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Globalization verses Nationalism

According to me both are like day and night,since globlisation is important for any nation as it increases the name n fame of their cultures as well as values,and on other side nationalzation is for encouraging our young generation so that built an new trademark to others by increasing the glory of their nation..
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Venkat said: (Wed, Nov 16, 2011 12:10:52 PM)

According to my view both are important. But if the country not goes to globalization rest of the world will not know about that country. It`s like frog in the wall only. If we have lot of skills ideas, but we are not ready to show those to the world, than there is no use of our skills. When the country goes for globalization than only the rest of the world will know that. On the other hand we do not forget about nationalization also, because every country has their own values and traditions we do not forget that. So country will go for globalization with keep their nationalization.
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Raju said: (Mon, Nov 7, 2011 12:57:37 PM)

Globalization vs nationalism,globalization is very essential for the developing countries like India and other small countries aswell,to increase our economical standards,nationalism is very much important which shows our traditional values and represents ourselfs in the world....
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Shakti Singh said: (Thu, Nov 3, 2011 08:14:30 PM)

I think globlization and nationalism is two aspect of one coin. I agree that globlization is very important for excelliance to develop country, not for under develop country because globlization is a way to increase efficency in terms of better use of resource.and labour, may be they have achive break even point so develop country seller can sell their product at compttive price.But it is not possible for under develop country.Globlization is a competition, can you letthem fight between simple people with wristlar. simple people is under develop country and wristlar is develop country ?
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Manu Chapria said: (Fri, Oct 21, 2011 10:43:07 AM)

Hi guys according to me both globalization & nationalism form a very important parameters. When we consider globalization it is very useful to express our talents all over the world very effectively which will lead to development of technology which is gonna be important for d further upliftment and for developing countries it is very important to get connected for other nation for business, finance, communi cation. In the same way nationlism is also important to show our traditional culture in our nation.
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Richa said: (Mon, Oct 17, 2011 10:40:51 PM)

Yes I agree globalization plays an important role to deliver & gather knowledge around the world. In India the process of globalization has an key ingredient for economical progress. But on the other hand nationalisation, one can think of adapting our culture, follow our traditions etc, but in a developing country like India I have to say globalization should be a part of nationalisation.
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Pralay Kanti Haldar said: (Sun, Oct 16, 2011 01:56:36 PM)

If globalization is a process of integration then nationalism may be a strong thread towards that process of integrating the global minds minds. Proper spirit of nationalism can only embrace and promote international brotherhood, peace and harmony; that perhaps happen to be the genesis of what we call globalization as the way of free flow of the what we have the best for the well-off of the humanity.

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Srinivas said: (Sat, Oct 8, 2011 06:42:15 PM)

There is no need to discuss Globalization is needed or nationalism is needed because both are important but the question is what extent?of course again it will depend on the nature of the country.we Indians should strive to conserve our rich tradition and at the same time as developing country we should allow our country to integrate with the world.Balancing both is needed.
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Srinivas said: (Sat, Oct 8, 2011 06:28:52 PM)

There is no need to discuss Globalization is needed or nationalism is needed because both are important but the question is what extent?of course again it will depend on the nature of the country.we Indians should strive to conserve our rich tradition and at the time as developing country should allow our country to integrate with the world.Balancing both is needed.
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Anand said: (Sat, Oct 1, 2011 10:24:36 PM)

Coming to the economic definition of globalization , its all about reducing and eliminating the barriers between the nation in Oder to the free flow of the capital , labor and services where as Nationalization means transferring the business head / assets from the public sector to the private sector ! In Oder to survive in this business oriented and economic world , the concentration of both Globalization and Nationalization should be equal !
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Anil said: (Sat, Oct 1, 2011 08:10:59 PM)

Globalization vs Nationalism: as per my concern both are prominent things. if u get a fame in some technology over the global it particularly brings fame to the nation.nationalism nothig but our tradition and customs.globalisation showcase the talent of a particular person in entire world.so with out globalization it's not possible show the talent and adopt the new tecnologies.so both are inter related.
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Sagar said: (Mon, Sep 26, 2011 04:23:47 PM)

Globalization is necessary in terms of every thing, Without globalization we fail to introduce our talents to outside world. Without globalization the world would not came to know our talents & strengths, so we may fail to raise our standards among all other country, s across the world. Globalization increases the living standards of the people. As Globalization is necessary nationalism is very important as it is related to our tradition, culture & patriotism. Without which we fail to show the prestige of our country.
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Sneha said: (Fri, Sep 23, 2011 09:04:31 PM)

Globalization is very important in our country as because of it we are able to express our talent and ideas in every field like in the field of technology also. But at the same time Nationalism is also very important as it makes us to show our tradition alive even in the influence of western culture we are able to keep patriotism and respect for our nation in our heart. So both are very important aspects.
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Gurpreet said: (Tue, Sep 20, 2011 01:36:25 PM)

Globalization vs. Nationalism, Yes globalisation is necessary in terms of everything, if globalisation is not there we would not be able to share our talent in terms of technology, research. Globalisation is a universal phenomena and economies have to open up to take advantage of the knowledge and technical resources being created every day.

Nationalism need not be compromised for globalisation. Our sentiments for our country and respect for our culture and practices can be maintained. Besides "culture" itself is an ever changing entity and it is only if we are unsure of our identity that we need to worry about the negative effects of globalisation.
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Tamil said: (Thu, Sep 15, 2011 12:41:24 AM)

Globalization is important because through that only we have many talents towards business, finance, communication etc. but at the same time we won't give up our nationalism because by that only we maintain our prestige among many countries.
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Chaitali S said: (Tue, Sep 13, 2011 10:51:04 AM)

Hello everyone, Globalization vs Nationalism is interested topic for discussion; Globalisation, as per my concern its means to spread our talents n adoption for new technologies from all other advanced countries but still we give equal value to nationalism not only for thi s reason that we are Indian but if all of you noticed we adopt western cultures especially their standard n way of living n other countries are feeling good to adopt our Indian culture like tradition, norms, value n belief Really, globlisation is neccesary in terms of everything if globlisation is not therewe will just remain in our country all to spend our talents in terms of anything may be it's business or anything else. Globlisation is required.
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Suman Sen said: (Sun, Aug 28, 2011 02:02:22 PM)

Nationalism is all about our origin of blood and Globalization is all about our living. So we can't separate this 2 terminology from there co-relation. We all know that the current scenario is teaching us to adopt more and more cultural, technological living style. To get more exposure. And basically we follow the western countries vigorously. But at a same point of view if we go for globalization then why not are we thinking about our culture, tradition and ethical life style, that should be also in exploitation to the all World. Because globalization is not only for grabbing all better ideas from other but also the distribution of yourself, what you are and from where you r? so being the representative from India you have to be concern about your own culture and origin. So nationalism is the most important part of Globalization. Nationalism never can be ignored and can't be counted as a enemy of Globalization.
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Prakash said: (Sun, Aug 28, 2011 01:44:41 PM)

Globalization, I think completes the meaning of nationalization. With globalization, we come to know our position in world where we connected with other country moving their steps toward globalization. As a result we can know how much effort is needed for us to compete with them and move our country in better position than present world. Only with globalization it has been possible for county like India, that we have increased our position from underdeveloped country to developing country and no doubt one day we will be citizen of a developed country.
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Neha Dwivedi said: (Fri, Aug 26, 2011 03:11:06 PM)

In my opinion i thing nationalism is definately over globalisation because nationalism unites their citizens and globalisation makes them apart .nationalism gives the spirit of free country and globalisation bounds us in this world og restictions
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Aamir Khan said: (Tue, Aug 16, 2011 09:17:29 PM)

If I would have been a native of a developed country like you. S. Or you. K. Then opinion will differ, as nationalism in them will not allow globalisation to cut-off the jobs of thier fellow men, which is actually happening as MNC's over there are outsourcing their business to developing countries like India and indonesia, thereby raising the unemployment cases there. Globalization very important in current scenario not just in India but to the whole world. Today each human being is connected to globalization through different sources. For Underdeveloped countries like India, it is very important to be connected with rest of the world for the purpose of

business, finance, communication, cultural exchanges, Tourism etc. All these things are possible only because of globalization.
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ndia as they say is an old civilization but a young nation. The idea of Indian nationalism was born as an anti-colonial movement against the British rule. The euphoria that was generated for Indian nationalism led to the national independence in 1947. Even 60 years after the independence that euphoria still remains well entrenched in the minds of every Indian. The national slogan Vande Matram (I bow my head before my motherland) and Sare Jhan se Acha Hindustan Hamara (India is the best country in the entire world) evokes much national pride. Contrary to nationalism, the idea of Globalization is still searching its place in India. There seems to be a lack of clarity in understanding the term. There are many meanings attributed to it. The most popular being, a common global identity is being prepared through the universal usage of the internet, the laptops and mobile phones etc, and the idea of knitting the world together is called globalization. The second meaning to it is; economic integration of the world. Third; a global economic order thats to be dominated by the US. In order to give the Indian perspective of nationalism in the age of globalization, a few themes are picked up here for discussion. The general hypothesis is; how do nationalism and globalization cohabit in India? Is globalization exacerbating Indian nationalism or containing it? Or are the two being recast in more palatable terms?

Economic Liberalization
India had the first brush of globalization debate when the countrys economy opened up in the 1990s. Indian nationalism once again rose to prominence opposing the moves of the integration of countrys economy to the global economy. The media reportage then gave the impression of national crisis. It cautioned about the perils of globalization; Flag will follow the trade, East India Company to rule again, screamed the headlines. Now fifteen years after the economic liberalization the picture has completely changed. The media reports are highlighting the positive aspects of liberalization. The opening of the call centers, the BPOs (Business Process Outsourcing) and multinational companies has created tremendous job opportunities. The booming IT sector has purely emerged out of the economic liberalization. All these are contributing to the modernization of the country. On the economic front, leading Indian industrialists such as the Tatas, Ambanis, Malayas, Essars are going global. They are no more nationalist industrial bourgeoisie, to use the Marxist terminology, but are true global capitalists. The bottom-line is globalization is being gradually accepted in India.

Hinduvata
However, that does not mean that the idea of nationalism has subsided in India. A different kind of nationalism seems to be emerging out of the conflicting poles of the nationalism vs. globalization debate. This is cultural nationalism called Hinduvata. It means prominence of Hindu religion in Indian society and its dominance over other religions and cultures. The drive

to unite the fragmented Hindu society through such ideas has led to religious polarization and intolerance. The attempt to create a monolith India around Hindi language and Hindu religion has provoked regional inequality. It has led to the increase in geographical divide between the North and the South. It has brought regional politics on to the national stage thats pulling India inwards and putting breaks on the financial reforms, reforms that would further integrate Indias economy with the global economy.

Special Economic Zone Issue


Foreign Direct Investment is part of global economic agenda and for this the host country is required to create Special Economic Zones (SEZ) to attract foreign companies to conduct their operations. SEZs are a useful device for fast industrialization, provided they are carefully planned and executed. Unfortunately its being exploited for the purpose of land grabs and to make unearned profits. Nandigram, a coastal area in West Bengal is a classical case. It had become a resistance zone after the state government sought to acquire 25,000 acres of land to set up a chemical hub for an Indonesian company. The government forcibly tried to evict the villagers and in the process killed at least 14 of them who opposed such moves. The question is now being asked whether globalization means uprooting it own people. This however, has not deterred other state governments from creating SEZs. They have been able to achieve the desired results by careful planning and calibrated execution.

Farmers suicide issue


While the positive impact of the economic liberalization is being felt on the big cities, its having adverse impact on the rural India. According to a study released by Madras Institute of developmental studies, nearly 150,000 Indian farmers committed suicide from 1997 to 2005. The worst affected states are; Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh Chattisgarh and Kerala. These five states comprise of nearly a third of the countrys population and which witnessed nearly two-thirds of such deaths. The main reason for farmers suicide is their fascination for growing cash crops to match the wealth and resources of the cities. The cash crop cultivation being money intensive requires heavy borrowing and in case of low production, it ends up in high indebtedness. This forces the farmers to commit suicide. The national government is putting up preventive and curative methods to handle this situation. Various interventionist methods including the micro- credit scheme is being experimented to provide relief to the farmers. Notwithstanding this, the issue of farm suicide is directly being blamed on globalization. In fact most economists fear that suicides will rise if agriculture is liberalized.

Indo-US civil nuclear deal


Indo-US civil nuclear deal is another great story of nationalism in India. Those who oppose the deal argue that it would open up part of Indias nuclear programme to international scrutiny and would make India loose the independent assessment of its national security needs. The nuclear deal would make India subservient to US foreign policy objectives. The Indo-US strategic partnership means US domination over South and Southeast Asia. The deal is also seen as a move to upset the fledgling regionalism emerging in South Asia that may sour relations

between India and its neighbors, and may spur a nuclear arms race with Pakistan and China. Whereas those who support the nuclear deal argue that it has nothing to do with energy or strategic convergence with the US. The latter will happen to some extent automatically because of global attitudes. For this the deal must be reconciled within an Asian system by developing cordial relationship with Indias immediate neighbors. The primary concern for India should be to escape from any technology embargoes and this is where we need globalization. This debate though remains inconclusive has brought open two key points. One the realignment of Indias perceptions on relations with South Asia and second the impact of American global war on terror coming under the garb of globalization syndrome.

Non proliferation issues


Issues such as non- proliferation treaties particularly the signing of the NPT and the CTBT has produced much nationalist sparks in India. There has been total opposition to these treaties and the main argument against them is the CTBT while tries to curb horizontal proliferation, allows the vertical proliferation to the UN Security Council member states. India has all along been pursuing its nationalist agenda on the nuclear issue. There was a great deal of jingoist nationalism when India conducted its nuclear tests in 1988. The international condemnation did not deter the jubilation on the streets. It actually got silenced when Pakistan did the Tit for Tat act. Such issues certainly reflect an upsurge of nationalism but such nationalism that dictates strategic issues has no connection with economic globalization.

Global Warming
There seems to be lack of clarity on the potential clash between national interests and global interest particularly with regard to the climatic issues. The global concerns over C02 and climate changes do not have many takers in India that yet has to sign the Kyoto protocol. The dash for growth has led to national convergence on industrialization as key to the development of the country. However, rapid industrialization also creates C02 emissions and global warming. Its still remains to be seen how such conflicting strands could be reconciled. On this count, nationalism seems to be at loggerhead with globalization.

Indian Diaspora
In the globalised age the interaction between the Indian Diaspora and the homeland is another great story. The national and state governments are courting the Non Resident Indians by organizing Parvasi week and facilitating them with dual citizenship and other concessions for doing business and making investments. The move has paid well and the UK based industrialist, Swaraj Paul, Hinduja brothers and Laxmi Mitttal are all establishing business in India. However, the general Diaspora support has not moved beyond helping the family, community and religion networks. It is estimated that from 1975-2000 $97b was received from the Diaspora (India Today Help the helping hand-January 13th 2003). According to World Bank Global Development Finance (2003) India was the largest developing country recipient of remittances ($10b) in 2001. The main source of

Diasporas interaction with the homeland is Bollywood films. The Bollywood films are gross sellers and make huge profit overseas. According to FICCI-PWC report nearly 10% of the $ 400,000 (Rs 8000 cr) worth Indian film industry is earned through the overseas market. The enhanced linkage of the Diaspora certainly reflects an upsurge of nationalism. It has come to limelight that the Diaspora is funding considerable amount of money to the organization like the VHP and its associates and many of them are ardent supporters of the forces of Hindutva. The overseas Gujaratis are believed to be the main facilitators for the rise of Nrendra Modi in Gujarat.

Indian Media
The debate between nationalism and globalization has not ended in India. On the contrary it has heated up due to the explosion of media outlets. Indian medias responses to such issues are tailored according to the nationalistic concerns. On certain issues there is all out unanimity to the idea of globalization on others the nationalist sentiments seem to prevail. The pattern tells that first an issue hogs the limelight, and then it pales, and this cycle continues. Earlier it was the opposition of the NPT, then to the CTBT, and now its the Indo-US civil nuclear deal. The media by publishing such stories is trying to keep pace with nationalism vs globalization debate. The Indian media experience suggests that on some issues, globalization is fueling nationalism on others, its sobering it. On many other issues the two are being recast in different terms.

Conclusion
Globalization and the nation state are realities that need to be reconciled with each other. Without a reasonable internal capacity which includes economic political and social strength, no country should attempt to globalize. To attempt to insulate from globalization and go it alone would be a disaster. Equally to do it without having acquired enough internal capacity would also mean surrendering to external forces. UN and all the international organizations like WTO IBRD IMF should be made to serve the entire international community, and not the rich and powerful as is the present system. There is a failure among many G77 countries as they play into the hands of the rich nations. However, the onus does not completely rest on the external globalizing forces alone. Good governance requires that infernal progress is made adequate for external liberalization. Indian government and the civil society have to find ways how to deal with the globalization. In sum, the conflict between Nationalism and globalization emerge only if domestic capacity to be a full partner is lacking. In such cases, joining the globalized family erodes the nation-states identity and this leads to impoverishment and consequent chauvinism. The Indian experience suggests that, despite shocking waves of nationalism, the trend of globalization continues, though there are still hard battles to be fought.

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