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2007.

Koreas National Spatial Data Infrastructure

Sang-Ki Hong
Chair, Department of Urban Information Engineering, Anyang University, Korea
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Contents

1. National GIS in Korea 2. National Geographic Information Distribution System 3. The Future of GIS in Korea

1. National GIS in Korea


Introduction The 1st NGIS Master Plan The 2nd NGIS Master Plan The 3rd NGIS Master Plan

Introduction

Backgrounds of NGIS
In the early 90s some municipalities (Taegu, Gwangju, etc) began to use GIS for spatial data management Gas explosion accidents in 94.12 and 95.4, made the central government realize the importance of spatial data handling

Milestones
1995. 5 : Establishment of the First NGIS Master Plan 1995. 6 : MOCT took the leading role in NGIS 2000. 1 : Enactment of the NGIS Law 2000. 12 : Establishment of the Second NGIS Master Plan 2005. 12 : Establishment of the Third NGIS Master Plan

The 1st NGIS Master Plan

Major Contents
Plan period: 1995-2000 Contents: Setting up organizational structure for NGIS Generation of spatial databases Digital base maps & various thematic maps Development of GIS technologies GIS education and training Standardization Total Cost: US$ 279 Million

The 1st NGIS Master Plan

Major Outcome
Construction of digital maps
Digital base maps 1:1,000 1:5,000 1:25,000 Various digital thematic maps Digital cadastral map

Generating underground facility DB


Detailed level of survey and investigation Drinking pipe, sewer, road, gas, oil transport, telecom, heating, electricity

Standardization
Cartographic representation, production

Support for GIS Research and Development

The 1st NGIS Master Plan

Construction of digital base maps


1: 1,000
Mapping Revision

1:5,000
Mapping Revision

1:25,000
Mapping Revision

1:250,000
Mapping Revision

12,428

3,150

16,494

1,660

754

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The 1st NGIS Master Plan

Thematic Maps and Cadastral Maps

Land use Map

UIS Base Map

Digital Elevation Model

Vegetation Map

Cadastral Map

The 1st NGIS Master Plan

Standards Developed
Scope National (KICS) NGII Industry (TTA) Regulations on geographic information production MOCIE* MIC** National (KS) National (KICS) and Industry (TTA) # of standard 1 9 23 11 4 year 1998~ 1998~ 1999~ 1999~ 1998~

* MOCIE: Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Energy ** MIC: Ministry of Information and Communication

The 2nd NGIS Master Plan

Major Contents
Plan period: 2001-2005 Contents: National framework database Geographic information distribution network GIS applications development Standardization Human Resource development GIS Research and Development Total Cost: US$ 499 Million

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The 2nd NGIS Master Plan

National Framework Database


Provide the most common data themes users need Consisted of the following 8 themes: Administrative boundaries Transportation Hydrography Cadastral maps Geodetic controls Topographic maps Facilities Satellite imagery & aerial photographs

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The 2nd NGIS Master Plan

Building a NSDI Framework data


Cadastral/utilities Transportation Hydrology Administration Geodetic control Topography(DEM) Land cover Images

Thematic data

Flood map Drainage Landuse map Urban planning Facilities

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The 2nd NGIS Master Plan

Geographic information distribution network

GI Consumer GI Producer

National Geographic Information Distribution System

National Clearinghouse

Regional Clearinghouse Nodes

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The 2nd NGIS Master Plan

GIS Applications Development


Underground facilities Environment Urban planning Mineral resources Agriculture Forestry Maritime and fisheries, etc.

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The 2nd NGIS Master Plan

GIS Standardization
Production Cartographic representation Terminology Quality Classification (code) Metadata Data model Data transfer (format)

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The 2nd NGIS Master Plan

GIS Human Resources


Improve the GIS education system
Increasing need for GIS professionals

Build an integrated GIS education network Encompasses industry, academia, and research institutes Increase the public recognition of GIS Active public relations campaign

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The 2nd NGIS Master Plan

GIS R&D
Continuing support for GIS-related research
Map generation and surveying Application SW development Data distribution related technologies Component SW technology

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The 2nd NGIS Master Plan

Role of NGII
Updating & Maintaining digital base maps Generating version 2 topographic maps Drafting and distributing standards Building and maintaining national framework database

