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Chris Schmitz 9/26/11

Title: Physical and Chemical Change

Purpose: To record various physical and chemical changes.

Data: 1)The wax first became a liquid and is steadily becoming a solid again.

2) The paper wouldnt burn steadily. It became fringed and black around the edges.

3)First the salt and the water created a homogenus mixture. When MAgNO2 is added , the water becomes gray and has white pieces of a substance on the top.

4) A chemical reaction occurs. Produces gas and forms bubbles. Melted one of the strips and creates heat.

5) Gray all throughout.

6) The iron is magnetically attracted to the magnet.

7) First became a brown liquid, the amber, bubbled all throughout. Then the substance created a glow and gave off light. After the cooling process the whole substance is attracted to the magnet.

Questions: 1) Indicate whether the following changes are physical or chemical. Support your conclusions. a) Physical Change Phase change b) Chemical Change- doesnt chance chemical makeup. c) Physical Change - no phase change just into smaller pieces. d) Chemical Change Change in color. e) Physical change Creates a mixture. f) Chemical change Change in color. g) Physical Change Just smaller pieces, not chemical change. h) Chemical Change Color Change. i) Physical Change just temperature change. j) Chemical Change Color change. k) Physical Change mixture l) Chemical Change Color change.

2) Name two possible indications that a chemical change has taken place. Give examples from this experiment. A chemical change occurs when a substance changes color like in

procedure 5. Another thing that indicates a chemical change is if gas is produced like in procedure 4. 3) Chemical change involves the formation of new substances. Briefly describe the new substances that formed as a result of each chemical change in this experiment.

When we burned the paper the new substance created was a new blackened piece of paper. When we added silver nitrate to the salt water the resulting substance was gray and cloudy with white dots among the surface. With the M and the HCI because the substance becomes cloudy and bubbles which indicates gas is present. With CUSO^4 x 5h2o is heated it becomes grey and when its re-hydrated the substance returns to its previous color of blue. When sulfur and iron are heated, the new substance is brown, bubbly, and gives of a glow.

4) The following changes do not always indicate chemical change. Give examples of when they might be the result of a physical change. A) change of color. B) Apparent loss of mass C) Apparent disappearance of a substance A change in color can happen and not be a chemical change if the

substance is artificially colored with dye or can be in a mixture and appear to be a different color but when extracted from the mixture its still the same color. A apparent change in mass can occur if the substance is a gas and seems to be a different mass but really isnt. A substance can possibly disappear when the substance becomes a gas and can become vapor.

5) How can substances in a mixture be separated? How can substances of a compound be separated? Use an example from this experiment in your explanation.

Mixtures can be separated by the process of filtration or distillation. A compound can only be separated by a chemical reaction.

Conclusion: In a chemical change one or more NEW substances are created. The new substance is different from the original. It has properties that are different than those of the starting materials. In a physical change there is only a change of state. The new substance has the same properties as the old one. No new substances are produced. This lab had many good examples of both of these types of changes. I learned that not all changes that seem chemical arent chemical at all, they can be a physical change is some instances.