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A MERICAS A RMY: THE STRENGTH OF THE NATION TM

2010
Weapon Systems
Dear Reader:
We work for the Soldier. To make the Army Strong we make Soldiers Strong.
Our mission, in its broadest terms, is to equip and sustain the worlds most capable,
powerful, and respected Army. Our top priority is to provide Warfighters with
thedecisive edge.

This handbook describes how we are accomplishing our mission. It is designed to


promote greater understanding of our major acquisition programs. It describes what
each is designed to achieve; summarizes program schedules; and offers information
regarding contractors, teaming arrangements, technical maturity, international
sales, and critical interdependencies with other systems. It augments several key
publications which characterize the strategic context for the work we do, which
include our Army Posture Statement, our Modernization Strategy, and our Science and
Technology Master Plan.

As you review this guide and these documents, and visit our organizations and
displays, you will see firsthand the strategic relevance, complexity, innovation,
and interconnectedness of the products and systems that we are delivering. As the
Army recapitalizes and modernizes its capabilitieswhile simultaneously investing
in new technologies and improving our acquisition processes to better support our
Warfighterswe will continue to depend upon the support and cooperation which
results from strong relationships with the Department of Defense, the Congress,
and vital strategic partners such as the U.S. Army Materiel Command and its
subordinatecommands.

By providing our Warfighters with the most technologically advanced and sustainable
platforms and systems, as you will see in this guide, we are underwriting their
ability to meet current and emerging threats with confidence. We will continue to
demonstrate the leadership, managerial excellence, innovation, and commitment to
continuous improvement needed to meet this challenge.

N. Ross Thompson III Dean G. Popps


Lieutenant General, U.S. Army Acting Assistant Secretary of the Army
Principal Military Deputy to the (Acquisition, Logistics and Technology)
Assistant Secretary of the Army
(Acquisition, Logistics and Technology)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


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Table of Contents
How to Use this Book.............................................................................................VI Chemical Biological Protective Shelter (CBPS).......................................................60
About the 2010 Edition.........................................................................................VII Chemical Demilitarization.....................................................................................62
Chinook/CH-47 Improved Cargo Helicopter (ICH)...................................................64
Introduction.......................................................................................................1 Close Combat Tactical Trainer (CCTT)...................................................................66
Combat Service Support Communications (CSS Comms).......................................68
Weapon Systems.............................................................................................13 Command Post Systems and Integration (CPS&I)...................................................70
2.75" Family of Rockets........................................................................................ 14 Common Hardware Systems (CHS).......................................................................72
Abrams Upgrade...................................................................................................16 Common Remotely Operated Weapon Station (CROWS)......................................... 74
AcqBusiness........................................................................................................ 18 Counter-Rocket, Artillery and Mortar (C-RAM).......................................................76
Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System (AFATDS)........................................20 Countermine........................................................................................................78
Aerial Common Sensor (ACS)................................................................................22 Defense Enterprise Wideband SATCOM Systems (DEWSS).....................................80
Air Warrior (AW)...................................................................................................24 Distributed Common Ground System (DCGSArmy)...............................................82
Air/Missile Defense Planning and Control System (AMDPCS).................................26 Distributed Learning System (DLS).......................................................................84
Airborne Reconnaissance Low (ARL).....................................................................28 Dry Support Bridge (DSB).....................................................................................86
All Terrain Lifter Army System (ATLAS).................................................................30 Early Infantry Brigade Combat Team (E-IBCT) Capabilities.....................................88
Armored Knight ...................................................................................................32 Excalibur (XM982)................................................................................................92
Armored Security Vehicle (ASV)............................................................................34 Extended Range Multipurpose (ERMP) Unmanned AircraftSystem (UAS)................94
Army Key Management System (AKMS)................................................................36 Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV)...........................................................96
Artillery Ammunition.............................................................................................38 Fixed Wing...........................................................................................................98
Aviation Combined Arms Tactical Trainer (AVCATT)................................................40 Force Protection Systems...................................................................................100
Battle Command Sustainment Support System (BCS3)..........................................42 Force Provider (FP)............................................................................................. 102
Biometric Enterprise Core Capability (BECC) . .......................................................44 Force XXI Battle Command Brigade-and-Below (FBCB2)......................................104
Biometric Family of Capabilities for Full Spectrum Operations (BFCFSO).................46 Forward Area Air Defense Command and Control (FAAD C2)................................106
Black Hawk/UH-60...............................................................................................48 Future Tank Main Gun Ammunition...................................................................... 108
Bradley Upgrade . ................................................................................................50 General Fund Enterprise Business Systems (GFEBS)............................................ 110
Calibration Sets Equipment (CALSETS)..................................................................52 Global Combat Support SystemArmy (GCSSArmy)........................................... 112
Chemical Biological Medical SystemsDiagnostics................................................54 Global Command and Control SystemArmy (GCCSA)........................................ 114
Chemical Biological Medical SystemsProphylaxis................................................56 Ground Soldier System (GSS).............................................................................. 116
Chemical Biological Medical SystemsTherapeutics..............................................58 Guardrail Common Sensor (GR/CS)..................................................................... 118

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Guided Multiple Launch Rocket System (GMLRS)................................................. 120 Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV)....................................................................... 174
Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical Truck (HEMTT)/ Joint Nuclear Biological Chemical Reconnaissance System (JNBCRS).................. 176
HEMTTExtendedServiceProgram(ESP)............................................................. 122 Joint Precision Airdrop System (JPADS).............................................................. 178
Heavy Loader..................................................................................................... 124 Joint Service General Purpose Mask (JSGPM)..................................................... 180
HELLFIRE Family of Missiles............................................................................... 126 Joint Service Personnel/Skin Decontamination System (JSPDS)........................... 182
Helmet Mounted Enhanced Vision Devices........................................................... 128 Joint Service Transportable Decontamination System (JSTDS) Small Scale (SS).184
High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS).................................................. 130 Joint Tactical Ground Stations (JTAGS)................................................................ 186
High Mobility Engineer Excavator (HMEE)............................................................ 132 Joint Tactical Radio System Airborne, Maritime/Fixed Station (JTRS AMF)........... 188
High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV)........................................ 134 Joint Tactical Radio System Ground Mobile Radios (JTRS GMR)........................... 190
Improved Ribbon Bridge (IRB)............................................................................. 136 Joint Tactical Radio System Handheld, Manpack, andSmallFormFit
Improved Target Acquisition System (ITAS).......................................................... 138 (JTRSHMS) .................................................................................................... 192
Installation Protection Program (IPP) Family of Systems....................................... 140 Joint Tactical Radio System Network Enterprise Domain (JTRSNED).................... 194
InstrumentableMultiple Integrated Laser Engagement System (IMILES)........... 142 Joint Warning and Reporting Network (JWARN)................................................... 196
Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD) .........................................................144 Kiowa Warrior.................................................................................................... 198
Integrated Family of Test Equipment (IFTE).......................................................... 146 Light Tactical Trailer (LTT)..................................................................................200
Interceptor Body Armor....................................................................................... 148 Light Utility Helicopter (LUH)/UH-72A Lakota.......................................................202
Javelin............................................................................................................... 150 Lightweight 155mm Howitzer (LW155)................................................................204
Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM)..................................................................... 152 Lightweight .50 cal Machine Gun........................................................................206
Joint Biological Point Detection System (JBPDS)................................................. 154 Lightweight Laser Designator Range Finder (LLDR).............................................208
Joint Biological Standoff Detection System (JBSDS)............................................ 156 Line Haul Tractor................................................................................................ 210
Joint Cargo Aircraft (JCA)................................................................................... 158 Load Handling System Compatible Water Tank Rack (Hippo)................................ 212
Joint Chem/Bio Coverall for Combat Vehicle Crewman (JC3)................................160 Longbow Apache................................................................................................ 214
Joint Chemical Agent Detector (JCAD)................................................................. 162 Maneuver Control System (MCS) ....................................................................... 216
Joint Chemical Biological Radiological Agent Water Monitor (JCBRAWM)..............164 Medical Communications for Combat Casualty Care (MC4).................................. 218
Joint Effects Model (JEM)...................................................................................166 Medical Simulation Training Center (MSTC).........................................................220
Joint High Speed Vessel (JHSV)..........................................................................168 Medium Caliber Ammunition...............................................................................222
Joint Land Attack Cruise Missile Defense Elevated NettedSensorSystem Medium Extended Air Defense System (MEADS)..................................................224
(JLENS) ............................................................................................................ 170 Meteorological Measuring SetProfiler (MMSP).................................................226
Joint Land Component Constructive Training Capability (JLCCTC)........................ 172 Mine Protection Vehicle Family (MPVF)................................................................228

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


IV

Table of Contents
Mine Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicles (MRAP).............................................230 Spider................................................................................................................286
Mobile Maintenance Equipment Systems (MMES)................................................232 Stryker . ............................................................................................................288
Modular Fuel System (MFS) ...............................................................................234 Surface Launched Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile (SLAMRAAM).......290
Mortar Systems..................................................................................................236 Shadow Tactical Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (TUAV)................................................292
Mounted Soldier.................................................................................................238 Tactical Electric Power (TEP)..............................................................................294
Movement Tracking System (MTS)......................................................................240 Tank Ammunition................................................................................................296
Multifunctional Information Distribution System (MIDS) Test Equipment Modernization (TEMOD)..............................................................298
JointTacticalRadioSystem(JTRS) ....................................................................242 Thermal Weapon Sight........................................................................................300
Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) M270A1.................................................244 Transportation Coordinators Automated Information for Movement System II
NAVSTAR Global Positioning System (GPS) . .......................................................246 (TC-AIMS II).......................................................................................................302
Non-Intrusive Inspection (NII) Systems................................................................248 Tube-Launched, Optically-Tracked, Wire-Guided (TOW) Missiles..........................304
Non Line of SightLaunch System (NLOSLS).....................................................250 Unit Water Pod System (Camel) . ........................................................................306
Nuclear Biological Chemical Reconnaissance Vehicle (NBCRV) Stryker................252 Warfighter Information NetworkTactical (WINT) Increment 1............................308
One Semi-Automated Forces (OneSAF)...............................................................254 Warfighter Information NetworkTactical (WINT) Increment 2............................ 310
Paladin/Field Artillery Ammunition Supply Vehicle (FAASV)..................................256 Warfighter Information NetworkTactical (WINT) Increment 3............................ 312
Palletized Load System (PLS) and PLS Extended Service Program (ESP)..............258 Weapons of Mass Destruction Elimination........................................................... 314
PATRIOT (PAC-3)................................................................................................260
Science & Technology (S&T).........................................................................316
Precision Guidance Kit........................................................................................262
S&T InvestmentFuture Force Technology Areas............................................... 317
Prophet..............................................................................................................264
Force Protection................................................................................................. 318
Raven Small Unmanned Aircraft System (SUAS) .................................................266
Kinetic Energy Active Protection System ......................................................... 318
Rough Terrain Container Handler (RTCH).............................................................268
Tactical Wheeled Vehicle Survivability . ........................................................... 318
Screening Obscuration Device (SOD) Visual Restricted (Vr).................................270
Threat and Minefield Detection Payload for Shadow Tactical Unmanned Aerial
Secure Mobile Anti-Jam Reliable TacticalTerminal (SMARTT)...........................272
Vehicle .......................................................................................................... 319
Sentinel............................................................................................................. 274
Detection for In-Road Threats . ....................................................................... 319
Single Channel Ground and Airborne Radio System (SINCGARS) . ........................276
Extended Area Protection & Survivability (EAPS) Integrated Demo ................... 319
Small ArmsCrew Served Weapons ...................................................................278
Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance..........................................................320
Small ArmsIndividual Weapons ........................................................................280
All-Terrain Radar for Tactical Exploitation of Moving Target Indicator and
Small Caliber Ammunition...................................................................................282 Imaging Surveillance (ARTEMIS)......................................................................320
Sniper Systems..................................................................................................284 Battlespace Terrain Reasoning AwarenessBattle Command..........................320

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Target Location Designation System ...............................................................321 Power for the Dismounted Soldier . .................................................................329
Flexible Display Technology for Soldiers and Vehicles ......................................321 Wheeled Vehicle Power and Mobility ...............................................................329
Multi-Spectral Threat Warning . ......................................................................322 High Performance Lightweight Track...............................................................329
Command, Control, Communications, and Computers (C4)...................................322 Prognostics and Diagnostics for Operational Readiness and Condition-Based
Network-Enabled Command and Control . .......................................................322 Maintenance...................................................................................................329
Tactical Mobile Networks ...............................................................................322 JP-8 Reformation for Alternate Power Sources . ..............................................330
Collaborative Battlespace Reasoning and Awareness ......................................323 Advanced Simulation..........................................................................................330
RF Adaptive Technologies Integrated with Communications and Location Research for Scalable Embedded Training and Mission Rehearsal . ..................330
(RADICAL) .....................................................................................................323 Simulated Severe Trauma for Medical Simulation.............................................331
Lethality.............................................................................................................324 Basic Research..................................................................................................331
Non Line of Sight-Launch System Technology .................................................324 S&T Role in Formal Acquisition Milestones..........................................................332
Advanced Lasers and Unmanned Aerial System Payloads ................................324 Summary ..........................................................................................................333
Applied Smaller, Lighter, Cheaper Munitions Components.................................324
Appendices................................................................................................... 334
Scalable Technology for Adaptive Response ....................................................325
Army Combat Organizations................................................................................335
Medical..............................................................................................................325
Glossary of Terms...............................................................................................336
Psychological Resetting after Combat Deployment: Advanced Battlemind ........325
Systems by Contractors......................................................................................340
Damage Control Resuscitation . ......................................................................325
Contractors by State...........................................................................................350
Drug for the Treatment of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) . ...................................326
Points of Contact................................................................................................354
Prophylactic Drugs to Prevent Drug Resistant Malaria .....................................326
Unmanned Systems............................................................................................327
Robotic Vehicle Technologies Control Architecture for BCT Modernization.........327
Safe Operations of Unmanned Systems for Reconnaissance in Complex
Environments . ...............................................................................................327
Soldier Systems.................................................................................................328
Soldier Planning Interfaces & Networked Electronics........................................328
Soldier Blast and Ballistic Protective System Assessment and Analysis Tools ...328
Enhanced Performance Personnel Armor Technology ......................................328
High-Definition Cognition (HD-COG) In Operational Environments.....................328
Logistics............................................................................................................329

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


VI

How to Use this Book

All systems are in alphabetical order

Highlighted rectangles
indicate investment
component
Foreign military sales

Contractor information
Mission statement: How
the system benefits
warfighters, combatant
commanders, and support
personnel

Contractor locations are


highlighted

Highlighted rectangles indicate


acquisition phase

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About the 2010 Edition

the changes What are Investment technology issues are considered, and Operations & Support ensures that
Components? possible alternatives are identified. operational support performance
Readers familiar with this publication This phase includes: requirements and sustainment of
will notice a few changes this year, Modernization programs develop and/ Concept exploration systems are met in the most cost-
maintaining the intuitiveness, or procure new systems with improved Decision review effective manner. Support varies but
readability, and attractiveness of warfighting capabilities. Component advanced development generally includes:
the U.S. Army Weapon Systems 2010 Supply
handbook. Recapitalization programs rebuild or Maintenance
provide selected upgrades to currently Engineering & Manufacturing Transportation
In this years edition: fielded systems to ensure operational Development is the phase in which Sustaining engineering
We have added an additional heading readiness and a zero-time, zero-mile a system is developed, program risk Data management
to the narrative spreads, System system. is reduced, operational supportability Configuration management
Interdependencies. The goal of this and design feasibility are ensured, Manpower
addition is to outline which other Maintenance programs include the and feasibility and affordability Personnel
weapon systems or components repair or replacement of end items, are demonstrated. This is also the Training
(if any )the main system works in parts, assemblies, and subassemblies phase in which system integration, Habitability
concert with or relies upon for its that wear out or break. interoperability, and utility are Survivability
operation. demonstrated. It includes: Safety, Information technology
Also, the names of two of the For additional information and System integration supportability
acquisition phases have changed, definitions of these categories, please System demonstration Environmental management
from Concept & Technology see the Glossary. Interim progress review functions
Development to Technology
Development, and from Systems Because the Army is spiraling
Development & Demonstration What are Acquisition Production & Deployment achieves technology to the troops as soon as it
to Engineering & Manufacturing Phases? an operational capability that satisfies is feasible, some programs and systems
Development, reflecting upgrades mission needs. Components of this may be in all four phases at the same
in the systems development on the Technology Development refers phase are: time. Mature programs are often only
acquisition end. to the development of a materiel Low-rate initial production (LRIP) in one phase, such as operations and
solution to an identified, validated Full-rate production decision review support, while newer systems are only
For explanations of each of the need. During this phase, the Mission Full-rate production and deployment in concept and technology development.
elements on a typical system spread, Needs Statement (MNS) is approved,
see the example on the left.

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


PROVIDING WARFIGHTERS WITH
THE DECISIVE EDGE

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As Commander-in-Chief, I will do whatever it takes to defend


the American people, which is why Ive increased funding for
the best military in the history of the world. Well continue
to make new investments in 21st century capabilities to meet
new challenges. And we will always give our men and women
in uniform the equipment and the support that they need to
get the job done.

President Barack Obama


May 22, 2009

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


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PROVIDING WARFIGHTERS WARFIGHTERS: OUR FOCUS


WITH THE DECISIVE EDGE SoldiersWarfightersare the heart of everything
we do. They are over a million strongmen and women,
Our mission is to effectively and efficiently develop, Active and Reservesteeled by eight years of war. We
acquire, field, and sustain materiel by leveraging domestic now have a generation of Soldiers not seen in over 30
and international, organic, and commercial technologies years: hardened by battle, strengthened by sacrifice,
and capabilities to meet the Armys current and future and resolved to defeat the enemies of our Nation.
mission requirements. Our vision is clear: Toequip and Embodying the strength of the Nation, they will face a
sustain the worlds most capable, powerful, and dangerous, uncertain operational environment for the
respectedArmy. foreseeablefuture.
The Armys ability to achieve this vision rests on the As we transition from major operations in Iraq to
Army Acquisition Workforce, fully employed and deployed Afghanistan, while facing complex global challenges
worldwide in support of our Soldiers. The men and women elsewhere, our responsibility to prepare our Warfighters
who make up this workforce serve under the direction of 11 grows in importance and magnitude. The systems and
Program Executive Offices, two Joint Program Executive platforms described in the Armys Weapon Systems 2010
Offices, seven Deputy Assistant Secretaries, one Deputy handbook are vital to our Warfighters. 150 of the 650
for Acquisition and Systems Management, three Direct programs we currently manage are described in this
Reporting Units, and several major subordinate commands handbook. These programs enable the Army to equip,
of the U.S. Army Materiel Command. reset, and modernize the force. For this reason, they
These professionals perform a wide range of represent our highest priority systems and platforms.
responsibilities which include: research and development; In addition, you will find descriptions of critical joint
program management; contracting; and systems programs, as well as business information technology
engineering. They also develop and oversee Army-wide systems (which are improving transparency; sharing of
policy for procurement, logistics, chemical weapons reliable, authoritative data; efficiency; and the overall
destruction and demilitarization, science and technology, effectiveness of the Department of the Army).
defense exports and cooperation, and many other areas.
To expedite delivery of vital warfighting systems and
services, we are continuing to improve our acquisition
processes. At the same time, we are developing and
institutionalizing new processes to improve our
effectiveness, efficiency, transparency, collaboration, and
our overall ability to rapidly procure the equipment and
technologies that our Warfighters require.

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STRATEGIC CONTEXT
Several factors combine to create the context in which we
are accomplishing our mission:

Objective Reality of War


Americas Army is the Strength of the Nation. Deployed on
a global scale, our Warfighters are engaged in protracted
combat in two theaters and in other operations in many
regions. Our operational demands and high personnel
tempo outpace our ability to fully restore readiness across
the Army.

Strategic Uncertainty
In the years ahead, the United States will continue to
face unanticipated strategic challenges to our national
security and the collective security of our international
partners. These challenges will occur in many forms and
will be waged across the spectrum of conflictranging
from peaceful competition to challenges posed by hybrid
threats to wartime contingency scenarios of varying scale
and complexity. In addition, the Nation may be engaged
in simultaneous military operations in all operational
domains: land, sea, air, space, andcyberspace.

Fiscal Constraint and Acquisition Excellence


We will continue to execute our acquisition programs
in an increasingly constrained fiscal environment. Our
efforts will remain highly visible and a subject of national
attention. The Army, and our Acquisition Workforce,
must fully institutionalize its continuous process
improvement initiatives to obtain greater effectiveness and
efficiencieswhile embracing the tenets of Acquisition
Reform and enhancing the overall capacity and capability
of our acquisition professionals.

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


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ENABLING ARMY MODERNIZATION GOALS


We are working to build a versatile mix of tailorable and Upgrade and Modernize Selected Systems to Best
networked organizations, operating on a rotational cycle, Prepare Soldiers for Combat
to provide a sustained flow of trained and ready forces for
Our objective is to ensure that every Soldier, in every theater,
full spectrum operations and to hedge against unexpected
receives the proper type and amount of equipment needed to
contingencies at a sustainable tempo for our All-Volunteer
accomplish their full spectrum of missions. We have replaced
Force. We seek to speed the fielding of successes from our
our old tiered readiness approachwhich resulted in some
research and development base to improve our current
units always well equipped, others less equippedall based
capabilities, while leveraging what we have learned during
on a static Master Priorities List. The goal of ensuring that
eight years of war to develop future capabilities. We foresee
every Soldier and every unit have all of their equipment all
three broad goals:
of the time is neither achievable nor required. Instead, we
are equipping to mission, as we have been doing for some
years now. To provide trained, ready forces to the combatant
commanders, we work to ensure that our Soldiers have the
equipment they need, in the right amount and at the right
level of modernization, to accomplish their missionswhether
in combattraining for combatpreparing units for combat
via our Generating Forcesupporting civilian authoritiesor
securing the homeland.

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Incorporate New Technologies INTO OUR Brigade Better Enable all oF Our FORMATIONS through
Combat Teams CONTINUOUS Upgrades and Modernization
We are working to deliver the most immediately relevant We are continuing our work to modernize all our formations
technologies developed through Future Combat Systems consisting of over 300 brigades (both Brigade Combat Teams
research and development to all our Brigade Combat Teams and Support Brigades)to increase the depth and breadth
(and other priority combat formations), rather than focusing of our overall capacity. We are applying the lessons of war
primarily on producing unique capabilities for a small set of to build a more versatile, more readily deployable mix of
Brigade Combat Teams. We are accelerating our efforts to networked formations to better leverage mobility, protection,
field these key technologies (described in this handbook) to information, and precision fires to improve our operational
selected Brigade Combat Teams in 2011. These technologies effectiveness. Across the force, we are also continuing
link manned systems, unmanned systems, sensors, and modular conversion (to complete our conversion from a
munitions through the use of the integrated communications division-based to a brigade-based Army), rebalancing the
Network we are building. size and capabilities of our active and reserve components,
and stabilizing people in units for longer periods of time.
Key Technologies Include: We will to improve our capability for irregular warfare
Interceptor Body Armor (See page 148) and the full spectrum of challenges our Soldiers will
Non Line of Sight-Launch System (NLOS-LS) face while conducting offensive, defensive, and stability
(See pages 90, 250, 324) operationssimultaneously.
Tactical Unattended Ground Sensors (T-UGS)
and(U-UGS) (See page 90)
Ground Soldier System (See page 116)
Small Unmanned Ground Vehicle (SUGV) Block 1
(See page 90)
Class I Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (CL I UAV)
(See pages 90, 324)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


6

STRATEGIC DIRECTION
We have established a set of key strategic initiatives to Leverage the Full Potential of Technology to
guide the efforts of the acquisition community to achieve Empower Soldiers
our mission, realize our vision, and enable the Armys
The American Soldierthe most potent of our Nations
broad modernization goals. These initiatives provide the
weaponsis enabled by technology. We must sustain
enduring, unifying focus for our collective effort.
the technological superiority of our Soldiers by creating
Deliver Materiel and Services Needed to Provide unprecedented capabilities for them. Underpinning
Warfighters with the Decisive Edge this imperative is a robust, dynamic Army Science and
Technology communityof people and laboratoriesthat
To underwrite our ability to accomplish National Security,
seeks to achieve radical scientific and technological
National Defense, and National Military strategic
breakthroughs to ensure our Soldiers maintain a decisive
objectives, we provide our Warfighters with the best
edge over our enemies.
equipment and support the Nation can deliver. We fulfill
this purpose through the effort and innovation of our The Armys scientists, engineers, and integrated product
military and civilian workforce and our collective ability teams of acquisition professionals have been at the
to plan, program, and execute our acquisition programs forefront in adapting technology for urgent operational
accordingly. We are continuing our work to respond needs. They are enhancing our Warfighters capabilities,
rapidly and flexibly to time-sensitive requirements. as exemplified by the newly fielded First Strike Ration,
At the same time, we are complying fully with ethical which reduces by 4050 percent the weight of the daily
standards of conduct and the laws that create the context combat food ration carried by Soldiers during initial
for our responsibilities, relationships, and fiscal and periods of high intensity conflict.
environmental stewardship requirements.
Our scientists and engineers continuously harvest
To enable the accomplishment of our vital mission, we materiel solutions from past investments, such as the
must sustain an independent acquisition function. We development of mine detection ground penetrating radar
must fully leverage the skills and capabilities of our technology. They also provide extraordinary technical
professional workforce and strengthen collaboration with expertise which has resulted in the development and
our key partners and stakeholders to perform effective, integration of technologies such as new lightweight armor.
efficient life cycle functions for design, development, This armor has dramatically enhanced the survivability
deployment, sustainment, and other areas. of Mine Resistant Ambush Protected and other combat
vehicles in the face of constantly evolving threats.
This initiative is overarching. It supports and is enabled
Sufficient, sustained, and predictable investment in
by the following initiatives.
research and development and science and technology is
needed to provide our Soldiers with the decisive edge.

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Continually Improve and Achieve Excellence in Continually Improve our Capacity to Design,
our Acquisition Processes Develop, Deliver, Dominateand Sustain
Supporting an Army at war is critical, both tactically and We must further embrace the interdependencies of
strategically. From a tactical standpoint, we work with systems and platformsboth under development and in
our joint, international, and industry partners to provide sustainmentto best manage the resource, scheduling,
the weapon systems, software, and equipment our Soldiers and operational impacts of program adjustments. We are
need to accomplish their missions decisively. Strategically, improving our coordination across programs, over time,
as we meet ongoing requirements, we work to collapse the formation by formation. We are also improving linkages to
timelines required to get weapon systems and equipment both our force generation and planning, programming, and
to our Soldiers. Our goal is to compress the concept-to- budgeting processes.
combat cycle to best meet Soldiers needs.
We are working to improve our systems engineering
To enhance the value and relevance of our products capacity, to rebuild and revitalize our Governmental
and services, we are continually reviewing our internal workforce of systems engineers, and to integrate these
processes and procedures and strengthening our internal improvements across our entire acquisition and program
and external interfaces. We strive to achieve acquisition management framework. To provide the skill sets
excellence by reinforcing our history as good stewards needed to manage our complex acquisition portfolio as a
of taxpayer dollars and remaining accountable to collaborative team, we are working to attract and retain
Congress, the President, the American Publicand our the finest scientists, engineers, program managers,
Soldiers who depend on us. We are committed to making logisticians, business, and contracting professionals.
progress in two key areashuman capital enrichment
We are continuing to improve how we manage systems of
and portfolio integrationto keep our Army the worlds
systems across their entire life cycle. We are also improving
preeminentlandpower.
how we work with the Training and Doctrine Command,
We cannot have a 21st Century operational force other Army entities, and combatant commandersto
generated and supported by 20th Century processes. To better understand, anticipate, and respond to emerging
meet future challenges, we must achieve a high level requirements for warfighting capabilities.
of continuous, measurable improvement in our core
The platforms and systems in the U.S. Army Weapon
acquisition and logistics business processes. By taking
Systems 2010 handbook are not stand-alone systems.
work out of our processesreducing waste in all its
Each depends on other systems to produce capabilities
formswe will accelerate our transformation. In addition,
for Soldiers. We are strengthening and investing in our
in the face of downward fiscal pressure, we will continue
system of systems portfolio approach to best synchronize,
to enable our Army to best direct resources to our most
integrate, and deliver the capabilities our deploying
compelling wartime needs.
formations need to accomplish their missions. To realize
our broader objectives for improving systems engineering,
we are examining each of our core processes. These
processes include: engineering; acquisition program
management; configuration management; testing and
validation; force integration; and planning, programming,
and budgeting.
WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010
8

The Apache Block III attack helicopter program


exemplifies the complexities of the interdependencies
we manage. The attack helicopter, a system in itself, is
actually a system of systems. For this reason, Program
Executive Office (PEO) Aviation does not act independently
to field an aircraft. In fact, its efforts are wholly
interdependent with other PEO organizations. To fully field
and employ this system, this single PEO must synchronize
its efforts with many other PEO portfolioseach of which
has different delivery dates for the numerous products or
services it provides to the Army or the Joint Force.

As the Apache Interoperability chart to the right


depicts, the system of systems known as Apache
Block III requires interaction with at least seven
different categories of programs and platforms. These
include (beginning at the left of the diagram and
working clockwise): (1) Ground; (2) Air; (3) Supporting;
(4)Hosting; (5)Weapons Systems and Munitions;
(6)Communications (to employ Net Centric doctrine);
and(7)Intelligence, Surveillance, andReconnaissance.

In practical terms, this means that, among others, PEO


Aviation must work closely with all of the 11 ASA(ALT)
PEOs and two Joint PEOs, each of whom are responsible
for the timing of a range of programs, some of which
are depicted here. In sum, fielding an attack helicopter
requires a systems of systems approach to ensure
that the helicopter is able to: interact with ground, air,
transporting, and hosting platforms; employ its onboard
weapons systems; receive its supply and resupply of
ammunition; communicate (through voice, digital,
satellite, and other means); and receive and transmit
imagery, position locating, and intelligenceinformation.

Achieving excellence in acquisition also involves


demonstrating continuous stewardship and superb
management of highly sensitive and visible programs for
which we have executive agent authority, such as the
Nations chemical weapons disposal program.

UNITED STATES ARMY


9

Key to Acronyms
Program/Platform ERMP UAS: Extended Range Multi-Purpose Unmanned Link 16: Radio Type
A2C2S: Army Airborne Command and Control System AircraftSystem M-1: Abrams Tank
ABCS: Army Battle Command System Fire Support: Artillery Systems M-2: Bradley Fighting Vehicle
AH-64: Apache Helicopter GCSSA: Global Combat Support System Army OH-58D: Kiowa Warrior
AMPS: Aviation Mission Planning System GPS: Global Positioning System SATCOM: Satellite Communications
AWACS: Airborne Warning and Control System Have Quick: Frequency-hopping Radio SINCGARS: Single Channel Ground and Airborne
BFT: Blue Force Tracker JAGM: Joint Air Ground Munitions Radio System
C-17A: Globemaster Cargo Aircraft JSTARS: Joint Surveillance and Target Attack Radar SystemAir SRW: Soldier Radio Waveform
C-5: Galaxy Cargo Aircraft JTRS AMF: Joint Tactical Radio System Airborne MaritimeFixed Stryker: Armored Combat Vehicle
CH-47: Chinook Helicopter LHA/D: Landing Helicopter Assault/Dock TCDL: Tactical Common Data Link
DCGS-A: Distributed Common Ground System-Army Land Warrior: Ground Soldier Ensemble UH-60: Black Hawk Helicopter
DM: Distribution Management LHA-D: Amphibious Assault ShipDock

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


10

The U.S. Army Chemical Materials Agency (CMA), stakeholders, and implementing numerous improvements
using acquisition processes as its baseline, works with to our life cycle management process, we are furnishing
private industry, academia, and other interested policy products to Soldiers faster, making good products better,
and environmental stakeholders to eliminate Americas and reducing costs.
obsolete chemical weapons. CMA also responds to
Rebuild and Rebalance the Capability of the
discoveries of non-stockpile chemical weapons and safely
Acquisition Workforce
stores those weapons until their disposal. Moreover,
CMA partners with the Federal Emergency Management In the Army, our people are our most important asset.
Agency to prepare local communities to deal with During the last decade, we witnessed a steady decline
potential emergencies involving those weapons. in the size of the Army Acquisition Workforcein the
face of a wartime workload increasing in both size and
Leverage Lessons Learned to Support the
complexity. The civilian and military members of our
Full Range of Army Modernization and
Acquisition Workforce now total approximately 41,000,
EquippingInitiatives
a significant reduction from the Cold War era. These
The Armys enduring mission is to protect and defend our acquisition professionals are located in our PEOs, in
vital security interests and to provide support to civil various commands, and in other organizations across
authorities in response to domestic emergencies. This the Army. During 2008, this workforce managed over
requires an expeditionary, campaign capable Army able one-quarter of every Federal dollar spent on contracts.
to dominate across the full spectrum of conflict, at any Every day, they make a direct impact on the products and
time, in any environment, and against any adversaryfor services we procure for Soldiers.
extended periods of time. To support this requirement,
To better support the Army, enable our combatant
we are continually reviewing and adapting our structure,
commanders, and alleviate the stress of doing more
organization, and capabilities.
with less, we are rebuilding (growing) and rebalancing
As an example, we are applying the lessons learned from (aligning the right skills to the work) the Army
Future Combat Systemsthe value of spin-outs and Acquisition Workforce. On April 6, 2009, in discussing
increments, systems of systems engineering, networked the proposed Fiscal Year 2010 Defense Budget, Secretary
operations, and othersto continuously improve how of Defense Robert M. Gates said, this budget will
we do business to support Soldiers. Just as the Army increas[e] the size of the Defense Acquisition Workforce,
applies the DOTMLPF construct (Doctrine, Organization, converting 11,000 contractors to full-time government
Training, Materiel, Leadership and Education, Personnel, employees, and hiring 9,000 more government acquisition
and Facilities) to develop and adapt its operational professionals by 2015, beginning with 4,100 in Fiscal
capabilities, we apply this same construct to our Year 2010. We are working aggressively to implement
acquisition processes to enable us to evolve on pace with Defense Acquisition Workforce growth. The purpose
the Warfighters we support. is clear: to ensure the Department of Defense is well
positioned to produce best value for the American
To enhance our contributions, we are continuing our
taxpayer and for the Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen, and
efforts to bring the Armys acquisition and sustainment
Marines who depend on the weapons, products, and
communities closer together to focus seamlessly on the
services we buy.
entire life cycle of our weapon systems and equipment.
By strengthening collaboration among all partners and
UNITED STATES ARMY
11

The objectives of the growth strategy are to: rebalance competencyto better provide the Army-wide program
the acquisition total force; grow the Government management and logistics skills needed in expeditionary
Acquisition Workforce 15 percent by 2015; improve operations.
acquisition capabilities and capacities; improve defense
Improve our Capability and Capacity to
acquisition oversight; close workforce gaps; strategically
Articulate our Strategic Initiatives and
reshape acquisition training; and target incentives
Compelling Needs
appropriately. We are well underway in our work to
properly resource this growth. By the end of Fiscal Year We are continuing our work to more fully develop the
2010, we plan to have hired and insourced a total of 2,600 ability to communicate more effectively with both our
civilian acquisition employees. internal and external stakeholders. We serve both the
Soldier and the American Publicand must remain
We are also continuing our work to achieve the intent of
connected to both. We are working aggressively to:
Section 852 of the National Defense Authorization Act
(NDAA) of 2008, Public Law No. 110-181. Section 852 Build Awareness of ASA(ALT)s strategic direction
directed the establishment of the Defense Acquisition and priorities to advance understanding of our
Workforce Development Fund. This fund enables the organizational mission and the execution of Army
Defense Department to better recruit, hire, develop, acquisition programs;
recognize, and retain its acquisition workforce. The Army
is building and executing a program of nearly $1 billion Build Cooperative Relationships with ASA(ALT)
focused on: hiring acquisition interns, journeymen, and stakeholders to ensure effective, efficient execution of
highly qualified experts; offering new education, training, organization priorities and programs; and,
and developmental programs; and funding recognition Build Advocacy for Army and ASA(ALT) priorities
and retention incentives. These initiatives are helping and initiatives through carefully focused activities
us to enhance the overall stature, development, and intended to educate and inform key stakeholders.
professionalism of those who fill our ranks. Our efforts in this realm are intended to increase the
As we work to rebuild and rebalance the force, we are also likelihood of achieving our strategic goals. We seek to
strengthening the unique identity of our Army Acquisition create champions and obtain sufficient, sustained,
Workforce. In addition, we are accelerating our work and predictable resourcing needed to ensure program
to institutionalize Contingency Contracting as a core stability and enable better program management.

Ultimately, to accomplish our mission for Warfighters,


we are workingas part of an overarching Department
of the Army effortto better communicate with our
stakeholders in clear, unambiguous terms.

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


12

PATH FORWARD
The likelihood of continuing conflict and the resilience of
ruthless, determined, and adaptive enemies form the basis of
our requirement to modernize. Continuous modernization is
the key to transforming Army capabilities and maintaining a
technological advantage over our adversaries across the full
spectrum of conflict. We have received extraordinary funding
support through wartime Overseas Contingency Operations
funds, but they have only enabled us to sustain the current
fight. We look forward to continued Congressional support to
achieve our broad modernization goals.

The systems listed in this book are not isolated, individual


products. Rather, they are part of an integrated investment
approach to make the Army of the future able to deal
successfully with the challenges it will face. Each system
and each capability is important. These systems represent
todays investment in tomorrows securityto ensure our
Army can continue to successfully defend our Nation.

UNITED STATES ARMY


13

WEAPON
SYSTEMS
LISTED IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


14

2.75" Family of Rockets

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
To provide air-to-ground suppression, None
Recapitalization illumination, and direct/indirect fires to
defeat area, materiel, and personnel PROGRAM STATUS
Maintenance
Hydra 70
targets at close and extended ranges.
Current: Producing annual
replenishment requirements for
DESCRIPTION training and war reserve
The Hydra 70 Rocket System of 2.75
inch air-launched rockets is employed PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
by tri-service and special operating Hydra 70
forces on both fixed wing and rotary Continue: Hydra 70 production and
wing aircraft. This highly modular Safety Reliability and Producibility
rocket family incorporates several (SRAP) Program activities.
different mission-oriented warheads for
the Hydra 70 variant, including high-
explosive, multipurpose submunition,
red phosphorus smoke, flechette,
visible light illumination flare, and
infrared illumination flare.

Diameter: 2.75 inches


Weight: 2327 pounds (depending on
warhead)
Length: 5570 inches (depending on
warhead)
Range: 3008,000 meters

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


15

2.75" Family of Rockets

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Hydra 70: Kuwait, the Netherlands,
Colombia, Singapore, Thailand, United
Arab Emirates, and Japan

CONTRACTORS
Hydra 70:
General Dynamics (Burlington, VT)
General Dynamics Armament and
Technical Products (GDATP)
(Camden,AR)
Grain:
Alliant Techsystems (Radford, VA)
Fuzes:
Action Manufacturing (Philadelphia, PA)
Fin and nozzle:
General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical
Systems (Anniston, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


16

Abrams Upgrade

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization and ballistic solution upgrades for the designed to run the Common Operating PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
M829A3 kinetic and the M1028 canister Environment (COE) software. Both the FY1011: M1A1 SA fielding
Recapitalization rounds. Common Abrams modifications Gunners Primary Sight (GPS) and the continues to the ARNG, 1st Infantry
include Blue Force Tracking (BFT), Commanders Independent Thermal Division, 2nd Infantry Division,
Maintenance
which is a digital command and control Viewer (CITV) on the M1A2SEP tank Training and Doctrine Command/
system that gives Army commanders include the improved thermal imaging Combined Arms Support Command,
MISSION across the battlefield current capabilities of the new Block I second- ARNG Regional Training Site-
To provide mobile, protected firepower information about their location relative generation FLIR technology. The M1A2 Maintenance (RTSM) units,
for battlefield superiority to friendly forces; and the Power SEP has improved frontal and side and Army Prepositioned Stock 5
Train Improvement and Integration armor for enhanced crew survivability. (Kuwait) and Army Prepositioned
DESCRIPTION Optimization Program (TIGER engine The M1A2 SEP is also equipped with a Stock 4 (Korea).
The Abrams tank provides the lethality, and improved transmission), which battery-based auxiliary power unit, the FY1012: M1A2 SEP v2 multiyear
survivability, and fightability to defeat provides more reliability, durability, and total integrated revitalization (TIGER) contract production continues.
advanced threats on the integrated a single standard for the vehicles power engine, and upgraded transmission 4QFY092QFY10: 1st, 2nd, and 3rd
battlefield using mobility, firepower, and train. Survivability improvements forimproved automotive reliability Brigades, 4th Infantry Division will
shock effect. The 120mm main gun on include frontal armor and turret anddurability. be fielded with the Abrams M1A2
the M1A1 SA (Situational Awareness) sidearmor upgrades. SEP v2 tank.
and M1A2 SEP (System Enhancement SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 1QFY102QFY10: 4th Brigade
Program) v2 and the 1,500-horsepower M1A2SEP v2: Upgrades include None 1st Cavalry Division and the 1st
AGT turbine engine and special armor survivability, automotive power pack, Armored Division will be fielded with
make the Abrams tank particularly computer systems, and night vision PROGRAM STATUS the Abrams M1A2 SEP v2 tank.
lethal against heavy armor forces. The capabilities. Lethality improvements Current: The 1st Cavalry Division 3QFY10: Army Prepositioned Stock
Abrams Modular Tank fleet includes include Common Remotely Operated and 1st Brigade, 1st Armored 5 (Southwest Asia) will be fielded
two variants, the M1A1 SA and the Weapon Station (CROWS) and ballistic Division are equipped with the with the Abrams M1A2 SEP v2 tank.
M1A2 SEP v2. solution upgrades for the M829A3 Abrams M1A2 SEP v2. 2QFY114QFY12: 3rd Infantry
kinetic and the M1028 canister rounds. Current: Abrams production of Division and the 116th Army
M1A1 SA: Improvements include The M1A2 SEP v2 has improved M1A1 SA and M1A2SEP v2 tanks National Guard will be fielded with
Block I forward-looking infrared microprocessors, color flat panel continue for both the Active Army the Abrams M1A2 SEP v2 tank.
(FLIR) and far-target locator. Lethality displays, improved memory capacity, and the Army National Guard FY1012: TIGER production
improvements include Stabilized better soldier-machine interface, (ARNG) to meet the Armys continues
Commanders Weapon Station (SCWS) and a new open operating system modularity goals by 2013.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


17

Abrams Upgrade

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


M1A1: Australia (59), Egypt (1,005),
Iraq(140)
M1A2: Kuwait (218), Saudi Arabia (315)

CONTRACTORS
General Dynamics (Sterling Heights, MI;
Warren, MI; Muskegon, MI; Scranton,
PA; Lima, OH; Tallahassee, FL)
Honeywell (Phoenix, AZ)
Simulation, Training, and Instrumentation
Command (STRICOM) (Orlando, FL)
Anniston Army Depot (ANAD)
(Anniston,AL)

M1A1 M1A2 M1A2SEP


LENGTH (feet): 32.04 32.04 32.04
WIDTH (feet): 12.0 12.0 12.0
HEIGHT (feet): 8.0 8.0 8.0
TOP SPEED (mph): 41.5 41.5 42
WEIGHT (tons): 67.6 68.4 69.5
ARMAMENT: 120mm 120mm 120mm
CREW: 4 4 4
WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010
18

AcqBusiness

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization program; it consists of a continuing the management of acquisition the near-term capabilities that are in
series of independent software projects career professionals. the planning and prototyping stages
Recapitalization managed to cost, schedule and user AcqReadiness: A suite of tools include:
requirements. This program strategy is that provides total asset visibility, Expeditionary Contracting: A
Maintenance
modeled after best industry practices real time reporting and analysis of suite of procurement capabilities
for rapid development and distribution financial planning, execution, supply designed to operate in the
MISSION of enterprise software solutions. The and readiness data. tactical environment (low band-
Provide an enterprise, service-oriented, initial Service Oriented Environment Acquisition Information width, disconnected) to support
business environment populated with has been deployed and provides an Management Tools: The suite of the procurement process from
the Information Management (IM) initial set of capabilities. legacy acquisition reporting and development of procurement requests
support tools that enable PMs to through contract fulfillment.
systems and services that bring the
Initial Capabilities include: support Acquisition oversight and Additions and enhancements to
right information to the right people at PM Toolkit: A collection of project reporting responsibilities. the existing PM Toolkit: Planned
the right time. management, risk management, AcqTech: An enterprise solution enhancements include Earned Value
collaboration, market Research for the Science and Technology Management, Integrated Scheduling,
DESCRIPTION and analysis tools focused on community that supports the Requirements Management, Contract
The AcqBusiness Program provides enabling project managers to better management of Army Technology Data Requirements List (CDRL)
Information Management capabilities accomplish their mission. Objectives, traceability to Warfighter Management, and Contractor Task
that support Acquisition community Collaboration Tools: A collection outcome requirements, alignment Management tools that are focused
needs for Acquisition data, data of tools (e.g., Defense Collaboration of Small Business Innovative on enhancing the PMs ability to
management services and Enterprise On-Line, Green Force Tracker, Oracle Research Programs with Army manage his/her program.
Business applications. These Collaboration Tool , milWiki, etc.) Technology Objectives, and access Interfaces with other Army
capabilities enable the consistent, that enable acquisition users to to International Cooperative Enterprise Solutions: (e.g. General
effective and efficient conduct of the find each other and collaborate in a Agreements. Funds Enterprise Business Systems
acquisition business. Planning and variety of ways to better accomplish (GFEBS), Logistics Modernization
development of additional capabilities their mission. Future Capabilities Program (LMP), Defense Integrated
are ongoing with rapid prototyping, Acquisition Personnel AcqBusiness is developing, procuring Military Human Resource System
user involvement and rapid capability Management: A collection of and planning to augment, enrich and (DIMHRS), Global Combat Support
distribution as core elements of the Acquisition personnel and career extend these existing capabilities to SystemArmy (GCSSArmy)
program strategy. The Acquisition management solutions that support enable effective and efficient conduct
Business Program is not a traditional of the Acquisition Business. Some of