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The 3rd NGIS Master Plan

Major Contents
Plan period: 2006-2010 Contents: Expansion of national spatial data infrastructure and stabilization GIS use maximization Development of core GIS technologies Establishment of NGIS standards Advancement of NGIS policy Total Cost: US$ 1,520 Million

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The 3rd NGIS Master Plan

Paradigm Shift
Strong promotion for informatization in Korea: -u-KOREA -u-City -u-IT839 strategy GIS is an essential element for development of the future Korea

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The 3rd NGIS Master Plan

Direction for GIS development

Administration

Industry

Applied sector

Technology sector

Administrative portal service GIS service in daily life Business GIS Civil service GIS based contents Applied programs U-GIS contents Development of applied programs GIS distribution S/W development technique GIS related integration technology DB construction GIS based information system Develop high technique for GIS Construction of GIS applying system GIS common DB construction GIS integration

Service

Public sector
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Private sector

The 3rd NGIS Master Plan

Long-term vision and promotion strategy

Vision Vision

Infrastructure promotion for ubiquitous Korea


Embodiment of GIS based Embodiment of GIS based on e-government on e-government Improvement of Improvement of quality of life through GIS quality of life through GIS Creating new businesses Creating new businesses using GIS using GIS

Objectives Objectives

To strengthen the NGIS basis

Promotion Promotion Strategy Strategy

Maximize the practical merit of NGIS Cooperate with strategies of making informatization Korea

Construct National Spatial Data Infrastructure for users demand

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The 3rd NGIS Master Plan

Main contents of The Third NGIS Plan (2006~2010)


Expansion of national spatial data infrastructure and stabilization Complete the construction of National Spatial Data Infrastructure by 2010 Update national framework data in a timely fashion and provide data quality standard GIS use maximization Expand the adoption of GIS in various applications and promote system integration between related systems Construct one-stop geodata portal

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The 3rd NGIS Master Plan

Main contents of The Third NGIS Plan (2006~2010)


Development of core GIS technologies Develop next-generation u-GIS technology Develop value-added products Establishment of NGIS standard management system Establish base NGIS standards Mandate the use of NGIS standards in applications Improvement of NGIS policy Strengthen the support for GIS industry and human resource development Enhance the GIS promotion and improve project coordination
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The 3rd NGIS Master Plan

Role of NGII
Expansion of Framework Data and Quality Control Continue to Build Framework Database for Transportation, Hydrology, Facilities, Topography, Geodetic Control, Spatial Imagery Update and maintain the framework database and set up a quality control system Construction of New National Geospatial databases Construct 3D digital topographic map database Construct a new multi-dimensional geospatial data by combining aerial photos, remote sensing images, and DEMs Develop an Integrated Spatial Imagery Management System

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The 3rd NGIS Master Plan

Role of NGII (continued)


Standardization Actively participate in international standardization activity (ISO, OGC etc.) Timely update existing standards Develop base standards for spatial information classification and various application services Upgrade the exchange standard for digital topographic maps and framework data Develop the standard for 3D geographic data, mobile and webbased geographic information

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2. National Geographic Information Distribution System


Backgrounds Goals Elements National Clearinghouse Network Conceptual Diagram Search and Download Flow Statistics Technologies NGIC vs. GOS Future Development

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Backgrounds
Geographic Information Construction
Increasing demand for GIS data

Geographic Information Distribution

1st NGIS
Information Construction

Rapid Informatization of society

2nd NGIS
Information Use and Sharing

Increased demand for digital spatial data

Geographic Information Distribution System

GIS DB construction

GIS DB Application development

Development in GIS Research

Construction Construction Transportation Transportation Environment Environment Agriculture Agriculture

Culture Culture Tourism Tourism Etc. Etc.

