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Mahendra Singh Dhoni From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia MS Dhoni Personal information Full name Mahendra Singh

Dhoni Born 7 July 1981 (age 30) Ranchi, Bihar (now in Jharkhand), India Nickname Mahi Height 5 ft 9 in (1.75 m) Batting style Right-hand batsman Bowling style Right-hand medium Role Wicket-keeper, India captain International information National side India Test debut (cap 251) 2 December 2005 v Sri Lanka Last Test 13 January 2012 v Australia ODI debut (cap 158) 23 December 2004 v Bangladesh Last ODI 19 February 2012 v Australia T20I debut (cap 2) 1 December 2006 v South Africa Last T20I 3 February 2012 v Australia Domestic team information Years Team 1999/002004/05 Bihar 2004/05-present Jharkhand 2008present Chennai Super Kings Career statistics Competition Test ODI FC LA Matches 67 206 108 253 Runs scored 3,509 6,773 5,671 8,500 Batting average 37.32 51.70 36.12 50.29 100s/50s 5/24 7/45 8/38 13/54 Top score 148 183* 148 183* Balls bowled 78 12 108 39 Wickets 0 1 0 2 Bowling average 14.00 18.00 5 wickets in innings 10 wickets in match Best bowling 1/14 1/14 Catches/stumpings 192/28 193/65 284/45 257/76 Source: Cricinfo, 30 January 2012 Mahendra Singh Dhoni pronunciation (helpinfo) (born 7 July 1981) is an Indian cricketer and the current captain of the Indian national cricket team and the Chennai Super Kings cricket team. He made his One Day International (ODI) debut in December 2004 against Bangladesh, and a year later played his first Test, this time against Sri Lanka. Under his captaincy, India won the 2007 ICC World Twenty20, CB Series of 200708, the BorderGavaskar Trophy in 2008 and 2010 against Australia 20 and 2011 World Cup. His Test, ODI record is best among all the Indian captains to date. He also captained Chennai Super Kings to victory in the recent

2011 IPL and in the Champions League. He is now captain of India in all three forms of the game and also led the team to their first ever bilateral ODI series wins in Sri Lanka and New Zealand. Under Dhoni's captaincy India became the first team after a gap of more than 20 years to whitewash Australia in a Test series. Dhoni also led the Indian team to the number one position in ICC rankings in Test cricket for the first time. Dhoni has also been the recipient of many awards including the ICC ODI Player of the Year award in 2008 and 2009 (the first Indian player to achieve this feat), the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award and the Padma Shri, India's fourth highest civilian honour in 2009. In 2009 Dhoni topped the list of worlds top 10 earning cricketers compiled by Forbes.[1] He was named as the captain of ICC World Test and ICC ODI teams for 2009. In the final of the 2011 Cricket World Cup, he hit 91 not out of just 79 balls to lead India to victory. For his outstanding batting in the final, he was awarded as the man of the match. The TIME magazine added him in its "Time 100" list of 100 most influential people of 2011.[2] According to the SportsPro magazine Dhoni is 10th most valuable brand in field of sports worldwide and number 1 among all Asian superstars.[3] Contents [hide] 1 Personal life 2 Playing style 3 Domestic career 3.1 Junior cricket 3.2 Bihar team 3.3 India A team 3.4 Indian Premier League 3.4.1 Batting Stats in IPL and Champions League Twenty20 4 ODI career 5 Test career 6 Captain of India 6.1 Two-match ban 6.2 World Cup 7 Cricket performance 7.1 ODI Cricket 7.2 ODI records 7.3 Man of the Series Awards 7.4 Test cricket 7.5 Test records 8 Captaincy Record 9 Honorary Awards 9.1 Honorary Doctorate 9.2 Honorary Military Rank 10 Match Ban 11 Endorsements 12 Notes 13 External links Personal life

Sakshi Singh Rawat, Dhoni's wife Mahendra Singh Dhoni was born in Ranchi, Bihar (now in Jharkhand),[4] and he identifies as being a Rajput.[5] His paternal village Lvali is in the Lamgarha block of the Almora District of Uttarakhand. Dhoni's parents, moved from Uttarakhand to Ranchi where Pan Singh worked in junior management

