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Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE DigitalDigital SignalSignal ProcessingProcessing Mr. Vikas R. Gupta Lecturer
Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE
DigitalDigital SignalSignal ProcessingProcessing
Mr. Vikas R. Gupta
Lecturer
Department of Electronics & Telecommunication
Engineering
YCCE, Nagpur.
Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer,
Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering,
YCCE, Nagpur.

Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE

 

Reference books

• S. K. Mitra : ‘Digital Signal Processing’

• Proakis, Manolikis : ‘Digital Signal Processing’

• Oppenheim, Schafer : ‘Discrete Time Signal Processing’

• Shalivahanan : ‘Digital Signal Processing’

 

Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer,

Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.

Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.

Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE

 
What is signal ?
What is signal ?

A signal is defined as any

physical quantity that varies with time, space or

any other independent variables.

 

Mathematically signal is a function of one or many independent variable.

 

X(t)

f(x1, x2, x3, ………….)

 

Where x1, x2, x3……

are the independent variable.

 

Example of Signals:

 

Analog: Speech, Music, Photos, Video, radar, sonar, … Discrete-domain/Digital:

 
 

digitized

speech,

digitized

music,

digitized

images,

digitized

video,

digitized

radar

and

sonar

signals,…stock

market

data,

daily

max

temperature data,

 

Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer,

 
Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.

Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.

 

Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE

   

SyllabusSyllabus

• Unit 1: Discrete time signals & systems : Discrete time signals, Discrete time systems, Linearity, causality, stability, static/dynamic, Time Invariance/Time variance , classification of discrete time system,

Linear convolution,

Circular convolution, Cross Correlation,

Autocorrelation. Linear constant coefficient difference equations, sampling theorem & sampling process. Reconstruction of sampling data.

• Unit 2: Frequency domain representation of discrete time signals and systems, Fourier transform of discrete time signals, properties of discrete time Fourier transform.

• Unit 3: The Z-transform: Definition, properties of the region of convergence for the Z-transform, Z-transform properties, Inverse Z-transform using contour integration, complex convolution theorem, Parseval’s,

unilateral Z-transform, stability interpretation using Jury’s array.

 

Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer,

Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.

Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.

Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE

 

Course Details

Objective

– Establish a background in Digital Signal Processing Theory

– Design and implementation of DSP algorithms using MATLAB.

Required Text

– Digital Signal Processing,

– Pearson education, 3 rd Edition

– John G. Proakis and Dimitris Manolakis

Grading

1. 1 st Sessional Exam [20 marks]

2. 2 nd Sessional Exam [40 marks]

3. 1 st Assignment [Grades ]

4. 2 nd Assignment [Grades ]

5. Laboratory Term work [15 marks]

6. Viva [10 marks]

7. Homework

 

Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer,

Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.

Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.

Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE

What is Signal Processing?

(Analog or Digital) (Analog or Digital) Signal in Signal out Processing
(Analog or Digital)
(Analog or Digital)
Signal in
Signal out
Processing

Operation, Transformation

Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer,

Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer,

Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.

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Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE

 
   

Syllabus…

Syllabus…

• Unit 4: Transform analysis of LTI system & structures for discrete-time

system : Frequency response of LTI system, relationship between magnitude

&

phase, all pass systems, minimum phase system, Linear system with generalized linear phase. Block diagram representation & signal flow graph representation of Linear constant. Coefficient difference equations, Basic structures for IIR systems, transposed forms, basic network structures for FIR systems, lattice structures

• Unit 5: Filter design Techniques: Design of discrete time IIR filters from continuous time filters, frequency transformations of low pass IIR filters, Design of FIR filters by windowing, FIR filter design by Kaiser window method. Frequency sampling method.

• Unit 6: Discrete Fourier Transform: Discrete Fourier series, properties of Discrete Fourier series, Discrete Fourier transform, properties of DFT, circular convolution using Discrete Fourier transform. Decimation in time FFT algorithm, decimation in frequency FFT, FFT of long sequences using overlap add and overlap save method.

 

Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer,

Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.  

Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.

 

Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE

Why do we study signal?

• Basic ingredient of our daily lives.

• Signal plays a very important role in our day to day life.

• It conveys the information on the nature of a

physical phenomenon.

Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer,

Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.our day to day life. • It conveys the information on the nature of a physical

Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE WhatWhat isis thethe needneed ofof SignalSignal Processing?Processing? In order
Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE
WhatWhat isis thethe needneed ofof SignalSignal Processing?Processing?
In order to get the signal in most desirable form, we need to
perform certain operation on the signal.
E.g. noise cancellation in speech signal, contrast enhancement of
images,
Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer,
Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering,
YCCE, Nagpur.
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Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE

Types of signal processing

• Analog signal processing

• Digital signal processing

• Mixed signal processing

Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer,

Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer,

Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.

Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE

Disadvantages of DSP

• Increased complexity

• Power dissipation

• Sampling rate is limited due to sample & hold , DAC, ADC etc….

Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer,

Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.Power dissipation • Sampling rate is limited due to sample & hold , DAC, ADC etc….

Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE

THANK YOU !!

HAVE A NICE DAY!!!

Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer,

Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer,

Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.

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Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE

 

Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE

 

Advantages of DSP

 

Advantages of DSP……

• Less sensitive to component tolerances & environmental changes.

Storage of digital signal

 

Flexibility

 

• Volume production without the need for adjustment during construction or use.

Multirate processing

 

Easy adjustment of processor characteristics by changing the

 

• Amenable to full integration

 
   

coefficients. {E.g. adaptive filter, variable cutoff filter}

 

• Accuracy increases with the increase in word size (but cost )

 
   

No loading problem due to cascading

 

• Dynamic range

 

• Time multiplexing

 

Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer,

 

Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer,

Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur. Department of Electronics &

Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.

& Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur. Department of Electronics & Telecommunication

Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.

Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE

 
 

Choice of signal processing

Finally we make a conclusion that the choice of analog or digital

approach for the solution of signal processing problem can only

be determined by the following points.

• The application of interest.

• The resources available.

• The cost involved in building the system.

 

Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer,

Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.

Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.

Digital Signal Processing @VRG_ET_YCCE

 

What are the application areas of DSP ?

• Image processing

• Biomedical

• Telecommunication

• Speech & audio processing

• Instrumentation and control

• Military

• Geophysics

• Seismology.

 

Mr. Vikas R. Gupta, Lecturer,

Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.

Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, YCCE, Nagpur.