box.

To describe the input signature using an XML Schema 1 2 3 Next to the Input field, click dialog box. . Developer opens the Select Input/Output Constraint

Under Choose Constraint Type, click Schema Component. In the text field, after http://, type the Web location and name of the XML Schema that contains the element declaration you want to use to describe the input signature. Important! The XML Schema you identify must be located on the Web and must be accessible to consumers of the WSDL.

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Click Load. Developer groups the element declarations in the XML Schema under the ELEMENTS heading. Expand the heading to view the global element declarations in the XML Schema. Select the global element declaration that you want to use to represent the input signature. Click OK. Developer closes the dialog box and displays the name of the selected element declaration in the Input box on the Generate WSDL dialog box.

5 6

Stage 4

To describe the output signature for the Web service You can describe the output signature for the WSDL document using an IS document type or using an element declaration from an XML Schema. See To describe the input signature for the Web service on page 41 for instructions.

Stage 5

To specify the target namespace for the WSDL document 1 In the Target Namespace box, specify the target namespace for the WSDL document. By default, the Target Namespace box displays http://host/ as the target namespace, where host is the name of the server you are currently logged on to. If you want to specify a different namespace, type the URI for that namespace in the box. 2 Click OK. Developer displays a dialog box that prompts you for a location and name for the generated WSDL document.

Stage 6

To generate the WSDL document 1 2 3 Under Save in, select the directory in which you want to save the generated WSDL document. In the File name field, specify a name for the WSDL document. By default, Developer assigns the document the name serviceName.wsdl. Click Save. The WSDL generator generates the WSDL document. Developer then displays a message that lists the WSDL document file and the directory in which it stored the file. Click OK. Note: If an error occurs during WSDL generation, Developer displays a message to that effect.

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Generating a WSDL Document that Uses the HTTP POST or GET Protocol
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Service Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Input and Output Signature Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Generating the WSDL Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53

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Overview
When you specify HTTP POST as the protocol for Web service consumers to use to communicate with a Web service, you can specify text/XML or URL encoded as the input format for the service. When you select HTTP GET as the protocol, Developer automatically sets the input format to URL encoded. When you specify HTTP POST or HTTP GET as the protocol for the WSDL document, keep the following points in mind: When you select URL encoded as the input format, the WSDL generator uses the input parameters declared on the Input/Output tab of the service to create the input message for the WSDL document. However, for the URL encoded input format, the input signature can only contain String variables. The input signature should not contain document, document list, Object, Object list, String list, or String table variables because these variables cannot be represented in name=value pairs in the HTTP request. When you select text/XML as the input format, you can select an IS document type or XML Schema component (element declaration) to describe the incoming XML document. For the HTTP protocols, Developer selects text/XML as the output format. You must select an IS document type or XML Schema component (element declaration) to represent the outbound XML document. For more information about describing the service input and output for the HTTP protocols, see Input and Output Signature Requirements on page 47.

Service Requirements
When you specify HTTP POST or HTTP GET as the protocol for a WSDL document, the target service for which you are generating the WSDL document must meet these requirements: The service must return an XML document to Web service consumers. When generating a WSDL document, the WSDL generator assumes that all services invoked via an HTTP request will return an XML document (text/xml content). To return an XML document, a service can do one of the following: Call the pub.flow:setResponse service. This service takes any string and returns it as the body of an HTTP response. For more information about the pub.flow:setResponse service, see the webMethods Built-In Services Reference Guide. Create and assign an XML output template to the service. You can use an XML output template to extract values from the pipeline and insert those values as element content in an XML tag. For more information about output templates, see DSPs and Output Templates Developers Guide.

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Important! You must use the pub.flow:setResponse service or an XML output template to return an XML document, or Integration Server will return an HTML document to the HTTP request. If you select HTTP POST as the protocol and text/XML as the input format, the service input signature must include an object type named node. When webMethods Integration Server receives an HTTP POST request where the Content-Type header is text/XML, the server automatically parses the body of the request (the XML document) and passes it as an XML node to the service specified in the requests URL. To extract data from the returned node, you query it using the pub.xml:queryXMLNode service or convert it to a document using the pub.xml:xmlNodeToDocument service. Note: An XML node is an element-based representation of an XML document. The node expresses a document in a tree-like structure that allows the data within it to be addressed and linked into services. Because an XML node object does not provide meaningful signature information for the WSDL document, you can select an IS document type or XML Schema component to describe the input signature. The IS document type or XML Schema component you select describes the XML document the service expects as input. See Input and Output Signature Requirements for more information about specifying IS document types and XML Schema components. In addition to these requirements, you should also check the target services Execute ACL permission to ensure that consumers of the service can invoke it.

Input and Output Signature Requirements


When you specify HTTP POST or GET as the protocol for accessing a Web service, you can specify an IS document type or an XML Schema element declaration to represent the input and output signature of the service. The signature describes the XML documents the service requires as input and produces as output.

Text/XML Requirements
The following table lists the requirements for developing the services input and output signature when text/XML is selected as the input or output format. The other chapters that describe how to generate WSDL documents also contain this table so you can easily compare requirements across protocols.

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Service signature requirements when text/XML is specified as the input or output format

Case
Field types at the top level

Applies?

Notes

Top-level strings are allowed. Top-level objects and documents are allowed. Top-level string, object, and document lists are allowed.

Yes Yes No Including a string, object, or document list at the top level will not result in a WSDL generation error. However, top-level lists cannot be represented in a WSDL document.

Top-level string tables are allowed.


Field types below the top level

No

Strings, objects, and documents are allowed. String, object, and document lists are allowed. String tables are allowed.
Field names

Yes Yes No

Field names can contain a prefix without an associated XML namespace. Field names can be associated with an XML namespace without a prefix. Field names must conform to QName lexical rules (that is, the prefix and local name must conform to NCName rules specified in http://www.w3.org/TR/ REC-xml-names/#NT-NCName). String field names can begin with the character @ or be named *body.

No No Yes

Yes

Naming a top-level field *body, or beginning the name of a top-level field with the character @, will not result in a WSDL generation error. However, because mixed content models or attributes cannot be represented in a WSDL documents message element, these fields will not appear in a client generated from this WSDL document.

Fields of type other than scalar string can have names that begin with the character @ or be named *body.

No

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Case
Duplicate field names

Applies?

Notes

Fields at the same level (that is, beneath the same parent field in the input or output of the same signature) can have the same name and Same type and properties. Different type and properties. Yes Yes However, the WSDL generator uses only one fields type and properties for all fields with that name at that level. Because the method used to select the field is not defined, webMethods recommends avoiding this case.

More than one field named *body can occur at the same level. Duplicate field names that begin with the character @ can repeat at the same level. Fields at different levels can have the same name and Different or no XML namespace values, even though they may have different type and properties. Duplicate XML namespace values and the same type and properties. Duplicate XML namespace values and different type and properties.

