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FILES

Files are a logical storage unit that defines the operating system itself and whose meaning is defined by its creator. The files are made internally by a set of logical records. Files are identified by name and extension. Depending on your operating system canintroduce a greater or lesser number of characters to this name.

TYPES OF FILES
1. Text Files ASCII files containing only standard, "Plain text" or plain text (unformatted) in computer jargon. No problems of presentation, although there might be some special characters in the case of ASCII language in a dialect different from ours. Most notable are the filesread.me, lea.me, etc.. All can be opened with a standard word processor (eg WordPadWindows itself). Although not directly representable in its true form (needed for this browser) formatsinclude here the Web (HTML), which are also only ASCII text. Endings are indicated:HTML, HTM, SHTM, SHTML, CHTML, CHTM, ASP, CSS, TXT, TEXT, IIF 2. Audio Files Sound files of various types, there are many "codecs" for these files, but the most common on the Web are: WAV, AU, RA, RAM, AIF, AIFC, AIFF, MID, MIDI, LAM, SND, MP3, VCD, RMI. 3. Image Files Files with static or animated images (non-video), including graphic design formats forCAD ("Computer Aided Design"). In computer uses two basic ways to store images in turn of each there are many variantsare called raster and vector. The raster system consists in decomposing the image into aseries of dots (pixels) like a mosaic, and storing the color and brightness of each ofthese points. Definition naturally gives more story higher the number of points, but cambothat the resulting file is bigger (you have to store more data). This is the kind of image we see on the screen of your monitor (which ultimately showspoints), and is unsuitable for certain manipulations, such as zoom (increase ordecrease). It is easy to understand that increasing a lot the image begins to see thepoints (as if we get too close to a newspaper photo). Among the files of this type arethose ending in GIF, JPG, TIF, JPEG, PNG, BMP, ICO. The formats for viewing Webpages are all like this. In the vector system, each picture element, line, point, polygon, colored area, and so on.is defined by its mathematical properties, so that, for example, a line between two pointscan be defined

as a straight (or type of curve) passing through these points, with a color,thickness and type of stroke (, dash, dots, etc). images are very suitable for technical drawings, including: maps, cartography, architectural design, mechanical design, etc. as well as for certain types of artistic design. It is essential for drawings in which one needs to know the scale, or for whichcalculations are needed. For example, knowing the distance between two points or intersection of two lines. Supports resizing (zoom) with absolute precision. Among thefiles of this type are those ending in DWG, DWF, DXF. 4. Video files With video files for playback on your computer (may include sound) and multimedia in general: MOV, AVI, QT, MPE, MPEG, MPG, ASF. 5. Executable files Files that can be executed directly on the computer, they are really programs, althoughsome have the sole purpose of unpacking some content that is included in the file itself(as in the socalled self-extracting files and compressors). Among the latter are thetermination: EXE, ZIP, ARC, AS, ARJ, LZH, TAR and TGZ. There are also a very specificexecutables, for example, be included in Web pages. These are Java programs andActive-X, for example: CLASS, JAVA, JS, CAB, INF and OCX. Vector

MENU
In computing, a menu is a graphical tool in the web interface and applications that consist of a list of options that can be deployed to show more options or features, and thusaccess the various tools of the application. A menu is a board of options available for the user to choose and activate a particular IT function. In computing, the menus are sets of options or possibilities arise for the typical user for the purpose of allowing you to choose among alternatives and thus perform a function, perform a task, start a program or similar. The menu is intended by nature to facilitate and streamline the user experience with the computer.