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Battery Configurations | My Mag

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Battery Configurations
2009/12/09 The battery bank must be wired to match the inverters DC input voltage specifications. In addition, the batteries can be wired to provide additional run time. The various wiring configurations are: Series Wiring batteries in series increases the total bank output voltage. This voltage MUST match the DC requirements of the inverter or inverter and/or battery damage may occur. Parallel Wiring the batteries in parallel increases the total run time the batteries can operate the AC loads. The more batteries connected in parallel the longer the loads can be powered from the inverter. Series-Parallel Series-parallel configurations increase both the battery voltage (to match the inverters DC requirements) and runtime for operating the AC loads. This voltage must match the DC requirements of the inverter. Batteries with more than two or three series strings in parallel often exhibit poor performance characteristics and shortened life.

Wiring Batteries in Series


Effect Wiring the batteries in a series configuration increases the voltage of the battery string. Six-volt batteries can be combined to form 12-volt, 24-volt or 48-volt battery banks. In the same way, 12-volt batteries connected in series form 24-volt and 48-volt battery banks. The total current capacity of the bank does not increase and remains the same amp-hour rating as it does for a single battery. Important The voltage must match the DC requirements of the inverter.

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Figure 1 6-volt Battery Wiring Series Configuration

Figure 2 12-volt Battery Wiring Series Configuration

Wiring Batteries in Parallel


Effect Wiring the batteries in a parallel configuration increases the current of the battery string. The voltage of the battery bank remains the same as an individual battery. Parallel configurations extend the run times of the AC loads by providing increased current for the inverter to draw from. In a parallel configuration, all the negative battery terminals are connected together and all the positive battery terminals are connected together.

Figure 3 Battery Wiring in Parallel (Example Only)

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Wiring Batteries in Series-Parallel


Effect Wiring the batteries in a series-parallel configuration increases the current and voltage of the battery bank. Series-parallel wiring is more complicated and care should be taken when wiring these banks. Steps It is done in three steps; wiring the batteries in series, wiring them in parallel, then wiring the string to the inverter.

Series wiring
To wire in series: 1. First wire the batteries in series (voltage adds) with the positive terminal of one battery connected to the negative terminal of the next battery to meet the inverters DC input requirements (48 volts shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5.) 2. Repeat this step for the next battery string. Two identical strings of batteries are now wired in series.

Figure 4 Step 1 Wiring Batteries in Series

Parallel wiring
To wire the batteries in parallel: 1. Connect the positive terminal of the first battery string to the positive terminal of the second battery string. 2. Connect the negative terminal of the first battery string to the negative terminal of the second battery string.

Figure 5 Step 2 Two series strings wiring in Parallel

Connect to inverter
To connect to the inverter: 1. Connect a cable from the positive terminal of the first battery string to the inverters positive DC terminal (via a fused device). 2. Connect the negative terminal of the last battery string to the negative terminal of inverters DC terminal.

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Figure 6 Step 3 Series-Parallel Configuration Wired to the Inverter Battery Connections for Stacked Inverters When using inverters in a stacked configuration, the same battery bank must be used for both inverters. To ensure even charging of the batteries, each inverter must be connected to both strings as shown in Figure 7. In other words, for Inverter 1, connect the positive cable to String 1 and the negative cable to String 2. For Inverter 2, connect the positive cable to String 2 and the negative cable to String 1.).