No No

Yes

Yes Yes However, the WSDL generator uses only one fields type and properties for all fields with that name at that level. Because the method used to select the field is not defined, webMethods recommends avoiding this case.

Field properties

Document or Document list type fields can be open (that is, contain a check mark in the Allow unspecified fields check box on the Constraints tab of the Variable Properties dialog box). Top-level fields must be associated with an XML namespace. Fields beneath the top level must be associated with an XML namespace.

Yes

No No

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Case Recursive documents are allowed.

Applies? Yes

Notes The Integration Server will generate the WDSL document but cannot create a Web service connector from the WSDL document.

Field type constraints

Object constraints are allowed. Strings constrained by older schema types (types defined before the W3C XML 2001 Schema recommendations) are allowed.

Yes Yes

However, the WSDL generator does not represent them in the WSDL document. However, the WSDL generator maps them into 2001 XML Schema types.

Note: By default, a field must exist at run time, can contain a null value, and (for document type fields), cannot contain unspecified fields. If you change a field's default properties, the WSDL generator reflects those changes in the schema section of the WSDL document. However, the message element of a WSDL document cannot define these properties. Therefore, when you use the WSDL document to generate a Web service connector, the Integration Server uses the default properties for all top-level fields. In addition, The WSDL generator treats variables with the same QName as identical variables even if the variables are declared as different types.

URL Encoded Requirements


The following table lists the requirements for developing the services signature when URL encoded is selected as the input format. The other chapters that describe how to generate WSDL documents also contain this table so you can easily compare requirements across protocols.
Service signature requirements when URL encoded is specified as the input format

Case
Field types at the top level

Applies?

Notes

Top-level strings are allowed. Top-level objects and documents are allowed. Top-level string, object, and document lists are allowed. Top-level string tables are allowed.
Field types below the top level

Yes No No No

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Case Strings, objects, and documents are allowed. String, object, and document lists are allowed. String tables are allowed.
Field names

Applies? n/a n/a n/a

Notes The URL encoded input format does not support documents. The URL encoded input format does not support documents. The URL encoded input format does not support documents.

Field names can contain a prefix without an associated XML namespace. Field names can be associated with an XML namespace without a prefix. Field names must conform to QName lexical rules (that is, the prefix and local name must conform to NCName rules specified in http://www.w3.org/TR/ REC-xml-names/#NT-NCName). String field names can begin with the character @ or be named *body. Fields of type other than scalar string can have names that begin with the character @ or be named *body.
Duplicate field names

No No Yes

No n/a The URL encoded input format supports only scalar string fields.

Fields at the same level (that is, beneath the same parent field in the input or output of the same signature) can have the same name and Same type and properties. Different type and properties. Yes Yes However, the WSDL generator uses only one fields type and properties for all fields with that name at that level. Because the method used to select the field is not defined, webMethods recommends avoiding this case. Fields cannot contain asterisks (*) anywhere in the field name. Fields cannot contain the character @ anywhere in the field name.

More than one field named *body can occur at the same level. Duplicate field names that begin with the character @ can repeat at the same level. Fields at different levels can have the same name and

No No

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Case Different or no XML namespace values, even though they may have different type and properties. Duplicate XML namespace values and the same type and properties. Duplicate XML namespace values and different type and properties.
Field properties

Applies? n/a

Notes The URL encoded input format does not support XML namespaces. The URL encoded input format does not support XML namespaces. The URL encoded input format does not support XML namespaces.

n/a n/a

Document or Document list type fields can be open (that is, contain a check mark in the Allow unspecified fields check box on the Constraints tab of the Variable Properties dialog box). Top-level fields must be associated with an XML namespace. Fields beneath the top level must be associated with an XML namespace. Recursive documents are allowed.
Field type constraints

n/a

The URL encoded input format does not support Document or Document list type fields. The URL encoded input format does not support XML namespaces. Therefore, fields must not be associated with an XML namespace. The URL encoded input format does not support documents. The URL encoded input format does not support documents.

No

n/a n/a

Object constraints are allowed. Strings constrained by older schema types (types defined before the W3C XML 2001 Schema recommendations) are allowed.

Yes Yes

However, the WSDL generator does not represent them in the WSDL document. However, the WSDL generator maps them into 2001 XML Schema types.

Note: By default, a field must exist at run time, can contain a null value, and (for document type fields), cannot contain unspecified fields. If you change a field's default properties, the WSDL generator reflects those changes in the schema section of the WSDL document. However, the message element of a WSDL document cannot define these properties. Therefore, when you use the WSDL document to generate a Web service connector, the Integration Server uses the default properties for all top-level fields. In addition, The WSDL generator treats variables with the same QName as identical variables even if the variables are declared as different types.

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Generating the WSDL Document


To create a WSDL document that specifies the HTTP POST or HTTP GET protocol, you do the following: Stage
1 2 3 4 5 6

Description Identify the service for which you want to generate a WSDL document. Specify the protocol and transport mechanism for Web service consumers to use to communicate with the Web service. Specify the input format of the Web service. Describe the output format of the Web service. Specify the target namespace for the generated WSDL document. Generate the WSDL document.

Stage 1

To identify the Web service 1 2 In the Navigation Panel, select the service for which you want to generate a WSDL document. On the Tools menu, click Generate WSDL. Developer opens the Generate WSDL dialog box.
Generate WSDL dialog box

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In the Host box, type the numeric IP address or domain name of the host machine on which the Web service will reside at production time. By default, the Host box identifies the Integration Server on which the Web service currently resides; that is, the Integration Server to which you are currently connected. You do not need to specify http:// or https:// as part of the host name; the WSDL generator automatically adds http:// or https:// (based on the transport mechanism you specify in the Via Transport box) to the host name when it compiles the network address for the Web service.

In the Port box, type the number of the port you want to use to accept requests for the Web service from Web service consumers. By default, the Port box identifies the port you used to open the current Integration Server. If you want to use a different port, type the number of that port in the Port box. The port you identify must be able to accept either HTTP requests or HTTPS requests. If you do not require that requests from Web service consumers be sent securely, specify a port that accepts HTTP requests. If you want requests from Web service consumers to be sent securely, specify a port that accepts HTTPS requests.