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


19

Common Operating Picture: A synchronizing PM fielding schedules 34QFY10: Increments VI and VII
collection of dashboards populated with Warfighter training schedules. in Requirements Development w/
AcqBusiness
by authoritative Acquisition and IOC tentatively scheduled
Army data that are focused on SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 1QFY11: Increment VIII in Concept
enhancing decision making and None Development w/IOC tentatively
providing acquisition leaders with scheduled
accurate and relevant data, on time PROGRAM STATUS Foreign Military Sales:
and when needed. 1QFY09: Increments I and II PROJECTED ACTIVITIES None
Tools to support to the Army deployed Continued pursuit of enterprise
Force Generation (ARFORGEN) 1QFY10: Increment III in business tools and services that enrich Contractors
/RESET process: Tools that development w/IOC scheduled the acquisition business environment Booz Allen Hamilton (McLean, VA)
enable PMs to better manage their 23QFY10: Increments IV and V and provide for enhanced decision Computer Sciences Corp. (CSC) (Falls
support to the ARFORGEN/RESET in prototyping w/IOC tentatively making, consistency in business Church, VA)
process by providing visibility into scheduled process, and access to authoritative Deloitte LLP (McLean, VA)
the Warfighter pre-deployment and acquisition data.
redeployment requirements, and by

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


20

Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System (AFATDS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION AFATDS will automatically implement Source Analysis System (ASAS)/
To provide the Army, Navy, and Marine detailed commanders guidance in the Distributed Common Ground System
Recapitalization Corps automated fire support command, automation of operational planning, Army (DCGSA)
control and communications. movement control, targeting, target
Maintenance
value analysis, and fire support PROGRAM STATUS
DESCRIPTION planning. This project is a replacement 3QFY07: Conditional materiel
The Advanced Field Artillery Tactical system for the Initial Fire Support release (CMR) of AFATDS 6.4.0.1
Data System (AFATDS) performs Automated System, Battery Computer 4QFY07: CMR of AFATDS 6.4.0.2
the attack analysis necessary to System, and Fire Direction System. 1QFY09: Full materiel release
determine optimal weapon-target AFATDS is designed to interoperate (FMR) of AFATDS 6.5.0
pairing to provide automated planning, with the other Army battle command
coordination, and control for maximum systems; current and future Navy PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
use of fire support assets (field and Air Force command and control 3QFY09: FMR of AFATDS 6.5.1
artillery, mortars, close air support, weapon systems; and the German, (Windows)
naval gunfire, attack helicopters, and French, British, and Italian fire 1QFY10: FMR of AFATDS 6.6.0
offensive electronic warfare). supportsystems. (Marshall Build)
1QFY11: FMR of AFATDS 6.7.0
AFATDS performs the fire support SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES (MacArthur Build)
command, control, and coordination Forward Entry Device (FED), Pocket- 1QFY12: FMR of AFATDS 6.8.0
requirements of field artillery and Sized Forward Entry Device (PFED), (Eisenhower Build)
maneuver from echelons above corps Joint Automated Deep Operations
to battery or platoon in support of Coordination System (JADOCS),
all levels of conflict. The system Paladin, Multiple Launch Rocket
is composed of common hardware System (MLRS), Theater Battle
and software employed in varying Management Core System (TBMCS),
configurations at different operational Gun Display Unit (GDU)/Gun Display
facilities (or nodes) and unique system UnitReplacement (GDUR), Force XXI
software interconnected by tactical Battle Command, Brigade-and-Below
communications in the form of a (FBCB2), Non Line of SightCannon
software-driven, automated network. (NLOSC)/Non Line of SightLaunch
System (NLOSLS), Excalibur, All

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


21

Advanced Field Artillery Tactical


Data System (AFATDS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Bahrain, Egypt, Portugal, Turkey, Taiwan

CONTRACTORS
Software:
Raytheon (Fort Wayne, IN)
Hardware:
General Dynamics (Taunton, MA)
Technical support:
Computer Sciences Corp. (CSC)
(Eatontown, NJ)
New equipment training:
Engineering Professional Services
(Lawton, OK)
Titan Corp. (Lawton, OK)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


22

Aerial Common Sensor (ACS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION combination of attributes (multi- PROGRAM STATUS
To provide global, real-time, intelligence sensing, persistence, 4QFY09: Capabilities development
Recapitalization multi-intelligence precision targeting wide-area coverage, reach, manned- document (CDD) approved by the
information to joint land, maritime, and unmanned teaming, Distributed Joint Capabilities Board (JCB)
Maintenance
common Ground SystemArray
air combat commanders across the full
(DCGSA) connectivity, and battle PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
spectrum of military operations. command) provides the ground 4QFY09: Joint Requirements
tactical commander a near-real-time Oversight Council (JROC)
DESCRIPTION operational view of unprecedented consideration of the CDD
The Aerial Common Sensor (ACS) is clarity, enabling tactical ground forces 1QFY10: Release of the Technology
essential to the tactical warfighter. to operate at their highest potential in Development (TD) Request for
It fills a critical capability gap by future joint operations. Proposal (RFP)
providing actionable intelligence 24QFY10: TD contract award
directly to ground commanders with ACS will replace the Airborne FY1012: TD phase
the timeliness and accuracy they Reconnaissance Low (ARL) and
require. ACS is a multi-intelligence, Guardrail Common Sensor (GR/CS)
manned, fixed-wing, Reconnaissance airborne surveillance systems and
Surveillance and Target Acquisition will be fielded to the Armys Aerial
(RSTA)/Intelligence, Surveillance, Exploitation Battalions (AEB).
and Reconnaissance (ISR) system
that carries multiple, highly accurate SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
intelligence sensors, processing tools, Distributed Common Ground
air/ground/satellite communications, SystemArmy
and onboard operators/analysts.
Capable of worldwide deployment,
ACS provides dedicated, persistent
RSTA/ISR coverage over the depth
and breadth of a tactical commanders
battlespace. ACS is integrated in the
greater Distributed Common Ground
SystemArmy (DCGSA). This unique

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


23

Aerial Common Sensor (ACS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Radix (Mountain View, CA)
Institute for Defense Analysis
(Alexandria, VA)
CACI (Eatontown, NJ)
MITRE (Eatontown, NJ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


24

Air Warrior (AW)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization digital connectivity and threat and Electronic Data Manager (EDM), a PROGRAM STATUS
friendly forces situational awareness; portable digital mission planning 2QFY07: Fielding continues to units
Recapitalization wireless crew communications; aircraft device for over-the-horizon deploying to Operation Iraqi Freedom
platform interface; chemical-biological messaging and enhanced situational and Operation Enduring Freedom
Maintenance
protection; body armor; survival awareness capabilities through 2QFY08: U.S. Navy adopts and
and escape and evasion tools; and connectivity to Ble Force Tracking, procures the AW Microclimate
MISSION overwater survival items. Aviation Cooling System for its H-53
To improve the survivability, mobility, Aircraft Wireless Intercom System helicopter fleet
and sustainability of the Army aircrew Improvements to the Air Warrior (AWIS) for secure cordless, hands- 3QFY08: The AW Portable
member through a new generation, system are incrementally provided free aircrew intercommunications Helicopter Oxygen Delivery System
through an evolutionary acquisition Go-Bag Assembly & Tie-Down Strap enters production; the Armys
modular, integrated Aviation Life
program to solve equipment Hydration System project managers for Bradley and
Support Equipment ensemble. Enhance shortcomings. Components include the Portable Helicopter Oxygen Delivery Abrams adopt and procure the AW
Soldier safety, comfort, crew synergy, following: System Microclimate Cooling System for
and capability. Survival Equipment Subsystem, their deployed crewmembers; first
which integrates first aid, survival, The Air Warrior system is the key Spiral 3 EDM fielded to the 28th
DESCRIPTION signaling, and communications ingredient to closing the performance Combat Aviation Brigades 1-137
Air Warrior (AW) integrates equipment with body armor and over- gap between the aircrew and the Aviation Company
advanced situational awareness and water survival subsystems aircraft. Air Warrior is answering the 4QFY08: PM Stryker adopts and
environmental, ballistic, chemical and Microclimate Cooling System, which aviation warfighter challenges of today procures the AW Microclimate
biological (CB) protection into a single increases effective mission duration and tomorrow by developing affordable, Cooling System for its deployed
system comprising rapidly tailorable, in heat-stress environments by more responsive, deployable, versatile, crewmembers
mission-configurable modules. Air than 350 percent lethal, survivable, and sustainable
Warrior addresses interoperability Aircrew Integrated Helmet System, aircrew equipment. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
and leverages several joint-service a lighter helmet with increased head 1QFY11: Begin fielding for the AW
technology efforts to effectively and hearing protection SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES Go Bag and helmet external audio
integrate survival, evasion, and escape FBCB2s Blue Force TrackingAviation products
capabilities. AW maximizes human system. 1QFY11: Production decision for
performance and safety without the encrypted Aircraft Wireless
encumbering the Soldier. Components Intercom System
include Microclimate Cooling System;

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


25

Air Warrior (AW)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Australia, Canada, UAE

CONTRACTORS
Carleton Technologies, Inc. (Orchard Park,
NY)
BAE Systems (Phoenix, AZ)
Aerial Machine and Tool, Inc. (Vesta, VA)
Westwind Technologies, Inc.
(Huntsville,AL)
Raytheon Technical Services, Inc.
(Indianapolis, IN)
Secure Communications Systems, Inc.
(Santa Ana, CA)
Telephonics Corp. (Farmingdale, NY)
General Dynamics C4 Systems, Inc.
(Scottsdale, AZ)
Science and Engineering Services, Inc.
(SESI) (Huntsville, AL)
Gibson and Barnes (Santa Clara, CA)
US Divers (Vista, CA)
Oxygen Generating Systems International
(Buffalo, NY)
Gentex Corportation (Rancho
Cucamonga,CA)
Mountain High Equipment and Supply Co.
(Redmond, OR)
Taylor-Wharton (Huntsville, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


26

Air/Missile Defense Planning and Control System (AMDPCS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION links for airspace coordination with PROGRAM STATUS
To provide an automated command and joint, interagency, multi-national, and 4QFY08: ADAM full materiel
Recapitalization control system that integrates Air and coalition forces. release and full-rate production
Missile Defense planning and operations decision
Maintenance
AMDPCS in ADA Brigades and 4QFY08: Fielding one ADA brigade
for Air Defense Airspace Management
AAMDCs provide expanded staff and 18 ADAMs procured in FY08
(ADAM) systems, Air Defense Artillery planning and coordination capabilities 1QFY09: Completed FY08 reset of
(ADA) Brigades, and Army Air and for integrating defense of the air 26 ADAMs
Missile Defense Commands (AAMDCs). battlespace.
PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
DESCRIPTION AMDPCS includes shelters, automated 4QFY09: Fielding three ADA
The Air/Missile Defense Planning and data processing equipment, tactical Brigades and 46 ADAMs procured in
Control System (AMDPCS) is an Army communications, standard vehicles, FY09
Objective Force system that provides tactical power, and software systems 4QFY09: Field ADSI Version 15.0
integration of Air and Missile Defense for force operations and engagement with 3D display
(AMD) operations at all echelons. operations including Air and Missile 2QFY10: Field AMDWS Versions 6.5
AMDPCS systems are deployed with Defense Workstation (AMDWS) and with software Block 3 capabilities
ADAM Systems, ADA Brigades, and Air Defense System Integrator (ADSI).
AAMDCs.
AMDWS is a staff planning and
ADAM provides the commanders of battlespace situational awareness
Brigade Combat Teams (BCTs), fires tool that provides commanders with a
brigades, combat aviation brigades, and common tactical and operational air
division and corps tactical operations picture. ADSI is a fire-control system
systems with situation awareness that monitors and controls air battle
of the airspace, the third dimension engagement operations by subordinate
of the battlefield. ADAM provides or attached units.
collaboration and staff planning
capabilities through the Army Battle SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Command System and operational None

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


27

Air/Missile Defense Planning and


Control System (AMDPCS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Northrop Grumman (Huntsville, AL)
Ultra, Inc. (Austin, TX)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


28

Airborne Reconnaissance Low (ARL)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization Intelligence collected on the Southern Command (SOUTHCOM) PROGRAM STATUS
ARL can be analyzed, recorded, operates one ARLC and two ARLM 2QFY09 Phoenix Eye upgrade on
Recapitalization and disseminated on the aircraft aircraft. United States Forces Korea ARL-M1
workstations in real time and stored (USFK) operates three ARLM 3QFY10 Convert ARL C1 into
Maintenance
on board for post-mission processing. aircraft. Planned upgrades for ARL M8
During multi-aircraft missions, data ARL include baselining the fleet by
MISSION can be shared between cooperating providing a common architecture for PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
To detect, locate, and report aircraft via ultra high frequency air-to- sensor management and workstation FY09andon: Continued
threats using a variety of imagery, air data links allowing multi-platform man-machine interface. ARLC imagery, radar, COMINT, system
communications-intercept, and moving- COMINT geolocation operations. systems will be converted from interoperability, workstation
The ARL system includes a variety COMINT only to ARLM multi- architecture upgrades and C to M
target indicator sensor payloads.
of communications subsystems to INT configuration. Planned sensor conversions
support near-real-time dissemination of improvements include upgrading the
DESCRIPTION intelligence and dynamic retasking of radar to provide change detection
Airborne Reconnaissance Low (ARL) the aircraft. and super-resolution SAR, upgrading
is a self-deploying, multi-sensor, day/ the MX-20 electro-optical/infrared
night, all-weather reconnaissance, There are currently two configurations (EO/IR) subsystem to reflect current
intelligence, system. It consists of the ARL system: standards, including the addition of
of a modified DeHavilland DHC- Two aircraft are configured as a laser illuminator, and the addition
7 fixed-wing aircraft equipped ARLCOMINT (ARLC), with of digital pan cameras across the
with communications intelligence a conventional communications fleet for high-resolution imaging and
(COMINT), imagery intelligence intercept and direction finding change detection. A new and improved
(IMINT), and Synthetic Aperture (location) payload. COMINT payload will be fielded,
Radar/Moving Target Indicator (SAR/ Six aircraft are configured as ARL increasing frequency coverage and
MTI) mission payloads. The payloads Multifunction (ARLM), equipped improving target intercept probability.
are controlled and operated via on- with a combination of IMINT,
board open-architecture, multi-function COMINT, and SAR/MTI payload and SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
workstations. demonstrated hyperspectral imager None
applications and multi-intelligence
(multi-INT) data fusion capabilities.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


29

Airborne Reconnaissance Low (ARL)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Sierra Nevada Corp. (Hagerstown, MD)
Aircraft survivability:
Litton Advanced Systems
(Gaithersburg, MD)
COMINT subsystem:
BAE Systems (Manchester, NH)
EO/IR subsystem:
WESCAM (Hamilton, Ontario, Canada)
Engineering support:
CACI (Berryville, VA)
Radar subsystem:
Lockheed Martin (Phoenix, AZ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


30

All Terrain Lifter Army System (ATLAS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION fork carriages: a 6,000-pound carriage Cruising range: 10 hours of operations
To provide a mobile, variable-reach, for stuffing and un-stuffing standard before refueling
Recapitalization rough-terrain forklift capable of Army pallets with 24-inch load centers Road speed: 23 miles per hour
handling all classes of supplies. from 20-foot containers weighing up Force protection: Integrated armor
Maintenance
to 6,000 pounds; and a 10,000-pound
DESCRIPTION carriage for handling loads weighing SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
The All Terrain Lifter Army System up to 10,000 pounds at 48-inch load None
(ATLAS) is a C-130 air-transportable, center (Air Force 463L pallets)
10,000-pound-capacity, variable- PROGRAM STATUS
reach, rough-terrain forklift capable ATLAS is a key component of the 2QFY07: ATLAS II contract award;
of stuffing and un-stuffing 20-foot Armys Container Oriented Distribution ongoing production and fielding of
International Standards Organization System, which is essential to ATLAS I
(ISO) containers and handling Air deployment of a continental U.S.-based
Force 463L pallets weighing up to Army and sustainment of a deployed PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
10,000 pounds. ATLAS supports force. 3QFY09: Full-rate production
units from the transportation, ATLAS II
quartermaster, ordnance, missiles The ATLAS II is an EPA Tier III-
and munitions, engineer, aviation, compliant ATLAS with improved
and medical army branches. ATLASs reliability, performance, survivability,
mobility allows it to support the and transportability.
Brigade Combat Teams, and it
is a critical asset supporting an ATLAS Features:
expeditionary Army. Length: 27.02 feet
Width: 8.35 feet (ATLAS II is four
ATLAS is a military-unique vehicle: inches narrower)
commercial forklifts cannot meet Height: 8.92 feet
military requirements. It is capable Weight: 33,500 pounds
of lifting 4,000 pounds at a 21.5 Power Train: 165 horsepower
feet reach, 6,000 pounds at 15 feet, Cummins diesel engine; Funk 1723
and 10,000 pounds at four feet. It is PowerShift (three-speed forward and
equipped with two interchangeable reverse) mechanical transmission

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


31

All Terrain Lifter Army System


(ATLAS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
JLG Industries, Inc. (McConnellsburg, PA)
An Oshkosh Corporation Company

TIER III Engine (ATLAS I has TIER I Engine)


Significant Maintainability Improvements
Improved Transportability
4 inches Narrower

Integrated A/B Armor Kit


Electronic Manuals
Electronic Training Aid

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


32

Armored Knight

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION provides enhanced survivability and SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
To assist heavy and infantry Brigade maneuverability over the unarmored ASV Chassis, Lightweight Laser
Recapitalization Combat Teams to perform 24-hour M707 HMMWV based Armored Knight. Designator Rangefinder (LLDR), FS3,
terrain surveillance, target acquisition, The system includes a full 360-degree FOS, Force XXI Battle Command
Maintenance
armored cupola and integrated Knight Brigade and Below (FBCB2), Advanced
target location, and fire support for
mission equipment package that is Field Artillery Tactical Data System
combat observation lasing team common with the M7 Bradley Fire (AFATAD3), Single Channel Ground to
missions. Support Team (BFIST) vehicle/M707 Air Radio Station (SINCGARS)
Knight and the Stryker Fire Support
DESCRIPTION Vehicle. PROGRAM STATUS
The M1200 Armored Knight provides 1QFY10: 294 Vehicle Systems
precision strike capability by locating The mission equipment package produced. 278 Vehicle Systems to
and designating targets for both includes: Fire Support Sensor System various deploying Heavy Brigade
ground- and air-delivered laser- (FS3) mounted sensor, Targeting Combat Teams (HBCTs) and Infantry
guided ordnance and conventional Station Control Panel, Mission Brigade Combat Teams (IBCTs)
munitions. It replaces the M707 Processor Unit, Inertial Navigation
Knight High Mobility Multipurpose Unit, Defense Advanced Global PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) base and Positioning System Receiver (DAGR), 2QFY10FY12: Procure additional
M981 fire support team vehicles used Power Distribution Unit, Rugged Hand- 188 Vehicle Systems. 438 total
by combat observation lasing teams Held Computer Unit (RHC) Forward systems fielded to next deployers,
(COLTs) in both the heavy and infantry Observer Software (FOS). HBCT/IBCT in Active Component
Brigade Combat Teams. It operates (AC) and Army National Guard
as an integral part of the brigade Other Armored Knight specifications: (ARNG)
reconnaissance element, providing Crew: Three COLT members FY12: Design/Integrate/Validate
COLT and fire support mission Combat loaded weight: Approximately Targeting under ArmorOn the
planning and execution. 15 tons Move/Remote Weapon Station (TUA-
Maximum speed: 63 miles per hour OTM/RWS) capability for M1200
The M1200 Armored Knight is a M117 Cruising range: 440 miles Armored Knight
Armored Security Vehicle (ASV) Target location accuracy: <20 meters
chassis/hull with Add-on Armor circular error probable
fragmentation kits installed. This

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


33

Armored Knight

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Precision targeting systems
production/vehicle integration:
DRS Sustainment Systems, Inc. (DRS
SSI) (St. Louis, MO; West Plains, MO)
Common display unit:
DRS Tactical Systems (Melbourne, FL)
Slip ring:
Airflyte Electronics Co. (Bayonne, NJ)
Targeting station control panel:
Oppenheimer (Horsham, PA)
M1117 ASV Hull:
Textron Marine & Land Systems
(NewOrleans, LA)
FS3 Sensor:
Raytheon (McKinney, TX)
Inertial Navigation Unit:
Honeywell (Clearwater, FL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


34

Armored Security Vehicle (ASV)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The ASV provides protection to the SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
To support the entire spectrum of crew compartment, gunners station, None
Recapitalization military police missions and to protect and the ammunition storage area.
convoys in hostile areas. The turret is fully enclosed with an PROGRAM STATUS
Maintenance
MK-19 40mm grenade launcher gun, Current: Continued fielding to
DESCRIPTION a M48 .50-caliber machine gun, and a support military police companies
The M1117 Armored Security Vehicle multi-salvo smoke grenade launcher. and convoy protection units
(ASV) is a turreted, lightly armored, The ASV provides ballistic, blast,
all-wheel drive vehicle that supports and overhead protection for its four- PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
military police and convoy missions, person crew. The ASV has a payload FY10: Produce and field
such as rear area security, law and of 3,360 pounds and supports Army approximately 150 vehicles; upgrade
order operations, convoy protection, transformation with its 400-mile-plus turret capabilities
battlefield circulation, and enemy range, top speed of nearly 70 miles per
prisoner of war operations, over the hour, and C-130 deployability.
entire spectrum of war and operations
other than war.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


35

Armored Security Vehicle (ASV)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


ASV variant delivered to Iraq, M1117
delivered to Iraq

CONTRACTORS
Textron Marine & Land Systems (New
Orleans, LA)
BAE Systems (Phoenix, AZ)
Cummins Mid-South LLC (Memphis, TN)
Chenega (Panama City, FL)
Lapeer Industries Inc. (Lapeer, MI)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


36

Army Key Management System (AKMS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization umbrella of the objective National LCMS workstation, the warfighters PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Security Agency (NSA) Electronic EndCrypto Unit (ECU), and the FY0911: Continue to procure and
Recapitalization Key Management System (EKMS), Soldier. It is a small,ruggedized hand- field SKLs for Army, Air Force, Navy
AKMS provides tactical units and held key loading device. and civilians
Maintenance
sustaining bases with an organic key FY09: SKL Software upgrade v6.0;
generation capability and an efficient Product Direct Network Operations ACES Software Upgrade 2.0; LCMS
secure electronic key distribution (PD NetOps) will deploy and sustain Software Upgrade v5.1
MISSION means. AKMS provides a system the Coalition Joint Spectrum FY09: Refresh LCMS hardware to
To automate the functions of for distribution of communications Management Planning Tool (CJSMPT), all Army COMSEC custodians
communication securities (COMSEC) security (COMSEC), electronic which began as a Joint Improvised FY0910: Train, deploy and
key management, control, and protection, and signal operating Explosive Device Defeat (JIEDD) Task sustain Coalition Joint Spectrum
instructions (SOI) information from Force initiative. It will provide joint Management Planning Tool
distribution; electronic protection
the planning level to the point of use spectrum management deconfliction (CJSMPT) capability
generation and distribution; signal in support of current, interim, and capabilities for both communications FY10: Refresh ACES hardware to
operating instruction management; to objective force at division and brigade and electronic warfare spectrum users. current users
provide planners and operators with levels.
automated, secure communications at SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
theater/tactical and strategic/sustaining The LCMS workstation provides AKMS systems are considered enabling
base levels. automated key generation, distribution, systems for equipment/systems to
and COMSEC accounting. The ACES, receive key and frequency allotments.
which is the frequency management
DESCRIPTION portion of AKMS, has been designated PROGRAM STATUS
The Army Key Management by the Military Communications 4QFY08: Released version 6.0 of
System (AKMS) is a fielded system Electronics Board as the joint SKL software
composed of three subsystems, Local standard for use by all services in 4QFY08: Released LCMS v5.0.3
COMSEC Management Software development of frequency management to Army COMSEC custodians
(LCMS), Automated Communications and cryptographic net planning and 4QFY08: Procured over 40,000
Engineering Software (ACES), and SOI generation. The SKL (AN/PYQ- SKLs for Army units
the Data Transfer Device (DTD)/ 10) is the associated support item of 1QFY09: Released version 1.9
Simple Key Loader (SKL). Under the equipment that provides the interface of ACES software
between the ACES workstation, the

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


37

Army Key Management


System (AKMS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Canada, United Kingdom, Australia, New
Zealand, Hungary, Germany, Turkey, Spain,
Lithuania

CONTRACTORS
Sierra Nevada Corp. (Sparks, NV)
Science Applications International Corp.
(SAIC) (San Diego, CA)
CACI (Eatontown, NJ)
Sypris (Tampa, FL)
CSS (Augusta, GA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


38

Artillery Ammunition

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Separate-loading ammunition, used PROGRAM STATUS
To provide field artillery forces with in 155mm howitzers, has separately 2QFY09: Completed type
Recapitalization modernized munitions to destroy, issued projectiles, fuzes, propellants, classification of the 105mm M1064
neutralize, or suppress the enemy by and primers, which are loaded into the Infrared (IR) Illumination cartridge
Maintenance
cannon separately.
cannon fire.
PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
The artillery ammunition program 4QFY09: Complete type
DESCRIPTION includes fuzes for cargo-carrying classification of the 155mm M1066
The Armys artillery ammunition projectiles, such as smoke, IR Illumination projectile.
program includes 75mm (used for illumination, dual-purpose improved 2QFY10: Complete full material
ceremonies and simulated firing), conventional munitions, and bursting release of the 105mm M1064 IR
105mm, and 155mm projectiles and projectiles, such as high explosive. This Illumination cartridge
their associated fuzes and propelling program also includes bag propellant
charges. for the 105mm semi-fixed cartridges
and modular artillery charge system
Semi-fixed ammunition for short (MACS) for 155mm howitzers.
and intermediate ranges, used in
105mm howitzers, is characterized SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
by adjusting the number of multiple None
propelling charges. Semi-fixed
ammunition for long ranges contains
a single bag of propellant optimized
for obtaining high velocity and is
not adjustable. The primer is an
integral part of the cartridge case,
and is located in the base. All 105mm
cartridges are issued in a fuzed or
unfuzed configuration. Both cartridge
configurations are packaged with
propellant.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


39

Artillery Ammunition

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Australia, Canada, Israel, and Lebanon

CONTRACTORS
General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical
SystemsScranton Operations
(Scranton, PA)
SNC Technologies (LeGardeur, Canada)
American Ordnance (Middletown, IA)
Alliant Techsystems (Janesville, WI)
Armtec Defense (Palm Springs, CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


40

Aviation Combined Arms Tactical Trainer (AVCATT)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization requirements for Active and Reserve AVCATT builds and sustains training PROGRAM STATUS
Army aviation units worldwide and proficiency on mission-essential tasks 1QFY09: Fielding of 19 suites
Recapitalization enables geographic-specific mission through crew and individual training completed; includes support to Army
rehearsals in both classified and by supporting aviation collective tasks, National Guard as well as U.S. forces
Maintenance
unclassified modes before real-world including armed reconnaissance (area, in Germany, Korea, and Hawaii
mission execution. AVCATT is a zone, route); deliberate attack;
critical element of the Combined Arms covering force operations; downed PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
MISSION Training Strategy. It is distributive aircrew recovery operations; joint air 2QFY09: Initiate development of
To enable Army aviation units to interactive simulation (DIS) and high- attack team; hasty attack; and air Digital Communications Baseline,
rehearse and participate in a unit- level architecture (HLA) compliant, assault operations. Tactical Message Format
collective and combined-arms simulated and is compatible and interoperable 2QFY09: Initiate development of
with other synthetic environment AVCATT is fully mobile, capable of Kiowa Warrior concurrency upgrade
battlefield environment through
systems. AVCATT supports role-player using commercial and generator power, 3QFY09: Field the first system with
networked simulation training. and semi-automated blue and and is transportable worldwide. upgraded visual system: helmet-
opposing forces. mounted display and image generator
DESCRIPTION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 3QFY09: Field production suites 20,
The Aviation Combined Arms Tactical The AVCATT single suite of equipment AVCATT requires Synthetic 21 and 22
Trainer (AVCATT) is a reconfigurable, consists of two mobile trailers that Environment Core (SE Core) to provide 4QFY09: Field production suite 23
transportable, combined-arms virtual house six reconfigurable networked terrain databases and virtual models. 2QFY10: Field the first system with
training simulator that provides simulators to support the Apache, The One Semi-Automated Forces Longbow Block I, Software 6.1 and
current and Future Force aviation Apache Longbow, Kiowa Warrior, (OneSAF) will provide a common SAF Block II, Software 10.0 concurrency
commanders and units a dynamic, Chinook, and Black Hawk. An after- through SE Core in the future. upgrade
synthetic instructional environment. action review theater and battle master 2QFY10: Complete fielding of
AVCATT enables realistic, high- control station is also provided as part Common Missile Warning System
intensity collective and combined of each suite. (CMWS) to all AVCATT systems
arms training to aviation leadership,
staff members and units, improving
overall aviation task force readiness.
It meets institutional, organizational,
and sustainment aviation training

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


41

AVCATTA
2 Trailer Suite
Aviation Combined Arms Tactical
Trainer (AVCATT)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
L-3 Communications (Arlington, TX)

Manned Simulator

Apache Kiowa Warrior


AH-64A OH-58D

Chinook Black Hawk


Ch-47D UH-60A/L

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


Apache Longbow
AH-64D
42

Battle Command Sustainment Support System (BCS3)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization BCS3 is an integral part of Army The system supports training, SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Battle Command System (ABCS) mission planning, rehearsal, and LIW/LOGSA, ILAP, SARSS, SAMS(E),
Recapitalization automation, providing the logistics execution all in one tool and operates SASSMOD, PBUSE, EMILPO, MTS,
portion of the battle command common in both unclassified and classified RFID
Maintenance
operational picture (COP). environments. BCS3 interfaces with
other Army, Joint Interagency and PROGRAM STATUS
MISSION BCS3 provides a Microsoft Windows- Multinational (JIM) command and 1QFY09: Release of BCS3
To serve as the United States land type COP for logistics that is modular, control (C2) and logistics business BC08.10.02.03
forces fusion center for Logistics tailorable, and scalable to meet the systems. In effect, the system advances
command and control information, full spectrum of battlefield logistics the goal to increase Battle Command PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
command and control requirements capability for U.S. land forces in joint 2QFY09: Fielding to 92nd Brigade
providing better situational awareness
in near-real-time. It incorporates full spectrum operations as laid out in Combat Team
and decision-making capability to U.S. relevant technologies developed over the Armys Strategic Planning Guidance. 2QFY09: Fielding to 6th Army
Land Component Forces at tactical, the past 10 years with emerging 3QFY09: Fielding to 5th Army
operational and strategic echelons. logistics technologies and applications BCS3s core competencies provide 3QFY09: Release of BCS3
used today worldwide and supports units, staffs, and commanders with BC08.10.02.04
DESCRIPTION U.S. land forces deployed in Iraq and the best warfighting capability now 4QFY09: Release of BCS3
The Battle Command Logistics Afghanistan. BCS3 will continue through the logistics COP; commodity BC10.01.00
Command and Control (BCS3) system development while integrating into the visibility; convoy operations; reception, 2QFY10: Fielding to 167th Theater
is employed at multiple echelons to fuse Early Infantry Brigade Combat Team staging, onward movement; and Sustainment Command
sustainment, in-transit, and force data (E-IBCT) and Net Enabled Command logistics reporting. 3QFY10: Fielding to 135th
to aid commanders in making critical Capability (NECC) architectures to Sustainment Command
tactical, operational, and strategic provide commanders the capability to (Expeditionary)
decisions. BCS3 is a force multiplier, a execute end-to-end distribution and 3QFY10: Fielding to 184th
precision tool for logistics planning and deployment management for better Sustainment Command
execution that provides commanders situational awareness. (Expeditionary)
with the situational awareness to
make prudent decisions, rapidly
and effectively, for todays fight and
tomorrows mission.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


43

Battle Command Sustainment


Support System (BCS3)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Northrop Grumman (Carson, CA)
Tapestry Solutions (San Diego, CA)
L-3 Communications (Chantilly, VA)
Lockheed Martin (Tinton Falls, NJ)
Wexford Group International (Vienna, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


44

Biometric Enterprise Core Capability (BECC)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION PROGRAM STATUS PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
To serve as an enterprise biometric 4QFY08: DoD Biometrics 23QFY09: Biometric analysis of
Recapitalization system acting as DoDs authoritative Acquisition Decision Memorandum alternatives
biometric repository enabling identity directs Milestone B no later than 1QFY10: Biometrics Capability
Maintenance
FY10 Development Document(s) approved
superiority.
1QFY09: Biometrics in Support 3QFY10: Milestone B, i.e.
of Identity Management Initial permission to enter system
DESCRIPTION Capabilities Document approved development and demonstration
BECC will be developed with a by Joint Requirements Oversight
system-of-systems architecture using Council
multi-modal storage and matching
using fingerprint, palm, iris, and face
modalities.

SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Joint Biometrics Identity Intelligence
Program, Identity Dominance System,
Biometric Family of Capabilities for
Full Spectrum Operations

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


45

Biometric Enterprise Core Capability


(BECC)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Program Management Support
Services:
L-3 Communications (Canton, MA)
CACI (Arlington, VA)
General Dynamics (Falls Church, VA)
The Research Associates (New York, NY)
System Development and Integration:
To be determined pending Milestone B

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


46

Biometric Family of Capabilities for Full Spectrum Operations


(BFCFSO)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION PROGRAM STATUS PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
To provide tactical biometrics collection 4QFY08: DoD Biometrics 23QFY09: Biometric analysis of
Recapitalization capability configurable for multiple Acquisition Decision Memorandum alternatives
operational mission environments, directs Milestone B no later than 1QFY10: Biometrics Capability
Maintenance
FY10 Development Document(s) approved
enabling identity superiority.
1QFY09: Biometrics in Support 3QFY10: Milestone B, i.e.
of Identity Management Initial permission to enter system
DESCRIPTION Capabilities Document approved development and demonstration
Biometric Family of Capabilities for by Joint Requirements Oversight
Full Spectrum Operations (BFCFSO) Council
will provide the capability to capture,
transmit, store, share, retrieve, exploit,
and display biometrics data from
multiple targets.

SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Joint Biometrics Identity Intelligence
Program, Identity Dominance System,
Biometric Enterprise Core Capability,
Distributed Common Ground System
Army

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


47

Biometric Family of Capabilities for


Full Spectrum Operations (BFCFSO)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Program Management Support
Services:
L-3 Communications (Canton, MA)
CACI (Arlington, VA)
General Dynamics (Falls Church, VA)
The Research Associates (New York, NY)
System Development and Integration:
To be determined pending Milestone B

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


48

Black Hawk/UH-60

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization (UH-60M) internal load than the UH-60A and will extend the system service life. PROGRAM STATUS
L versions; and the UH-60M P3I The UH-60A-A/L recapitalization and 1QFY08: UH-60M multiyear
Recapitalization (UH-60 A-A/L) Upgrade, which includes the Common rebuild program will be applied to a VII award
Avionics Architecture System, and number of older aircraft while awaiting 2QFY08: UH-60M first-unit
Maintenance
fly-by-wire and Full Authority Digital introduction of UH-60M aircraft into equipped
Engine Control upgrade to the GE- the fleet. 4QFY08: UH-60M upgrade
MISSION 701D Engine. On the asymmetric first flight
To provide air assault, general support, battlefield, the Black Hawk enables the SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 4QFY08: UH-60M upgrade
aero-medical evacuation, command and commander to get to the fight quicker Advanced Threat Infrared customer test
control, and special operations support and to mass effects throughout the Countermeasures (ATRICM), Common
battlespace across the full spectrum Missile Warning System (CMWS), Air PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
to combat, stability, and support
of conflict. A single Black Hawk can Warrior, Blue Force Tracker (BFT), and 1QFY10: UH-60M upgrade limited
operations. transport an entire 11-person, fully Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS) user test
equipped infantry squad faster than 2QFY10: UH-60M upgrade low-rate
DESCRIPTION predecessor systems and in most production contract award
The Black Hawk (UH-60) is the Armys weather conditions. The Black Hawk
utility tactical transport helicopter. can reposition a 105mm howitzer, its
The versatile Black Hawk has crew of six, and up to 30 rounds of
enhanced the overall mobility of the 105mm ammunition in a single lift.
Army due to dramatic improvements The aircrafts critical components and
in troop capacity and cargo lift systems are armored or redundant,
capability. It will serve as the Armys and its airframe is designed to
utility helicopter in the Future Force. crush progressively on impact, thus
There are four basic versions of the protecting crew and passengers. The
UH-60: the original UH-60A; the Army has put programs into place
UH-60L, which has greater gross to extend the life of the UH-60 by
weight capability, higher cruise speed, providing it with the capabilities
rate of climb, and external load; the needed on the future battlefield.
UH-60M, which includes the improved The UH-60M upgrade program will
GE-701D engine and provides greater incorporate a digitized cockpit and
cruising speed, rate of climb, and improved handling characteristics, and

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


49

Black Hawk/UH-60

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


UH-60M: Bahrain, UAE

CONTRACTORS
UH-60M:
Sikorsky (Stratford, CT)
UH-60M Upgrade Development:
Sikorsky (Stratford, CT)
701D Engine:
General Electric (Lynn, MA)
CAAS Software:
Rockwell Collins (Cedar Rapids, IA)
Flight Control:
Hamilton Sundstrand (Windsor Locks, CT)

UH-60A UH60L UH60M UH 60M P31 Upgrade


MAX GROSS WEIGHT (pounds): 20,250 22,000 22,000 22,000
CRUISE SPEED (knots): 149 150 152 152
RATE CLIMB (feet per minute): 814 1,315 1,646 1,646
ENGINES (2 each): GE-700 GE-701C GE-701D GE-701D
EXTERNAL LOAD (pounds): 8000 9,000 9,000 9,000
INTERNAL LOAD (troops/pounds): 11/2, 640 11/2, 640 11/3, 190 11/3, 190
CREW: two pilots, two crew chiefs
WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010
ARMAMENT: two 7.62mm machine guns
50

Bradley Upgrade

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION situational awareness includes a squad 3QFY10: Bradley A3 fielded to Army
To provide infantry and cavalry fighting leader display integrated into vehicle Prepositioned Stock 5, 3rd Brigade,
Recapitalization vehicles with digital command and digital images and IC3. 1st Cavalry Division; 2nd Brigade,
control capabilities, significantly 1st Cavalry Division; and ODS fielded
Maintenance
SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES to 172nd Separate Infantry Brigade
increased situational awareness,
None 4QFY10: Bradley A3 fielded to 1st
enhanced lethality and survivability, Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division; and
and improved sustainability and PROGRAM STATUS ODS Situational Awareness (ODS
supportability. 1QFY09: Bradley A3 fielded to SA) fielded to 81st Washington Army
1stArmored Division; Bradley National Guard
DESCRIPTION Operation Desert Storm (ODS) Current: Bradley conversions
The Bradley M2A3 Infantry/M3A3 fielded to the 155th MS Army continue for both the Active Army
Cavalry Fighting Vehicle (IFV/CFV) National Guard (ARNG) and the ARNG to meet the Armys
features two second-generation, 1QFY09: Bradley A3 fielded to modularity goals; A3 Bradley is in
forward-looking infrared (FLIR) 3rdBrigade, 3rd Infantry Division full-rate production through 3QFY11.
sensorsone in the Improved Bradley
Acquisition Subsystem (IBAS), the PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
other in the Commanders Independent 1QFY10: Bradley A3 fielded to
Viewer (CIV). These systems provide 1stBrigade, 4th Infantry Division;
hunter-killer target handoff and ODS fielded to 170th Separate
capability with ballistic fire control. Infantry Brigade
The Bradley A3 also has embedded 2QFY10: Bradley A3 fielded to
diagnostics and an Integrated Combat 4thBrigade, 1st Cavalry Division and
Command and Control (IC3) digital 2nd Brigade, 4th Infantry Division;
communications suite hosting a Force and ODS fielded to 1st Brigade, 1st
XXI Battle Command Brigade-and- Infantry Division and 2nd Brigade,
Below (FBCB2) package with digital 1st Infantry Division
maps, messages, and friend/foe
situational awareness. The Bradleys
position navigation with GPS, inertial
navigation, and enhanced squad

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


51

Bradley Upgrade

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
BAE Systems (San Jose, CA)
Raytheon (McKinney, TX)
DRS Technologies (Melbourne, FL)
Elbit Systems of America
(Fort Worth, TX)
L-3 Communications (Muskegon, MI)

LENGTH: 21.5 feet


WIDTH: 9.75 feet without armor tiles; 10.83 feet with armor tiles
CURRENT MODELS/VARIANTS:
HEIGHT: 11.8 feet
M2/M3 A2
WEIGHT: 67,000 pounds combat loaded; 78,925 pounds with add-on armor,
M2/M3 A2 Operation Desert Storm (ODS)
Bradley reactive tiles, and skirt armor to protect from explosively formed
M2/M3 A3
penetrators
M2/M3 A2 ODSE (Engineer Vehicle)
POWER TRAIN: 600 hp Cummins VTA-903T diesel engine with L-3 Communications
Bradley Commanders Vehicle (BCV)
HMPT-500-3EC hydro-mechanical automatic transmission
M7 ODS Bradley Fire Support Team (BFIST)
CRUISING RANGE: 250 miles
M3A3 Bradley Fire Support Team (BFIST)
ROAD SPEED: 38 miles per hour
CREW, PASSENGERS: M2A3: 10 (3 crew; 7 dismounts); M3A3: 5 (3 crew; 2 dismounts)
VEHICLE ARMAMENT: 25mm Bushmaster cannon; TOW II missile system; 7.62mm M240C WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010
machine gun
52

Calibration Sets Equipment (CALSETS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization sets Secondary Transfer Standards are 10-kilowatt power generator. This PROGRAM STATUS
deployed worldwide and are used to platform is equipped with a basic set Current: Sustainment of CALSETS
Recapitalization verify and transfer precision accuracy of precision maintenance calibration Secondary Transfer Standards Basic,
to the current and Future Force. standards designed to support up to AN/GSM-286; Secondary Transfer
Maintenance
75 percent of the Armys high density Standards Augmented, AN/GSM-
Secondary Transfer Standards Basic, precision measurement equipment. This 287; Secondary Transfer Standards,
AN/GSM-286 system is modular and configurable AN/GSM-421; Secondary Transfer
MISSION This set consists of baseline instruments to meet mission requirements and Standards, AN/GSM-705
To provide the capability to test, and components capable of supporting can operate in a true split-based Current: Production and fielding
adjust, synchronize, repair, and verify precision maintenance equipment in the mission posture. Designed for rapid of CALSETS Secondary Transfer
accuracy of Army test, measurement, physical, dimensional, electrical, and deployment by surface or air, AN/GSM- Standards, AN/GSM-705 (National
electronic parameters. 21 will not radiate or be disrupted by Guard)
and diagnostic equipment across all
electromagnetic interference. Current: System development
measurement parameters. Secondary Transfer Standards and demonstration of CALSETS
Augmented, AN/GSM-287 Secondary Transfer Standards, Secondary Transfer Standards, AN/
DESCRIPTION This set consists of baseline instruments AN/GSM-705 GSM-421(V2)
Calibration Sets Equipment and components with expanded This calibration platform consists of
(CALSETS) consist of fixed and capability to support a wider variety a M1088A1 Medium Tactical Vehicle PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
tactical shelters that house all of precision maintenance equipment. Tractor with a 35-foottrailer and 2QFY09: Total-package fielding
instrumentation, components, It is capable of supporting precision integrated 15-kilowatt generator. to National Guard of CALSETS
and power generation equipment maintenance equipment in the physical, Outfitted as a tactical mobile calibration Secondary Transfer Standards, AN/
constituting a set. Calibration sets dimensional, electrical, electronic, system, it contains the baseline and GSM-705
are capable of providing support to radiological, electro-optical, and expanded-issue instruments and 3QFY10: Production and fielding
maintenance units or area support from microwave frequency parameters. components. The platform includes of CALSETS Secondary Transfer
brigade to multi-theater sustainment battlefield communication and applies Standards, AN/GSM-421(V2)
operations. The calibration sets are Secondary Transfer Standards, a network-centric approach to precision
designed to calibrate 90 percent of AN/GSM-421 maintenance support operations and
the Armys test, measurement, and This calibration platform consists of data handling.
diagnostic equipment workload with an a M1152 High Mobility Multipurpose
objective of 98 percent. The calibration Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) with SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
a mounted shelter and integrated None

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology
Concept & Technology
Development
Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment
System Development & Demonstration Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


53

Calibration Sets Equipment


(CALSETS)

AN/GSM-705
FOREIGN MILITARY SALES
AN/GSM-421 Afghanistan, Egypt, Japan, Lithuania,
Saudi Arabia, Taiwan, United Arab
Emirates

CONTRACTORS
Dynetics, Inc. (Huntsville, AL)
Agilent Technologies, Inc. (Santa Clara,
CA)
Science Applications International Corp.
(SAIC), (Huntsville, AL)
Fluke Corp. (Everett, WA)

