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# content outline

## Chapter 1: Descriptive Statistics and Graphical Analysis 1.1

1.1.1

2.2
2.2.1 2.2.2 2.2.3 2.2.4

## Fundamentals of Statistical Inference

Basic Concepts Random Samples Quiz: Fundamentals of Statistical Inference Minitab Tools: Random Sampling

Introduction
Learning Objectives

1.2
1.2.1 1.2.2 1.2.3

Types of Data
Basic Concepts Data Types Quiz: Types of Data

2.3
2.3.1 2.3.2 2.3.3

Sampling Distributions
Basic Concepts Sampling Distribution of the Mean Quiz: Sampling Distributions

1.3
1.3.1 1.3.2 1.3.3 1.3.4 1.3.5 1.3.6 1.3.7 1.3.8 1.3.9 1.3.10 1.3.11 1.3.12 1.3.13 1.3.14 1.3.15 1.3.16 1.3.17

## Using Graphs to Analyze Data

Basic Concepts Bar Charts and Pareto Charts Pie Charts Histograms Dotplots Individual Value Plots Boxplots Time Series Plots Quiz: Using Graphs to Analyze Data Minitab Tools: Bar Chart Minitab Tools: Pie Chart Minitab Tools: Histogram Minitab Tools: Dotplot Minitab Tools: Individual Value Plot Minitab Tools: Boxplot Minitab Tools: Times Series Plot Exercise: Graphical Analysis

2.4
2.4.1 2.4.2 2.4.3 2.4.4 2.4.5 2.4.6

Normal Distribution
Basic Concepts Probabilities Associated with a Normal Distribution Probabilities Associated with the Sample Mean Quiz: Normal Distribution Minitab Tools: Cumulative Probabilities with a Normal Distribution Exercise: Probabilities and Normal Distributions

2.5
2.5.1

Summary
Objectives Review

## Chapter 3: Hypothesis Tests and Confidence Intervals 3.1

3.1.1

Introduction
Learning Objectives

1.4
1.4.1 1.4.2 1.4.3 1.4.4 1.4.5 1.4.6

## Using Statistics to Analyze Data

Basic Concepts Mean and Median Range, Variance, and Standard Deviation Quiz: Using Statistics to Analyze Data Minitab Tools: Display Descriptive Statistics Exercise: Descriptive Statistics

3.2
3.2.1 3.2.2 3.2.3 3.2.4 3.2.5

## Tests and Confidence Intervals

Confidence Intervals Hypothesis Testing Using Hypothesis Testing to Make Decisions Type I and Type II Errors and Power Quiz: Tests and Confidence Intervals

1.5
1.5.1

Summary
Objectives Review

3.3
3.3.1 3.3.2 3.3.3 3.3.4 3.3.5 3.3.6 3.3.7

1-Sample t-Test
Basic Concepts Individual Value Plots 1-Sample t-Test Results Assumptions Quiz: 1-Sample t-Test Minitab Tools: 1-Sample t-Test Exercise: 1-Sample t-Test

## Chapter 2: Statistical Inference 2.1

2.1.1

Introduction
Learning Objectives

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3.4
3.4.1 3.4.2 3.4.3 3.4.4 3.4.5 3.4.6 3.4.7

2 Variances Test
Basic Concepts Boxplots 2 Variances Test Results Assumptions Quiz: 2 Variances Test Minitab Tools: 2 Variances Test Exercise: 2 Variances Test

4.2
4.2.1 4.2.2 4.2.3

## Statistical Process Control

Basic Concepts Patterns in Control Charts Quiz: Statistical Process Control

4.3
4.3.1 4.3.2 4.3.3 4.3.4 4.3.5 4.3.6 4.3.7

## Control Charts for Variables Data in Subgroups

Basic Concepts R Charts S Charts Xbar Charts Quiz: Control Charts for Variables Data in Subgroups Minitab Tools: Xbar-R Chart Exercise: Xbar-R Chart

3.5
3.5.1 3.5.2 3.5.3 3.5.4 3.5.5 3.5.6 3.5.7

2-Sample t-Test
Basic Concepts Individual Value Plot 2-Sample t-Test Results Assumptions Quiz: 2-Sample t-Test Minitab Tools: 2-Sample t-Test Exercise: 2-Sample t-Test

4.4
4.4.1 4.4.2 4.4.3 4.4.4 4.4.5 4.4.6

## Control Charts for Individual Observations

Basic Concepts Moving Range Charts Individuals Charts Quiz: Control Charts for Individual Observations Minitab Tools: I-MR Chart Exercise: I-MR Chart

