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AS 1742.

2—2009
(Incorporating Amendment No. 1)
AS 1742.2—2009

Australian Standard®
This is a free 8 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

Manual of uniform traffic control devices

Part 2: Traffic control devices for


general use
This Australian Standard® was prepared by Committee MS-012, Road Signs and Traffic
Signals. It was approved on behalf of the Council of Standards Australia on 5 February 2009.
This Standard was published on 16 March 2009.

The following are represented on Committee MS-012:

• ACT Department of Territory and Municipal Services


• ARRB Transport Research
A1 • AUSTROADS (representative from Department of Transport, Energy and
Infrastructure, SA)
• Association of Consultants in Access Australia
• Australian Automobile Association
• Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry

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Australian Historic Motoring Federation


• Australian Industry Group
• Australian Motorcycle Council
• Commonwealth Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and
Local Government
• Department of Infrastructure, Planning and Environment, NT
• Institute of Public Works Engineering Australia
• Main Roads Department, Qld
• Main Roads Western Australia
• Roadmarking Industry Association of Australia

This Standard was issued in draft form for comment as DR 07227.

Standards Australia wishes to acknowledge the participation of the expert individuals that
contributed to the development of this Standard through their representation on the
Committee and through the public comment period.

Keeping Standards up-to-date


Australian Standards® are living documents that reflect progress in science, technology and
systems. To maintain their currency, all Standards are periodically reviewed, and new editions
are published. Between editions, amendments may be issued.

Standards may also be withdrawn. It is important that readers assure themselves they are
using a current Standard, which should include any amendments that may have been
published since the Standard was published.

Detailed information about Australian Standards, drafts, amendments and new projects can
be found by visiting www.standards.org.au

Standards Australia welcomes suggestions for improvements, and encourages readers to


notify us immediately of any apparent inaccuracies or ambiguities. Contact us via email at
mail@standards.org.au, or write to Standards Australia, GPO Box 476, Sydney, NSW 2001.
AS 1742.2—2009
(Incorporating Amendment No. 1)

Australian Standard®
This is a free 8 page sample. Access the full version at http://infostore.saiglobal.com.

Manual of uniform traffic control devices

Part 2: Traffic control devices for


general use

Originated as part of AS CA14—1935.


Previous edition part of AS 1742.2—1994 and part of AS 1742.8—1990.
Revised, amalgamated and designated as AS 1742.2—2009.
Reissued incorporating Amendment No. 1 (October 2009).

COPYRIGHT
© Standards Australia
All rights are reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or copied in any form or by
any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, without the written
permission of the publisher.
Published by Standards Australia GPO Box 476, Sydney, NSW 2001, Australia
ISBN 0 7337 9048 8
AS 1742.2—2009 2

PREFACE
This Standard was prepared by the Standards Australia Committee MS-012, Road Signs and
Traffic Signals to supersede, in part, AS 1742.2—1994, Manual of uniform traffic control
devices, Part 2: Traffic control devices for general use, and part of AS 1742.8—1990,
Manual of uniform traffic control devices, Part 8, Freeways, which has been withdrawn.
This Standard incorporates Amendment No. 1 (October 2009). The changes required by the
Amendment are indicated in the text by a marginal bar and amendment number against the
clause, note, table, figure or part thereof affected.
This Standard is one of a series of fourteen Standards as follows:
AS
1742 Manual of uniform traffic control devices
1742.1 Part 1: General introduction and index of signs
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1742.2 Part 2: Traffic control devices for general use (this Standard)
1742.3 Part 3: Traffic control for works on roads
1742.4 Part 4: Speed controls
1742.5 Part 5: Street name and community facility name signs
1742.6 Part 6: Service and tourist signs for motorists
1742.7 Part 7: Railway crossings
1742.9 Part 9: Bicycle facilities
1742.10 Part 10: Pedestrian control and protection
1742.11 Part 11: Parking controls
1742.12 Part 12: Bus, transit and truck lanes
1742.13 Part 13: Local area traffic management
1742.14 Part 14: Traffic signals
1742.15 Part 15: Direction signs, information signs and route numbering
This Standard deals with regulatory and warning signs, markings and devices for general
use and is applicable to all roads other than freeways. It has been divided into two main
sections, one dealing with controls at intersections and the other with controls between
intersections. The latter section has been further divided by relating the devices to specific
traffic situations and problem areas between intersections.
This edition of this Standard contains a number of revisions that reflect changes in practice
and traffic control device usages that have evolved since the earlier edition of the Standard
was published. The more significant changes are as follows:
(a) AS 1742.8 (Freeway controls) has been withdrawn. Its subject matter has now been
incorporated into various other relevant standards including this Standard.
(b) Requirements and recommendations relating to direction signs, route numbering and
information signs have been removed from this edition and published separately as
the new AS 1742.15.
(c) A number of new signs required under the Australian Road Rules that were published
in the now expired AS 1742.1 Supp.1(Int)—2000 have been transferred to this
Standard. They include signs related to the control of trucks and buses on steep
grades, and load limits on bridges.
(d) The Standard includes signs for the warning of substandard curves, which now have
added symbolic elements to be used where needed to warn of intersections on the
curve.
(e) Yellow raised pavement markers are now specified in lieu of white for use on all
dividing lines, right hand edge lines, median and median island outlines. Note that the
colour of painted markings has not been changed.
3 AS 1742.2—2009

