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Chapter 1: Descriptive Statistics and Graphical Analysis 1.1


1.1.1

2.2
2.2.1 2.2.2 2.2.3 2.2.4

Fundamentals of Statistical Inference


Basic Concepts Random Samples Quiz: Fundamentals of Statistical Inference Minitab Tools: Random Sampling

Introduction
Learning Objectives

1.2
1.2.1 1.2.2 1.2.3

Types of Data
Basic Concepts Data Types Quiz: Types of Data

2.3
2.3.1 2.3.2 2.3.3

Sampling Distributions
Basic Concepts Sampling Distribution of the Mean Quiz: Sampling Distributions

1.3
1.3.1 1.3.2 1.3.3 1.3.4 1.3.5 1.3.6 1.3.7 1.3.8 1.3.9 1.3.10 1.3.11 1.3.12 1.3.13 1.3.14 1.3.15 1.3.16 1.3.17

Using Graphs to Analyze Data


Basic Concepts Bar Charts and Pareto Charts Pie Charts Histograms Dotplots Individual Value Plots Boxplots Time Series Plots Quiz: Using Graphs to Analyze Data Minitab Tools: Bar Chart Minitab Tools: Pie Chart Minitab Tools: Histogram Minitab Tools: Dotplot Minitab Tools: Individual Value Plot Minitab Tools: Boxplot Minitab Tools: Times Series Plot Exercise: Graphical Analysis

2.4
2.4.1 2.4.2 2.4.3 2.4.4 2.4.5 2.4.6

Normal Distribution
Basic Concepts Probabilities Associated with a Normal Distribution Probabilities Associated with the Sample Mean Quiz: Normal Distribution Minitab Tools: Cumulative Probabilities with a Normal Distribution Exercise: Probabilities and Normal Distributions

2.5
2.5.1

Summary
Objectives Review

Chapter 3: Hypothesis Tests and Confidence Intervals 3.1


3.1.1

Introduction
Learning Objectives

1.4
1.4.1 1.4.2 1.4.3 1.4.4 1.4.5 1.4.6

Using Statistics to Analyze Data


Basic Concepts Mean and Median Range, Variance, and Standard Deviation Quiz: Using Statistics to Analyze Data Minitab Tools: Display Descriptive Statistics Exercise: Descriptive Statistics

3.2
3.2.1 3.2.2 3.2.3 3.2.4 3.2.5

Tests and Confidence Intervals


Confidence Intervals Hypothesis Testing Using Hypothesis Testing to Make Decisions Type I and Type II Errors and Power Quiz: Tests and Confidence Intervals

1.5
1.5.1

Summary
Objectives Review

3.3
3.3.1 3.3.2 3.3.3 3.3.4 3.3.5 3.3.6 3.3.7

1-Sample t-Test
Basic Concepts Individual Value Plots 1-Sample t-Test Results Assumptions Quiz: 1-Sample t-Test Minitab Tools: 1-Sample t-Test Exercise: 1-Sample t-Test

Chapter 2: Statistical Inference 2.1


2.1.1

Introduction
Learning Objectives

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3.4
3.4.1 3.4.2 3.4.3 3.4.4 3.4.5 3.4.6 3.4.7

2 Variances Test
Basic Concepts Boxplots 2 Variances Test Results Assumptions Quiz: 2 Variances Test Minitab Tools: 2 Variances Test Exercise: 2 Variances Test

4.2
4.2.1 4.2.2 4.2.3

Statistical Process Control


Basic Concepts Patterns in Control Charts Quiz: Statistical Process Control

4.3
4.3.1 4.3.2 4.3.3 4.3.4 4.3.5 4.3.6 4.3.7

Control Charts for Variables Data in Subgroups


Basic Concepts R Charts S Charts Xbar Charts Quiz: Control Charts for Variables Data in Subgroups Minitab Tools: Xbar-R Chart Exercise: Xbar-R Chart

3.5
3.5.1 3.5.2 3.5.3 3.5.4 3.5.5 3.5.6 3.5.7

2-Sample t-Test
Basic Concepts Individual Value Plot 2-Sample t-Test Results Assumptions Quiz: 2-Sample t-Test Minitab Tools: 2-Sample t-Test Exercise: 2-Sample t-Test

4.4
4.4.1 4.4.2 4.4.3 4.4.4 4.4.5 4.4.6

Control Charts for Individual Observations


Basic Concepts Moving Range Charts Individuals Charts Quiz: Control Charts for Individual Observations Minitab Tools: I-MR Chart Exercise: I-MR Chart