Stage 2

To specify the protocol 1 Under Protocol, click HTTP-POST or HTTP-GET. Developer changes the boxes on the dialog box. The following figure shows an example of the dialog box when you click HTTP-POST; when you click HTTP-GET, the dialog box is similar, except that the Input format and Input boxes are disabled.
Generate WSDL dialog box with HTTP-POST selected

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Under Via Transport, click the request transport mechanism that is accepted by the port you specified in the Port box. If the port accepts HTTP requests, click HTTP. If the port accepts HTTPS requests, click HTTPS. The Integration Servers default directive for invoking services via an HTTP request is invoke. If you need to specify another directive for Web service consumers to use to invoke the service, type the directive in the Directive box. By default, the Path box provides the path to the Web service as it currently exists in the Navigation Panel. If the Web service will reside in a different folder at production time, type the path to that folder in the Path box. Use the format folder.subfolder.subfolder/service. If you selected HTTP-GET as the protocol for Web service consumers to use to communicate with the Web service, skip to To describe the output signature for the Web service on page 57. If you selected HTTP-POST, continue with To specify the input format of the Web service (HTTP-POST protocol only) on page 55.

Stage 3

To specify the input format of the Web service (HTTP-POST protocol only) If you selected HTTP-POST as the protocol for Web service consumers to use to communicate with the Web service, you must specify the input format in which the Web service requires input. You can specify the input format in one of the following ways: If the Web service expects input in the form of... Name=value pairs in the POST that invokes the Web service Take this action... Click URL encoded in the Input format list, then skip to To describe the output signature for the Web service on page 57. The WSDL generator uses the input signature on the Input/Output tab of the Web service to create the input message for the WSDL document. Go to To describe the input signature using an IS document type on page 56. Go to To describe the input signature using an XML Schema on page 56.

An XML document, and you want to describe the input signature for the WSDL document using an IS document type An XML document, and you want to describe the input signature for the WSDL document using an element declaration from an XML Schema

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To describe the input signature using an IS document type 1 2 In the Input format list on the Generate WSDL dialog box, click text/xml. Next to the Input box, click box. . Developer opens the Select Input/Output Constraint dialog

Select Input/Output Constraint dialog box

3 4

Under Choose Constraint Type, click Document Type. Identify the IS document type you want to use to describe the input format. You can either type the fully qualified name of the IS document type in the Name box or click the IS document type in the Folder box. Click OK. Developer closes the dialog box and displays the fully qualified name of the IS document type in the Input box on the Generate WSDL dialog box.

To describe the input signature using an XML Schema 1 2 3 4 In the Input format list, click text/xml. Next to the Input field, click dialog box. . Developer opens the Select Input/Output Constraint

Under Choose Constraint Type, click Schema Component. In the text field, after http://, type the Web location and name of the XML Schema that contains the element declaration you want to use to describe the input signature.

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Important! The XML Schema you identify must be located on the Web and must be accessible to consumers of the WSDL. 5 Click Load. Expand the ELEMENTS headings to view the global element declarations in the XML Schema. Note: If an XML Schema definition does not contain an element declaration, Developer does not display the ELMENTS heading. 6 7 Select the global element declaration that you want to use to represent the input signature. Click OK. Developer closes the dialog box and displays the name of the selected element in the Input box on the Generate WSDL dialog box.

Stage 4

To describe the output signature for the Web service Describe the XML document the Web service produces as output. Complete the Output format box using the instructions in To specify the input format of the Web service (HTTPPOST protocol only) on page 55.

Stage 5

To specify the target namespace for the WSDL document 1 In the Target Namespace box, specify the target namespace for the WSDL document. By default, the Target Namespace box displays http://host/ as the target namespace, where host is the name of the server you are currently logged on to. If you want to specify a different namespace, type the URI for that namespace in the box. 2 Click OK. Developer displays a dialog box that prompts you for a location and name for the generated WSDL document.

Stage 6

To generate the WSDL document 1 2 3 Under Save in, select the directory in which you want to save the generated WSDL document. In the File name field, specify a name for the WSDL document. By default, Developer assigns the document the name serviceName.wsdl. Click Save. The WSDL generator generates the WSDL document. Developer then displays a message that lists the WSDL document file and the directory in which it stored the file. Click OK.

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Note: If an error occurs during WSDL generation, Developer displays a message to that effect.

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APPENDIX

WSDL Documents
Basic Elements in WSDL Documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 WSDL Namespace Declaration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Sample WSDL Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63

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APPENDIX A WSDL Documents

Basic Elements in WSDL Documents


The following table describes the basic elements in a WSDL document. Element
<definitions> <types>

Description Contains the elements that describe a Web service. Contains the type definitions that describe the data that is received and sent by the Web service. The <types> element can reference entire XML Schemas and can contain simple type definitions, complex type definitions, and element declarations. The type definitions and element declarations help define the input and output parameters for the Web service. WSDL uses XML Schema as its native type system. Specifies the data that is received and sent by the Web service. A <message> element describes a set of input parameters or a set of output parameters. Each <message> element can contain one or more <part> elements. A <part> element associates a piece of data with a name and a type definition or element declaration. The type definition or element declaration referenced by the <part> element can be defined, declared, or referenced in the <types> element. Specifies the messages that are received and sent by the Web service. Within the <operation> element, the <input> element identifies the message whose parts specify the input parameters to the Web service while the <output> element identifies the message whose parts specify the output parameters of the Web service. Essentially, the operation specifies the signature for the Web service. An <operation> element is declared within a <portType> element. Defines a named set of operations. The <portType> element associates a port type name with a set of operations. A <portType> element can contain multiple operations. Specifies the protocol and message format to use to access the operations in a port type. Each <binding> element can specify only one protocol for a port type; however, a WSDL document can define more than one binding for a single port type. A WSDL document should include one <binding> element for each protocol that it supports.

<message>

<operation>

<portType>

<binding>

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Element
<port>

Description Associates a binding with a network address. Together, the binding and network address specify how to invoke a Web service. Each port can specify only one network address for a binding; however, multiple ports can be defined for a single Web service. Port elements are defined within the <service> element. Groups ports that can be used to call Web services. A <service> element can contain many ports.

<service>

The Address Element


The <address> element in the <port> element specifies the location of a Web service. More specifically, the <address> element carries a location attribute that specifies the network address for a service. The WSDL generator creates a value for this attribute using the protocol, transport, host, port, and directive information that you provide when you generate the WSDL document. For WSDL documents that specify SOAP-RPC or SOAP-MSG as the protocol, the
location attribute in the <address> element has this format:

transport://host:port/soap/directive For WSDL documents that specify HTTP-POST or HTTP-GET as the protocol, the
location attribute in the <address> element is used with the location attribute in the <operation> element to specify the URL used to call the service. For WSDL documents that specify HTTP-POST and HTTP-GET as the protocol, the location attribute in the <address> element has this format, where directive is almost always invoke:

transport://host:port/directive The location attribute in the <operation> element specifies the fully qualified path name of the service on the webMethods Integration Server and has this format: folder.subfolder/service

WSDL Namespace Declaration


WSDL documents use the namespace http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/ to qualify the elements and attributes used to create the framework of WSDL documents. By convention, the WSDL namespace is given the prefix wsdl. The primary purpose of the WSDL namespace is to distinguish WSDL-related elements and attributes from elements and attributes defined in other namespaces. The following namespace prefixes are commonly found in a WSDL document and are inserted in WSDL documents generated by the WSDL generator. The WSDL generator is the subsystem of Integration Server that generates the WSDL document for a service.