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Goals

Digital Spatial Data


/

Information Distribution System

Establishment of Organizational Structure

On-line Information Delivery

Information System for Data Sharing

Realization of Digital Land


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Elements

Public and private sector Central and local governments

Geographic Information Producer

Geographic Information Consumer

National Geographic Information Distribution System


9 Strategic Locations

National Geographic Information Clearinghouse

Regional Clearinghouse Nodes

NGII, Seoul, Pusan, Incheon, Daegu, Gwangju, Daejon, Jeju, Gangwon

MOCT

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National Clearinghouse Network


Seoul Incheon NGIC(MOCT) NGII Wonju

Daejon

Daegu

Gwangju

Busan

Jeju
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Conceptual Diagram

National Geographic Information Clearinghouse


Gateway

internet

Geographic information Consumer


Information Search

Search Result

Geographic data Producer

Payment Data download Payment

Payment Data Registration and Uploads

Financial agency

Clearinghouse Nodes

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Search and Download Flow


1. Access 2. Search 3. Results 6. Selection 7. Payment

4. Meta data

5. Map View

8. Download

PC

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Statistics

Data registration

Number of meta data: 721,127 - Digital base maps, Land use thematic maps etc.

Data distribution

Number of downloads: 879,173 - Purchase : 101,608 - Free : 777,565

Membership

Number of registered members: 27,921

As of 2007. 2
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Technologies

Catalog Service Std. (Z39.50) 2 Meta data search

RDBMS (attribute) GIS DB (spatial)

XML

Spatial DBMS for GIS

0 Geographic/ Meta data record


Clearinghouse Nodes

DP (Data Provider) Catalog Service

Main Center

3 Search results

Geo-Data Producer

Simple Feature Spec.

6 Download 4 Purchase list Check 1 Log-in, search PKI MapBrowser -Active X -Simple Feature Spec. DRM SSL

XML

Active X

5 payment
Financial agency

DRM

Consumer
Credit Card Account transfer

PKI/SSL
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NGIC vs. GOS


US Started building NSDI(National Spatial Data Infrastructure) Develop from clearinghouse to Geospatial One-Stop(GOS)

GOS GOS Thematic Map Service Customized Service Marketplace Service Community My Tools Statistical Service Web-based Services

NGIC NGIC Thematic Map Service Customized Service Interface Improvement Community Map Search and Edit Data Trial Sercvice Introduction of CRM Expansion of Spatial Data
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Future Development
National Geographic Information Portal

Geographic Information Producer

Geographic Information Consumer

Central government

Central government
Portal service Portrayal service

Local government Public enterprise

Local government

Geographic information

NGIC
Catalog service

Regional Clearinghouse Nodes Clearinghouse Nodes

Data service

Private sector Business


Consumer

Private sector

Metadata

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3. The Future of GIS in Korea


3D Spatial Data Infrastructure Disaster Prevention and Management Location Based Services Intelligent Transport Systems Ubiquitous City Ubiquitous GI Technology Ubiquitous GI and U-Korea

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3D Spatial Data Infrastructure

3D spatial Data Infrastructure


Pilot project for the 3D data model and standards National 3D database construction

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Disaster Prevention and Management

Disaster Management (Flood and Landslide etc,.)


Analysis of the overflow timing and possible flood area Analysis of potential landslide area

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Location Based Services

LBS & LBS Marketing


Location-Based Services (LBS) refers a wide range of services based on the information for the physical location of user or device (i.e. mobile phone, PDA) Location-Based Promotion: Mobile Marketing

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Intelligent Transportation Systems

Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS)


Leap forward in ITS by various cutting-edge techniques Provide technological solution to transportation problems such as congestion and accident Improvement of safety and convenience for citizen

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Ubiquitous City

Ubiquitous City
Ubiquitous City (U-City) is the city that accommodates citizen's need, and is based on the advanced IT (GIS is the essential element for UCity) The MOCT has been defining U-City models and drawing up the U-City construction laws
U-government U-health U-education

U-office

U-logistics
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U-home

U-traffic

Ubiquitous GI Technology
Sensor H/W Sensor Network U-Telecommunication Sensor S/W

Sensor Technology

Position tracking Web Mapping

UbiGI Technology
GIS
LBS/ Telematics

Open LBS Platform OpenLS Based Geo-mobility Implementation

Component GIS

Data Provider

Spatial Decision Support System

LBS Applications

Real-time moving feature processing


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Ubiquitous GI and U-Korea

U-City

U-Land

U-Life

UbiGI Technology
Technology Development Standardization Testbed

GIS/RS

LBS/Telematics

Sensor Infrastructure

Realization of U-Korea
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skhong@anyang.ac.kr

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