Calibration Instruments

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


54

Chemical Biological Medical SystemsDiagnostics

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
To provide the warfighter with None 4QFY10: FDA clearance for Q-fever
Recapitalization safe, robust, affordable medical IVD kit
countermeasures against a broad PROGRAM STATUS 1QFY11: FDA clearance for typhus
Maintenance
2QFY09: National Guard fielding IVD kit
spectrum of chemical, biological,
complete (26 systems) 4QFY11: Complete Navy fielding (31
radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) threats 4QFY09: Emergency use systems)
and use government and commercial authorization for Swine Flu (H1N1)
best practices to acquire Food and 1QFY10: FDA clearance for Avian
Drug Administration (FDA)-approved Flu (H5N1) in vitro diagnostic (IVD)
CBRN medical countermeasures and kit
diagnostics.
DESCRIPTION
The Joint Biological Agent
Identification and Diagnostic
System (JBAIDS) is a reusable,
portable, modifiable biological
agent identification and diagnostic
system capable of rapid, reliable and
simultaneous identification of multiple
biological agents and other pathogens
of operational concern. The JBAIDS
anthrax, tularemia, brucellosis, and
plague detection systems are FDA
cleared for diagnostic use.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


55

Chemical Biological Medical


SystemsDiagnostics

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Idaho Technologies (Salt Lake City, UT)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


56

Chemical Biological Medical SystemsProphylaxis

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Bioscavenger II: PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
To provide the warfighter with The Bioscavenger program fills 3QFY10: Plague Vaccine Phase 2b
Recapitalization safe, robust, affordable medical an urgent capability gap in the clinical study begins
countermeasures against a broad warfighters defense against nerve 4QFY10: rBV Phase 2 clinical study
Maintenance
agents by development of a nerve agent complete
spectrum of chemical, biological,
prophylactic by rendering protective 4QFY10: rBV large-scale
radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) equipment, in theory, unnecessary. manufacturing process validation
threats; use government and Bioscavenger Increment II consists complete
commercial practices to acquire of Protexia, recombinant human
FDA-approved CBRN medical butyrylcholinesterase produced in the
countermeasures and diagnostics. milk of transgenic goats and modified
with polyethylene glycol.
DESCRIPTION
Plague Vaccine: SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
The Plague Vaccine is a highly None
purified polypeptide produced from
non sporeforming bacterial cells PROGRAM STATUS
transfected with a recombinant vector 1QFY09: Plague Vaccine Phase 2a
from Yersinia pestis. clinical study complete
1QFY09: Plague Vaccine
Recombinant Botulinum Vaccine manufacture scale-up and validation
(rBV): initiated
The Recombinant Botulinum Bivalent 1QFY09: rBV Phase 1b clinical
Vaccine (rBV) A/B comprises study complete
nontoxic botulinum toxin heavy 1QFY09: rBV Phase 2 clinical study
chain (Hc) fragments of serotypes A initiated
and B formulated with an aluminum 1QFY10: Bioscavenger Phase 1
hydroxide adjuvant and delivered clinical study complete
intramuscularly prior to potential 1QFY10: Bioscavenger large-
exposure to botulinum toxins. scale manufacturing, process
qualification, and validation begins

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology
Concept & Technology
Development
Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


57

Chemical Biological Medical


SystemsProphylaxis

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Canada and United Kingdom: Plague
Vaccine

CONTRACTORS
Vaccines:
DynPort Vaccine (Frederick, MD)
Bioscavenger:
PharmAthene (Annapolis, MD)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


58

Chemical Biological Medical SystemsTherapeutics

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Improved Nerve Agent Treatment 1QFY09: INATS pre-clinical safety
To provide the warfighter with System (INATS): studies complete
Recapitalization safe, robust, affordable medical The INATS is an enhanced treatment 2QFY09: INATS Investigational
countermeasures against a broad regimen against the effects of nerve New Drug (IND) application
Maintenance
agent poisoning. The new oxime submission to FDA
spectrum of CBRN threats; use
component of INATS will replace 4QFY09: MRADC pilot non-human
government and commercial best 2-PAM in the Antidote Treatment primate (NHP) studies complete
practices to acquire FDA-approved Nerve Agent Autoinjector (ATNAA). 1QFY10: AAS Phase 2 clinical study
CBRN medical countermeasures and complete
diagnostics. Medical Radiation Countermeasure 1QFY10: MRADC pivotal NHP
(MRADC): studies begin
DESCRIPTION Acute radiation syndrome (ARS)
Chemical Biological Medical Systems manifests as hematopoietic (bone PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Therapeutics consists of the following marrow), gastrointestinal, and 2QFY10: AAS definitive NHP
components: cerebrovascular subsyndromes efficacy study complete
depending on the dose of radiation 2QFY10: INATS Phase 1 clinical
Advanced Anticonvulsant System received. The lead MRADC is adult- study begins
(AAS): derived mesenchymal stem cells 3QFY10: MRADC pivotal NHP
The AAS will consist of the drug (Prochymal) that will treat the studies complete
midazolam in an autoinjector. The gastrointestinal subsyndrome of ARS. 4QFY10: INATS Phase 1 clinical
midazolam-filled autoinjector will The portfolio of MRADC will, when study begins
replace the fielded Convulsant Antidote used as a system, provide a robust 4QFY09: MDRAC Biologics License
for Nerve Agents (CANA) that contains capability to the warfighter. Application (BLA) submission to
diazepam. Midazolam, injected FDA
intramuscularly, will treat seizures SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 1QFY11: AAS New Drug Application
and prevent subsequent neurological None submission to FDA
damage caused by exposure to nerve 1QFY11: INATS Phase 2 clinical
agents. AAS will not eliminate PROGRAM STATUS study begins
the need for other protective and 1QFY09: AAS large-scale
therapeutic systems. manufacturing and validation
completed

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology
Concept & Technology
Development
Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


59

Chemical Biological Medical


SystemsTherapeutics

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
AAS:
Meridian Medical Technologies
(Columbia,MD)
INATS:
Southwest Research Institute
(SanAntonio, TX)
MRADC:
Osiris Therapeutics (Columbia, MD)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


60

Chemical Biological Protective Shelter (CBPS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION All ancillary equipment required SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
To enable medical personnel to treat to provide protection, except the The shelter system is integrated onto
Recapitalization casualties without the encumbrance generator, is mounted within the an armored MTV.
of individual protective clothing and shelter. Medical equipment and crew
Maintenance
gear are transported inside the LMS. PROGRAM STATUS
equipment in a highly mobile, easy-
3QFY06: Conduct first article
to-use, and self-contained, chemical CBPS will be assigned to trauma testing
biological (CB) hardened facility. treatment teams/squads of maneuver
battalions, medical companies PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
DESCRIPTION of forward and division support 2QFY10: Conduct limited user
The Chemical Biological Protective battalions, nondivisional medical testing
Shelter (CBPS) is a highly mobile, treatment teams/squads, division and 3QFY10: Continue production
self-contained system designed to corps medical companies, and forward
replace the M51 Collective Protection surgical teams.
Shelter. CBPS consists of a Lightweight
Multipurpose Shelter (LMS) mounted
on an armored M1085A1 Medium
Tactical Vehicle (MTV) and a
400-square-foot, airbeam-supported
soft shelter. CBPS provides a
contamination-free, environmentally
controlled working area for medical,
combat service, and combat service
support personnel to obtain relief from
the need to wear CB protective clothing
for 72 hours of operation.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


61

Chemical Biological Protective


Shelter (CBPS)

Environmental 400-foot2 Air FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Control Unit Beam Shelter None

Medical and CONTRACTORS


System DRS Technologies (Parsippany, NJ)
Equipment Smiths Detection, Inc. (Edgewood, MD)

Small Enclosure
(includes control panel and
medical equipment)
Dual 25k W
Generators GPFU

M1085A1 MTV
(including B-Kit armor)
Long Term Armor
Strategy (LTAS)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


62

Chemical Demilitarization

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION weapons production facilities; and PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
To safely destroy United States assessment and destruction of 3QFY10: Complete closure
Recapitalization chemical warfare and related materiel, recovered chemical materiel. operations at Newport, IN
while ensuring maximum protection for 3QFY11: Complete final agent
Maintenance
SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES disposal campaign at Pine Bluff, AR
the public, workers, and environment.
None

DESCRIPTION PROGRAM STATUS


The Chemical Materials Agency 1QFY09: Began final chemical agent
(CMA) mission includes the design, campaign at the chemical disposal
construction, systemization, operations facility at Pine Bluff, AR
and closure of chemical agent disposal 2QFY09: Began final chemical agent
facilities in Alabama, Arkansas, campaign at the chemical disposal
Indiana, Maryland, Oregon, Utah, and facility at Umatilla, OR
the Johnston Atoll in the South Pacific. 3QFY09: Began final chemical agent
Demilitarization operations have been campaign at the chemical disposal
completed in Indiana, Maryland, and facility at Anniston, AL
the Johnston Atoll. Stockpile disposal 4QFY09: Completion of all Resource
at locations in Colorado and Kentucky Conservation and Recovery Act
is the responsibility of the Assembled (RCRA) permit requirements and
Chemical Weapons Alternatives release from future RCRA-required
Program, which reports directly to the monitoring activities at Johnston
Office of the Secretary of Defense. Atoll
Current: As of August 2, 2009, the
CMA is also responsible for emergency Army has destroyed 63.5 percent of
preparedness activities at chemical the chemical weapons stockpile
weapons storage depots; disposal
of binary chemical munitions and
non-stockpile chemical materiel;
destruction of former chemical

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


63

Chemical Demilitarization

Foreign Military Sales


None

CONTRACTORS
URS Corp. (Anniston, AL; Pine Bluff, AR;
Umatilla,OR; Tooele, UT)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


64

Chinook/CH-47 Improved Cargo Helicopter (ICH)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES PROGRAM STATUS
To conduct air assault, air movement, Advanced Threat Infrared 2QFY07: Complete initial
Recapitalization mass casualty evacuation, aerial Countermeasures (ATRICM), Common operational testing
recovery, and aerial resupply across the Missile Warning System (CMWS), Air 4QFY07: First-unit equipped
Maintenance
Warrior, Blue Force Tracker (BFT), and 1QFY08: Multi-year procurement
full spectrum of operations.
Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS) contract award

DESCRIPTION PROJECTED ACTIVITIES


The Chinook/CH-47F Improved Combat 4QFY19: CH-47F fielding complete
Helicopter (ICH) upgrade program for
the current CH-47D fleet will extend
the service life of the current cargo
helicopter fleet by an additional 20
years. The program includes the
production of new aircraft and the
remanufacture of CH-47Ds in the
current fleet to meet the total Chinook
fielding requirement of 513 aircraft.
Both new and remanufactured CH-
47F ICHs incorporate new monolithic
airframes, a digital cockpit, a digital
automatic flight control system,
and improvements to reliability and
maintainability. They provide an
avionics architecture compliant with
the DoD Information Technology
Standards and Profile Registry (DISR),
interoperability with DoD systems, and
compliance with emerging Global Air
Traffic Management requirements.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


65

Chinook/CH-47 Improved Cargo


Helicopter (ICH)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Aircraft:
Boeing (Philadelphia, PA)
Cockpit upgrade:
Rockwell Collins (Cedar Rapids, IA)
Engine upgrade:
Honeywell (Phoenix, AZ)
Extended range fuel system:
Robertson Aviation (Tempe, AZ)

MAX GROSS WEIGHT: 50,000 pounds


MAX CRUISE SPEED: 170 knots/184 miles per hour
TROOP CAPACITY: 36 (33 troops plus 3 crew members)
LITTER CAPACITY: 24
SLING-LOAD CAPACITY: 26,000 pounds center hook
17,000 pounds forward/aft hook
25,000 pounds tandem
MINIMUM CREW: 3 (pilot, copilot, and flight engineer)
WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010
66

Close Combat Tactical Trainer (CCTT)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION air defense artillery) and all opposing PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
To provide training of infantry, armor, forces. All battlefield operating systems 4QFY09: Production and fielding of
Recapitalization mechanized infantry, and cavalry units are represented, ensuring an effective the Reconfigurable Vehicle Tactical
from squad through battalion/squadron simulation of a combat environment that Trainer (RVTT) to Fort Eustis, VA;
Maintenance
encompasses daylight, night, and fog United States Army Europe; and
level, including battle staffs, using high-
conditions. CCTT supports training of Central Command (Kuwait)
fidelity simulators within a virtual and both Active Army and Army National 1QFY10: Production and fielding
collective training environment. Guard units at installations and posts of the RVTT to Fort Drum NY;
in the United States, Europe, Korea, and Fort Bragg, NC; Fort Lewis, WA;
DESCRIPTION Southwest Asia. Fort Wainwright, AK; and Fort
The Close Combat Tactical Trainer Richardson, AK
(CCTT) is a virtual, collective training SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 2QFY10: Production and fielding of
simulator that is fully interoperable CCTT requires Synthetic Environment the RVTT to Fort Dix, NJ; Fort Polk,
with the Aviation Combined Arms Core (SE Core) to provide terrain LA; and Fort Campbell, KY
Tactical Trainer. Soldiers operate from databases and virtual models. The One 3QFY10: Production and fielding
full-crew simulators and real or mockup Semi-Automated Forces (OneSAF) will of the RVTT to U.S. Army Europe;
command posts. Crewed simulators, provide a common SAF through SE Schofield Barracks, HI; and Fort
such as the Abrams Main Battle Tank Core in the future. Sill,OK
family, the Bradley Fighting Vehicle 4QFY10: Production and fielding of
family, the High Mobility Multipurpose PROGRAM STATUS the RVTT to Fort Bragg, NC; Fort
Wheeled Vehicle, the Heavy Expanded 3QFY08: Fielded upgrades to the McCoy, WI; and Fort Leonard Wood,
Mobility Tactical Truck and the Bradley Fighting Vehicle for M2A3 MO
M113A3 Armored Personnel Carrier, chassis modernization and embedded 1QFY11: Production and fielding
offer sufficient fidelity for collective diagnostics at Fort Bliss, TX; Fort of the RVTT to Fort Lee, VA; Camp
mission accomplishment. Soldiers Hood, TX; Fort Carson, CO; and Fort Shelby, MS; and Gowen Field, ID
use command and control equipment Knox, KY
to direct artillery, mortar, combat 4QFY08: Obtained System
engineers, and logistics units to support Information Assurance Authority to
the training mission. Semi-automated Operate
forces workstations provide additional 1QFY09: Successfully completed
supporting units (such as aviation and testing for Software Block II

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


67

Close Combat Tactical Trainer


(CCTT)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Lockheed Martin Simulation, Training and
Support (Orlando, FL)
Rockwell Collins (Salt Lake City, UT)
Kaegan Corp. (Orlando, FL)
DRS Mobile Environmental Systems
(Cincinnati, OH)
Meggitt Defense Systems (Suwanee, GA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


68

Combat Service Support Communications (CSS Comms)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization communications. CSS SATCOM SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 4QFY08: ATO granted for three
complements CAISI by providing an CAISI, CSS SATCOM years for CAISI 2.0
Recapitalization easy-to-use, transportable SATCOM 4QFY09: Type Classification (TC)
link to extend broadband information PROGRAM STATUS and assignment of Standard Line
Maintenance
exchange worldwide. 4QFY084QFY09: Full-rate Item Numbers (SLIN) completed for
production and deployment of CAISI CAISI 2.0
CAISI employs a deployable wireless 2.0 along with CSS VSATs. Trained 4QFY08: First-unit equipped (FUE)
MISSION LAN infrastructure linking up to and equipped units in accordance with CAISI 2.0: 1st Brigade Combat
To provide a worldwide commercial 92 tents, vans or shelters in a seven with the Army Resourcing Priority Team (BCT)/1st Armored Division,
satellite communications network, square-kilometer area. It includes List (ARPL) Fort Bliss, TX
engineering services, Integrated Federal Information Processing 3QFY08: Conducted CAISI 2.0 User 2QFY09: Completed fielding of 266
Standards (FIPS) security Assessment at Fort Drum, NY (10th CSS VSAT systems in support of
Logistics Support, infrastructure,
requirements 140-2 Level 2-approved Sustainment Bde) and Fort Hood, TX National Guard Homeland Defense
and portable remote terminal units encryption for sensitive information. (15th Sustainment Bde) and civil support missions
in support of Army Combat Service 4QFY08: Army Acquisition Objective
Support (CSS) Logistics Management CSS SATCOM includes commercial increased to 29,135 CAISI systems PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Information Systems operating from off-the-shelf Ku-band auto-acquire and 3,300 CSS VSATs 2QFY092QFY11: Continue to field
garrison or while deployed. satellite terminals, called Combat 4QFY09: CSS SATCOM supporting CAISI and CSS VSAT systems and
Service Support Very Small Aperture 2,400 systems on 16 networks with train units an accordance with the
DESCRIPTION Terminals (CSS VSATs), repackaged expanded coverage to Pacific Rim ARPL
Combat Service Support Communications in fly-away transit cases, along 4QFY09: Authority to Operate 2QFY092QFY11: Achieve pure
(CSS Comms) includes the Combat with a contractor-operated fixed (ATO) for two years granted for CSS fleet CAISI 2.0 and dispose of
Service Support Automated infrastructure of four teleports and SATCOM CAISI 1.1 and Natural Disaster relief
Information Systems Interface high-speed terrestrial links that are 4QFY08: Secured host nation missions
(CAISI) and the Combat Service connected to the unclassified segment agreements for CSS SATCOM 4QFY094QFY10: Conduct reset/
Support Satellite Communications of the Global Information Grid. CSS operations in support of 170 assigned overhaul operations for 185 CSS
(CSS SATCOM) system. CAISI allows SATCOM supports operations at quick users VSAT systems redeploying from
deployed Soldiers to connect CSS halt and rapid displacement within the 4QFY09: Completed reset/overhaul OEF/OIF
automation devices to a secure wireless Area of Operation (AO) and eliminates operations of 171 CSS SATCOM
network and electronically exchange the often-dangerous need for Soldiers systems from Operation Enduring
information via tactical or commercial to hand-deliver requisitions via convoys Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom
in combat areas. (OEF/OIF)
ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


69

Combat Service Support


Communications (CSS Comms)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Equipment:
Telos Corp. (Ashburn, VA)
LTI DataComm, Inc. (Reston, VA)
L-3 Global Communications Solutions, Inc.
(Victor, NY)
Segovia Global IP Services (Herndon, VA)
Project support/training:
Systems Technologies (Systek), Inc.
(WestLong Branch, NJ)
Tobyhanna Army Depot (Tobyhanna, PA)
CACI (Eatontown, NJ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


70

Command Post Systems and Integration (CPS&I)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization information. Based on the Standardized SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Integrated Command Post System JNN/WINT, BCCS Server, DCGS, 24QFY09: Continue SICPS
Recapitalization (SICPS) Capabilities Production MEP, CPOF training/fielding in accordance with
Document, a family of Command Post Unit Set Fielding schedule and reset
Maintenance
Platforms (CPPs) with standardized PROGRAM STATUS support to units returning from
shelters, Command Center Systems 23QFY08: Executed Tactical deployment.
(CCS), Command Post Communications Operations Centers (TOCFEST) 2QFY09: Conduct CPPLight
MISSION Systems (CPCS), and Trailer engineering and logistical field critical design review
To provide commanders a standardized Mounted Support Systems (TMSS) study of the current Command Post 3QFY09: Execute TOCFEST II in an
and mobile command post with a is currently being fielded to Army System-of-Systems (SoS) at Fort operational environment with focus
tactical, fully integrated, and digitized Active Component, National Guard, Indiantown Gap, PA on command post mobility
and Reserve units. SICPS provides the 3QFY08: Implemented Battle 4QFY09: Conduct CPPLight
physical infrastructure to execute battle
integrated Battle Command platform Command SoS Integration training developmental test/operational test
command and achieve information and infrastructure to allow shared to train units on use of command 1QFY10: Conduct CPPLight
dominance. situational understanding of the COP post equipment in a SoS environment Milestone C low rate initial
based on the various Army and Joint 3QFY08: Initiated first delivery production decision review
DESCRIPTION command and control communications order for Trailer Mounted Support 1QFY101QFY11: Continue SICPS
The Command Post Systems and and network systems in the command System (TMSS) under competitive training/fielding in accordance with
Integration (CPS&I) program provides post. SICPS is modular and supports contract awarded to Northrop Unit Set Fielding schedule and reset
commanders with standardized, echelons from Battalion through Army Grumman Corporation support to units returning from
mobile, and fully integrated command Service Component Command, providing 4QFY08: Awarded contract option deployment
posts for the modular expeditionary tactical flexibility to support all phases for CPPLight development and 4QFY10: Conduct CPPLight Initial
force, including support for Future of operations. Integrating the Tactical integration effort operational test and evaluation
Force capabilities as well as Joint Internet and the latest networking and 1QFY09: Completed SICPS 2QFY11: conduct CPPLight Full-
and Coalition Forces. The command Battle Command capability, command training/ fielding to 34th ID Div rate production decision review
post is where commanders and their post operations are revolutionized HQ; 43rd SUST; 155th HBCT; 32nd
staffs collaborate, plan, and execute through a combination of state-of-the- IBCT; Signal Center; 20th Support
net-centric battle command, maintain art data processing, communications, Command
situational awareness using the and information transport methods to 1QFY09: Completed CPPLight
common operational picture (COP), achieve information dominance. system requirements review/
and make decisions from available preliminary design review

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


71

Command Post Systems and


Integration (CPS&I)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Hardware Design, Integration, and
Production (CPP, CCS, CPCS, TMSS):
Northrop Grumman (Huntsville, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


72

Common Hardware Systems (CHS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization compliant with technology advances and networking products. Version 1+ PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
such as Internet Protocol Version is Version 1 hardware that is modified 2QFY092QFY11: Continue CHS-3
Recapitalization Six (IPv6) can be easily added to the for better survivability in the field with hardware and software deliveries
CHS offerings. CHS products include a minimal increase in cost. Version 2QFY092QFY11: CHS-3 hardware
Maintenance
a spectrum of computer processors 2 includes ruggedized workstations, and software; CHS Southwest Asia
such as personal digital assistants peripherals, and networking products. repair facility
(PDAs), high-end tactical computers, Version 3 includes near-military 3QFY09: Joint User Interoperability
MISSION networking equipment, peripherals, specification rugged handheld units. Communications Exercise (JUICE)
Provides state-of-the-art computer displays, installation kits, and 3QFY094QFY11: BVTC fieldings
and networking equipment for the miscellaneous hardware needed for SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 4QFY09: Award Total Asset
warfighter that improves connectivity, system integration. Four standardized None Visibility (TAV) contract
environmental categories (Version 2QFY10: CHS-4 contract award
interoperability, logistics and worldwide
1, Version 1+, Version 2, and Version PROGRAM STATUS
repair, maintenance, and logistics 3) are used to define hardware 1QFY08: Acquired Battlefield Video
support on the C4ISR battlefield. ruggedization and qualification test Teleconferencing (BVTC) program
certification for the customers. Version 2QFY08: Completed high-altitude
DESCRIPTION 2 and Version 3 equipment items electromagnetic pulse test
The Common Hardware Systems go through government-witnessed 4QFY08: Tactical Switching
(CHS) program provides state-of-the- first article tests (FAT). Technical Requirement-3 (TSR-3) contract was
art, fully qualified, interoperable, assistance and support services are signed
compatible, deployable, and survivable also available.
hardware and computer networking
equipment for command, control, and CHS also provides worldwide repair,
communications at all echelons of maintenance, logistics, and technical
command for the Army and other DoD support through strategically
services. The CHS contract includes located contractor-operated regional
a technology insertion capability to support centers (RSC) for tactical
continuously refresh the network- military units and management of a
centric architectural building blocks, comprehensive five-year warranty.
add new technology, and prevent CHS hardware Version 1 includes
hardware obsolescence. New products commercial workstations, peripherals,

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


73

Common Hardware Systems (CHS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
General Dynamics C4 Systems
(Taunton,MA)
Sun MicroSystems (Santa Clara, CA)
Cisco (San Jose, CA)
DRS Technologies (Parsippany, NJ)
Dell (Austin, TX)
Hewlett Packard (Palo Alto, NM)
Elbit Systems (Tallahassee, FL)
ECS (Lanham, MD)

CHS Hardware WINT Transit Cases Antenna Interface Multi-processor Ethernet- Uninterruptible Power
Case(AIC) switched Combat Chassis Supply (UPS)

CHS hardware includes:


BCCS V3 Operational Transit Cases (OTCs) (Battle Laptops and Servers
Command Common ServicesVersion 3) Routers, Switches, and Firewalls
Standalone Computer Unit (SCU-2) Network and Communications
Miltope TSC-V3-GM45 RLC (Rugged Laptop Displays (LCDs)
Computer) Army and USMC AFATDS configurations Peripherals
Antenna Interface Case (AIC) Tablets and Handheld
CISC-2 Servers Uninterruptible Power Supplies (UPS) and Power
Multi processor Ethernet-switched Combat Converter/Conditioners (PCC)
Chassis5 Slice (MECC5), 7 Slice (MECC7) Storage/RAID
Modular Four-Slice Multiple Processor Unit
(M4S MPU-2)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


74

Common Remotely Operated Weapon Station (CROWS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
To protect the gunner inside various CROWS mounts the MK19, M2, Continue: fielding and sustainment
Recapitalization armored vehicles, including the up- M240B, or M249 machine guns of systems with urgent materiel
armored High Mobility Multipurpose release
Maintenance
PROGRAM STATUS 3QFY09: Production verification test
Wheeled Vehicle, while providing
4QFY07: Full and open competitive start
mobile, first-burst engagement of five-year indefinite delivery/ FY10: Type classification standard
targets day or night. indefinite quantity contract to
Kongsberg Defence and Aerospace
DESCRIPTION for up to 6,500 systems
The XM153 Common Remotely Ongoing: Deliveries; Over 3,500
Operated Weapon Station (CROWS) systems on order
consists of a weapon mount, display, Current: Fielding in support of
and a joystick controller. Within the several urgent materiel releases on
mount are a day camera, thermal various platforms.
camera, laser rangefinder, and Ongoing: Additional vehicle
fiberoptic gyroscopes. CROWS uses integrations and testing.
input from these sensors to calculate
a ballistic solution to a target seen
on the display. The Soldier uses the
joystick controller to operate CROWS
and engage the enemy from within the
safety of the vehicle. CROWS operates
with current weapons. It features:
Three-axis stabilized mount that
allows firing on the move.
Auto Target Tracking to help the
operator lock on target.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


75

Common Remotely Operated


Weapon Station (CROWS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace
(Johnstown, PA)
MICOR Industries, Inc. (Decatur, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


76

Counter-Rocket, Artillery and Mortar (C-RAM)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Landbased Phalanx Weapon System PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
To integrate multiple Army- and DoD- to intercept; and wireless audio/visual 2QFY09: Increment 1 CPD
Recapitalization managed systems and commercial emergency system and a wireless local validation
off-the-shelf systems with a command area network for warning. Response is 1QFY10: Increment 1 low-rate initial
Maintenance
provided through C-RAM integration production milestone
and control (C2) system to provide
with Army and Marine Corps battle
protection of fixed and semi-fixed sites command systems and the Air Force
from rockets and mortar rounds. Tactical Automated Security System.

DESCRIPTION Using this system-of-systems approach,


The Counter-Rocket, Artillery, and C-RAM completed development,
Mortar (C-RAM) system was developed integration, and testing in April 2005,
in response to a Multi-National Force meeting the requirements of the ONS.
Iraq Operational Needs Statement The C-RAM system was then fielded
(ONS) that was validated in September five months after initial funding and
2004. An innovative system-of-systems just eight months after ONS validation.
approach was implemented in which
multiple DoD Program of Record In transition to a program of record,
systems were integrated with two the C-RAM warning capability will
commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) items be fielded to all Army Brigade Combat
to provide seven C-RAM functions: Teams (BCTs) as Increment 1 of the
sense, warn, respond, intercept, indirect fire protection capability.
command and control (C2), shape, and
protect. SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Army and Marine Corps Battle
The C-RAM component systems are the Command Systems, Sentinel radar
Forward Area Air Defense command
and control system; the Air and PROGRAM STATUS
Missile Defense Workstation for C2; Sustainment
the Lightweight Counter Mortar Radar
and Firefinder radars as sensors;

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


77

Counter-Rocket, Artillery and


Mortar (C-RAM)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


United Kingdom (UK)

CONTRACTORS
Software/Hardware:
Northrop Grumman Mission Systems
(Redondo Beach, CA; Huntsville, AL)
SETA:
ITT-CAS, Inc. (Huntsville, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


78

Countermine

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The HMDS upgrades the Husky 3QFY09: HMDS production and
To provide Soldiers and maneuver mine detection vehicle with a ground fielding
Recapitalization commanders with a full range penetrating radar 4QFY09: ASTAMIDS flight testing
of countermine capabilities, plus The Autonomous Mine Detection on manned UH-1 and Fire Scout
Maintenance
System (AMDS) will detect, mark Unmanned Aerial System (UAS)
immediate solutions to counter
and neutralize hazards from a small,
improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and robotic platform. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
other explosive hazards. The Vehicle Optics Sensor System 1QFY10: ASTAMIDS combined
(VOSS) is a multisensor camera flight test (CFT) and CDR
DESCRIPTION system for route clearance and 1QFY10: MTRS full rate production
The Countermine product line explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) and Army-wide fielding continues
comprises several different systems: operations. through FY15
The Airborne Surveillance, Target The Improvised Explosive Device 2QFY10: AMCS Milestone C
Acquisition and Minefield Detection (IED) Interrogation Arms provides 2QFY10: MTRS production
System (ASTAMIDS) puts a small, greater capabilities for investigating 4QFY10: ASTAMIDS Milestone
multi-spectral sensor payload on suspected IEDs. C and low-rate initial production
aerial platforms. The EOD equipment product line (LRIP)
The Ground Standoff Mine Detection provides capabilities such as the 4QFY10: AMDS technology
System Future Combat Systems Man Transportable Robotic System development contract award
(GSTAMIDS FCS) provides (MTRS) and dual use blasting
mine detection, marking and machines.
neutralization for FCS countermine
vehicles. SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
The AN/PSS-14 Mine Detecting ASTAMIDS, GSTAMIDS FCS, AMDS
Set is a handheld multisensor mine
detector. PROGRAM STATUS
The Area Mine Clearance System 3QFY09: AN/PSS-14 full-rate
(AMCS) is a flail system that production and Army-wide fielding
destroys all types of landmines continues through FY15
3QFY09: VOSS Phase 2 production
contract award and fielding

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


79

Countermine

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


4QFY09: IED Interrogation Arm to
theRoyal Netherlands Army; VOSS to
Canadian Army

CONTRACTORS
AN/PSS-14:
L-3 CyTerra Corp. (Waltham, MA;
Orlando,FL)
ASTAMIDS:
Northrop Grumman Integrated Systems
(Melbourne, FL)
GSTAMIDS FCS:
BAE Systems (Austin, TX)
VOSS:
Gyrocam Systems LLC (Sarasota, FL)
IED Interrogation Arm:
FASCAN International (Baltimore, MD)
HMDS:
NIITEK (Sterling, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


80

Defense Enterprise Wideband SATCOM Systems (DEWSS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION nuclear command and control; and PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
To provide combatant commanders an anti-jam and anti-scintillation 2QFY10: Critical Implementation
Recapitalization and deployed warfighters secure, capability for key strategic forces. Review (CIR)
high-capacity satellite connectivity 2QFY10: Provide IP capability to
Maintenance
enabling reachback for voice, video, SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES EBEM
and data communications and transfer None Major DCSS technology refresh/
of intelligence information. modernization to coincide with MET
PROGRAM STATUS terminal installations
DESCRIPTION 3QFY09: Modernization of 4QFY10: Conduct installation of
The Defense Enterprise Wideband Enterprise (MET) contract awarded and training for Wideband Global
SATCOM System (DEWSS) program 3QFY09: 350 EBEMs fielded Spectrum Monitoring System
is modernizing the enterprise satellite worldwide as well as Automatic (WGSMS) V2.0
terminals and baseband, payload, Uplink Power Control (AUPC) 4QFY10:CNPS V3.1 material
and network control systems required 3QFY09: KaSTARS completed four release
to support combatant commander terminal installations (Landstuhl, 1QFY11: Complete installation and
and warfighter use of high-capacity Camp Roberts, and 2 Lago) checkout of Wahiawa, HI starter kit
Wideband Global SATCOM (Satellite 3Q4QFY09: KaSTARS support
Communications) (WGS) satellites, toWGS-2 launch
which DoD began launching in 4QFY09: Wideband Global
October 2007. DEWSS consists of SATCOM (WGS) KaSTARS terminal
a geosynchronous orbiting satellite performance certification awarded
network, fixed enterprise military 4QFY09: DSCS Integrated
satellite terminals, and baseband, Management System (DIMS) V5.2
payload control, and network control material release
systems. DEWSS provides superhigh- 4QFY09: CNPS V2.1 material
frequency, beyond-line-of-sight release
communications; reachback, via DoD 1QFY10: MET Preliminary
Teleport and Standard Tactical Entry Implementation Review (IPR)
Point (STEP) sites; a critical conduit
for intelligence information transfer;
survivable communications for critical

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


81

Defense Enterprise Wideband


SATCOM Systems (DEWSS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics
Laboratory (Laurel, MD)
Northrop Grumman (Winter Park, FL)
U.S. Army Information Systems
Engineering Command (Fort Huachuca,
AZ)
ITT Industries (Colorado Springs, CO)
Harris Corp. (Melbourne, FL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


82

Distributed Common Ground System (DCGSArmy)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization and Combined Arms combat power discover and use all relevant threat, systems, and DIB enhancements
to See First, Understand First, noncombatant, weather, and geospatial such as the Dynamic DIB Node
Recapitalization Act First and Finish Decisively. data and evaluate technical data and Acquisition (DNA) which simplifies
DCGSA consolidates/replaces information on behalf of a Commander; configuration.
Maintenance
nine systems. The core functions of DCGSA provides organizational 2QFY09: Field DCGSA Version 3.1
DCGSA are receipt and processing elements the ability to control select to OIF and OEF
of select ISR sensor data, control sensor platforms/payloads and process 3QFY09: Begin worldwide fielding
MISSION of select Army sensor systems, the collected data. of V3.1. V3.1 displaces All Source
To provide timely, multi-intelligence intelligence synchronization, ISR Analysis SystemLight (ASASL).
battle management and targeting planning, reconnaissance and SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 3QFY09: DCGSA Mobile Basic (MB)
information to field commanders at all surveillance (R and S) integration, DCGS, ACS, Battle Command System Design Update Review 4-5 June 09
fusion of sensor information, (BCS)Army, Network Enabled 4QFY09: DCGSA MB IPR 2
echelons, improve data access, and
and direction and distribution of Command Capability (NECC), Global 4QFY09: DCGSA was a key system
reduce the forward footprint. relevant threat, nonaligned, friendly, Information Grid (GIG), Warfighter in JFCOM Empire Challenge 09
and environmental (weather and Information NetworkTactical which demonstrated technology
DESCRIPTION geospatial) information. DCGSA (WINT), and Joint Tactical Radio enhancements in collection and
Distributed Common Ground emphasizes the use of reach- and System (JTRS). sharing of real-time ISR data
SystemArmy (DCGSA) provides an split-based operations to improve data 1QFY10: DCGS-A V3.1 transition to
integrated intelligence, surveillance, access, reduce forward footprint, PROGRAM STATUS post-production software support
and reconnaissance (ISR) ground and increase interoperability via a 1QFY09: Version 3.1 (V3.1) Joint
processing system, operating in a network-enabled modular, tailorable Certification received from JITC on PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
secure distributed and collaborative system in fixed, mobile, and embedded October 3, 2008. 1QFY11: DCGSA MB Maintenance
environment, enabled by networks. configurations. 1QFY09: V3.1 limited user test Demo
DCGSA will serve as the primary (LUT) was completed on November 1QFY11: DCGSA MB Logistics
ground system-of-systems for DCGSA will support three primary 21, 2008. V3.1 provides system Demo
airborne and ground sensor platforms. roles: As an analyst tool set, DCGSA improvements such as the DCGSA 3QFY11: DCGSA MB LUT
DCGSA enables the commander to enables the user to collaborate, Application Framework (DAF) 1QFY11: DCGS-A MB FCA/PCA
achieve situational understanding synchronize, and integrate organic and for seamless user experience, 1QFY12: DCGSA MB MS C / LRIP
by leveraging multiple sources of non-organic direct and general-support the Tactical Entity Database
data, information, intelligence, and collection elements with operations; (TED), a persistent local store
to synchronize the elements of Joint as the ISR component of the Army that facilitates interoperability
Battle Command, DCGSA can with Battle Command and Joint
ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment
System Development & Demonstration Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


83

Distributed Common Ground System


(DCGSArmy)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
DCGSA Mobile Basic (MB) System
Prime:
Northrop Grumman (Linthicum, MD)
Fixed Site/Engineering Support:
ILEX (Shrewsbury, NJ)
Science Applications International Corp.
(SAIC) (Alexandria, VA)
Program Support, System
Engineering & Architecture:
Booz Allen Hamilton (Eatontown, NJ)
MITRE (Eatontown, NJ)
Battle Command Interoperability:
Overwatch Systems (Austin, TX)
DIB:
Raytheon (Garland, TX)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


84

Distributed Learning System (DLS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Army e-Learning: commercial PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
To ensure that Soldiers receive critical web-based training for business, 2QFY09: Activate new DLS disaster
Recapitalization mission training for mission success. information technology, or language recovery site; sustain operation of
skills DLS
Maintenance
DESCRIPTION 4QFY09: Complete DDTC testing
The Distributed Learning System SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 4QFY09: Conduct full-rate
(DLS) provides digital training AKO is used for identification and production decision review; begin
facilities (DTFs) equipped with authorization and to gain access to the fielding DDTC
computers and video equipment, Army Learning Management System 2QFY092QFY11: Continue to
enabling Soldiers to take digital (ALMS). Student training results are sustain all DLS increments; continue
training anywhere in the world at any transmitted via the ALMS to the Army to produce and deploy the DDTC
time. Currently, 226 digital training Training Requirements and Resources
facilities are operational at 93 sites System (ATRRS) as the system of
worldwide. record for Army training.

DLS provides: PROGRAM STATUS


Digital training facilities capable of 2QFY081QFY09: Sustained a
delivering courseware for individual centrally managed global training
or group training enterprise; electronically delivered
Enterprise management of the DLS training in military occupational
system specialties and self-development;
A web-based learning management fielded ALMS to Army schools;
system for centralizing training awarded contract to develop and
management and delivery build the DDTCs and completed
Deployed Digital Training Campuses preliminary testing for DDTC;
(DDTCs) (currently in testing) to increased Army e-Learning and
deliver multimedia courseware to Rosetta Stone (foreign language
deployed Soldiers training) enrollments.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


85

Distributed Learning System (DLS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Army Learning Management System
(ALMS); Enterprise Management
Center (EMC) Operations:
IBM (Fairfax, VA)
Army e-learning courseware:
Skillsoft (Nashua, NH)
DDTC development:
Lockheed Martin (Bethesda, MD)
Rosetta Stone foreign language
training courseware:
Fairfield (Harrisonburg, VA)
Program management support:
MPRI (An L-3 Company) (Arlington, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


86

Dry Support Bridge (DSB)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
To support military load classification DSB operations rely and are 3QFY09: Fielding to 671st Multi-
Recapitalization 100 (wheeled)/80 (tracked) vehicles interdependent upon fully mission Role Bridge Company
over 40-meter gaps via a mobile, rapidly capable M1977 CBTs and M1076 PLS 4QFY09: Fielding to 74th Multi-Role
Maintenance
Trailer assets within a fully MTOE Bridge Company
erected, modular military bridge.
equipped MRBC. 2QFY10: Fielding to 1438th Multi-
Role Bridge Company
DESCRIPTION PROGRAM STATUS 3QFY10: Fielding to 957th Multi-
The Dry Support Bridge (DSB) 4QFY07: Fielded to 652nd Multi- Role Bridge Company
system is fielded to Multi-Role Bridge Role Bridge Company 4QFY10: Fielding to 1041st Multi-
Companies (MRBC) and requires 3QFY08: Fielded to 1437th Multi- Role Bridge Company
a crew of eight Soldiers to deploy a Role Bridge Company 2QFY11: Fielding to 502nd Multi-
40-meter bridge in fewer than 90 1QFY09: Fielded to 35th Engineer Role Bridge Company
minutes (daytime). The bridge modules Company
are palletized onto seven flat racks 1QFY09: Fielded to 739th Multi-Role
and transported by equipment organic Bridge Company
to the MRBC. DSB uses a launcher
mounted on a dedicated Palletized
Load System (PLS) chassis to deploy
the modular bridge sections, which
have a 4.3-meter road width and can
span up to 40 meters. DSB is designed
to replace the M3 Medium Girder
Bridge.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


87

Dry Support Bridge (DSB)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Manufacturer:
Williams Fairey Engineering, Ltd.
(Stockport, UK)
PLS chassis:
Oshkosh Truck Corp. (Oshkosh, WI)
Logistics:
XMCO (Warren, MI)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


88

Early Infantry Brigade Combat Team (E-IBCT) Capabilities

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The E-IBCT package contains: capabilities mature, they will be fielded
To empower Soldiers with increased Network Integration Kit (NIK)(for incrementally according to the most
Recapitalization intelligence, surveillance, and the High Mobility Multipurpose urgent needs of the Army.
reconnaissance (ISR) and lethality Wheeled Vehicle [HMMWV]
Maintenance
platform) PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
capabilities by incrementally
XM501 Non Line of SightLaunch
modernizing the Armys Brigade Combat System (NLOSLS) Capabilities
Teams (BCTs) XM156 Class I Unmanned Aerial Fielding by capabilities is a key element
Vehicle (UAV) of the Armys transition to a broader
DESCRIPTION AN/GSR 9 & AN/GSR 10 Unattended modernization strategy to build a
The Army will build a versatile mix Ground Sensors (tactical and urban) versatile mix of mobile, networked, and
of mobile, networked Brigades that XM1216 Small Unattended Ground combat effective BCTs. Accelerating
will leverage mobility, protection, Vehicle (SUGV) proven solutions, these capabilities
information, and precision fires to Interceptor Body Armor will provide planned and integrated
conduct effective operations across (See page148) upgrades to the Force every few years.
the spectrum of conflict. Starting with Ground Soldier System These sets of capabilities include
the fielding of Early Infantry Brigade (See page116) doctrine, organization, and training
Combat Team (E-IBCT) capabilities in conjunction with materiel to fill the
in 2011, Soldiers in Infantry BCTs SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES highest priority shortfalls and mitigate
will incrementally receive capabilities None risk for Soldiers.
that will increase their warfighting
effectiveness. PROGRAM STATUS Capability sets allow the Army to meet
The Army is addressing the the evolving needs of the operating
capability gaps in our current force environment by providing units with
by accelerating delivery of advanced the latest materiel and non-materiel
warfighting capabilities to all 73 solutions. The best capabilities
Army BCTs. Starting with the E-IBCT available go to the Soldiers who need
capabilities, the Army is developing them most, based on the continually
platforms and equipment to meet evolving combat environment. By
emerging Soldier requirements, and, as fielding capabilities in alignment with
the way BCTs are structured and

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


89

trained, the Army is ensuring that The Network The network is essential to enable
Soldiers have the right capabilities The Army will continue development Unified Battle Command and
to fight effectively as a system in the and fielding of an incremental ground will be delivered to the BCTs in
environments they are facing. The tactical network capability, fielded to all increments of increasing capability.
incremental deliveries will build upon Army BCTs. This network is a layered The first increment is currently
one another as the Army continually system of interconnected computers and completing System Development and
adapts and modernizes. software, radios, and sensors within the Demonstration testing and will be
BCT. delivered to Infantry BCTs in the form
Early Infantry Brigade Combat of NIK (B-kits).
TeamCapabilities
E-IBCT fielding will provide enhanced The Network Integration Kit(NIK)
warfighter capabilities to the force. The NIK is an integrated suite of
The Armys priority is to provide equipment on a HMMWV that provides
Soldiers with enhanced situational network connectivity and battle
awareness, force protection, and command software to integrate and
lethality through the use of unattended fuse sensor data into the commanders
and attended sensors and munitions. common operational picture (COP).
In addition, the Soldier is provided The NIK consists of an integrated
improved communications and data computer system (ICS) that hosts
sharing through the NIK. The E-IBCT Battle Command software and the
Systems of Systems Common Operating
package will consist of the following
Environment (SOSCOE) software,
systems: the Non Line of SightLaunch
along with a Joint Tactical Radio
System (NLOS-LS), Urban and Tactical
System (JTRS) Ground Mobile Radio
Unattended Ground Sensors (U/T UGS),
(GMR) radio to provide the interface
Class 1 (Block 0) Unmanned Aerial to selected sensors and unmanned
Vehicle (UAV), and Small Unmanned systems, as well as voice and data
Ground Vehicle (SUGV) Block 1. The communications with other vehicles
E-IBCT will be fully integrated and and tactical operations centers.
networked through fielding of the
ground tactical network and the NIK.

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


90

XM501 Non Line of Sight designation capabilities. The air vehicle Nuclear UGS; and AN/GSR-10 (V) 1 performance of urban ISR missions,
Launch System (NLOSLS) operates in open, rolling, complex, Urban-UGS (U-UGS), also known as chemical/Toxic Industrial Chemicals
The XM501 NLOSLS consists of and urban terrains with a vertical Urban Military Operations on Urban (TIC), and Toxic Industrial Materials
a platform-independent Container take-off and landing capability. It Terrain (MOUT) Advanced Sensor (TIM) reconnaissance and inspecting
Launch Unit (CLU) with self-contained is interoperable with select ground System (UMASS). The UGS are used suspected booby traps and improvised
technical fire control electronics and and air platforms and controlled by to perform mission tasks such as explosive devices without exposing
software for remote and unmanned mounted or dismounted Soldiers. perimeter defense, surveillance, target Soldiers to these hazards. The SUGVs
operations. Each CLU consists of a acquisition, and situational awareness, modular design allows multiple
computer and communications system including radiological, nuclear, and payloads to be integrated in a plug-and-
and 15 Precision Attack Missiles early warning. Soldiers involved in play fashion that will minimize the
(PAM). The NLOSLS provides a the recent testing of the UGS provided Soldiers exposure to hazards. Payloads
rapidly deployable and network- invaluable feedback, which was to be fielded are the manipulator arm,
linked precision-guided munitions incorporated into new versions (form tether capability, chemical/radiation
launch capability that is currently not factors) that are now in testing. detection, and a laser target designator.
available within the Army. Weighing 32 pounds, the SUGV is
capable of carrying up to four pounds of
payload weight.