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APPENDIX A WSDL Documents

Prefix
mime

Namespace URI http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/mime/

Description Namespace defined by the WSDL specification for associating a binding with the MIME protocol. WSDL namespace for the WSDL framework. Deprecated. This prefix is no longer used. Namespace defined by the WSDL specification for associating a binding with the SOAP protocol. Namespace defined by the WSDL specification for associating a binding with the HTTP GET and HTTP POST protocols. W3C XML 2001 Schema. The namespace to which elments in the WSDL document belong. This includes elements such as <types>, <portType>, <operation>, <message>, and <binding>. Elements and type definitions defined within the <schema> tag (contained in the <types> element) belong to a different target namespace. Note: In an XML schema definition, the target namespace defines the namespace to which the element declarations, attribute declarations, and type definitions belong.

wsdl

http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/ http://www.webMethods.com/ noNamespace http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/soap/

webM

soap

http

http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/http/

xsd tns

http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema The target namespace for the WSDL document

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Sample WSDL Document


The following figure shows a sample WSDL document.

The definitions element is the root element of the WSDL document. The WSDL document uses these Namespace prefixes.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <wsdl:definitions name="AuthenticateUser" targetNamespace="http://www.example.com/" xmlns:soap="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/soap/" xmlns:mime="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/mime/" xmlns:wsdl="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/" xmlns:http="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/http/" xmlns:tns="http://www.example.com" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"

A types element encloses the data types associated with the parts in a message.

<wsdl:types> <xsd:schema xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" targetNamespace="http://localhost/AuthenticateUser/AuthenticateUser" xmlns:tns="http://localhost/AuthenticateUser/AuthenticateUser"> <xsd:complexType name="__AuthenticateUserInput"> <xsd:sequence> <xsd:element name="userName" nillable="true" type="xsd:string"/> <xsd:element name="password" nillable="true" type="xsd:string"/> </xsd:sequence> </xsd:complexType> <xsd:complexType name="__AuthenticateUserOutput"> <xsd:sequence> <xsd:element name="isValid" nillable="true" type="xsd:boolean"/> </xsd:sequence> </xsd:complexType> </xsd:schema> </wsdl:types>

The message specifies the name and type of data exchanged by the Web service.

<wsdl:message name="AuthenticateUserInput"> <wsdl:part name="userName" type="xsd:string"/> <wsdl:part name="password" type="xsd:string"/> </wsdl:message> <wsdl:message name="AuthenticateUserOutput"> <wsdl:part name="isValid" type="xsd:boolean"/> </wsdl:message>

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A portType groups the operations performed by the Web service.

<wsdl:portType name="AuthenticateUserPortType"> <wsdl:operation name="AuthenticateUser"> <wsdl:input message="tns:AuthenticateUserInput"/> <wsdl:outputmessage="tns:AuthenticateUserOutput"/> </wsdl:operation> </wsdl:portType>

A binding describes the data format and protocol for a port type.

Each operation identifies the data (messages) sent and received by the Web service.

<wsdl:binding name="AuthenticateUserBinding" type="tns:AuthenticateUserPortType"> <soap:binding transport="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/http" style="rpc"/> <wsdl:operation name="AuthenticateUser"> <soap:operation soapAction="" /> <wsdl:input> <soap:body encodingStyle="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/" namespace="http://www.example.com" use="encoded"/> </wsdl:input> <wsdl:output> <soap:body encodingStyle="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/" namespace="http://www.example.com" use="encoded"/> </wsdl:output> </wsdl:operation> </wsdl:binding>

A service is a collection of ports. A port associates a binding with a network address.

<wsdl:service name="AuthenticateUserService"> <wsdl:port name="AuthenticateUserPort0" binding="tns:AuthenticateUserBinding"> <soap:address location="http://localhost:5555/soap/rpc"/> </wsdl:port> </wsdl:service>

</wsdl:definitions>

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Message Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 Web Service-Related Errors and Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67

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Message Display
When you generate a WSDL document or create a Web service connector from a WSDL document, Developer displays a message that indicates whether the process completed successfully. If the process completed successfully but warnings occurred, Developer displays a message to that effect. If the process did not complete successfully, Developer displays a message that says errors occurred. When you click Details on the message dialog box, Developer provides information similar to the information in the message dialog box shown below.
Name and location of WSDL document in which error or warning occurred.

Location of the error or warning in the WSDL document. Message code.

WSDL elements that caused the error or warning.

Note: When generating a Web service connector, Developer might generate some of the flow steps in the Web service connector or some of the supporting IS elements (IS document types, folders, or IS schemas) before it encounters errors or warnings. The generated elements appear in the Navigation Panel.

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Following are the error messages and warning messages that can occur when webMethods Developer generates a WSDL document or creates a Web service connector using a WSDL document.

Messages Received When Generating a WSDL Document


[ISC.0077.9014] Document to XSD error: Field {0} cannot be represented in XML Schema. The field name does not conform to the XML NCName definition. The name of an IS document type variable or XML Schema element in the input signature used to generate a WSDL document contains characters that cannot be mapped to XML Schema. Field names used in the input signature must conform to the QName lexical rules specified in http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-xml-names/#NT-QName and the XML namespace and local naming conventions specified rules specified in http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-xml-names/#NT-NCName. [ISC.0082.9106] Warning: Complex type {0} is recursive. webMethods Integration Server does not support creating a document type from an XSD with a recursive complex type. The IS document type selected to describe the input or output signature contains a recursive document type reference (for example, the IS document type contains a document reference to itself). Because recursive document type references correspond to recursive complex type definitions in XML Schema, the WSDL generator can successfully create the WSDL file. However, the Integration Server does not support creating IS document types from XML Schemas with recursive complex type definitions. Consequently, the Integration Server will not be able to create a Web service connector from the generated WSDL document. [ISC.0124.9001] Document to XSD warning: For interoperability reasons, the <any> type is not used in SOAP RPC WSDL. Document {0} will be defined as closed in the XSD. The IS document type you are using to generate a WSDL document contains variables of type Document or Document list. These variables are open (that is, their Allow unspecified fields property is set to true). To resolve this warning, clear the Allow unspecified fields check box on the Constraints tab of the Variable Properties dialog box. Then, regenerate the WSDL document.

