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Lab 8

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EXPERIMENT#08 Introduction to Multisim Simulation Software


Objective:
To learn the Multisim simulation software. To create and simulate the schematics and desired designs.

Equipment / Requirement
Personnel Computer Multisim NI version 11.0

Theory:
Introduction to the Multisim Interface: Multisim is the schematic capture and simulation application of National Instruments Circuit Design Suite, a suite of EDA (Electronic Design Automation) tools that assists you in carrying out the major steps in the circuit design flow. Multisim is designed for schematic entry, simulation, and feeding to downstage steps, such as PCB layout. The Capture and Simulate Environment: Double click with the left mouse button on the Multisim icon to start Multisim. You should see a screen similar to figure 01 below. This is called as a Capture and simulate environment because you Capture your schematic by drawing it in Multisim and then you Simulate it.

Figure01. Capture & Simulate Environment

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Different parts of the Multisim workspace or Multisims user interface consists of the following basic elements as shown in figure 02: The Standard toolbar contains buttons for commonly-performed functions such as open file, save file etc. The Simulation toolbar contains buttons for starting, stopping and other simulation functions. The Instruments toolbar contains buttons for each instrument such as multimeter, function generator, oscilloscope etc. The Component toolbar contains buttons that let you select components from the Multisim Data bases for placement in your schematic. The Circuit Window (or workspace) is where you build your circuit designs. The Design Toolbox lets you navigate through the different types of files in a project

Figure 02: Different parts of Multisim workspace

Electronics II

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Lab 8

3|Page (Schematics, PCB, reports), view a schematics hierarchy and show or hide different layers. The Spreadsheet View allows fast advanced viewing and editing of parameters including component details such as footprints, attributes and design constraints. Users can change parameters for some or all components in one step and perform a number of other functions.

Tool Bars in Multisim: The toolbars listed below are available in Multisim: Standard Toolbar Main Toolbar Simulation Toolbar View Toolbar Components Toolbar Virtual Toolbar Graphic Annotation Toolbar Instruments Toolbar Note: If the above toolbars are not visible, select View/Toolbars/<toolbar name>. For a description of the menus and commands found in Multisim. Steps to design a project in Multisim: Following are the steps to create a schematic or to design a project in Multisim. 1. Open or create schematic 2. Place components 3. Rotate/arrangement of components 4. Place wire/connect components 5. Change component values 6. Place measurement instruments 7. Grounding 8. Simulation Example of designing & simulating a Schematic in Multisim: We take example of a simple DC circuit as shown in the figure03:

Figure03. Design example circuit

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Step#01: A blank schematic Circuit 1 is automatically created. To create a new schematic click on File New Schematic Capture. To save the schematic click on File /Save As. To open an existing file click on File/ Open in the toolbar.

Step#02: To Place Components click on Place/Components. On the Select Component Window click on Group to select the components needed for the circuit. Click OK to place the component on the schematic. Select component window for the resistor & Dc supply are shown in figure 4 & 5.

Figure04: Select Resistor

Figure05: Select DC Supply

For the design example of figure03, the resistors and DC supply are selected are shown in figure 06.

Figure 06: DC Source and Resistors

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Lab 8

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Step#03: The selected components should be arranged in desired manner. The arrangement of components for this example is shown in figure07.

Figure07: Arrangement of components Step#04: To connect resistors, click on Place/Wire drag and place the wire. Components can also be connected by clicking the mouse over the terminal edge of one component and dragging to the edge of another component as shown in figure 08.

Figure08: Place Wire

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Step#05: To change component values double click on the component this brings up a window that display the properties of the component as shown in figure09.

Figure09: Change Component Values Change R1 from 1k Ohm to 10 Ohms, R2 to 20 Ohms, R3 to 30 Ohms, and R4 to 40 Ohms. Also change the DV source from 0 V to 20 V. Figure10 shows the completed circuit.

Figure10: Complete circuit of the example

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Lab 8 7|Page Step#06: To measure Voltage place multimeter in Parallel with the component (Resistor, Voltage etc). To measure Current place the multimeter in series with the component as shown in figure 11.

Figure11: Connection of voltage and current The wattmeter measures power. It is used to measure the magnitude of the active power, that is, the product of the voltage difference and the current flowing through the current terminals in a circuit. To use the instrument, click on the Wattmeter button in the Instruments toolbar and click to place its icon on the workspace. The icon is used to wire the Wattmeter to the circuit. Doubleclick on the icon to open the instrument face, which is used to enter settings and view measurements as shown in figure 12.

Figure12: connection of wattmeter Step#07: All circuits must be grounded before the circuit can be simulated. Click on Ground in the toolbar to ground the circuit. If the circuit is not grounded Multisim will not run the simulation.

Figure13: Grounding Basic Electrical Engineering Prepared by: Halar Haleem

Lab 8 8|Page Step#08: To simulate the completed circuit, click on Simulate/Run or F5. This feature can also be accessed from the toolbar as shown in the Figure 14 below.

Figure14: Simulation

Review Questions:
1. What is Multisim software?

2. What are the advanced features of Multisim software?

3. In which toolbar transistors, function generator & oscilloscope are available?

4. Design and simulate the circuits of previous labs and hence verify their results. Also attach with this lab manual at the time of submission.

Conclusion:
Have you become familiar with Multisim simulation software? What concepts did you gain from this experiment? Comment

To be filled by Demonstrator/Lab Instructor Date of Conduct: Last Date of Submission: Remarks: Signature

Basic Electrical Engineering

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