The Class I uses autonomous flight and


navigation, but it will interact with the
network and Soldier to dynamically
update routes and target information.
It provides dedicated reconnaissance
support and early warning to the lowest
echelons of the BCT in environments
not suited to larger assets.

AN/GSR-9 & AN/GSR-10 Unattended


XM156 Class I Unmanned Ground Sensors (UGS) XM1216 Small Unmanned Ground
Aerial Vehicle (UAV) The UGS program is divided into two Vehicle (SUGV)
The XM156 Class I UAV is a major subgroups of sensing systems: The XM1216 SUGV is a lightweight,
platoon-level asset that provides AN/GSR-9 (V) 1 Tactical-UGS Soldier-portable UGV capable of
the dismounted Soldier with (T-UGS), which includes Intelligence, conducting military operations in
Reconnaissance, Surveillance, and Surveillance and Reconnaissance urban terrain, tunnels, sewers,
Target Acquisition (RSTA) and laser (ISR)-UGS and Radiological and and caves. The SUGV aids in the

UNITED STATES ARMY


91

Early Infantry Brigade Combat Team


(E-IBCT) Capabilities

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Boeing Corp.
Science Applications International Corp.
(SAIC)
Network Integration Kit:
Boeing Corp. (Huntington Beach, CA)
General Dynamics C4 Systems, Inc.
(Bloomington, MN)
Overwatch Systems (Austin, TX)
XM501 Non Line of Sight-Launch
System:
Raytheon Company (Plano, TX)
Lockheed Martin Missiles & Fire Control
(Grand Prairie, TX)
XM156 Class I Unmanned Aerial Vehicle:
Honeywell (Albuquerque, NM)
AN/GSR 9 & AN/GSR 10 Unattended
Ground Sensors:
Textron Defense Systems (Wilmington, MA)
XM1216 Small Unmanned Ground
Vehicle:
iRobot (Burlington, MA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


92

Excalibur (XM982)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The program is using an incremental SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
To provide improved fire support approach to provide a combat capability None
Recapitalization to the maneuver force commander to the Soldier as quickly as possible,
through a precision-guided, extended and to deliver advanced capabilities PROGRAM STATUS
Maintenance
and lower costs as technology matures. Current: Army and Marine Corps
range-artillery projectile that increases
The initial variant (Increment units in Afghanistan and Iraq are
lethality and reduces collateral damage. Ia1) was fielded in 2007 to provide now Excalibur capable.
an urgently needed capability. It
DESCRIPTION includes a unitary high-explosive PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
The Excalibur (XM982) is a 155mm, warhead capable of penetrating urban FY10: Initial operational test and
Global Positioning System (GPS)- structures and is also effective against evaluation for Increment Ia2.
guided, fire-and-forget projectile, in personnel and light materiel targets. FY10: Full materiel release and full-
use today in Operation Iraqi Freedom Increment Ia2 will provide increased rate production of Increment Ia-2.
and Operation Enduring Freedom as range (up to 40 kilometers) and FY10: Conduct competition between
the Armys next-generation cannon reliability improvements. The third Increment Ib competitors and
artillery precision munition. The variant (Increment Ib) will maintain down-select to one contractor team
target, platform location, and GPS- performance and capabilities while for Phase 2 (Qualification and
specific data are entered into the significantly reducing unit cost and Production).
projectiles mission computer through increasing reliability. FY11: Milestone C decision for Ib
an enhanced portable inductive FY12: Operational test for Increment
artillery fuze setter. Excalibur is designed for fielding to Ib
the digitized Lightweight 155mm FY13: Full material release for Ib
Excalibur uses a jam-resistant internal Howitzer (LW155), the 155mm
GPS receiver to update the inertial M109A6 selfpropelled howitzer
navigation system, providing precision (Paladin), and the Swedish Archer
guidance and dramatically improving howitzer. Excalibur is an international
accuracy regardless of range. cooperative program with Sweden,
Excalibur has three fuze options: which contributes resources toward
height-of-burst, point-detonating, and the development in accordance with
delay/penetration; and is effective in an established project agreement and
all weather conditions and terrain. plans to join in procurement.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


93

Excalibur (XM982)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Canada, Australia, Sweden, United
Kingdom (compatibility testing with AS90
howitzer)

CONTRACTORS
Excalibur Increment Ia (Systems
Integration):
Raytheon (Tucson, AZ)
Atlantic Inertial Units (Plymouth, England)
BAE Systems Bofors Defense (teamed
with Raytheon) (Karlskoga, Sweden)
General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical
Systems (Healdsburg, CA; Niceville,FL)
Excalibur Ib Phase 1 (Design
Maturation):
Raytheon (Tucson, AZ)
Alliant Techsystems (Minneapolis, MN)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


94

Extended Range Multipurpose (ERMP) Unmanned


AircraftSystem (UAS)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The ER/MP UAS is fielded in company PROGRAM STATUS
To provide combatant commanders sets, consists of 12 multi-role aircraft Current: System development and
Recapitalization a real-time responsive capability to (six with SATCOM); five Universal demonstration
conduct long-dwell, persistent stare, Ground Control Stations (UGCS); two
Maintenance
portable ground control stations; five PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
wide-area reconnaissance, surveillance,
Tactical Common Data Link (TCDL) 3QFY09: Operational assessment
target acquisition, communications ground data terminals; two TCDL 1QFY10: Milestone C acquisition
relay, and attack missions. portable ground data terminals; decision
one ground SATCOM system; four 4QFY11: Initial operational test and
DESCRIPTION automatic takeoff and landing systems; evaluation
The Extended Range Multipurpose 12 Electro-Optical/Infrared/Laser
(ER/MP) Unmanned Aircraft System Designator (EO/IR/LD) payloads; 12
(UAS) addresses the need for a long Synthetic Aperture Radar/Ground
endurance, armed, unmanned aircraft Moving Target Indicator (SAR/
system that offers greater range, GMTI) payloads; and ground support
altitude, and payload flexibility. equipment.

The ER/MP is powered by a heavy fuel SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES


engine (HFE) for higher performance, Payloads: PM-Robotic Unmanned
better fuel efficiency, common fuel on Sensors (PM-RUS) provides the EO/IR
the battlefield, and a longer lifetime. Its and SAR/GMTI payloads; Weapons:
specifications include the following: PM-Joint Attack Munition Systems
Length: 28 feet (PM-JAMS) provides Hellfire missiles;
Wingspan: 56 feet Communications: PM-Warfighter
Gross take off weight: 3,200 pounds Information Network Terrestrial
(Growth to 3,600 pounds) (PMWINT) provides communications
Maximum speed: 150 knots relay payload
Ceiling: 25,000 feet
Range: 1,200 nautical miles via
satellite communications (SATCOM)
Endurance: 30+ hours

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


95

Extended Range Multipurpose


(ERMP) Sky Warrior Unmanned
Aircraft System (UAS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Aircraft:
General Atomics, Aeronautical Systems
Inc. (San Diego, CA)
Ground Control Station:
AAI (Hunt Valley, MD)
Tactical Common Data Link:
L-3 Communications (Salt Lake City, UT)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


96

Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles (FMTV)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION with the same cube and payload and enhanced add-on-armor kits, and
To provides unit mobility/resupply, capacity as their prime movers, provide a Low Signature Armored Cab (LSAC)
Recapitalization equipment/personnel transportation, air drop capability. MTV also serves for Southwest Asia. The newest
and key ammunition distribution, as the platform for the High Mobility armored version, the Long Term Armor
Maintenance
Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS) Strategy (LTAS) A1P2 cabs are now
using a family of vehicles based on a
and resupply vehicle for PATRIOT and in production and are being fielded.
commonchassis. HIMARS. MTV operates worldwide in Approximately 4,000 FMTVs have been
all weather and terrain conditions. armored in Southwest Asia in support
DESCRIPTION of Operation Iraqi Freedom.
The Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles FMTV enhances crew survivability
(FMTV) is a system of strategically through the use of hard cabs, three- SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
deployable vehicles that perform point seat belts, and central tire None
general resupply, ammunition resupply, inflation capability. FMTV enhances
maintenance and recovery, engineer tactical mobility and is strategically PROGRAM STATUS
support missions, and serve as weapon deployable in C5, C17, C141, and Current: Installation of
systems platforms for combat, combat C130 aircraft. It reduces the Armys enhancements for the LSAC equipped
support, and combat service support logistical footprint by providing FMTVs operating in Southwest Asia
units in a tactical environment. commonality of parts and components, 1QFY09: Long Term Armor Strategy
reduced maintenance downtime, (LTAS) deliveries begin
The Light Medium Tactical Vehicle high reliability, and high operational
(LMTV) has a 2.5-ton capacity (cargo readiness rate (more than 90 percent). PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
and van models). FMTV incorporates a vehicle data Ongoing: Continue full production
bus and class V interactive electronic and fielding to support Army
The Medium Tactical Vehicle (MTV) technical manual, significantly transformation
has a 5-ton capacity (cargo, long- lowering operating and support costs 3QFY09: Competitive rebuy multi-
wheelbase-cargo with and without compared with older trucks. Units are year contract award
materiel handling equipment, tractor, equipped with FMTVs at more than 3QFY09: First fieldings of LTAS
van, wrecker, 8.8-ton Load Handling 68 locations worldwide, 39,663 trucks vehicles
System (LHS), 8.8-ton LHS trailer, and and 8,332 trailers are in field units as 4QFY09: Competitive rebuy
10-ton dump truck models). Three truck of June 30, 2009. The Army developed, multiyear contract award
variants and two companion trailers, tested, and installed add-on-armor

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


97

Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles


(FMTV)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Jordan

CONTRACTORS
BAE Systems (Sealy, TX)
Meritor (Troy, MI)
Allison (Indianapolis, IN)
Caterpillar (Greenville, SC)
AAR Mobility Systems (Cadillac, MI)

LMTV A1 Cargo MTV A1 Cargo


Payload: 5,000 pounds 10,000 pounds
Towed load: 12,000 pounds 21,000 pounds
Caterpillar Caterpillar
Engine:
6-cylinder diesel 6-cylinder diesel
Transmission: Allison
Automatic
Allison
Automatic
Horsepower: 275 330
Drive: 4 x 4 6x6
WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010
98

Fixed Wing

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION All Army fixed-wing aircraft are PROGRAM STATUS
To perform operational support and commercial off-the-shelf products or C-12, RC-12, and UC-35 aircraft
Recapitalization focused logistics missions for the are developed from those products. are sustained using a Life Cycle
Army, joint services, national agencies, The fleet includes: Contractor Support (LCCS)
Maintenance
C-12 Utility maintenance contract (DynCorp)
and multinational users in support of
C-20/C-37 Long range transport C-23 aircraft are sustained using
intelligence and electronic warfare, C-23 Cargo an LCCS maintenance contract (M7
transporting key personnel, and C-26 Utility Aerospace)
providing logistical support for battle EO-5 Airborne Reconnaissance Low C-37 and UC-35 aircraft were
missions and homeland security. (ARL) purchased with Congressional plus-
RC-12 Guardrail Common Sensor up funding
DESCRIPTION (GR/CS) C-37, C-20, and C-26 aircraft are
The Fixed Wing fleet consists of eight UC-35 Utility sustained using Air Force LCCS
aircraft platforms and 256 aircraft maintenance contracts (Gulfstream
that allow the Army to perform day- The EO-5 and RC-12 are classified as and M7 Aerospace)
to-day operations in a more timely special electronic mission aircraft and EO-5 aircraft are sustained using an
and cost-efficient manner without provide real-time intelligence collection LCCS maintenance contract (King
reliance on commercial transportation. in peace and wartime environments. Aerospace)
The fleet provides timely movement The C-12, C-23, C-26, and UC-35 are
of key personnel to critical locations classified as operational support PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
throughout the theater of operations, aircraft and provide direct fixed-wing Acquire 10 C-12 replacement aircraft
and transports time-sensitive and support to warfighting combatant for the Army Reserve
mission-critical supply items and repair commanders worldwide. The C-20 and Re-compete the C12/RC-12/UC-
parts needed to continue the warfight. C-37 are assigned to Andrews Air 35 aircraft Life Cycle Contractor
Special electronic-mission aircraft Force Base and are classified as senior Support contract
provide commanders with critical support aircraft for the chief of staff Re-compete and assume
intelligence and targeting information, and service secretary. responsibility from the Air Force for
enhancing lethality and survivability C-26 aircraft Life Cycle Contractor
on the battlefield. SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES Support
None

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


99

Fixed Wing

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
DynCorp (Fort Worth, TX)
Gulfstream (Savannah, GA)
King Aerospace (Addison, TX)
M7 Aerospace (San Antonio, TX)

EO-5 C-12/RC-12 C-20/37 C-23 C-26 UC-35


Platform: DeHavilland Beech King Gulfstream Shorts Fairchild Cessna
Dash 7 Air 200 GIV and GV Sherpa Metro Liner Citation
Propulsion: PT6A-50 PT6A-41/42/67 RR 611-8/BR PT6A-65AR Garrett TPE331-12 JT15D or
710-48 PW535A
Ceiling (feet): 25,000 31,000/35,000 45,000 20,000 25,000 45,000
Speed (knots): 110 (loiter) 260 459 180 260 415
220 (Cruise)
Max. Weight (pounds): 47,000 12,500/16,500 74,600/95,000 25,600 16,500 16,500
Range (nautical miles): 1,500 1,454/1,000 4,220/5,500 900 1,500 1,500
Passengers: N/A 68/(N/A) 1214 30 20 8 WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010
100

Force Protection Systems

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION immediate changes in threat conditions PROGRAM STATUS
To detect, assess, and respond to and apply restrictive entrance criteria FY0210: BAIS procurement and
Recapitalization unauthorized entry or attempted consistent with the force protection fielding
intrusion into installation/facilities. condition. FY0611: LKMD operational testing
Maintenance
and procurement
DESCRIPTION The Battlefield Anti-Intrusion System
Force Protection Systems consist of the (BAIS) is a compact, modular, sensor- PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
following components: based warning system that can be used 1QFY10: BAIS fielding
as a tactical stand-alone system. The 2QFY10: LKMD procurement and
Automated Installation Entry (AIE) system consists of a handheld monitor fielding
is a software and hardware system and three seismic/acoustic sensors and
designed to read and compare vehicles provides coverage across a platoons
and personnel identification media. The defensive front (450 meters). It
results of the comparison are used to delivers early warning and situational
permit or deny access to installation awareness information, classifying
in accordance with installation detections as personnel, vehicle,
commanders criteria. AIE will use wheeled, or tracked intrusions.
a database of personnel and vehicles
that have been authorized entry onto The Lighting Kit, Motion Detector
an Army installation and appropriate (LKMD) is a simple, compact, modular,
entry lane hardware to permit/deny sensor-based early-warning system
access to the installation. AIE will providing programmable responses of
validate the authenticity of credentials illumination and sound. The LKMD
presented by a person with data enhances unit awareness during all
available from defense personnel and types of operations and environments,
vehicle registration databases. AIE including those in urban terrain.
will have the capability to process
permanent personnel and enrolled SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
visitors, and to present a denial barrier None
to restrict unauthorized personnel.
AIE will be capable of adapting to

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


101

Force Protection Systems

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
BAIS:
L-3 Communications (Camden, NJ)
LKMD:
EG&G (Albuquerque, NM)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


102

Force Provider (FP)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION kits include a cold-weather modification
To provide the Army, joint U.S. Military, system, prime-power modification
Recapitalization host nation, and coalition forces system, electric kitchen, and shower
personnel with a high-quality deployable water reuse system.
Maintenance
base camp to support the expeditionary
SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
missions, develop, integrate, acquire, 60-kilowatt tactical quiet generator
field, sustain, and modernize base
camp support systems to improve PROGRAM STATUS
the warfighters fighting capabilities, 3QFY08: Deployment of FP 600-man
performance, and quality of life. base camp, 150-man subset through
urgent materiel release to support an
DESCRIPTION operational needs statement (ONS)
Each Force Provider (FP) includes 71 4QFY08: Deployment of two FP
deployable triple container (TRICON) 600-man base camps through urgent
systems, including eight latrine materiel release to support ONS
systems, eight shower systems, 1QFY09: Module number 53
four kitchen system, containerized production initiated
batch laundry system, four TRICON
refrigerated containers, 26 60-kilowatt PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
tactical quiet generators, 26 modular 4QYF09: Projected delivery of FP
personnel tents (air supported), four Module number 53
400,000 BTU water heaters, four 1QFY10: Capabilities Production
improved fuel distribution systems, Document approval supporting
two wastewater evacuation tank/ improved capabilities
trailers, 26 mobile electric power 3QFY10: Integration of shower water
distribution replacement systems, 56 reuse system into FP baseline
environmental control units, and eight
air compressors that are diesel engine
driven and operate at 17 cubic feet per
minute. Additional operational add-on

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


103

Force Provider (FP)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Force Provider Assembly:
Global Defense Engineering (Easton, MD)
Letterkenny Army Depot (Chambersburg,
PA)
Expeditionary TRICON Kitchen System
and FP Electric Kitchen:
Tri-Tech USA Inc. (South Burlington, VT)
Airbeam TEMPER Tent:
Vertigo Inc. (Lake Elsinore, CA)
Environmental Control:
Hunter Manufacturing (Solon, OH)
TRICON Container:
Charleston Marine Containers
(Charleston, SC)
Waste Water Evacuation Tank/Trailer:
Marsh Industrial (Kalkaska, MI)
Cold Weather Kit Assembly:
Berg Companies, Inc. (Spokane, WA)
Mobile Electric Power Distribution
System Replacement:
Lex Products Corp. (Stamford, CT)
Expeditionary TRICON Systems
(shower, laundry, latrine):
To be determined

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


104

Force XXI Battle Command Brigade-and-Below (FBCB2)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION two communication systems: FBCB2 Armys current requirement for
To provide enhanced situational Enhanced Position Location Reporting 12,000 MRAP vehicles.
Recapitalization awareness to the lowest tactical System (EPLRS), supported by the tac- 14QFY08: Completed fielding of
levelthe individual Soldierand a tical Internet; and FBCB2Blue Force 1,942 FBCB2 systems to the Army
Maintenance
Tracking, supported by L-band satellite. National Guard (ARNG).
seamless flow of command and control
The Joint Capabilities Release (JCR) is 1QFY09: Began system software
information across the battlefield. the next software release and addresses acceptance testing (SSAT) for Joint
joint requirements, database simpli- Capabilities Release (JCR) software.
DESCRIPTION fication, Type 1 encryption, a product JCR upgrades FBCB2 version 6.4.4.2
The Force XXI Battle Command line software approach and enables and 6.5 providing Type 1 encryption
Brigade-and-Below (FBCB2) forms transition to the Blue Force Tracking II capability, simplified database
the principal digital command and (BFT II) transceiver allowing a tenfold builds, use by the Marine Corps for
control system for the Army at brigade increase in data throughput. command and control, and transition
levels and below. It provides increased to the new Blue Force Tracking
situational awareness on the battlefield SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES II network (reduces latency from
by automatically disseminating Enhanced Position Location Reporting minutes to seconds).
throughout the network timely friendly System (EPLRS)
force locations, reported enemy PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
locations, and graphics to visualize PROGRAM STATUS 2QFY10: Begin AIC testing of JCR
the commanders intent and scheme of 2QFY08: Completed 10,000th Software.
maneuver. installation in theater of FBCB2 1QFY10: Conduct field test of JCR
on Up-Armored High Mobility Software
FBCB2 is a key component of the Army Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicles 4QFY10: Conduct operational test of
Battle Command System (ABCS). (UAH). New production installations JCR Software
Applique hardware and software are have been completed, although the
integrated into the various platforms Program Manager continues to
at brigade and below, as well as assist theater units with support.
at appropriate division and corps 4QFY08: Completed 8,000th
slices necessary to support brigade installation of FBCB2 on Mine
operations. The system features the Resistant Ambush Protected
interconnection of platforms through (MRAP) vehicles, based on the

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


105

Force XXI Battle Command


Brigade-and-Below (FBCB2)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Australia

CONTRACTORS
Software/systems engineering:
Northrop Grumman Space & Mission
Systems Corp. (Redondo Beach, CA)
Hardware:
DRS Technologies (Palm Bay, FL)
Installation kits:
Northrop Grumman Space & Mission
Systems Corp. (Redondo Beach, CA)
Satellite services:
COMTECH (Germantown, MD)
Field support:
Engineering Solutions and Products, Inc.
(Eatontown, NJ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


106

Forward Area Air Defense Command and Control (FAAD C2)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION FAAD C2 uses the following SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
To collect, process, and disseminate communication systems: Radar systems providing input
Recapitalization real-time target tracking and cuing Enhanced Position Location data such as Sentinel, Firefinder,
information to all short-range air Reporting System (EPLRS) Lightweight Counter-Mortar Radar
Maintenance
Multifunctional Information (LCMR), and AWACS.
defense weapons and provide command
Distribution System (MIDS)
and control for the Counter-Rocket, Single Channel Ground and Airborne PROGRAM STATUS
Mortar and Artillery (C-RAM) program. Radio System (SINCGARS) 1QFY08: C-RAM forward operating
base fieldings completed
DESCRIPTION FAAD C2 provides joint C2 4QFY08: complete Active Army
Forward Area Air Defense Command interoperability and horizontal transformation
and Control (FAAD C2) software integration with all Army C2 and air
provides critical C2, situational defense artillery system, including, but PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
awareness, and automated air track not limited to: Continuing: In-country reset of
information by integrating engagement Surface Launched Advanced Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation
operations software for multiple Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile Enduring Freedom (OIF/OEF) assets
systems, including: (SLAMRAAM) 3QFY09: FAAD C2 Version 5.4B
Avenger PATRIOT materiel release
Sentinel Avenger 3QFY10: FAAD C2 fielded to final
Army Battle Command System Theater High Altitude Area Defense National Guard unit
(ABCS) (THAAD) 4QFY10: FAAD C2 Complete CHS-3
C-RAM Program Airborne Warning and Control upgrades
System (AWACS)
FAAD C2 supports air defense and C-RAM
C-RAM weapon systems engagement ABCS
operations by tracking friendly and
enemy aircraft, cruise missiles,
unmanned aerial vehicles, mortar and
rocket rounds as identified by radar
systems, and by performing C2 for
Avenger and the C-RAM system.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


107

Forward Area Air Defense Command


and Control (FAAD C2)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Egypt

CONTRACTORS
Software:
Northrop Grumman Space & Mission
Systems Corp. (Redondo Beach, CA)
Hardware:
Tobyhanna Army Depot (Scranton, PA)
PKMM (Las Vegas, NV)
SETA:
ITTCAS, Inc. (Huntsville, AL)
CHS 3:
General Dynamics (Taunton, MA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


108

Future Tank Main Gun Ammunition

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION capabilities into one munition, thus PROGRAM STATUS
To provide overwhelming lethality streamlining the logistical footprint 4QFY09: Milestone B for AKE
Recapitalization overmatch to the heavy armor fleet. associated with deploying heavy forces. FY10: AKE Engineering and
This cartridge will further enhance Manufacturing Development (EMD)
Maintenance
DESCRIPTION survivability and lethality for Abrams initiation
The Future Tank Main Gun tanks and Mounted Combat Systems Currently: AKE TRL-6
Ammunition Suite consists of two vehicles in the 04 kilometer range. demonstrated; AMP TRL-6
cartridges and will provide enhanced demonstrated
lethality and increased capability to SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
the Heavy Brigade Combat Team. The Future Tank Main Gun PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Ammunition suite must be compatible FY10: Award of two competing EMD
The Advanced Kinetic Energy (AKE) with the Abrams tank fleet through the contracts for AKE
cartridge, designated M829E4, will use remainder of its service life. FY11: Milestone B for AMP
an advanced penetrator to defeat future
heavy armor targets equipped with
explosive reactive armor and active
protection systems. This will increase
survivability of the Abrams tank in the
04 kilometer range.

The Advanced Multi-Purpose (AMP)


cartridge will combine the capabilities
of a number of existing munitions
into one cartridge. This cartridge
will utilize air bursting warhead and
multimode fuze technology to combine
those capabilities and provide new
capability against dismounted infantry
at longer ranges. This cartridge will
employ high-explosive, anti-personnel,
obstacle reduction, and anti-helicopter

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


109

Future Tank Main Gun Ammunition

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
To be determined

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


110

General Fund Enterprise Business Systems (GFEBS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION and characteristics of all property. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
To acquire a new core financial GFEBS will provide a comprehensive 2QFY09: Go live of release 1.3
Recapitalization management capability for system for many of the Armys 2QFY09: Milestone C and move
administering the Armys General Fund financial and accounting functions to production and deployment/
Maintenance
including general ledger, accounts operations and support phase
to improve performance, standardize
payable, revenue and accounts 2QFY09: Initial operational
processes, and ensure that it can meet receivable, cost management, financial capability
future needs. reporting, and real property inventory 3QFY09: Full Army-wide deployment
and management. of release 1.3
DESCRIPTION 1QFY10: Limited user testing
The Army will implement a commercial SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES of release 1.4
off-the-shelf Enterprise Resource None
Planning (ERP) system that meets the
requirements of the Chief Financial PROGRAM STATUS
Officers Act and the Federal Financial 3QFY08: Developmental testing for
Management Improvement Act of release 1.2
1996 (FFMIA), and that is capable of 3QFY08: Begin build phase
supporting DoD with accurate, reliable, of second production release
and timely financial information. (Release 1.3)
The GFEBS implementation involves 1QFY09: Go live of first production
standardizing financial management, release
accounting functions, real property 1QFY09: Limited user test
inventory, and management across
the Army. As a result, Army financial
and real property professionals will
have access to timely, reliable, and
accurate information. GFEBS will also
improve cost management and control,
allow more time to perform financial
analysis, and facilitate a more accurate
understanding of the value, location,

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


111

General Fund Enterprise Business


Systems (GFEBS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Systems Integration:
Accenture (Reston, VA)
Technical Program Management:
iLumina Solutions (California, MD)
Program Management:
Binary Group (Bethesda, MD)
IV&V:
SNVC (Fairfax, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


112

Global Combat Support SystemArmy (GCSSArmy)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION manages the flow of logistics resources PROGRAM STATUS
To provide responsive and efficient and information to satisfy the Armys 4QFY08: Milestone B
Recapitalization logistical support by reengineering modernization requirements. PLM+ 1QFY09: Acquisition program
current business processes, and by integrates Army business functions by baseline signed
Maintenance
providing a single source for enterprise
developing and fielding modernized
hub services, business intelligence PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
tactical automation systems to achieve and analytics, and centralized 2QFY09: Material Master R.1.0 go-
a Single Army Logistics Enterprise master data management. It will live (PLM+)
(SALE). become the Army Enterprise Systems 3QFY10: Release 1.1 go-live (GCSS
Integration Program (AESIP) as it Army)
DESCRIPTION evolves to support the Armys vision 4QFY10: Release 1.1 developmental
Global Combat Support SystemArmy of ERP-based cross-domain business test and evaluation; initial
(GCSSArmy) and Product Lifecycle integration. GCSSArmy and PLM+ government testing (GCSSArmy)
Management Plus (PLM+) enable will meet the warfighters need for
Army and joint transformation of responsive support at the right place
combat support/combat service and time.
support (CS/CSS) using Enterprise
Resource Planning (ERP) software SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
products. GCSSArmy supports rapid General Fund Enterprise Business
force projection in the battlefield System
functional areas of arming, fixing,
fueling, moving, sustaining, and
tactical logistics financial processes.
The GCSSArmy development includes
the reengineering of 12 legacy Army
logistics processes and the interface/
integration with applicable command
and control (C2) and joint systems.
GCSSArmy is the primary enabler
for the Army transformation vision of
a technologically advanced ERP that

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


113

Global Combat Support System


Army (GCSSArmy)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
GCSSArmy:
Northrop Grumman (Richmond, VA)
PLM+:
Computer Sciences Corp. (CSC)
(Falls Church, VA)
LMI Consulting (McLean, VA)
MPRI (L-3 Communications Division)
(Colonial Heights, VA)
SNVC (Fairfax, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


114

Global Command and Control SystemArmy (GCCSA)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization Force-employment planning and services and agencies in developing PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
execution tools (receipt of forces, mission-specific solutions to their C2 23QFY09: Continue spiral
Recapitalization intra-theater planning, readiness, requirements. The hardware platform development in support of GCCSA
force tracking, onward movement, is based on commercial off-the-shelf Version 4.1.x and DRRSA Phase 4
Maintenance
and execution status) hardware. The system users are linked requirements
Overall interoperability with joint, via local area networks in client/server 2QFY091QFY11: Continue directed
MISSION coalition, and the tactical Army configurations with an interface to fieldings and required support for
To enhance warfighter capabilities Battle Command System (ABCS) the Secret Internet Protocol Router OEF/OIF
during joint and combined operations, Network for worldwide communication. 2QFY091QFY11: Continue support
through automated command GCCSA supports Army units from the to NECC technology demonstration
strategic commanders and regional SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES phase and development of Army
and control tools for strategic and
combatant commanders in theater, ABCS, AFATDS, GCCSJ, MCS, ASAS, unique capability modules
operational commanders. down through the joint task force GSORTS, JOPES, DRRS, DTSS, BCS3
commander. As part of ABCS, GCCSA
DESCRIPTION provides a seamless Army extension PROGRAM STATUS
The Global Command and Control from the joint GCCS system to echelons 3QFY081QFY09: Release GCCSA
SystemArmy (GCCSA) is the Armys corps and below. Compatibility and Block IV Version 4.1.b to the field
strategic and operational command interoperability are achieved by 3QFY081QFY09: Support
and control (C2) system, providing building the GCCSA applications to Operations Enduring Freedom and
readiness, planning, mobilization, and function on the common operating Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF)
deployment capability information for environment and through interfaces 3QFY081QFY09: Support Net-
strategic commanders. For theater with other C2 systems within the Army Enabled Command Capability
commanders, GCCSA provides the and other services. (NECC) development of Army
following: capability modules with unique Army
Common operational picture and The common operating environment requirements
associated friendly and enemy status specifies a common system 3QFY081QFY09: Release Defense
information infrastructure for all C2 systems in Readiness Reporting SystemArmy
accordance with the joint technical (DRRSA) Force Readiness Tool
architecture guidelines. These provide (Phase 3) to the field
a common support architecture and
modular software for use by the

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


115

Global Command and Control


SystemArmy (GCCSA)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Lockheed Martin (Springfield, VA)
Software:
Lockheed Martin (Springfield, VA)
Accenture (Camden, NJ)
Hardware:
General Dynamics (Taunton, MA)
GTSI (Chantilly, VA)
Fielding support:
General Dynamics Information Technology
(Springfield, VA)
Engineering Solutions & Products. Inc.
(Eatontown, NJ)
Software training:
General Dynamics Information Technology
(Atlanta, GA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


116

Ground Soldier System (GSS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
To provide unparalleled situational Battle Command product line,
Recapitalization awareness and understanding to Enhanced Position Location Reporting
the dismounted leader (team leader System Radio, Rifleman Radio, Core
Maintenance
Soldier System equipment
and above) allowing for faster, more
accurate decisions in the tactical fight PROGRAM STATUS
and connecting the dismounted Soldier 1QFY09: Milestone A Defense
to the network. Acquisition Board; release of request
for proposal
DESCRIPTION 2QFY09: Award of three competitive
The Ground Soldier System (GSS) protoyping contracts
is an integrated dismounted Soldier 4QFY09: Preliminary design review
situational awareness system for
use during combat operations. It PROJECTED ACTIVITIES:
consists of a hands-free display to view 1QFY10: Critical design review
information; a computer to process 3QFY10: Capability Development
information and populate the screen; Document joint validation
an interface device for user-screen 4QFY10: Capability Production
interaction; a system power source; a Document joint-validation
software operating system for system 4QFY10: Limited user tests (3 each)
functionality; a tactical applications 2QFY11: Milestone C
and battle command; and a networked
radio transmitter/receiver to send and
receive information.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


117

Ground Soldier System (GSS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


To be determined

CONTRACTORS
General Dynamics (Scottsdale, AZ)
Raytheon (Plano, TX)
Rockwell Collins (Cedar Rapids, IA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


118

Guardrail Common Sensor (GR/CS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization uses a Guardrail Ground Baseline High-Accuracy Location Subsystem PROGRAM STATUS
(GGB) for the control, data processing, Compact (CHALSC), with increased 3QFY08: Initial CHALSC flight test
Recapitalization and message center for the system. It frequency coverage and a higher 1QFY09: ESA factory acceptance
includes: probability to collect targets; a test
Maintenance
Integrated communications modern COMINT infrastructure and
intelligence (COMINT) and ELINT core COMINT subsystem, providing PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
MISSION collection and reporting a frequency extension, Enhanced 3QFY09: High band COMINT (HBC)
To provide signal intelligence collection Enhanced signal classification and Situational Awareness (ESA); a factory acceptance test
and precision targeting that intercepts, recognition and precision emitter capability to process special high- 4QFY09: CHALSC, ESA, HBC, and
collects, and precisely locates hostile geolocation priority signals through the high-end ELINT system flight test
Near-real-time direction finding COMINT subsystem; and elimination 3QFY10: CHALSC, ESA, HBC, and
communications intelligence radio
Advanced integrated aircraft cockpit of non-supportable hardware and ELINT upgrades system assessment
frequency emitters and electronic Tactical Satellite Remote Relay software. Ground processing software 3QFY10: CHALSC, ESA, HBC,
intelligence threat radar emitters. System (Systems 1, 2, 3, and 4) and hardware are being upgraded for and ELINT fieldings; GGB fieldings
interoperability with the Distributed to the 224th Military Intelligence
DESCRIPTION A standard system has eight to 12 Common Ground SystemArmy (MI), 3rd MI, 15th MI; Initiating
The Guardrail Common Sensor (GR/ RC-12 aircraft flying operational (DCGSA) architecture and Distributed new contracts for additional GGB
CS) is a fixed-wing, airborne, signals missions in sets of two or three. Information Backbone. hardware
intelligence (SIGINT) collection and Up to three airborne relay facilities
precision targeting location system. simultaneously collect communications SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
It provides near-real-time information and noncommunications emitter DCGSA
to tactical commanders in the corps/ transmissions and gather lines of
joint task force area with emphasis on bearing and time-difference-of-arrival
deep battle and follow-on forces attack data, which is transmitted to the GGB,
support. It collects low-, mid-, and correlated, and supplied to supported
high-band radio signals and electronic commands.
intelligence (ELINT) signals; identifies
and classifies them; determines source Planned improvements through
location; and provides near-real- Guardrail modernization efforts include
time reporting, ensuring information an enhanced precision geolocation
dominance to commanders. GR/CS subsystem, the Communications

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


119

Guardrail Common Sensor (GR/CS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
System Integrator, ESA Subsystem, and
GGB Software/System Support:
Northrop Grumman (Sacramento, CA)
Data links:
L-3 Communications (Salt Lake City, UT)
CHALS-C:
Lockheed Martin (Owego, NY)
X-MIDAS software:
ZETA (Fairfax, VA)
HBC Subsystem:
ArgonST Radix (Mountain View, CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


120

Guided Multiple Launch Rocket System (GMLRS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION high-explosive charge to provide blast SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
To provide responsive, long-range, and fragmentation effects on, above, or Global Positioning System, Advanced
Recapitalization precision fires against area and point in a specific point target. Field Artillery Tactical Data System
targets in open/complex/urban terrain (AFATDS), M270 A1, and HIMARS
Maintenance
The development of a third alternative Launchers
with effects matched to the target and
warhead has been initiated. The
rules of engagement. Alternative Warhead Program (AWP) PROGRAM STATUS
will service area target sets without 23QFY08: GMLRS unitary initial
DESCRIPTION producing unexploded ordnance operational test
The Guided Multiple Launch Rocket and will be fielded in FY15. The 1QFY09: GMLRS AWP
System (GMLRS) is a major upgrade original GMLRS development was an Configuration Steering Board (CSB),
to the M26 rocket, producing precise international cooperative program Acquisition Decision Memorandum
destructive and shaping fires against with the United Kingdom, Germany, (ADM) approved for Technology
a variety of target sets. GMLRS is France, and Italy. An urgent materiel Development Initiation of the AWP
employed with the M270A1 upgraded release version of the GMLRS unitary 1QFY09: GMLRS AWP CSB ADM
Multiple Launch Rocket System variant has been produced and fielded halts new DPICM procurements
(MLRS) tracked launcher and the in support of U.S. Central Command 1QFY09: GMLRS Unitary full-rate
M142 High Mobility Artillery Rocket (CENTCOM) forces with nearly 1,000 production decision
System (HIMARS) wheeled launchers. rockets used in operations through
GMLRS munitions have greater November 2008. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
accuracy with a resulting higher 4QFY09: GMLRS AWP Milestone A
probability of kill, smaller logistics Rocket Length: 3,937mm 1QFY11: GMLRS AWP Warhead
footprint, and minimized collateral Rocket Diameter: 227mm Prototype Technical Demonstrations
damage. There are two variants of Rocket Reliability: Threshold 92 4QFY11: GMLRS AWP Milestone B
the GMLRS: the previously produced percent; objective: 95 percent
dual-purpose improved conventional Ballistic Range(s): 15 to 70+
munitions (DPICM) variant designed to kilometers
service area targets; and the unitary
variant with a single 200-pound class

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


121

Guided Multiple Launch Rocket


System (GMLRS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


United Kingdom, UAE, Singapore, Bahrain,
Japan, Germany, and France

CONTRACTORS
Prime munitions integrator:
Lockheed Martin (Dallas, TX)
Rocket assembly:
Lockheed Martin (Camden, AR)
Motor assembly:
Aerojet (Camden, AR)
G&C section:
Honeywell (Clearwater, FL)
Motor case/warhead skins:
Aerojet (Vernon, CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


122

Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical Truck (HEMTT)/


HEMTTExtendedServiceProgram(ESP)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The HEMTT ESP, also known as SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
To support combat units by performing HEMTT RECAP, is a recapitalization M983 HEMTT tractor Light Equipment
Recapitalization line and local haul, unit resupply, program that converts high-mileage Transporter (LET), M1977 HEMTT
helicopter and tactical vehicle refueling, HEMTT trucks to 0 Miles/0 Hours Common Bridge Transporter, M18 Dry
Maintenance
and to the current A4 production Support Bridge, and the Theatre High
and related missions in a tactical
configuration. The trucks are Altitude Area Defense Missile System
environment. disassembled and rebuilt with improved (THAAD); M984A2 and M984A4
technology found in the HEMTT A4. Tractors with Fifth Wheel Towing
DESCRIPTION Device and High Mobility Recovery
The rapidly deployable Heavy HEMTT comes in six basic Trailer are designated Stryker and
Expanded Mobility Tactical Truck configurations: MRAP Interim Recovery Systems
(HEMTT), developed for cross- M977: Cargo truck with light
country military missions, transports materiel handling crane PROGRAM STATUS
ammunition, petroleum, oils, and M985: Cargo truck with materiel- 1QFY09: HEMTT A4 Family
lubricants to currently equipped, handling crane of Vehicles was type classified
digitized, and brigade/battalion areas M978: 2,500-gallon fuel Tanker standard and full materiel released
of operation. M983: Tractor (TC/MR), also received TC/MR
M984: Wrecker and is being fielded to Multi-Role
The HEMTT A4 model began fielding in M1120: Load-Handling System Bridging Companys (MRBC)
December 2008. Enhancements include (LHS) transports palletized materiel
air-ride suspension, a new Caterpillar and ISO containers PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
C-15 engine, the Allison 4500 FY10: Distribute HEMTT A4s to
transmission, anti-lock braking system Truck payload: 11 tons next deployers in accordance with
and traction control, J-1939 data-bus, a Trailer payload: 11 tons HQDA G8 distribution plan
larger common cab, which is common Flatrack dimensions: 8-foot-by-20-foot
with the Palletized Load System (PLS) (International Standards Organization
A1, and Long Term Armor Strategy (ISO) container standard)
(LTAS)-compliant. Engine type: Diesel
Transmission: Automatic
Number of driven wheels: 8
Range: 300 miles
Air transportability: C-130, C-17, C-5
ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


123

Heavy Expanded Mobility Tactical


Truck (HEMTT)/HEMTT Extended
Service Program (ESP)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Turkey, Israel, and Jordan

CONTRACTORS
Oshkosh Truck Corp. (Oshkosh, WI;
Kileen, TX)
Caterpillar (Peoria, IL)
Allison Transmissions (Indianapolis, IN)
Michelin (Greenville, SC)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


124

Heavy Loader

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
To support engineer construction M916/M870 truck trailer for highway
Recapitalization missions by providing engineer units transportability
Maintenance the capability to perform multiple
PROGRAM STATUS
operations with one piece of equipment
All ballistics and vehicle
supporting division, corps, and theater performance testing completed.
Army missions. Logistics development activities well
underway.
DESCRIPTION
The Heavy Loader is a commercial PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
vehicle modified for military use. 4QFY09: Type classification
Modifications include Chemical standard and full material release
Agent Resistant Coating (CARC) scheduled.
paint, blackout lights, rifle rack, and
military standard (MIL-STD-209)
lift and tiedown. The military version
of the loader will be armored with
an A kit (armored floor plate) on all
loaders and C kit (armored cab) on
selected loaders. The loader bucket is
multifunctional with a capacity of 4.5
cubic yards (Type IQuarry Teams)
and 5 cubic yards (Type IIall other
units for general use).

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


125

Heavy Loader

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
OEM:
Caterpillar Defense and Federal Products
(Peoria, IL)
Armor:
BAE Systems (Rockville, MD)
Logistics:
XMCO (Warren, MI)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


126

HELLFIRE Family of Missiles

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The Longbow HELLFIRE (L modelno with fast battlefield response and
To engage and defeat individual longer in production) uses millimeter flexibility across a wide range of
Recapitalization moving or stationary advanced-armor, wave technology for terminal guidance. mission scenarios.
mechanized or vehicular targets, The Longbow HELLFIRE ability to
Maintenance
engage single or multiple targets Laser HELLFIRE
patrol craft, buildings or bunkers while
directly or indirectly and to fire single, Diameter: 7 inches
increasing aircraft survivability. rapid, or ripple (salvo) rounds gives Weight: 100 pounds
combined arms forces a decisive Length: 64 inches
DESCRIPTION battlefield advantage. Range: 0.508.0 kilometers
The HELLFIRE family of munitions, Longbow HELLFIRE:
consisting of the AGM-114 A, C, F, K, Laser HELLFIRE (AGM-114K, M, and Diameter: 7 inches
L, M, N, and P model missiles, provides N models) and Longbow HELLFIRE Weight: 108 pounds
air-to-ground precision strikes and is incorporate many improvements Length: 69.2 inches
designed to defeat individual hard- over the basic HELLFIRE missile, Range: 0.508.0 kilometers
point targets. The Laser HELLFIRE including:
(HELLFIRE II) comes with either a Electro-optical countermeasure SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
shaped-charge warhead for defeating hardening None
armor targets or a penetrating-blast- Software-controlled digital seeker
fragmentation warhead for defeating and autopilot electronics to adapt PROGRAM STATUS
buildings and bunkers. It uses semi- to changing threats and mission Laser HELLFIRE
active laser terminal guidance and requirements 3QFY081QFY09: 114 N
is the primary anti-tank armament Increased warhead lethality capable (thermobaric) missiles were
for the AH-64 Apache, OH-58 Kiowa of defeating all projected armor delivered to replace missiles
Warrior, Special Operations aircraft, threats into the 21st century expended in the Global War on
the Marine Corps AH-1W Super Cobra Terrorism (GWOT).
Helicopters, and the Armys Sky Laser HELLFIRE semi-active laser
Warrior Unmanned Aircraft System precision guidance and Longbow PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
(UAS). HELLFIRE fire-and-forget capability Laser HELLFIRE
will provide the battlefield commander Continue production
Longbow HELLFIRE
Continue sustainment activities

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


Family of HELLFIRE Munitions 127

All Variants
HELLFIRE Family of Missiles

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Laser HELLFIRE:
Singapore, Israel, Kuwait, Netherlands,
Greece, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Taiwan,
Australia, Spain
Direct commercial sale:
United Kingdom
Longbow HELLFIRE:
Singapore, Israel, Kuwait, Japan
Direct commercial sale:
United Kingdom

CONTRACTORS
Lockheed Martin (Troy, AL)
L-3 Communications (Chicago, IL)
Alliant Techsystems (Rocket City, WV)
Moog (Salt Lake City, UT)
Laser HELLFIRE Missile System,
guidance section, sensor group:
HELLFIRE LLC (Orlando, FL)
Longbow HELLFIRE:
Longbow LLC (Orlando, FL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


128

Helmet Mounted Enhanced Vision Devices

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION PROGRAM STATUS
To enhance the warfighters visual Current: AN/PVS-14 in production
Recapitalization ability and situational awareness while and being fielded
Maintenance successfully engaging and executing
PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
operations day or night, whether in
Continue: Production and fielding
adverse weather or battlefield obscurant in accordance with Headquarters
conditions. Department of the Army (HQDA)-G8
priorities
DESCRIPTION
The AN/PVS-14 Monocular Night
Vision Device (MNVD) is a lightweight,
multipurpose, passive device used
by the individual warfighter in close
combat, combat support, and combat
service support. It amplifies ambient
light and very-near infrared energy for
night operations. AN/PVS-14 can be
mounted to the M16/M4 receiver rail.

