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Reg. No.

Question Paper Code: P1711


B.E./B.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATIONS, JANUARY 2010 Regulations 2008 First Semester Common to all branches (except Marine Engg) CY2111 ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY I Time: Three Hours Answer ALL Questions Part A - (10 x 2 = 20 Marks) Maximum: 100 Marks

1. Calculate the hardness of a water sample containing 2.4 mg of calcium chloride in 500 ml of water. 2. What is calgon? How does it function in water treatment? 3. Why thermosetting plastics can not be remoulded? 4. What i s the role of sulphur in the vulcanization of rubber? 5. Compare absorption and adsorption. 6. Mention any four applications of adsorption. 7. Furnish the sequence of reactions in proton cycle nuclear fusion. 8. Give any two advantages of alkaline battery over dry cell. 9. Dene refractoriness of a refractory. 10. What are nanomaterials? Mention any two of their characteristic properties.

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Part B - (5 x 16 = 80 Marks) 11. (a) (i) How is temporary hardness of water estimated by EDTA method? (8) (ii) What ar e the requirements of potable water? How will you purify water for drinking purpose? (8) OR 11. (b) (i) What are ion exchange resins? How ar e they useful in removing hardness of water? (8) (ii) What is desalination? With a neat diagram, describe the reverse osmosis method for the desalination of brackish water. (8) 12. (a) (i) How are the following polymers prepared? (1) Teon (2) Polystyrene (3) PET (4) Nylon 6, 6. (ii) Explain the mechanism of free radical addition polymerization. OR (8)

12. (b) (i) What is natural rubber? Explain why natural rubber needs vulcanization. How is it carried out? (8) (ii) What are composites? Give the preparation and uses of glass bre reinforced composites and carbon bre reinforced composites. (8) 13. (a) (i) Compare physisorption and chemisorption. (8) (ii) Adsorption of gases on solids is greatly inuenced by temperature, pressure and nature of the adsorbent and adsorbate. Justify. (8) OR 13. (b) (i) Describe the role of adsorbents in catalysis with examples. (8) (ii) How is the ion exchange adsorption useful in demineralization of water? Explain. (8) 14. (a) (i) Explain with a neat diagram the parts and functions of a nuclear reactor. (8) (ii) Write a note on photovoltaic cell. (8) 2 P1711

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OR 14. (b) (i) Explain the working of hydrogen-oxygen fuel cell. (ii) Write a short note on lithium batteries. 15. (a) (i) How are alumina and carborundum manufactured? (ii) What are refractories? How ar e they classied?. OR 15. (b) (i) What are uid and boundary lubrications? Explain. (8) (ii) What are carbon nanotubes? Explain any three of their important applications. (8) (8) (8) (12) (4)

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P1711