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AS 1852(845)1989

IEC 50(845)1987

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Australian Standard
International electrotechnical vocabulary Chapter 845: Lighting

This Australian Standard was prepared by Committee TE/13, Symbols, Units and Quantities for Electrotechnology. It was approved on behalf of the Council of Standards Australia on 21 December 1988 and published on 14 April 1989.

The following interests are represented on Committee TE/13: Association of Consulting Engineers, Australia Australian Electrical and Electronic Manufacturers Association Civil Aviation Authority
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Confederation of Australian Industry Department of Administrative ServicesConstruction Group Department of Defence Department of Technical and Further Education, N.S.W., Vic. and S.A. Electricity Supply Association of Australia Institute of Draftsmen, Australia Institution of Radio and Electronics Engineers, Australia Melbourne & Metropolitan Board of Works Queensland Chamber of Mines Railways of Australia Committee Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology Telecom Australia The technical press

Review of Australian Standards. To keep abreast of progress in industry, Australi an Standards are subject to periodic review and are kept up to date by the issue of amendments or new editi ons as necessary. It is important therefore that Standards users ensure that they are in possession of the latest edit ion, and any amendments thereto. Full detail s of all Australi an Standards and related publications wil l be found in the Standards Australia Catalogue of Publications; this information is supplemented each month by the magazine The Australi an Standard, which subscribing members receive, and which gives details of new publications, new editi ons and amendments, and of withdrawn Standards. Suggesti ons for improvements to Australian Standards, addressed to the head offi ce of Standards Australi a, are welcomed. Noti fi cati on of any inaccuracy or ambiguity found in an Australi an Standard should be made without delay in order that the matter may be investigated and appropriate action taken.

AS 1852(845)1989

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Australian Standard
International electrotechnical vocabulary Chapter 845: Lighting

First publi shed as AS C50(45) 1970. (endorsement of IEC 50(45)1970 wit hout amendment) . Redesignated AS 1852(45) 1970. (endorsement of IEC 50(45)1970 wit hout amendment) . AS 1852(45) 1970 withdrawn July 1985. Revised and redesignated AS 1852(845) 1989.

PUBLISHED BY STANDARDS AUSTRALIA (STANDARDS ASSOCIATION OF AUSTRALIA) 1 THE CRESCENT, HOMEBUSH, NSW 2140
ISBN 0 7262 5500 9

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PREFACE
This Standard was prepared by Standards Australias Committee on Symbols, Units and Quantities for Electrotechnology, under the authority of both the Telecommunications and Electronics Standards Board and the Electrical Standards Board. This Standard supersedes AS 1852(45)1970, International electrotechnical vocabulary Chapter 45: Lighting, which was withdrawn in July 1985. This Standard is identical with and has been reproduced from IEC 50(845)1987, InternationalElectrotechnical VocabularyChapter 845: Lighting. Acknowledgement is accordingly made to the International Electrotechnical Commission for this assistance. This Standard is one of the AS 1852 series of Standards. In the past, this series has consisted of direct endorsements of the IEC 50 series of the International Electrotechnical Vocabulary. In future, newly issued parts of IEC 50, where appropriate, will be issued as Australian Standards, i.e. not endorsements. The full text of the definitions in English, French and Russian, and for this Chapter also German, has been included as some definitions are considered to be incomplete when produced in one language. The purpose of the AS 1852 series is to provide a glossary of terms used in electrical engineering. The series lists terms in English, French and Russian, and in some cases Spanish. It is intended that other Australian Standards will refer to AS 1852 and not repeat any definitions.

