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SUMMERY (ABSTRACT)

A series of direct shear tests were carried out on two disturbed granular soils in order to evaluate the effect of optimum reinforcement orientation through the geosynthetic reinforced slopes. The object of our work was to develop a general model of the orientation reinforcement of Geosynthetics and on the basis of it to find ways of further improving the mechanical properties of the Geosynthetics through the reinforced slope. The main aim of the research was to find out how reinforcement should be installed through the shear box with respect to shear plane and regarding to absorbing maximum tension forces.
Comment [A1]: Mention about the sol type, disturb? Or???---done

The reinforced soil specimens (30.4 30.415.0 cm) were installed through the shear box in five different forms including 0, 30, 45, 60 and 90 degree of reinforcement orientation with respect to the vertical axis of shear box.

Comment [A2]: Try to use the scientific sentences with regards to literature review. Actually it does not make the correct sense. For example orientation of reinforcement. Go to comment .. done Comment [A3]: And 90.use \\orientation\\ Comment [A4]: With respect to the

For finding this optimization angle, a large-scale direct shear box was used and Based on the results gained from the laboratory testing research, the optimization angle of the reinforcement that both shear displacement and soil dilation have caused the most tension stress in both selected soils were between 45 and 60 degree with respect to the shear failure plane.

Comment [A5]: Rewrite it -DELETE

It was because of the better interaction of the coarse granular soils with geogrid apertures. This optimization can be due to better interaction between both coarse granular soils with grogrid apertures which eventually give rise to more tension stresses absorption of reinforcement through the reinforced soil.

Comment [A6]: Make it clear, it is a broad concept.

Finally, a series of two-dimensional finite element simulations were carried out using the results of optimum direction to describe the behavior of reinforced slope under different reinforcement directions with respect to shear failure plane. As a result, it becomes clear that using the new arranged system based on optimized reinforcement lead to more amount of tension absorption for reinforcement as well as higher factor of safety.

Comment [A7]: You need to describe, significant results and the conclusions of the analysis as well in the process.

List of Notations:
Presisting : Shear resistant on a failure surface.
Pv : : : opt :

Vertical load in the shear box. Internal friction angle at the interface of reinforced soil. Orientation of the reinforcement with respect to the potential shear plane.
Optimum orientation for the reinforcement.

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