(f) Treatments at lane reductions (merges) have been substantially revised.


(g) A number of new symbolic signs to warn of the presence on the road of animals in the
wild have been introduced.
(h) The method of assessing the advisory speed on substandard horizontal curves has
been updated.
The terms ‘normative’ and ‘informative’ have been used in this Standard to define the
application of the appendix to which they apply. A ‘normative’ appendix is an integral part
of a Standard, whereas an ‘informative’ appendix is only for information and guidance.
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AS 1742.2—2009 4

CONTENTS

Page

SECTION 1 SCOPE AND GENERAL


1.1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................ 6
1.2 APPLICATION ........................................................................................................... 6
1.3 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS .................................................................................. 6
1.4 DEFINITIONS ............................................................................................................ 7
1.5 SPECIFICATION OF SIGNS, MARKINGS AND DELINEATORS .......................... 8
1.6 RESPONSIBILITY AND AUTHORITY FOR INSTALLATION............................... 8
1.7 GENERAL PRINCIPLES............................................................................................ 8

SECTION 2 TREATMENTS AT NON-EXPRESSWAY INTERSECTIONS


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2.1 SCOPE OF SECTION ............................................................................................... 10


2.2 DEVICES USED ....................................................................................................... 10
2.3 INTERSECTION CONTROL AND MOVEMENT REGULATION......................... 10
2.4 APPLICATION OF DEVICES.................................................................................. 11
2.5 CONTROL BY GIVE WAY AND STOP SIGNS ..................................................... 11
2.6 ROUNDABOUT CONTROL .................................................................................... 16
2.7 CONTROL BY TRAFFIC SIGNALS........................................................................ 17
2.8 REGULATION OF MOVEMENTS AT INTERSECTIONS ..................................... 17
2.9 INTERSECTION WARNING SIGNS....................................................................... 22
2.10 PAVEMENT MARKINGS AT INTERSECTIONS................................................... 30
2.11 HAZARD MARKERS AND OTHER DEVICES ...................................................... 31
2.12 TYPICAL ARRANGEMENT DIAGRAMS FOR INTERSECTIONS ...................... 32

SECTION 3 TREATMENTS AT EXPRESSWAY INTERCHANGES AND TERMINALS


3.1 SCOPE OF SECTION ............................................................................................... 41
3.2 GENERAL ................................................................................................................ 41
3.3 INTERSECTION CONTROL AT RAMP TERMINALS .......................................... 41
3.4 CONTROL OF MOVEMENT AND TRAFFIC ACCESS AT RAMP
TERMINALS ............................................................................................................ 41
3.5 SIGNS FOR TRAFFIC ON EXPRESSWAYS AT AND NEAR
INTERCHANGES..................................................................................................... 44
3.6 ADVANCE SIGNS FOR EXPRESSWAY TERMINALS......................................... 47
3.7 PAVEMENT MARKINGS ON EXPRESSWAYS AND AT ENTRANCE AND
EXIT RAMPS............................................................................................................ 48
3.8 SIGNS AND PAVEMENT MARKINGS AT INTERCHANGES AND
TERMINALS ............................................................................................................ 48