3.6
3.6.1 3.6.2 3.6.3 3.6.4 3.6.5 3.6.6 3.6.7

Paired t-Test
Basic Concepts Individual Value Plots Paired t-Test Results Assumptions Quiz: Paired t-Test Minitab Tools: Paired t-Test Exercise: Paired t-Test

4.5
4.5.1 4.5.2 4.5.3 4.5.4 4.5.5 4.5.6

## Control Charts for Attribute Data

Basic Concepts NP and P Charts C and U Charts Quiz: Control Charts for Attributes Data Minitab Tools: P Chart Exercise: P Chart

3.7
3.7.1 3.7.2 3.7.3 3.7.4 3.7.5 3.7.6

1 Proportion Test
Basic Concepts 1 Proportion Test Results Assumptions Quiz: 1 Proportion Test Minitab Tools: 1 Proportion Test Exercise: 1 Proportion Test

4.6
4.6.1

Summary
Objectives Review

3.8
3.8.1 3.8.2 3.8.3 3.8.4 3.8.5 3.8.6

2 Proportions Test
Basic Concepts 2 Proportions Test Results Assumptions Quiz: 2 Proportions Test Minitab Tools: 2 Proportions Test Exercise: 2 Proportions Test

## Chapter 5: Process Capability 5.1

5.1.1

Introduction
Learning Objectives

5.2
5.2.1 5.2.2 5.2.3 5.2.4 5.2.5 5.2.6

## Process Capability for Normal Data

Basic Concepts Assumptions Testing for Normality Quiz: Process Capability for Normal Data Minitab Tools: Normality Test Exercise: Assumptions for Process Capability

3.9
3.9.1 3.9.2 3.9.3 3.9.4 3.9.5 3.9.6

Chi-Square Test
Basic Concepts Chi-Square Test Results Assumptions Quiz: Chi-Square Test Minitab Tools: Chi-Square Test Exercise: Chi-Square Test

3.10

Summary

5.3
5.3.1 5.3.2 5.3.3 5.3.4 5.3.5 5.3.6 5.3.7

Capability Indices
Potential Capability: Cp and Cpk Process Performance: Pp and Ppk Sigma Level Quiz: Capability Indices Minitab Tools: Cp and Pp Minitab Tools: Sigma Level Exercise: Process Capability for Normal Data

## Chapter 4: Control Charts 4.1

4.1.1

Introduction
Learning Objectives

5.4
5.4.1 5.4.2 5.4.3 5.4.4 5.4.5

## Process Capability for Nonnormal Data

7.2
7.2.1 7.2.2 7.2.3 7.2.4 7.2.5 7.2.6 7.2.7

## Relationship Between Two Quantitative Variables

Basic Concepts Scatterplot Correlation Quiz: Relationship Between Two Quantitative Variables Minitab Tools: Scatterplot Minitab Tools: Correlation Exercise: Scatterplots and Correlation

Transformations and Alternate Distributions Box-Cox Transformation Johnson Transformation Alternate Distributions Quiz: Process Capability for Nonormal Data 5.4.6 Minitab Tools: Box-Cox Transformation 5.4.7 Minitab Tools: Johnson Transformation 5.4.8 Minitab Tools: Capability Analysis with Johnson Transformation 5.4.9 Minitab Tools: Alternate Distributions 5.4.10 Minitab Tools: Capability Analysis with Alternate Distributions 5.4.11 Exercise: Process Capability with Data Tranformations 5.4.12 Exercise: Process Capability with Alternate Distributions

7.3
7.3.1 7.3.2 7.3.3 7.3.4 7.3.5 7.3.6 7.3.7

Simple Regression
Basic Concepts Regression Hypothesis Tests and R 2 Assumptions and Residual Plots Quiz: Simple Regression Minitab Tools: Simple Regression Exercise: Simple Regression

5.5
5.5.1

Summary
Objectives Review

7.4
7.4.1

Summary
Objectives Review

## Chapter 6: Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) 6.1

6.1.1

Introduction
Learning Objectives

## Chapter 8: Measurement Systems Analysis 8.1

8.1.1

Introduction
Learning Objectives

6.2
6.2.1 6.2.2 6.2.3

Fundamentals of ANOVA
Basic Concepts Graphs and Summary Statistics Quiz: Fundamentals of ANOVA

8.2
8.2.1 8.2.2 8.2.3 8.2.4 8.2.5

## Fundamentals of Measurement Systems Analysis

Basic Concepts Accuracy Precision Comparing Accuracy and Precision Quiz: Fundamentals of Measurement Systems Analysis

