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ASSIGNMENT OF ISLAMIC EDUCATION

SUBMITTED BY:
WAQAS AHMAD (CIIT/FA09-BEE-147/ATD)

SAQIB SOHAIL (CIIT/FA09-BEE-140/ATD)


SHAROZE SATTAR (CIIT/FA09-BEE130/ATD)

TOPIC: TAWHEED
Linguistically The word Tawheed is derived from the Arabic verb Wahhada means unification (to make something one). Islamically It is in reference to Allah being singled out alone, in all that is particular to Him, OR To submit or to confess the Lordship of Allah and to purify Allahs names, attributes and any deed of creation and not to associate anything with Him. The most fundamental article of faith enjoyed by Allah Almighty TAWHEED or oneness of Allah. This is expressed in primary Kalama of Islam, as it is

There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah.


Tawheed is the belief that Allah is: One, without partner in His dominion and actions (Ruboobeeyah) One without rival in His divinity and worship (Ulooheeyah/Ebaadah) One without similitude in His essence and attributes (Asma wa Sifaat) There are three aspects of Tawheed: 1. Tawheed-ar-Ruboobeeyah 2. Tawheed-al-Ulooheeyah/Ebaadah 3. Tawheed-al-Asma-Sifaat Tawheed-ar-Ruboobeeyah: In Arabic the word used to describe this creator-sustainer quality is Ruboobeeyah which is derived from the root "Rabb" (Lord). Belief in the Oneness of the Lordship of Allah. Belief in Maintaining the Unity of Lordship To believe that there is only one Lord for all the universe, its Creator, Organizer, Planner, Sustainer, and the Giver of security, etc., and that is Allah. It is declaring Allah (SWT) to be One and Unique in His work, like creation, sustenance, bringing to life and causing death, etc.

The basis for the Ruboobeeyah concept can be found in many Quranic verses. For example, Allah says: "Allah created all things and He is the agent on which all things depend."(Sura Az-Zumar 39:V62)


"And Allah created you all and whatever you do."(Sura As-Safat 37:V96)


No kind of calamity can occur, except by the leave of God: and if any one believes in God, (God) guides his heart (aright): for God knows all things.

Tawheed-al-Ulooheeyah/Ebaadah: This is the most important aspect of Tawheed. Belief in the Oneness of the Worship of Allah. Belief in Maintaining the Unity of Worship Total Obedience

To believe that none has the right to be worshipped [i.e. praying, invoking, asking for help (from the unseen), swearing, slaughtering sacrifices, giving charity, fasting, pilgrimage, etc.], but Allah. It is declaring Allah as the Only God to whom all acts of worship must be dedicated, such as Salat (prayers), Zakat, Saum (fasting), supplications, vowing, etc. It includes emotions like love, trust, and fear all of which have degrees which should only be directed to Allah. In the Quran, Allah tells the Prophet (SAW) to say to the pagans:


Say: "Who is it that sustains you (in life) from the sky and from the earth? or who is it that has power over hearing and sight? And who is it that brings out the living from the dead and the dead from the living? and who is it that rules and regulates all affairs?" They will soon say, "(Allah)". Say, "?("will ye not then show piety (to Him (Sura Yunus 10:V31)

If thou ask them, who created them, they will certainly say,
Allah. How then are they deluded away (from the Truth) ( Sura Az-Zukhruf 43:V87) In another verse Allah Almighty says;

"If you asked them who brings down water from the sky and with it brings the earth to life after its death? They will most certainly say, Allah." (Sura AlAnkabut 29:V63) The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) confirmed the concept of unity of worship saying:
"If

you ask in prayer ask only Allah, and if you seek help, seek it only from Allah." (Reported by Ibn Abbaas in Tirmizee).

Tawheed-al-Asma-Sifaat: It is belief in the Oneness of the Names and the Qualifications of Allah. It is an affirmation of all the Divine Names and Attributes of Allah in a manner that suits His Majesty, as mentioned in the Quran and the Sunnah. It is belief in followings of Tawheed-al-Asma was-Sifaat: 1. Allah must be referred to according to how He and His Prophet have described Him without explaining away His names and attributes by giving them meanings other than their obvious meanings.


Here is nothing whatever likes unto Him, and He is the One that hears and sees (all things). (Ash-Shura 42:11) 2. Referring to Allah as He has referred to Himself without giving Him any new names or attributes.

3. Allah is referred to without giving Him the attributes of His creation. "No tiredness overcomes Him nor sleep" (Al-Baqarah 2:255) 4. Man may not be given the attributes of Allah. 5. Allahs names in the definite form cannot be given to His creation unless preceded by the prefix Abd meaning "slave of" or "servant of." Those who have not fulfilled the requirements of Tawheed are such as they have not worshipped Allah (SWT), and in this sense is the meaning of the verse: "Nor will you worship that which I worship" (AL-Karirun 109:3) Allah Talks About Tawheed in the Following Ayats:


And your God is One God: There is no god but He, Most Gracious, .Most Merciful
(Sura AL-BAQRA: 163)

Allah. There is no god but He,-the Living, the Self-subsisting, Eternal. No slumber can seize Him nor sleep. His are all things in the heavens and on earth. Who is there can intercede in His presence except as He permitteth? He knoweth what (appeareth to His creatures as) before or after or behind them. Nor shall they compass aught of His knowledge except as He willeth. His Throne doth extend over the heavens and the earth, and He feeleth no fatigue in guarding and preserving them for He is the (Most High, the Supreme (in glory (Sura 255) AL-BAQRA:


O People of the Book! Commit no excesses in your religion: Nor say of Allah aught but the truth. Christ Jesus the son of Mary was (no more than) an apostle of Allah, and His Word, which He bestowed on Mary, and a spirit proceeding from Him: so believe in Allah and His apostles. Say not "Trinity: desist: it will be better for you: for Allah is one Allah. Glory be to Him: (far exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belong all things in the heavens and on earth. And enough is Allah as a Disposer of .affairs (SURA AL-NISA: V171)


Here (in Quran) is a Message for mankind: Let them take warning therefrom, and let them know that He is (no other than) .One Allah. let men of understanding take heed

(Sura Abrahim:52)


Allah has said: "Take not (for worship) two gods: for He is just ".(One Allah. Then fear Me (and me alone (SURA AL-NAHAL: 51) The omission of any of the above mentioned aspects of Tawheed is referred to as "Shirk (lit. Sharing); the association of partners with Allah (SWT), which, in Islamic terms, is in fact idolatry.

SHRIK (POLYTHEISM):
The opposite of Tawheed is 'Shirk' which is to associate partners with Allah by giving (or attributing) that which is exclusively His to others. Shrik means ascribing partner unto Allah Almighty. A hadith of Holy Prophet (SAW) says about shirk that it is greatest of the great sins.

Behold, Luqman said to his son by way of instruction: "O my son! join not in worship (others) with Allah. for false worship is indeed the highest wrong-doing." In another place Allah Almighty says in Holy Quran


Allah forgiveth not (The sin of) joining other gods with Him; but He forgiveth whom He pleaseth other sins than this: one who joins other gods with Allah, Hath strayed far, far away (from the .(right (SURA AL-NISA: 116)


Say: "Praise be to Allah, who begets no son, and has no partner in (His) dominion: Nor (needs) He any to protect Him from "!humiliation: yea, magnify Him for His greatness and glory (lSURA Bani Asrai:111) So according to the references given above it is clear that the concept of Tawheed is the most fundamental pillar of Islam, without

believing in oneness of Allah Almighty a man cannot become a Muslim.

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