3.6
3.6.1 3.6.2 3.6.3 3.6.4 3.6.5 3.6.6 3.6.7

Paired t-Test
Basic Concepts Individual Value Plots Paired t-Test Results Assumptions Quiz: Paired t-Test Minitab Tools: Paired t-Test Exercise: Paired t-Test

4.5
4.5.1 4.5.2 4.5.3 4.5.4 4.5.5 4.5.6

Control Charts for Attribute Data


Basic Concepts NP and P Charts C and U Charts Quiz: Control Charts for Attributes Data Minitab Tools: P Chart Exercise: P Chart

3.7
3.7.1 3.7.2 3.7.3 3.7.4 3.7.5 3.7.6

1 Proportion Test
Basic Concepts 1 Proportion Test Results Assumptions Quiz: 1 Proportion Test Minitab Tools: 1 Proportion Test Exercise: 1 Proportion Test

4.6
4.6.1

Summary
Objectives Review

3.8
3.8.1 3.8.2 3.8.3 3.8.4 3.8.5 3.8.6

2 Proportions Test
Basic Concepts 2 Proportions Test Results Assumptions Quiz: 2 Proportions Test Minitab Tools: 2 Proportions Test Exercise: 2 Proportions Test

Chapter 5: Process Capability 5.1


5.1.1

Introduction
Learning Objectives

5.2
5.2.1 5.2.2 5.2.3 5.2.4 5.2.5 5.2.6

Process Capability for Normal Data


Basic Concepts Assumptions Testing for Normality Quiz: Process Capability for Normal Data Minitab Tools: Normality Test Exercise: Assumptions for Process Capability

3.9
3.9.1 3.9.2 3.9.3 3.9.4 3.9.5 3.9.6

Chi-Square Test
Basic Concepts Chi-Square Test Results Assumptions Quiz: Chi-Square Test Minitab Tools: Chi-Square Test Exercise: Chi-Square Test

3.10

Summary

5.3
5.3.1 5.3.2 5.3.3 5.3.4 5.3.5 5.3.6 5.3.7

Capability Indices
Potential Capability: Cp and Cpk Process Performance: Pp and Ppk Sigma Level Quiz: Capability Indices Minitab Tools: Cp and Pp Minitab Tools: Sigma Level Exercise: Process Capability for Normal Data

3.10.1 Objectives Review

Chapter 4: Control Charts 4.1


4.1.1

Introduction
Learning Objectives

5.4
5.4.1 5.4.2 5.4.3 5.4.4 5.4.5

Process Capability for Nonnormal Data

7.2
7.2.1 7.2.2 7.2.3 7.2.4 7.2.5 7.2.6 7.2.7

Relationship Between Two Quantitative Variables


Basic Concepts Scatterplot Correlation Quiz: Relationship Between Two Quantitative Variables Minitab Tools: Scatterplot Minitab Tools: Correlation Exercise: Scatterplots and Correlation

Transformations and Alternate Distributions Box-Cox Transformation Johnson Transformation Alternate Distributions Quiz: Process Capability for Nonormal Data 5.4.6 Minitab Tools: Box-Cox Transformation 5.4.7 Minitab Tools: Johnson Transformation 5.4.8 Minitab Tools: Capability Analysis with Johnson Transformation 5.4.9 Minitab Tools: Alternate Distributions 5.4.10 Minitab Tools: Capability Analysis with Alternate Distributions 5.4.11 Exercise: Process Capability with Data Tranformations 5.4.12 Exercise: Process Capability with Alternate Distributions

7.3
7.3.1 7.3.2 7.3.3 7.3.4 7.3.5 7.3.6 7.3.7

Simple Regression
Basic Concepts Regression Hypothesis Tests and R 2 Assumptions and Residual Plots Quiz: Simple Regression Minitab Tools: Simple Regression Exercise: Simple Regression

5.5
5.5.1

Summary
Objectives Review

7.4
7.4.1

Summary
Objectives Review

Chapter 6: Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) 6.1


6.1.1

Introduction
Learning Objectives

Chapter 8: Measurement Systems Analysis 8.1


8.1.1

Introduction
Learning Objectives

6.2
6.2.1 6.2.2 6.2.3

Fundamentals of ANOVA
Basic Concepts Graphs and Summary Statistics Quiz: Fundamentals of ANOVA

8.2
8.2.1 8.2.2 8.2.3 8.2.4 8.2.5

Fundamentals of Measurement Systems Analysis


Basic Concepts Accuracy Precision Comparing Accuracy and Precision Quiz: Fundamentals of Measurement Systems Analysis