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Copyri ght STANDARDS AUSTRALIA Users of Standards are reminded that copyri ght subsists in all Standards Australi a publications and soft ware. Except where the Copyri ght Act all ows and except where provided for below no publications or software produced by Standards Austr alia may be reproduced, stored in a retri eval system in any form or transmitt ed by any means without pri or permission in wri ti ng fr om Standards Australi a. Permission may be conditi onal on an appropriate royalt y payment. Requests for permission and information on commercial soft ware royalti es should be dir ected to the head off ice of Standards Australi a. Standards Australi a wil l permit up to 10 percent of the technical content pages of a Standard to be copied for use exclusively in-house by purchasers of the Standard without payment of a royalty or advice to Standards Austr alia. Standards Australi a wil l also permit the inclusion of its copyri ght material in computer soft ware programs for no royalt y payment provided such programs are used exclusively in-house by the creators of the programs. Care should be taken to ensure that material used is fr om the current editi on of the Standard and that it is updated whenever the Standard is amended or revised. The number and date of the Standard should therefore be clearly identif ied. The use of material in pri nt form or in computer soft ware programs to be used commercially, with or without payment, or in commercial contracts is subject to the payment of a royalty. This policy may be vari ed by Standards Austr alia at any ti me.

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CONTENTS
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SECTION 845-01 RADIATION, QUANTITIES AND UNITS . . . . . . . . . . A GENERAL TERMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B RADIANT, LUMINOUS AND PHOTON QUANTITIES AND UNITS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 845-02 VISION, COLOUR RENDERING A THE EYE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B LIGHT AND COLOUR . . . . . . . . . . . C VISUAL PHENOMENA . . . . . . . . . . D COLOUR RENDERING . . . . . . . . . .
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...... 5 ...... 5 THEIR . . . . . 15 ..... ..... . .. .. ..... ..... .. .. .. .. .. .. 44 44 50 61 67 71 72 74 77 85 95 101 101 115 146 146 154 167 176 176 177 178 187 194 200 212 212 213 218 232 233 238 249 262

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845-03 COLORIMETRY . . . . . . . . A STIMULI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B ILLUMINANTS . . . . . . . . . . . . C TRICHROMATIC SYSTEMS . . D CHROMATICITY . . . . . . . . . . E UNIFORM COLOUR SPACES .

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845-04 EMISSION, OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS . . . . A EMISSION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 845-05 RADIOMETRIC, PHOTOMETRIC AND COLORIMETRIC MEASUREMENTS. PHYSICAL DETECTORS . . . . . . . . . . . . A GENERAL TERMS AND INSTRUMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B PHYSICAL DETECTORS OF OPTICAL RADIATION . . . . . . . 845-06 ACTINIC EFFECTS OF OPTICAL RADIATION . . . . . . . . . 845-07 LIGHT SOURCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A GENERAL TERMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B INCANDESCENT LAMPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C DISCHARGE LAMPS AND ARC LAMPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D LAMPS OF SPECIAL TYPES OR FOR SPECIAL PURPOSES E OPERATIONAL CONDITIONS AND CHARACTERISTICS OF LAMPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 845-08 COMPONENTS OF LAMPS AND AUXILIARY APPARATUS 845-09 LIGHTING TECHNOLOGY, DAYLIGHTING . . . . . . . A GENERAL TERMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B TYPES OF LIGHTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C TERMS USED IN LIGHTING CALCULATIONS . . . . . . . D TERMS RELATING TO DISTANCE MEASUREMENTS . E TERMS RELATING TO INTERREFLECTION . . . . . . . . F DAYLIGHTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . ..... ..... .. . .. ..... ..... .....

845-10 LUMINAIRES AND THEIR COMPONENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . LUMINAIRES FOR MINE LIGHTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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SECTION 845-11 VISUAL SIGNALLING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A GENERAL TERMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B APPEARANCE OF A LIGHT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C VISIBILITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D MARITIME AND WATERWAY TRAFFIC AND LIGHTS ON VESSELS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E AIR TRAFFIC AND LIGHTS ON AIRCRAFT . . . . . . . . . . . . . F ROAD TRAFFIC AND LIGHTS ON VEHICLES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 266 266 269 272 280 284 288 295 297

LETTER SYMBOLS FOR QUANTITIES AND UNITS AND SYMBOLIC NOTATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . INDEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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AS 1852.845-1989, International electrotechnical vocabulary Lighting


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