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# LINEAR ICs & APPLICATIONS 1.

Explain the operation of a high impedance capacitor coupled voltage follower, with a neat circuit diagram. Obtain the expression for input impedance of the circuit. 2. Briefly discuss the upper cut off frequency of an op-amp circuit. Show how the cut-off frequency can be set for inverting and non-inverting amplifiers. b. Design a capacitor coupled inverting amplifier to operate with a + 20V supply. The minimum input signal level is 50mv, voltage gain is to be 68, the load resistance is 500, and the lower cutoff frequency is to be 200Hz. Use 741 op-amp. 3. a. A capacitor coupled non-inverting amplifier is to have a +24V supply, a voltage gain of 100, an output amplitude of 5V, a lower cutoff frequency of 75Hz and a minimum load resistance of 5.6k. Using a 741 op-amp, design a suitable circuit. Given: I b(max) = 500nA, f1 = 75Hz, RL = 5.6K . b. Explain how exactly the circuit of a non-inverting ac amplifier is modified to be used with single-supply op-amp. 4. Design a c-coupled inverting amplifier for a pass-band gain of 100, f1 =120Hz and f2 = 5 KHZ. Assume RL =2K and use LF353 BIFET op-amp. 5. Explain the operation of a capacitor-coupled non-inverting amplifier and high Zin capacitorcoupled non-inverting amplifier, with necessary circuit diagrams and equation. 6. Design a capacitorcoupled voltage follower using a 741 op-amp. The lower cutoff frequency for the circuit is 50Hz, I b(max) = 500nA and the load resistance is RL =4.7K. b. With a neat circuit diagram design a capacitorcoupled difference amplifier. 7. With the help of frequency and phase response curves of a typical op-amp, discuss the concept of circuit stability for high gain and low gain amplifiers. 8. a.Explain the frequency compensation technique, using a phase-lead network. b. Define slew rate and determine slew rate limited cut-off frequency for a 741 based voltage follower. The peak sine wave output should be 10V. Given : slew rate of 741 is 0.5V/sec. 9. Define and briefly explain (i) Loop gain (ii) Loop phase shift (iii) Phase margin (iv) Unity gain bandwidth. 10. a.With a neat circuit diagram, explain Zin Mod method of frequency compensation write the equation for the feedback factor.

11.a. Calculate the slew rate limited cutoff frequency for a voltage follower circuit using a 741 op-amp, if the peak of sine wave output is to be 6V. Determine the maximum peak value of the sinusoidal output voltage that will allow the 741 voltage follower. Circuit to operate the 800KHz. Unity gain cutoff frequency. Given S = 0.5V/sec. b. Determine the upper cutoff frequency and the maximum distortion free output amplitude for a voltage follower when a 741 op-amp is used. 12. With a neat sketch, explain the working of a lag compensation network. Show how it affects the frequency response of an op-amp. 13. a).Draw the circuit of a current source using an op-amp and a power MOSFET. Indicate typical voltage levels throughout the circuit and explain its operation. b) Sketch the circuit of a two output half-wave precision rectifier. Draw the input and output waveforms and explain the circuit operation.(6M) 14. Design a voltage source to provide a constant output voltage of 6V using zener diode. Vz = 6.3V. The load resistance has a minimum value of 150 . And the supply voltage is + 12V. Assume Iz = 20mA, hfe(min) = 20, Ic(max)>42mA and Vcc(max)> Vcc. Draw the circuit diagram and insert the designed values. 15. With a neat circuit diagram, explain the operation of high input impedance full-wave precision rectifier. Draw the voltage waveforms at various points and write the appropraiate equations to show that full wave rectification is performed. 16. Design an instrumentation amplifier to have an overall voltage gain of 625. The input signal amplitude is 10mv, 741 op-amps are to be used, and the supply is +20V. 17. With a neat sketch, explain the working of a precision voltage source using op-amp with a zener diode. Derive an expression relating Vo and Vz . 18. Draw the circuit of an instrumentation amplifier. Explain its characteristics. Also show how the voltage gain can be varied.

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