6.3
6.3.1 6.3.2 6.3.3 6.3.4 6.3.5 6.3.6 6.3.7

One-Way ANOVA
Hypothesis Tests F-Statistics and P-Values Multiple Comparisons Assumptions and Residual Plots Quiz: One-Way ANOVA Minitab Tools: One-Way ANOVA Exercise: One-Way ANOVA

8.3
8.3.1 8.3.2 8.3.3

Repeatability and Reproducibility


Basic Concepts Gage R&R Studies Quiz: Repeatability and Reproducibility

6.4
6.4.1 6.4.2 6.4.3 6.4.4 6.4.5 6.4.6 6.4.7 6.4.8

Two-Way ANOVA
Basic Concepts Graphs Hypothesis Tests F-Statistics and P-Values Assumptions and Residual Plots Quiz: Two-Way ANOVA Minitab Tools: Two-Way ANOVA Exercise: Two-Way ANOVA

8.4
8.4.1 8.4.2 8.4.3 8.4.4 8.4.5 8.4.6 8.4.7

Graphical Analysis of a Gage R&R Study

6.5
6.5.1

Summary
Summary of ANOVA

Chapter 7: Correlation and Regression 7.1


7.1.1

Basic Concepts Components of Variation Xbar and R Charts Interaction between Operator and Part Comparative Plots Gage Run Charts Quiz: Graphical Analysis of a Gage R&R Study 8.4.8 Minitab Tools: Crossed Gage R&R Study 8.4.9 Minitab Tools: Gage Run Chart 8.4.10 Exercise: Graphical Analysis of a Gage R&R Study

Introduction
Learning Objectives

8.5
8.5.1 8.5.2 8.5.3 8.5.4 8.5.5

Variation
Standard Deviation and Study Variation Tolerance Process Variation Quiz: Variation Exercise: Numerical Analysis of a Gage R&R Study

9.2.4 9.2.5 9.2.6 9.2.7 9.2.8

Quiz: Factorial Designs Minitab Tools: Create a Full Factorial Design Minitab Tools: Analyze a Full Factorial Design Exercise: Create a Full Factorial Design Exercise: Analyze a Full Factorial Design

8.6
8.6.1 8.6.2 8.6.3 8.6.4

ANOVA with a Gage R&R Study


Variance Components Analysis of Variance Tables Quiz: ANOVA with a Gage R&R Study Exercise: ANOVA Output for a Gage R&R Study

9.3
9.3.1 9.3.2 9.3.3 9.3.4 9.3.5 9.3.6 9.3.7 9.3.8

Blocking and Incorporating Center Points


Blocking Center Points Analyzing Designs with Blocks and Center Points Quiz: Blocking and Incorporating Center Points Minitab Tools: Create a Factorial Design with Blocks and Center Points Minitab Tools: Analyze a Factorial Design with Blocks and Center Points Exercise: Create a Factorial Design with Blocks and Center Points Exercise: Analyze a Factorial Design with Blocks and Center Points

8.7
8.7.1 8.7.2 8.7.3 8.7.4 8.7.5 8.7.6

Gage Linearity and Bias Study


Basic Concepts Gage Linearity Gage Bias Quiz: Gage Linearity and Bias Study Minitab Tools: Gage Linearity and Bias Study Exercise: Gage Linearity and Bias Study

8.8
8.8.1 8.8.2 8.8.3 8.8.4 8.8.5 8.8.6 8.8.7 8.8.8 8.8.9

Attribute Agreement Analysis


Basic Concepts Binary Data Nominal Data Ordinal Data Quiz: Attribute Agreement Analysis Minitab Tools: Attribute Agreement Analysis with Binary Data Minitab Tools: Attribute Agreement Analysis with Nominal Data Minitab Tools: Attribute Agreement Analysis with Ordinal Data Exercise: Attribute Agreement Analysis

9.4
9.4.1 9.4.2 9.4.3 9.4.4 9.4.5 9.4.6

Fractional Factorial Designs


Basic Concepts Creating Fractional Factorial Designs Analyzing Fractional Factorial Designs Quiz: Fractional Factorial Designs Minitab Tools: Create a Fractional Factorial Design Minitab Tools: Analyze a Fractional Factorial Design

9.5
9.5.1 9.5.2 9.5.3 9.5.4

Response Optimization
Response Optimization Quiz: Response Optimization Minitab Tools: Response Optimization Exercise: Response Optimization

8.9
8.9.1

Summary
Objectives Review

Chapter 9: Design of Experiments 9.1


9.1.1

9.6
9.6.1

Summary
Objectives Review

Introduction
Learning Objectives

9.2
9.2.1 9.2.2 9.2.3

Factorial Designs
Basic Concepts Creating Full Factorial Designs Analyzing Full Factorial Designs

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