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POPULATION:

Pakistan at the time of independence in 1974, 32.5 million people lived in Pakistan according to this estimate; population in mid 2011 is estimated at 177.1 million. But we added 144.6 million more people during the last 64 years. Pakistan population has been growing at a decelerating pace but still Pakistan has one of the highest population growth rates in the world. The worlds population is now more than 6.8 billion and continues to grow by 83 million people per year. During the last half-century, the worlds population more than doubled. Between 1960 and 2010, the world population rose from 3 billion to 6.8 billion. Currently the rate of population increase is 1.2% per year,

Basic facts and figures (2011 EST.)


Population..187,342,721 Population growth rate 1.573% 24.81 births/1,000 population Birth rate..24.81 births/1,000 population Death rate.6.92 deaths/1,000 population Total fertility rate.3.17 children born/woman

Population growth rate


Period 1972-81 1981-98 1998-10 2011 PGR (%) 3.05 2.69 2.05 1.573

Population Growth rate


3.5 3 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 0 1972-81 1981-98 1998-10 2011 PGR(%)

Crude birth rate:


Crude birth rate shows growth or increase in a population per thousand persons. Or This entry gives the average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate.

Crude death rate:


These show the growth and a decline of a population per thousand death. Or This entry gives the average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate.

Mortality rate:
IMR (Infant Mortality Rate) is the number of newborns who dies before celebrating their first birth day.

Fertility rate:
Fertility rate Total Fertility Rate means average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age

Net Addition In Population Births 4.82M 401,667 13,205 550 8 Deaths 1.29M 107,500 3,534 147 2 net 3.53 M 294,167 9,671 403 6

In One Year One Month One day One hour One minute

Country 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Pakistan 4.56 4.41 4.25 4.1 4.29 4.14 4 3.71 3.73 3.6 3.28 3.17

Causes of rapid increase in population


The main factors which have led to the great increase in population are as follows:

o Lack of education
Some of the citizens don't have enough education that would tell them the right number and spacing of their children. They are not knowledgeable about the consequences they could possibly face by having a lot of children. They also think that if they have a lot of children, a lot will help them when they grow old.

Unemployment
Poor families spend more time together. Usually (based from an interview I've done), they get bored and they have nothing to do so they get into sexual intercourse to kill all the time they have for each other. They consider procreation as past time.

o Low standard of living.


It is an established fact that people with low income have more children. The poor persons are not afraid of a further fall in their standard of living as a result of large number of children.

o Early marriages.
In Pakistan, the marriage takes place usually between 15 to 22 years of age. The span for reproductively is longer.

o Source of power. Large family is regarded a power to influence people and subdue persons around them. o Illiteracy.
o Due to lack of education people are not aware of the economic distress caused by high birth rate.

o Joint family system. o The joint family system though on the decline is also a cause for rapid bringing forth of
children.

o Universality of marriage.
o All men and woman of marriageable age enter into wedlock. as such the birth rate is higher in Pakistan.

o Population and the Environment


o Larger the population more will the environmental issues that we will have to deal with like population and deforest ration. These over population problems would not have affected us if we had unlimited land and resources.

Labor Force/Employment:
The labor force consists of all the people who are able to work in a country or area, or all the people who work for a particular company.

Employment:
Definition of Employment:
A situation in which all available labor resources are being used in the most economically efficient way. Full employment embodies the highest amount of skilled and unskilled labor that could be employed within an economy at any given time. The remaining unemployment is frictional.

Basic facts and figures (2011 EST.)


Pakistan total labor force..54.92 million Employment rate Unemployment rate5.95 % Literacy rate 40 %

Labor force:
year Male Female total 2008-09 41.91 11.81 53.72 2009-10 42.44 12.48 54.92

LABOUR FORCE
Labour force: 2008-09 Labour force: 2009-10 53.72 41.91 42.44 54.92

11.81

12.48

Male

Female

total

Step taken by the government to control population:


The following steps should be taken by the government to solve the problem. 1. For example, in 1970 the Chinese population reached 33.43% but in 1979 the president of china Deng Xiaoping establishes one child policy per couple. 2. If our government makes a policy to control over population then poverty rate and inflation rate also decrease in our country. 3. Population projections represent the playing out into the future of a set of as-assumptions about future fertility and mortality rates. More public education is needed to develop more awareness about population issues. Facts like the size or the growth rate of the human population should be in the head of every citizen. Schools should inform students about population issues in order for them to make projections about the future generations. 4. Individual choice, human rights and collective responsibility are key to al-lowing families to plan the size and spacing of their children. It is essential to achieve a balance between population and the available resources 5. Teachers, parents, other educators, politicians and other concerned citizens can practice how to make good decisions in everyday life. Decisions about family size and resource will affect the future generations. Through community forums, specific issues about the population growth can be discussed and possible action plans can be developed.

Steps taken by government to increase employment:


The following steps should be taken by the government to increase employment.

1. Integrated rural development programmed:

Introduced IRDP to

create full employment opportunities in rural areas. Under this programmed agriculture, animal husbandry, forests, fisheries, small and cottage industries, construction of roads and canals etc. are to be developed in all the 5111 development blocks.

2. Training for self employment:


unemployment among the youth.

The government of Pakistan should launch

Rural Youth for Self Employment. The main objective of this programmed is to reduce

3. Employment in Foreign Countries: Government also helps people to get


employment abroad. Special agencies have been set up to recruit people to serve in gulf countries like Kuwait, etc.

4. Small and Cottage Industries: In order to reduce unemployment, government


should special efforts to develop small and cottage industries.

5. Employment Exchanges: Government has set employment exchanges offering


information on the possible vocational avenues. These exchanges do not provide employment directly but are of great assistance in directing the job-seeker to the possible areas of employment.

Conclusion:
In our point of view our Government should make a policy to control over population. If over population is controlled then poverty rate decreases and inflation rate is also decreases and more employment opportunities in our country. If employment opportunities are there then prosperity and peace among the country.