6.3
6.3.1 6.3.2 6.3.3 6.3.4 6.3.5 6.3.6 6.3.7

One-Way ANOVA
Hypothesis Tests F-Statistics and P-Values Multiple Comparisons Assumptions and Residual Plots Quiz: One-Way ANOVA Minitab Tools: One-Way ANOVA Exercise: One-Way ANOVA

8.3
8.3.1 8.3.2 8.3.3

## Repeatability and Reproducibility

Basic Concepts Gage R&R Studies Quiz: Repeatability and Reproducibility

6.4
6.4.1 6.4.2 6.4.3 6.4.4 6.4.5 6.4.6 6.4.7 6.4.8

Two-Way ANOVA
Basic Concepts Graphs Hypothesis Tests F-Statistics and P-Values Assumptions and Residual Plots Quiz: Two-Way ANOVA Minitab Tools: Two-Way ANOVA Exercise: Two-Way ANOVA

8.4
8.4.1 8.4.2 8.4.3 8.4.4 8.4.5 8.4.6 8.4.7

6.5
6.5.1

Summary
Summary of ANOVA

## Chapter 7: Correlation and Regression 7.1

7.1.1

Basic Concepts Components of Variation Xbar and R Charts Interaction between Operator and Part Comparative Plots Gage Run Charts Quiz: Graphical Analysis of a Gage R&R Study 8.4.8 Minitab Tools: Crossed Gage R&R Study 8.4.9 Minitab Tools: Gage Run Chart 8.4.10 Exercise: Graphical Analysis of a Gage R&R Study

Introduction
Learning Objectives

8.5
8.5.1 8.5.2 8.5.3 8.5.4 8.5.5

Variation
Standard Deviation and Study Variation Tolerance Process Variation Quiz: Variation Exercise: Numerical Analysis of a Gage R&R Study

## 9.2.4 9.2.5 9.2.6 9.2.7 9.2.8

Quiz: Factorial Designs Minitab Tools: Create a Full Factorial Design Minitab Tools: Analyze a Full Factorial Design Exercise: Create a Full Factorial Design Exercise: Analyze a Full Factorial Design

8.6
8.6.1 8.6.2 8.6.3 8.6.4

## ANOVA with a Gage R&R Study

Variance Components Analysis of Variance Tables Quiz: ANOVA with a Gage R&R Study Exercise: ANOVA Output for a Gage R&R Study

9.3
9.3.1 9.3.2 9.3.3 9.3.4 9.3.5 9.3.6 9.3.7 9.3.8

## Blocking and Incorporating Center Points

Blocking Center Points Analyzing Designs with Blocks and Center Points Quiz: Blocking and Incorporating Center Points Minitab Tools: Create a Factorial Design with Blocks and Center Points Minitab Tools: Analyze a Factorial Design with Blocks and Center Points Exercise: Create a Factorial Design with Blocks and Center Points Exercise: Analyze a Factorial Design with Blocks and Center Points

8.7
8.7.1 8.7.2 8.7.3 8.7.4 8.7.5 8.7.6

## Gage Linearity and Bias Study

Basic Concepts Gage Linearity Gage Bias Quiz: Gage Linearity and Bias Study Minitab Tools: Gage Linearity and Bias Study Exercise: Gage Linearity and Bias Study

8.8
8.8.1 8.8.2 8.8.3 8.8.4 8.8.5 8.8.6 8.8.7 8.8.8 8.8.9

## Attribute Agreement Analysis

Basic Concepts Binary Data Nominal Data Ordinal Data Quiz: Attribute Agreement Analysis Minitab Tools: Attribute Agreement Analysis with Binary Data Minitab Tools: Attribute Agreement Analysis with Nominal Data Minitab Tools: Attribute Agreement Analysis with Ordinal Data Exercise: Attribute Agreement Analysis

9.4
9.4.1 9.4.2 9.4.3 9.4.4 9.4.5 9.4.6

## Fractional Factorial Designs

Basic Concepts Creating Fractional Factorial Designs Analyzing Fractional Factorial Designs Quiz: Fractional Factorial Designs Minitab Tools: Create a Fractional Factorial Design Minitab Tools: Analyze a Fractional Factorial Design

9.5
9.5.1 9.5.2 9.5.3 9.5.4

Response Optimization
Response Optimization Quiz: Response Optimization Minitab Tools: Response Optimization Exercise: Response Optimization

8.9
8.9.1

Summary
Objectives Review

## Chapter 9: Design of Experiments 9.1

9.1.1

9.6
9.6.1

Summary
Objectives Review

Introduction
Learning Objectives

9.2
9.2.1 9.2.2 9.2.3

Factorial Designs
Basic Concepts Creating Full Factorial Designs Analyzing Full Factorial Designs

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