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Unisteel Technology (M) Sdn Bhd Procedure 1 HIRAC

Unisteel Technology (M) Sdn Bhd

 

Procedure

1

HIRAC

 
 

Doc No.

: OSH-1

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:

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REV

DATE

INITIATOR

CHANGE

1

01 st Mar 11

Jennifer Chow

Initial Release

 

SIGNATURE

DATE

APPROVED BY : DEPARTMENT DESIGNATION NAME
APPROVED BY :
DEPARTMENT
DESIGNATION
NAME
Unisteel Technology (M) Sdn Bhd Doc No. : OSH-1 Procedure Rev : 1 HIRAC Page :

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Procedure

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1.0 PURPOSE

This procedure provides guidelines for hazard identification, risk assessment and risk control (HIRAC) as part of the company Occupational Safety and Health Management System (OSHMS).

It is also to establish the principle of determination whether or not given hazard identification, risk assessment and risk control processes are suitable and sufficient, such as proper and adequate control of risk can be developed to prevent harm to all employees and concerned personnel.

The methodology for hazard identification and risk assessment shall be defined with respect to its scope, nature and timing to ensure that it is proactive.

The procedure also provide for the classification of risks categories and identification of those risks that are to be eliminated or controlled.

  • 2.0 SCOPE

The scope covers:

All work activities carried by company (including employee and subcontractors);

Routine or non-routine type of work;

All facilities available at workplace, either provided by UTM or other parties;

  • 3.0 REFERENCES:

OHSAS 18001: 2007 (Clause 4.3.1)

OSH Manual

  • 4.0 DEFINITIONS

    • 4.1 OSHMS

Part of the overall management system that facilitates the management system of the OH&S risks associated with the business of the UTM. These includes company structure, planning activities, responsibilities, practices, procedures, processes and resources for developing, implementing.

  • 4.2 HIRAC

Hazard identification, risk assessment and risk control.

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  • 4.3 Hazard

Source or situation with a potential harm in terms of human injury or ill health, damage to property, damage to the workplace environment, or a combination of these.

  • 4.4 Hazard Identification

Process of identifies the existence of hazard and defining its characteristics.

  • 4.5 Risk

Combination of the likelihood and the consequences of a specified hazardous event (accident or incident).

  • 4.6 Risk Assessment

Overall process of evaluating the degree of risk and deciding whether or not risk is tolerable.

4.7 Acceptable Risk

Risk at a level where can be accepted by COMPANY based on the legal obligations and OH&S Policy

  • 5.0 RESPONSIBILITY

    • 5.1 EHS Engineer shall be responsible for the establishing, implementing and maintaining the procedure.

    • 5.2 HODs shall be responsible to identify the hazard and carry out the assessment of its associated risk.

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6.0 FLOW CHART

RESPONSIBILITY

HOD / EHS Engineer

HOD / EHS Engineer

HOD / EHS Engineer

SHO

HOD / EHS ENGINEER

HOD / EHS Engineer

HOD / EHS Engineer

PLANNING RISK ASSESSMENT HIRAC

1

Identify Work Activities, Product and Services used

   

2

Conduct Hazard Identification

   

3

Conduct Risk Assessment

   

4

Decide Risk Category

   

5

Determine control measure / propose actions

   

6

Monitoring of EHS program /

Operational Control

   

7

Review And Update

INTERFACE

Work Instruction / Relevant Process Flow

HIRAC Register

HIRAC Register

Risk Assessment Criteria

Proposed control / OSH Program

OSH Program Operational Control

HIRAC

EHS Program

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7.0 Procedure

RESPONSIBILITY PROCESS PROCEDURE 1.0 Identify Work Activities . Process / Facility / Maintenance Activities including and
RESPONSIBILITY
PROCESS
PROCEDURE
1.0 Identify Work Activities
. Process / Facility / Maintenance Activities including
and non-routine
Routine
HOD
2.0 Hazard Identification
Hazard should be identified for all works activities.
HOD
Hazards that have been identified and classified under negligible
potential harm should not be documented or given future
consideration.
HOD
must
ensure
to
document
the
hazard
and
take
into
consideration of the followings elements such as:
Source of harm
Who will affected by those harm
How this harm could occur
Applicable regulatory requirements
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PROCESS

RESPONSIBILITY

3.0 Risk Assessment

 

It is essential to make assessment of risk associated with each hazard, assuming that planned or existing controls are in place.

