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Cooling load calculation of Multi-purpose Hall:

Specification:
Latitude:

24 north

Time:

13 00 Hrs

Month:

May

Outdoor temperature (to):

35 C

Indoor temperature (ti ):

24 C

Daily range of temperature:

6C

Ventilation per person:

7.5 L

Floor dimension

22 m (22+ 6.5) m

Total height

5.18 m

Windows at east wall (02)

4.57 5.18 m2

Windows at west wall

3.93 4.84 m2

Windows at north wall

3.51 4.29 m2

Windows at south wall

2.4 4.29 m2

Number of people

700

Electrical equipments:

66 4 tube lights with 30 W capacity


5 high power bulbs of 600 W
36 spot lights 0f 25 W
10 sound systems of 2000 W
2 projectors of 80 W and
1 computer.

Roof :

Suspended and wooden roof.

Floor :

10 mm tiles, 25 mm plaster, 150 mm concrete and again 250


mm plaster.

Walls :

0.2276m thick with .0254 m plaster on both sides.

Windows:

Flat glass window.

Door :

Flat glass sliding door.

Instantaneous solar heat radiation gain:


Qr = A SHGF CLF SC
Here,
A

= Open glass area. (m2)

SHGF

= The maximum solar heat gain factor for specific orientation of


surface, latitude, month (w/m2)

CLF

= Cooling load factor.


Shading co efficient for different types of glasses and shading.
=

SC

Glass window

Area, A

SHGF

CLF

SC

Qr (W)

East Wall

47.3452

688

0.37

0.64

7713.404

West Wall

10.296

688

0.2

0.64

906.7069

North Wall

15.429

136

0.8

0.64

1074.352

South Wall

19.0212

145

0.65

0.64

1147.359

Total radiated heat,


Qr

= Qre + Qrw + Qrn + Qrs


= (7713.404+906.7069+1074.352+1147.359)W
=10841.82

Due to certain resistance assume 30% heat can transfer through the window to
the wall.
Qr

= 0.3 10841.82 W
= 3252.547 W

Transmission heat gain:


Qt = A UCLTDC
CLTDC = [(CLTD+LM) K+ (25-Tr)+(To-29)]f
Let,
Type of wall

: C type

Type of roof

: With suspended ceiling

To

= 35 - (DR/2)
= 35 - (6/2)
= 35 3
= 32 C

U value Calculation:

Roof:

Components

Resistance (R)

Condition

Outside air film

0.044

Wind (for summer)

(wood), Ro

3.4 m/s (24 km/ hr)


Direction: any

Indoor air flow, Ri

0.16

Still:
air
horizontal
position
downward
directional flow.

Asphalt Shingles, R1

0.077

For thickness

Concrete, R2

0.60

Cement mortar

Suspended fibre, R3

0.23

Fibre board

Air space, R4

0.14

Ur = 1/ Rt

= 1/ (Ro + R1 + R2 +R3 +R4 +Ri )


=1/ (0.044+0.077+0.60.15+0.23+0.14+0.16)
=1.349527665

Walls:

Components

Resistance (R)

Condition

Outside air, Ro

0.044

Wind (for summer)


Direction: any

Inside air, Ri

0.12

Vertical &
position.

Brick (0.2286 m), R1

1.39

Common brick

Plaster, R2

1.39

Cement plaster,
aggregated

Uw = 1/ Rt

horizontal

sand,

= 1/ (Ro + R1 + R2 + Ri )
=1/ (0.044 +1.390.2286 +1.390.02542 + 0.12)
=1.810393833

Floor:

Components

Resistance (R)

Condition

Air inside, Ri

0.11

Horizontal
position
upward directional flow.

0.16

Still: air

10 mm tiles, R1

1.25

Acoustical

86 mm plaster, R2

1.39

Cement plaster,
aggregated

150mm concrete, R3

0.6

Cement mortar

25 mm plaster, R4

1.39

Cement plaster,
aggregated

Uf = 1/ Rt

sand,

sand,

= 1/ (Ri + R1 + R2 +R3 +R4 )


=1/ (0.11 +1.250.01+ 1.390.025+ 0.60.15+1.390.025)
=3.546099291

Sliding door:
Ud = 5.9 W/m2s

Exposure

CLTD

LM

25-Ti

To(DR/2
)

CLTD
C

Qt

Roof

18

0.5

32

51.5

634.7

1.35

44112.09

South Wall

-3.3

32

35.7

94.78

1.81

6125.732

East Wal

14

32

47

102.1

1.81

8687.538

North Wall

0.5

32

38.5

98.94

1.81

6896.135

Glass
Windows

32

40

91.72

5.9

21645.99

Total transmission heat,


Qt

= (44112.09+6125.732+8687.538+6896.135+21645.99) W
= 87467.48484 W

Transmission heat gain through partition walls/ ceiling / doors:


Qt = AU (To-Ti)
Exposure

(To-Ti)

Qt

Lobby Wall

125.3

1.81

11

2494.524

Floor

623.6

3.546

11

24324.83

Doors

14.59

5.9

11

947.0208

Total transmission heat,


Qt = (2494.524+24324.83+947.0208) W
= 27766.37226 W

Internal Heat Gain:

People:
Qp = Qs + Qd
Qs = No. of people HG SHF CLF
Qd = No. of people HG (1-SHF)

Here,
SHF=60%
HG= 100 W per person for auditorium.
CLF=0.71
Qs

= 5001000.60.71
=21300 W

Qd

=500100 (1-.06)
=20000 W

Therefore,

Qp

=Qs + Qd
=29820 + 28000 =57820 W

Electronic & lighting Equipments:

Tube light

= (66430) CLF (=1)

=7920 W

High power bulbs = (5600) CLF (=1)

=3000 W

Spot light

= (3.625) CLF (=1)

=900 W

Sound system

= (10200) CLF (=1)

=2000 W

Projectors

= (580) CLF (=1)

=160 W

Computer

= 380 CLF (=1)

=380 W

Therefore,
Qt

= (7920+3000+900+2000+160+380) W
=14360 W

Ventilation & Infiltration of Air:


Qv

=Qsv + Qlv

Qsv

=1.23 Fa (To-Ti) No. of people


=1.23 7.5 (35-24) 500
=50737.5 W

Qlv

=3000 Fa (Wo-Wi) No. of people


=3000 7.5 (.0232-.0092) 500
=157500 W

So, Total Heat for Ventilation, Qv

= (71032.5+220500) W
=208237.5 W

Total cooling load,


QT = Instantaneous solar radiation heat gain + Transmission heat gain +
Transmission heat gain through partition + Internal heat gain +
Ventilation & filtration heat gain.
= 3252.547 + 87467.48484+ 27766.37226+ 57820+14360+ 208237.5
=354617.5 W
=354.6175 kW
=101.3193 TR (1 TR=3.5 kW)
Adding safety factor of 25%, total load becomes,
QT = 129.8379+ 129.8379 .25 = 126.6491 TR

So, Total Cooling Load for the Hall is around 126.6491ton of refrigeration.