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International Indexed & Referred Research Journal, May, 2012. ISSN- 0974-2832, RNI-RAJBIL 2009/29954;VoL.IV *ISSUE-40

Research Paper

Stress of Home Work and Its Management

Research Paper Stress of Home Work and Its Management   * Dr. (Mrs.) Parveen Sharma **
Research Paper Stress of Home Work and Its Management   * Dr. (Mrs.) Parveen Sharma **
 

* Dr. (Mrs.) Parveen Sharma ** Sh. K.K. Ahuja

May , 2012

 

* Principal, Rao Lal Singh College of Education, Sidhrawali (Gurgaon) ** Librarian, Rao Lal Singh College of Education ,Sidhrawali (Gurgaon)

 

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In the present time stress is associated in our every-day life. Stress can be caused by internal as well as external causes. It can be positive and negative as well. Even a pleasant change brings little stress and demands some coping. Little stress is useful for growth and development. But beyond some point stress becomes distress. "Stress is state of tension produced by pressure or conflicting demands with which the person can not adequately cope" Jary and Jary. In this paper the authors have tried to highlight the various types of stress and causes like physical ailment, change of job, uninteresting routine, personal loss, much to do in little time, academic achievement over ambition and home work. What enables some individuals to not only effectively cope with but thrive in the face of trouble and what makes others to crumble? The answer, perhaps lies in the way people perceive the situation that causes stress. Here particularly the pressure of home work is focussed. What is the importance of home work? How much it should be given? What type of stress it brings on the minds of the students. It can be controlled by using some coping skills like be focussed, get organised, understanding priority and taking break, etc. and how can we make home work interesting is being discussed in this paper. Hopefully these may prove helpful to students in the management of stress caused by Home Work.

Stress of Home Work and Its Management In the present-day Complex and Competitive

world, stress is associated with everyday life.All of us, one time or other, encounter situations (or people) that have the potential of creating stress for us. Stress can be defined as an internal state which can be caused by physical demands on the body (disease conditions, exercise, extremes of temperature and the like) or by environmental and social situations which are evalu- ated as potentiallyharmful, incontrollable or exceeding our resources for coping. The physical, environmental and social causes of the stress are termed stressors. Once induced by stressors, the internal stress state can then lead to various responses. On the one hand,

it can result in a number of physical bodily responses.

On the other hand, psychological responses such as anxiety, hopelessness, depression, irritability and a feeling of not being able to cope with the world can result from the stress state. Almost any change in the environment - even

a pleasant change, such as a vacation - demands some

coping; and a little stress is useful in helping us adapt.

But beyond some point, stress becomes distress. What acts to produce distress varies greatly from person to person, but some events seem to be stressors for many of us. According to Jary and Jary (1995) " Stress is a state of tension produced by pressure or conflicting demands with which the person can not adequately cope".It can be said that stress has to do with the state of prolonged tension and its consequences in the in-

dividual concerned. When people have fearsome ex- pectations, or when they have too much work to do in too short of time or when they face change in any important areas of life like death, loss of job, divorce etc. It is but natural for people to experience tension, which is beyond their capacity to cope with, leads to

stress. What is true is that stress is a reality. People tend to experience stress. When the pressure around be- comes excessive. In short, stress is the reaction people have towards excessive pressure. Causes of Stress Whatever we may be, student, doctors, law- yers, businessman, teachers etc. there is hardly any- one who is totally free from tension and stress. Every- day we are confronted with several situations that produce stress. Our ways of thinking, feeling and act- ing, almost anything may lead to stress. According to Dunham, there are four main stressors and they are as under:-

i. Anticipatory Stressors (thinking dreadful things, fearsome expectations).

ii. Time Stressors (too much to do in too little a time).

iii. Situational Stressors (i.e. moving house, getting divorced, death of dear ones, loss of job etc.

iv. Encounter Stressors (stress that emanates from

interpersonal conflict, quarrels etc.) Qubein too has enlisted a number of courses that may lead us to stress. Some of those stressors are as fol- lows:- Change in any important areas of our lives.