positions in MECON. Dhoni has a sister Jayanti and a brother Narendra.[6] Dhoni is a fan of Adam Gilchrist, and his childhood idols were cricket teammate Sachin Tendulkar, Bollywood actor Amitabh Bachchan and singer Lata Mangeshkar.Shreya Ghoshal is his current favourite singer. He said this in front a press conference with Pune Mirror.[7][8] Dhoni studied at DAV Jawahar Vidya Mandir, Shyamali,(now the school is known as JVM, Shyamli, Ranchi) Ranchi, Jharkhand where he initially excelled in badminton and football and was selected at district and club level in these sports. Dhoni was a goalkeeper for his football team and was sent to play cricket for a local cricket club by his football coach. Though he had not played cricket, Dhoni impressed with his wicket-keeping skills and became the regular wicketkeeper at the Commando cricket club (19951998). Based on his performance at club cricket, he was picked for the 1997/98 season Vinoo Mankad Trophy Under-16 Championship and he performed well.[6] Dhoni focused on cricket after his 10th standard.[9] Dhoni married Sakshi (ne Rawat) on 4 July 2010. Sakshi Dhoni, a native of Dehradun, Uttarakhand. At the time of their marriage, she was studying Hotel Management and was working as a trainee at the Taj Bengal, Kolkata. After the retirement of Sakshis father from tea gardens, their family shifted to their native place, Dehradun. The wedding stumped the media and the fans as it took place only a day after the couple got engaged.[10] [11] Bollywood actress Bipasha Basu, a close friend of Dhoni, was quick to inform the media that the wedding was planned for months and was not a spur of the moment decision.[12] Playing style Dhoni is a right-handed batsman and wicket-keeper. Dhoni is one of the number of wicket-keepers who have come through the ranks of junior and India A cricket teams to represent the national team Parthiv Patel, Ajay Ratra and Dinesh Karthik also followed this route. Dhoni, referred to as 'Mahi' by his friends, debuted in the Bihar cricket team during the 1998/99 cricket season and was selected to represent India-A for a tour to Kenya in 2004. Along with Gautam Gambhir, Dhoni made multiple centuries against the Pakistan-A team in a tri-nation series and was selected in the Indian national team later in that year.[13] Dhoni tends to play mostly from the back foot with a pronounced bottom hand grip. He has a very fast hand speed through the ball which often results in the ball racing across the ground. From this initial stance his feet do not show much movement which sometimes results in chasing balls while not coming to the pitch of the ball or to some deliveries catching the inside edge. Dhoni scored 148 against Pakistan in his fifth ODI match in 2005 then the highest score by an Indian wicketkeeper. Later in the year, he broke his own record as well as set the current world record for the highest score in the second innings in ODI matches as he scored 183* against Sri Lanka. Dhoni's success in the limited overs format secured him a place in the Test team. Consistent performances in ODI cricket through the end of the 2005/06 season saw Dhoni briefly ranked as the No. 1 batsman in the ICC ODI ratings.[6] Dhoni's form dipped through 2006 as India lost matches at the ICC Champions trophy, DLF Cup, away bilateral series against West Indies and South Africa. A return to form in the home series against West Indies and Sri Lanka in early 2007 proved to be an inaccurate indicator of Dhoni's form as India crashed out of the first round in the 2007 Cricket World Cup. Dhoni was out for a duck in both India's losses. After the World Cup, Dhoni won the Man of the series award in the bilateral ODI tournament against Bangladesh. For the tour of England, Dhoni was named the ODI team vice-captain.[14] Only nine players have captained ten or more Tests while playing as a wicket-keeper. Dhoni leads the field with 33 Tests as captain, 15 ahead of Gerry Alexander in second place.[15] Domestic career Junior cricket

Dhoni was included in the Bihar U-19 squad for the 1998/99 season and scored 176 runs in 5 matches (7 innings) as the team finished fourth in the group of six and did not make it to the quarter finals. Dhoni was not picked for the East Zone U-19 squad (CK Nayudu Trophy) and Rest of India squad (MA Chidambaram Trophy and Vinoo Mankad Trophy). Bihar U-19 cricket team advanced to the finals of the 19992000 Cooch Behar Trophy where Dhoni made 84 to help Bihar post a total of 357. Bihar's efforts were dwarfed by Punjab U-19's 839 with Dhoni's future national squad teammate Yuvraj Singh making 358.[16] Dhoni's contribution for the tournament included 488 runs (9 matches, 12 innings), 5 fifties, 17 catches and 7 stumpings.[17] MS Dhoni made it to the East Zone U-19 squad for the CK Nayudu trophy but scored only 97 runs in four matches as East Zone lost all four matches and finished last in the tournament. Bihar team Dhoni made his Ranji Trophy debut for Bihar in the 19992000 season as an eighteen year old. He made a half century in his debut match scoring 68* in the second innings against Assam cricket team.[18] Dhoni finished the season with 283 runs in 5 matches. Dhoni scored his maiden first-class century against Bengal in the 2000/01 season in a losing cause.[19] Apart from the century, his performance in the 2000/01[20] did not include another score over fifty and in 2001/02 season he scored just five fifty in each season in four Ranji matches.[21] Dhoni's performance for the 2002/03 season in the Ranji Trophy included three half centuries in the Ranji Trophy and a couple of half-centuries in the Deodhar Trophy competition as he started winning recognition for his lower-order run contribution as well as hard hitting batting style. In the 2003/04 season, Dhoni scored a century (128*) against Assam in the first match of the Ranji ODI trophy. He was part of the East Zone squad that won the Deodhar Trophy for the year and contributed with 244 runs in 4 matches. In the Duleep Trophy finals, Dhoni was picked over International cricketer Deep Dasgupta to represent East zone.[22] He scored a fighting half century in the second innings in a losing cause.[23] The future captain was discovered via the BCCI's small-town talent-spotting initiative TRDW. Dhoni was discovered by TRDO PC Podar, captain of Bengal in the 1960s, when he saw Dhoni play for Jharkhand at a match in Jamshedpur in 2003, and sent a report to the National Cricket Academy.[24] India A team He was recognised for his efforts in the 2003/04 season, especially in the ODI format and was picked for the India A squad for a tour of Zimbabwe and Kenya.[25] Against the Zimbabwe XI in Harare Sports Club, Dhoni had his best wicket-keeping effort with 7 catches and 4 stumpings in the match.[26] In the tri-nation tournament involving Kenya, India 'A' and Pakistan 'A', Dhoni helped India 'A' chase their target of 223 against Pakistan 'A' with a half-century.[27] Stressing on his performance, he scored back to back centuries 120[28] and 119*[29] against the same squad. Dhoni scored 362 runs in 7 matches (6 innings, Avg:72.40), and his performance in the series received attention from the then Indian Cricket team captain Sourav Ganguly[30] and Ravi Shastri amongst others. However, the India 'A' team coach Sandeep Patil recommended Dinesh Karthik for a place in the Indian squad as Wicket-keeper/Batsman. [31] Indian Premier League M.S.Dhoni was contracted by the Chennai Super Kings for 1.5 Million USD. This made him the most expensive player in the IPL for the first season auctions.[32] Dhoni is the present captain of the Chennai Super Kings Team. Under his captaincy, Chennai Super Kings have won 2 Indian Premier League titles and the 2010 Champions League Twenty20. Batting Stats in IPL and Champions League Twenty20 Tournament Matches InningsNot Out Runs Highest Strike Rate Average 50s 2008 Indian Premier League 16 14 4 414 65 133.54 41.40 2 [33] 2009 Indian Premier League 14 13 5 332 58* 127.20 41.50 2 [34]