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[ISC.0124.9002] Document to XSD error: Document {0} cannot be represented in XML Schema. This document contains a *body field constrained by a simple type and fields that would be represented as elements in the XSD. XSD could describe this document if the simple type constraint was removed or the non-attribute fields were deleted. The IS document type you are using to generate a WSDL document contains a variable named *body that is constrained by a simple type. The IS document type also contains fields that are mapped as elements (not attributes) in the XSD. This combination cannot be mapped in an XSD. In a mixed content environment, the Integration Server can only map complex type definitions of simple content (that is, an IS document type containing attributes and a *body variable with or without a simple type constraint) or complex type definitions of complex content (that is, an IS document type containing attributes and/or elements and a *body variable that is not constrained). To resolve this error, do one of the following: Remove the non-attribute fields. Remove the *body variables simple type constraint by selecting No Constraints Specified in the Content Type field of the Constraints tab on the variables Properties dialog box. [ISC.0124.9003] Document to XSD error: Referenced document type {0} does not exist. The IS document type you are using to generate a WSDL document contains a reference to a nonexistent document type. To resolve this error, restore the nonexistent document type or remove the reference to it. [ISC.0124.9004] Document to XSD error: Field {0} is a String table. String tables cannot be represented in XML Schema. The IS document type you are using to generate a WSDL document contains String table variables. XML Schema does not support multi-dimensional arrays. To resolve this error, remove the String table variable from the IS document type or select a different IS document type. [ISC.0124.9005] Document to XSD error: Field {0} cannot be represented in XML Schema. The field name contains a prefix but an XML Namespace property is not assigned to the field. The IS document type you are using to generate a WSDL document contains a top-level variable whose name includes a prefix (that is, the name is in the format prefix:local name). This variable is not associated with an XML namespace. To resolve this error, do one of the following: Associate the variable with an XML namespace by selecting the variable in Developer, selecting Edit Properties, and then typing the namespace for the variable in the XML Namespace field on the General tab.

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Remove the prefix. Important! Some protocols require the use of a prefix. Before removing the prefix, check the service signatures input and output requirements as documented for each protocol in this guide. [ISC.0124.9006] Document to XSD error: Field {0} cannot be represented in XML Schema. The field name does not conform to the XML NCName definition. The IS document type you are using to generate a WSDL document contains field names that do not conform to the XML NCName definition. To resolve this error, rename the fields to conform to the QName lexical rules specified in http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-xml-names/#NT-QName and the XML namespace and local naming conventions specified in http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-xml-names/#NT-NCName. [ISC.0124.9007] Document to XSD error: Document {0} cannot be represented in XML Schema. The document contains multiple *body fields. The IS document type or XML Schema element declaration you are using to generate a WSDL document contains more than one field named *body at the same level. To resolve this error, remove or rename the duplicate *body fields. [ISC.0124.9008] Document to XSD error: Document {0} cannot be represented in XML Schema. The document contains multiple attributes of the same name at the same level. The IS document type or XML Schema element declaration you are using to generate a WSDL document contains attributes at the same level with the same name. To resolve this error, remove or rename the duplicate attributes. [ISC.0124.9009] Document to XSD error: Field {0} cannot be represented in XML Schema. Attributes cannot have dimension greater than 0. The IS document type or XML Schema element declaration you are using to generate a WSDL document contains array or table type attributes. XML Schema does not support multi-dimensional attributes. To resolve this error, remove the attribute from the IS document type or redefine its type to String. [ISC.0124.9011] Document to XSD error: Simple type {0} does not exist. The IS document type you are using to generate a WSDL document contains a reference to a nonexistent simple type that has been applied to a variable as a content type constraint. To resolve this error, do one of the following:

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Restore the nonexistent simple type by generating a schema on the server that defines the missing type. To do so, you can either create a schema from an XSD or enable or import a package that contains a schema with the missing type. Remove the reference to the missing type by selecting No Constraints Specified in the Content Type field of the Constraints tab on the variables Properties dialog box. [ISS.0092.9032] Error: Input signature cannot be used to generate WSDL using URL Encoded format. Field {0} cannot be represented in XML Schema. The field name does not conform to the XML NCName definition. A top-level IS document type variable or XML Schema element in the input signature used to generate a WSDL document is named *body or contains the characters *, @, or :. These characters represent XML Schema components (mixed content, attributes, and XML namespace prefixes) that are not applicable to URL encoded parameters. When URL encoded is specified as the input format for the HTTP POST or HTTP GET protocols, field names used in the input signature must conform to the QName lexical rules specified in http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-xml-names/#NT-QName and the XML namespace and local naming conventions specified rules specified in http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-xml-names/#NT-NCName. [ISS.0092.9033] Error: Input signature cannot be used to generate WSDL using URL Encoded format. Fields cannot have XML Namespace values. The input signature used to generate a WSDL document contains fields that are associated with an XML namespace. Fields must not be associated with an XML namespace when you select either of the following: HTTP GET as the protocol HTTP POST as the protocol and URL encoded as the input format [ISS.0092.9039] Error: URL encoding does not support input variables other than strings and string lists. The input parameters declared on the Input/Output tab contain a variable that is not a String or a String list. When URL encoded is specified as the input format for the HTTP POST or HTTP GET protocols, Integration Server uses the input parameters declared on the Input/Output tab of the service to construct the input message for the WSDL document. For the URL encoded input format, the input signature can contain only String and String list variables. The input signature should not contain document, document list, Objects, Object lists, or String table variables because these variables cannot be represented in name=value pairs in the HTTP request. [ISS.0092.9042] Error: text/xml does not support string tables. When you generate a WSDL document and specify HTTP POST or HTTP GET as the protocol, you can select an IS document type to describe the format of the XML document expected by or produced by the service. The IS document type cannot contain a String

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table variable because multi-dimensional arrays cannot be represented in an XML Schema. (Developer generates an XML Schema to define types for variables in the IS document type.) To resolve this error, remove the String table variable from the IS document type, or select a different IS document type.

Messages Received When Creating a Web Service Connector


[ISS.0092.9001] Server Error: {0} A server error occurred while Developer was generating the Web service connector. Click Details on the message dialog box to view the errors. [ISS.0092.9002] Warning: Document does not contain service element, no ports were generated for any Web Service Connector. The WSDL document does not contain a <service> element, and therefore does not contain any <port> elements. (A <service> element is a collection of <port> elements.) Developer generates the Web service connector, but the Web service connector will not specify any flow MAP steps for setting the port information. In the Web service connector, the BRANCH on '/_port' step contains a child port MAP step for each unique <port> associated with the <operation>. The BRANCH on '/_port' step will not contain child port MAP steps. The Web service connector cannot execute successfully without port information because the port information specifies the network address for invoking the Web Service. [ISS.0092.9003] Error: SOAP binding does not contain extended element http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/soap/binding, binding was not created. The <binding> element is missing the <soap:binding> element. If the WSDL document specifies SOAP as a protocol, the <binding> element must contain <soap:binding> as the first child element. Developer generates the Web service connector, but the Web service connector does not contain a SEQUENCE step that corresponds to this binding. (In the Web service connector, the BRANCH on '/binding' step contains a child SEQUENCE step for each unique <binding> associated with an <operation>.) [ISS.0092.9004] Error: SOAP binding does not contain transport value, binding was not created. In the WSDL document, the <soap:binding> element contains a transport attribute but no value is specified for it. The transport value indicates which transport of SOAP the binding uses. It is required for a SOAP binding and its value must be http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/http.