SECTION 4 TREATMENTS BETWEEN INTERSECTIONS


4.1 SCOPE OF SECTION ............................................................................................... 55
4.2 PAVEMENT MARKINGS AND DELINEATION ................................................... 55
4.3 PAVEMENT BARS .................................................................................................. 61
4.4 TREATMENT OF SUBSTANDARD HORIZONTAL CURVES ............................. 63
4.5 TREATMENT OF SUBSTANDARD VERTICAL CURVES ................................... 76
4.6 TREATMENT OF APPROACHES TO STRUCTURES AND OBSTRUCTIONS ... 78
4.7 CHANGES IN PAVEMENT WIDTH ....................................................................... 98
4.8 CLIMBING AND OVERTAKING LANES, AND TURNOUTS ............................ 108
4.9 STEEP GRADES AND SAFETY RAMPS ............................................................. 113
4.10 WATER CROSSINGS ............................................................................................ 123
5 AS 1742.2—2009

Page

4.11 PHYSICAL OBSTRUCTIONS AND HAZARDS................................................... 129


4.12 VARIABLE USE LANE SIGNS ............................................................................. 139
4.13 MISCELLANEOUS SIGNS .................................................................................... 140
4.14 USE OF FLASHING LIGHTS WITH WARNING SIGNS ..................................... 142

SECTION 5 PAVEMENT MARKINGS


5.1 SCOPE OF SECTION ............................................................................................. 143
5.2 GENERAL PRINCIPLES........................................................................................ 143
5.3 LONGITUDINAL LINES ....................................................................................... 145
5.4 TRANSVERSE LINES............................................................................................ 153
5.5 OTHER MARKINGS .............................................................................................. 155
5.6 RAISED PAVEMENT MARKERS......................................................................... 166
5.7 PAVEMENT MARKINGS AT ENTRANCE AND EXIT RAMPS......................... 175
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APPENDICES
A GUIDE TO THE DETERMINATION OF 85TH PERCENTILE SPEED ................. 177
B SIGN SIZE SELECTION ........................................................................................ 182
C ILLUMINATION AND REFLECTORIZATION OF SIGNS.................................. 183
D INSTALLATION AND LOCATION OF SIGNS .................................................... 184
E USE OF FLASHING LIGHTS WITH WARNING SIGNS ..................................... 194
F DETERMINATION OF ADVISORY SPEEDS ON HORIZONTAL CURVES...... 195
G DETERMINATION OF ADVISORY SPEEDS ON VERTICAL CURVES ........... 198
H SIGNS FOR WILDLIFE AWARENESS................................................................. 200

WORD INDEX............................................................................................................. 201


SIGN INDEX (ALPHABETICAL) ................................................................................ 205
SIGN INDEX (NUMERICAL) ...................................................................................... 209
AS 1742.2—2009 6

STANDARDS AUSTRALIA

Australian Standard
Manual of uniform traffic control devices

Part 2: Traffic control devices for general use

SECT ION 1 SCOPE AND GENERA L

1.1 SCOPE
This Standard specifies requirements for regulatory and warning signs, pavement markings
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and other devices for general use on roads including expressway type roads, and sets out the
way they are applied at intersections and interchanges, between intersections, and at a
number of specific situations including substandard horizontal and vertical curves,
approaches to structures and obstructions, changes in pavement width, climbing and
overtaking lanes, steep grades and water crossings.

1.2 APPLICATION
Apart from specific exceptions in the text this Standard applies to all roads other than
unsealed roads in remote areas (see Clause 1.4.4). Provisions of this Standard should be
applied in the latter case wherever relevant.

1.3 REFERENCED DOCUMENTS


The following documents are referred to in this Standard:
AS
1163 Structural steel hollow sections
1348 Road and traffic engineering—Glossary of terms
1742 Manual of uniform traffic control devices
1742.3 Part 3: Traffic control devices for works on roads
1742.4 Part 4: Speed controls
1742.5 Part 5: Street name and community facility name signs
1742.7 Part 7: Railway crossings
1742.9 Part 9: Bicycle facilities
1742.10 Part 10: Pedestrian control and protection
1742.11 Part 11: Parking controls
1742.13 Part 13: Local area traffic management
1742.14 Part 14: Traffic signals
1742.15 Part 15: Direction signs, information signs and route numbering
1743 Road signs—Specifications
1744 Forms of letters and numerals for road signs
1906 Retroreflective materials and devices for road traffic control purposes
1906.3 Part 3: Raised pavement markers (retroreflective and non-retroreflective)
2144 Traffic signal lanterns
2700 Colour standards for general purposes
4049 Paints and related materials—Pavement marking materials (series)

© Standards Australia www.standards.org.au


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AS 1742.2-2009, Manual of uniform traffic control


devices Traffic control devices for general use
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