2010 Indian Premier League 13 11 2 287 2010 Champions League Twenty20 6 5 3 2011 Indian Premier League 16 13 4 392 2011 Champions League Twenty20 4 4 1 TOTAL- In IPL and Champions League Twenty20 Tournament Matches InningsNot Out Runs 50s In Indian Premier League 59 51 15 1425 In Champions League Twenty20 10 9 4 Overall69 60 19 1562 70* 135.35 38.09 ODI career

66* 91 70* 46

136.66 31.88 2 [35] 31* 130.00 45.50 0 [36] 158.70 43.55 2 [37] 22* 82.14 15.33 0 [38] Strike Rate Average

Highest

70* 138.61 39.58 8 [39] 137 31* 108.73 27.40 0 8 [40]

ODI Career of Dhoni. Brown line indicates 10 match average while the orange line indicates career average progression. The Indian team in the 2000s (decade) saw the use of Rahul Dravid as the wicket-keeper to ensure that the wicket-keeper spot didn't lack in batting talent.[30] The Indian cricket establishment also saw the entry of wicket-keeper/batsmen from the junior ranks with talents like Parthiv Patel and Dinesh Karthik both India U-19 Captains in the test squads.[30] With Dhoni making a mark in the India-A squad, he was picked in the ODI squad for the Bangladesh tour in 2004/05.[41] Dhoni did not have a great start to his ODI career, getting run out for a duck on debut.[42] In spite of an average series against Bangladesh, Dhoni was picked for the Pakistan ODI series.[43] In the second match of the series, Dhoni in his fifth one-day international, scored 148 in Vishakapatnam off only 123 deliveries. Dhoni's 148 surpassed the earlier record for the highest score by an Indian wicketkeeper,[44] a record that he would re-write before the end of the year. Dhoni had few batting opportunities in the first two games of the Sri Lankan bilateral ODI series (OctoberNovember 2005) and was promoted to No. 3 in the third ODI at Sawai Mansingh Stadium (Jaipur). Sri Lanka had set India a target of 299 after a Kumar Sangakkara century and in reply, India lost Tendulkar early. Dhoni was promoted to accelerate the scoring and ended the game with an unbeaten 183 off 145 balls, winning the game for India[45] an innings described in Wisden Almanack (2006) as 'Uninhibited, yet anything but crude'.[46] The innings set various records including the highest Individual score in ODI cricket in the second innings,[47] a record that still stands. Dhoni ended the series with the highest run aggregate (346)[48] and was awarded the Man of the series award for his efforts. In December 2005, Dhoni was signed by BCCI to a B-grade contract, skipping the initial C-grade level due to his performance on the cricketing field.[49] Dhoni bowling in the nets. He rarely bowls at international level. India scored 328 in 50 overs with Dhoni contributing 68 in their first match of 2006 against Pakistan. However the team finished poorly, scoring just 43 runs in the last eight overs and lost the match due to Duckworth-Lewis method.[50] In the third match of the series, Dhoni came in with India in a precarious situation and scored 72 runs off just 46 balls that included 13 boundaries to help India take a 21 lead in the series.[51][52] The final match of the series had a repeat performance as Dhoni scored 77 runs off 56 balls to enable India win the series 41.[53] In recognition of his consistent ODI performances, Dhoni overtook Ricky Ponting as number one in the ICC ODI rankings for batsmen on 20 April 2006.[54] His reign lasted just a week as Adam Gilchrist's pe