PVS-14
Field of View: 40 degrees
Weight (maximum): 1.25 pounds
Magnification: 1x
Range: 150 meters

SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
None

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


129

Helmet Mounted Enhanced


Vision Devices

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
L-3 Communications Electro-Optic
Systems (Tempe, AZ; Garland, TX;
Huntsville, AL; West Springfield, MA)
ITT Industries (Roanoke, VA; West
Springfield, MA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


130

High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System PROGRAM STATUS
To provide early entry and contingency (MLRS) that it replaces. The M142 1QFY09: Full-rate production IV
Recapitalization forces with highly lethal, responsive, provides responsive, highly accurate, contract award
and precise long-range rocket and and extremely lethal surface-to- 2QFY09: Fielded 1st Battalion, 94th
Maintenance
surface rocket and missile res 15 to Field Artillery Regiment, 17th Fires
missile fires that defeat point and area
300 kilometers. HIMARS can fire all Brigade, the seventh battalion to be
targets in both urban/complex and open current and planned suites of MLRS fielded
terrain, with minimal collateral damage, munitions, including Army Tactical 3QFY09: Fielded 3rd Battalion,
via a highly mobile and deployable Missile System missiles and guided 197th Field Artillery Regiment,
multiple launch system. MLRS rockets. HIMARS carries 197th Fires Brigade, the eighth
either six rockets or one missile, is battalion fielded
DESCRIPTION self-loading and self-locating, and is
The M142 High Mobility Artillery operated by a three-man crew protected PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Rocket System (HIMARS) is a wheeled during firings in either a reinforced Continue fielding to active and
artillery system that provides close- man-rated cab or an armored cab. It reserve components
and long-range precision rocket and operates within the MLRS command, Continue retrofit of Increased Crew
missile fire support for Army and control, and communications structure. Protection Armored Cab to fleet
Marine early-entry expeditionary Begin fielding to Foreign Military
forces, contingency forces, and modular SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES Sales customers
fire support brigades supporting Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles Provide support to fielded units in
Brigade Combat Teams. The combat- (FMTV) chassis, Advanced Field combat
proven HIMARS is rapidly deployable Artillery Tactical Data System
via C-130 and operates in all weather (AFATDS)
and visibility conditions. HIMARS is
mounted on a five-ton modified Family
of Medium Tactical Vehicles chassis.
The wheeled chassis allows for faster
road movement and lower operating
costs, and requires far fewer strategic
airlifts (via C-5 or C-17) to transport a
firing battery than the current tracked

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


131

High Mobility Artillery Rocket


System (HIMARS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


United Arab Emirates, Singapore

CONTRACTORS
Prime and launcher:
Lockheed Martin (Dallas, TX; Camden, AR)
Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles:
BAE Systems (Sealy, TX)
Improved Weapons Interface Unit:
Harris Corp. (Melbourne, FL)
Position Navigation Unit:
L-3 Communications Space & Navigation
(Budd Lake, NJ)
Hydraulic pump and motor:
Vickers (Jackson, MS)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


132

High Mobility Engineer Excavator (HMEE)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
To provide the Army with self- None
Recapitalization deployability, mobility, and speed to
keep pace with the Brigade Combat PROGRAM STATUS
Maintenance
All ballistics and vehicle testing
Teams within the Future Engineer Force.
performance completed
1QFY09: Type classification
DESCRIPTION standard and full material release
The High Mobility Engineer granted
Excavator Type I (HMEE-I) is a non-
developmental, military-unique vehicle PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
that will be fielded to the Armys 2QFY09: Fielding begins
Brigade Combat Teams (BCTs) and
other selected engineer units. The
HMEE-I can travel up to 60 miles per
hour on primary roads and up to 25
miles per hour on secondary roads. The
high mobility of the HMEE-I provides
earthmoving machines capable of
maintaining pace with the Armys
current and Future Combat Systems.
All HMEE-Is will be capable of
accepting armor.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


133

High Mobility Engineer Excavator


(HMEE)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
OEM:
JCB Inc. (Pooler, GA)
Armor:
ADSI (Hicksville, NY)
Logistics:
XMCO (Warren, MI)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


134

High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION There are numerous HMMWV variants. capability to accept add-on-armor kits
To support combat and combat service The HMMWV A2 configuration (B-Kits). The M1151A1 is currently
Recapitalization support units with a versatile, light, incorporates a four-speed, electronic fielded with a gunners protection kit.
mission-configurable, tactical wheeled transmission, a 6.5-liter diesel engine,
Maintenance
and improvements in transportability. The HMMWV recapitalization program
vehicle.
It serves as a platform for other Army reconfigures older base models to R1
systems such as the Ground-Based vehicles with increased capability,
DESCRIPTION Common Sensor. The heavy variant reliability, and maintainability.
The High Mobility Multipurpose has a payload of 4,400 pounds and is
Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) is a the prime mover for the light howitzer SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
tri-service program that provides and heavier shelters. The expanded The HMMWV supports numerous data
light, highly mobile, diesel-powered, capacity vehicle (ECV) has a payload interchange customers, who mount
four-wheel-drive vehicles to satisfy capacity of 5,100 pounds, including various shelters and other systems
Army, Marine Corps, and Air Force crew and kits. The ECV chassis serves on it. The M1101/1102 Light Tactical
requirements. The HMMWV uses as a platform for mission payloads and Trailer is the designed trailer for
common components to enable its for systems that exceed 4,400 pounds this vehicle.
reconfiguration as a troop carrier, and is used for the M1114 Up-armored
armament carrier, shelter carrier, HMMWV. The Up-Armored HMMWV PROGRAM STATUS
ambulance, TOW missile carrier, and was developed to provide increased Fielding of ECV HMMWVs to Army,
scout vehicle. Since its inception, the ballistic and blast protection, primarily Marine Corps, Air Force, and foreign
HMMWV has undergone numerous for military police, special operations, military sales customers
improvements, including: technological and contingency force use. Recapitalization of older model
upgrades; higher payload capacity; HMMWVs
radial tires; Environmental Protection The current production variants Continued product improvement in
Agency emissions updates; commercial M1151A1 Armament Carrier, the response to Army requirements
bucket seats; three-point seat belts M1152A1 (2-door variant) Troop/
and other safety enhancements; four- Cargo/Shelter Carrier, and the PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
speed transmissions; and, in some M1165A1 (4-door variant) Command Continuous product improvements
cases, turbocharged engines and air and Control Carrierare built on an through the introduction of upgraded
conditioning. ECV chassis, providing additional components in response to Army
carrying capacity for an integrated requirements
armor package (A-Kit) and the
ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


135

High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled


Vehicle (HMMWV)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Afghanistan, Argentina, Bahrain, Bolivia,
Chad, Colombia, Djibouti, Ecuador,
Egypt, Ethiopia, Honduras, Israel, Kuwait,
Luxembourg, Mexico, Oman, Philippines,
Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania,
Tunisia, Uganda

CONTRACTORS
AM General (AMG) (South Bend, IN)
BAE Systems (Fairfield, OH)
GEP (Franklin, OH)
Defiance (Defiance, OH)
General Motors (Warren, MI)
Red River Army Depot (Red River, TX)
Letterkenny Army Depot
(Chambersburg, PA)
Maine Military Authority (Limestone, ME)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


136

Improved Ribbon Bridge (IRB)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION of 105 wheeled / 85 tracked (normal) PROGRAM STATUS
To improve mobility by providing and MLC 110 wheeled / 90 tracked Current: This system has been
Recapitalization continuous roadway or raft capable of (caution) vehicles. This MLC will fielded since 2002
crossing military load classification 96 support the joint force commanders
Maintenance
ability to employ and sustain forces PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
(wheeled)/80 (tracked) vehicles over
throughout the world. The IRB is Fieldings are ongoing based on the
non-fordable wet gaps. used to transport weapon systems, Army Requirements Prioritization
troops, and supplies over water when List
DESCRIPTION permanent bridges are not available.
The Improved Ribbon Bridge (IRB) The M14 Improved Boat Cradle (IBC)
Float Ribbon Bridge System is issued and the M15 Bridge Adapter Pallet
to the Multi-Role Bridge Company (BAP) are used to carry BEBs and IRB
(MRBC). US Army Modified Table bays on the CBT.
of Organization and Equipment
(MTOE) authorizes MRBCs consist SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
of the 42ea IRB bays (30ea.M17 IRB operations rely and are
Interior and 12ea.M16 Ramps), 42ea interdependent upon fully mission-
Bridge Adapter Pallets (BAPs), 14ea capable CBTs, BAPs, IBCs, and BEB
Bridge Erection Boats (BEBs), 14ea assets within a fully MTOE-equipped
Improved Boat Cradles (IBCs) and MRBC.
56ea Common Bridge Transporters
(CBTs). These assets collectively
address Tactical Float Ribbon Bridge
Wet Gap Bridging. These components
are required to transport, launch,
erect, and retrieve up to 210 meters
of floating bridge. The IRB can be
configured as either a continuous
full closure bridge or assembled and
used for rafting operations. The IRB
has a Military Load Capacity (MLC)

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


137

Improved Ribbon Bridge (IRB)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
General Dynamics European Land
SystemsGermany (GDELS-G)
(Kaiserslautern, Germany)
Logistic support:
AM General (AMG) (Livonia, MI)
CBT manufacturer:
Oshkosh Truck Corp. (Oshkosh, WI)
BEB manufacturer:
FBM Babcock Marine (Isle of Wight, United
Kingdom)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


138

Improved Target Acquisition System (ITAS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization improved interfaces enhance target The TOW 2B Aero and the TOW PROGRAM STATUS
engagement performance. ITASs Bunker Buster have an extended Current: ITAS has been fielded to
Recapitalization second-generation infrared sensors maximum range to 4,500 meters. The 18 active and six reserve component
double the range of its predecessor, TOW 2B Aero flies over the target Infantry Brigade Combat Teams
Maintenance
the M220 TOW system. It offers (offset above the gunners aim point) and seven Stryker Brigade Combat
improved hit probability with aided and uses a laser profilometer and Teams.
MISSION target tracking, improved missile flight magnetic sensor to detect and fire Current: The Marine Corps has
To provide long-range sensor and software algorithms, and an elevation two downward-directed, explosively begun fielding the ITAS to infantry
anti-armor/precision assault fire brake to minimize launch transients. formed penetrator warheads into the and tank battalions to replace all
capabilities, enabling the Soldier to The ITAS includes an integrated target target. However, the TOW Bunker Marine Corps M220A4 TOW 2
acquisition subsystem (day/night sight Buster impacts the target. With its systems by 2012.
shape the battlefield by detecting and
with laser rangefinder), a position high-explosive blast-fragmentation
engaging targets at long range with attitude determination subsystem, a warhead, the TOW Bunker Buster is PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
tube-launched, optically tracked, wire- fire-control subsystem, a lithium-ion optimized for performance against 2QFY102QFY12: Fielding of 16
guided (TOW) missiles or directing the battery power source, and a modified urban structures, earthen bunkers, IBCTs and 12 separate battalions;
employment of other weapon systems traversing unit. Soldiers can also field fortifications, and light-skinned ITAS production concludes;
to destroy those targets. detect and engage long-range targets Armor threats. ITAS operates from the sustainment training for fielded
with TOW missiles or, using the ITAS High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled units; pre-deployment training;
DESCRIPTION far-target location (FTL) enhancement, Vehicle, the dismount tripod platform, anticipated continuation of border
The ITAS is multipurpose direct other fires to destroy them. The and Stryker anti-tank guided missile patrol activities; contractor logistics
weapon system that is used as a FTL enhancement consists of a position vehicles (ATGMs). support
reconnaissance, surveillance, and attitude determination subsystem
target acquisition sensor that also (PADS) that provides the gunner with SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
provides long range anti-armor/ his own GPS location and a 10-digit The ITAS system is integrated on
precision assault fires capabilities to grid location to his target through the the M1121/1167 HMMWV and the
the Armys Infantry and Stryker BCTs use of differential global positioning Stryker ATGM. The ITAS system is the
as well as Marines. ITAS is a major system. With the PAQ-4/PEQ-2 Laser guidance for the TOW missile.
product upgrade that greatly reduces Pointer, ITAS can designate .50 caliber
the number of components, minimizing or MK-19 grenade engagements. The
logistics support and equipment ITAS can fire all versions of the TOW
requirements. Built-in diagnostics and family of missiles.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


139

Improved Target Acquisition System


(ITAS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


NATO Maintenance and Supply Agency,
Canada

CONTRACTORS
Raytheon (McKinney, TX)
Training Devices:
Intercoastal Electronics (Mesa, AZ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


140

Installation Protection Program (IPP) Family of Systems

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization to maintain a standard level of for emergency responders and first entry controllers; collective protection
preparedness for a CBRN incident. receivers; portable radiological for one of a kind strategic assets (up
Recapitalization This tier consists of non-materiel and chemical detection equipment; to 3,000 square feet); and a decision
solutions that address military- portable biological collectors with support system of software tools and
Maintenance
civilian interoperability, system analysis and identification laboratory networked sensors.
architecture, policy, doctrine, training, support; personal dosimeters; hazard
MISSION and administration. It includes joint marking and controlling equipment; SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
To provide an effective chemical, training products, planning templates, medical countermeasures for first None
biological, radiological, and nuclear Mutual Aid Agreement templates, and responders/receivers; mass casualty
(CBRN) protection, detection, exercise templates and scenarios. The decontamination showers and tents; PROGRAM STATUS
IPP Portal (IP3) makes these solutions mass casualty litters and support 4QFY09: Completed 31 additional
identification, and warning system for
available through Joint Knowledge equipment; mass notification systems; installations
military installations. Online (JKO) and Army Knowledge an incident management system; and
Online (AKO) at https://www.us.army. new equipment training and field PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
DESCRIPTION mil/suite/page/449823 or through a exercise support. 4QFY10: Complete 18 additional
The Installation Protection Program link on the Joint Acquisition CBRN installations
(IPP) will allow DoD installations Knowledge System (JACKS) website at Tier 2 applies to installations hosting 4QFY11: Complete 16 additional
to effectively protect personnel and https://jacks.jpeocbd.osd.mil. one-of-a-kind, critical strategic installations
critical operations against a chemical, missions or capabilities. The objective 4QFY12: Complete 16 additional
biological, radiological, and nuclear Tier 1 focuses on enhancing an of Tier 2 is to provide installations installations
(CBRN) event, to effectively respond installations existing emergency with the capability to prepare, react,
with trained and equipped emergency responder capabilities and enables and continue critical missions or
personnel, and to ensure installations an installation to prepare, respond, capabilities without significant
can continue critical operations during and transfer the mission after a interruption. The Tier 2 capability
and after an attack. CBRN attack. Tier 1 installations are package includes Baseline and Tier
critical to the overall accomplishment 1 capabilities plus fixed chemical
IPP uses a tiered approach of of the national military strategy or detectors for warfare agents and toxic
government and commercial off- installations that provide combat industrial materials/chemicals; fixed
the-shelf capabilities optimized for service support. Tier 1 includes all biological collectors with analysis
an installation. The Baseline Tier Baseline Tier capabilities and adds and identification laboratory support;
provides a foundation for installations individual protective equipment radiological monitoring equipment for

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


141

Installation Protection Program


(IPP) Family of Systems

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Science Applications International Corp.
(SAIC) (Falls Church, VA)
AIE:
Computer Sciences Corp. (CSC)
(FallsChurch, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


142

InstrumentableMultiple Integrated Laser Engagement System


(IMILES)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization The IMILES Individual Weapons The Shoulder Launched Munitions PROGRAM STATUS
System (IWS) is a man-worn (SLM) provides real-time casualty IWS:
Recapitalization dismounted system, providing real- effects necessary for tactical Fielded approximately 6,000 IWS
time casualty effects necessary for engagement training in direct fire kits to the National Training Center
Maintenance
tactical engagement training in direct force-on-force training scenarios and SLM:
fire force-on-force and instrumented instrumented scenarios. It replaces Fielded approximately 2,400 SLM
MISSION training scenarios. Event data can be Basic MILES currently fielded and Kits to National Training Center,
To provide force-on-force and force- downloaded for use in an AAR and provides better training fidelity for blue Joint Maneuver Training Center, and
on-target capabilities to support live training assessment. The IWS replaces forces weapons and a more realistic various home stations
collective training at home station, and Basic MILES Individual Weapon simulation of threat weapons using UCD/MCD:
Systems (IWS) at home stations and opposing force visual modifications. Fielded approximately 2,700 MCD/
Combat Training Centers (CTC).
Maneuver Combat Training Centers UCD Kits to National Training
Army wide. The Universal/Micro Controller Devices Center, Joint Maneuver Training
DESCRIPTION (UCD/MCD) are low-cost, lightweight Center, and various home stations
The InstrumentableMultiple The Wireless Independent Target devices used by observer controllers WITS:
Integrated Laser Engagement System System (WITS) provides real-time and maintenance personnel to Fielded approximately 2,000 WITS
(IMILES) is composed of several casualty effects necessary for tactical initialize, set up, troubleshoot, reload, kits to various home stations
component systems. engagement training in direct fire reset, and manage participants during
force-on-force training scenarios and live force-on-force training exercises. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
The IMILES Combat Vehicle System instrumented training scenarios. These modular, self-contained devices IWS:
(CVS) provides live training devices It replaces the previously fielded interact and provide administrative FY09: Recompete contract
for armored vehicles with fire control Independent Target System (ITS) and control of all other MILES devices. SLM:
systems including Bradley Fighting other Basic MILES currently fielded FY09: Complete basis of issue
Vehicles and Abrams Tanks. It on non-turret military vehicles. WITS SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES UCD/MCD:
interfaces and communicates with CTC designs include a tactical wheeled None FY09: Complete basis of issue
and home station instrumentation, vehicle configuration and a separate CVS:
providing casualty and battlefield configuration for tracked vehicles such FY09: Continue fielding
damage assessments for after-action as the M113. WITS:
reporting (AAR). FY09: Combine with Mine Resistant
Ambush Protected vehicle system
and recompete

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


143

InstrumentableMultiple Integrated
Laser Engagement System
(IMILES)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
IMILES IWS:
Cubic Defense Systems (San Diego, CA)
IMILES SLM, WITS, and UCD/MCD:
Universal Systems and Technology
(Centreville, VA)
IMILES CVS:
Science Applications International Corp.
(SAIC) (San Diego, CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


144

Integrated Air and Missile Defense (IAMD)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION broader missions and a wider span of PROGRAM STATUS
To provide the full combat potential of control executed at higher echelons. 4QFY07: Approval of two-contractor
Recapitalization an Integrated Air and Missile Defense A network-enabled plug and fight competition strategy
capability through a network-centric architecture and common C2 system 1QFY08: Approval of acquisition
Maintenance
will enable dynamic defense design and strategy
plug and fight architecture at the
task force reorganization, and provide 2QFY08: Request for proposal
component level (e.g. launchers and the capability for interdependent, released
sensors) and a common command and network-centric operations that link 4QFY08: IAMD Battle Command
control system. joint IAMD protection to the supported System Contract Award
force scheme of operations and
DESCRIPTION maneuver. This Army IAMD system PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Army Integrated Air and Missile of systems will enable extended range 4QFY09: IAMD Increment 2
Defense (IAMD) will enable the and non-line-of-sight engagements Preliminary Design Review
integration of modular components across the full spectrum of aerial 4QFY09: Milestone B approval
(current and future Air and Missile threats, providing fire control quality to enter Engineering and
Defense [AMD] sensors, weapons, data to the most appropriate weapon Manufacturing Development (EMD)
and command and control [C2]) to successfully complete the mission. 3QFY11: IAMD Increment 2 critical
with a common C2 capability in a Furthermore, it will mitigate the design review (CDR)
networked and distributed plug and coverage gaps and the single points of
fight architecture. This common C2, failure that have plagued AMD defense
called the IAMD Battle Command design in the past.
System (IBCS), will provide standard
configurations and capabilities at each SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
echelon. This allows joint, interagency, Patriot, SLAMRAAM, Improved
intergovernmental, and multinational Sentinel, JLENS, THAAD, ABCS,
(JIIM) AMD forces to organize E-IBCT, BMDS, JTAGS, MEADS,
based on mission, enemy, terrain AEGIS, E-10, AWACS, CAC2S, BCS,
and weather, troops and support E-2C, and DD(X)
available, time available, and civil
considerations (METTTC). Shelters
and vehicles may be added to enable

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


145

Integrated Air and Missile Defense


(IAMD)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Concept and Technology Development
Phase Competing Contractors:
Northrop Grumman (Huntsville, AL)
Raytheon (Huntsville, AL; Andover, MA)
System Engineering Technical Analysis
(SETA) support:
Dynetics, Millennium, Davidson (DMD)
(Huntsville, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


146

Integrated Family of Test Equipment (IFTE)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION fully mobile with VXI instrumentation, and diagnostic requirements of current
To enable maintenance, verification, touch-screen operator interface, and an and Future Combat Systems. MSD-V2
Recapitalization testing, and repair of Army weapon optical disk system for test program supports more than 40 weapon systems
systems and their components; to software and electronic technical and is used by more than 30 military
Maintenance
manuals. occupational specialties.
diagnose, isolate, and repair faults
through mobile, general purpose, and Next Generation Automatic Test SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
automatic test systems. System (NGATS) None
The NGATS is the follow-on
DESCRIPTION reconfigurable, rapidly deployable, PROGRAM STATUS
The Integrated Family of Test Equip- automatic test equipment that supports 1QFY09: NGATS limited user test
ment (IFTE) consists of interrelated, joint operations, reduces logistics (LUT)
integrated, mobile, tactical, and footprint, and replaces/consolidates 1QFY09: NGATS system
man-portable systems. These rugged, obsolete, unsupportable automatic test development and demonstration
compact, lightweight, general-purpose equipment in the Armys inventory. (Increment 2)
systems enable verification of the Current: MSD-V2 production and
operational status of weapon systems, Maintenance Support Device fielding
Maintenance Support Device (MSD-V2 ) as well as fault isolation to the line Version 2 (MSD-V2) Current: EOTF-V5 operations and
replaceable unit at all maintenance lev- The second-generation MSD is support
els, both on and off the weapon system a lightweight, rugged, compact,
platform. IFTE is a Early Infantry Bri- man-portable, general-purpose PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
gade Combat Team (E-IBCT) Associate automatic tester. It is used to verify 3QFY09: NGATS milestone C
Program. the operational status of aviation, 4QFY09: MSD-Version 3 (MSD-V3)
automotive, electronic, and missile contract award
Electro-Optics Test Facility weapon systems and to isolate faulty 4QFY10: MSD-V3 production and
Version5 (EOTF-V5) components for immediate repair or fielding
The EOTF-V5 tests the full range replacement. MSD-V2 hosts Interactive 2QFY12: NGATS first-unit equipped
of Army electro-optical systems, Electronic Technical Manuals, is used (FUE)
Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) including laser transmitters, receivers, as a software uploader/verifier to
spot trackers, forward-looking infrared provide or restore mission software to
systems, and television systems. It is weapon systems, and supports testing

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


TPS Shelter ATE Shelter 147

Integrated Family of Test Equipment


(IFTE)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


MSD:
Automatic Test Equipment (ATE) Australia, Afghanistan, Bahrain, Chile,
Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Germany, Israel,
Next Generation Automatic Test System Version 6 Iraq, Jordan, Korea, Kuwait, Lithuania,
(NGATS-V6) Macedonia, Morocco, Netherlands, Oman,
Poland, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Taiwan,
Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan,
Yemen

CONTRACTORS
MSD-V2:
Science and Engineering Services, Inc.
(SESI) (Huntsville, AL)
Vision Technology Miltope Corp. (Hope
Hull, AL)
NGATS-V6:
Northrop Grumman (Rolling Meadows, IL)
DRS Technologies (Huntsville, AL)
EOTF-V5:
Electro-Optics Test Facility Version 5 Northrop Grumman (Rolling Meadows, IL)
(EOTF-V5)

Maintenance Support Device Version 2


(MSD-V2) WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010
148

Interceptor Body Armor

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION has webbing attachment loops on the SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
To protect individual Soldiers from front and back of the vest for attaching None
Recapitalization ballistic and fragmentation threats in pouches for the Modular Lightweight
a lightweight, modular body armor Load-Carrying Equipment (MOLLE). PROGRAM STATUS
Maintenance
DAP provides additional protection Current: In production and being
package.
from fragmentary and 9mm projectiles fielded
to the upper arm and underarm areas. 4QFY09: 294,309 IOTVs and
DESCRIPTION During Operation Iraqi Freedom 913,437 ESAPI sets fielded
Interceptor Body Armor (IBA) is combat operations, the side and
modular, multiple-threat body armor, underarm areas not covered by the PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
consisting of an Improved Outer ESAPI component of the IBA were Continue: Fielding
Tactical Vest (IOTV); Enhanced Small identified by combat commanders and
Arms Protective Inserts (ESAPI); medical personnel as a vulnerability
Enhanced Side Ballistic Inserts that needed to be addressed. To meet
(ESBI); and Deltoid and Auxiliary this threat and provide an increased
Protector (DAP). level of protection, the ESBI was
developed. Commanders have the
Eleven sizes of IOTVs and five sizes flexibility to tailor the IBA to meet
of ESAPI plates are being fielded. The the specific mission needs or changing
basic system weight (IOTV, ESAPI, threat conditions.
ESBI, size medium) is 30 pounds and
provides increased area coverage and
greater protection. The medium IOTV,
without plates, weighs 15.9 pounds
and protects against fragmentation
and 9mm rounds. The ESAPI plates
provide additional protection and
can withstand multiple small arms
hits. IBA includes attachable throat,
groin, and neck protectors. It also

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


149

Interceptor Body Armor

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Armacel Armor (Camarillo, CA)
Ceradyne, Inc. (Costa Mesa, CA)
UNICOR Protective Materials Company
(Miami Lakes, FL)
BAE Systems (Phoenix, AZ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


150

Javelin

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION devices for tactical training and system as the lethality solution for
To provide a man-portable, fire-and- classroom training. Javelins fire-and- the E-IBCT Armed Robotic Vehicle
Recapitalization forget, medium-range missile with forget technology allows the gunner Assault (Light).
enhanced situational awareness and to fire and immediately take cover,
Maintenance
to move to another fighting position, SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
precision direct-fire effects to defeat
or to reload. The Javelin provides None
armored vehicles, fortifications, and enhanced lethality through the use of
soft targets across the spectrum of a tandem warhead that will defeat all PROGRAM STATUS
operations. known armor threats. It is effective 3QFY07: Received full material
against both stationary and moving release on Block I CLU
DESCRIPTION targets. This system also provides 4QFY08: Received full material
The Close Combat Missile System defensive capability against attacking/ release on Block I missile
Medium (CCMSM) Javelin is highly hovering helicopters. The performance Current: Missile and CLU production
effective against a variety of targets improvements in current production Current: CLU total package fielding
at extended ranges under day/night, Javelin Block I CLUs are: increased Current: Javelin has been fielded to
battlefield obscurants, adverse target identification range, increased more than 95 percent of active duty
weather, and multiple counter-measure surveillance time with new battery and units. Fielding is underway to the
conditions. The systems soft-launch software management of the on time, National Guard.
feature permits firing from a fighting and external RS-170 interface for video
position or an enclosure. Javelins output. The performance improvements PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
modular design allows the system in current production Javelin Block FY0910: Final CLU procurements;
to evolve to meet changing threats I missiles are: increased probability achieves Army acquisition objective
and requirements via both software of hit/kill at 2,500 meters, improved Continue: CLU production
and hardware upgrades. The system warhead lethality, and reduced time Continue: CLU total package fielding
consists of a reusable command launch of flight. In current conflicts the Continue: Missile production
unit (CLU) with a built-in-test (BIT), CLU is being used as a stand-alone
and a modular missile encased in a surveillance and target acquisition
disposable launch tube assembly. The asset. The Army is the lead for this
Javelin missile and command launch joint program with the Marine Corps.
unit together weigh 48.8 pounds. Javelin is a Early Infantry Brigade
The system also includes training Combat Team (E-IBCT)-complementary

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


151

Javelin

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


United Kingdom, Australia, Ireland, Jordan,
Lithuania, Taiwan, Norway, New Zealand,
Czech Republic, Oman, United Arab
Emirates

CONTRACTORS
Javelin Joint Venture:
Raytheon (Tucson, AZ)
Lockheed Martin (Orlando, FL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


152

Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION in adverse weather, day or night, and PROGRAM STATUS
To provide a single variant, precision- in an obscured/countermeasured 4QFY08: Competitive Technology
Recapitalization guided, air-to-ground weapon for use environment. The warhead is designed Development contracts awarded to
by joint service manned and unmanned for high performance against both Lockheed Martin and Raytheon
Maintenance
armored and non-armored targets.
aircraft to destroy stationary and
The JAGM System includes missile, PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
moving high-value land and naval trainers, containers, support 1QFY09: Integrated baseline review
targets. equipment, and launchers. JAGM will (IBR)
be fielded to the Super Hornet (F/A- 4QFY09: System requirements
DESCRIPTION 18E/F), Apache (AH-64D), and the review (SRR)
The Joint Air-to-Ground Missile Super Cobra (AH-1Z) in 2016. Follow- 3QFY10: Preliminary design review
(JAGM) System will replace the on fieldings of JAGM on the Seahawk (PDR)
Hellfire, Maverick families of missiles, (MH-60R) and the SkyWarrior UAS are 1QFY11: Milestone B
and the aviation-launched TOW missile planned for 2017.
with a single-variant, multi-mode
weapon. JAGM is a joint program with Diameter: 7 inches
the Army, Navy, and Marine Corps and Weight: 108 pounds
will be fired from helicopters, aircraft, Length: 70 inches
and unmanned aircraft systems (UAS).
JAGM will increase the warfighters SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
operational flexibility by effectively Rotary-wing Launcher/Rack: M299,
engaging a variety of stationary and Fixed-wing Launcher Rack: Design to
mobile targets on the battlefield from be determined
longer ranges, including advanced
heavy/light armored vehicles, bunkers,
buildings, patrol craft, command
and control vehicles, transporter/
erector (e.g., SCUD) launchers,
artillery systems, and radar/air
defense systems. Its multi-mode
seeker will provide robust capability

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


153

Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Lockheed Martin (Orlando, FL)
Raytheon (Tucson, AZ)
Boeing (St. Louis, MO)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


154

Joint Biological Point Detection System (JBPDS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION product improvements will focus on PROGRAM STATUS
To protect the Soldier by providing identification sensitivity, life cycle 2QFY08: Extended low-rate initial
Recapitalization rapid and fully automated detection, costs, and system reliability. production
identification, warning, and sample 4QFY09: Full-rate production
Maintenance
JBPDS can operate from a local decision
isolation of high-threat biological
controller on the front of each system,
warfare agents. remotely, or as part of a network of PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
up to 26 systems. JBPDS meets all 2QFY10: Continue unit fieldings
DESCRIPTION environmental, vibration, and shock 2QFY10: Follow-on operational test
The Joint Biological Point Detection requirements of its intended platforms, and evaluation
System (JBPDS) is the first joint as well as requirements for reliability,
biological warfare agent (BWA) availability, and maintainability.
detection system designed to meet
the broad spectrum of operational The JBPDS includes both military
requirements encountered by the and commercial global positioning,
services, across the entire spectrum meteorological, and network modem
ofconflict. capabilities. The system will interface
with the Joint Warning and Reporting
It consists of a common biosuite Network (JWARN).
that can be integrated onto Service
platform, shipboard, or trailer mounted SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
to provide biological detection and Joint Warning and Reporting Network
identification to all service personnel. (JWARN), Nuclear Biological Chemical
The JBPDS is portable and can support Reconnaissance Vehicle (NBCRV),
bare-base or semi-fixed sites. JBPDS Biological Integrated Detection System
will presumptively identify 10 BWAs (BIDS)
simultaneously. It will also collect
a liquid sample for confirmatory
analysis and identification. Planned

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


155

Joint Biological Point Detection


System (JBPDS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Japan

CONTRACTORS
General Dynamics Armament and
Technical Products (GDATP)
(Charlotte, NC)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


156

Joint Biological Standoff Detection System (JBSDS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION availability, and maintainability. PROGRAM STATUS
To protect U.S. forces by detecting, JBSDS includes military global 1QFY09: Completed product
Recapitalization tracking, and discriminating aerosol positioning capabilities. verification test
clouds of biological warfare agents. 1QFY10: Receive full materiel
Maintenance
SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES release and full-rate production
DESCRIPTION Single Channel Ground and Airborne decision
The Joint Biological Standoff Detection Radio System (SINCGARS), 1QFY10: First-unit equipped/initial
System (JBSDS) is a detector, or Combat Service Support Automated operational capability Army
network of detectors, that provides Information Systems Interface (CAISI)
standoff detection, discrimination, PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
and warning of Biological Warfare 2QFY12: Full operational capability
Agent (BWA) clouds. The JBSDS is
the first biological defense detect-to-
warn capability to protect individual
warfighters. The JBSDS provides initial
early warning capability against BWA
attack by detecting aerosol clouds out
to five kilometers with Infrared (IR)
Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR)
and discriminating biological versus
non-biological particles in clouds out
to one kilometer with Ultra-Violet (UV)
and IR LIDAR. JBSDS operates at
fixed sites or in a stationary mode on
mobileplatforms.

JBSDS meets all environmental,


vibration, and shock requirements
of its intended platforms, as well
as requirements for reliability,

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


157

Joint Biological Standoff Detection


System (JBSDS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Science and Engineering Services, Inc.
(SESI) (Columbia, MD)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


158

Joint Cargo Aircraft (JCA)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION performance: 2,300 nautical miles support equipment and easy drive
To transport time-sensitive/mission- with over 13,227 pounds (6,000 in/out of vehicles, enabling their
Recapitalization critical supplies and key personnel over kilograms) of payload, 3,200 nautical immediate operability.
operational and tactical distances to miles ferry flight, and 325 knots true
Maintenance
airspeed maximum cruise speed. SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
forward-deployed forces in remote and
JCA has a state-of-the-art suite None
austere locations. To provide routine of standard off-the-shelf military
and combat aerial sustainment to the equipment integrated with military PROGRAM STATUS
Joint Force. standard digital data bus architecture. 1QFY09: Delivery of JCA 1 and 2
It is powered by two Rolls-Royce E 1QFY09: Began production
DESCRIPTION 2100D2 engines capable of up to 4,637 qualification testing
The Joint Cargo Aircraft (JCA) is shaft horsepower each, and equipped 2QFY09: Seven aircraft ordered
a fixed-wing, multipurpose cargo with full authority digital electronic 3QFY09: Resource Management
aircraft for todays diverse missions. control. The strong propulsion system Decision (RMD) 802 directed the
It provides the Army and Air Force allows for access to a wide range of transfer of mission and program to
with a mid-range, multifunctional, airfields; enabling landings on short, Air Force
and interoperable aircraft able to unprepared strips, and in hot weather
perform: logistical resupply, casualty and high-altitude conditions, all while PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
evacuation, troop movement, airdrop transporting heavy loads. 1QFY10: Begin implementation of
operations, humanitarian assistance, RMD 802
and missions in support of Homeland JCA has a full suite of navigation aids: 2QFY10: Complete production
Security. a Night Vision Imaging System (NVIS) qualification testing
compatible cockpit, NVIS-compatible 2QFY10: Multi-service operational
Extremely maneuverable and internal and external lighting, and can test and evaluation
versatile, the JCA has a high power- operate in all weather conditions, day 2QFY10: Air Force order 8 aircraft
to-weight ratio, and the ability to and night. JCA is capable of varying 2QFY10: Complete transfer of
perform fighter-aircraft-like 3.0g-force the cargo floor height and continuously program to Air Force IAW RMD
maneuvers, enabling it to make adjusting altitude, ensuring easy 802
tight turns, and climb and descend loading and unloading of large-volume 1QFY11: Full-rate production
quickly. JCA features the following high-density payloads without ground decision

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


159

Joint Cargo Aircraft

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
L-3 Communications Integrated Systems,
L.P. (Greenville, TX)
Alenia Aeronautica (Rome, Italy)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


160

Joint Chem/Bio Coverall for Combat Vehicle Crewman (JC3)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES PROGRAM STATUS
To provide the Combat Vehicle The JC3 interfaces with existing 2QFY09: First article testing
Recapitalization Crewman (CVC) with flame resistant and co-developmental protective 1QFY10: First unit equipped
(FR), percutaneous protection against masks, appropriate mask accessories,
Maintenance
protective headwear, hand-wear, PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
chemical and biological (CB) agents,
footwear, and USA and Marine Corps 4QFY10: Continue production
radioactive particles, and toxic industrial armored vehicles. 3QFY11: Complete production
materials (TIMs).

DESCRIPTION
The JC3 is a lightweight, one-piece,
flame resistant, chemical, and
biological protective coverall that
resembles a standard CVC coverall. The
JC3 is intended to be worn as a duty
uniform; however, it may be worn as
an overgarment. It will resist ignition
and will provide thermal protection
to allow emergency egress. The JC3
will not be degraded by exposure to
petroleum, oils, and lubricants present
in the operational environment. The
JC3 will be compatible with current and
developmental protective masks and
mask accessories, headgear, gloves/
mittens, footwear, and other CVC
ancillary equipment (e.g. Spall vest).

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


161

Joint Chem/Bio Coverall for Combat


Vehicle Crewman (JC3)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Group Home Foundation, Inc. (Belfast, ME)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


162

Joint Chemical Agent Detector (JCAD)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization JCAD will automatically and strategy incorporated a production cut- PROGRAM STATUS
simultaneously detect, identify, and in of an Enhanced JCAD (M4E1 JCAD) FY09: Full-rate production and
Recapitalization quantify chemical agents in their vapor to provide an additional capability to fielding of JCAD Increment 1
form. The detector will provide visual meet the objectives requested in the
Maintenance
and audible indicators and display capability production document. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
the chemical agent class and relative FY10: Customer testing of M4E1
MISSION hazard level dosage. The services will JCAD Increment 1 systems are being JCAD
To provide advanced detection, deploy the system on mobile platforms purchased to replace the Automatic FY11: Production cut-in decision
warning, identification of contamination to include vehicles, at fixed sites, and Chemical Agent Detector and Alarm
on personnel and equipment, and on individuals designated to operate (ACADA or M22), M90, and M8A1
in a chemical threat area (CTA). systems.
monitoring for the presence of chemical
The system will operate in a general
warfare agent contamination. chemical warfare environment, and can Specific capabilities include:
undergo conventional decontamination Instant feedback of hazard (mask
DESCRIPTION procedures by the warfighter. JCAD is only or full Mission-Oriented
The Joint Chemical Agent Detector designed to interface and be compatible Protective Posture)
(JCAD) is a detector or an array with current and future anti-chemical, Real-time detection of nerve, blister,
of networked detectors capable of nuclear, and biological software. and blood agents
automatically detecting, identifying, Stores up to 72 hours of detection
and quantifying chemical agents, The JCAD acquisition program market data
providing handheld monitoring survey found that commercially Will be net-ready through
capabilities, protecting the individual available detectors could satisfy implementation of the Common
Soldier, Airman, and Marine through revised JCAD requirements. JCADs Chemical, Biological, Radiological,
the use of pocket-sized detection and restructured acquisition strategy and Nuclear (CBRN) Standard
alarm. assessed commercially available Interface (Increment 2)
products to provide the most capable,
The JCAD program will provide the mature system, at the best life- SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
services a handheld, combined-portable cycle cost. This strategy provides Modular Lightweight Load-carrying
monitoring and small-point chemical opportunities to leverage commercial Equipment (MOLLE), HMMWV, M113,
agent point detector for ship, aircraft, developments for fielding expanded M2 (Bradley)
and individual warfighter applications. capabilities. In 2009, the acquisition

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


163

Joint Chemical Agent Detector


(JCAD)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Smiths Detection, Inc. (Edgewood, MD)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


164

Joint Chemical Biological Radiological Agent Water Monitor


(JCBRAWM)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION performs biological detection and PROGRAM STATUS
To protect U.S. forces by detecting and identification functions with an FY09: Completed production
Recapitalization identifying the presence of biological immunoassay ticket. verification testing
warfare agents, and radiological FY08: Full-rate production, full
Maintenance
JCBRAWM leverages commercial materiel release and fielding of the
contaminant, in water supplies.
technologies and fielded systems to the system
greatest extent possible. JCBRAWM
DESCRIPTION will neither replace nor displace a PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
The Joint Chemical Biological current system, but rather supplements FY10: Continuation of fielding
Radiological Agent Water Monitor the currently fielded M272 Water
(JCBRAWM) provides a waterborne Testing Kit (WTK).
biological and radiological agent
detection capability. JCBRAWM SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
provides the ability to: detect, identify, Reverse Osmosis Purification Units,
and quantify chemical (future), Modernization Mission Oriented
biological, and radiological (CBR) Protective Posture (MOPP), Arctic
contamination during three water- MOPP, Fixed Sites (Ports/Airfields/
monitoring missions; source site FOB)
selection/reconnaissance, treatment
verification, and quality assurance of
stored and distributed product water.