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Developer generates the Web service connector, but the Web service connector does not contain a SEQUENCE step that corresponds to this binding. In the Web service connector, the BRANCH on '/binding' step contains a child SEQUENCE step for each unique <binding> associated with an <operation>. [ISS.0092.9005] Error: SOAP binding has an unsupported transport value, binding was not created. In the WSDL document, the transport attribute in the <soap:binding> element specifies an unsupported SOAP transport. Developer can generate a binding for a SOAP binding only if the transport value is http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/http. webMethods Developer generates the Web service connector, but the Web service connector does not contain a SEQUENCE step that corresponds to this binding. In the Web service connector, the BRANCH on '/binding' step contains a child SEQUENCE step for each unique <binding> associated with an <operation>. [ISS.0092.9006] Error: SOAP binding does not contain a transport attribute, binding was not created. In the WSDL document, the <soap:binding> element does not contain a transport attribute. The transport value indicates which transport of SOAP the binding uses. It is required for a SOAP binding. The transport attribute value must be http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/http. Developer generates the Web service connector, but the Web service connector does not contain a SEQUENCE step that corresponds to this binding. In the Web service connector, the BRANCH on '/binding' step contains a child SEQUENCE step for each unique <binding> associated with an <operation>. [ISS.0092.9007] Error: SOAP binding has an unrecognized style value, binding was not created. In the WSDL document, the <soap:binding> element specifies a value other than rpc or document for the style attribute. Developer generates the Web service connector, but the Web service connector does not contain a SEQUENCE step that corresponds to this binding. In the Web service connector, the BRANCH on '/binding' step contains a child SEQUENCE step for each unique <binding> associated with an <operation>. [ISS.0092.9008] Error: HTTP binding does not contain extended element http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/http/binding, binding was not created. The <binding> element is missing the <http:binding> element. If the WSDL document specifies HTTP as a protocol, the <binding> element must contain <http:binding> as the first child element. Developer generates the Web service connector, but the Web service connector does not contain a SEQUENCE step that corresponds to this binding. In the Web service connector, the BRANCH on '/binding' step contains a child SEQUENCE step for each unique <binding> associated with an <operation>.

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[ISS.0092.9009] Error: HTTP binding does not contain required verb attribute, binding was not created. In the WSDL document, the <http:binding> element does not contain the verb attribute. The value of the verb attribute must be GET or POST. Developer generates the Web service connector, but the Web service connector does not contain a SEQUENCE step that corresponds to this binding. In the Web service connector, the BRANCH on '/binding' step contains a child SEQUENCE step for each unique <binding> associated with an <operation>. [ISS.0092.9010] Error: HTTP binding has an unsupported verb attribute, binding was not created. In the WSDL document, the <http:binding> element specifies a verb attribute value other than GET or POST. Developer generates the Web service connector, but the Web service connector does not contain a SEQUENCE step that corresponds to this binding. (In the Web service connector, the BRANCH on '/binding' step contains a child SEQUENCE step for each unique <binding> associated with an <operation>.) [ISS.0092.9011] Error: Mime binding style is unsupported, binding was not created. The WSDL document specifies a MIME binding style for the entire <binding>. webMethods Developer only supports the MIME binding style to describe the inputs and outputs of an HTTP binding. webMethods Developer cannot generate a binding when the MIME binding style is specified outside of the HTTP binding context. Developer generates the Web service connector, but the Web service connector does not contain a SEQUENCE step that corresponds to this binding. (In the Web service connector, the BRANCH on '/binding' step contains a child SEQUENCE step for each unique <binding> associated with an <operation>.) [ISS.0092.9013] Warning: The operation's binding does not have any ports, no ports were generated for the Web Service Connector. Developer cannot find a <port> element that corresponds to a particular <binding> element. A <port> element specifies a network address or endpoint for a binding. Developer generates the Web service connector, but does not generate any MAP steps for setting the binding and address information. In a Web service connector, the BRANCH on '/_port' step contains a child portName MAP step for each <port> associated with the <operation>. When this warning occurs, the BRANCH on '/_port' step contains no child portName MAP steps.

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[ISS.0092.9014] Warning: The operation does not have any valid ports, no ports were generated for the Web Service Connector. The WSDL document does not contain any valid <port> elements for an <operation>. The WSDL document might not contain any <port> elements or a <port> element might reference a non-existent <binding> element. (A <binding> element associates a protocol with an <operation>.) Developer generates the Web service connector, but does not generate any portName MAP steps for setting the binding and address information. In a Web service connector, the BRANCH on '/_port' step contains a child portName MAP step for each <port> associated with the <operation>. When this warning occurs, the BRANCH on '/_port' step contains no child portName MAP steps. [ISS.0092.9015] Warning: Port does not have a valid binding type, port was not generated. The WSDL document contains a <port> element that does not contain the binding attribute. Developer generates the Web service connector, but does not generate a MAP step for this port. In a Web service connector, the BRANCH on '/_port' step contains a child portName MAP step for each <port> associated with the <operation>. The portName MAP step sets the binding and address information for a port. [ISS.0092.9016] Warning: Port does not have a location value, port was not generated. Within the <port> element, the <address> element does not specify a value for the location attribute. The location attribute specifies the network address or endpoint for the service. Developer generates a Web service connector, but without the network address, webMethods Developer cannot generate a MAP step for this port. In a Web service connector, the BRANCH on '/_port' step contains a child portName MAP step for each <port> associated with the <operation>. The portName MAP step sets the binding and address information for a port. [ISS.0092.9017] Warning: Port does not have required address element, port was not generated. The selected WSDL document does not contain an <address> element within the specified <port> element. The <address> element carries an attribute that specifies the location or network address for of the Web service. Developer generates a Web service connector, but does not generate a MAP step for this port. The portName MAP step sets the binding and address information for a port. Without the <address> element, Developer cannot set the address information and therefore cannot generate a MAP step.