Dull and uninteresting routine.

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fol- lows:- Change in any important areas of our lives. Dull and uninteresting routine. 40 kk

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International Indexed & Referred Research Journal, May, 2012. ISSN- 0974-2832, RNI-RAJBIL 2009/29954;VoL.IV *ISSUE-40

Conflict with the people we love or the people we work with. Threats to our security. Personal loss through death, divorce or separation. Physical ailments. Pregnancy and the birth of a child. Too much to do in too little time. Stress by pressure of home work. We will discuss here especially the stress caused by pressure of home work. Homework, homework every where, In the kitchen, on the stairs, I need to do it here and now but I find that hard as I don't know how. Home work is to be given or not, how much to be given has become a debatable issue since times immemorial. The importance of the home work in the techniques of teaching has remained unquestioned. The home work offers the greatest opportunity for giving direction to learning activity through the set- ting up of objectives. It is also the determining factors in directing the development of effective study habits.

But if it is given more than required, bring mental as well as physical stress and imbalance on the mind of the child. People generally pass through a number of stages,

namely:-

* The alarming stage.

* The resistance stage.

* The exhaustion stage. If stress is not terminated in time, the effects of catabolic metabolism in which cell structure is bro- ken up can be disastrous. Under prolonged situation, every aspect of stress aroused can lead to its own disorder .The response of people to stressful situation differs widely. Some people seem to take it in the stride, while others can get overwhelmed by it. The effect of stress has an individuals depend, to a considerable extent, on their perspective, their coping skills and the manner in which the problems of life are generally ad- dressed. What enables some individuals to not only effectively cope with but thrive in the face of trouble and what makes others to crumble? The answer, perhaps lies in the way people perceive the situation that can cause stress. Given the same act of circumstances, one per- son may visualize a crisis where another finds it a challenge. Therefore, the key to controlling stress is learning to see things in a specific way. If viewed in the proper perspective, some may find in stress an oppor- tunity for growth and excitement. There is another factor, people who successfully cope with stress are usually very committed to what they do in life. Some overriding goal or belief gives them purpose which

gets them through life's inevitable difficulties and cri- sis. Let us discuss the main issue that is home work and its

stress

Meaning of Home Work Home work is the daily work given by the teachers from the work done in the school. Homework has to be assigned to the students to supplement class- room teaching because school time is sometime insuf- ficient to do every thing that the teacher feels neces- sary. Homework is one of the practical devices of teach- ing. In the words of Good's Dictionary of Education, Homework means - "school assignment to be com- pleted out of regular school hours at the residence of pupil".Homework refers to a specific piece of work to be done by the pupil under certain conditions and in certain ways. Some subjects like Math, Science, and English etc. needs sufficient practice. The school hours are limited. There are so many subjects to be taught during these hours. A teacher also has to teach many subjects and many classes. Therefore, neither the sys-

tem nor the resources permits to give sufficient time for the review, revision and practice. Assigning of home- work to the students meets all such requirement. In assigning home work the teachers gives some work to student quite relevant to the topics taught or work done in school. Necessity of Home Work Necessity of home work can not be minimized

if it is of right nature. Parents also feel that some work

should be given to the students which he/she should do at home. During home work time of children is uti- lized. It develops the habit of working. It supplements the classroom work and is a practical means to cover comfortably the heavy syllabus. Moreover:-

Some subject needs practice after class.

Time is utilized in desirable activity.

Teacher can come to know about individual's perfor mance.

Students learn how to consult extra books.

It develops the habit of self study in students.

It is psychologically sound, whatever a child learns in class, must be practiced at home.

