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m Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE
DigitalDigital SignalSignal ProcessingProcessing
Mr. Vikas R. Gupta
Lecturer
Department of Electronics & Telecommunication
Engineering
YCCE, Nagpur.
Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer,
Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering,
YCCE, Nagpur.
 Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE Reference books • S. K. Mitra : ‘Digital Signal Processing’ • Proakis, Manolikis : ‘Digital Signal Processing’ • Oppenheim, Schafer : ‘Discrete Time Signal Processing’ • Shalivahanan : ‘Digital Signal Processing’ Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer, Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.
 Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE What is signal ? A signal is defined as any physical quantity that varies with time, space or any other independent variables. Mathematically signal is a function of one or many independent variable. X(t) f(x1, x2, x3, ………….) Where x1, x2, x3…… are the independent variable. Example of Signals: Analog: Speech, Music, Photos, Video, radar, sonar, … Discrete-domain/Digital: digitized speech, digitized music, digitized images, digitized video, digitized radar and sonar signals,…stock market data, daily max temperature data, Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer, Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.
 Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE SyllabusSyllabus • Unit 1: Discrete time signals & systems : Discrete time signals, Discrete time systems, Linearity, causality, stability, static/dynamic, Time Invariance/Time variance , classification of discrete time system, Linear convolution, Circular convolution, Cross Correlation, Autocorrelation. Linear constant coefficient difference equations, sampling theorem & sampling process. Reconstruction of sampling data. • Unit 2: Frequency domain representation of discrete time signals and systems, Fourier transform of discrete time signals, properties of discrete time Fourier transform. • Unit 3: The Z-transform: Definition, properties of the region of convergence for the Z-transform, Z-transform properties, Inverse Z-transform using contour integration, complex convolution theorem, Parseval’s, unilateral Z-transform, stability interpretation using Jury’s array. Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer, Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.
 Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE Course Details • Objective – Establish a background in Digital Signal Processing Theory – Design and implementation of DSP algorithms using MATLAB. • Required Text – Digital Signal Processing, – Pearson education, 3 rd Edition – John G. Proakis and Dimitris Manolakis • Grading 1. 1 st Sessional Exam [20 marks] 2. 2 nd Sessional Exam [40 marks] 3. 1 st Assignment [Grades ] 4. 2 nd Assignment [Grades ] 5. Laboratory Term work [15 marks] 6. Viva [10 marks] 7. Homework Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer, Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.

Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE

What is Signal Processing? (Analog or Digital)
(Analog or Digital)
Signal in
Signal out
Processing

Operation, Transformation Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer, Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur. e
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 Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE Syllabus… Syllabus… • Unit 4: Transform analysis of LTI system & structures for discrete-time system : Frequency response of LTI system, relationship between magnitude & phase, all pass systems, minimum phase system, Linear system with generalized linear phase. Block diagram representation & signal flow graph representation of Linear constant. Coefficient difference equations, Basic structures for IIR systems, transposed forms, basic network structures for FIR systems, lattice structures • Unit 5: Filter design Techniques: Design of discrete time IIR filters from continuous time filters, frequency transformations of low pass IIR filters, Design of FIR filters by windowing, FIR filter design by Kaiser window method. Frequency sampling method. • Unit 6: Discrete Fourier Transform: Discrete Fourier series, properties of Discrete Fourier series, Discrete Fourier transform, properties of DFT, circular convolution using Discrete Fourier transform. Decimation in time FFT algorithm, decimation in frequency FFT, FFT of long sequences using overlap add and overlap save method. Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer, Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.

Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE

Why do we study signal?

• Basic ingredient of our daily lives.

• Signal plays a very important role in our day to day life.

• It conveys the information on the nature of a

physical phenomenon.

Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer,

Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.  Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE
WhatWhat isis thethe needneed ofof SignalSignal Processing?Processing?
In order to get the signal in most desirable form, we need to
perform certain operation on the signal.
E.g. noise cancellation in speech signal, contrast enhancement of
images,
Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer,
Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering,
YCCE, Nagpur. C
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Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE

Types of signal processing

• Analog signal processing

• Digital signal processing

• Mixed signal processing Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer, Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.

Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE

• Increased complexity

• Power dissipation

• Sampling rate is limited due to sample & hold , DAC, ADC etc….

Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer,

Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur. Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE

THANK YOU !!

HAVE A NICE DAY!!! Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer, Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur. e
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 Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE Advantages of DSP Advantages of DSP…… • Less sensitive to component tolerances & environmental changes. • Storage of digital signal • Flexibility • Volume production without the need for adjustment during construction or use. • Multirate processing • Easy adjustment of processor characteristics by changing the • Amenable to full integration coefficients. {E.g. adaptive filter, variable cutoff filter} • Accuracy increases with the increase in word size (but cost ) • No loading problem due to cascading • Dynamic range • Time multiplexing Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer, Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer, Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur. Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.
 Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE Choice of signal processing Finally we make a conclusion that the choice of analog or digital approach for the solution of signal processing problem can only be determined by the following points. • The application of interest. • The resources available. • The cost involved in building the system. Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer, Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.
 Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE What are the application areas of DSP ? • Image processing • Biomedical • Telecommunication • Speech & audio processing • Instrumentation and control • Military • Geophysics • Seismology. Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer, Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.