Figure 7 Battery Connections for Stacked Inverters (24 Vdc configuration shown)
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5 Responses to Battery Configurations


1. auteur on 2010/02/05 at 8:08 pm

Quelques exemples de banque de batteries

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Reply 2. auteur on 2010/02/05 at 8:20 pm

Quelques Documentations en Franais, en Anglais ou en Castellano


FIAMM_LM_spec FIAMM_OPzS manual-castellano HOPPECKE Instruction de montage HOPPECKE Instructions_and_report_English HOPPECKE Notice-utilisation HOPPECKE OPzS_brochure_English HOPPECKE OPzS_manual HOPPECKE OPzS_Brochure_Francais Sunlight OPzS_2v_1000 Sunlight OPzS_leaflet Trojan DeepCycleMaintenance Reply 3. auteur on 2010/03/03 at 12:34 pm

Multiple Battery Bank


Autre accesoire indispensable si lon a plusieurs banque de batteries
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ALTENERGYSTORE (USA) Multiple Battery Bank Charging PathMaker List Price: $200.00 Our Price: $185.00 Model: PATHMAKER-100A-2BANK Brand: Xantrex Our Code: XANBS-100A-2BK List Price: $360.94 Our Price: $360.94 Model: PATHMAKER-250A-3BANK Xantrex Brand: Our Code: XANBS-250A-3BK

Xantrex PathMaker Battery Bank Combiner

PathMaker is a battery combiner that automatically connects 2 or 3 battery banks for simultaneous charging and isolates them during discharge. A toggle switch allows the user to manually parallel battery banks for emergency starting power. For use with 12 or 24-volt systems, PathMaker has user adjustable settings for connect and disconnect.

Product Features
Automatic, high current switch for simultaneous two to three bank charging Connects batteries together when the voltage is sufficiently high and disconnects when voltage drops during discharge No voltage drop in charging voltage Manual connect feature for emergency starts Compatible with all charging sources Convenient front panel LED status indicators User-selectable connect and disconnect voltages Optional Remote Control indicates Off, Auto and Combine One year warranty

Options
Five models available Available in two or three battery bank versions with models at 100, 200, and 250 Amps Specifications Current ratings 100 A: 100 A continuous, 400 A peak 200 A: 200 A continuous, 600 A peak 250 A: 250 A continuous, 1200 A peak Voltage range 7-33 V (24 V assumed if > 18.0 V) Low voltage disconnect range 12.8-13.2 V (x2 for 25 V) Connect voltage range 13.1-13.5 V (x2 for 24 V) High voltage disconnect range 14-16 V (x2 for 24 V) Idle power consumed 0.2-0.35 W at 12 V, 0.4-0.7 W at 24 V Connected power 100 A/2 Bank 5.4 W @ 12 V, 5.8 W @ 24 V 100 A/3 Bank 10.4 W @ 12 V, 10.8 W @ 24 V
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Indicator lights

External control Operating temperature range Remote panel (optional) Dimensions (H x W x D)

Warranty Part number

200 A/2 Bank 4.3 W @ 12 V, 4.7 W @ 24 V 20 A/3 Bank 8.2 W @ 12 V, 8.6 W @ 24 V 250 A/2 Bank 5.2 W @ 12 V, 5.6 W @ 24 V Disabled: Yellow Connected: Green High Voltage Disconnect: Red Wait for Reconnect: Flashing Red User supplied momentary on/off switch -40? F to 149? F (-40? C to 65? C) Flush mount, splashproof front, 25 cable included 100 A: 6.3 x 7.4 x 3.6 200 A: 7.6 x 7.4 x 3.2 250 A: 7.6 x 7.4 x 3.2 One year 84-2051-02 (100 A with 2 battery banks) 84-2051-03 (100 A with 3 battery banks) 84-2052-02 (200 A with 2 battery banks) 84-2052003 (200 A with 3 battery banks) 84-2094-01 (250 A with 2 battery banks) 84-2053-00 (Remote with 25 cable)

Reply 4. auteur on 2010/03/03 at 1:26 pm

Documentation sur les accessoires mentionns


Battery Switch Blue Sea 9003e install Multiple Battery Bank PathMakerXantrex Multiple Battery Bank PathMaker Xantrex User Guide Multiple Battery Bank PathMaker Xantrex Data Sheet Reply 5. Olajide on 2012/01/22 at 5:54 pm very good and nothing hiding Reply

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