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[ISS.0092.9018] Warning: Port does not have required location attribute, port was not generated. Within the <port> element, the <address> element does not carry the location attribute. The location attribute specifies the network address for the service. Developer generates a Web service connector, but does not generate a MAP step for this port. The portName MAP step sets the binding and address information for a port. Without the location attribute, Developer cannot set the address information, and therefore cannot generate a MAP step. [ISS.0092.9019] Warning: Port does not have a location value, port was not generated. Within the <port> element, the <address> element does not specify a value for the location attribute. The location attribute specifies the network address or endpoint for the service. Developer generates a Web service connector, but without the network address, Developer cannot generate a MAP step for this port. The portName MAP step set the binding and address information for a port. In a Web service connector, the BRANCH on '/_port' step contains a child portName MAP step for each <port> associated with the <operation>. [ISS.0092.9020] Error: Operation is not referenced by any binding, Web Service Connector was not created. The WSDL document does not specify a <binding> element for the <operation>. Each <operation> within a <portType> element needs to correspond to an <operation> element within a <binding> element. Without a binding, the WSDL document does not provide any information about how to invoke the Web service. Developer does not generate a Web service connector for the <operation>. [ISS.0092.9021] Error: Input and Output messages missing, invalid operation, Web Service Connector was not created. In the WSDL document, the <operation> element within a <portType> element does not declare an input message or an output message. For Developer to generate a Web service connector for the <operation>, the <operation> element must contain at least one <input> element and at least one <output> element. Developer does not generate a Web service connector for the <operation>. [ISS.0092.9022] Error: Input message missing, Notification operations not supported. Web Service Connector was not created. In the WSDL document, the <operation> element does not declare an input message, but it does declare an output message. In other words, the <operation> element does not contain a child <input> element, but does contain a child <output> element. This structure corresponds to the grammar for a notification operation. Developer does not generate Web service connectors for notification operations.

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[ISS.0092.9023] Error: Output message precedes Input message, Solicit Response operations not supported. Web Service Connector was not created. In the WSDL document, the <operation> element declares an <output> element (output message) before the <input> element (input message). This describes a solicit-response operation. Developer does not generate Web service connectors for solicit-response operations. [ISS.0092.9024] Error: HTTP binding has mime multipart Input. Multipart Input is not supported. Binding was not generated. The <binding> element specifies a multi-part MIME binding for the operation. webMethods Developer does not support this type of binding. Developer generates the Web service connector, but the Web service connector does not contain a SEQUENCE step that corresponds to this binding. In the Web service connector, the BRANCH on '/binding' step contains a child SEQUENCE step for each unique binding associated with an operation. [ISS.0092.9025] Error: HTTP Binding input is of type http:urlReplacement. http:urlReplacement is not supported. Binding was not generated. The <binding> element specifies <http:urlReplacement> as the binding for the operation input. Developer does not support this type of binding for the input message. Developer generates the Web service connector, but the Web service connector does not contain a SEQUENCE step that corresponds to this binding. In the Web service connector, the BRANCH on '/binding' step contains a child SEQUENCE step for each unique binding associated with an operation. [ISS.0092.9026] Error: HTTP Binding input is of an unknown type. Binding was not generated. The input binding specifies an unknown binding type. When the protocol is HTTP POST, the <mime:content> element for the input binding must specify text/xml, text/plain, or application/x-www-form-urlencoded for the type attribute. (The <mime:mimeXml> element is also valid for the input binding.) When the protocol is HTTP GET, the input binding must contain the child element <http:urlEncoded>. Developer generates the Web service connector, but the Web service connector does not contain a SEQUENCE step that corresponds to this binding. (In the Web service connector, the BRANCH on '/binding' step contains a child SEQUENCE step for each unique binding associated with an operation.) [ISS.0092.9027] Error: HTTP Binding output mime parts are missing. Binding was not generated completely. The <binding> element specifies MIME binding for the output message, but the output binding does not specify a message part for the <mime:content> element or the output binding is missing <mime:part> elements.

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Developer generates the Web service connector and generates a SEQUENCE step that corresponds to this binding. (In the Web service connector, the BRANCH on '/binding' step contains a child SEQUENCE step for each unique binding associated with an operation.) However, Developer does not generate a complete binding because the output binding in the WSDL document does not provide the part name information that Developer needs to link the service results to variables in the pipeline. Specifically, the Web service connector does not contain the BRANCH on '/numParts' step for this binding. [ISS.0092.9028] Error: HTTP Binding output mime part is missing its type. Binding was not generated completely. The <binding> element specifies MIME binding for the output message, but the <mime:content> element for the output binding does not specify a value for the type attribute. The type attribute specifies the MIME type. Developer generates the Web service connector and generates a SEQUENCE step that corresponds to this binding. (In the Web service connector, the BRANCH on '/binding' step contains a child SEQUENCE step for each unique binding associated with an operation.) However, Developer does not generate a complete binding because the output binding in the WSDL document does not provide the part name information that Developer needs to link the service results to variables in the pipeline. Specifically, in the Web service connector, the BRANCH on '/loopCount' step does not have a child SEQUENCE step for linking the output message part to the pipeline. [ISS.0092.9029] Warning: Generated Document Type, {IS document type name}, already exists in namespace. The IS document type that Developer generated for the input or output message already exists in the server namespace. Developer will not generate a duplicate IS document type. [ISS.0092.9030] Error: Input does not have a valid message reference, Web Service Connector was not created. Within the <operation> element, the message attribute for the <input> element does not reference a <message> element within the WSDL. Developer cannot find the message specified by the message attribute, or the message attribute does not have a value. Developer does not generate a Web service connector for the <operation>. Note: The message attribute value must be a QName. [ISS.0092.9031] Error: Output does not have a valid message reference, Web Service Connector was not created. Within the <operation> element, the message attribute for the <output> element does not reference a <message> element within the WSDL. Developer cannot find the message specified by the message attribute or the message attribute does not have a value. Developer does not generate a Web service connector for the <operation>.

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Note: The message attribute value must be a QName. [ISS.0092.9032] Error: Invalid schema definition for Input signature. Web Service Connector was not created. The XML Schema definition that contains element declarations or type definitions for the <part> elements in the input message is invalid. Alternatively, the XML Schema definition does not contain the element declarations or type definitions referenced by the <part> elements. Developer does not generate a Web service connector for the <operation>. Note: This error message is usually accompanied by specific IS schema generation errors. For more information about errors that occur when generating an IS schema from an XML Schema, see the webMethods Developer Users Guide. [ISS.0092.9033] Error: Invalid schema definition for Output signature. Web Service Connector was not created. The XML Schema definition that contains element declarations or type definitions for the <part> elements in the output message is invalid. Alternatively, the XML Schema definition does not contain the element declarations or type definitions referenced by the <part> elements. Developer does not generate a Web service connector for the <operation>. Note: This error message is usually accompanied by specific IS schema generation errors. For more information about errors that occur when generating an IS schema from an XML Schema, see the webMethods Developer Users Guide. [ISS.0092.9034] Warning: Found port with an invalid binding reference, the port was not generated. In the WSDL document, a <port> element contains a binding attribute that references a <binding> that does not exist within the WSDL document. Developer cannot find the <binding> element specified by the binding attribute. Developer generates the Web service connector, but does not generate a MAP step for this port. The portName MAP steps set the binding and address information for a port. In a Web service connector, the BRANCH on '/_port' step contains a child portName MAP step for each <port> associated with the <operation>. Note: The binding attribute value must be a QName.