JCBRAWM will provide the first


biological and radiological detection
capability in water. The system is
designed to be one-man portable for
use by the warfighter. JCBRAWM
provides detection and identification
capability for two biological agents and
detection of alpha and beta radiological
contaminants in water. The system

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


165

Joint Chemical Biological


Radiological Agent Water Monitor
(JCBRAWM)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
ANP Technologies (Newark, DE)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


166

Joint Effects Model (JEM)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION JEM will follow an evolutionary SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
To provide enhanced operational and acquisition approach. The JEM Resides on and interfaces with C4I
Recapitalization tactical level situational awareness of program will deliver a full-capability systems, which will use JEM to predict
the battlespace and to provide real-time system in three increments, each hazard areas and provide warning to
Maintenance
retaining the functionality of the U.S. Forces within those areas.
hazard information during, and after,
preceding increment(s). JEM Increment
an incident, to influence and minimize 1 will predict the probable hazard PROGRAM STATUS
effects on current operations. areas and effects for geographic 2QFY09: Increment 1 FRP decision
locations following selected uses of
DESCRIPTION CBRN and TIC/TIM by hostile forces; PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Joint Effects Model (JEM) is an selected releases of CBRN materials FY1011: Continue Increment 2
Acquisition Category III software resulting from offensive conventional developmental testing
program. It is the only accredited strike missions performed by U.S. or FY1011: Continue Increment 2
DoD computer-based tactical and allied forces on CBRN facilities; and software development
operational hazard prediction selected accidental releases of TIC/
model capable of providing common TIM. Increment 2 and 3 will add
representation of chemical, biological, additional capability and improve
radiological, nuclear (CBRN) and toxic model performance. JEM will also
industrial chemicals/toxic industrial support planning to mitigate the effects
material (TIC/TIM) hazard areas and of weapons of mass destruction.
effects. It may be used in two variants
as either a standalone system or as a Chemical staff sections at the
resident application on host command, battalion, brigade, division, corps
control, communications, computers, and echelons above corps levels,
and intelligence (C4I) systems. It is as well as Special Forces chemical
capable of modeling hazards in various recon detachments, will use JEM.
scenarios, including: counterforce, Brigade, division, and corps-level
passive defense, accidents, incidents, CBRN staff planners will also have a
high-altitude releases, urban reconnaissance version of JEM.
environments, building interiors, and
human performance degradation.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


167

Joint Effects Model (JEM)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Northrop Grumman Mission Systems
(SanDiego, CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


168

Joint High Speed Vessel (JHSV)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Supporting Army prepositioned stocks Electronic navigation
To provide high-speed intra-theater and joint logistics over-the-shore, Anti-Terrorism/Force Protection
Recapitalization transport of Soldiers, military vehicles, the JHSV expands the reach and capabilities
equipment and cargo. possibilities of prepositioning both on
Maintenance
land and afloat. The JHSV provides SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
DESCRIPTION the capability to conduct operational None
The Joint High Speed Vessel (JHSV) maneuver and repositioning of intact
is a 103meter (338 feet) high-speed, unit sets. This affords the combatant PROGRAM STATUS
shallow-draft catamaran capable of commander with increased throughput, 1QFY09: Defense Acquisition Board
transporting 600 short tons 1,200 increased survivability, increased Milestone B review
nautical miles at an average speed responsiveness, and improved closure 1QFY09: Contract Award for Detail
of 35 knots. The JHSV is capable rates. This transport transformation- Design and Construction of one JHSV
of interfacing with roll-on/roll-off enabler helps achieve force deployment
discharge facilities, and on/off-loading goals and full distribution-based PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
a combat-loaded M1A2 Abrams Tank. logistics. The JHSV offers the Joint FY0912: Contract Option Awards
JHSV has an aviation flight deck to Force Commander a multi-modal and for construction of four additional
support day and night air vehicle multipurpose platform to support joint JHSVs
launch and recovery operations. operations that complements airlift
The JHSV also has seating for more capabilities, thereby minimizing the
than 300 embarked Soldiers and need for large-scale reception, staging,
fixed berthing for approximately onward movement, and integration
100 more. The JHSV represents the of Soldiers, vehicles, and equipment
next-generation of Army watercraft to within the battlespace.
support the Armys doctrinal intra-
theater lift mission. The JHSV provides JHSV features:
flexibility and agility within a theater, Flight deck
enabling the Joint Force Commander to Joint interoperable, command,
insert combat power and sustainment control, communications, computers,
into austere ports worldwide. The JHSV intelligence, surveillance, and
bridges the gap between low-speed reconnaissance (C4ISR)
sealift and high-speed airlift. Underway refueling

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


169

Joint High Speed Vessel (JHSV)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Detail Design and Construction:
Austal USA (Mobile, AL)
Electronic Systems:
General Dynamics Advanced Information
Systems (Fairfax, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


170

Joint Land Attack Cruise Missile Defense Elevated


NettedSensorSystem(JLENS)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization as an orbit; however, each system can JLENS also performs as a multirole PROGRAM STATUS
operate autonomously and contribute to platform, enabling extended range 3QFY07: Fire Control Radar critical
Recapitalization the JLENS mission. C2 linkages, communications relay, design readiness review
and battlefield situational awareness. 2QFY08: Orbit preliminary design
Maintenance
JLENS uses its advanced sensor and JLENS can stay aloft up to 30 days, review
networking technologies to provide providing 24-hour radar coverage of 4QFY08: Surveillance radar critical
MISSION 360-degree wide-area surveillance and the assigned areas. The radar systems design readiness review
To provide over-the-horizon detection, tracking of cruise missiles and other can be transported by aircraft, railway, 1QFY09: Orbit critical design review
tracking, classification, and engagement aircraft. Operating as an orbit, the ship, or roadway.
of cruise missiles and other air targets, surveillance radar generates informa- PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
tion that enables the fire control radar SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 4QFY10: Orbit 1 system integration
enabling defensive engagement by
to readily search for, detect, and track The JLENS program is interdependent begins
air-directed, surface-to-air missiles or, low-altitude cruise missiles and other with PATRIOT Advance 4QFY11: Limited users test (LUT)
air-to-air missile systems. aircraft. Once the fire control radar Capability3, Surfaced Launched
develops tracks, this information is Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air
DESCRIPTION provided to tactical data networks so Missile (SLAMRAAM), and Navy
The Joint Land Attack Cruise Missile other network participants can assess Integrated Fire ControlCounter Air
Defense Elevated Netted Sensor System threat significance and assign systems (NIFCCA). The JLENS System is
(JLENS) comprises two systems: to counter the threat. The fire control dependent on capabilities provided
a fire control radar system and a data supports extended engagement by CEC, Multifunctional Information
surveillance radar system. Each fire ranges by other network participants Distribution System (MIDS),
control radar system has a 74-meter by providing high-quality track data Integrated Broadcast System (IBS),
tethered aerostat, a mobile mooring on targets that may be terrain-masked and the Warfighter Information
station, radar, communications from surface-based radar systems. NetworkTactical (WINT)
payload, processing station, and JLENS information is distributed via
associated ground support equipment. the Link 16 Tactical Data Link and the
The JLENS mission is achieved by Cooperative Engagement Capability
both the fire control radar and the (CEC) Network and adds to the single
surveillance radar systems operating integrated air picture.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


171

Joint Land Attack Cruise Missile


Defense Elevated Netted Sensor
System (JLENS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Raytheon (Andover, MA; El Segundo, CA;
Dallas, TX)
TCOM (Columbia, MD)
CAS, Inc. (Huntsville, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


172

Joint Land Component Constructive Training Capability


(JLCCTC)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization support training of commanders and interfaces, data collection, and PROGRAM STATUS
their staffs in maneuver, logistics, after action review (AAR) tools. It 3QFY08: JLCCTC MRFW V5
Recapitalization intelligence, air defense, and artillery. simulates the ABCS to facilitate verification event (VE) and
The federate models are connected battle staff collective training by operational readiness event (ORE)
Maintenance
by a combination of standard High- requiring staff reaction to incoming 4QFY08: JLCCTC ERF V5 VE/ORE
Level Architecture (HLA), Run-Time digital information while executing 4QFY081QFY09: JLCCTC MRFW
MISSION Infrastructure (RTI), Distributed the commanders tactical plan. The Fielding to the National Simulation
To provide tools to train unit Interactive Simulation (DIS), custom targeted training audience is composed Center and Battle Command
commanders and their staffs from interfaces, Master Interface (MI), of brigade and battalion battle staffs, Training Program
battalion through theater levels. and Point-to-Point (PTP). The functional command post (CP) training 1QFY09: JLCCTC ERF V5 Fielding
JLCCTCMRF is a Command Post and full CP training. Battle staffs to Fort Bragg and Fort Indiantown
DESCRIPTION Exercise (CPX) driver designed to train of higher echelons may also employ Gap
The Joint Land Component Army commanders and their staffs at JLCCTCERF to achieve specific 1QFY09: JLCCTC V5.5 integration
Constructive Training Capability division through echelons-above-corps. training objectives. and test events
(JLCCTC) is a software modeling and It provides a simulated operational
simulation capability. It contributes to environment in which computer- SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
the joint training functional concept generated forces simulate and respond None 2QFY091QFY11: JLCCTC fieldings
and the Army training mission area to the C2 processes of the commanders 3QFY09: JLCCTC V5.5 MRFW
by providing the appropriate levels and staffs. The JLCCTC models will VE/ORE
of model and simulation resolution. provide full training functionality for 3QFY09: JLCCTC ERF V5.2
It also provided the fidelity needed leader and battle staff for the Army software version release
to support both Army and joint and the Joint, Intergovernmental, 4QFY09: JLCCTC MRFC software
training requirements. The JLCCTC is and Multinational (JIIM) spectrum. version release
composed of two separate federations: The JLCCTC provides an interface to 4QFY094QFY10: JLCCTC MRFW
JLCCTCMulti-Resolution Federation Army Battle Command System (ABCS) V6 development, integration and test
(MRF), and JLCCTCEntity-Resolution equipment, allowing commanders and events
Federation (ERF). The MRF is a their staffs to train with their go-
federated set of constructive simulation to-war systems. JLCCTCERF is a
software supported by commercial federation of simulations, simulation
software and commercial off-the- command, control, communications,
shelf (COTS) hardware that will computers and information (C4I)

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


173

Joint Land Component Constructive


Training Capability (JLCCTC)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Lockheed Martin Information Systems
(Orlando, FL)
Tapestry Solutions (San Diego, CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


174

Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Payloads: Category A3,500 pounds, SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
To provide a family of vehicles with Category B4,500 pounds, Category None
Recapitalization companion trailers, capable of C5,100 pounds
performing multiple mission roles that Transportability: InternalC-130, PROGRAM STATUS
Maintenance
ExternalCH-47/53, SeaHeight- 1QFY09: Awarded three Technology
will be designed to provide protected,
restricted decks Development contracts
sustained, networked mobility for Protection: Scalable armor to provide 2QFY09: Start of Work Meetings
personnel and payloads across the full mission flexibility while protecting the 4QFY09: Preliminary design
range of military operations. force. reviews
Mobility: Maneuverability to enable 1QFY10: Critical design reviews
DESCRIPTION operations across the spectrum of
The Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) terrain, including urban areas. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Family of Vehicles (FoV) is a Joint Networking: Connectivity for improved 3QFY10: Milestone Decision
Service and International program Battlespace Awareness and responsive, Authority Review
that will be capable of operating well-integrated command and control 2QFY11: Capability Development
across a broad spectrum of terrain and for embarked forces. Document (CDD) approved
weather conditions. The Joint Services Sustainability: Reliable, maintainable, 4QFY11: Milestone B, Enter
require enhanced capabilities, greater maximum commonality across mission Engineering and Manufacturing
than those provided by the existing role variants, onboard and exportable Development (EMD
High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled power, and reduced fuel consumption. 4QFY11: Award two EMD contracts
Vehicle, to support the Joint Functional
Concepts of Battlespace Awareness, The JLTV FoV balances the Iron
Force Application, and Focused Triangle of payload, protection, and
Logistics. performance.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


175

Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
BAE Systems Land & Armaments
(SantaClara, CA)
General Tactical Vehicle (Sterling
Heights,MI)
Lockheed Martin (Owego, NY)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


176

Joint Nuclear Biological Chemical Reconnaissance


System (JNBCRS)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization detection, identification, sample The CBRN monitor and survey sets, PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
collection, decontamination, marking, kits, and outfits (MS-SKO) will provide FY10: DR-SKO Milestone C, Low
Recapitalization and hazard reporting. the next increment of dismounted Rate Initial Production Decision
capability for the Joint Forces. FY10: MS-SKO Milestone B Decision
Maintenance
The Joint Urgent Operational Need FY11: MS-SKO Production
Statement (JUONS) phase supports SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES Qualification Testing
CBRN and Explosive Consequence None FY12: MS-SKO Operational
MISSION Management Response Force, Central Assessment
To provide Chemical, Biological, Commands Urgent Need for Toxic PROGRAM STATUS
Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) Industrial Detection Equipment, and FY09: Approval to field to an
reconnaissance in confined spaces and Service Urgent Needs for similar additional 8 JUONS Systems to
terrain that is inaccessible to CBRN equipment. provide a total of 27 systems to
be fielded under Urgent Material
reconnaissance vehicles, homeland
The Dismounted Reconnaissance Sets, Releases
defense consequence management
Kits, and Outfits (DR-SKO) phase will FY09: Continue development of
operations, tactical force protection provide a modular, scalable, mission program documentation, system
operations, and to characterize hazardous tailorable equipment package. This design, and integrated logistics
material events or accidents will provide expeditionary CBRN support activities for DR-SKO and
capabilities to conduct reconnaissance MS-SKO phases
DESCRIPTION missions and consequence FY09: Continue systems engineering
The Joint Nuclear Biological, Chemical management. It will provide support (government)
Reconnaissance System (JNBCRS) conventional forces with the capability FY09: Materiel Development
is comprised of CBRN sets, kits, to confirm or deny the presence of Decision for the MS-SKO
and outfits tailorable to mission Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD)
requirements. Each system consists in support of WMD Eliminations
of both commercial and government (WMD-E), WMD Interdiction (WMD-I)
off-the-shelf equipment to provide and a capability to respond to a
personnel protection from CBRN hazardous material event or accident.
hazards, including toxic industrial
materiel and CBRN detection,
presumptive materiel and CBRN

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


177

Joint Nuclear Biological Chemical


Reconnaissance System (JNBCRS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Prime Integrator:
ICxTM Technologies, Inc. (Glen Burnie, MD)

(Notional)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


178

Joint Precision Airdrop System (JPADS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization satellite data for precise navigation
and interfaces with a Mission PROGRAM STATUS PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Recapitalization Planning module on board the aircraft 3QFY074QFY08: Testing for 2QFY09: Milestone C for the 2,000-
to receive real-time weather data and 2,000-pound variant completed pound variant subsequent, with
Maintenance
compute aerial release points. JPADS 1QFY08: Milestone B (permission production contract
is being designed for aircraft to drop to enter system development and 4QFY09: Fielding begins for
cargo from altitudes of up to 24,500 demonstration phase) received for 2,000-pound variant and will
MISSION feet mean sea level. It will release 10,000-pound variant continue until FY12, assuming
To provide the warfighter with precision cargo from a minimum off-set of 1QFY08: Testing began for projected funding remains
airdrop ensuring accurate delivery of 8 kilometers from the intended point 10,000-pound variant 1QFY11: Complete testing of the
supplies to forward operating forces, of impact, with an objective capability 4QFY081QFY09: Milestone C 10,000-pound variant
of 25 kilometers off-set. This off-set (full-rate production and fielding 2QFY11: Milestone C (full-rate
reducing vehicular convoys, and
allows aircraft to stay out of range decision) preparation underway for production and fielding decision)
allowing aircraft to drop cargo at safer of many anti-aircraft systems. It also 2,000-pound variant for 10,000-pound variant with
altitudes and off-set distances. enables aircraft to drop systems from a subsequent award production
single aerial release point and deliver contract
DESCRIPTION them to multiple or single locations, 4QFY11: Fielding begins for
The Joint Precision Airdrop System thus reducing aircraft exposure time. 10,000-pound variant
(JPADS) integrates a parachute Once on the ground, the precise
decelerator, an autonomous guidance placement of the loads greatly
unit, and a load container or pallet to reduces the time needed to recover
create a system that can accurately the load. Exposure to ground forces is
deliver critical supplies with great minimized as well.
precision. The system is being
developed in two weight classes: SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
2,000 pounds and 10,000 pounds, None
with potential future requirements
for 30,000 pounds, and an objective
system of 60,000 pounds. The guidance
system uses military global positioning

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


179

Joint Precision Airdrop System


(JPADS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Airborne Systems North America
(Pennsauken, NJ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


180

Joint Service General Purpose Mask (JSGPM)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION MCU-2/P series of protective masks for PROGRAM STATUS
To enable warfighters survival in a Air Force and Navy shore-based and 1QFY09: In production and fielding.
Recapitalization chemical, biological, radiological, and shipboard applications.
nuclear (CBRN) environment by providing PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Maintenance
SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES FY1012: Continue production and
chemical, biological, toxin, radioactive
The JSGPM will interface with fielding
particulate, and toxic industrial material Joint service vehicles, weapons,
protection. communication systems, individual
clothing and protective equipment, and
DESCRIPTION CBRN personal protective equipment.
The Joint Service General Purpose
Mask (JSGPM) is a lightweight
protective mask system incorporating
state-of-the-art technology to protect
U.S. Joint Forces from actual or
anticipated threats. The JSGPM
will provide above-the-neck, head-
eye-respiratory protection against
CBRN threats, including toxic
industrial chemicals (TIC). The mask
component designs will be optimized
to minimize their impact on the
wearers performance and to maximize
its ability to interface with current
and future Service equipment and
protective clothing. The JSGPM mask
system replaces the M40/M42 series
of protective masks for the Army and
Marine Corps ground and combat
vehicle operations, as well as the

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


181

Joint Service General Purpose Mask


(JSGPM)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Avon Protection Systems (Cadillac, MI)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


182

Joint Service Personnel/Skin Decontamination System


(JSPDS)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The JSPDS program supports an PROGRAM STATUS
To provide the warfighter with skin evolutionary acquisition strategy using 1QFY09: Continue production
Recapitalization decontamination capacity, after incremental and spiral development.
exposure to chemical/biological warfare Increment I will provide hazard PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Maintenance
reduction efficacy capabilities greater 2QFY10: Initial operational
agents, in support of immediate and
than the M291 SDK for chemical capability
thorough personnel decontamination warfare agents and equal capabilities
operations. for biological hazard reduction. The
structure of the JSPDS program will
DESCRIPTION allow the flexibility to accelerate
The Joint Service Personnel/ fielding of capability enhancements
Skin Decontamination System through the use of commercial
(JSPDS) Increment I, Reactive Skin products. Increment II will provide
Decontamination Lotion (RSDL), increased hazard reduction efficacy
provides enhanced capabilities to capabilities on skin of nontraditional
immediately reduce chemical warfare agents and toxic industrial chemicals,
agents and biological warfare BW agents, and radiological and
agents from skin. RSDL provides nuclear hazards. It can also be used for
the warfighter with improved open-wound exposures.
capability over the existing M291
Skin Decontaminating Kit to reduce SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
lethal and performance-degrading RSDL is compatible with all chemical,
effects. Additionally it can be used to biological, radiological, and nuclear
decontaminate individual equipment, individual protective equipment,
weapons, and casualties on unbroken detectors, and decontaminants as well
skin. RSDL is a commercially available as small arm weapons.
product that has been approved for
medical use by the U.S. Food and Drug
Administration.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


183

Joint Service Personnel/Skin


Decontamination System (JSPDS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Bracco Diagnostics, Inc. (Montreal,
Canada)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


184

Joint Service Transportable Decontamination System


(JSTDS)Small Scale (SS)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION ship exterior surfaces, aircraft, PROGRAM STATUS
To rapidly and effectively support crew served weapons, and aircraft 4QFY09: Fielding and materiel
Recapitalization operational and thorough support equipment. Increment II release decision
decontamination of military equipment in will focus on improving overarching
Maintenance
decontamination processes, efficacy, PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
accordance with Field Manual 3.11-5.
and system capabilities for operational FY1011: Procure and field systems
and thorough decontamination of non-
DESCRIPTION sensitive equipment. The JSTDSSS is
The Joint Service Transportable supported with one accessory kit and
Decontamination SystemSmall Scale one water blivet per system.
(JSTDSSS) will enable warfighters
to conduct operational and support SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
thorough decontamination of non- All individual protective equipment,
sensitive military materiel, limited decontaminants, and detectors.
facility decontamination at logistics
bases, airfields (and critical airfield
assets), naval ships, ports, key
command and control centers, and other
fixed facilities that have been exposed
to chemical, biological, radiological,
and nuclear (CBRN) warfare agents/
contamination and toxic industrial
materials. The system may also support
other hazard abatement missions as
necessary.

The JSTDSSS is being developed using


an incremental approach. Increment
I provides improved capabilities over
current systems to decontaminate
tactical and non-tactical vehicles,

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


185

Joint Service Transportable


Decontamination System (JSTDS)
Small Scale (SS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
DRS Technologies (Florence, KY)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


186

Joint Tactical Ground Stations (JTAGS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION to warfighters in support of regional PROGRAM STATUS
To disseminate early warning, alerting, combatant commanders over multiple 1QFY094QFY09: Worldwide
Recapitalization and cueing information of ballistic theater communication systems. Five fielding of JTAGS upgrades:
missile attack and other infrared events JTAGS are deployed worldwide as Common Data Link Interface
Maintenance
part of the U.S. Strategic Commands (CDLI), Joint Tactical Terminal
to theater combatant commanders by
Tactical Event System. The Army (JTT), Multifunctional Information
using real-time, direct down-linked Space and Missile Defense Command Distribution System (MIDS),
satellite data. Soldiers operate JTAGS, providing and information assurance
24/7/365 support to theater operations. improvements; upgrades to all
DESCRIPTION five JTAGS units and the JTAGS
Joint Tactical Ground Stations (JTAGS) SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES Development Lab
are forward-deployed, echelon-above- JTAGS improvements are dependent
corps, transportable systems designed upon successful development, launch, PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
to receive, process and disseminate test and certification of the U.S. 4QFY094QFY11: Field JTAGS block
direct down-linked infrared data from Air Forces ACAT I, Space-Based upgrades including: communication
space-based sensors. Ongoing product Infrared System (SBIRS) satellite systems, information assurance,
improvement efforts will integrate program. SBIRS will provide multiple antennas, the addition of a new
JTAGS with the next-generation new sensors on orbit, substantially on-orbit SBIRS satellite sensor
Space Based Infrared System enhancing the ability of JTAGS to (highly elliptical orbit), and Initial
(SBIRS) satellites. SBIRS sensors improve all aspects of missile warning SBIRS Geosynchronous Orbit
will significantly improve theater and battlespace awareness. (GEO) satellite capability. Software
missile warning parameters. Expected support, contractor logistics support,
improvements include higher quality and depot operations continue
cueing of active defense systems, 3QFY10: New JTAGS contract
decreased missile launch search awarded to develop and deliver full
area, faster initial report times, and SBIRS GEO starer capability in a
improved impact ellipse prediction. desheltered system integrated into
operation centers
JTAGS processes satellite data
and disseminates ballistic missile
warning or special event messages

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


187

Joint Tactical Ground Stations


(JTAGS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Develop, Deploy, Sustain (CLS):
Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems
(Colorado Springs, CO)
SETA support:
BAE Systems (Huntsville, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


188

Joint Tactical Radio System Airborne, Maritime/Fixed Station


(JTRS AMF)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES PROGRAM STATUS
To provide scalable and modular JTRS Network Enterprise Domain 1QFY10: Critical Design Review
Recapitalization networked radio frequency installed (NED) products and services; JTRS
communication capability to meet Joint Ground Mobile Radio (GMR); JTRS PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Maintenance
Handheld Manpack and Small Form Fit 2QFY11: Delivery begins for AMF
Service requirements through two Joint
(HMS); Multiple aircraft, maritime and SA engineering development models
tactical radio (JTR) sets: Small Airborne fixed site platforms (EDM)
(SA) and Maritime/Fixed Station (M/F) 4QFY11: Delivery begins for AMF
with common ancillary equipment for M/F EDM
both radio form factors, aircraft such as
the Air Force C-130, Army Rotary Wing,
and Navy E-2, along with maritime and
shore sites
DESCRIPTION
The Joint Tactical Radio System
Airborne, Maritime/Fixed Station
(JTRS AMF) will provide a four-
channel, full duplex, software-defined
radio integrated into airborne,
shipboard, and fixed-station platforms,
enabling maritime and airborne
forces to communicate seamlessly
and with greater efficiency through
implementation of five initial
waveforms (i.e., Ultra-High Frequency
Satellite Communications, Mobile User
Objective System, Wideband Network
Waveform, Soldier Radio Waveform,
and Link 16) providing data, voice, and
networking capabilities.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


189

Joint Tactical Radio System


Airborne, Maritime/Fixed Station
(JTRS AMF)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Lockheed Martin (Chantilly, VA)
General Dynamics C4 Systems, Inc.
(Scottsdale, AZ)
BAE Systems (Wayne, NJ)
Northrop Grumman (San Diego, CA)
Raytheon (Waltham, MA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


190

Joint Tactical Radio System Ground Mobile Radios (JTRS GMR)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
To provide mobile internet-like capability Army modernization efforts, Abrams, 3QFY10: System integration test
Recapitalization and interoperability with Current Force HMMWV, Bradley, Command Post begins; security verification test
radios through simultaneous and secure System Carrier, JTRS Network concludes; production qualification
Maintenance
Enterprise Domain (NED) products and test concludes; NSA approval to
voice, data, and video communications
services, WINT enter limited user test
supporting battle command, sensor-to- 1QFY11: Limited user test concludes
shooter, sustainment, and survivability PROGRAM STATUS 2QFY11: Milestone C decision
applications in full-spectrum operations 2QFY09: EDM radio deliveries approving entry into the production
on vehicular platforms. begins; Test readiness review and deployment phase
3QFY09: EDM production and
DESCRIPTION deliveries complete; production
Through software reconfiguration, qualification test begins, security
the Joint Tactical Radio System verification tests begin
Ground Mobile Radios (JTRS GMR)
can emulate Current Force radios
and operate new internet protocol-
based networking waveforms offering
increased data throughput utilizing
self-forming, self-healing, and managed
communication networks. The GMR
route and retransmit functionality
links various waveforms in different
frequency bands to form one inter-
network. GMR can scale from one
to four channels supporting multiple
security levels and effectively use
the frequency spectrum within the 2
megahertz to 26 hertz band.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


191

Joint Tactical Radio System Ground


Mobile Radios (JTRS GMR)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Boeing (Huntington Beach, CA)
BAE Systems (Wayne, NJ)
Northrop Grumman (San Diego, CA)
Rockwell Collins (Cedar Rapids, IA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


192

Joint Tactical Radio System Handheld, Manpack,


andSmallFormFit(JTRSHMS)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
To provide a scalable and modular UAV, SUGV, UGS, NLOSLS, IMS, 3QFY10: Delivery of Phase 2
Recapitalization networked radio frequency WINT, Army modernization efforts, engineering development models
communication capability to meet Joint GSS 4QFY10: Phase 2 security
Maintenance
verification test
handheld, manpack, and small form fit
PROGRAM STATUS 1QFY11: Phase 2 limited user
radio requirements at the tactical edge. 3QFY09: Phase 1 limited user test testing
1QFY10: Phase 1 Milestone C low 2QFY11: Phase 2 Milestone C
DESCRIPTION rate initial production decision for decision
Provides the warfighter with a SFFC (v) 1
software reprogrammable, networkable
multi-mode system of systems capable
of simultaneous voice, data, and/
or video communications between
2 megahertz and 2.5 gigahertz.
JTRS HMS satisfies joint service
requirements for handheld, manpack,
and small form fit applications,
including support for Army
modernization efforts and Ground
Soldier System (GSS).

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


193

Joint Tactical Radio System


Handheld, Manpack, and Small
Form Fit (JTRS HMS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
General Dynamics C4 Systems, Inc.
(Scottsdale, AZ)
BAE Systems (Wayne, NJ)
Rockwell Collins (Cedar Rapids, IA)
Thales Communications (Clarksburg, MD)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


194

Joint Tactical Radio System Network Enterprise Domain


(JTRSNED)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION the JTRS WNW Network Manager PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
To develop and deliver portable, (JWNM), JTRS Enterprise Network 3QFY10: SRWNM 1.0+ deliveries
Recapitalization interoperable, transformational Manager (JENM), and Enterprise 4QFY10: JENM Phase 1 FQT
networking waveforms (e.g., wide- Network Services Phase 1 (ENS PH1). deliveries
Maintenance
1QFY11: ENS Phase 1 FQT
band network waveforms, Soldier radio
SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES deliveries
waveforms), as well as the software to JTRS Ground Mobile Radio (GMR), 2QFY11: MUOS v3.1 FQT deliveries
manage the network services needed JTRS Airborne and Maritime/ 4QFY11: JENM Phase 2 FQT
to fully enable JTRS mobile, ad hoc Fixed Site (AMF), Multifunctional deliveries
networking capability. NED products will Information Distribution System
produce the networking capability that (MIDS)JTRS, JTRS Handheld,
allows U.S. warfighters from all military Manpack and Small Form Fit, NED
branches to access and share relevant provides SINCGARS and Link 16
and timely information.
PROGRAM STATUS
2QFY09: SRW 1.0c final
DESCRIPTION qualification test (FQT) delivered
The heart of the interoperable 3QFY09: Link-16 FQT
networking capability of JTRS, NEDs 1QFY10: WNW v4.0; JWNM v4.0;
product line consists of: 14 Legacy UHF SATCOM; HF v4.0 FQT
Waveforms (Bowman VHF, COBRA, deliveries
EPLRS, Have Quick II, HF SSB/ALE,
HF 5066, Link 16, SINCGARS, UHF
DAMA SATCOM 181/182/183/184,
UHF LOS, VHF LOS); three Mobile Ad-
hoc Networking Waveforms (Wideband
Networking Waveform [WNW], Soldier
Radio Waveform [SRW], and Mobile
User Objective System [MUOS]Red
Side Processing); and Network
Enterprise Services (NES) including

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


195

Joint Tactical Radio System Network


Enterprise Domain (JTRS NED)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Boeing (Huntington Beach, CA)
Harris Corp. (Melbourne, FL)
ITT (Clifton, NJ)
Northrop Grumman (San Diego, CA)
Rockwell Collins (Cedar Rapids, IA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


196

Joint Warning and Reporting Network (JWARN)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION the time from incident observation to SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
To accelerate the warfighters response warning to less than two minutes, Capable of two-way interface with
Recapitalization to a nuclear, biological, or chemical enhances warfighters situational current and planned individual service
attack by providing joint forces the awareness throughout the area (C4ISR) hardware and software.
Maintenance
of operations, and supports battle JWARN will be compatible with Allied
capability to report, analyze, and
management tasks. Technological Publication 45 (ATP-45).
disseminate detection, identification,
location, and warning information. The JWARN full-capability system will PROGRAM STATUS
be developed as a single increment. 1QFY10: JWARN full-rate production
DESCRIPTION The development phase will be decision
The Joint Warning and Reporting followed by a preplanned product
Network (JWARN) is a computer-based improvement effort, which will PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
system designed to collect, analyze, include artificial intelligence modules 2QFY10: Continue production and
identify, locate, and report information for NBC operations, an upgrade to deployment
on nuclear, biological, or chemical match future C4ISR systems, and
(NBC) activity and threats from standard interfaces for use with future
sensors in the field and to disseminate detectors.
that information to decision-makers
throughout the command. Located on Block I
mobile and fixed platforms, JWARN Initial acquisition and fielding
will be compatible and integrated of commercial off-the-shelf and
with joint service command, control, government off-the-shelf software as
and communications, computers, standard for Armed Services.
intelligence, and surveillance
reconnaissance (C4ISR) systems. Block II
JWARNs component interface device Integration of NBC legacy and future
connects to the sensors, which can detector modules, and NBC battlefield
detect various types of attack. The management modules
component device relays warnings to
C4ISR systems via advanced wired or
wireless networks. JWARN reduces

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


197

Joint Warning and Reporting


Network (JWARN)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Bruhn New-Tech (Ellicott City, MD)
Northrop Grumman Information
Technology (NGIT) (Winter Park, FL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


198

Kiowa Warrior

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization communications system. It provides 2QFY09: First 10 aircraft equipped 4QFY09: Kiowa Warrior CASUP
anti-armor and anti-personnel with Condition Based Maintenance cockpit modification and prototyping
Recapitalization capabilities at standoff ranges. units for operational test and initiated at prototyping and
calibration integration facility
Maintenance
The Army is currently installing 2QFY09: Completed fielding of new
modifications to address safety, lightweight weapons rack PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
MISSION obsolescence and weight to keep the 3QFY09: Completed in-theatre 1QFY10: Award contract for Control
To support combat and contingency aircraft viable through its projected fielding of M3P .50 Caliber Machine and Display Subsystem-5 upgrade
operations with a light, rapidly retirement date of FY20. Key among Gun; all squadrons in OIF/OEF as part of Kiowa Warrior CASUP
deployable helicopter capable of these modifications is the addition equipped with M3P modifications
of an upgraded cockpit, a nose 3QFY09: Completed SEP Lot 11 (27 1QFY10: Award contract for dual
armed reconnaissance, security, target
mounted sensor, and a dual channel aircraft) channel engine full authority digital
acquisition and designation, command full authority digital engine control. 3QFY09: Kiowa Warrior Cockpit and electronic fuel control system
and control, light attack, and defensive Additionally, the Army has started Sensor Upgrade Program (CASUP) 1QFY10: Induct 6th Category B
air combat missions. an aircraft replacement program to Acquisition Decision Memorandum aircraft for restoration to flyable
address Kiowa Warrior losses. released (ACAT II) status
DESCRIPTION 4QFY09: 5th Category B aircraft 1QFY10: Award contract with Bell
The Kiowa Warrior is a single-engine, SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES inducted for restoration to flyable Helicopter for engineering services
two-man, lightly armed reconnaissance Various communications, navigation, status 3QFY10: Complete delivery of lot
helicopter with advanced visionics, and weapons systems. FY08-FY09: Reset 121 aircraft re- 12 Safety Enhancement Program
navigation, communication, weapons, deploying from OIF/OEF aircraft
and cockpit integration systems. Its PROGRAM STATUS FY08-FY09: Installed 663 3QFY10: Award contract for OH-58A
mast-mounted sight houses a thermal 1QFY09: 4th Category B aircraft Modification Work Orders including to D cabin conversion
imaging system, low-light television, inducted for restoration to flyable lightweight weapons rack, personal 3QFY10: Fielding of lightweight,
and a laser rangefinder/designator status computer data transfer system with color, multi-function displays
permitting target acquisition and 2QFY09: Awarded contract for video, APX-118 transponder, cockpit 3QFY10: First production
engagement at standoff ranges and Safety Enhancement Program (SEP) airbag system, and crash attenuating modifications of AN/AAR-57
in adverse weather. The navigation Lots 12 and 13 (27 aircraft/30 seats Common Missile Warning System
system can convey precise target aircraft) 4QFY09: Successful flight equipped Kiowa Warrior aircraft
locations to other aircraft or demonstration of prototype level II 3QFY10: Kiowa Warrior CASUP
artillery via its advanced digital UAV teaming capability Milestone B briefing

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


199

Kiowa Warrior

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Taiwan

CONTRACTORS
Bell Helicopter, Textron (Fort Worth, TX)
DRS Optronics, Inc. (Palm Bay, FL)
Rolls Royce Corp. (Indianapolis, IN)
Honeywell (Albuquerque, NM)
Elbit Systems of America (Fort Worth, TX)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


200

Light Tactical Trailer (LTT)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES PROGRAM STATUS
The Light Tactical Trailer (LTT) The HMMWV is the prime mover for Current: Continue fielding to Army,
Recapitalization increases the cargo carrying capability this trailer. The trailer is the mobile Marine Corps, Navy and Air Force
of the High Mobility Multipurpose platform for various weapons and customers
Maintenance
combat support systems.
Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV).
PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Increase production rate to meet
DESCRIPTION demand
The Light Tactical Trailer (LTT)
is a general purpose cargo trailer
that offers significant improvement
over the M101 series trailers that it
replaces. The LTT is produced in three
configurations: the M1101 (Light), the
M1102 (Heavy), and the LTT Chassis.

Gross vehicle weight:


M1101 is 3,400 pounds
M1102 is 4,200 pounds
Maximum payload weights:
M1101 is 1,940 pounds
M1102 is 2,740 pounds
LTT Chassis is 3,025 pounds

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


201

Light Tactical Trailer (LTT)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Kenya, Afghanistan

CONTRACTORS
Silver Eagle Manufacturing Company
(SEMCO) (Portland, OR)
Schutt Industries (Clintonville, WI)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


202

Light Utility Helicopter (LUH)/UH-72A Lakota

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization single-main-rotor commercial utility is arranged and lit to be compatible 4QFY09: Initiate retrofit of ARC-231
helicopter of the 36 ton class. It has with night vision devices. Included 1QFY10: 4 Navy TPS aircraft
Recapitalization seating for two pilots and up to six in the avionics are a radar altimeter, delivered
passengers or two NATO standard full autopilot, and a unique First Limit Current: Total of 72 aircraft
Maintenance
litters, crew chief, and medical Indicator (FLI) that further simplifies delivered to units in Active Army
attendant. Two Turbomeca Arriel 1E2 engine monitoring and reduces pilot and National Guard; receiving
MISSION engines, combined with an advanced workload. mission equipment packages,
To provide flexible response to four-blade rotor system, provide lift including vent kit, Environmental
homeland security requirements: and speed in a wide range of operating In addition to the MEDEVAC and Control Unit (ECU), medical
to conduct civil search and rescue conditions, including high-altitude and hoist configuration, the UH-72A is equipment storage kit, VIP kit, ARC-
single-engine operation capability. also being fielded in a VIP, National 231 military radio, and equipment to
operations, support damage
Access to the aircraft is through sliding Guard Homeland Security (HLS) and support training operations/National
assessment, support test and doors on each side of the cabin or a Combined Training Center (CTC) Guard counter-drug mission.
training centers, perform generating through the wide rear clamshell doors. configuration.
force missions, reconnaissance and PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
surveillance, and augment medical Crew seating comprises two individual, The United States Navy Test Pilot 2QFY10: 100 aircraft complete
evacuation (MEDEVAC) missions. longitudinally adjustable, energy- School (TPS) ordered five UH-72A delivery
absorbing pilot and copilot seats with aircraft in 2008. 3QFY10: Aircraft field to Europe;
DESCRIPTION head rest and four-point safety belts Aircraft field to Kwajalien
The UH-72A LAKOTA Light Utility with automatic locking system. The SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 4QFY10: 123 aircraft complete
Helicopter (LUH) will conduct general passenger seats have a four-point OH-58A/C, UH-1, ARC-231, UH-60 C-5 delivery, first three years of
support utility helicopter missions restraint harness. When equipped (RERP), C-17, GATM, Air Warrior, production
and execute tasks as part of an for medical evacuation (MEDEVAC) Sealift 4QFY11: 180 aircraft complete
integrated effort with other joint operations with two NATO standard delivery
services, government agencies, and litters, passenger seating is limited to PROGRAM STATUS
non-governmental organizations. The a medical attendant and a crew chief. FY09: 128 aircraft are on contract
LUH is to be deployed only to non- with 41 to be delivered.
combat, non-hostile environments. The The aircraft is equipped with modern 2QFY09: First fielding of MEDEVAC
UH-72A is a variant of the American communication and navigation configuration to National Guard
Eurocopter U.S.-produced EC-145. avionics, which facilitate operation in 3QFY09: Field first aircraft overseas
The UH-72A is a twin-engine, civilian airspace systems. The cockpit to National Guard units

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


203

Light Utility Helicopter (LUH)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
EADS North America (Arlington, VA)
American Eurocopter (Columbus, MS;
Grand Prairie, TX)
CAE USA (Tampa, FL)
Sikorsky Aircraft (Stratford, CT)

UH-72A
Max Gross Weight: 7,903 pounds
Cruise Speed: 140 knots
Engines (2 each): Turbomeca Arriel 1E2
External Load: 1,214 pounds
Internal Load: 1,214 troops/pounds
Crew: Two pilots, one crew chief

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


204

Lightweight 155mm Howitzer (LW155)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The M777A2 is jointly managed; the Digital fire control: self-locating
To provide direct, reinforcing, and Marine Corps led the development and pointing; digital and voice
Recapitalization general support fires to maneuver of the howitzer and the Army led communications; self-contained power
forces as well as direct support artillery the development of Towed Artillery supply
Maintenance
Digitization (TAD), the digital fire
for Stryker Brigade Combat Teams.
control system. SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Army Software Blocking, FMTV Joint
DESCRIPTION Software upgrades incorporating the Light Tactical Vehicle Prime Movers,
The M777A2 Lightweight 155mm Enhanced Portable Inductive Artillery Excalibur and Precision Guidance Kit
Howitzer (LW155) will replace all Fuze Setter and the Excalibur Platform munitions, Single Channel Ground to
M198 155mm howitzers in operation Integration Kit hardware gives the Air Radio Station/Defense Advanced
with the Marine Corps and Army. M777A2 the capability to program and Global Positioning System Receiver/
The extensive use of titanium in all fire the Excalibur precision-guided Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data
its major structures makes it 7,000 munition. Specifications for the M777A2 System
pounds lighter than its predecessor, Excalibur-compatible howitzer are:
the M198, with no sacrifice in range, Weight: Less than 10,000 pounds PROGRAM STATUS
stability, accuracy, or durability. Emplace: Less than three minutes Current: The M777A2 is in full-rate
Two M777A2s can be transported Displace: Two to three minutes production with 572 systems having
by a C-130, and it can be dropped Maximum range: 30 kilometer (rocket been delivered to the Army and
by parachute. The M777A2s lighter assisted round) Marine Corps (354/218 respectively)
weight, independent suspension, Rate-of-fire: Four to eight rounds per Current: Seven Stryker Brigades
smaller footprint, and lower profile minute maximum; two rounds per have been fielded and two Fires
increase strategic deployability, minute sustained Brigades
and tactical mobility. The system Ground mobility: Family of Medium Current: Both the Army and Marine
uses a primer feed mechanism, Tactical Vehicles (FMTV), Medium Corps have deployed the weapon
projectile loader-assist, advanced Tactical Vehicle Replacement, five-ton to Iraq and Afghanistan where
digital fire control system, and other trucks it is currently engaged in combat
improvements to enhance reliability Air mobility: Two per C-130; six per operations.
and accuracy, and significantly C-17; 12 per C-5; CH-53D/E; CH-47D;
increase system survivability. MV-22 PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
155mm compatibility: all fielded and FY10: Award Performance Based
developmental NATO munitions Logistics Contract
ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


205

Lightweight 155mm Howitzer


(LW155)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Canada and Australia

CONTRACTORS
BAE Systems (United Kingdom;
Hattiesburg, MS)
Castings:
Precision Castparts Corp. (Portland, OR)
Howmet Castings (Whitehall, MI)
Cannon Assembly:
Watervliet Arsenal (Watervliet, NY)
Howitzer body:
Triumph Systems Los Angeles
(Chatsworth, CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


206

Lightweight .50 cal Machine Gun

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
To provide a lighter, more accurate None
Recapitalization .50 caliber machine gun to reduce
warfighter load, provide for more PROGRAM STATUS
Maintenance
3QFY08: System development and
rapid emplacement and displacement,
demonstration contract awarded
increase dismounted portability, and
reduce the strain on vehicle mounts. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
FY0810: Conduct system
DESCRIPTION development and demonstration
The Lightweight .50 Caliber Machine activities
Gun (LW50MG) is intended to provide 3QFY09: Award phase 2 contract
.50 caliber lethality in a lightweight, 4QFY10: Milestone C decision
two-man portable system. It will fire FY11: Low-rate initial production
all standard inventory .50 caliber M9
linked ammunition. The LW50MG
incorporates a manual safety and a
quick-change barrel that eliminates
headspace and timing adjustments.
The LW50MG weapon will weigh 40
pounds with recoil loads less than 400
pounds. The lower recoil allows the
use of a magnified optic, which enables
the warfighter to rapidly acquire
targets. Additionally the low recoil
allows the warfighter to maintain
control of the weapon and to minimize
ammunitionuse.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


207

Lightweight .50 cal Machine Gun

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
General Dynamics Armament and
Technical Products (GDATP)
(Charlotte, NC)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


208

Lightweight Laser Designator Range Finder (LLDR)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION aim the laser designator. At night and PROGRAM STATUS
To provide fire support teams and in obscured battlefield conditions, the Current: In full-rate production
Recapitalization forward observers with a man-portable operator can recognize vehicle-sized
capability to observe and accurately targets at greater than 3 kilometers. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Maintenance
During day operations, the operator 4QFY09: Follow-on full-rate
locate targets, digitally transmit target
can recognize targets at a distance of competitive contract award
location data to the tactical network, greater than seven kilometers. At a
and laser-designate high-priority targets range of 10 kilometers, the operator
for destruction. can locate targets to less than 40
meters. The LDM emits coded laser
DESCRIPTION pulses compatible with DoD and NATO
The Lightweight Laser Designator laser-guided munitions. Users can
Rangefinder (LLDR) is a man- designate targets at ranges greater
portable, modular, target location, than five kilometers.
and laser designation system. The two
primary components are the target SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
locator module (TLM) and the laser None
designator module (LDM). The TLM
can be used as a standalone device or
in conjunction with the LDM. Total
system weight to conduct a 24-hour
mission is less than 30 pounds.

