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Culture shock

-is the anxiety, feelings of frustration, alienation and anger that may occur when a person is placed in a new culture - it occurs when our cultural clues, the signs and symbols which guide social interaction, are stripped away. Four distinct phases: Honeymoon phase

-The culture begins to make sense, and negative reactions and responses to the culture are reduced Mastery phase - often referred to as the biculturalism stage. - assignees are able to participate fully and comfortably in the host culture. -Mastery does not mean total conversion; people often keep many traits from their earlier culture, such as accents and languages. Reverse culture shock

- During this period, the differences between the old and new culture are seen in a romantic light. -This period is full of observations and new discoveries. Like most honeymoon periods, this stage eventually ends. Negotiation phase - After some time (usually around three months, depending on the individual), differences between the old and new culture become apparent and may create anxiety. -Excitement may eventually give way to unpleasant feelings of frustration and anger as one continues to experience unfavorable events that may be perceived as strange and offensive to one's cultural attitude. Adjustment phase -one knows what to expect in most situations and the host country no longer feels all that new. One becomes concerned with basic living again, and things become more "normal".

a.k.a. "Re-entry Shock", or "own culture shock. Returning to one's home culture after growing accustomed to a new one can produce the same effects as described above. This results from the psychosomatic and psychological consequences of the readjustment process to the primary culture.

Transition shock is a state of loss and disorientation predicated by a change in one's familiar environment which requires adjustment.

There are many symptoms of transition shock, some which include: Excessive concern over cleanliness and health Feelings of helplessness and withdrawal Irritability

Anger Glazed stare Desire for home and old friends Physiological stress reactions Withdrawal Getting "stuck" on one thing Excessive sleep Compulsive eating/drinking/weight gain Stereotyping host nationals Hostility towards host nationals Homesickness Boredom CULTURE SHOCK ... 1. Tuna Eyes - Where to find: Japan - they are actually pretty tantalizing for its fatty, jelly-like tissues around the

eyeballs. -Some prefer to eat it raw, albeit the fishy taste, others would rather steam or fry it alongside garlic or soya sauce to spice it up. 2. Lambs Brains -Where to find: India -They are white (when cooked, of course), tofu-like and often considered a gourmet treat prepared with Indian roti and curry. -You can enjoy lambs brain served in various concoction fried with tomatoes, egg, masala or even plain.

3.Beondegi (Silkworm Larvae) - Where to find: South Korea - chrysalis or pupa

4. Tarantula - Where to find: Skuon, Cambodia - are crispy on the outside and gooey in the middle, with the white delicate meat in the head and body tasting rather like a cross between chicken and cod. -Although its first adherents used it as a status symbol to indicate their high social rank, foot binding gradually spread throughout the culture. By the 12th century, even the poorest families practiced it. Naked African Tribes Picture of a young Surma (Suri) warrior undergoing an initiation ceremony. the body painted with intricate designs using clay.

Cultures, Practices and Beliefs

Foot Binding - was an old Chinese custom in which young girls' feet were tightly bound to restrict and alter their growth. - is thought to have originated in imperial China in the 10th or 11th century, probably as a fashionable practice among wealthy women.

African Neck Stretching In many African cultures, the amount of beads worn is a measure of wealth and social status. In addition, wearing neck ornaments and beads is thought to give one strong ritual power, in addition to enhancing the womens esthetics and beauty.