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Regional Co-operation Meeting on Gender Equality

ADB - gender equality and climate change

Presentation by: Imrana Jalal Senior Social Development Specialist (Gender) 9-10 May 2012
The views expressed in this paper are the views of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank ADB), or its Board of Governors, or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. The countries listed in this paper do not imply any view on ADB's part as to sovereignty or independent status or necessarily conform to ADB's terminology.

Gender Mainstreaming at ADB

Policy on Gender and Development (1998)

adopts gender mainstreaming as key strategy for promoting gender equality and women's empowerment

Strategy 2020 - "Promoting Gender Equity" as 1 of 5 Drivers of Change

Framework Targets - 40% of overall ADB projects and 50% of ADF financed should be gender mainstreamed at entry level by 2012

Gender Categorization System - 4 tiers

Gender Equity theme Effective Gender Mainstreaming Some Gender Benefits No gender elements

Gender Categorization System


Gender Equity Theme (GEN)

Gender equality and womens empowerment (GEWE) as explicit

project outcome

Directly supports GEWE

2. Effective Gender Mainstreaming (EGM)

GEWE substantially integrated but not explicit outcome

Directly supports EGWE
3. Some Gender Benefits (SGB)

Gender partially integrated and does not meet EGM criteria

Indirectly supports GEWE Gender addressed in mitigation
4. No Gender Elements (NGE)

Gender not integrated in design

Projects with Gender Mainstreaming (2004-2011)

Gender and Climate Change - what does this mean for ADB?

Quality gender analysis essential (links to research) Invest in womens leadership and voice Use of sex-disaggregated data & gender indicators to inform interventions

Respond to gendered needs in projects

Disaster e.g. floods gender-responsive shelters access to information, early warning systems, alternative livelihoods


training/extension on climate change impacts and sustainable agriculture for women farmers; reforestation initiatives targeting women.

involving women in climate mitigation plans, early warning systems, climate change adaptation to involve women in planting and caring for road-side trees

Renewable energy
introduction of women's labor saving technology and affordable energy sources

Opportunities for ADB for Policy and Legislation

Integrate gender concerns into climate change and disaster-risk management legislation Policy and legislation for gender-equal participation in decision-making bodies at all levels Policy and legislation for equal access to and control of resources e.g. land Gender mainstreaming in National Adaptation Plans and Programs of Action Need for gender equality criteria and access for women in climate change-related financing mechanisms Advocacy for improved gender language in global climate change commitments

BAN Secondary Town Integrated Flood Protection Project

a climate conscious and gender equality approach

Objective: To alleviate poverty and provide flood-free and secure living environment in 9 district towns

Comprehensive sex-disaggregated baseline survey data & database Gender design features included in each project output

Employment targeting for poor women in earthworks

Wage parity, facilities & training for women in infrastructure construction & maintenance 100% target for women's employment in tree plantation & routine maintenance Gender-responsive sanitation e.g. toilet design & location Women sanitation motivators & signatories of certificates Formation of Gender and Environment committees Gender-responsive slum development e.g. women-led community development decision-making

Resettlement consultation & compensation for women

GAD training for local government officials

Source: Asian Development Bank. 2011. Gender Equality Bridging the Gap. Manila

ADB and the rights based approach (RBA)

Not an explicit HRBA but an implicit one through:

Inclusive growth agenda principle of equality IPSAs preparation of poverty and social assessment, gender analysis and design PANEL approach throughout

Gender equality designs e.g. TSM quotas for women in projects and resources
Climate change designs Equal labor conditions for men and women

Prohibiting child labor

Resettlement design e.g. equal land titling for women on resettlement These are the tools we use to promote human rights especially economic rights

What can donors do to support gender at MDBs?

For More Information

Please contact Imrana Jalal ( Web site: