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Candidate Name

Class 3

ANGLICAN HIGH SCHOOL End-Of-Year Examination Secondary Three MATHEMATICS (SYLLABUS D)

Wednesday

10 Oct 20A7

2 hour

Additional Materials: Writing paper, Graph paper


INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES
Answer all questions. write your answers and working on the separate writing paper provided. Show all your working on the same page as the rest of your answers. Cmission of essential working urill result in loss of marks. ELECTRONIC CALCULATORS AND MATHEMATICAL TABLES CAN BE USED IN THIS PAPER.
USE THE VALUE OF zi in YOUR CALCULATOR

Attach this cover page to the first page of your anstver script.
INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES The number of marks is given in brackets
part question.

] at the end of each question or

There are 13 questions in total. The total marks for this paper is g0. Assessment noted by For Examiner's Use

Name of Parent / Guardian

Signature of Parent Guardian

Date:

This question paper consists of 7 printed pages, including this page.

Secondary 3 E Math End of Year Paper 2007

Answer all the questions

l.

Given that E: { ": -r is a positive integer and A : { t: x is an odd number } B: { r: x is a prime number } (a) List all the elements in I (b) Find n(A n B)

I < r < l7

trl tzl

2.

Solve the following inequality, and illustrate the solution on a number line

Jr"*
J.
(a) Solve the equatio

3\,;(x-6)

l3l

3+ : " -r*3 -f-2x+l

and state the values of x that must be rejected

for the equation to be valid.

t3l

(b) Albert and Bob cycle from East Coast Park to Kranji Dam over a distance of 50 km- Bob cycles at an average speed ofx km/h- Albert's average speed is I km/h faster and arrives at the destination l5 minutes before Bob-

i. ii.

Form an equation in -r and show that it reduces to x2 Find the cycling speed of Bob.

+x-

200

:0

tzl

tzl

4.

(a) Simplify the following, expressing your answer in positive index notation
ll

#
t3l
r2l

(25xa v2 )2 (27

x6 y3 1-

(b) Solve the following equation ,

ff

#^

Page2 of7

Secondary 3 E Math End of Year Paper 2007

5.

The diagram shows a circle which passes through the points U, V and l4/. AyfB, BUC and CVA are tangents to the circle. Given that IABC:52o and IBCA: 58", calculate

:.::::::=

(a) LBAC (b) tBWU (c) LWUV

tll
tzl
t2)

6.

Ansrver this question on a piece of graph paper. When: copies of a book are produced, the cost, $y, of each copy is given by the formula
-v

Io +2400

The table belorv shows some values


.r

x ofx

and the corresponding value

ofy.
1

r00
34

200

300

400

800

200
12

v
-":i

l8

t6

t4

l3

(a) Calculate the value of p and q. t2l (b) Using a horizontal scale of I cm to represent 100 books on the x-axis for 0 < x < 1200 and a vertical scale of2 cm to represent $5, on they-axis for
0<

<

40, draw the graph

ofy:

t0 +

2400.
x

t3l

(c) By drawing a tangent at x:300, find the gradient of the curve at that point.[2] (d) Briefly describe what the gradient representstll

Page3

of7

Secondary 3 E Math End of Year Paper 2007

7.

The graph belorv shows a line segment Pp which cuts they-axis at R-

(a) Find the gradient of PQ, (b) the coordinates of R, (c) Show that P, R and Q are collinear (d) A line, /, is parallel to PQ and passes through the point S(4, -5) i.' Write down the equation of line p,Sii. Find tlre equation of /.

tl

tll

t2l

trl
t2l

8.

(a) The mass of two similar round mooncakes is 250 g and 54 g respectivelyi. Find the ratio of the diameter of the large mooncake to the diarneter of the

ii.

small mooncake Given that the surface area of the large mooncake is 140 cm2, find the surface area of the small mooncake.

tll
l2l

(b) From the diagrarn, IABC

IACD , AC:9cm

and

AD

6cm'

Show that L,ABC and A,ACD are similar Calculate the length of AB . ^ orea of MCD Find the ratio of areaof MBC

I2l t2l

tll

Page4 of 7

Secondary 3 E Math End of Year Paper 2007

9.

Three points, A, B and C lie on a horizontal piece of ground. The bearing of frorn I is 09-5". IABC : 32o. AB : 120 m and AC :70 m.

,B

(a) Find the bearing of C frorn ,B t2l (b) Find /ACB given that IACB is an acute angle t2l (c) find the shortest distance from point I to the line BC I2l (d) f is the top of a vertical tower at point l. Given that the height of 7" is 25 m, find the maximum angle of depression from point Ito the line BCL2l

I0. Given

that the gradient of

IN

is 1 and the gradient of MNis -1,


2

'l

(1,1)

,=
'i:;P..-'

L((a) Show that the coordinates of N is (5, -3); (b) Find the coordinates of the point where MN crosses the x-axis. (c) Given that the point P (4, -2) lies on MN. Find the ratio area of A,LMP : area of LLNP. t3l tzl
12)

Page 5

of7

Secondary 3 E Math End of Year Paper 2007

In the figure, ABCD is a parallelogram, with ZADC = 75o and ICEB: 45o -

AE: l0 cm, DE = lScm ,

(a) (b) (c) (d)

State with reason(s), the size

of IBCE

ttl
t1l

find tCBE

Find the length of BE Find the length of DB

I2l
t3l

l2- The diagrarn below

consists of two circles with equal radii of 9 cm- O and P are the centres of the circles.

(a) Prove that /.QOP:

1T

rad

tll

-1

Hence or otherwise, find (b) the length of the arc QPR, (c) the perimeter of the figure (denoted by the solid line), (d) the area of ihe figure.

tll
121

13l

Page6

of7

Secondary 3 E Math End of Year Paper 2007

13. In tlre diagrarn below. AC

CD,

ZABC

30o, IACB = d, where

is an obtuse angle.

(a) Express AC in terms of x and sin I (b) Flcnce, show that AD'

l2l
t3l
J

. :;[,'/1+cosd\
,f"r B

END OF PAPER

PageT

of7

Answers to Sec 3 E Math EOY 2007

Question I
(a)

(b)

A: B:

l,l3 } AnB:{3,5,7,11,13} n(A n B): 5


{2,3,5,7,1

{3,5,7,9,1l,l3,l5}

Question 2

Multiply by 6 throughout,
4x +12 >
-r >

3x-18

-30.

|
-30

>x

Q3a) Solurion:
-\'+

-J- --2
7--

= -r+3 2.r+l
.::a::::::!

2t-

2r(2x+l) =7(x+3) 4x1 +7x =7x+21 4r: -5r-21 =o (4-t+7)(x-3) =0 or x=


'7

i l:!-2_- 4(4)(-21)
2x4

.-.-r

-i'4 or x =3

Q3b Sohrtion

{ll--

...50 -50 -:"x x+l

4[5(x+l) -50t] = x(,r+l) 4[50x+50 -50x] = .rt +.tr

x'+x-2oo=o(showrl
; x=19.5km/h or x= -20.5
Question 4

-l (lt);r:---

+r(-l)'-qD(100)
(reject)

(a) : :

(25xa .v-?)2 (27 x6

y3) t

tl
[(52:r?_u)2 ]z

[(:x2y;31-r l (5x2 y)(3x21t)

-) Jx- v ^2 J-X 1I :

5 or .2 l-.
33
---io-

(b)

1024
=

10242

a3 :10243 a --1024.

Question 5

(a) (b) (c)

IBAC = 180" -

52"

58" (Z sum of A)

:70"
IBWU
(tangents drawn from an extemal point are equal)

=:# lV,CZWUV

l80o-58"
2

:61o

l80o

-64" -61"

:55o

Question 6

(a) p:22 ,
(b)

q:600

', fi.,

')i!)

(c)

Gradient of tangent

: !2:2i r= -0.03571 = -0-a357 480 60


-

(d)

The gradient represents the cost reduction per copy-

Qucstion 7

(a)Grad

5-r-? ot'PO- -'- =l

4+

(b) Eq. of

PQ:

-r'

: -r * C

At (4, 5),

5:4+C C:l

y:x+l
CoerdinatesofR:(0, l)
(c) PR

.,,5t .l

3t

.,irs

: l.,D

: .lli : qiz PQ: ,h\71 : ..,'98 : 7',[t


ngJ+' ++2

.'. PR+ Re: 2",[) + 4Jt

- tJ- : eg

(d)

i.

Eq.of

pS: ,r:4

At (4, -.s).

-5:4+C

c: -e
:.y: x
9

Solutiott

8a

(t)

Circuntfere Circuntfere

nce o.f I arg e mooncake nce of small ntooncake


mooncake

-)t

! lZass tJ small

"ok"

(ii

'
)

Surface Surface

area

of small ntooncake of I arg emooncake


small
2

(i) '
: 9 xl40
25

Surface

area of :50
25

mooncake

2 ,*

Solution 8b)

(i)IABC : /,ACD (giveit ) /BAC :ICAD (Common angle )


-'.LABC is sintilar Io A,ACD (AA property"

I tL ,-:-

...-

' 'AC AD AB9 96

AB AC

BC CD

AB:L 6
:13

Lc*
)

(iii )-

area of LACD

of L,ABC
4
9

\*7!*nt :2 2|

l r.l3 xlrt

(a) ft)

Question 9
cr

180" - 95o 85o (interior angles) bearing of C frorn B 360" - (85" + 30')

:245"

(angles at a point)

_ 7a sin C sin30"
120

sirLACB

l2osin3oo
70

IACB:

sin-r

( t zosin

(.?ol

ro')

ZACB:65.2897" = 59.0"

(c)

shortest distance from A to 120 shortest distance sin 30"

: "'

/uI

BC:

line from A perpendicular to .BC,

120 x sin 30"

59-99 m = 60-0 m

(d)

maximum angle of depression occurs along the shortest distance T to BC

tan0:
0

25

: tan-l 25

63.s9

63-59

:22.61o =

22.6o

i:=3

Question l0 (a) Let (.r. i,) be coordinatcs of

.rV.

1_+6:

-r+l

2.r-"+l?:r*l

-r=2-1,+ll -eq. I
t,-1
I
I

:l

y-1:l--r
x

=2* !*

eq-2

Solving eq.

I & eq. 2 gives


-v-

2y+11:2-31,,

: -9

-u: -3
Fr. eq.2,

x:2-(-J)-5
Coordinates of

N-

(5,

.Y

3)

(b)

Eq.

of

lt'[N:

- -x + C

At (1, l),

l:-l+c
C:2
,. -y---r-rL ,
a

At.r-axis, l,: 0:-x12


-lL

--a

Thus, req'd coordinates: (2, 0)

Part

iv)

By sine-rule,

BC
sin

CE

'R/cE\=;il488) BC8
45" sin 60o BC =]9 = 6.53 19
J6
BC can be fourrd using cosine-rule as well. Ml for finding the value for BC by sine-rule or cosine-ruIe. By cosine-rule,

DB2
DB2

DC2 + BC2

-z(oc\nc)cos(zcco\

:(ro)' *(#)' - r{r'{f)cosros"


'l

DB:13.28
DB:13.3cnt

Ml for application and correct Al for final answer.


Question l2

substitution of cosine-ruIe. Students may use decimals.

(a) OQ: PQ:9


and

crn (radius of circle) .'- L OQP is an equilateral triangle

{*

IQOP =

,od or 60o (proven) [Bl]

(b)

IQOR:

+ J

radian or 120o

Length of arc

QPR:

r0: 9 v '-!! :
J

a-

6n

:6 x 3.142: 18.852 = 18.9 cm


(c)

[Bl]

:75.408 =75.4

Perirneter of figure :2 x (circumference of I circle :2 x(2nr - 18.852) :2 x (2 x3.142 x 9 - 18.852)

length of arc

QpB

fM\

cm

[Bl]
area of minor segment)

(d)

Area of

:z,l *, _(!r,e _L,,ri"plI

figure:2 x (area of one circle -

L \z

z-

)l

Let h be the common height

of MMP and AINP.

Area of ALMP : Area

of

A./,NP

L*MP*h:
2

I _X NPx h

MP:NP

,tl'
Jt8

*
,Ji
'J)

.,,['*t'

3J'

3:l
Question I I Suggested solutions
Part i)

IBCE

IADC =75"

(corresponding angles, parallel lines)

No marks if no reason or wrongreason is given. Other methods are acceptable as long as the reason is correct.
Part

ii)
75"

ICBE = l80o /.CBE: 60"

- 45"

(angle sum of triangie)


a"\

Award the marks even if no reason is grven.


Part

"J

iii)
..

By sine-ruIe,.

{^@c4-'i,Ac6
BE sin 75"
8

BE

CE

sin 6C"

BE:8.9228cm
BE =8.92cm

: zlg'y -(:e'H:409.44 = 409 cmz

i tn' ).'"

z1

Question 13 a) By sine-rule

AC
sin

AB
N4l

30" sin d AC: 'r

2sin0

AI

Ml: forthe correct use of sine-rule Al: for the correct answer
b) Given AC: CD By Cosine rule,

AD2

: cDz + AC2 -z(,nc\ec)cos(zeco)

AD2 = z[ AD2 AD2

--l-l \zsine )

\2

_r[=+^ |

12

\2sin0 ) "o'(r

s0'-

p)

=+!-4sin' 0

="r' It 2 \ sin'? )

4sin' + cgsd)

.1*" 0' ,(-cosd)

N,il

AI

Ml: for the correct use of cosine rule Ml: for using cos(l80" -e):-cosd A l: for the correct answer

' .t

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