The TLM incorporates a thermal


imager, day camera, electronic display,
eye-safe laser rangefinder, digital
magnetic compass, global positioning
system electronics, and digital export
capability. The TLM has the capability
of seeing the laser designator spot,
allowing the operator to more precisely

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


209

Lightweight Laser Designator Range


Finder (LLDR)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Northrop Grumman Guidance and
Electronics Company, Inc., Laser
Systems (Apopka, FL)
Thermal Imager:
L-3 Communications Cincinnati Electronics
(Mason, OH)
FLIR Systems, Inc. (Santa Barbara, CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


210

Line Haul Tractor

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization Transmission: Allison HD5460P (six- The M915A5 Truck Tractor is a 6x4 brake system (ABS), and an updated
speed automatic) with power take off semi-tractor used to perform the Line Collision Warning System (CWS) has
Recapitalization Haul mission. The truck is equipped been installed.
The M916A3 Light Equipment with a two-passenger cab and powered
Maintenance
Transport (LET) is a 6x6 tractor with by a 500 horse power diesel engine SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
68,000-pound gross vehicle weight with an Allison Model 4500 SP Joint Land Attack Cruise Missile
MISSION tractor with 3-1/2-inch, 40,000-pound electronically controlled automatic Defense Elevated Netted Sensor
To support combat service and support capacity, 45,000-pound winch for six-speed transmission. The M915A5 (JLENS); M872, 34-ton flatbed semi-
units with transportation of bulk recovery and transport of engineering has a front and rear suspension system trailer; M1062A1, 7,500-gallon
petroleum products, containerized systems, and compensator fifth wheel. rated for Gross Combined Vehicle semi-trailer; M967/M969, 5,000-gallon
It has an electronic diesel engine, Weight Rating (GCVWR) of 120,000 semi-trailer
cargo, general cargo, and bulk water.
automatic electronic transmission, pounds. The front axle is weight-
anti-lock brakes, and is capable of rated at 20,000 pounds, the rear axle PROGRAM STATUS
DESCRIPTION operating at speeds up to 60 miles weight ratings are a combined 46,000 FY09: Full production continues in
The M915A3 Line Haul Tractor is per hour on flat terrain. This Non- pounds. The electrical system is a support of Army operations in the
the Armys key line haul distribution Developmental Item (NDI) vehicle is 24-volt open-architecture starting United States and abroad.
platform. It is a 6x4 tractor with a used primarily to transport the M870 system. The M915A5 has an updated FY09: Completion of M915A5
2-inch kingpin and 105,000-pound 40-ton low-bed semi-trailer. power distribution module (PDM), development and operational testing;
gross combination weight capacity. The upgraded wiring harnesses, a Roll Full logistics demonstration.
vehicle is transportable by highway, The M917A2 and M917A2 Truck Stability Control system (RSC), all 4QFY09: M915A5 contract award
rail, marine, and air modes worldwide. Chassis, 75,000 gross vehicle weight around light emitting diode (LED)
rating, 8x6 (for 20-ton dump truck), lighting. Auxiliary power connections PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Gross vehicle weight: 52,000 pounds 12-cubic yard dump truck vehicles are have been added to supply emerging FY09: Production verification testing
Fifth-wheel capacity: 2-inch, 30,000 authorized in Corps units, primarily systems and added command, control, of M915A5 block upgrade to M915
pounds the construction and combat support communications, computer and Series
Diagnosis: Electronic companies and the combat heavy intelligence (C4I) communication 2QFY10: M915A5 type
Brake system: Anti-lock battalions. Freightliner produced the systems. A pair of 60-gallon fuel tanks classification/materiel release;
Towing speed: 65 miles per hour with M917A1 and M917A2 vehicles. It has increase fuel capacity by 20 gallons Production cut-in, ramp-up, and first-
full payload an electronic diesel engine, automatic to extend driving range. The cab is 10 unit equipping.
Engine: Detroit Diesel S60 (430 horse electronic transmission, anti-lock inches wider and extends 34 inches
power, 1450 pound-foot torque, DDEC brakes, and is capable of operating at behind the driver and passenger seats.
IV engine controller) speeds up to 55 miles per hour when on The brakes have an improved anti-lock
flat terrain.
ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


211

Line Haul Tractor

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Afghanistan

CONTRACTORS
Meritor (Troy, MI)
Holland Hitch (Holland, MI)
Pierce Manufacturing (Bradenton, FL)
Detroit Diesel (Detroit, MI)
Truck:
Daimler Truck, North America/Freightliner
(Portland, OR)
Dump body:
Casteel Manufacturing (San Antonio, TX)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


212

Load Handling System Compatible Water Tank Rack (Hippo)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
To provide a mobile, hard-wall water HEMTTLHS, PLS, and PLS Trailer FY09: Continue production and
Recapitalization tanker for bulk distribution of potable fielding
water to the division and brigade areas. PROGRAM STATUS FY09: New competitive production
Maintenance
2QFY07: Full material release contract
DESCRIPTION FY08: Production and fielding FY09: Update integrated electronic
The Load Handling System Compatible 2QFY08: Hippo discoloration issue technical manuals
Water Tank Rack (Hippo) represents 4QFY08: Placed additional FY10: Continue production and
the latest in bulk water distribution quantities to current contract fielding
systems technology. It replaces the 3K FY11: Continue production and
and 5K Semi-trailer Mounted Fabric fielding
Tanks (SMFTs). The Hippo consists of
a 2,000-gallon potable water tank in
an ISO frame with an integrated pump,
engine, alternator, filling stand, and
70-foot hose reel with bulk suction and
discharge hoses. It has the capacity to
pump 125 gallons of water per minute.
The Hippo is fully functional mounted
or dismounted and is transportable
when full, partially full, or empty.
It is designed to operate in cold
weather environments and can prevent
water from freezing at -25 degrees
Fahrenheit. The Hippo can be moved,
set up, and established rapidly using
minimal assets and personnel.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


213

Load Handling System Compatible


Water Tank Rack (Hippo)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Mil-Mar Century, Inc. (Miamisburg, OH)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


214

Longbow Apache

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization forward-looking infrared (FLIR) tech- 634 planned deliveries of the MTADS/ SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
nology with the Arrowhead Modernized PNVS sub-system have been completed E-IBCT, Longbow Apache maintains
Recapitalization Target Acquisition Designation Sight/ and fielding will be complete in FY2010. digital interoperability with multiple
Pilot Night Vision Sensor (MTADS/ battlefield systems through adherence
Maintenance
PNVS), non-line-of-sight communica- The Longbow Block III program is the of the Armys Software Blocking Policy.
tions, video transmission/reception, next evolution of the Apache. Block III
MISSION and maintenancecost reductions. is the Armys only attack helicopter PROGRAM STATUS
To conduct close combat attack, solution capable of interoperability 1QFY09: Block III system
deep precision strikes, and armed The Armys goal is to convert its with the Future Combat Force and development and demonstration
reconnaissance and security in day, remaining A models to the Longbow will add significant combat capability contract currently 50% complete
Apache configuration. The Longbow while addressing obsolescence issues 4QFY08: Block III first prototype
night, and adverse weather conditions.
program began with two multi-year to ensure the aircraft remains a viable flight conducted
contracts: the first delivered 232 Long- combat multiplier beyond 2030. Current: Upgrade Block I and II
DESCRIPTION bows from FY96FY01; the second Longbow to Block III configuration
The AH-64D Longbow Apache is the delivered an additional 269 aircraft The Block III modernized Longbows with eventual acquisition objective
Armys only attack helicopter for both from FY02FY06; 120 A to D conver- will be designed and equipped with an of 634 total airframes
the Current and Future Force. It is sions will occur between FY07FY10. open systems architecture to incorpo-
capable of destroying armor, person- In addition, 52 Wartime Replacement rate the latest communications, naviga- PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
nel, and materiel targets in obscured Aircraft (WRA) are planned with tion, sensor, and weapon systems. 1QFY10: Block III limited user test
battlefield conditions. The Apache fleet deliveries complete CY2010. Apache is 3QFY10: Block III milestone C and
includes the A model Apache and D fielded to Active Army, National Guard Combat mission speed: 167 miles per low-rate initial production award
model Longbow. The Longbow remanu- (NG) and Army Reserve (AR) attack hour FY10: Block I inductions into Block
facturing effort uses the A model and battalions, armed reconnaissance bat- Combat range: 300 miles III remanufacturing assembly line
incorporates a millimeter wave fire talions, and cavalry units as defined in Combat endurance: 2.5 hours 2QFY11: Initial Block III deliveries
control radar (FCR), radar frequency the Army Modernization Plan. Fielding Max. gross weight: 20,260 pounds 3QFY12: First unit equipped (FUE)
interferometer (RFI), fire-and-forget of Longbow Apache began in 1QFY99 Armament: Hellfire missiles, 2.75-inch 2QFY13: Initial operating capacity
radar-guided Hellfire missiles, and and will conclude in FY11. As of the rockets, and 30mm chain gun (IOC)
other cockpit management and digi- end of FY08, 535 AH-64D Block I/ Crew: Two (pilot and copilot gunner) FY25: End of production
tization enhancements. Both A and D IIs have been fielded to 17 Longbow
models are undergoing recapitaliza- Battalions and Fort Rucker, AL. In
tion modifications such as upgraded addition, 219 (10 Battalions) out of a

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


215

Longbow Apache

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Egypt, Greece, Israel, Kuwait, Netherlands,
Saudi Arabia, Singapore, United Arab
Emirates
Direct commercial sales: Japan, Greece,
United Kingdom

CONTRACTORS
Airframe/fuselage:
Boeing (Mesa, AZ)
Fire Control Radar:
Northrop Grumman (Linthicum, MD)
Lockheed Martin (Owego, NY;
Orlando,FL)
MTADS/PNVS:
Lockheed Martin (Orlando, FL)
Boeing (Mesa, AZ)
Rotor blades:
Ducommun AeroStructures (Monrovia,CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


216

Maneuver Control System (MCS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION capabilities including chemical, address capability, and MS Office
To provide the tactical battle command biological, radiological, and nuclear SharePoint 2007 for both operational
Recapitalization core environment and common services (CBRN) tools and engineering and business processes. The server
baseline for executive decision-making capability for combat and construction also supports Joint Convergence with
Maintenance
engineers. the Marine Corps by providing a data
capabilities, maneuver functional
exchange gateway that allows the
and battle staff tools, and enterprise CPOF serves as a mission critical C2 direct exchange of common operational
services. system that provides collaborative and picture data between the joint services.
situational awareness tools to support
DESCRIPTION decision-making, planning, rehearsal, SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Tactical Battle Command (TBC)/ and execution management. Near-real- Army Systems: GCCSA, IMETS,
Maneuver Control System (MCS) time display on both 2D and 3D mapping ASAS, AFATDS, FBCB2, FBCB2
provides a suite of products and and Voice Over Internet Protocol (VOIP) L-Band Upgrade, DCGSA, JBCP,
services that include the MCS, ensures geographical dispersed systems AMDWS, BCS3, TAIS, AMPS
Command Post of the Future (CPOF), can collaborate seamlessly on data in a Joint Systems: TBMCS, JWARN, JEM,
Joint Convergence effort with the shared repository. JOEF, JTCW/C2PC, GCCS, NECC, NCES
Marine Corps, Battle Command Other Systems: WINT, JTRS GMR,
Common Services (BCCS), and BCCS provides the network-enabling E-IBCT
SharePoint web portal. infrastructure for tactical battle
command in support of Army battle PROGRAM STATUS
MCS 6.4 serves as a mission critical command migration and DoD migration 3QFY08: Joint Requirements
command and control (C2) system to Net Enabled Command Capability Oversight Council approves MCS 6.4
that allows commanders and staffs (NECC) and Net-Centric Enterprise Capabilities Production Document
to visualize the battlespace and Services (NCES) environment. The 4QFY08: BCCS v3 1st official fielding
synchronize the elements of combat Battle Command Server (BC Server)
power for successful execution of provides interoperability services PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
tactical operations. MCS includes including the Publish and Subscribe 4QFY09: Field test
battle staff tools and maneuver Service (PASS) that allows for 1QFY10: Limited user test
functional capabilities. It also ABCS interoperability and Data 3QFY10: Fielding decision (MCS/CPOF)
integrates Joint Program Management Dissemination Service (DDS). It
Information Systems (JPMIS) also provides tactical messaging,

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


217

Maneuver Control System (MCS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
General Dynamics (Taunton, MA;
Scottsdale, AZ)
CECOM Software Engineering Center
(FortMonmouth, NJ)
GTSI (Chantilly, VA)
Lockheed Martin (Tinton Falls, NJ)
Viecore (Tinton Falls, NJ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


218

Medical Communications for Combat Casualty Care (MC4)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION tracking, medical treatment, medical SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
To integrate, field, and support a situational awareness, and medical MC4 relies on TMIP to provide global
Recapitalization medical information management/ logistics data across all levels of care. software databases to capture data
technology system for Army tactical generated by the MC4 system, in
Maintenance
The MC4 system provides the Armys order to provide medical situational
forces, enabling a lifelong electronic
solution to the Title 10 requirement awareness for operational commanders.
medical record for service members, for a medical tracking system for
enhancing medical situational all deployed service members. The PROGRAM STATUS
awareness for operational commanders, MC4 system is a fully operational 3QFY081QFY09: Fielding per the
and expanding medical logistics standard Army system that operates Dynamic Army Resourcing Priority
capabilities. on commercial off-the-shelf hardware. List
It supports commanders with a
DESCRIPTION streamlined personnel deployment PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
The Medical Communications for system using digital medical 3QFY09: First planned upgrade
Combat Casualty Care (MC4) system information. (TMIP Block 2 Release 1)
is a joint theater-level, automated
combat health support system for the The MC4 system comprises seven
tactical medical forces. It serves three Army-approved line items that can be
distinct user communities: warfighter configured to support Army levels 14
commanders, healthcare providers, and DoD roles 1-3 of the health care
and medical staffs in theater. The continuum. Future MC4 enhancements
system enhances medical situational will be accomplished through minor
awareness for the operational system upgrades and major planned
commander, enabling a comprehensive, upgrades. The MC4 program completed
lifelong electronic medical record for a successful full-rate production
all service members. Using the Theater decision review on July 21, 2005.
Medical Information Program (TMIP)
Joint software, MC4 receives, stores,
processes, transmits, and reports
medical command and control, medical
surveillance, casualty movement and

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


219

Medical Communications for


Combat Casualty Care (MC4)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Hardware:
GTSI (Chantilly, VA)
CDWG (Chicago, IL)
System engineering support:
Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics
Laboratory (Laurel, MD)
System integration support:
L-3 Communications (Titan Group)
(Reston, VA)
Fielding, training, and system
administration support:
General Dynamics (Fairfax, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


220

Medical Simulation Training Center (MSTC)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Enabling technology includes audio- PROGRAM STATUS
To conduct standardized combat visual enhancements, camera 4QFY08: All 18 initial systems
Recapitalization medical training for medical and non- surveillance capability, computer labs, fielded
medical personnel. computerized control rooms, with a
Maintenance
remotely managed training platform. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
DESCRIPTION Supporting training components Further development and
The Medical Simulation Training include a computerized bleed-breathe procurement of a tetherless
Center (MSTC) systems are an Army mannequin that is weighted and airway mannequin (TLM) training
training asset, with a regional training equipped, partial task trainers, and capability, the MeTER System, and
requirement, located at installations, associated equipment. the MT-C2 System
delivering effective medical training
with a standardized training platform SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
for both classroom and simulated None
battlefield conditions. The goal is
to better prepare warfighters for
application of medical interventions
under combat conditions. The MSTC
is a standardized family of supporting
component systems with the Virtual
Patient System (VPS), Instruction
Support System (ISS), Medical
Training Command and Control (MT-
C2) System, and the Medical Training
Evaluation and Review System
(MeTER), providing frameworks
fitted with reconfigurable enabling
technology and supporting training
devices.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


221

Medical Simulation Training Center


(MSTC)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Medical Education Technologies
(Sarasota, FL)
Computer Sciences Corp. (CSC)
(Orlando,FL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


222

Medium Caliber Ammunition

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES PROGRAM STATUS
To provide warfighters with Medium caliber ammunition is Current: In production
Recapitalization overwhelming lethality overmatch in dependent upon the weapons platforms
medium caliber ammunition for Current currently in use. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Maintenance
FY10: Multiple year family buys
and Future Force systems.
for 25mm, 30mm, and 40mm
ammunition
DESCRIPTION
Medium caliber ammunition includes
20mm, 25mm, 30mm, and 40mm
armor-piercing, high-explosive, smoke,
illumination, tear gas, training,
and antipersonnel cartridges with
the capability to defeat light armor,
materiel, and personnel targets. The
20mm cartridge is used in the Counter
Rocket, Artillery, and Mortar (C-RAM)
weapon system. The 25mm cartridges
are fired from the M242 Bushmaster
gun on the Bradley Fighting Vehicle.
The 30mm cartridges are used in the
Apache helicopters M230 Chain Gun.
A variety of 40mm cartridges are
designed for use in the MK19 Grenade
Machine Gun and the M203 Grenade
Launcher.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


223

Medium Caliber Ammunition

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


25mm:
Israel, Philippines
30mm:
Egypt, Israel, Japan, Kuwait, Netherlands,
Serbia, Taiwan, and UAE
40mm:
Afghanistan, Canada, Greece, Israel,
Japan, Kenya, Philippines, and Tunisia

CONTRACTORS
General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical
Systems (Marion, IL; Red Lion, PA)
Alliant Techsystems (Radford, VA;
RocketCity, WV)
AMTEC Corp. (Janesville, WI)
DSE (Balimoy) Corp. (Tampa, FL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


224

Medium Extended Air Defense System (MEADS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION the MEADS to increase survivability to facilitate continuous exchange of
To provide low- to medium-altitude air and flexibility of use in a number information to support a more effective
Recapitalization and missile defense to maneuver forces of operational configurations. A AMD system of systems.
and other land component commanders significant increase in firepower with
Maintenance
the PAC-3 MSE is also employed in SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
designated critical assets for all phases
the MEADS, with greatly reduced PATRIOT, Terminal High Altitude Air
of tactical operations. requirements for manpower, Defense (THAAD), Ballistic Missile
maintenance, and logistics. Defense System (BMDS), Integrated
DESCRIPTION The MEADS weapon system will Air and Missile Defense (IAMD), E-2C,
The Medium Extended Air Defense use its netted and distributed AWACS, Rivet Joint, DSP
System (MEADS) provides a robust, architecture to ensure joint and
360-degree defense using the PATRIOT allied interoperability, and to enable PROGRAM STATUS
PAC-3 hit-to-kill missile segment a seamless interface to the next 4QFY084QFY10: Incremental
enhancement (MSE) against the full generation of battle management critical design review (CDR) phase
spectrum of theater ballistic missiles, command, control, communications,
anti-radiation missiles, cruise missiles, computers, and intelligence (BMC4I). PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
unmanned aerial vehicles, tactical The systems improved sensor 4QFY10: System CDR
air-to-surface missiles, and rotary components and its ability to link other
and fixed wing threats. MEADS will airborne and ground-based sensors
also provide defense against multiple facilitate the employment of its battle
and simultaneous attacks by short- elements.
range ballistic missiles, low-radar
cross-section cruise missiles, and The MEADS weapon systems
other air-breathing threats. MEADS objective battle management tactical
can be immediately deployed by air for operations center (TOC) will provide
early entry operations. MEADS also the basis for the future common air
has the mobility to displace rapidly and missile defense (AMD) TOC,
and protect maneuver forces assets leveraging modular battle elements and
during offensive operations. Netted, a distributed and open architecture
distributed, open architecture, and
modular components are utilized in

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


225

Medium Extended Air Defense


System (MEADS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
MEADS International (Orlando, FL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


226

Meteorological Measuring SetProfiler (MMSP)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION (height, width, depth, and time) that PROJECTED ACTIVITIES:
To provide real-time meteorological data includes terrain effects. This new 2QFY092QFY11: Continue full-
Recapitalization for field artillery on demand over an capability increases the lethality of rate production of the current
extended battlespace. all field artillery platforms such as system and complete fielding
Maintenance
the Multiple Launch Rocket System to remaining Brigade Combat
DESCRIPTION (MLRS), Paladin, and self-propelled Teams and fires brigades; begin
The AN/TMQ-52 Meteorological or towed howitzers by increasing the development of Profiler Block II
Measuring SetProfiler (MMSP) probability of first-round hit, resulting configuration to reduce the system
uses a suite of meteorological in significant ammunition cost savings footprint and leverage technology
sensors, meteorological data from for the Army. The current Profiler and software advancements to
communications satellites, and an provides meteorological coverage achieve improvements in accuracy to
advanced weather model to provide throughout a 60 kilometers radius, eliminate the need for balloons and
highly accurate meteorological data while the follow-on Block II variant radiosondes.
for indirect fire, field artillery systems. extends coverage to 500 kilometers.
The system uses common hardware, For the first time, Army field artillery
software, and operating systems systems can apply meteorological data
and is housed in a command post along the trajectory from the firing
platform shelter and transported on an platform to the target area.
M1152A High Mobility Multipurpose
Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV). Profiler SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
measures and transmits meteorological Navy Operational Global Atmospheric
conditions to indirect fire direction Prediction System, Global Broadcast
centers, such as wind speed, wind System
direction, temperature, pressure
and humidity, rate of precipitation, PROGRAM STATUS
visibility, cloud height, and cloud 2QFY07Present: Continued
ceiling, all of which are necessary full-rate production and fielded
for precise targeting and terminal the system to 41 Interim Brigade
guidance of various munitions. Profiler Combat Teams (IBCTs) and four fires
uses this information to create a four- brigades.
dimensional meteorological model

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


227

Meteorological Measuring Set


Profiler (MMSP)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Smiths Detection, Inc. (Edgewood, MD)
Pennsylvania State University (University
Park, PA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


228

Mine Protection Vehicle Family (MPVF)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization protection activities. It will support ballistic protection of the operator cab. PROGRAM STATUS
Future Engineer Force (FEF) clearance The system is designed to be repairable 3QFY07: Milestone C, type
Recapitalization companies in route and area clearance in the field after a mine blast. classification-generic, and low-rate
operations, explosive hazards teams initial production for VMMD
Maintenance
in explosive hazards reconnaissance The MPCV provides deployed 1QFY08: Milestone C, type
operations, and explosive ordinance forces with an effective and reliable classification-generic, and low-rate
MISSION disposal (EOD) companies in support blast-protected vehicle capable of initial production for MMPV
To provide forces with blast-protected operations. The MMPV will also interrogating and classifying suspected 1QFY08: Milestone C, type
platforms capable of locating, support Chemical Biological Response explosive hazards, including IEDs. The classification-generic, and low-rate
interrogating, and classifying suspected Teams and Prophet signals intelligence MPCV has an articulating arm with a initial production for MPCV
(SIGINT) systems. digging/lifting attachment and camera
explosive hazards, including improvised
to remotely interrogate a suspected PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
explosive devices (IEDs). The VMMD is a blast-protected, explosive hazard and allow the crew MMPV:
vehicle-mounted mine-detection to confirm, deny, and/or classify 4QFY10: Full materiel release and
DESCRIPTION and lane-proofing system capable the explosive hazard. It provides a full-rate production decision
The Mine Protection Vehicle Family of finding and marking metallic blast-protected platform to transport 4QFY10: First unit equipped
(MPVF) consists of the Medium Mine explosive hazards, including metallic- Soldiers and allow them to dismount
Protected Vehicle (MMPV), the Vehicle encased IEDs and anti-tank mines to mark and/or neutralize explosive MPCV:
Mounted Mine Detection (VMMD) on unimproved roads. It consists of hazards. 4QFY10: Full materiel release and
system, and the Mine Protected two towing/mine detection Husky full-rate production decision
Clearance Vehicle (MPCV). Each of vehicles, and a set of three mine SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 4QFY10: First unit equipped
the systems in the MPVF has a blast- detonation trailers (MDTs). The Husky None
deflecting, V-shaped hull, and each detection platform detects, locates, and VMMD:
conducts specific missions. marks suspected metallic explosive 2QFY10: Full materiel release and
hazards over a three meters wide full-rate production decision
The MMPV system is a blast-protected path. The Husky provides protection 2QFY10: Type classification-
command and control vehicle platform against mine blasts under the wheels standard
that operates in explosive hazardous and under the centerline, in addition to 2QFY10: First unit equipped
environments and is adaptable to
a wide range of security and force

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


229

Mine Protection Vehicle Family


(MPVF)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


MPCV:
United Kingdom
VMMD:
Canada

CONTRACTORS
MMPV:
BAE Systems (York, PA)
MPCV:
Force Protection Industries, Inc.
(Ladson, SC)
VMMD:
Critical Solutions International, Inc.
(Dallas,TX)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


230

Mine Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicles (MRAP)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization range from approximately 34,000 to SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
60,000 pounds, with payloads ranging MRAP vehicles are equipped with 4QFY09: Begin fielding CI vehicles.
Recapitalization from 1,000 to 18,000 pounds. Key multiple GFE items, including
components (e.g., transmissions, communications equipment, mine
Maintenance
engines) vary between vehicles and and IED counter-measure equipment,
manufacturers, but generally consist in addition to weapons and crew
MISSION of common commercial and military protection systems.
To provide tactical mobility for parts.
warfighters with multimission platforms PROGRAM STATUS
capable of mitigating the effects of Three categories of vehicles support 3QFY073QFY10: Produce and field
the following missions: MRAP vehicles to Army, Marine
improvised explosive devices (IEDs),
Category(CAT)I: Carries four to Corps, Air Force, Navy, U.S. Special
underbody mines, and small arms fire six passengers. Designed to provide Operations and foreign military sales
threats. increased mobility and reliability in customers
rough terrain. 1QFY082QFY09: Upgrading
DESCRIPTION CATII: Multimission operations vehicles to meet emerging threats,
The Joint Mine Resistant Ambush (such as convoy lead, troop enhance survivability, vehicle
Protected (MRAP) Vehicle Program transport, and ambulance). Carries mobility, and improve automotive
(JMVP) is a multi-service program 10 passengers. performance by incorporating
currently supporting the Army, Navy, CATIII: Mine/IED clearance engineering changes in current
Marine Corps, Air Force, and the U.S. operations and explosive ordnance production, planned orders and
Special Operations Command. The disposal (EOD). Carries six fielded vehicles
program procures, tests, integrates, passengers, plus specialized 2QFY08: Initiated capabilities
fields, and supports highly survivable equipment to support EOD insertion (CI) program to provide
vehicles that provide protection from operations. The Force Protection enhanced rocket-propelled grenade
IEDs and other threats. These four- to Industries. Buffalo is the only CAT protection, integration of remote
six-wheeled vehicles are configured III variant. This is the largest weapon system, increased vehicle
with government furnished equipment MRAP vehicle. power and enhanced Command,
(GFE) to meet unique warfighting Control, Communications,
requirements. Vehicle combat weights Computers, and Intelligence (C4I)
(fully loaded without add-on armor) capability.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


231

Mine Resistant Ambush Protected


Vehicles (MRAP)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Canada, France, United Kingdom (UK),
Italy

CONTRACTORS
BAE Systems Land & Armaments, Ground
Systems Division (York, PA)
BAE-TVS (Sealy, TX)
Force Protection Industries, Inc.
(Ladson, SC)
General Dynamics Land Systems, Canada
(Ontario, Canada)
Navistar Defense (Warrenville, IL)
Oshkosh Corp. (Oshkosh, WI)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


232

Mobile Maintenance Equipment Systems (MMES)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization The Shop Equipment Contact Brigade Combat Teams (SBCTs). two-level maintenance utilizing
Maintenance (SECM) is a first Capabilities of the FRS include: crane qualified Army welders. The SEW
Recapitalization responder to battle/IED-damaged capacity up to 10,000 pounds, 35 contains provisions for safe oxygen
tracked, wheeled, ground support, kilowatt generator, air compressor, acetylene braze welding, straight-stick
Maintenance
and aviation equipment and provides welding and cutting equipment, and electric arc, metal inert gas, air-carbon
immediate field-level maintenance. industrial grade hand/pneumatic/ arc cutting and flux-cored arc welding
MISSION Because the SECMs mobility, agility, power tools. of ferrous and non-ferrous metals.
To repair battle-damaged combat and maintenance capability is a
systems on site and up through the combat maintenance multiplier, it The Standard Automotive Tool Set SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
direct support level in the forward gets equipment back into the fight (SATS) provides the warfighter a None
as far forward as possible. The common tool set that is capable of
battlearea.
SECM supports modularity and performing field-level maintenance of PROGRAM STATUS
Army transformation. The SECM is military vehicles and ground support Current: Production and fielding
DESCRIPTION a fabricated enclosure mounted on equipment at all levels of materiel
Mobile Maintenance Equipment a separately authorized associated system repairs. SATS increases PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Systems (MMES) employs a system- support item of equipment (ASIOE) tactical independence and enables Continue: Production and fielding
of-systems approach to provide High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled the unit to fight autonomously via
two-level maintenance capability to Vehicle (HMMWV). It integrates self-maintaining capabilities for all
the warfighter. These systems reduce commercial off-the shelf tools and organic systems. SATS features a
common tool redundancy, provide tool components for engineer and ordnance modular containerized shop set that
standardization, minimize transport maintenance units. is deployable, mobile, and mission
requirements, and are backed by the capable, with a tool load that supports
Product Manager Sets, Kits, Outfits, The Forward Repair System (FRS) is two-level maintenance.
and Tools (PMSKOT) Warranty/ a high-mobility, forward maintenance/
Replacement Program. MMES includes repair module system. Mounted to a The Shop Equipment Welder (SEW)
the following: Shop Equipment Contact flat rack, it is transported by Palletized provides a full spectrum of welding
Maintenance, Forward Repair System, Load System (PLS) trucks in Heavy capabilities throughout the battlefield
Standard Automotive Tool Set, and Brigades, or by the Heavy Expanded in all weather, climatic, and light
Shop Equipment Welding. Mobility Tactical Truck Load Handling conditions. SEW provides heavy-duty,
System (HEMTTLHS) in Stryker on-site welding capability, supporting

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


233

Mobile Maintenance Equipment


Systems (MMES)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


SECM:
Iraq, Kuwait, Afghanistan, Canada, Egypt
SEW:
Egypt, Greece, Saudi Arabia, Armenia,
Afghanistan

CONTRACTORS
FRS and SECM:
Rock Island Arsenal (Rock Island, IL)
Snap-on Industrial (Crystal Lake, IL)
SATS:
Kipper Tool Company (Gainesville, GA)
AAR Mobility Systems (Cadillac, MI)
SEW:
Power Manufacturing, Inc. (Covington, TN)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


234

Modular Fuel System (MFS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION water cans, and fire extinguishers. PROGRAM STATUS
To provide the capability to receive, The pump module has an evacuation 3QFY08: PEO CS&CSS approved
Recapitalization store, transport, distribute, issue, surge, capability that allows the hoses in the MFS HEMTT/TRM interface
and redistribute fuel between brigades, system to be purged of fuel prior to 1QFY09: ASA(ALT) signed un-
Maintenance
recovery. The MFSs configuration can termination letter restoring the MFS
refuel on-the-move operations, and
vary in size (total capacity) based on as an active program
deploy without construction support. the type of force supported.
PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
DESCRIPTION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 2QFY09: Complete MFSTRM
The Modular Fuel System (MFS), MFS TRM is interdependent with interface hardware
formerly known as the Load Handling HEMTT Palletized Load System (PLS) 3QFY09: Complete MFSTRM
System Modular Fuel Farm (LMFF), and LHS for transportation. interface logistics
is transported by the Heavy Expanded 4QFY09: MFSTRM initial
Mobility Tactical Truck Load Handling operational test
System (HEMTTLHS) and the 1QFY10: MFSTRM full materiel
Palletized Load System. It is composed release, full-rate production, type
of 14 2,500-gallon capacity tank rack classification-standard
modules (TRM) and two each pump 2QFY10: MFS contract award
and filtration modules. Each tank rack
module has a baffled 2,500-gallon
fuel storage tank and onboard storage
compartments for hoses, nozzles, fire
extinguishers, and grounding rods.
The pump filtration module includes a
600-gallon-per-minute (GPM) diesel
engine-driven centrifugal pump, filter
separator, valves, fittings, hoses,
refueling nozzles, and a manual hand
pump for gravity discharge operations.
Each pump filtration module has
onboard storage for hoses, ground rods,

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


235

Modular Fuel System (MFS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
DRS Sustainment Systems, Inc.
(St. Louis, MO)
E.D. Etnyre and Co. (IL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


236

Mortar Systems

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The M95/M96 Mortar Fire Control PROGRAM STATUS
To enhance mission effectiveness of the SystemMounted (MFCSM), used 1QFY091QFY10: MFCS fielded to
Recapitalization maneuver unit commander by providing on the M1064A3 and M1129, and two heavy Brigade Combat Teams
organic indirect fire support. the M150/M151 Mortar Fire Control (BCTs) and nine HBCTs reset
Maintenance
SystemDismounted (MFCSD), used 1QFY091QFY10: LHMBC fielded
DESCRIPTION with the M120, combine a fire control to seven Infantry BCTs, four Special
The Army uses three variants of computer with an inertial navigation Forces groups, and 16 IBCTs reset
120mm mortar systems. All are and pointing system, allowing crews 1QFY091QFY10: Mortar weapons
smooth-bore, muzzle-loaded weapons in to fire in under a minute, greatly fielded to numerous IBCT, HBCT,
mounted or dismounted configurations. improving mortar lethality. SBCT and Special Forces groups
The M120 120mm Towed Mortar 3QFY09: Full materiel release
System mounts on the M1101 trailer The M32 Lightweight Handheld Mortar MCFS-D
and is emplaced and displaced using Ballistic Computer (LHMBC) has a
the M326 quick stow system. The tactical modem and embedded global PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
mounted variants are the M121 120mm positioning system, allowing mortar 4QFY09: Full materiel release of
mortar, used on the M1064A3 Mortar crews to send and receive digital call- M326 quick stow system
Carrier (M113 variant), and the for-fire messages, calculate ballistic 1QFY091QFY10: Continue
120mm Recoiling Mortar System, used solutions, and navigate. production and fielding of 60mm,
on the M1129 Stryker Mortar Carrier. 81mm, and 120mm mortar systems
SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 2QFY091QFY10: Production
Lightweight variants of the M252 M95/M96 MFCSM and M150/M151 and initial fielding of M150/M151
81mm Mortar System and M224 60mm MFCSD: Army Field Artillery Tactical MFCSD
Mortar System have been qualified Data System 2QFY094QFY11: Complete initial
and are in production. Both systems fielding of MFCSM
provide high-rate-of-fire capability and 1QFY10: Initiate fielding of M326
are man-portable. On the M224 mortar, 2QFY12: Complete production and
cartridges can be drop-fired using fielding of M32 LHMBC
the standard M7 baseplate or hand-
held and trigger-fired using a smaller
assault M8 baseplate.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


237

Mortar Systems

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Afghanistan, Australia

CONTRACTORS
60mm and 81mm Mortar Bipod
Production:
MaTech (Salisbury, MD)
60mm and 81mm Baseplate
Production:
AMT (Fairfield, NJ)
MFCS-D and MFCS-M production,
fielding, and installation:
Elbit Systems of America (Ft. Worth, TX)
M32 LHMBC (R-PDA):
General Dynamics C4 Systems
(Taunton,MA)
120mm, 81mm, and 60mm cannons,
120mm baseplates:
Watervliet Arsenal (Watervliet, NY)

Range Rate of Fire


Mortar (meters) Weight (pounds) (rounds per minute) Crew Ammunition
7240 319 16 for the 4 M121 High explosive (HE) (M934A1), white phosphorus
M120/ first minute carrier-mounted smoke (M929), illumination (visible light, M930 and
M121 4 sustained 5 M120 towed infrared [IR], M983), and full-range practice (FRP)
120mm (M931)
M252 5935 90 30 first two minutes 3 HE (M821A2), red phosphorus smoke (M819),
81mm 15 sustained illumination (visible light, M853A1 and IR, M816), and
FRP (M879)
M224 3489 46.5 30 first four minutes 3 HE (M720A1), WP smoke (M722A1), illumination
60mm (conventional), 20 sustained (visible light, M721 and IR, M767), and FRP (M769)
18.0 (handheld) WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010
238

Mounted Soldier

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION Team Soldier equipped the 4th SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
To improve the tactical awareness, Battalion, 9th Infantry, 4th Stryker Vehicle for power and C2
Recapitalization lethality, survivability, and to reduce Brigade Combat Team, 2nd Infantry
heat stress for the combat vehicle Division at Fort Lewis, WA, with LW PROGRAM STATUS
Maintenance
and the predecessor to MS, called 2QFY07: Capabilities Development
crewmen.
Mounted Warrior (MW), to conduct a Document approved by Joint
comprehensive assessment. Requirements Oversight Council
DESCRIPTION 1QFY08: Milestone B
Mounted Soldier (MS) is an integrated It covered the areas of doctrine, 2QFY09: MSS contracts awarded
system of systems designed for the organization, training, materiel,
combat vehicle crewmen. MS combines leadership; education, personnel, and PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
a cordless communications system, facilities; and tactics, techniques, and 4QFY10-2QFY11: Development Test,
personal display system, and cooling procedures. Results confirmed the Limited User Test
system with Soldier mission equipment, operational need for this capability. An 3QFY11: Milestone C
and outfits all crew members (including approval milestone decision allowed 4QFY12 MSS Full-Rate Production
vehicle commanders, drivers, and the MS program to enter engineering Begins
gunners) who operate ground and manufacturing development.
platforms.

The system leverages capabilities


developed in other Warrior programs
such as Land Warrior (LW) and Air
Warrior (AW). The system interfaces
with other Army communications
and command and control systems.
MS includes lightweight, integrated,
modular, mission-tailorable equipment
carried or used by crewmen when
conducting tactical operations with
their assigned combat vehicles.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


239

Mounted Soldier

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
General Dynamics (Falls Church, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


240

Movement Tracking System (MTS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization hardware, although the control station MTS unit may be made available to provide accurate data that will aid fleet
uses a computer with a larger display host nation or foreign national forces maintenance and improve availability
Recapitalization and faster processor. Communication contributing to a combined operation and overall service life.
between the two is provided by a for use in leased, contracted, or other
Maintenance
commercial satellite vendor that vehicles that may be utilized in the SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
enables units to send and receive traffic distribution role, but that would not None
MISSION over the horizon, anytime, anywhere. normally be equipped with MTS. MTS
To provide the Logistics Command with will provide watercraft transportation PROGRAM STATUS
the technology necessary to track and MTS technology allows the unit commanders with the capability 4QFY08: Continued software
communicate with its mobile assets in transportation coordinator to to track and communicate with assets development for MTSEnhanced
communicate with the driver of any employed across the spectrum of Software (ES)
near real time through the full spectrum
truck, regardless of location, without operations such as established ports, 1QFY09: Conducted testing of new
of military operations from peacetime having to put up antennas or involve logistics over-the-shore, intra-coastal, software upgrades
to war. more Soldiers. MTS has been adapted inland waterways, and amphibious
to incorporate radio frequency operations. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
DESCRIPTION technology and an upgraded military 2QFY09: Develop MTS follow-on
The Movement Tracking System (MTS) global positioning system capability. When employed within the distribution procurement strategies
is a low-cost solution designed for the In the future, it will incorporate system, MTS will improve the 2QFY09: Begin testing MTSES
Army and its vehicle operators for an automatic reporting of vehicle effectiveness and efficiency of limited- software
tracking vehicles and communicating diagnostics and other features that distribution assets, provide the 3QFY09: Continue testing MTSES
while on and off the road. MTS is a support in-transit visibility. ability to reroute supplies to higher software
mobile satellite two-way messaging priority needs, enable the avoidance 4QFY09: Continue testing MTSES
system that is totally wireless, MTS will provide vehicles and of identified hazards, and inform software
from the MTS-equipped vehicles watercraft visibility wherever they operators of unit location changes. 2QFY10: Field MTSES software
to the control station. The mobile may be deployed throughout the In addition, planned enhancements 3QFY10: MTS follow-on procurement
configuration of the system is mounted world. Objectively, all common user of MTS (referred to as Block II
on a units vehicles, and the control logistic transport vehicles, selected MTS enhancements) such as MTSs
station configuration, in a fixed combat support and combat service interface with embedded equipment
location, monitors vehicle locations. support Tactical Wheeled Vehicles, diagnostic and prognostic systems, will
Both configurations use the same and watercraft will be fitted with MTS
basic communications software and Mobile Units. In the future, a portable

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


241

Movement Tracking System (MTS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
System integrator:
COMTECH Mobile Datacom
(Germantown, MD)
Software development:
Northrop Grumman (Redondo Beach,
CA) via Force XXI Battle Command
Brigade and Below (FBCB2) contract
(Fort Monmouth, NJ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


242

Multifunctional Information Distribution System (MIDS)


JointTacticalRadioSystem(JTRS)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization replacement for MIDSLVT and adds variant of MIDS that is a functional JTRS Waveforms), implementation of
three additional channels for JTRS replacement for the JTIDS Class 2M National Security Agency guidelines
Recapitalization waveforms as requested by platforms. terminal. MIDSLVT(3), also referred and production transition.
to as MIDS Fighter Data Link, is a
Maintenance
The MIDSLVT program is a reduced-function terminal for the Air SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
multinational cooperative development Force (no voice, no TACAN, maximum Link 16, TACAN, and JANTE
MISSION program with joint service power of 40 watts). Waveforms
To provide real-time information participation. DoD established the
and situational awareness to the program to design, develop, and deliver As the MIDSLVT migrates to PROGRAM STATUS
warfighter in fast mover platforms low-volume, lightweight tactical JTRS compliance, the system will 3QFY09: PTT ongoing; Production
information system terminals for maintain its Link 16 and TACAN verification terminals started
(e.g., Navy F/A/18) via secure wireless,
U.S. and allied aircraft, helicopters, functionality with Navy and Air Force 4QFY09: Milestone C decision
jam-resistant digital and voice ships, and ground sites. MIDSLVT platforms that use MIDSLVT but approving entry into production and
communications. provides interoperability with NATO also accommodate future technologies deployment
users, significantly increasing and capabilities. MIDSJTRS
DESCRIPTION force effectiveness and minimizing improvements include enhanced Link PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
The Multifunctional Information hostile actions and friend-on-friend 16 throughput, Link 16 frequency 2QFY10: Low-rate initial production
Distribution System (MIDS) is a engagements. Three principal remapping, and programmable (LRIP) award
wireless, jam-resistant, and secure configurations of the terminal are in crypto. MIDSJTRS will provide 2QFY10: PTT concludes
information system providing TACAN production and use an open-system, and additional three 2-megahertz or 3QFY10: F/A-18 Initial Operational
and Link-16 to Air, Land and Sea modular architecture. MIDSLVT(1) 2-gigahertz programmable channels to Capability
warfighting platforms. It provides includes voice, Tactical Air Navigation accommodate incremental delivery of 1QFY11: LRIP concludes
real-time and low-cost information (TACAN) and variable-power the advanced JTRS waveforms through
and situational awareness via digital transmission with maximum power MIDSJTRS Platform Capability
and voice, communications. The MIDS of 200 watts. MIDSLVT(1) also Packages, such as the JANTE
program includes MIDSLow Volume provides a Link 16 capability to Navy capability. Total program requirements
Terminal (LVT) full rate production and Air Force platforms, which were include terminal development, F/A-
and JTRS evolutionary development. previously unable to use Joint Tactical 18 Level 0 integration, software
MIDSJTRS is a form fit function Information Distribution System hosting (Operating Environment/
(JTIDS) due to space and weight
limitations. MIDSLVT(2) is an Army

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


243

Multifunctional Information
Distribution System (MIDS)Joint
Tactical Radio System (JTRS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


MIDSLVT:
1,881 terminals (internationally)
JTRS MIDS:
None

CONTRACTORS
ViaSat (Carlsbad, CA)
Data Link Solutions (Cedar Rapids, IA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


244

Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) M270A1

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION (ILMS) on a rebuilt M993 Carrier PROGRAM STATUS
To provide coalition ground forces with (derivative of the Bradley Fighting 4QFY09: Continue fleet
Recapitalization highly lethal, responsive and precise Vehicle). With the IFCS, the M270A1 modernization with Auxiliary Power
long-range rocket and missile fires can fire future munitions and the ILMS Unit/Environmental Control Unit
Maintenance
reduces system load and reload times. upgrades
which defeat point and area targets in
The M270A1 provides responsive, 4QFY09: Initiate M270A1 launcher
both urban/complex and open terrain, highly accurate and extremely overhaul pilot program
with minimal collateral damage, via a lethal, surface-to-surface, close- to
highly mobile responsive multiple launch long-range rocket and missile res PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
system. from 15 kilometers to a depth of 300 Provide support to fielded units/
kilometers. It carries and fires either units in combat
DESCRIPTION two launch pods containing six MLRS Provide sustainment and support
The combat-proven Multiple Launch rockets each or two Army Tactical activities for MLRS Strategic
Rocket System (MLRS) M270A1 is a Missiles and is capable of firing all Partners and FMS customers
mechanized artillery weapon system current and future MLRS family of Continue M270A1 launcher overhaul
that provides the ground commander rockets and missiles. It operates with pilot program
with round-the-clock, all-weather, the same MLRS command, control, and
lethal, close, and long-range precision communications structure and has the
rocket and missile fire support for same size crew as the M142 HIMARS.
joint forces, early-entry expeditionary MLRS units are organic or assigned
forces, contingency forces, and modular to modular fire brigades in support of
fire brigades supporting Brigade Brigade Combat Teams.
Combat Teams.
SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
The Multiple Launch Rocket System M993 Bradley derivative chassis,
(MLRS) M270A1 is an upgraded Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data
version of the M270 launcher. The System (AFATDS)
program entailed the concurrent
incorporation of the Improved Fire
Control System (IFCS) and the
Improved Launcher Mechanical System

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


245

Multiple Launch Rocket System


(MLRS) M270A1

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Bahrain, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France,
Germany, Greece, Israel, Italy, Japan,
Korea (M270 & M270A1), Norway, Turkey,
United Kingdom (M270 & M270B1)

CONTRACTORS
Prime and launcher:
Lockheed Martin (Dallas, TX; Camden, AR)
Chassis:
BAE Systems (Sealy, TX)
Improved Weapons Interface Unit:
Harris Corp. (Melbourne, FL)
Position Navigation Unit:
L-3 Communications Space & Navigation
(Budd Lake, NJ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


246

NAVSTAR Global Positioning System (GPS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION to date for a total of 154,200 DAGRs SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
To provide real-time position, velocity, fielded. In addition, GPS user Blue Force Tracking, PATRIOT,
Recapitalization and timing data to tactical and strategic equipment includes a Ground-Based Excalibur, Paladin, mobile ballistic
organizations. GPS Receiver Applications Module computers, laser rangefinders,
Maintenance
(GBGRAM). Over 78,000 GBGRAMs movement tracking systems, and
DESCRIPTION have been procured and provide several unmanned aerial vehicle
The Global Positioning System an embedded PPS capability to a systems.
(GPS) is a space-based joint-service variety of weapon systems. The Army
navigation program, led by the Air represents more than 80 percent of the PROGRAM STATUS
Force, which distributes position, requirement for user equipment. 3QFY081QFY09: Continue DAGR
velocity, and timing (PVT) data. The fieldings
GPS has three segments: a space DAGR
segment (nominally 24 satellites), a Size: 6.37 x 3.4 x 1.56 inches PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
ground control segment, and a user Weight: One pound; fits in a two-clip 2QFY091QFY11: Continue DAGR
equipment segment. User equipment carrying case that attaches to Load- fieldings
consists of receivers configured Bearing Equipment
for handheld, ground, aircraft, and Frequency: Dual (L1/L2)
watercraft applications. Military GPS Battery Life: 19 hours (4 AA batteries)
receivers use the Precise Positioning Security: Selective availability anti-
Service (PPS) signal to gain enhanced spoofing module
accuracy and signal protection not Satellites: All-in-view
available to commercial equipment.
GPS receivers in the Army today GBGRAM
are: the Precision Lightweight GPS Size: 0.6 x 2.45 x 3.4 inches
Receiver (PLGR) with more than Weight: 3.5 ounces
100,000 in handheld, installed, and Frequency: Dual (L1/L2)
integrated applications; and the Security: Selective availability anti-
Defense Advanced GPS Receiver spoofing module
(DAGR) with more than 92,200 Satellites: All-in-view
as handheld receivers and 62,000
distributed for platform installations

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


247

NAVSTAR Global Positioning System


(GPS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


PPS-capable GPS receivers have been
sold to 41 authorized countries.

