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# vi ABSTRACT This study aimed to find out the level of mathematical preparation of Certificate of Technology freshmen students in Surigao

State College of Technology. The result of the study became the basis for the construction of instructional module for Applied Mathematics 101. Specifically, this study sought answers on the profile of the participants considering area of specialization and grade in Applied Mathematics 101 for the student-participants and area of specialization of students taught and major subjects taught to Certificate of Technology freshmen students for Instructor-participants. It also endeavored to find out the level of mathematical preparation of Certificate of Technology freshmen students as to content relevance, mathematical skills, and attitude towards mathematics. The significant difference on the level of mathematical preparation of Certificate of Technology freshmen students as to content relevance was tested considering the profile of teacher-participants. The significant difference on the level of mathematical preparation of Certificate of Technology freshmen students as to mathematical skills and attitude towards mathematics considering the profile of student-participants was also tested. Three hundred (300) Certificate of Technology freshmen students and sixteen (16) instructors in major courses of Certificate of Technology freshmen students served as the participants of the study. To determine the profile variables, mathematical skills and attitude towards mathematics, and content relevance were from the participants using

vii questionnaires. Unstructured interviews with the instructors-participants were also done to elicit additional inputs for the study. The statistical tools used in this study were mean (M), standard deviation (SD), one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), Kruskall-Wallis ANOVA, and Scheffe test. The study found that 107 (55.67%) of the student-participants obtained the grade in Applied Mathematics 101 between 2.1-2.5; 78 (26.00%) got a grade at bracket 1.6-2.0; 71 (23.67%) obtained a grade between 2.6-2.9; 34 (11.33%) having a grade of 3.0, and 10 (3.33%) having a grade between 1.1-1.5. As to the area of specialization, 68 (22.67%) were enrolled in electrical technology; 60 (20.00%) were enrolled in automotive technology; 56 (18.67%) in welding and fabrication technology; an equal number of participants of 38 (12.67%) for both mechanical technology and refrigeration and air-conditioning technology; 29 (9.67%) in electronics technology while a least number of participants was from civil technology. As to the profile of the instructor-participants, it revealed that there were 6 (37.5%) of them handling Automotive Technology students, 2 (12.5%) teaching Civil Technology students, 1(6.25%) handling Electrical Technology students, 1 (6.25%) teaching students specializing Electronics Technology and three 2 (12.5%) handling Mechanical Technology, Refrigeration and Air-conditioning Technology, and Welding and Fabrication Technology students respectively. All in all, there were 16 teacher-participants of the study. It revealed further as to the major subjects taught by the instructor-participants to Certificate of Technology freshmen students that 5 (31.25%), were handling AT102-105.

viii The same frequency, 1 (6.25%), of them was handling CT 102 and 112, Drawing 102, EL 103-104, ELX 102, and TGY 102. Moreover, there were 2 (12.5%) of them were teaching MT 102-103. This is also true to RAC 102-105 and WAF 103-104. As shown, there were nine categories of major subjects taught by 16 teacher-participants to Certificate of Technology freshmen students. The level of mathematical preparation of Certificate of Technology freshmen students as to mathematical skills is Failed in the area of specialization of Automotive Technology (M=9.79), Civil Technology (M=10.75), Electrical Technology (M=9.46), Electronics Technology (M=13.85), Mechanical Technology (M=9.96), Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Technology (M=12.85), and Welding and Fabrication Technology (9.49) as evidenced by the overall mean of 10.88. The level of mathematical preparation of Certificate of Technology freshmen students as to attitude towards mathematics is Negative in all areas of specialization. The level of mathematical preparation of Certificate of Technology freshmen students as to content relevance is Very Much Relevant on the topics Basic Operations (M=4.73), Significant Digits and Conversions (M=4.51); Moderately Relevant on the topics of Algebra I; and Less Relevant on Algebra II. Generally, the content of Applied Mathematics 101 was Very Relevant (M=3.70). The computed p-values on the level of mathematical preparation of Certificate of Technology freshmen students as to mathematical skills (0.0001) and attitude towards mathematics (.001) are less than when tested at 0.05 level of significance when the student-participants were grouped according to area of specialization. Thus the rejection of

ix the null hypothesis. On the other hand, the computed p-values for basic operations (0.69);
significant digits and conversion (0.23); Algebra I (0.13); and Algebra II (0.14) were all greater

than 0.05 level of significance when the instructor-participants were grouped according to
major subjects taught to Certificate of Technology freshmen students; thus, the acceptance of the null hypothesis. Likewise, the computed p-values for basic operations (0.57); significant digits and conversion (0.20); algebra I (0.07), and Algebra II (0.08) were still all greater than 0.05

## level of significance when the instructor-participants were grouped according to Area of

Specialization of Certificate of Technology Freshmen Students being taught. Thus, the

acceptance of the null hypotheses. These entail that no significant difference exist on the level of mathematical preparation of Certificate of Technology freshmen students when the instructor-participants were grouped according to profile variables. Based on the findings of the study, it was concluded that majority of the studentparticipants were enrolled in Electrical Technology with grades within the grade bracket of 21-2.5. While majority of the instructor-participants are teaching Automotive Technology students having the major subject AT 102-105. Moreover, the mathematical skills of the Certificate of Technology freshmen students irrespective of their area of specialization obtained the qualitative description of Failed. A great number of student-participants in all areas of specialization possess a Negative or Unfavorable attitude towards mathematics. The topics or contents being taught in Applied Mathematics 101 for Certificate of Technology freshmen students are Very Relevant as rated by the Instructors themselves. A

x significant difference exists along the aspects on mathematical skills and attitude toward mathematics when the student-participants were grouped according to area of specialization but do not significantly differ in terms of grades in Applied Mathematics 101. A significant difference does not exist on the level of mathematical preparation of Certificate of Technology freshmen students as to content relevance when the instructorparticipants were grouped according to major subject taught to Certificate of Technology freshmen students and area of specialization of Certificate of Technology freshmen students taught.