HOD

The risk from the hazard should be determined by estimating the potential likelihood of harm and the severity that harm will occur.

Estimation of potential likelihood shall consider: Refer to HIRAC register format.

Risk estimations should take into account for all the people exposed to a hazard, thus any given hazard is more serious if it affects a greater number of people.

Some of the larger risks may be associated with an occasional task carried just by one person for e.g. Operation and Maintenance of boiler, chemical handling, operation of the waste water treatment plant, etc.

Risk estimation shall also consider the unsafe acts by personnel who:

Unaware of hazards

Do not have knowledge or skills to do the task

Underestimate risks

Overlook safety procedures.

Consequences of unplanned event and human error is included in integral part of the hazard identification and risk assessment process.

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PROCESS

RESPONSIBILITY

Establishment of potential severity shall considered: Refer to HIRAC register.

 

Parts of the body likely to be affected.

Nature of harm such as Slightly Harmful, Harmful or extremely Harmful.

Information obtained about work activities that have been clarified is a vital input to this risk assessment in making a consideration of the Potential Severity.

Risk management measures should reflect the principle of elimination of risk where practicable, follows in turn of risk reduction, either by reducing the probability of occurrence of harm or the severity of the potential harm.

4.Decide Risk Category

Decision of the risk status shall be obtained from the Risk Rating. (Refer to the HIRAC Register)

HOD / SHO

Risk Rating is the multiplying result of likelihood and severity.

Judge whether planned or existing OH&S precautions (if any) are sufficient to eliminate or reduce the hazard.

Risk Category shall describe and determine the risk status. and required action,

Acceptable ( Low Risk)

Moderate (Medium Risk)

Unacceptable (High Risk)

Control effort and urgency shall be proportional to the risk that has been identified.

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PROCESS

RESPONSIBILITY

Risk that is under acceptable can be endured by the organizations having regard to its legal obligations and its own OH&S Policy.

 

Unacceptable risk shall require immediate action to control the hazard. (Refer to HIRAC Register)

HOD / SHO

5.Determine Control Measure/Propose Action

 

The additional control measure / proposed control is to eliminate or minimize the risk, in line with

OSH Policy and Objectives

Legal requirements, regulations, best practices (if any)

Organization should ensure that new and existing controls remain in place are effective

The actions may include:

 
 

Develop

OSH

Programs

(eg:

improvement

 

program)

 

Establish operational control (eg: procedure and work instruction)

Providing training and competency development

Provide or improve the protective devices (eg:

 

PPE)

6. Monitoring of EHS Program/Operational Control

 
 

HOD / EHS Engineer

The person in charge identified.

shall carry

out the control

measure as

The HOD/ EHS Engineer shall follow up with the person-in-charge to ensure completion and compliance according to date line.

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PROCESS

RESPONSIBILITY

7. Review & Up-date

   

The HIRAC review and approval should be done at defined interval (eg: Management review)

HOD

The period shall depend on the following considerations:

 

Nature of the hazard

 

Head of Department

Magnitude of the risk

Changes from normal operation

Changes in raw material, chemical etc.

The review should also take place if changes within the organization call into question the validity of the existing assessments. Such changes can include the following elements (Refer to Management of Change Procedure)

Expansion, Construction, Restructuring

 

Repositioning of responsibilities

Changes in legal requirements

HOD / HSE Head

Changes in other requirements (eg:

customer or

corporate requirements)

Changes to

method of making a

pattern of

a

behaviour.

8.Attachment

Attachment 1

-

List of disciplines (Activities/Product/Services).

Attachment 2

-

Likelihood Table

Attachment 3

-

Severity Table

Attachment 4

-

Risk Category Table

Attachment 5

-

Risk Category – Detail Explanation