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[ISS.0092.9035] Warning: Found service with no ports. In the WSDL document, a <service> element contains no <port> elements. Developer generates a Web service connector, but if the WSDL document does not contain any <service> elements that provide port and address information for an operation, the Web service connector will be incomplete. [ISS.0092.9036] Error: Could not process document. Found binding with an invalid PortType reference, no Web Service Connectors were created. In a <binding> element, the type attribute specifies a <portType> that does not exist in the WSDL document. Developer does not generate a Web service connector. Note: The type attribute value must be a QName. [ISS.0092.9037] Error: HTTP Binding input type could not be found. Binding was not generated. Developer cannot determine the input MIME type for the HTTP binding. Developer generates the Web service connector, but the Web service connector does not contain a SEQUENCE step that corresponds to this binding. (In the Web service connector, the BRANCH on '/binding' step contains a child SEQUENCE step for each unique binding associated with an operation.) [ISS.0092.9038] Error: Unknown binding style was found, binding was not created. The <binding> element specifies a protocol other than SOAP, HTTP, or MIME. Developer generates the Web service connector, but the Web service connector does not contain a SEQUENCE step that corresponds to this binding. (In the Web service connector, the BRANCH on '/binding' step contains a child SEQUENCE step for each unique binding associated with an operation.) [ISS.0092.9040] Error: PortType name is zero length, Web Service Connector was not created. In the WSDL document, the <portType> element carries the name attribute, but the name attribute does not have a value. Developer does not generate a Web service connector. [ISS.0092.9041] Error: Operation name is zero length, Web Service Connector was not created. In the WSDL document, the <operation> element carries the name attribute, but the name attribute does not have a value. Developer does not generate a Web service connector. [ISS.0092.9043] Error: Schema Error: error text The XML Schema definition that defines the types and elements for the input and/or output message parts is invalid. The schema errors are listed. For information about errors that occur when Integration Server processes an XML Schema definition, see webMethods Developer Users Guide.

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Appendix B Web Service-Related Errors and Warnings

[ISS.0092.9102] fileName: Not a valid web service description document. The file you selected to generate the Web service connector is not a .wsdl or .wsd file. You can only generate Web service connectors from files with a .wsdl or .wsd file name extension. [ITD.0012.0011] Web Service Connector created successfully but with warnings. Developer generated the Web service connector successfully; however, warnings occurred. Click Details on the message dialog box to view the warnings. [ITD.0012.0012] Error occurred while creating Web Service Connector. Developer did not generate a Web service connector. Click Details on the message dialog box to view the errors.

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Index
A
API related documentation 8

G
Generate WSDL command 26 generating WSDL documents describing service signature 35 HTTP GET protocol 46 HTTP POST protocol 46 process overview 14 SOAP Message protocol 34 SOAP RPC protocol 26

B
binding element, in WSDL document 60

C
conventions used in this document program code conventions 7 typographical conventions 6 creating Web service connectors 20 WSDL documents describing service signature 35 HTTP GET protocol 46 HTTP POST protocol 46 process overview 14 SOAP Message protocol 34 SOAP RPC protocol 26

H
HTTP GET protocol input and output signature requirements 47 service requirements for generating WSDL documents 46 specifying for WSDL documents 46 text/xml restrictions 47 URL encoded restrictions 46, 50 HTTP POST protocol input and output signature requirements 47 service requirements for generating WSDL documents 46 specifying for WSDL documents 46 text/xml restrictions 47 URL encoded restrictions 46, 50

D
default SOAP processor, using as directive for WSDL document 26, 34 definitions element, in WSDL document 60 docType folder, for Web service connector 21 documentation printing 9 program code conventions used 7 related manuals 8 typographical conventions used 6 viewing 9

I
input signature describing for WSDL documents 27, 35, 47 HTTP GET requirements 47 HTTP POST requirements 47 SOAP Message requirements 35 SOAP RPC requirements 27

L
local name, definition of 16

E
elements, in a WSDL document 60 errors Web service connector generation 71 WSDL document generation 67

M
message element, in WSDL document 60 messages related to Web services 66

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N
namespace definition of 16 explicit name 16 implicit name 16 in WSDL documents 61 universal name 16

specifying for WSDL documents 26

T
text/xml restrictions, for WSDL documents 47 types element, in WSDL document 60 typographical conventions 6

O
operation element, in WSDL document 60 output signature describing for WSDL documents 27, 35, 47 HTTP GET requirements 47 HTTP POST requirements 47 SOAP Message requirements 35 SOAP RPC requirements 27

U
universal name 16 URL encoded restrictions, for WSDL documents 46, 50

V
viewing this document in PDF format 9

W
warnings Web service connector generation 71 WSDL document generation 67 Web service connector creating 20 definition of 12 example 21 generation errors and warnings 66 supporting elements 21 Web services and WSDL documents 13 definition of 12 description 13 messages related to 66 Web Services Description Language. See WSDL. WSDL documents 35 definition of 13 elements 60 example of 63 generating describing signature with SOAP MSG protocol 35 HTTP GET protocol 46 HTTP POST protocol 46 process overview 14 service requirements 46 SOAP Message protocol 34

P
part element, in WSDL document 60 PDF, viewing 9 port element, in WSDL document 61 portType element, in WSDL document 60 prefix 15 printing this guide 9 program code conventions 7

S
service element, in WSDL document 61 services generating WSDL documents for 14 HTTP GET requirements 46 HTTP POST requirements 46 signature requirements 14 SOAP Message requirements 34 SOAP RPC requirements 26 SOAP Message protocol input and output signature requirements 35 service requirements for default processor 34 specifying for WSDL documents 34 SOAP RPC protocol input and output signature requirements 27 service requirements for default processor 26

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SOAP RPC protocol 26 Web service connectors from 20 generation errors and warnings 66 input signature HTTP GET requirements 47 HTTP POST requirements 47 identically named variables 36, 50, 52 SOAP Message requirements 35 SOAP RPC requirements 27 specifying 35 namespaces 61 output signature HTTP GET requirements 47 HTTP POST requirements 47

identically named variables 36, 50, 52 SOAP Message requirements 35 SOAP RPC requirements 27 specifying 35 using to create Web service connectors 20, 32, 43 using with default SOAP processor 34 Web services 13 WSDL generator, definition of 14

X
XML namespace definition of 15 prefix 15

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