CONTRACTORS
DAGR/GBGRAM acquisition and PLGR
support:
Rockwell Collins (Cedar Rapids, IA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


248

Non-Intrusive Inspection (NII) Systems

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization NII systems currently include a variety The Militarized Mobile VACIS SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
of products with differing charac- (MMVACIS) uses the same gamma None
Recapitalization teristics that are added to the Army source as the other VACIS products.
commanders tool box. They include It is mounted, however, on a High PROGRAM STATUS
Maintenance
mobile, rail-mounted but re-locatable, Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle FY08: MMVACIS/RVACIS
and fixed site characteristics. The pri- (HMMWV). MMVACIS provides a procurement and fielding
MISSION mary systems employed are as follows: capability that other NII systems do FY09: ZBV procurement and fielding
To protect U.S. forces and critical not: off installation external vehicle
warfighting materiel by inspecting The Mobile Vehicle and Cargo checkpoints in remote locations. PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
cars, trucks, or cargo containers for Inspection System (MVACIS) is a 1QFY10: MMVACIS Fielding
truck-mounted system that utilizes The Z-Backscatter Van (ZBV),
the presence of explosives, weapons,
a nuclear source that can penetrate manufactured by American Science
drugs, or other contraband with nuclear approximately 6.5 inches of steel. It & Engineering (AS&E), is a van-
(gamma) and X-ray technology. can be employed in static locations or mounted, system that utilizes
moved rapidly between access control backscatter X-ray technology. While
DESCRIPTION points to provide protection where it is it can penetrate only approximately
The Non-Intrusive Inspection (NII) sys- most needed. inch of steel it can be employed in
tems consist of commercial off-the-shelf static locations where room is limited
(COTS) products that are employed The Re-locatable Vehicle and Cargo and scanning of cars, larger vehicles,
within a layered force protection sys- Inspection System (RVACIS) is a or containers with smaller, less
tem that includes security personnel rail-mounted system that utilizes the complex loads is expected.
trained to maintain situational aware- same nuclear source as the MVACIS.
ness aided by a range of other prod- It operates on rails and is employed
ucts including military working dogs, in static locations or moved within
under-vehicle scanning mirrors, and 24 hours to locations where prepared
handheld or desktop trace explosive use of the rail system eliminates
detectors. The NII systems produce a the requirement to maintain a truck
graphic image from which a trained platform and the presence of an
operator can look into places such as overhead articulated arm that can be
false compartments that other systems struck and damaged by vehicles being
cannot see. scanned.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


249

Non-Intrusive Inspection (NII)


Systems

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
American Science & Engineering, Inc.
(Billerica, MA)
Rapiscan Systems (Torrance, CA)
Science Applications International Corp.
(SAIC) (San Diego, CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


250

Non Line of SightLaunch System (NLOSLS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION or stationary target elements when Weight: CLU with 15 missiles,
To enhance combat effectiveness and fire mission orders are received by approximately 3150 pounds
Recapitalization survivability by providing precise, highly Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data Width: 45 inches
deployable, non-line-of-sight lethal fires System (AFATDS). It will be able to Length: 45 inches
Maintenance
receive in-flight target updates via its Height: 69 inches
for the Early Infantry Brigade Combat
onboard network radio, and will have Range: Approximately 40 kilometers
Team (E-IBCT). limited automatic target recognition
capability. PAM will have a multi- SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
DESCRIPTION functional warhead to effectively AFATDS, Soldier Radio Waveform,
The Non Line of SightLaunch System engage hard (armor) and soft targets. Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS) for
(NLOSLS) is a core system within NLOSLS CLUs were fielded to the Future Forces
the Brigade Combat Team (BCT), and Army Evaluation Task Force (AETF)
provides unmatched lethality and in FY08 for integration into Current PROGRAM STATUS
leap ahead missile capability for U.S. Forces as part of the E-IBCT spin-out 1QFY09: Guided test vehicle (GTV)
forces. NLOSLS consists of precision strategy. NLOSLS also supports the #1, #2 and #3
guided missiles loaded onto a highly Navys Littoral Combat Ship against 2QFY09: GTV #4, #8
deployable, platform-independent small boat threats. Future missile 3QFY09: GTV #9, #10
container launch unit (CLU) with variants may include air defense and 4QFY09: GTV #11
self-contained technical fire control, non-lethal capabilities. Key NLOSLS
electronics, and software to enable advantages include the following: PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
remote and unmanned fire support Remote fire control 4QFY091QFY10: Continue GTV
operations. Remote emplacement testing
Extended-range target engagements 2QFY10: Flight limited user test
The precision guided munition being and battle damage assessment
developed is the Precision Attack Jam-resistant Global Positioning
Missile (PAM). The NLOSLS CLU will System
contain 15 missiles and one Missile Ability to engage moving targets
Computer and Communications System
(MCCS). The PAM, which launches
vertically from the CLU, will be used
primarily to defeat hard, soft, moving,

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


251

Non Line of SightLaunch System


(NLOSLS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Raytheon (Tucson, AZ; Fuller, CA)
Lockheed Martin (Baltimore, MD;
Dallas, TX)
L-3/IAC (Anaheim, CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


252

Nuclear Biological Chemical Reconnaissance Vehicle


(NBCRV)Stryker
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION and Joint Biological Point Detection PROGRAM STATUS
To perform nuclear, biological, and System (JBPDS), and at a distance FY09: Continuing additional low-rate
Recapitalization chemical (NBC) reconnaissance and through the use of the Joint Service initial production
to locate, identify, mark, sample, and Lightweight Standoff Chemical Agent
Maintenance
Detector (JSLSCAD). It automatically PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
report NBC contamination on the
integrates contamination information FY10: Initial operational test and
battlefield. from detectors with input from on- evaluation
board navigation and meteorological FY11: Full-rate production
DESCRIPTION systems and automatically transmits
The Nuclear Biological Chemical digital NBC warning messages
Reconnaissance Vehicle (NBCRV) through the vehicles command and
Stryker is the chemical, biological, control equipment to warn follow-
radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) on forces. NBCRV may replace the
reconnaissance configuration of the need for separate M93A1 Fox NBC
infantry carrier vehicle in the Stryker reconnaissance systems and biological
Brigade Combat Team (SBCT). integrated detection systems.

The NBCRVStryker sensor suite is SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES


a dedicated system of nuclear and Joint Service Lightweight Standoff
chemical detection and warning Chemical Agent Detector (JSLSCAD),
equipment, and biological sampling Automatic Chemical Agent Detector
equipment. Its sensor suite provides Alarm (ACADA), Chemical Biological
outstanding capability on a common Mass Spectrometer (CBMS), Joint
platform by use of a single, integrated Biological Point Detection System
reconnaissance and surveillance (JBPDS), AN/UDR-13 Radiac Detector,
system. The NBCRV will be able Chemical Vapor Sampler System (CVSS),
to detect and collect chemical and Nuclear Biological Chemical Sensor
biological contamination in its Processing Group (NBCSPG), and Double
immediate environment, on the move, Wheel Sampler System (DWSS)
through point detection Chemical
Biological Mass Spectrometer (CBMS)

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


253

Nuclear Biological Chemical


Reconnaissance Vehicle (NBCRV)
Stryker

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Prime vehicle:
General Dynamics Land Systems (Sterling
Heights, MI)
Sensor software integrator:
CACI Technologies (Manassas, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


254

One Semi-Automated Forces (OneSAF)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION the modular and Future Force and mission-planning, and rehearsal
To provide simulation software that provides entities, units, and behaviors activities. It provides the latest
Recapitalization supports constructive and virtual across the spectrum of military physics-based modeling and data,
training; mission rehearsal; analysis operations in the contemporary enhanced data collection and reporting
Maintenance
operating environment. OneSAF has capabilities.
and research; and embedded solutions
been crafted to be uniquely capable of
for system program managers including simulating aspects of the contemporary SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
the Early Infantry Brigade Combat Team operating environment and its effects OneSAF provides required
(E-IBCT). on simulated activities and behaviors. capabilities for SE Core; OneSAF is
OneSAF is unique in its ability to a complimentary Tier I program of
DESCRIPTION model unit behaviors from fire team E-ICBT.
One Semi-Automated Forces (OneSAF) to company level for all unitsboth
is a next generation, entity-level combat and non-combat operations. PROGRAM STATUS
simulation that supports both computer Intelligent, doctrinally correct 2QFY08: OneSAF Version 2.0
generated forces and Semi-Automated behaviors and improved graphical user released
Forces applications. This enables it to interfaces are provided to increase
support a wide range of Army brigade- the span of control for workstation PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
and-below constructive simulations and operators. 4QFY08: Release OneSAF
virtual simulators. (International) Version 2.0
Interoperability support is present 1QFY09: Release OneSAF Version
OneSAF is currently being integrated for industry standards such as 3.0
by the Synthetic Environment (SE) Distributed Interactive Simulation,
Core program as the replacement SAF High Level Architecture, Military
for virtual trainers such as Aviation Scenario Development Language, Joint
Combined Arms Tactical Trainer, Consultation Command and Control
Close Combat Tactical Trainer and Information Exchange Data Model, and
the Common Gunnery Architecture Army Battle Command System devices.
(CGA). OneSAF will serve as the
basis for subsequent modernization OneSAF is a cross-domain simulation
activities for simulators across the suitable for supporting training,
Army. OneSAF was built to represent analysis, research, experimentation,

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


255

One Semi-Automated Forces


(OneSAF) Objective System

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Czech
Republic, Bahrain

CONTRACTORS
Science Applications International Corp.
(SAIC) (Orlando, FL)
CAE USA (Orlando, FL)
The Aegis Technology Group, Inc.
(Orlando, FL)
Northrop Grumman Information
Technology (NGIT) (Orlando, FL)
Lockheed Martin (Orlando, FL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


256

Paladin/Field Artillery Ammunition Supply Vehicle (FAASV)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization PIM uses state-of-the art components Paladin on-board ammo: 95 rounds PROGRAM STATUS
to improve the following: plus 2 Excalibur or Copperhead FY091QFY10: Prototype production
Recapitalization Survivability: Shoot and scoot projectiles
tactics; improved ballistic and FAASV on-board ammo: 95 rounds PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Maintenance
nuclear, biological, and chemical Rates of fire: 4 rounds per minute for 1QFY103QFY12: Developmental
protection on both the Howitzer and first 3 minutes maximum; 1 round per testing (incudes live fire)
MISSION FAASV. minute sustained 1QFY11: Milestone C
To provide the primary artillery support Responsive fires: Capable of firing Maximum range: High Explosive 2QFY123QFY12: Operational
for heavy Brigade Combat Teams and within 45 seconds from a complete Rocket Assisted Projectile (HE/RAP), testing
non-divisional heavy fires battalions. stop with on-board communications, 22/30 kilometers
remote travel lock, automated Cruising range: Paladin, 186 miles;
DESCRIPTION cannon slew capability, and pivot FAASV, 186 miles
The M109A6 (Paladin) 155mm steer technology. Fire Support Network: Paladin Digital
howitzer is the most technologically Accurate fires: On-board position Fire Control System software support
advanced self-propelled cannon navigator and technical fire control. Fire Support Network
system in the Army. The field artillery Extended range: 30 kilometers with
ammunition supply vehicle (FAASV) high-explosive, Rocket-Assisted SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
provides an armored ammunition Projectile (RAP) and Excalibur AFATDS, Excalibur, PGK, FBCB2
resupply vehicle in support of the Projectiles using M203 or M232/
Paladin. M232A1 MACS propellant.
Increased reliability: Unique chassis
The Paladin Integrated Management built around Bradley Common
(PIM) program supports the fleet Powertrain, Track, and Diagnostics.
management strategy for current Growth capacity (Accept Non-Line of
Paladins and FAASVs by providing Sight/Future Network capabilities.
a low-risk and affordable life-cycle
solution that addresses obsolescence Other PIM specifications include the
and ensures long-term sustainment of following:
the fleet through 2050. Crew: Paladin, four; FAASV, five
Combat loaded weight: Paladin, 35
tons; FAASV, 28 tons

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


257

Paladin/Field Artillery Ammunition


Supply Vehicle (FAASV)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
BAE Systems (York, PA; Elgin, OK)
Northrop Grumman (Carson, CA)
Anniston Army Depot (Anniston, AL)
Marvin Land Systems (Inglewood, CA)
Kidde Dual Spectrum (Goleta, CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


258

Palletized Load System (PLS) and PLS Extended Service


Program (ESP)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization There are two PLS truck variants, the trucks are disassembled and rebuilt PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
basic PLS truck (M1075) and the PLS with improved technology such as 2QFY09: Complete PLSA1 Product
Recapitalization truck with material handling crane an electronically controlled engine, verification testing (PVT) at
(M1074). The system also includes electronic transmission, air ride seats, Aberdeen Test Center (ATC), MD
Maintenance
the PLS trailer (M1076), Container four-point seatbelts, bolt-together 2QFY09: Testing of the Enhanced
Handling Unit (CHU) for transporting wheels, increased corrosion protection, Container Handling Unit (ECHU)
MISSION 20-foot ISO containers, the M3/ enhanced electrical package, and 23QFY09: PLSA1 Logistics
To support combat units by performing M3A1 Container Roll-in/Out Platform independent front suspension on the demonstration and verification of
cross-country movement of configured (CROP), and the M1/M1077A1 flat A1. technical manuals
loads of ammunition and other classes racks. The PLS has the ability to 1QFY10: Type classification/materiel
operate with a degree of mobility SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES release of Enhanced CHU
of supply loaded on flat racks or in
commensurate with the supported None 2QFY10: Modify existing FHTV3
containers. weapon systems, to facilitate the contract to include production and
fighting capabilities of the supported PROGRAM STATUS RECAP of the PLSA1
DESCRIPTION systems and units. Current: To date, fielded FY10: PLSA1 TC/MR)
The Palletized Load System (PLS) approximately 5,500 PLS trucks and FY10: PLSA1 First unit equipped
provides the timely delivery of a The PLSA1 model is planned for 9,081 PLS trailers. (FUE)
high tonnage of ammunition, unit fielding in 2010. It will include:
equipment, International Organization independent front suspension, a
for Standardization (ISO) containers/ new C-15 engine, the Allison 4500
shelters, and all classes of supply to transmission, J-1939 data-bus, and
using units and weapon systems as far a cab that will be common with the
forward in the maneuver battalion area HEMTTA4 and Long Term Armor
as the tactical situation allows. The Strategy (LTAS)-compliant.
PLS consists of the PLS truck, PLS
trailer (PLST), and demountable flat The PLS Extended Service Program
racks. The PLS truck is a 10-wheel- (ESP) is a recapitalization program
drive (10x10) prime mover with that converts high-mileage PLS
an integral onboard load handling trucks to 0 miles/0 hours and
system that provides self-loading and to the current A0 and future A1
unloading capability. production configurations. The

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


259

Palletized Load System (PLS) and


PLS Extended Service Program
(ESP)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Turkey, Israel, Jordan

CONTRACTORS
Oshkosh Truck Corp. (Oshkosh, WI)
Detroit Diesel (Emporia, KS; Redford, MI)
Allison Transmissions (Indianapolis, IN)
Michelin (Greenville, SC)
Summa Technologies (Cullman, AL)
GT Machine and Fabrication (Napanee,
PLS PLSA1 Ontario, Canada)
Engine DDC 8V92 - 500 horse power CAT C-15 - 600 hp @ 2100 RPM
Transmission Allison CLT-755 - 5 Speed Allison HD 4500 - 6 Speed
Transfer Case Oshkosh 55,000 - 2 Speed New Oshkosh - 2 Speed
Axles - Front Tandem Rockwell SVI 5MR Oshkosh / Rockwell
Suspension - Front Tandem Hendrickson RT-340 - Walking Beam Oshkosh TAK-4TM Steel Spring
Axles - Rear Tridem Rockwell SVI 5MR Rockwell SVI 5MR
Suspension - Axle #3 Hendrickson-Turner Air Ride Hendrickson-Turner Air Ride
Suspension - Axles #4 & #5 Hendrickson RT-400 - Walking Beam Hendrickson RT-400 - Walking Beam
Wheel Ends Rockwell Rockwell
Control Arms N/A PLS Block 1 - New
Steering Gears - Front 492 Master/M110 Slave M110 Master/M110 Slave
Steering Gears - Rear 492 M110
Frame Rails 14 inch 14 inch
Cab PLS Common Cab
Radiator PLS - Roof Mount PLS Block 1 - Side Mount
Muffler PLS PLS Block 1 - New
Air Cleaner United Air United Air
LHS Multilift MK V Multilift MK V
Crane Grove Grove
Tires Michelin 16.00 R20 XZLT Michelin 16.00 R20 XZLT
Spare Tire 1 - Side Mounted 1 - Roof Mounted
CTI CMA CMA
Air Compressor 1400 Bendix 922 Bendix
Starter Prestolite Prestolite
Alternator 12/24V 24 Volt- 260 Amp Niehoff

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


260

PATRIOT (PAC-3)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION configuration, the LS provides the SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
To protect ground forces and critical platform for PAC-2 or PAC-3 missiles, Medium Extended Air Defense System
Recapitalization assets at all echelons from advanced sealed in canisters that serve as (MEADS), Terminal High Altitude Air
aircraft, cruise missiles, and tactical shipping containers and launch tubes. Defense (THAAD), Joint Land Attack
Maintenance
Cruise Missile Defense Elevated Netted
ballistic missiles.
The PAC-3 primary mission is to kill Sensors Systems (JLENS), Integrated
maneuvering and non-maneuvering Air and Missile Defense (IAMD)
DESCRIPTION TBMs, and counter advanced cruise
The PATRIOT Advanced Capability missile and aircraft threats. The PAC-3 PROGRAM STATUS
(PAC)-3 program is an air-defense, missile uses hit-to-kill technology for 1QFY09: Post Deployment Build-6.5
guided missile system with long-range, greater lethality against TBMs armed (PDB-6.5) development, test and
medium- to high-altitude, all-weather with weapons of mass destruction. evaluation
capabilities designed to counter The PAC-3 system upgrades have
tactical ballistic missiles (TBMs), provided improvements that increase PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
cruise missiles, and advanced aircraft. performance against evolving threats, 3QFY071QFY11: MSE flight testing
The combat element of the PATRIOT meet user requirements, and enhance 2QFY10: Post Deployment Build-6.5
missile system is the fire unit, which joint interoperability. PATRIOTs (PDB-6.5) initial operational
consists of a phased array radar fast-reaction capability, high firepower, capability
set(RS), an engagement control station ability to track numerous targets
(ECS), a battery command post, an simultaneously, and ability to operate
electric power plant (EPP), an antenna in a severe electronic countermeasure
mast group (AMG), a communications environment make it the Armys
relay group (CRG), and launching premier air defense system. The PAC-3
stations (LS) withmissiles. Missile Segment Enhancement (MSE),
currently in development, is planned
The RS provides the tactical functions to be used with the PAC-3 system and
of airspace surveillance, target will be the baseline interceptor for the
detection, identification, classification, Medium Extended Air Defense System,
tracking, missile guidance, and which succeeds the PATRIOT system.
engagement support. The ECS provides
command and control. Depending upon

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


261

PATRIOT (PAC-3)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Germany, Greece, Israel, Japan, Kuwait,
Saudi Arabia, Spain, Taiwan, The
Netherlands, Korea, United Arab Emirates

CONTRACTORS
PATRIOT system integrator, ground
system modifications, recapitalization
program:
Raytheon (Andover, MA; Bedford, MA)
PAC-3 Missile sub-assembly and
assembly:
Lockheed Martin (Grand Prairie, TX;
Camden, AR; Lufkin, TX)
PAC-3 Missile Seeker sub-contractor:
Boeing (Huntsville, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


262

Precision Guidance Kit

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION M777A2 Joint Lightweight 155mm PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
To improve the accuracy of existing Howitzer. Increment 2 will add the Increment 1
Recapitalization conventional artillery ammunition. M1, M913, M760, and M927 105mm 2QFY10: Initial operations testing
HE projectiles (to be fired from the and evaluation
Maintenance
DESCRIPTION M119A3 Howitzer), and also improve 4QFY10: Type classification
The Precision Guidance Kit (PGK) accuracy. Increment 3 will add 105mm standard and full-materiel release
is an affordable global positioning and 155mm cargo projectiles, and Increment 2
system (GPS) guidance kit with fuzing implement compatibility with the 2QFY10: Milestone B, PGK
functions that is compatible with the Early Infantry Brigade Combat Team Increment 2
existing stockpile of conventional (E-IBCT) Non Line of SightCannon.
cannon artillery projectiles. The PGK
uses an integrated GPS receiver to PROGRAM STATUS
correct the inherent errors associated Current: Increment 1 program is
with ballistic firing solutions, reducing in engineering and manufacturing
the number of artillery projectiles development
required to attack targets. The
increase in efficiency and effectiveness
offered by PGK provides commanders
the operational capability to defeat
more targets with the same basic load,
while reducing the logistics burden
associated with the current mission
requirement.

The PGK program is following an


incremental program approach.
Increment 1, the XM1156 PGK, will
be compatible with M107, M549A1,
and M795 155mm high explosive
(HE) projectiles, and be designed to
fire from the M109A6 Paladin and

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


263

Precision Guidance Kit

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Increment 1
Prime:
Alliant Techsystems (Plymouth, MN)
Subcontractor:
L-3 Interstate Electronics Corp.
(LosAngeles, CA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


264

Prophet

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization units in support of Operation Enduring architecture, modular design, and 3QFY081QFY09: Began defielding
Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. nonproprietary industry standards, Prophet Block I systems
Recapitalization The Prophet Spiral 1 ES system supporting evolutionary growth and 4QFY08: Awarded Engineering
provides an increase in capability expansion via circuit card assemblies Change Proposal to replace
Maintenance
over the existing Prophet Block I and software upgrades. This capability VRC-99 with WBLOS satellite
system. Prophet consists of ground will be used to maintain relevancy communications on Prophet ES
MISSION collection sensors capable of early on the battlefield and keep pace with Spiral 1
To improve battlespace awareness entry and airborne insertion. The technology advancements via a product
using electronic support sensors that base dismounted Prophet capability improvement program to insert planned PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
detect, collect, identify, and locate provides force protection information improvements and new unplanned 2QFY09: Award Prophet enhanced
from a man-pack system. Mounted capabilities into the Spiral 1 ES Sensor contract award
selected emitters; enhances combat
Prophet sensors have an on-the-move and Prophet Enhanced System. 2QFY094QFY09: Continue Prophet
effectiveness using electronic warfare collection and reporting capability; Block I fieldings to National Guard
against targeted enemy command and they enable Prophet to keep pace SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 2QFY091QFY11: Continue Prophet
control nodes. with supported units and reposition Trojan lightweight integrated ES Spiral 1 fieldings
collection capability easily on the telecommunications equipment, 2QFY091QFY11: Continue to
DESCRIPTION battlefield. Prophet will cross-cue tactical radio communications systems, defield Prophet Block I systems as
Prophet is a ground-based tactical other battlefield sensors and provide light tactical vehicles and assured Prophet ES Spiral 1 systems are
signals intelligence/electronic warfare additional information that may mobility systems, global positioning fielded
sensor that creates a near-real-time confirm intelligence from other system, WINT for Wideband 3QFY09: Prophet ES 1 first unit
electronic picture of the Brigade manned/unmanned battlefield sensors. Beyond-Line-of-Site Communications equipped with WBLOS satellite
Combat Team (BCT), Stryker Brigade Prophet EA is packaged in a High (WBLOS), Distributed Communications communications on-the-move
Combat Team, Armored Cavalry Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle Ground System Army (DCGSA) 1QFY10: Operational assessment for
Regiment, and Battlefield Surveillance (HMMWV) trailer, towed behind the Prophet ES Spiral 1 with WBLOS
Brigade battlespace. Prophet provides ES systems, providing both stationary PROGRAM STATUS SOTM
intelligence support by reporting the and on-the-move capabilities. The 3QFY08: Completed Prophet EA 2QFY10: Prophet Enhanced Quick
location, tracking, and identity of Prophet Enhanced System will provide limited user test Reaction Capability first unit
threat emitters. A secondary mission an increase in capability over the 3QFY081QFY09: Continued fielding equipped
is Electronic Attack (EA) against existing Prophet Spiral 1 ES sensor. Prophet ES Spiral 1 systems to Army 2QFY10: Prophet Enhanced first
enemy emitters. The Prophet Spiral Prophet Enhanced production contract Transformation BCTs and National unit equipped
I Electronic Support (ES) system is was awarded on February 25, 2009. Guard
being fielded to Active and Reserve Prophet employs an open systems
ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


265

Prophet

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Prophet Enhanced sensor production:
General Dynamics (Scottsdale, AZ)
Prophet ES Spiral 1 sensor and control
production:
L-3 Communications (San Diego, CA;
Melbourne, FL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


266

Raven Small Unmanned Aircraft System (SUAS)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION The RQ-11B system consists of: three PROGRAM STATUS
To provide reconnaissance, surveillance, aircraft; two control stations (primary System is currently in the
Recapitalization target acquisition and force protection control or remote video monitoring); Production and Deployment phase
for battalion commanders and below ten each air vehicle and ground station Raven is currently operational in
Maintenance
batteries; two universal battery both Operation Iraqi Freedom and
during day/night operations.
chargers; two day electro-optical color Operation Enduring Freedom
sensors; three night infrared sensors
DESCRIPTION with laser illuminator; a spare parts PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
The RQ-11B Raven Small Unmanned kit; and a mission planning laptop. FY0910: Development, integration,
Aircraft System (SUAS) is a hand- testing, and deployment of Digital
launched, unmanned aircraft system The Raven is operated by two Soldiers. Data Link
capable of 90 minutes of flight No specific military occupational
time with an operational range of specialty is required. Operator training
approximately 10 kilometers. Normal is 10 days in duration.
operational altitude is 500 feet or
lower. The system, aircraft, and SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
ground control station, are assembled None
by operators in approximately five
minutes. The aircraft, which has
a wingspan of 4.5 feet, weighs 4.2
pounds. A small hand controller
displays live video and aircraft status.
Mission planning is performed on the
hand controller or a laptop running
flight planning software. Aircraft flight
modes include fully manual, altitude
holding, fully autonomous navigation,
point loiter, and return home.
Raven incorporates a secure global
positioning system.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


267

Raven Small Unmanned Aircraft


System (SUAS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Denmark

CONTRACTORS
Aerovironment, Inc.
(Simi Valley, CA)
Indigo System Corp. (Goleta, CA)
All American Racers, Inc.
(Santa Ana, CA)
L-3 Communications (San Diego, CA)
Bren-Tronics (Commack, NY)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


268

Rough Terrain Container Handler (RTCH)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION and ordnance ammunition handling PROGRAM STATUS
To provide a rough-terrain, variable- operations. Storage, transportation, Current: Ongoing production and
Recapitalization reach container handler in support of and deployment will include operations fielding
cargo handling operations. in cold, basic, and hot climates.
Maintenance
PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
DESCRIPTION The RTCH is not designed to counter Continue production and fielding
The Rough Terrain Container or defeat any threat and does not 1QFY10: Follow-on production
Handler (RTCH) is a commercial possess lethality capability. During contract award
non-developmental item acquired for Joint logistics over-the-shore operations
the cargo handling operation mission (JLOTS) with the absence of a
requirements worldwide. The vehicle developed port, the top handler variant
lifts, moves, and stacks both 20-foot with the forklift kit installed will be
and 40-foot long American National used to position modular causeway
Standards Institute/International sections between the ships and
Organization for Standardization the shore.
(ANSI/ISO) containers and shelters
weighing up to 53,000 pounds. The new SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Kalmar RTCH, a technological step up None
from the previous Caterpillar RTCH.

Improvements include the capability


to transport by rail, highway, or
water in less than 2 1/2 hours and in
less than three hours by air (C5 and
C17) transport; stack 9-foot, 6-inch
containers three high; achieve a
forward speed of 23 miles per hour;
and an adjustable top handler. The
RTCH will operate worldwide, on
hard-stand, over-sand terrain, and
cross-country during transportation

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


269

Rough Terrain Container Handler


(RTCH)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Kalmar RT Center LLC (Cibolo, TX)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


270

Screening Obscuration Device (SOD)Visual Restricted (Vr)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION inventory subject the warfighter to PROGRAM STATUS
To provide the warfighter with the several hazards (i.e. asphyxiation, FY09: Full-rate production decision
Recapitalization ability to safely employ short-duration carcinogen, and fire hazards) if used in and fielding
obscuration in the visual, infrared (IR) restricted terrain. The SODVr is less
Maintenance
toxic than current grenades because PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
and millimeter wave (MMW) portions of
the fill is non-combustible and non- FY09: Continue fielding
the electromagnetic spectrum. burning.

DESCRIPTION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES


The Screening Obscuration Device None
Visual Restricted (SODVr), is a
member of the Family of Tactical
Obscuration Devices Family of
Systems. It provides the warfighter
commander the capability to rapidly
employ small-area, short-duration,
screening obscuration effects in the
visual through near infrared (IR)
spectrum (0.4.1.2 micron range)
during full-spectrum operations.
The SODVr is designed for use
in restrictive terrain (i.e. urban
structures, subterranean locations,
and caves). The SODVr degrades
proper operation and performance
of enemy battlefield weapon systems
and enhances friendly capabilities,
providing a less hazardous alternative
to current non-colored smoke and
incendiary hand grenades. The
obscurant grenades in the current

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


271

Screening Obscuration Device


(SOD)Visual Restricted (Vr)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Pine Bluff Arsenal (Pine Bluff, AR)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


272

Secure Mobile Anti-Jam Reliable TacticalTerminal (SMARTT)

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION of 8.192 Mbps. The AEHF satellite PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
To achieve end-to-end Beyond- system will dramatically increase the 4QFY09: Complete fielding of 239
Recapitalization Line-of-Sight (BLOS) connectivity Armys end-to-end communications SMARTTs, including 61 to Army
that meets joint requirements for throughput capability. The AEHF National Guard and Army Reserve
Maintenance
upgrade to the SMARTT will include Units
command, control, communications,
up-armoring in compliance with 2QFY10: Begin installation of AEHF
computers, and intelligence protective recent changes in Army policy for the upgrade kits to all EHF SMARTTs
requirements. deployment of personnel carriers. 2QFY10: Award contract to procure
39 AEHF SMARTTs
DESCRIPTION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES 3QFY10: Begin fielding AEHF
The Secure Mobile Anti-Jam Reliable The SMARTT communicates with SMARTTs to operational Army
TacticalTerminal (SMARTT) Milstar military communication units
is a mobile military satellite satellites, and is being upgraded
communication terminal mounted on a to communicate with AEHF
standard High Mobility Multipurpose communication satellites.
Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV). The
SMARTT extends the range of current PROGRAM STATUS
and future tactical communications 2QFY072QFY09: Fielded 62
networks through DoD Milstar SMARTT medium data rate
communication satellites. The terminals to Army units
SMARTTs maximum rate for data 2QFY072QFY09: Deployed up to
and voice communications is 1.544 39 SMARTTs in Southwest Asia;
million bits per second (Mbps). It received positive feedback
provides the Army with its only 4QFY08: Awarded up-armor contract
protected (anti-jam and low probability change for AEHF upgrade kits
of intercept) wideband satellite production
communication capability. Production 1QFY09: Initial delivery of the
is under way to upgrade terminals AEHF upgrade kit production for
to communicate with DoD Advanced EHF SMARTTs
Extremely High Frequency (AEHF)
satellites at a maximum data rate

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


273

Secure Mobile Anti-Jam Reliable


TacticalTerminal (SMARTT)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
AEHF Production:
Raytheon (Largo, FL)
Engineering support:
Lincoln Labs (Lexington, MA)
Hardware:
Teledyne (Lewisburg, TN)
Martin Diesel (Defiance, OH)
Administrative/technical support:
JANUS Research (Eatontown, NJ)
Booz Allen Hamilton (Eatontown, NJ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


274

Sentinel

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization foe system (IFF), and the FAAD C2 increased detection and acquisition PROGRAM STATUS
interface. The sensor is an advanced range of targets; enhanced situational 4QFY09: First production of 78
Recapitalization three-dimensional battlefield X-band awareness; and classification of Improved Sentinels completed and
air defense phased-array radar with a cruise missiles. The system provides delivered
Maintenance
40-kilometer range. integrated air tracks with classification
and recognition of platforms that give PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
MISSION Sentinel can operate day and night, an integrated air and cruise missile 2QFY09: Contract award for 14
To provide critical air surveillance in adverse weather conditions, defense solution for the Air and Missile Improved Sentinels
by automatically detecting, tracking, and in battlefield environments of Defense System of Systems Increment
classifying, identifying, and reporting dust, smoke, aerosols, and enemy 1 architecture and subsequent
countermeasures. It provides increments. Sentinel provides critical
targets to air defense weapons systems
360-degree azimuth coverage for air surveillance of the National Capital
and battlefield commanders. acquisition and tracking of targets Region and other areas as part of
(cruise missiles, unmanned aerial ongoing homeland defense efforts,
DESCRIPTION vehicles, rotary and fixed wing and is a component of the counter
Sentinel is used with the Armys aircraft) moving at supersonic to rocket, artillery, and mortar (C-RAM)
Forward Area Air Defense Command hovering speeds and at positions from batteries in the area of responsibility.
and Control (FAAD C2) system and the map of the earth to the maximum
provides key target data to Stinger- engagement altitude of short-range SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
based weapon systems and battlefield air defense weapons. Sentinel detects Forward Area Air Defense (FAAD)
commanders via FAAD C2 or directly, targets before they can engage, thus Command and Control (C2), Surface
using an Enhanced Position Location improving air defense weapon reaction Launched Advanced Medium Range Air
Reporting System (EPLRS) or the time and allowing engagement at to Air Missile (SLAMRAAM)
Single Channel Ground and Airborne optimum ranges. Sentinels integrated
Radio System (SINCGARS). IFF system reduces the potential for
engagement of friendly aircraft.
Sentinel consists of the M1097A1 High
Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle Sentinel modernization efforts
(HMMWV), the antenna transceiver include enhanced target range and
group mounted on a high-mobility classification upgrades to engage
trailer, the identification friend-or- non-line-of-sight (NLOS) targets;

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


275

Sentinel

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Egypt, Turkish Air Force, Turkish Land
Forces, Lithuania

CONTRACTORS
Thales Raytheon Systems (Fullerton, CA;
El Paso, TX; Forest, MS; Largo, FL)
CAS, Inc. (Huntsville, AL)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


276

Single Channel Ground and Airborne Radio System


(SINCGARS)
INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization and data communications supporting enhancements being provided by Joint PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
ground, air-to-ground, and ground-to- Battle CommandPlatform for joint 3QFY09: Procurement of SINCGARS
Recapitalization air line-of-sight communications links. interoperability. Crypto modernization radios to meet AAO requirement in
The ASIP radio is the newer version is a programmable communications FY09.
Maintenance
of the SINCGARS radio. It is smaller security (COMSEC) capability for 2QFY094QFY13: Fielding of
than the SIP and weighs significantly SINCGARS that will allow the SINCGARS to the Global War
less, while still maintaining all the radios to continue to provide secure on Terrorism (GWOT) and Army
MISSION functionalities of the SIP for backward communications to the secret and top campaign plan for transformation
To provide joint commanders with a compatibility. secret level of security. of the Total-Army modular force
highly reliable, low-cost, secure, and through FY13
easily maintained Combat NET Radio Enhancements include the Embedded SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
global positioning system (GPS) None
(CNR) that has both voice and data
Receiver (EGR) and the radio based
handling capability in support of tactical combat identification/radio based PROGRAM STATUS
command and control operations. situational awareness (RBCI/ 3QFY081QFY09: Continue to field
RBSA) capability, which provides the in accordance with Headquarters
DESCRIPTION warfighter with enhanced situational Depart of the Army guidance to
The Single Channel Ground and awareness and identification of friendly support the Army Campaign Plan;
Airborne Radio System (SINCGARS) forces in targeted areas. RBCI serves National Guard, Army Reserve, and
Advanced SINCGARS System as a gap filler for combat identification Active Army, Operation Enduring
Improvement Program (ASIP) radio providing an interrogation/responder Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom
is the DoD/Army multi-service fielded capability to satisfy the air-to-ground requirements and urgent Operational
solution for voice communication for positive identification of platforms Needs Statement
platoon level and above, operating prior to release of weapons to 3QFY09: Competitive contract
over the 30.000 to 87.975MHz prevent fratricide. RBSA adds a radio award for procurement of SINCGARS
frequency range. This radio provides beaconing capability for every ASIP- radios to meet approved acquisition
the capability of establishing two- equipped platform to enhance the Blue objective (AAO) requirement in FY09
way communications (including Force situational awareness picture.
jam-resistance) using the SINCGARS The Internet Controller enhancements
waveform and provides multimode voice add improved addressing capabilities
in support of tactical internet

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


277

Single Channel Ground and Airborne


Radio System (SINCGARS)

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


Australia, Bahrain, Croatia, Egypt, Estonia,
Finland, Georgia, Greece, Hungary, Ireland,
Italy, Korea, Kuwait, Morocco, New
Zealand, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, SHAPE
Tech Center, Slovakia, Taiwan, Thailand,
Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Zimbabwe

CONTRACTORS
Radio design/production:
ITT (Fort Wayne, IN)
Hardware Installation Kits:
UNICOR (Washington, DC)
Engineering Support and Testing:
ITT (Clifton, NJ)
Total Package Fielding:
CACI (Eatontown, NJ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


278

Small ArmsCrew Served Weapons

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION shot and automatic fire and provides Current: MK19 in Production and
To enable warfighters and small units to suppressive fire for offensive and Fielding
Recapitalization engage targets with lethal fire to defeat defensive purposes against personnel
or deter adversaries. and vehicular targets out to a PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
Maintenance
maximum range of 2,000 yards. It is FY09: Continue M240 machine gun
DESCRIPTION used primarily for vehicle mounted production and fielding
The M240B machine gun is the ground applications, but can also be tripod FY09: Continue MK19 production
version of the original M240 machine mounted for static defensive operations. and fielding
gun. The M240H is used as a defensive FY09: Continue M240B Production
armament for the UH-60 Black Hawk The MK19, Mod 3 Grenade Machine and fielding; Release Solicitation for
and CH-47 Chinook. A lighter weight Gun is self-powered and air-cooled. a new competitive indefinite delivery,
M240L has been Type Classified It engages point targets up to 1,500 indefinite quantity contract
for low-rate production, and will meters and provides suppressive fires FY09: Continue M240H production
replace the M240B in Special Forces/ up to 2,200 meters. It can be mounted and fielding
Ranger, Light Infantry, and Airborne on various tracked and wheeled FY09: Award M240L low-rate
dismounted units. vehicles, and on the M3 tripod for production contract for initial
static defensive operations. fielding quantities
The M249 Squad Automatic Weapon FY09: Continue M249 production
(SAW) is a lightweight, gas-operated, SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES and fielding; release solicitation for a
one-man-portable automatic weapon None new competitive Indefinite Delivery,
that delivers substantial, effective Indefinite Quantity contract
fire at ranges out to 1,000 meters. PROGRAM STATUS FY09: Continue M2 production and
Improved bipods, improved collapsible Current: M240B/H in production and fielding; award new competitive
buttstocks, lightweight ground mounts, fielding indefinite delivery, indefinite
and improved combat optics have Current: M240L Initial production quantity contracts
increased the combat effectiveness of phase FY09: Continue MK19 production
this weapon. Current: M249 in production and and fielding; conduct first article
fielding tests under the recently awarded
The M2 is a .50 caliber, belt-fed, Current: M2 in production and indefinite delivery, indefinite
recoil-operated, air-cooled machine fielding quantity contracts
gun. The M2 is capable of single-

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


279

Small ArmsCrew Served Weapons

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


M240B Machine Gun: Romania,
Afghanistan, Iraq, Panama, Poland, Saudi
Arabia, Egypt, Colombia, and Kenya
M249 SAW: Afghanistan, Colombia, Iraq
MK19 Grenade Machine Gun: Canada,
Colombia, Djibouti, Hungary, Lebanon, and
Poland
M2: Poland

CONTRACTORS
M249 SAW:
Fabrique National Manufacturing, LLC
(Columbia, SC)
M240B Machine Gun:
Fabrique National Manufacturing, LLC
(Columbia, SC)
MK19 Grenade Machine Gun:
General Dynamics Armament and
Technical Products (GDATP) Division
(Saco, ME)
Alliant Techsystems, Inc. (Mesa, AZ)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


280

Small ArmsIndividual Weapons

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
To enable warfighters and small units to None M4 Carbine: continue production and
Recapitalization engage targets with lethal fire to defeat fielding
or deter adversaries. PROGRAM STATUS M320 Grenade Launcher Module:
Maintenance
M4 Carbine: 2QFY09: First unit equipped
DESCRIPTION Army acquisition objective will be M26 Modular Accessory Shotgun
The M4 Carbine is a compact version bought out in FY10 System:
of the M16A2 rifle, with a collapsible M320 Grenade Launcher Module: 3QFY09: Production qualification
stock, a flat-top upper receiver, Milestone C, operational test, test and operational test
accessory rails, and a detachable type classified standard, materiel 1QFY10: Materiel release
rear aperture sight assembly. The released, full-rate production 2QFY10: First-unit equipped
M4 achieves more than 85 percent initiated.
commonality with the M16. M26 Modular Accessory Shotgun:
Milestone C, limited user test
The M320 Grenade Launcher Module completed
attaches to the M4 Carbine and
M16A2/M16A4 rifle and fires all
existing and improved 40mm low-
velocity ammunition. It can also be
configured as a standalone weapon.

The M26 Modular Accessory Shotgun


System attaches to the M4 carbine
rifles and fires all standard lethal, non-
lethal, and door-breaching 12-gauge
ammunition. It can also be configured
as a stand alone weapon.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


281

Small ArmsIndividual Weapons

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


M4 Carbine: Afghanistan, Iraq, Colombia,
Fiji, Philippines, Jordan, El Salvador,
Panama, Bahrain, Tonga, Honduras,
Belize, Suriname, and Kenya

CONTRACTORS
M4 Carbine:
Colts Manufacturing (Hartford, CT)
M320 Grenade Launcher Module:
Heckler and Koch Defense Inc.
(Ashburn, VA)
M26 Modular Accessory Shotgun
System:
Vertu Corp. (Manassas, VA)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


282

Small Caliber Ammunition

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
To provide Americas warfighters with Small Caliber Ammunition is dependent FY10: Produce and deliver 1.4 billion
Recapitalization the highest quality, most capable small on the weapons currently in use. rounds (5.56mm, 7.62mm, and .50
caliber ammunition for training and caliber)
Maintenance
PROGRAM STATUS FY10: 5.56mm M855 Lead Free Slug
combat.
Current: In production (LFS) replacement program initial
production
DESCRIPTION FY10: Lake City Army Ammunition
The Small Caliber Ammunition Plant modernization program
program consists of the following completes in FY12.
cartridges: 5.56mm, 7.62mm, 9mm,
10-gauge and 12-gauge shotgun,
.22 caliber, .30 caliber, and .50
caliber. Small Caliber Ammunition
supports the M9 pistol, M16A1/A2/
A4 rifle, M4 carbine, M249 squad
automatic weapon, M240 machine gun,
.50-caliber M2 machine gun, sniper
rifles, and a variety of shotguns. The
.30 caliber blank cartridge supports
veterans service organizations
performing veterans funeral honors.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


283

Small Caliber Ammunition

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


5.56mm, 7.62mm, .50 caliber:
Afghanistan, Columbia, Czech Republic,
El Salvador, France, Hungary, India,
Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kenya,
Lebanon, Philippines, Singapore,
Thailand, Tunisia, and Yemen

CONTRACTORS
Alliant Techsystems (Independence, MO)
General Dynamics Ordnance and Tactical
Systems (St. Petersburg, FL)
Olin Corp. (East Alton, IL)
General Dynamics (Saint Marks, FL)
SNC Technologies (LeGardeur, Canada)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


284

Sniper Systems

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION M24 Sniper Weapon System PROGRAM STATUS
To enable sniper teams to engage (SWS) is a 7.62mm bolt-action six- M107: Production completed; XM107
Recapitalization targets at extended ranges with lethal shot repeating rifle based on the to M107 maintenance work order
force to defeat or deter adversaries. Remingtons Model 700. The system nearly complete
Maintenance
consists of the rifle, day optic site, M110: In production and fielding
DESCRIPTION iron sights, bipod, deployment kit, M24: Sustainment
Sniper systems consist of the following cleaning kit, soft rifle carrying
three weapons and their accessories: case, optic case, system case, and PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
M107 Semi-Automatic Long Range operators manual. Components M107: Procurements complete:
Sniper Rifle (LRSR) is a commercial include the M144 spotting scope, upgrades and fielding near
off-the-shelf anti-materiel and laser filter, flash blast suppressor, completion
counter-sniper semi-automatic .50 and anti-reflection device. The M110: Production and fielding
caliber rifle. The rifle is a reliable, primary round of ammunition is ongoing
direct-line-of-sight weapon system, the M118 long-range cartridge. The M24SWS: Sustain and turn-in upon
capable of delivering precise rapid maximum effective range is 800 M110 transition
fire on targets out to 2,000 meters. meters.
M110 Semi-Automatic Sniper
System (SASS) is a commercial SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
off-the-shelf, anti-personnel, 7.62mm None
semi-automatic sniper rifle that is
also effective against light materiel
targets. Capable of rapid fire and
rapid reload, this suppressed sniper
rifle exceeds the rate-of-fire and
lethality of the M24 Sniper Weapon
System. SASS anti-personnel ranges
and accuracy are comparable to
the M24. SASS includes an M151
enhanced sniper spotting scope.

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


285

Sniper Systems

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


M107: Thailand, Colombia, Kenya, Austria,
Poland

CONTRACTORS
M107:
Barrett Firearms Manufacturing
(Murfreesboro, TN)
M110:
Knights Armaments Co. (Titusville, FL)
M24:
Remington (Ilion, NY)

WEAPON SYSTEMS 2010


286

Spider

INVESTMENT COMPONENT
Modernization MISSION unintended detonation through early PROGRAM STATUS
To provide the commander with a new warning and selective engagement of 2QFY09: Fielding of urgent materiel
Recapitalization capability to shape the battlefield, enemy forces. Spider is designed for release (UMR) Hardware to
protect the force, and respond to storage, transport, rough handling, Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF)
Maintenance
and use in worldwide military 4QFY09: Award contract
changing battlefield environments in a
environments. modification to procure up to an
graduated manner while minimizing risk additional 125 systems
to friendly troops and non-combatants. SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCIES
Interface with Tactical Internet PROJECTED ACTIVITIES
DESCRIPTION through Force XXI Battle Command 1QFY10: Materiel release/type
Spider is a hand-emplaced, remotely- Brigade-and-Below (FBCB2) and classification standard
controlled, Man-In-The-Loop (MITL), obstacle positioning through GPS. 1QFY10: Full-rate production
anti-personnel munition system. Spider decision
provides munition field effectiveness, 3QFY10: Full-rate production
but does so without residual life- contract award
threatening risks after hostilities
end or when warring factions depart.
The fielding of this system, with
its sensors, communications, and
munitions, changes the way Soldiers
operate in an otherwise unpredictable
battlefield. Each munition is controlled
by a remotely stationed Soldier who
monitors its sensors, allowing for
more precise (non-lethal to lethal)
responsesa significant advancement
and advantage. The systems design
allows for safe and rapid deployment,
reinforcement, and recovery as well
as safe passage of friendly forces.
Spider eliminates the possibility of an

ACQUISITION PHASE
Technology Development Engineering&ManufacturingDevelopment Production & Deployment Operations & Support

UNITED STATES ARMY


287

Spider

FOREIGN MILITARY SALES


None

CONTRACTORS
Prime:
Textron Defense Systems
(W