It also develops the habit of regularity and punctu ality. Demerits of Home Work:- This has it's another side also.

o Some Educationists are of the view point, if class work is done attentively and genuinely, then home work has no need.

o In some cases teachers have no idea how much home

work is to be given, they give only to keep the child

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teachers have no idea how much home work is to be given, they give only to

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International Indexed & Referred Research Journal, May, 2012. ISSN- 0974-2832, RNI-RAJBIL 2009/29954;VoL.IV *ISSUE-40

 

busy, in this manner child takes it as a burden.

break. It will help you in completion of your home work/

o

This way health of the child is also affected.

assignments.

o

It maycreate an avertion for school in the mind of the

Sometimes home work is given as a punishment, this

6.

Get Extensions: don't find excuses if it is incomplete

o

child.

ask for extension, say I can complete it if I am given some extra time.

is not genuine.

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Better Learning in Group: Teacher can make group

o Sometimes home work is not corrected, then it looses its sense. How to Manage Homework Stress It is essential that students must learn to make balance between homework and leisure time, otherwise stress level will continue to rise with the increased number of homework, assignments and hectic routine

of life. High level of stress can reduce ability to concen-

trate, causes drowsiness or fatigue and make it very

difficult to function throughout the day. Following ways can be helpful:-

1.

Get Organised: Home work stress can be reduced

by

becoming more organised, make sure all books and

notebooks are labelled. Keep all needed material pen, paper, calculator etc. Your coursework should be organised so that have different folder for each class.

This will help to keep assignment clear and help to find information more quickly when doing home work.

2. Be focused: Be focused on home work assignment

and do not get distracted by the radio, TV, internet or friends. Be sure that the place chosen to do have work has very few distraction. Moreover focus on part by part assignment.

3. Priority: Plan how much time a particular assign-

ment will take in its completion. Sequence of priority should be kept in mind.

4. Learn to Say "No": When you have to complete

your assignment, if you have disturbances from friends, learn to say 'No'. You can explain, though I don't want

to

say 'No' to you but I have my home work to do.

5.

Take Breaks: Take break in between time to ener-

gize yourself. After an hour, at least take 10 minutes

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and ask students to complete work in group. This will

reduces stress of students. It will develop spirit of team work also.

8. Delegate, if it is Possible: If your teacher permits to

work in a group, then focus on one part and then delegate the rest. This way, every one in the group will be able to do well, thus reducing the stress. Let us make Home work interesting and useful Home work should point out a goal to be reached and 'sailing direction' a challenge and a guid- ing line. It also utilizes the time of children. Dr. Lorene in his book 'Home work is what we make it' has sug- gested the following criteria for making home work more interesting and useful:

Nature and amount of home work should be ac cording to the capacity of the child.

It should not be given as a punishment.

Home condition should also be kept in mind by the teacher.

Home work should be checked.

Children should be encouraged to bring variety, novelty and originality in their task.

Suggestions should be given by the teacher, how

a child can improve his or her home work.

The teacher may make a list of common errors made by the students and discuss in the class, so that it is not repeated.

It should be well adjusted with the available time.

Length of home work should be adjusted to the age and grade level of the pupils.

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2. Bedekar, V.H, How to write assignments, Research Papers, Dissertation and Theses, New Delhi, Kamal Publication (1982)

3. Geddes and Grussel understanding stress, New Lanark, Scotland : Children's Leisure Products Ltd. (1996)

4. Indian Journal of Psychometry of Education vol 42(1) ISSN, Jan 2011

Mc Graw Hill Publishing Com. Ltd.,

5. Introduction to Psychology by Morgan, A King, John R Weisz and John Schopler :

New Delhi (2008)

6. Joseph, K.S, Overcoming Phobias and Fears, Bar in Emerging Technologies in Education (2000-2001)

7. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology vol 37, No:2, July 2011

8. Learner, Learning and Cognition, Twenty First Century Publication Agyu jt Sngu (2010)

9. Life Competencies for Adolescents, SAGe Publications India Pvt. Ltd. By Devendra Agochiya (2010)

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for Adolescents, SAGe Publications India Pvt. Ltd. By Devendra Agochiya (2010) 42 kk s/ k leh{kk

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